PO to PZ
Postal Union colors: standard colors adapted as international printed rate in green, postcard rate in basic red and international letter rate in dark blue.
Postal Union Congress London 1929: held in Great Britain.
Postal union, international: organized between Austria and several German states in 1850; stamps of participating nations were standardized by definite color for each rate.
Postal zone numbering system: two digit number, forerunner of the Zip code; started May 1, 1943, provided for the inclusion in mail address, immediately following the name of the city.
Posta militara: (Rom.) military mail.
Posta militara Austriaca: (Rom.) Austrian military mail.
Posta militara Rusa: (Rom.) Russian military mail.
Posta militare: (It.) military post.
Posta Moldova: Moldova, former republic of the U.S.S.R.
Posta Napoletana: partial inscription on stamps of the Kingdom of Two Sicilies
Posta naufragiata: (Rom.) shipwreck mail.
Post√É¬•ngare: (Swed.) ocean-going mail steamboat, ocean-going mail steamer, ocean-going mail steamship.
Post√É¬•ngb√É¬•ten: (Swed.) mail steamboat, mail, steamer, mail steamship.
Postanvisning: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) postal money order.
Postanweisung: (Ger.) postal money transfer.
Postanweisungsmarken: (Ger.) postal money stamp, used for postal money orders and postal money transfers.
Posta Otomana: (Rom.) Ottoman (Empire) post.
Posta Pneumatica: (It.) pneumatic tube post, Italy.
Posta prigioniere di guerra: (It.) prisoner of war mail.
Postaprioritaria: (It.) Priority Mail.
Posta Prisionero de Guerra: (Sp.) prisoner of war mail.
Posta prizoniera: (Rom.) prisoner mail.
Posta prizoniera de razboi: (Rom.) prisoner-of-war mail.
Post√É¬°ra: (Hung.) post office.
Post & Receipt: India with value in annas, Hyderabad.
Posta refugiata: (Rom.) refugee post.
Posta Romana: Romania.
Posta Rom√É¬Ęna √É¬ģn Constantinopol: (Rom.) Romanian post in Constantinople.
Posta Rom√É¬Ęna √É¬ģn Turcia: (Rom.) Romanian post in Turkey.
Posta Romana Constantinople: Romania overprint, Offices in Turkish Empire, 1919.
Postas: 1. (Sp.) private mail carriers in late 1700s. 2. (Rom.) mailman, postman.
Post√É¬°s: (Hung.) mail man.
Postas le Nioc: (Gaelic) Ireland postage due.
Postas le Hioc(nioc): Ireland Postage Due.
Postat Ajrore: inscription on stamps of Albania for air mail.
Postat Expres: inscription on stamps of Albania for special delivery.
Postatiszta: (Hung.) mint, never hinged, see erediti gumiz√É¬°ssal.
Postat√É¬∂rt√©net: (Hung.) postal history.
Posta Touva (Tuba): inscription on stamps of Tannu Tuva.
Postat Shqiptare: Albania.
Postauftrags-Portomarke: (Ger.) cash on delivery stamp, postage due stamp money order.
Posta √É¬ľgyn√É¬∂ks√©g: (Hung.) Postal agency.
Posta Ukr. N. Rep. Schagiw: (Ukrainian People's Republic Schagiw) surcharge on stamps of Austria, Stanislau local post for Western Ukraine.
Posta Veteke Verria e Mird Ities: 1921 Albania unauthorized issue.
Postazs√É¬°k: (Hung.) mail bag.
Postb√É¬•d: (Dan., Nor.) mail boat.
Postbags: Royal Mail name for a stamp collecting kit that appeals to children
Postb√É¬•t: (Swed.) mail boat.
Postbil: (Dan., Nor.) mail truck.
Postboks: (Dan., Nor.) post office box, P.O. Box.
Postbote: (Ger.) postman.
Postbox: (Eng.) 1: mail box. 2: machine-denominated and vended postage stamps, started in Europe to commence with Euro currency. 3. (Swed.) post office box, P.O. Box.
Post Box W. 13: United Kingdom postal strike; local post 1971.
Postbud: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) letter carrier, mail carrier, postman.
Postbus: (Swed.) mail bus.
Postbus ticket: distinctive tickets which may require adhesive postage stamps which are cancelled.
Post canceled: 1: stamps canceled after their period of validity; usually more desirable if canceled during period of validity. 2: a cover which has been cancelled on a date later than indicated in the postmark; also known as post dated, back dated.
Postcard: privately produced small card without an imprinted stamp, often with a picture on one side and a space for a written message on the reverse; often confused with postal card.
Postcard Grading: Mint: card off the printing press with no marks of any kind. Near Mint: a mint card with slight color aging. Excellent: card with no faults, may be mint or used. Very Good: corners may be slightly rounded with a slight crease that does not affect the image. Good: Corners blunt or rounded with noticeable creases. Fair: intact postcard with heavy creases, heavy postmark, some tears or damage.
Postcard Presort Rate: discounted cost of bulk mailing of presorted and bundled postcards.
Postcard stamps: stamps affixed to postcards; then overprinted; Orange Free State, 1889.
Postcards with Paid Reply: authorized at 10-cents by the UPU in 1886.
Postcard tax stamp: overprinted "Controle" stamp used in Persia, 1922, to collect a tax on picture postcards and used in addition to normal postage.
Post Code: a group of numbers, or combination of letters and numbers, established to translate an address into a code used by automatic sorting machines.
Postcodes, first: Germany and some of the occupied territories on July 25, 1941 used number 1 to 24; 1 figure to 4 figure codes started in West Germany November 1961; the United States started in 1963; the United Germany converted to 5-figure codes in 1993.
Postcollo: (Bel.) overprint for parcel stamps of Belgium.
PostCom: Association for Postal Commerce, Arlington, VA.
Postdampfer: (Dan.) mail steamship, mail steamer.
Postdampskip: (Ger., Nor.) steamer post.
Post del ferrocarril: (Sp.) railway mail.
Post del urbana: (It.) local town stamps
Poste Aerienne: (Fr.) airmail.
Poste A√©rienne Luchtpost: surcharge on Belgium semi-postals for air mail use.
Poste A√©rienne, Semi-Officiel: (Fr.) issued privately, but accepted by the postal agency. "Buffalo Balloon" stamp is an example.
Poste Aerieo, Aerienne: overprint on stamps of Iran for air mail.
Poste A Erore: Albania airmail.
Poste ambulante: (Fr.) inscription on stamps of Belgium and France used for a mobile post office.
Poste Centime: (With fine line network in background) France, Alsace and Lorraine, German Occupation.
Poste Colonial/Coloniali: overprint on stamps of Tripoli for Libya, Feb. 17, 1934.
Poste Coloniali Italiane: overprint on stamps of Italy for Italian Colonies, 1932-34; see Italian Colonies.
Post ECS: internet-based document delivery service developed by USPS, Canada Post and France's La Poste.
Posted Aboard the RMS Titanic: National Postal Museum exhibit detailing story of three American and two British postal clerks trying to save the mail as the ship sank.
Posted at sea: maritime marking for mail posted while ship was at sea.
Poste d'Campagne: (Fr.) field post.
Poste de Geneve: with Port local or Port Cantonal; inscription on stamps of Switzerland, Canton of Geneva.
Poste de Paquet: (Fr.) parcel post.
Poste de prissoniers: (Fr.) prisoner of war (mail).
Poste di Fiume: Fiume.
Posted on board: marking from the West Indies.
Posted on Steamer: mark from Freetown, West Africa.
Poste √©migr√©e: (Fr.) expatriate post.
Poste Estensi: inscription on first stamps of Modena, 1852, for family name of its ducal rulers; see Italian States.
Post (Eiooa): with posthorns in the four corners; Germany, Russian issue for East Saxony
Poste/Italiane/Imperia/Liberata/24-2-45: post World War 2 overprint, see C.L.N. Italy.
Poste Khedivie Egiziane: (It.) "Khedive Egyptian Post", Egyptian stamps with values in paras used for British mail from Egypt to India, for territories occupied by Italy.
Postele locale turistice: (Rom.) tourist local posts.
Postele straine in Rom√É¬Ęnia: (Rom.) foreign posts in Romania..
Poste local: (Fr.) local post
Poste Locale: 1: Switzerland Canton of Geneva, 1850. 2: Turkey (Liannos's Local Post), 1865.
Poste maritime: (Fr.) ship's mail.
Poste militaire: (Fr.) field post.
Posten: (Ger.) (auction) lot.
Post Enfantine: (Fr.) see Toy stamps.
Poste par ballon: (Fr.) balloon mail.
Poste par fusees: (Fr.) rocket mail.
Poste par pi√©ton: (Fr.) mail by foot messenger.
Poste par Zeppelin: (Fr.) Zeppelin mail.
Poste Persane, Postes Persanes: inscription on stamps of Iran (Persia), 1881-98.
Poste pneumatique: (Fr.) pneumatic mail.
Postera: (Swed.) mail station.
Poste Repubblica Sociale Italiana (RSI): (It.) Italian Social Republic Mail, created by Hitler after he rescued Benito Mussolini when he was placed under arrest by King Victor Emmanuel III; Posta Aerea overprint is bogus.
Poste restante: (Fr.) 1: mail addressed to a person, town, a specific post office, but without a street address or box number is held at the post office until called for by the addressee. 2: general delivery; used in Canada during WW II to hold mail until notified when service personnel arrived at a new address. 3: In Great Britain, a department of the post office in charge of letters waiting to be picked up.
Poster stamps: a non-denominated stamp created to advertise or commemorate a product or event.
Postes: (With red crescent and 1954) Afghanistan Tax Stamp.
Postes Aeriennes: overprint/inscription on stamps of Persia for air mail, 1930.
Postes Afghanes: Afghanistan after 1928.
Postes Atlas: children's stamps; see Toy stamps.
Postes Atsoc: Artistamp, Costa reversed; see Republique du Semaj, by James Costa.
Postes de Coree: inscription on stamps of Korea, 1902.
Postes (denomination) centimes: Stamps issued in 1870 during German occupation of Alsace and Lorraine.
Postes Egyptiennes: "Egyptian Posts" inscription on stamps of Egypt, 1879-96.
Postes Expres: inscription on stamps of Egypt, special delivery.
Postes France (or Paris) 1922: on stamps of France, are precancels.
Postes Hedjaz & Nedjde: inscription on stamps of Hedjaz and Nejd, Saudi Arabia, 1930-32.
Postes Imperiales de Coree: Korea, 1903.
Postes Iraniennes: inscription on stamps of Iran, 1935.
Postes Ottomanes: inscription on stamps of Turkey, Mesopotamia 1913-22.
Postes Paye: Haiti provisional overprint.
Postes Persanes: inscription for mail on stamps of Iran (Persia).
Postes Serbes: overprint on stamps of France in pairs, Serbia-Corfu, 1916-18, applied after stamps were affixed to letters.
PostEurop: an affiliate of the Association of European Public Postal Operators, establishes theme for the Europa series of stamps.
Poste Vaticane: inscription on stamps of Vatican City.
Poste Vice-Realiegiziane: (It.) marking of private Italian firm bought by Egyptian government that used Italian cancellers "Poste Vice-Realiegiziane,"1865.
Postexpedition: (Swed.) branch post office.
Postexpedit√É¬∂r: (Swed.) sub-postmaster.
Postfack: (Swed.) letter box, mail box, mail drop, post box; see Brevl√É¬•da.
Postf¬¶rge: (Dan.) "Postal ferry" overprint for Denmark parcel post, carried on Esbjerg-Fano, 1919-77, and L√É¬łgst√É¬łr-Aggersund, 1919-42, ferry service.
Postf¬¶rgem¬¶rke(r): (Dan.) mail ferry stamp(s).
Postf√É¬§lschung: (Ger.) postal forgery.
Postforfalskning: (Dan.) postal forgery (to defraud the post office).
Postf√É¬§rja: (Swed.) mail ferry.
Postf√É¬§rjem√É¬§rke(n): (Swed.) mail ferry stamp(s).
Postferje: (Nor.) mail ferry.
Postf√É¬∂rande: (Swed.) mail carrying.
Postf√É¬∂rbindelse: (Swed.) postal communication.
Postf√É¬∂rest√É¬•ndare: (Swed.) postmaster, see Postm√É¬§stare.
Postf√É¬∂ring: (Swed.) conveyance of the mails.
Postf√É¬∂rskott: (Swed.) cash-on-delivery, C.O.D.
Postf√É¬∂rskottstrycksaker: (Swed.) cash-on-delivery printed matter.
Postfreiheiten: (Ger.) free franking privildges.
Postfreistempel: (Ger.) meter stamp.
Postfrim: (Dan.) (Postfrimaerki -Free Postage Stamp) Denmark, Norway
Postfrisch: (Ger.) mint.
Postfrisk: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) mint, never hinged.
Postfriskt: (Swed.) mint, never hinged.
Postg√É¬§ng: (Swed.) postal service.
Postgebiet Ober-Ost: (Postal Area of the Eastern Command) overprint on stamps of Germany, Eastern postal areas, Lithuania, German occupation, 1916-18.
Postgeb√É¬ľhr: (Ger.) postage.
Postgiro: (Swed.) postal check (cheque) service.
Postgiroinbetalningskort: (Swed.) Giro-bank payment orders.
Post Great Britain: United Kingdom postal strike; local post 1971.
Posthaltpunkten: (Fin.) postal halt or rural post office in Finland, mostly established pre-World War I.
Post Haste: United Kingdom postal strike; local post 1971.
Posthorn: originated as a curved horn used by the traveling butchers of Germany in 12th Century to announce arrival of mail courier; often found on stamps and watermarks of European stamps. Mail coach drivers used to blow this instrument upon approaching their stations.
Posthumous proof: die or plate proof of a stamp printed after the stamp has been released; usually produced for exhibitions.
Posthus: (Dan., Nor.) post office.
Posthuset: (Swed.) post office.
Postiljon(en): (Swed.) post boy(s), mail boy(s).
Postino: (It.) postman.
Postique: a location within a post office where collectors may obtain currently available stamps; each office may have its own pictorial cancellation.
Postkarte: (Ger.) postcard.
Postkasse: (Dan., Nor.) letter box, mail box, mail drop, post box.
Postkode: (Den., Nor., Swed.) postal code, zip code; see Postnummer.
Postkonto: (Swed.) postal check (cheque) account.
Postkontor: (Nor., Swed.) post office, see Posthus.
Postkort: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) postcard.
Postkup√©: (Swed.) mail coach.
Postkup√©expeditioner (PKXP): (Swed.) Post office on board ships.
Posti: logo of the Finland Post Corporation, 2002
Postino: (It.) mail man.
Postkasse: (Dan.) mail box, letter box.
Postkort: (Dan.) postcard.
Postlagernd: (Ger.) see Poste Restante.
PostLink: small, digital postal meter, made by the Ascom Hasler division of the Neopost Co., stamps are printed on self-adhesive labels.
Post Luchtdienst: inscription on air mail stamps of Belgian Congo.
Postman: (Swed.) post office official, post office clerk.
Postman Pat: British Royal mail character to improve its image among children, started in the 1980s, dropped in 2000.
Postmark (Pm, Pmk.): 1: any marking applied to a letter or parcel indicating the name of the post office and date of mailing. 2: obliteration postale: (Fr.) poststempel (Ger.), bollo (It.) matasello (Sp.)
Postmarke: with crown and 1/4 Gutegr.; German States, Brunswick.
Postmark, earliest: the Latin "Cito, citissime, volantissme" (quickly, very quickly, very fleetingly) was used in Venice in the 14th century, French mail was endorsed staring the 16th century with "en diligence" (with speed and care); U.S. Act of June 3, 1638 required postmasters to mark incoming mail.
Postmark, longest name: Llanfairpwllgwngyllgogerychwyrndrobwllllantysiliogogogoch, Anglesey, Wales, U.K.
Postmark, multi-colored, first: used on Oct. 28, 1935, Prague, Czechoslovakia on Independence Day souvenir mail.
Postmark, pictorial, first: heraldic types used in the Italian city states starting in the 15th century.
Postm√É¬§stare: (Swed.) postmaster, see Postf√É¬∂rest√É¬•ndare.
Postmaster (PM): manger in charge of a post office.
Postmaster General (PMG): chief executive officer of the U.S. Postal Service, appointed by, and serving at the pleasure of the Board of Governors.
Postmaster Provisionals: stamps issued by postmasters before the general issue of stamps by the government, in US, the first was created in New York City in 1845.
Postmaster's stamp: provisional stamps issued by local postmaster in cities in the U.S. and Bermuda before governmental issues appeared.
Postmester: (Dan.) postmaster.
Post, municipal: organized by Hanseatic League, Bremen, 12th century.
Postmusei: (Swed.) postal museum.
Postnote: British Post Office postal stationery, 1982, for internal first class mail with an undenominated impressed stamps, sold at the current first class rate.
Postnummer: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) postal code, zip code.
Postnumret: (Swed.) post code.
Post Obitum: inscription on U.S. Post office seals used by Dead Letters Office to seal opened letters, 1877.
Post office: 1: place for reception of mail for delivery to addressee. 2: inscription on first stamps of Mauritius, issued Sept. 21, 1847; should have read "Post Paid." 3: 1600s, coffee houses were recipients of mail to betaken by the addressees. 4: 1639, first legislation in the General Court of Mass. 5: Postamt (Ger.) Bureau d'Poste (Fr.) Posta (It.) Oficina de Correos (Sp.)
Post office, automatic: a pay telephone in Bath, England, 1924, was integrated with a posting box and a stamp-vending machine.
Post office branch: a unit of the main post office that is outside the corporate limits of the city or town of the main post office.
Post Office Dept.: U.S. Officials.
Post Office Despatch: 1850-55, Baltimore, Md; see Carriers' Stamps.
Post office, highest: permanently located at Cerro de Pasco, Peru at an altitude of 14,385 feet, China announced, 2001, that one will be open on Mount Everest, Tibet.
Post Office Licensed: United Kingdom postal strike; local post 1971.
Post Office Maritime Mail: British handstamp for letters posted on board ships that were not previously cancelled.
Post office Monopoly: The U.S. Constitution (Art. 1, Sec.
Congress vested in the Post Office Department an absolute monopoly for the transportation of first-class mail.
Post office, northern: located at Ny √É‚Ä¶lesund, Spitzbergen, Norway.
Post Office One Cent Despatch: Baltimore, Md., see Carriers' Stamps.
Post office pane: a sheet of stamps as sold by the post office.
Post office parcel card mixture: usually include on-paper stamps, usually collected by governments from parcel cards on packages, and sold to collectors and dealers by the kilogram.
Post Offices Abroad: post offices staffed and operated by one country but located in another country.
Post office seals: affixed to prevent tampering in 1872, then in1877 used to repair damaged letters, and reseal mail opened by mistake; seals have no value and no franking power; also known as Official seals.
Post offices, foreign in one city: Constantinople had eight foreign post office operating at various times between 1799 and 1923.
Post office, smallest population: Suwarrow, Cook Islands atoll, where postmaster is the only resident as of 1969, it is reserved as a sanctuary for wildlife.
Post office, southern: located at the South Pole and operated by the U.S.
Post office stones: stones, located in Table Bay, Cape of Good Hope, where sailors left messages under stones for outward and homeward bound ships, late1400s.
Post offices, world: last complete listing was in the three-volume Nomenclature des Bureaux de Poste. published by the Universal Postal Union in 1968.
Post office, tree: Mossel Bay, Cape of Good Hope tree where messages were left from one vessel's crew to another, post-1601.
Post office, underseas: established off the Bahamas in 1939 as part of the Williamson Photosphere.
Post-og Simakalastjornin Reykjavik: (Ice.) postal seal used to seal official correspondence or repair damaged mail for the city of Reykjavik.
Postovn√©: (Czech.) postage.
Postovn√É¬≠ Brasna: (Czech.) mail bag.
Postovn√É¬≠ Prihr√É¬°dka: (Czech.) post office box.
Postovn√É¬≠ Pr√É¬≠kazn√É¬≠ Arch: (Czech.) postal order sheet.
Postovn√É¬≠ Pytel: (Czech.) mail bag.
Postovn√É¬≠ Schr√É¬°nka (shr√É¬°nky): (Czech.) mail box(es), post box(es).
Postovn√É¬≠ Vyberka: (Czech.) delivery receipt card.
Postovn√É¬≠ Zn√É¬°mka: (Czech.) postage stamp.
Post paid: when payment of postage by sender was optional, in cases where prepayment was made, postal handstamp indicated with word "Paid."
Postpaket: 1. (Ger.) parcel. 2. (Swed.) parcel post.
Post Par: private delivery service labels, might have done postal duty, Montreal, Canada.
Post pay'd, P Pd: manuscript marking in 1600s England indicating that postage was paid.
Post Plan: United Kingdom postal strike; local post 1971.
Post Restante: "General Delivery" to be held until picked up by addressee at the post office.
Post rider: originated as a post office symbol in1 837 by PMG Amos Kendall, design supposedly inspired by Benjamin Franklin, changed in1970; see : Eagle, Mercury.
Post road: a public highway whose use is authorized by law.
Post Route Bill: March 4, 1847, Act of Congress authorizing the Postmaster General to contract for mail transportation from Charleston, S. C. to Colon, Isthmus of Panama to Astoria, Oregon.
Postrute: (Dan.) mail delivery route.
Posts: 1: during the Middle Ages, term connected with the carrying of mail. 2: place where horses kept along a mail courier route. 3: men who rode the horses and carried the mail. 4: form of transport carrying the letters.5: the dispatch of the mail itself.
Posts¬¶k: (Dan.) mail bag.
Postsache: (Ger.) postal matter.
Postsaker och postsakskort: (Swed.) internal (post office) postal stationery.
Post Schilling: (with no country name) currency unit in German States, Schleswig Holstein.
Posts French-Jerusalem: obliteration on mail deposited with French consulate in Jerusalem; then taken to Jaffa for routing to final destination, 1852-1879.
Postsparbank: (Swed.) post office savings bank.
Post Stamp: inscription in annas-Hyderabad, India.
Poststampel: (Ger.) postmark.
Poststation: (Swed.) sub-post office, rural post office.
Postst√É¬§mpel: (Swed.) postmark, cancellation.
Poststempel: (Nor.) postmark, cancellation.
Postst√É¬∂ld: (Swed.) mail robbery.
Postt√É¬•g: (Swed.) mail train.
Posttaxa: (Swed.) postal rates schedule.
Posttaxe Bayer: inscription on stamps of Bavaria for postage due.
Posttidning: (Swed.) (official) postal gazette.
Posttog: (Dan., Nor.) mail train.
Postur og Simi: (Ice.) postal seal used to seal official correspondence or repair damaged mail.
Post USSR: octagonal design in Russian on stamped envelopes; applied in Kiev post office.
Pos Udara: (Indonesian) airpost.
Postvagn: (Swed.) mail coach.
Postv√É¬§sen: (Swed.) postal system.
Postv√É¬§ska: (Swed.) mail bag, post bag.
Postverk: (Swed.) post office department, post office establishment.
Postverwaltung: (Ger.) postal administrations.
Postvogn: (Nor.) mail coach.
Postwertzeichen ist ung√É¬ľltig: (Ger.) postage is invalid.
Post Zegel: 1: overprint on stamps of Transvaal, authorizing revenue stamps for postage. 2: inscription on stamps of Netherlands postage due (with no country name), 1852-67. 3. surcharge on stamps of Netherlands postage due, 1907.
Potato postmark: potato cut in half and engraved with fleur-de-lis emblem of the Scout movement used on mail of the Scout Post during Warsaw ghetto uprising in1944.
Potato Tax stamps: conventional revenue stamps denominated in currency, unknown if ever used; 1935.
Potiquet, Alfred: 1861: created the world's first stamp catalog in France.
Potravn√É¬≠ Dane: (Czech.) consumption tax.
Potries: local post, Spanish Civil War, Republican, 1937.
Potsage: error on stamps of Tibet, 1912-50.
Poul(s): currency unit in Afghanistan.
POUNC: Post Office Users' National Council, Great Britain.
Pound: currency unit in many nations.
Pound Sterling: currency unit in Alderney, Ascension, British Antarctic Territory, British Indian Ocean territory, Guernsey, Isle of Man, Jersey, South Georgia and Sandwich Islands, St. Helena, Tristan da Cunha,
Pour approbation: (Fr.) on approval.
Pour les expresses affaires du Roy: manuscript endorsement on French government correspondence in 1692-93, using the franking privilege.
Pour le Stade Municipal de Port-au-Prince: Haiti, semi-postal.
Povst√É¬°n√É¬≠: (Czech.) uprising.
P.O.W.: see prisoner of war (mail).
Powell, V. R.: see Private die match proprietary stamps.
Po-yang: local post, North China, 1949.
Pozcta Polska Port Gdansk: inscription on stamps of Poland for 20th anniversary of Polish independence.
Pozo-Alcon: local post, Spanish Civil War, Republican,1937
Pozoblanco: local post, Spanish Civil War, Republican, 1937
P.P.: overprint on stamps of France postage due conversion to postage, Offices in Morocco. 1: postal permit marking on prepaid mail. 2: auction abbreviation term for private perforations. 3: penny post. 4: Port Paye; postage paid. 5: abbreviation for Pulled Perforation
P (number) P: Switzerland inscription.
PPC: abbreviation for Picture Post Card.
P.P.C.: (Poste Polonaise Constantinople) Poland overprint, Offices in Constantinople, Turkey.
P.P.C.: China overprint on stamps of Wuhu Treaty Port stamps.
PPCL1: Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry; battle group that was part of the Canadian mission in Kosovo.
PPD: topical association abbreviation for prepaid (no value in indicia).
PPI: see Postage Paid Impression.
P.P.R.I.: (Pemerintah Revolusioner Republik Indonesia): Revoluntionary government of the Republic of Indonesia, 1958.
PR: 1: USPS abbreviation for Puerto Rico. 2: auction abbreviation for precancel. 3: pair. 4: prices realized. 5: (It.) Posta da Roma (mail for Rome) pre-adhesive postmark. 6. Scott Catalog number prefix for Newspaper Tax (Hungary) Newspaper (U.S.).
Prachtblock: (Ger.) very fine block.
Prachst√É¬ľck: (Ger.) superb copy
Prades: local post, Spanish Civil War, Republican, 1937
Pr¬¶get: (Dan.) embossed.
Pr√É¬§gedruck: (Ger.) embossed printing
Pr√É¬§gling: (Swed.) impression.
Pragteks: (Dan.) superb (quality).
Prague: also called Praha, Czech Republic
Pr√É¬§gung: (Ger.) embossing.
Praha: also called Prague, Czech Republic
Prairie dog: flaw on 5-cent Aeronautics, Scott 650, shows a tiny object taking a ride on the plane; only on lower right corner stamp, plate no. 19658.
Prakt: (Swed.) superb (quality).
Prakteksemplar: (Nor.) superb example.
Praktexemplar: (Swed.) superb example.
Prangko Taboengau Pos: Indonesia overprint, Japanese Occupation (savings stamps).
Prangli: bogus Russia stamp, not valid for postage.
Prats de Llucanes: local post, Spanish Civil War, Republican,1937
Pravy: (Czech.) right (side).
Pravy Doln√É¬≠ Roh: (Czech.) right lower corner.
PRC: People's Republic of China (mainland China).
Pre-adhesive: a postal item dating from a period prior to the use of adhesive stamps by a given country.
Pre-cancel (PCL): special cancel applied to stamps before being affixed to mail matter; in the U.S., there are two categories of precancels: Bureau, where the precancel is applied by the Bureau of Engraving and Printing; Local, where the precancel is applied by the local city or town post office.
Precancel gap pair: point of uneven meeting of two precanceling devices, such as straight lines which do not exactly meet.
Precancel, rarest: Orangeburg Coil, only one coil of 500 stamps was made.
Precanceled stamps: stamps with postmark applied prior to the mailing of the article being prepaid.
Precancelado: (Sp.) precancel.
Precancel User's Permit: a free permit authorizing a mailer to buy and use precancel stamps.
Precio: (Sp.) price.
Pr√©curseur: (Fr.) forerunner.
Precursore: (It.) forerunner.
Predate: a cover with a stamp cancelled earlier than the officially designated First Day of sale; term only used for issues with a designated First Day date.
Prednestrova: cinderella local for Moldova as a seceding state, 1993
Predzn√É¬°mkov√© Dopisy: (Czech.) pre-adhesive letters, stampless covers; see Celistvosti - Predznamkove Dopisy.
Prefecture issues: stamps of Japan available only in the prefecture (one of Japan's subdivisions) for which they were issued, but the stamps were valid for postage throughout Japan.
Pregiato: (It.) scarce, rare.
Preis: (Ger.) price.
Preisliste: (Ger.) price list.
Prekomurje: overprint on stamps of Hungary for Yugoslav occupation of Transmuria, 1919.
Premia de Mar: local post, Spanish Civil War, Republican,1937
Premi√©re date connue: (Fr.) first known (recorded) date.
Premi√É¬®r gravures: (Fr.) term used to describe the first designs of the 1861 series of stamps
Premier jour: (Fr.) first day.
Premier tirage: (Fr.) first printing.
Premier vol: (Fr.) first flight.
Prensa: overprint on stamps of Uruguay for newspapers.
Pre-obliteration: ordinary stamps that are cancelled in advance by the printer, to be sold in large quantities.
Pr√©oblit√©r√©: (Fr.) precancellation
Prepaid postage, first handstamp: invented by William Dockwra, 1680, for the London Penny Post, a private service.
Prep√É¬°zkovy List: (Czech.) sheet, printing sheet.
Prephosphored Paper: paper with taggant added prior to printing.
Pr√©pos√©: (Fr.) postman, mailman.
Pre-printing paper crease: a white unprinted area in the folds of a crease that occurred as the paper was traveling through the printing press; usually caused by improper tension.
Pre-printing paper fold: a fold in the paper which leaves an unprinted area during the printing process.
Pre-released stamps: stamps sold to the public prior to their official release date.
Pres.: abbreviation for president.
Presbyter Cocidus: "Cooked missionary," made by G. Collingridge, 1903, and sold to New Hebrides as a postally valid stamp.
Presentation: term used in judging an exhibit to determine general layout and clarity.
Presentation album: album containing a pane of a newly issued stamp which is distributed to dignitaries at a First Day dedication ceremony; the President of the U.S. always receives the first album.
Presentation folders: made up by USPS for distribution to officials at various events.
Presentation Pack: British Post Office term for a philatelic souvenir with stamps and descriptive text.
Presidentials: the 1938 series of stamps featuring the Presidents of the U.S.
Presorted Standard: lion, U. S. non-denominated postage stamp, value 10¬Ę, issued Nov. 9, 2000.
Presorted Std: bicycle design, U. S. non-denominated stamp, value 10¬Ę, issued Aug. 14, 1998.
Presorted first class: juke box design, U. S. non-denominated postage stamp, value 25¬Ę, issued Mar. 17, 1995.
Presorted first class: diner design, U. S. non-denominated postage stamp, value 25¬Ę, issued June 5, 1998.
Presorted First-Class Mail U.S. Postage Paid: may be a label or printed directly on an envelope to indicate that standard mail (also known as junk mail)postage has been paid.
Presorted Std: Atlas design; U. S. non-denominated postage stamp, value10¬Ę, issued June 29, 2001.
Pressburg: now called Bratislava, Slovakia
Presse √É¬† plat: (Fr.) flat-bed press.
Pressed out crease: application of heat, moisture or pressure to conceal a crease.
Pressed Out Grill: done to imitate a reissue on an 1869 US stamp.
Presse en relief: (Fr.) embossed.
Presson's Express: parcel delivery firm serviced Boston and Gloucester, Mass., used labels; 1865-90.
Press sheet: a full sheet of stamps as ir was originally printed.
Press sheets, uncut: large sheets of two or more panes of stamps that represent one turn, or half turn of the printing press.
Pressure sensitive adhesive (PSA): see : Self-adhesives.
Pre-stamp cover: mail before the introduction of postage stamps in the place of origin.
Prestige booklet: contains panes of stamps in addition to descriptive information and illustrations about the specific topic
Pretisk: (Czech.) overprint.
Preto: (Port.) Black color
Pretoria: local post, South Africa, 1887
Preussen: (Ger.) Prussia
Preusserbl√É¬•: (Dan.) Prussian blue (color).
Preussish-Gladbach: local post, Germany, 1918-23
Previously hinged: a stamp with original gum that shows evidence of hinging.
Prevr√É¬°ceny: (Czech.) inverted.
Prexies: nickname given the U.S. Presidential series of definitive stamps of 1938.
Prezzo: (It.) price.
Prf: auction abbreviation term for proof.
Priamur and Maritime Provinces: part of Siberia, Russia; currency: 100 kopecks = 1 ruble 1917: Bolshevist government established, 1919: anti-Bolshevist government by Adm. Aleksandr V. Kolchak at Omsk, 1921, July: stamps issued by a Japanese-backed White Russian government inPriamur, Russian words say "Nikolaevsk on Amur Priamur Provisional Government," 1922, Nov.: Soviet troops regained control, see Siberia
Prices realized: results of a auction.
Price's City Express: 1: U. S. local post, New York, N.Y., 1857-58. 2: S. Allan Taylor label.
Price's 8th Ave. Post Office: U. S. local post, New York, N.Y., 1854.
Price on request: used in non-U.S. auctions to indicate that a prospective bidder can contact the auctioneer for the estimated price.
Pridnestrovie: bogus issue from Moldova, USSR, not valid for postage.
Priest's Despatch: U. S. local post, Philadelphia, Pa., 1851.
Priluky: local post, Russian Zemstvo, 1879-93.
Prima Valores Declarados: inscription/overprint on stamps of Dominican Republic for insured letter.
Primer dia: (Sp.) first day.
Primer dia de Circulacion: (Sp.) first day of issue.
Primer's Presentation Card: when the master proof is cut down to stamp size in the final stage of production, and affixed to a card bearing the name of the primer.
Primer Viaje del Vapor: (Sp.) First Voyage of the Steamship, used on first or maiden voyages.
Prime Minister commemoratives: refers to the Canadian series of stamps started in 1951 to honor former Prime Ministers who have not been previously depicted on Canada's stamps.
Prime rate: refers philatelically to the current postage cost to mail a domestic letter weighing one ounce or less.
Primer Tren Aereo/Internacional 1935/O'Meara y DuPont + 10 cts: overprint/surcharge on stamps of Cuba for glider mail flight Havana to Miami.
Primer Vol: (Fr.) first flight.
Primer Vuelo: (Sp.) first flight.
Primitives: nickname for successors to British Penny Black; 1847-49 Mauritius, 1850-51 New South Wales, 1850-52 Victoria, 1853 Tasmania, and 1854 India.
Primo Giorno: (It.) first day.
Primorje: Jugoslavia cinderella.
Primo Volo: (It.) first flight.
Prince Consort Essay: proposed 1851 stamp essay, to be letterpress printed, with profile of Prince Consort Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, husband of Queen Victoria, never printed.
Prince Edward Island: Prince Edward Island: Canadian province, Gulf of St. Lawrence; currency: 12 pence = 1 shilling, 100 cents = 1 dollar (1872) 1705: French governor's couriers carried mail for a fee, 1769-1873: separated from Nova Scotia, and became separate colony, 1816: postmaster of Nova Scotia ran post office, 1851: islanders ran own post office, 1861, Jan.1: No.1, 2 pence dull rose, first stamp issued, 1873, July 1: joined Canadian Confederation, see Canada, Nova Scotia.
Prince Farouk: Egypt.
Prince of Wales Hospital Fund: commemorative label with a replica signature of Albert Edward,, the prince, 2002.
Prince's Letter Dispatch: U. S. local post, Portland, Maine, 1860s.
Princess Anne's Wedding: common design on stamps of the British Commonwealth of Nations, 1973.
Prince's Express: private mail and parcel firm serviced Boston, Mass., and Portland, Maine; used labels; year unknown.
Princess Diana: common design on stamps of the British Commonwealth of Nations, 1982.
Princeton, N.J.: occupied by British until Jan. 1776.
Princeton issue: the 3¬Ę Nassau Hall stamp on Princeton University grounds, is the first modern U. S. colored-paper stamp; produced to use the school colors, orange and black.
Prince Williams of Wales: 1982 Aitutaki overprint
Principality of Thomond: bogus label
Principat: (Rom.) principality.
Principat d' Andorra: (Fr.) Andorra.
Principaute de Monaco: Principality of Monaco
Principaute de Trinidad: Brazil, bogus private issue, 1894
Principato di Seborga: declared independence from Italy, near San Remo, cinderella.
Principato di San Rigolo: parody of Swiss origin, cinderella.
P.R. in R.: (It.) Posta Toscana in Roma, (Tuscany Post in Rome) pre-adhesive postmark.
Prins: (Nor., Swed.) prince.
Prins Edward√É¬∂arna: (Swed.) Prince Edward Island.
Prinsesse: (Nor.) princess.
Printed cachet: cachet design applied by any printing method.
Printed matter stamps: used on unsealed or left open printed matter such as circulars, periodicals and newspapers.
Printed on back: some type of printing on back of a stamp as a security measure.
Printed on both sides: an error that occurs when a sheet of stamps is turned over and printed again on the reverse side.
Printed-on Cancellation: placement of an envelope with a stamp already affixed into a printer where the cachet and cancellation would be applied at the same time.
Printed on gum: stamp design printed on the gummed side of the sheet
Printed signature: printed reproduction of a signature.
Printed-to-private-order envelopes: (PTPO) British Post offered stationery embossed with any combination of denominations of available dies for a premium and a minium quantity, Oct. 8, 1855-Dec. 31, 1973.
Printed watermark: imitation watermark as an experimental measure or shortage of watermarked paper.
Printer imprints: usually in margins; can include logos, initials or other markings that identify the stamp printer.
Printer's die proof: die proof signed by the artist, common in French-area countries; aka artist's die proof.
Printer's Initials: marking in the margin of US stamps, made of printer's initials, punched into an engraved plate each time a printer printed from that plate, 1894 - 1912.
Printer's waste: stamps that are spoiled during the printing process, or misperfed and should have been destroyed by the printer.
Printing: 1: an edition of stamps, such as first printing. 2: direct is plate-to-paper 3: indirect is the process that utilizes a blanket or roller to transfer the image from the plate to the paper. 4: turage (Fr.), auflage (Ger.), tiratura (It.) tirada (Sp.)
Printing flaw: an inconstant variety with color missing where it should have been, or color in part of the design that should not have the color.
Printing presses: A Press: a three and five-color Intaglio Giori webfed combination press used by the BEP starting in the early 1970s; officially called Press 702. B Press: a three-color Intaglio Giori webfed combination press used by the BEP starting about 1976; officially called Press 701. C Press: a three-color Intaglio Giori webfed combination press used by the BEP starting about 1982; officially called Press 901. D Press: a six-color offset and three-color Intaglio Goebel webfed combination press used by the BEP starting about 1984; officially called Press 902. Andreotti Gravure Press: used by the BEP for commemorative and coil stamps, starting in the 1980s; officially known as Press 601. Champlain Press: used by J.W. Fergusson & Sons, a subcontractor for Stamp Venturers, prints using a layout of 13 rows of 33 stamps. Cottrell Press: single-color webfed Intaglio press used at the BEP startingin 1956; officially known as Presses 801, 802, 803, 804 and 805. Optiforma Press: six-color webfed Goebel offset press put in service for coils about 1985; officially known as presses 42 and 43. Schiavi Press: Multi-Color Corp., subcontractor for American Bank Note Co., prints 19 rows of 36 stamps.
Priority Mail: USPS service, includes First Class mail weighing more than 13 ounces with two to three day delivery service.
Pr√É¬≠platek: (Czech.) surcharge, surtax.
Prir: "Three" Iceland overprint/surcharge.
Prisoner of war mail: mail sent to or from internees or prisoner of war detention centers.
Prisoner of War stamps: local post stamps printed by prisoners in camps.
Prisoners Letter, Examined: censor marking for mail sent from Southerners in Northern prison camps addressed to the South during the American Civil War.
Prisonnier de guerre: (Fr.) prisoner of war (POW).
Pristina: town in Macedonia; 1911, overprint on stamps of Pristina, Turkey for Sultan's visit to Macedonia, 1911.
Privata skeppspostm√É¬§rken: (Swed.) private ship letter stamps.
Privat-Beforderung: local post, Darmstadt, Germany, 1895-1900.
Privat-Brief & Circular-Bef√É¬∂rderung: Frankfurt, Germany local post, 1894-96.
Privat-Briefbef√É¬∂rderung Courier: local post, Essen, Germany, 1897-98.
Privat-Brief-Verkehr: Freiburg, Germany local post, 1886-1887.
Privat-Brief-Verkehr I: Frankfurt, Germany local post, 1886-1900.
Privat-Brief-Verkehr II: Frankfurt, Germany local post, 1886-1900.
Private Contractor Printers: the USPS began using private printing firms, instead of the Bureau of Engraving and Printing, for the production of US stamps.
Private die proprietary stamps: created by individual firms to indicate prepayment of taxes on several items; many companies produced their own stamps because they were able to use the stamps for advertising their products; also known as Match and Medicine stamps; 1864-83.
Private Express Transl.: United Kingdom postal strike; local post 1971.
Privately perforated: perforations applied by private individuals and not done to defraud collectors such as the Schermack Mailing Machine Co.
Private mailing card: U.S. authorized, in 1898, the use of postcards with postage affixed; government printed postcards, with postage preprinted on the card, have been in use since 1873.
Private mailing card: inscription on privately printed postcards; UPU regulations required first class letter rate if mailed out of country of origin, since they did not have the official inscription.
Private overprints: a form of precancel on several types of revenues; many firms precanceled their proprietary stamps before placing them on their product.
Private perforations: any type of perforation applied by a private firm; usually used on stamps that were sold to private vending firms who applied perforations based on what worked best for their equipment
Private postage: 1: nondenominated stamps with inscription "Postage Paid" valid for postage within the Australia and sold by some hotels in Australia for convenience of guests. 2: stamps issued by a government for use of private individuals, usually for large mailings or for mail deemed to be of great benefit to the public; Spain 1869 and 1881 for pamphlet to schools, Portugal rifle club. 3: hotel stamps, Lundy stamps.
Private Post office: inscription on US local posts issued 1864 in San Francisco for a city mail service.
Privatganzsache: (Ger.) private postal stationery.
Privat-Stadtbrief-Bef√É¬∂rderung: local post, Erfurt, Germany, 1888-95.
Privat-Stadt-Brief-Verkehr: F√É¬ľrth, Germany local post, 1896-1900.
Privat-Stadt-Post: local post, Essen, Germany, 1887-88.
Private Post Office: U. S. local post, envelopes, San Francisco, Calif. 1864.
Private Die Proprietary Stamps: issued in 1862 to raise funds for the Civil War, the stamps paid the U. S. revenue tax on products of private firms; manufacturers were permitted to have the dies engraved and plates made for their exclusive use; the tax was repealed effective July 1, 1883.
Private Supplemental Posts: carried mail to and from post offices where government service was erratic or non-existent.
Privatepost: Sweden, discount postage
Privilege envelope: wartime mail, carried by British military, that does not have to be opened for censor, also known as Honour or Green envelope.
Prix: (Fr.) price.
Prix courant: (Fr.) price list.
Prizonier: (Rom.) prisoner.
Prizonier de razboi: (Rom.) prisoner-of-war, P.O.W..
Pro Aero: Switzerland inscription or overprint used in connection with special flights between 1938 and 1949
Pro Assistenza Egeo: overprint on stamps of Italy for Rhodes, semi-postal for general relief, 1943.
Pro-Aviacion Militar-1913: propaganda label to promote the establishment of an Argentine aviation fleet; sold in Argentine post offices with no franking power.
Proba: (Rom.) proof.
Probe: (Ger.) proof
Probeauflage: (Ger.) trial printing
Probedruck: (Ger.) proof; see Essay.
Process colors: four primary colors; yellow, magenta (red), cyan (blue), and black, which are combined to achieve the look of any color combination.
Processing: steps that finish a printed stamp sheet; includes perforation, trimming, dividing into panes, and packing for distribution.
Pro Com: local post, courier mail, Montreal, Canada.
Pro Combattenti: "For theTroops" overprint on stamps of San Marino, semi-postal
Pro Desocupados: 'For Unemployed" inscription/overprint on stamps of Peru for postal tax, 1931-36.
Pro Educacion Fiscia: "For Physical Education" Panama, postal tax.
Profumata in (city): (It.) perfumed in (name of city) to indicate letter had been put through disinfection process.
Pro Fundazione Studio Lire 5: "Benefit of Education Fund" Fiume, semi-postal.
Program folders: USPS give-away for attendees at first day ceremonies.
Progressive Proof: a trial essay that is an incomplete engraving of the finished accepted die.
Prohibited stamps: U.S. Treasury Department regulations prohibit the importation into the U.S. of stamps of certain countries.
Pro Infancia: "For Children's Welfare" overprint on stamps of Mexico, postaltax stamp.
Projet: (Fr.) design
Pro Juventute: children's charity semi-postal stamps used in Switzerland since 1913.
Prominent Americans: series of US postage stamps, 1965 - 1981.
Pro Multilados: (Sp.) for disabled soldiers; Spanish Morocco revenue inscription.
Pronautica P.C.S.: United Kingdom postal strike; local post 1971.
Proof of mailing: postal receipt stating that an article was mailed from a postal facility.
Proof: a trial printing, known as a strike, taken from a new printing plate for inspection purposes; this can be used to inspect for defects, or to see which ink color looks best for that particular stamp.
Proof paper: thick, handmade white rice paper.
Propaganda forgery: 1: an imitation of a stamp prepared by a government for use by its agents operating in enemy territory. 2: caricatures of enemy stamps. 3: may be done for political purposes with minor design changes intended to influence opinions.
Propaganda label: a stamp-like label that promotes a specific cause.
Propaganda leaflets: first recorded use was in1807 when leaflets were dropped over the French lines during the Peninsular campaign, they were used extensively during World War II by both sides in the conflict.
Propagandam√É¬§rke: (Ger.) propaganda stamp.
Propaganda stamp: a regular issued stamp which purposely shows written or pictorial allegations intended to damage a cause.
Pro Patria: "For the Country" Switzerland semi-postal, issued from 1952 for national culture funding.
Pro Patrioti Piacenza: town and province in Northern Italy; stamps of Italy overprint for local use, 1944.
Propre: (Fr.) clean
Proprietary stamp: revenue stamp for a range of items to indicate a tax was paid; 1862-1919 became specific-use stamp in 1871 when second issue of documentary stamps released.
Pro Seminario: (Sp.) labels issued in Zaragoza by the Rev. Father Sancho to raise funds.
Prosines: (Czech.) December.
Pro Sinistrati di Guerra: overprint on stamps of Italy for Rhodes, semi-postal for war victims, 1943.
Prospect News Agency: United Kingdom postal strike; local post 1971.
Prospectus: details of a forthcoming philatelic exhibition, usually contains information for potential exhibitors.
Prospektkort: (Dan.) picture postcard, photo postcard.
Pro Tacna y Arica: Peru postal tax.
Protectorad Cote de Somalis: (Fr.) stamps of French Somali Coast Protectorate: 1: a nation governed, guided or protected by another nation. 2: overprint for Bechuanaland; see Bechuanaland Protectorate.
Protectorado Espanol en Marruecos: overprint/inscription for Spanish Protectorate, Morocco.
Protectorat Cote des Somalis: (Fr.) inscription on stamps of Djibouti; see Somali Coast
Protectorate Francais: overprint on stamps of France inscribed "Chiffre Taxe", Offices in Morocco, 1914-22.
Proteja a la Infancia: "For Children's Protection" Mexico, postal tax stamp.
Protektor√É¬°t : (Czech.) protectorate.
Protektor√É¬°t Cechy a Moravia: (Czech.) Bohemia and Moravia. German Protectorate comprising the two W divisions of Czechoslovakia; established March 1939, dissolved in 1945; see Celistvosti - Protektor√É¬°t Cechy a Moravia.
Proto writing: first in time, original and primitive, carved symbols on shiny black stone, found in Central Asia, 2300 B.C.
Pro Tuberculosos Pobres: "For the Poor with Tuberculosis" Spain, 1937-38.
Pro Union Ibero Americana: (Spanish American Union), Spain.
Prova: (It.) proof.
Provenance: a listing of former and present owners of any philatelic item.
Pr√É¬łvet: (Dan.) expertised.
Provtryck: (Swed.) proof.
Pr√É¬łvetrykk: (Nor.) printing proof, proof.
Pr√É¬łvetryk: (Dan.) printing proof, proof.
Providence Despatch: U. S. local post, Providence, R.I., 1849.
Provincia de Cabo Verde: Cape Verde
Provincia de Macao: Macao
Provincie Franco Bollo Modonesi: Modena.
Provincia di Lubiana: (It.) province of Ljubljana, see Ljubljana.
Provincial Airways Westcountry Air Service: London-Southampton-Plymouth air local post.
Provincie Modones: (It.) Modena Province; inscription on stamps of Modena, 1859.
Provinz Laibach / Pokraiina Ljubljanska: (Ger./Slovene) overprint/surcharge on stamps of Italy during German occupation of Laibach, Sept. 8, 1943-1945; see Lubiana.
Provinz Sachsen: Germany WWII local post issue.
Provis Government of Free India: Indian National Army, Japanese occupation, c1944.
Provisional 1881-1882: overprint on stamps of Peru, Arequipa provisional.
Provisionales: (Sp.) provisional stamps; temporary use of postage stamps.
Provisional Government of Ireland: overprint on stamps of Great Britain for Ireland.
Provisional Govt. 1893: overprint on stamps of Hawaii, April 1893 to recognize the new government which overthrew Queen Liliuokalani.
Provisional issue: 1: stamp issued for a local area pending availability of a regular issue. 2: value or purpose has been changed by a surcharge or overprint. Provisional label: parcel or registration labels produced by hand stamps or manuscript endorsement during shortages or special events. Provisional stamps: postage stamps whose value has been changed after printing; usually by use of an overprint or surcharge.
Provisional Meter: a meter with a surcharge insert to meet a temporary need.
Provisional overprint: 1: includes printed name or initial overprints on first issue of medicine stamp revenues, until own stamps printed;1862-70. 2: "I.R." overprint on U.S. Postage stamps to be used as temporary revenue stamps.
Provisoire: (Fr.) provisional, a stamp issued for a local area pending availability of a regular issue.
Provisorie(r): (Dan., Nor.) provisional (stamp[s]).
Provisorio: 1. (It.) provisional. 2. overprint on 1892-93 stamps of Portugal
Provisorisch Wert in Schweiz Franc: "Temporary Value in Swiss Francs" overprint on stamps of Liechtenstein.
Provisorisk: (Dan., Nor.) provisional.
Provisorisk udgave: (Dan.) provisional issue.
Provisorni Ceskoslovenska Vlada: overprint on stamps of Austria, private issue.
Proxy bidding: a mechanism to automatically enter their maximum bids and the system automatically updates as other bidders place rival bids; also used to place last minute bids toward the end of an Internet conducted auction.
Pr√É¬łyssisk bl√É¬•: (Nor.) Prussian blue (color).
Prozatimn√É¬≠: (Czech.) provisional.
P.R.R.I.: (Indon.) Pemerintah Revolusioner Republik Indonesia (Revolutionary Government of the Republic of Indonesia); various labels, printed in1958.
PRS: Postal Regulating Station, or Section, wartime postal facility.
Prueba: (Sp.) proof.
Prueba Apocrifas: (Sp.) bogus proofs made after date of issue of a stamp.
Prueba de color: (Sp.) trial color proof.
Pr√É¬ľfer: see Bundesprufer.
Pr√É¬ľfung: (Ger.) expertization.
Prune Island: St. Vincent Grenadines island; stamps first issued 1976.
Prussia: most of northern Germany, German State, Kingdom of Prussia; currency: 12 pfennigs = 1 silbergroschen, 60 kreuzer = 1 gulden (1867) 1850, Nov. 15: first stamps as founder of postal union that included other German States, 1850-59: used concentric circles as cancel, 1856: No.1, 4 pfennings yellow green, 1868, Jan.1: stamps of the German Confederation, 1872: stamps of the German Empire 1918: Prussia became part of the Weimar Republic, 1947, Mar.1: formally abolished as a separate state.
Prusvitka: (Czech.) watermark.
Prusvitka Nahoru, Dolu, Vlevo, Vpravo: (Czech.) watermark up, down, left, right.
Pruta: currency unit in Israel
Przedborz: city in Poland, local post, 1917-18.
Przemysl: city in former Austrian-occupied Poland, local post overprint, 1918-20.
Przestlka Urzedowa: (Pol.) inscription for official stamps of Poland.
PS: 1: Colombia, (Script letters) Cauca. 2: Postal stationery. 3: Scott Catalog number prefix for Postal Savings. 4: see Plate strip.
5. Monogram overprint on Native Feudatory States of India issued for reprint of remainder stamps. 6. Private Secretary, South Australia officialoverprint, 1868-74. 7. intertwined as a monogram, Colombia, Cauca Department. Perforation Shift. 8. postal stationery; a philatelic discipline recognized for FIP exhibitions. PS/3: plate (number) strip of 3 coil stamps with the plate number on the center stamp.
PS/5: plate (number) strip of 5 coil stamps with the plate number on the center stamp.
PSa: Postal Stationery.
PSA: pressure sensitive adhesive (self-adhesive).
P.S.B.: posted by steamboat, pre-adhesive postmark.
PSE: Professional Stamp Expertiser.
PSE: 1: Pre-Stamped Envelope. 2: Postal Stationery Entire
P/SET: abbreviation for Part Set, incomplete set of an issue
Pseudo postmark: a simulated cancel designed to look like a true postmark, but not applied to cancel the stamp.
Pseudo stamps: meter stamp designed with false perforations to look like adhesive stamps.
Pseudo watermark: a device applied to simulate a true watermark.
P.S.I.: Philatelic Society of India
Pskof: 1: local post, Russian Zenmstvo,1871-1910 2: aka Pleskau, Russia, German occupation, 1941-42
PSMK: abbreviation for postmark.
P.S.N.C.: (One letter in each corner of stamp) Pacific Steam Navigation Co., Peru, 1857.
PSRE: Postal Stationery Registered Envelope.
PSS: PreCancel Stamp Society, Inc.PSS: PreCancel Stamp Society, Inc.
P-Stamps: personalized stamps where an individual's picture is on a postage stamp.
Psx: Plate number strip of x, which is usually expressed as 3 or 5.
PT: 1: postal tax. 2: Pataca, currency unit in Macao.
Pta: Peseta; currency unit in Spain.
PTA: Post und Telekom Austria AG: (Ger.) Post and Telephone Company of Austria.
Pte.Rt.: (Fr.) poste restante (general delivery), pre-adhesive postmark.
P.T.M.: watermark on stamps of Malaya, Nov. 1961.
Pto. Rico: Puerto Rico overprint on stamps of United States, American Dominion.
PTS: 1: Philatelic Traders Society (England). 2: pesetas, Spanish unit of currency. 3: Potosi (Bolivia) pre-adhesive postmark. 4: Postal Transportation Service, formerly the Railroad Mail Service.
PTT: abbreviation for post, telephone and telegraph.
PUASP: Postal Union of the Americas, Spain and Portugal
Publicity envelope stamps: stamps sold at a discount to veteran's groups for use to gain funds or disabled servicemen.
Publicity Slogan: machine cancel to publicize an industry, tourist attraction, town, city.
Public Letter Office: U. S. local post, envelopes, San Francisco, Calif., 1864.
Public Mail Service: United Kingdom postal strike; local post 1971.
Publipostage: (Fr.) bulk mailing, bulk rate.
Publisher's Paid Stamp: United States, Wells Fargo local post.
Pubs: (Fr.) Timbres de Publicit√©, Belgian and French booklets in which there are advertising labels se tenant.
P.U.C.: Postal Union Congress.
Pudoch: local post, Russian Zemstvo,1903-13.
Puebla: overprint on stamps of Mexico for this district, 1856-1883.
Puebla de Almoradiel: local post, Spanish Civil War, Republican, 1937
Puerto Lumbreras: local post, Spanish Civil War, Republican, 1937
Puerto Principe: city in Cuba, now Camaguey; 1898, Dec.-99: local surcharges during U.S. Administration of Cuba.
Puerto Rico: island of the West Indies, aka Porto Rico; currency: 100 centimes = 1 peseta, 1,000 milesimas = 100 centavos = 1 peso (1881), 100 cents = 1 dollar (1898) 1844: British Postal Agencies established at San Juan and eight other cities, 1855-56: stamps issued jointly with Cuba, but not used until July 25, 1856, 1865: French postal agency opened at San Juan, 1873-pre: stamps of Cuba used, 1873: No.1, 25 centimes gray, first stamps of Cuba overprinted with manuscript initials, May 1, 1877: Puerto Rico joined the UPU as a Spanish colony, 1877: stamps overprinted "Pto-Rico," 1898, Dec. 10: ceded to U.S. administration; U.S. started provisional mail service, war tax stamp, 1899: first postage due stamp, U.S. issue overprinted "Porto Rico" diagonally, inhabitants insisted on original spelling of Puerto Rico, 1900, Apr.12: stamps of Puerto Rico replaced by those of the United States, 1907: admitted to the UPU as a member country with "The Whole of the US Island Possessions" along with Guam, Danish Colonies and Samoa, under the name "Porto Rico."1917, Mar.2: became a U.S. territory, 1932, May 17: name officially changed to Puerto Rico, 1952, July 25: became a U.S. Commonwealth, July 1, 1953, admitted to the UPU as a member country, this time as "Puerto Rico"; see Porto Rico.
Puerto Rico provisionals: put on sale early August, 1898, after U.S. forces landed on the south coast, and the Spanish withdrew towards San Juan on the north coast.
Puffins: nickname for stamps of Lundy Island featuring the native bird.
Puig-Alt de Ter: local post, Spanish Civil War, Republican, 1937
Puigcerda: local post, Spanish Civil War, Republican, 1937
Puig-Reig: local post, Spanish Civil War, Republican,1937
Puja: (Sp.) (auction) bid
Pujerra: local post, Spanish Civil War, Nationalist, 1937
Pul: currency unit in Afghanistan
Pula: currency unit in Botswana
Pulau Bidong: Malaysia-Selangor stamps overprinted, bogus.
Pulau Pinang, (Penang): one of the Straits Settlements; Malaysia (State); 1948, Dec.1: first stamps, 1957: stamps for the Malayan Federation used with those of Penang, 1965, Nov. 18: first issue after joining, wording changed to "Pulau Pinang."
Pull: another term for a print made from the original die that is the master from which printing plates are created.
Pulled perfs: paper has been removed below the base line of the perforation holes.
Pullen & Co's Express: mail and parcel delivery firm serviced New York City and upstate New York; used labels; 1846-5-47.
Pullen & Copp's Express: mail delivery firm serviced New York City and upstate New York; used a label; 1843.
Pullen's Express: parcel delivery firm that operated via the New York and Harlem Railroad; used a label; year unknown.
Pullen, Virgil & Co's Express: mail and parcel delivery firm serviced New York City and Canada; used a corner card and labels; 1852-53.
Pulling: term used when a proof or other print is "pulled" from a die or a plate.
Pultusk: city in German-occupied Russian Poland, local post overprint, 1918-20.
Punch: children's stamps; see Toy stamps.
Punch cancel: a cancel that consists of a hole punched in the stamp as a form of defacement; found on revenue stamps and telegraph stamps, plus mint stamps sold to the stamp collecting hobby as remainders.
Punched: see perforations.
Punctuated stamps: stamps that are punch-cancelled with small round or oval holes.
Punkt: (Swed.) (a) blemish, blot, spot.
Puno: town in Peru; 1879-84: overprint on stamps of Peru for provisional issue during occupation by Chile.
Punt: currency unit in Ireland.
Punto delgado: (Sp.) thin spot.
Puolustusvoimat Kentta Postia: "Military stamps" inscription on stamps of Finland.
Pup: British word for sleeper, a stamp in a dealer's inventory that is worth more than charged.
Purifie au (city): purified at (city); to indicate mail had gone through disinfection process.
Purified: marking on mail that has been fumigated so that the letter will not be a carrier of disease.
Purjol√É¬∂kgr√É¬∂n: (Swed.) leek-green (color).
Purpur: (Czech., Dan., Nor., Swed.) purple (color).
Purpura: (Rom.) purple (color).
Purpurbrun: (Dan., Nor.) purple-brown (color).
Purpurr√É¬łd: 1. (Dan.) purple-red (color). ), 2. (Nor.) scarlet (color)
Purregr√É¬łnn: (Nor.) leek-green (color).
Purser markings: 1: markings applied on board ships that do not have shp post offices; to avoid postage due charges since this mail is usually ranked with stamps foreign to the point of landing. 2: originated as "way" letter on a private mail route by water. 3:indication on mail carried "outside the bags" on an official mail route.
Purvis Printing Co.: overprinted of US revenue stamps, 1898.
PUS: Indonesia Postage Due.
Putter-oner: worker at Bureau of Engraving and Printing in the 1930s who put on a single sheet of dampened paper on top of the inked press plate; see taker-offer.
Puttialia State: overprint for State of Patiala, India.
Putt's envelopes: railroad propaganda envelopes used with a 1857 stamp.
Puzol: local post, Spanish Civil War, Republican, 1937
Puzzle Cards: postcard with a jigsaw or other puzzle to be solved by addressee.
P.V.A.: Polyvinyl Alcohol gum
P.W.: Public Works, South Australia official overprint, 1868-74.
PW: 1: USPS abbreviation for Palau. 2: Printer's waste.
PVI: postal validation imprint, computer generated postage.
PYAS: currency unit in Burma.
PYB: Finland, Russia, South Russia.
PYCCHION: (Resembles these letters) Russia overprint for Offices in Turkey (Wrangel Issue).
PYCCKAR nOYTA: (Resembles these letters) Latvia overprint on stamps of Russia, Russian Occupation (prepared but never used).