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PostPosted: Sat Aug 02, 2008 13:26:37 pm 
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BL to BR


Blackwell-Weilandy Book & Stationary Co.: private merchandise delivery serviced St.Louis, MO., used a label, year unknown.
Blad, Bledy: (Pol.) error, errors.
Blad (bledy) Pozorne: (Pol.) apparent color error(s) on a postage stamp that can be easily tampered with (e.g., missing silver color), to be purchased only with an expert's guarantee.
Bl¦k: (Dan.) ink.
Bl¦kannullering: (Dan.) pen cancellation.
Blåfiolett: (Nor.) blue-violet (color).
Blagoveshchensk: Far Eastern Republic; 1921: stamp issue.
Blågrå: (Dan., Nor.) blue-grey (color).
Blågrön: (Swed.) blue-green, emerald-green (color); seeSmaragdgrön.
Bl√ɬ•gr√ɬłn: (Dan.) blue-green (color).
Blå-grönakt Blå: (Swed.) blue-greenish blue (color).
Blagronn: (Nor.) cobalt (color).
Bl√ɬ•gr√ɬłnn: (Nor.) blue-green (color).
Blair, Montgomery: United States Postmaster General, 1862, Aug. 4: suggested a conference on international mail handling that led to the formation of the Universal Postal Union.
Blålig: (Dan., Nor.) bluish (color).
Bl√ɬ•liggr√ɬłn: (Dan.) bluish-green (color).
Blåliggrå: (Dan.) bluish-grey (color).
Blåliglilla: (Dan.) bluish-lilac (color).
Blåligpurpur: (Dan.) bluish-purple (color).
Blåligviolet: (Dan.) bluish-violet (color).
Blålila: (Swed.) blue-lilac (color).
Blå-ljusblå: (Swed.) blue-light blue (color).
Blanc: (Fr.) white (color).
Blanca: local, Spanish civil war, Republican forces, 1937.
Blanco: (Port., Sp.) white (color).
Blanco Karte: (Ger.) blank cover, with stamp affixed, to be postmarked for special occassions.
Blanc type: French stamp design in 1900, named after designer, Joseph Blanc.
Blandad: (Swed.) mixed.
Blandet: (Dan.) commercial cover.
Blanefield Strike Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Blanes: local, Spanish civil war, Republican forces, 1937.
Blånet: (Dan.) blued (color).
Blank (envelope): individual sheet of paper cut from the sheet by the knife in the envelope manufacturing stage; also known as shape.
Blanket: 1: papermaking term for the belt that carries newly formed paper; 2: rubber sheet used on offset presses to transfer the impression from the plate to paper.
Blase im Gummi: (Ger.) bubble in gum.
Blåskifer: (Dan.) blue-slate (color).
Blason: (Fr.) stamp with arms design.
Blåsort: (Dan.) blue-black (color).
Blass: (Ger.) pale (color).
Blattalbum: (Ger.) page for album.
Blattpapier: (Ger.) sheet.
Blått påtryck: (Swed.) blue surcharge.
Blau, bl.: (Ger.) blue (color).
Blaue Karte: (Ger.) blue card from United Nations-Geneva; UN-Vienna has a white card; UN-New York has a green card.
Blaugel: (Ger.) commercial product to prevent stamps from adhering to album pages due to moisture absorption.
Blå-ultramarin: (Swed.) blue-ultramarine (color).
Blauw: (Neth.) blue (color).
Blauwgroen: (Neth.) bluish-green (color).
Blåviolett: (Swed.) blue-violet (color).
Blazon: (Rom.) coat-of-arms..
B L C I: Urdu language inscription on corners of stamps; 1800s-1900s: Feudatory State of Bhopal, India.
B.L. Co.: Ben Levy, US cancel or revenue stamp overprint for face powder product, 1914-16.
BLDG: USPS abbreviation for building.
Bleached: use of a chemical agent to lighten or remove a discoloration or foreign substance from a stamp.
Bleacher: U.S. Navy code name during WW II for Tonga.
Blechdosepost: (Ger.) see Tin Can Mail.
Bledny: (Pol.) faulty.
Bledy: (Czech.) pale (stamp color).
Bleeding: color that runs when immersed in water: also printing of design that overlaps onto the margin or next attached stamp.
Bleg: (Dan.) pale (as referencing the color of a postage stamp).
Blegblå: (Dan.) pale blue, light blue (color).
Blegbrun: (Dan.) pale brown, light brown (color).
Bleggrå: (Dan.) light gray (color).
Bleggr√ɬłn: (Dan.) pale green, light green (color).
Bleggul: (Dan.) pale yellow, light yellow (color).
Bleglila: (Dan.) pale lilac, light lilac(color).
Blegorange: (Dan.) pale orange, light orange (color).
Blegpurpur: (Dan.) pale purple, light purple (color).
Blegr√ɬłd: (Dan.) pale red, light red (color).
Blegrosa: (Dan.) pale rose, light rose (color).
Blegrosar√ɬłd: (Dan.) pale rose-red, light rose-red (color).
Blegviolet: (Dan.) pale violet, light violet (color).
Blek: 1. (Dan.) ink. 2. (Nor., Swed.) pale (as referencing the color of a postage stamp).
Blekblå: (Nor., Swed.) pale blue (color).
Blek blåakt grön: (Swed.) pale bluish-green (color).
Blek bl√ɬ•liggr√ɬłnn: (Nor.) pale bluish-green, light bluish-green (color).
Blek blågrön: (Swed.) pale blue-green (color).
Blekbrun: (Nor., Swed.) pale brown, light brown (color).
Bleket: (Nor.) faded.
Blekfiolett: (Nor.) pale violet, light violet (color).
Blekgrå: (Nor., Swed.) pale grey, light grey (color).
Blekgr√ɬłnn: (Nor.) pale green, light bgreen (color).
Blekgrön: (Swed.) pale green (color).
Blekgul: (Nor., Swed.) pale yellow, light yellow (color).
Blekitney(o): (Pol.) sky blue (color).
Blekk: (Nor.) ink.
Blekkannullering: (Nor.) pen cancellation.
Bleklila: (Swed.) pale lilac (color).
Bleklilla: (Nor.) pale lilac, light lilac (color).
Blekmosegr√ɬłnn: (Nor.) pale moss-green (color).
Blekolivengr√ɬłnn: (Nor.) pale olive-green, light olive-green (color).
Blekorange: (Swed.) pale orange (color).
Blekröd: (Swed.) pale red (color).
Blekrosa: (Nor., Swed.) pale rose, light rose (color).
Blekorange: (Swed.) pale orange (color).
Blekorangeröd: (Swed.) pale orange-red (color).
Blekoransje: (Nor.) pale orange, light orange (color).
Blekpurpur (Nor., Swed.) pale purple, light purple (color).
Blekpurpurpurr√ɬłd (Nor., Swed.) pale purple-red (color).
Blekr√ɬłd: (Nor.) pale red, light red (color).
Blekröd: (Swed.) pale red (color).
Blekrosa: (Nor, Swed.) pale rose, light rose (color).
Blekrosar√ɬłd: (Nor.) pale rose-red, light rose-red (color).
Blekrosaröd: (Swed.) pale rose-red, light rose-red (color).
Blekviolett: (Swed.) pale violet (color).
Bleu: (Fr.) blue (color).
Bleues: (Fr.) "blues" stamps of classic France.
Bleu-foncé: (Fr.) dark blue.
Bleuté: (Fr.) paper that has unintentionally turned blue; found on early British issues..
Blinddruck: (Ger.) albino, print with no ink.
Blind perforation: perforation holes that have been lightly impressed into the stamps, leaving the paper intact, but considered as cut.
Blind stamp: a stamp with no mention of its country of origin; many revenue stamps fall into this category.
Blindtakking: (Nor.) blind perforations (perforator impressing but not penetrating paper)
Blindtakning: (Dan.) blind perforations.
Blindtryk: (Dan.) albino printing (printed without designated inking).
Blindtrykk: (Nor.) albino printing (printed without designated inking).
Blindzähnung: (Ger.) perforation that was not punched out completely.
Blister, gum: may be caused by excessive heat in gumming process, leaves areas of ungummed paper.
Blister, photographic: flaw from a defect in the photographic plate or film resulting in trapping of air or fluid.
Blitz perforation: perforations changed from De La Rue to Waterlows; 1936-43: New Zealand stamp series; due to the Blitzkrieg air raids on London.
Blizzard mail: U.S. local post, New York, N.Y., March 12-16, 1888, operated during blizzard.
Bljesak: bogus labels for Jugoslavia.
Blk: abbreviation for block of stamps, quantity in block should be quoted.
Bloating: an early philatelic term used for exhibitors who display several copies of the same stamp because it is rare.
Bloc: (Fr.) block, souvenir sheet (of stamps).
Bloc avec numero de planche: (Fr.) plate block.
Blocco: (It.) block, souvenir sheet (of stamps).
Blocco con numero di lastra: (It.) plate block.
Blocco di quattro: (It.) an unseparated group, or block, of four stamps.
Bloc commémoratif: (Fr.) souvenir sheet.
Bloc de patru marci: (Rom.) block-of-4 postage stamps.
Bloc de quatre: (Fr.) an unseparated group of four stamps.
Bloc-feuillet: (Fr.) sheet of a stamp or stamps, surrounded with a paper margin issued for a specific event or purpose, souvenir sheet..
Bloch, Herbert J.: (1907-87) received every top philatelic honor, best known for his ability as an expert.
Block: 1: (Ger.) block, souvenir sheet (of stamps); 2: an unseparated group of stamps; if the block is larger than four stamps, it is referred to as a block of six, block of eight, etc. 3: Michel 2001 catalogue considers blocks (souvenir sheets/miniature sheets) and sheetlets as items containing one, two or three stamps; four to six stamp are blocks, provided three of the stamps are different; items with the same four stamps are blocks when said stamp also appears at the same time in a sheet. 4. (Swed.) miniature sheet.
Blockade-run mail: US Civil War postal route between Europe and the Confederate States.
Block, arrow: block with attached margin with arrow; see: arrow block.
Blockausgabe: (Ger.) miniature sheet or sheetlet issue.
Blockbusting: breaking stamp multiples to yield singles that are well-centered or have full never-hinged gum.
Block, center gutter: block including two wide spaces separating the printed sheet into panes.
Block, center line: block with center lines and point of crossing.
Block, corner: one of four corners, usually with plate number where the margin is attached to the stamps, on rotary press, not flat plate in the U.S.
Blocked value: one value in each set of stamps issued by the German Democratic Republic; 1955-1982: the sale of which was restricted to control the philatelic traffic in these stamps, prevent speculation and and maintain a high sales value.
Blockform: (Ger.) miniature sheet format.
Block, irregular: block, not square, but description must contain number of stamps in block.
Block, line: contains either vertical or horizontal guide lines.
Bloco Comemorativo: (Port.) souvenir sheet.
Block of four, imperforate within: blocks that are perforated on all outside edges, but are missing perforations within the block, sometimes done intentionally.
Bloc report: (Fr.) block of stamp clichés from a small plate or stone, used to replicate a full plate (Bordeaux issue).
Block tagged: tagging applied on a stamp in a rectangle that does not touch the perforations.
Block, traffic lights: block with attached margin showing color checks.
Block type: a plain squared type without ornament.
Bloco: (Port.) block.
Bloco comemorativo: (Port.) souvenir sheet.
Bloco do quatro: (Port.) an unseparated group of four stamps.
Blocque con numero de plancha: (Sp.) plate block.
Bloc Report: (Fr.) block of clichés of stamps from a small plate or stone, used to replicate a full plate (Bordeaux issue).
Blodr√ɬłd: (Dan., Nor.) blood red (color).
Blog: a web site made up of a personal journal characterized by a conversational writing style.
Blok: (Dan., Dut., Pol.) block (of stamps).
Blokados Fondui: (Lith.) Blockade Fund semiofficial label issued by Lithuania post office.
Blokk: 1. (Nor.) block (of stamps). 2. (Hung.) souvenir sheet.
Blokken van 4(vier) Zegels: (Neth.) block-of-4 postage stamps.
Blomme: (Dan.) plum (color).
Blonie: city in German-occupied Russian Poland, local post overprint, 1918-20.
Blood's Penny Post: U. S. local post, Philadelphia Despatch Post, Philadelphia, Pa. 1843: operated by Robertson & Co., predecessor of D.O. Blood & Co.
Blood's Penny Post: U. S. local post, D.O. Blood & Co. Despatch Post, Phil., Pa., 1845-54; formed by Daniel Otis Blood and Walter H. Blood, successor to Philadelphia Despatch Post. Blood's Penny Post: U. S. local post, Philadelphia, Pa., 1855-60: acquired by Blood's Penny Post general manager, Charles Kochersperger, when Daniel O. Blood died.
B. L. P.: (It.) overprint semi-postal with advertisements sold to benefit invalids; 1901-22: Buste Lettere Postali, Italy.
Bloque: (Sp.) block, souvenir sheet (of stamps).
Bloque de cuatro: (Sp.) an unseparated group of four stamps.
Blow, W.T.: inscription on Medicine stamp; see Private die proprietary stamps
Blu: (Sp.) blue (color).
Blu-chiaro: (It.) light blue (color).
Blu di Prussia: (It.) Prussian blue (color).
Blu Savoia: (It.) royal blue (color).
Blu Scuro: (It.) dark blue (color).
Blue: having the color of a clear sky, or the deep sea.
Bluebell Railway: British railway that printed stamps for mail carried on their trains to post offices.
Blue Boy: Alexandria, Virginia, postmaster's provisional 5¬Ę black on blue paper; nickname taken from Thomas Gainsborough's portrait of Thomas Buttall, wearing a blue suit.
Blue Cross: drawn or preprinted across the entire front of an envelope indicates that piece of mail is registered; mainly used in the British Empire
Blued: British stamps printed by De Le Rue on paper showing usually faint blue color, caused by reaction between the ink and chemicals in the paper; pre 1884: see: Ivory Head;
Bluefields: Nicaragua issue, 1904-11.
Blue Helmets: term used for United Nations Peacekeeping Forces, color of their helmets.
Blue Mauritius: unissued German 1980 Olympic stamp all used by the family of the then Minister of Posts.
Bluenose: 1929 50¬Ę stamp considered the most beautiful Canadian stamp, depicting schooner Bluenose in full sail.
Blue Plaques: British term for stamp designs that relate to London plaques that recognize famous people and events.
Blue Post Horn: imprinted on back of Swedish stamp paper as a "control print," 1886.
Blueprint paper: paper made sensitive to light by treatment with a solution of yellow prussiate of potash and peroxide of iron.
Blue Rag Paper: used experimentally to produce U.S. stamps in 1909.
Blue Safety Paper: prussiate of potash added during paper manufacture to prevent the printing ink from penetrating deeply into the paper thus preventing the removal of the postmark by chemical means; created a blue appearance in British stamps of 1855-56; see: Ivory Head.
Blue savoia: (It.) royal blue (color).
Bluffton, So. Ca Paid 5: see: Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Bluish paper: a grayish blue colored paper used for the Washington-Franklin series of 1909; made on 35% rag paper stock, instead of the usual wood pulp paper, to see if excess paper shrinkage could be reduced; also known as Blue Paper..
Blukubade te Sarof: bogus label.
Blume: (Ger.) flower, as a theme or topic.
Blurred impression: if the printing plate strikes the paper in the printing process with a jarring motion, a blurred impression will be produced.
Blyszczacy(o): glossy (as referencing the color of a postage stamp).
B. M.: 1: Bench of Magistrates, South Australia official overprint, 1868-74; 2: see: Boite mobile, also British Administration.
BM: Bermuda, country code as used by UPU.
B. M.: Bench of Magistrates, South Australia official overprint, 1868-74.
B. M. A.: British Military Administration.
B. M. A. Burma: on stamps of Burma; 1945-51: British Military Administration.
B. M. A. Eritrea: overprint on stamps of Great Britain, Offices in Africa; 1948-49: British Military Administration.
B. M. A. Malaya: overprint on Straits Settlements;1945-51: British Military Administration.
B. M. A. North Borneo: overprint North Borneo; 1945-51: British Military Administration.
B. M. A. Sarawak: overprint Sarawak; 1945-51: British Military Administration.
B. M. A. Somalia: overprint Great Britain, Offices in Africa;1948-49: British Military Adm.
B. M. A. Tripolitania: overprint on stamps of Great Britain, Offices in Africa; 1948, July 1-49: British Military Administration, 1950, Feb. 6-Dec. 1951: used in Tripolitania only.
BMC: Bernard M. Connelly, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
BMEF: British Mediterranean Expeditionary Force.
BMM: British Military Mission, Indian Army, 1984.
BN: 1: auction abbreviation for topical or thematic subject balloons; 2: Brunei Darussalam, country code as used by UPU.
B N A: British North America (Canada, Newfoundland, etc.).
BNA: British North Africa, WWII.
BNAF: British North Africa Force.
BNAPS: British North America Philatelic Society.
B. N. F. Castellorizo: Base Navale Francaise overprint on stamps of French Levant; 1920: French occupation of Turkey, Offices in Turkey.
B.N.R.: cinderella, Belarusian National Rada, White Russia, 1920.
B O: 1: consular overprint, SCADTA stamps of Colombia, sold in Bolivia, 1920s; 2: Bolivia, country code as used by UPU.
BOAC: British Overseas Airways Corp.
Board of Education: overprint; 1902-04: Great Britain Official.
Board of Governors: governing body of the US Postal Service: includes nine governors who are appointed by the President with the advice and consent of the Senate. The nine then elect a Postmaster General, who becomes a member of the Board. Those ten elect a Deputy Postmaster General who also serves on the Board; review the policies and practices of the Postal Service.
Boardwalk margins: stamps with wide margins: also referred to as Jumbo Stamps.
Boating stamp: US revenue stamp; 1960: required on certificate applications for motorboats of more than 10 horsepower.
B O B: see: Back of the Book.
Bobcat: U.S. Navy code name during WW II for Bora, Bora.
Bobina: (It., Sp.) coil (of stamps).
Bobina de Sêlo: (Port.) Coil stamp.
Bobrof: Russian town in Voronezh Oblast; issued over 150 different local Rural Post stamps (1872-1896, the local post being suppressed at the end of the year 1896), see Zemstvo.
B. O. C.: (Ger.) Bayerische-Osterreichisch Correspondenz postmark; 1840s: Austrian-Bavarian postal treaty offered reduced rates.
Bocairente: local, Spanish civil war, 1937.
Bocas del Toro: Panama; 1903-04: overprint "R de Panama" used in City of Bocas del Toro.
Bochnia: city in former Austrian-occupied Poland, local post overprint, 1918-20.
Bochum: locals, Germany, 1: Express Packet Verkehr Brief, 1886-91; 2: Privat Stadtbrief & Packetbeförderungsanstalt, 1897.
Bockenheim: local, Germany 1890-1900.
Bock, Schneider & Co.: private die match proprietary stamps.
Bod: (Czech.) 1. Dot. 2. Stop. 3. Period. 4. (Dut.) auction (bid).
Bodensee Schiffspost: (Ger.) Lake Constance ship mail.
Body bags: USPS printed plastic envelope whose purpose is to explain why the enclosed mail piece was damaged or delayed.
Boekdruk: (Dut.) typography.
Boers: stamps for use in Pietersburg, South Africa, captured by the British April 9, 1901.
Bogen: (Ger.) sheet (of stamps).
Bogenabklatsch: (Ger.) sheet offset.
Bogenanordnung: (Ger.) plate arrangement.
Bogenecke: (Ger.) corner of sheet (pane).
Bogenfeld: (Ger.) position of a stamp in a sheet.
Bogenförmig: (Ger.) name given to Canadian set of King George V of 1930-31 to differentiate them from previous series; also arched.
Bogenlage: (Ger.) plate position.
Bogenlochung: (Ger.) harrow perforation, full sheet perforated in one operation.
Bogenmitte: (Ger.) center of sheet.
Bogenpack: (Ger.) pack of sheets.
Bogen rand: (Ger.) sheet margin.
Bogensammlung: (Ger.) collection of complete sheets.
Bogensignatur: (Ger.) number in sheet margin.
Bogenwasserzeichen: (Ger.) sheet watermark.
Bogenzähler: (Ger.) sheet serial number.
Bogenzähnung: (Ger.) sheet perforation.
Bogert & Durbin: stamp dealers, issued priced catalogues, New York, 1886.
Boghuchary: Russian town in Voronezh Oblast; issued several local Rural Post stamps (1872-1880, these local post sendings being free from 1873), see Zemstvo.
Bogorodsk: (now Noginsk) Russian town in Moscow Oblast ca. 35 miles E of the city ofMoscow; issued a large number of local Rural Post stamps (1871-1896, the local post being suppressed at the end of the year 1896), see Zemstvo.
Bogota, City of: local stamps, 1889-03, Colombia.
Bogtryk: (Dan.) see Tryk - Bog.
Bogus stamp: make-believe stamps from real places, usually made to defraud; Falschung (Ger.), Emission Faux (Fr.), Emissione Falso (It.), Emision Fantasi (Sp.); see Fantasy stamps, Cinderellas.
Bohemia and Moravia: Czechoslovakia; 1939: Czech provinces declared German protectorate, used overprinted Czech stamps, then stamps inscribed Böhmen and Mähren, 1942-1945: Deutsches Reich and Grossdeutsches Reich issues.
Bohcme et Moravie: (Fr.) Bohemia and Moravia.
Bohemia y Moravia: (Sp.) Bohemia and Moravia.
B√ɬłhmen og M¬¶hren: (Dan.) Bohemia and Moravia
Böhmen und Mähren: (Ger.) inscription for Czechoslovakia, Bohemia and Moravia.
B O I C: British Occupation of the Italian Colonies.
Boite aux Lettres: (Fr.) letter box.
Boite Mobile: (Fr.) movable mail box at dockside or aboard ship; mid-1800s-World War II: used by ships crossing the English Channel.
Boite Postale: (Fr.) post-office box.
B√ɬłjning: (Dan.) slight crease.
Boju ofu: bogus issue from Burma.
Boka Kotarska (Cataro): Yugoslav province, overprints in Italian and German currency, 1944.
Bokhara: bogus labels for vassal state in Russia, issued in 1886.
Boktryck: (Swed.) letterpress.
Boktrykk: (also Trykking) (Nor.) typography.
Boktrykker: (also Trykker) (Nor.) printer.
Boktrykkeri: (also Trykkeri) (Nor.) printery, printing plant.
Bolaffi (BOL): Bolaffi Specialized Postage Stamp Catalog, Italy and Colonies.
Boletin: (Sp.) magazine, bulletin.
Bolivar: former state of the United States of Colombia; 1863-1904: a department of Colombia.
Bolivar, Sucre Miranda-decreto: overprint of Escuelas Venezuela stamps as validation of non-postage school stamps.
Bolivia: Central South America; currency: 100 centavos = 1 peso boliviano (1963), 100 centavos = 1 boliviano (1987) 1825: became independent, 1863, Mar. 18-Apr. 29, 1863: Sr. Justiniano Garcia carried mails, 1867: No.1, 10 centavos green, first stamps issued, revenues, provisionals and postage dues used as postage, 1886, April 1: joined the UPU, 1924, Dec.: first air mail stamp issued, 1931: first postage due stamp issued, 1939: first semipostal stamp issued.
Bolivia, forged issues: 1: 1868-69 Coat of Arms, Scott 10-14. 2: 1897 Coat of Arms, Scott 54.
Bolivie: (Fr.) Bolivia.
Bolivien: (Dan., Ger.) Bolivia.
Bolivisk: (Dan.) Bolivian
Bolla Della Posta di Sicilia: (It.) stamp of the Post of Sicily; Kingdom of Two Sicilies, Italian States, first stamp, Jan. 1, 1859.
Bolladore: local, Italian liberation, "Co. Nazional di Liberazione," 1944.
Bollo Postale: (It.) San Marino.
Bolla Della Posta Napolitana: (It.) stamp of the Napolitan Post, Kingdom of Two Sicilies, Jan. 1,1858.
Bollawollabongo: bogus labels, no information on source available.
Bolletta: (It.) San Marino parcel post.
Bollo: (It.) postmark.
Bollo di Ferrovia: (It.) railway postmark.
Bollo di Franchigia: (It.) franchise stamp.
Bollo Straordinaria per le Poste: (It.) extraordinary stamp for the post; Italian State, Tuscany, newspaper tax stamp for foreign publications.
Bollullos del Condado: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist forces,1936-38.
Bologna Vallescura: (Esperanto) Red Cross cinderella.
Bolschaya Alexandrovka: local, Soviet, German occupation, 1941-42.
Bomba Heads: King Ferdinand II, known as "King Bomba"; 1859: stamps for Kingdom of Two Sicilies featuring King's portrait with instructions that his royal image could not be marred in any way; a frame-shaped cancel devised to grant his wish.
Bonn: 1: local, Germany, Express-Packet-Verkehr, 1887; 2: Private-Brief-Beförderung Rhenania, 1896-1900.
Bon(ne): (Fr.) good.
Bon(s): (Fr.) coupon(s), ticket(s).
B.O.N.C.: Barred Oval Numerical Canceller, the term for describing the numerical oblits on the postage stamps of the Cape of Good Hope
Bonde: (Fr.) wrapper.
Bond paper: a thin crisp high quality paper with a hard surface; 1862-71: used for early US revenue stamps, proofs and essays.
Bond, Wm. & Co.: private die match proprietary stamps.
Bone: now Annaba, Algeria.
Bonelli's: stamp of British private telegraph company.
Bongonga: bogus, spoof stamps created for 1936 stamp exhibition.
Bonito: (Sp.) used to describe a stamp in nice condition.
Bon marché: (Fr.) cheap.
Bonny River: Royal Niger Company rubber stamp cancel, on stamps of 1892 Great Britain. Booby head: first Plimpton die (1874) of 10¬Ę Washington head, which is extremely large.
Book bid: bids entrusted by an absentee bidder to an auctioneer; bids to be executed on behalf of an absentee bidder during the course of the public auction.
Bookgirl, Republic of: product of Artistamp, private label manufacturer.
Booklet: stamp book that contains one or more panes of unused stamps; Markenheftchen (Ger.), Carnet de Timbres (Fr.), Libretto di Francobolli (It.), Cuadernillo de Sellos (Sp.).
Booklet leaf: term for a booklet pane, a page from a booklet containing stamps.
Booklet number singles: booklets with plate numbers on the stamp itself, 1997.
Booklet pane: uncut block of stamps especially printed and cut for use in booklets; 1895: first booklets in Luxembourg.
Bookmark postcards: a narrow postcard, measuring 2 5/8 by 5 5/8, that can also be used as a bookmark.
Boonie Islands: bogus, remote nonexistent place.
Bootheel Postmark: Barbados oval marking, 1863-82, name derives from marks resembling metal studs on men's shoes.
Bootleg mail: letter carried outside of the normal mail stream; term may have originated when travelers carried letters illegally in their riding boots; carried from overseas, often for missionaries, then franked and deposited in local mail, avoiding the high international rates in the pre-UPU period..
Bophuthatswana: South Africa Homeland State; 1977, Dec. 6: first stamps issued after given autonomy, 1994, Apr. 27: Bophuthatswana ceased to exist.
Bord, an: (Ger.) (on) board.
Bordbriefkasten: (Ger.) paquebot.
Bord: (Fr.) margin, selvage, or border around stamps.
Bord cancel: (Fr.) cachet applied on board (spacecraft, ship, etc.)
Bord de Feuille, BdeF: (Fr.) sheet margin.
Borde: (Sp.) margin, selvage, or border around stamps.
Bordeaux: (Fr.) maroon (color).
Bordeaux issue: Third Republic of France; 1870: provisional government issue of provisional stamps used during Siege of Paris due to lack of supplies from Paris; local, liberation, 1944.
Bordein: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1879-1884.
Bordentown & New York Stage: handstamp used in 1786 on stage mail route between New York and Philadelphia.
Border: the frame or edge of a stamp design.
Border and G'way: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Bordo di foglio: (It.) selvage.
Bordo de hoja: (Sp.) selvage.
Bordpost: (Ger.) ship mail.
Bordpoststempel: (Ger.) cancel on board ship, Zeppelin, etc., pacquebot cancel.
Bordsiegel: (Ger.) cachet on board (spacecraft).
BordSt.: an on-board Zeppelin marking.
Bordure: (Fr.) margin, boder, selvage, gutter.
Boreas, S.S.: Danube Steam Navigation Co. steamship; 1850s: for the lower Danube lines.
Borgå: (Fin.) local post via steamship, Finland late 1890s.
Borge: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist forces, 1937.
Borisoglyebsk: (now Borisoglebsk) Russian town in Tambov Oblast ca. 260 miles SE of Moscow; issued numerous local Rural Post stamps (1871-1896, the local post being suppressed in 1882), see Zemstvo.
Borneo, North: northeast part of Borneo island, Malay Archipelago, Malaysia; currency: 100 cents = 1 dollar 1881: British North Borneo Company administered country, 1883, June: first stamps issued, 1892: stamps canceled with bars were remaindered in huge quantities, 1895: first postage due stamp, 1912: "British protectorate" overprint on stamps of North Borneo, 1916: first semipostal stamp, 1940: became a British colony along with Labuan, 1942, June: overprinted stamps issued as Japanese Occupation of British Borneo, 1943-44: stamps of Japan issued for use in Borneo, 1945, Dec. 17: first stamps of North Borneo overprinted B.M.A. 1963, Sept. 6: part of Federation of Malaysia, changed name to Sabah.
Borongós: (Hung.) grey (color).
Borovichy: (now Borovichi) Russian town in Novgorod Oblast ca. 160 miles SE of St. Petersburg; issued several local Rural Post stamps (1869-1912), see Zemstvo.
Borresen Local Post: see Drammen - Borresen Local Post.
Borroso: (Sp.) blurred, roughly printed.
Börse: (Ger.) bourse; such as a stamp show, where stamps are bought, sold or exchanged.
Boscawen: New Hampshire, Postmaster's issue, 1846.
Bosna: (Czech.) Bosnia.
Bosna-Hercegovina: (Czech.) Bosnia-Herzegovina.
Bosna i Hercegovina: Jugoslavia overprint on stamps of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Bosnia and Herzegovina: Ottoman Empire provinces; Dalmatia/Serbia, formerly Yugoslavia; currency: 100 novcica (neukreuzer) = 1 florin (gulder), 100 heller = 1 krone (1900) 1850s: postal service operated using Turkish stamps, 1878: military posts operated in area, Austrian protection, 1879, Jan.: civilian postal service started, with stamps of Austria and Hungary, 1879, July 1: No.1 ¬Ĺ novcica black; first stamps issued, 1892, July 1: joined the UPU, 1904: first postage due stamp issued, 1908: Austria-Hungary annexed Bosnia and Herzegovina, 1910, Oct. 18: first stamps under regime of Austria-Hungary issued, 1914, June 28: Austria-Hungary Archduke Ferdinand assassinated, 1914: first semipostal stamp issued, 1917: became part of Kingdom of Yugoslavia, 1918, Nov.: provincial stamps issued, 1941: stamps issued by occupying powers, Germany and Italy, 1992, Oct. 26: stamps of Yugoslavia surcharged, 1992: Proclamation of Independence, with Serb administration, currency: 100 paras = 1 dinar, 100 pfennig = 1 mark (1996) 1993-post: Croat and Serb administration, 1993, Jan. 26: rejoined the UPU, 1993-95: "Republika Bosna I Hercegovina" inscription for Muslim government in Sarajevo, 1995: Dayton Peace Accord divided nation between Croats, Muslims and the Serbs, 1997, Sep. 14: first postal tax stamp.
Bosnia and Herzegovina, forged issues: 1: 1900 Coat of Arms, Scott 11-21. 2: 1900 Coat of Arms, Scott 22-24. 3: 1906 Emperor Franz Josef, Scott 45. 4: 1912 Jaice, Scott 62. 5: 1912 Konjica, Scott 63. 6: 1912 Vishegrad, Scott 64. 7: 1913 girl, newspaper stamps, Scott P1-P4.
Bosnia and Herzegovina (Herceg Bosna): Croat Administration in Mostar: currency: 100 paras = 1 dinar (1993), 100 lipa = 1 kuna (1994), 100 pfennig = 1 mark (1998) 1993, May 12: first stamp, 1999, Nov. 22: last issue.
Bosnia and Herzegovina (Republika Srpska): Serb Administration in Banja Luca currency: 100 paras = 1 dinar, 100 pfenning = 1 mark (1998) 1992, Oct. 26: first stamps.
Bosnia Erzegovina: (It.) Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Bosnie et Herzégovine: (Fr.) Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Bosnien: (Dan.) Bosnia.
Bosnien-Hercegovina: overprint on stamps of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Yugoslavia, 1918.
Bosnien i Herzegowina: inscriptions on Bosnia and Herzegovina stamp, 1906-12.
Bosnien und Herzegowina: (Ger.) Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Bosniensk: (Dan.) Bosnian.
Bostgebiet: Lithuania overprint on stamps of Germany, German occupation, 1916-17.
Boston: Mass.: 1849-51: semi-official local carriers' stamps; see: Carriers' stamps.
Boston & Albany R.R. Co.: private parcel delivery serviced Boston & Albany Railroad Co., used stamps, 1880s.
Boston & Bangor Express Co.: private parcel firm serviced Boston, Mass and various towns in Maine; used labels; c1885.
Boston & Gardner Express: private parcel firm serviced Boston, Mass and Gardner, Mass, used a label, year unknown.
Boston & Providence Despatch Express Co.: private parcel firm serviced Mass., Conn., and Rhode Island.; used a label.
Boston counterfeit: the US 2¬Ę stamp of the 1922 series, look for a large and out-of-proportion "S" in Washington, plus variations in the perforations.
Boston Hartford & Erie R.R. Express: private express serviced stations on the Boston, Hartford & Erie Railroad, used a label; mid-1860.
Boston Hotels Coach Co's Baggage Express: local baggage firm serviced Boston, Mass.; used a label, year unknown
Boston Independent Express Cop.: serviced, Boston, Mass., used a label, year unknown.
Boston island: bogus label from American Journal of Philately.
Boston, Lowell & Nadhua Railroad Co.'s Express Department: railroad station package delivery serviced the railroad; used a label, year unknown.
Boston Parcel Delivery Co.: private parcel delivery firm serviced Boston, Mass.; used labels, year unknown.
Boston Parcel Post: parcel delivery firm serviced Boston, Mass., used a label; 1848.
Boston Shoe Fair: poster stamp promoting a show in 1939.
Boston Street Car R.P.O.: consisted of seven circuits, 1896.
Boston Tea Party Stamps: nickname for the 1765 Stamp Act stamps even though these stamps had nothing to do with the Boston Tea Party.
Boten: 1: local stamps of Hamburg, term taken from inscription Hamburger Boten, 1861; 2: (Ger.) messenger (postman).
Botenbrief: (Ger.) private courier letter.
Botenmeister: (Ger.) messenger (postmen) supervisor.
Botenordnung: (Ger.) regulations for messengers (postmen).
Botschaft: (Ger.) message.
Botswana: formerly British Bechuanaland Protectorate - Southern Africa; currency: 100 cents = 1 rand, 100 thebe = 1 pula (1976) 1888: overprint on Cape of Good Hope stamps, followed by overprints on British stamps, 1966, Sept. 30-67: "Republic of Botswana" overprint on stamps of Bechuanaland Protectorate; 1966, Sept. 30: No.1 2 ¬Ĺ cent multicolor; first stamp issued, 1967, Mar.1: first postage due stamp issued, 1968, Jan. 12: joined the UPU; see Bechuanaland Protectorate.
Bottle Mail: first tested by Theophrastus, Greek philosopher, about 300 BC who launched bottles with messages and determined that the Mediterranean Seas's water came from the Atlantic Ocean.
Bottom: lowest side of anything.
Bouah: Egypt: see: Interpostal seals, 1879-84.
Bou Armado: (Sp.) civil war naval marking for armed trawler.
Bouchir: (Fr.) Bushire.
Boughies: (Fr.) candles; French Colony revenue inscription.
Bought in: auction term for a lot where seller literally bought the lot back against the book and/or floor bidder; an unsold lot.
Boughton's Express: freight and baggage firm serviced Brooklyn and New York City; used a label, year unknown.
Bousfield & Poole: private die match proprietary stamps.
Boulak: see: Interpostal seals, 1879-84.
Boule de Moulins: sealed zinc balls to carry mail; 1870-71: French attempt to use the River Seine to carry mail in boules from Moulin to Paris when Paris was under siege.
Bounce back: commercial mailers term for undeliverable mail; see padding. commercial mailers term for undeliverable mail; see padding.
Bourg d'Orsans: local provisional, France, 1944.
Bourgueil: local provisional, France, 1944.
Bournemouth and District: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Bournemouth Life Guard: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Bourse: a market place, such as a stamp show, where stamps are bought, sold or exchanged.
Bourse aux Timbres: (Fr.) stamp market.
Boutell & Maynard: private die match proprietary stamps.
Bouton's Manhattan Express: S. Allan Taylor label.
Bouton's Manhattan Express: local post serviced Manhattan, N.Y.; used a stamp, year unknown.
Bouton's Post, Franklin City Despatch Post: U. S. local post, New York, N.Y., 1847.
Bouton's Post, Manhattan Express: U. S. local post, New York, N.Y., 1847
Bouton's Post, City Dispatch Post: U. S. local post, New York, N.Y., 1848.
Bouvenkant: (Dut.) top.
Bouvet-märkena (Norge): (Swed.) Bouvet stamps (Norway).
Bouvet √Éňúya: Norway handstamp, about 1970s, as overprint for Bouvet Island, commemorates the visit of British Vice-Admiral Evans to the island in 1934, repudiated by Norwegian government; in 1955 and 1960-70s, South Africa had a survey team land on the island; in 1958, Italian expedition landed on island; covers and cachets exists for all these expeditions.
Bowers & Dunham: private die match proprietary stamps.
Bowery Post-Office: S. Allan Taylor label.
Bowlsby Coupon Essay: stamp with a coupon attached that was to be detached by the postmaster when the stamp was sold; to prevent reuse of stamp; original patent called for tearing away part of the stamps; used on a variation of the 1¬Ę 1861 Franklin stamp; invented by G. W. Bowlsby.
Boxborough-Oxford: bogus local post, U.S.
Box Cancel: marking within a frame, usually contains a city and date of application.
Boxed marking: marking that is set within a frame, may be handstamp or printed marking in margin of sheet of postage stamps.
Boxer labels: 23 engraved privately printed labels, depicting heavyweight champions of the world; drawn by well-known stamp artist Czeslaw Slania; forgeries exist.
Boxers: a Chinese anti-foreign secret society.
Boxer Uprising, China: see China, Boxer Uprising.
Boxlink: New Zealand Post express delivery.
B√ɬły: (Nor.) fold.
Boyaca: department of Colombia; 1750-post: Spanish handstamps in use, 1834: forwarding agents cachets known, 1847:US Mail Despatch Agency used stamps of USA with red grid cancel, 1899: first provincial stamps, 1902-04: stamps of Colombia.
Boyce's City Express Post: U. S. local post, New York, N.Y., 1852.
Boycott British Goods: inscription on propaganda labels, India.
Boyd's City Express: U. S. local post, New York, N.Y., 1844-67.
Boyd's City Dispatch: U. S. local post, New York, N.Y. 1874-77, change in name.
Boyd's Dispatch: U. S. local post, New York, N.Y. 1878-82, change in name.
Boyd's City Post: U. S. local post, New York, N.Y. envelopes, 1864-78.
Boy Scout issue: Boy Scout Association national and international jamboree commemoration of event by host nation, also used to commemorate the boy scouts.
Boys in Blue: inscription on Hawaiian post cards; used for prestamped cards given to servicemen leaving for the Spanish- American War zone.
Bozze: (It.) proof.
Bozzetto: (It.) design, artwork printed portion of a stamp, as distinguished from the surrounding margin of blank paper.
B P: 1: booklet pane; 2: Bundespost (Germany Federal Post).
B P A: 1: British Philatelic Association; 2: Bahnpostamt (Ger.) railway post office.
B P C: Belgian military postmark, Bureau de Poste de Campagne.
BPCV.P.K.: (Fr./Flem.) Belgian military postmark, Bureau de Poste de Campagne, veld Post Kantoor.
"B" Perforator: purchased May 28, 1862, used for stamp sheets too narrow for the "A" perforator, used for small stamp sheets since the line of holes was only 12 inches long.
B P F: British Philatelic Federation, Great Britain.
"Bpitish": overprint variety on British East Africa overprints.
B P O: 1: British Post Office. 2: Base Army Post office, military postal facility to separate bulk mail.
B press: a three-color Intaglio Giori webfed combination press used by the BEP starting about 1976; officially called Press 701.
Br, br'n: (Ger.) catalog abbreviation for brown (braun) overprint or surcharge.
BR: Brazil, country code as used by UPU.
B R: overprint, indicating consular stamp sold in Brazil, 1920s: on SCADTA Colombia stamps.
B. R. A.: overprint, British Railway Administration late letter fee; 1901: on stamps of China during Boxer rebellion.
BRA: international postal code for Brazil.
Brac, Brac Franco: island in the Adriatic Sea; stamps of Jugoslavia overprint; 1943: stamps of Yugoslavia unauthorized overprint by Germany, 1944, May: charity stamps printed when occupied by Germany, never issued.
Bradbury, Wilkinson & Co. Ltd.: British stamp printing firm.
Bradbury Wilkinson Co.: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Bradford & Co.'s Express: local parcel firm serviced Boston and Plymouth, Mass., used labels; c 1880s.
Bradford Insurance Co.: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Bradway's Despatch: U.S. local post, Millville, N.J., between Philadelphia and Millville, 1857.
Brady & Co. : U.S. local post, New York, N.Y., 1857.
Brady & Co. Chicago Penny Post: U.S. local post, Chicago, Ill., about 1860.
Braekstad & Co.: private local post at Trondhejm (Drontheim), Norway, Nov. 1865.
Brainard & Co.: U.S. local post, New York, N.Y., 1844.
Brake Shoe: a variety found on the 11¬Ę Caboose stamp of the Transportation coil series; appears as a semi-circular line that follows the outside curve of the front wheel.
Branca Bros. (Fernet Branca): inscription on Medicine stamp; see Private die proprietary stamps.
Branch: name given to a post office that is a subsidiary of the main post office.
Branch Post Office: 1: local handstamp, New York, N.Y., 1847. 2: In U.S. a subsidiary postal station located outside corporate limits of the city to which attached.
Branco: (Port.) white (color).
Branded stamps: another term for perfins, stamps perforated with initials or designs.
Brandenburg: local, Germany, Stadtbrief-Beförderung Courier, 1896-1900.
Brandkastzegels: (Neth.) Marine Insurance stamps.
Brandreth, B.: inscription on Medicine stamp; see Private die proprietary stamps.
Branford Wool: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Brasil: (Nor., Port., Sp.) Brazil.
Brasile: (It.) Brazil.
Brasilien: (Ger., Swed.) Brazil.
Brasilsk: (Nor., Swed.) Brazilian.
Brasshat: U.S. Navy code name during WW II for Amphibious Training Group, SW Pacific.
Bratislava: formerly Pressburg, Czechoslovakia.
Brattleboro: Vermont, US postmaster's provisional stamps, 1846.
Braun: (Ger.) brown, coffee or chocolate (color).
Braunschweig: (Ger.) Brunswick, German State, also known as Brunswick.
Brazil: North and East Coast, South America; official name of postal administration: Empresa Brasileira de Correios e Telégrafos currency: 100 centavos = 1 cruzeiro (1942), 100 centavos = 1 cruzado (1986), 100 centavos = 1 cruzeiro (1990) 1798, Jan. 20: Royal postal service started between Portugal and Brazil, 1822: Empire of Brazil declared independence, 1843, Aug. 1: No.1, 30 reis black; first stamps, the "Bull's Eye" issue, 1851: British Royal Mail took over control, British and French markings used, 1860: stamps of France used with anchor cancel, 1866-74: stamps of Britain used at ports, 1877, July 1: joined the UPU, 1889: first postage due, newspaper stamp issued, 1890: issues of the Republic of Brazil, 1900: first commemorative stamp issued, 1906: first official stamp issued, 1927, Dec. 8: first air mail stamp, 1928: first air mail stamp issued, 1934, Sept. 16: first semipostal stamp issued.
Brazil: 1: local airmail, ETA, 1920s; 2: Colombian Airline Postal Service, SCADTA, 1921-23. 3: local airmail, Syndicato Condor, 1927; 4: local airmail, Varig, 1920s. 5: (Hung.) Brazil.
Brazil, forged issues: 1: 1894-97 Sugarloaf Mountain, Scott 112. 2: 1889 postage due, Scott J4.
Brazília: (Hung.) Brazilian.
Brazílie: (Czech.) Brazil.
Brazilien: (Dan.) Brazil.
Brazilik: (Dan.) Brazilian.
Brazil Mail Steamship Company: started service Jan. 1866, subsidized by the American government which required it to carry mail.
Brazilsk: (Dan.) Brazilian.
Brazilsky: (Czech.) Brazilian.
Brazowy(o), Brazowawy(o): (Pol.) bronze, bronzish (color).
Brazza: see: Brac.
Breakdown die proofs: see: Schernikow die proofs.
Breast cancer: US non-denominated semi-postal stamp, value 32, 33, 34¬Ę, July 29, 1998.
Brechou, Brecqhou: island off coast of Sark, Great Britain local carriage label, 1969.
Brecon & Merthyr Railway: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Breedgerand, Breedrandig: (Neth.) large margins.
Bree's Express: private mail and parcel firm serviced routes of the Morris and Essex Railroad and Sussex Railroad to northern N.J. and New York City; used a label; 1950s.
BréfhirÅ¡ing: (Ice.) general name for smallest Iceland post offices.
Breit: (Ger.) wide, large.
Brefmärke: (Fin.) "letter stamp" used on steamships, carrying mail, local post serving Finnish cities, late 1800s.
Breitemarke: (Ger.) oversized, wide stamp.
Breitenausdehnung: (Ger.) with wide (broad) margins.
Breitrandig: (Ger.) wide margins.
Breiz: bogus labels for French province.
Brekk: (Nor.) crease.
Breme: (Fr.) Bremen.
Bremen: German State; located in northwestern Germany; 1784: Thurn and Taxis had office in Bremen, 1810: Bremen annexed to French Empire, 1813: Bremen became a Free City again, 1855, Apr. 10: No.1, 3 grote blue; first stamps, 1868, Jan. 1: stamps of the German Confederation, 1870: became part of the German Empire, 1872, Jan.: German stamps issued.
Bremen: locals Germany, 1: Briefbeförderung Hammonia, 1886-87; 2: Packetfahrt Bremen, 1900; 3; Privat-Briefbeförderungs-Anstalt, 1896-1900.
Brésil: (Fr.) Brazil.
Bresil Calais: (Fr.) border entry date stamp from Brazil to Calais, France.
Bresilien: (Ger.) Brazil.
Breslau: now known as Wroclaw, Poland.
Breslau: locals, Germany; 1: Breslauer Packetfahrt Gesellschaft, 1896-1906; 2: Breslauer Stadtpost Courier, 1896-1900; 3; Breslauer Transport-Bureau, 1890-94; 4: Briefbeförderung Hammonia, 1886-87; 5: Dientsmanns-Institut, 1867; 6: Hansa-Zeitungsspedition und Incasso, 1900; 7: Neue Breslauer Expres-Packet-Brieförderung, 1886-87; 8: Privat-Stadtbrief-Brieförderung Hansa, 1893-1900; 9: Stadtbriefbeförderung-Neue Stadtpost, 1896-1900.
Bretagne: bogus issue.
Brett: (Nor.) crease, fold.
Brev: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) postage stamp on cover.
Brevbärare: (Swed.) mail man, mail carrier, post man.
Brevbudsauktion: (Dan.) mail bid sale.
Brevframsida: (Swed.) cover front (only).
Brevklip: (Dan.) postage stamp(s) on a piece of paper or envelope.
Brevklipp: (Swed.) postage stamp(s) on paper clipping.
Brevkort: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) postal card.
Brevkort, Dubbelt (med Betalt Svar): (Swed.) doubled Postal Card (with the "Reply Paid" portion).
Brevkort dubbla: (Dan. Nor., Swed.) doubled postcard.
Brevlåda: (Swed.) letter box, mail box, mail drop, post box; see Postbox.
Brev med innehål: (Swed.) cover with enclosure.
Brevsamlingar: (Swed.) cover collections.
Brevstykke: (Dan., Nor.) postage stamp(s) on a piece of paper or envelope.
Brevstycke: (Swed.) postage stamp(s) on a piece of paper or envelope.
Brev till Utlandet: (Swed.) covers addressed to foreign destinations..
Brewer & Co.'s Express: local parcel firm serviced Boston and Charlestown, Mass, used a label; 1800s
Brezen: (Czech.) March (month).
Brf: brief, envelope, cover.
Br. Fr.: (Fr.) Brigades Frontieres; inscription on Swiss soldier stamp from a French-speaking unit.
Brick's Express: local parcel firm serviced Boston, Mass. and part of Maine; used a label, year unknown.
Bridge: the tiny piece of paper that holds stamp together in a perforated multiple before they are torn apart.
Bridge perforation: the portion of paper between perforation holes that extends between adjoining stamps.
Bridge postmark: circular postmark with two lines across the center containing date, known as a "bridge."
Bridgeville, Al. Paid 5: see: Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Bridgeville: US Alabama, Confederate postmaster's provisional, 1861.
Brief: 1. (Dut., Ger.) letter, envelope, cover. 2. (Neth.) cover.
Briefbeförderung Deutscher Herold: local post, Frankfurt am Oder, Germany, 1886-1900.
Briefbestellung: local, Duisberg, Germany, 1896-1900.
Briefbestellung Kraus: local, Dusseldorf, Germany, 1895-1900
Briefbewertung: (Ger.) cover pricing.
Briefbogen: (Ger.) letter sheet.
Briefdatum: (Ger.) date of letter.
Briefgeb√ɬľhr: (Ger.) letter postage.
Briefh√ɬľlle: (Ger.) envelope.
Briefkaart: (Dut.) postcard.
Briefkarte: (Ger.) letter card.
Briefkasten: (Ger.) mail box.
Briefkuvert: (Ger.) envelope.
Briefmarke: (Ger.) postage stamp.
Briefmarken auf Briefm.: (Ger.) stamp on stamps thematic
Briefmarkenauktion: (Ger.) stamp auction.
Briefmarkenausstellung: (Ger.) postage stamp exhibition.
Briefmarkenbörse: (Ger.) postage stamp bourse.
Briefmarkengeld: (Ger.) encased postage stamp used by Austria in July 1923.
Briefmarkenhändler: (Ger.) stamp dealer.
Briefmarkenkunde: (Ger.) knowledge of stamps.
Briefmarkenk√ɬľnstler: (Ger.) designer or engraver of postage stamps.
Briefmarkenpaket: (Ger.) package of stamps.
Briefmarkenpr√ɬľfer: (Ger.) stamp expert.
Briefmarkensammler: (Ger.) stamp collector.
Briefmarkensammlung: (Ger.) collection lot; an auction lot comprising of a mounted or unmounted country, topical, etc. collection, which normally is viewed previous to bidding.
Briefomslag: (Dut.) envelope.
Briefpost: (Ger.) letter post.
Briefpreis: (Ger.) price of cover.
Briefr√ɬľckseite: (Ger.) back of cover.
Briefsammlung: (Ger.) collection of covers.
Briefst√ɬľck: (Ger.) cut square of cover or post card, on piece.
Briefstuk: (Neth.) postage stamp(s) on a piece of paper or envelope.
Brieftaubepost: (Ger.) pigeon mail.
Briefträger: (Ger.) letter carrier.
Briefumschlag: (Ger.) cover.
Briefumschlag: (Ger.) envelope or cover.
Briefvoorzijde: (Neth.) cover front.
Briefvorderseite: (Ger.) cover front.
Brigata Garibaldi: local, Italian liberation, 1944.
Brigg's Despatch: U.S. local post, Philadelphia, Pa., 1847-48.
Brighton Private P.S.: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Brillante: (Sp.) shiny, glossy, surfaced paper.
BRINDIV: British Indian Division, Indian Army, 1984.
Brink's Chicago City Express: local parcel express firm serviced Chicago area; used a corner card and stamps; 1859-1929.
Brinkerhoff: Brinkerhoff Vending Machine Co.: sold stamps in imperforate condition and also added private perforation to fit their machine.
Brinkerhoff Company: Brinkerhoff Company: Sedalia, Mo., Clinton, Iowa manufacturers of stamp vending machines, 1906-12, distinct perforation.
Brique: (Fr.) brick red (color).
Brisé: (Fr.) broken.
Bristol Emergency Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Bristol Omnibus Co.: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Brisure: (Fr.) break.
Brit: (Hung.) British.
Britanic: (Rom.) British (adj.).
Britain: see: Great Britain.
Britain Strike Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Brittania Letter Service: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Britannia type: name given to stamp design showing the full face of Britannia: used for early stamps of Barbados, Mauritius and Trinidad, 1851-83.
Britannien: (Ger.) Britain.
Britannique: (Fr.) British.
Brit ‚Äįszak-Borneo: (Hung.) British North Borneo.
Brit Guyana: (Hung.) British Guiana (Guyana).
Brit Honduras: (Hung.) British Honduras (Belize).
Brit Indiai √É‚Äúce√ɬ°ni Ter√ɬľletek: (Hung.) British Indian Ocean Territories.
Britisch Guiana: (Ger.) British Guiana.
Britisch Honduras: (Ger.) British Honduras.
Britisch Kolumbia undae Vancouverinsel: (Ger.) British Columbia and Vancouver Island.
Britische Marken im Ausland Verwendet: (Ger.) British stamps used abroad.
Britisch Ostafrika: (Ger.) British East Africa.
Britische Post auf den Bahamas: (Ger.) British post office in the Bahamas.
Britische Post auf den Insel Ionische: (Ger.) British post office in the Ionian Islands.
Britische Post auf den Seychellen: (Ger.) British post office in the Seychelles.
Britische Post in √É‚Äěgypten: (Ger.) British post office in Egypt.
Britische Post in Bermudainseln:/ (Ger.) British post office in Bermuda.
Britische Post in Hongkong: (Ger.) British post office in Hong Kong.
Britische Post in Japan: (Ger.) British post office in Japan.
Britische Post in Jamaika: (Ger.) British post office in the Jamaica.
Britische Post in Kanada: (Ger.) British post office in Canada.
Britische Post in Neufundland: (Ger.) British post office in Newfoundland.
Britische Post in Neuseeländ: (Ger.) British post office in New Zealand.
Britische Post in S√ɬľdafrika: (Ger.) British post office in South Africa.
Britische Post in Zypern: (Ger.) British post office in Cyprus.
Britische Salomoninseln: (Ger.) British Solomon Islands.
Britisches Weltreich: (Ger.) British Empire.


(Data Above sourced from "Ask Phil" and other sources. Last edit 5/Aug/2008 Amhazing)

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BR to BZ


British: overprint variety (should be British) on British East Africa overprints.
British Air Ferries: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
British American Bank Note Company: stamp printers of Canadian stamps 1868-97, 1930-34.
British and American Express Company: private mail and parcel firm serviced northeastern U.S. and Canadian border towns; used a label; 1850s.
British & Irish Magnetic Telegraph Co.: stamp of British private telegraph company.
British Antarctic Territory: formerly part of Falkland Island Dependency; 1962: became separate colony, 1963, Feb.1: first stamps as part of British Commonwealth omnibus issues.
British Australian Colonies: 1891, Oct.1: became affiliated with the UPU, 1907, Oct.1: changed UPU affiliation to British Colonies and Possessions.
British Bechuanaland: see Bechuanaland, British.
British Central Africa (B.C.A.): former British territory in Africa; 1891-95: stamps of Rhodesia overprinted "B.C.A," 1895-1907: inscription of British Central Africa Protectorate, 1908: name changed and stamps used of Nyasaland Protectorate, which became independent as the Republic of Malawi..
British Central Africa (B.C.A.): 1891-95: stamps of Rhodesia overprinted "B.C.A," 1895-1907: inscription of British Central Africa Protectorate.
British Central Africa Protectorate: see: British Central Africa.
British closed mail: prepaid mail for foreign countries sent through the British postal system, 1849.
British colonial (stamp): term used for issues of Great Britain, Dominions, Colonies, Protectorates and Mandated territories of Great Britain.
British Colonies and Possessions, Oriental Africa: 1895, Dec.1: joined the UPU, 1901, Apr.1: changed UPU affiliation to Oriental Africa and Uganda.
British Columbia: Pacific coast of Canada; 1860: first stamp as British crown colony, 1865, Nov.1: first separate stamps when united with Vancouver Island as British Columbia, 1866, Nov.19: some stamps surcharged as British Columbia, 1871, July 20: became a Canadian province, see: Canada.
British Columbia: local, Canada; Dietz and Nelson Express, 1862-71.
British Columbia and Vancouver Island: Canadian province; 1847: first post office at Victoria, 1860: external communications were via U.S. expresses, such as Wells Fargo, US stamps sold, 1865: superseded by separate issues, 1866; united as part of Canadian Confederation, 1871, July 20: became a Canadian province as part of British Columbia, see: Canada.
British Consular Mail: stamps issued 1884-87 for consular postal service; see: Madagascar, Great Britain Consulate.
British Durduras: bogus, British Colonial Royal Wedding frames from book Surreal Stamps and Unreal Stickers.
British East Africa: part of East Africa, currently Kenya; currency: 16 annas = 1 rupee 1888: firm received charter as Imperial British East Africa Company, 1890, May 23: No.1, ¬Ĺ anna lilac; "British East Africa Company" overprint on stamps of Britain, 1890, Oct.: stamps inscribed and handstamp of "British East Africa Company," 1895: under direct control of British administration, 1895-97: overprint on stamps of India, 1896-1903: stamps inscribed "British East Africa Protectorate," 1895-97: overprint "British East Africa" on stamps of Zanzibar, 1903: area changed and stamps inscribed "East Africa and Uganda Protectorate," 1903: East Africa and Uganda stamps used, 1963, Dec. 12: named Kenya.
British East Africa Company: 1890-94: overprint on stamps of Great Britain.
British East Africa, forged issue: 1890-94 light and liberty, Scott 29.
British East Africa Protectorate: 1896-1903: inscription on stamps of Great Britain.
British European Airways: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
British Flying Post Office: label from Argentina for Rowland Hill centenary.
British Forces, Egypt: effective 1932-1941; 1932, Nov.1-Feb. 29, 1936: seals valid as stamps issued to British forces and their families with a special postage rate for mail to Great Britain, applied to the back of mail, 1936-Apr.1943: Army Post inscription used.
British Guiagu: bogus, British Colonial Royal Wedding frames from book Surreal Stamps and Unreal Stickers.
British Guiana: Central America, on northeast coast of South America; currency: 100 cents = 1 dollar 1850, July 1: first stamps as British Crown Colony, called "cotton reels," 1851: No.1, 2 cents pale blue, 1856: crowned circle "PAID" mark used, 1858-60: stamps of Britain used on mail to Britain, 1875: first official stamp issued, 1918: first semipostal, War Tax stamps issued, 1940: first postage due stamp issued, 1966, May 26: became an independent republic and renamed Guyana.
British Guiana 1¬Ę magenta: term used for the unique 1856 1¬Ę magenta stamp, also known as The Penny Magenta.
British Honduras: now Belize - Central America; currency: 12 pence = 1 shilling, 100 cents = 1 dollar (1888) 1786: letters from Jamaica known, 1798: under British authority, 1800: "Belize" handstamp used on foreign mail, 1857: London branch Post office opened, 1858-60: stamps of Great Britain used, 1862: British colony administered from Jamaica, 1866, Jan.: No.1, 1 penny blue; first definitive issue, 1871: declared Crown Colony, 1884: became independent colony, 1866, Jan.: first stamps, 1923: first postage due stamp issued, 1932: first War Tax stamp issued, 1939: Guatemala claimed area in its map issue (Sc.296), 1960: became a Crown Colony, 1973: changed name to Belize, 1984, Jan. 1: became self-governing.
British Honduras: inscription, Deafforestation, unissued Great Britain cinderella by David Horry, 2001.
British Honduras: local; Caye Service, 1895.
British Indian Ocean Territory (BIOT): British-owned islands in the Indian Ocean; currency: 100 cents = 1 rupee, 100 pence = 1 pound (1990) 1965, Nov. 8: established as a Crown Colony, 1968-pre: stamps of Mauritius or Seychelles valid, 1968, Jan. 17: first stamps issued, 1968: No.1, 5 cent multicolor; stamps of Seychelles overprinted B.I.O.T, 1969: mails have been carried by m.v. Nordvaer, with a temporary post office, 1976: mail is entirely military, 1976, June 23: islands Aldabra, Farquhar and Des Roches islands transferred to Seychelles and Seychelles stamps used, 1980: name changed to Zil Eloigne Sesel then to Zil Elevagne Sesel.
British Inland Mail: stamps issued at Antananarivo (Madagascar); 1895, Jan.-Sept.: French fleet blockade; mail carried by runner to Vatomandry.
British Levant: British post offices in the Turkish Empire; 1832: British embassy mail started, 1854, Nov.: Constantinople opened an Army post office, 1854: British stamps used, 1885, Apr. 1: first British stamps issued with surcharge, 1905: stamps of Great Britain overprinted "Levant," 1914, Sept. 30: post offices closed, 1916: Levant stamps for Salonica, 1918-20: British Army post office in Constantinople opened, 1921: stamp issued British occupation of part of the old Ottoman Empire, 1920-23: overprinted stamps used.
British Military Administration of Malaya: 1945, Oct. 19: first stamps issued, 1945-48: Straits Settlements stamps overprinted BMA Malaya used, 1948-post: states issued their own stamps, but BMA overprint was used to 1951.
British Military Administration of North Borneo: 1945, Dec. 17: first stamps of North Borneo overprinted B.M.A.
British Monmon Islands: bogus, British Colonial Royal Wedding frames from book Surreal Stamps and Unreal Stickers.
British Naiana: bogus, British Colonial Royal Wedding frames from book Surreal Stamps and Unreal Stickers.
British New Guinea: former name for Papua; 1883, Apr. 4: annexed by Queensland, 1888, Sep. 4: post offices opened at Port Moresby and Samarai, 1888: cancels were barred ovals with letters NG or BNG, along with a dated stamp, 1901, July 1-05: first stamps issued, 1902: transferred to Australia, 1906, Sep. 1: name changed to Territory of Papua, 1907: definitive issue, 1949: Papua and New Guinea, 1972: Papua New Guinea, 1975: independence.
British Occupation: 1918, Dec. - July 1920: overprint on stamps of Russia, "Batum" overprint, occupied by British Forces.
British Occupation of Batum: overprint on stamps of Batum; see Batum
British Occupation of Italian East Africa: 1941, Jan.: British forces invaded former Italian colony, along with Eritrea, Somalia and most of Ethiopia; used regular British stamps, 1942, Mar. 2: British stamps overprinted "M.E.F." (Middle East Forces) used in Eritrea, 1942, Mar. 23: Ethiopian postal services resumed operations, 1942, Apr. 13: British stamps overprinted "E.A.F. (East African Forces) used in Somalia, 1948, May 27: British stamps overprinted "B.M.A. Eritrea and "B.M.A. Somalia" (British Military Administration), 1950, Jan-Feb.: Military administration ended; new stamps overprinted "B.A. Eritrea" and "B.A. Somalia" issued, 1950, Mar. 31: Somalia turned over to a United Nations Trusteeship, stamps demonetized, 1952, Sep. 15: Eritrea annexed to Ethiopia.
British Occupation of Libya: 1943: British forces occupied Cyrenaica and Tripolitania; stamps of Britain overprinted "M.E.F." (Middle East Forces), 1948, July 1: British stamps overprinted "B.M.A. Tripolitania" (British Military Administration), 1949, June 1: Cyrenaica established as an autonomous station, 1950, Jan. 16: New stamps depicting King Idris, 1950, Feb. 6: Military Administration ended; new stamps overprinted "B.A. Tripolitania," 1951, Dec. 24: Kingdom of Libya formed, included Cyrenaica, Tripolitania and Fezzan-Ghadames.
British Offices in Beirut: 1873-1914: stamps of Great Britain, British Levant, 1906, July 2: provisional issued.
British Offices in China; various cities; 1844: consular treaty port post offices opened, 1862-post: all mail canceled B62 in Hong Kong, 1862-1917: first stamps, Hong Kong, 1917: first overprinted stamps of Hong Kong, "China," 1922, Nov. 30: all offices were closed except for Wei-hai-wei, 1930, Oct. 1: stamps withdrawn, handed back to China. British Offices in Crete: British zone of joint administration includes France, Italy, Russia; 1898-1900: stamps issued until establishment of autonomous government.
British Offices in Eastern Arabia: 1963, Mar.30: first British agency post office opened, 1963, Mar.30-March 29, 1964: used stamps of British postal administration in Eastern Arabia, 1967, Jan.1: local service starts.
British Offices in Japan: 1859-Dec.1879: Yokohama, used stamps of Hong Kong from 1864, 1860-Dec.1879: Nagasaki, used stamps of Hong Kong from 1866, 1869-Dec.: (Hyogo), used stamps of Hong Kong from 1876.
British Offices in Morocco: 1857-86: used stamps of Great Britain, postmarked at Gibraltar, 1886-1907: placed under control of Gibraltar, 1898-1906: used stamps of Gibraltar, and Great Britain, 1907-56: used stamps of Great Britain, overprinted, currency surcharge in Spanish, plus separate issues used in Spanish Zone, French Zone and Tangier, 1917-Jan. 8, 1938: used stamps of Great Britain surcharged in French, 1927-pre: Tangier used stamps of Great Britain without overprints.
British Offices in the Turkish Empire: 1885-pre: British stamps used, 1885: British stamps overprinted "Levant" or surcharged in Turkish currency, 1914, Oct. 1: British post offices closed, 1919, Mar.: British post offices reopened, 1923, Sep. 27: British post offices closed. see: British Levant.
British Philatelic Federation: formed 1976 as umbrella federation for British philatelic societies, closed 1993; see Association of British Philatelic Societies
British postal administration in Eastern Arabia: stamps of Great Britain surcharged in Indian currency, 1948, Apr.1-Jan. 6, 1961: Dubai, 1948, Apr.1-April 29, 1966: Muscat, 1950-57: Qatar, 1960, Dec.-March 29, 1964: Abu Dhabi, 1951, 1953: Kuwait, Bahrain. British postal strike: started Jan. 20, 1971, ended March 8, 1971: involved 220,000 postal employees: it was legal for private firms to deliver mail and many made their own stamp labels for the occasion.
British Postal Strike: On Jan. 20, 1971, British postal workers started a seven-week strike; private delivery services created for local delivery to bringing mail to Europe for remailing, strike ended Mar. 8, 1971.
British Post Office: British government took over the American colonial postal system, 1707.
British Post Office Act of 1657: listed international towns of commercial importance.
British Post Offices in Morocco: currency: 40 paras = 1 piaster, 12 pence = 1 shilling (1905) 1857-86: used stamps of Great Britain, postmarked at Gibraltar, 1886-1907: placed under control of Gibraltar, 1898: No.1, 5 centimos green;(Spanish currency) used stamps of Gibraltar, and Great Britain, 1907: stamps of Great Britain in British currency, 1907-56: used stamps of Great Britain, overprinted, currency surcharge in Spanish, plus separate issues used in Spanish Zone, French Zone and Tangier, 1917-Jan. 8, 1938: used stamps of Great Britain surcharged in French, 1927-pre: Tangier used stamps of Great Britain without overprints.
British Post Offices in the Turkish Empire: currency: 40 paras = 1 piaster, 12 pence = 1 shilling (1905) 1854, Nov: British Army P.O. as sorting and forwarding office for forces in Crimea, 1885, April 1: No. 1, 40 paras lilac; British stamps overprinted "Levant" or surcharged in Turkish currency, 1919, Mar.-1922: Smyrna post office reopened with unoverprinted stamps, 1923, Sep. 27: British post offices closed. see British Levant.
British Protectorate Oil Rivers: Niger Coast Protectorate; 1892-93: overprint on stamps of Great Britain.
British Rail Parcels LS: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
British railway letter stamps: used from 1891-1941; in 1920, rate increased from 2d to 3d bringing causing surcharges on current inventory.
British Solomon Islands: British protectorate in the West Pacific Ocean; 1893: southern islands, British territory, 1896: New South Wales first stamps, postmarked Sydney, 1907, Feb. 14: first stamps as British Protectorate, postage to Australia and then stamps of New South Wales necessary, 1907, Sept. 3: joined the UPU, 1940, Sept.1: first postage due stamp issued, 1942: Japanese invasion, post offices closed, 1943, July: post office opened on Guadalcanal, 1946: Guadalcanal closed, replaced by Honiara, 1975: name changed from British Solomon Islands to Solomon Islands, 1978, July 7: became independent, 1982, May 3: first semipostal stamp issued,
British Somaliland: 1903: overprint on stamps of India; see: Somaliland Protectorate.
British South Africa Company: Rhodesia; currency: 12 pence = 1 shilling, 20 shillings = 1 pound 1841-53: Livingston sent mail to Great Britain, via casual caravans or ships, 1875-76: mail send from Transvaal, 1888-92: stamps of British Bechuanaland used, 1888, Aug.: mail sent from Tati in Bechuanaland Protectorate, 1890, Jan. 2: first stamps for British South Africa Company, 1890: horse post established, 1898: railway from Beira to Umtali, 1889: administered by the British South Africa Company, 1909, Apr. 15: first stamps overprinted with name "Rhodesia," 1923: area divided and portion became British Crown Colony of Rhodesia. 1924: remaining territory formed Protectorate of Northen Rhodesia, 1924: remainders of issues 1892-1910 sold to stamp dealers, 1953, Sep.3: Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, see Rhodesia, Rhodesia and Nyasaland.
British Telegraph Co.: stamp of British private telegraph company.
British Vice Consulate Antananarivo: 1884-86: Madagascar; see: British Consular Mail.
British Virgin Islands: islands in the West Indies, southeast of Puerto Rico; currency: 12 pence = 1 dollar, 20 shillings = 1 pound, 100 cents = 1 U.S. dollar (1951), 100 cents = 1 dollar (1962) 1666-pre: under Dutch control, then to Britain, 1858: British stamps used at Tortola on overseas mail, 1866: Virgin Islands stamps issued under British control, 1890-1956: Leeward Island stamps used with those of BVI, 1916: War Tax stamp issued, 1917-pre: western portion under Danish rule, then U.S. rule, 1917: first semipostal stamp issued, 1935: first pictorial stamp issued, 1956: became a separate Crown Colony, 1967: new constitution, became an Associated State under Britain, 1968, Jan. 2: first "British Virgin Islands" stamp issued to avoid confusion with US Virgin Islands.
British Zone: plus American and Russian occupying powers; 1946-48: one issue, overprinted with pattern of posthorns, for occupation of Germany, 1948-49: "Deutsche Post" inscription used.
Britisk: (Dan., Nor.) British, see Storbritannien
Britská Guyana: (Czech.) British Guiana (Guyana).
Britská Honduras: (Czech.) British Honduras (Belize).
Britská Kolumbia: (Czech.) British Columbia.
Britská Panenské Ostrovy: (Czech.) British Virgin Islands.
Britisk Centralafrika: (Dan.) British Central Africa.
Britiske Salomon√ɬłer: (Dan.) British Solomon Islands.
Britiske skibspost: (Dan.) British ship mail (ship post).
Britiske skipspost: (Nor.) British ship mail (ship post).
Britiske Sone: (Nor.) British Zone.
Britiske Zone: (Dan.) British Zone.
Britisk Guiana: (Dan.) British Guiana.
Britisk Honduras: (Dan.) British Honduras.
Britisk Jomfru√ɬłerne: (Dan.) British Virgin Islands.
Britisk Jomfru√ɬły : (Nor.) British Virgin Islands.
Britisk Nordborneo: (Dan.) British North borneo.
Britisk Nyassaland: (Dan.) British Nyassaland.
Britisk √Éňústafrika: (Dan.) British East Africa.
Britisk Post i Afrika: (Dan.) British Post Offices in Africa.
Britisk Post i Kina: (Dan.) British Post Offices in China.
Britisk Post i Marokko: (Dan.) British Post Offices in Morocco.
Britisk Post i √Éňúst Afrika: (Dan.) British Post Offices in East Africa.
Britisk Post i Tyrkiet: (Dan.) British Post Offices in the Turkish Empire ( Levant).
Britisk Post i Udlandet: (Dan.) British Post Offices Abroad.
Britisk Salomon√ɬłer: (Dan.) British Solomon Islands.
Britisk Somaliland: (Dan.) British Somaliland.
Britsky: (Czech.) British.
Brit Szomália: (Hung.) British Somaliland.
Brittin's Express: local parcel firm serviced Newark, N.J. and New York City; used labels; 1850s.
Brittisk: (Swed.) British (adj.), see Storbritannien.
Brittiska Burma: (Swed.) British Burma.
Brittiska Centralafrika: (Swed.) British Central Africa.
Brittiska Columbia: (Swed.) British Columbia.
Brittiska Guyana: (Swed.) British Guiana (Guyana).
Brittiska Honduras: (Swed.) British Honduras.
Brittiska Jungfruöarna: (Swed.) British Virgin Islands.
Brittiska Militära Flygpoststämplar (Island): (Swed.) WWII British military Royal Air Force cancellations (Iceland).
Brittiska Nordborneo: (Swed.) British North Borneo.
Brittiska Nyasaland: (Swed.) British Nyasaland.
Brittiska Salomonöarna: (Swed.) British Solomon Islands.
Brittiska Västindien:(Swed.) British West Indies.
Brittiske skeppspost: (Swed.) British ship mail (ship post).
Brittiske Zon: (Swed.) British Zone.
Brittisk militärpost: (Swed.) British field post offices.
Brittisk Militärpost (Island): (Swed.) WWII British military mail (Iceland).
Brittisk Post på Afrika: (Swed.) British Post Offices in Africa.
Brititsk Post på Kina: (Swed.) British Post Offices in China.
Brittisk Post på Marocko: (Swed.) British Post Offices in Morocco.
Brittisk Post p√ɬ• √Éňústafrika: (Swed.) British Post Offices in East Africa.
Brittisk Post på Tyrkiet: (Swed.) British Post Offices in the Turkish Empire (Levant).
Brittisk Post på Udlandet: (Swed.) British Post Offices Abroad.
Brittisk Salomonöer: (Swed.) British Solomon Islands.
B R M: USPS term for business reply mail.
Brno: formerly known as Brunn, Czechoslovakia.
Broadway Postal Service: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Broadway Post Office: U.S. local post, New York, NY, 1848.
Broken circle: printing variety in which a circle that appears on the stamp is defective.
Broken (fractured) gum: final appearance of gum caused by application while paper passes through the gum-fracturing machine, which is used to counteract paper curl.
Broken hat: variety seen on the 2¬Ę 1893 Columbian issue found in the hat of the knight standing to the left of Columbus. The lines in the hat brim are broken.
Broken Hill: now known as Kabwe, Zambia.
Broken letters: malformed letters in the stamp inscription caused by damage or deterioration in the printing plate or cylinder.
Broken set: an incomplete set of stamps that doesn't contain all the values.
Broken type: letter in an overprint or surcharge where the face is damaged so that there is no complete impression.
Bromberg: local, Germany, Stadtpost Hansa, 1896-1900; now known as Bydgoszcz, Poland.
Bromide: photo of the artwork reduced to the actual size of the stamp printed on bromide paper.
Bronce: (Sp.) bronze (color).
Bronnytzy: (now Bronnitsy) Russian town in Moscow Oblast ca. 32 miles SW of the city of Moscow; issued several local Rural Post stamps (1868-1905, the local post being suppressed in 1905), see Zemstvo.
Brons: (Swed.) bronze (metallic color).
Bronse: (Nor.) bronze (metallic color).
Bronsefarget: (Nor.) bronze (color).
Bronsgroen: (Neth.) bronze-green (metallic color).
Bronsgrön: (Swed.) bronze-green (metallic color).
Bronsegr√ɬłnn: (Nor.) bronze-green (metallic color).
Bronson & Forbes City Express Post: U.S. local post, Chicago, Ill. 1855.
Bronz: (Rom.) bronze (metallic color).
Bronzegr√ɬłn: (Dan.) bronze-green (metallic color).
Bronzen: (Ger.) bronze (color).
Bronzo: (It.) bronze (color).
Brooklyn City Express Post: U.S. local post, Brooklyn, N.Y., 1855-64.
Brooklyn Independent Carriers: local post of Brooklyn, N.Y., 1846-55.
Brookman: United States based stamp catalogs of U.S., U.N., and Canada.
Brook's Express: local parcel firm serviced Kingston, Mt. Auburn and Boston, Mass.; used a label; late 1800s
Brotkartenpapier: (Ger.) bread ration ticket paper, used for printing 1919 stamps of Lithuania.
Brown: coffee or chocolate (color).
Brown (E) & Co. : U.S. local post, Cincinnati, Ohio, 1852-65.
Brown & Durling: inscription on Match stamp; see Private die proprietary stamps.
Brown & McGill's U.S.P.O. Despatch: 1858, Louisville, Ky; see: Carriers' Stamps.
Brown, C.F.: inscription on Medicine stamp; see Private die proprietary stamps.
Browne's Easton Despatch Post: U.S. local post, Easton, Pa., 1876 established for philatelic purposes by stamp dealer William P. Browne.
Brownout-franking: 1845-March 1847; U.S. department term for signatures required on mail sent by employees of their department to use the franking privilege.
Brown, Fred Co.: inscription on Medicine stamp; see Private die proprietary stamps.
Brown, John I. & Son: inscription on Medicine stamp; see Private die proprietary stamps.
Brown's City Post: U.S. local post, New York, N.Y., 1876.
BRU: international postal code for Brunei Darussalam.
Bruch (Spur): (Ger.) crease.
Bruchdruck: (Ger.) surface printing, typography.
Br√ɬľcke: 1: (Ger.) gutter between two stamps; 2: (Ger.) bridges, as a theme or topic.
Bruges: also known as Brugge, Belgium.
Brugparen: (Neth.) interpanneaux pair.
Brugsbrev: (Dan.) commercial cover.
Brugsm¦rke(r): (Dan.) definitive issues.
Brugt: (Dan.) used.
Bruin: (Dut.) brown (color).
Bruingeel: (Neth.) brownish-yellow (color).
Bruinlila: (Neth.) brownish-lilac (color).
Bruinrood: (Neth.) brownish-red (color).
Bruksbrev: (Swed.) commercial cover.
Bruksmärken: (Swed.) definitive issues.
Brukt: (Nor.) used, canceled.
Brun: (Dan., Fr., Nor., Rom., Swed.) brown, coffee or chocolate (color).
Brunakt grå: (Swed.) brownish-grey (color).
Brunakt grå-lila grå: (Swed.) brownish - grey-lilac grey (color).
Brunakt lila: (Swed.) brownish-lilac (color).
Brunakt Mörklila: (Swed.) brownish dark violet (color).
Brunakt Olivgrå: (Swed.) brownish olive-grey (color).
Brunakt orange: (Swed.) brownish-orange (color).
Brunakt orangeröd: (Swed.) brownish orange-red (color).
Brunakt röd: (Swed.) brownish red (color).
Brunakt violett: (Swed.) brownish-violet (color).
Brunatny(o): (Pol.) brown (color).
Brun-carmine: (Rom.) carmine-brown (color).
Brun-cenusiu: (Rom.) grey-brown (color).
Brunei: Sultanate of North Borneo under British protection; official name of postal administration: Postal Services Department, Ministry of Communications currency: 100 cents (sen) = 1 Malayan dollar 1888: under British protection, 1895: local post stamps issued for mail to and from Labuan, 1906, Oct.11: No.1, 1 cent violet and black; first stamps were overprints on stamps of Labuan, 1907: Brunei stamps issued, 1942-44: stamps overprinted in Japanese characters during occupation, 1945: British occupation, stamps of North Borneo and Sarawak overprinted B.M.A., 1947: Brunei stamps reappeared, 1971: became a self-government, 1984: became fully independent, 1985, Jan.15: joined the UPU.
Brunei Darussalam: Brunei.
Brunei, Japanese Occupation: see Brunei.
Brunfiolett: (Nor.) brown-violet (color).
Brun-galbui: (Rom.) yellowish-brown (color), see Bistru.
Brungrå: (Nor.) brown-grey (color).
Brun gris: (Fr.) grey-brown (color).
Brungul: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) brownish-yellow (color).
Brunguk: (Nor.) buff (color).
Brun-√ɬģnchis: (Rom.) dark brown, chestnut brown, maroon (color).
Brunkarmin: (Dan., Nor.) brown-carmine (color).
Brunlig: (Dan., Nor.) brownish (color).
Brunligfiolett: (Nor.) brownish-purple (color).
Brunligkarminr√ɬłd: (Nor.) brownish carmine-red (color).
Brunliglilla: (Dan., Nor.) brownish-lilac (color).
Brunliglillar√ɬłd: (Dan., Nor.) brownish lilac-red (color).
Brunligoker: (Nor.) brownish-ochre (color).
Brunligokker: (Dan.) brownish-ochre (color).
Brunligoliven: (Dan., Nor.) brownish-olive (color).
Brunligorange: (Dan.) brownish-orange (color).
Brunligoransje: (Nor.) brownish orange (color).
Brunligpurpur: (Dan., Nor.) brownish-purple (color).
Brunligr√ɬłd: (Dan., Nor.) brownish-red (color).
Brunligviolet: (Dan.) brownish-violet (color).
Brun-lila: (Rom.) lilac-brown (color).
Brunlilla: (Nor.) brown-lilac (color).
Brunn: now known as Brno, Czechoslovakia.
Bruno: (It., Port., Sp.) brown, coffee or chocolate (color).
Brunoker: (Nor.) brown-ochre (color).
Brunokker: (Dan.) brown-ochre (color).
Brun-olive: (Rom.) olive-brown (color).
Brunoliven: (Dan., Nor.) brown-olive (color).
Brunorange: (Dan.) brown-orange (color).
Brunoransje: (Nor.) brown-orange (color).
Brun-portocaliu: (Rom.) orange-brown (color).
Brunpurper: (Dan., Nor.) brown-purple (color).
Brunr√ɬłd: (Dan., Nor.) brown-red (color).
Brun-roscat: (Rom.) red-brown (color).
Brun rouille: (Fr.) rust (color).
Brunsort: (Dan.) brown-black (color).
Brunsvart: (Nor., Swed.) brown-black (color).
Brunsvil: (Czech.) Brunswick.
Brunswick: German State, also known as Braunschweig; located in Northern Germany; currency: 12 pfennings = 1 gutesgroschen, 30 silber groschen = 24 gutesgroschen = 1 thaler 1852, Jan. 1: first stamps depicting a "Leaping Saxon" horse, 1856: used diamond shape as cancel, 1868, Jan. 1: stamps of the North German Confederation, 1870: became part of the German Empire, 1872, Jan.: German stamps issued.
Brunswick printing: AMG (AM Post) stamps of Germany printed by Westermann of Braunschweig, Germany.
Brunswick Star: name given to a duplex cancel used at Edinburgh, Scotland in 1863-73, name taken from the breast-star in the Hanoverian Order of Brunswick.
Brunviolet: (Dan.) brown-violet (color).
Brunviolett: (Swed.) brown-violet (color).
Brussels, Bruxelles: Belgium precancel; local Courier Provisoire, 1914.
Bruten hörntand: (Swed.) bent (stamp) corner.
Bruttokatalog: (Ger.) priced catalog, subject to discount.
Bruun Local Post: see Christianssund - J. C. Bruun Local Post.
Bruxelles: surcharge precancel, 1929; also known as Brussels, Belgium.
Bryant & Co.s Express: local package delivery firm serviced Boston, Mass and Bangor, Maine; used labels, 1849.
Bryant & Manning's Express: local post firm serviced Boston, Mass and Bangor, Maine; used a label, 1854.
Bryant & Spear's Express: local post firm serviced Boston, Mass and Bangor, Maine; used labels, 1850.
Bryant's Express: local post firm serviced Boston, Mass and Bangor, and Penobscot, Maine; used labels, 1850.
Bryssel: (Fin., Nor.) Brussels, Bruxelles.
Brzeg: (Pol.) selvedge.
Brzeziny: city in German-occupied Russian Poland, local post overprint, 1918-20.
BS: 1: auction abbreviation for boy/girl scout theme; 2: Bahamas, country code as used by UPU.
B/s: auction abbreviation term for Backstamp, see Backstamp.
BSA: British South Africa.
B.S. & Co.: bogus college stamp, S. Allan Taylor.
BSIP: British Solomon Islands Protectorate.
BSMT: USPS abbreviation for basement.
Bst.: Zeppelin confirmation marking that the mail piece was carried.
Bstmp: abbreviation for backstamp, see: Backstamp.
B. T.: Board of Trade, perfins, or punch perforated on stamps of Great Britain, with a crown.
BT: Bhutan, country code as used by UPU.
Btlln: (Sp.) abbreviation for military force, battalion.
Btonn: paper watermarked with straight parallel lines.
BU: letter-code within cds (q.v.) assigned to Buccament, St. Vincent, BWI (1874-1882), 1871 pop. 88).
Bubble pack: container used for the over-the-counter retail sale of coils of 100 stamps.
Buccleuch find: rare British 1840 stamps found in 1946 in a desk belonging to the Fifth Duke of Buccleuch.
Buchanan: city in Liberia, registration inscription, 1893-1924.
Bucharest: also known as Bucuresti, Romania.
Buchdruck: (Ger.) typography, letterpress.
Buchstabestempel: (Ger.) letter cancel.
Buck, L. W. & Co.: private die match proprietary stamps.
Buck's Express: local post serviced Newark, N.J and New York City, used labels, 1861
Buck's Richmond Express: fantasy stamps printed during Civil War period, large range of stamps.
Bucles: (Sp.) curls, used to describe the 1855 watermark instead of lazos.
Bucureste: also known as Bucharest, Romania.
Bud: (Dan., Nor.) bid (at an auction).
Budcentralens Expresspost Hälsingborg: see Hälsingborg - A. Thene Budcentralens Expresspost.
Budliste: (Dan.) bid sheet.
Budweis: now known as Ceske Budejovice, Czechoslovakia.
Buegig: (Ger.) creased.
Buenos Aires: province in Argentina; currency: 8 reales = 1 peso 1771: earliest known postmarks, 1814: independent posts established, 1858, Apr. 29: No.1,1 peso light brown; issued own stamps as part of Argentine Confederation, 1860-73: stamps of Great Britain used, 1860-78: stamps of France used, 1862, Oct. 4: last issue of own stamps, became a province of Argentina.
Buffalo Balloon: see: Balloon Postage, Buffalo.
Buffer: an alkaline reserve added to paper.
Bug: (Ger.) crease.
Buggy whip: plate crack that appears on the 4.9c Transportation coil series stamp.
Bugulma: Russian town in Samara Oblast ca. 160 miles SE of Kazan (now capital of Tatarstan); issued over 20 different local Rural Post stamps (1882-1915), see Zemstvo.
Buguruslan: Russian town in Samara Oblast (now Orenburg Oblast) ca. 95 miles NE of the city of Samara; issued numerous local Rural Post stamps (1879-1915), see Zemstvo.
Buildings Study Group: study of the postal history and stamps of the emergency German 1948 building sets, Germany Philatelic Society, USA.
Buiten Bezit: Dutch Indies overprint for Java and Madura, 1908: outer possessions, to check the use of mail.
Buitos postales: (Sp.) inscription for parcel stamps of Mexico.
Bukovina: local overprint, bogus, Ukrainain, 1993.
Bulgar: (Rom) Bulgarian (adj.).
Bulgár: (Hung.) Bulgarian.
Bulgaria: former Turkish republic in the Balkans, Southeastern Europe; official name of postal administration: Bulgarian Posts currency: 100 stotinki = 1 lev, 100 centimes = 1 franc 1850s: used stamps of Turkey, 1878: "Greater Bulgaria" established, 1879, May 1: No.1, 5 cent black/yellow; first stamps issued, 1879, July 1: joined the UPU, 1884: first postage due stamp issued, 1885: absorbed Eastern Rumelia under rule of the Sultan of Turkey, 1908: independence from Turkey formalized, 1920, June 20: first semipostal stamp issued, 1917: Macedonia issue, but not used until1921, 1918-39: King Boris III, royal issues, 1925: Sunday delivery stamps, first postal tax stamp issued, 1927: first air mail stamp issued, 1942: first official stamp issued, 1946, Sept. 15: stamps of People's Republic issued; see AEB, AEBA.
Bulgária: (Hung.) Bulgaria.
Bulgaria, forged issues: 1: 1901 War of Independence, Scott 53-54. 2: 1902, Battle of Shipka Pass, Scott 70-72.
Bulgarian Occupation of Romania: an ally of Austria and Germany, 1916: overprint on stamps of Bulgaria for use in occupation of Romania.
Bulgarie: (Bul.) Bulgaria.
Bulgarien: (Dan., Ger., Nor., Swed.) Bulgaria.
Bulgarisk: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) Bulgarian
Bulgarska carska pochta: bogus, Bulgarian Royal Posts, 1964.
Bulharsko: (Czech.) Bulgaria.
Bulharsky: (Czech.) Bulgarian.
Bulk mail: mail that is rated for postage partly by weight and partly by the number of pieces in the mailing; USPS term.
Bulk e-mail: direct mail advertising to large numbers of addresses via e-mail.
Bulk rate: low denomination stamps for use bulk mail.
Bulk rate USA: 1. eagle/shield design, US non-denominated postage stamp, value 10¬Ę, 1991. 2. auto design, US non-denominated stamp, value 10¬Ę, issued March 10, 1995.
Bulldog Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Bulle: (Fr.) manila (color).
Bulletin d'expedition: (Fr.) a parcel card that could be delivered to the addressee as a notice of a package's arrival, upon receipt of the parcel, the recipient signed the parcel card, which was kept by the post office.
Bull, John, Dr.: inscription on Medicine stamp; see Private die proprietary stamps.
Bullock Mail: bullock carts carried mail between Allahabad and Delhi, India, between 1846 and 1904.
Bull's eye: Aug. 1, 1843: first issue of Brazil consisting of an intricate circular design.
Bull's eye cancellation: postmark in which the city, state and dates have been placed directly on the center of a stamp or block of stamps; also known as socked on the nose (SON).
Bumbunga Province: bogus Australian secessionist state three hectares north of Adelaide.
Bumper: post office term for cancellation on second, third and fourth class matter.
Bund: (Ger.) federation, federal.
Bund Deutscher Philatelisten (BDPh): (Ger.) Association of German Philatelists.
Bundesmarke: (Ger.) German Federal Republic postage stamp.
Bundespost: (Ger.) German Post Office.
Bundespr√ɬľfer: (Ger.) a competent authority recognized as being qualified to certify the identification, authenticity or other status of philatelic materials; now just called Pr√ɬľfer.
Bundesdruckerei: (Ger.) Berlin, Germany security printer
Bundesrepublik Deutschland: (Ger.) Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany).
Bundi: India Feudatory State; 1894, May-1902: first stamps, 1902-15: stamps of India used, 1915-48: used own stamps, 1939: separate stamps discontinued, 1948-50: used stamps of Rajasthan, 1950, Apr. 1: replaced by stamps of the Republic of India.
Bundi service: India, Bundi officials, 1919.
Bundleware: old time stock of stamps that were bundled and tied together with string.
Bundt: (Dan.) bundle.
Bunt: (Swed.) bundle.
Buntfrankatur: (Ger.) a cover with at least three stamps of different colors.
Bunol: local, Spanish civil war, 1937.
Buque: (Sp.) ship, used in ship markings, thematic.
Buque Minador: (Sp.) civil war naval marking for minelayer.
Buque Prision: (Sp.) prison ship, may be seen in an address.
Bur.: abbreviation for bureau.
Burdo: (Sp.) coarse.
Burdsal, J.S. & Co.: inscription on Medicine stamp; see Private die proprietary stamps.
Bureau: (Fr.) office(s), postoffice(s).
Bureau a l'étranger: (Fr.) post office abroad.
Bureau aux Armées: (Fr.) field post office.
Bureau de Départ: (Fr.) post office of origin.
Bureau de Destination: (Fr.) post office of delivery.
Bureau de Poste: (Fr.) post office.
Bureau de Poste Central: (Fr.) main or head post office.
Bureau d'Ambulants: (Fr.) mobile post office.
Bureau Inexistant: (Fr.) postal term for "No Such Post Office" return to sender.
Bureau International d'Education: Switzerland overprint for International Board of Education.
Bureau International du Travail: Switzerland; 1923-1950: official overprint for International Labor Bureau.
Bureau issues: stamps produced by theUS Bureau of Engraving and Printing.
Bureau Issues Association (BIA): now called the United States Stamp Society.
Bureau Militaire: (Fr.) army post office.
Bureau of Engraving and Printing (BEP): official US printer of currency; 1862, Aug. 29: started by overprinting the Treasury Seal and Treasury Notes; 1894, July 1: started producing US postage stamps.
Bureau precancels: stamps that are precanceled at the B.E.P. in Washington, D.C.
Bureau postal maritime: (Fr.) packet-letter post office.
Bureau print: precancellation applied by the BEP during the production of the stamp for use by post offices that required a large number of precancel stamps.
Bureaux Allemands: (Fr.) German Offices (Abroad).
Bureaux Américain: (Fr.) United States Offices (Abroad).
Bureaux Autrichien: (Fr.) Austrian Offices (Abroad).
Bureaux Britannique: (Fr.) British Offices (Abroad).
Bureaux Chinois: (Fr.) Chinese Offices (Abroad).
Bureaux Espagnols: (Fr.) Spanish Offices (Abroad).
Bureaux étranger: (Fr.) overseas post offices.
Bureaux Fran'ais: (Fr.) French Offices (Abroad).
Bureaux Grec: (Fr.) Greek Offices (Abroad).
Bureaux Hongrois: (Fr.) Hungarian Offices (Abroad).
Bureaux Indien: (Fr.) Indian Offices (Abroad).
Bureaux Italiens: (Fr.) Italian Offices (Abroad).
Bureaux Japonais: (Fr.) Japanese Offices (Abroad).
Bureaux Polonais: (Fr.) Polish Offices (Abroad).
Bureaux Russes: (Fr.) Russian Offices (Abroad).
Burelado: (Sp.) see: Burelage.
Burelage, Burelé, Burlage: (Fr., Sp.) a fine overall network of dots or lines printed on the surface of stamps in addition to the stamps design; was usually done to discourage counterfeiting. Burg: (Ger.) castle, as a theme or topic.
Burelering: (Nor.) see: Burelage.
Burgdorf: local airmail, Switzerland, 1913.
Burgenland: 1945: German stamps overprinted diagonally "Osterreich" for use in Burgenland.
Burgos: Spanish province; local overprint, Nationalist and Republican forces, 1936-37.
Burhans, D. & Co.: private die match proprietary stamps.
Buriatia: bogus Russian Federation Republic; local overprint and stamps, 1996?
Burilagem: (Port.) see: Burelage.
Burin: tool used by stamp engravers to engrave in steel.
Burjasot: local, Spanish civil war, Republican forces, 1937.
Burkina Faso: formerly French colony of Upper Volta, Northwestern Africa; currency: 100 centimes = 1 franc 1919: French territory of Upper Volta made a separate colony, 1920: No.1, 1 centime brown-violet; first stamps were Upper Senegal and Niger overprinted Haute-Volta (Upper Volta); first postage due stamp issued, 1928: issued own stamps, 1933: divided among French Sudan, Ivory Coast, and Niger Territory, 1958, Dec.11: named Upper Volta, 1959: stamps issued as Republic of Haute-Volta, 1963, Feb.1: first official stamp, 1961, Mar. 4: first air mail stamp, 1961, Apr. 7: first semipostal stamp, 1963, March 29: joined the UPU, 1984, May 23: first air mail stamps with new name, 1984, Aug. 4: name changed to Burkino Faso, "country of incorruptible men", 1984, Nov. 21: first regular issue stamps issued as Burkino Faso.
Burma: southeast Asia, south of China, part of British Indian Empire; now named Myanmar; currency: 12 pies = 1 anna, 100 pyas = 1 kyat (1953), 16 annas = 1 rupee 1826-Apr.1, 1937: part of British India, 1854, Oct.: stamps of India used for first time, 1887: river steamer temporary post offices established, 1937, April 1: No.1, 3 pies slate; stamps of India (1926-36) overprinted "Burma" when it became part of the British Commonwealth, 1937: first official stamps issued, 1938: Burma stamps, British Administration, 1943-45: Japanese occupation overprints and issues, 1942, May: Burmese emblem, the peacock, used as overprint during Japanese occupation, 1941-45: Stamps of India used by Imperial troops, 1947, Oct.: interim government overprint, 1948, Jan. 4: became Union of Burma as an independent nation, 1989: name changed to Myanmar, 1990: first stamps issued as Myanmar.
Burma, Japanese Occupation: see Burma.
Burma, Japanese Occupation, forged issues: 1: 1943 farmer plowing, Scott 2N30-2N37. 2: 1943 water carrier, Scott 2N41-2N43. 3: 1943 Elephant with log, Scott 2N44-2N48. 4: 1943 Mandalay Watchtower, Scott 2N49-2N50.
Burnett, Joseph & Co.: inscription on Medicine stamp; see Private die proprietary stamps.
Burnishing: removal of portion of an engraved design from a die, plate, or transfer roll; usually done to remove imperfections or re-work a design.
Burnham Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Burnley Chamber of Commerce: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Burr: uneven raised edge of surplus metal from engraver's tool, prints as a flaw.
Burriana: local, Spanish civil war, Republican forces, 1937.
Burritt, Elihu: (1810-1879) proponent of Ocean Penny Postage as a drastic reduction in an established set of postal rates in use by many different nations.
Burrus, Maurice: stamp collector who is depicted on a set of Liechtenstein 1968 stamps.
Burse Express Co.: local parcel firm serviced Brooklyn, N. Y. and New York City.
Bursztynowy: (Pol.) amber (color).
Burundi: UN Trusteeship territory (Ruanda-Urundi) administered by Belgium, Central Africa; currency: 100 centimes = 1 franc 1899-1914: as Urundi, part of German East Africa, 1914-62: administered by Belgium under a United Nations mandate, 1953: overprint "Royaume du Burundi" on Ruanda-Urundi (1959-61), 1962, July 1: No.1, 25 centimes green/orange; became independent nation, 1962, Sep.27: Burundi stamps issued, 1963, Feb.15: first semipostal stamp issued, 1963, April 6: joined the UPU, 1964, July 2: first air mail stamp issued, 1966, Nov. 28: military coup overthrew monarchy, declared a republic, 1967: "Republique du Burundi" overprinted on Royaume du Burundi issues (Scott 111, 113, 116, 118-25, 141-52, 154-56), 1967: first stamp with inscription of Republique du Burundi.
Burutu: city in Southern Nigeria; 1896-1899: Royal Niger Company handstamp used on stamps of Great Britain.
Buryatia, Republic of: illegal labels, purporting to be stamps, as per Jan. 14, 2002, Russian Federation report to the UPU; not valid for postage.
Bury's City Post: U.S. local post, New York, N.Y., 1857.
Busch, Charles: private die match proprietary stamps.
Bushehr: formerly Bushire, Iran.
Bushire: Persian Gulf port; 1915, Aug. 8-Oct. 16: British occupation now known as Bushehr, Iran.
"Bushire under British Occupation": overprint on stamps of Iran (1911-13). 1914-15: "Bushire under British Occupation" Persian stamps overprint.
Bush's Brooklyn City Express: U.S. local post, Brooklyn, N.Y., 1848 (?).
Business Facilities: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Business Reply Mail (BRM): specially printed postcards, envelopes and labels that may be mailed without postage prepayment; postage and fees are collected when the mail is delivered back to the original sender; usually a license and deposit are required.
Business school stamps used by business colleges in their courses to demonstrate business practices.
Bus parcel stamps: private labels issued by bus firms to prepay freight charges on parcels carried on their routes.
Bussahir: India Feudatory State, Punjab; 1895, June 20: first local stamps, 1901, Mar.31: cancelled obsolete stamps (Rampur 19 MA 1900) sold to stamp trade, 1901, Mar.31: stamps of British India used. 1950, Apr. 1: replaced by stamps of the Republic of India.
Bussfraktmärken (Soumi): (Swed.) bus parcel stamps (Finland).
Busspaket: (Fin.) Finland parcel post.
Busta: (It.) cover, an envelope or a postally used envelope or one with a postal cancellation.
Busta primo giorno di emissione: (It.) first day of emission.
Bustees: India States term for hamlets.
Butler & Carpenter: engraver and printer of US revenue stamps.
Butlin's Holidays For a King: inscription, unissued Great Britain cinderella by David Horry, 2001.
Butterfield Overland Mail: service began Sept. 15, 1858, between St. Louis and San Francisco, taken over by Wells Fargo.
Butterflies of Victoria: butterfly-like cancel; 1850-52: used for the first issues of Victoria.
Button: U.S. Navy code name during WW II for Espritu Santo Island, New Hebrides Islands.
Buu-chinh, Buu-Chinn: Vietnam.
Buy bid: practice whereby a bidder instructs an auctioneer or auction agent to purchase a lot regardless of the ultimate hammer or final price; rarely accepted by auction houses since two "buy bids" on same lot would create chaos.
Buyer's premium: auction term for percentage premium added to the final price of a lot, and retained by the auctioneer as part of the commission for selling the lot; also known as buyer's fee or the tip.
Buy prices: price a buyer is willing to pay for certain stamps or other philatelic items.
B√ɬľy√ɬľk Britanya: (Turk.) Great Britain.
Buzon: (Sp.) posting or mail box.
Buzones columnas: (Sp.) pillar, or mailing boxes in streets, as opposed to those in post offices.
Buzones tranvias: (Sp.) posting boxes on Madrid, Barcelona and Bilbao tramcars.
Buzones vapores: (Sp.) posting boxes on ships in regular service between the Spanish mainland and the Balearic Islands of Ceuta, Melilla, and the Canary Islands.
Buzulul: Russian town in Samara Oblast (now Orenburg Oblast) ca. 90 miles ESE of the city of Samara; issued over 20 different local Rural Post stamps (1876-1915), see Zemstvo.
B V C C A R I: overprint; 1918: naval victory commemorated on Fiume stamps.
B. V. I.: British Virgin Islands.
BW: 1: abbreviation for "bankwissel" bank draft revenue overprint of Orange Free State; 2: Botswana, country code as used by UPU.
B.W.: Bahnoff Warschau (Ger.) Warsaw railway station.
B. W. & Co.: Bradbury, Wilkinson, stamp printers, Great Britain.
B. W. A.: British West Africa.
B W I: British West Indies.
B W I S C: British West Indies Study Circle, Great Britain.
B.X.Y. Express Co.: Brigham Young and Hiram Kimball received a mail contract with stations from Independence, Mo. to Salt Lake City, 1857; no notations are known from this mail service.
By: (Nor.) 1. to bid (at an auction). 2. town, city.
BY: Belarus, country code as used by UPU.
Byam, Carlton & Co.: private die match proprietary stamps.
Byde: (Dan.) to bid.
Bydgoszcz: formerly Bromberg, Poland.
Byezhetsk: Russian town in Twer (Russ. Tver) Oblast; issued over 30 different local Rural Post stamps (1872-1894, the local post being suppressed in 1896), see Zemstvo.
Byelorussia: see Belarus.
Bypass mail: mail that does not require postal preparation before outgoing distribution.
Bypost: (Dan., Nor.) local post
By Post letters: mail picked up by post riders on the London-Edinburgh post route in the 1630s; see:Allen, Ralph.
By Post stamps: local stamps issued by Danish and Norwegian towns in the 19th century.
Byrd: Richard E. Byrd Antarctic Exploration, 1933US stamp commemorates his flights over South Polar regions.
Bytown: now known as Ottawa, Canada.
Bz: (Ger.) catalogue abbreviation for bronze overprint or surcharge.
BZ: Belize, country code as used by UPU.


(Data Above sourced from "Ask Phil" and other sources. Last edit 5/Aug/2008 Amhazing)

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PostPosted: Sat Aug 02, 2008 13:27:20 pm 
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RED Shooting Star Posting MANIAC!
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[center]C to CA[/center]

CA: 1: Crown Agents, watermark on stamps of the British Commonwealth. 2: overprint on stamps of Colombia, sold in Canada for SCADTA airline mail to Cuba. 3: Caisse d'Amortissement, (Fr.) overprint / surcharge on French semipostal, to reduce national debt. 4: auction firm abbreviation for Commonwealth of Australia. 5: USPS abbreviation for California. 6: Correspondance de l'Arrondissement (Fr.) official mail, 1836-38. 7: auction abbreviation for catapult mail.
C.A.B.: Condetta Antonio Bissoni, Venetian, 1732-33.
Cabecera de Hoja: (Sp.) heading or top marginal inscription of a stamp sheet.
Cabeza del Buey: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937.
Cabezones: (Sp.) "Big Heads" term for stamps of Spain, the "Franco Head" issues after 1955.
Cabinda: part of the People's Republic of Angola; 1894-1920: known as Portuguese Congo when it had its own stamps, 1920: used stamps of Angola; see Portuguese Congo.
Cabinet Noir: (Fr.) black closet, censorship of mail in 16th century France.
Cabinettst√ɬľck: (Ger.) very fine copy.
Cabo Blanco: see Rio de Oro.
Cabo de Buena Esperanza: (Sp.) Cape of Good Hope.
Cabo Delgado: bogus, Nyassa Company, Portuguese Mozambique province, 1890s.
Cabo Gracias a Dios: (Sp.) "Cape Thanks to God" overprint on province of Nicaragua, 1904-09; 1905: first stamps issued, "Cabo," "C," "Costa Atlantica" overprints to prevent currency manipulation, own stamps required because currency was based on silver, while rest of Nicaragua used paper money used to fill dealers' orders, never regularly issued or used, 1907: overprinted "Costa / Atlantica / C," first official stamps used overprint "Cabo," 1909: overprinted "C / Dpto.Zelaya," Zelaya, province of Nicaragua required separate stamps due to currency differences, see Nicaragua, Zelaya.
Cabo Jubi: surcharge on stamps of Rio de Oro, for Cape Juby, 1916; see Cape Juby.
Cabo Juby: overprint on stamps of Rio de Oro, Spain (1919-33), Spanish Morocco, (1934-48) for Cape Juby; see Cape Juby.
Cabo Verde: inscription on stamps of Spanish Administration, Portuguese Africa, Cape Verde Islands; see Cape Verde.
Cabra: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937.
Cabus Publicus: Roman postal service, app. 250 BC.
CAC: Chapter Activities Committee, American Philatelic Society.
Caceres: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937.
Cach, Cht: auction abbreviation for cachet(ed).
Caches: overprint on postage dues of France and French Colonies; for use in French India on postage dues.
Cachet: 1: a rubber stamp or printed impression on an envelope which describes the event for which the envelope was mailed; cachets are used for first days of issue, first flights, naval events, stamp exhibitions, etc. 2: rubber stamp or seal, not postal. 3: small marks made by dealers, experts on backs of stamps as marks of authenticity or identification. 4: can be privately applied or officially applied by a post office; also known as "Signum."
Cachet à Date: (Fr.) date stamp.
Cachet à Date Circulaire: (Fr.) circular date stamp.
Cachet à Main: (Fr.) handstamp, a hand-held device for printing that is struck on an ink pad, and then applied to paper.
Cachet au Dos: (Fr.) backstamp; postmark applied to back of incoming mail to show date and time of receipt at the receiving post office.
Cachet Circulaire: (Fr.) circular cancellation.
Cachet de Bord: (Fr.) on board cancel.
Cachet de C√ɬģre: (Fr.) seal (wax).
Cachet de Fantaisie: (Fr.) fancy cancellation.
Cachet de Fortune: (Fr.) improvised cachet.
Cachet de Garantie: (Fr.) French proprietary stamp guaranteeing that goods with stamp affixed are genuine.
Cachet de la Localite: (Fr.) town postmark.
Cacheted Cover: an envelope bearing a type of decoration, tied in to the design of the stamp or a special event.
Cacheté(e): (Fr.) sealed.
Cachet en Bois: (Fr.) wooden hand stamp.
Cachet en Caoutchouc: (Fr.) rubber handstamp.
Cacheter: (Fr.) to seal.
Cachet Faux: (Fr.) forged cancel.
Cachet Maker: someone who designs and produces cachets, either for sale or for personal use
Cachet Manuel: (Fr.) hand cancel.
Cachet Méchanique: (Fr.) machine cancel.
Cachet Muet: (Fr.) special cancellation, temporary.
Cachet Postale: (Fr.) postmark.
Cachet Rond: (Fr.) circular cancellation.
Cachet Spécial: (Fr.) special cancellation.
Cactées: (Fr.) cactus, thematic subject.
Cacto: (It., Sp.) cactus, thematic subject.
Cactus: US Navy code name during WW II for Guadalcanal Island, British Solomon Islands.
C.a.D.: (Fr.) cachet à date; dated postmark.
Cadaques: bogus issue for Spain, see Evans, Donald.
Cadastre: (Fr.) Registration of Deeds; French Colony revenue inscription.
Caderneta (de selos): (Port.) booklet (of postage stamps).
Cadiz viva Espa√ɬĪol: Cadiz, city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local semipostal surcharge, Nationalist, Republican forces, 1936-37.
Cadmus Express Co.: local freight firm, serviced Norwich and New York Line steamboats, operated in Boston and New York City, used a label, year unknown.
Cadre: (Fr.) frame, border, the outer decorative border of a stamp design.
Cadres Varies: (Fr.) different ornaments used on same type of stamp.
Cady, Charles L.: sip that carried mail between San Francisco and Fort Sacramento, 1847.
Cafeniu: (Rom.) coffee (color).
Cafeniu-brun: (Rom.) coffee-brown (color).
Cale ferata: (Rom.) railroad, railway.
Cage: a secure, enclosed area in a postal facility, where registered mail and other accountable mail is kept, USPS term.
C.A.H.: Charles A. Hall, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher Initials, Siderographer.
Caicos Islands: Caribbean island chain; part of the Turks and Caicos Islands; 1981, July 24: No.1,1 cent multicolor, Turks and Caicos Islands stamps overprinted "Caicos Islands," 1985, Dec. 5: last stamp issued, see Turks and Caicos Islands.
Caillie, Rene, explorer: common design on stamps of the French Community of Nations, 1939.
Caimanes: (Fr.) Cayman Islands.
Cairns Colonial Club Resort: cinderella stamp from Cairns, Australia.
Cairo: 1: city in Egypt, Interpostal Seals used 1864-84, see Interpostal Seals. 2: French post offices opened Nov. 1865-March 1875.
Caisse d'Amortissement: (Fr.) Sinking Fund inscription for reduction of national debt, semipostal issue; 1927-31, overprinted / surcharged "CA" 1927.
Caja Postal de Ahorros: (Sp.) Post Office Savings Bank, used as a cancel on letters.
Cala: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist forces, 1936-37.
Calanas: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist, 1936.
Calasparra: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist, 1937.
Calcado en el Reverso: (Sp.) offset design on the back of a stamp due to ink on stamp sheet underneath not being dry.
Calchi, Carchi: island in the Dodecanese Sea, Aegean Islands, between Greece and Turkey; 1912: No.1, 2 centesimi orange-brown, occupied by Italy, 1912-29: overprint, "Carchi," "Calchi" and " Karki" on stamps of Italy, 1930, 1932: two sets overprinted with island's name issued, now part of Greece. 1912-32: stamps of Italy overprinted with names of islands: Calchi , Calimno, Caso, Coo, Fero, Fisso, Nisiro, Patmo, Piscopi, Rhodes, Scarpanto, Simi and Stampalia, 1943-45: German occupation, 1945, June 11: British post offices opened, British Middle East Forces, 1947: British post offices closed, stamps of Greece stamps used since.
Calcio: (It.) football, thematic subject.
Calcograbado: (Sp.) printed by chalcography; a process of engraving on copper or brass, copper-plate engraving.
Caldas: Correos Departmentales (Sp.); local post, Department of Caldas, Colombia, 1931.
Calderillas de Carton, Calderillas de Cartulina: (Sp.) low value coin-like cardboard discs with a postage or fiscal stamp stuck on the front, Spanish coat of arms on the back; 1938-March 31,1939: issued in the civil war Republican Zone until the end of hostilities to help alleviate the shortage of small change.
Caldes de Malavella: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937.
Caldes de Montbui: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937.
Caldes d'Estrac: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937.
Caldey: local post, island off the coast of Wales bearing owner's name, issued labels, 1973.
Caledonian Courier: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971.
Caledonian Railway Company: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971.
Calendar Collector: one who saves a date cancel on a postage stamp for every day of the year.
Calender: paper maker term for passing paper through a series of chilled metal rollers when a smooth surface is desired.
Calf of Man: Great Britain local post carriage label, 400 different labels were printed, 1962-72.
Cali: district in Colombia, 1902.
Calidades Diversas: (Sp.) average, sound copy, not too heavily postmarked.
Calif.: abbreviation for California prior to Zip Code usage.
California: ceded from Mexico Feb. 2, 1848; became a state Sept. 9, 1895.
California City Letter Express Co.: US local post, San Francisco, CA., 1862-66
California Penny Post Co.: US local post, California and Nevada, 1855-59.
California State Telegraph Company: US telegraph stamps issued for use on firm's telegrams, 1870-75; originated booklets of telegraph stamps.
Calimno: see Calino.
Calino, Calimno: island in the Dodecanese Island, Aegean Sea, between Greece and Turkey; 16th century-post: under Turkish rule, 1912-pre: used stamps of Turkey, 1912: No.1, 2 centesimi orange-brown, overprint / surcharge "Calimno" on stamps of Italy, 1916: used Italian stamps without overprints, 1920: Turkey ceded group to Italy, 1929: Aegean islands' general issues, 1930,1932: sets overprinted with island's name, 1943, Sept.: became part of Greece, 1943: reoccupied by German forces, 1945: liberated by Allied forces, 1945, July 4: British Post offices opened as Calymnos, stamps of Britain overprinted "M.E.F." (Middle East Forces), when islands transferred to Greece, 1947, Mar. 31: British post offices closed; stamps of Greece overprinted "S.D.D." (Dodecanese Military Occupation), 1947, July: stamps of Greece used; name changed to Kalimnos; see M.E.F.; S.D.D.
Caliphate of Soma: bogus, Artistamp, private label producer.
Calla: caused by overinking of "Callao" on stamps of Peru.
Callao: Peru overprint on stamps of Chile for city of Callao, Chilean Occupation, 1879-82.
Callaway, Kingdom of: bogus, ads overprinted on US stamps for a homecoming celebration.
Callosa de Segura: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937.
Calosc Pocztowa: (Pol.) postage stamp on cover; (postal) entire.
Caluda, Territoires (Katibo): bogus South America issue, see Evans, Donald.
Calve Island: small island off the coast of Mull; Scotland bogus label, 1970s?
CAM: see Contract Air Mail.
Camaguey: see Puerto Principe.
Cambiamento: (It.) alteration.
Cambio: (Sp.) 1: alteration, pocket change, exchange rate. 2: cancels refer to Foreign Section Sorting Offices; see Estafeta de Cambio.
Cambio de Color: (Sp.) change of color, variation.
Cambodge: (Fr.) Cambodia.
Cambodia: southeastern Asia, between Thailand, Vietnam and Laos, aka Kampuchea, Khmer Republic; Official name of postal administration: Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications Currency: 100 cents = 1 piaster, 100 sen = 1 riel (1955) 1863, Aug.11: French protectorate, 1887: incorporated into Union of Indo-China, used stamps of Indo-China, 1936, Nov. 20: stamps of Indo-China inscribed "Cambodge," 1941: constitutional monarchy established, 1944, Mar.: king proclaimed independence, Kingdom of Cambodia, 1945: French rule restored, 1946, Jan.7: became autonomous kingdom within French Union, 1951, Nov.3: No.1, 10 cent dark blue-green, first stamps after independence, became a member of the French Union, stamps inscribed "Royaume du Cambodge," 1951, Dec. 21: joined the UPU, 1952, Oct. 20: first semipostal stamp issued, 1953, Apr. 16: first air mail stamp issued, 1953, Nov. 9: independence from France, 1954, Dec.1: overprint "International Commission Cambodia" on stamps of India, 1955, Sep. 25: left French Union to become fully independent, 1957: first postage due stamp issued, 1970, Oct. 9: Khmer Republic proclaimed, 1971, Mar.18: "Republique Khmere" inscribed on stamps, 1975, Apr.: Khmer Republic name changed to Democratic Kampuchea, 1979: name changed to People's Republic of (Democratic) Kampuchea (Republique Populaire du Kampuchea), 1989: inscription on stamps "Etat du Cambodge," State of Cambodia, 1993: Kingdom of Cambodia; UN sponsored elections, stamps inscribed "Royaume du Cambodge."
Cambogia: (It.) Cambodia.
Cambrian Railway: Wales local post.
Cambridge: local posts, United Kingdom; training stamps for practice instruction on how to properly address, frank and post a letter. 1: Queens' College, 1883. 2: Saint John's College, 1883-85. 3: Selwyn College, 1882;
Cambridge Emergency P.S.: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971.
Cambridgeport Express Co.: parcel firm serviced Cambridgeport and Boston, Mass.
Camden Emergency P.S.: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971.
Camden, S.C. Paid 5, 10: see Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Camel Postman: Sudan stamp design, 1897 to 1940.
Camels: 1: carried official dispatches between Army posts in US 1853-56, no markings known. 2: used to carry mail throughout North Africa, Middle East and Central Asia.
Cameo Head: 1: round or oval portrait used as part of a stamp's design. 2: resembles cameo jewelry; reverse of ivory head, latter is a whitish head on a blued paper background, former shows a bluish head on a more of less whitish paper background; cause of this reverse effect is unknown. 3: early watermark variety on some Great Britain and Colonies blue-paper issues.
Cameo Private P.S.: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971.
Cameos of The Gambia: June 1880; cameo art at its best; cameos featuring Queen Victoria.
Cameroons: western Africa, between Equatorial Guinea and Nigeria; Official name of Postal Administration: Ministère des Postes et Tèlècommunications Currency: 100 pfennig = 1 mark, 12 pence = 1 shilling, 100 centimes = 1 CFA franc 1882, Aug. 10: German Protectorate, Reichs Post office authorized "Postal Steamer;" used stamps of Germany, 1887, Feb. 1: used stamps of Germany at Duala with "Kamerun" cancel, 1897-pre: stamps of standard German designs overprinted "Kamerun," 1900: No.1, 3 pfennige yellow-brown, "Kamerun" inscription on standard German Colonial design stamps, called forerunner usage, 1900, Nov.: "Kaiser's" yacht S.M.S. Hohenzollern design series, 1914, Aug.14 -16: captured by Allied forces, 1915, July: Britain surcharge C.E.F. (Cameroons Expeditionary Force) on stamps of Germany, 1915, Nov.10: overprint, "Corps Expéditionnaire Franco-Anglais Cameroun," on stamps of Gabon whose inscriptions read "Congo Fran'ais" and "Afrique Equatoriale," 1916, May: overprint "Occupation Fran'aise du Cameroun" on stamps of French Congo and Middle Congo, 1916, May: overprint "Cameroun Occupation Fran'aise" on stamps of Moyen (Middle) Congo, 1920-pre: stamps of Nigeria used in British Cameroons, 1920s: mourning label, yacht and flag design, issued by German stamp dealer Sigmund Hartig, 1921: overprint "Cameroun" on stamps of Middle Congo, 1922: mandated to Britain and France by League of Nations, stamps of Nigeria used in British section, 1925: first definitive design without overprint, first postage due stamp issued, 1938: first semipostal stamp issued, 1940: stamps of Cameroun overprinted "Cameroun Fran'ais 27.8.40" to note Cameroon's affiliation with DeGaulle's "Free France" movement, 1941: stamps inscribed "Cameroun" issued by the Vichy government but not sold in Cameroun, 1942: first air mail stamp issued, 1945: British area divided into Northern and Southern Cameroons, 1946: French Cameroons became trust territory, 1960, Jan.1: French area became independent State of Cameroun, stamps inscribed "Etat du Cameroun," 1960, July 26: joined the UPU, 1960: Northern Cameroons, British area, became part of Nigeria, 1960, Oct. 1: Southern Cameroons overprint on stamps of Nigeria "Cameroons U.K.T.T" (United Kingdom Trust Territory), 1961, Oct. 1: UKTT area and former French Cameroons merged and joined the Cameroun Republic by plebiscite, bilingual inscription "Republique Uni du Cameroun / Republic of Cameroon," 1963, July 1: first military stamp issued, 1972, May 20: Republic Day, became United Republic of Cameroon, first stamps July 20, 1972.
Cameroons, Southern: see Cameroons.
Cameroun: (Fr.) overprint on stamps of French Congo (1921), Middle Congo (1916) or Gabon (1915); see Cameroons.
Camoscio: (It.) buff (color).
Campaign Cover: postal item mailed by military personnel on active service in wartime, normally marked with endorsements such as "On Active Service" etc.
Campamento M.U.: (Sp.) Milicias Universitarias, camps for national servicemen from universities.
Campa√ɬĪa: (Sp.) military campaign; see Estafeta de Campa√ɬĪa.
Campa√ɬĪa Contra el Cancer: (Sp.) surcharge on stamps of Ecuador for International Union for Control of Cancer, obligatory on all mail from Nov. 23-30, 1938.
Campa√ɬĪa Contra el Paludismo: (Sp.) campaign against malaria inscription on postal tax labels, Mexico; 1939.
Campanile San Marco: (It.) fund raising label for reconstruction of bell tower in Piazza San Marco, Venice, Italy.
Campbell, Duncan and John: organized first postal network in America, for mail to and from Boston to New York, 1693.
Campbell Island: New Zealand civil aviation meteorological station, has own post office, 1941.
Campbell Paterson Catalogue: principal New Zealand stamp catalog.
Campdevanol: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937.
Camp Dewey: label for Junior Naval Reserves, Camp Dewey, CT, about 1910.
Campeche: provisional issues; 1856-1883: overprint used on stamps of Mexico for this district, 1876: No.1, 5 centavos gray-blue and blue, 1876: issued stamps for expulsion of Emperor Maximilian.
Campillo(s): city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937.
Campionaria di Tripoli: with "Poste Italiane," Tripolitania, on stamps of Libya, 1934.
Campione d'Italia : local post, Italian enclave within borders of Switzerland; 1944, May 20: issued its own stamps for local post mail and mail to Switzerland, inscribed "R.R. Poste Italiane / Comune de Campione," 1944, May 31: stamps of Italy used, 1944, Sep.7: Swiss stamps issued, 1952: Swiss and Italian stamps used depending on what route the mail is to take.
Campion, J.W & Co.: inscription on US match stamp; see Private Die Proprietary Stamps.
Campo de Concentracion de Prisioneros de Guerra: (Sp.) prisoner of war camp.
Camprodon: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937.
Camvisdar: Indian States term for native revenue officer.
CAN: international postal code for Canada.
Canaa: labels issued in British island for a society project.
Canada: Northern North America, north of the United States; Official name of postal administration: Canada Post Corporation Currency: 12 pence = 1 shilling, 100 cents = 1 dollar (1859) 1763-pre: under French rule, transferred to Britain in 1763, 1763: British North American postal services used, 1784: Canada had its own postmaster general, 1792: Canada-US Postal Convention; postal agreement for transportation of mail from Canada to Great Britain via New York, 1851, Apr. 23: No.1, 3 pence red, first stamps as the Province of Canada, first cancellations were a numeral with four concentric rings; 1858: used two concentric rings as postmark, 1867, July 1: Dominion of Canada formed with provinces of Canada, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, 1871: British Columbia and Vancouver Island became a province of Dominion of Canada, 1873: Prince Edward Island became province of Dominion of Canada, 1875: first registration stamp, 1878, Mar.: first stamp valid throughout Canadian Confederation and new provinces, 1878, July 1: joined the UPU with New Territories, 1898: first special delivery stamp, 1906: first postage due stamp issued, 1915, Mar.15: first war tax stamp, 1928, Sep. 21: first air mail stamp issued, 1942: first air mail special delivery stamp, 1949, Apr.1: Newfoundland joined Canada, used Canadian stamps, 1949: first official, air mail official stamps issued, 1950: first special delivery official stamp issued, 1974, Apr.17: first semipostal stamp issued, 1979: postal code stamp issued; see Canadian Provinces of British Columbia, Vancouver Island, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island.
Canada: Upbeat Goose 7¬Ę; unissued Great Britain cinderella by David Horry, 2001.
Canada; American Revolutionary Army: occupied Montreal from Nov. 13, 1775 to June 1776, setting up an American Post 0ffice.
Canada Official: first day covers produced by the Canadian postal administration.
Canada Postal Strike Label: local post, spoof labels, 1978, 1981.
Canadiana: a postal item related to Canada, issued by a postage issuing authority other than Canada Post; Canada named on the stamp of another nation.
Canadian Airways Ltd.: semiofficial air mail local post, about 50 stamps were used by various private air services to frank mail, 1918-32.
Canadian Army Postal Corp: formed in 1911 to deliver mail to Canadian armed forces.
Canadian Bank Note Company: formed on Nov. 30, 1922, formerly the American Bank Note Company of Canada, produced most of the Canadian stamps.
Canadian Express Co.: regional private mail and parcel firm serviced eastern US and Canadian towns near the border; used corner card and labels; 1865-1921.
Canadian Forces Postal Unit (CFPU): established in 1971 in Belleville, Ontario as a regulating center for all military mail; receives all inbound and outbound mail addressed to CFPOs around the world; see Canadian Forces Post Office.
Canadian Forces Post Office (CFPO): receives mail in various armed forces operational theaters for sorting and forwarding to the troops.
Canadian Map Stamp: used three-color printing and map of the British Empire, issued Dec. 7, 1898.
Canadian National Express Co.: private parcel delivery firm serviced all of Canada, 1920s.
Canadian Republic: a provisional government formed by Louis Riel in Canada's Red River district; Riel's portrait appeared on a presumed essay, 1869.
Canadian Transfer Co. Limited: private parcel delivery firm that serviced Toronto, 1900s.
Canadisk: (Dan.) Canadian.
Canal Boat Mail: 1: initiated in 1691 on the Canal du Midi, France. 2: Act of Congress, permitted carrying mail on canals, 1836.
Canal Maritime de Suez: Suez Canal local post stamps, 1868.
Canal Zone: Central America, zone extends about five miles on either side of Panama Canal; Currency: 100 centavos = 1 peso, 100 centesimos = 1 balboa, 100 cents = 1 dollar 1904-79: name of Panama Canal when controlled by the US, 1904, June 24: No.1, 2 centavos rose, Canal Zone overprint on stamps of Panama, 1914, Mar.: first postage due stamp issued, 1924: stamps of US overprinted, 1928: Canal Zone stamps issued, 1929: first air mail stamp issued, 1941: first official, air mail official stamps issued, 1979, Sep. 30: US Canal Zone Postal Service stopped operation, 1979, Oct. 1: Panamanian Postal Service took over postal operations, 1999, Dec. 31: Canal transferred to Panama.
Canarias: Canary Islands, Spanish Civil War, local post overprint, Republican forces, 1936-37.
Canaro: overprint for Fiume, Italian occupation of Arbe and Veglia.
Canary Islands: off coast of Morocco; 1854: used stamps of Spain, 1936, Oct. 27: first stamps issued for use via Lufthansa, 1936, Oct. 27: air mail stamps overprinted for Lufthansa service to Brazil, see Spain.
Canc: abbreviation for canceled.
Canc?: auction term for suspicious cancel.
Cancel: 1: defacement of a stamp to prevent its reuse. 2: marks indicating date, rate, route, or place of mailing.
Cancelación: (Sp.) cancellation; mark placed on a stamp by a postal authority to deface the stamp and prevent its reuse; usually indicates location and date.
Cancelación Falsa: (Sp.) forged cancel.
Cancelado: (Port., Sp.) canceled.
Cancelado a la Orden: (Sp.) see Canceled to Order.
Cancelado a Pluma: (Sp.) pen-canceled.
Cancelamento: (Port.) cancellation; mark placed on a stamp by a postal authority to deface the stamp and prevent its reuse; usually indicates location and date.
Canceled: 1: mark placed on a stamp by a postal authority to deface the stamp and prevent its reuse; often indicates location and date. 2: hand-stamp in a barred oval on miscellaneous stamps cut from printer's waste and supplied to members of Rowland Hill's family in 1861 without authority of postal officials by Perkins Bacon & Co. 3: legitimate cancels supplied by Perkins Bacon to Chile, late 1850s. 4: overprint on stamps of Jamaica used as printer's samples. 5: cancellation applied by Greyhound Bus Co. for a privately carried letter that was to be placed in recipient's mail box, 1960. 6: British Colonial overprint for Specimen purposes.
Canceled Flight: marking on covers for a planned flight which was not made due to weather, aircraft problem or other reason; a canceled flight cover is a non-flown cover.
Canceled to Order (CTO): stamps canceled by postal authorities without having been used for postage; they are less desirable than stamps which have seen postal duty.
Cancellation: mark placed on a stamp by a postal authority to deface the stamp and prevent its reuse; often indicates location and date; can be a pen mark, perforations or manuscript, bars, or holes punched in stamps, and pieces torn out of Afghanistan stamps.
Cancellation, Advertisement: obliterations which incorporate an advertisement of some place or product.
Cancellation, Bar: 1: cancels that consist of a series of bars, or straight lines. 2: a precancel device in Canada and the US 3: remainders in some countries. 4: telegraph fee paid, Belgium.
Cancellation, Cartwheel: number in center, circular format, used in several nations.
Cancellation, Cut: device that makes a cut through revenue stamps to prevent reuse.
Cancellation, Cogwheel: resembles a gear or cogwheel; early issues of Bavaria, 1850-69.
Cancellation, Dated Manuscript: a hand written containing the date.
Cancellation, Dumb: obliteration device with series of dots, bars that contains no information, also known as mute cancellation.
Cancellation, Duplex: combination of a circular date stamp with an obliteration device.
Cancellation, Fancy: decorative and slogan commemorative cancels, usually refers to 19th century homemade US and Canadian obliterating devices.
Cancellation, Favor: occurs when a stamp is canceled in a specific manner as requested by the mailer, that may or not be in keeping with postal regulations.
Cancellation, Flag: circular date stamp postal marking with a stylized flag as the obliterator.
Cancellation, Hand: postal cancellation with a hand held device on a stamp or postal stationery indicium.
Cancellation, Hole: stamp cancel by a hole punch, indicates revenue or telegraphic usage.
Cancellation, Killer: cancel that shows no place, date or time of mailing.
Cancellation, Machine: cancel applied by mechanical means indicating date and location of the cancellation and prevents the stamp from being reused.
Cancellation, Maltese Cross: first adhesive postage stamp cancel illustrating this cross was a British device; 30 different examples are recorded during period of use;1840-1844.
Cancellation, Manuscript: a hand written, or pen cancellation.
Cancellation, Mechanised, Earliest: Pearson Hill, son of Rowland Hill, devised a machine operated by steam with a dated double impression inside sets of vertical lines, 1857.
Cancellation, Mute: obliteration device with series of dots or bars that contains no information, also known as a mute cancellation.
Cancellation, Naval: postmarks from military ships.
Cancellation, Numeral: a cancellation which includes a number identifying a specific post office, first used by the British Post Office in 1844.
Cancellation, Pen: postally used stamp canceled by pen marks.
Cancellation, Postmark: term for marks applied by postal authorities which indicate any or all of the following: date, rate, route, or place of mailing.
Cancellation, Precanceled: cancellation, as a convenience to customers, applied to stamps by the post office prior to sale,
Cancellation, Roller: cancel is applied by rolling a device across the stamp, usually used on oversize pieces of mail.
Cancellation, Slogan: a circular date stamp cancel combined with a brief message.
Cancellation, Socked-on-the-Nose (SON, SOTN): a good impression of a circular cancel that is applied dead center on the stamp.
Cancellation, Spoon: duplex cancel used in England and Wales; named from the oval shape of the duplex portion.
Cancellation, Squared Circle: circular date stamp with an arrangement of lines or bars outside the circle which makes the entire cancel square.
Cancellation, Straight Line: refers to crayon cancels applied to remaindered stamps taken off sale by a postal administration and sold at a discount.
Cancellation, Target: series of rings as depicted in a target.
Cancellation, Telegraph: obliteration or holes denoting use on a telegraph form.
Cancellation, Typographic: 1869, Jan.-May 31, 1908: French newspapers, to be mailed. had to have stamps affixed in top right-hand corner, canceled by being overprinted by at least four lines of type.
Cancelling Machine: mail processing machine that cancels a postage stamp and postmarks mail; first successful high-speed device made by Albert Hoster, Germany, 1882-83.
Cancel, Official: official USPS postmark at First Day of Issue site.
Cancol Ltd.: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971.
Candareen: unit of currency used in Shanghai.
Candarin: unit of currency used in China.
C.& CO.: Colgate & Co., US cancel or revenue stamp overprint for face powder product, 1914-15.
Candia: district of Heraklion, now part of Greece; see Crete.
Canea: (It.) overprint on stamps of Italy, Office in Crete; also known as La Canea.
CANEJ: Committee on the Accreditation of National Exhibitions and Judges, APS.
Canela: (Sp.) cinnamon (color).
Canet de Mar: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937.
Canet la Real: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937.
Cangas de Onis: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937.
Canillas: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937.
Canillas de Aceituno: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist forces, 1937.
Canillas de Albauda: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist forces, 1937.
Canjayar: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican, 1937.
Canna: bogus local post, an island off the west coast of Scotland; issued by island owner John Lorn Campbell as a charity label in 1958.
Cannelé: (Fr.) ribbed.
Cannella: (It.) cinnamon (color).
Cannelle: (Fr.) cinnamon (color).
Cannelles, Regie des: (Fr.) cinnamon monopoly; French Colony revenue inscription.
Canney & Co's Express: local post serviced Boston, Mass. and New Hampshire; label, 1850.
Cannon & Co.: US inscription on US match stamp; see Private Die Proprietary Stamps.
Cannon Match Co.: inscription on US match stamp; see Private Die Proprietary Stamps.
Ca√ɬĪonero: (Sp.) gunboat, found on naval markings, Spanish Civil War; 1936-37.
Canouan Island: see St. Vincent Grenadines.
Canterbury Courier Serv.: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971.
Cantidades Emitidas: (Sp.) number (of stamps) issued.
Cantinas: (Sp.) canteens, buffets, used on Spanish Civil War local post tax stamps, 1936-37.
Canton: Chinese treaty port; 1844-1922: British Post Office used stamps of Hong Kong, 1856: occupied by French and British forces, 1886-98: used stamps of Germany, 1900, Jan.1-1917, Mar.17: German post offices in China, 1901, June 15: "Canton" overprint on stamps of Indo-China, French Offices in China, 1949, Oct.: occupied by Communist armies.
Cantonal Stamps: Switzerland Canton issues of Zurich (1843), Geneva (1843), and Basel (1845), before the release of Swiss Confederation issues in 1845.
Cantonal Taxe: with numeral 6, inscription on Zurich issue, denoting rate within entire canton.
Canton Island: postmark originally created by collectors for island located halfway between Hawaii and New Caledonia in the central Pacific Ocean; American post office established July 15, 1940, British and American cancels exist, now part of Kiribati.
Cantonment: India States term for military station.
Canton, Miss. Paid 5: see Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Cap: slang for maximum commission an auction agent invoices a client for representation at a public auction.
CAP: Codice di Avviamento Postale (It.) postal code with five numbers, 1967.
Capacua: Bolivia, bogus stamp by Moens of Belgium, for a mythical state with the capital of Santa Teresa as an April Fool's prank, 1883.
Cap de Bonne Espérance: (Fr.) Cape of Good Hope.
Cape Breton Island: Sydney, Canadian province of Nova Scotia, post office opened, 1801.
Cape Canaveral, Fla.: formerly named Cape Kennedy.
Cape Cod Express Co.: local express firm serviced Boston to Cape Cod, Mass.; label, 1879.
Cape Jubi: overprint on stamps of Rio de Oro, see Cape Juby.
Cape Juby: Northwest coast of Africa in Spanish Sahara; Currency: 100 centimos = 1 peseta 1916: No.1, 5 centimos on 4 pesetas rose, stamps of Rio de Oro overprinted and surcharged for Spanish troops, 1916-19: stamps of Rio de Oro and Spanish Morocco used, 1919, Jan.-48: "Cabo Juby" overprints on stamps of Spain, first special delivery stamp, 1926: first semipostal, first semipostal special delivery stamps; semipostal stamps of Spain overprinted "Cabo-Juby," 1934: "Cabo Juby" overprint on stamps of Spanish Morocco, 1938, June 1: first air mail stamp, air mail stamps of Spanish Morocco overprinted "Cabo Juby," 1976: divided between Morocco and Mauritania, Mauritania turned its portion to Morocco, referred to as Western Sahara.
Cape Kennedy: private local post, now known as Cape Canaveral, 1960s.
Cape of Good Hope: southern part of South Africa; Currency: 12 pence = 1 shilling 1791, Sep. 28: Dutch postal system established in Cape Town, 1817: "Paid" handstamps introduced, 1853, Sep. 1: No.1, 1 penny red, first stamps issued in triangular shape, 1873: Griqualand West; formerly part of Cape of Good Hope, declared a British Crown Colony, 1880: West and Griqualand East annexed to Cape of Good Hope Colony, 1883: traveling post offices introduced, 1889, Nov.: provisionals issued during Boer occupation, stamps of Cape of Good Hope surcharged "Z.A.R." Zuid Afrikaansche Republiek, South African Republic, 1900, Mar. 24: stamps of Cape of Good Hope surcharged "Mafeking Beseiged," 1900: stamps of Transvaal handstamped "V.R. Special Post" under British occupation, 1910: Cape of Good Hope, Natal, Orange River Colony and Transvaal formed as Union of South Africa; see Griqualand West.
Cape Province: formerly Cape of Good Hope Colony.
Cape Triangles: first triangular shaped stamps of Cape of Good Hope, issued 1853, so that postal clerks, many of whom were illiterate, could tell the colony's outgoing mail from mail being delivered to the Cape.
Cape Verde: Western Africa, islands in the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Senegal; Official name of Postal Administration: Correios de Cabo Verde Currency: 1,000 reis = 1 micreis, 100 centavos = 1 escudo (1913) 15th century: colonized by the Portuguese, 1877, Jan. 1: No. 1, 5 reis black, first stamps of Portuguese colonial type, 1893: first newspaper stamp issued, 1904: first postage due stamp issued, 1925: first postal tax, postal tax due stamps issued, 1938, July 26: first air mail stamp issued, 1975, June 11: named a Portuguese overseas province, 1975, July 5: became independent, with ties to Guinea-Bissau, 1975, Dec. 19: issued own stamps as independent nation, 1976, Sept. 30: joined the UPU.
CAPEX: CAnadian Philatelic EXhibition, beginning in 1951 and continuing in 1978, 1987 and 1996.
Capicua: (Sp.) tête-bêche; pair of stamps where one is upside down compared to the other.
Capital: (Sp.) Spain considers this as the capital city or town of a province or region, not the capital of the nation.
Capital Case Type: large letters as distinct from lower case, or smaller letters.
Cap Juby: (Fr.) Cape Juby.
CAPO: Canadian Army Post Office.
Capo Juby: (Sp.) Cape Juby.
Capo Verde: (Sp.) Cape Verde.
Capovolto: (It.) inverted.
Cappadocia: ancient region of Asia Minor, now part of Turkey; cuneiform tablets found dating to 3000 BC, see Cuneiform.
Capped Liberty Card: U.S. penny postal card where Liberty figure is wearing a cap, 1875-81.
Capped Numerals: flaws looking like caps on top of the figure "2" on the US 2c Washington issue of 1890-3; also known as Cap Variety.
Captain's Cover: cachet created by the Commanding Officer of a spaceflight recovery ship.
Captions: all inscriptions featured on a stamp.
Cap Vert: (Fr.) Cape Verde Islands.
CAR: 1: Central African Republic. 2: Città aperta Roma (It.), Rome open city, overprint on Italian imperial series, may be bogus.
Caracas and Petare: local post, Venezuela, 1870s.
Caractchaevo: bogus Russian issue.
Caractères (d'Imprimerie): (Fr., Port.) types.
Caramiziu: (Rom.) brick-red (color).
Caratteri: (It.) types.
Caravaca: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937.
Carawak: bogus British Colonial royal wedding frames from book, Surreal Stamps and Unreal Stickers.
Carbon Tetrachloride: fluid marketed to stamp collectors as a watermark fluid; stopped in late 1960s after its use was connected to cancer.
Carbon Tissue: material used to transfer the design of a stamp to a printing cylinder.
Carcagente: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937.
Carchi: 1932 overprint on stamp of Italy, Aegean Islands; see Calchi.
Cardboard Paper: soft surface paper, known as "Bristol Board," used for proof impressions.
Cardboard Proof: printed on card from US plates in regular colors and distributed in sets to officials in late 1800s; also done in other countries.
Cardedeau: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937.
Cardiff Penny: imperforate sheet of British penny red, Plate No.116, mistakenly issued to Cardiff Post Office, Jan. 1870.
Cardinal Match Co.: inscription on US match stamp; see Private Die Proprietary Stamps.
Card Paper: a thick stiff paper made by pasting together a number of layers of paper.
Carecer (de): (Sp.) to be without, to lack.
Carelia: bogus, not valid for postage.
Care of Mr. Waghorn: handstamp on overland mail between Great Britain and India, 1836.
Caret Cancels: V-shaped cancellation used on US 1861-69 stamps and Bank Note issues.
Cargill Pritchard: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971.
Caribbean: term for West Indies islands; consists of the islands from the tip of Florida to South America, including Cuba, Dominican Republic, French Guiana, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, Suriname and the West Indies islands: 1702-11: monthly private packet service under government contract, 1755: British government packet service started, 1820: prepaid postage required and "Crowned Circle" cancels used 1840: Royal Mail Steam Packet Co. handled all mail, 1858: prepayment to British destinations from England made compulsory, 1860, May 1: colonial stamps adopted in each colony, 1865: French firm "Compagnie Général Transatlantique" established postal packets.
Caribisches Meer: (Ger.) Caribbean Sea.
Caridad: (Sp.) charity.
Carimbar: (Port.) to cancel.
Carimbar de Favor: (Port.) canceled to order.
Carimbo Especial: (Port.) special cancellation.
Carimbo Manual: (Port.) handstamp.
Carinthia: province of Austria; 1920, Sept. 16: stamps of Austria overprinted and surcharged "K√ɬ§rnten √É‚Äěbstimmung" for a plebiscite to determine whether people wanted to remain with Austria or become part of Yugoslavia; vote was in favor of Austria. 1920: stamps of Yugoslavia overprinted and surcharged "KGCA" (Carinthian Governmental Commission, Zone A) for same plebiscite.
Carinthie: (Fr.) Carinthia.
Caritas: (Latin) charity; overprint / surcharge for charity stamps in Belgium, Denmark and Luxembourg (1914).
Carka and Caictu Islands: bogus British Colonial royal wedding frames from book, Surreal Stamps and Unreal Stickers.
Carlist, Carlistas: (Sp.) stamps of Spain authorized by Don Carlos of Spain in 1873-87.
Carlist Kingdom: (Sp.) nickname for stamps authorized by Don Carlos of Spain during civil war, French stamps on mail from provinces under Don Carlos rule, 1873-75.
Carmesi: (Sp.) crimson (color).
Carmin: (Fr., Rom., Sp.) carmine (color).
Carmin-brun: (Rom.) carmine-brown (color).
Carmine Error: nickname for a US 5¬Ę stamp, normally printed in blue, mistakenly used on a plate of 2¬Ę stamps printed in carmine, creating a color error for the 5¬Ę stamp.
Carmin-liliachiu: (Rom.) lilac-brown (color).
Carmino: (It.) carmine (color).
Carmin Vinoso: (Sp.) wine-red (color).
Carmona: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist forces, 1936-38.
Carmona, Antonio Oscar Carmona de Fragosa: President of Portugal; common design on stamps of Portugal and Colonies, 1970.
Carn: labels issued in British island for a society project.
Carnaro: part of Fiume, between Italy and Yugoslavia; 1920, Nov. 20: nickname for overprint on stamps of Fiume during occupation by Legionnaires of d'Annunzio; full overprint is "Reggenza / Italiana / del / Carnaro".
Carne: (Sp.) flesh (color).
Carnes' City Letter Express: US local post, San Francisco, CA., used stamps, 1864.
Carnes' Express: phantom US local post, S. Allan Taylor, San Francisco, CA, 1865-66.
Carnet: (Fr.) booklet (of stamps).
Carnet à Choix: (Fr.) approvals, approval book.
Carnet de Timbres: (Fr.) stamp booklet that contains one or more panes of stamps.
Carn Iar: bogus, uninhabited summer island with British local post carriage labels, prior to1962.
Carnicino: (It.) flesh (color).
Carolina City, N.C. Paid 5: see Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Caroline Islands: 550 islands, west Pacific Ocean, east of Australia; Currency: 100 pfenning = 1 mark 1899-pre: under Spanish control since 1686, 1899: Germany bought islands from Spain, 1900: No.1, 3 pfennige dark brown, colonial stamps of Germany overprinted "Karolinen," 1901, Jan.: No.1, 3 pfennige brown, Karolinen inscription, 1905, 1910: stamps bisected due to stamp shortage, 1914, Oct. 7: Japanese stamps used during occupation, 1920s: mourning label issued by German stamp dealer Sigmund Hartig, 1947: administered by the US as part of the Pacific Islands Trusteeship, 1951: U.S. post offices established, U.S. stamps used.1981: western portion became Republic of Palau, 1983: Palau issued its own stamps, 1984: Micronesia issued its own stamps, 1986: balance of nation became the Federated States of Micronesia.
Carolinerna: (Swed.) the Caroline Islands.
Carolines: (Fr.) Caroline Islands.
Carolinske √ɬłerne: (Dan.) the Caroline Islands.
Cárpátalja: (Hung.) Carpatho-Ukraine, see Karpát-Ukrajna.
Carpathian Ruthenia: see Celistvosti - Podkarpatská Rus.
Carpatho-Ukraine: formerly province of Czechoslovakia, 1939, Mar.15: stamp issued for the Carpatho-Ukrainian Diet (governing body),1939, March 16: annexed by Hungary, 1945: reverted back to Czechoslovakia, 1949: annexed by the Soviet Union. see Celistvosti - Podkarpatská Rus.
Carpenter & Co's Express: local post serviced Boston, Mass. to Maine; used labels, 1848-53.
Carpenter, Jos. A.: printer of 19th century revenue stamps.
Carpenter's Express: local parcel firm serviced Boston and Sharon, Mass.; used labels.
Carpeta: (Sp.) folder, portfolio, special albums for covers.
Carratraca: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist forces, 1937.
Carriacou & Petite Martinique: inscription on stamps of Grenada, June 18, 1999.
Carriage Stamp: a stamp that pays for postage within a certain area only, includes privately produced issues as well as government issues; a regular postage stamp must be affixed to the cover if the letter is to be delivered outside the local area.
Carried Space Cover: a cover that has been flown on a space vehicle during equipment testing or an actual mission.
Carrier: an individual firm or private company that transports mail from one postal facility to another, USPS term.
Carrier Backstamp: US postal marking of 1870-90 used in some large post offices to backstamp mail handled by carriers.
Carrier Route: addresses served by a postal employee to deliver mail to customers, USPS term.
Carrier-Route Presort: bulk mail presorted and bundled by carrier delivery route for discount postage rates, USPS term.
Carriers: individuals or firms, hired by the post office, who charged a fee to take mail to the nearest post office, or to collect mail and deliver it to the addressee.
Carriers and Locals Society: devoted to the collection and study of US carriers, locals, and expresses.
Carrier Sequence Barcode Sorter: an automated machine that sorts mail for an individual carrier route, USPS term.
Carrier Service: delivery of mail from the post office to an addressee for a fee; fee eliminated June 30, 1863 when free city delivery went into effect; regular postage only paid for mail delivery between post offices.
Carriers, Motto: "Neither snow nor rain nor heat nor gloom of night stays these couriers from the swift completion of their appointed rounds." Herodotus.
Carriers One Cent Dispatch: Baltimore, Md., see Carriers' Stamps.
Carrier's Stamp: S. Allan Taylor label.
Carriers' Stamps: 1842-60: stamps used for delivery of mail by private carrier from a post office to the addressee; or to a post office or to another address in the same city; when the postal service was first organized, letters were carried from post office to post office since there was no delivery to addressee, 1850-55: semi-official issues, 1851, Sept.: official issues; see Carriers.
Carrion de los Cespedes: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist forces, 1937.
Carroll Postal Card: United States non-denominated postal card, value 14¬Ę, 1985.
Carr's Express: local post serviced Boston, Mass. to Bangor, Me; used circular labels;1851-52.
Carry by Favor: inscription indicating that the mail was carried by private ships' captains.
Carta: (Sp.) letter.
Carta Aérea: (Sp.) cover carried by air and postmarked at point of origin, departure or intermediate points on the route.
Carta a Foto: (Sp.) special letter form, microfilmed airgraph, used by British forces during WWII.
Carta Cecografica: (Sp.) letter for blind written in braille, can be sent post-free in Spain if an open envelope is used.
Carta con Dise√ɬĪo Filat√©lico: (Sp.) cachet, a rubber stamp or printed impression on an envelope which describes the event for which the envelope was mailed; cachets are used for first days of issue, first flights, naval events, stamp exhibitions, etc.
Carta con Fili di Seta: (It.) granite paper.
Carta Costolata: (It.) ribbed paper.
Carta del Primer Dia: (It.) first day cover.
Carta Desinfectada: (Sp.) disinfected letter.
Cartagena: 1: provisional during Civil War for city on Caribbean coast of Colombia, 1899. 2: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937.
Carta Gessata: (It.) chalky paper; stamp paper with coating of chalk or clay on the surface.
Cartajima: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist forces, 1937.
Carta Liscia: (It.) wove paper.
Cartama: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist forces, 1937.
Carta Maxi: (It.) maximum card.
Carta Patinata: (It.) glossy paper.
Carta Sigillata: (Latin) stamped stationery, applied to legal documents in Sweden, 1823.
Carta Sobreavion: (Sp.) air letter form.
Cartas Postales Recortadas: (Sp.) cut-outs from printed stationery, see Cut Square.
Cartas Prefilatelicas: (Sp.) pre-stamp letters.
Carta Tinto: (It.) tinted paper.
Carta Unita: (It.) wove paper.
Carta Vergata: (It.) laid paper.
Carte: (Fr.) map
Carte Maximum: (Fr.) maximum card.
Carte-maximum: (Hung.) maximum card.
Carte Postale: (Fr.) postal card.
Carte Postale Illustrée: (Fr.) picture postcard.
Cartera: (Sp.) postman's bag.
Carter & Co. Express: local express serviced Boston, Bradford and Haverhill, Mass.; label.
Carte-Réponse: (Fr.) postcard reply portion.
Carteria: (Sp.) 1: main post office letter sorting area. 2: postal agency in small village which receives and sends letters from nearest post office or railway station.
Carterias: (Sp.) postmark applied to mail at Carteria; see Carteria.
Cartero: (Sp.) postman.
Carter's, G. Despatch: US local post, Philadelphia, Pa., 1849-51.
Cartersville, Ga. Paid: see Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Cartes Maxi: (Fr.) abbreviation of French term for maximum cards.
Cartilla Postal de Espana: inscription on the first Spanish franchise stamp; see Franchise Stamps.
Cartolina: (It.) postcard.
Carton: thick, often soft type of paper; used in some copies of Chile 1878-99 issue, Denmark, 1884 issue, and some early Swiss issues.
Carton comemorativ: (Rom.) commemorative card.
Carto-Philately: study and collection of stamps depicting maps in their designs.
Cartor: stamp security printer for many countries, name found imprinted on gutter labels.
Cartouche: an oval or rectangular frame containing the name of the country or ruler.
Cartridge Paper: name of paper used for making ammunition, thick, rough surfaced, used for Trinidad on bluish tint paper, 1853.
Cartwheel Cancels: circular numeral types used by Spain 1858-64.
Car√ɬļpano, Port of: port near Trinidad, Venezuela; 1902, Nov.-1903: local post stamps printed when a blockade depleted the supply of stamps.
Cary, John: made a survey in 1798, "Distance of English and Welsh Towns" from London, along all the principal roads in the country resulting in mileage stamps in 1801.
Casabermeja: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist forces, 1937.
Casablanca: 1: British postal agency opened Jan. 1, 1887, closed Aug. 14, 1937. 2: also known as Dar el Beida, Morocco.
Casa da Moeda with Star: watermark on stamps of Brazil.
Casa de Correos: (Sp.) post office.
Casa de la Moneda: (Sp.) Spanish Mint, printer of all Spanish stamps.
Casarabonela: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist forces, 1937.
Casares: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist forces, 1937.
CASB: Crown Agents Stamp Bureau
CASC: Canadian Army Service Corps; see RCASC.
Case: 1: (Fr.) position in plate, sheet or setting. 2: equipment with separations into which clerks sort letters, parcels, USPS term.
Casement Plate: see Duty Plate.
Cash: unit of currency used in China.
Casilla: (Sp.) post office box.
Casket: used in Victorian times for a small box intended to hold things of value, such as postage stamps.
Caso: Dodecanese Sea, Aegean island, between Turkey and Greece; 1912-pre: used stamps of Turkey, 1912: No.1, 2 centesimi orange-brown, overprint "Caso" on stamps of Italy, 1916: first stamps without overprints, 1920: Turkey ceded group to Italy, 1929: general Aegean Islands issue, 1930, 1932: two sets overprinted for island issued, 1943, Sept.: became part of Greece, 1943: reoccupied by German forces, 1945: liberated by Allied forces, 1945, May 21: British post offices opened, stamps of Britain overprinted "M.E.F." (Middle East Forces), when islands transferred to Greece: see M.E.F., Middle East Forces, 1947: British post offices closed, stamps of Greece overprinted "S.D.D." (Dodecanese Military Occupation); see S.D.D., 1947, summer: stamps of Greece used.
Caspary, Alfred H.: (1878-1955) American collector who specialized in classic stamps of the world, auction catalogs with his material are used as reference works.
Caspe: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937.
Cassa de la Delva: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937.
Cassos: see Calchi.
Castagna: (It.) rust (color).
Castalla: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937.
Casta√ɬĪo: (Sp.) chestnut (color).
Casta√ɬĪo Oxidado: (Sp.) rust (color).
Castellar: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937.
Castellcir: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937.
Castellet de Lobreget: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937.
Castellorizo, Castelrosso: island in the Mediterranean Sea, east of Rhodes, near Greece; Currency: 20 centimes = 1 piaster, 100 centimes = 1 franc, 1915, Dec. 15: occupied by France, 1920, June 19: No.1, 1 centime gray, stamps of France overprinted "O.N.F. Castellorizo" (Occupation Navale Fran'ais), "B.N.F. Castellorizo" (Base Navale Fran'ais), "O.F. Castelrosso" (Occupation Fran'ais), 1920, Aug. 10: ceded to Italy, 1922, July 11: "Castelrosso" overprint on stamps of Italy, 1945: ceded to Greece, 1946, Aug. 21: British post offices opened, 1947, March 31: British post offices closed.
Castelltersol: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937.
Castelnau-Barnes Post: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971.
Castelon de la Plana: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937.
Castiglione d'Intelvi: (It.) city in Italy, local post, Italian Social Republic, 1945.
Castillo: (Sp.) castle, thematic subject.
Castle & Victoria Bridge Tramway Company: United Kingdom postal strike; locals, 1971.
Castlemore: bogus, fantasy stamp from Ireland.
Castuera: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937.
Casuta postala: (Rom.) post office box.
Cat: auction firm abbreviation for catalog value.
Catalanistas: (Sp.) propaganda labels issued by Catalan separatists promoting campaign for autonomy, 1899.
Catalog(ue): priced listing of philatelic material, or auction catalog, usually in country alphabetical order.
Catalog(ue) Number: number assigned by a catalog publisher to each individual stamp.
Catalog(ue) Value: the price established by a recognized postage stamp catalog for a stamp is known as the catalog value of the stamp; used as a guide for retail or wholesale prices.
Catálogo: (It., Port.) catalog.
Catalogo d'Asta: (It.) auction catalog.
Catálogo de Subasta: (Sp.) auction catalog.
Catalogo Unificado: (Sp.) stamp catalog produced by a consortium of Spanish stamp dealers.
Catalogue d'Encan: (Fr.) auction catalog.
Catalogue du Timbres-Poste: (Fr.) first stamp catalog, issued y Alfred Potiquet, December 21, 1861.
Catalogului: (Rom.) catalog.
Cataluna, Catalonia: province in Spain, used Spanish Carlist stamps in 1874.
Catapulte: (Fr.) see Catapult Mail.
Catapult Mail: "Ship to Shore" mail carried by light aircraft catapulted from the deck of ships about 600 miles from land to save hours of docking time, 1920s-30s, introduced by French postal authorities on Aug. 12, 1928.
Catcher Post Offices: mail catchers and cranes used for exchange of mail between trains and railway post offices where trains do not stop at the station, 1873-1974.
Caterson Brotz & Co.: playing card stamp inscription; see Private Die Proprietary Stamps.
Cat Island: fantasy stamp from American Journal of Philately, 1890s.
Cats: a mail service in Liege, Belgium in 1879, discontinued when cats refused to cooperate.
Cat's Eye: Brazilian stamps issued from 1854-61.
Cattaro: part of Dalmatia during Austrian Empire, now mart of Montenegro; 1941-43: occupied by Italy, 1943-45: occupied by Germany, 1944: stamps of Italy and Yugoslavia overprinted by German occupation forces; also known as Kotor.


(Data Above sourced from "Ask Phil" and other sources. Last edit 5/Aug/2008 Amhazing)

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Cauca: Department of Colombia; issued provincial post stamps 1879-90, inscribed "no hay estampillas" (No Stamp Available) and "Manuel e Jimenez" are considered receipt labels.
Caudete: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937.
Caury: unit of currency used in Republic of Guinea.
Cavalla(e): now port in Greece on Aegean Sea, known as Kavalla; 1874, Jan.: French post office opened; stamps used with "5156" cancel, 1893: No.1, 5 centimes green, overprint and inscription "Cavalle" on stamps of France, Offices in Turkish Empire, 1912: occupied by Bulgaria, from Turkey during First Balkan War, 1913: occupied by Greece, Greek overprint on stamps of Bulgaria, prior to stamps of Greece, 1914, Aug.: French post office closed.
Cavalla: city in the Ottoman Empire, Egypt, Interpostal Seals used 1868, see Interpostal Seals.
Cavallini: (It.) Little Horsemen; 1818, Nov. 17-1820: tax stamps impressed on letter sheets used in the Kingdom of Sardinia; sum paid did not cover postage for delivery, but delivered without additional postage as a courtesy to sender.
Cavan & Leitrim & Roscommon Light Railway: Ireland local post.
Cavan & Leitrim Railway: Ireland local post.
Cave: 1: Ceylon control overprint to prevent theft. 2: USPS postage stamp mail order center in Kansas City, Mo., located in former salt mines.
Caverly's Express: local baggage firm service parts of Brooklyn and New York City, used a label, year unknown.
Caxas: (Sp.) regional postal administrations established by Spain in Havana, Mexico City, Guatemala City, Buenos Aires and Lima for its colonies, 1764.
Cayes of Belize: Belize offshore islands; 1984, May 30; No.1, 1c multi, first stamp, very little postal usage since Belize stamps used.
Cayman Islands: islands in the Caribbean Sea, northwest of Jamaica; Currency: 12 pence = 1 shilling, 20 shillings = 1 pound, 100 cents = 1 dollar (1969) 18th century: British colony, 1863: administered by Jamaica, 1877, Apr.1: joined the UPU as an Overseas Territory of Great Britain, 1889, Apr.: used stamps of Jamaica, 1900, Nov.: No.1, 1/2 penny green, first stamps issued, 1917, Feb. 26: first war tax stamp issued, surcharged "War Stamp," 1962, Nov. 28: became a Crown Colony.
Cayman Islands: inscription, Rich People, David Horry unissued Great Britain cinderella, 2001.
Caymanöarna: (Swed.) Cayman Islands.
Cayman √ɬłerne: (Dan.) the Cayman Islands.
Cazalla de la Sierra: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist forces, 1936-37.
Cazinska Krajina: rebel state of Bihac, Bosnia, local post overprint, 1993-95.
Cazoria: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1936-37.
CB: 1: Scott Catalogue prefix to identify air post semipostal stamps. 2: Cape Breton, when used in a postmark. 3: Correspondence Baloise (Fr.) pre-adhesive postmark for mail from Basel, Switzerland. 4: USPS term for convertible book, pane of stamps having a peel off strip that can be removed so as to fold the pane into booklet form. 5: Central Bi'être (Fr.) Central Prison, 1792. 6: Cyons Brown, French cancel or revenue stamp overprint for face powder product, 1915-16.
C.B.N.: Canadian Bank Note Co., printer of Canada's Customs Duty stamps, etc.
CBO: Scott Catalogue prefix to identify air post semipostal official stamps.
C. Bravos: district overprint used on stamps of Mexico during 1856-1883 for Ciudad Bravos.
CBRS: Charles Brooke Raja Sarawak, letters in four corners on first stamps of Sarawak; Brooke made Rajah of Sarawak after he helped put down a rebellion in 1841.
CC: 1: cut cancel. 2: corner card. 3: Crown Colonies watermark. 4: corner crease. 5: crash cover. 6: Correspondance Cantonale (Fr.) canton mail, known used in Belgium, 1847. 7: "Cs" surmounted by crown, Post Office of the King, Charles X,1825-30.
C.C.B.: Charles C. Brumm, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher Initials, Siderographer.
CCC: Collectors Club of Chicago, founded 1928.
CCCP: now Russia, Cyrillic inscription on stamps of the USSR (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics), Aug. 19, 1933, first usage
C.C.D.: Civil Censorship Department.
C.Ch.: overprint on stamps of French Colonies for Cochin China.
C.C.N.: overprint on stamps of French Colonies for Cochin China.
CCNY: Collectors Club of New York.
C.C.P.: 1: Collectors Club Philatelist (Journal of the CCNY), 2: abbreviation for chèque-postal, (Fr.) payment through postal checking account.
CCPS: Christopher Columbus Philatelic Society.
C.C.T.A.: Commission for Technical Cooperation in Africa, south of the Sahara.
C.C.V.: Compagnia Corrieri Veneti (It.) Venetian Couriers Company, pre-adhesive postmark.
CD: 1: Convict Department, South Australia official overprint, 1868-74. 2: correspondence locale distribution (Fr.) local letters posted at smaller ofices,1833-58.
CDC: Continuous Die Cut
C. de B: Clyde V. DeBinder, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher Initials, Siderographer.
C.de E.: Correspondencia d'Espana (Sp.) Spanish correspondence.
C. De Pesos: Philippines money unit; centimos in 1864; centavos in 1876.
CDS, cds: see Circular Date Stamp.
CE: 1: Scott Catalogue prefix to identify air mail special delivery stamps. 2: Canada East, when used in a postmark.
CEA: European Confederation of Agriculture.
CECA: European Coal and Steel Community, seen on Europa stamps.
Cech: (Czech.) Czech.
Cechy: (Czech.) Bohemia.
Cechy a Morava: inscription on stamps of Czechoslovakia, Bohemia and Morävia, 1939-44.
Cecograma: (Sp.) letter for the blind written in Braille; see Carta Cecografica.
Cecoslovacchia: (It.) Czechoslovakia.
Cedex: pre-sorting facility in France, offered to large French firms, usually as part of the address.
Cedi: unit of currency used in Ghana.
CEEA: European Community for Atomic Energy, seen on Europa stamps.
C.E.F.: 1: Cameroons Expeditionary Force; Cameroon surcharge on stamps of German Cameroun, British Occupation, 1915. 2: overprint on stamps of India for China Expeditionary Force, first issue in Boxer Rebellion, 1900; see China Expeditionary Force.
Cefalonia: see Cephalonia and Ithaca.
C.E.F. Siberia: Canadian Expeditionary Forces, Siberia, 1918.
CEH: European Time Table Conference.
Ceh: (Rom.) Czech (adj.).
Cehoslovac: (Rom.) Czechoslovakian (adj.).
Celanova: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist forces, 1937.
Celebes: see Netherlands Indies.
Celebrate the Century: series of ten US sheets of 15 stamps each issued between 1998 and 2000 each for a different decade of American events.
Celebrity Covers: covers addressed to a famous person.
Celestia: bogus issue for United Nations of Outer Space.
Celina: (Czech.) postal card(s).
Celina √ÉŇ°stredn√ɬ≠ Soci√ɬ°ln√ɬ≠ Pojistovny: (Czech.) postcard for ordering into the central social security system.
Celiny: (Czech.) postal stationary entires.
Celistvost(i): (Czech.) cover(s) and / or other postal history items.
Celistvosti-Husita: (Czech.) refers to the covers and / or other postal history items from the Czechoslovakia 1920 "Hussite Priest" definitive issues.
Celistvosti-Hradcany: (Czech.) refers to the covers and / or other postal history items from the Czechoslovakia 1918-1920 definitive series depicting the "Hradcany" castle in Prague.
Celistvosti-Koncentracní Tabory: (Czech.) refers to the covers and / or other postal history items representing the WWII German concentration camps.
Celistvosti-Koncentracní Tabory / Auschwitz-Birkenau: (Czech.) refers to the covers and / or other postal history items representing the WWII concentration camps at Auschwitz in S Poland ca. 35 miles W of Kraków, and the nearby village of Birkenau.
Celistvosti-Koncentracní Tabory / Buchenwald: (Czech.) refers to the covers and/or other postal history items representing the WWII concentration camp at Buchenwald, Thuringia province, central Germany near Weimar.
Celistvosti-Koncentracn√ɬ≠ Tabory / Ravensbr√ɬľck: (Czech.) refers to the covers and/or other postal history items representing the WWII concentration camp at Ravensbr√ɬľck, Brandenburg province, in NE Germany N of Berlin.
Celistvosti-Koncentracní Tabory / Majdanek: (Czech.) refers to the covers and/or other postal history items representing the WWII Majdanek concentration camp near Lublin, ca 95 miles SE of Warsaw, Poland.
Celistvosti-Koncentracní Tabory / Stutthof: (Czech.) refers to the covers and / or other postal history items representing the WWII concentration camp at Stutthof, in the area of Danzig.
Celistvosti-Koncentracní Tabory / Terezín: (Czech.) refers to the covers and / or other postal history items representing the WWII concentration camp at Terezín Bohemia. Operated as a model camp, the inmates were issued special stamps for the free franking of parcels; the stamps were forwarded to internee family and / or friends for free-franking use on parcels; parcels not franked with these stamps were not delivered.
Celistvosti-Legionárské: (Czech.) refers to the covers and / or other postal history items from the Czechoslovakia 1919 regular semi-postal issues sold for the benefit of Legionnaires' orphans.
Celistvosti-Letecke: (Czech.) refers to airmail / flight covers, first flight covers, souvenir flight covers, and other aerophilatelic memorabilia.
Celistvosti-Podkarpatská Rus: (Czech.) refers to the pre-20th century pre-adhesive folded-letters, envelope-letters and / or other postal history items emanating from the Russian occupation of the Carpatho-Ukraine, the area having been given several names during the various occupations periods The area includes the extreme W administrative division of the Ukraine; reorganized in post-WWII from territory ceded to the USSR by Czechoslovakia (1945).
Celistvosti-Polní Posta: (Czech.) refers to the covers and / or other postal history items representing military field post usage
Celistvosti-Posta Ceskoslovenska 1919: (Czech.) refers to the covers and / or other postal history items from the "Posta / Ceskoslovenska / 1919" overprints on Austrian stamps semi-postal issues.
Celistvosti-Predznamkove Dopisy: (Czech.) refers to the pre-20th century pre- adhesive folded-letters, envelope-letters and / or other postal history items which may, or may not, include post office markings.
Celistvosti-Protektorát Cechy a Moravia: (Czech.) refers to the covers and / or other postal history originating with the postage stamp issues of 1939-1945 Bohemia and Moravia, see Protektorát Cechy a Moravia.
Celistvosti-Skautsé: (Czech.) refers to the covers and / or other postal history items From the 7 November 1918 10 H(eller) and 20 H local Czechoslovakian "Lion" stamps Issued with "Posta / Ceskych Skauta" and "ve Sluzbach / Narodny Vlady" inscriptions ("Czech Boy Scout Post / in National Government Service").
Celistvosti-SO 1920: (Czech.) refers to the covers and / or other postal history items of the "SO / 1920" overprints on the 1918-1920 Czechoslovakia stamps issued for occupied Eastern Silesia. The territory was later divided between Czechoslovakia and Poland through the city of Teschen; see Ceskoslovenska Polní Posta-Tesínko.
Celistvosti-Sudety: (Czech.) refers to the covers and / or other postal history items representing the 1938-1945 German occupation of the Sudetenland (q.v.).
Celistvosti-Zepelinová Posta: (Czech.) refers to Zeppelin mail covers.
Cement: early stamps of Great Britain advised, "In wetting the back be careful not to remove the cement"; known today as the gum.
CEN: Comite Européen de Normalisation (Fr.) European Standards Organization; has a committee on establishing postal standards (CEN TC 331) for all European nations; as of 2001, over 5,000 standar ds were available.
Cenrage: (Fr.) centering.
Censored by the I.R.A.: rubber stamp marking applied in Ireland, 1916-21.
Censored Mail (mark): a cover with a hand-stamp, manuscript or label indicating that the contents have been opened, read and censored, handstamped markings were used during the Boer War, 1899-1902; special censored labels date from World War 1, handstamped marks were used in subsequent wars.
Censorship: the examination of anything communicated to find and suppress language deemed to be objectionable on moral, political, military or other grounds.
Censorship Dept.: Egyptian censor's round stamp, WW II.
Censura: (Sp.) censorship.
Censurada: (Sp.) censored.
Censura Gubernativa: (Sp.) government censor.
vCensura Militar: (Sp.) military censor.
Censurar (en) Destino: (Sp.) to be censored at destination.
Censuré: (Fr.) censored, censorship, censor (mark).
Cenus: (Rom.) grey (color).
Census Marks: see Dumb Cancellation.
Cenusiu: (Rom.) ash-grey (color).
Cent: smallest unit of currency in many nations.
Centaur Co.: US medicine stamp inscription; see Private Die Proprietary Stamps.
Centenaire Algerie: (Fr.) inscription for centenary of Algeria.
Centenaire du Gabon: (Fr.) centenary of Gabon.
Centenario de Ciudad de Vi√ɬĪa del Mar: (Sp.) 100 years of the city of Vi√ɬĪa del Mar on semipostal stamp of Chile, 1974.
Centenary International Philatelic Exhibition: CIPEX; international stamp show held in New York City, N.Y., 1947.
Center: the stamp's most prominent feature, whether a portrait, bust, or a numeral.
Center Frame: the framework surrounding the center, usually forming a feature of the design.
Centering: stamp design location on the piece of paper it is printed on; if the margins outside the design are exactly equal, it is called a "perfectly centered stamp."
Center Inverted: a production error in which the center of the stamp is inverted with respect to the frame. In many cases, the error is actually the result of the frame bring printed incorrectly and the errors technically should be known as inverted frames.
Center Lines: printing guidelines which divide a sheet of US stamps into four panes.
Center Line Block: a block of stamps enclosing the crossing point of the vertical and horizontal guidelines; on early US issues, one of the most valuable blocks on a sheet of stamps, second only to the plate number blocks.
Center Misplaced: usually the result of faulty registration during multi-color printing.
Center Omitted: the error is so obvious that examples are considered as printer's waste, however, some non-US stamps were actually issued with missing centers.
Centerport: local post, US, New York.
Centesimi: Italy currency overprint on stamps of Austria.
Centesimi di Corona: surcharge on stamps of Italy, Italian Occupation of Austria (Dalmatia, Trentino and Venezia Giulia), 1921.
Centimes: 1: Austria currency overprint, offices in Crete. 2: overprint on stamps of Germany, currency unit, offices in Turkey. 3: currency unit in many countries.
Centimes à per'evoir: (Fr.) (plus numeral, no country name); Guadeloupe, France, French Colonies, postage due.
Centimo: unit of currency used in many Spanish-language countries.
Centimos: currency overprint on stamps of France and Germany, Offices in Morocco.
Centrado: (Sp.) centered.
Centrafricaine Republique: (Fr.) Central African Republic, Western Africa.
Centrafricaine: (Fr.) Central African. Centrage: (Fr.) centering.
Centraje: (Sp.) centered.
Central African Federation: Federation of Northern / Southern Rhodesia, Nyasaland, 1953-63.
Central African Republic: central Africa, north of the Democratic Republic of the Congo; Official name of Postal Administration: Office National des Postes et de l'épargne Currency: 100 centimes = 1 franc 1892: stamps of French Congo, 1907: stamps of Middle Congo, 1915: stamps of Middle Congo overprinted "Oubangui-Chari-Tchad" for Ubangi-Shari and Tchad, 1916: first semi-postal stamp, 1922, Nov.: overprint changed to "Oubangi-Chari" and Tchad, 1924: stamps of Chad, Gabon, Middle Congo and Ubangi-Shari overprinted "Afrique Equatorial Francaise," 1928: first postage due as Ubangi-Shari, 1931: first commemorative as Ubangi-Shari, 1936, March: first issue of stamps of "Afrique Equatorial Francaise," used on stamps of Gabon, 1958, Dec. 1: with independence, changed name to Central African Republic, 1959, Dec. 1: No.1, 15 francs multicolor, first stamps issued, 1960, Aug. 13: fully independent, 1960, Sept. 3: first air mail stamp issued, 1961, June 28: joined the UPU, 1962, Jan. 1: first military stamp issued, 1962, Apr. 7: first semipostal stamp issued, 1962, Oct. 15: first postage due stamp issued, 1964, Mar. 7: air mail semipostal stamp issued, 1965: first official stamp issued, 1976, Dec.4: changed name to Central African Empire, 1977: first official, air mail stamps issued as Empire, 1979, Sept. 20: became the Central African Republic again, 2003: new government established; see Chad, Gabonaise Republique.
Central Albania: 1914, Jan-1916: provisional regime, Austria took over in 1916; see Epirus.
Centrala Lithuaen: (Swed.) Central Lithuania
Central-litauen: (Dan., Nor.) Central Lithuania.
Central America: consists of the land between Mexico and Colombia; consists of Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and Panama.
Central American Steamship Co.: local post, West Indies, 1886.
Centralamerika: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) Central America.
Central Annam: Viet Minh government, North Vietnam, 1950-52.
Central China: 1949: central Chinese Liberation Area established; included the provinces of Honan (Aug. 1949), Hupeh (June 4, 1949), Hunan (1949), and Kiangsi (June 20, 1949); separate issues for the regions were issued.
Central Express: railroad package express firm operated by the Central Railroad Company of New Jersey; used corner cards and labels; 1869-87.
Central-litauen: (Dan., Nor.) Central Lithuania.
Centrala Lithuaen: (Swed.) Central Lithuania
Central Lithuania: area between Poland, Lithuania and Russia (Vilnius Republic) Currency: 100 fennigi = 1 markka 1915-pre: under Russian rule, 1915: stamps of Germany overprinted for Lithuania, 1918, Dec.: regular Lithuanian stamps used, 1919, Mar. 4: overprinted stamps of Russia, 1920, Oct. 9: occupied by Polish forces, issued own stamps, postage due stamp, 1921: No.1, 25 fennigi red, first semipostal stamp issued, 1922, Apr. 16: annexed to Poland, 1939, Oct.: occupied by Soviet forces, overprint on stamps of Lithuania "Vilnius 1939-X-10," 1940, July 21: stamps of Lithuania overprinted "LTSR 21 VII 1940" Lietuvos Tarbu Socialistine Respublika; Lithuanian Socialist Soviet Republic, 1940, Aug.3: incorporated into the Soviet Union, used stamps of Russia; see Russia, 1990: became independent.
Central London L.S.: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971.
Central Litauen: (Dan.) Central Lithuania.
Centralni Litva: (Czech.) Central Lithuania.
Central Overland California & Pike's Peak Express: private post firm operated between St. Joseph, Mo. and San Francisco, Calif., used labels, 1860
Central Post Office: US local post handstamp, New York, N.Y., 1856.
Central States of Somali: bogus, no postal value.
Central Taxis of Dover: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971.
Central Tranvias: (Sp.) postmark for mail received from trams at Madrid central post office.
Central Wales & Carmarthen Junction Railway: Wales local post.
Centrar: (Sp.) centering.
Centrato: (It.) centered.
Centratura: (It.) centering.
Centre(é): (British, Fr.) center.
Centrerat: (Swed.) centered.
Centro: (Sp., It.) center.
Cents: 1: (with crown) Straits Settlements currency overprint on stamps of India. 2: overprint on stamps of Russia, offices in China.
Centu: currency unit in Memel, 1923.
Century of Progress: US stamps issued for the 1933 Century of Progress Exposition in Chicago
Cenzurirano: (Slovenian) censored.
Cephalonia and Ithaca: Islands in the Ionian Sea off west coast of Greece; 1941: overprint on stamps of Greece by Italy with Italia / Occupazione Militare/Italiana isole / Cefalonia e Itaca, Italian Military Occupation of the Islands of Cephalonia and Ithaca, then general occupation issues, 1941: first postage due, air mail stamps issued, 1943: German occupation overprint used for eight days, 1943: stamps of Greece used; see Ionian Islands, Italy.
CEPT: Conference of European Postal and Telecommunications Administrations.
Cerdanyola: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937.
Cerde√ɬĪa: (Sp.) Sardinia.
Ceremony Program: card or folder detailing program at first day or stamp unveiling ceremony.
Ceres: goddess of the harvest; 1849: illustrated on first stamps of France, 1856-78: depicted on the Argentine province of Corrientes, 1912: design used by Portugal.
Ceres, S.S.: steamship of the Danube Steam Navigation Company built for the Upper Danube Lines; used ship's marking on mail, 1850s.
Cereza: (Sp.) cerise (color).
Cerigo / Occupazione Militare Italiana: (It.) Italian Military Occupation of Cerigo; private overprint on stamps of Greece, Ionian Islands.
CERN: (Fr.) Centra Européen pour la Recherche Nucléaire, European Center for Nuclear Research.
Cerná, Cerny: (Czech.) black (color) (adj.).
Cerna Hora: (Czech.) Montenegro.
Cernauti: overprint on semipostal stamps of Romania for the occupation of Cernauti, Bucovina, Aug. 1941.
Cerneala: (Rom.) ink.
Cernofialová: (Czech.) black-violet, black-purple (color).
Cernohnedá: (Czech.) black-brown (color).
Cernosedá: (Czech.) black-violet, blackish-grey (color).
Cerrado y Selado: (Sp.) closed and sealed, Mexican registration label.
Certificado: (Sp.) registered.
Certificado de Autenticidad: (Sp.) certificate from a recognized authority certifying the genuineness of a philatelic item.
Certificate: when issued by an acknowledged expert, or group of experts, it gives credence to the authenticity and condition of a stamp.
Certificate of Authenticity: certificate from a recognized authority certifying the genuineness of a philatelic item.
Certificate of Mailing: a receipt prepared by the mailer as proof of mailing, USPS term.
Certified Mail: 1: US 15¬Ę stamp, June 6, 1955, first use of Certified Mail in world, not valid for postage. 2: called Recorded Delivery in Britain. 3: mail for which a receipt is given to the sender at time of mailing.
Certifying Stamp: hand or rubber stamp applied to official mail to certify that it is on official business; used in Great Britain and some Commonwealth countries from the start of Penny Postage until 1983.
Cervantes: nickname for official stamp issue of Spain, Apr. 22, 1916.
Cerven: (Czech.) June.
Cervenec: (Czech.) July.
Cervená: (Czech.) red (color).
Cervenofialová: (Czech.) red-violet, red-purple (color).
Cervenohnedá: (Czech.) red-brown (color).
Cervenooranzová: (Czech.) red-orange (color).
Cerveny Kriz: (Czech.) Red Cross.
Cervera: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937.
Ceska Republika, Cesky: (Czech.) Czech Republic, Czech (adj.). Proclaimed in 1992, becoming effective in 1993.
Ceská Socialistická Republika: (Czech.) Czech Socialist Republic. Post WWII government, with federal constitution adopted in 1968. New government formed in 1989; divided effective 1 January 1993 into the two separate countries of the Czech Republic and Slovakia.
Ceskoslovenska: (Czech.) overprint on stamps of Austria for Czechoslovakia, semipostals.
Ceskoslovenska Interbrigády ve Spanelsku: (Czech.) refers to Czechoslovakian volunteer brigade postal history from the 1936-1939 Spanish Civil War.
Ceskoslovenska polní posta-Anglii: (Czech.) refers to the Czechoslovakian military forces in WWII-era Great Britain postal history.
Ceskoslovenska Polní Posta-Slovensko: (Czech.) refers to the Czechoslovakian Army in the WWI-era Slovakia fieldpost postal history.
Ceskoslovenska Polní Posta-Tesínko: (Czech.) (Ger. Teschen) refers to the Czechoslovakian Army in the WWI-era Tesínko (now Cesky Tesín) fieldpost postal history. Czechoslovakia and Poland disputed the territory, known as Eastern Silesia (q.v.), with portions being occupied in 1919 by the Czechs. The region was divided between the two nations by the 1920 Conference of Ambassadors, with the Czech section being ceded to Poland during the 1938 German-Czech crisis. After the 1920 division, the capital city of Teschen, divided by the Olsa River, was renamed, with the Czech city being Cesky Tesín, and the Polish city being Cieszyn; see Celistvosti - SO 1920.
Ceskoslovenska Republika: (Czech.) 1. Czechoslovakian Republic. 2. private overprint on stamps of Austria, Czechoslovakia.
Cesko Slovenska (Statni) Posta: (Czech.) unofficial issue on stamps of Austria or Hungary.
Ceskoslovenska Vojsko na Rusi: (Czech.) refers to the Czechoslovakian Army in the WWI-era Russia fieldpost postal history.
Ceskoslovenska vojsko ve Francii: (Czech.) refers to the Czechoslovakian Army in the WWI-era France fieldpost postal history.
Ceskoslovenska Vojsko v Itálii: (Czech.) refers to the Czechoslovakian Army in the WWI-era Italy fieldpost postal history.
Ceskoslovenske Armady Sibirske: (Czech.) Czech army post in Siberia.
Ceskoslovenske Vojsko na Rusi: (Czech.) Czechoslovak Legion in Siberia, Dec. 1919.
Ceskoslovensko, Ceskoslovensky: (Czech.) Czechoslovakia, Czechoslovakian (adj.). Republic formed in 1918 by Czechs and Slovaks from territories previously administered by the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
Cesko Slovensky Stat: (Czech.) private overprint on stamps of Austria.
Cesky: (Czech.) Czech.
Ceskych Skautu: (Czech.) Czech Scouts inscription on Czechoslovakia issue in Oct. 1918; Boy Scouts distributed mail.
C. est de N.: Cartas Estrangeiros de Navios (Port.) foreign ship letter,1835.
Cestoda: British fantasy label.
Ceuta: see Spain.
Ceylan: (Fr., Sp.) Ceylon.
Ceylon: island in Indian Ocean, south of India, now Sri Lanka; Currency: 100 cents = 1 rupee (1872), 12 pence = 1 shilling 1795-post: ruled by Great Britain, 1802: made a Crown Colony by Great Britain, 1813: first handstamps, 1845: mail routed through India, 1857: No.1, 1 pence, blue, first stamp issued, 1869: first official stamp issued, 1918: first War Tax stamp issued, 1948, Feb. 4: Ceylon became independent within British Commonwealth, 1949, July 13: rejoined the UPU, 1956, May 10: first semipostal stamp, 1972, May 22: independent, named Republic of Sri Lanka.
Ceylon: 1: inscription "the F-word" unissued Great Britain cinderella by David Horry, 2001. 2: inscription Tamil Tiger, unissued Great Britain cinderella by David Horry, 2001.
CF: 1: Scott Catalogue prefix to identify air mail registration stamps. 2: Communauté Fran'aise (Fr.) French community. 3: Canadian Flight covers. 4: Correspondance Fran'aise, Colonies Fran'aises (Fr.) French Correspondence; French Colonies.
C.F.A.: 1: overprint on stamps of France for Colonies Fran'aises d'Afrique, currency in French African francs, 1945. 2: overprint on French issues for Reunion. 3: overprint on stamps of France for Communauté Financière Africaine (Fr.) Community of French Africa, 1960.
C.F.A. Franc: (French African Community franc) unit of currency in Benin, Burkino Faso, Cameroun, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Mali, New Caledonia, Niger Republic, Senegal, Togo.
C.F.C.: Compagnia Fedelissima dei Corrieri (It.) Company of Most Reliable Couriers, private courier organization, Venice, 1771-92.
C.F.M.: Charles F. Malloy, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher Initials, Siderographer.
C.F.P. Franc: (French Pacific Community franc) unit of currency used in French Polynesia, New Caledonia, Wallis & Futuna.
C.F.P.O.(S): see Canadian Forces Post Office(s).
C.F.P.U.: see Canadian Forces Postal Unit.
C.F.R.N.A.: the French-owned Cie. Franco-Roumaine de Navigation Aérienne airline, which conducted several international pioneer first flights in the early 1920s.
C.G.H.: used in Cape of Good Hope, complicated parallel line design to prevent washing of stamp for reuse, 1853-63.
C.G.H.S: Commission de Gouvernment Haute Silésie (Government of Upper Silesia) overprint on official stamps of Germany, for Upper Silesia, 1920-21.
C.G.R.: Cape Government Railways; overprint on stamps for railway mail from Caledon, Cape Province, 1911-12.
C Grill: grill used on US stamps in the 19th century.
C.G.T.: "Compagnie Generale Transatlantique" General Transatlantic Company, a French packet company that brought mail to and from the Danish West Indies, etc.
CH: 1: (followed by Oriental characters) Korea. 2: Colombla-SCADTA consular overprint for Chile. 3: (Fr.) abbreviation for "charnière(s)" hinge(s), hinged. 4: Court House, found in some early US postmarks. 5: House of Commons. 6: Correspondance Hollandaise (Fr.) Dutch, 1809. 7: surcharge on stamps of Iran, 1928. 8: international postal code for Switzerland.
Chabacano, Repoblik de: bogus labels for fictional republic in the Philippines, 1966.
Chabas: city in Egypt, Interpostal Seals used 1880-82, see Interpostal Seals.
Chachapoyas: overprint on stamps of Peru during war with Chile, 1884.
Chad: Central Africa, south of Libya; Official name of Postal Administration: Soci√©t√© Tchadienne des Postes et de l'‚Äįpargne (STPE) Currency: 100 centimes = 1 franc 1897-1914: occupied by France, used stamps of French Congo and Middle Congo, 1905-pre: military (free) franchise in effect, 1910: territories of Ubangi-Shari, Chad, Middle Congo and Gabon federated, but postal services remained separate, 1915: stamps of Middle Congo overprinted for use in Oubangui-Chari and Tchad, 1920, Mar.17: became separate French colony, 1922, Nov: "Tchad" overprint on stamps of Middle Congo, No.1, 1 centime red-violet, "Afrique Equatoriale Fran'aise" overprint added with Tchad, 1928: first postage due stamp issued, 1934: colonies of Chad, Gabon, Middle Congo and Ubangi-Shari grouped as French Equatorial Africa, 1936-59: used stamps of French Equatorial Africa, 1958, Nov. 28: inscription "Republique du Tchad" as independent state in the French Union, 1959, Nov. 28: first stamps issued as Republic of Chad, 1960, Aug. 11: independence from France, 1960, Dec. 15: first air mail stamp issued, 1961, June 23: joined the UPU, 1962, Apr. 7: first semipostal stamp issued, 1964, Mar. 9: first air mail semipostal stamp issued, 1965: first military stamp issued, 1966: first official stamp issued.
Chad: little bit of paper punched out during perforating process.
Chad to Rhine: march during World War II; common design on stamps of the French Community of Nations, 1946.
Chaferinas Islands: see Spain.
Chahar: province in North China Liberation Area, 1937.
Chahi: unit of currency used in Persia (Iran).
Chain-Breakers: 1919 issues of Slovenia, man breaking chains in newfound freedom.
Chainmail: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971.
Chair: (Fr.) flesh (color).
Chakasia: bogus Russian local post overprint.
Chala: town on southern coast of Peru; overprint on stamps of Peru, provisional issue, 1884.
Chalco: overprint used on stamps of Mexico for this district during 1856-1883.
Chalcography: act of engraving a design on copper or brass for use as an intaglio printing plate.
Chalka: city in Egypt, Interpostal Seals used 1879-80, see Interpostal Seals.
Chalki: see Greece.
Chalk Paper: stamp paper which has a coating of chalk or clay on the surface, introduced by De La Rue to prevent reuse of stamps after washing off cancel, 1902.
Chalky Paper: whiter paper used on British stamps to improve their appearance, should not be soaked because design may deteriorate, April 1962.
Chalmers, James: (1782-1853) unsuccessful British claimant as inventor of the postage stamp.
Chalon Heads: Alfred Chalon's coronation bust portrait of Queen Victoria appears on many British Dominions and Colonies issues.
Chalons-sur-Marne: local post provisional, France, 1944.
Chaluf-el-Taraba: city in Egypt, Interpostal Seals used 1868, see Interpostal Seals.
Chamba: northern India Convention State; 1846: became independent of Kashmir, 1886: No.1, 1/2 anna green, first stamps with "Chamba State" overprint valid throughout India, 1886: first official stamp issued, 1950, Apr.1: Republic of India convention states stamps used, 1950, Dec. 31: convention states stamps no longer valid, 1951, Jan. 1: overprint on stamps of British India for use to any point in British India.
Chambery: local post provisional, France, 1944.
Chambon Press: web-fed press that uses continuous paper, with built-in perforating capability; used in Australia.
Chameleon Paper: security paper with a pigmentation that changes with attempts to remove the cancellation.
Chamois: (Fr.) buff (color).
Chamousset, Claude-Humbert Piarron de: established La Petite Poste, the small post, in Paris with 117 carriers and made deliveries three times a day, 1758.
Champion of Champions (C of C): Grand Award winners from APS World Series (national) stamp shows are eligible to compete in the annual C of C competition.
Championship Class: International Federation of Philately (FIP) exhibit category from any class of exhibiting, that received 95 or more points in any three separate years during previous ten years.
Champions of Liberty: series of US stamps honoring foreign nationals who sought freedom in their homelands, 1950s-60s.
Champion, Theodore: French dealer who specialized in rarities and had several monarchs as his client, 1873-1954.
Champlain Press: used by J.W. Fergusson & Sons, a subcontractor for Stamp Venturers, prints using a layout of 13 rows of 33 stamps
Chan: catalogue of stamps of China.
Chandawil: city in Egypt, Interpostal Seals used 1884, see Interpostal Seals.
Chandernagore: see India.
Changeling: an ink color change due to exposure to bright light, chemical fumes, heat or other causes; greens, reds, violets and yellows are especially prone to change.
Chankianshih (Kwangchowwan): see China.
Channel Islands: south of Great Britain, east of France, British crown dependency comprised of Alderney, Brechou, Guernsey, Herm, Jersey, Jethou and Sark; 1840, May 8: first stamps, those of Great Britain, Maltese Cross cancellations used, 1840s: handstamps in France also used during this period, 1850: captains of private ships were paid to carry mail between France and islands, mail to be deposited in movable boxes, 1940, June 30: occupied by Germany, 1940, Dec. 27-Feb. 22, 1941: Guernsey stamps bisected and used due to stamp shortage, 1941, Apr. 1: Jersey local post issue, 1941, Apr. 7: Guernsey local post issue, 1945, May 10: islands back to Britain, local post stamps valid for one year, 1945-1969: Herm island owner issued local post stamps, 1947: fiscal stamps issued, 1948, Aug. 18: Channel Islands two stamp issue, with no inscription except denomination, marking third anniversary of liberation from German occupation, 1969, Oct. 1: Jersey and Guernsey issued their own stamps, British stamps not valid, 1983, June 14: Alderney issued own stamps.
Channel Isles and Man: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971.
Channel Isles, Mail to the: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971.
Channel Mail Service: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971.
Chantada: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist forces, 1937.
Chapel Hill, N. C. Paid 5: see Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Chapman & Co. Express: local parcel firm serviced Boston and Marblehead, Mass., 1889.
Chapters, APS: local philatelic clubs, independent in their own right, which are also official chapters of the American Philatelic Society (APS); Chicago Philatelic Society has been a chapter since Oct. 10, 1887; see American Philatelic Society, APS.
Chargé (e) (Lettre, Colis): (Fr.) registered (letter, package).
Charge Marks / Labels: manuscript, stamped black figures, or labels were used for unpaid letters to indicate amount to be paid by recipient, red figures were used for paid letters, pre-1840,
Chargement: (Fr.) registration, insurance.
Charity Stamps / Stationery: non-postal validity labels resembling stamps sold by charity groups to raise funds, first used in 1860 for Garibaldi's Sicilian campaign, may be considered a cinderella. Sold at more than the inscribed face value, with the difference between the face value and the selling price used for charity work; called semipostal stamps; Great Britain sold postal stationery in 1890 for a shilling with only 1d postage, balance going to a charity for postal widows and orphans.
Charity Surcharge: overprint denoting an addition to the postage fee as a contribution to a charitable purpose.
Charkhari: Central India Feudatory State; 1894: No.1, 1 anna green, first local post stamps, 1950, Apr. 30: separate stamps discontinued, 1950, May 1: replaced by stamps of the Republic of India.
Charleroi-1911: overprint on stamps of Belgium for national anti-tuberculosis group.
Charleston: 1: city in West Virginia, home of Carriers' Stamp firms Honour's, Martin's, Steinmeyer's and Beckman posts. 2: city in South Carolina, occupied by the British from May 12, 1780 until Dec. 14, 1782.
Charleston, S.C. 5 cts, 10¬Ę: see Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Charlottesville, Va. Paid 5: see Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Charnela: (Sp.) hinge, small piece of gummed glassine or parchment paper used by collectors for mounting stamps on album pages.
Charnière: (Fr.) hinge, small piece of gummed glassine or parchment paper used by collectors for mounting stamps on album pages.
Chartered: (Eng.) licensed.
Chase & Co's Express: local post serviced New York City; used a label, year unknown.
Chase, A.W. Dr., Son & Co.: US medicine stamp inscription; see Private Die Proprietary Stamps.
Chasquis: (Sp.) runners, who carried memorized verbal messages from one relay station to the next, employed by the Spanish in Peru, 1532.
Chat: (Fr.) cat, thematic subject.
Ch√ɬĘtain: (Fr.) chestnut (color).
Chateau de Malmaison: (Fr.) label for Paris stamp exhibition, 1944.
Chateau-Renault: local post provisional, France, 1944.
Chatellerault: local post provisional, France, 1944.
Chatham Islands: islands 500 miles east of Christchurch, New Zealand; 1970, Dec.: two stamps with Chatham islands inscription valid throughout New Zealand.
Chatham Square Post Office: carrier service, independent of USPO, operated by Aaron Swarts, successor Benjamin Lockwood, 1847-56, 1856-59.
Chattanooga, Ten. Paid 5: see Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Chauchina: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist forces, 1936-37.
Chausey: Channel Island, has cachet, no postmark, no postal validity.
Cheap Postage Association: formed in 1843 calling for postal reforms, called Friends of Cheap Postage; brought lower rates in 1845.
Chechen Republic: autonomous territory within Russia; 1992: some local post stamps may have been used within area, 2002, Jan. 14: illegal labels purporting to be stamps, not valid for postage, UPU report.
Checiny: city in Poland issued local post stamps in 1919 authorized by municipal authorities.
Check Letters: letters found in the corners of the early British stamps, 1840-1902, as a precaution against forgery and re-use.
Checklist: list of stamps, usually compiled by a collector, of philatelic and thematic items that are needed.
Check Stamp: a revenue stamp usually applied to checks, used as postage in British Central Africa in 1898.
Checoslovaquia: (Sp.) Czechoslovakia.
Cheever & Towle: US local post, Boston, Mass., 1849(?).
Chefoo: local post, China treaty port, 1893-97.
Chekiang: province in the East China Liberation area, 1940.
Cheltex P.S.: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971.
Chelva: city in Spain, local post, Civil War, 1937.
Chelyabinsk: city in Siberia, Russia; 1920-22: stamps of Russian overprinted for local post use by municipal authorities.
Chembary: city in Russia, Zemstvo local post; 1874-88, see Zemstvo.
Chemically Synthetic Gum: originally used for wood glues, binders, etc., found its way into postage stamps in the 1970s; curl is controllable, but it does not stick to paper as quickly as arabic gum.
Chemical Reaction: change of color during printing process when a printing plate is wiped and chemically alters the color; result is considered printer's waste.
Chemin de Fer Electrique EB / Bruxelles á Tervueren: (Fr..) overprint for electric train between Brussels and Tervueren.
Chemin du Roi: (Fr.) (King's Way) relay stations for mail that offered lodging and changes of horse and carriage.
Chemins de Fer: (Fr.) inscription / handstamp, Belgium railway parcel post stamps, issued May 1, 1879.
Chemins de Fer de l'Etat Belge: (Fr.) Belgium state railway stamp.
Chemins de fer / Spoorwegen: (Fr./Flem.) inscription on Belgium railway parcel post stamps.
Chemnitz: local post, city in Germany, 1945-48.
Cheney & Co's Express: private mail and parcel firm serviced Boston, Mass.; New Hampshire, Vermont and Montreal, Canada; used embossed and printed corner cards, labels; 1842-66.
Cheney, Fiske & Co's Express: private mail and parcel firm serviced Boston, Mass.; New Hampshire, Vermont and Montreal, Canada; used labels, 1855-67.
Cheney, Hill & Co's Express: private mail firm serviced Boston, Mass. and New England towns; used a corner card; 1854.
Cheney, Rice & Co's Express: private mail firm serviced Boston, Mass. and New England towns into Canada; used a label, 1850s.
Cheng-chow: local post, city in Central China, 1948-49.
Cheng-yang-kwan: local post, city in East China, 1949.
Chen-Ning: local post, city in Southwest China, 1949.
Chen-Yuan: local post, city in Southwest China, 1949.
Cheque: (British) check.
Cheque Stamps: fiscal stamp inscription to confirm payable Stamp Duty; 1855-1971: used on checks, 1898: used as postage in Nyasaland, canceled by postal clerks when affixed to letters.
Cherbine: city in Egypt, Interpostal Seals used 1872-84, see Interpostal Seals.
Cherbourg: local post provisional, France, 1944.
Cherdyn: city in Russia, Zemstvo local post; 1889-1918, see Zemstvo.
Cherepovets: city in Russia, Zemstvo local post; 1869-1912, see Zemstvo.
Cherifian Local Post: semi-official local post of Morocco, 1912-13, see Morocco.
Cherkassy: city in Russia, Zemstvo local post; 1879, see Zemstvo.
Cherkes(s)ia: bogus Russian issue, not valid for postage.
Chern: city in Russia, Zemstvo local post; 1871-75, see Zemstvo.
Cherokee Nation: 1: original Cherokees lived in Ga., Ala., N. & S. Carolina, Tenn., Ky., and W. Va.; forcibly moved to Indian territory (now Oklahoma) in 1838-39. 2: bogus, island in the Rio Grande that was going to declare independence.
Cherry Blossom Stamps: Japanese issues depicting cherry blossoms as part of the design,1872.
Cherry Picking: art of buying a stamp or a cover at the seller's asking price even though you know it is worth a lot more.
Cherry Red Airline: local post, Canada,1929.
Cherry Tree P.S.: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971.
Cherubini: Italian Air Mail catalog.
Cheshire Lines Committee: British local railway post.
Cheste: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937.
Chesuncook Lake Tourists Despatch: US local post, Maine, 1886.
Chetrum: unit of currency used in Bhutan.
Cheun: unit of currency used in Bhutan.
Chewing Gum Booklet: nickname for small stamp booklets produced by Canada, 1943-53.
CHI: international postal code for Chile.
Chiapas: state in Mexico issued stamps during 1866 revolution; 1856-1883; overprint used on stamps of Mexico for this district, 1866: No.1, 1/2 real black, 1995: issued two local post stamps.
Chiaro: (It.) light (color).
Chibin-el-Anater: city in Egypt, Interpostal Seals used 1879-84, see Interpostal Seals.
Chibin-el-Com: city in Egypt, Interpostal Seals used 1868-84, see Interpostal Seals.
Chibriket: city in Egypt, Interpostal Seals used 1880-82, see Interpostal Seals.
Chicago Counterfeits: forged US 1894 2¬Ę stamps detected by Chicago Postal Inspectors from ad in paper.
Chicago Dime Express Co.: local parcel firm serviced Chicago; used a stamp, 1884-85.
Chicago Match Co.: inscription on US match stamp; see Private Die Proprietary Stamps.
Chicago Penny Post: US local post, Charles W. Mappa, formerly Floyd's Penny Post, Chicago, IL.,1862.
Chicago Perforations: imperforate stamps privately-perforated by Elijah W. Hadley, a Chicago dentist; first US stamps perforated by a true perforating machine, June 1855.
Chiclayo: "Franca" (Sp.) paid overprint on stamps of Peru for use in Chile, 1884.
Chiffre: 1: (with value in piastre) Turkey postage due. 2: (without country name) France (perforated) postage due. 3: (without country name) French Colonies (imperforate) postage due. 4: (Fr.) numeral.
Chiffre Taxe: (Fr.) inscription on postage due labels of France, French colonies and Turkey, post-1859.
Chiffre Taxe a Per'evoir: (Fr.) inscription on postage due labels of Egypt, post-1884
Chihuahua: state in Mexico; 1856-83: overprint used on stamps of Mexico, 1872: No.1, 12 centavos black, issued stamps during revolt to drive French ou of state, 1914: district in Mexico which issued revolutionary stamps.
Child & Co's Express: local post serviced Boston, Mass., and Portland, Maine into Canada; used labels, 1843-49.
Child & Kent Express: local parcel firm serviced Boston, and Lynn, Mass.; used a label.
Children's Charity Stamps: semipostals for children's charities; most popular are "Pro Juventute" (Switzerland since 1913) and "Kinderzegels" (Holland since 1924); also known as Child Welfare Stamp.
Children's Playtime Postage: see Children's Stamps, Toy Stamps.
Children's Stamps: stamps designed by children and issued by various countries since 1958.
Chile: southern South America between Argentina and Peru; Official name of postal administration: Correos de Chile Currency: 100 centavos = 1 peso, 100 milesimos = 100 centesimos = 1 escudo (1960), 100 centavos = 1 peso (1975) 1748: monthly mail service started between Santiago and Buenos Aires, 1810, Sep. 11: independence from Spain, 1817-18: became independent nation, 1840: regular coastal mail service started, expanded to packet mail, 1853, July 1: No.1, 5 centavos brown-red, first stamps with "Colon" inscription, 1865-81: stamps of Great Britain used at Valparaiso, 1881, Apr. 1: joined the UPU, 1891, Apr. 21: revenue stamps used for postage, 1891, July 10-Sep. 5, 1891: no charge for internal mail due to stamp shortage, 1894: first acknowledgment of receipt, postage due stamps, 1900, 1901, 1913: revenue stamps used for mail due to stamp shortage, 1907: first official stamp issued, 1927: first air mail stamp issued, 1940, Mar.1: first semipostal stamp issued, 1957, Apr. 8: first parcel post postal tax stamp, 1961, Apr. 29: first air mail semipostal stamp, 1970: first postal tax stamp, 1990: freely elected president installed.
Chile: (Czech.) Chile
Chilsky: (Czech.) Chilean.
Chilean Occupation of Peru: stamps of Peru overprinted with arms of Chile, 1881.
Chili: (Fr.) Chile.
Chill Roller Doubling: a double impression left on the printed stamp caused by a set-off from the chill roller.
Chill Rollers: rollers that help cool the web after stamps have been printed, in order to prepare the press for another step.
Chilsky: (Czech.) Chile, Chilean.
Chimarra (Himera): provisional issue of Epirus during Greek occupation, Feb.1914-19.
Chimborazo Riobamba: control overprint on stamps of Ecuador, 1902.
Chimeneas: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist forces, 1937-38.
China: Eastern Asia, between North Korea and Vietnam; Official name of postal administration: State Post Bureau Currency: 10 candareen = 1 mace, 10 mace = 1 tael, 100 cents = 1 dollar, yuan (1897), 100 fen = 1 yuan (1949) 4000 BC: oldest postal system in world, used by court officials, 2000 BC: paper first used as writing material, 1122-255 BC: Chou Dynasty had a postal system, 13th Century AD: Marco Polo claimed the I-Chan government had 10,000 post stages, called Min Hsin Chu, made up of letter guilds, carried unofficial mails, 1402: Chinese Ming Emperor Yung opened the Imperial Courier Service to private Chinese citizens to send private letters, 1727: Treaty of Kyakhta permitted mail exchanges between China and Russia, 1858: foreign diplomatic couriers permitted, 1878: No.1, 1 candareen green, China issued its own "large Dragons" stamps, Imperial Maritime Customs Post issue, many local post, sectional, inflation and occupation issues, 1878-82: all mail for foreign destinations routed through Shanghai, 1896: Imperial Postal Service put private carriers out of business, 1897: Imperial post started as nationwide postal system, 1912: first postage due stamp issued, 1914-pre: all mail to foreign destinations had to pass through foreign post offices, Imperial Chinese post offices handled foreign stamps which could be used in combination with Chinese stamps, or uaed a handstamp, 1914, March 1: joined the UPU, includes Hong Kong, Macao, 1917: Japan awarded the Shantung territory, Japan withdrew in 1922, 1922: foreign countries stopped using their own systems for mail sent abroad, 1927, Apr.18: Nationalist government under Chiang Kai-Shek, 1932: Japan occupied Manchuria and renamed it Manchukuo, 1932: first semipostal, air mail stamps issued, 1940: Japan invaded China proper controlling the coastal areas, 1940-43: stamp stock surcharged by provincial officials, 1940s: inflation issue included a $5 million stamp, WWII-post: Japan evacuated occupied Chinese territories, 1945-49: Nationalist and Communist areas issued inflation provisional stamps, 1949, Jan.-Oct.: Liberation Area issued its own regional issues, 1949, May 1: non-denominated stamps with face value determined by date of sale at post office, five numbers in lower margin indicate: 1. issue number. 2. total stamps in set. 3. position of stamp. 4. cumulative number of stamp. 5. year of issue, 1949, Oct. 1: People's Republic of China formed 1949, Oct. 8: No.1, 30 dollar, blue, first of own stamps for entire nation, 1950, June 30: regional issues ordered not to be sold with one-year cut-off, Northeast and Port Arthur-Darien exempted due to different currencies, 1950, Sep.1: first postage due stamp issued, 1950, Dec. 31: Northeast and Port Arthur-Darien ceased separate issues, 1951, May 1: first air mail stamp issued, 1951, May: separate issues discontinued in Northeast China, unified issues only, 1953, Aug. first military stamp, 1955, Mar.1: reprints put on sale to public, 1960-pre: all stamps were issued without gum, with few exceptions, 1963, Aug. 24: changed affiliation with the UPU, Mongolia became independent, 1970-pre: canceled-to-order stamps exist in quantity, 1984, Feb. 16: first semi-postal stamp, 1987: used stamps for philatelic market ceased, 1995, Mar. 1: reprints offered for sale by the Philatelic Agency, 1997, July 1: Hong Kong returned to China as administrative district; Hong Kong stamps continued; see China, Regional Issues; Taiwan.
China: 1: overprint on stamps of Germany, Offices in China. 2: China Post inscription for People's Republic of China. 3: overprint on stamps of Hong Kong, 1917-1927, British Offices abroad.
China, Boxer Uprising: 1900, June: Nationalist uprising against foreign influence in China resulted in a siege of the international legations in Peking and an attack of the international settlements in Tientsin, 1900, July: Troops from nine countries (American, Australian, Austro-Hungarian, British, French, German, Italian, Japanese and Russian) assembled to fight the Boxers, 1900, Aug.: International force lifts the siege of Peking; Boxers dispersed; Allied occupation of North China, 1900, Sept.-Aug. 15, 1901: Some mail was "Free," while others required domestic rate postage; Britain issued stamps of India overprinted "C.E.F."(China Expeditionary Force), 1901, Sep.: Peace Protocol of Peking signed by China, ending the intervention.
China, British Offices: 1844: consular treaty port post offices opened, 1862-post: all mail canceled "B62" in Hong Kong, 1862-1917: stamps of Hong Kong used, 1917: No.1, 1 cent brown; overprint "China" on stamps of Hong Kong, valid in Hong Kong, and treaty ports, 1922, Nov. 30: all offices were closed except for Wei-hai-wei, 1930, Oct. 1: stamps withdrawn, offices handed back to China.
China, Central: provinces of Honan, Hunan, Hupen, Kansu; 1949, May: No.1, 100 yuan dark carmine, No. 1, 1 cent on 20 yuan red-brown, 1949, Aug.: No.1, non-denominated orange.
China, Central Liberation Area: provinces of Honan, Hupen, Hunan and Kiangsi; 1949, Fall: postal service started with currency surcharges.
China Clay Paper: paper with a high mineral content used for the US Washington-Franklin stamps, 1908-09.
China, East: provinces of Anhwei, Chekiang, Fukien 1949: No.1, 1 cent on 500 yuan blue-green, Kiangsu 1949, No.1, 30,000 yuan chocolate, and Shantung,
China, East Liberation Area: provinces of Shantung, Kiangsu, Chekiang, Annwei and Fukien; 1941: postal service established, 1948, Mar.: first stamps, 1948, July: became East China Posts and Telegraph General Office, 1949, May 30: East China Liberation Area stamps issued.
China Expeditionary Force: stamps of India overprinted "C.E.F." 1900, Aug.-Nov. 25, 1923: used by Indian and British troops during Boxer rebellion, stamps continued being used after 1906.
China, Formosa: see Taiwan.
China, French Offices: Currency: 100 centimes = 1 franc, 100 cents = 1 piaster, 100 cents = 1 dollar 1862-94: used stamps of France overprinted "Chine," Shanghai (Nov. 1862); Tientsin (March, 1889); Chefoo (Nov. 1898); Hankow (agency Nov. 1898, PO Oct. 1902); Peking (Dec. 1900); Amoy (Jan. 1902); Foochow, (1902); Ningpo (1902). 1894: No.1, 5 centimes green, 1894-1922: "Chine" (Fr.) overprint / surcharge stamps of France, 1901-19: No.1, 1 centime lilac-blue, Canton, Hoi-Hao, Mongtseu (Mengtsz), Pakhoi, Tchong- King (Chungking), Yunnan Fou (Kunming) overprint / surcharge stamps of Indo-China, 1903-22: "A Percevoir" (Fr.) to collect, overprint / surcharge on postage due stamps of France, 1906, Oct.-1941: No.1, 1 centime olive-green, "Kwang-Chow," (Kouang Tcheou-Wan) overprint / surcharge stamps of Indo-China stamps used for French naval base, 1922, Dec. 31: all post offices closed.
China, German Offices: 1898, Jan. 26: No.1, 3 pfenning dark brown, overprint on stamps of Germany, overprint plus surcharge, "5pf" for use in Foochow and Tientsin, 1898, Mar. 6: Kiaochow (Kiautschou) leased to Germany, 1914, Nov. 7: Kiaochow (Kiautschou) surrendered to Japan, 1917, Mar. 17: all post offices closed.
China-handstempel: (Ger.) Tientsien provisional issue.
China, Hong Kong: administrative region, July 1, 1997: No. 1, $1.30 multi.
China, Indian Forces: 1900: overprinted "C.E.F." on stamps of India; see China Expeditionary Forces.
China, Indo-Chinese Offices: French post offices in China; see Canton, Chungking L.P.O., Hoihow, Mongtze (Mengtsze), Pakhoi, Yunnanfu (Kunming).
China, Italian Offices: Currency: 100 centesimi - 1 lira 1874: No.1 1 centesimi olive-green, 1917, Sep.-Dec. 31, 1922: used stamps of Italy, 1917, Sep.; No.1, 2¬Ę on 5¬Ę green, stamps of Italy overprinted "Pechino," for Peking. 1917, Sep.; No.1, 2¬Ę green, overprinted Tientsin.
China, Japanese Occupation: stamps of China overprinted plus occupation issues, 20th century in Chinese characters: Kwangtung Province including Canton; Inner Mongolia, including North Shansi, South Chara and Suiyuna; North China including Honan, Hopei, Meng Chiang, Shansi, Shantung and Supeh; Nanking and Shanghai including Anhwei, Chekiang, Fukien, Hunan, Hupe and Kiangsi. 1942: stamps of China overprinted.
China, Japanese Offices: 1876, Apr. 15- 31 Dec.1899: overprint on stamps of Japan with Chinese characters, 1900, Jan.: first stamps issued, 1922, Nov. 30: offices closed 1945: issued stamps for Taiwan (Formosa).
China, Liaoning: Port Arthur and Dairen, overprinted stamps of Japan and Manchukuo,1946.
China, Macao: 1999, Dec. 20: issued stamps as People's Republic of China region; see Macao.
China, North: provinces of Chahar, Hopeh, Shansi and Suiyuan.
China, Northeastern Provinces: Manchurian towns: 1946, Feb.: first stamps, No.1, 50¬Ę on 5 yuan violet-red, China, Northern Liberation Area: provinces of Lianoning, Kirin, Jehol and Heilungkiang (aka Manchuria under Japanese); No.1, 1 dollar violet, local post overprint on stamps of Manchukuo,
China, North Liberation Area: provinces of Hopen, Chahar, Shansi and Suiyuan; 1937, Dec.: postal service started, 1946, Mar.: first stamp, 1949, May: renamed North China Postal and Telegraph Administration.
China, Northwest: provinces of Ningsia, Sinkiang, Tsinghai, 1949, May: No.1, 1 cent on 100 yuan orange, Shensi (west portion) 1949, May: No.1, 500 yuan blue-green.
China, Northwest Liberation Area: provinces of Tsinghai, Ningsia and part of Shensi; 1936, Oct.: established territory, 1949: Sinkiang added to the group, 1945, Mar.: first stamps, 1949, June 13: "People's Post Shensi" overprint, 1949, Oct.: "People's Post Kansu" and "People's Post Sinkiang" overprint, 1949, Oct. 15: Northwest Peoples Post started.
China: North West People's Post: area in northwest China, now China People's Republic, 1949, Oct. 15. issued first and only stamps.
China, Offices in Manchuria: 1927: 1/2 centime black-brown, stamps of China overprinted.
China, Offices in Tibet: currency: 12 pies = 1 anna, 16 annas = 1 rupee 1911: No.1, 1 pie on 1c ocher.
China Paper: see India Paper.
China, Port Arthur and Darien: 1946, Apr.: Liaoning postal administration established with overprint on stamps of Manchukuo and Japan.
China, Regional Issues: considered post-World War II to 1949.
China, Republic of: see Taiwan.
China, Russian offices: Currency: 100 kopecks = 1 ruble, 100 cents = 1 dollar (1917) 1870: stamps of Russia used, 1876: post offices established by Chinese National Postal System in five major cities, 1899: No.1, 1 kopeck orange, stamps of Russia overprinted (KHTAH) in the Cyrillic alphabet, 1917-20: stamps of Russia surcharged, 1920: post offices closed.


(Data Above sourced from "Ask Phil" and other sources. Last edit 5/Aug/2008 Amhazing)

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China, South: provinces of Hainan Island, Kwangsi and Kwantung, 1949, Nov.: South China Postal and Telegraph Administration started, 1949, Nov. 1: first stamp.
China, Southwest: provinces of Kweichow, Sikang, Szechwan, Yunnan and Tibet; 1926, No. 1, 1/2 cent black brown. 1933: No. 1, 1 cent orange, Tibet and Yunnan, 1949, Nov. 15: Southwest Postal and Telegraph Administration started 1949, Dec.: first stamps as Southwest China.
China Treaty Ports: established in various Treaty ports: Amoy (1895), Chefoo (1893), Chunkiang (1894), Foochow (1895), Hankow (1893), Ichang (1895), Kewkiang (1894), Nanking (1896), Wuhu (1894) and Shanghai (1865), closed in 1897 with start of Imperial Post.
China, United States Offices: 1867, Aug. 3: US post office opened in the General Consulate in Shanghai, postage charged at international rates of 10¬Ę for letters, paid for with American stamps, 1887, Dec. 11: second post office opened in Tientsin, closed Sept. 3, 1889, 1903: postage rates reduced to domestic rates, 1919, July 1: overprint / surcharge "Shanghai / China" in Chinese dollar on US stamps for use in Shanghai mail to the US, 1922, Dec.31: overprinted stamps withdrawn, all foreign post offices closed in China. 1929-31: (USMC) Marine Corps patrol at Peiping, China.
Chin-Cha-Ki: local post, north Chinese, 1946.
Chinchilla: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937.
Chine: 1. (Fr.) 1904-22: overprint on stamps of France and Indo-China, for France, Offices in China, post offices located at Canton, Hoi Hao, Kouang-Tcheou, Mongtseu, Pakhoi, Tchongking and Yunnan Fou. 2. (Rom.) China.
Chinese Empire: inscription used on stamps of China, 1909.
Chinese Imperial Post: inscription on stamps of China, 1898-1912.
Chinese National Postal System: began with opening to the general public of special courier service between five major Chinese cities, 1876.
Chinese Skull and Crossbones: 5 stamps of China depicting a skull and crossbones, labels, were never issued.
Chinezesc: (Rom.) Chinese.
Chinkiang: treaty port local post, China.
Chin-Ki-Lu-Yu: local post, North China, 1940-46.
Chin-nan: local post, North China, 1949.
Chios (Khios): Aegean Island captured by Greece from Turkey in 1912, Balkan War; 1913, May: No.1, 25 lira ultramarine overprint on stamp of Greece for Chios;.
Chipre: (Sp.) Cyprus.
Chiriqui: province anniversary overprint on stamps of Panama, 1949.
Chisinau: overprint on semipostal stamps of Romania for occupation of Chisinau, Bessarabia, Aug. 1941.
Chistopol: city in Russia, Zemstvo local post; 1906-12, see Zemstvo.
Chita Issue: Siberia, name for Far Eastern Republic issues of 1921 and 1922.
Chiva: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937.
Chokin Kyoku: Indonesia savings stamp, Japanese occupation.
Choklad: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) chocolate (color).
Chokoladebrun: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) chocolate brown (color).
Cholerabrief: (Ger.) cholera letter (with disinfection markings, or slits).
Cholm: local provisional, German occupation, c1918.
Chop: Japanese characters typically used by officers to validate stamps of territories occupied by Japanese troops during WW I and WWII; used until official occupation stamps became available, also used in Ryuku Islands.
Chopped Cover: an envelope that has been used, cut down in size, removing initial address and postage, and reused.
Chorpenning, George and Woodward, Absalom: predecessor to Pony Express; 1851, Apr. 25: US contracted to have mail carried once each month between Salt Lake and Sacramento. Woodward killed by Indians in first year of service, route changed so mail went from Salt Lake to San Pedro and then on a steamer to San Francisco. In 1858, four-horse coaches were used.
Chorrillos Lima Callao: Peru.
Chorvatsko: (Czech.) Croatia.
Chorvatsky: (Czech.) Croatian.
Chosen: Japanese name once used for Korea, along with Corea, Tyosen, Tae Han.
Chouze-sur-Loire: local provisional, France, 1944.
CH Post, Hounslow: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971.
C.H.R.: Charles H. Roll, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher Initials, Siderographer.
Christiania: (or Kristiania, now Oslo [q.v.]) local post established by Adams's Express, a branch of the same company that operated in Copenhagen (q.v. Copenhagen -Adam's Expres Local Post), with lithographed 10 √ɬłre and 20 √ɬłre "Adams Expres / Kristiania" local stamps depicting a dog carrying a parcel in its mouth issued in 188(?).
Christian Commission: operated during the American Civil War, performed duties of chaplains.
Christiansburg, Va. Paid 5¬Ę: see Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Christianssund: (or Christiansund, or Kristiansund) seaport in M√ɬłre of Romsdal county in W Norway WSW of Trondheim, and ca. 265 miles NNW of Oslo. Site of 19th century local posts established by M. Andresen & Co., and J. C. Bruun (q.v. individual local post entries).
Christianssund - J. C. Bruun Local Post: Local post re-organized by J. C. Bruun as the successorr company to the M. Andresen Local Post (q.v.) company. Similar in design to those of the Andresen company, 5 √ɬłre "Christianssunds Bypost" local stamps in several colors issued 1 March 1887, followed by 1, 2, 3, and 10 √ɬłre carmine stamps issued in January 1889.
Christianssund - M. Andresen Local Post: Local post established by M. Andresen & Co., with first "Christianssunds Bypost / M. Andresen & Co." typographed local stamps issued 1 September 1878, and various others issued through 1879.
Christianssunds Bypost: Norway local post, 1878-89.
Christkindl: postmarks and labels used for mail and balloon mail from the Austrian post office of Christkindl at Christmas.
Christmas Charity Post Stamps: scout and church group stamps in Britain permitting charities to carry Christmas and New Year cards between Nov. 26 and Jan.1 each year, started 1981.
Christmas Day Delivery: special British cancel for mail to be deposited in advance for delivery Christmas Day, 1902-09.
Christmas Island: Southeastern Asia, south of Indonesia; Currency: 100 cents = 1 Australian dollar 1643: named for the day of its discovery, 1888: annexed by Great Britain, 1900-58: under British colony of Singapore, used stamps of Straits Settlements and Singapore, WW II: British and America troops used stamps of their respective nations, 1958: Australia took over Christmas island from Singapore, 1958: provisionals overprinted and surcharged in Malayan currency, 1958, Oct. 15: No.1, 2 cent yellow-orange, 1963, Aug. 28: sovereignty to UK transferred, first stamps with Christmas Island inscription. Note: there is also a Christmas Island that is part of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands.
Christmas Island Australia: bogus booklets that have no official status, not connected with Australia Post.
Christmas Island Mail Boat Service: local post, 1915?-1938.
Christmas Mail: British Post Office plan whereby mail could be deposited in advance for delivery on Christmas Day, 1902-09.
Christmas 1991 USA: United States non-denominated postage stamps, 29¬Ę, 1991 (6 designs); see Merry Christmas 1975.
Christmas Post Stamps: private labels authorized by the British government for various scouting organizations to print and sell as a fund raising project, 1981.
Christmas Seal: charity label used to raise funds, first placed on sale in Denmark, Norway and Sweden in 1904, US, 1907;
Christmas Stamp, Earliest US: issued Nov.1, 1962, Scott No.1205.
Christmas Stamps: special postage stamps issued for use on mail during the holiday season, first stamps for use on greeting cards were issued by Austria in 1937.
Christmas Stamps, Compulsory: Costa Rica concept for use on Christmas mail in1959.
Christmas USA 1981: United States non-denominated postage stamp, value 20¬Ę, 1981; see Season's Greetings USA 1981.
Christmas US Postage: United States non-denominated stamp, value 10¬Ę, 1975.
Chr. IX: (Dan.) King Christian IX.
Chr. X: (Dan.) King Christian X (1870-1947, reigned 1912-1947).
Chromed: after a printing sleeve is hardened, a coating of chrome is applied to help give the metal sleeve a longer life.
Chrome Era: derived from "Kodochrome," from 1939 to present, US version postcard.
Chromegelb: (Ger.) chrome yellow (color).
Chrome Plating: covering engraved steel plates with a thin layer of chromium in order to make them last longer.
Chrome Stain: printing variety caused by the chrome plating stripping off the printing plate.
Chromgul: (Dan.) chrome yellow (color).
Chromolithography: two or more colors printed at the same time via lithography; Switzerland Canton issue of 1843 is an example.
Chr. Sunds Bypost: Norway local post.
Chr. X: (Dan.) King Christian X (1870-1947, reigned 1912-1947).
Ch. Taxe O.M.F. Syrie: (Fr.) chiffre taxe, postage due overprint on stamps of France for offices in Turkey, Syria.
Chuashia: bogus Russian issue.
Chuckram: unit of currency used in the Indian state of Travancore.
Chungking: local post established by Archibald John Little, 1893-95.
Chungking L.P.O.: stamps of Indo-China overprinted for Tchongking, 1903-04, see China, Indo-Chinese Offices.
Churchill: common design on stamps of the British Commonwealth of Nations, 1966.
Church Mail: priests of the Icelandic State Church were permitted to use official stamps on their mail with the condition that they were for official use only, 1873.
Chuvashia, Republic of: illegal labels, purporting to be stamps, not valid for postage, UPU report on Jan. 14, 2002.
C.H.X.: Charing Cross, London; 1829-58.
Chybotisk: (Czech.) printing error).
Chypre: (Fr.) Cyprus.
CIA Invert: term applied to a US stamp featuring a candlestick holder that was found upside down by CIA employees when buying stamps at their local USPS post office, Sc.1610c.
C.I.C.I.: Congress of the International Colonial Institute, overprint on stamps of Portugal, 1933.
Ciecholinek: city in German-occupied Russian Poland, local post overprint, 1918-20.
Cie. Franco-Roumaine de Navigation Aérienne: see C.F.R.N.A..
Ciemny: (Pol.) dark (as referencing the color of a postage stamp).
Cierre Oficial (Postal): (Sp.) sealed by official (postal) authorities as damaged or censored.
Cierro Oficial: (Sp.) inscription, official seals for Chile, El Salvador.
Cieszyn: local post provisional, Poland, 1919.
Ciety or Niezabkowany: (Pol.) imperforate (stamp).
Cieza: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937.
C.I.F.: (Sp.) Congreso Internacional de Filatelia, International Philatelic Congress, 1960.
Cifra: (Sp.) numeral.
Cifras de Control: (Sp.) control numbers.
Cigarette Paper: thin paper used for rolling cigarettes, used by Latvia for a stamp issue in 1919.
Cigarette Tax: 1: stamps paying a government tax on cigarettes. 2: used as postage due labels in South Africa, 1922.
Cigarette Tube Stamps: tax receipt paid on hollow tubes of cigarette paper to which small mouthpieces were attached, for those who made their own cigarettes, 1919-33.
CIGTTE.: overprint abbreviation for cigarette on US Cigarette Tube revenue stamps.
Cihlove cervená: (Czech.) brick-red (color).
C.I.H.S.: Commission Interalliée Haute-Silésie (Ger.) InterAllied Commission for Upper Silesia, hand stamp / overprint on stamps of Germany, official use, Feb.1920.
Cijuela: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist forces, 1937.
Cile: (It.) Chile.
Cilicia: southeastern Asia Minor territory of Turkey; Currency: 40 paras = 1 piaster 1918-Oct. 20, 1921: occupied by French and British who overprinted stamps of France and Turkey; 1918, Feb. 10: British military occupation stamps used in parts of Cilicia, 1919: control transferred to France, 1919, Mar. 4: No. 1, 2 paras red-lilac, first stamps used, stamps of Turkey overprinted "Cilicie," 1919: first postage due stamps issued, French regime overprinted stamps of Turkey and France, 1920: France received territory as mandate from League of Nations, 1920, July 15: first air mail stamp, 1921, Oct. 20: Cilicia returned to Turkey, 1923: Turkey expelled the French; see T.E.O., O.M.F.
Cilicien: (Ger.) Cilicia.
Ciliegia: (It.) cerise (color).
Cina: (Czech., It.) China.
Cinabrio: (Sp.) vermilion (color).
Cinabru: (Rom.) vermilion (color).
Cinci: (Rom.) five (number).
Cincinnati City Delivery: U.S. local post, Cincinnati, Ohio, used stamps,1883.
Cincisprezece: (Rom) fifteen (number).
Cincizeci: (Rom) fifty (number).
Cinderella: a stamp-like label with no postal validity that may have perforations, gum and designs that imitate real postage stamps; see Bogus, Carriage, Charity, Dues, Fantasy, Etiquettes, Label, License, Local, Poster, Revenue, Royalty, Saving, Taxpaid (Revenue), Telegraph and Telephone, Toy Stamps and Seals, Stickers.
Cinderella Division: APS term for exhibition classification to include charity stamps, poster stamps, promotional stamps and other cinderellas.
Cinöbeivörös: (Hung.) vermilion (color).
Cinq-Mars-la-Pile: local provisional, France, 1944.
Cinquantenaire 24 Septembre: (Fr.) 50 years of occupation overprint on stamps of French Colonies postage dues for New Caledonia, 1903.
Cínsky: (Czech.) Chinese.
Cinzento: (Port.) gray (color).
Ciocolata: (Rom.) chocolate (color).
Ciocolata-brun: (Rom.) chocolate-brown (color).
Cioccolato: (It.) chocolate (color).
CIPEX: see Centenary International Philatelic Exhibition.
C.I.R.: Clarence I. Ronsaville, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher Initials, Siderographer.
Cipro: (It.) Cyprus.
Cir.: USPS address abbreviation for Circle.
Circuit Book: book with stamps or covers offered for sale to collectors, usually by stamp groups.
Circuito Delle Oasi / Tripoli / Maggio-1934-XII: overprint on stamps of airmail stamps of Libya for Tripolitania, for "Circuit of the Oases."
Circulacion: (Sp.) put into circulation, issued.
Circulado, Sobres: (Sp.) postally used covers.
Circular-Beförderung: local post, Cologne, Germany, 1888-89.
Circular Date Stamp (CDS, cds): postal marking with date, place and time of mailing in a circular marking, may be part of a machine cancel or a separate mark, started in the 1820s, machine usage since the 1880s; four types, rimless, single ring, double ring and square circle.
Circular Delivery Stamps: private firms in Great Britain usage for stamps issued in prepayment of delivery of circulars, samples, and printed matter, issued 1865-67.
Circular Design: used in Norway, 1855, complicated circular pattern of parallel lines to prevent washing of stamp for reuse.
Circulations: (Fr.) circuit books.
Circulo Filatelico Argentino: (Sp.) Argentine Philatelic Circle, inscription on issue of Argentina, UPU reported Aug. 18, 1997; not valid for postage.
Cirenaica: overprint on stamps of Italy, for Cyrenaica, Tripolitania, 1923; see Cyrenaica.
Ciruela: (Sp.) plum (color).
C.I.S.: 1: Commission Interalliée Slesvig (Ger.) Interallied Commission for Schleswig, 1920. 2: see Commonwealth of Independent States.
Ciskei: South Africa homeland state with territorial authority; 1981, Dec. 4: No.1, 5 cent multicolor, first stamps issued, 1994, Apr. 27: Ciskei dissolved as a separate administrative state; see South Africa.
Citizens Stamp Advisory Committee (CSAC): a group of citizens, non USPS employees, appointed by the USPS to review the more than 40,000 suggestions for stamp subjects that the USPS receives each year.
Cito, Citissime, Volantissime: (Latin) "quickly, very quickly, very fleetingly" inscription on early Italian and Central European mail, urging speed; from the 15th century on; the number of "Cito's" indicated the degree of urgency.
Citrongul: (Dan.) lemon-yellow (color).
Citromsarga: (Hung.) lemon-yellow (color).
Citron: (Fr.) lemon (color).
Citrongul: (Dan., Swed.) lemon-yellow (color).
Cittá del Vaticano: (It.) Vatican City.
City & Suburban Telegraph: issued telegraph stamps for firm's own telegrams, New York,1855?.
City Delivery Co.: local parcel firm; used a label, year unknown.
City Despatch & Express: US local post handstamp, Baltimore, Md., 1850.
City Despatch Post: 1: US local post, New York, N.Y.; 1842-50; see Carriers' Stamps. 2: US local post handstamp, New York, N.Y., 1848.
City Dispatch: 1: US local post, New York, N.Y., 1846. 2: US local post, Philadelphia, Pa., 1860. 3: US local post, St. Louis, Mo., 1861.
City Dispatch Post: US local post handstamp, Baltimore, Md., 1846-47.
City Dispatch Post Office: US local post, New Orleans, La., 1847.
City Express Post: US local post, Philadelphia, Pa., c. 1840s.
City Letter Express Mail: US local post, Newark, N.J., 1856.
City Mail Co.: US local post, New York, N.Y., 1845.
City of Glasgow Union Railway: Scotland local post.
City of London Delivery: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971.
City of London Mail: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971.
City of London P. Auct.: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971.
City One Cent Dispatch: US local post, Baltimore, Md., 1851.
City Parcel Clearing House: private parcel delivery firm served Toronto, Canada, used stamps.
City Penny Post: Great Britain, Ireland and North America 1765 Act permitted the establishment of ".a Penny Post Office." in any town for local mail as thought convenient.
City Postal Service: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971.
Ciudada√ɬĪo: (Sp.) citizen, refers to inscription on mail from the Mexican period of colonial postal history.
Ciudad del Vaticano: (Sp.) see Vatican City.
Ciudadela: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937.
Ciudad Juarez: provisional, revolutionary, district of Mexico issued its own overprints, 1914.
Ciudad Real: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937.
Ciudad Rodrigo: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist forces, 1937.
Cividini Mark: originally used by a French stamp dealer as a guarantee; upon his death, another dealer bought the mark and used it on faked letters and stamps.
Civil Censorship: includes opening, reading or marking of mail emanating from or sent to civilians primarily during wartime or periods of unrest.
Civil Service Stamps: used on civil service mail in some countries.
CKOS: Central Committee for Capital Rebuilding, Polish charity label.
CL: 1: Scott Catalogue prefix to identify air mail semi-official stamps. 2: Crown Lands, South Australia official overprint, 1868-74. 3: correspondence locale distribution (Fr.) local letters posted at smaller offices, 1833-58. 4: international postal code for Sri Lanka.
C.L. & M. (Colusa, Lake & Medocino Telegraph Company): issued telegraph stamps for firms' own telegrams, US, 1876.
Clair: (Fr.) light (color).
Clann Na l'Eireann: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971.
Clapp & Son, Inc. Express: local firm serviced Boston, Mass. and Providence, R.I.; used a label.
Clapper Post: started in Vienna, Austria. Postmen sounded a clapper to notify the public they were available to accept mail; which they marked and delivered to branch post offices, April 1772.
Clarior e Tenebris: "Light out of darkness;" inscription on the stamps of Grenada.
Clark & Co.: 1: US local post, New York, N.Y., 1857. 2: Great Britain local post, 1866.
Clark & Hall: US local post, St. Louis, MO.,1851.
Clark & Phillips' Express: local post serviced New York City area; used a label, year unknown.
Clark & Rushton's Express: local post serviced Mass. used a label, year unknown.
Clarke's Circular Express: US local post, New York, N.Y., printed matter, 1865-68(?).
Clarke, Wm. E.: US medicine stamp inscription; see Private Die Proprietary Stamps.
Clark, Frank E. (F.E.C.): inscription on US match stamp; see Private Die Proprietary Stamps.
Clark, Henry A.: inscription on US match stamp; see Private Die Proprietary Stamps.
Clark, Jas. A.: inscription on US match stamp; see Private Die Proprietary Stamps.
Clark Match Co.: inscription on US match stamp; see Private Die Proprietary Stamps.
Clark, R.C & C.S.: US medicine stamp inscription; see Private Die Proprietary Stamps.
Clark's Special Delivery System: local parcel service, Seattle, Wash.; used stamps, late 1800s.
Claro: (Sp.) light (color).
Classeur: (Fr.) stockbook.
Classic: the designation classic is applied to a stamp or cover, which because of its beauty of design, its age or rarity, is much sought after, generally only refers to stamps issued prior to 1900.
Classique: (Fr.) see Classic.
Clausland(ia): Christmas fantasy labels created by Maggie Kate.
Clavologique, Principality of: (Fr.) bogus labels of French origin.
Clay Banknote: the US 1870 12¬Ę National Bank Note stamp.
Clay Tablets: moist clay used to retain symbols and messages for transmission beginning around 3000 B.C. and continuing in some places to as late as the 1st century B.C.
Clayton's Post: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971.
C.L.D.: Crown Lands Department frank, Canadian.
Clean Cut Perforation: Perkins, Bacon and Co. perforating machine which cut holes cleanly, without bits of paper adhering.
Cleaned Plate: when a printing plate has been used for some time, it becomes clogged with ink resulting in a poor impression; after cleaning, the stamps printed from it are described as "from a cleaned plate."
Cleaning: removal of foreign substance from a stamp.
Clear Grill: scam for a grilled stamp; if it's a "clear" grill, it means that there is no grill.
Clearing House Parcel Delivery Company: parcel firm serviced Boston, Mass., used stamps.
Clear Zones: USPS term for area where barcodes can be placed on the front of mail pieces.
Cleator & Workington Junction Railway: British local post.
Clerk 51, 54, 55 and 56: identification of US railway mail clerks who canceled stamps on their routes, 1909-20.
Cleveland's Harrow L.P.: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971.
Cliché: end result of the process of applying a design into metal; individual identical units that are used to make up a printing plate, plate, image, block, photo, line cut, position.
Click-n-Ship: USPS service that allows individuals to print shipping labels and pay for postage online via a credit card.
Click Stamp: a postage imprint produced by Pitney Bowes.
Climatic: stamp paper that is liable to change color due to exposure to light, air or dampness.
Climax Dater: rubber date cancel used 1885-1935 in Great Britain at small postal facilities, original usage was in violet ink until 1911 when ink pads were changed to black ink.
Clinton's Penny Post: US local post, Philadelphia, Pa.(?).
Clipper: Pan-American Airways plane, flew many first flights on trans-oceanic routes.
Clipper Postmark: incorrectly applied to an ocean mail mark used outbound from New York; shows a small grid between the "New" and "York" in the town mark.
Clipperton Island: atoll in the North Pacific Ocean, southwest of Mexico; 18th century: named for John Clipperton, a pirate who headquartered on the island, 1855: annexed by France, 1876, Jan.1: joined the UPU with France, 1895, Apr. 4: inscription for Pacific Island local post, to frank mail between the island and the San Francisco, diagonal overprint on stamps of Mexico considered to be bogus. 1897: seized by Mexico, 1935: France took possession.
Clise: (Sp.) see Cliché.
Cliseele: (Rom.) illustrations.
C.L.N.: Comitati di Liberazione Nazionale (It.) National Liberation Committees, 1943-44: inscription / overprint on stamps of Italy for local use.
C.L.N. Italia Posta Partigiana: (It.) inscription for Parma, Italy, unissued, see C.L.N.
C.L.N. / Ossola Libera / 10.9.44: (It.) overprint for Domodossola, Italy, see C.L.N.
C.L.N. / Posta Italiane / Zona Aosta: (It.) inscription for Aosta, Italy, see C.L.N.
C.L.N. / Sondalo / Pro / Tubercolotici: (It.) overprint, see C.L.N.
Cloger Valley Railroad: Ireland local post.
Closed Mail: mail sent in a "closed" or sealed postal bag from one exchange office to another; rate differences ceased when prepaid international rate went into effect July 1, 1875.
Closed Transit Dispatches: sealed bags of international mail that travel through the USPS from one country to another country; bags are not opened for redistribution.
Closet Collector: a stamp collector unknown to other stamp collectors.
Closing of the Mail: time after which mail will not be accepted by a post office for dispatch on a specific train or ship.
Clothes-line Stamp: nickname for the US 1939 four state stamp, Scott No. 858, which looks as though the states are hanging from a clothes line.
Club Covers: covers produced by stamp clubs usually in connection with an exhibition.
Clube: (Port.) association, club.
Club Special Delivery: parcel firm; used a stamp.
Cluj: city in Transylvania, once part of Hungary, taken by Romania WWII, stamps issued in 1919 during Romanian occupation after WWI defeat of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, aka Kolozsvar.
Cluster Box: a centralized unit of individually locked compartments for the delivery of mail.
Clyde Post: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971.
CM: 1: Corrier Maggior (It.) pre-adhesive postmark for Venetian Postmaster General. 2: Censura Militar (Sp.) military censor. 3: carte maximum (Fr.), maximum card. 4: Commonwealth of the Marianas, when used in a postmark.
C.M.B.G.: Canadian Mechanized Brigade Group.
C.M.C. Courier Services: local post, Canada, 1987.
C.M.H.: Clinton M. Hisle, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher Initials, Siderographer.
C.M.S. Post: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971.
C.M. Stamps Exp.Del.: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971.
C.M.T.: surcharge found on the 1916-1918 regular and postage due issues of Austria for use during the 1919 Romanian occupation of Kolomyya (Ger. Kolomea, Pol. Kolomyja), Ukraine: "Comandamentul Militar Territorial" ("Territorial Military Headquarters"). Kolomyya is located in SW Ukraine on the Prut River ca. 30 miles SSE of Ivano-Frankivs'k, at the E end of the gateway through the E Carpathanian Mountains via the Jablonica Pass.
C.N.: can refer to either Cherokee Nation, Chickasaw Nation, Choctaw Nation; when used in a postmark, see Cherokee Nation.
C.N.C.: Chinese National Currency, 1948.
C.N.E.P.: Chambre syndicale francaise des Negociants En Philatelie (Fr.) French stamp dealers association.
CNI / Pirano: Compagnia Navale Istria/Pirano (It.) ship letter stamp, 1823.
CO: 1: Scott Catalogue prefix to identify air mail official stamps. 2: Commissariat Officer, South Australia official overprint,1868-74. 3: USPS abbreviation for Colorado. 4: Chief Office, Britain, 1794-96. 5: Compagnia Ottomana (It.) Constantinople, 1851.
Coach, Mail: the word "coach" was taken from Kocs, Hungary, where the first light coach was developed in the 15th century, first as a means of public transport, then used to carry mail.
Coamo: provisional issue inscription for Coamo, Puerto Rico, US administration, Aug.1898.
Coarse Perforation: perforation consisting of large holes and teeth far apart, irregularly spaced.
Coated Paper: paper with a slick enameled, or chalk surface.
Coating: a protective surface applied to a printing plate, also known as facing.
Cobalto: (It., Sp.) cobalt blue (color).
Cobrar: (Sp.) to collect (cash or a fee).
Cocentaina: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937.
Coche Correo: (Sp.) mail coach.
Cochin: India Feudatory State; Currency: 6 puttans = 5 annas, 2 pies = 1 anna, 16 annas = 1 rupee 1892, Apr. 1: No.1, 1/2 puttan yellow, first local stamps with umbrella watermark, 1896: watermark coat of arms, 1913: first official stamp issued, 1949, July 1: formed a United State of Travancore-Cochin, used surcharged stamps of Travancore, 1951, Apr. 1: stamps of Republic of India,
Cochin China: Cambodian Peninsula, state of French Indo-China; Currency: 100 centimes = 1 franc 1862, first stamps of France used in French colony, 1863-67: occupied by France, 1886-87: No. 1, 5c on 25c yellow, surcharge on French Colonies, obliteration, lozenges of dots, 1888: issue prepared but never issued, 1889: stamps of French Indo-China used.
Cochinchine: (Fr.) Cochin China.
Cochinkina: (Dan.) Cochin China.
Cochin, Travancore: see Travancore, Cochin.
Co. Ci: (It.) Commissariato Civile, Civil Commissioner, overprint on stamps of Yugoslavia for Ljubljana, Italian occupation, 1941.
Cockermouth, Keswick & Penrith Railway: British local post.
C.O. Constantinople: (It.) Ottoman Company, Constantinople; Turkish Steamship Co.,1840-62.
Cocos (Keeling) Islands: islands in the Indian Ocean, southwest of Indonesia; Currency: 12 pence = 1 shilling, 100 cents = 1 dollar (1969) 1609: discovered by Captain William Keeling, 19th century: first inhabitants, 1857: British possession under Ceylon administration, 1886: transferred to Straits Settlements, 1903: used stamps of Straits Settlements, incorporated with Singapore, 1933-37: first stamps of Straits Settlements, 1942, July-Apr. 3, 1946: placed under a military administration of Ceylon due to Japanese occupation of Singapore, 1952-55: used stamps of Singapore, 1955: transferred to Australia when Singapore became independent, 1963, June 11: No.1, 3 pence dark red-brown, own stamps issued, 1966, Feb. 14-July 8, 1969: used stamps of Australia due to decimal currency change, 1969, July 9: separate stamps issued, valid within Australia, 1979, Sep. 3: postal service was independent of Australia. 1991, Jan. 25: official stamp issued.
Cocula: overprint used on stamps of Mexico for this district during 1856-1883.
C.O.D.: see Collect on Delivery.
COD: Codfish Air Lines, nickname for Korean war planes that carried mail and supplied between shore stations and an aircraft carrier.
Co-Extensive line: British Jubilee line broken into short lengths, see Jubilee Line.
C of A: Commonwealth of Australia, watermark with crown, 1931.
Coffee House Post Office: letters arriving by ships were delivered to a coffee house near the wharf, where they were picked up by the addressee.
Cogswell & Co's Express: local post firm serviced Boston and Lawrence, Mass., used labels.
Cogwheel: see Cancellation, Cogwheel.
Coiling Machines: equipment capable of processing printed webs by slitting into individual rows, perforating, rolling and packaging coils of stamps into 50 coil "flats" with individual detachable transparent "bubble packs".
Coil Leader: long paper tag at the delivery end of a stamp coil, sometimes printed with number, denomination and coil price.
Coil Line Pair: pair of coil stamps showing a colored line caused by a gap where the curved printing plate is joined; there are flat plate coil line pairs, where the line was meant to be a pane dividing mark when sheet stamps were printed from the plate.
Coil Plate Numbers: numbers that are printed at regular intervals at the bottom of coil stamps.
Coils: stamps which are produced in roll form for use in vending, dispensing, stamp affixing machines; a coil usually contains 100, 500 or more stamps of a single denomination and design.
Coil Stamp: a single stamp from a coil of stamps; issued in a continuous roll, with parallel straight edges on two sides and perforations only between two stamps; some coil stamps were also issued in a long strip with perforations on all four sides.
Coil Trailers: a piece of brown or manila paper adhering to the edge of the last stamp on a roll and wrapped around the coil.
Coil Waste: short lengths of paper at end of coil runs, perforated in non-standard gauges and sold from 1919-1924 when the sale was stopped.
Coil Wrapper: label, seal or wrapper used to package or finish completed rolls of coil stamps.
Coin: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist forces, 1937.
Coin Prepayment: US 3¬Ę coin issued in 1852 was glued to cover when the 3¬Ę single prepaid letter rate went into effect in 1851.
Coins Datés: (Fr.) known as "dated corners" since 1922. Many French area stamps have the date of issue in the lower right margin of the stamp; these are collected as blocks of four stamps.
Col.: (Fr.) abbreviation for colonies.
Colaparchee, Ga Paid 5: see Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Colburn's Express: local post serviced Boston, Roxbury and South End, Mass., used a label.
Colchester Emergency Post: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971.
Colchester Post: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971.
Colding, Johann Peter: proposed a balloon route carrying letters over the heads of British ships blockading Denmark during the Napoleonic wars; four successful flights took place between June 2 and Dec, 1808, when the service was discontinued.
Colección: (Sp.) collection, a gathering together of philatelic material.
Colección de Sellos: (Sp.) term for an auction lot comprising of a mounted or unmounted country, topical, etc. collection, which normally is viewed prior to bidding.
Colección de Tarjeta Ilustrada: (Sp.) collection of picture postcards.
Colector: (Sp.) collector.
Colegio de Abogados: (Sp.) inscription on Spanish fiscal stamps used by lawyers.
Colegio de Huerfanos: (Sp.) inscription on Spanish semipostals issued by Postal, Telegraph and Customs services to collect funds for colleges used by children of employees.
Colegio de Notarios: (Sp.) inscription on fiscal stamps used by notaries.
Cole's City Despatch P.O.: local post handstamp, New York, N.Y., 1848-50.
Cole's Electric Express Co.: local parcel service operated via trolley cars in Bridgeport, Conn., used a stamp; 1901?
Colete: (Port.) to collect; to assemble or bring together.
Coleter: (Port.) collector.
Colima: 1: district overprint used on stamps of Mexico, 1856-1883. 2: local post provisional, Mexico, 1914.
Colis: (Fr.) package.
Colis Postal: (Fr.) parcel post.
Colis Postaux: (Fr.) international parcel post, overprint on stamps of Dahomey, 1967-69.
Collage Cachet: design made by gluing various items to form a cohesive cachet.
Collateral Material: 1: relevant illustrations exhibited in a stamp display to provide additional background information on the same subject as displayed. 2: non-philatelic material that is related to philatelic material, such as photographs, maps, etc.
Collecione di Cartoline: (It.) postcard collecting.
Collect: half of a telegraph stamp that was affixed to the telegram, delivered to the customer, the other half kept in sending office.
Collection: a gathering together of philatelic material.
Collection and Distribution Wagon Service: 1896, Oct.1: designed to handle mail started in New York City, 1897: pneumatic service started, they were transferred to Buffalo, N.Y. then to St. Louis, 1900s: service was discontinued, 1899-1905: another wagon service operated in Maryland.
Collection Box: blue-painted USPS street box for the public to deposit mail.
Collection Lot: term for an auction lot comprising of a mounted or unmounted country, topical, etc. collection, which normally is viewed prior to bidding.
Collectionneur: (Fr.) collector.
Collectionneur de Timbres-Poste: (Fr.) stamp collector.
Collection Timbres-Postes: (Fr.) term for an auction lot comprising of a mounted or unmounted country, topical, etc. collection, which normally is viewed prior to bidding.
Collect'n & Dist'n: handstamp for street car service.
Collect on Delivery (C.O.D.): mail where the cost of postage and the product enclosed will be collected from the recipient and forwarded to the mailer; sometimes called Cash on Delivery.
College Stamps: private stamps issued by some US business colleges for training purposes; classified as labels; used in late1800s and early 1900s.
College Stamps, University: the British universities of Oxford and
Cambridge were officially granted the right to issue their own stamps for internal messenger service in the mid-1600s; several other colleges used their own stamps between 1871 and 1886.
Collezione: (It.) collection, a gathering together of philatelic material.
Collezione di Cartoline: (It.) collection of picture postcards.
Collezione Francobolli: (It.) term for an auction lot comprising of a mounted or unmounted country, topical, etc. collection, which normally is viewed prior to bidding.
Collins Bros.: inscription on US match stamp; see Private Die Proprietary Stamps.
Colln a.E. Spaar Oberspaar: local post Germany, 1888-89.
Collodion Stains: stains in stamp paper caused by the chemical substance collodion which is used to rejoin perforations in multiples.
Collotype: uses gelatine images of photographs in the printing process; as the Poltava Zemstvo issue of 1912 and London International Stamp Exhibition souvenir sheet of 1950.
Colne Valley Railway: British local post.
Colo.: abbreviation for Colorado prior to Zip Code usage.
Colombia: Northern South America, between Panama and Venezuela; Official name of Postal Administration: Correos de Colombia Currency: 100 centavos = 1 peso 1700s, early: established by Spain as the Viceroyalty of New Granada, 1810, July 20: Spanish Viceroyalty of New Granada formed the State of Greater Colombia, 1819: Republic of Colombia proclaimed, 1824: Colombia, Venezuela and Ecuador made up the State of Greater Colombia, 1830: the three nations separated, 1832-58: split into Venezuela, Ecuador and the Republic of New Granada, 1858-61: named the Grenadine Confederation, 1859: No.1, 2 1/2 centavos green, first stamps as a member of the Granadine Confederation, 1861: stamps issued as the United States of New Grenada, 1862: stamps issued as the United States of Colombia, 1863-1902: Colombian states (departments) that issued their own stamps were Antioquia (1868), Bolivar (1863), Boyaca (1899), Cauca (1902), Cundinamarca (1870), Santander (1884) and Tolima (1870), 1865: first registration stamp issued, 1865-81: stamps of Britain used in Cartagena, Panama, Santa Martha, stamps of France used in Colon-Aspinwall, 1870-81: stamps of Britain used in Colon-Aspinwall, 1872-74: stamps of France used in Panama and Santa Martha, 1872-81: stamps of Britain and France used in Savanilla, 1878: stamps issued for Panama, Colombia Dominion, 1881, July 1: joined the UPU as the United States of Panama, 1886: first postage due, late fee stamps, 1887: Colombia issued stamps for use in Panama, 1893: first acknowledgment of receipt stamp issued, 1899-1902: provisional issues during civil war, Barranquilla, Cartagena, Cucuta, Medellin and Tumaco, 1903: Panama broke away from Colombia, 1909: first department stamp issued, 1917: first special delivery stamp issued, 1919: first air mail stamp issued, 1923: air mail registration stamp issued, 1937: first official stamp issued, 1958, May 19: air mail special delivery stamp issued, 1966, Apr. 26: first semipostal stamp issued; see Antioquia, Bolivar, Boyaca, Cundinamarca, Santander, Tolima.
Colombiana: air mail issue for Compania Colombiana de Navegacion Aerea.
Colombian Express Companies: local post, via cars and aircraft, 1920-30s.
Colombia, United States: see Colombia.
Colombie: (Fr.) Colombia.
Colombie Britannique: (Fr.) British Columbia.
Colon: 1: Columbus, inscription on first stamps of Chile. 2: currency unit in Chile, Costa Rica, El Salvador. 3: 1903: stamps of Colombia, Republica de Panama overprint for Colon; registration stamp issued in 1898.
Colon, Cristobal: (Sp.) Christopher Columbus.
Colonia: (It.) colony.
Colonia de Rio de Oro: inscription for Rio de Oro.
Colonia Eriteria: inscription / overprint for Eritrea colony of Italy.
Colonial: term used for stamps in the possession of the larger powers, issued for their colonies or territory, usually with different inscriptions for various locations; the Mauritius "Post Office" of 1847 is the earliest British colonial.
Coloniali Italiane: (It.) inscription on stamps of Italy for Italian Colonies, July 1, 1932; see Italian Colonies.
Colonial Printing: stamps printed in a British colony from impressions originally made in London from the original plates.
Colonial Post: grant made to Mary and William Neale, Feb. 17, 1692 for a 20-year period, for the American Colonies; Neale, Master of the Mint, never saw America.
Colonias: inscription for Portuguese Africa, 1919.
Colonies de l' Empire Francais: inscription for French Colonies that didn't have stamps of their own, 1859-1906, 1943-45.
Colonies Postes: inscription on the General Issue for French Colonies, 1881.
Color: may be a variable shade that may cause one stamp to look different from another stamp with technically the same color; different shades may have vastly different catalog values.
Colorado: became a US territory Feb. 28, 1861, state Aug. 1, 1876; cut from Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico and Utah Territories.
Colorant: (Fr.) die.
Color Changeling: see Changeling.
Color de Alhucema: (Sp.) lavender.
Colore: (It.) color.
Coloreado: (Sp.) tinted, colored.
Colored Cancellation: postmark applied to any stamp in any color but black.
Colored Line Roulette: perforations indicated by colored dashes printed over the top of the slits, used on stamps of Thurn and Taxis.
Colored Paper: color caused by dye added to the paper pulp; used by nations for stamps.
Color Error: a stamp printed in a color intended for a different stamp, printed in the wrong color, or color omitted.
Color Fast: stamp production inks that are not affected by contact with water, benzine, etc.
Color, Fugitive: stamp production inks that are affected by contact with water, benzine, etc.
Color Guide: printed set of colors used by collectors to match colors used to print stamps.
Color Misregistration: misalignment of multi-color printing plates, resulting in a color appearing out of position; see Color Missing, Color Shift.
Color Missing: error caused by an intended color not appearing on the finished stamp.
Color Omitted: see Color Missing.
Color, Process: printed reproduction of the three primary colors plus black.
Color Proof: stamp impression in approved color(s) before start of production to show how a given design would appear before start of production.
Color Range: variety, in shade or tint of color found on various examples of the same stamp.
Color Registration: marks of different sizes and shapes used as an aid in properly registering the different colors in the printing process.
Color Separation: the process of preparing a separate drawing, engraving, or negative for each color required in the printing of a stamp.
Color Shade: commonly used to denote a variation of the same color.
Color Shift: variety where one or more colors of a multicolored issue are misaligned.
Color Smear: any unintended color that appears on a stamp due to a printing error, aka a freak.
Colors, Universal Postal Union: the Washington, DC, 1897 Congress recommended that all member countries standardize colors for the three most-used values in international service; green for single printed matter rate; red for postal card rate, dark blue for single letter rate; there were no recommendations regarding domestic postal rate colors.
Color Trials: proof impressions in various colors to aid in color selection for the issued stamp.
Color Variations: frequently found on the Giori press on which up to three colors are printed.
Colosnah: city in Egypt, Interpostal Seals used 1879-82, see Interpostal Seals.
Columbian Exposition Registration Stamp: label for 1893 exposition possibly used for registering for drawing or another event.
Columbians: nickname applied to set of 16 stamps issued in 1893 to commemorate the 400th anniversary of Columbus's discovery of the New World; designs used again in 1998.
Columbia Postal Supply Co.: manufacturer of canceling machines in use from the 1900s-50s.
Columbia, S.C. Paid 5, Post Office 5: see Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Columbia, Ten. Paid 5: see Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Columbus Archipelago: Galapagos Island, stamps could be used throughout Ecuador.
Columbus, Ga. Paid 5: see Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Column: a single-stamp width multiple of stamps from a sheet, pane or booklet in a vertical format; horizontal strips are called "row."
Columnas: (Sp.) pillar boxes, or mail boxes.
Column Total: marginal inscription printed by the post office on stamps of Germany with the face value of the column of stamps.
Comandancia: (Sp.) military or naval command, Spanish language country markings.
Comares: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist forces, 1938.
Combatientes: (Sp.) combatants, fighting forces used as "Pro Combatientes" in Spanish postal markings.
Comayagua: May 1877, Medio Real surcharge for Honduras province.
Combi Mail: combination of an airplane and a submarine; mail brought to New York from Chicago, via Erie, Hammondsport and forwarded to Germany on a U-boat.
Combinacion: (Sp.) se-tenant.
Combination Block: a block of four or more stamps with different perforations on some of the stamps.
Combination Cover: 1: an envelope or card with stamps from two or more different countries. 2: cover transported by air and one (or more) other (non-air) primary means in transit to the original destination; such as flight plus surface; postal markings are necessary.
Combination Flight Cover: cover flown by two different means in transit to the original destination.
Combination Perforations: perforations made by more than one perforating head on the same sheet of stamps.
Combination Printing: combination of printing processes such as offset (surface printing) and intaglio (recess printing) to print a stamp; used, for example, on 76¬Ę 2001 Hattie Caraway issue.
Combination Separation: rouletting and perforation combination applied to the same stamp sheet; for example; South Australia 1868-70 2d stamp.
Combination Sheet: Michel Catalogue considers items with more than ten different stamp as combination sheets, see Block.
Combination Sheetlet: Michel Catalogue considers items with seven to ten different stamps as a combination sheetlet; see Block.
Combination Usage: use of stamps of more than one postal service.
Combo FDC: has one or more previously issued stamps added to the cover, with new issue.
Comb Perforations: perforations made in stamp sheets in which the holes have been punched three sides at one time, then the machine moves up the sheet to perforate the next row.
Comedores Beneficos, Municipales: (Sp.) dining room local tax stamps.
Comemorativo da Exposicao de S. Francisco Xavier: inscription with "India 1931" on stamps of Portuguese India to commemorate an exhibition held at Goa.
COMEX: Comisión de Expertos Filatélicos (de Barcelona) (Sp.) stamp expert committee.
Com-Hamadeh: city in Egypt, Interpostal Seals used 1880, see Interpostal Seals.
Comissão Portuguesa de Prisioneiros de Guerra: (Port.) overprint on stamps of Portugal as Franchise stamps used by the for prisoners of war commission.
Comité Fran'ais de la Liberation National: (Fr.) French Committee for National Liberation, inscription on French Colonies, used with stamps of their own country.
Comm: abbreviation for commemorative
Commando Brief: Orange Free State military label, Boer, second South African War, 1899.
Commatology: study of postmarks, also known as Marcophily (International usage), Marcophilately.
Commemoratif: (Fr.) commemorative.
Commemorative: see Commemorative Stamp.
Commemorative Documentary Stamps: last two US documentary revenue stamps issued 1962-63, to mark the centennial of the Internal Revenue Service.
Commemorative Flight: 1: flight tracing all or part of historically important flight. 2: flight or commemoration of an important aviation event.
Commemorative Labels: adhesive labels used to commemorate events, etc., some are used as cachets.
Commemorative Pane: a pane of stamps where the paper around the stamps (the selvage) has illustrations and text; usually with header across the top or other information about the stamps.
Commemorative Panel: USPS panel with each panel devoted to a single subject, includes example of the stamp(s), reproduction of engravings and background information on the issue; started Sept. 20, 1972.
Commemorative Postmark: postmark to honor some person, anniversary or historical event, first used by France in 1855.
Commemorative Stamp: stamp issued to honor a person, anniversary or historical event, first government adhesive issued was Peru, 1871, in honor of the 20th anniversary of the first railway in South America; first used by US as a stamped envelope of 1876 to celebrate the Centenary of Independence.
Commemorative Stamp, Earliest US: the 1893 Christopher Columbus series.
Commemorativo: (It., Sp.) commemorative.
Commerce: name given to the French colonial issues of May 1881.
Commercial Airways: local post, semiofficial air mail, Canada, 1929-30.
Commercial Controls Corp.: US postage meter firm, 1944-59, acquired by Friden, Inc.
Commercial Cover: a used business envelope, loosely means any cover not of philatelic origin; term used by collectors to indicate a nonphilatelic cover.
Commercial Express Co.: local post operated during civil war, New Orleans, La., label, 1865.
Commercial Express Line: freight service operated by the Erie Railroad, used a label; 1903.
Commercial Union Telegraph Company: issued stamps for firms own telegrams, US, 1876.
Commercial Overprints: used on stamps of Great Britain; serve the same purpose as perfins, applied by private firms for security reasons; may be four initials related to the firm, placed in the four corners of British postage stamps.
Commisair-Priseur: (Fr.) auctioneer.
Commission Consultative des Timbres: (Fr.) stamp advisory committee.
Commission d'Administration et de Plebéscite Olszytn Alenstein-Traite de Versailles: overprint on stamps of Germany for Allenstein plebiscite,1920.
Commission de Controle Provis√ɬīire Korca: inscription on stamps of Albania, 1914.
Commission de Gouvernment Haute Silsie: inscription for Upper Silesia plebiscite issue.
Commission de Gouvernement Provisoire: Albania.
Commission for Technical Cooperation: common design on stamps of the French Community of Nations, 1960.
Commissioner Provinciale Censura: (It.) Provincial Censor Commission, censor marking.
Commission f√ɬľr Retourbriefe (R√ɬľckbriefe): (Ger.) inscription for return letters stamps, Bavaria, Nuremberg and Wurttemberg.
Commission Interalliée Marienwerder: overprint on stamps of Germany for Marienwerder plebiscite,1920.
Committente: (It.) "consignor" inscription on Italian tax revenue stamps.
Commodore Shipping: stamps so inscribed were issued in 1961 by Commodore Shipping Co Ltd. to prepay parcel and passenger carried on firm's ships between Guernsey, Sark and Alderney in the Channel Islands.
Commonwealth: 1937 overprint on definitive stamps of the Philippines for new status as a commonwealth of the U.S.
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS): a loose federation of independent countries from the former Soviet Union, formed Dec. 8, 1991: includes Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgzstan, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine and Uzbekistan.
Commonwealths: Dominions of Great Britain renamed Commonwealths of the British Commonwealth of Nations, 1947; includes Antigua and Bermuda, Australia, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belize, Botswana, Brunei, Cameroon, Canada, Cyprus, Dominica, Fiji, Gambia, Ghana, Grenada, Guyana, India, Jamaica, Kenya, Kiribati, Lesotho, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Malta, Mauritius, Namibia, Nauru, New Zealand, Nigeria, Pakistan (up to 1999), Papua New Guinea, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Swaziland, Tanzania, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tuvalu, Uganda, United Kingdom, Vanuatu, Western Samoa, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Commonwealth Stamp Catalogues: British semi-specialized catalogs featuring King George VI and Queen Elizabeth issues.
Commun: (Fr.) common.
Communicaciones: (Sp.) communications, inscription used on stamps of Spain, Spanish Colonies, 1870-99.
Communist China: see China.
Community Service L.Sc.: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971.
Comores: (Fr.) Comoros.
Comoros: Southern Africa island between Northern Madagascar and Northern Mozambique; Official name of Postal Administration: Société Nationale des Postes et Télécommunications (SNDT) Currency:100 centimes = 1 franc 1864: first stamps were French Colonies General issues, 1887-1914: stamps of French Colonies issued for islands of Anjouan, Grand Comoro, Mayotte and Moheli, as part of Madagascar; 1892, Nov.: first stamps issued, 1892, Nov.: stamps for Anjouan issued, then stamps of Madagascar in 1914, 1896: stamps for Mohéli issued, then stamps of Madagascar in 1914, 1897, Nov.: stamps for Grande Comore, Great Comoro issued, then stamps of Madagascar in 1914, 1914-46: attached to Madagascar, then became a separate French Overseas Territory, 1914-50: stamps of Madagascar, 1950: No.1, 10 centimes blue, issued their own stamps, 1950: first postage due, air mail stamps issued, 1960: inscription "Archipel des Comores" used, 1962, Apr. 7: first semipostal stamp issued, 1975, July 6: inscription "Etat Comorien" State of Comoro, used, except for Mayotte, which chose to remain French, 1976, July 29: joined the UPU, 1977, Nov. 21: inscribed "Republique des Comores" 1979: first official, air mail semipostal stamps issued; now known as Union of Comores.
Compagnia Ottomania: (It.) Ottoman Company, Turkish Steamship Company, 1840-62.
Companhia de Mo'ambique: inscription used on stamps by the Mozambique Company, used for one of the territories in Portuguese East Africa.
Companhia do Nyassa: inscription used on stamps by the Nyassa Company, used for one of the territories in Portuguese East Africa, 1894.
Compania Colombiana de Navegacion Aerea: airline name used as an overprint on private Colombia air mails, internal usage, March 1920; government stamps must be affixed.
Compania de Transportes Terrestres Soc. Anon: local post, Colombia Express Companies, 1923-32.
Compania Urbana de Transportes: local post, Colombia Express Companies.
Company Cachet: cachet applied by a commercial firm in connection with the stamp or postmark on the cover.
Compartment Lines: printing variety caused when presses picks up ink during the printing process, appears as lines, dots or dashes in one or more margins of stamps.
Competa: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist forces, 1937.
Complaisance (Courrier de): (Fr.) favor mail.
Completare l'Insieme: (Port.) complete set.
Complete Matched Set: a set of plate blocks for every number and pane position possible for a certain stamp.
Complete Set (CPL): group of stamps that includes all the values from a series, or all the stamps from a issue.
Composite Proof: a single printer's working proof showing two or more different designs.
Composite Sheet: sheet of stamps made up of different values, types or designs.
Composite Stamps: different values, types or designs on two or more joined stamps.
Compound Card, Envelope: postal stationery that has been impressed with more than one indicium, such as the second US Nesbitt envelope "star die" series; both series made by George F. Nesbitt from 1853 to 1870.
Compound (Collective) Deluxe Sheets: multi-stamp deluxe presentation sheets from French-area countries.
Compound Perforations: two different perforation measurements on different sides; for example, a stamp of the US 1938 Presidential Series is perforated 10 2 on top and bottom and 11 on both sides. Such stamps are said to be perf. 10 2 x 11.
Compound Plates: a set of two plates each of which contain a part of the entire design.
Compre ud. Café de Costa Rica: (Sp.) overprint in 1923 on stamps of Costa Rica as plea to buy Cost Rican coffee.
Comptant: (Fr.) in cash.
Compulsory Postage Due Labels: labels affixed to mail when charity stamps were not used; Portugal, Romania and Yugoslavia.
Computer-Generated Postage: the use of Internet connections and laser printers to print postage on envelopes.
Computer Stamps: term originally used as synonym for automatic stamps from automatic vending machines, or Frama labels.
Computer Vended Postage: stamp denomination printed by a computer as the stamp is issued.
COMSS: California, Oregon and Mexico Steam Ship Co.,1867 handstamp on mail from Hawaii.
Comstock, W. H.: US medicine stamp inscription; see Private Die Proprietary Stamps.
Comté: (Fr.) country.
Com√ɬļn: (Sp.) common.
Comune: (It.) common.
Comune di Campione: (It.) local post issue of Italy for town on Lake Lugano, used 1944-52.
Comunicaciones: (Sp.) inscription on early revenue issues of Spain, which allows them to be used for reference purposes, postal use is implied and understood.
Conant's Express: local post serviced Boston, Mass. to Newbury, Maine, used a label; 1852
Con Avanzo di Linguella: (It.) hinge remnant.
Co. Nazionaldi Liberazione: local Italian liberation issue, c1944.
Concentration Camp Mail: mail from the concentration camps established by the Nazi regime in Germany and other countries during World War II.
Concentration Camp Stamps: issued by German government for inmates to send to relatives for mailing parcels to the camp; or by inmates to use as a local post.
Concessional Stamps: sold by Italian post office to private firms to deliver mail for a small fee per item, July 1928.
Con Charnela: (Sp.) hinged.
Conch Republic: propaganda labels for secession of the Florida Keys in 1982 to protest roadblocks by the US Border patrol to catch illegal immigrants.
Con-Con: CONcentration and CONvoy of registered mail, controlled conditions, USPS term.
Concord: common design on stamps of the French Community of Nations, 1969.
Concordance: term used by maximum card collectors to indicate the three elements, view card, stamp and cancel, necessary to qualify as a maximum card.
Concord Bicycle Co.: vignette used for franking parcels, USA.
Concord Coach: built for transportation of mail and passengers at Concord, N.H., 1851.
Concorde Emergency M.S.: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971.
Concours: (Fr.) competition, stamp show.
Concours des Devises Cooperative: (Fr.) label for customer cooperative retail stores in Europe during 1920s-30s.
Condicion: (Sp.) see Condition.
Condition: the quality of a stamp regarding color, centering, cancellation, and gum (if mint) go into making up the term "condition." Typical condition descriptions are Superb, Very Fine, Fine, Good, Average, or Poor. "Superb" means that stamp is perfect.
Condition of Sale: printed in an auction catalog, (or as "Terms of Sale") with the legal terms of contract binding the buyer purchasing at the auction; terms may be subject to amendment at the time of the auction.
Condizione: (It.) see Condition.
Condominium: 1: territory ruled by more than one power; stamps may be bilingual. 2: New Caledonia overprint to note joint government by France and England.
Condominium des Nouvelles Hebrides: (Fr.) New Hebrides.
Condor: Brazil, private air mail carrier.
Condorzusatz: (Ger.) additional postage for forwarding via Condor airlines.
Confederate Dead Letter Office: established by the Southern States, June 1, 1861.
Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals: stamps and envelopes issued by individual postmasters between June 1, 1861 and Oct. 16, 1861 when Confederate Government stamps became available.
Confederate States of America: United States Confederate States, 1861, June 1: use of US stamps stopped for the following states: Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, 1861, June 1-Oct. 16: Confederate provisional stamps and postmarks used, 1861, Oct. 16:1861: No. 1 5¬Ę green, first Confederate government stamps appeared, 3¬Ę Postmaster's Provisionals; issued stamps used by the seceding states prior to the control of the postal service by the Confederate States of America; see Hillsboro, N.C., Jackson, Miss., Madison Court House, Fl., Nashville, Tenn., Selma, Ala., and Tuscumbia, Ala.
Confederation Helvetica: Switzerland.
Confédérés (Etats): (Fr.) Confederate States (USA).
Confed. Granadina: inscription on Colombia, Granadine Confederation, 1859.
Confe'on Argentina: inscription first issue of Argentina, 1858-60.
Confirm: USPS mail tracking and reporting system for letter mail utilizing a new barcode called the Planet; see Planet.
Confoederatio Helvetica: inscription National Fete Day, semipostal, Switzerland, 1838-post.
Cong Hua Mien Nam: Vietnam.
Congo: International Association of the Upper Congo, local post,1884.
Congo Belge: overprint on stamps of the Belgian Congo, 1908-10, see Zaire.
Congo, Democratic Republic: Central Africa, Northeast of Angola, aka Congo; Official name of Postal Administration: Congolais des Postes et Télécommunications (OCPT) Currency: 100 centimes = 1 franc, 100 sengi = 1 li-kuta, 100 makuta = 1 zaira (1967) 1960, June 30: became independent republic, No. 1, 10 centimes deep plum and ocher; first issue, Congo overprint on stamps of Belgium, 1961, July 5: joined the UPU, 1963, Mar. 21: first semipostal stamp issued, 1963, June 29: Katanga reunited with the Congo, 19, Dec. 8: some stamps used Congo Democratic Republic, 1967: first air mail stamp issued, 1971, Oct. 28: name changed to Republic of Zaire, 1997: name changed to Congo Democratic Republic, see Belgian Congo, Zaire.
Congo. Fran'ais: overprint on stamps of French Colonies, 1891, see French Congo.
Congo Fran'ais Gabon: (Fr.) Gabon.
Congo, Indian Forces: 1962, Jan.15: "U. N. Force (India) Congo"overprint on stamps of India for use in Congo.
Congo (Kinshasa): 1964: "Republique Populaire" overprint on stamps of the Congo by rebels in Stanleyville.
Congo, People's Republic: see Congo, Republic of.
Congo, Portuguese: see Congo.
Congo, People's Republic: Western Africa, between Angola and Gabon; Official name of Postal Administration: Société des Postes et de l'Epargne du Congo Currency: 100 centimes = 1 franc 1886, Jan. 1: joined the UPU, 1910-pre: part of French Congo, 1910: declared a separate colony, joined with Gabon, Ubangi-Shari and Chad Territories, 1934: incorporated as French Equatorial Africa, 1958-pre: joined with other colonies to form French Equatorial Africa, 1958, Nov. 28: became member state of the French Community, 1959: No.1, 25 francs, brown-claret, first stamp issued, 1960, Aug. 15: independence within French Community as the Congo Republic, 1960: first air mail stamp issued, 1961, Dec. 4: first postage due stamp issued, 1962, Apr. 7: first semipostal stamp issued, 1968: first official stamp issued, 1970, Jan. 3: became the People's Republic of the Congo, 1970, July 20: No. 1, 15 francs green, ocher and red-brown, 1970, Nov. 28: stamps issued as People's Republic of the Congo, 1990: name changed back to Republic of the Congo.
Congratulations Fall of Bataan and Corregidor: overprint on stamps of Philippines, Japanese occupation, 1942.
Congreso de la Union Postal Panamericana: (Sp.) Pan-American Postal Union Congress, 1931.
Congreso de los Diputados: (Sp.) Spain's official free frank stamps for its parliament, 1895-98.
Congreso Internacional de Ferrocarriles: (Sp.) International Congress of Railways.
Congress Book: annual publication of the American Philatelic Congress, each issue contains five to ten original research articles.
Conio: (It.) die, a block of metal that has been hand or machine engraved from which plates are prepared to print stamps.
Conjoined: stamp design depicting two or more busts or heads facing in the same direction.
Conjunto: (Sp.) selection, or lot (of stamps).
Conn.: abbreviation for Connecticut prior to Zip Code usage.
Connecting (or Connection) Flight: cover on a flight dedicated to making connection for mail / passengers with another flight, prior to departure or at a specific mid-route point.
Connecticut: became a state Jan. 9, 1788.
Connell Stamp: 1860, postmaster Charles Connell, Woodstock, New Brunswick, Canada ordered stamps with his likeness in place of Queen Victoria; stamp not sold, Connell resigned.
Connolly Association: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971.
Connu: (Fr.) known (quantity).
Con Numeración en el Reverso: (Sp.) with control numbering on the back.
Conseil de l'Europe: (Fr.) Council of Europe, France official issue inscription / overprint for mail from headquarters, Strasbourg, first issue Jan. 14, 1958.
Conseil Municipal de Vinebre: inscription for a postal tax from Vinebre, Catalonia, Spain issued during Spanish Civil War 1938-39.
Consider Grand Rapids: poster stamp issued to promote the Michigan city.
Consigner's Contract: the legal and binding signed document of agreement between the auctioneer and the owner of the philatelic properties being consigned to the auctioneer.
Consignment: material given to a stamp dealer by a collector (consignor), who also states price required; the dealer then proceeds to sell it for the collector, or consignor, pays the consignor, less a commission to the dealer for handling the material.
Consiliul Europei: (Rom.) label attached to a Romanian stamp commemorating the 50th anniversary of the Council of Europe.
Consnantinople: v

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Controlle 1922: overprint on stamps of Persia (Iran) as a pictorial postcard tax, 1922.
Controlled issue: stamps, although sanctioned by a postal authority, were controlled by someone else, such as the printer.
Controlled mail: mail from one source to another where the sender gets the stamps returned that are used on the mail.
Control letters or numbers: inscription on margin of stamp sheet to denote the printing plate or cylinder on which the sheet was printed.
Control marks: marks placed on the stamp or in the sheet margin by postal authorities for accounting purposes.
Control number: numbers printed on backs of stamp (Spain), or tabs (Tonga) for internal control.
Control overprint: when a large theft of stamps occurs, postal authorities overprinted remaining stamps and the use of any stamps which have not been overprinted was forbidden.
Convenience overpayment: 1: affixing overfranking as postage when exact amount is unavailable. 2: used for currency control post-World War II, Germany.
Control perfin: a perforation made by an affixing machine through the face of a Schermack coil.
Convention, Postal: Universal Postal Union agreement, signed by a postal official and ratified by the head of government.
Convention rate: a special postal rate negotiated between one country and another, aka Treaty Rate.
Convention States: convention status states in the Empire of India: Chamba, Faridot, Gwalior, Jind, Nabha and Patiala; each state had its own overprints on stamps of India, 1950: regular stamps of India replaced all the convention states' issue.
Convertible booklet: USPS technical specification for a pane of stamps that may be folded into a booklet after removal of the two narrow selvage strips.
Convertible mark: currency unit in Bosnia & Herzegovina.
Convon Natle: (Fr.) national convention.
Convoyeur(s): (Fr.) carrier (of mail on railroad), postmark of postal agent on train.
Coo: Dodecanese Sea, Aegean Islands; 16th century-post: Turkish rulers, 1912-pre: used stamps of Turkey, 1912: No.1, 2 centesimi orange-brown, overprint "CASO" on stamps of Italy, followed by name of island, 1916: first stamps without overprints, 1920: Turkey ceded group to Italy, 1929: general Aegean Islands issues, 1930, 1932: overprint "COO" used on two sets, 1943, Sept.: became part of Greece, 1943: reoccupied by German forces, 1945: liberated by Allied forces, see M.E.F., Middle East Forces, 1945, June 25: British post offices opened, stamps of Britain overprinted "M.E.F." (Middle East Forces), when islands transferred to Greece, 1947, Mar. 31: British post offices closed, stamps of Greece overprinted "S.D.D." (Dodecanese Military Occupation), see S.D.D. 1947-summer: stamps of Greece used.
Coo, Cos, Kos: see: Cos.
Cook & Bernheimer: U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp.
Cook-Inseln: (Ger.) Cook Islands.
Cook Islands: islands in the South Pacific Ocean, southeast of New Zealand; currency: 12 pence = 1 shilling, 20 shillings = 1 pound, 100 cents = 1 dollar (1967) 1892, May 7: No.1, 1 penny black, first stamps, 1901: became a dependency of New Zealand, 1903-32: separate stamp issues by Aitutaki and Penrhyn, 1919-32: stamps inscribed/overprinted "Rarotonga" name of main island, 1966, Apr. 22: first air mail stamp issued, 1968, Feb. 12: first semipostal stamp issued, 1975: first official stamp issued; see Aitutaki, Niue and Penrhyn.
Cook Islands: overprint 30 June 1948 Atomic Test Bikini Atoll, part of set of eleven overprints, unissued Great Britain cinderella by David Horry, 2001.
Cook Islands - United Kingdom S.M.S.: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Cook Land: bogus North Pole issue in early 1900s.
Cooköarna: (Swed.) the Cook Islands.
Cook √Éňúerne: (Dan.) the Cook Islands.
Cook's Dispatch: U.S. local post, Baltimore, Md, 1853.
Cooland: 1924 European cinderella used on private postcards that did not go through the mail.
Coolgardie Cycl Express: bicycle service operated in Western Australia in the 1890s, issued local stamps.
Coon's (J.G.) Carting Express: private freight firm serviced Buffalo, N.Y., used a label, year unknown.
Coop & Co's Express: local baggage firm serviced Brooklyn and New York City; used a label, year unknown
Cooperation: common design on stamps of the French Community of Nations, 1964.
Co-operative Delivery Service: local parcel firm serviced unknown area; used a stamp.
Cooper's Express: local post serviced Boston and Lawrence, Mass.; used a label; 1865?
Copa Mundial de F√ɬļtbol: (Sp.) World Soccer Cup, topic.
Copenhagen - Lauritzen & Thaulow Local Post: Copenhagen (Dan., K√ɬłbenhavn) is the largest city and capital of Denmark located on E coast of Sj¬¶lland Island and N portion of Amager Island. Local post established by S. Lauritzen and T. Thaulow, with first "Kjobenhavns by og Hus Telegraf / By Post" local stamps issued 1 September 1880, and with numerous others issued through August 1889. Several other local posts operated during this period, to include: Adam's Express , Expres-Compagni , Kjobenhavn's Pakke Expedition , Kjobemhavns Telefon-Kiosker , and Vester- Norre-Osterbroes Pakvogn (q.v. individual Copenhagen Local Post entries).
Copenhagen - Adam's Expres Local Post: Danish local post established by the Adam's Express Company, with first "Adams Expres / Kj√ɬłbenhavn" local stamps issued in 1888, and with a second different design set-of-5 issued in 1891.
Copenhagen - Expres-Compagni Local Post: Danish local post established in 1880, with first "Universal Expres / Pakke Frimk." local stamps issued on 1 September, and with several others issued through January 1882.
Copenhagen Foot Post: Founded by the General Postal Authorities in Copenhagen, Denmark, on March 1806. H. E. Riegels employed as postmaster until 1 April 1809, on which date he took over the operation on his own account. Privately operated under the general postal authorities until 14 May 1849, when the Danish Royal Post re-assumed control, continuing to operate the service until 1876. Mails carried by the service had various types of handstamps, primarily a version of "F.P." letters, similar devices except with added dating, or an identifying single-ring cds.
Copenhagen - Kjobenhavn' Pakke Expedition Local Post: Danish local post established in 1901 with set of different value local stamps depicting "weighing scales with the value on a parcel in the left pan" issued in the same year.
Copenhagen - Kjobenhavns Telefon-Kiosker: Danish local post established at an unknown turn-of-the-2oth century date, with a set-of-5 local stamps issued, the stamps having several printings distinguished by coarseness or fineness of the print, their shades, and the paper types.
Copenhagen - Lauritzen & Thaulow Local Post: Copenhagen (Dan., K√ɬłbenhavn) is the largest city and capital of Denmark located on E coast of Sj¬¶lland Island and N portion of Amager Island. Local post established by S. Lauritzen and T. Thaulow, with first "Kj√ɬłbenhavns by og Hus Telegraf / By Post" local stamps issued 1 September 1880, and with numerous others issued through August 1889. Several other local posts operated during this period, to include: Adam's Express, Expres-Compagni, Kjobenhavn's Pakke Expedition, Kjobemhavns Telefon-Kiosker, and Vester-Norre-Osterbroes Pakvogn (q.v. individual Copenhagen Local Post entries).
Copenhagen-Roskilde Flight: see Denmark - Copenhagen-Roskilde Flight, 1914.
Copenhagen - Vester-Norre-Osterbroes Pakvogn: Danish local post established in 1880, with a set-of-3 local stamps issued during the same year, and with a second set-of-2 local stamps being issued in December 1885. The stamps were used by the parcel delivery company conducting business in the western, northern, and eastern suburbs of Copenhagen. The service was taken over by the Lauritzen & Thaulow company in March 1887.
COPO: Council of Philatelic Organizations, USA.
Copper plate engraving: recessed design engraved upon or transferred to a copper plate, printed impressions show raised lines, now almost entirely superceded by engraving on steel plates; copper plate engraving persisted until recently in France.
Coppia: (It.) pair.
Coppia invertita: (It.) tete-beche pair.
Coppia orizzontale: (It.) horizontal pair.
Coppia verticale: (It.) vertical pair.
Copyright: standard inscription placed in the sheet margin legally protecting design from duplication by unauthorized persons or firms. Designs of U.S. stamps issued after Jan. 1, 1978 may not be reproduced for commercial purposes except under license granted by the USPS. Designs of U.S. stamps issued prior to 1978 are in the public domain.
Copyright block: a margin block of stamps with a copyright notice, started in 1978.
Coquille: (Fr.) misprint. - printing cylinder part.
Coralit: (It.) Corrièri Alta Italia, North Italian Couriers bicycle posts in Italy, 1944- 45: in Feb.1945, used mail franked with local stamps and Italian postage stamps.
CorAllt: Corrieri Alta Italia, Italian local issue, 1944-45.
Coral Sea Islands Territory: bogus, islands off the coast of Queensland.
Corbeil's Private Post: bogus, Canada, sometime in the 1800s.
Corbera: local, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937.
Cordial stamps: stamps used on bottles or cases of cordials to pay the US Internal Revenue Tax.
Cordillera: (Sp.) Spanish system in late 1700s where each government unit was responsible for forwarding or circulating official mail to the next unit.
Cordoba: 1): Argentine province; 1858, Oct. 28: first stamps issued, 1865: replaced by stamps of the central government; 2): local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist and Republican, 1936-37.
Cordova: district overprint used on stamps of Mexico, 1856-83.
Core: strip of brown paper attached to the last stamp on a roll of coil stamps.
Corea, (Sp.) Korea
Corean: (Rom) Korean (adj.).
Coree du Nord: (Fr.) North Korea.
Coree du Sud: (Fr.) South Korea.
Corfou: (Fr.) Corfu.
Corfu: island in Ionian Sea, opposite Greek-Albanian border; currency: 100 centesimi = 1 lira, 100 lepta = 1 drachma 1859: No. 1, 1/2 penny orange, 1864: ceded to Greece by Britain, 1916-18: stamps of France with control handstamp Postes Serbes used on Serbian military mail sent through French military postal system, 1917: Corfu issue, surcharge, 1917-18: stamps of Greece surcharged and overprinted, 1922: occupied by Italy (Kerkyra), 1923: overprinted stamps of Italy issued for use on island, 1941: overprinted stamps of Greece issued, 1941: Italian occupation issue had Greek stamps overprinted "Corfu," 1943: Germany took over occupation from Italy, used stamps of Greece, 1943: stamps of Greece re-introduced; see Ionian Islands.
Corisco: Spanish island colony off coast of Africa; 1868: used stamps of Fernando Poo, 1903 to 1909: issued their own stamps, 1909: Spanish Guinea, then stamps of Rio Muni; see: Eloby, Annobon and Corisco.
Cork & Macroom Direct Railway: Ireland local post.
Cork, Bandon & South Coast Railway: Ireland local post.
Cork, Blackrock & Passage Railway: Ireland local post.
Cork cancels: obliterators made from corks in fancy or plain designs.
Cornella de llobregat: local, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937.
Corner blocks: a block of stamps taken from the corner of a sheet or pane and identified by the paper margin on two adjacent sides of the block.
Corner card: imprinted name and address of the envelope user, usually placed in the upper left hand corner; an illustration may accompany the printed address.
Corner fold: a corner of a sheet of stamps becomes folded during printing process on a sheet- fed press.
Corner letters: letters in the bottom two corners on early stamps of Great Britain; intended as a security measure against forgery; also known as check letters.
Corner stamp: stamp from the corner of the sheet (1887 definition).
Cornice: (It.) frame.
Corning & Tappan: U.S. private die perfumery proprietary stamp.
Cornish National Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Cornwell's Madison Square Post office: U.S. local post, New York, N.Y., 1856.
Coro and la Vela: local, Venezuela, 1867-89.
Corocco: state near Chile used in 1913 book Clue of the Postage Stamp by Arthur Bray, bogus stamp affixed to book cover.
Corona: 1. (It., Sp.) crown; 2. Dalmatia overprint on stamps of Italy; also Austria, Italian Occupation.
Coronation: common design on stamps of the British Commonwealth of Nations, 1937, 1953.
Coronation issue: series of stamps issued to commemorate the coronation of a king or queen.
Coroncine: (It.) nickname of Italian stamps with a small crown overprint, 1934.
COROS: Collectors of Religion on Stamps, USA.
Corporate printing: commercial printing of actual stamp, printed in a different color from the final stamps, and overprinted with the company name and "specimen" or equivalent.
Cor postal: (Fr.) post-horn.
Corps Expeditionnaire/Franco-Anglais/Cameroun: overprint on stamps of Gabon whose inscriptions read "Congo Francais" and "Afrique Equatoriale," 1915.
Correio: Brazil and Portugual word for posts. - (With no country name and denominations in "Reis") Portugal.
Correio Aereo: Portuguese for air mail posts.
Correios e Telegraphos: (Port.) Post and Telegraph.
Correio India: inscription of stamps of Portuguese India.
Correo(s): (Sp.) mail, post, postage.
Correo(s) Aereo, Aéreo: (Sp.) airmail.
Correo Aereo Interior: Dominican Republic domestic airmail.
Correo Ambulante: (Sp.) traveling post office (T.P.O.).
Correo Certificado: (Sp.) registered mail.
Correo Chanadina: Colombia.
Correo de campa√ɬĪa: (Sp.) field post, field post office. - also stamps prepared in1939 but never issued.
Correo de Chile via Aeria B. Aires Agosto 5, 1919: handstamp on covers carried by Italian pilot Lt. Antonio Locatelli on a flight from Santiago to Buenos Aires.
Correo de Coro a la Vela y viceversa: label for town in Venezuela that had a private postal service operating by rail between Coro and La Vela about 1867.
Correo de la Corona: (Sp.) Spanish Royal Mail Service, 15th century.
Correo de paloma: (Sp.) pigeon post.
Correo di lata: (Sp.) tin can mail.
Correo Espanol Marruecos: Spain, Offices in Morocco.
Correo Espanol Tanger: Spanish Morocco for International City of Tangiers.
Correo Interior: (Sp.) local mail, posted and delivered in same city or town, Spain 1853 issue.
Correo Maritimo: (Sp.) ship post.
Correo Mayores: (Sp.) privately run colonial postal system established in the New World in 1767.
Correos de cohete: (Sp.) rocket mail.
Correos des Infectado: (Sp.) mail from possible infected areas.
Correos de la Chimba: local ship post, Bolivia.
Correos de los EE. UU. De Venuz: inscription on stamps of United States of Venezuela, 1865-70.
Correos fonopostal: (Sp.) recorded disks sent by mail; stamp, issued by Argentina, 1939.
Correos franco: (Sp.) post paid.
Correos 1854 Y 55: Philippines, Spanish Dominion.
Correos Maritimos de la Estado: (Sp.) maritime delivery established in1764 in Spain to provide mail delivery to the various Spanish colonies.
Correos Nacionales: (Sp.) Colombia.
Correos Oaxaca: Mexican State of Oaxaca.
Correo Submarino: (Sp.) submarine mail; 1938, one voyage took place; Barcelona to Mahón and back via Marseilles.
Correos y Telegrafos, Correos y Telegs: (Sp.) Argentina inscription for mail and telegraph, 19th century issues.
Correo Urbano: (Sp.) local post.
Correo Urbano de Bogota: Colombia (for City of Bogota).
Correspondencia a Debe: (Sp.) inscription on stamps of Panama for postage due.
Correspondencia Falta de Franqueo: (Sp.) unstamped letter.
Correspondencia Sibrante: (Sp.) undelivered mail, return to sender.
Correspondencia Urgente: (Sp.) special delivery inscription, found on Express Letter stamps of Spain.
Correos Urbanos Medellin: Colombia local issue for state of Medellin.
Correo Urgente: (Sp.) express delivery.
Correspondence art: labels designed to simulate stamps.
Correspondencias registradas: (Sp.) appears on seals to indicate registration.
Corriente: (Sp.) normal, or average, common as opposed to rare.
Corriere scatola di latta: (It.) tin can mail.
Corrosion stain: a printing variety caused by corrosion on a metal plate.
Cortado por mitad: (Sp.) bisect.
Corrientes: province in Argentina; 1856, Aug. 21-Sep. 11: first stamps issued. 1880, Aug. 21: replaced by stamps of Argentina.
Corsair Express: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Corse: (Fr.) Corsica.
Cortado: (Sp.) cut close.
Cortado a serpentina: (Sp.) serpentine roulette.
Corte: (Sp.) tear.
Corte de lineas: (Sp.) roulette.
Cortegana: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1936-37.
Cortes de la Frontera: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1936-37.
Corumbela: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1936-37.
Coruna: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist and Republican, 1936-37.
Cory and Smith Parcel Delivery: local parcel firm serviced an unknown area; used a stamp, year unknown.
Cos: Dodecanese Island, Aegean Sea; 16th century-post: Turkish rulers, 1912-pre: used stamps of Turkey, 1912: overprint "Egeo" on stamps of Italy, followed by name of island, 1916: first stamps without overprints, 1920: Turkey ceded group to Italy, 1929: general Aegean Islands issues, 1930, 1932: overprint "Coo" used on two sets, 1943, Sept.: became part of Greece, 1943: reoccupied by German forces, 1945: liberated by allied forces, 1945-47: stamps of Britain overprinted MEF (Middle East Forces), when islands transferred to Greece, 1947: stamps of Greece overprinted SDD (Dodecanese Military Occupation), 1947-summer: stamps of Greece used.
Cosme Colony: Paraguay bogus overprint for Australian settlement.
Cosmonaut: astronauts of the former Soviet Union.
Cosmos: (Fr.) space.
COSSU: Chess-on-Stamps Study Unit.
Costa Atlantica B: (Sp.) overprint on stamps of Nicaragua for use in province of Zelaya, 1907.
Costa Atlantica C: (Sp.) overprint on stamps of Nicaragua for use in province of Cabo Gracias A Dios, 1907.
Costa de Marfil: (Sp.) Ivory Coast.
Costa de Oro: (Sp.) Gold Coast.
Costa Rica: Central America; currency:8 reales = 100 centavos = 1 peso, 100 centimos = 1 colon (1900) 1821-pre: under Spanish rule, 1821: part of the United Provinces of Central America, 1838: became independent republic, 1863, Mar.: No.1, 1/2 reis blue, first stamps issued, 1883: first official stamp issued, 1883, Jan. 1: joined the UPU, 1885-89: stamps of Costa Rica overprinted with "Guanacaste" to celebrate sovereignty, 1903: first postage due stamp issued, 1919, June 4: U.S. Marines land during revolution, 1922: first semipostal stamp issued, 1926, June 4: first air mail stamp issued.
Cote: (Fr.) price, valuation, quotation.
C√ɬīte de Somalis: (Fr.) inscription used on stamps of Somali Coast, 1894-1902.
C√ɬīte d'Ivoire: (Fr.) Ivory Coast.
C√ɬīte d'Or.: (Fr.) Gold Coast.
C√ɬīte Francais des Somalis: (Fr.) French Somali Coast.
C√ɬītele: (Fr.) paper that resembles laid paper but the variation is obtained by mechanical means and is not in the paper paste.
C√ɬīte vue (carte postale): (Fr.) picture side of post card.
Cottbus: local, German Democratic Republic, 1945-46.
Cotton fiber: a strong and stable fiber that provides archival qualities to paper.
Cotton Order Stamps: stamps produced by the BEP for a subsidy program that permitted low income families to buy goods made with cotton.
Cotton reels: first circular issues of British Guiana named due their similarity to the labels on reels of sewing cotton, 1850-51.
Cottrell Press: single-color webfed intaglio press used at the BEP starting in 1956; officially known as Presses 801, 802, 803, 804 and 805.
Couché (papier): (Fr.) chalky (paper), coated.
Coudekerque: city in northern France; 1940: German overprint on French stamps used.
Couleur: (Fr.) color.
Counani, Free State of: bogus labels in 1886, 1893 and 1904 for all the land north of the Amazon River.
Counter auction: material on display in showroom of stamp dealer with a specified closing date, starting bid; customer sees previous bid and can enter his/her registered number (given by stamp dealer), and enter a higher bid before closing date and time.
Counterfeit: an imitation or forgery of a genuine postage stamp or postal marking that has been created to defraud the collector or government.
Counterfeit money: post office handstamp "Official Notice" warning recipient that envelope may contain counterfeit money and letter with contents should be returned to the local post office; contents known as "green goods" to postal officials; prevalent in late 1800s.
Counterfeit, postal: forgery of a stamp produced to defraud a postal administration of the postage used for mailing.
Counterfoil: receipt half of a two-part stamp, usually parcel post issues, one half affixed to the mail pieces, other half kept by sender as receipt.
Counting numbers: Cottrell Press used them when printing coil stamps. - numbers jet-sprayed on backs of coil stamps at regular intervals.
Country: collections specializing in the postal issues of one nation.
Country code: the address abbreviation to designate the destination country for international mail; while there has been no officially mandated code, the UPU has established a set of abbreviations which are generally accepted, such as A = Austria, D = Germany, CH = Switzerland, etc.
Country name: Universal Postal Union regulations of 1874 decreed that all stamps destined for international use must have the country name inscribed; only exception being that of Great Britain which could use the effigy of the reigning monarch.
Coupé (en deux): (Fr.) cut (bisected).
Coupe's Express: local post serviced Washington State, used a label; 1864-74.
Coupon: term for a non-postal label attached to a postage stamp, first used in Czechoslovakia in 1930.
Coupon Réponse International (CRI): (Fr.) international reply coupon.
Coupure: (Fr.) cut-square.
Courant: (Fr.) common.
Courant (timbre d'usage): (Fr.) current, regular use, definitive.
Courcelles de Tour: local provisional, France, 1944.
Courier: local, Chemnitz, Germany, 1907.
Courier 1971 Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Courier services: delivery services operated by governments for official mail; labels, cachets and stationery have been utilized for this purpose.
Courland: 1945, Apr.: four German stamps overprinted; see: Kurland.
Couronne: (Fr.) crown.
Cour Permanente de Justice Internationale: overprint on stamps of Netherlands for mail from International Court of Justice, 1934, amended to "Cour Internationale de Justice."
Courrier: (Fr.) the mail, post, mail boat, mail system.
Courrier-convoyeur(s): (Fr.) postal agent(s) on a train.
Courrier d'bidon: (Fr.) tin can mail.
Courrier de la Societé des Nations: (Fr.) overprint on stamps of Switzerland for League of Nations.
Courrier du Bureau International d'Education: (Fr.) overprint on stamps of Switzerland for International Bureau of Education.
Courrier du Bureau International du Travail: (Fr.) 1: overprint on stamps of Switzerland for International Labor Bureau. 2: Commissioner of Police, South Australia official overprint, 1868-74. 3: overprint on stamps of Ivory Coast for parcel post. 4: overprint on stamps of Colombia, sold in Costa Rica to frank mail carried by SCADTA airlines.
Courrier Maritime: (Fr.) ship mail.
Courseur (pour Pneumatique): (Fr.) bullet (for pneumatic post).
Court Bureau: local printed in London, 1890, to prepay services for collection of mail on Sundays and delivered to railroad stations for delivery on Mondays, 1890-91.
Court de marge: (Fr.) cut close.
Courte (series): (Fr.) incomplete set with high values missing.
Courtesy air mail: foreign origin mail accepted for airmail service without an international postal treaty or agreement to accept it.
Courtesy reply mail (CRM): preaddressed return envelope or postcard that mailers supply to a customer for reply; the customer pays the postage, USPS term.
Courtland, Al. Paid 5: see: Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Courvoisier, Helio SA: printing firm in Switzerland, formed in 1880, that has printed stamps for more than 70 postal administrations, closed April 30, 2001.
Coutinho, Carlos Viegas Gago: common design on stamps of Portugal and Colonies, 1967.
Couvert: (Ger.) envelope, cover.
Couverture(s): (Fr.) cover(s) (of booklets).
Cov.: abbreviation for cover.
Covel coils: privately perforated second Bureau issue coil stamps made by the Covel Mfg. Co. using a Rossback perforator.
Cover: 1. any postally used envelope, folded letter sheet, postal card or other piece of postal stationery. 2. an envelope or item of postal stationery that has been canceled as a souvenir. 3: Brief (Ger.), Lettre, Entier (Fr.), Lettera,
Busa (It.), Carta, Sobre (Sp.).
Cover census: a long-term study to determine relative scarcity of certain stamps on cover or piece, with details regarding dates, postmarks, addresses, etc.
Covered Wagon Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Cover face: an envelope's front portion that has been cut away from rest of envelope.
Cowan paper: a thin, hard, wove paper without watermark; made by A. Cowan and Sons, Ltd, London for 1902 New Zealand stamps.
Cow Post: Kuhpost, mail service operated between Rothenuffeln and Hille in Germany in 1878.
Cox: local, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937.
Coyanza: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1937.
C. P.: 1. Campbell Paterson Catalog of New Zealand. 2. commemorative panel; Scott Catalogue number suffix to identify stamps other than standard postage.
CPASC: Canadian Permanent Army Service Corps; see: RCASC.
Cpl: see: Complete set.
CPNY: Censorship Passed New York, military mail marking.
CPO: USPS term for Community post office, operated by persons who are not postal employees.
C Press: a three-color intaglio Giori webfed combination press used by the BEP starting about 1982; officially called Press 901.
CPU: USPS term for contract postal unit, operated under contract by persons who are not postal employees.
CPV: see: Constant plate variety.
CQ: airmail parcel post; Scott Catalogue number prefix to identify stamps other than standard postage.
C Press: three-color Goebel intaglio press used by the BEP.
CR: 1. Caledonian Railway. 2. Cacabau Rex, native king of Fiji, 1871-74 issues. 3. Costa Rica, country code as used by UPU.
Craciun: (Rom.) Christmas.
Cracked gum: small particles in the gum caused by hand-rolling the sheets, or by age and atmosphere conditions.
Cracked plate: stamps that show evidence that the plate from which they were printed was cracked.
Crack out: opening of the plastic case containing an encapsulated stamp.
Cramoisi: (Fr.) crimson (color).
Crane & Co's Express: local post serviced Boston, Mass., Bangor and Portland, Maine, used a label, 1859-60?
Cranes Express: phantom post, Pine St., N.Y.; used a stamp.
Crane's Express: local parcel firm serviced Boston and Middleton, Mass., used a label, 1869.
Crane's Express-NJ: local parcel firm serviced Rahway, N.J. and New York City; used a label, year unknown.
Crash cover: a cover saved from the wreck of a plane, train or other vehicle with a postal marking explaining the damaged condition, first recorded example was rescued from the crash of the Grand Trunk railway in Canada in 1873.
Crazy perfs: irregular perforations caused by operator error or a malfunction of the feeding mechanism.
Crease: a fold mark remaining on a postal piece.
Creased paper: caused by a crease in the paper before or during the printing process.
Creased stamp: crease happened after the printing.
Crediton Postal Service: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Crefeld: see Krefeld.
Crem: (Rom.) cream-colored.
Crema: (It., Sp.) cream (color).
Creme: (Fr.) cream (color).
Cremisi: (It.) crimson (color).
Crescent: printer's samples of John Waddington, Kirkstall Ltd., England.
Crescent, S.S.: steamship of the Danube Steam Navigation Company; 1834: built for the Levant, then to the Austrian Lloyd.
Cressman & Co.'s Penny Post: U.S. local post, Philadelphia, Pa., 1856.
Creta: (It., Sp.) Crete.
Crete: Mediterranean island, south of Greece; currency: 40 paras = 1 piaster, 4 metalik = 1 grosion (1899), 100 lepta = 1 drachma (1900) 15th century-post: province of Turkey, 1898: British district of Heraklion (Candia) and Russian district of Rethymnon occupation forces issued stamps inscribed in Greek, 1898: No.1, 20 paras violet, stamps of France and Italy overprinted with name of the island, 1898-Dec. 15, 1914: stamps of Austria overprinted, 1899-pre: stamps of Turkey used, then stamps of joint occupying powers; Britain (1898-99), Russia (1899), Austria (1903-14), France (1903-13) and Italy (1900-12), 1899: declared autonomous republic, 1900, Mar.1: first stamps of Crete, 1901: first postage due stamp issued, 1908, Jan. 14: first official stamp issued, 1908: union with Greece declared, Cretan stamps overprinted "Hellas" (Crete) 1913, May 13: island became part of Greece, Greek stamps used, WW II: German military stamps overprinted "Inselpost" for German troops, see Crete, British offices.
Crete, Austrian offices: 1900s: operated in Canea, Candia and Rethymnon, 1903: stamps of Austria surcharged in francs and centimes, 1914, Dec.: offices closed.
Crete-British Administration, forged issues: 1898-99 20 papa, Sc. 3, 5.
Crete, British offices: 1898: special stamps issued for use from British post offices, 1899: post offices closed; British zone of joint administration includes France, Italy, Russia, 1898-1900: stamps issued until establishment of autonomous government.
Crete, forged issue: 1905 Therison revolution, unissued.
Crete, French Offices: 1902-03: No.1, 1 centime gray, "Crete" inscription/surcharge in Blanc, Mouchon and Merson key types, 1914: post offices closed.
Crete, Italian offices: 1900: No.1, 1 piaster blue, stamps of Italy overprinted "La Canea" surcharged in Turkish currency, 1912: last issue appeared.
Crete, Revolutionary Assembly of: 1905: stamps issued by rebels who tried to obtain unification of Crete with Greece.
Crete, Russian offices: 1899, May 13-July 29: handstamped with Russian coat of arms for city of Rethymnon administration.
Crevichon: Great Britain local carriage label, Jethou.
Crevillente: local, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937
Crimea: South Russia; 1854-57: stamps of Britain used during Crimean campaign, 1918, Nov.-20: overprint on stamps of Russia by revolutionary Kuban (Tatar) government, 1918-post: occupied by French, Bolsheviks, Gen. Denikin, 1921: stamps of Ukraine surcharged for use in Crimea, WW II: occupied by Germans and made part of the Ukraine district, 1992-post: many bogus local post issues exist.
Crimea Regional Government: 1918-19, issued two Russian surcharged stamps, one for currency; see Russia, South.
Crimée: (Fr.) Crimea.
Criss-crossed: a term used to describe how the booklets are packaged in bulk for eventual distribution through certain vending machines; it doesn't change the stamp or stamp format in any way.
Cristal (papier): (Fr.) glassine.
Crittenton, Charles N.: U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp.
Croacia: (Sp.) Croatia.
Croat, Administration of Bosnia: see Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Croatia: Southeastern Europe, Yugoslavia; official name of postal administration: Croatian Post Inc. currency: 100 paras = 1 dinar (1991), 100 bavida = 1 kuna, 100 lipas = 1 kuna (1994) 1918-pre: province of Hungary, 1918: overprint on stamps of Hungary, listed under Yugoslavia, 1921, Dec. 24: joined the UPU, 1941, April 12: No. 1, 50 paras orange, first semipostal, postage due stamps issued, 1941, Apr. 16: first postage due stamp issued, 1941, May 10: first semipostal stamp issued, 1942: first official stamp issued, 1943: stamp show held at Zagreb while occupied, 1945: became part of the Yugoslav Federation, 1951: bogus stamps by Croatia Government in Exile, 1991, Nov. 21: first stamps independent fromYugoslavia, declared independence, civil war between Croats and Serbs, 1991: first air mail stamps, 1992, July 20: rejoined the UPU, 1995: Croatian government regained control.
Croatian Government in Exile: see N. D. Hrvatska.
Croatie: (Fr.) Croatia.
Croazia: (It.) Croatia.
Croce Rossa: (It.) Red Cross.
Crociera Italiana 1924: overprint on stamps of Italy for propaganda tour, 1924.
Croissant Rouge Turc: (Fr.) Turkey Red Cross semi-postals.
Croix de Lorraine: (Fr.) Cross of Lorraine, Gaullist cross.
Croix Rouge: (Fr.) inscription for Red Cross on semi-postals.
Cromalin: photographer's proof that prints exactly what is seen on the transparency, ¬ģDuPont.
Crooked Lake Steamer: steamer ran between Penn Yan and Hammondsport, N.Y. 1868, shield type handstamp.
Crook, Oliver & Co.: U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp.
Crosby's City Post: U.S. local post, New York, N.Y., 1870.
Cross Border: cover collection of mail as it crossed the border between Canada and its provinces and the US from April 1851, when a combined rate between the two countries was established.
Cross gutter block: a block of stamps with the intersection of the vertical and horizontal gutters.
Crosshatching: a combination of various lines used to provide a background for a design.
Crossing off: see: Bidding circle.
Cross of Lorraine: (Fr.) double-barred cross symbol used as an anti-tuberculosis emblem on stamps and Christmas seals.
Cross of Malta: a cross of eight points, formed of four triangles with their top points meeting in the center with their bases indented.
Cross Pattée: Heraldic cross where the arms widen towards the outer extremities; which are formed of straight lines.
Cross Post: British term for "cross road letters" that could go from one part of the country to another without having to go to London for rerouting; established in 1720.
Cross Writing: In 1840 letters were partially charged by the number of pages in the letter; sender rotated the sheet of paper rotated one-quarter turn and wrote additionally across the lines already written.
Crown Agents: originally a British official government body to act as "agents for the colonies" on Jan. 1, 1980, changed to providing arrange of philatelic services to various postal administrations throughout the world.
Crown and Posthorn: newspaper stamps of Hungary.
Crowned circle: circle with crown on top with word "Free" or "Paid" along with city, indicates that the postage has been prepaid or is not payable; used in British areas prior to introduction of adhesive stamps.
Crown colony: a British colony directly under the control of the home government.
Croydon - Gatwick Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Crozet Islands: 1876, Jan. 1: joined the UPU as a French Territory.
C.R.p.P: correspondance Russe par Prusse (Fr.) mail from Russia via Prussia, 1866.
Cruz Roja: (Sp.) Red Cross.
Cruz Vermelha: (Port.) Red Cross Portugal semi-postal.
Crveni Krst: stamps of Yugoslavia, Offices Abroad.
CS: 1. precedes the European postal code on addresses in Czechoslovakia, such as CS-15000, Prague. 2. (It.) Correspondenza Sarda, pre-adhesive postmark on mail from Kingdom of Sardinia.
Cs: overprint on stamps of Hungary to indicate validity, 1946.
C. S.: Chief Secretary, South Australia official overprint,1868-74.
CSA: Confederate States of America. CSA issues refer to the general and provisional stamp issues produced by the Confederacy.
CSAC: Citizens Stamp Advisory Committee.
Csád: (Hung.) Chad, Tschad.
C. S. A. R.: Central South African Railways, Transvaal Railway stamps.
Csatorna Szigetek: (Hung.) the Channel Islands.
CSDA: Canadian Stamp Dealers Association
Cseh: (Hung.) Czech.
Csehország: (Hung.) Czech Republic.
Csehszlovák: (Hung.) Czechoslovakian.
Csehszlovákia: (Hung.) Czechoslovakia.
C.S.F.P.: (Fr.) "Chambre Syndicale Fran'aise de la Philatelie" French Philatelic Traders Society.
CSG: Charles S. Gay, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
C. Sgn.: Colonial Surgeon, South Australia official overprint, 1868-74.
C.S.1.R.: (Fr.) Correspondance Sarde 1 Rayon, Kingdom of Sardinia Mail, First Radius; mail to nearby nations.
C.S.I.R/VINCEREMO: (It.) bogus, Italian Expeditionary Force in Russia/We Will Win, overprint on stamps of Italy.
C.S.N.E.T.P: (Fr.) "Chambre Syndicale des Negociants et Experts en Timbres-Poste" Philatelic Traders and Experts Society.
Csomag: (Hung.) overprint on Hungarian inflation issues for parcel, 1946.
Csomog: (Hung.) package, parcel.
Csomagposta: (Hung.) parcel post.
Cso Posta: (Hung.) pneumatic mail.
C Stamp: US non-denominated stamp issued in 1981 with a value of 20¬Ę.
Cs√ɬľt√ɬ∂rt√ɬ∂k: (Hung.) Thursday.
CT: (It.) "Corrispondenza Ticinese" prepayment hand stamp from Ticino Canton of Switzerland. 2: USPS abbreviation for Connecticut.
Ct: (Fr.) abbreviation for carnet, booklet.
C. T.: Commissioner of Titles, South Australia official overprint, 1868-74.
CTA: (Sp.) abbreviation of "completa" used in auction catalogs, a complete set or series.
C-T-C: Celebrate the Century, a term used by the USPS for the various sheets of postage stamps issued for the 1900s.
CTO: see: Canceled-to-Order.
CTOT: unit of currency on stamps of Bulgaria.
Ctvrtek: (Czech.) Thursday.
Ctyrblok: (Czech.) block-of-4.
Ctyrblok s Deskovou Znackou: (Czech.) plate block-of-4; block-of-4 with plate marking(s).
CU: Cuba, country code as used by UPU.
Cuadernillo: (Sp.) (stamp) booklet.
Cuadriculado: (Sp.) quadrille.
Cuautla: district in Mexico; 1856-83: overprint used on stamps of Mexico, 1867: No.1, 2 reales black, provisional stamp during revolt to oust French from Mexico.
Cuba: Largest island in the Caribbean, south of Florida; currency: 8 reales plata = 1 peso, 100 centesimos = 1 escudo = 1 pesata (1867), 1,000 milesimas = 100 centavos = 1 peso 1511-1898: under Spanish rule, 1855, Apr.: No.1, 1/2 reales plata blue-green, Spanish administration issued first stamps jointly valid with Puerto Rico, 1868-pre: no country name inscription, denominated in currency, 1868: stamps of Cuba handstamped Habilitado por la Nacion (Sp.) for use in the Philippines, 1873: Cuba had own stamps, inscribed "Ultramar" (overseas), 1877: first stamps inscribed "Cuba," 1898, Dec. 19-1899: surcharge on stamps of Puerto Principe, Cuba with habilitado and new value; issued under administration of the U.S., 1899: postage due stamp issued, 1899, Sept. 30: five general use stamps issued under U.S. military rule, plus special delivery; printed by the U.S. Bureau of Printing and Engraving, 1902, May 20: Cuban republic established, 1902, Oct. 4: joined the UPU, 1909: became an independent republic, with a U.S. military base at Guantanamo, 1914: first postage due stamps issued under U.S. administration, 1917, Mar. 8: U.S. Marines land at Santiago, 1927, Nov.1: first air mail stamp issued, 1938, Nov. 23: first semipostal stamp issued, 1938, Dec. 1: first postal tax stamp issued.
Cuba: overprint on U.S. Special delivery stamps for when territory was ceded to the U.S. following Spanish-American war in 1899.
Cuba-American Postal Services: mail agencies in Cuba used U.S. stamps and special postmarks during Spanish-American War.
Cuba impresos: inscription for newspaper stamps of Cuba under Spanish administration.
Cubierta: (Sp.) government-issued label attached to insured mail in Colombia, 1865 to 1909.
C√ɬļcuta: city in Colombia, issued its own provisional stamps, 1900-06
Cuenca: local, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937.
Cuernavaca: stamp issued for Mexican city during fighting to oust French from Mexico, 1867.
Cuervo Gold, Republic of: liquor firm fantasy for Caribbean island.
Cuevas Bajas: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1937.
Cuevas de Almanzora: local, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937.
Cuevas de San Marcos: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1937.
Cuevas de Vinroma: local, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937.
Cuevas del Becerro: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1937.
Cullar-Baza: local, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937.
Cullera: local, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937.
Culoare, culorile: (Rom.) color, colors.
Culture Carriers: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Culverston Local Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Cumbres Mayores: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1937.
Cumhuriyetin 15 inc yil donumu hatirasi: (Turk.) 15th anniversary of the Turkish Republic.
Cumming's City Post: U.S. local post, New York, N.Y., 1844.
Cundinamarca: department in Colombia; 1870-1904: retained right to operate their own postal service and issue stamps, 1904: stamps of Colombia used.
Cuneiform: ancient script on clay tablets, then baked and hardened, transmitted usually by the royal court.
Cu√ɬĪo: (Sp.) die.
C.U.P.A.E.: (Sp.) Congreso de la Uni√ɬ≥n Postal de las Am√©ricas y Espa√ɬĪa, 1946.
Cura'ao: Dutch island colony off coast of Venezuela; currency: 100 cents = 1 gulden 1873, May 23: inscription of "Cura'ao" on their own stamps, 1889: first postage due stamp issued, 1929: first air mail stamp issued, 1941: first official stamp issued, 1948: renamed Netherlands Antilles, 1949: inscription on stamps, "Ned. Antillen" and "Nederlandse Antillen" stamps used in other Netherlands Antilles islands; Aruba, Bonaire, Saba, Eustatius and part of St. Maartin. 1954: became part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, 1986, Jan. 1: Aruba achieved a separate status and issued its own stamps; see Aruba
Curie, Pierre and Marie: common design on stamps of the French Community of Nations, 1938.
Curiosi: postal inspectors, Roman imperial postal system, about 250 BC.
Curly head: nickname for Spanish stamps depicting curly hair of 12-year old King Alfonso XIII, 1898.
Currency: the monetary value expressed on the postage stamps.
Currency stamp: - British and French post office term for handstamps stating a specific amount of currency. - postage or fiscal stamps used as units of currency during coinage shortage.
Current: term used to describe postal items that are presently available at the post office.
Current number: numbers inserted in the margins of the plates of British and British Colonial stamps, indicating order in which printed, irrespective of the face value of the stamps, or the countries.
Currier & Atkinson's Express: local post serviced Boston and Gloucester, Mass., used labels, 1850?
Currier & Co.'s Express: local parcel firm serviced Boston and Gloucester, Mass., used labels, 1850?
Currier Express: local post serviced Boston and Gloucester, Mass., used labels, 1850?
Cursive: (Rom.) italics.
Curtis & Brown: U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp.
Curtis & Brown Mfg. Co.: U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp.
Curtis, Jeremiah & Son: U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp.
Curtis's Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Curved plate: on rotary presses are used for most modern stamps; also known as cylindrical plate.
Cuvertology: term for picture (illustrated) postcards in Germany, late 1800's.
Curzay: local provisional, France, 1944.
Cusbah: Indian States term for village or township. Customs labels/markings: indicating that packages from another country have been examined for dutiable articles.
Cushing Pony Express: local post operated between Houston, Texas, Louisiana and Mississippi during Civil War, used labels; 1862-64.
Customs stamp: fiscal stamp to collect small sums payable as import duty.
Cutar: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1937.
Cut cancellations: some canceling devices make cuts through revenue stamps and documents to prevent reuse; may also be hand cut.
Cutcherry: Indian States term for court house, office.
Cut close: imperforate stamps, if when separated by cutting, are cut too close to the design.
Cut corner: part of the upper right corner of an envelope or card that has been removed.
Cutie postala: (Rom.) mail box, letter box.
Cut-outs: embossed stamps from postal stationery that are cut out and used as postage.
Cut square: imperforate stamps cut from postal stationery with the corners of the original paper left intact.
Cutter & Co. Express: private mail delivery firm serviced southeastern Canada, used labels, year unknown.
Cutting and Co's Express: local parcel delivery firm, serviced Boston, Mass., and parts of Maine; used labels; 1850?
Cuttings Despatch Post: U.S. local post, Buffalo, N.Y., 1847.
Cut to register: watermarked paper cut so that the watermark design falls into correct position in each sheet of stamps.
Cut to shape: 1: an essay or proof cut close to the edges of the design, following the shape of the frame; creating hybrid proofs. 2: Many British octagonal stamps were cut to the frame line of the design.
Cuzco: town in Peru, provisional issues of Arequipa overprinted "Cuzco"; 1881-85: during war with Chile, "Franco/10/Cuzco" overprint on Peru postage due labels.
CV: 1. catalog value. 2. Cape Verde, country code as used by UPU. 3. Charles Vermeule, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
CVDeB: Clyde V. DeBinder, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
CVP: computer vended postage.
CV da Trieste: (It.) Col Vapore da Trieste from Trieste by steamship, pre-adhesive postmark.
CV da Venezia: (It.) Col Vapore da Venezia from Venice by steamship, pre-adhesive postmark
C.V.I.: Col Vapore Italiano (It.) by Italian steamer.
C.VL.: (Fr.) Correspondence Valaisanne; pre-adhesive postmark used on Wallis region of Switzerland, 1935.
Cvr: abbreviation for cover or postal stationery entire.
C. W.: Canada West, when used in a postmark.
Cwladfa Patagonia: bogus for Colony of Patagonia, Aegentina.
CWO: cash with order.
C. X. C.: Cyrillic overprint on stamps of Bosnia and Herzegovina for Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (later Yugoslavia)
CY: Cyprus, country code as used by UPU.
Cyanblå: (Dan., Swed.) cyano-blue (color).
Cycle Express Company, Limited: private delivery firm for letters, telegrams and messages; located in Coolgardie, Western Australia, late 1800s.
Cylinder: used to print photogravure stamps, may be numbered.
Cylinder number: in British and Commonwealth stamp sheets, if the number has a period, it is from the right side of the cylinder, if there is no period, it is from the left side; in more than one color is used, the numbers will be in the color applied by that particular cylinder. - plate number of an Andreotti or "A" Press printing cylinder.
Cylinder paper watermark: By attaching pieces to the wire cloth covering the cylinder, fewer fibers were collected during the settling process, producing a watermark.
Cylinderpressen: (Swed.) cylinder press.
Cylinder seal stamps: earliest seal carvings were cylindrical symbols distributed around the curve of a small cylinder, 3500-2300 B.C., originated in Mesopotania; this was rolled on moist clay tablets.
Cymru: Welsh propaganda label.
Cypern: (Dan., Swed.) Cyprus
Cypher stamps: printed adhesives showing Great Britain's monarch initials, used to cover the staple with which revenue documents were affixed to the documents, preventing their removal and reuse, 1701.
Cyprus: Mediterranean island, off the coast of Turkey; official name of postal administration: Cyprus Postal Services currency: 12 pence = 1 shilling, 40 paras = 1 piaster, 9 piasters = 1 shilling, 20 shillings = 1 pound, 1,000 milliemes = 1 pound (1955), 100 cents = 1 pound (1983) currency (Turkish Rep. of North Cyprus) 1,000 milliemes = 1 pound, 100 kurus = 1 lira (1978) 1517-1878: Turkish possession, 1864-post: stamps of Austrian Levant used at Austrian post office at Larnaca, 1878, July 28: British occupation, stamps of Britain used, 1880, Apr. 1: No.1, 1/2 penny rose, first stamps issued, British stamps overprinted "CYPRUS," 1881, July 1: Cyprus definitives issued, 1878-81: British stamps used without overprint in some towns, 1881: replaced by British colonial first definitives, 1914: Britain annexed country, 1924: became a Crown Colony, 1939-45: British troop base, field post offices used, 1960, Aug. 16: became a republic within the British Commonwealth, 1961, Nov. 23: joined the UPU, 1974, Dec. 2: first postal tax stamp issued,1974, July 20: Turkey invaded Cyprus dividing the country, 1975, Feb. 13: Turkish Cypriot federated state declared, Turkish Cyprus stamps not recognized by the UPU, 1983, Nov. 15: Turkish area named Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, Cyprus stamps show name of country in Greek, Turkish and English.
Cyprus: overprint, Cyprus crossed out, replaced with Greek characters for Cyprus; unissued Great Britain cinderella by David Horry, 2001.
Cyprus Kypros Kibris: inscription on stamps of Cyprus with the country name in English, Greek and Turkish, 1962.
Cyprus, Turkish Republic of Northern: northern 40% of the island of Cyprus; currency: 1,000 milliemes = 1 pound, 100 kurus = 1 Turkish lira (1978) 1974, July 27: No. 1, 3 m multicolor, 1983, Nov. 15: Turkey declared North Cyprus independent, 1995, July 24: first postal tax stamp; see Cyprus.
C. X. C.: Cyrillic overprint on stamps of Bosnia and Herzegovina for Jugoslavia.
Cyrenaica: Northern Africa on Mediterranean Sea; Province of Libya; 1901: Italian post office opened in Benghazi, 1911-pre: Turkish stamps used, 1912: ceded to Italy, incorporated with Tripolitania to form Libia, 1923, Oct. 24: No. 1, 20 centesimi olive-green/ brown-orange, first stamps were stamps of Italy overprinted "Cirenaica," 1923-29: own stamps used at same time as stamps of Libya, 1925, June 1: first semipostal stamp issued, 1932, Jan.1: first air mail stamp issued, 1942-48: British stamps overprinted "M.E.F." (Middle East Forces), see M.E.F., Middle East Forces, 1948, July 1-Dec. 1951: stamps of Britain overprinted "B.M.A. Tripolitania," 1950, Feb. 6-Dec. 1951: stamps of Britain overprinted "B.A. Tripolitania," 1950, July 1: first postage due stamp issued, 1951, Jan.16: stamps issued during period of autonomy, 1951, Dec. 24: overprinted "Libya," stamps of Cyrenaica overprinted Libya for use in Cyrenaica.
Cyrenaica: see Italian Offices in Turkish Empire.
Cyr√©na√ɬĮque: (Fr.) Cyrenaica.
CZ: precedes the European postal code on addresses in the Czech Republic, such as CZ- 15021, Prague. - Czech (Rep.), country code as used by UPU.
Czechoslovakia: formerly part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, central Europe; official name of postal administration: Ceská Posta currency: 100 haleru = 1 koruna 1526-post: under Austrian Hapsburg rule, and Slovakia, part of the Kingdom of Hungary, 1918-pre: used stamps of Austria, 1918: local post operated by scouts in Prague, 1918, Oct.28: No. 1, 3 haleru red-violet, independence declared, Slovakia joins the Republic; first stamp issued in Hradcany Castle designs, 1918, Nov. 14: republic officially established, first postage due stamps issued, 1919: service began to return to normal, 1919: Austrian stamps overprinted as semipostals, 1920: first air mail stamp issued, 1920, May 18: joined the UPU, 1938: stamps of Czechoslovakia overprinted "Wir Sind Frei (Ger.) We Are Free; with a swastika, 1939, July 15: Czech stamps overprinted Böhmen u. Mahren as German protectorate, 1939-44: Böhmen u. Mahren inscription used, 1944-45: territory regained by Russian forces, issued its own stamps again, 1945: Czech stamps reissued, 1945: first official stamp issued, 1948: Peoples Republic established, 1969, Jan. 2: became a federal state, 1989: democratic government established, 1990: renamed the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic, 1990. July: Slovakia declared sovereignty and union dissolved, 1993, Jan. 1: separated into Slovakia and the Czech Republic; 1993, March 18: rejoined the UPU; see Bohemia and Moravia and Slovakia.
Czechoslovakia, Siberian Legion (Legion Post): 1919-20: military stamps issued to raise money for Czech troops fighting in Russia.
Czeladz: (Pol.) city produced 37x30 mm framed postpaid local City Post (violet) 1915-1918: local handstamp inscribed "Poczta / Czeladz / date between 2 lines / 5 fen."
Czermin: city in former Austrian-occupied Poland, local post overprint, 1918-20.
Czworoblok Znaczków: (Pol.) block-of-4 stamps.
Czyl's Penny Post: United States local post.


(Data Above sourced from "Ask Phil" and other sources. Last edit 5/Aug/2008 Amhazing)

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D


D: 1: Pneumatic Post, (Italy) Scott catalogue prefixes to identify stamps other than standard postage. 2: (With no country name, with value and Queen's cameo) Great Britain pence, monetary unit. 3: Colombia-Scadta consular overprint for Denmark,1921-23. 4: Netherlands East Indies overprint. 5: US nondenominated stamp, valued 22¬Ę, placed on sale Feb.1, 1985. 6: embossed with eagle and United States of America: Virginia Custom House revenue seal, 1813-16. 7: abbreviation of devuelvase (Sp.), to return, written on front of envelopes to be returned to sender. 8: overprint of a white "D" in a black circle on 19th century Netherlands stamps indicates it as an official stamp. 9: in three corners of triangular 50th personal delivery; postage due of Czechoslovakia. 10: precedes the country code in addresses. 11: d√©cime (Fr.) 10% tax, 1830. 12: (Irish), used with "Post Paid" and "free" Dublin 1762 onwards. 13: disinfetto (It.) disinfected. 14: surmounted by crown (Pol.) Dubno, city in Belorussia (Belarus), 1788-90. 15: 1D, in circle, one d√©cime (Fr.) additional 10% tax on rural letters, 1834. 16: prefix used by Dittler Bros. located in front of the plate number on its stamp production. 17: destinatario (It.) payed by receiver. 18: auction abbreviation for document.
D: currency abbreviation for 1: Drachma (Greece). 2: Dinar (Algeria, Bahrain, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Libya, Montenegro, Sudan, Tunisia, Yugoslavia). 3: Dalasi (Gambia). 4: Denar (Macedonia). 5: Dirham (Morocco, United Arab Emirates). 6: Dong (Viet Nam). 7: Dibra (St. Thomas and Prince). 8: Dram (Armenia).
d', dkl': (Ger.) "dunkel" catalogue abbreviation for dark/deep.
Dabber: cloth pad, sometimes with an ink roller, which is used by the printer to apply ink to a printing surface.
Dacca: now Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Dachau Allach: local post, German displaced persons camp, 1945, former concentration camp.
Daffodil Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Dag: registered trademark of Acheson Colloids Ltd. for their graphite, Naphthadag.
Dagestan: bogus Russian Federation Republic; local overprint and stamps.
Dag Hamarsjöld: 1962 overprint on stamps of Afghanistan, in memory of U.N. Secretary General.
Dahlak Islands: labels produced for scientific expedition to explore Ethiopian coastal islands.
Dahomey: formerly part of French West Africa - New People's Republic of Benin - located on west coast of Africa; currency: 100 centimes = 1 franc 1889, Aug. 1: decree created ‚Äįtablissements fran'aise du golfe de Benin, French area of the Gulf of Benin, 1894, June 22: kingdom, annexed by France, incorporated into colony of Dahomey; 1895: part of French West Africa, 1899: No.1, 1 centime lilac-blue, stamps replacing Benin issues, postmarked 'Hait Dahomey,' 1904: became part of the Federation of French West Africa, using its own stamps,1906: first postage due stamp issued, 1915: first semipostal stamp issued, 1940: first air mail stamp issued, 1945: stamps of French West Africa replaced Dahomey, 1946: made an Overseas Territory of France, 1958, Dec. 4: became Republic of Dahomey within French Community, issued own stamps, 1975, Nov. 30: name changed to People's Republic of Benin, 1990: named changed to Republic of Benin; see Benin.
Daimiel: local post, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937.
Dai Nippon: (Jap.) Land of the Rising Sun.
Dai Nippon 2602: Japanese Year equivalent to 1942, overprint on Malaya and States for Japanese Occupation.
Dairen: now known as Ta-lien, China, 1946: overprinted stamps of Japan and Manchukuo; see: China, Regional Issues.
DAK: 1: Dakota Territory, when used in a postmark. 2: Indian States term for mails, post. 3: Deutsch Afrika Korps.
Dakar-Abidjan: 1959, Mar. 21, inscription for former country of French West Africa, used in Ivory Coast and Senegal.
Dakooa: Indian State term for man who attended to horses and the couriers, as well as receive and exchange mails at post stops in India.
Dakota: U.S. territory March 2, 1861; cut from Minnesota and Nebraska territories.
Daley's Express: local baggage firm serviced Newton, N.Y. and New York City; used labels; 1850s.
Dalley's Galvanic Horse Salve: U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp.
Dalley's Magical Pain Extractor: U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp.
Dalmacija: bogus, Jugoslavia.
Dalmanacia: (Sp.) Dalmatia.
Dalmatia: former Italian enclave in Yugoslavia, northwestern part of Balkan Peninsula; currency: 100 centesimi = 1 corona 1919, May 1: No. 1, 1 corona brown/green, stamps of Italy surcharged, issued during occupation, 1921, Feb.: stamps of Italy overprinted in local currency for Zaro, 1922: stamps of Italy used, 1945: became part of Yugoslavia, 1991: bogus overprint from Yugoslavia, Croatia.
Dalmatia, Austrian Limited Company of Steamship Navigation: lines included Trieste-Metcovich, Trieste-Curzola, and 30 additional shuttle service lines; started in 1908.
Dalmatien: (Ger.) Dalmatia.
Dalmazia: (It.) Dalmatia.
Dalton, Ga. Paid 5: see: Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Dalziel, Commonwealth of: bogus, non-existent entity.
Damaged: flaw, resulting from external factors or defect printing materials, such as where the stamp design has been cut into, rubbed or seared, or paper is creased, thinned or torn.
Damaged label: USPS "Received in Damaged Condition" self-adhesive label initiated Fall, 2000, can also be used to seal torn mail.
Damaged mail: mail damaged in transit; may have received a special marking applied by the postal administration.
Damanhour: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1864-84.
Dam Batai: bogus issue from Burma.
Damiette: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1864-84.
Dampferpost: (Ger.) mail steamer.
Damp PostSkip: (Ice.) steam postal ship or mail steamer.
Dampskib: (Dan.) steamship, steamer.
Dampskip: (Nor.) steamboat, steamer, steamship.
Damus Patimus Que Vicissim: (Latin) we give and expect in return, inscription on British Guiana one cent magenta.
Dán: (Hung.) Danish.
Da√ɬĪado: (Sp.) damaged.
Da Nang: formerly Tourane, Vietnam.
Dan Chu Kong Hoa: inscription on stamps of independent republic of South Vietnam; 1955, June 6.
D & B S. L. S.: see Constantinople & Danube Line of Steamers.
DANCON: Danish Contingent; see UNTAG.
Dandy roll: wire roller which bears down on the paper pulp as it comes from the vats and gives the finished paper its watermark.
Dänemark: (Ger.) Denmark, field post of the Danish Legion, German occupation, 1944. Danimarco: (It.) Denmark.
Danez: (Rom) Danish (adj.).
Dánia: (Hung.) Denmark.
Dänisch Westindien: (Ger.) Danish West Indies.
Danish Antilles: 1887: joined the UPU, 1916, Aug. 4 -Mar. 31, 1917: changed UPU affiliation to Islands with the USA.
Danish Colonies: 1877, Sep. 1: affiliated with the UPU, Danish Antilles added later in 1887.
Danish Railway Stamps: first stamps in 1865 were issued by the Jydsk-Fysenske Railways; used for parcels.
Danish West Indies: islands of St. Thomas, St. Croix, St. John, former Danish territories; currency: 100 bit = 1 franc (1905), 100 cents = 1 dollar (1917) 1840: Danish king issued Royal Grant to Royal Mail Steam Packet Company to provide mail service to and from St. Thomas. 1856, Nov. 1: Danish West Indies post office opened, No.1, 3¬Ę dark carmine, own stamps issued; 1865-79: British Post Office used British stamps on packet letters, postmarked C51, 1877, Sept. 1: joined the UPU, 1902: first postage due stamp issued, 1917, April 1: U.S. purchased the islands, now known as the U.S. Virgin Islands, 1917, Sept. 30: Danish West Indies stamps valid until this date.
Danish West Indies, forged issues: 1: 1874 crown and post horn, Sc. 5-7, 9, 12. 2: 1902 postage dues, Sc. J1-J4. 3: 1905 postage due numeral, Sc. J5.
Dankof: local post, Russian Zemstvo, 1873-1016.
Danmark: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) Denmark.
Danmark Befriet 5 Maj 1945: overprint on stamps of Greenland for Liberation of Denmark.
Danmörku: (Ice.) arrived cancel for uncanceled mail.
Danneggiato: (It.) damaged.
DANOR: troops from Denmark and Norway serving as United Nations peacekeeping forces in Egypt area.
Dampskib: (Dan.) steamship, steamer.
Dansk: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) Danish.
Danska Västindien: (Swed.) Danish West Indies.
Danske skeppspost: (Swed.) Danish ship mail (ship post).
Danske skibspost: (Dan.) Danish ship mail (ship post).
Danske skipspost: (Nor.) Danish ship mail (ship post).
Danske statsbaner: (Dan.) (abbr. DSB) Danish State Railways.
Dánsko: (Czech.) Denmark.
Dansk Vestindien: 1. (Dan.) inscription on early stamps of Danish West Indies. 2. (Dan., Nor.) Danish West Indies.
Dansk Vestindiske Oer: (Dan.) inscription on stamps of Danish West Indies, 1874-1901.
Dánsky: (Czech.) Danish.
Dans l'Inde: inscription on stamps of French India; became part of India during 1949 to 1954.
Dantelat: (Rom.) perforated.
Dantelura, dantelurile: (Rom.) perforation, perforations.
Dantelura in linie: (Rom.) line perforation.
Dantelura in pieptene: (Rom.) comb perforation.
Dantelura in casete: (Rom.) box perforation.
Dantelurile mixte: (Rom.) mixed perforations, compound perforations.
Dantzig: (Fr.) Danzig. Danube Steam Navigation (Packet) Company: founded in Vienna; 1829: secured contracts to carry Austrian Consular Post to all countries on the Danube River, 1866: issued Levant local post stamps, valid until 1880.
Danube Steam Navigation Company: the "Donau-Dampfschiffahrt-Gesellschaft" ("D.D.S.G.") was organized in Vienna in 1830, with ships sailing from Linz. Since the Vienna-Constantinople railroad was not completed until some 40 years later, the shipping line provided valuable services not only in the countries through which the Danube River flowed, but also for trade with the Turkish Empire, as well as for the Austrian public, military and consular post offices, as the Turkish authorities made no provisions for efficient communications. The D.D.S.G. was appointed an official carrier for the Austrian Post Office in 1846, but were allowed to carry private mail from the Austrian frontier eastwards from Orsova, Romania. In 1866, the Consular Post Office at Galatz (Rom. Galata) closed, becoming the D.D.S.G.'s agency. Several 10 and 17 Kreuzer local stamps were issued during 1866-1879 for use at that agency, but their use was extended to many of the D.D.S.G. offices in cities in various countries sharing the Danube River waterway. The D.D.S.G. postal services ceased in 1879 because the various countries sharing the Danube organized their own national postal services.
Danubian Principalities: Moldavia and Wallachia; 1850-post: Turkish post offices handled mail, 1859: declared independence and united, 1861: became principality of Romania.
Danville, Va. 5 cents, Paid 10: see: Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals
Danzica: (It.) Danzig.
Danzig: Baltic seaport in northern Europe; currency: 100 pfenning = 1 gulden (1923), 100 pfennig = 1 mark 1657: included in British Post Office Act of commercial important towns, 1854-55: base of British Baltic Fleet during Crimean War, operated a postal service, 1872: incorporated into the German Empire, 1920: Free City created with German stamps initially used, 1920, June 15: No. 1, 5 pfennigs green, overprints for Free City and State of Danzig used, 1920, Sep. 29: first air mail stamp issued, 1920s: mourning label issued by German stamp dealer Sigmund Hartig, 1921: first official, semipostal, postage due stamps issued, 1939, Sep.18: occupied by Germany, 1945: Danzig awarded to Poland and renamed Gdansk; see Port Gdansk, Poland.
Danziger Verkehrsbureau: Danzig Travel Office.
Danzig, Exilregierunbg der Freien Stadt: bogus, Danzig for Free State, exile group.
Danzig, Polish Offices: 1938: first commemorative stamp.
Danzig Study Group: Germany Philatelic Society section dealing with stamps of Danzig.
Daphso Island: bogus issue for island in South China Sea.
Dara: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1879-80.
Dardanelles: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1871.
Dardanelles: overprint on stamps of Russia, Offices in Turkey, 1910.
Dar el Beida: also known as Casablanca, Morocco.
Darius-Girenas/New York-1933-Kaunas: overprint on air mail stamps of Lithuania 1932 issue.
Darmstadtbrief: (Ger.) experimental cover of the postal technical bureau of Darrmstadt.
Darmstadt label: proof of South Africa's Riebeeck's ship stamp made on floral design watermarked paper as a demonstration of a new process to the South African government.
Darnah: formerly Derna, Libya.
Darrah overprints: John Darrah, U.S. postmaster in Shanghai, used a rubber stamp to "Shanghai, China" overprints on U.S. stamps.
Dashes, electric-eye: marks on sheet margins that activate machines that perforates the stamps after they have been printed.
Dashkhovuz: bogus, not valid for postage.
Das Island: British post office in use Dec. 1960-Mar. 29, 1964, used stamps of the British Postal Agencies of Eastern Arabia; see: Abu Dhabi.
Data d'emissione: (It.) date of issue.
Datapost: British Post Office term for express mail service introduced in 1971 with next-day delivery in any part of the United Kingdom.
Date cut: see Date marks.
Dated precancel: a U.S. precanceled stamp that includes a date in the cancel.
Dated corners: several sheets of French area stamps have the date printed in the margin, 1922.
Dated stamps: stamps that include the date of manufacture in their design.
Date marks: cuts in the Jubilee Line of some of the King Edward VII British stamps show the year of printing; if under the last stamp in the bottom row, it indicates stamp printed in 1912.
Date stamp: postmark that shows the date and sometimes the hour of the cancellation.
Date stamp, earliest: devised by Henry Bishop, postmaster general of Great Britain, who made it in reply to criticism of letters delayed in the post. http://www.philatelicexporter.com
Datia: overprint on stamps of India for Duttia, 1897; see: Duttia.
Datum: (Ger.) date.
Datum Vydání: (Czech.) date of issue.
Dauerausgabe: (Ger.) definitive issue.
Dauermarke: (Ger.) definitive series.
D.A.V.: Disabled American Veterans, major user of U.S. coil stamps affixed to donation appeals.
Davaar: local post, Great Britain carriage label for island off coast of Scotland, 1964-1973.
Davaar Authorized M.S.: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Davenport, Mason & Co.'s Express: local parcel firm serviced Mass. towns and New York City; used labels, year unknown.
David Maxbrayne, Ltd.: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Davies, Turner & Co., Foreign Express: private delivery firm that serviced all foreign points; used a corner card and labels; 1870-1900s.
Davis & Co.'s Express: local parcel express firm serviced Boston, Providence and Pawtucket, Maine; used a label, year unknown.
Davis' Express-MA: local parcel firm serviced Boston and Waltham, Mass.; used labels, year unknown.
Davis' Express-NJ: local parcel firm serviced Philadelphia, Pa. and Camden, N.J., used a label, year unknown.
Davis, G.W.H.: see: U. S. Private die match proprietary stamps.
Davis's Penny Post: U.S. local post, Baltimore, Md., 1856.
Davis, Perry & Son: U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp.
Dawk: (Hindu) post; see Scinde Hawk.
Dayan Night Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Dayan's Delivery Service: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Day Dream Island: publicity label produced by Queensland hotel.
Day of the Stamp: started in 1936 by the International Federation of Philately (FIP) for nations to celebrate "The Day of the Stamp" on one Sunday each year.
Day's folly: the intentionally produced inverted issue of the Dag Hammarskjold memorial stamp, refers to Postmaster General Day, who authorized the invert reprint.
Dayton's Dies: envelopes manufactured by Mercantile Corp., Dayton, Ohio from dies prepared by manufacturers instead of the government.
Dazio: (It.) tax or duty on letters and packages, used by Venetian government, 1667-88.
D.B.: Destitute Board, South Australia official overprint, 1868-74.
D.B.L.: 1: overprint on stamps of Russia for Far Eastern Republic, 1920. 2: overprint with three additional bars on stamps of Russia for Siberia.
D B P: 1. (Ger.) abbreviation for Deutsche Bundespost, Federal post office; 2. script monogram overprint on stamps of Russia for Far Eastern Republic, 1919-20.
D.B.S.R.: Danube and Black Sea Railway, local post.
D.B.S.R. Local Railroad Post: see Romania - D.B.S.R. Local Railroad Post.
DBZ: Deutsche Briefmarken-Zeitung, German language philatelic publication.
DC: USPS abbreviation for District of Columbia.
D.C.: District of Columbia, Washington, D.C.
DCDS: Double Circular Date Stamp.
DC/M from FC: boxed handstamps for diplomatic pouch mail indicating Division of Central Services/Mail from Foreign Country.
D-Day: June 6, 1944, the day the Allies invaded Europe in World War II.
D.de A.: inscription for Department of Antioquia, Colombia, 1868-1904.
D.D.F.A.D.B.RHIN: Dusseldorf, Armée du Bas-Rhin (Fr.) 1760.
D.D.G.S.: Donau-Dampfschiff-fahrts Gesellschaft (Aust.) Danube Steam Navigation Co.
D.D.P.O.: Dum Dum Post Office, India, 1843-46.
DDR: Deutsche Demokratische Republik, German Democratic Republic (East Germany).
D.D.S.G.: Donau-Dampfschiff-fahrts Gesellschaft (Aust.) Danube Steam Navigation Co.
DE: 1: Germany, country code as used by UPU. 2: USPS abbreviation for Delaware. 3. overprint on stamps of Ecuador for Tunguraugua.
Dé: (Fr.) die.
Deacidification: a chemical treatment that neutralizes the acid in paper.
Dead: term used when the stamp paper in nonreactive to longwave Ultraviolet light.
Dead country: a country that has ceased existence as a political entity, and no longer issues stamps.
Dead horse: U.S. Trans-Mississippi issue of 1898, showing a family with wagon and a dead horse.
Dead letter: an item of mail that is undeliverable due to poor address or addressee is deceased or untraceable.
Dead Letter Clerks: postal employees in Dead Letter Office; only federal officials authorized to open and read mail without a court order.
Dead Letter Office (DLO): a post office branch that opens undeliverable mail to ascertain the name and address of the sender, if possible.
Dead mail: mail that is undeliverable as addressed and cannot be returned to sender, may be nonmailable, sender unknown, or the mail class paid for does not provide return service.
Dear Doctor: a series of postcards, sponsored by Abbott Laboratories in the 1950s, mailed to doctors in the US from various countries, touting an anesthetic.
Deasupra: (Rom.) above.
Death mask: term given to Serbian commemorative series of 1904; when stamp is inverted, the features of the previous assassinated monarch, King Alexander, is revealed.
DEBRA: (Ger.) DEutsche BRiefmarken Austellung; German stamp Exhibition.
Debrecen: city (capital) in Hajd√ɬļ-Bihar county in East Hungary occupied by Romanian forces in 1919; occupation stamps issued during 1919-1920 are known as the "1st"and "2nd-Debrecen Issues."
Debreczin, S.S.: steamship of the Danube Steam Navigation Company; 1850s: built for Lower Danube lines, express mail service..
Deb's Colony Postage: fantasy from American Journal of Philately.
Début: (Fr.) beginning selling price of the lot; can represent one bid over the second highest book bid, the highest book bid or the reserve price for the lot.
Decal: design or text affixed to a cover to act as a cachet.
Decalco: (It.) offset.
Décalé(e): (Fr.) shifted, displaced.
Décaler: (Fr.) offset.
Decalomania: the study of labels and posters.
Decazeville: local provisional, France, 1944.
Décédé: (Fr.) deceased, dead.
Decembrie: (Rom.) June.
Décentré(e): (Fr.) off center.
Déchirure: (Fr.) tear.
Dechna: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1879-82.
Dechromed: softened state of a printing sleeve, after the removal of the chrome coating, so that the surface can be repaired and then rechromed.
Decimal denomination: a stamp whose value includes hundreth's of a pound (e.g., £1.50) vs £/shilling/pence.
Decimal provisionals: provisional surcharges on the stamps of Basutoland, Bechuanaland and Swaziland for the introduction of decimal currency in 1961.
Decja Posta: children's stamps; see Toy stamps.
Deckel: (Ger.) cover (booklet).
Deckle straps: papermaking term for straps on machine to keep the pulp from flowing over the sides to maintain width of sheet.
Decoder: a clear acrylic lens sold by the USPS, that can be used to find hidden messages as part of the design on recent U. S. stamps; see: Encoded designs, Scrambled indicia.
Decorative banner: name given to the margin on top of some commemorative panes; with no postal value.
Decorative watermark: usually a coat-of-arms or various ornaments.
Découpage: (Fr.) the cutout or built up "overlay" of the printer to produce a better impression of the printed stamps; parts of the printed sheet were "cut away" or scraped out, or pieces added to change the pressure of parts of the printing plate to give a lighter or deeper impression.
Découverte: (Fr.) discovery, find.
Decreto de 27 Juni'o 1870: decree overprint on Escuelas stamps, Venezuela, 1879.
Dedeagh: city in Greece; 1874, Jan.1: French post office opened, seaport named Dedeagatch, 1874-93: French stamps used canceled 5155, 1893: No.1, 5 centimes green, stamps of France overprinted Dedeagh, Offices in Turkey for city in Greece, 1912: overprints on stamps of Greece and Bulgaria during Balkan Wars, 1913: occupied by Greece, 1915, April 16: French Post office closed, 1919: ceded to Greece, called Alexandroupolis; see Alexandroupolis.
Dedesubt: (Rom.) below.
Deep edge: variety with excessive color along one, or more edges of the design.
Def: abbreviation for definitive; see: Definitive.
Defaced plate: printing plates after end of usage are sometimes marked or scratched as defacement to prevent misuse.
Defaced stamp: stamp marked with written, printed or stamped characters; private perforations of a company is not considered defacement.
Défaut: (Fr.) defect, fault.
Defective stamp: a stamp with one or more major faults such as a piece of the stamp is missing or a tear.
Defecto: (Sp.) defect, fault.
Défectueux: (Fr.) defective.
Defectuoso: (Sp.) defective.
Defekt: (Ger.) defect, imperfection.
Defensa Nacional: (Sp.) National Defense, postal tax stamps of Ecuador.
Deferential cancel: cancellation designed so that the effigy of the ruler is not defaced when canceled.
Deficiencia de Franqueo: overprint and inscription on postage dues of Ecuador.
Deficiency: marking that indicates shortage of postage on item and post due should be collected.
Deficiente: (Sp.) inscription on stamps of Ecuador, Nicaragua postage due.
Deficit: (Sp.) inscription and overprint on postage dues stamps of Peru, 1874.
Deficit o Franqueo: inscription of first postage dues of Peru.
Defin.: abbreviation for definitive.
Définitif: (Fr.) definitive.
Definitive: a term used to distinguish a normal, everyday issue of stamps; term developed after World War I to indicate the new stamps made to replace the many temporary issues of new countries.
Definitivo: (It., Sp.) definitive.
Deflocculated: separation of ink pigment into very fine particles; when inks dry, the particles join or flocculate.
Dega: (Sp.) Degovia, Spain, pre-adhesive postmark.
De Gaulle: common design on stamps of the French Community of Nations, 1971-72.
Degerö: (Fin.) local post, steamship carrying mail, serving Finnish cities, late 1800s.
Degrain: painting by Munoz Degrain, known as "Isabella Pledging Her Jewels: is depicted on the $1 Columbian stamps.
D Grill: grill used on US stamps in the 19th century.
Deh Sedang: cinderella for an imaginary postal state in Indo-China.
D.E.I.: abbreviation for Dutch East Indies.
Dekernes: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1884.
Del: inscription on French Colonial stamps, Latin word for "drew" followed by the name of the artist.
Del.: abbreviation for Delaware prior to Zip Code usage.
Dél: (Hung.) South.
Delacryl: secret printing process developed by de La Rue printing firm that is supposed to combine four different printing methods, such as the 1969 Great Britain post office set.
Dél-Afrika: (Hung.) South Africa.
Dél-Afrika Köztársaság, (Hung.) Republic of South Africa.
De la Rue paper: a famous British stamp printing firm; paper used by New Zealand post together with dies and plates for printing their 1874 stamps.
Délavé: (Fr.) washed out (color).
Delayed mail: mail held up in delivery and marked by means of a label or cachet applied by a postal authority.
Delaware: 1: State Revenue issue, Oct. 1, 1793-Feb. 7, 1794. 2: Federal Revenue issue, July 1, 1798-Feb. 28, 1801.
Delaware & Hudson Canal Co's Express: regional parcel firm that serviced towns on the Delaware and Hudson Canal R.R., New York State, issued labels, year unknown.
Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Express: regional parcel firm serviced stations on the Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad; issued labels, 1876-86?
Del Canaveral: (Sp.) (place of canes) inscription on postal stationery envelopes provided by the Cuban government for use by urban residents transported each year to work in the sugarcane harvest.
Delegacoes: (Port.) Red Cross franchise stamps of Portugal, issued 1926 in Lisbon, elsewhere in 1936.
De leon: (Sp.) control overprint for Ecuador to prevent unauthorized use, 1902.
Delgado: (Sp.) thin.
Del Golfo de Guinea: (Sp.) inscription on stamps of Spanish Guinea.
Deliberate error: mistake repeated by a postal administration; such as the reprinting of the U.S. Dag Hammarskjold stamps with the background color inverted.
DeliverAbility: Pitney Bowes name for their software that permits customers to purchase and print postage from their computer.
Delivery confirmation: provides date and time of delivery for Priority Mail and Standard Mail for small fee; USPS term; see: Electronic option, Retail option.
Delivery grippers: mechanism that grips the paper between descent of the perforation pins.
Delivery tax stamps: Spanish postage due labels issued in 1931, but later used as ordinary postage stamps.
Delivery zone number: two-digit number included in mail addresses immediately following the name of the city.
Delle: local provisional, France, 1944.
Deltiology: 1: study of post card collecting. 2: Ansichtskarte-sammler (Ger.), Collection de Cartes Postales Illustrée (Fr.), Collecione di Cartoline (It.), Colleción de Tarjeta Ilustrada (Sp.).
Délnyugatafrika: (Hung.) South-West Africa.
Deluxe sheets: usually ungummed and feature a single stamp; produced mainly by French-area countries as a presentation piece.
Demandé: (Fr.) wanted, required.
Demarcacion postal: (Sp.) postal district.
Démenage: (Fr.) postal term for "gone away" return to sender.
Demerara: province of Guyana, inscription on 1931 British Guiana issue.
Demiansk: local post, Russian Zemstvo, 1868-78.
Deming's Penny Post: United States local post, Frankford, Pa., 1854.
Demnat Marrakech: local post, Morocco, 1906.
Demnin (Vorpommern): (Ger.) local post, Germany post WWII.
Democratic People's Republic of Korea: see Korea
Democratic Republic of the Congo: see Congo
Démonétisé: (Fr.) see: demonitized.
Demonetization: the Washington Star advertisement, Sept. 12,1861, read, "Notice is hereby given that all persons having in their possession Postage Stamps of the old issue can exchange same for stamps of the new issue for six days from the date, and not after that time." On Sept. 28, 1861, the Star carried an ad staying that the new stamps were ready.
Demonitized: term given stamps that are no longer valid for postage; usually done by a government proclamation.
Demopolis, Al. Paid 5: see: Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Denaro: (It.) money.
Denia: local post, Spanish civil war, 1937.
Denikin, General, Government of: 1919, Jan.: issued imperf. stamps inscribed "United Russia," 1919, April: stamps issued by General Denikan, 1920, April 4: General Denikan resigned his command to General Wrangel, 1921, July 1-pre: stamps of Russian and Russian Levant surcharged; inscription reads "United Russia."
Denis Hire Cars: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Denmark: on peninsula separating North and Baltic Seas; official name of postal administration: Danmark Post currency: 96 skilling = 1 rigsbank daler, 100 ore = 1 krone (1875) 1624: royal mail service established, 1851, Apr. 1: No.1, 2 rigsbank daler blue, first stamps issued, numeral in three concentric circles used to indicate town of origin, 1871: first official stamp issued, 1875, July 1: joined the UPU; includes Faroe Islands, Greenland. 1905: wavy line and figure denomination first used, still current, 1921, May 1: postage due stamps issued, 1921, June 17: first semipostal stamps issued, 1925: first air mail stamp issued, 1940-45: Danish stamps surcharged for Faroe Islands while occupied by Germany.
Denmark - 1911 Middlefart-Fredericia Flight: On 2 September 1911, pioneer aviator Robert Svendson flew a distance of ca. 8 miles from Middlefart (q.v.) to Fredericia (q,v.) by crossing the Little Belt, a strait between Fyn Island and the Danish mainland. The mail carried incl 200 photo postcards depicting the biplane, and signed by "Rob. Svendson", with a further hand-written "Beltflyvingen 1911" inscription. The return flight to Middelfart carried 80 of these cards. The flight is credited as being the first postal flight in Denmark, and in Northern Europe.
Denmark - 1912 Hareskov Demonstration Flight: On 29 July 1912 during the High Summer Festival in Harestov, pioneer aviator Ulrich Birch demonstrated airplane flying. Postal cards exist with the framed rectangular "Hojsomerfesten / i Hareskov 1912" handstamp and Hareskov cancel, and also with an additional oval "FLYVEPOST / No. 1 / * ULRICH BIRCH * " cachet. Contemporary sources do not document that these items were flown, but the oval cachet indicates that an airpost transportation had been scheduled; they are considered the second Danish airpost despatches.
Denmark - 1912 German Zeppelin "Hansa" Visit: The "Hansa" 19 Setember 1912 Copenhagen-Hamburg return trip was authorized to carry the Danish mails. These mails are considered the third Danish airpost despatches.
Denmark - 1912 International Balloon Despatches: On 22 September 1912 at the Ã…rhus International Balloon Competition, three balloons (representing Denmark, Germany, and the United States) each carried souvenir cards depicting a view of Ã…rhus from the air. The cards entered the regukar mails after the balloons landed.
Denmark - 1914 Copenhagen-Roskilde Flight: On 12 May 1914, Lt. Ussing, flying a "Henry Farman" biplane, carried a special airmail from Copenhagen to Roskilde, a city ca. 27 miles W of Copenhagen. Approximately 4,500 cards were carried.
Denning's Express: local baggage firm serviced the Erie Railway depot in New York City; issued a label, year unknown.
Denominated Postal Cards: US postal cards printed by vending machines, early 1900s.
Denomination: the face value appearing on a stamp.
Dent(s): (Fr.) perf(s).
Dentado: (Sp.) perforated.
Dentado de peine: (Sp.) see: Comb perforation.
Dentélé: (Fr.) perforated.
(non) Dentelé: (Fr.) (im)perforate
Dentellato: (It.) perforated.
Dentellatura a pettine: (It.) see: Comb perforation.
Dentelure en peigne: (Fr.) see: Comb perforation.
Denticulated, Dentilated: stamps with a series of small teeth, or commonly called, perforated.
Dents: suggested term, 1800s, for perforations.
Denver & Rio Grande Express: private mail and parcel firm serviced the Denver & Rio Grande Railway; issued free franks, labels and stamps, year unknown.
Denver Eagles: nickname for Mexico issue of 1914, printed in Denver, during Mexican civil war.
Den Waisen Sirotam: overprint on stamps of Italy, Ljubljana, Yugoslavia for German occupation, 1944.
De Oficio: (Sp.) overprint of stamps of Peru or El Salvador, inscription on El Salvador for official usage.
Deok Sensor Oopgemaak: (Afrikaan) South African censor tape.
D.E.P.: Députés (Fr.) Chamber of Deputies Post Office, 1826.
Departmentals: official stamps intended for use in certain government departments; official stamps used by all departments are known as "Service Stamps" (e.g., War Dep't. in U.S.)
Departmento de Rezagos: (Sp.) Dead Letter Office.
Departmento del Tolima: inscription for Tolima, Colombia.
Department of Foreign Affairs: officials for Hawaii.
Department stamps: official stamps valid only on official mail of a government agency, or their agents; when inscribed or overprinted for specific departments, they are known as department stamps.
Dependency: area administered from a different location.
De Pinedo: Newfoundland's 1927 issue honoring Marchese de Pinedo, Italian aviator.
DEP. Limit: Départements Limitrophes (Fr.) common frontier, 1845-56.
Deporte: (Sp.) sport topic or theme.
Depositado Despues de Salir el Expreso: (Sp.) Too Late marking; item received after train departure.
Dépouillé(e): (Fr.) well-contrasted engraving.
Déprécier: (Fr.) to lose value.
Depredation: USPS Inspection Service term for robbery or pilfering of funds from the mail.
Deprisa: private delivery firm labels, Colombia, S.A., started 2001, for delivery in Colombia and worldwide through FedEx.
Dept: USPS abbreviation in address for department.
Dept. of Agriculture, Interior, Justice, State: inscriptions on U.S. officials.
Dept. of Foreign Affairs: inscription on official stamps, Hawaii.
Depto Zelaya: Nicaragua, Department of Zelaya.
Dept. of Agriculture, Interior, Justice, State: inscriptions on U.S. officials.
Dept. of Foreign Affairs: inscription on official stamps, Hawaii.
Der Berliner Philharmonie: inscription, semi postal, Germany.
Derecho de Entrega: (Sp.) delivery fee in addition to normal postage, collected by postman, except for mail from abroad.
Derechos de Firma: (Sp.) documents fee, revenue issue of the Philippines, re-overprinted as provisionals, 1880-90.
Derecho Judicial: Judicatory Fee; revenue stamps of Philippines, re-overprinted as provisionals, 1880-90.
Dereham Pirate Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Derna: now known as Darnah, Libya.
Derry, Free: fantasy from National Lampoon.
Deruluft: airline formed by Lufthansa and the Russian government in 1922 to carry mail and passengers from Berlin to Moscow via Konigsberg and Smolensk.
Des.: abbreviation for 'designed by.'
Descentrado: (Sp.) off center.
Deschis: (Rom.) light (as referencing the color of a postage stamp).
Descolorido: (Sp.) faded (color).
Desconocido: (Sp.) unknown at address indicated.
Descriptive filler: term for an insert placed inside the envelope that may have additional information about the event being commemorated; also known as a stuffer; may be illustrated.
Desde el Canaveral: see Del Canaveral.
Desember: (Nor.) December.
Deseret: a Mormon "state" created March 5, 1849; never recognized by the U.S.; ceased to exist when Utah Territory created on Sept. 9, 1850.
Desert Island: unissued Great Britain cinderella by David Horry, 2001.
De service: (Fr.) official (philatelic).
Design: artwork, printed portion of a stamp, that which is not blank paper.
Design and Development Inc.: U.S. postage meter machine manufacturer, 1973 to current.
Designer: the person who creates the artwork that is eventually used for a stamp.
Design error: errors in the printed design, such as wrong number of stars on a flag, or misspelling of a name.
Desinfekteradt: (Swed.) disinfected handstamps by the Infectious Disease Hospital, Stockholm, after 1900.
Desinfectado: (Sp.) disinfected (letter).
Desinfiziert: (Ger.) disinfected.
Deska: (Czech.) (printing) plate.
Desková Cislo: (Czech.) plate number.
Desková Vada: (Czech.) plate flaw, plate fault.
Desková Znacka Hvezdicka: (Czech.) "star" plate marking.
Desková Znacka Krízek: (Czech.) "cross" plate marking.
Deskovou Znackou: (Czech.) plate marking.
Desmit Rbl: desmit rubli, ten rubles overprint on stamps of Latvia.
Desmit Rub., Rubli: 1920-21; two rubles surcharge, stamps of Latvia.
Despatch Post: several U. S. locals are inscribed with this term.
Dessau: overprint on a surtax Province of Saxony stamp is a fake.
Dessouk: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1868-82.
Despacho: (Sp.) office.
Despues de la salida: (Sp.) too late markings, applied to mail which was received after mail dispatch.
Dessin: (Fr.) drawing, see: Design.
Dessinateur: (Fr.) designer.
De status: (Fr.) rule.
Destinaire: (Fr.) one to whom anything is addressed.
Destinatario: (It.) "Carrier" inscription on Italian tax revenue stamps.
Détaché(e): (Fr.) (stamp) off cover.
Detachment U.S.A.: bogus, overprint on stamps of Belgian Congo.
Détaillé(e): (Fr.) lot broken up for sale individually.
Det danske Kommando I Tyskland: (Dan.) the Danish Command in Germany, post WWII.
Detmold: local post, German displaced persons camp, 1946.
Detroit River Service: established so that crews of lake vessels could receive their mail without paying forwarding charges, Jule 17, 1895-June 30, 1948.
Dette Publique: public debt; French Colony revenue inscription.
Deuda p√ɬļblica: (Sp.) public debt, overprint on fiscal stamps.
Deuil: (Fr.) mourning (letter), black bordered cover.
Deutlich Schreiben: (Ger.) "Write clearly" hand stamp.
Deutsche Abstimmungsgebiet: (Ger.) plebiscite area.
Deutsche Auslandpostämter: (Ger.) German post offices abroad.
Deutsche Besetzung Zara: (Ger.) overprint for German occupation of Zara.
Deutsche Bundepost: (Ger.) postal administration of German Federal Republic, from 1951-89.
Deutsche Demokratische Republik: (Ger.) inscription German Democratic Republic (East Germany), Soviet occupation zone, 1949.
Deutsche Demokratische Republik Luftpost: (Ger.) imperforate label for German Democratic Republic essay in various colors.
Deutsche feldpost: (Ger.) military field post, Germany.
Deutsche feldpost durch U-boot: inscription to frank soldier's mail to be sent by German submarine from base on Hela Peninsula, 1945.
Deutsche Lufthansa (DLH): (Ger.) German airline
Deutsche Militaer-Verwaltung Montenegro: (Ger.) overprint on stamps of Yugoslavia for Montenegro, German Occupation, 1943.
Deutsche National Versammlung: (Ger.) National Assembly, inscription on the 1919 issue of Germany, called the Weimar Issue.
Deutsche Neu-Guinea: (Ger.) German New Guinea.
Deutsche Osterreich: (Ger.) Austria overprint for German Austria, 1918.
Deutsche Oestr. Postverein: (Ger.) German-Austrian Postal Union.
Deutsche Ostafrika: (Ger.) German East Africa.
Deutsche Post: (Ger.) inscription Allied sectors, Berlin, Germany, 1948, Sept.-Sept.1949.
Deutsche Post Berlin: (Ger.) "Berlin" overprint for use in American, British and Frenchoccupied sectors of Berlin, Sepbemter 1, 1948.
Deutsche Post Osten: (Ger.) overprint on stamps of Germany for Poland, German Occupation, 1939.
Deutsche Privat-Post Lloyd: (Ger.) local post, Berlin, Germany, 1906.
Deutsche Reich: (Ger.) 1920 overprint on Bavaria officials and stamps of Germany.
Deurscher Raketenflug 1934: (Ger.) inscription, first German rocket flight to benefit the "Winter Relief," January 28, 1934.


(Data Above sourced from "Ask Phil" and other sources. Last edit 5/Aug/2008 Amhazing)

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Deutscher Schulhausbar: (Ger.) series of labels to raise funds to build schools; value 2 heller.
Deutscher Schulverein: (Ger.) series of labels to raise funds for a school organization.
Deutscher Wehrschatz Sudmark: inscription on a German label, early 1900s.
Deutscher Wert gleich 140 Pfg. Wählt Deutsch!: (Ger.) "German Value equals 140 Pfennig / Vote German" overprint on Polish stamp (actually a label) printed as propaganda for plebiscite on future of Upper Silesia, 1921.
Deutsche Seepost / Linie / Hamburg / Westafrika: (Ger.) 1. German Sea Post, Hamburg West Africa Line; staring operating in early 1880s. 2. Overprint on stamps of Bavaria, 1920; see Bohemia and Moravia. 3. Overprint on stamps of Danzig for Danzig.
Deutsches Reich: (Ger.) inscription for Germany Empire; see: Bohemia and Moravia.
Deutsches Reich General Gouvernment: (Ger.) inscription on stamps of Germany for use in Poland, WW II occupation.
Deutsches Reich Post: (Ger.) 1: inscription for German Imperial Post, 1872-89.
Deutsches Reich: (Ger.) 1: inscription on stamps of Germany, 1902-44. 2: overprint on stamps of Bavaria, 1920.
Deutsches Reich General Gouvernement: (Ger.) Poland, German Occupation, 1941-44.
Deutsche Versicherungs Bank Berlin Wertbrief Beförderung Deurschland-America: (Ger.) on stamps of Germany for insured mail sent via U-Boat prior to World War II.
Deutschland: (Ger.) German World War I commercial submarine that carried mail to the U.S.
Deutschland Amerkanische Zone: (Ger.) Germany, American Zone.
Deutschland Britische Zone: (Ger.) Germany, British Zone.
Deutschland Franzosische Zone: (Ger.) Germany, French Zone.
Deutschland Sowjetische Zone: (Ger.) Germany, Soviet Zone.
Deutsche Mark: (Ger.) (DM) German currency.
Deutsch-Neu-Guinea: (Ger.) overprint on stamps of Germany, inscription for German New Guinea.
Deutsch Oestr. Postverein: (Ger.) German-Austrian Postal union inscription on Thurn and Taxis, early Baden and W√ɬľrttemberg.
Deutsch Ostafrika: (Ger.) overprint on stamps of Germany and inscription for German East Africa.
Deutsch √É‚Äďsterreich: (Ger.) overprint, German Austria on stamps of Austria, 1918-1921.
Deutsch Sudwest Afrika: (Ger.) overprint on stamps of Germany, inscription for German South West Africa, also Deutsch S√ɬľdwest-Afrika.
De valor: (Sp.) valuable.
Devanagari: alphabet that appears on some stamps of India, Nepal and Bhutan as an inscription.
Devant: (Fr.) front (of a cover).
Devastacion de la Ciudad de Santo Domingo: inscription, postal tax on stamps of Dominican Republic, for destruction of city.
Development Bank: common design on stamps of the French Community of Nations, 1969.
De Villayer, Jean-Jacques: may have operated a mail service in Paris in mid-1600s, installed first mail boxes.
Devolucion: (Sp.) mail marking not accepted by addressee and returned to sender.
Dewey's South Yuba Express: local private mail firm serviced the Omega, Nevada County, Calif. area; issued a label, 1863.
DeWitt's Express: local baggage firm serviced Brooklyn, N.Y. and New York City; issued a label, year unknown.
Dextrine gum: form of starch, when used in gum for stamps, is heated in a solution alone, or with other chemicals, gets any color from the heating temperature of the solution.
Dezentriert: (Ger.) off-center.
DF: 1. currency abbreviation for Franc (Djibouti). 2. David Finkelstein, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
DFB: "Dansk Frivillig Bataillon (Danish Volunteer Battalion) Danish armed forces serving with Finnish forces fighting Russia.
DG: 1: catalog abbreviation for disturbed gum. 2: (Latin) By the Grace of God.
DGK: (Ger.) Deutschland-Ganzachen-Katalog, Michel German Postal Stationery catalog.
D'Haiti: Republic of Haiti.
Dhaka: formerly Dacca, Bangladesh.
Dhar: India Feudatory State; 1897-1901: first local post stamps, 1901, Mar. 31: separate stamps discontinued, used stamps of British India, then stamps of India.
Dhufar: bogus, anti-Omani, Arabia; in exile, propaganda labels sold as stamps.
Dia de la Hispanidad: (Sp.) Spanish National Day, Oct. 12th.
Dia del sello: (Sp.) day of the stamp.
Diadem: circlet of gold and jewels forming Queen Victoria's headdress on the earlier issues.
Diagonally laid paper: where wires, used in the papermaking process, are laid diagonally across the paper.
Dial: circular portion of a postmark, usually containing the city, date and time
Diamond Parcel Delivery Company: local package delivery firm; issued a label, year unknown.
Diamond roulette: cuts that are X shaped, giving appearance of diamond shaped perforations.
Diamante: (It., Sp.) diamond topical or thematic specialty.
Diamond Jubilee Label: name given to British charity labels made in 1897-98 for the 50th anniversary of Queen Victoria accession to the throne.
Dia Mundial del Sello: (Sp.) World Stamp Day, May 6th.
Diana, Princess of Wales: common design of the British Commonwealth of Nations, 1998.
Diapositive: thick photographic plate used for multiple repetitions of the design, made from the master negative; also known as multipositive.
Dicitura: (It.) inscription.
Dick: (Ger.) thick.
Dickinson paper: continuous silk thread paper containing one or more silk threads to make counterfeiting difficult.
Didactic: "educational, once used as the generic term for topicals or thematics.
Die: 1: a block of metal that has been hand or machine engraved from which plates are prepared to print stamps. 2: terms Die I, Die II, etc. denote first and later states of the same die. 3: terms Die I, Die II, etc. are also used to designate stamps printed from these dies.
Die crack: damage done to the original engraved die, before printing plates are created.
Die cut: a mechanical process that cuts through the stamp paper but not the backing paper that keeps the stamps together, is used to separate most self-adhesive stamps; accomplished by crushing the stamp paper fibers.
Die cut missing: error on self-adhesive stamps where the die cut is absent between the stamps.
Die cut size: the number of peaks of either side of a die cut stamp, usually written as L10/R10; indicates 10 peaks on both the left and right sides of the stamp.
Die Cut Gauge: tool that measures the total of peaks or valleys within 20mm on die cut stamps.
Die essay: print made from a die engraved with an incomplete or unadopted design.
Die flaw: blemish or unusual mark on a die and shows on every stamps reproduced from that die.
Diego Suarez: French naval base, northern part of Madagascar; currency: 100 centimes = 1 franc, 100centimes = 1 ariary (1976) 1885-pre: overprint on stamps of French Colonies General Issues, 1890: No.1, 15 centimes blue, first stamps issued as a naval base, 1891: first postage due stamp issued, 1892: stamps of French Colonies overprinted Diego-Suarez, 1896, May 30: replaced by issues of Madagascar.
Diehard: nickname for a stamp dealer who has the knowledge to buy and sell anything of a philatelic nature.
Die imprint: any item printed directly from a die.
Dienst: (Ger.) official.
Dienstbotenpost: (Ger.) official courier mail.
Dienstmarke: 1: inscription for officials of Bavaria, French Protectorate of the Saar, Germany. 2: overprint for official use in Saar, Danzig, Liechenstein. 3: with numeral 21, Prussia. 4: overprint on stamps of Danzig, 1924-25, for official use.
Dienstsache: Liechtenstein official overprint.
Dienstzegel: (Dut.) Netherlands official stamps.
Dientes: (Sp.) perforations.
Die plain: embossing without the use of color.
Die proof: a die made print or impression, usually in black ink on a smooth white card or fine-calendered or coated paper, inspected in great detail, to show what a stamp design will look like.
Die-Reducing machine: makes a relief steel die in a smaller size.
Die sinkage: the impression of a die block which appears as a depression in the cardboard of a die proof.
Die sinker: an engraver of dies used for stamping and embossing.
Diessbach C.G.: Diessbach Canton Glarus (Swiss).
Die stamping: raising of colored reliefs on an uncolored ground using a recessed die in the stamping press.
Dietz & Nelson's Express: private mail delivery firm serviced British Columbia, used labels, 1862-67.
Die Welt: (Ger.) The World, Germany overprint produced for "War Stamp Exhibition in London in 1915 as a jocular allusion to the much vaunted German aspirations to rule the earth."
Die wheel: a wheel drilled with holes that accept the pins of the rotary perforator.
Die Winterhilfe O/S ruft dich! Wir wollen helfen: (Ger.) "The Winter relief calls you. We want to help." Germany cancel, 1932-34.
Di favore: (It.) (It.) by favor (cancellation).
Difetto: (It.) defect, fault.
DIFF: auction abbreviation for different.
Digital postage: postage applied by a mechanical device such as a printer attached to a computer.
Di gran valore: (It.) valuable.
Dijbouti: formerly Afars and Issas - East Africa; see Afars and Issas.
Dilar: local post, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1937.
Diligence d'eau: (Fr.) water coach, carried mail on canals in France; see: Canal Boat Mail.
Diligencia: (Sp.) stagecoach carrier issue of Uruguay, 1856-57.
Dimension: tax based on size of the document; French Colony revenue inscription.
Diminué(e): (Fr.) partly removed or thinned (gum), cut down, trimmed.
Din: dinar, Yugslavia currency.
Dinamarca: (It., Port.) Denmark.
Dindings: 1874-1935, Feb.: used stamps of Straits Settlements.
Diner: U.S. presorted First-Class mail with nondenominated postage, used by mass mailers, issued June 5, 1998, value 25¬Ę.
Dinero: inscription on arms design, stamps of Peru.
Dinsin: (Ire.) Ireland postage due inscription.
Dios Patria Libertado: (Sp.) God, Fatherland, Liberty, inscription on stamps of Dominican Republic.
Dios Patria Rey: (Sp.) God, Fatherland, King, inscription on stamps of Spain, Carlist issue.
Dios, Union y Libertad: (Sp.) God, Union and Liberty, Honduras, 1865.
Diplomatic mail: correspondence transported by diplomatic pouch or indicated diplomatic mail.
Dippoldiswalde: Bavaria, Germany post office burned, emergency handwritten labels were created and used to cover the shortage of postage stamps, 1923.
Diptique: (Fr.) a pair of stamps of which the illustration covers both stamps together.
Direcció Geral dos Trabalmos Geodesicos e Topograpnicos: (Port.) advertising mapmakers of Portugal.
Dirección: (Sp.) the place to which mail can be sent.
Direct mail: 1: industry term for advertising mail sent to targeted markets. 2: mail of the pre-Universal Postal union era that went direct between countries; rate differences ceased when prepaid international rate went into effect July 1, 1875.
Directory markings: postal markings that indicate delivery attempts, stating reasons.
Direct printing: any form of printing where the printing plate is in direct contact with the paper.
Dirigere: (It.) the place to which mail can be sent.
Diriginte de posta: (Rom.) postmaster.
D'Irlande du Nord: (Fr.) Ulster, Northern Ireland.
Disaster mail: mail being transported that was damaged in transit; the post office usually puts special marking on the item to explain the damage; also known as wreck mail.
Discontinued Post Office: a post office that is no longer in operation.
Discount postage: stamps sold by stamp dealers at a discount from face value; usually denominations that are no longer current but valid for postage.
Discovery copy: first known.
Disegno: (It.) design.
Dise√ɬĪo: (Sp.) design.
Disinfected mail: mail that has been fumigated so that the letter will not be a carrier of disease.
Disinfection seal: see: Seal, disinfection.
Disney stamp: stamps issued by several nations with a Walt Disney movie theme.
Dispensé d'affranchissement (de timbrage): (Fr.) free of postage.
Display Division: American Philatelic Society term for exhibition classification to include display exhibits and social philately.
"Disp prohibited by Order 19687": dispatch handstamp prohibiting certain oversize or overweight parcels addressed to overseas personnel, effective Jan. 7, 1943.
Diss Pirate Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
DIST: auction abbreviation for disturbed.
Distilled Spirits Excise Tax: inscription on U. S. Internal Revenue Service tax stamps, 1950-59; usually found with staple holes or punch cancels, indicating payment of excise taxes on distilled spirits.
Distinguished Americans: series of stamps issued by the U.S., renamed Great Americans on July 20, 2000.
Distretto: (It.) district.
Distributeur automatique (de timbres): (Fr.) stamp vending machine.
Districto: overprint on stamps of for Arequipaco, Peru, Cuzco provisionals, 1881-85.
District Overprints: during the classical period, stamps were sent from the main post office in Mexico City without district overprints. These stamps were not valid for postage. This was done to prevent the theft of stamps as they were shipped to the outlying districts. Once received in the districts, they were overprinted with the name of the district and thus validated into postage stamps, into as many as sixty districts.
Distriktsovertryk: (Dan.) district overprint, district surcharge, see Lokalovertryk, Lokaloverstempel.
Distrito: (Sp.) district.
Distrito sur de la Baja Cal: (Sp.) inscription on 1915 stamps of Mexico; see Baja, Calif. (State in Mexico).
Disturbed gum: original gum on an unused stamp which has been altered, usually by application of a hinge.
Dittler Bros.: private printer of U.S. postage stamps.
Divided back: postcard, allowing the message and address to appear on the same side.
Dividing marks: circular floral ornaments on plates produced by Perkins, Bacon on 1851; placed between rows J and K, helps placement to cut sheets in half, replaced by an arrow.
Divi Rub: 1920-21; surcharge, stamps of Latvia.
Diwan: Indian States term for chief revenue officer of province.
Diwi Rubli: two rubles, overprint to change value, stamps of Latvia.
DJ: overprint on stamps of Obock for Djibouti, 1894-1902.
Djambi: local post overprint, Sumatra, Japanese occupation, 1942-45.
DJI, DJF: Djibouti.
Djibouti (Djibuti): Eastern Africa, formerly French colony of Somali Coast and Afars and Issas; currency: 100 centimes = 1 franc 1888: French constructed port on the Somali Coast at Djibouti, 1894-1902: French Somali Coast overprint "DJ" or "Djibouti" on stamps of Obock for Djibouti, 1902: French replaced this with stamps of Somali Coast as a Protectorate, 1940, Aug. 6: Italy invades British and French Somaliland, 1941: Italy driven out, 1967, Mar.19: name changed to the French territory of Afars and Issas, 1977: Afars and Issas stamps overprinted and surcharged "Republique de Djibouti," 1977, June 27: Afars and Issas became the independent republic of Djibouti, Republique de Djibouti stamps, 1977: first air mail stamps issued, 1978, June 6: joined the UPU; see Afars and Issas, Benadir, Obock, Oltre Giuba, Italian East Africa, Italian Somaliland.
Djubaland, Republic of: cinderella, "Worldwide Fund for Nature" uses WWF logo illegally.
Djup: (Swed.) deep (as referencing the color of a postage stamp).
Djupt lila: (Swed.) deep lilac (color).
Djupt klarröd: (Swed.) deep bright red, "high red" (color).
Djupt ultramarinfärget påtryck: (Swed.) deep ultramarine surcharge.
Djupt violett: (Swed.) deep violett (color).
DK: 1: Germany volume of the Michel catalogue, Deutschland-Katalog. 2: precedes the European postal code on addresses in Denmark, such as DK-2770.
DL: auction abbreviation for double line (cancellation).
DLDC: double line, double circle postmark.
DLH: see: Deutsche Lufthansa.
D.L.H.: (Ger.) Deutsche Luft Hansa Aktiengesellschaft; renamed Lufthansa, 1933.
D.L.O.: see: Dead Letter Office.
DLR: De La Rue; stamp printers, Great Britain.
D M: 1: Dienst Marke overprint on stamps of Danzig, 1921-23, for official use. 2: Deutsche Mark, German currency June 21, 1948-Dec. 31, 2001. 3: Dominica, country code as used by UPU.
DMC: Daniel M. Clancy, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
Dmitrief: local post, Russian Zemstvo, 1871-74.
Dmitrof: local post, Russian Zemstvo, 1874.
DMM: USPS term for domestic mail manual.
Dnieprovsk: local post, Russian Zemstvo, 1866-95.
DNK: Deutschland Netto Katalog.
DNVP: letters on German stamps stands for Deutschnationale Volkspartei (German National People's Party); looks like DNBB.
DO: Dominican Republic, country code as used by UPU.
Doane cancels: Doane cancels have a number in the killer bars to the right of the circular date stamps; introduced in 1904.
Doar Ivri: (Heb.) Hebrew Post inscription on Israel's first stamps.
Dobbelt: (Dan., Nor.) double.
Dobbelt påtryk: (Dan.) double overprint, double surcharge.
Dobbeltsidig: (Dan.) double sided (front and back sides).
Dobbeltsidigt tryk: (Dan.) printed on both sides.
Dobbelttakning: (Dan.) double perforation.
Dobbelttryk: (Dan.) 1. double impression 2. re-entry.
Dobeln: local post, Germany, 1945.
Dobírka: (Czech.) payment upon delivery
Doble: (Sp.) double.
Doboj: local post, republic Serbska occupation issue for Bosnia, 1995.
Dobrudja: overprint in Cyrillic with dates "1916-1917" on stamps of Bulgaria for use in this occupied territory of Romania.
Doc: abbreviation for document; physician.
Docket[ing]: a brief statement of when received and maybe when answered, usually found on the outside of covers, legal or commercial documents.
Dockwra's Post: private postal service covering London and its suburbs established by William Dockwra; introduced his own distinctive postmark in 1680; used from 1680-82.
Doctor blade: device used to wipe excess ink from a printing press cylinder.
Documentary stamps: U.S. Inter. Rev. inscription; revenue stamps that are applied to documents such as bills of lading, mortgages, wills, etc., 1871-1958.
Documents Philatelique Oficiel: (Fr.) Official Philatelic Document; issued by France, include a copy of the issued stamp cancelled on the first day, a monocolor engraving of the stamp, descriptive text and a larger topical engraving with an embossed control seal.
Dodds Express: local baggage firm serviced Brooklyn, N.Y., New York City, N.Y and Long branch, N.J.; issued labels, year unknown.
Dodecanese Islands, Greece: islands in the Aegean Sea off the coast of Turkey; currency: 100 centesimi = 1 lira 1912-pre: used stamps of Turkey, 1912-43: stamps of Italy overprinted "Egeo," 1924: Turkey ceded islands to Italy, stamps of Italy overprinted with name of island, 1943: stamps and postage due stamps of Great Britain overprinted "M.E.F." (Middle East Forces), 1943, Sept.: Italy surrendered and islands proclaimed union with Greece, 1943-45: Germany reoccupied islands, 1947-summer: stamps of Greece used; see Aegean Islands, MEF, SDD.
Dodge & Co. Express: nationwide express firm that serviced California, Boston and New York City; used a label, 1849-51.
Dogra: alphabet in the Indian language that appears on some stamps of India as an inscription.
Dogs: hauled mail carts in Sussex, England, late 19th century.
Dog team mail: used to carry mail in Alaska and Quebec province, Canada.
Doha, Qatar: British postal service established in 1950 using stamps of the British Postal Agencies of Eastern Arabia; now known as Ad Dawhah.
Doi: (Rom.) two (number).
Doisprezece: (Rom) twelve (number).
Doland: Donald Evans bogus issue, 1960-70.
Dollfus Issue: Austrian Dollfuss stamp, issued on July 25, 1936.
Dollar Error: wine revenue stamp for the $1.60 4/5 cents where dollar is spelled "dolllar," 1951-54.
Dolní: (Czech.) down (side).
Dolores: local post, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937.
Domain name: a name that identifies a computer or computers on the internet. These names appear as a component of a Web site http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Web_site's URL http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/URL, e.g. wikipedia.org.
Domestic mail: USPS term for mail transmitted, among, and between the U. S., its territories and possessions, army and fleet post offices and United Nations, N.Y.
Domestic Mail Manual (DMM): directive that contains basic USPS standards for domestic mail services.
Domestic stamp: also known as nondenominated stamp used for rate increase period, not valid for international mail.
Domestogramme: Canadian version of the aerogramme, introduced Oct. 13, 1973.
Domfil: Spanish publisher of thematic catalogues and albums.
Dominica: an island in the British Leeward islands group, became part of the Windward islands; currency: 12 pence = 1 shilling, 20 shillings = 1 pound, 100 cents = 1 Dollar (1949) 1858-60: British stamps used at Roseau, with 'A 07' cancel, 1860: Dominica handstamp used, 1874, May 4: No.1, 1 penny violet, own stamps with design similar to Tobago, 1890, Oct. 31-1903: stamps of Leeward Islands used, 1903-40: Dominica used own stamps again along with those of Leeward Islands, 1916: first War Tax stamp issued, 1940, Jan. 1: Dominica became separate island, no stamp issued, 1958, Apr. 22: joined the West Indies Federation,1968: became an Associated State of Great Britain, 1978, Nov. 1: became independent as the Commonwealth of Dominica with overprint "Independence / 3rd November / 1978," 1980, Jan. 31: joined the UPU.
Dominica: essay, engraved and recess printed on white card, made public in 1870 with no information as to its origin.
Dominicaine: (Fr.) Dominican Republic.
Dominical label (tablet): a small label attached by perforation to the bottom of some Belgium stamps stating "Do not deliver on Sunday".
Dominican Republic: part of Hispaniola island in West Indies official name of postal administration: Instituto Postal Dominicano currency: 100 centavos = 1 peso 1861-65: Spain used stamps of Cuba/Puerto Rico, 1865, Oct. 18: No. 1, 1/2 reales rose, first stamps, 1868-71: British stamps used in Puerto Plata with 'C 86' cancel, 1876-80: British stamps used at Santa Domingo with 'C 87' cancel, 1880, Oct. 1: joined the UPU, 1901: first postage due stamp issued, 1902, Feb. 25: first official stamp issued, 1916, May 5 - July 24, 1924: occupied by American forces, used Army post offices, 1925, 1927: special delivery stamps copied from those of the U.S., 1928, May 31: first air mail stamp issued, 1957, Feb. 8: first semipostal stamp issued.
Dominican Republic, forged issues: 1: 1879 coat of arms, Sc. 34, 34a, 35. 2: 1900 map, Sc. 111-19. 3: 1931-33 Solar, Sc. C10-C17.
Dominika: (Hung.) Dominica (West Indies).
Dominikai Köztársaság: (Hung.) Dominican Republic.
Dominikanska Republiken: (Swed.) Dominican Republic.
Dominikanske Republik: (Dan., Nor.) Dominican Republic.
Dominido: British Colonial Royal Wedding frames from "Surreal Stamps and Unreal Stickers".
Dominikanische Republik: (Ger.) Dominican Republic.
Dominion Express Co.: private parcel firm operated over Dominion Express Lines throughout Canada, used labels and stamps, 1882-1926.
Dominique: (Fr.) Dominica.
Dommagé: (Fr.) damaged.
Dom Pedros: Brazil's 1866-79 issue featuring portraits of Emperor Dom Pedro.
Donaldson's Despatch: S. Allan Taylor label, 1865.
Donaldson's Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Donau: (Ger.) Danube.
Donau Dampschiffahrt Gesellschaft: Danube Steamship Co. issued stamps, 1866-74, for mail carried on the Danube River.
Don Cossack Government: republic in Southern Russia; 1917, Oct.: leader was Hetman Aleksei Kaledin; formed republic proclaimed Russia "arms" types surcharged at Novocherkask, Rostov and Taganrog, plus the "Ermak" currency stamp which was valid for postage until Soviets reclaimed area in Feb.1920.
Donegal Railway Company: Ireland local post.
Donetsk: local post provisional, USSR 1990s.
Donez: local post, Russian Zemstvo, 1879-90.
Dongola: Sudan, Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1872-82.
Don River Railway Society: Tasmania fantasy sheet.
Don Territory Government: 1918-19: stamps included used surcharged Russian stamps; see Russia, South.
Doolittle, W.E.: see: Private die match proprietary stamps.
Dopis: (Czech.) letter (mail).
Dopisnice: (Czech.) postal cards.
Doplata: (Pol.) inscription on stamps of Central Lithuania and Poland, postage due.
Doplatit, Doplatne: overprint/inscription labels on stamps of Czechoslovakia, postage due.
Dopis: (Czech.) letter (mail).
Doplatné: (Czech.) postage due.
Doplatni známky: (Czech.) postage due stamps.
Doporucené: (Czech.) registered, registered mail.
Doppeldruck: double struck.
Doppia stampa: (It.) double impression, re-entry.
Doppia Incisione: (It.) re-entry.
Doremus Machine Co.: manufacture of canceling machines used from the 1890s-1930s.
Doreset Village Mail: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Dorpat: also known as Tartu, now part of the USSR, WW I: surcharge on stamps of Russia by occupying German forces, WWII: Germans issued specially designed stamps.
Dorso: (It.) back, as opposed to the front of a philatelic object.
Dorucní Známka: (Czech.) personal delivery stamp.
Dos: (Fr.) back.
Dospisnice: (Czech.) postcard.
Dospinice: (Czech.) postal card.
Dotisk: (Czech.) reprint.
Dotted paper: paper with small dots forming a greyish-appearing pattern.
Dot in S: variety in the 5-cent U.S. Franklin stamp caused by a small bit of metal adhering to the transfer roll during the "rocking in" process.
Douane(s): (Fr.) customs; French Colony revenue inscription; overprint on stamps of South Africa.
Douazeci: (Rom) twenty (number).
Double cancels: covers with two separate postmarks.
Double centre: (Fr.) having the middle part of the design printed twice on the same side of the paper.
Double comb perforator: perforates, in one operation, a single row or column of stamps on all sides and perfs (the legs) between the next row or column.
Double Deficiency: marking on mail that postage due is owed at double the amount of short postage.
Double embossing: two impressions of embossed stamps on the same piece of paper, one impression may be colorless.
Double flown: cover flown once, then readdressed and flown again.
Double frappe: (Fr.) re-entry.
Double Geneva: 1843 issue by the Swiss Canton of Geneva of a 10¬Ę stamp printed in a double design of two 5¬Ę stamps, each half being usable as a 5¬Ę stamp.
Double grill: stamp showing two or more separate grill impressions.
Double gum: a second layer of gum was applied to the Egyptian issue of 1887 when the Egyptian government complained that the original layer was not adhering to envelopes.
Double heads: nickname for Rhodesia commemorative issue of 1910 depicting Queen Mary and King George V.
Double impression: two impressions of the design of a stamp; see: Double print.
Double joint line: a joint line that seems to be two parallel lines on rotary press stamps; caused when the gap between two rotary plates is wider than normal.
Double line watermark: term for the USPS watermark when it is made up of double lines.
Double overprint: clear double impression of the entire overprint due to the sheet having been passed twice through the printing press.
Double paper: a stamp printed on the overlapping portion of a paper joint.
Double perforations: two sets of perforations caused by the sheet being cut off center; found on early U.S. revenue stamps.
Double plate: two printing bases that are used to print a monochrome or bi-colored stamp.
Double postal cards: postal cards with a paid reply portion.
Double print: two impressions of the same stamp done intentionally; such as the 20 öre 1876 Sweden issue.
Double ring c.d.s.: circular date stamp contained within two concentric circles.
Double roulette: rouletting applied twice to the same part or entire sheet.
Double security paper: safety paper made up of two layers bonded together to discourage stamp cleaning and reuse.
Double strike: die molds where the registration varies slightly, causing doubling of lines in the design.
Double surcharge: an error when a new denomination overprint is mistakenly applied to a stamp twice.
Double transfer: this term is used for a stamp printed from a design which in error was impressed, either wholly or partially, twice by the master die in preparing the plate; can be identified by its "out of focus" appearance.
Dougerthy & Hesperies islands: bogus Pacific island group, 1966.
Dougherty, A.: U.S. private die playing card stamp.
Douglas City Dispatch: U.S. local post, New York, N.Y., 1879.
Douglas double paper: patented paper used 1881-82 in the U.S. to prevent cleaning and re-use of used stamps.
Douanes: (Fr.) customs.
Dounane: customs duty.
Dove: add-on rate U.S. nondenominated stamp, valued 3¬Ę, placed on sale Dec. 13, 1994.
Down: any non-printing area within a design.
Downey heads: British stamps designed by W & D Downey showing a three-quarter view of King George V.
Down's Dispatch: S. Allan Taylor label.
Down Under: refers to Australia, New Zealand and environs.
DO-X: international registration number of the German Dornier multi-engine plane; 1932: first to fly the Atlantic from West to East.
D.P.: 1: (Fr.) "Dette publique" public debt overprint; 1925-26: revenues of Syria and Lebanon for French occupation. 2: private overprint by Daily Press newspaper to prevent misuse in Hong Kong.
DPO: discontinued, or dead post office.
D.P.O.: (It.) "debito pubblico Ottomana" Ottoman public debt, see: A.D.P.O.D press: six-color offset and three-color intaglio Goebel combination press used by the B.E.P.DPRK: abbreviation for North Korea, 1977 to present.
D Press: a six-color offset and three-color Intaglio Goebel webfed combination press used by the BEP starting about 1984; officially called Press 902.
D.P.T.: Diligenze Postali Trasporti (It.) Diligence Postal Transport, 1794.
D.R.: Deeds and Registration, South Australia official overprint, 1868-74.
Dragonera: Greek island "stamps" repudiated by government in 1963.
Drake & Co's "Express": local firm that serviced Providence, R.I, Taunton and New Bedford, Mass.; issued a label, year unknown.
Drake, P.H. & Co.: U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp.
Drake's Island: Great Britain local carriage label, off Devon coast.
Drammen: Seaport and seat of Buskerud county, S Norway, at mouth of the Dramselva River on a branch of the Oslo Fjord ca.40 miles SW of Oslo. Site of 19th century local posts established by Borresen, Eckholdt, G. O. Ulleberg, I. B. Hagen, and J. Eriksen (q.v. individual local post entries).
Drammen - Borresen Local Post: Local post established by a Mr. Borresen, with the first 5 √ɬłre "Berresens / Bypost / Drammen" typeset red on blue paper local stamp issued 15 June 1888, and with several other handstamped or typographed "Bypost Drammen" or "Drammens post" local stamps depicting a posthorn issued through 1888.
Drammen bypost: Norway local bypost, 1869-88.
Drammen - Eckholdt Local Post: Local post established by a Mr. Eckholdt, with first 2 Skilling "By / Drammen / Post" handstamped blue and dull blue local stamps issued in 1875.
Drammen - G. O. Ulleberg Local Post: Local post established by G. O. Ulleberg, with first "Bypost / Drammens / Bypost" lithographed 2 Skilling pale green local stamp issued 4 May 1869, and with two different designs 1 skilling blue stamps issued later in the month of May. The local post was taken over by I. B. Hagen (q.v.) later in 1869.
Drammen - I. B. Hagen Local Post: Local post established by I. B. Hagen, with first 1 and 2 Skilling "Brevm¦rke / fra / I. B. Hagen / Bybudkontor" typeset on colored papers local stamps issued in 1868, and numerous other designs typeset, handstamped, and lithographed stamps issued through 1887.
Drammen - J. Eriksen Local Post: Local post established by J. Eriksen, with the first elaborate design "Drammens / By & / Pakkepost // Joh. Eriksen" local stamps depicting a pigeon in flight with a letter issued 15 June 1887, and a later similar-design stamp set issued 1 October 1887.
Drapp: (Hung.) beige (color), see béz.
Drau, S. S.: steamship of the Danube Steam Navigation Company; 1870s; built for the middle Danube lines.
Draw out: printer's term for a piece of type "drawn" out of the form by the printing roller, leaving a word with one letter.
Drazba: (Czech.) auction.
DR CDS: auction abbreviation for double-ring circular date stamp.
DRC: Democratic Republic of Congo.
Dr.D.J. & S.: overprint on U.S. Proprietary revenue stamps for Dr. D. Jayne & Son, Philadelphia, first issued July 1, 1898.
Dreierstreifen: (Ger.) auction term for strip of three (connected stamps).
Dresden: city in Germany; inscription on local post stamps, Germany post WW II.
Dresdener Transport und Lagerhaus A.G.: (Ger.) local post, Dresden, Germany 1898-1905.
Drift cards: specially printed Business Reply Card encased in plastic envelopes sent adrift by the National Institute of Oceanography in Jan. 1954 to test Indian Ocean currents.
Drijvende Brandkast: (Dut.) inscription on Marine Insurance stamps, Netherlands and the Netherlands Indies.
Drina, S.S.: steamship of the Danube Steam Navigation Company; 1870s: built for the Middle Danube lines.
D.R.L.S.: despatch rider letter service.
DRMcL: Donald R. McLeod, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
Drobná: (Czech.) minor.
Drobny: (Czech.) very small, tiny.
Drobná Vada Lepu: (Czech.) minor gum fault.
Droits de l'Homme: (Fr.) human rights.
Droits des Pauvres: (Fr.) tax for the poor; French Colony revenue inscription.
Droit fiscal: (Fr.) fiscal tax; French Colony revenue inscription
Droit judiciaires: (Fr.) judicial fees; French Colony revenue inscription.
Droit notarial: (Fr.) notary tax; French Colony revenue inscription.
Dronning: (Nor.) queen.
Dronning Elisabet den annen: (Nor.) Queen Elizabeth II (England), QEII.
Drop: USPS term for lobby slot or opening where customers deposit mail.
Drop addresses: scheme used to circumvent restrictions on mail between countries at war whereby mail from one country to another was routed through a neutral country; address was crossed out and resent to the true destination; also known as undercover addresses.
Drop letter: letter delivered from the same post office where originally posted.
Dropped letter: 1: a missing letter in typesetting caused by letter being lost of broken off during printing. 2: a letter which is out of alignment with rest of letters; usually found in typeset overprints.
Dropped mail: mail dropped from the air for forwarding to destination.
Dropped transfer: an impression on an engraved printing plate occurs when a transfer roll touches the blank plate before being positioned correctly.
Druck: (Ger.) printing.
Druckauflage: (Ger.) printing quantity.
Druckfehler: (Ger.) printing error.
Druckprobe: (Ger.) essay, proof.
Drucksache: (Ger.) printed matter.
Drucksachen & Circularbeförderung: Frankfurt, Germany local, 1886-91.
Druckvermerk: (Ger.) imprint.
Druk-Pu: bogus Bhutan overprint on stamps of India.
Drumso: (Fin.) local post, steamship mail, Finland, 1914-36.
Dryden Brothers: London manufacturer of an embossing press used for cameo stamping.
Dry dock: Bermuda 1902 stamp design given that name because design looks like a dry dock.
Dry print: stamp image or overprint deficient in ink.
Dry printing: printing method which allows the use of heavier, stiffer paper creating a whiter, high-sheen printing surface.
Drying book: after a stamp is soaked from an envelope, the stamp must be dried and pressed flat; the stamp drying book, made of blotting paper, is used for this purpose.
Drzava, Drzavna: Yugoslavia overprint on stamps of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Drzava S.H.S.: Serbs, Hrvats (croats) and Slovenes; inscription on stamps of Yugoslavia for Bosnia and Herzegovina, 1918.
DS: date stamp.
DSB: (Dan.) Danske Statsbaner (Danish State Railways).
Dschibuti: (Ger.) Djibouti.
D.S.I.L.: Diritto Sardo Italiane Lire, Italian accountancy mark on mail going to an Austrian territory to indicate amount owed to the Sardinian Post office, result of 1853 treaty between Austria and the Kingdom of Sardinia.
DSK: (Ger.) Deutschland-Spezial-Katalog, Michel Germany Specialized catalog.
DT: abbreviation for double transfer.
DTP: Distinguished Topical Philatelist award from the American Topical Association
Dual cancel: two related or unrelated cancellations on a cover, each cancelling a stamp.
Dubai: Persian Gulf Sheikdom, member of United Arab Emirates; currency: 100 naye paise = 1 rupee, 100 dirhams = 1 riyal (1966) 1909, Aug. 19: stamps of India used at Indian post office, 1909-47: stamps of India canceled "Dubai Persian Gulf," 1947, Oct.-Mar.31, 1948: used stamps of Pakistan, 1948, Apr. 1-Jan. 6, 1961: used stamps of British Postal Agency, 1961, Jan. 7-71: used own stamps inscribed "Trucial States," 1963, June: British postal agency withdrawn, 1963, June 15: No.1, 1 naye paise blue/carmine rose, first pictorial, air mail, postage due stamps 1964, March: first stamps inscribed "Abu Dhabi," 1971, Dec. 2: became part of the United Arab Emirates.
Dubbel: (Swed.) double.
Dubbellinjer: (Swed.) double lines.
Dubbelprägling: (Swed.) re-entry.
Dubbeltryck: (Swed.) 1. double print. 2. re-entry.
Duben: (Czech.) April.
Dublin, Wicklow & Wexford Railway: Ireland local post.
Dublu: (Rom.) double.
Dubrovnik: formerly Ragusa, Yugoslavia.
Duc.di.Parma: inscription for Duchy of Parma, Italian States.
Ducie Island, Dependency of: Pitcairn Islands bogus overprint.
Due: (It.) catalogue name given by Stanley Gibbons to Portuguese keytype used for colonial postage dues.
Dues: postage due stamps.
Duckstad: bogus, Donald Duck's own country; from the Netherlands.
Duck stamps: U.S. Bird Hunting Permit stamps.
Due Grana: (It.) Italian States, Two Sicilies.
Dues stamp: 1: adhesive label to record postage due on delivery because of insufficient payment. 2: stamp that indicates membership dues or fees; may be considered a cinderella.
Duitschoost Afrika Belgische Bezetting: (Ger.) German East Africa overprint on stamps of Belgian Congo, Belgian occupation, 1916-22.
Dukhovstschina: local post, Russian Zemstvo, 1873-82.
Dulac, Edmund: 1882-1953, designer of British stamps including the 1973 Coronation issue.
Dull gum: water activated stamp gum having no light reflective quality, incorrectly referred to as dry gum.
Dulwich mark: double arc dated postmark started in Britain in 1894, used for many years.
Dumbarton & Balloch Railway: Scotland local post.
Dumb cancellation: postmark that shows neither the date nor place of cancellation.
Dumfries Pony Express: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Duminica: (Rom.) Sunday.
Dummy: term usually used for booklets with stamp and cover layout in blank printed outline.
Dummy Stamps: stamp-like labels used for training and test purposes; have no postal validity.
Dunblane Delivery: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Dundee Circular Delivery Co.: local post, Dundee, Great Britain, 1867.
Dunaburg: now known as Daugavpils.
Dundalk, Newry & Greenore Railway: Ireland local post.
Dundee & Arbroadth Joint Railway: Scotland local post.
Dundee Service: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Dune countries: Trucial States or South Arabian issues, most not listed by Scott.
Dungarpur: Indian State, 1933-47.
Dunham, E. P.: see: Private die match proprietary stamps.
Dunhams Post Office: local post handstamp, New York, N.Y., 1850-52.
Dunkelgrau: (Ger.) dark/deep grey (color).
Dungarpur: India Feudatory State.
Dunhams Union-Square Post Office: U.S. local handstamp, New York, N.Y., 1850-52.
Dunham, E.P.: matches, private die proprietary stamps.
Dunkelblau: (Ger.) dark blue (color).
Dunlop & Co.'s Express: package delivery service; used a corner card.
D√ɬľnn: (Ger.) thin.
DUPL: auction abbreviation for duplication.
Duplex cancel: a two-part cancel, one part containing the postmark, and the other part with the cancellation, first recorded use was in the London District Post, 1853 for stamping "too late" mail.
Duplex paper: two-ply paper; see: Safety paper.
Duplicates: extra copies of stamps that are already in the collection; they should be examined carefully for varieties and variations of color, watermark and perforation.
Dupuy & Schueck: U.S. local post, New York, N.Y.,1846-48.
Durability: paper's ability to withstand wear and tear; storage and other factors affect durability.
Durando's Express: local baggage express firm serviced New York City, used a label, year unknown.
Durango: 1. local post, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937. 2. overprint used on stamps of Mexico for this district, 1856-1883.
Durazzo: (It.) overprint on stamps of Italy, Offices in Turkey postage due, 1909-16, now Durres.
Durcal: local post, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1936-37.
Durch Eilboten: (Ger.) by means of Special Delivery.
Durch Finnische Feldpost: (Finn.) via Finnish fieldpost.
Durchschnitt: (Ger.) cut.
Durchstich: (Ger.) roulette.
Durfee's Express: local private firm; unknown area; used a label, year unknown.
Durland Catalog: lists all known plate numbers on U.S. stamps.
Duryea's Express: local baggage firm serviced New York City and Flushing, Long Island, used a label, year unknown.
Dutch Auction: the item being sold is called out a maximum starting price, and descends by increments until the winning buyer places his bid.
Dutch Flat Express: S. Allan Taylor local fantasy.
Duttia (Datia): India Feudatory State; 1893-21: first local post stamps, 1921: separate stamps discontinued, now uses stamps of Republic of India.
Duty die: back up die made from the master die, with no country name, figures or other symbols of denomination.
Duty plate: plate used to print the value, or the name and value on stamps; used in conjunction with the head or key plate.
Dvojité, Dvojity: (Czech.) double.
Dvojity Tisk: (Czech.) double print.
Dvoupáska: (Czech.) pair.
D.V.R.: Far Eastern Republic overprint on stamps of Russia.
D.W.I.: Danish West Indies.
DX Mail: division of New Zealand Document Exchange, a private postal service that produces its own stamps for various mailing services.
D.Y.: (Turk.) Demir Yol Railroad.
Dyeaskagway: U.S. local post.
Dyp: (Nor.) deep (as referencing the color of a postage stamp).
Dyp bl√ɬ•gr√ɬłnn: (Nor.) deep blue-green (color).
Dyp fiolett: (Nor.) deep violet (color).
Dyp cr√ɬłnnligbl√ɬ•: (Nor.) deep greenish-blue (color).
Dyp gulgr√ɬłnn: (Nor.) deep yellow-green (color).
Dyp m√ɬłrkebl√ɬ•: (Nor.) deep dark blue (color).
Dyp olivengr√ɬłnn: (Nor.) deep olive-green (color).
Dyp rosa: (Nor.) deep rose (color).
Dyptrykk: (Nor.) see Trykk - Dyp.
Dyr: (Dan., Swed) expensive.
DZ: Algeria, country code as used by UPU.
Dziedzice: city in former Austrian-occupied Poland, local post overprint, 1918-20.


(Data Above sourced from "Ask Phil" and other sources. Last edit 5/Aug/2008 Amhazing)

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RED Shooting Star Posting MANIAC!
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E


E: 1: Special Delivery; Scott catalog number prefix to identify stamps other than standard postage. 2: (Sp.) abbreviation of "Entrada" in censor marks. 3: auction abbreviation for essay. 4: uction abbreviation for Euro; European Economic Community/EEC. 5: abbreviation for escudo, currency unit of Portugal, etc. 6. Europe: British stamp introduced in 1999, as a non-value-indicated stamp to prepay the letter rate to any of the European countries. 7: Engineer, South Australia official overprint, 1868-74. 8: Bavaria overprint (Eisenbahn railroad), 1908. 9: Colombia-Scadta consular overprint for Spain. 10: "E" inscription, US nondenominated stamp, valued 25¬Ę, placed on sale Mar.22, 1988. 11. international postal code for Spain.
e: (It.) and
£E: auction abbreviation for pound (Egypt).
EA: 1: overprint on stamps of France for Algeria. 2: Greece overprint for Chios; Aegean Islands.
E.A.F.: East Africa Forces; overprint on stamps of Great Britain, Italian Somaliland, 1943-48.
Eagle: originated as a post office symbol in 1970, also used for name change for Post Office Department to United States Postal Service; see: Mercury, Post rider.
Eagle Card Co.: U.S. private die playing card stamp.
Eagle City Post: U.S. local post, Philadelphia, Pa., 1848-50.
EAK: international postal code for Kenya.
Eamoy: (Resembles these letters) Provisional government of Samos-Greece.
Earee, Rev. Robert: (1846-1928) author of the two-volume work Album Weeds, which described every known forged stamp of that period.
Earle & Prew's Express: parcel firm serviced Boston, and towns in Mass., R.I., and Conn. issued labels; 1872-1909.
Earle Express Co.: private mail and parcel firm serviced Boston, and towns in Mass., R.I., and Conn. issued labels; 1839-73.
Earliest documented use (EDU): the date when the stamp was first used in the U.S. mails.
Earliest known use (EKU): term applied to earliest date on which a stamp is recorded to have been used.
Earliest surviving letters: clay tablets in a cuneiform script, that was baked and hardened, then placed in clay envelope type containers.
Earl of Crawford: James Lindsey, 1847-1914, enthusiastic stamp collector, The Catalogue of the Philatelic Library of the Earl of Crawford was 923 pages.
Early Empire Study Group: Germany Philatelic Society section that studies the postal history of the first 30 years of the German Empire: 19870-1899.
Early impression: a stamp that has been printed from a plate which has just begun to run on the press; distinguished from later printings taken from the same plate that will not be as sharp as the "early impressions."
Earth stamp: undenominated U. S. stamp of 1988 showing the planet Earth.
EAS: Eugene A. Smith, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
Eas, Easa: overprint variety in British East Africa overprints.
Easdale Island: local Scottish island, 1996.
East Africa and Uganda: central East Africa, on the Indian Ocean; 1903: first stamps replaced separate issues for British East Africa and for Uganda, 1922: inscription Kenya and Uganda, 1933, July 1: East African Posts and Telecommunications Union formed, 1935: first commemorative, air mail and postage due stamps, 1959: stamps overprinted "Official" used in Tanganyika at first, then permitted in all areas, 1959: first official stamp, 1964: issued stamps inscribed Kenya, Uganda, Tanganyika and Zanzibar for the East Africa Common Service Organization (Community), 1964: first commemorative stamp, 1976: stamps of Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania bear only one country name, stamps only valid to prepay postage in the specific country, 1977, June 30: individual country's postal services took over that function.
East Africa & Uganda Protectorates: central East Africa; currency: 16 annas = 1 rupee, 100 cents = 1 shilling (1922), 20 shillings = 1 pound 1894: Uganda Protectorate declared British Protectorate, 1903: No.1, 1/2 anna gray-green, first stamps replaced separate issues for British East Africa and for Uganda, 1906: first stamps as East Africa and Uganda Protectorates, 1922: inscription Kenya and Uganda, 1933, July 1: East African Posts and Telecommunications Union formed, 1935: first air mail and postage due stamps, 1959: stamps overprinted "Official" used in Tanganyika at first, then permitted in all areas, 1962: Uganda became independent, 1963: colony became independent as Kenya, 1964: issued stamps inscribed Kenya, Uganda, Tanganyika and Zanzibar for the East Africa Common Service Organization (Community), 1976: stamps of Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania bear only one country name, stamps only valid to prepay postage in the specific country, 1977, June 30: individual countries postal services took over that function.
East Africa, British: see: British East Africa.
East Africa Forces: see: E.A.F.
East Africa, German: see: German East Africa.
East Africa, Italian: 1936, June 1: Italy declared its East African possessions to be an "Empire," consisting of Ethiopia, Eritrea, and Italian Somaliland, 1941: Italy occupied British Somaliland Protectorate, Italian forces driven from East Africa, Ethiopia liberated, 1938: Italy issued stamps for this territory inscribed "Africa Orientale Italiana."
East & West Junction Railway: British local post.
East Anglian Valentine: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
East Boston Express Co.: local parcel firm serviced Boston and East Boston, Mass.; issued a label, year unknown.
East China People's Post: regional issue; includes Anhwei, Chekiang, Fukien, Kiangsu and Shantung provinces; 1941: postal services started in Shantung, 1948, Mar.: first issue of stamps, 1948, July: became East China Posts and Telegraph General Office, 1949, May 30: became East China Liberation Area; see China, People's Republic, 1949.
East Coast: local overprint on Sumatra, Japanese occupation, 1942-45.
East Elloe Post Lutton: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
East End Package Delivery and Express: local package firm serviced the Pittsburgh, Pa., area; issued a label, year unknown.
Easter Island: inscription on stamps of Chile, 1992, Sc. 1010-11.
Easter Island: bogus with frame used on St. Vincent stamps.
Eastern & Midlands Railway: British local post.
Eastern Arabia, British Offices: 1948, Apr.1-Jan. 6, 1961: Dubai open, 1948, Apr.1-April 29, 1966: Muscat open, 1950-57: Qatar open, 1960, Dec.-March 29, 1964: Abu Dhabi open, 1951, 1953: Kuwait, Bahrain open, 1963, Mar.30: first British agency post office opened, 1963, Mar.30-March 29, 1964: used stamps of British postal administration in Eastern Arabia, 1967, Jan.1: local post service starts; replaced by stamps of the Trucial States or nation's own stamps.
Eastern Express Co.: parcel firm serviced Boston, towns in Maine and the British Provinces; issued labels, 1857-79.
Eastern Karelia: "Ita-Karjala/sot hallinto" East Karelia Military Occupation, overprint on stamps of Finland, Karelia, 1941-43, see Karelia
Eastern postal areas: "Postgebiet Ober-Ost ," Lithuania, German occupation, 1916-18.
Eastern Rumelia (Roumelia): in southern Bulgaria; currency: 40 paras = 1 piaster 1880: No.1, 1/2 paras yellow-green, "R.O." (Roumelie Orientale) overprint on stamps of Turkey, 1881: vertical overprint "Roumelie Orientale" on stamps of Turkey, 1885: broke Turkish rule, replaced by stamps of South Bulgaria; "Roumelie Orientale" inscription on stamps of Turkey, 1886: replaced by stamps of Bulgaria after Serbia-Bulgaria war.
Eastern Samoa: also known as American Samoa, 1900: U.S. issues without overprint used, can only be recognized by cancel.
Eastern Saxony: "Bundesland Sachsen" on stamps of Germany, Russian occupation, 1945-46.
Eastern Scottish Bus: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Eastern Siberia: 1: bogus Russian local overprint. 2: surcharged stamps used, Jan. 1923.
Eastern Silesia: former duchy in northern Austro-Hungarian Empire between Prussian Silesia and Moravia. After the Polish-Czech 1920 military confrontation, the western two-thirds became the Czech province of Silesia (Czech., Slezsko), and the eastern portion was given to Poland. see Ceskoslovenska polní posta - Tesínko , Celistvosti - SO 1920.
Eastern Szechwan: stamps of China overprinted for use in the 1940s.
East Germany: common name for German Democratic Republic, Deutsche Demokratische Republik, DDR and GDR.
East India: 1855: inscription for use throughout India; called that because territory was administered by the Honourable East India Company up to 1858, 1882: name stopped being used when Queen Victoria took the title of Empress of India in 1877.
East India Postage: 1: overprint with a crown and new values, Straits Settlement. 2: inscription, see: Bangkok. 3: Inscription East India Company, Sc. 19-35, Government issue, 1860-77.
East Indies: see: Netherland East Indies.
East Kent Circular Deliv.: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
East Liao-ning area: regional issue, Northeast China, 1945-48.
East London Railway: British local post.
Eastman College: Poughkeepsie, N.Y.; Poughkeepsie, N.Y.; 1859 used training stamps for practice instruction on how to properly address, frank and post a letter.
Eastman's Express: parcel firm serviced Boston, Lynn and Salem, Mass.; issued a label, year unknown.
East of Jordan: Jordan issues, 1920-25; see: Arab Government of the East.
East River Post Office: U.S. local post, New York, N.Y., 1852-55.
East Silesia: former Austrian crownland, 1920: League of Nations plebiscite, issues of Czechoslovakia and of Poland overprinted "S.O. 1920" during this period.
East Sussex County: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
East Szechuen People's Post: Southwest China, regional issue; see: China, People's Republic, 1949.
East Timor: territory seeking independence from Indonesia; United Nations Transitional Administration (UNTAET), 2000; 1973, Dec.16: last stamps issued under a Portuguese administration, 1975, Dec.: Indonesian forces invaded East Timor, 2000, April 29: issued two nondenominated stamps, one for internal mail, one for international mail under the auspices of the United Nations Transitional Administration in East Timor (UNTAET); 2002, May 20: issued first stamps as new country; also known as Timor Lorosae.
Eaton, Jas.: see: Private die match proprietary stamps. Eatonton, Geo. 5: see: Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
E.B.: 1. semipostal Special Delivery, Scott catalog number prefix to identify stamps other than standard postage. 2. Education Board, South Australia official overprint, 1868-74.
E.B.C. Postage: see Eastman College.
Eboue, Felix: common design on stamps of the French Community of Nations, 1945.
EC: 1: European Community, now known as European Union, EC. 2: Ecuador; country code as used by UPU. 3. "Ejercito Constitucional" local overprint on stamps of Mexico, 1914 for Constitutionalist forces.
£EC: auction abbreviation for dollar, Eastern Caribbean Community.
E.C.A.F.E.: Economic Commission for Asia and the Far East.
Eca-Gard Postage and Mailing Center: manufacturer of vending machine that prints computer vended postage.
‚Äįcarlate: (Fr.) scarlet (color).
E.C. de M.: "Ejercito Constitucional of Mexico" local overprint on stamps of Mexico, 1914 for Constitutionalist forces.
E.C.D.S. Strike Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Echar al correo: (Sp.) to mail.
Echecs: (Fr.) chess (topical).
Echo cards: Japanese postal stationery, with an imprinted stamp, and paid ads on front.
Echt: (Ger.) genuine.
Echt gelaufen: (Ger.) postally used.
Ecija: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1936-37.
Eckartsberga: local, Germany, 1945-48.
Eckholdt Local Post: see Drammen - Eckholdt Local Post.
Eckrand: (Ger.) sheet corner.
Eckrandst√ɬľck: (Ger.) corner stamp with sheet margins attached.
E-COM: Electronic Computer Originated Mail, began in Jan., 1982 by the USPS for large mailers to transmit computer-generated messages to 25 post offices throughout the nation.
Economat: inscription on Interpostal Seals for the post office bursary or office; used 1871-74, see: Interpostal seals, 1871-84.
Economy gum: gum applied in patterns or blocks immediately after WWII.
Economy label: used throughout British Empire during war period, to be applied to covers that were refolded and reused.
Ecosse: (Fr.) Scotland.
ECU: 1. European Community Currency unit. 2. international postal code for Ecuador.
Ecuador: South America, on the Pacific Ocean; currency: 8 reales = 1 peso, 100 centavos = 1 sucre (1881) 1779: handstamps used, beaded oval type (1819-30), 1830, May 11: Republic of Ecuador formed, 1849-80: British Post Office at Guayaquil for external mail using handstamps, 1865, Jan. 1: stamps first issued, 1865-80: stamps of Great Britain used on overseas mail, with C 41 cancel, 1868-75: stamps of France used at Guayaquil, in connection with Pacific Ligne, 1872: No.1, 1 reales yellow, 1880, July 1: joined the UPU, 1886: first official stamp 1896: first postage due stamps, 1928, Aug. 28: first air mail stamp, 1929: first postage due stamp. 1944, May 9: first semipostal stamp.
Ecuador: overprint on stamps of Colombia air mails, 1928-29.
ECV: auction abbreviation for estimated cash value.
ECW: Edward C. Wildt, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
ED: 1. auction abbreviation for edition. 2. Edward Doe, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
EDC: Earliest documented cover or the earliest known cover for a stamp when verified.
EDD: Greece overprint for Dodecanese Islands.
Eddy, E. B.: see: Private die match proprietary stamps.
Edelweiss, Kingdom of: label, imperial residence in Winston-Salem, NC, Artistamp.
Eden Island: parady of possible Swiss origin.
Edey "Express": private mail firm serviced area east of the Mississippi River; used labels affixed to envelopes, 1862.
Edfou: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1879-82.
EDG: Everett D. Green, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
Edge stamp: stamp not perforated on one side and end; 1887 definition.
Edgware post: Great Britain, local strike post, 1971.
Edicto: (Sp.) official notice with details of various matters including the mail arrival.
Edificios postales: overprint on stamps of El Salvador, postal tax.
Edifil: Spain and Spanish Offices & Colonies Specialized Postage Stamp Catalog.
Edinburgh and Leith Circular Delivery Company: Great Britain local, 1865-66.
Edinburgh Strike Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Edirne: formerly Adrianople, Turkey.
Edizione principe: (It.) first printing.
Edkou: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1880-84.
Edona: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1880.
E. D. Prince Letter Despatch: S. Allan Taylor label.
E.D.U.: earliest documented use.
Educacion Nacional: (Sp.) inscription for postal tax, El Salvador.
E.D.W.: (E.D. Wight) Initials of postal official of Colonial post office at Georgetown, 1850-51 issue, British Guina.
Edwa: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1880-84.
Edwardian: refers to stamps of Great Britain's King Edward VII.
Edwards & Co.'s Express: private mail firm serviced Boston, and Bangor and Portland, Maine; issued a label, 1855?
Edwards, Sanford & Co. Transatlantic Express: letter delivery firm that forwarded letters into the U.S. mails, used a corner card, c1849.
EE: precedes the European postal code on addresses in Estonia, such as EE 2000 Narva. 2: Estonia; country code as used by UPU.
EE Bars: electric eye bars.
EEC: European Economic Community.
E.E.F.: 1: Egyptian Expeditionary Forces; Palestine Inscription, British Occupation, 1918-27. 2: (with Arabic overprint) Trans-Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Cilicia.
EEN 1 GLD: Netherlands overprint.
Een Penny: currency surcharge, Transvaal, 1882.
Eendragt maakt Magt.: "Union makes strength" South African Republic.
Eesti: stamps of Estonia inscription 1928-35, 1991-current.
Eesti post: overprint on stamps of Russia, Estonia, 1918-40.
Eesti Post Virumma: bogus, Estonia inscription, Bolshevist occupation, Virumma, 1918-19.
Eesti Vabriil: Estonian Republic, stamps of Estonia inscription, 1918-1940.
Eesti Varbarik: Inscription, Estonia, 1919-25.
EE.UU.: (Sp.) Estados Unidos, abbreviation for United States.
EE.UU. de C.: (Sp.) Colombia, Department Tolma, 1870.
EE.UU. de Colombia: (Sp.) inscription, Colombia, 1886.
EE.UU. de Venezuela: (Sp.) inscription, Venezuela, special delivery.
EF: international postal code for Estonia.
E.F.: auction term for extremely fine, exceptionally large margins with near perfect centering; usually command premium of catalog value.
E.F.: with year 1899 overprint on stamps of Bolivia.
Efectos de Comercio: (Sp.) commercial drafts; bills of exchange; found on fiscal stamps for duty payable on such items.
Effets de Commerce: commercial bills of lading; French Colony Revenue inscription
Effets Negociables: negotiable bills of exchange; French Colony Revenue inscription
Efigie: (Sp.) portrait, likeness.
EFO: errors, freaks and oddities.
EFO: "Etablissments de l'Oceanie" (French Oceanic Settlements) overprint on stamps of French Polynesia, 1915.
EFOCC: Errors, Freaks and Oddities Collectors Club.
Eftergravering: (Dan.) re-engraved.
Eftergummiering: (Dan.) regummed.
Eftertakning: (Dan.) reperforated.
Eftertryck: (Swed.) reprint.
Eftertryk: (Dan.) reprint, see Nytryk .
Efterporto: (Dan.) "postage to pay" Danish West Indies, postage due inscription.
Eftertaxering: (Swed.) card mailed to sender advising of postage due; postage could be affixed to the card and mailed back to the sending office.
EG: Egypt; country code as used by UPU.
Egée iles de la mer: (Fr.) Aegean islands.
‚Äįgei-Tengeri: (Hung.) Aegean Sea.
‚Äįgei-Tengeri Szigetek: (Hung.) Aegean (Sea) Islands.
Egeo: Aegean. 1: overprint on stamps of Italy for use in Aegean Islands occupied by Italy in 1912. 2: Aegean Islands, General Issue; see Calino.
Egipto: (Sp.) Egypt.
Egitto: (It.) Egypt.
EGK: (Ger.) Michel catalog; Europa-Ganzachen-Katalog.
Eglise: (Fr.) church (thematic).
E Grill: grill used on US stamps during the 19th century.
‚Äįgszink√©k: (Hung.) cerulean-blue, sky-blue (color).
Egy: (Hung.) one (number).
Egyenlitói Guinea: (Hung.) Equatorial Guinea.
‚Äįgyiptom: (Hung.) Egypt.
Egykrajczar: one Kruezer, inscription, Hungary.
Egypt: Northern Africa, on the Mediterranean and Red Seas; currency:40 paras = 1 piaster, 1,00 milliemes = 100 piasters = 1 pound (1888) 3000 BC: postal service started, used papyrus; see Papyrus, 1146: pigeon posts used, 1821: "Posta Europea", (It.) private posts to Europe by an Italian firm, 1835: "Overland Route" of Lt. Waghorn delivered mail between Britain and India through Egypt, 1843: inland posts operated by a private firm, 1857: Posta Europa operated inland mail, 1860-85: stamps of Great Britain used at British post office in Alexandria (B 01 cancel) and Suez (B 02 cancel), and by the British Army Post office in Egypt, French stamps overprinted for use at French post offices in Alexandria and Port Said, Suez Canal Company also issued its own stamps, 1865: private Italian firm bought by Egyptian government used Italian cancellers "Poste Vice-Realiegiziane," 1866, Jan. 1: No.1, 5 paras slate-green, stamps first issued, Egyptian stamps with values in paras used in Northern Sudan, 1869-85: Egyptian stamps with values in paras used in Eritrea (Massawa), 1875, July 1: joined the UPU, 1881-84: Egyptian stamps with values in paras used in Ethiopia (Harar), 1881-84: Egyptian stamps with values in paras used on the Somali coast, stamps also used Italian, Poste Khedivie Egiziane for territories occupied by Italy, 1884, Jan.1: first postage due stamp, 1893, Jan.1: first official stamp, 1914-pre: considered part of Turkey, 1914, Dec.18 - Feb. 28, 1922: British protectorate declared, 1922-53: kingdom after British protectorate ended, 1926, Mar.10: first air mail stamp, 1932, Nov. 1: "British Forces in Egypt" military stamp, 1940, May 17: first semipostal stamp, 1953, June 18: republic established, 1958: joined with Syria to form United Arab Republic (U.A.R.), 1961: Syria left U.A.R., 1971: Egypt named Arab Republic of Egypt.
Egypt, British Forces in: 1932, Nov.1-Feb. 29, 1936: seals issued to British forces and their families with a special postage rate for mail to Great Britain, applied to the back of mail, 1936-Apr.1943: Army Post inscription used; also used by British forces in Sudan.
Egypt, British offices: Alexandria, 1839; Suez 1847; Cairo 1859, 1860-79 stamps of Britain used at Alexandria, cancel B 01, Suez cancel B 02.
Egypte: (Fr.) Egypt, 1926-56.
Egypten: (Dan., Swed.) Egypt.
Egypt, French Offices: Alexandria, Port Said; 1857-59: stamps of France, 1830-1931, Mar 1: stamps of France, 1857-76 issues, cancel 3704, 5080, 1830-March 31, 1931: Alexandria, used stamps of France 1857-76, 1867, June-March 31, 1931: Port Said, used stamps of France, 1867-99 issues, 1899: No.1, 1 centime lilac-blue, 1899-1928: "Alexandria" (Alexandrie) overprint/surcharge stamps of France, 1899-1928: "Port Said" overprint/surcharge on stamps of France, 1922: postage due stamp issued, 1928-30: Alexandria and Post Said, joint issue of postage due.
Egyptian occupation of Palestine: 1948-67: stamps issued for use in Gaza area; see Palestine.
Egyptisk: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) Egyptian.
Egypt, Italian Post Offices: 1863-84: used cancel 234.
Egypt Postage Prepaid: handstamp applied to front of envelope bearing special rate stamps,
Egyptiennes postes: Egypt, 1879-1906.
Egypt postage: Egypt, 1914-22. stamps of Egypt, established at Constantinople in(1866, other cities in 1870.
EH: Edward Hein, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
E.H. (Edward Heston): U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp.
EHH: Edward H. Helmuth, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
E.H.Lake: bogus Confederate provisional stamp.
E.I.: (Heb.) Eretz Israel (Land of Israel).
Eichele & Co.: see: Private die match proprietary stamps.
Eichele, Aug.: see: Private die match proprietary stamps.
Eichele, P. & Co.: see: Private die match proprietary stamps.
Eighth Avenue Post Office: U.S. local post, New York, N.Y., 1852.
Eilauftrag: (Ger.) rapid inquiry hand stamp, German post office card to verify address.
Eilbert & Celice islands: British colonial royal wedding frames from book, "Surreal Stamps and Unreal Stickers."
Eilbot: (Ger.) express.
Eilmarke: Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Eilpost: (Ger.) express mail, expedited delivery.
Einband: (Ger.) binder.
Einfaches papier: (Ger.) wove paper.
Einfarbig: (Ger.) monochrome color.
Einfassung: (Ger.) frame.
Eingepresst: (Ger.) embossed.
Einkauf: (Ger.) purchase.
Einlieferungsschein: (Ger.) receipt for registered letter.
Einringstempel: (Ger.) single circle cancel.
Einschreibebrief: (Ger.) registered letter.
Einseltig: (Ger.) imperf on one side.
Einsteckbuch: (Ger.) stock book.
Einwandfrei: (Ger.) perfect, faultless.
Einzig dastehend: (Ger.) unique.
Einzelmarke: (Ger.) single (stamp).
Einzuziehen: Danzig, postage due.
Eire: see: Ireland.
Eireann: overprint on stamps of Great Britain for Ireland, 1922-23.
Eisenbahn: (Ger.) train (thematic).
Eisenbahnmarke: (Ger.) railway postage stamp.
Eisenhart's J.W., Matches: see: Private die match proprietary stamps.
Ejdern: (Fin.) local post for use on steamships carrying mail, Finland, 1915.
Ejemplar: (Sp.) example, specimen (of a stamp).
Ejercito: (Sp.) army.
Ejercito constitucionalista: (Sp.) "Constitutional Army" inscription, Mexico, Sonora revenues provisionally used as postage, 1923.
Ejercito Espa√ɬĪol en Africa: (Sp.) 1860 postmarks from Morocco for Spanish army in Africa.
Ejercito renovador: (Sp.) inscription on Mexico-Sinaloa revenue, 1923, may not have been placed on sale.
EK: (Ger.) Michel catalogs; Europe-katalog.
Ekaterinodar: now Krasnodar, USSR.
Ekko: private cinderellas produced by Ekko Co. of Chicago in 1924 to verify reception by various radio stations.
Ekoecic: (resembles these letters) Greece-Salonika, postal tax stamps.
Ekspresm¦rke: (Dan.) special delivery stamp, express mail stamp.
Ekspresporto: (Dan.) special delivery postage, express mail postage.
Ekspress: (Dan.) express.
Ekte: (Nor.) genuine.
Ekvador: (Hung.) Ecuador.
EKU: see: Earliest known use.
EL: 1: auction abbreviation for envelope letter (folded letter). 2: entire letter.
El-Abiad: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1879-80.
Elass-Lotherin: (Ger.) revenue stamp for German occupation of Alsace-Lorraine.
El-Ayat: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1880-82.
Elbow and eyeball: USPS informal term to open and examine supposedly empty mail sacks to make certain that it does not contain any mail.
El-Boulak-Dakcrour: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1879-84.
El Burgo: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1938.
El Campillo: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1937-38.
El Cerro de Andevalo: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1936.
Elche: local, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937.
El Che de la Sierra: local, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937.
Elda: local, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937
El Djezair, Algeria: also known as Algiers.
El Dorado, federated state of: fantasy from the American Philatelist.
Eldridge Brothers' Express: private mail firm serviced Kansas; issued a label, year unknown.
Electric Express & Storage Company: parcel firm operated via electric trolleys, issued a stamp, area unrecorded, year unknown.
Electric Express Company: parcel firm operated via electric trolleys, Portland, Ore. area; issued a stamp, year unknown.
Electric Eye Dashes: vertical dashes in the vertical gutter used by the electric eye during the perforating process, 1933.
Electric Eye Frame Bars: horizontal lines in the left sheet margin used by the electric eye during the perforating process, 1939.
Electric eye mark: mark, or bars used in positioning stamp sheets during printing process.
Electric eye perforating: machines that are equipped with electric eyes that guide the perforating pins up the center of the stamp margin with the aid of distinctive marks, thus creating well-centered stamps.
Electric Telegraph: inscription on Indian telegraph stamps, issued 1860.
Electric Telegraph Co.: stamp of British private telegraph company.
Electronic Commerce Services (ECS): includes a time and date stamp, return receipt, registered, certified, verification of sender and recipient and archival services, all via electronic means.
Electronic Communications: developed computerized post office meters in 1974.
Electronic mail: method of sending written material from one location to another without physically carrying the material from point of mailing to point of delivery.
Electronic option: an electronic file that includes details about the pieces in the mailing, delivery information is retrieved electronically, ether by electronic file transfer of Internet inquiry; USPS term
Electronic postage: a postage imprint that features a two-dimensional bar code containing data necessary for revenue protection.
Electronic postmark: an electronic time and date stamp on electronic mail that will authenticate a document's existence at a particular point in time.
Electronic return: U.S. Postal Service term for return of undeliverable mail by electronic means with incorrect address, rather than physical return of the mailing piece, started in 2002.
Electroplate: a printing plate made by duplicating the original plate which is available for additional duplication in very large press runs.
Electrotype (Electro): an obsolete method for reproducing dies by applying a costing of copper to a mold from the original die.
Elefántcsontpart: (Hung.) Ivory Coast.
‚Äįl√©nk: (Hung.) bright (color).
‚Äįl√©nk√©k: (Hung.) bright blue (color).
‚Äįl√©nkpiros: (Hung.) bright red (color).
‚Äįl√©nksarga: (Hung.) bright yellow (color).
‚Äįl√©nkv√ɬ∂r√ɬ∂s: (Hung.) scarlet-red (color).
‚Äįl√©nkz√ɬ∂ld: (Hung.) bright green (color).
El espacio: (Sp.) space (thematic).
Elevator stamp: inspection stamp issued by Connecticut from 1846 through 1957, nondenominated.
El-Facher: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1879-80.
Elfenbeinkopf: (Ger.) Ivory Head silhouette on Queen Ivory.
Elfenbeink√ɬľste: (Ger.) Ivory Coast.
Elfland: Christmas fantasy labels created by Maggie Kate.
El-Gisr: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1868.
Elisabeth, S.S.: steamship of the Danube Steam Navigation Company built about 1850's for the middle or upper Danube lines.
Elizbeth: error on 40p June 25, 2004, stamp of Jersey, should be Elizabeth.
El Iskandariya: also known as Alexandria, Egypt.
Elizabeth II Coronation: common design of the British Commonwealth of Nations, 1978.
El-Kalabat: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1879-80.
Ellas (Greek letters) and 2-x-43: used in Zante, Ionian Islands to Italy under German occupation.
Elleore: labels used to support children's holiday trips.
Elfenbenskusten: (Swed.) Ivory Coast.
Elfenbenskysten: (Dan., Nor.) Ivory Coast.
Elleve: (Dan., Nor.) eleven (number).
Ellichhpur, India: now Achalpur.
Ellington-Zwisler Catalog (E-Z): rocket mail flight information, 2 volume set.
Elliot-Fairchild: local, Canada, 1925-26.
Elliptical perforations: odd-size perforation, usually two per stamp to make it difficult to counterfeit stamps.
El Masnou: local, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937.
El-Meslemieh: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1879-80.
Elobey, Annobon and Corisco: islands near coast of Guinea, western Africa; currency: 100 centimos = 1 peseta 1868: used stamps of Fernando Poo, 1903: No.1, 1/4 centime carmine, issued their own stamps, 1909: stamps of Spanish Guinea used, Elobey and Corisco use stamps of Rio Muni, Annobon uses stamps of Fernando Poo.
El parlamento a Cervantes: (Sp.) Spain, overprint, official stamps, Cervantes death anniversary, 1916.
El Qahira: also known as Cairo, Egypt.
ELS: 1: auction abbreviation for entire letter sheet, with contents. 2: Express Letter Service. 3: Edwin L. Shankle, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
El Salvador: see: Salvador.
Elsass: (Ger.) overprint on stamps of Germany, occupation of Alsace, WWI, 1940.
Elsass-Lothringen: (Ger.) Alsace-Lorraine.
Elsie: nickname for Electronic Letter Sorter.
El Skandariya, Egypt: also known as Alexandria.
Elsonapi Boriték: (Hung.) first day cover, FDC.
ELT: Edward L. Tucker, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
El-Tarieh: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1880.
Elua Keneta: Hawaii, 1861-93.
Elusive: a stamp that is hard to find, but is not rare or scarce.
Elwa: city in Estonia; 1941: stamps of Russia provisionally overprinted "Eesti post" by Germans for use in city.
El-Wastah: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1880.
E L Z N: inscription on illegal issue of Mexico, reported to the UPU March 25, 1996.
E-mail: letters sent electronically via the World Wide Web (WWW).
Embabe: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1868.
Embajadas: (Sp.) embassies.
Embarkation Army post offices: During WW II, when a wounded man was evacuated to the U.S., his name, rank, APO and serial number were sent ahead by air to this office to hold mail for arrival of the wounded serviceman.
Embedded phosphor paper (EP): stamp printing paper with taggant that penetrates the surface of the paper, applied prior to printing; has a highly mottled appearance under short wave ultraviolet light.
Embedded Silk Threads: threads embedded in stamp paper as a security measure.
Embedded taggant: a term used for taggant applied to the surface of uncoated paper, with a tendency to be absorbed unevenly into the fibers, giving a mottled appearance under shortwave UV light.
Emerson Drug Co.: inscription on Medicine stamp; see Private die proprietary stamps.
Emblems: Great Britain watermarks, 1856 roses for England and thistle for Scotland.
Embo: label, Scotland seceded from Great Britain for one day in 1985.
Emborronado: (Sp.) blurred, smudged.
Embossed: stamps, usually envelope stamps, that are raised in low relief in relationship to the surface of the paper on which they are printed.
Embossed revenues: revenue stamps that are raised in low relief in relationship to the surface of the paper on which they are printed; applied to 18th and 19th century documents by New York and Massachusetts, to pay taxes.
Embossing: 1: the process of impressing a design in relief into the paper of an envelope or sheet of paper. 2: a form of printing in relief.
Em circulac√ɬĘo: (Port.) current.
EME: Edwin M. Earle, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
Emergency Air Mail Service: United Kingdom, Australia, strike local post, 1971.
Emergency flight: flight taken in response to an emergency such as floods, breakdown of rail transportation, strikes, etc.
Emergency Mail (Ajax): United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Emergency Mail (AZIM): United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Emergency Mail (CHF): United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Emergency Mail France: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Emergency Mail Service: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Emergency Manx Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Emergency Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Emergency Post Falkiner: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Emergency postmark: used by First Division, Railway Mail Service, St. Albans & Boston R.P.O. when the regular handstamp was misplaced.
Emergency Post Serv.: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Emergency service stamps: usually refers to stamps portraying emergency equipment, such as ambulances, fire trucks, etc.
Emergency Strike Export: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Emergency Strike Grant: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Emfänger: (Ger.) addressee.
Emg√ɬľltig: (Ger.) definitive.
Emiprinte: (Fr.) reprint.
‚Äįmirats Arabes Unis: (Fr.) United Arab Emirates. English and Irish Magnetic Telegraph Co.: British telegraph stamp may be the world's first, 1853.
Emirdites: Albania, unauthorized issue.
‚Äįmis: (Fr.) issued.
‚Äįmis (non): (Fr.) stamp prepared but not issued due to various reasons.
Emisión: (Sp.) issue.
Emisión cenicienta: (Sp.) cinderella issue.
Emisiunile de Eliberare: (Rom.) liberation issues.
Emissione locale: (It.) local issue, post.
Emisión falso: (Sp.) bogus: labels or postal markings made to defraud collectors.
‚Äįmission: (Fr.) issue.
Emission cendrillon: (Fr.) cinderella issue.
Emission commemorative: (Fr.) commemorative issue.
Emissione: see: Issue (stamp).
Emission falso: (It.) bogus: labels or postal markings made to defraud collectors.
‚Äįmission faux: (Fr.) bogus: labels or postal markings made to defraud collectors.
‚Äįmission premier jour d': (Fr.) first day of issue.
‚Äįmission provisoire: (Fr.) provisional issue.
Emitido: (Sp.) issued.
Emlékiv Postai Bérmentesitésre Nem Alkalmas: (Hung.) a commemorative sheet having no postal validity.
Emory, Va. Paid 5, Paid 10: see: Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Empalne: (Sp.) 1: coil joint. 2: postmark for railway junction.
Empastado: (Sp.) blurred, blotchy.
Emp. Cubat: (Sp.) Empresa Cubatéchica, part of a canceling device used by Cuban technical troops in Angola starting in Jan. 1985.
Emperor of the world: label, India produced in 1892.
Empfänger verstarben: (Ger.) "recipient deceased" hand stamp, WW II.
Empire: France, 1853-70 issues, released during reign of Emperor Napoleon III.
Empire Air Mail Scheme: see: All-up service.
Empire Centrafricain: Central Africa.
Empire City Dispatch: U.S. local post, New York, N. Y., 1881.
Empire d'Ethiopie: Ethiopia, formerly Abyssinia.
Empire Express and Parcel Delivery: parcel delivery firm service New York State?; issued a label; 1906.
Empire Franc, Francais: inscription 1853, August-1872, France, French Colonies in 1871-72.
Emp. Ottoman: 1: with R.O. or Roumelie Orientale overprint, Turkey. 2: with crescent and Turkish inscription on stamps of Turkey, Eastern Rumelia, Turkish Empire 1876-92.
Empreinte: (Fr.) imprint.
EMS: U.S. Express Mail Service.
EMU: early matching usages; collection of earliest usages as documented by previous announcement of early date.
En: (Nor.) one (number).
E.N.A.: Empresa Norte America (Sp.) a shipping line mark, 1790-1856.
Enamelled paper: highly glazed paper producing a glossy, brittle surface.
Enapiomon: inscription on stamps of Greece, postage dues.
Encart: (Fr.) presentation pack.
Encased postage stamp: a stamp within a protective covering that was used as a coin, invented by John Gault, started in 1862 when there was a shortage of change due to the Civil War.
Enchasse: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1879-84.
Enchère: (Fr.) beginning selling price of the lot; can represent one bid over the second highest book bid, the highest book bid or the reserve price for the lot.
Enchèrisseur: (Fr.) bidder.
Encima (de): (Sp.) above, over.
Encinasola: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1937.
Encomendes postais: (Port.) parcel post for Portuguese language countries.
Encomienda: (Sp.) parcel post.
En creux: (Fr.) line engraving.
End delivery: coil in which postage stamps are arranged "one above the other" and sold through vending machines.
Endere'o: (Port.) address, the place to where mail is sent.
Endg√ɬľltig: (Ger.) definitive.
Endommagé: (Fr.) damaged.
Endorsement: marking on a mail piece that indicates handling instructions, a special service, or another request.
Endwise: another term for vertical coil.
Ene: (Sp.) "enero" abbreviation in postmarks for January.
E.N.E.: Empresa Norte Europa (Sp.) a shipping line mark, 1790-1856.
"Enemy Action Delayed by": (picture of bomb) marking applied to mail during WW II by British Post Office for mail delayed by enemy bombings.
En ‚Äįpargne: (Fr.) "in relief" type of printing plate used in letterpress process.
Enfant: (Fr.) children (thematic).
Enfantine: children's stamps; see Toy stamps.
En forma de arco: (Sp.) Canadian set of King George V of 1930-31 to differentiate them from previous series Eng: 1: auction abbreviation for engraved. 2: England. 3: German for narrow.
En franchaise: (Fr.) post free.
Engelberg: Switzerland hotel post, 1880, Hotel Pension Sonnenberg.
Engelsk: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) English (adj.).
Engelska kolonier: (Swed.) British colonies.
Engelske Kolonier: (Dan.) British Colonies.
Engelt bezahlt: (Ger.) postage paid.
Engine turning: use of a geometric lathe to produce intricate engravings, also known as lathework.
England: a regional issue solely for England; not sold in Wales, Scotland, Northern Ireland, etc.
England Winners/World War II 1939-45: inscription, unissued Great Britain cinderella by David Horry, 2001.
English School of Philately: classified stamps by the difference in design; see French School of Philately.
English's Intern. Mail: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Engomado: (Sp.) gummed.
Engr.: abbreviation for engraved.
Engraved cachet: a printed cachet on which the design is slightly raised above the surface of the paper or envelope.
Engraved stamps: 1: stamps printed from plates into which a design is cut or chemically etched; the plate is applied under heavy pressure to the paper being printed, leaving the ink raised above the surface of the paper. 2: implies that the stamp is printed by the recess or line-engraved process.
Engraver: the person who engraves a die.
Engraver's initials (mark): the initials of the engraver which may appear in the sheet margin or in smaller letters below the bottom frame line of a stamp design.
Engraver's proofs: proofs taken from an engraving to give an idea of how a stamp design will look when completed.
Engraving: 1: art of cutting (stamp) designs on metal, wood, etc. 2: Gravieren (Ger.), Gravure (Fr.), Incisione (It.), Gravadura (Sp.).
Engstrom "Enskilda" Local Post: see Göteborg - Göteborg - Ivan R. A. Engstrom "Enskilda" Local Post.
Enguera: local, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937.
Enkelte: (Dan.) few.
Enniskillen Civil Mail: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Enos: French post office in Ottoman Empire opened Jan. 1874, closed April 1875.
En. Numbre: En numéraire (Fr.) payment for mail from abroad is to be made in coin, 1796.
Enpfänger: (Ger.) addressee.
En primeur cards: postcard-style announcement of new issues from Canada Post
Enrigistrationment: (Fr.) registration fee; French Colony revenue inscription.
Ensayo: (Sp.) see: Essay.
Enroulement: (Fr.) coil (of stamps).
Enschede, Joh.: printer of stamps for postal administrations, located in Haarlem, the Netherlands, founded 1703, produced its first postage stamps in 1862.
Ensemble: (Fr.) complete set.
Ensfarget: (Nor.) single color, monocolor.
Enskilda lokalpost: (Swed.) private local post.
Ensk. Lokalpost: see Göteborg - Göteborg - Ivan R. A. Engstrom "Enskilda" Local Post.
Entero: (Sp.) see: Entire.
Entero postal: (Sp.) postal stationery.
Enteros: (Sp.) postal stationery with impressed stamps.
Entier: (Fr.) see: Entire.
Entier postal: (Fr.) postal stationery.
Entire: 1: a complete envelope or postal card with stamp, postmark, address, etc. as originally received. 2: before the advent of envelopes, refers to part bearing the address of a multi-page letter.
Entrada: (Sp.) entry, arrival; used on Spanish civil war covers to indicate arrival of letter in censorship department.
Entraga immediata: (Sp.) U.S. military occupation of Cuba, error in spelling.
Entrega: (Sp.) delivery.
Entrega especial: (Sp.) special delivery.
Entraga immediata: (Sp.) U.S. military occupation of Cuba, error in spelling.
Entraga inmediata: (Sp.) immediate delivery, Cuba, Mexico, Panama, 1910-14.
Entresuelo: (Sp.) mezzanine floor, found in addresses.
Entry: subject made by rocking a transfer roll on to a printing base, used for intaglio or relief printing.
Entwerten: see: Demonitize.
Entwertet: (Ger.) see: Canceled.
Entwertung: (Ger.) see: Cancellation.
Entwurf: (Ger.) essays of proposed design for a stamp, used by Austria.
En uso: (Sp.) see: Current.


(Data Above sourced from "Ask Phil" and other sources. Last edit 5/Aug/2008 Amhazing)

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ENV: 1: estimated net value. 2: see: Envelope.
Envasado: (Sp.) wrapped or bottled, found on Cadiz local tax stamps.
Envelope: 1: form of wrapper or cover for letters. 2: machine made envelopes first made in France about 1790, but were not popular since they added to the weight. 3: first used by Egyptians and Assyrians to enclosed clay tablets in 3000 BC.
Envelope cut square: the stamp portion of a stamped envelope that has been cut from the envelope in a square or rectangular shape.
Envelope seal: usually circular paper seal used to seal envelopes; many also announced who sent the letter.
Envelope stamp: stamp printed or embossed directly on the paper of the envelope, distinguishing it from an adhesive stamp.
Enveloppe: (Fr.) cover, an envelope or a postally used envelope or one with a postal cancellation cover.
Enveloppe premier jour(vol): (Fr.) first day cover (flight).
Envers: (Fr.) reversed, upside down.
Envio: (Sp.) consignment.
Envois Insuffisament: (Fr.) short paid or postage due handstamp.
Envio no Normalizado: (Sp.) marking for irregular cover which does not conform to postal regulations.
Envoyer: (Fr.) to send.
EO: Special Delivery Official; Scott catalog number prefix to identify stamps other than standard postage.
Eonikh: (Gr.) Greece postal tax stamps, 1914.
Eo. So.: "Estado Soberano" sovereign state, Colombia.
EP: see: Embedded phosphor paper.
EP: 1. characters that look like this are parcel post or revenue issue in China, Japan or Korea. 2. occurs where an extra piece of paper falls across the plate blocking the printed ink from reaching the actual stamp paper.
‚Äįpargne: term en epargne, "in relief" engraving to produce a die in relief printing where the non-printing surface is cut away.
‚Äįpargne: (Fr.) savings plan; French Colony Revenue inscription.
Epaulettes: term used for Belgium's first issue of 1849 due to the epaulettes shown on the uniform of King Leopold. Epila: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1937.
Epire: (Fr.) Epirus.
Epirus: part of Albania and Greece; currency: 100 lepta = 1 drachma 1912-pre belonged to Turkey, 1912-13: assigned to Albania after Balkan wars, issued postage stamps, 1914, Mar.2: proclaimed independent state, 1914, Feb.: No.1, 1 lepta black/blue, provisional stamps issued for Epirus as Chimarra, Koritsa and Greek occupation issues, 1916: occupied by Italians and French, 1940-41: Greece issued occupation stamps, see Republika Korce.
Epirus- "Hneipoe": bogus, 1914-15, supposedly occupation stamps, never issued.
EPJ: The Essay Proof Journal.
Eplegr√ɬłnn: (Nor.) apple-green (color).
EPM: Electronic Postmark, proof of who signed what documents, at what time and for what reasons.
Epmakb: South Russia, Don issues.
Epmpkb: South Russia, 1919.
EPMM: auction abbreviation for erased pencil mark(s) in margin(s) on stamp sheets.
‚Äįpreuve: 1. French Colony Revenue inscription. 2. (Fr.) proof, triail, essay.
‚Äįpreuve d'artiste: (Fr.) artist's or engraver's proof.
‚Äįpreuve d'couleur: (Fr.) color proof or color trial.
‚Äįpreuve de luxe: (Fr.) presentation die proof
EPS: 1: encased postage stamp. 2: Emergency Postal Service, used at Shanghai, China. 3: Epsom's Pirate P.S.: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
‚Äįpuis√©(e): (Fr.) out of print, out of stock, sold out.
Equateur: (Fr.) Ecuador.
Equatorial Africa, French: see: Chad, Gabon, Congo People's Republic, Ubangi-Shari-Tchad.
Equatorial Guinea, Republic of: Gulf of Guinea, West Africa; formerly Spanish colonies of Fernando Po and Rio Muni, currency:100 centimos = 1 peseta, 100 centimes = 1 ekuele (1973),100 centimes = 1 franc (1985) 1902: first stamp as Spanish Guinea, 1941: first air mail stamp, 1951: first semipostal stamp. 1968, Oct. 12: became independent, first stamps, 1968, Oct. 12: No.1, 1 peseta multicolor, 1970, July 24: joined the UPU.
Equipaje: (Sp.) cancellation from railway baggage office.
E.R.: 1: Great Britain (Without country name), 1952-67. 2: Eritrea; country code as used by UPU. 3: Delivery Tax, Spain. 3. Scott catalog number prefix to identify stamps other than standard postage.
E.R.: "Edward Rex Imperator" overprint Transvaal.
Eräffnung: (Ger.) inauguration.
Erb: (Czech.) coat of arms.
Erediti Gumizással: (Hung.) mint, never hinged.
Erehwon, principality of: fantasy for Nowhere spelled backwards, by George Fabian.
Erganzungsmarke: (Ger.) makeup-rate stamp without a value indicated.
Erhalt: (Ger.) receipt.
Erhaltung: (Ger.) condition; the quality of a stamp regarding color, centering, cancellation, and gum if mint all go into making up the term "condition." Typical condition descriptions are Superb, Very Fine, Fine, Good, Average, or Poor. "Superb" means that everything about the stamp is perfect.
E.R.I.: Edward Rex Imperator, overprint on stamps of South Africa for Transvaal.
Erie & New England Express Company: parcel delivery firm serviced New England cities and towns; issued frank labels, and labels, year unknown.
Erie Express: parcel delivery firm serviced the New York, Lake Erie and Western Railroad; issued frank stamps and labels; 1886-88.
Eriksen Local Post: see Drammen - J. Eriksen Local Post.
Erinnerung: (Ger.) collection of commemorative labels.
Erinnerungskarte: (Ger.) non-postal vignettes, reprints, etc.
Erinnophilie: (Fr.) collection of labels, Cinderella collection.
Erith City and Thanet: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Eritrea: former Italian colony in Northeast Africa, on Red Sea; currency: 100 centesimi = 1 liro, 100 cents = 1 birr (1991), 100 cents = 1 nakfa (1997) 1869-85: stamps of Egypt used, 1883-pre: Italian post offices used, 1885: Italian post offices, using stamps of Italian post offices abroad, 1890: united by Italy as colony called Eritrea, 1892: No. 1, 1 centesimi bronze/green, 1892-1930: stamps of Italy overprinted "Colonia Eritrea," 1903: first postage due stamp, stamps of Italy overprinted, 1910: specially printed stamps released, 1910-30s: stamps inscribed "Eritrea Poste Italiane," 1915: first semipostal stamp, stamps of Italy overprinted, 1934: first air mail stamp, 1934: stamps inscribed "Colonie Italiane Eritrea," 1936, May: Italy took control of area, 1936-41: part of Italian East Africa, stamps also used in Ethiopia and Italian Somaliland, 1941, Jan.: Britain occupies area, 1941-52: British occupation, stamps of Great Britain overprinted "M.E.F," (Middle East Force), 1948-50: No.1, 5 cent green; "B.M.A.Eritrea," (British Military Administration Eritrea), overprint on stamps of Great Britain, offices in Eritrea, 1950, Feb. 6-Sept. 52: stamps of Britain overprinted "B.A.Eritrea" (British Administration Eritrea) when troops withdrew, 1952: annexed by Ethiopia, 1978: local provisional issues, EPLF (Eritrean people's Liberation Front), 1991: Eritrean rebels issued own stamps, 1993, May 24: people voted for independence as Eritrea, 1993, Aug. 19: joined the UPU.
Eritrea, British Administration of: 1950-52: stamps of Great Britain overprinted/surcharged "B.A. Eritrea."
Eritrea, British Military Administration of: 1948-50: stamps of Great Britain overprinted /surcharged "B.M. A. Eritrea."
Eritrea, British Offices Abroad: 1948-50: stamps of Great Britain overprinted/surcharged "B.M. A. Eritrea". 1950-52: stamps of Great Britain overprinted/surcharged "B.A. Eritrea".
Eritrea liberta: "Free Eritrea" bogus, by anti-Ethiopian groups, 1978, mostly in Switzerland.
Erläuterungsblatt: (Ger.) black prints on publicity pages.
Eroare: (Rom.) error.
Eros Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Erreur: (Fr.) see: Error.
Erreur d'couleur: (Fr.) color error.
Error: 1: a philatelic item that has something wrong in the design or in its production that makes it different from the stated design; this can be in the perforations, color or printing, not to be confused with flaw. 2: a consistent abnormal variety created by a mistake in stamp production or in a postmark. 3: USPS term for a missorted piece of mail that must be rehandled within the post office before dispatch.
Error de color: (Sp.) color error.
Error de impresion: (Sp.) printing error.
Error de reporte: (Sp.) error in the transfer of design from the master die to the transfer roller.
Errore di colore: (It.) color error.
Error of value: two different face values printed on one stamp; Sweden 1876-78.
Errors, freaks and oddities (EFO): all postal items that are not made in the form or condition intended.
Error stamp: the 1916 2¬Ę carmine printed with a 5 for a 2, reported by a P.O. circular May 2, 1917.
Erseka: city in Albania, occupied by Greece in 1914, issued local stamps.
Erstdruck: (Ger.) first printing.
Erste k.k. pr. Donau Dampfschiffahrt Gesellschaft: inscription on stamps of Danube Steam Navigation Company, 1866-71.
Ersten Weltkreiges: (Ger.) first World War (WW 1) (1914 / 1918).
Erstflug: (Ger.) first flight.
Erstflugbrief: (Ger.) first flight cover.
Ersttag: (Ger.) first day.
Ersttag-Langstempel: (Ger.) first day special cancel of a non-circular date stamp.
Ersttagsblatt: (Ger.) first day stamp on a commemorative page.
Ersttagsbrief: (Ger.) first day cover.
Ersttagstempel: (Ger.) first day cancellation.
Ersttags-Zusatzstempel: (Ger.) first day supplemental postmark.
E.R.T. (E.R. Tyler): see: Private die match proprietary stamps.
‚Äįrt√©k: (Hung.) value.
Ervenyes: (Hung.) overprint for "Valid" on obsolete stamps of Hungary.
Erweiterer aufdruck: (Ger.) overprint.
Erythräa: (Ger.) Eritrea.
Erythrée: (Fr.) Eritrea.
ES: 1: precedes the European postal code on addresses in Spain, such as ES 28013, Madrid. 2: Spain; country code as used by UPU. 3: auction abbreviation for Escudo (Portugal, Cape Verde). 4. overprint on stamps of Mexico for Sonora, 1914-15.
ESA: European Space Agency, a consortium of 14 European nations to deal with space activities.
ESC: "escudos" currency in Spain.
Escarlata: (Sp.) scarlet (color).
Eschede, Joh.: stamp printer located in the Netherlands, founded in 1793, prints stamps for more than 60 countries.
Escocia: (Sp.) Scotland.
Escompte: (Fr.) discount.
Escudo: currency unit used in Azores, Cape Verde, Madeira and Portugal.
Escudo de armas: (Sp.) coat of arms.
Escudo del Departamento de Managua: (Sp.) "Shield of the Department of Managua" Nicaragua, officials, 1905.
Escuelas: (Sp.) "schools" Venezuela revenue inscription, when overprinted, for three patriots, stamps used for postage during shortage of regular stamps, March 1871-Aug. 1873 and in 1879-80.
Escuelas de Tiro Naval: (Sp.) Naval gunnery schools, used on civil war postmarks.
E.S. de Antioquia: (Sp.) "Estado Soberano," inscription, sovereign state, Colombia-Antioquia.
E.S.del T.: Colombia, Tolima Department.
E.S. de Panama: (Sp.) "Estado Soberano" sovereign state, Panama, when state of Colombia.
Esemplare: (It.) specimen.
Eseu: (Rom.) essay.
Esmeraldas: (Sp.) Ecuador with a control mark overprint, 1902.
Esmerado: (Sp.) exact or correct, accurate.
Esne: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1872-84.
ESOC: European Space Operation center; ESA control center for tracking satellites.
Esoterica: any item, besides a cover, postcard or envelope, that has been cancelled on the First Day and doesn't fit any of the regular collecting categories.
Espace: (Fr.) space (topical).
Espacio: (Sp.) space, used for gutter.
Espagne: (Fr.) Spain.
Espa√ɬĪa: (Sp.) inscription for Spain and Spanish, 1863 and 1929, tilde may not appear in some inscriptions.
Espana Franqueo: (Sp.) inscription for Carlist issues, Spain,1874-75, portrait of Carlos VII.
Espa√ɬĪa Sahara: (Sp.) Spanish Sahara.
Espa√ɬĪa Valencia: (Sp.) Spain Carlist issue of Valencia, 1874-75.
Espa√ɬĪola, Republica: (Sp.) Spain, 1931-38.
Esparraguera: (Sp.) local, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937.
Esparto paper: made in Europe from esparto grass, smooth dense appearance similar to writing paper; used for stamps of New Zealand
Especial movil: (Sp.) adhesive fiscal stamps.
Esperanat respubliko insulo rosoj: Republic of Isle of Roses; a 400 square meter platform constructed in the Adriatic Sea off the coast of Rimini, Italy.
Esperimento Posta Aerea Maggio 1917 Torino-Roma-Roma-Torino: world's first air mail stamp overprint for experimental air mail flight between Rome and Turin, May 22, 1917.
Espinardo: (Sp.) local, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937.
Esplorazione Polare 1928/Ricerche Dirigible Italia: (It.) unofficial overprint on the 1.20 Lire stamp of Italy supposedly to honor Nobile's polar flight.
Espluga de Francoli: (Sp.) local, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937.
Espluges de Llobregat: (Sp.) local, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937.
Espot: (Sp.) local, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937.
ESSt., Ersttag-Langstempel: (Ger.) first day special cancel of a non-circular date stamp.
E-Stamp Corp.: commercial firm selling computer-generated postage via the Internet.
Esqiumeux postage: fantasy from the American Journal of Philately.
Essai: (Fr.) see: Essay.
Essay: 1: a trial design for a proposed postage stamp. 2: rejected and unused stamp design.
Essequibo is Ours: overprint on stamps of Guyana as propaganda for possession of Essequibo river area from Venezuela, 1896.
Essex Letter Express: U.S. local post, New York, N.Y., 1856.
Essex, S.S.: steamship of the Danube Steam Navigation Company built about 1850's for Levant lines.
Est.: 1. auction abbreviation estimated net value of an item. 2. (Rom.) east.
Estacion: (Sp.) railway station, found in postmarks.
Estacion de Invierno: (Sp.) winter resort, used in postmarks of Málaga.
Estado(s): "state(e)," Spanish language countries.
Estado da India: (Port.) inscription, Portuguese India, 1946-62.
Estado de jipijapa: (Sp.) bogus Mexican state.
Estado de Nicaragua: (Sp.) inscription, Nicaragua.
Estado Espa√ɬĪol: (Sp.) Spanish state, used by Nationalists during the Civil War.
Estado Guyana: (Sp.) inscription on locals, ships or arms design, Venezuela-Guayana.
Estado S. del Tolima: (Sp.) inscription, Colombia-Tolima.
Estado soberano de Bolivar: (Sp.) "sovereign state of Bolivar" Colombia-Bolivar.
Estado Soberano de Santander: (Sp.) "sovereign state of Santander," Colombia-Santander.
Estados Pontificios: (Sp.) Papal States.
Estados Unida de Nueva Granada: (Sp.) Colombia-New Granada, 1861.
Estados Unidos: (Sp.) United States.
Estados Unidos de Nueva Granada: (Sp.) Colombia (United States of New Granada).
Estados Unidos do Brasil: (Sp.) "United States of Brazil," Brazil.
Estafeta (de correos): (Sp.) post office.
Estafeta de cambio: (Sp.) cancels refer to Foreign Section Sorting Offices.
Estafeta de campa√ɬĪa: (Sp.) field post office.
Estafetero: (Sp.) postmaster.
Est African Allemand Occupation Belge: (Ger.) 1: overprint on stamps of Congo, Belgian East Africa overprint with new value; Belgian occupation, 1916-22. 2: without value for German East Africa.
Estampado a mano: (Sp.) handstamped.
Estampilla(e): (Sp.) handstamp (South America).
Estampillas de Correo-Contrasena: (Sp.) overprint on Escuelas stamps of Venezuela for provisional issues.
Estampille à main: (Fr.) handstamp.
Estanco: (Sp.) store licensed to sell postage and fiscal stamps
Estensi post: Italy, Modena, 1852..
Estepona: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1936-38.
Estero: (It.) overprint on stamps of Italy, Offices Abroad, 1874-90.
Estevan-Winnipeg: local, Canada, 1924.
Estimated value: the valuation of a lot based on the auctioneer's or consignor's experiences, and not taken form any catalog or other pricing reference.
Estland: 1. (Ger.) Estonia, German occupation, 1918, 1941-42. 2. (Dan., Nor., Swed.) Estonia
Estnisk: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) Estonian.
Eston: (Rom) Estonian (adj.).
Estonia: Baltic province of Russia, 1916-18: German Eastern Military Command and Russia overprint using Eesti Post, 1917: became independent from Russia, 1918: issued its own stamps and German occupation issues as surcharge on stamps of Russia, 1919, May 7: stamps of Russia handstamped Eesti Post, 1920: first semi-postal and air mail stamps, 1928: first commemorative stamp, 1939: Soviet forces occupied country due to Russo-German non-aggression pact, 1940: admitted into USSR, 1941, Sept. 29-April 30, 1944: German occupation stamps inscribed Estland and Ostland, 1944: re-occupied by Soviet Union, Russian stamps used 1991, Aug. 20: declared independence.
Estonia: northern Europe, on the Baltic Sea; official name of postal administration: Eesti Post currency: 100 kopecks = 1 ruble (1918, 1991), 100 penni = 1 mark (1919), 100 sents =1 kroon (1928,1992) 1916-18: German Eastern Military Command and stamps of Russia overprint using Eesti Post, 1918: became independent from Russia, occupied by Germany, 1918, Feb. 24: issued its own stamps as well as German occupation issues as surcharge on stamps of Russia, 1918, Nov. 22: No.1, 5 kopecks pale red, Russian invasion, 1919, May 7: stamps of Russia handstamped Eesti Post, 1919, June 15: republic established, 1920, Mar. 13: first air mail stamp, 1920: first semipostal stamps, 1922, July 7: joined the UPU, 1940: Soviet forces occupied country based on Russo-German non-aggression pact, 1940: admitted into USSR, 1941, Sept. 29-April 30, 1942: German occupation stamps inscribed Estland and Ostland, 1944: re-occupied by Soviet Union, Russian stamps used 1991, Aug. 20: declared independence from USSR, 1992, April 30: rejoined the UPU.
Estonie: (Fr.) Estonia.
Estonsko: (Czech.) Estonia
Estonsky: (Czech.) Estonian.
Estopost: local strike post, Canada, 1978.
Estrella: (Sp.) star, Carlist overprint of 1872-73.
Estucado: (Sp.) chalky (paper).
E. S. Wester Local Post: see Hälsingborg - E. S. Wester Local Post.
‚Äįszak: (Hung.) north.
‚Äįszak-Borneo: (Hung.) North Borneo.
‚Äįszt: (Hung.) Estonian.
ET: 1: Ethiopia; country code as used by UPU. 2: "state,: French language countries.
Et: (Dan.) one (number).
ETA: Brazil, private airmail carrier.
Etablissements dans (de) l'Inde: (Fr.) French India, 1892-1907.
Etablissements de l'Océanie: (Fr.) French Oceania, 1892-1955.
Etablissements des Détroits: (Fr.) Straits Settlements.
‚Äįtablissements Fran'ais dans l'Inde: (Fr.) "French Indian Settlements ," French Empire in India, 1859-92: French Colonies general issues, 1892, Nov.-1907: first stamps issued.
Etappenpostamt: (Ger.) Austrian Base Post Office.
‚Äįtat: (Fr.) 1: state, condition (of stamps or covers). 2: "state, French language countries."
Etat Autonome du Sud-kasai: South Kasai overprint on stamps of Congo, not recognized as a state.
‚Äįtat civil: local registry office; French Colony Revenue inscription.
Etat Comorien: see: Comoro Islands.
Etat domino: Donald Evans issue.
Etat du Cameroun: Cameroun.
Etats du Golfe Persique: (Fr.) Trucial States.
Etat du Inchi ya Katanga: province of Katanga.
Etat Francais: (Fr.) inscription, France, German occupation, 1940-44.
Etat Ind. du Congo: (Fr.) Congo Free State, 1886-1908.
Etats de l'Eglise: (Fr.) Roman States.
Etats Feudataires de l'Inde: (Fr.) Feudatory States of India.
Etats Indiens: (Fr.) Indian States.
Etats Malais Federes: (Fr.) Federated Malay States.
Etats Unis d'Amerique: (Fr.) United States of America.
ETB: (Ger.) abbreviation for first day.
Etching: the eating away of metal to produce a design drawn by hand.
E.T.E.D.: (E.T.E. Dalton) initials of postal official of Colonial post office at Georgetown, British Guina, 1850-51 issue.
ETF: (Fr.) Espagne Transit Francaise, used as a pre-adhesive postmark on Spanish mail in transit from France.
Ethics, Philatelic Code of: American Philatelic Society, American Topical Association and Society of Philatelic Americans jointly adopted a code in 1979.
Ethiopia: formerly known as Abyssinia, Northeastern Africa; currency: 16 guerche = 1 menelik dollar = 1 maria theresa dollar, 100 centimes = 1 franc (1905), 40 paras = 1 piaster (1908), 16 mehalek = 1 thaler = 1 talari (1928), 100 centimes = 1 thaler (1936), 100 cents = 1 dollar (1946), 100 cents = 1 birr = 1 dollar (1978) 1895, Jan.: No.1, 1/4 guerche green, stamps first issued, first postage due stamp, 1908, Nov. 1: joined the UPU, 1929, Aug.7: first air mail stamp, 1935-36: occupied by Italy, 1936, May 22: Italian Colonial stamps inscribed Ethiopia, 1936, Feb. 24: first semipostal stamp, 1938: incorporated into Italian East Africa, 1941: liberated by British force, British and Kenya stamps used at Addis Ababa, 1942, March 23: first stamps on restoration of independence, 1945, Aug. 7: "V" overprint for liberation from Italy, 1952, Sep.11: Ethiopia included former Italian colony of Eritrea.
Ethiopia, free: charity labels made to look like postage stamps.
Ethiopia, French Offices: 1906-08: first stamps inscribed Levant, with values in French instead of Turkish currency, 1908: offices closed when Ethiopia joined the UPU.
Ethiopie: (Fr.) handstamp overprint, Ethiopia.1901.
Ethiopiennes: Ethiopia, 1909-17.
Ethopia: Ethiopia, 1950-, see: Abyssinia.
Ethiopie: Ethiopia, 1901-49.
Etiketter: (Nor.) see Portoetiketter.
Etiopia: (It., Sp.) inscription, Ethiopia, Italian Occupation, 1936.
Etiopien: (Swed.) Ethiopia.
Etiopisk: (Swed.) Ethiopian.
Etiqueta: (Sp.) etiquette, label, sticker.
Etiquettes: any sticker or label prepared by a government, airline and private firms to denote a type of service such as air mail, registration, certified, etc.
ETO: European Theater of Operations, also used as a military postal abbreviation.
‚Äįtoile: (Fr.) star (cancel).
‚Äįtranger: (Fr.) foreign, abroad.
Ets. Francs. de l'Oceanie: French Oceania, Polynesia.
Etsning: (Swed.) etching.
Ettlingen: local, displaced persons camp, 1946.
EU: 1: auction abbreviation for topical Europa. 2: Eustice: The Australian Air Mail Catalog Europa: stamps issued since 1956, in the PostEurop nations, with a common generic design.
EU: Colombia-Scadta consular overprints, sold in the United States.
E.U. de Colombia: (Sp.) Colombia air mail overprint.
E.U. do Brasil: (Port.) "Estados Unidos ," United States of Brazil, inscription on newspaper stamps, 1890-93.
EUM: Estados Unidos Mexicanos (Sp.) watermark on stamps of Mexico.
Eupen, Eupen and Malmédy: eastern part of Belgium; 1850: used stamps of Prussia, 1867: stamp dealer J. B. Moens issued own cinderellas, 1868-71: used stamps of the North German Confederation, 1871: used stamps of Germany, 1920, Jan. 15: ceded by Germany to Belgium by Treaty of Versailles, 1920-21: Eupen and Malmédy overprints on stamps of Belgium, Belgian Occupation of Germany, 1920s: mourning label issued by German stamp dealer Sigmund Hartig, 1925: Belgium stamps used, 1940, May: incorporated into the Third Reich, 1940, July 25: German semipostal issued for reunion of area with Germany, 1945: now part of the eastern cantons of Belgium, includes Moresnet.
Europa: (Nor.) Europe.
Europa Courier M.S.: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Europafrica: common design on stamps of the French Community of Nations, 1963-64.
Europa Mail Delivery: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Europarådet: (Dan.) Council of Europe.
Europarat: (Ger.) Council of Europa.
Europasamlinger: (Swed.) European collections.
European Union (EU): a union of independent states took effect Nov. 1, 1993, to enhance political, economic and social cooperation; formerly known as European Community (EC) or European Economic Community (EEC); members are Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom.
European Year of Languages: celebrated in 2001 to celebrate linguistic diversity among Europeans.
Européisk: (Nor.) European.
Euskeria: propaganda label with Basques name for their own country in Spain, 1900s.
E US postage: United States non-denominated postage stamp, value 25¬Ę, 1988.
Eustis: Australia Airmail Catalogue Numbers.
Euzkadi: (Sp.) local, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937, Basque republic.
Evaluation: (Fr.) see: Estimated value.
‚Äįvalu√©(e): (Fr.) estimated.
Evans, Donald: 1945-76, artist who painted stamp art as nations, did over 4,000 stamps, see: World of Donald Evans by Willy Eisenhart.
Evenkia: 2002, Jan. 14: illegal labels, purporting to be stamps, Russian Federation report to the UPU; not valid for postage.
Event cover: cacheted cover made as a souvenir of an event or an anniversary of an event.
Event program: list of speakers or events in a stamp release program.
Everywhere Mail Delivery: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Evesham Stamp Club: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Evreiesc: (Rom.) Jewish.
Evreu: (Rom.) Hebrew.
Evridoor Emergency Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Evropa: (Czech.) Europe.
Evropsky: (Czech.) Europeean.
EX: 1: Personal Delivery (Czechoslovakia, Scott catalog number prefix to identify stamps other than standard postage. 2: auction abbreviation for topical exposition.
Ex-(Ferrari): Ex- followed by name of famous collector indicates that the philatelic item was once in that philatelist's collection.
Exaccion: (Sp.) tax, fee, levy, found on fiscal locals.
Examiner's mark (Examined): postmark applied to denote examination by censors.
Excelsior Match: see: Private die match proprietary stamps.
Excelsior Match Co.: see: Private die match proprietary stamps.
Excess ink on stamps: caused by ink splatters, smears, wiping flaws or undried ink from previous stamps.
Exchange: send mail to, or receive mail from, another country.
Exchange: on U.S. registration label; used for registered mail that originated in another country and went through the U.S. to ultimate destination.
Exchange club: stamp club where members circulate material by mail, usually individually priced.
Exchange labels: term for registered mail labels in postal facilities authorized to handle inbound and outgoing foreign registered mail.
Exchange offices: post office designated for dispatch and receipt of mails from foreign countries, can receive and send closed sacks of mail.
Exchange ship mail: WW II ships met in neutral ports to exchange civilians that were stranded overseas due to the ear's outbreak, and also exchanged mail at the same time.
Executive: inscription on U.S. officials.
Exelgram: technique used by Australia Post to cover a printed image with embossed plastic foil to scatter the light reflecting two different colors depending on how it is viewed.
Exemplaire: (Fr.) example, unit (of a stamp, book, etc.).
Exenta de censura: (Sp.) exempt from censorship.
Exercito/en operacoes/contra/o Paraguay: (Port.) "Army on Operations against Paraguay" inscription on stamps of Brazil in war with Paraguay, 1865-70.
Exeter Emergency Delivery Service: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Exhibice: (Czech.) exhibition.
Exhibition cover: envelope or post card issued in connection with an exhibition, as determined by stamp, cachet or postmark; Italy may have issued the first in1894.
Exhibition labels, postmarks: poster stamps to advertise an exhibition; first commemorative labels, 1845; first commemorative cancels, 1855.
Exhibition sheets: souvenir sheets issued at an exhibition, containing a stamp(s) with postal value.
Exile stamps: issued by governments operating in exile when invaded.
Exiled government posts: postal services forces into exile and operated by governments in time of war, Belgian government exile post established at le Havre, France in 1914 due to German occupation.
EXP. I: (Ger.) first delivery of the post.
EXP. II: (Ger.) second delivery of the post, 1847.
Expatriated post: country overrun by enemy transferred their governments and continued to issue stamps; frequently issued by ships at sea.
Expédier: (Fr.) forward.
Expediteur: (Fr.) sender.
Expédition: (Fr.) dispatch fee; French Colony revenue inscription.
Expedition stamps: stamps made for use of scientific or exploratory expeditions, first Indian stamps overprinted for China Expeditionary Force in1900.
Exped. Scient: (with Oriental characters); China.
Exemplair: (Fr.) specimen.
Expendido: (Sp.) issued and placed on sale.
Experimento del Cohete Postal: (Sp.) experimental postal rocket flight; first official stamp issued.
Experimento posta aero: overprint on special delivery stamps of Italy, air mail, 1917, world's first air mail stamp, Torino-Rome and back.
Expert committee: a recognized body who, for a fee, will examine and render an opinion relating to stamps or covers, judged by their acknowledged experts to be genuine or false.
Expertisé: (Fr.) see: Expertized.
Expertizacion: (Sp.) expertization.
Expertizado: (Sp.) see: Expertized.
Expertized: a postage stamp or postal history item which has been examined by an authority as being genuine, accompanied by the expertizer's signature on the item, or by a signed photo certificate.
Expertizer / Expertizing committee: mutually agreed upon competent authority recognized as being qualified to certify the identification, authenticity, quality attributes and/or status of philatelic materials.
Expertizing: the process of conducting an examination of a philatelic item.
Expertizing certificate: document stating the opinions arrived at by one or more experts in the course of examining a philatelic item.
Exploded booklet: disassembled booklet including stamp panes, interleaves, covers, and staple.
Exploded cover: cover opened on three sides to display front and back.
Expo: abbreviation for exposition.
Exponat: (Ger.) stamp exhibit
Exponát: (Czech.) exhibit.
Exp on de Industrias de Madrid: (Sp.) Madrid Industrial Exhibition, 1907, although stamps marked "Correos" they were only valid for postal use within the exposition grounds; considered a cinderella or local post.
Exporta issue: Mexican definitive stamp series featuring export products.
Export Letter Service: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Exporters Letter Service: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Exposant: (Fr.) exhibitor.
Exposicion conmemorativa (centenario) del sello espa√ɬĪol: (Sp.) Stamp exhibition for centenary of first Spanish stamps, held in Madrid, Oct. 12-22, 1950.
Exposicion de Barcelona: Spain exhibition, 1929-30.
Exposicion General Espanola: Spain general exhibition.
Exposicion Gral Sevilla Barcelona: Spanish exhibition in Barcelona.
Exposition 1949: overprint Ethiopia.
Exposition Coloniale Internationale Paris 1931: (without colony name) France colonial exhibition.
Exposition Industrielle Damas 1929: Syria.
Expozitie: (Rom.) exhibition.
Expozytura Zan. Polowek w Kowel: (Pol.) field military police office in Kowel handstamp, 1919, local issue.
Expres: (Czech.) express, express mail.
Exprès: (timbres) (Fr.) express, stamps indicating that the mail piece should be delivered as soon as possible.
Expres-Compagni: local, Copenhagen, Denmark, 1880-82.
Expreso: (Sp.) 1: inscription/overprint for special delivery. 2: night express train, found in postmarks.
Expreso Caribe: local post, Colombia.
Expreso Colombiano: produced by private firm, Ribin e Hijo (Ribon and Sons) who were granted the right to carry mail in 1923; issued express stamps, including pigeon-design labels that were never used.
Expreso Tobon: local express stamp, Colombia, 1928.
Express: stamps indicating that the mail piece should be delivered as soon as possible.
Express air mail: 1: stamps expressly made for air express services. 2: priority air mail service at a higher rate than regular air mail.
Expressbrev: (Swed.) express letters
Express-Compagnie: local, Dresden, Germany 1861-67.
Express company labels: labels used for mail handled by private U.S. carriers, with a new label being added when the parcel was passed to another carrier.
Express Courier Service: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Express delivery: (Sp.) 1: overprint for special delivery, Mauritius. 2: inscription for special delivery, New Zealand.
Express Delivery Service: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Express delivery stamps: used by private firms to indicate prepayment of charges on mail transmitted by their services.
Express d'Orient: (Fr.) Orient Express, local post, Levant, 1883.
Expresses: firms that delivered mail between cities; some issued their own adhesives.
Express labels: adhesive labels made to denote express and special delivery services.
Express Mail (Perron): United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Express mail: USPS premium delivery service with guaranteed overnight delivery service Espresso: (It.) "express," Italy, domestic express mail.
Express Shipping Service: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Expresso: special delivery, Spanish and Portuguese languages.
Express-Packet-Beforderung Schumann: local, Chemnitz, Germany, about 1890.
Express-Packet-Verkehr: 1: local, Cologne, Germany, about 1886-1900. 2: local, Dresden, Germany, 1885-1916.
Express Parcels Delivery Co Ltd.: London, Great Britain parcels local post, 1864-66.
Express Post One Cent: label of unknown origin.
Express stamps: postage stamps stating fee paid for accelerated mail, first government issue was the U.S. in 1885.
Extension: the time period allowed by the auctioneer for certification of lots purchased at auction by an Expertizer/Expertising Committee.
Extension perf hole: perforation pattern where row of perforations is extended by one hole into either or both margins.
Exterior: with Mercury design, inscription on stamps of Uruguay, parcel post.
Extensive cleaning: covers which have had a considerable portion cleaned by either chemical or mechanical methods.
Exterior: (with Mercury design) Uruguay, parcel post.
Extra fine (XF): stamp condition
Extraneous paper (EP): paper, that doesn't belong in that spot, when removed, may show an unprinted portion of stamp paper with partially or totally missing colors.
Extranjero: (Sp.) foreign, from abroad.
Extraordinary surcharge: General Postal Union regulations permitted extra fee on two routes due to long distances; mail within India and mail which traveled the continental USA between San Francisco and New York; see: G.P.U.
Extremely Fine: almost perfectly centered, imperforate stamps will have margins slightly larger than normal, perforated issues will have the design clear on all sides; ref.: Scott Catalogue.
EXUP XI 1978: overprint on Canadian stamp applied privately for an exhibition in Montreal.
EY: Authorized Delivery, Italy; Scott catalog number prefix to identify stamps other than standard postage.
Eynhallow: Holy Island, Scotland local carriage label,1974-84.
EZ, E-Z: Ellington-Zwisler: Rocket Mail Catalog
EzGrader: computer program used to grade stamps.
‚Äįztorsz√ɬ°g: (Hung.) Estonia.
Ezer: (Hung.) one-thousand (number).


(Data Above sourced from "Ask Phil" and other sources. Last edit 5/Aug/2008 Amhazing)

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[center]F[/center]

4-Sidig perforeing: (Nor.) perforations on 4 sides.
4 Skilling VÃ¥pen 1855: (Nor.) refers to the 1855 4 Skilling blue Norwegian Coat-of-Arms issue.
"40th Anniversary of the Royal Wedding 1947-1987": 1987 Aitutaki overprint.
5-Dollar Prexie: nickname for the U.S. 1938 Calvin Coolidge issue.
F: 1: precedes the European postal code on addresses in France, such as F-75009 Paris. 2: Auction term meaning "Fine" quality. 3: Scott catalog number prefix for Registration. 4: "F" add-on rate., US nondenominated stamp, valued 4¬Ę, placed on sale Jan. 22, 1991. 5: used to indicate that the plate was hardened and ready for use. 6: add-on rate., US nondenominated stamp, valued 4¬Ę, placed on sale Jan. 22, 1991. 7: used to indicate that the plate was hardened and ready for use. 8: overprint on a French 1932-39 Peace with Olive Branch design to be used by soldiers and refugees escaping the Spanish Civil War to France. 9: Finland, applied in Helsinki between Dec. 1941 and July 1942. 10: Colombia-Scadta consular overprint for France. 11: "F" inscription, with flower, U.S. nondenominated stamp, valued 29¬Ę, placed on sale Jan. 22, 1991. 12: overprint on a French 1932-39 Peace with Olive Branch design to be used by soldiers and refugees escaping the Spanish Civil War to France.
$F: catalog abbreviation for currency in Fiji (Dollar).
FA: Scott catalog number prefix for Certified Mail.
FÃ¥: (Nor.) few.
Fabian's Phantom Post: United States local post, cinderella by George Fabian, Illinois, established Nov. 22, 1975.
Fabrica de Timbre: printer of postage stamps for Romania.
Fabrica Nacional de Moneda y Timbre: (Sp.) Spanish Mint and Printing Works; prints all Spanish stamps.
Fabrikwasserzeichen: (Ger.) papermaker's watermark.
F A C: auction abbreviation for Forwarding Agent Cachet.
Face: Face: 1: see Face value. 2: side of mail piece with the delivery address. 3: lettering of a certain style (i.e. Times Roman face, Helvetica bold face, etc.).
Facer canceler: postal equipment that "faces" the envelope to be read easily and then cancels the item.
Face value: the monetary value of a postage stamp as printed, or surcharged in its design.
Fach: (Ger.) specialty.
Fachausstellung: (Ger.) commercial exhibit (stamp show).
Fachn: Egypt, see Interpostal seals, 1884.
Fachouda: Egypt, see Interpostal seals, 1879-80.
Faciale valeur: (Fr.) face value.
Facing: USPS placing of envelopes for sorting and mail processing operations.
Facing identification mark (FIM): series of vertical bars used by automated postal equipment that identifies, orients and separates various classes of mail.
Facing slip: U.S. post office term for slip placed on top of individual bundles of mail to indicate their destination.
Facit: specialized Scandinavian postage stamp catalog.
Facous: Egypt, see Interpostal seals, 1879-84.
Facsimile: a reproduction of a genuine postage stamp, intended for souvenir value and not meant to defraud.
Facsimile Mail Service: USPS service that permitted customers to send fax messages and have them delivered by the post office, 1971.
Factaj: (Rom.) Romania parcel post overprint, 1928.
Facteur: (Fr.) postman.
Facturas: (Sp.) inscription found on Spanish fiscal stamps used on invoices.
Fading: a lightening of ink or paper due to natural or non-natural (i.e. bleaching) physical causes.
F¦rge: (Dan.) ferry.
FaerOer: (It.) Faroe Islands.
F¬¶r√ɬłerne: (Dan.) the Faroe Islands, Faroes.
Faeroerne Franco Betalt: (Dan.) handstamp on stamps of Denmark for Faroe Islands.
Fabriksvandm¦rke: (Dan.) paper manufacturer's watermark.
F.A.F.L.: Syria military overprint, Free French Administration.
FAG: Frank A. Green, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
Fahl: (Ger.) faded.
Fahnenstempel: (Ger.) any cancel with dater dial and obliterator.
Fahnestock, B. A.: U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp.
Fahrbares postamt: (Ger.) mobile post office.
Faidherbe: (Fr.) French colonial issued in 1906, depicting portrait of Gen. Faidherbe.
Fairbanks, Richard: postmaster of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, approved the receipt of all foreign letters to the American colonies, appointed Nov. 5, 1639.
Faire offre: (Fr.) make an offer.
Faire suivre: (Fr.) to be forwarded.
Fair warning: auction phrase to denote that a lot will be hammered down soon to alert bidders who may miss a lot of possible interest.
Fairy Tales: slang for false entries included in published or verbal Prices Realized.
Faja postal: (Sp.) wrapper, used in South America for mailing newspapers and magazines.
Fake: a genuine stamp altered as to color, design, value, etc. to increase its monetary value for sale to collectors; these can include imperforate singles, blind perforations, omitted colors and inverts.
Fälachung: (Ger.) cinderella.
Falkensee: "Falkensee, Gemeinde"(Falkensee Township) area in former Soviet-occupied East Germany, local post, 1945.
Falkenstein: German local post, 1887-1900.
Falkland Islands: British island group south of South America; currency: 12 pence = 1 shilling, 20 shillings = 1 pound, 100 pence = 1 pound (1971) 1878, June 19: No.1, 1 penny claret, first stamps issued, 1880-90: mail contracted to German steamships of Kosmos Line, 1900-14: mail contracted to Pacific Steam Navigation Co., 1918: first War Tax stamp issued, 1936: Argentina issued a stamp with map design showing Falklands as part of Argentina, 1982, Sep. 13: first semipostal stamp issued, 1985: dependencies of South Georgia and South Sandwich became a separate colony, 1991, Jan. 7: first postage due stamp issued.
Falkland Islands: 1: inscription White Out; unissued Great Britain cinderella by David Horry, 2001. 2: King Smoking Pipe, unissued Great Britain cinderella by David Horry, 2001.
Falkland Island Dependencies: Islands of South Atlantic and Antarctic Oceans and British portion of Antarctica, all formed dependencies of the Falkland Islands; 1918: first War Tax stamp issued, 1944: first stamp issue, overprints on Falkland Island issue, 1944, Feb. 12: first stamp for Graham Land, 1944, April 3: first stamps for South Georgia, 1944, Feb. 21: first stamps for South Orkneys, 1944: first stamps for South Shetlands, 1946, Feb. 1: first stamps issued for four territories, 1963, July 16: reconstituted as the British Antarctic Territory, 1963, July 17: stamps resumed for South Georgia, see South Georgia, 1985, Oct.: South Georgia and Sandwich Islands issued their own stamps.
Falklandsöarna: (Swed.) the Falkland Islands.
Falklands√ɬłerne: (Dan.) the Falkland Islands.
F√ɬ§llige postgeb√ɬľhr: (Ger.) postage due.
Fals: (Rom.) counterfeit, fake, forgery; see Falsuri.
Falsch: (Ger.) forged, counterfeit.
Falschstempel: (Ger.) forged postmark.
Fälschung: (Ger.) bogus, counterfeit; labels or postal markings made to defraud collectors. False franking: postage on a mail piece from a mass mailing where the face value of the stamp underpays the actual rate; the difference is paid directly to the USPS when the item enters the mail stream.
False perforations: printed perforations on self-adhesive stamps, also known as "serpentine die cuts" and phony perforations.
False watermark: made by applying the gum using a patterned roller.
Falsificación: (Sp.) bogus, counterfeit; labels or postal markings made to defraud collectors.
Falsificazione: (It.) bogus, counterfeit; labels or postal markings made to defraud collectors.
Falsifié(e): (Fr.) falsified, forged, faked, counterfeited.
Falsk stempel: (Dan.) forged cancellation, forged postmark.counterfeit cancel.
Falso: (Sp.) false, bogus.
Falso per posta: (It.) postal forgery.
Falsuri: (Rom.) forgery.
Falta de Porte: 1892, unofficial inscription on stamps of Mexico.
Fältpost: (Swed.) fieldpost, inscription for free mail for Swedish troops in World War II as well as civilian mail addressed to the armed forces.
Fältpostmärken: (Swed.) field post stamps.
Fältpostpaket: (Swed.) field post parcels.
Falz: (Ger.) stamp hinge.
Falzlos: (Ger.) hingeless.
Falzpur: (Ger.) hinged.
Falzrest: (Ger.) hinge remnant.
FAM: Frank A. Martie, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
F A M: see Foreign air mail.
FAMcG: Felix McGuire, BEP employees initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
Famous Americans: series of postage stamps honoring authors, poets, educators, scientists, composers and artists, 1940.
Famracia belgrand: (Sp.) advertising label from Argentina.
Fancy cancel: postmark with a pictorial design.
Fancy cancel, oddest: the Ste. Genevieve de Batiscan province in Quebec, 1895, commemorated the Nicaraguan coat of arms in detail.
Fancy registry cancels: the Post Office ruled, prior to Nov. 15, 1928, that the name and date of town not appear on registered mail so several local postmasters made or used a "fancy" cancel such as Fairfield, Iowa-Ear of Corn.
Fancy type: ornamental type overprint.
FÃ¥nge: (Swed.) prisoner, see Krigsfange.
Fangelejr: (Dan.) prisoner of war (P.O.W.) camp, Krigsfange.
Fangelejrpost: (Dan.) prisoner of war (P.O.W.) camp mail, see Krigsfangepost.
FÃ¥ngepost: (Swed.) prisoner mail, see Krigsfange.
Fanning Island: bogus issue using frame of St. Vincent stamp.
Fanon: currency used in French Colonies.
Fantail margin: missing marginal perforations from edge of the stamp to the end of the sheet.
Fantan: U.S. Navy code name during WW II for Fiji Islands.
Fantan-1: U.S. Navy code name during WW II for Suva, Fiji Islands. 2: U.S. Navy code name during WW II for Nandi, Fiji Islands.
Fantasias: (Sp.) bogus issues, cinderella, fantasy.
Fantasimerke: (Nor.) fantasy stamp
Fantasifrimärke: (Swed.) fantasy stamp
Fantasim¦rke: (Dan.) fantasy stamp
Fantasy stamps: make-believe stamps from make-believe entities, usually made to delight or defraud; see Bogus stamps, Cinderellas.
Fantippo: stamp-like label used in Dr. Doolittle books.
F A O: United Nations inscription for Food and Agriculture Organization.
F A R: (Sp.) Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias, Cuba telecommunications corps that established a postal system for personnel in Angola, 1985.
Farajan: local post, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1937.
Farbabart: (Ger.) color variety.
Farbampeln: (Ger.) traffic lights.
Farbänderung: (Ger.) change of color.
Farbe: (Ger.) see Color.
Farbeprobe: (Ger.) trial color.
Farbwechsel: (Ger.) change of color.
Farchout: Egypt, see Interpostal seals, 1882.
Fardos Postales: (Sp.) 1: inscription for parcel post, El Salvador. 2: overprint on stamps of Italy, Italian Socialist republic, parcel posts.
Far Eastern Republic: currently part of Russia, formerly part of Siberia, east of Lake Baikal; currency: 100 kopecks = 1 ruble 1918, July 10: provisional government established, 1920, Sept.: first issues were overprints and surcharges on stamps of Russia, 1921: stamps called the Blagoveshchensk Issue, 1921: stamps called the Chita Issue, 1922-23: stamps called the Vladivostok Issue, 1922, Nov.19: first stamp issued as part of Soviet Russia, 1923: final issue overprint on stamps of Russia with surcharge; see Siberia.
Fare un'offerta: (It.) to bid (at an auction).
Farfalla: (It.) butterfly (thematic).
Färg: (Swed.) color.
Farge: (Nor.) color.
Faridkot: India Feudatory State located in the central Punjab: currency:4 folus = 4 paisas = 1 anna 1879: No.1, 1 folus ultramarine, first local post stamps, 1886: first official stamps issued, 1887-93: first official stamp issued, 1887, Jan.1: signed as Convention State, stamps of British India overprinted "Faridkot State," 1901, Mar.31: separate stamps discontinued, used stamps of Republic of India.
Färja: (Swed.) ferry.
Farley's Follies: U.S. printing made on order of Postmaster General James A. Farley for the imperforate stamps of 1934-37.
Färm: (Swed.) see Ferm.
Färöarna: (Swed.) Faroes
Faroe Islands: autonomous postal authority, North Atlantic Ocean, part of Denmark. official name of postal administration: Postverk F√ɬłroya currency: 100 ore = 1 Danish krone 1870: Danish stamps used, 1875, July 1: joined the UPU, included with Denmark, 1914-18: bisected stamps authorized, 1919, Jan. 3-23: No. 1, 2 ore green, surcharge on stamp of Denmark, 1940: British occupation values surcharged on stamps of Denmark, 1945: Danish stamps used again, 1948: islands were given self-government, 1975, Jan. 30: own stamps issued.
Färöer Inseln: (Ger.) Faroe Islands.
Farr, G. & Co.: see Private die match proprietary stamps.
Farrie Strike PS.: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Farthings: currency unit in Malta.
Farve: (Dan.) color.
Farveafart: (Dan.) color error, see Farvefejltryk, Tryk - Farvefejl.
Farvefejltryk: (Dan.) color error, see Farveafart, Tryk - Farvefejl.
Farvepr√ɬłve: (Dan.) trial color proof.
Farvefoto: (Dan.) color photo.
Farwell Company: Chicago, Ill. manufacturer of stamp vending machines, 1910-12, distinct perforation.
Faserpapier: (Ger.) granite paper; containing tiny, visible fibers to deter forgery.
Fast color: stamp ink that can be soaked in various liquids without the color running.
Fast, F: postmarks applied on mail carried on fast mail trains.
Fast mail: authorized in 1874 for rail service between New York and Chicago via Central R.R.; started Sept. 16, 1875 and discontinued July 22, 1876, other railroads also had a similar service.
Fast mail trains: trains that consisted almost entirely of mail cars, introduced in Sept. 1875.
Fast Pony Express Service: package firm service the Chicago, Ill. area; used stamps, year unknown.
Fastsättare: (Swed.) (stamp) hinge.
Fastway Post New Zealand Ltd.: private post operator in New Zealand who uses own postage stamps.
FÃ¥tal: (Swed.) few.
Father Mathew Temperance & Manufacturing Co.: U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp.
Fauconniere: Great Britain local post carriage label for Jethou, 1960.
Fault: missing piece, tear, clipped perforation, hole, scuff, thin spot, crease, toning, oxidation, stain, short perforation, etc. on a stamp; can decrease the value of the item.
Fauna & Flora: Donald Evans bogus issue, 1960-70.
Faunce's Penny Post: U.S. local post, Atlantic City, N.J., 1885.
Faune: (Fr.) fauna (thematic).
Faute: (Fr.) fault, defect.
Faux de toute piece: (Fr.) completely faked.
Faux, Fausse: (Fr.) a forgery, counterfeit.
Faux perforations: simulated perforations, used on Pitney-Bowes meter stamps,1932.
Faux pour servir: (Fr.) forgeries which have been accepted by the post, or have been made with intent to defraud the postal system.
Favola: (It.) fairy tales (thematic).
Favor cancel: a hand cancel that is applied in a special manner as a favor to the mailer.
Favor's Eastport & Boston Express: Boston to various cities in Maine via steamer Admiral, 1853-57, applied marking to mail.
Fayence: French local post parachute mail, (L'Aero-club Populaire de Nice et de la Riviera), 1946.
Fayoum: Egypt, see Interpostal seals, 1872-84.
Fazoglu: Egypt, see Interpostal seals, 1879-80.
FB: Franklin Butler, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
FBB: Frank Brahler, BEP employees initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
F.B.O.: Foreign Branch Office.
F.B.S.: Friend's Boarding School, U.S. local post for mail carried to the post office, Barnesville, Ohio, 1877-84. F/C: auction abbreviation for fiscal cancel
F C: auction abbreviation for fancy cancel.
Fco: (It.) abbreviation for Franco, a pre-adhesive postmark.
F C F A: see Reunion.
FCM: first class mail.
F C P: see Fluorescent coated paper.
F D: "fausse direction" (Fr.) misdirected.
FDAY: First Days; journal of the American First Day Cover Society.
F D C: see First Day Cover. F D I: see First Day of Issue.
Fdo. Poo: Fernando Poo.
F D O I: see First day of issue.
Fearey, Jabez & Co.'s Mustang Express: U.S. local post, Newark, N.J., 1870.
Fears & Bray's Express: private mail serviced Boston, Pigeon Cove and Rockport, Mass., used a label; c1880.
Feary & Co.'s Mustang Express: private mail firm serviced Newark, N.J. area; used labels, 1887.
Február: (Hung.) February.
Februar: (Dan., Nor.) February.
Februari: (Swed.) February.
Februarie: (Rom.) February.
F.E.C. (Frank E. Clark): see Private die match proprietary stamps.
Fecha: (Sp.) date; statement on a stamp of when made.
Fecha de llegada: (Sp.) date of arrival or receipt.
Fecha de salida: (Sp.) date of departure or dispatch.
Fechador: (Sp.) dated postmark, canceller.
Fechne: Egypt, see Interpostal seals, 1868-82.
Fecske, S.S.: steamship marking of the Danube Steam Navigation Company built about 1880's for middle Danube lines.
Federacion Espa√ɬĪola de Sociedades Filatelicas: (Sp.) Spanish Federation of Philatelic Societies.
Federacion Venezolana: (Sp.) Venezuela.
Federal Boating Stamp: inscription on U.S. Internal Revenue Service tax stamps, 1960.
Federal eagle envelopes: stamped envelope picturing the eagle in blue and gray design.
Federal Register: publication in which rules and proposed rules issued by the USPS and other federal agencies are published.
Federal Use Tax on Motor Vehicles: inscription on U. S. Internal Revenue Service tax stamps, 1942-48.
Federated Malay States: see Malaya. Federation of Malaya: see Malaya.
Federated Republic of Soviets in Russia: in Russian, used as an overprint for Imperial Russian consular tax stamps in 1922 applied to mail sent from Russia to Germany; see Deruluft.
Federation of Malaysia: see Malaysia, Federation of.
Federation of South Arabia: see South Arabian Federation.
Fédération Internationale de Philatélie (FIP): (Fr.) International Federation of Philately.
Fédération Internationale des Sociétés Aérophilatéliques (FISA): International Federation of Aerophilatelic Societies.
Federation of Ethnic Minorities: located in Burma, labels used to draw attention to human rights violations.
Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland: see Rhodesia.
Federation of South Arabia: see South Arabia.
Federation of the West Indies: formed of ten British West Indies territories in 1958, dissolved in May 1962.
Federstrichentweetung: (Ger.) pen cancellation.
Feeder flight: an airmail connection flight at a specified mid-route point.
Feed Lines: name given to lines on flat plates to help in the correct placement of paper on the plate.
F√©her: (Hung.) white (color), also becs√ɬľletes.
Fehldruck: (Ger.) printing error.
Fehlend: (Ger.) missing or omitted.
Fehler: (Ger.) see Error, Fault.
Fehlerhaft: (Ger.) defective
Fehlfarbe: (Ger.) color error.
Fehlliste: (Ger.) want list.
Feil: (Nor.) error, flaw.
Feiltakking: (Nor.) perforation error.
Feiltrykk: (Nor.) printing error.
Fein: (Ger.) fine, a state of excellence.
Fejl: (Dan.) fault, faulty.
Fejlagtig: (Dan.) fault, faulty
Fejltryk: 1. (Dan.) see Tryk - Fejl . 2. (Nor.) printing error.

Fejlperforeret: (Dan.) misplaced perforartions.
Fejltakning: (Dan.) perforation error.
Feltpost: (Dan.) fieldpost.
Feltpostm¦rke: (Dan.) fieldpost stamp.
Feltpoststempel: (Dan.) fieldpost cancel, fieldpost postmark.
Fekete: (Hung.) black (color).
Feketésbarna: (Hung.) blackish-brown (color).
Fel: (Swed.) error.
Feldpost: (Ger.) 1: field or army post. 2: Austria, Germany overprint for field or Army post.
Feldpost 2kg: (Ger.) overprint on stamps of Germany, military parcel post (maximum 2 kg in weight).
Feldpostamt: (Ger.) Austrian Field Post Office.
Feldpostbrief: (Ger.) field mail letter.
Feldpostm¦rker: (Ger.) military mail.
Feldpostmarke: (Ger.) field post stamp.
Felso Szenegál és Niger: (Hung.) Upper-Senegal and Niger.
Felso-Volta: (Hung.) Upper Volta.
Feltpost: (Dan., Nor.) fieldpost.
Feltpostm¦rke: (Dan.) fieldpost stamp.
Feltpostmerke: (Nor.) fieldpost stamp.
Feltpoststempel: (Dan., Nor.) fieldpost cancel, fieldpost postmark.
Feltryck: (Swed.) printing error.
Fel√ɬľlnyomat: (Hung.) overprint.
Fem: (Dan., Nor.) five (number).
Femfärgstryck: (Swed.) see Tryck - Femfärgs.
Femstripe: (Nor.) strip-of-5.
Femten: (Dan., Nor.) fifteen (number).
Femti: (Nor.) fifty (number).
Fen: "Fenigy" Poland currency overprint with Poctzta Polska, 1918.
Fendu(e): (Fr.) split, cracked, slashed.
Feng (F.): (Chin.) cover.
Fengselpost: (Nor.) prison mail.
Feng-tai: East China local post, SW of Pengpu, 1949.
Fennig: currency unit in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Fenster: (Ger.) (window) thin spot on a stamp.
Fente: (Fr.) slit, cut, small tear.
F E P A: Federation of European Philatelic Associations.
Ferdinand I, S.S.: steamship marking of the Danube Steam Navigation Company built at Trieste in 1839 for Levant lines.
Ferdinand Maximilian, S.S.: steamship marking of the Danube Steam Navigation Company built in1850's.
Fergusson & Sons (J.W.): Stamp venturers subcontractor for printing US stamps.
Feria Muestrario: (Sp.) fair, found in handstamps, cancels.
Feribot: (Rom.) ferry boat.
Ferie-maerke: (Dan.) non-postal holiday stamp, savings to pay for annual holidays.
Ferien: (Ger.) vacation.
Ferje: (Nor.) ferry.
Ferjebåt: (Nor.) ferry boat.
Ferjebåtmerke: (Nor.) ferry boat stamp.
Ferjebåtpost: (Nor.) ferry boat mail.
Ferjebåtstempel: (Nor.) ferry boat cancellation.
Ferm: (Swed.) (also Färm) prompt.
Fermé(e): (Fr.) closed.
Fermented Fruit Juice: tax paid revenue stamp denominated in barrels and fractions of barrels, 1933.
Fermented Liquor: overprint on U.S. Internal Revenue stamps, 1933.
Fernando Po: Spanish colony, island off Gulf of Guinea, west African coast; currency: 100 centimos = 1 escudo = 2.50 pesetas, 100 centimos = 1 peseta, 1,000 milesimas = 100 centavos = 1 peso (1882) 1858-77: stamps of Britain used, 1868, July 1: No.1, 20 centimos brown, first stamp issued as Spanish colony, 1867-79: stamps of Spanish Cuba used inscribed Ultramar, 1879-1909: own stamps used, 1909-60: stamps of Spanish Guinea used, 1960: first semipostal stamp issued, 1968, Oct. 12: united with Rio Muni to form Republic of Equatorial Guinea, 1972: renamed Bioko.
Fernigow: currency unit in North Poland, 1919-1923
Fern-Ost-Republik: (Ger.) Far Eastern Republic.
Ferrarities: someone who owns a number of fakes; named after Baron Philipp La Renotiere Von Ferrary, a great collector who also owned a number of fakes and forgeries.
Ferrary, Philip L.R. von, Count: (1850-1917) considered one the world's greatest collectors, who by the 1880s, was considered to have the world's greatest stamp collection known, died of a heart attack while trying to buy a Swiss stamp; his collection was confiscated by France and sold to pay the German War Reparations Account.
Ferrocarriles: (Sp.) railways.
Ferrocarriles Andaluces: (Sp.) Andalusian Railways, inscription on railway's own stamps.
Ferrol del Caudillo: local post, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1937.
Ferrovia: (It.) train
Fervente: (Port.) bright color.
Festad de Ciudade Lisboa: (Port.) Lisbon City Festival, Portugal and Azores postal tax stamps.
Festiniog Railway: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Festoon-edged: edges of stamps, usually labels, with rows of semicircular cuts.
Festpostkarte: (Ger.) commemorative post card.
Fésusfogazat: (Hung.) comb perforation.
F.E.T. (Falange Espa√ɬĪola Tradicionalista): (Sp.) found on civil war tax and charity stamps, Spanish right wing political party in 1933-34.
Fetejh: city in Russia, local post aka Koursk.
Fetridge & Co.: U.S. private die perfumery proprietary stamp.
Feuchtwanger Strip: Civil War era encased postage stamps, but may be a fantasy item created in the 1890's.
Feudatory States: states in India established their own postal systems which carried mail within the state; see individual states for additional information; Alwar, Bamra, Barwani, Bhopal, Bhor Bijawar, Bundi, Bussahir, Charkhari, Cochin, Dhar, Duttia (Datia), Faridkot, Hyderabad, Idar, Indore (Holkar), Jaipur, Jammu and Kashmir, Jasden, Jhalawar, Jind, Kishangarh, Las bela, Morvi, Morvi, Nandgaon, Nawanagar, Orchha, Poonch, Rajasthan, Rajpipla, Sirmoor, Sorouth, Travancore, Travancore-Cochin, Wadhwan.
Feuille: (Fr.) sheet, page (album).
Feuille de timbres: (Fr.) sheet (of stamps).
Feuille-témoin: (Fr.) imprimatur sheet.
Fez Mequinez: Morocco local post, 1897.
Fez Sefrou: Morocco local post, 1894.
Fezzan-Ghadmes: see Libya.
Fezzan Occupation Francaise: (Fr.) overprint on stamps of Italy and Libya for French occupation, 1943, see Libya.
Fezzan, Territoire du: see Libya.
FF: abbreviation for foreign flights.
F F, F fr: catalog abbreviation for currency in Andorra, France and Monaco, (Franc).
F F C: see First Flight Cover.
FFUS: abbreviation for first flights by US airlines.
F G: auction abbreviation for flag cancel.
F.G.N: Nigeria unissued official overprint.
F Grill: grill design used on US stamps in the 19th century.
F I: Finland, including the Ã…land Islands, country code as used by UPU.
FI: fiscals; a philatelic discipline recognized for FIP exhibitions.
F I A F: (Sp.) "Federación Interamericana de Filatelia," InterAmerican Federation of Philately.
Fialovocerná: (Czech.) violet-black, purple-black (color)
Fialovocervená: (Czech.) violet-red, purple-red (color)
Fialovohnedá: (Czech.) violet-brown, purple-brown (color)
Fialovomodrá: (Czech.) violet-blue, purple-blue (color)
Fialovosedá: (Czech.) violet-grey, purple-grey (color).
Fialovy: (Czech.) violet, purple (color).
FIAP: Far East Philatelic Federation.
FICC: First Issues Collectors Club.
Ficha: (Sp.) small stock cards for mounting stamps.
FIDES: Economic and Development Fund; common theme on stamps of the French Community of Nations, 1956.
Fidji: (Fr., Swed.) the Fiji Islands.
Fidschi-Inseln: (Ger.) Fiji Islands.
Fidzsi Szigetek: (Hung.) the Fiji Islands.
Fieldmail Supplies: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Field Post Office: a post office established for servicemen on active service.
Fiera di Trieste: (It.) overprint on stamps of Italy, Trieste, 1950-53.
Fiesta de la Hispanidad: (Sp.) national holiday celebrated on Oct. 12 to commemorate explorers of America.
Fifi: British Colonial Royal Wedding frames from book "Surreal Stamps and Unreal Stickers."
Fifth Clause Post: British handstamp pertaining to the 5th Clause of an Act of Parliament regarding village posts.
Fifth International Philatelic Exhibition: international stamps show held in New York City, 1956.
Figaro: local post, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937.
Figure: 1: name given to 1914 French colonies postage dues with value in bold panel in center. 2: Name given to 1894 King Carlos portrait on Portuguese colonials.
Fijasellos: (Sp.) stamp mounts.
Fiji: member of British Commonwealth; group of 844 Pacific islands; currency: 12 pence = 1 shilling, 20 shillings = 1 pound, 100 cents = 1 dollar (1872, 1969) 1870, Nov. 1: No.1, 1 penny pink, first stamps were locally typeset, by Fiji Times newspaper, paper ran a letter and parcel service, 1871: stamps with cipher of native king, CR (Cakobau Rex), Fiji started own mail service, 1872, May 8: Fiji Times closed its mail service, 1874: overprinted V.R., "Victoria Regina" to mark change by King Cakobau to Crown Colony, 1916: first War Tax stamp issued, 1917: first postage due stamp issued, 1951, Sep. 17: first semipostal, 1970, Oct. 10: first stamps issued as independent territory, 1971, June 18: joined the UPU.
Fiji: 1: hurricane relief inscription, unissued Great Britain cinderella by David Horry, 2001. 2: empty boat, unissued Great Britain cinderella by David Horry, 2001. 3: coxed fours, or four men in a boat; unissued Great Britain cinderella by David Horry, 2001. 4: man overboard; unissued Great Britain cinderella by David Horry, 2001. 5: two men in a boat; unissued Great Britain cinderella by David Horry, 2001.
Fiji √ɬłerne: (Dan.) the Fiji Islands.
Fila: (Sp.) row of stamps.
Filamentos de seda: (Sp.) silk threads found in stamp paper.
Filateli: (Nor.) philately.
Filatelia: (It., Sp.) philately, also a stamp shop.
Filatelica: (It.) philatelic; pertaining to stamp collecting.
Filalistisk frankering!: "Philatelic handling label" for careful canceling and handling of mail, supplied by postal authority, Austria.
Filatelista: (Sp.) philatelist.
Filatelistamplat Brev: (Swed.) philatelically canceled cover.
Fil de soie: (Fr.) silk thread.
File crease, file: postal item that has been kept folded over for a long period of time.
File proof: proofs taken from the finished master die to be kept in archival files of the printing firm.
Filet: (Fr.) frame line.
Filigrana: (Sp., It.) watermark.
Filigrana acostada: (Sp.) sideways watermark.
Filigrana de panales: (Sp.) honeycomb watermark.
Filigrana lazos: (Sp.) horizontal watermark, used in 1855 issue of Spain.
Filigrane: (Fr.) watermark.
Filigrane de fabricant de papier: (Fr.) paper maker's watermark.
Filigranoscopio: (Sp.) watermark detector.
Filigranul, filigrane (filigranele): (Rom.) watermark, watermarks.
Filing crease: creases folded on a postal piece by recipient so that the mail item will fit into a folder.
Filing holes: holes punched by the recipient so that the postal piece can be filed.
Filipas Impresos: (Sp.) newspaper stamps of Philippines.
Filipperne: (also Philippinerne) (Dan.) Philippines.
Filipinas, Filip'as: (Sp.) Philippines.
Filippine: (It.) Philippines.
Filippinerna: (also Philippinerna, Philippinernsk) (Nor., Swed.) the Philippines, Philippine (adj.).
Filippinerne: (also Philippinerne, Philippinernsk) (Dan.) the Philippines.
Filippinernsk: (also Philippinerna, Philippinernsk) (Dan., Nor., Swed.) Philippine (adj.).
Filler: stiff piece of paper or cardboard used inside a cover to provided stiffness for a clear cancellation and provide protection against bending of the cover while in the mail stream.
Filo di seta: (It.) silk thread.
Fils: Abu Dhabi, Bahrain currency unit.
Final bid price: see Hammer price.
Fina marginaler: (Swed.) full margins, cmplete margins.
Final master proof: combination of all separations to produce the complete design in photogravure or offset printing.
Finanzstempel: (Ger.) revenue cancel. Fincastle, Va. Paid 10: see Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Finbatt-UNDOF: Finnish Battalion, United Nations Disengagement Force serving in the Golan Heights, 1979-93.
Finchley Local delivery: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Finder's fee: a fee paid to a broker or agent referring philatelic material for direct sale to a philatelic dealer, or for consignment to a philatelic auctioneer. The "Finder's Fee" for this third party normally is a standard 5% of the purchase price or, in the case of the material being sold at public auction, 5% of the total "hammer price."
Fine: design may be off center but will not touch any edge, imperforates may have small margins, very early perforated issues may have the perforations cutting into the design, used stamps wil have heavier than usual cancellations; ref.: Scott Catalogue.
Fine perforation: perforation with small holes and teeth close together.
Fine-Very Fine: stamps may be slightly off center on two sides, perfs are noticeably off center, imperforate stamp design will not touch any edge, some non-US stamps may be printed so that the design is naturally very close to the edges, used stamps will not have a cancellation that detracts fom the design; ref.: Scott Catalogue.
Fingerb√ɬłlstempel: (Dan.) thimble-type cancellation, small diameter circular datestamp.
Fingerb√ɬłllstempel: (Nor.) thimble-type cancellation., small diameter circular datestamp.
Finger Lakes Steamboating: organized Dec. 15, 1819, stopped 1870, had a monopoly in carrying the mail on Cayuga Lake, N.Y.


(Data Above sourced from "Ask Phil" and other sources. Last edit 5/Aug/2008 Amhazing)

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Fingerb√ɬłlstempel: (Dan.) thimble-type cancellation.
Finland: northern Europe on Gulfs of Bothia and Finland, official name of postal administration: Suomen Posti Oy currency: 100 kopecks = 1 ruble, 100 pennis = 1 markka, 100 cents = 1 euro (2002) 1809- Dec. 1917: former grand duchy of Imperial Russia, 1856, March 3: No.1, 5 kopecks blue, first stamps issued under Russian Empire, 1889: name on stamps in Russian instead of Finnish, 1891: Russian czar Alexander III decreed that all mail from Finland had to be franked with the dot-in-circle issue, (in four corners of the stamps), 1901: Nicholas II, of Russia, son of Alexander III decreed that all mail out of Finland had to bear Russian stamps, 1917, Mar. 21:independent state within Russian federation, 1917, Dec. 6: Finland declared independence from Russia, first stamps for independent country, 1918, Feb. 12: joined the UPU, 1922, May 15: first semipostal issued, 1930, Sep 24: first airmail stamp issued, 1941, Nov. 1: military stamps issued, 1941-45: occupied Russian territory of Eastern Karelia, "Karjala" overprint on stamps of Finland, 2002: stamps in markka denominations issued in 1963 or afterwards valid through end of 2011, then change to euros; see Aereo O/Y, √É‚Äěland Islands, Aunus, Autopaketti, Ingermanland, North; Karelia, Eastern, Kentt√ɬ§postia.
Finlande: (Fr.) Finland.
Finlandez: (Rom) Finnish (adj.).
Finlandia: (It., Sp.) Finland
Finn: (Hung.) Finn
Finnland: (Ger., Ice.) Finland.
Finnorszag: (Hung.) Finland
Finn Valley & West Donegal Railway: Ireland local post.
Finn Valley Railway Company: Ireland local post.
Fino: (It., Sp.) fine quality, a state of excellence.
Finsk: (Dan, Nor., Swed.) Finnish (adj.).
Finska Jernvägens Post Kupéexped: (Swed.) "Finnish Railway Postoffice coach" postmark
Finske skeppspost: (Swed.) Finnish ship mail (ship post).
Finske skibspost: (Dan.) Finnish ship mail (ship post).
Finske skipspost: (Nor.) Finnish ship mail (ship post).
Finsko: (Czech.) Finland.
Finsky: (Czech.) Finnish.
Finsterwalde: (Ger.) Germany 1945-46 local post, town or area in former Soviet-occupied East Germany.
Finwell Despatch Service: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Fiolavá: (Czech.) violet, purple (color).
Fioletowy: (Pol.) violet (color).
Fiolett: (Nor.) violet (color).
Fiolettblå: (Nor.) violet-blue (color).
Fiolettbrun: (Nor.) violet-brown (color).
Fiore: (It.) flower (thematic).
F I P: Federation Internationale de Philatelie; International Federation of Philately, the group that sets rules and standards for international exhibitions, founded in Paris, 1926.
FIPCO: Federation Internationale de la Philatelie Constructive as a topical group, founded in 1950, merged with the FIP in 1964.
F I P E X: Fifth International Philatelic Exhibition, held in New York City, April 28-May 6, 1956.
F I P O: Federation of Olympic Philately.
Fire: (Dan.) four (number).
Firearms Transfer Tax: inscription and overprint on U. S. Internal Revenue Service tax stamps for special classes of firearms, such as machine guns; 1917 to date.
Fireblokk: (Dan.) block-of-4
Fire Hundre: (Nor.) four-hundred (number).
Firenze: Florence, Italy, allied occupation, local post, 1944.
Firestripe: (Nor.) strip-of-4.
Firma: (Sp.) signature, marks of genuineness on backs of stamps.
Firmato: (It.) see Expertise.
Firmenfreistempel: (Ger.) company meter marking.
Firs: (Dan.) eighty (number).
First acceptance: first airmail dispatch from a specified origin on an existing route ro service.
First aerial Post/1911/U.P. Exhibition Allhabad: see Aeroplane mail, first.
First Bureau Issue: first set of definitive stamps to be printed by the BEP, 1894.
First cachet: the very first cachet commercially produced by a cachetmaker.
First Class Card, Presorted: US nondenominated stamp, valued 15¬Ę, placed on sale Mar. 17, 1995.
First Class Mail: a class of mail including letters, postcards and postal cards with all matter sealed or otherwise closed against inspection.
First-class USA: 1: flower; U. S. non-denominated postage stamp, value 34¬Ę, issued Dec. 15, 2000. 2: flag and farm; U. S. non-denominated postage stamp, value 34¬Ę, issued Dec. 15, 2000.
First day: the day on which a stamp is first officially sold by the Post Office.
First day ceremony program: special items created for distribution to guests at first-day ceremonies
First day cover: a newly issued stamp affixed to an envelope and postmarked on the first day of sale at a city designated by the Postal Service.
First Day Objects (FDO): various non-philatelic objects to which a stamp and first day cancel was applied.
First day of issue (FDOI): the day on which a stamp is initially placed on sale by postal authorities.
First day of issue office: a post office authorized to sell a new postage item on the first day of sale.
First day of rate: postmark denoting the first day of usage of a new postal rate.
First direct flight: first flight without an intermediate landing.
First flight: initial flight of airline, route, or aircraft carrying official mail for the first time.
First flight cover (FFC): an envelope bearing a cancellation and usually having a special descriptive cachet affixed which has been at the point of origin and carried on a first flight opening a new air mail route.
First Foreign Trade Week: overprint on stamps of Philippines.
First international rocket flight USA-Mexico: triangular label to commemorate the 1936 event.
First issued: date when a philatelic item was first released to the public.
First Issue of Revenue Stamps: US issues 1862-1871 to help pay for the Civil War.
First Trans-Atlantic Air Post April, 1919: overprint on stamps of Newfoundland for transport on H.G. Hawker's unsuccessful attempt to be the first crew to fly across the Atlantic Ocean; the crew and mail were rescued.
F I S A: Fédération International des Sociétés Aérophilateliques (International Federation of Aerophilatelic Societies).
Fiscal: non-postal revenue or tax stamp.
Fiscal cancellation: a cancellation applied to a stamp by pen, indelible pencil or rubber stamp, and used for revenue, rather than postal purposes. This usually reduces the market value of the stamp considerably.
Fiscally cancelled: a stamp available for both postal and revenue purposes which has been used in connection with the fiscal charge, is known as fiscally used or cancelled, to distinguish it from similar stamps being postally used.
Fiscal-postal stamp: a stamp valid for prepayment of postage and for revenue purposes.
Fiscal stamps: stamps intended to collect taxes, fees and duties for the revenue as opposed to prepay postage; see Revenue stamps.
Fiscal year: U.S. 12-month period uses for bookkeeping purposes; starts three months ahead of the calendar year.
Fiscaux-postaux: (Fr.) "fiscal post" stamps intended to collect taxes, fees and duties for the revenue as opposed to prepay postage.
Fisch: (Ger.) fish (thematic).
Fisher's Express: private parcel firm serviced Boston and Stoughton, Mass., used a label; year unknown.
Fishing stamps: state revenue stamps that show prepayment of fees for fishing; may be all inclusive or limited only to certain types of fish.
Fiskal annullering: (Dan.) fiscal cancellation, revenue cancellation.
Fiskalmarke: (Ger.) revenue stamp.
Fiske & Co's Express: private mail firm serviced eastern U.S. and Canadian towns; used a corner card; 1854?
Fiske & Rice's Express: U.S. local express label,1851-54.
Fitch's Express: private parcel firm serviced Chicago, Ill area; used a label, 1896-99?
Fitz & Choate's Express: private mail firm serviced Boston and Ipswich, Mass., used a label, year unknown.
Fitz's Express: private mail firm serviced Boston and Ipswich, Mass., used labels, year unknown.
Fiume: city and area on the Adriatic Sea; now called Rijeka; currency: 100 filler = 1 korona, 100 centesimi = 1 corona (1919), 100 centesimi = 1 lira 1870: stamps of Hungary used, 1871: Austrian stamps used, then stamps of Hungary used again 1915: stamps of Hungary overprinted Fiume for Italian annexation, 1918-19: Allied occupation, 1918, Dec.2: No.1, 10 filler rose, stamps of Hungary overprinted Fiume; first postage due stamp, 1919: first semipostal stamp issued, issued by Italian Free Corps, 1919-24: part of Austro-Hungarian Empire, 1920, Nov. 12: independent state, 1921: first overprinted stamp as a free state, separate overprints for the Carnero, Arbe and Veglia islands, 1924, Jan. 27 - 45: Fiume annexed to Italy, Italian stamps used, 1941, May: Fiume -Kupa, stamps of Yugoslavia overprinted "Zofk-Zona Occupata Fiumano Kupa" Fiume Kupa Occupied Zone, then Italian stamps used, 1943, Sept. 8: Repubblica Sociale Italiana, Italian Social Republic stamps of Italy used, 1945, May: Yugoslav occupation "Fiume/Rijeka," 1945-46, July: provisional overprint on stamps of Italy for Fiume, 1947: annexed to Yugoslavia.
Fiume: now known as Rijeka, Yugoslavia.
Five and ten: referred to the 1847 five and ten cent U.S. stamps.
Five Cent Parcel Delivery Co.: private parcel firm serviced Boston, Mass., area; used stamps, 1890-91?
Five Cent Parcel Despatch Co.: private parcel firm serviced Boston, Mass., area; used stamps, 1893?
Five-digit presort: bulk mail presorted to five Zip Code digits and bundled.
F J: Fiji, country code as used by UPU.
Fjorten: (Dan.) fourteen (number).
FJV: Ferdinand J. Voight, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
F K: Falkland Islands (Malvinas), country code as used by the UPU.
F.K.S. Emergency P.S.: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
F L: 1: precedes the European postal code on addresses in Liechtenstein, such as FL-9490 Vaduz. 2: auction abbreviation for topical flowers. 3: USPS abbreviation for Florida. 4: USPS abbreviation in address for number of floor in building.
FLA: Frank L. Adrian, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
Fla.: abbreviation for Florida prior to Zip Code usage.
Flachdruck: (Ger.) flat plate printing.
Fläck: (Swed.) blemish, blot, spot.
Fladtryk: (Dan.) see Tryk - Flad
Flag cancel: cancellation with a flag as the obliterator.
Flaggenstempel: (Ger.) flag cancel.
Flag of Truce mail: postal route between the North and South during the American Civil War in operation from Sept. 1861 to Feb. 1862.
Flags: refers to the series of 13 U.S. stamps issued in 1943-44 picturing the flags of the overrun countries.
Flamme(s): (Fr.) duplex cancel, slogan cancel.
Flanders, A. H M.D.: U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp.
Flap seal: the design on the flap of an envelope, usually an embossed design.
Flashline Postal Service: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Flat: 1: USPS term for large size mail that is sorted without bending. 2: format in which finished coil stamps of 100 are shipped to the Post Office.
Flat-bed printing: printing process done be pressure applied to the paper on a plate held flat on the bed of a press.
Flat plate: a stamp printed on a flat-plate or flat-bed press; this process is slower than the rotary press method of printing from curved plates.
Flat plate imperforate coil stamps: U.S. stamps issued in coils of 500 or 1,000, made for imperforate sheets of the regular issues, saved in strips of four or longer to authenticate.
Flat Plate Press: a printing press that prints from a flat plate vs a curved plate; used up to 1915 to print stamps.
Flavell's Express: private parcel firm serviced firms in Mass., used a label; year unknown.
Flaw: a blemish in the stamp design that occurred during manufacture and may also be considered a variety.
Flèche: (Fr.) arrow, point, dash.
Fleck: (Ger.) spot, stain.
Fleet Mail Office (FMO): Canadian office in either Halifax or Victoria that handles mail for Canadian naval personnel.
Fleet post office: military postal facilities for serving men and women in the naval forces, staffed by military personnel.
Fleet ship letter: British term for letters posted on board ships and bearing a censor cancellation; may be stamped "Received from H.M. Ships."
Fleet Street Strike: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Flekk: (Nor.) (a) blemish, blot, spot.
Fleming Bros.: U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp.
Flemish and Walloon Legions: Belgium, German occupation 1941-42. (Scott not listed).
Flensburg: German local post, 1945-48.
Flera: (Swed.) several.
Flere: (Dan., Nor.) several.
Flerfarget: (Nor.) multicolored.
Flerfärgstryck: (Swed.) see Tryck - Flerfärgs
Fleur: (Fr.) flower (thematic).
Fleuron: (Fr.) a circular date handstamp with a floral design element.
Flexography: a type off letter press or relief printing that utilizes rubber or plastic plates that are molded around a printing cylinder; used mainly for stamped envelopes and precancels.
Flier: US canceling machine by International Postal Supply Company, introduced in 1888, since in service during 2000.
Flight cover: an envelope actually flown in the vehicle being commemorated.
Flight leg: a point-to-point dispatch or segment of a longer route.
Flix: local post, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937.
Floating off: term used when stamps are placed on top of water, face up, to remove any dirt, old hinges, etc, on back side.
Floating plate numbers: plate block numbers whose positions vary from pane to pane creating a large number of combinations.
Floating safe stamp: special stamp issued by the Netherlands and Colonies in connection with specially constructed safes, installed on deck, which were designed to slide to slide into the sea and float in the event of the ship sinking, 1921.
Flocculate: particles of pigment flocculate, or join together when inks dry.
Flocked: powdered cloth adhered to the cachet on an envelope in the desired design.
Fl√ɬłdefarvet: (Dan.) cream (color).
Flood relief: surcharge on stamps of Bhutan, 1964, 1968.
Flor: (Sp.) flower (thematic).
Flora and Fauna stamps: series of stamps started in 1990.
Flor de Lis: (Sp.) fleur-de-lis, used as an overprint on French stamps in 1872.
Florence: also known as Firenze, Italy.
Florida: 1: Uruguay air mail issue for flights between Montevideo and Florida, Aug. 25, 1925. 2: U.S. territory March 30, 1822; state March 3, 1845; ceded by Spain, Feb. 22, 1819. 3: see Republic of West Florida, Territory of East Florida.
Florida Express: 1: possible local post or express company label. 2: S. Allan Taylor label.
Florin: currency unit in Austria offices in Lombardy-Venetia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Hungary, Montenegro.
Flota Argentina de Navegacion de Ultramar: (Sp.) Argentine Overseas Fleet, handstamp used on ship covers.
Fl√ɬłtefarget: (Nor.) cream (color).
Flower: common theme on stamps of the French Community of Nations, 1958-9.
Flown: carried on air flight and bearing evidence of being flown.
Flown cover: cover that has been carried by air, also known as flight cover.
Flown cover, official: cover that has been carried by air with postal authorization, bearing governmental agency markings or official overprinted/issued stamps.
Floyd's Penny Post: U.S. local post, Chicago, Ill. 1860.
FLS: auction abbreviation for Folded Letter Sheet (with no contents).
Flt: auction abbreviation for fault.
Fluchtlingshilfe Montenegro: (Ger.) overprint on stamps of Jugoslavia for Montenegro, German occupation semipostal; 1944.
Fl√ɬľechtlines hiles-aktion: (Ger.) label for donations to refugee aid station.
Flugblatt: (Ger.) propaganda leaflet
Flugfrimerki: (Ice.) Iceland, airmail.
Flugpost: (Ger.) airmails.
Flugpost Ausgabe: (Ger.) airmail issue.
Flugpostbrief: (Ger.) cover carried by air and postmarked at point of origin, departure or intermediate points on the route.
Flugpostmarke: (Ger.) stamp issued primarily for airmail use.
Fluorescent: an optical brightener that emits a distinctive, intense glow when viewed with either a long or short wave ultra-violet light; fluorescent tubes in fixtures can emit damaging quantities of UV light that can discolor stamps and covers.
Fluorescent coated paper (FCP): paper with material that causes the paper to fluoresce when exposed to ultraviolet light.
Fluorescent ink: ink that glows brightly when its luminescent ingredients are activated by ultraviolet light, and which ceases to glow when the light is extinguished.
Fluorescerende: (Nor.) (with) fluorescence.
Fluoreszierend: (Ger.) see Fluorescent.
Flushing & North Side Railroad Express Co.: express mail and parcel service on the Flushing and North Side Railroad in New York City; issued labels, 1870-74?
Flygbolag: (Swed.) airline.
Flygpaketmärken: (Swed.) air mail parcel post stamps
Flygplat: (Swed.) airport.
Flygpost: (Swed.) air mail.
Flygpostkuvert: (Swed.) airmail envelope.
Flying mail car: Fairchild plane designed to carry mail from New York to San Francisco, made first trip Oct. 1, 1946, sorting mail while in flight.
Flyktingläger: (Swed.) refugee camp..
Flyktinglägerpost: (Swed.) refugee camp mail
Flyktningpost: (Nor.) refugee camp.
Flyktningleirpost: (Nor.) refugee camp mail.
Flynn's Penny Post: unknown origin label.
Flypost: (Nor.) airmail, see Luftpost.
Flyselskap: (Nor.) airline.
Flyspeck philately: term used for the microscopic study of stamps such as extra dots in the design, or a slight break in the frame line, etc.
Flyttebrev: (Swed.) Swedish term for redirected or forwarded mail to a new address.
Flyveselskab: (Dan.) airline.
Flyvemaskine: (Dan.) airplane.
F M: 1: USPS abbreviation for Federated States of Micronesia. 2: Micronesia (Federated States of); country code as used by the UPU.
F.M: (Fr.) see "Franchise Militaire." France military overprint/inscription, permits free franking, 1901.
F M O: see Fleet Mail Office.
F.N.: watermark, Federation of Nigeria on Nigerian issues after independence.
FNC: Fairfax N. Coackley, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
F.N.F.L: (Fr.) "Forces Navales Francaises Libres," Free French Naval Forces, French colonies overprint.
F.N.M.T. -B: (Sp.) Fabrica Nacional de Moneda y Timbre, "National Printer of Money and Stamps,"inscription on stamps commemorating the Barcelona Philatelic Exhibition in 1960.
FO: Scott Catalogue listing for foldover, where a foldover of the stamp sheet during printing may block ink from appearing on the
F O: 1: precedes the European postal code on addresses in Faröe Islands, such as FO-159, Torshavn. 2: Faröe Islands, country code as used by the UPU. 3: catalog abbreviation for currency in Hungary (Forint).
Fogazatt: (Hung.) perforated, perforation.
Fogg's Express: parcel firm serviced Boston and Newburyport, Mass.; issued a label; 1888.
Foglietto: (It.) sheet of a stamp or stamps, surrounded with a paper margin issued for a specific event or purpose, souvenir sheet.
Foglio: (It.) sheet (of stamps).
Foil stamps: stamps printed on paper with a facing of metal foil.
Fold: 1. printing variety caused by the paper being folded when the ink was applied during the printing process. 2. em>(Dan.) crease (in a stamp or cover).
Folded business postcard: aka Commercial Correspondence Postcard and / or Self-Sticking Postcards (Ger.); Hygienic Postcards (UK); the desired address is typed above a fold mark, then the message is entered permitting the sender to seal the one to three strips of adhesive on the back of the card, fold it to show the address on the front and mail it; used mainly in Europe, Africa and the Middle East. Approved for international use at the UPU 1910 meeting in Spain and officially discontinued in 1984, although known to have been manufactured as late as 2002 in Germany. Folded letter: one piece of paper with the message written on both sides, folded with a blank space to the outside, which is used for the address.
Folded transfer: in lithography, when a transfer, used in building up the design on the printing base, becomes folded and part of the stamp's design show signs of the fold.
Foldover: accidental folds made at some point in the production of the material.
Foldvar, SS: steamship marking of the Danube Steam Navigation Company built about 1850's for Middle Danube lines, also served on lower Danube in the 1860s.
Folkerepbulik Kina: (Dan.) Peoples Republic of China.
Folkstone Letter Deliv.: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Folus: India Faridkot currency unit.
Fomento-Aero-Comunicaciones: (Sp.) surcharge on air post postal tax stamps of Ecuador.
Foncé(e): (Fr.) deep, dark (color).
Fond: (Fr.) background.
Fonden's Letter Delivery: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Fondo: (Sp.) bottom margin.
Fondon: local post, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937.
Fondo unido: (Sp.) background same color as design;1854 issue.
Fondul Aviatei: (Rom.) Aviation Fund, Romania semi-postal inscription.
Fonopost: recording of a voice transmitted by mail; shown at UPU Congress at Buenos Aires April 1, 1937, sender had voice recorded on an unbreakable record which was mailed in a sealed envelope.
Font: a certain style and size of type.
Foochow, German: China diagonally overprinted on a stamp of Germany, surcharged "5 pf" for use in the German post office at Foochow, June 1, 1900.
Food Orders: stamps issued by U.S. Department of Agriculture, for welfare recipients.
Food stamp: U.S. Dep't. of Agriculture certificate used for purchase of food items; also known as food coupon.
Forato: (It.) rouletted.
Förband: (Swed.) joined.
Forbin: Catalogue de Timbres-Fiscaux, 1915 (worldwide revenue stamp catalog).
Forbundet: (Dan.) joined.
Forbundsrepublik: (Dan., Nor.) federal republic.
Forbundsrepublik Tyskland: (Dan.) Federal Republic of Germany.
Forbundsrepublikken Tyskland: (Nor.) Federal Republic of Germany.
Forcados River: rubber stamp cancel on stamp of Great Britain for Royal Niger Company, 1894.
Force majeure: (Fr.) causes beyond control.
Forces Francaise Libres / Levant: (Fr.) overprint on stamps of Syria, Free French Forces, 1942-43.
Forces' Postal Service: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Foreign: term used by collectors to describe stamps of all nations except their own.
Foreign Affairs, Dept. of: inscription on officials of Hawaii.
Foreign air mail (FAM): international contract airmail route flown by a U. S. airline under contract with the US Post Office to carry mail from a point in the USA to a foreign country and vice versa.
Foreign entry: when original transfers are erased incompletely from a plate, they can appear with new transfers of a different design which are then entered on the plate.
Foreign mail marking: designs used to indicate mail sent from New York City to foreign countries during 1871-77; about 200 different handstamps were used during that period.
Foreign mail stamps: stamps issued by some countries especially for use on mail addressed to other nations.
Foreign stamp: when used by an American, a description of stamp issued by a postal administration other than that of the U. S.
Foreign transfer: plate variety where bits of the design elements are visible on the finished stamp are those of a different stamp design.
Forente Nasjoner: (Nor.) United Nations.
Forente Stater: (Nor.) United States.
Forerunner: a stamp from one nation used in another area before the new nation had stamps of its own.
Fores: (Sp.) local post, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937.
Forfalskning: (Dan., Nor.) forgery, counterfeit, see U¦gte.
Förfalskning: (Swed.) counterfeit, fake, forgery.
F√ɬłrfilateli: (Nor.) pre-philatelic.
Förfilateli: (Swed.) pre-philatelic.
Forgalmi Idotartam: (Hung.) period of time of postal validity.
Forgery: reproduction of a genuine postage stamp made to defraud the stamp collector and/or the postal administration.
Forgery, autograph: someone other than the person signing that person's name; in stamp collecting, it does not matter if it was done with or without permission, since it is not the original of the signer's name.
Forgery busting: term applied to the ability to spot and identify the forger's "signature" or trade mark.
Forgery, propaganda: made for air-dropped leaflets during a war, hopefully to be considered as normal mail in the country where mail was dropped.
Forgery signature: identification of the work of a forger as detected from certain characteristics of his previous forgeries.
Forgottonia: overprinted U.S. stamps for proposed republic in Western Illinois.
Forjadores de America: (Sp.) "Explorers of America," on stamps issued Oct. 12, Spain's National Day.
Förkortningar: (Swed.) abbreviations.
F√ɬłrkrigspost: (Nor.) pre-war post, pre-war mails.
Formalities, Administrative: public services; French Colony revenue inscription.
Format: general physical characteristics of a stamp such as size, shape, dimensions, etc.
Formato: (It.) size.
Formosa: see China, Republic of, Taiwan, Nationalist China. Formosa, China: Formosa local post, 1887-88.
Formosa: Japanese occupation, 1945 (Scott- Japan Taiwan).
Formose: (Fr.) Formosa.
Fornede Arabiske Republic: (Dan.) United Arab Republic.
Forneden: (Dan.) below.
Fornede Nationer: (Dan.) United Nations.
Fornede Stater: (Dan.) United States.
Foro di Spillo: (It.) pin-hole.
F√ɬłroyar: (Dan.) Faroe Islands.
Foroven: (Dan.) above.
F√ɬłrr: (Nor.) forty (number).
F√ɬłrstedagsbrev: (Dan., Nor.) first day cover, FDC.
Förstadagsbrev: (Swed.) first day cover, FDC.
F√ɬłrstedagsstempeletebrev: (Dan., Nor.) first day of issue cancellation cover.
Forsyth, Ga. Paid 10: see Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Fort cancellations: markings originating in Army forts.
For Testing Purposes Only: inscription on self-adhesive dummy stamp used in Automated Teller Machines.
Fondul Aviatei: (Rom.) Aviation Fund, Romania semi-postal inscription.
Foochow, German: China diagonally overprinted on a stamp of Germany, surcharged "5 pf" for use in the German post office at Foochow, June 1, 1900.
Formula Cards: postal cards issued by the Post offices of several countries before the issuance of regular postal cards and without an imprinted stamp.
Forside: (Dan.) front (side).
F√ɬłrstedagsbrev: (Dan.) first day cover.
F√ɬłrstedagsstempel: (Nor.) first day of issue cancel.
F√ɬłrsteflyvning: (Dan.) first flight.
F√ɬłrstetryk: (Dan.) see Tryk - F√ɬłrste.
Forte valeur: (Fr.) high denomination.
Fort Jameson: now known as Chipata, Zambia.
Fort Lamy: now known as N'Djamene, Chad.
Fort Meyers: bogus, Florida, U.S. local post, mid-1990s.
Forty-sevens: the U.S. 5-cent and 10-cent stamps issued in 1847.
Forward: redirection of mail to recipient's new address.
Forwarder's handstamp: a postal marking indicating passage to and from one country to another, used in the Venetian Republic by Austria in1797, may be first usage.
Forwarding: the sending of a mail piece to an address other than the one on the cover.
Forwarding agents: collecting and routing agents for international mails; many added their own markings to mail they handled.
Forwarding markings: handstamps with words "Forwarded by" and name of firm, indicating forwarding to or from a post office or ship, usually found on covers prior to international mail agreements.
Fosforescente: (Sp.) phosphorescent.
Fósforos: (Sp.) matches, revenue inscription.
Fotocalcografia: (It.) photogravure.
Foua: Egypt, see Interpostal seals, 1880-82.
Four Bar Cancel: handstamp made up of a circular postmark and four bars.
Four pence: surcharge on Bahamas 1883 issue.
Four State Bar Code: each bar in the 31-digit code cane be in one of the four different shapes or sizes.
Fourth Bureau Issue: series of stamps issued in 1922, includes sheets, coils and booklets.
Fourth Class Mail: includes U.S. domestic parcel post, including bound printed matter and films.
Fowle, Seth W. & Son, J.P. Dinsmore: U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp.
Foxing: type of mildew damage which appears as tan or brown spots on surface of old paper; often insect or bacteria waste.
F P: 1: auction abbreviation for topical famous people. 2: Fiscal Philatelist (Great Britain).
"F.P." handstamp: see Copenhagen Foot Post.
FPA: Filatelia Pan-American.
F P O: 1: Fleet Post Office postmark used for America's servicemen attached to the U.S. Navy. 2: on a British origin cover, it indicates Field Post Office.
F Press: BEP webfed offset-intaglio press that produces four color offset, three color intaglio, 1991.
FR: international postal code for Faeroe Islands.
F R: French West Africa overprint on stamps of Mauritania and Senegal, 1943-44.
F.R.: France, country code as used by the UPU.
Fra: (Ice., Swed. ) "from" postal marking indicates country of mail origin.
Frachtstempelmarke: (Ger.) bill of lading tax stamp.
Fractional control: key letter separated by a rule or bar from the year numerals, found on stamps of Great Britain.
Fractional currency: paper money issued by the U. S. Treasury during the Civil War, due to shortage of currency, reproducing postage stamps; see Postage currency.
Fractional rates: early U.S. stampless covers had rates of 6 1/4, 18 3/4, which is old Spanish and Mexican reales, etc., which were considered as legal tender due to shortage of U.S. fractional currency.
Fractional stamps: stamps cut into halves, thirds, quarters, etc to mark a corresponding fraction of the original face value.
Fractured FDC: covers with additional markings that proved they passed through the mail.
Fragment d'enveloppe: (Fr.) cut square.
Fragmento: (Sp.) cut square, fragment, piece.
Fragtbrev: (Dan.) baggage tag for use on Postf¦rge "Postal ferry"; see Postf¦rge.
Frama: 1: adhesive postage label dispensed by an electric coin-operated machine producing postally valid labels of any denomination. 2: name of machine manufactured by Frama firm of Switzerland.
Frame: the outer printed border of a stamp design.
Frame bars: the tall bars at the beginning and end of the bar code that alert the bar code machine that a bar code is passing through and ending.
Framed mark: box or octagonal frame around "Ship Letter" or other instructional marking on mail.
Frame-only essay: a print of the frame portion of the stamp, without the design or vignette section; classified as an essay because it is not complete or approved.
Frammento: (It.) cut square, piece, fragment.
Framsida: (Swed.) front (side).
Från: (Dan.) "from" postal marking indicates country of mail origin.
Franc: Austria overprint, offices in Crete.
Franca: (Sp.) 1: overprint on stamps of Peru, used in postal district of Hairez, Peru in 1884. 2: marking on internal mail in Brazil and Mexico to indicate prepaid postage. 3: used in Ecuador, 1866, complicated diamond pattern to prevent washing of stamp for reuse, see Ancachs.
Franca Alta: (Sp.) now Monterey, California.
Francaise: (Fr.) France.
Franchaise stamps: : issued to nongovernmental organizations and some private citizens to permit their mail to be delivered without paying postage.
Franc de droits: (Fr.) "free of dues" label used on overseas packages meaning that customs duties have been prepaid.
France d'Outre-Mer: 1943; French Colonies semi-postal issue.
France: western Europe; official name of postal administration: La Poste currency: 100 centimes = 1 franc , 100 cents = 1 euro (2002) 1627: Cardinal Richelieu established postal service between Paris, Dijon, Toulouse, Lyons and Bordeaux, 1849, Jan. 1: No.1, 10 centimes bister, first stamp issued, features Ceres, goddess of the harvest, 1850-71: cancels in diamonds or circles, 1850-76: cancels in dots containing a number for office of dispatch, 1859: first postage due stamp issued, 1870: occupation stamps for Alsace and Lorraine occupation by Germany, replaced by stamps of the German Empire on Jan. 1, 1872, 1876, Jan. 1: joined the UPU, French Overseas Departments included: French Guinea, Guadeloupe, Martinque, Reunion, Mayotte, St. Barthelemy, St. Martin, St. Pierre and Miquelon, Territories included: Bassas da India, Clipperton Island, Crozet Islands, Europa, French Polynesia, French Southern and Antarctic Territories, Glorieuses, Juan de Nova, Kerguelen Islands, New Caledonia, St. Paul and Amsterdam Islands, Terre Adelie, Tromelin, Wallis and Futuna Islands, 1901: military stamps issued, 1914: first semipostal issued, 1916: German stamps surcharged for their Western Military Command, 1916, 1927, June 25: first airmail stamp issued, 1940: occupation stamps for Alsace occupation by Germany, overprint on stamps of Germany, 1940: occupation stamps for Lorraine occupation by Germany, overprinted Lothringen on stamps of Germany, 1944: Allied Military Government of the U.S. and G.B. for civilian use, 1958, Jan.14: official stamps for European Council issued.
France: see: Affranch, Alsace, Alsace and Lorraine, Ambulante, Andorre, Anna, Benin.
France and Algeria: 1888: joined the UPU, 1907, Oct. 1: changed UPU affiliation to France.
France d'Outre-Mer: (Fr.) French overseas colonies, semi-postals, 1943.
France libre: (Fr.) "Free France" French Colonies overprint. France Libre
France, Offices in Palestine-Consular Post office in Jerusalem: 1948, Apr. 25: Due to the disruptions caused by the first Arab-Israeli War, the Mandate postal service ceased to function in Jerusalem, 1948, May 5: The French Consulate created a courier service to carry mail to Paris for the benefit of French civilians and businesses; overprints on consular revenues. 1948: Followed by overprints on french definitive stamps, 1949, Jan. 1: service ceased operations.
France, Offices in the Turkish Empire: 1885: first stamps for offices in the Levant, Cavalle, Dedeagh, Port Lagos and Vathy.
Franchise de Corps ‚Äįpeditionnaire: (Fr.) label for fund raising for French Volunteer Legion against Bolshevism; sold to raise funds for volunteers to fight with the Germans on the Eastern Front.
Franchise militaire (FM): (Fr.) France military overprint/inscription, permits free franking, 1901.
Franchise stamps: issued by some governments for private charitable groups entitled to send mail free of postage; see Control number.
Francia: 1. (It., Sp.) France, stamped on mail from France, about 1870. 2. (Hung.) French.
Francia Antarktisz: (Hung.) French Southern and Antarctic Territories.
Francia Egyenlitoi Afrika: (Hung.) French Equatorial Africa.
Francia Guyana: (Hung.) French Guiana.
Francia India : (Hung.) French India.
Francia Indokina: (Hung.) French Indochina.
Francia Nyugat-Africa: (Hung.) French West Africa.
Francia Oceána: (Hung.) French Oceana.
Franciaország: (Hung.) France.
Francia Polinézia: (Hung.) French Polynesia.
Francia Posta: (Hung.) French post.
Francia Szomálipart: (Hung.) French Somali Coast.


(Data Above sourced from "Ask Phil" and other sources. Last edit 5/Aug/2008 Amhazing)

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Franciaország Gyarmatai: (Hung.) French colonies.
Franciaorsz√ɬ°g Ter√ɬľletei: (Hung.) French territories.
Francia Posta: (Hung.) French post.
Francie: (Czech.) France.
Francisco Bertrand: Honduras.
Franco: (Sp.) free frank, postpaid.
Franco: overprint on stamps of Hungary postage dues for regular use.
Franco betalt-stämplar: (Swed.) postage paid cancellations.
Francobollo: (It.) postage stamp, free frank.
Franco bollo: (Without country name) perforated stamps of Italy, imperforated stamps of Sardinia.
Francobollo au francobollo: (It.) stamps on stamps (thematic).
Francobollo di stato: (It.) inscription for official stamps.
Francobollo per expresso: (It.) special delivery stamp.
Francobolli loo anno: (It.) jubilee (century).
Francobollo commemorativo: (It.) commemorative stamp.
Francobollo d'Cenno di Ricevuta: (It.) stamp issued as a prepayment fee as an acknowledgment of receipt of a registered package.
Francobollo de governo in esilio: (It.) government in exile.
Francobollo di admissione: (It.) admission stamp.
Francobollo di franco bollo postale: (It.) (on stamps with crossed keys) Roman States.
Francobollo di guerra: (It.) war stamp, stamp issued during war conditions.
Francobollo di Posta Aerea: (It.) stamp issued primarily for airmail use.
Francobollo di Posta Aerea, semi-officiale: (It.) air mail stamp issued privately, but accepted by the postal agency; the U.S. "Buffalo Balloon" stamp is an example.
Francobollo di Posta Militare: (It.) field post stamp.
Francobollo di recapito autorizzato per pacco posali: (It.) authorized delivery stamp for parcel post, Italy.
Franco Bollo di Stato: (It.) Italy, official.
Francobollo di Toscano: (It.) Tuscany.
Franco Bollo Giornali Stampe: (It.) newspaper stamps of Italy and Sardinia.
Francobollo per lettere in ritardo: (It.) too late stamp.
Franco bollo postale: inscription on stamps of Roman States.
Franco Bollo Postale per Giornali: (It.) newspaper stamps, Fiume.
Franco Bollo Postale Romagne: (It.) Italian States-Romagne.
Franco Bollo Postale Toscano: (It.) Italian States-Tuscany.
Franco Bollo Provincie Modones: (It.) Italian States-Modena.
Francobollo recapito autorizzato per lettera: (It.) authorized delivery stamp for correspondence, Italy.
Francobollo ricordo: (It.) commemorative stamp.
Franco de Porte: (Sp.) free of charge.
Franco Marke: (Ger.) German States-Bremen 1856-60, official free frank.
Franco Poste Bollo: (It.) Italian States-Naples, Two Sicilies.
Franco Scrisorei: (Rom.) Romania-Moldovia-Walachia, 1862-63, free frank for letter.
Franco marke: Bremen, German States.
Francophonie: group of nations in which French is a first, official or culturally significant language.
Francouzská Guyana: (Czech.) French Guiana.
Francouzská Polynézie: (Czech.) French Polynesia.
Francouzsky: (Czech.) French (adj.).
Francouzsky Maroko: (Czech.) French Morocco.
Franco vignettes: Switzerland, used by postal authorities for official notification and forms, 1911-1970.
Frandia: Donald Evans bogus issue, 1960-70.
Frank: 1: a stamp, mark or signature that indicates payment of postage on a piece of mail. 2: mark on a cover which is authorized to be carried without postage charge due to position of sender; see Free frank. 3. currency unit of Albania.
Frankatura: 1. (Pol.) machine cancel. 2. (Czech.) franking (of postage stamp[s]).
Frankaturg√ɬľltig: (Ger.) valid for postage.
Franked mail: 1: mail sent without postage prepayment by various officials. 2: a type of prepayment as in "folded letter franked with pair of 5¬Ę Franklin 1847."
Frankeer Zegel Cent: 1: currency overprint on marine insurance stamps of Netherlands, Curacao, postally valid. 2: currency overprint on fiscal issue, Surinam, postally valid.
Frankenau: German local post, World War II.
Frankenberg: German Democratic Republic local post, 1946.
Franking: any postal payment with or without stamps.
Franking privilege: right of government officials to send letters and packages free of postage.
Frank, L.: see Private die match proprietary stamps.
Frankfurter Packetfahrt-Gesellschaft: Frankfurt, Germany local post, 1890-96.
Frankierung: (Ger.) franking.
Franklin; also known as Frankland: a "state" formed in August 1784 in the northwest corner of what is currently Tennessee; stopped its existence in 1788; never officially recognized.
Franklin, Benjamin: 1737: British crown appointed him Postmaster of Philadelphia, 1753: Franklin and William Hunter became co-Postmasters General for the American Colonies, 1774: British Crown dismissed Franklin due to his revolutionary activities, 1775: named Postmaster General of the United Colonies by the Continental Congress.
Franklin City Despatch Post: see Bouton's Manhattan Express.
Franklin, N.C. Paid 5: see Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Frankreich: (Ger.) France.
Frankeerzegel: Netherlands Antilles, Surinam overprint.
Frankokuvert: (Swed.) stamped envelope (postal stationery).
Frankovany: (Czech.) franked (with).
Frankreich: (Ger.) France.
Frankrig: (Dan.) France (adj.).
Frankrike: (Nor., Swed.) France
Franquedo S. Buenava: receiving handstamp authenticated delivery of a registered letter used by missions in California and Mexico City.
Franqueo: Arequipa provisional issue of Peru.
Franqueo deficiente: Ecuador, Nicaragua, Paraguay, and Salvador postage due inscription.
Franqueo oficial: Ecuador, Guatemala official postage.
Franqueo pagado: (Sp.) postage paid, used by Ministry of Communications.
Franquicia: (Sp.) Spanish franchise stamps.
Franquicia Postal, Espana Correos Ejercito Expeditionary Melilla 1893: (Sp.) "Postal Franchise, Spanish Posts Expeditionary Army Melilla 1893" labels, produced for each regiment and fleet.
Fraser & Co.: 1848-49; see Carriers' Stamps.
Franqueo: (Sp.) postage, franking of a letter.
Franqueo Deficiente: (Sp.) postage dues.
Franqueo insuficiente: (Sp.) insufficient postage.
Franqueo Espana: (Sp.) Carlist issues of Spain, 1874-50.
Franqueo impresos: (Sp.) Spain, newspaper stamps.
Franqueo mecanico: (Sp.) meter frank.
Franqueo mixto: (Sp.) mixed franking.
Franqueo Oficial: (Sp.) official postage.
Franquicia Postal: (Sp.) mark, label or stamp indicating exempt from postage, 1881.
Fransk: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) French (adj.).
Fransk Ækvatorial Afrika: (Dan.) French Equatorial Africa.
Franska Ekvatorialafrika: (Swed.) French Equatorial Africa.
Franska Guiana: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) French Guiana.
Franska Guinea: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) French Guinea.
Franska Indien: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) French India.
Franska Indokina: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) French Indochina.
Franska Kongo: (Swed.) French Congo.
Franska Nigerområde: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) French Niger Territory.
Fransk Antarktis: (Dan.) French Southern and Antarctic Territiories.
Franska Oceanien: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) French Oceana.
Franska Polynesien: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) French Polynesia.
Franska Sudan: (Swed.) French Sudan.
Fransk Congo: (Dan.) French Congo.
Franske kolonier: (Dan.) French Colonies.
Franske zone: (Dan.) French Zone.
Franske skeppspost: (Swed.) French ship mail (ship post).
Franske skibspost: (Dan.) French ship mail (ship post).
Franske skipspost: (Nor.) French ship mail (ship post).
Franske Sone: (Nor.) French Zone.
Franske Zon: (Swed.) French Zone
Franske Zone: (Dan.) French Zone.
Fransk Guiana: (Dan.) French Guiana.
Fransk Indien: (Dan.) French India.
Fransk Indokina: (Dan.) French Indochina.
Fransk Nigerområde: (Dan.) French Niger Territory.
Fransk Oceanien: (Dan.) French Oceana.
Fransk Polynesien: (Dan.) French Polynesia.
Fransk Post av Egypten: (Nor., Swed.) French Post Offices in Egypt.
Fransk Post av Kina: (Nor., Swed.) French Post Offices in China.
Fransk Post av Kreta: (Nor., Swed.) French Post Offices in Crete.
Fransk Post av Tyrkiet: (Nor., Swed.) French Post Offices in the Turkish Empire (Levant).
Fransk Post av Utländsk: (Swed.) French Post Offices Abroad.
Fransk Post av Udlandsk: (Nor.) French Post Offices Abroad.
Fransk Post av Zanzibar: (Swed.) French PostOffices in Zanzibar.
Fransk Post i Egypten: (Dan.) French Post Offices in Egypt.
Fransk Post i Kina: (Dan.) French Post Offices in China.
Fransk Post i Kreta: (Dan.) French Post Offices in Crete.
Fransk Post i Tyrkiet: (Dan.) French Post Offices in the Turkish Empire ( Levant).
Fransk Post i Udlandet: (Dan.) French Post Offices Abroad.
Fransk Post i Zanzibar: (Dan.) French Post Offices in Zanzibar.
Fransk Somalikust: (Swed.) French Somali Coast..
Fransk Somalikyst: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) French Somali Coast.
Fransk Sudan: (Dan.) French Sudan.
Fransk Västafrika: (Swed.) French West Africa.
Fransk Västindien: (Swed.) French West Indies.
Fransk Vestafrika: (Dan., Nor.) French West Africa.
Fransk Vestindien: (Dan., Nor.) French West Indies.
Frantuzesc: (Rom) French (adj.).
Från utlandet: (Swed.) Swedish registration lab; used until the 1970s.
Franz Ferdinand, S.S.: steamship marking of the Danube Steam Navigation Company built in the 1840s for middle and upper Danube lines.
Franz Joseph Land: bogus Russian area Republic; local post overprint and stamps; 1872: labels for a North Pole Expedition.
Franz Josef, S.S.: steamship marking of the Danube Steam Navigation Company built about 1850's for Levant lines.
Französisch Aquatorial Afrika: (Ger.) French Equatorial Africa.
Französisch-Geblete in der Antarktis: (Ger.) French Southern and Antarctic Territories.
Französisch Guiana: (Ger.) French Guiana.
Französisch Guinea: (Ger.) French Guinea.
Französisch Kongo: (Ger.) French Congo.
Französisch-Polynesien: (Ger.) French Polynesia.
Franz√ɬ∂sisch Somalik√ɬľste: (Ger.) French Somali Coast.
Französisch Sudan: (Ger.) French Sudan.
Frappé (e): (Fr.) strike, struck.
Fraudulent: rubber stamp on covers for mail returned to sender because the receiving address was involved in illegal operation, such as a lottery.
Frazer & Co.: U.S. local post, Cincinnati, Ohio, 1845-51.
Frazionato: (It.) bisected parcel post stamp that is cut in half; postage half goes on the package, the other half is the receipt and shows the amount of postage paid.
Franz-Joseph Land: 1: North Pole bogus issue for Fiala-Ziegler Polar Expedition, 1903-05. 2: 2002, Jan. 14: illegal labels, purporting to be stamps, Russian Federation report to the UPU; not valid for postage.
Französisch Aquatorial Afrika: (Ger.) French Equatorial Africa.
Französische Besetzungsgebiet: (Ger.) French occupation.
Französisch Hinterindien: (Ger.) Indo-China.
Französische Kolonien: (Ger.) French Colonies.
Französisch Kongo: (Ger.) French Congo.
Frazer & Co. City Despatch: local mail service, Cincinnati, Ohio, 1845-51.
Fraziersville, S.C. Paid 5: see Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Frazionato: (It.) bisected stamp.Frank: an indication on the front of an envelope that it is to be carried free of postage; In the U.S., usually limited to official correspondence such as Members of Congress or the President; also applies to servicemen's mail while serving in war zones.
Freak: partial while error is total; an irregularity in a stamp that makes it different from a normal stamp such as albino, color shift, color smear, double print, foldover, inking smear, miscut, misperforation, paper crease, partial perforation, partial ink, streak, under and overinked stamp, etc.
Fredag: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) Friday.
Frederica bypost: Denmark local post, 1888-91.
Fredericia: Seaport, in Vejle county, Denmark, ca. 110 WSW of Copenhagen. Local post established August 1886, with first "Fredericia Bypost og Pakke Expedition" local stamps issued August 1888, and with several others issued through 1890. More than 80 different proofs and trial color proofs exist for the issues. The local post service closed 14 May 1891. See Denmark: Middlefart-Fredericia Flight, 1911 .
Fredericksb'g, Va. 10: see Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Frederikshab: formerly known as Pamiut, Greenland.
Fredersdorf: town in former Soviet-occupied East Germany, local post, 1945.
Free: 1: permitted members of our armed forces to endorse the word "free" and their first-class mail would be accepted for delivery, Public Law 507, March 27, 1942. 2: inscription on World War II era labels , supposedly used by military personnel to indicate that their mail was being sent free of postage; postal regulations prohibited the use of such labels.
Free Derry: 1. fantasy from magazine, National Lampoon. 2. United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Freedman's Bureau: envelope imprint denotes society organized after the Civil War to help liberated slaves in the war zone.
Freedom From Hunger: 1: common theme on stamps of the French Community of Nations, 1963, 2: common design of the British Commonwealth of Nations, 1963.
Freedom Island: fantasy labels.
Free Ethiopia: charity labels made to look like postage stamps.
Free form: a stamp with an irregular shape.
Free frank: mail permitted to be used without payment of postage; by government officials as authorized; used by armed forces; also known as Soldiers Mail.
Free franking, earliest: The British Council of State, in 1652, permitted letters to pass free between Members of Parliament of some government officials; a wax seal was used to designate this class of mail.
Free franking, U.S.: mail sent free of charge as authorized by Congress in 1755 for its members, high ranking government officials and military commanders.
Free French Forces, Levant: see Levant; Free French Forces.
Free Ireland: triangular label issued in 1956 to protest the British presence in Northern Ireland.
Free mail: mail transmitted free of charge due to natural disasters, franking privilege, and troops on active service; granted to soldiers in the Continental Army, providing that mail was initialed by an officer, 1776.
Free matter: USPS term for mail sent to or by the blind and other disabled persons; must be marked "Free Matter for the Blind or Handicapped.
"Freeman & Co.'s Express: U.S. local post, New York, N.Y., about 1855.
Freepost: British term for envelopes, postcards and labels permitting recipients to reply without paying postage; also known as Reply Paid
Free postage: 1: envelopes sent by military personnel where no postage is required. 2:internal mail of Andorra is free; internal and mail from Greenland to Denmark was free before Dec. 1938, except for parcels.
Free Postal Service: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Free State of Obsession Stampalia: label, known as mail art.
Free Vinland: independent West Vinland.
Frei Durch Ablosung Nr. 16 (21): (Ger.) "Free Through Redemption" Prussia official use stamps, 1903, Baden,1905, (Prussia).
Freie Stadt Danzig: (Ger.) free town or city, Danzig.
Freimachung im Fenster: (Ger.) postage in window, vending machine labels.
Freim.-Ah.-Ausg.: (Ger.) provisional issue.
Freiman: (Ger.) German displaced persons camp local post, near Munich, 1945.
Freimarke: (Without country name) (Ger.) position where postage is to be placed (when indicated on stamp).
Freimarke: (Ger.) definitive stamp.
Freistaat Bayern: (Ger.) 'Free State of Bavaria" Bavaria, Germany overprint.
Frei Stadt Danzig: (Ger.) Free State of Danzig.
Freistempel: (Ger.) printed meter marking.
Frejus: France semipostal overprint.
Fremdarbeiter Lager: (Ger.) Immigrant Worker Camps.
Fremont, Republic of: label for house boat on the left bank of the ship canal in Oregon.
French Colonies: currency: 100 centimes = 1 franc 1859-1906, 1943-44: stamps issued for French colonies which did not have their own stamps, inscribed "Colonies Empire Fran'aise," "Repub Franc" or "Republique Fran'aise," note that similar French stamps were perforated, stamps of French Colonies were imperforated, 1862: No.1, 1 centime pale blue, 1884: first postage due stamp issued in an imperforated version, 1885: stamps of French Colonies surcharged for St.Pierre & Miquelon, 1886: Cochin, China surcharge on stamps of French Colonies, also overprinted for use in Martinque, 1887: surcharged for Senegal, 1889: overprinted for use in Madagascar, Nossi-Be, 1890: surcharged for Diego Suarez, 1894: stamp issued for use in Ste.-Marie de Madagascar, 1943: first semipostal stamp issued, 1944; first airmail stamp issued. .
French Congo: central Africa; currency: 100 centimes = 1 franc 1881: used French Colonies general issues, 1888, Dec. 11: made a colony incorporating Gabon, Ubangi-Shari and Chad, 1888, Dec. 11-Apr. 20, 1891: name changed to Gabon-Congo, 1891, Mar. 24: No.1, 5 centimes lilac blue, first provisional issues, Congo Fran'ais, overprint on stamps of French Colonies, 1894: Ubangi military bases attached to French Congo, 1900: Chad military bases attached to French Congo, 1904, July 1: colony redefined; central portion renamed Moyen (Middle) Congo and administered together with Ubangi, Shari and Chad, 1906: Gabon separated, French Congo did not exist, Chad and Ubangi stayed with Middle Congo and was renamed Ubangi-Chari-Chad, 1907: first stamps inscribed "Moyen (Middle) Congo," 1910, Jan. 15: renamed French Equatorial Africa, but component colonies had its own postal administration, 1915: Ubangi-Chari-Chad made an autonomous civilian colony, 1920: Chad made a civil colony, 1937-59: used stamps of French Equatorial Africa, 1958, Nov. 28: became the Congo Republic.
French Equatorial Africa: north of Belgian Congo, south of Libya; currency: 100 centimes = 1 franc 1862-88: first Gabon regime, 1889-91: Gabon-Congo regime, 1891-1904: first French Congo regime, administered Gabon, Middle Congo, Ubangi-Shari and Chad, 1904-10: second French Congo regime, administered Middle Congo, Ubangi-Shari and Chad all together, 1907: Middle Congo governed separately, 1910: Gabon and Middle Congo united as French Equatorial Africa, 1910-36: first A.E.F. Regime; Afrique Equatoriale Fran'aise, umbrella regime administered four colonies: Ubangi-Shari, Chad (from 1920), Middle Congo and Gabon; Chad was a military territory until civilian status was achieved in 1920, 1924: all current stamp issues were given A.E.F. overprints to indicate overall governing regime, Gabon governed separately until 1910, 1936, March 16-1940: No.1, 1 centime brown-violet, second A.E.F. Regime: name made first appearance on stamps as overprint "Afrique Equatoriale Fran'aise" on stamps of former colonies of Gabon and Middle Congo, postal services unified, 1937: first airmail, postage due stamps issued, 1938, Oct. 24: first semipostal stamp issued, 1940-59: third A.E.F. regime; return of administrative responsibilities to the various territories after 1947 in preparation for their autonomy in 1959, 1959: four territories became autonomous republics within the French community; two took new names; Middle Congo became People's Republic of Congo, Ubangi-Shari became Central African Republic.
French Guiana: north-east coast of South America; currently Guinea Republic; home of Devil's Island; currency: 100 centimes = 1 franc 1860: French Colonies general issues used, 1886, Dec.: No.1, 5 centimes green, own stamps, French Colonial General issue overprinted "Guy. Franc" and surcharged 1915: first semipostal stamp issued, 1921: local stamps of Compagnie des Transports Aeriens Guyanais used to prepay internal airmail fee, 1925: first postage due stamp issued, 1940: first airmail stamp issued, 1946: became an overseas Department of France, stamps of France.
French Guinea: coast of west Africa; currency: 100 centimes = 1 franc 1881: French Colonies general issues used, 1887-92: stamps of Senegal used, 1892: No.1, 1 centime lilac-blue, own stamps issued, 1905: first postage due stamp, 1915: first semipostal stamps, 1940: first air mail stamp, 1944-59: Guinea incorporated into French West Africa, stamps of French West Africa used, 1958, Oct. 2: became Republic of Guinea, 1959: issued own stamps.
French India: five former French settlements on coast of India; Karikal, Mahé, Pondichéry, Chandernagor and Yanaon; currency: 100 centimes =1 franc, 24 caches = 1 fanon (1923), 8 fanons = 1 rupie 1849: possibly used stamps of France, 1854-1947: stamps of India used in some settlements, 1859-92: used French Colonies general issues, 1892, Nov.: No.1, 1 centime lilac-blue, own stamps issued, 1916: first semipostal issued, 1923: first postage due stamp issued, 1942: first airmail stamp issued, 1949-54: absorbed into Republic of India.
French Levant: 1857-85: used stamps of France, 1885, Aug. 5: first stamps issued, 1812: French post office opened in Constantinople, suspended 1827-35, 1914, Oct. 13: post offices closed, 1921, Aug. - July 1923: Constantinople reopened, 1942: overprint of stamps of Syria for Free French Administration in Syria.
French Mailboats: see Mailboats.
French Mandate in Lebanon: stamps of France overprinted "Grand Liban" for use in Lebanon, 1924.
French Mandate of Alaouites: see Alaouties.
French Morocco: northwest coast of Africa; currency: 100 centimos = 1 peseta, 100 centimes = 1 franc (1917) 1862, Nov.: used stamps of France, 1863: first French post office opened, 1891: offices opened in Arzila, Casablanca, El Ksar el Kebir, Fez, Larache, Mazagan, Mogador, Rabat and Safi. 1891, Jan. 1: No.1, 5 centimes red, first stamps, 1896: first semipostal stamp issued, 1912: French protectorate established, 1915: first postage due stamp issued, 1922: first airmail stamp issued, 1942, March: amalgamated with Spanish post office, 1956, Mar. 2: Morocco became an independent kingdom with Spanish and Tangier Zones of Morocco, French Morocco stamps withdrawn, 1956-58: used French denominated stamps in the former French Protectorate, 1956-58: used Spanish denominated stamps in the former Spanish Protectorate, 1958: Spanish language stamps discontinued; see Morocco.
French Occupation of Germany: stamps inscribed "Zone Fran'ais" 1945.
French Occupation of Hungary: stamps of Hungary overprinted "Occupation Fran'ais" 1919.
French Occupation of Libya: stamps of Italy and Libya overprinted "Fezzan Occupation" and "R.F. Fezzan Fran'ais.'
French Oceania: see French Polynesia.
French Offices in Beirut: see Beirut.
French Offices in Cavalle: see Cavalla(e).
French Offices in China: see China, French offices.
French Offices in Crete: see Crete, French offices.
French Offices in Dedeagh: see Dedeagh, French offices.
French Offices in Egypt: see Egypt, French offices.
French Offices in Ethiopia: see Ethiopia, French offices.
French Offices in Japan: see Japan, French offices.
French Offices in Levant: see Levant.
French Offices in Madagascar: see Madagascar, French offices.
French Offices in Morocco: see French Morocco; Morocco.
French Offices in Port Lagos: see Turkey, French offices.
French Offices in Port Said: see Egypt, French offices.
French Offices in Saar: see Saar, French offices.
French Offices in Tangier: see Tangier, French offices.
French Offices in Turkey: see Ethiopia, French offices.
French Offices in Vathy (Samos): see Vathy, offices in Turkish Empire.
French Offices in Zanzibar: see Zanzibar, French offices.
French overseas departments: uses the stamps of France; includes former colonies of French Guiana, Guadaloupe, Martinique, Mayotte, Reunion and St.Pierre and Miquelon.
French Polynesia: French islands in the South Pacific Ocean; aka French Oceania; currency: 100 centimes = 1 franc previously known as French Oceanic Settlements and Oceanic Settlements, includes Tahiti; 1880: French Colonial general issues, 1882: locally overprinted, 1892: No.1, 1 centime lilac-blue, first stamps issued, 1903: formed as French colony, including Tahiti, 1915: first semipostal issue, 1926: first postage due issue, 1934, Nov. 5: first airmail stamp issued, 1956: became French Polynesia, 1958: stamps inscribed Polynésie Fran'aise issued, 1977, June 10: first official stamp issued.
French Revolution: common design on stamps of the French Community of Nations, 1939-45.
French School of Philately: French philatelists were the first to try to classify stamps by the number of teeth or indentations that appeared along the length and width of individual stamps.
French Somali Coast: see Dijibouti Republic.
French Southern and Antarctic Territories: "Terres Australes et Antarctiques Fran'aise" currency: 100 centimes = 1 franc, 100 cents = 1 euro (2002) 1906-26: Kerguelen used stamps of France, 1928: used stamps of Madagascar, 1955, Oct. 28: No.1, 15 francs green/ultramarine, first stamps issued includes Adelie Land in Antarctica, islands of Nouvelle Amsterdam and St. Paul, and Crozet and Kerguelen archipelagos, 1956, Apr. 25: first air mail stamp issued, see Adelie Land.
French Sudan: northwest Africa, currently Mali Republic; currency: 100 centimes = 1 franc 1890: French Colonies general issues,1894, April 12: No.1, 15 carmine/rose, issued its own stamps, 1899: broken into Dahomey, French Guinea, Ivory Coast, Senegal and Senegambia and Niger (Upper Senegal and Niger), 1921-45: Upper Senegal and Niger named French Sudan, stamps inscribed Soudan Fran'ais, 1921: French Sudan issues resumed; first postage due stamp issued, 1938, Oct.24: first semipostal stamp issued, 1940, Feb. 8: first air mail stamp issued, 1945: French Sudan incorporated into French West Africa, 1959: autonomous republic within French community, French Sudan joined Senegal to form Mali Federation, 1960: Senegal seceded from the Federation and former French Soudan had its own stamps as Mali Republic.
French Voluntary Legion: French volunteers who fought with German Army in the Soviet Union, 1941-45.
French West Africa: northwestern Africa; joint administration of former Dahomey, French Guinea, French Soudan, Ivory Coast, Mauritania, Niger, Senegal, and Upper Volta; 1943: No.1, 1 1/2 francs dark violet, surcharges on stamps of Senegal and Mauritania, 1944, Dec: first semipostal stamp issued as Federation of French colonies in West Africa, 1945: first definitive superceded separate issues, first airmail stamps issued, stamps inscribed "Afrique Occidentale Francaise" issued, 1947: first postage due stamp issued, 1958, June 2: official stamps issued, 1958: Guinea became a separate republic, others stayed within French community with their own stamps, 1959, March 21: inscribed Dakar-Abidjan, 1962: last usage of French West Africa issues; see Abidjan, A.O.F., French Guinea.
French West Africa: label used as promotion for Tarzan movie (in English).
French Zone of Germany: part of post-WW II occupation of Germany by Allies; includes Baden, Rhineland-Palatinate, Saar and W√ɬľrttemberg; 1945-46: general issue for the whole zone, 1947-49: separate issues for three areas without Saar who issued its own stamps, 1949: became part of West Germany.
Frentes y hospitales: (Sp.) charity stamps issued by Nationalists during the Spanish civil war to raise funds for hospitals.
Fresh: postal item in fine, original color.
Fresh entry: new entry on an engraved printing plate for one that was erased.
Freshwater Yarmouth, Newport Railway: British local post.
Fresno and San Francisco Bicycle Mail Route: United States local post.
Frestonia: area in London that seceded for publicity purposes.
Freudenstadt: German local post, World War II.
Frey's Valentine Express: serviced San Francisco, Calif, possibly used a corner card; year unknown.
Friden Inc./Singer Business Machines/FME Inc./Friden Alcatel Corp./Friden Neopost: U.S. Postage meter machines from 1963 to current; acquired by Singer Co. in 1963, became Singer Business Machines Division in 1972.
Friederich, S.S.: steamship marking of the Danube Steam Navigation Company built about 1850's for lower Danube lines.
Friedrich Wilhelmshafen: now known as Madang, Papua New Guinea.
Friendly Islands: see Tonga. Friend's Boarding School: U.S. local post, Barnesville, Ohio 1877.
Frigiliana: local post, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1937.
Frim¦rke(r): (Dan.) postage stamp(s).
Frimärke: (Swed.) postage stamp.
Frim¦rkealbum: (Dan.) postage stamp album.
Frim¦rkeudstilling: (Dan.) stamp exhibition, stamp show, philatelic exhibition.
Frim¦rkeekspert: (Dan.) stamp expertizer.
Fri marke Kgl.Post: Denmark, 1851.
Frimarke lokalbref: (Swed.) "Free Stamp for Local Letters" Stockholm, Sweden free city postage, 1856.
Frimärken på försändelser: (Swed.) stamps on covers.
Frimärksdosor: (Swed.) stamp boxes.
Frimerke: (Nor.) postage stamp.
Frimerkehefte(r): (Nor.) unexploded stamp booklet(s).
Frimerkesamler: (Nor.) philatelist, stamp collector.
Frimerkeutstilling: (Nor.) philatelic exhibition.
Frímerki: (Ice.) stamp exhibition, Iceland.
Fr. Josip Earth: bogus label for Franz Joseph Land.
F R P S L: Fellow of the Royal Philatelic Society, London.
Frnt: USPS abbreviation in address for front.
Froissé (e): (Fr.) crease, creased.
Fromage Colonaise Francaise: bogus French cheese colony stamps.
From the Franklin D. Roosevelt Collection Authenticated by H. R. Harmer Inc.: handstamp applied to back of tens of thousands of philatelic items from the president's collection, 1946.
Front: the address side of a cover completely detached from the rest of the envelope; much less desirable than the entire cover; the exception being Mexico, South and Central America where the front of registered letters were returned to the sender as proof of delivery; entire registered letters from these countries are not found, only fronts which are highly sought after.
Frontales: (Sp.) see Front.
Front Atlantique: Atlantic Front, local post, German occupation, 1945.
Frontier letters: mail within 30 km of an European border country received special concessionary rates; 1880s.
Frontowa Poczta Polowa No 15: (Pol.) front field post office handstamp, 1919, Polish-Ukrainian War.
Fr√ɬľhststempel: (Ger.) earliest postmark or marking of a given type.
FRY: Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
Frye & Co.s Express: parcel firm serviced Boston, Mass. to Portsmouth, N.H.; used labels; 1876-82.
F S A T: auction abbreviation for French and Southern Antarctica Territories
F. Schroeter Local Post: see Bergen - F. Schroeter Local Post.
F Stamp Rate: United States non-denominated postage stamps, value 4¬Ę, 1991.
F T B: Forced to Buy, as when a dealer prices covers at 3 for $10 and you can not purchase only one.
F.T.T. Trieste, Zone A: overprint on stamps of Italy.
F U: auction abbreviation for Fine Used.
Fu-chou: formerly Foochow, People's Republic of China.
Fuengirola: (Sp.) local post, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1937.
Fuente del Maestre: (Sp.) local post, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1937.
Fuente de Piedra: (Sp.) local post, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1937.
Fuente Obejuna: (Sp.) local post, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1937.
Fuentes de Andalucia: (Sp.) local post, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1936.
Fuera de curso: (Sp.) obsolete, no longer available.
Fuerstentum Liechtenstein: Principality of Liechtenstein.
Fuerzas de bloqueo del Mediterraneo: (Sp.) Mediterranean Blockade Forces, used during the Spanish civil war.
Fu-Feng: Shensi, Northwest China local post, 1949.
Fugitive color: color that is liable to fade, wash out or change, used to prevent tampering with the stamp.
Fugitive inks: an ink that dissolves or disintegrates in water; used in the production of some stamps to prevent forgery and make it impossible for re-use; some stamps or Netherlands Indies are printed entirely with water soluble fugitive inks.
Fujeira: Oman Peninsula, Persian Gulf Sheikdom, part of United Arab Emirates; currency: 100 naye paise = 1 rupee 1952: became independent from Trucial States, 1964, Sept. 22: No.1, 1 naye paise multicolor, first stamps issued, 1965, Aug. 16: first airmail stamps issued, 1965, Oct. 14: first official stamps issued, 1971, Dec. 2: voted to join the United Arab Emirates.
Fukien-Chekiang-Kiangsi: 1931: Chinese Red Post, 1948: East China Liberation area, 1949: parcel post stamp issued.
Fulcrum: U.S. Navy code name during WW II for Auckland, New Zealand.
Full face McKinley card: widow of President McKinley did not like the portrait, cards ordered destroyed except for one box of 500.
Full Face Queens: nickname for full face portrait on stamps of Queen Victoria
Fulling effect: a light print of the stamp design seen on the back of the stamp, usually on letterpress printed stamps.
Full Length Victorias: nickname for stamps of Victoria, Australia, depicting Queen Victoria in a full-length pose, 1852-56.
Fully Imperforate: a stamp without perforations on all sides. See Imperforate, Semi-imperforate.
F√ɬľl√ɬ∂p Szigetek: (Hung.) the Philippine Islands, Philippines.
Fumigated mail: see disinfected mail.
Funafuti: One of the Tuvalu islands.
Funchal: capital of Madeira; Portuguese island off west coast of Africa; currency: 1,000 reis = 1 milreis 1868-80; Madeira had its own stamps, 1892-pre: used stamps of Portugal, 1892: No.1, 5 reis yellow, had its own stamps, 1905-31: stamps of Azores used, 1931: stamps of Portugal used. 1980, Jan. 2: stamps for Madeira reintroduced.
Fun Collectibles: nickname given to stamps issued by Third World countries that have no perceived financial growth potential
Functional watermark: parallel lines to act as a guide for the writer.
Fundo: (Port.) bottom margin.
Funfkirchen: now known as Pecs, Hungary.
Fungo: (It.) mushrooms (thematic).
F√ɬľr die soldaten im felde: (Ger.) label from Austrian war welfare office, 1914-16.
F√ɬľr Kriegs-besch√ɬ§digte: overprint on stamps of Germany for semi-postal.
Furnace Cover: nickname for a 2¬Ę Hawaiian Missionary cover found in a furnace in a abandoned building in the early 1900s.
Furness Railway, The: British local post.
Fur's fliegerheim: inscription for the airmen's home; on German air labels, pre-WW I, portraits of early German airmen and the royal family; privately printed for forces personnel to apply to their mail, which was post free.
Furstentum: Principality of Liechtenstein.
Furusato: (Perfectural): stamps of Japan.
Fusée: (Fr.) rocket.
F US Postage: United States non-denominated postage stamp, value 29¬Ę cents, 1990.
Fussball: (Ger.) football (thematic).
Fussbotenpost: (Ger.) Berliner messengers established by Berlin merchants 1800-06.
Futbol: (Sp.) football (thematic).
Futschau: (Ger.) China diagonally overprinted on a stamp of Germany, surcharged "5 pf" for use in the German post office at Foochow, June 1, 1900.
Futsches Reich: Germany colloquialism for Ruined Empire from a British WWII propaganda forgery of a standard Hitler-head stamp.
Futuna: see Wallis and Futuna Islands.
Future delivery: overprint on U.S. revenue stamps for tax collection with goods to be delivered at a later date.
F/W: Franked With.
F V: Face Value.
Fyrblock: (Swed.) block-of-4.
Fyrfärgtryck: (Swed.) see Tryck - Fyrfärgs.
Fyrre: (Dan.) forty (number).
Fyrst: (Dan.) prince.
Fyrsted√ɬłmme: (Dan.) principality.
FYRUM: Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.

(Data Above sourced from "Ask Phil" and other sources. Last edit 5/Aug/2008 Amhazing)

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G


G: 1: Auction term for "good" condition. 2: Insured Letter; Scott catalog number prefix to identify stamps other than standard postage. 3: Symbol for Guilford Gravure, which appears before the plate number on coil stamps. 4: Auction term for "good" condition. 5: German catalogue abbreviation for gold overprint or surcharge. 6: with eagle and United States of America; Pennsylvania Custom House revenue seal. 7: Gourde, currency unit of Haiti. 8: Guarani, currency unit of Paraguay. 9: Gum Disturbance. 10: Grenada; country code as used by the UPU. 11: overprint on stamps of Cape of Good Hope for Griqualand West, 1877-80. 12: "Gouvernement"; overprint on official stamps of Canada, replaced the previous "official" overprint O.H.M.S. as the result of complaints from French Canadians. 13: inscription, yellow background, US non-denominated stamp, valued 20¬Ę, placed on sale Dec. 13, 1994. 14: inscription, white background, US non-denominated stamp, valued 32¬Ę, placed on sale Dec. 13, 1994. 15: blue background, US non-denominated stamp, valued 25¬Ę, placed on sale Dec. 13,1994. 16: inscription, green background, US non-denominated stamp, valued 5¬Ę, placed on sale Dec.13,1994.
GA: 1: USPS abbreviation for Georgia. 2: abbreviation for Ganzsache: (Ger.) postal stationery. 3: Gabon, country code as used by the UPU.
Ga.: (Sp.) pre-adhesive postmark from Galacia, Spain.
GAB, Gabon: handstamp overprint on stamps of French Colonies for Gabon, 1886-89; see Afrique Equatoriale Francaise.
Gabon: inscription on stamps of Gabon, 1904-07
Gabon Afrique Equatoriale: inscription used on stamps of Gabon, 1910-22.
Gabon, Congo Francaise: inscription used on stamps of Gabon, 1910.
Gabon A.E.F.: postage due stamps, 1928, "Afrique Equatorial Francais."
Gabon Timbre: (Fr.) handstamps on postage due stamps of French Colonies.
Gabonaise Republique: Republic of Gabon; former French Equatorial Africa -west coast of Africa; currency: 100 centimes = 1 CFA franc 1862: earliest office in Libreville, routed mail via British PO at Fernando Po, used French Colonies General issues, 1886, July 31: No.1, 5 centimes red on green, stamps of French Colonies handstamped "GAB" and surcharged, 1889-1904: combined with, and used stamps of French Congo, then became part of French Equatorial Africa, 1904, Oct. 15: stamps of Navigation and Commerce inscribed "Gabon," 1910: "Congo Fran'aise Gabon" inscription, followed by "Afrique Equatorial Gabon," 1915: first semipostal issued, 1928: first postage due issued, P.D. stamps of France overprinted "Gabon," 1936-59: used stamps of French Equatorial Africa, 1946: became an Overseas Territory of France, 1958: became autonomous within French community, 1959: inscription used on stamps of Gabon, 1960: full independence with "Republique Gabonaise" inscription, 1960: first air mail, depicting Dr. Schweitzer, issued, 1961, July 17: joined the UPU, 1968: first official with map of Gabon, issued; see Chad, French Congo, French Equatorial Africa.
Gabun: (Ger.) Gabon.
Gadiach: local post, Russian Zemstvo, 1884-1913; also known as Gadyach.
Gagauzia: bogus issue from Moldova, not valid for postage.
Gaguzia: Moldova, cinderella local, mid 1960s.
Gahagan & Howe (G & H): U.S. local post, San Francisco, Ca.. 1849-70.
Gainsville, Al. Paid 5, Paid 10: see Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Gairsay: Scottish local post in Orkney Islands, 1970's.
Gaither's City & Suburban Express Company: parcel firm serviced an unknown area; used a stamp; year unknown.
Galama: advertisement of German origin.
Galapagos Islands: Pacific Ocean, 500 miles west of Ecuador; 1957, July 15: Ecuador issued set inscribed "Islas Galapagos," 1959: triangular stamp issued by Ecuador, 1959: first commemorative issued, 1973: a province of Ecuador; see Barrel mail.
Galaroza: local post, Spanish Civil War, Nationalist, 1937.
Galata: city in Turkey, overprint on stamps of Russia, Offices in Turkish Empire, 1909-10.
Galathea, S.S.: steamship marking of the Danube Steam Navigation Company built around 1850s, for lower Danube lines.
Galati: formerly Galatz, Romania.
Galben: (Rom.) yellow (color).
Galben-lam√ɬģie: (Rom.) lemon-yellow (color).
Galben-oliv: (Rom.) olive-yellow (color).
Galbui: (Rom.) yellowish (color).
Gal Courier Mail Service: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Galdames: (Sp.) overprint on Republican stamps issued in Burgos in 1937 for air mail; never used, city and stamps captured by Nationalists.
Gales: (Sp.) Wales.
Galicia, Eastern: part of Austro-Hungarian Empire; 1918: stamps of Austria overprinted "Ykp. H.P," 1919: various stamps issued for short-lived independent state, 1920: came under control of Poland.
Galioub: Egypt, see Interpostal seals, 1864-84.
Galipoli: Ottoman Empire, Egyptian seals for overseas offices, see Interpostal seals, 1868.
Gallaway, M. C.: postmaster, Memphis, Tenn., issued Confederate Postmaster's Provincial stamp and envelope.
Gallin: Egypt, see Interpostal seals, 1880.
Galvano: (Fr.) electrotyped plate.
Galveston, Tex. Paid 5, Paid 10: see Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Galvinisk fälling: (Swed.) electroplating.
Gambia: polar bear; unissued Great Britain cinderella by David Horry, 2001.
Gambia: former British colony, west coast of Africa; currency: 12 pence = 1 shilling, 100 bututs = 1 dalasy (1971) 1821: part of Sierra Leone, 1843: separate colony, 1869, Jan: No.1, 4 pence pale brown, first stamps, picturing Queen Victoria, 1888: British Crown Colony, 1963: became self-governing, 1965, Feb. 18: independent within the Commonwealth, name changed to The Gambia, 1970, April 24: named a republic, 1974, Oct. 9: joined the UPU, 1981, Dec.: agreed to merge with Republic of Senegal, 1982, Feb. 1: new name is Senegambia.
Gambie: (Fr.) Gambia.
Gambiers: ocean island group, bogus overprints, 1877.
Gambilla: French bicycle fantasy.
G&D: overprint on stamps of French Colonies, Guadeloupe, 1903-04.
Gandershe: inscription on stamps of Somalia.
Gandia: local post, Spanish Civil War, Republican, 1937.
G and R: mark on prisoner of war mail sent by Americans captured during the War of 1812-14, while imprisoned in England.
Ganzbrief: (Ger.) entire cover..
Ganzsache (GA, GS): (Ger.) postal stationery, entire.
Ganzachenalbum: (Ger.) cover album.
Ganzsachen, postamtliche: (Ger.) official postal stationery.
Ganzsachen, private: (Ger.) private postal stationery.
Ganzst√ɬľck: (Ger.) entire piece.
GAOR: British Army on the Rhine, WWII.
Gap: unprinted space between the ends of two printed precanceling lines, indicating the seam between the mat; if the gap falls on the joint line, it is known as a 'line gap.' plates.
GAPA: Guichets d'Affranchissement Postal Automatique (Fr.) French all-digital postage meter machine, 1993.
GAPO: Base Army Post Depot, British military cancel for Indian Army.
Garage Hudson: local post, Barranquilla, Colombia, 1924.
Garanti: (Dan., Fr.) guaranteed.
Garantie: (Ger.) guarantee.
Garantieschein: (Ger.) marking applied to stamps by the issuing agency indicting that the stamp is genuine and valid for postal use; also "expert's mark."
Garantistempel: (Dan.) guarantee mark.
Garbage card: nickname given to the full-face portrait of the McKinley postal card (1902) that was supposedly destroyed; one box of 500 was sold by post office imprinted with name of a garbage firm.
Garch: Nejd, currency unit of Saudi Arabia.
Garder: (Fr.) to keep, to save.
Gardiner, Charles K.: postmaster, Washington, D. C. 1845-49, issued provisional stamped envelopes in 5 and 10 cent values.
Gardner, Beer & Co.: see Private die match proprietary stamps.
Gare: (Fr.) station (railway).
Gargoyle Motor Express: parcel delivery firm serviced Detroit, Mich area; used stamps, booklets; year unknown.
Garrucha: local post, Spanish Civil War, Nationalist, Republican, 1937.
Garstang & Knot End Railway: British local post.
Garzon: Tolima, Colombia provisional label,1894.
Gastado: (Sp.) worn.
Gaston, N. C. Paid 5: see Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Gates', William Sons: see Private die match proprietary stamps.
Gates, Wm.: see Private die match proprietary stamps.
Gata, Gato: (Sp.) cat (thematic).
Gatto: (It.) cat (thematic).
Gauche: (Fr.) left.
Gaucin: local post, Spanish Civil War, Nationalist,1937.
Gaufré (papier): (Fr.) embossed paper.
Gauge: number of perforation holes in a length of 20 mm.
Gauthier Freres & Cie.: (Fr.) Trans-Atlantic local, 1857.
Gaveradiobrev (GOL): (Dan.) radio letter combined with a gift, started in Denmark in 1932.
Gayalonga: local post, Spanish Civil War, Nationalist,1937.
Gay & Co's Express: private mail and parcel firm that serviced eastern cities; used labels, 1847-48.
Gay, Kinsley & Co.: U. S. local post handstamp, serviced Boston, Mass., and other major eastern cities; used labels, 1848.
Gay's Express: private mail firm serviced Boston and New York City, used labels, 1845-46.
Gaza, Territory of: located on shore of Mediterranean Sea around town of Gaza, in Gaza Strip; 1917-48: Great Britain's Palestine Mandate from the League of Nations, 1948, May 15: controlled by Egypt, 1948: first postage due, air mail issued, 1948, June 1-June 1967: "Palestine"overprint on stamps of Egypt, 1956, Oct. 29-March 7, 1957: occupied by Israel, used stamps of Israel, 1965, Jan. 15: UNEF, United Nations Emergency Force, 1967, June-Jan. 1980: occupied by Israel, used stamps of Israel.
Gazeta: (Rom.) newspaper.
Gazetei: Romania.
Gazette Moldov: cinderella used in movie "The Truth About Charlie" a remake of "Charade."
GB: 1: universal abbreviation for Great Britain. 2: international postal code for the United Kingdom..
GB: Colombia Scadta consular overprint for Great Britain.
Gb: German catalogue abbreviation for yellow overprint or surcharge.
G.B. Delivery: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971
G.B.S.: (G. B. Smith) initials of postal official of Colonial post office at Georgetown, British Guinea, 1850-51 issue.
GB used: stamps of Great Britain used abroad (mainly Jamaica).
G.C.: Gobierno Constitutionalista (Constitutional Government); overprint on Mexican revolutionary provisionals, 1913-15.
G.C.M.: 1: Gobierno Constitucionalista Mexico, Constitutional Government overprint on federal stamps of Mexico during the 1913-16 civil war, and also used on many of the local provisional overprints. 2: overprint for Oaxaca and Sonora revenue issues, Mexico.
G D: "Grand Duchy" inscription on stamps of Luxembourg 1859-82.
Gdansk: (Pol.) Polish name for Danzig; see Danzig.
GD Liban: overprint on stamps of France, Lebanon, during French Mandate.
Gdof: local post, Russian Zemstvo, 1874-1912.
GD-OT: (Ger., Czech.) overprint on the Bohemia and Moravia newspaper stamp in German and Czech language for commercial printed matter, 1939.
GDR: German Democratic Republic, East Germany
GE: Georgia; country code as used by the UPU.
G.E.A.: 1: overprint on stamps of East Africa and Uganda Protectorates for German East Africa, 1917-1922.
Gebet: (Dan.) territory, see Område.
Gebiet: (Ger.) district.
Gebot: (Ger.) bid, bid sheet.
Gebraucht: (Ger.) used.
Gebrochen: (Ger.) broken.
Gebr√ɬľenfreiheitsmarke: (Ger.) free frank handstamp, or label.
Gebt fur die Winterhilfe der freienWohlfahrtspflege Wir Wollen helfen: (Ger.) "Give for Winter Relief Welfare Care. We want to help," Germany cancel, 1932.
Geb√ɬľhr: (Ger.) tax, a compulsory payment, such as a postage due tax..
Geb√ɬľhr bezahlt: (Ger.) postage paid.
Geb√ɬľhrenfrei : (Ger.) free of charge.
Geb√ɬľrhrenmarke: (Ger.) fiscal stamp.
Geb√ɬľrhrenmarke f√ɬľr briefzutellung: (Ger.) authorized delivery stamp, correspondence.
Geb√ɬľrhrenmarke f√ɬľr paketzustellung: (Ger.) authorized delivery stamp, parcel post.
Gebyr: (Dan.) late fee.
Gebyrm¦rke: (Dan.) Late fee stamp.
Gebyrmärken: (Swed.) late fee postage stamp, special services postage stamp.
Gebyrm¦rke: (Dan.) late fee stamp.
Gedda: Hejaz, Egyptian seals for overseas office; see Interpostal seals, 1867.
Gedenkausgabe: (Ger.) commemorative.
Gedenkblatt: (Ger.) souvenir page.
Gedenkbogen: (Ger.) souvenir sheet.
Gedenkmarke: (Ger.) commemorative stamp.
Gedruckt: (Ger.) printed.
Gefälligkeits-gestempelt: (Ger.) cancelled to order.
Gefälscht: (Ger.) forged, counterfeit.
Gefalzt: (Ger.) hinged.
Geffälligkeitsstempelung: (Ger.) canceled to order, stamps canceled by postal authorities without having been used for postage.
Gegittert: (Ger.) quadrille.
Gehalveers: (Dut.) bisected stamp.
Geislingen: German, displaced persons camp local post, 1947.
GEJ: George E. Jacobs, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
Geknickt: (Ger.) folded, creased.
Gelatin: a varnish coating on a postcard that produces a glossy surface.
Gel./A: gelesen Abwehr (Ger.) read by military security, appears as a boxed square on outgoing military mail.
Gelb: (Ger.) yellow (color).
Gelblich: (Ger.) yellowish when used in combination with other colors.
Gelegenheits-ausgabe: (Ger.) special or commemorative issue.
Gelibolu: formerly Gallipoli, Turkey.
Gelida: local post, Spanish Civil War, Republican,1937.
Gelochte marke: (Ger.) perfin.
Gelsenkirchen: German local post, 1897-98.
Gemeinnutziger Verein Stadtbrefbeforderung: local, Dresden, Germany about 1908.
Gemini News Service: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971
Genalguacil: local post, Spanish Civil War, Nationalist,1937.
General collection: a collection of the entire world rather than a specialized collection of one or more countries or topics.
General delivery: USPS term that allows customers with identification to pick up mail at post offices.
General Government of Poland: area of Poland occupied by Germany in both World Wars; 1915, May 12: occupied by Germany, 1939, Dec.1: overprint "Deutsche Post Osten" on stamps of Germany, then special stamps for area. 1940: overprint "General Gouvernment" on stamps of Germany.
General Gouvernement: overprint on stamps of Poland for German Occupation, 1940-44.
General Gouvernement Deutsches Reich/Grossdeutsches Reich: inscription on stamps of Germany for German Occupation of Poland.
Gen Gouv. Warschau: overprint on stamps of Germany, Warsaw, Poland, German occupation 1916-17.
General Grant Expedition: inscription on local/phantom post of Auckland Islands; used to raise money to retrieve gold from sunken ship General Grant, 1866.
General issue: 1: stamps that are issued for ordinary postage use, rather than for air mail, postage due, etc. 2: British revenue stamps for use in America, 1765-66
General Postal Union (GPU): forerunner of the Universal Postal Union; 1863: U.S. Postmaster General Montgomery Blair organized the Paris Postal Conference, 1873: Heinrich von Stephan renewed concept, 1874: convened in Switzerland, 1878: renamed Universal Postal Union.
Generalsammler: (Ger.) general collector.
Geneva: in southwestern part of Switzerland, 1843-48: Switzerland local canton inscription, 1850: Swiss federal stamps issued.
Geneva: United Nations Post Office(s) 1950-63, 1969-
Gennemsnit: (Dan.) average quality.
Gennemstiking, gennemstukket: (Dan.) roulette perforation, rouletted perforation.
Gennemstukken i kors: (Dan.) rouletted perforation in the shape of diamonds.
Gennemstukken i linier: (Dan.) rouletted perforation in the shape of lines.
Gennemstukken i punkter: (Dan.) rouletted perforation in the shape of pin holes.
Gennemstukken i rombisk: (Dan.) rouletted perforation in the shape of lozenges.
Gennemstukken i savtakket: (Dan.) rouletted perforation in saw tooth shape.
Genoa: also known as Genova, Italy.
Genomstick: (Swed.) roulette perforation.
Geöffnet: (Ger.) censor mark from German language countries.
George's Post (Lutton): United Kingdom strike local post, 1971
Georgetown, S.C. Paid 5: see Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Georg Butow: stamp dealer's overprint on stamps of Germany.
Georgia: south of Russia on the Black Sea;. currency: 100 kopecks = 1 ruble, 100 kopecks = 1 coupon (1993), 100 tetri = 1 lari (1995) 1918, May 22: declared independence, formerly province of the Russian Empire, 1919-1920: British occupation forces issued stamps for city of Batum, 1921, Feb. 27: occupied by the Red Army, proclaimed Soviet Republic, 1922: stamps of the Soviet Socialist Republic, 1922: first semipostal stamp issued, 1922, Mar. 12: joined Transcaucasion Federation of Soviet Republics 1924: stamps of Georgia replaced by stamps of the Transcaucasion Federation of Soviet Republics, 1993, April 1: joined the UPU, 1993, July 31: first stamp as Republic of Georgia, 1994, Mar.1: joined with other former Soviet states to form the Commonwealth of Independent States.
Georgia: first federal issue revenue of US, July 1, 1798-Feb. 28, 1801.
Georgia e Sandwich del Sud: (It.) Georgia and South Sandwich Islands.
Georgian: stamp pertaining to King George V, VI of Great Britain.
Géorgie: (Fr.) Georgia.
Géorgie, La: inscription used on stamps of Georgia, 1919.
Georgien: (Ger., Swed.) Georgia.
Georgienne, Republique: inscription used on stamps of Georgia, 1919.
Georgisk: (Swed.) Georgian.
Gepr.: (Ger.) expertized.
Gepr√ɬľft: (Ger.) see Expertize.
Gepr√ɬľft Abwh: (Ger.) checked by military security marking.
Gera: 1: Germany local, courier mail, 1893. 2: German private courier local, 1897-1900. 3: Dick & Stutz local courier service, 1890-91. 4: Hausler Express package, local,1886-92.
Gerard's Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971
Gerauchert: (Ger.) disinfected (mail).
Gereiniget: (Ger.) disinfected (mail).
Gerichtskostenmarke: (Ger.) Austrian court fee revenue stamp.
Geriffelt: (Ger.) ribbed.
German Administration of Albania: 1943; see Albania
German Administration of Danzig: 1939, see Danzig
German Administration of Marianas: May 1900; see Mariana Islands.
German Administration of Marhsall Islands: 1899; see Marshall Islands.
German Administration of Samoa: 1900; see Samoa.
German air labels: pre-WW I, portraits of early German airmen and the royal family; privately printed for forces personnel to apply to their mail, which was post free.
German-American Seapost: international sea post on North German Lloyd ships, 1890.
German-Austrian Postal Union: Wurttemberg joined in 1851.
German Cameroons (Kamerun): see Cameroon.
German Colonies Study Group: collectors of postal history and stamps of the former German Colonies and Post Offices Abroad,1870 to 1917, and WWI occupations thereof.
German Democratic Republic: aka East Germany, former Soviet occupied zone; currency: 100 pfennigs = 1 deutschemark, 100 pfennigs = 1 mark of the Deutsche Notenbank (MDN) (1965), 100 pfennigs = 1 mark of the National Bank (1969), 100 pfennigs = 1 Deutsche mark (West) (1990) 1946: Allied Occupation issues, but Soviet Zone stamp issued inscribed"Deutsche Post," 1948, July 3: Soviets had stamps handstamped with district names and numbers, followed by provisional overprint "Sowjetische / Besatzubnngs / Zone," 1948, Aug. 29: German semipostal used in Russian Zone, 1949, Oct. 1: established inscription "Deutsche Demokratische Republic," first used Mar. 2, 1950, 1949, Oct. 30: first semipostal "Deutsche Post" issued, 1954: first official issued, originally sold used only, 1957, Dec. 13: first airmail issued, 1990, Oct. 3: reunited with (West) Germany.
German East Africa: German colony in East Africa bordering on the Indian Ocean; currency: 64 pesa = 1 rupee, 100 heller = 1 rupee (1905), 100 centimes = 1 franc (1916), 12 pence = 1 shilling (1919), 100 cents = 1 rupee (1917), 12 pence = 1 shilling = 100 cents = 1 rupee (1917) 1858: Arabian caravan route carried letters, 1876: Church and London missionary Societies had regular runners, 1887: German East Africa Co. received charter to the area, 1890, Oct. 4-Oct. 20, 1917: German stamps used, 1891: named German East Africa by Germany, 1893, July 1: No. 1, 2 pesa brown, first stamps issued by Germans, with surcharge "Deutsche Ostafrika," 1900: inscription "Deutsche Ostafrika" used, 1914, Oct. 1-July 31, 1915: German East Africa stamps used for FPO's, 1914-18: Allied occupation stamps of India used with overprint "I.E.F" .(Indian Expeditionary Forces); East Africa and Uganda issues overprinted "G.E.A." 1916: stamps of Germany salvaged from cruiser Königsberg, 1916: British ceded to Belgium provinces of Ruanda and Urundi (Belgian East Africa); stamps of Belgian Congo handstamped "Ruanda," and "Est Africain Allemand Occupation Belge," and Kionga area to Portugal which became part of the Mozambique Colony, 1916: stamps of Nyasaland Protectorate overprinted "N.F.," 1917: stamps of East Africa and Uganda overprint for British mandate, "G.E.A." 1918: stamps of Belgian Congo overprinted "A.O." Afrique Orientale (East Africa) as semipostals, 1920s: mourning label issued by German stamp dealer Sigmund Hartig, 1920: mandated to Great Britain as Mandated Territory of Tanganyika, now part of the Republic of Tanzania.
German Empire: 1. Australasia (Bismarck Archipelago, Caroline Islands, Mariana Islands, Marhsall Islands, Palau, Samoa); Cameroon, German East Africa, German New Guinea, German South West Africa (Namibia), Kiauchau, Mariana Islands, Marhsall Islands, Togo. 2. just south of Denmark, on Baltic Sea; 1871: German Empire formed, 1872: first German Empire issue, 1903: first semipostal issued, 1919: first air mail stamps issued, 1919: Empire ceased to exist, then became an Empire again with the proclamation of the Third Reich in 1933. (The 1st Reigh was the Holy Roman Empire, the 2nd was in 1871.)
German Empire States that issued stamps: Baden, Bavaria, Bergedorf, Bremen, Brunswick, Hamburg, Hanover, Lubeck, Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Oldenburg, Prussia, Saxony, Schleswig-Holstein, and W√ɬľrttemburg.
German Federal Republic: see Germany.
Germania: 1: symbolic figure of the German Empire from a portrait of Anna von Stratz-Fuhring, a Wagnerian opera star. 2: (It.) Germany.
Germania Occidentale: (It.) Germany
Germania Orientale: (It.) German Democratic Republic.
Germania, S.S.: steamship marking of the Danube Steam Navigation Company built around 1840s, for lower Danube lines.
German Inflation Period: after World War I; due to the Versailles Treaty reparations, inflation and economic depression, value of the currency fell sharply, stamps were produced and surcharged but were obsolete by the time they reached the post offices with the peak a 50-billion-mark stamp late in 1923.
German Kamerun: see Kamerun.
German Mailboats: see Mailboats.
German New Guinea: eastern portion of the island of New Guinea; former German protectorate made up of part of New Guinea and Bismarck Archipelago, currency: 100 pfennigs = 1 mark 1884: Germany annexed northern area of island of New Guinea, used German stamps, 1897: German colonial stamps, boundaries of Dutch, German and British spheres settled, 1897: No.1, 3 pfennigs brown, German colonial stamps used, overprinted or inscribed "Deutsch Neu-Guinea," 1900: first stamps issued, 1906, Nov. 8: British New Guinea stamps overprinted, 1914: occupied by Allied Forces, placed under Australian administration, renamed New Britain 1914, Oct: overprint "GRI" with value, on German colonial stamps, 1914, Dec.: overprinted stamps of Marshall Islands used, 1915: first official stamps with surcharge G.R.I. and O.S., 1915, Mar.: stamps of Australia overprinted "N.W. Pacific Islands" for use in Nauru and German New Guinea, 1920s: mourning label issued by German stamp dealer Sigmund Hartig, 1920: mandated to Australia by League of Nations, issued stamps as territory of New Guinea, currently part of Papua New Guinea. 1925: first stamps, first official stamps, inscribed "Territory of New Guinea," 1931, June: first air mail stamp, 1942: Japanese invasion, Australia and New Zealand forces post offices used in New Guinea, 1945, Oct. 30: civil administration restored; trust territory combined Papua and New Guinea; see New Guinea, British; New Guinea, West; and Papua and New Guinea.
German Occupation of Belgium: 1914: stamps of Germany overprinted Belgien, WW II: Belgium used own stamps, see Belgium.
German Occupation of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania: 1916-18: stamps of Germany overprinted "Postgebiet Ob.Ost," 1918: stamps of Russia surcharged for use in Tartu (Dorpat), 1941, Sept. 29- April 30, 1942: Germans stamps inscribed "Eastland Eesti" with swastika, for use in Tartu district of Estonia, 1941, Sep. 29: first semipostal issued inscribed "Eastland Eesti," 1941-43: stamps of Germany overprinted "Ostland," then stamps of USSR used.
German Occupation of France: (Alsace and Lorraine); 1870: stamps inscribed "Postes Centime," 1916: stamps of Germany surcharged, 1940: stamps of Germany overprinted "Elsas" and "Lothringen" (Lorraine).
German Occupation of Guernsey: "Guernsey Postage" stamps issued, 1941.
German Occupation of the Ionian Islands: 1943: used stamps of Greece except for the handstamp overprint "Isole Joine" for island of Zante.
German Occupation of Latvia: 1919: stamps of Germany overprinted "Libau."
German Occupation of Lithuania: 1916-17: overprint on stamps of Germany.
German Occupation of Ljubljana: 1944: stamps of Italy overprinted / surcharged "Provinz Ljublianska Laibach"
German Occupation of Luxembourg: 1940: stamps of Germany overprinted and surcharged in German currency, 1942-44: German stamps used.
German Occupation of Montenegro: 1943: stamps of Yugoslavia overprinted / surcharged "Deutsche Miltaer Verwaltung Montenegro" 1944: stamps of Yugoslavia and Montenegro overprinted for semipostal use.
German Occupation of Poland: 1915, May 12: stamps of Germany overprinted "Russisch Polen" or "Gen.-Gouv. Warschau" 1939, Dec.: stamps of Germany overprinted "Deutsche Post Osten," 1940-44: "General Gouvernement" issues, 1940, April: first official stamps, 1940, Aug.17: first semipostal issued.
German Occupation of Romania: 1917-18: stamps of Germany overprinted "M.V.i.R., (Military Administration of Romania) or "Rumanien," 1918: first postage due issued.
German Occupation of Russia: 1941: stamps of Germany overprinted "Ostland."
German Occupation of Serbia: 1941: stamps of Yugoslavia overprinted "Serbien."
German Occupation of Ukraine: 1919: stamps of Germany overprinted "Ukraine," 1941-43: stamps of Germany overprinted "Ukraine."
German Occupation of Zante: an Ionian Island; 1943: overprint on stamps of Italy, used 8 days, then used stamps of Greece.
German Offices in China: currency: 100 pfennings = 1 mark, 100 cents - 1 dollar (1905) 1886, Aug.16: Shanghai postal agency opened, German stamps used, 1898: stamps of Germany overprinted "China" used, 1900: issues for Foochow and Tientsin, 1917, March 17: all offices closed because China broke relations with Germany.
German Post offices in Morocco: currency: 100 centimos = 1 peseta 1899, Dec.: stamps of Germany overprinted / surcharged "Marocco" or "Marokko" 1911: last German stamps issued, 1914, Aug. 3: French zone office closed, 1919, June 16: Spanish zone office closed, stamps became obsolete, see Morocco.
German Post Offices in Turkish Empire: 1870, March 1-1872: Pera office opened, used stamps of North German Confederation 1872-84: used stamps of Germany, 1884: German issues surcharged in Turkish currency 1914, Sept. 30: all offices closed.
German Post Office in Zanzibar: 1890, Aug. 27: opened with arrival of German mail boat, used stamps of Germany, 1891, July 31: post office closed.
German Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia: 1939, July 15: stamps of Czechoslovakia overprinted / inscribed "Böhmen u Mãhren, Cechy a Morava," 1939: postage due stamps issued, 1940, June 29: semipostal stamps issued, 1941, Jan, 1: official stamps issued.
German Protectorates: 1887, June 1: joined the UPU, 1902, feb. 24: changed UPU affiliation to include Africa, Asia and Australia.
German Samoa: islands northeast of New Zealand, eastern half of island group; 1899, pre: administered jointly by Britain, Germany and the U.S., 1899: Britain withdrew, used overprinted stamps of Germany, 1900: first stamps without overprints issued, followed by German colonial stamps 1914, Aug. 29: occupied by New Zealand, German stamps overprinted with value in sterling, overprint "Samoa" on stamps of New Zealand, 1920: mandated to New Zealand by the League of Nations; currently Samoa; see Samoa.
German SouthWest Africa: north of South Africa on south Atlantic; currency: 100 pfennig = 1 mark 1884, April 24: proclaimed a German protectorate, 1888, July 8: used stamps of Germany, 1897, March: No.1, 3 pfennigs dark brown, German colonial stamps used overprinted "Deutsch Sudwest Afrika," 1914-15: occupied by South Africa and their stamps used, 1920: country mandated to Union of South Africa by the United Nations, 1920s: mourning label issued by German stamp dealer Sigmund Hartig, 1923: named South West Africa with own stamps, currently Namibia.
German States: Germany consisted of large number of states prior to the formation of the German Empire; each issued their own stamps; Baden, Bavaria, Bergedorf, Bremen, Brunswick, Hamburg, Hanover, L√ɬľbeck, Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Oldenburg, Prussia, Saxony, Schleswig-Holstein and W√ɬľrttemberg; other states used stamps of Thurn and Taxis postal administration. 1868: North German Confederation formed, 1871: German Empire formed, all states except Bavaria and W√ɬľrttemberg stopped issuing stamps, 1918: Bavaria and W√ɬľrttemberg stopped issuing their own stamps, 1945: Baden and W√ɬľrttemberg issued their own stamps as part of the French zone of occupation.
German Togo: 1897: stamps of Germany overprinted "Togo."
German type: a form of printer's type seen with elaborate lettering used mainly on German stamp overprints; also called Gothic.
Germany: German Federal Republic; located in north-central Europe; official name of postal administration: Deutsche Post AG currency: 30 silbergroschen = 1 thaler, 60 kreuzer = 1 gulden, 100 pfennigs = 1 deutschemark (1948), 100 cents = 1 Euro (2002) 1867: North German Confederation formed, 1871: German Empire formed, 1872: No.1, 1/4 groschen violet, first German Empire issue, 1875, July 1: joined the UPU, 1903: first local official stamp issued for Prussia, 1918, Nov. 8: Emperor Wilhelm II abdicates, became Republic, renamed Deutsches Reich, 1919, June 1: Empire ceased to exist, Republic National Assembly issues, 1919, May 1: first semipostal issued, 1919, Nov. 10: first air mail stamp issued, 1919-21: Belgian occupation of Eupen & Malmedy portion, overprint "Allemagne Duitschland, Eupen, Malmedy"on Belgian stamps, 1920: first official stamp issued, 1923: inflation issues, 1931, Jan. 12: Allied Control Commission dissolved, 1939, Nov. 1: first newspaper stamps issued, 1942: military stamps issued for Allied occupation, 1945-46: French occupation, 1945-46: A.M.G. occupation issues for civilian use in American, British and Russian zones, 1945-46: "Zone Francaise" issues for civilian use in French zone of occupation, 1948: separate stamps for Berlin issued, see Berlin Germany, 1949: Russian occupation, first commemorative, semipostal stamps, 1949: Russian occupied areas became separate country, German Democratic Republic, 1949, Sept. 7: first stamps of Bundes Republic; semipostal issued, 1949, Sept. 21: country formally divided into West Germany (German Federal Republic) and East Germany (German Democratic Republic). 1949: Republic of West Germany with Allied zones of occupation, 1950: Deutsche Bundespost inscription first seen on stamps of West Germany. 1990, Oct. 3: German Democratic Republic (East Germany) reunited with Germany (West Germany); see Baden, Berlin, Rhine Palatinate, W√ɬľrttemberg.
Germany: Zeitungs-Bucher-Spedition (Z.B.S.), local, 1896-97.
Germany, Eastern Command: comprised of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania; 1916: overprint on stamps of Germany "Postebit Ob Ost."
Germany, French Zone of: 1945: general stamps valid throughout zone, then stamps for Baden, Rhineland Palatinate, Saar and Wurttemberg.1949: replaced by Federal Republic of Germany.
Germany, Postal Code Districts: see Postal Codes, Germany.
Germany Scadta: Colombian airline postal service, 1921-23.
Germany, Soviet Zone: eastern portion of occupied Germany; 1945: see Berlin-Brandenberg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, 1946-48: occupation issues for American, British and Russian zones, 1948: separate stamps for Berlin issued, 1949: country divided into West Germany (German Federal Republic) and East Germany (German Democratic Republic) former Soviet Zone, each with own stamps.
Germany, West Berlin: WW II end - Sept. 19, 1948: stamps of Anglo-American Zones of Germany valid, 1948: occupation issue of 1947 overprinted "Berlin" for Anglo-American areas, 1950, Jan. 20: stamps of West Berlin valid in Federal Republic of Germany.
Gerusalemme: (It.) overprint on stamps of Italy, Offices in Turkey, Jerusalem, 1909, Feb.-1911.
Gescheidle stamps: (Ger.) see Blue Mauritius.
Geschenk-päckchen: (Ger.) presentation pack.
Geschnitten: (Ger.) imperforate.
Gesellschaftsstempel: (Ger.) company postmark.
Gesenk: (Ger.) die.
Gessata carta: (It.) chalky paper.
Gestempelt: (Ger.) canceled, postmarked.
Gestörengummi: (Ger.) disturbed gum.
Gestrich: (Ger.) coated.
Gestrichenes papier: (Ger.) laid paper.
Gesundheitshelfer: (Ger.) East Germany Red Cross label.
G et D: Guadeloupe et Dépendencies) overprint on stamps of French Colonies, Guadeloupe, 1903-04.
Geteilt, Halbiert: (Ger.) bisected stamp cut in half, which has been used to pay the postage at half the face value of the original stamp; the bisect is collected on the original cover with the postmark or cancellation covering the cut.
Getönt: (Ger.) toned.
Gewerkschafts Bewegung 60 Jahre: Austria overprint.
Gewöhnlich: (Ger.) common.
GEX: French local, 1944
Gezähnt (Gez.): (Ger.) perforated.
GF: 1: Gold Fields, South Australia official overprint, 1868-74. 2: French Guiana; country code as used by the UPU.
G.F.B.: Gaue Faka Buleaga (On Government Service), overprint on stamps of Tonga officials.
GFH: George F. Henlock, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
Gfr: Franc, currency of Guinea-Conarky.
G First-Class: Presorts United States non-denominated postage stamp, value 25¬Ę, October 13, 1994.
GH: Ghana; country code as used by the UPU.
Ghadames: town in Libya; 1946: stamps of Italy and Libya overprinted "Fezzan Occupation Fran'ais," 1949, April 12: occupied by Free French forces, stamps issued under French administration, 1951, Dec. 24: became part of independent Libya; see Fezzan-Ghadames, Libya. Ghadames Territoires Militaire: inscription on stamps of Libya, French Occupation, 1949.
Ghadames Territoires Militaire: inscription on stamps of Libya, French Occupation, 1949.
Ghana: west Africa between Benin and the Ivory Coast; former British West Africa colony of Gold Coast; official name of postal administration: Ghana Postal Services Corporation currency: 12 pence = 1 shillling, 20 shillings = 1 pouni, 100 pesewas = 1 cedi (1965, 1972), 100 new pesewas = 1 new cedi (1967) 1875-1928: first stamps issued in British colonial keytype, 1957, March 6: No.1, 2 pence rose/red, renamed Ghana as independent dominion, includes British Togoland, 1957, Oct. 10: joined the UPU, 1959, Oct. 5: first air mail issued, 1958, June 25: first postage due issued, 1960, July 1: named republic within British Commonwealth. 1961: postal authorities sold remainders of their stamps canceled-to-order, 1997, Aug. 12: first semipostal.
Ghana Independence: overprint on stamps of Gold Coast, Ghana, 1961.
GHD: George H. Davis, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
Ghent: also known as Gand, Gent; Belgium
Ghetou: (Rom.) ghetto.
Ghirga: Egypt, see Interpostal seals, 1872-80.
Ghirlandaio Christmas 1975: U. S. non-denominated postage stamp, value 10¬Ę, 1975.
Ghiseh: Egypt, see Interpostal seals, 1872-80.
Ghorush: Turkey currency unit.
Ghost: a light double printing apart from the normal inked stamp impression caused by mis-registration and incorrect printing procedures, may also be caused by phosphor inking picking up a design.
Ghost bidder: auction term for bidding against a ghost.
Ghost stamps: a portrait or scene shown in some detail of original design.
Ghost towns: towns that were formerly post offices.
Ghudamis: formerly Ghadames, Libya.
Ghurush: unit of currency in Turkey from 1926.
GI: Gibraltar; country code as used by the UPU.
Giallo: (It.) yellow (color).
Giamaica: (It.) Jamaica
Giapiks: currency unit in Azerbaijan.
Giappone: (It.) Japan.
Gibbons Catalogue Number: number assigned to a philatelic item by British Stanley Gibbons editors according to that publisher's criteria for such assignment.
Gibbons (Stanley) Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971
Gibilterra: (It.) Gibraltar.
Gibraleon: local post, Spanish Civil War, Nationalist,1936-38.
Gibraltar: located on southern tip of Spain, as British colony; currency: 12 pence = 1 shilling, 20 shillings = 1 pound, 100 centimos = 1 peseta (1889), 100 pence = 1 pound (1971) 1857: British stamps used with 'G' and 'A 26' cancels, 1886, Jan.1: No.1, 1/2 penny green, overprint on stamps of Bermuda for Gibraltar, 1886, Dec.: first own definitives, 1886-98: stamps used by the British post offices in Morocco, overprinted "Morocco Agencies," 1907: British stamps used in Morocco, 1918, April: first War Tax stamp issued, 1956, Dec. 1: first postage due issued.
Gibraltar: rock of Gibraltar, four rocks, unissued Great Britain cinderella by David Horry, 2001.
Gibuti: (It.) Djibouti
Gjennomstukken: (Nor.) rouletted perforation.
Giessen: German local post, 1887-1900, 1923.
Gilbber & Glico Islands: British Colonial Royal Wedding frames from "Surreal and Unreal Stickers."
Gilbert and Elise Islands: see Christmas island, Tuvalu.
Gilbert and Ellice Islands: British protectorate in the Pacific Ocean, northeast of Australia; currency: 12 pence = 1 shilling, 20 shillings = 1 pound, 100 cents = 1 dollar (1966) 1892: annexed as British Protectorate, 1901: used stamps of New South Wales, 1911, Jan.1: No.1, 1/2 penny green, overprint on stamps of Fiji "Gilbert & Ellice Protectorate"as first issue, 1912: stamps of the British Colonial keytype inscribed "Gilbert & Ellice Islands" issued, 1915: became Gilbert and Ellice Islands Colony, 1916: Fanning and Washington Islands added to group, 1918: first War Tax stamp issued, 1919: Christmas Island added to group, 1940, Aug.: first postage due issued, 1976, Jan. 1: the two groups separated; Gilbert stayed with the original name, Ellice became Tuvalu, 1979, July 11: Gilbert became Kiribati.
Gilbert & Elliceöarna: (Swed.) Gilbert & Ellice Islands.
Gilbert and Ellice Protectorate: overprint on stamps of Fiji for Gilbert and Ellice Islands, Jan. 1, 1911.
Gilbert & Sullivan Islands: North Mikado Island inscription, eight designs; unissued Great Britain cinderella by David Horry, 2001.
Gilbert és Ellice Szigetek: (Hung.)Gilbert and Ellice Islands.
Gilbert et Ellice: (Fr.) Gilbert and Ellice Islands.
Gilbert Islands: broke away from Gilbert and Ellice Islands; 1976, Jan. 2: issued commemorative stamps and became a Crown Colony, 1979: stamps replaced by stamps of Kiribati.
Gilchrist's Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971
Gillett & Co's Express: private mail firm, serviced Boston and Newburyport, Mass., used labels, 1861-67.
Gilligans Island: issued for supposed uncharted isle in Pacific created for popular television program.
Gillpatrick's Express: private mail firm serviced San Francisco and Antioch, Calif. via the steamboat Parthenius; used labels, 1874-78.
Gill's Postal Service: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971
Gilman's Express: private mail delivery firm serviced Boston, Mass., and Bangor, Maine; used labels; 1844-48.
Gilpin: name in oval handstamps "Forwarded Through Gilpin's Exchange Reading Room and Foreign letter Office N. York" 1839-41, Gilpin received outgoing foreign mail for delivery to the post office.
Gingin Islands: British Colonial Royal Wedding frames from "Surreal and Unreal Stickers."
Giordania: (It.) Jordan
Giori: ink delivery system allowing a single plate to print up to three colors.
Giori Press: sheetfed, multiolor, intaglio rotary presses used at the BEP to print in three colors.
Giornali Stampe: inscription on newspaper stamps of Sardinia and Italy, Italian States, 1861.
Giresun: also known as Kerassunde or Kerason, Turkey.
Girl with cap: full face, numerals in lower corners; imperforate are newspaper stamps of B & H under Austria; perforated issues are regular postage for B & H in Jugoslavia.
Giro: 1: national banking group operated through post offices in several European countries. 2: on stamps of Spain; money order, fiscal use.
Girona: local post, Spanish Civil War, Republican,1937.
Giro postal: (Sp.) used on fiscal stamps.
Gisela, S.S.: steamship marking of the Danube Steam Navigation Company built around 1870s.
Giumulzina: in province of Thrace in Turkish Empire, now Greek town of Komotini; 1913: stamps issued by Greece after occupation.
Giurgevo, S.S.: steamship marking of the Danube Steam Navigation Company built around 1860/70s, for lower Danube lines or delta of the river.
Gjennomstukken: (Nor.) rouletted perforation.
Gjirokaster: formerly known as Argyrokkastron, Albania.
Glacé: (Fr.) glossy, glazed, enameled (paper).
Glaceton: Antarctic fantasy issue.
Gladstone: form of roulette separation, containing approximately 4 "waves" along the length of the stamp; tested in 1852-54, devised anonymously, named after Gladstone, then Chancellor of the Exchequer."
Glanzpapier: (Ger.) glossy paper.
Glascow & South Western Railway: Scotland local post.
Glascow, Barrhead & Kilmarnock Railway: Scotland local post.
Glasgow: 1: local for United Kingdom strike post, 1971. 2: Circular delivery Co., local, 1867.
Glasgow City Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971
Glasgow Parks P.S.: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971
Glassine: a semi-transparent paper used to make envelopes for stamp and cover storage, also used for album interleaving.
Glass, James B.: postmaster, Columbia, S.C., issued Confederate Postmaster's Provisional.
Glass, R.H.: postmaster, Lynchburg, Va., issued Confederate Provisional stamp and envelope.
Glatt: (Ger.) smooth, shiny.
Glauchau: German local, 1945.
Glazed gum: result when stamps are stored under too much heat or pressure, melting the gum into a smooth, shiny condition that may reduce the value.
Glazed paper: paper that has been given a glossy finish by glazing with friction of applied heat, instead of by coating.
Glazof: local post, Russian Zemstvo, 1868-1914.
Glb: (Ger.) abbreviation for yellow (color).
G.L.C. Courier: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971
GLD: 1. Guilder, currency of Netherlands. 2. George L. Dant, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
Gleiwitz: Stadtbrief-Beforderung- Flora; German local, 1896-97.
Glen Ellen Star: star cancel on stamps, used at Glen Allen, Va., 1870-80.
Glen Haven Daily Mail: U.S. local post, Glen Haven. N. Y., 1854-58.
Glenveagh: Donald Evans issue, Ireland.
Glest bottentryck: (Swed.) thin background.
GLH: George L. Huber, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
Glider flight: flight by unpowered aircraft; a glider or sailplane.
Glider mail: mail carried by glider; first carried Aug. 1923 in Rhineland, Germany using overprints on obsolete stamps of the 1919 series.
Glion-Sur-Montreux: Switzerland hotel post, 1897, Hotel Bellevue.
GL. O.A. 7 Fev. 1914: overprint on stamps of Haiti, General Oreste Zamor, future president, 1914.
Global Priority Mail: an international USPS service that features a 4-business-day delivery to selected countries in Europe, the Pacific Rim and Canada.
Globo de correos: (Sp.) balloon mail.
Glossy gum: adhesive with a hard, shiny surface.
Gloucester Emergency: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971
Gloucester Philatelic Society, 1934: triangular label to promote their local show.
Glow-Bar tagging: vertical bar of tagging on some postal stationery issues.
"GLOWING $5": U. S. $5 Hamilton stamp variation printed on experimental luminescent paper.
GL O.Z.: Haiti provisional overprint.
Glutinous wash: term used by Roland Hill for the sticky liquid to be applied to the back of his adhesive postage so that it would affix to the envelope.
Glyphography: 1842 patented process to produce printing surfaces in relief or recess.
GM: Gambia; country code as used by the UPU.
GMAI: Greg Manning Auctions, Inc. (USA).
GMF: general mail facility, a USPS mail processing hub.
GN: Guinea; country code as used by the UPU.
G.N.: (Sp.) Gobierno National, National (Official Government), perforation on stamps of Venezuela, since 1915.
Gnadeloupe: spelling error of Guadeloupe overprint.
Gnostis: mystical symbols, Donald Evans issue.
G.N.R.: (It.) Guardia Nazionale Repubblicana, (Republican National Guard), 1943, Dec. 20: overprint on local stamps of North Italy, printing stopped Dec. 23; authorities ordered more printed in 1944 due to speculation in original stamps, 1944, Aug. 30: overprints became invalid.
G NSW: perforated initials in stamps of Australia for the Government of New South Wales.
G.O.: Philippines official overprint.
Goat Island: Irish bogus stamps printed on water soluble paper.
Goat's eye: Brazil general issue of 1850 because they resemble eyes of a goat.
Gob. Cons(t.): Gobierno Constitucionalista (Sp.) overprint on stamps of Mexico, Cuanajuanta-Neuva Leon, 1914.
Gobierno: (Sp.) (government), overprint on stamps of Peru, making them "official" for departmental use.
Gobierno Constitucionalista: overprint, see Aguascalientes.
Gobierno Constitucionalista Aguascalientes: Mexican overprint on five stamps and one postage due label by revolutionary forces, 1914.
Gobierno Constitucionalista Mexico: 1: 1914 overprint on stamps of Mexico, Oaxaca revenue issue. 2: inscription for Mexico, Sonora revenue issue.


(Data Above sourced from "Ask Phil" and other sources. Last edit 5/Aug/2008 Amhazing)

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Gobierno Revolucionario: overprint on stamps of Mexico for Yucatan revenue issues.
God eks: (Dan.) good example, fine copy.
Godahoppsudden: (Swed.) Cape of Good Hope.
Goddaba: Egypt, see Interpostal seals, 1872-82.
Goddard, Robert H.: U. S. rocket scientist who pioneered liquid-filled rocket; launched first international mail flight, carrying 1,072 covers from McAllen, Texas to Reynosa, Mexico where they were stamped and postmarked, 1926.
Goddess of Liberty: first U.S. postal cards depicted a bust of the Goddess of Liberty.
God eks: (Dan.) good example, fine copy.
Godella: local post, Spanish Civil War, Republican,1937.
Godfrey & Munros' Express: private parcel firm serviced New Bedford, Mass., and New York City; used a label, year unknown.
G Official mail: USA United States non-denominated postage stamp, value 32¬Ę, 1992.
Goffratura: (It.) embossing.
Goffrea: bogus issue, on information available.
Gogo Island: stamp designs from Editions Pen, Swiss origin.
Golaleey: inscription on stamps of Somalia.
Gold, G: (Ger.) used as overprint or surcharge.
Goldback, A.: see Private die match proprietary stamps.
Goldback, A & Co.: see Private die match proprietary stamps.
Goldbeater's paper (skin): a thin, fragile transparent "onionskin" security paper, made by rubbing it with resin, used on the 1866 Prussian parcel stamps; not sold to the public, affixed to heavy packages only.
Gold Coast: west Africa between Dahomey and Ivory Coast; British colony and protectorate in West Africa; currency: 12 pence = 1 shilling, 20 shillings = 1 pound 1875-pre: mail handled by Sierra Leone, 1875, July 1: No.1, 1 penny blue, issued stamps, 1880: overprinted post cards, 1888: overprinted "Gold Coast Colony" registered letters, 1899: Gold Coast envelope stationery, 1918, June: first War Tax stamp issued, 1923: first postage due issued, 1957: became independent, 1957, March: renamed Ghana as independent dominion, issued first stamps, 1960: named republic within British Commonwealth.
Golden Casket: inscription on Queensland Railways stamps promoted the "Golden Casket," a state lottery, to frank letters and packages shipped via the railroad.
Golden Eagle National Park Service: issued stamp-like labels to be affixed to Golden Eagle passes, 1988.
Gold foil: 1: artificial gold foil bonded to paper. 2: actual gold leaf, or very thin, fine gold bonded to paper.
Goldk√ɬľste: (Ger.) Gold Coast.
Golfe de Benin: (Fr.) inscription, see Benin.
Golfing Bears: nickname for 1922 issue of Karelia Coat of Arms stamps depicting a bear holding a long slender weapon in what appears to be a golfing stance.
Golfo de Guinea: (Sp.) Spanish Guinea, 1907-49.
Goliad, Tex. Postage 10: see Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Goma: (Port., Sp.) gum.
Goma Molestarada: (Sp.) disturbed gum.
GOMAP: Good Offices Mission to Afghanistan and Pakistan.
Gomma: (It.) gum.
Gomma Disturbita: (It.) original gum on an unused stamp which has been altered, usually by application of a hinge.
Gomme: (Fr.) gum, the coating of glue on the reverse of an unused or mint postage stamp; see never hinged, lightly hinged, original gum, partial original gum, ungummed, unused gum.
Gonzales, Tex., Colman & Law: see Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Good: a standard of grade.
Goodall proofs: proofs ordered printed by A. G. Goodall, president of the American Bank Note Co. in 1847 and 1879 of official and newspaper stamps.
Goodwin & Co's Express: private mail firm serviced Boston and South Berwick, Mass.; used a label, year unknown.
Goodyear Cycle: Mar. 24, 1900; Cadet Sgt. Major Goodyear on the bicycle he used as a messenger during the Mafeking siege Oct. 12, 1899 to May 17, 1900; see Mafeking.
Goodall (London, New York): U.S. private die playing card stamp.
Goosewell Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971
Gopshe: Donald Evans issue, a friend's dog.
Gordonia: possible Jewish colony labels.
Gordon stamps: commemoratives issued by the Sudan, Jan. 1, 1935, 50th anniversary of death of General Gordon.
Gordon's City Express: U.S. local post, New York, N. Y., 1848-52.
Gorkiy: formerly known as Novgorod, Russia.
Görlitz: 1: Briefbeforderung Courier, German local, 1895-1900. 2: Express-Packet-Verkehr, 1886-1916. 3: German local, 1945.
Gorman, T. & Bro.: see Private die match proprietary stamps.
Gorman, Thomas: see Private die match proprietary stamps.
Gorno-Badakhshan: Tajikstan, cinderella, 1997.
Gorny Slask: (Pol.) inscription on Upper Silesia private labels issued by Polish plebiscite official in 1920, some found used on mail in Poland.
Gorochow: German Hilfpost, Ukraine local, 1944.
Gorodskaya Uprava: (in Cyrillic) St. Petersburg City Office, fiscal, no postal validity, 1865.
Görögoszág: (Hung.)Greece.
Gösnitz: 1: Dick & Stutz Express-Packet, German local, 1891. 2: German local courier, 1893.
Gosport Strike Mail: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971
Goteborg: formerly known as Gothenburg, Sweden.
Göteborg: (also Gothenburg) seaport and seat of Göteborg and Bohus province in SW Sweden, at mouth of Göta River on the Kattegat arm of the North Sea ca. 290 miles WSW of Stockholm. First local post (Göteborgs Stadpost) established by Maria Ellen Wilbergin in 1888. Several other local posts operated through the 1920s, to include Göteborg Privata Lokalpost, Göteberg Enskilda Local Post, and Privata Lokalpostem Ferm (q.v. individual Göteborg Local Post entries).
G√ɬ∂teborg - G√ɬ∂teborg Privata Local Post: Local post established by a merchant, R. W. Lindhe, who formed it into a limited compant in 1889. A lithographed triangular 5 √ɬłre blue "Lokal / Post / G√ɬ∂teborg" local stamp depicting a heroic figure was issued in 1888, with a similar design 3 √ɬłre dark ultramarine being issued 29 December 1889, and a similar design (no value indication) yellow being issued 22 February 1889. The yellow issues were surcharged 1 √ɬłre, 2 √ɬłre, and 10 √ɬłre in violet or blue on 17 February 1889. Remainders were overprinted "Stockholm" for the Stockholms Privata Lokalpost (q.v.).
G√ɬ∂teborg - G√ɬ∂teborg Stadspost Local Post: Local post established by Maria Ellen Willberg, with 1 √ɬłre blue, 2 √ɬłre green, and 3 √ɬłre red "G√ɬ∂teborgs / Stadspost" lithographed local stamps depicting King Gustav II issued on 24 April 1868. The rates were 3 √ɬłre for letters, postcards, or wrappers, and 10 √ɬłre for packages, but the rates were reduced dut to competition from G√ɬ∂teborgs Privata Lokalpost (q.v.). One type of local cancellation was used, usually in black, and rarely in blue; government post office cancellations are recorded, but are rare. The local post ceased operations on 23 March 1889.
G√ɬ∂teborg - H. G. Hansson Privata Lokalposten Fern: Local post established by H.G. Hanson, with lithographed 3 √ɬ∂re violet and 5 √ɬłre blue "Privata Lokalposten Ferm" (Ferm = F√ɬ§rm = "prompt") issued on 5 March 1926
G√ɬ∂teborg - Ivan R. A. Engstrom "Enskilda" Local Post: Local post established by Ivan R. A. Engstrom, with typographed 3 √ɬłre red and 5 √ɬłre yellow "Ensk. Lokalpost" ("Ensk." = Enskilda ["private"]) local stamps depicting a castle being issued in 1926.
Goteborgs Stadspost: Sweden local post.
Gothenburg: Swedish locals 1: Goteborgs Stadspost, 1888. 2: Goteborgs Privata,1888-90 3: Goteborgs Enskilda, 1926. 4: Privata Lokalposten Ferm, 1926.
Gothic type: an angular letter type used as old English or German.
Gotour: Egypt, see Interpostal seals, 1879-82.
Gott ex: (Swed.) good example, fine copy.
Gottleuba: German local, post WW II.
Gott's Park School: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971
Gott strafe England-Er strafe es: "God punish England-may he punish it" inscription on German propaganda labels.
Gouda P.: Gouda Post, pre-adhesive postmark used 1757-93.
G. O. Ulleberg Local Post: see Drammen - G. O. Ulleberg Local Post.
Gourde: unit of currency in Haiti.
Gourieh: Egypt, see Interpostal seals, 1879-84.
Gouss: Egypt, see Interpostal seals, 1879-82.
Gouyave manuscript: post office in Granada where the postmaster wrote "Postage" (unauthorized action) on revenue stamps due to definitive stamp shortage.
Governatorato del Montenegro: overprint on stamps of Jugoslavia, Italian Administration, Montenegro, 1941.
Government City Dispatch: 1857, Baltimore, Md.; see Carriers' stamps.
Government coil: coil stamps produced by a post service contractor.
Government flight: air mail flight on which the pilot was a federal employee.
Government imitation: official imitations when original plates were no longer available; such as U.S. reproductions of the 1847 stamps.
Government imprinted envelope: postal stationery issued by a government postal administration whereby the postage stamp is printed directly on the envelope.
Government in exile: officials that are driven in exile issue postage stamps to show their legitimacy; some stamps have postal validity, sometimes issued to raise money.
Government issue: stamps issued by an established government or its agency.
Government of South Russia: General Wrangel, 1918-19 issued surcharged Russian stamps; see Russia, South.
Government Printing Office: federal agency that has printed postal cards and aerograms since 1910.
Governo Militare Alleato: (It.) overprint on stamps of Italy, Allied Military Government, 1943.
Govie's Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971
Govt Parcels: overprint on stamps of Great Britain for official use, 1883-1902.
Goya: famous nude stamp of Spain, 1930.
GP: Government Printer, South Australia official overprint, 1868-74.
G.P.: Guadeloupe; country code as used by the UPU.
GPCI: Grand Prix Club International.
G.P. de M.: (Sp.) Gobierno Provisional de Mexico (Provisional Government of Mexico) overprint on stamps of Mexico, 1916-18.
G.P.E.: overprint on stamps of French Colonies, Guadeloupe, 1884-91.
G.P.M.: overprint on stamps of Mexico, for Oaxaca revenue issues.
GPO: General Post Office.
G.P.O. Authorized Service: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971
G Postcard Rate: United States non-denominated yellow postage stamp, value 20¬Ę, October 13, 1994.
G.P.P.: General Post Paid, Britain, 1799-1829.
G P S: Germany Philatelic Society.
GPU: see General Postal Union.
GQ: Equatorial Guinea; country code as used by the UPU.
G. R.: precedes the European postal code on addresses in Greece, such as GR-1172 Athens.
GR: Greece; country code as used by the UPU.
Gr: (Ger.) catalog abbreviation for green overprint or surcharge.
Gr.: Grenze, pre-adhesive postmark.
gr.: (Ger.) catalog abbreviation for gray, grau (color).
Gra: 1. (Ger.) catalogue abbreviation for gray overprint or surcharge. 2. (Dan., Nor., Swed.) grey (color).
Gråakt: (Swed.) greyish (color).
Gråakt blå: (Swed.) greyish-blue [dull blue] (color).
Gråakt brun: (Swed.) greyish brown (color).
Gråakt gul: (Swed.) greyish yellow (color).
Gråakt gulbrun: (Swed.) greyish yellow-brown (color).
Gråaktig: (also Grålig) (Nor.) greyish (color).
Gråaktig blå: (Nor.) greyish-blue (color).
Gr√ɬ•aktig m√ɬłrkbl√ɬ•: (Nor.) greyish-dark blue (color).
Gråakt orangebrun: (Swed.) greyish orange-brown (color).
Grabado: (Sp.) see Engraved.
Gråblå: (Dan., Nor.) grey-blue (color).
Gråbrun: (Dan.) grey-brown (color).
Gråblå: (Dan.) grey-blue (color).
Gråbrun: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) grey-brown (color).
Gradazione de colore: (It.) shade (color).
Grade: an expression that indicates whether a stamp is perfect or imperfect and the range of imperfections; catalogues usually address only centering and degree of cancellations on used stamps.
Grado de conservación: (Fr.) grade, condition.
Graduación: (Sp.) grade, condition.
Gr¦kenland: (Dan.) Greece.
Gr¬¶sgr√ɬłn: (Dan.) grass-green (color).
Gr¦sk: (Dan.) Greek (adj.).
Gr¦sk Post I Udlandet: (Dan.) Greek Post Offices Abroad.
Graffin's Baltimore Despatch: U.S. local post, Baltimore, Md., 1856.
Gråfiolett: (Nor.) grey-violet (color).
Grafting: adding of margins to an imperforate stamp; paper added to a stamp.
Graf Zeppelins (Zepps): three US stamps picturing the Zeppelins issued in 1930.
Gr√ɬ•gr√ɬłn: (Dan., Swed.) grey-green (color).
Gr√ɬ•gr√ɬłnn: (Nor.) grey-green (color).
Graham Land: overprint on stamps of Falkland Islands for Graham Land, Falkland Islands dependency in the Antarctic, 1944, Feb. 12-46; now part of British Antarctic Territory.
Graham Memorial City: Antarctic fantasy issue.
Grain direction: direction in which most of the paper fibers are aligned; paper tears more readily with the grain than against it; cutting a small rectangle piece from a page and wetting it will cause the paper to curl in the grain direction.
Grålig: (also Gråaktig) (Nor.) greyish (color).
Grålilla: (Dan., Nor.) grey-lilac (color).
Gråoliven: (Dan., Nor.) grey-olive (color).
Grå-olivgrå: (Dan., Nor.) grey - olive-grey (color).
Gramenet del Besos: local post, Spanish Civil War, Republican,1937.
Grana: 1: Two Sicilies, Italian States unit of currency, 1861. 2: Granada, pre-adhesive postmark.
Granada: Colombia-Granada, 1861.
Granada: local post, Spanish Civil War, Nationalist and Republican,1936-38.
Granadina: Colombia-Granadina, 1859-60.
Granadine Confederation: original name for South American republic of Colombia, 1859-60: 'Confed. Granadina" was on first issues, 1861: renamed United States of New Granada, 1862: renamed United States of Colombia.
Gran Bretagna: (It.) Great Britain.
Gran Breta√ɬĪa: (Sp.) Great Britain.
Grand Comoro: Comoro islands, off Madagascar; currency: 100 centimes = 1 franc 1897: No.1, 1 centime lilac/blue, stamps of French colonial period inscribed "Grand Comoro," 1850: stamps of Comoro Archipelago; see Comoro Islands. 1912: first issue surcharged with new denomination, also used in Madagascar, 1914: stamps of Madagascar used. 1923: became part of the Republic of Comoros, 1950: stamps of Comoro Islands issued, now Republic of Comoros.
Grand Consommation: (Fr.) newsprint stock paper used to print stamps, 1917-20, called "papier de Grande Consommation" or paper of extraordinary emergency; printing plates were marked "GC". during World War I
Grande Bretagne: (Fr.) Great Britain.
Grande margenes: (Sp.) wide margins.
Grand Fenwick, Duchy of: advertising fantasies produced for the movie, "The Mouse That Roared."
Grand format: (Fr.) large size.
Grand Liban: overprint/inscription used on stamps of France for Syria and Lebanon.
Granite paper: paper containing tiny, visible colored fibers to deter forgery.
Granö Ångslups Aktiebolag: (Fin.) steamship line serving Granö islands, Finland local, 1895.
Grant's Post Office: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Gråoliven: (Dan.) grey-olive (color).
Graphite-lined: contains printed lines of graphite which acts as an electrical conductor to signal scanning equipment.
Gråpurpur: (Dan., Swed.) grey-purple (color).
Gråskifer: (Dan.) grey-slate (color).
Gråskiffer: (Swed.) grey-slate (color).
Gräsgrön: (Swed.) grass-green (color).
Gråsort: (Dan.) grey-black (color).
Gråsvart: (Nor., Swed.) grey-black (color).
G Rate Make-up: United States non-denominated postage stamp, value 3¬Ę, 1992.
Gratis: free label used in Jan. 1871, provided by Switzerland for correspondence by French prisoners of war..
Gratis Frimärke: (Nor.) free stamp.
Gratuit: (Fr.) free.
Grau: (Ger.) gray.
Gråultramarin: (Dan., Swed.) grey-blue (color).
Gravé: (Fr.) engraved.
Graver: a tool with a sharp hardened point used by an engraver to cut lines into a steel block.
Gravering: (Nor.) engraving.
Graves & Co., Express: private mail firm serviced Boston, Mass., and Portland, Maine; used a label, 1857.
Gravesend Postal Strike: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971
Graviert: (Ger.) engraved.
Gråviolet: (Dan.) grey-violet (color).
Gråviolett: (Swed.) grey-violet (color).
Grav.na: pre-adhesive postmark form Gravedona, Lombardy, 1835-40.
Gravor: (Rom.) engraver.
Grav√ɬłrdybtryk: (Dan.) seeTryk - Grav√ɬłrdyk.
Gravura: (Rom.) engraving.
Gravure: multicolor printing process with the design below the surface; formerly called photogravure.
Gravure en creux: (Fr.) intaglio.
Gravure sur acier: (Fr.) steel engraving.
Gravyrtryck: (Swed.) recess printing.
Gray & Co. "Express": private mail firm serviced Boston, Mass. area; used a label, 1848.
Graz: formerly known as Gratz, Austria.
Great Americans: US series of stamps, formerly know as the Distinguished Americans; began in 1980, ended in 1999.
Great Barrier Island: located north-east of Auckland, NewZealand; 1898-99, 1948: known for the New Zealand Pigeongram Service/Agency; local stamps.
Great Bitter Lake Association (GBLA): stamps issued by ships trapped in Suez Canal after the seven days war, June 1967.
Great Britain: northwest of Europe, includes England, Guernsey, Isle of Man, Jersey, Scotland, Wales; official name of postal administration: Royal Mail currency: 12 pence = 1 shilling, 20 shillings = 1 pound, 100 pence = 1 pound 1652: Council of State decreed that letters from members of Parliament and some public officials be carried free; led to British postal reform, 1840, May 6: No.1, 1 penny black, world's first stamp issued, never printed the name of the country on its stamps, used head of its sovereign, 1875, July 1: joined the UPU, includes Overseas Territories Anguilla, Ascension, Bermuda, British Indian Ocean Territory, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Falkland Islands, Gibraltor, Montserrat, Pitcairn, Henderson Ducie and Oeno (Islands), South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands, Tristan da Cunha, Turks and Caicos Islands, 1882: first official stamp, overprinted "I.R. Official" (Inland Revenue) issued, 1914: first postage due stamp issued, 1918, Dec. 1: British forces enter Germany, 1940-45: Channel Islands issued their own stamps during German occupation, 1958: regional stamps issued for Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland, Jersey, Guernsey and the Isle of Man, 1975: first semipostal issued. Great Britain: see Akassa, Army Official, Bahrain.
Great Britain: E.A.F.: East Africa Forces; overprint on stamps of Great Britain, Italian Somaliland, 1943-48.
Great Britain; Offices in Africa: Tripolitania, Cyrenaica, Eritrea, Dodecanese and Somalia; 1942: overprinted "M.E.F." (Middle East Forces), 1943, June: for use in Somalia, stamps of Great Britain overprinted "E.A.F.", 1948, June: for use in Eritrea, stamps of Great Britain overprinted "B.M.A.", 1948, July 1: for use in Tripolitania, stamps of Great Britain overprinted "B.M.A. Tripolitnia."
Great Britain; Offices in China: stamps of Hong Kong overprinted "China," 1917. Great Britain; Offices in Morocco: 1898: stamps of Gibraltar overprinted "Morocco Agencies," 1928: stamps of Great Britain overprinted "Tangier," Great Britain; Offices in Turkish Empire: 1885, April 1: surcharges on stamps of Great Britain. Great Britain Regional Issues: see Northern Ireland, Scotland, Wales, Isle of Man, Jersey and Guernsey. Great Britain Telegraph Stamps: first recorded example, 1851; a 1-shilling inscription on the message form, issued in Great Britain by the Electric Telegraph Co.; private telegraph firms were absorbed into the British Post Office in 1869-69, first issue of Post office telegraph stamps was in 1876.
Great Britain; Offices in Turkish Empire: 1832: first office only handled diplomatic and military mail, 1857: office opened to the public, 1885, April 1: surcharges on stamps of Great Britain to prevent currency speculation, 1905: British stamps overprinted "Levant" to prevent resale in Great Britain.
Great Britain Regional Issues: see Northern Ireland, Scotland, Wales, Isle of Man, Jersey and Guernsey.
Great Britain Telegraph Stamps: first recorded example, 1851; a 1-shilling inscription on the message form, issued in Great Britain by the Electric Telegraph Co.; private telegraph firms were absorbed into the British Post Office in 1869-69, first issue of Post office telegraph stamps was in 1876.
Great Central & Midland Joint Committee: British local post.
Great Central Railway Company: British local post.
Great Comoro: see Comoro Islands.
Great Eastern Railway: British newspaper local post.
Great Island: Donald Evans definitive issue of 1940.
Great Mail Route: eastern mail (1852) from New Orleans via water to Mobile, then by river, stage and rail to Charleston, then by sea to Wilmington, and finally by rail to Washington, Baltimore, Philadelphia and New York.
Great Northern Express Company: parcel firm operated on the Great Northern , ailway lines stations; used labels, year unknown.
Great North of Scotland Railway: Scotland local post.
Great Northern & Great Central Railway Company: British local post.
Great Northern Railway: British local post.
Great Northern Railway: Ireland local post.
Great Post Route: In 1836, from Portland, Maine to New Orleans, La.
Great Salt Lake Trail: from Omaha to Salt Lake via the Platte River via Echo Canyon.
Great Southern & Western Railway: British local post.
Great Western & Great Central Joint Committee: British local post.
Great Western Railway: British local post.
Grec: (Rom) Greek (adj.).
Grèce: (Fr.) Greece.
Grecia: (It., Sp.) Greece.
Greece: independent nation located in southeast Europe; currency: 100 lepta = 1 drachma, 100 cents = 1 Euro (2002) 1861, Oct. 1: No.1, 1 lepta chocolate, first stamps issued, printed in Paris, classic Hermes heads, used dot design as cancel, 1875: first postage due issued, 1875, July 1; joined the UPU, 1889: variation in original design issued, printed in Athens, 1896: first Olympic Games commemorative issue, 1912: stamps of Greece overprinted for use in parts of Turkey occupied by Greeece (New Greece); overprint reads "Greek Administration," 1913, July 1: stamps of Bulgaria overprinted in Greek for occupied areas 1917: Venizelist Provisional Government, 1923: King abdicated, revolutionary Administration, 1924, April 16: became republic, 1926, Oct. 20: first air mail issued, 1935: monarchy restored. 1940, Dec. 10: overprinted stamps issued for occupation of southern Albania, 1944, Nov. 11: Greek stamps with new currency issued, 1944: first semipostal issued, 1973, June: second republic formed; see A M, Aegean Islands, Astypalaia, Calchi, Carchi, Calimno, Calino, Chios, Icaria, Mytilene, Samos.
Greek Occupation of Aegean Islands: 1912-13: stamps of Greece overprinted for use in occupation of Chios, Icaria (Nicaria), Lemnos, Mytilene (Lesbos) and Samos,
Greek Occupation of Albania: North Epirus; 1940: overprinted stamps for postage due, air mail issued.
Greek Occupation of Cavalla: 1913: stamps of Bulgaria surcharged.
Greek Occupation of Dedeagatch (Alexandroupolis): 1913: stamps of Bulgaria overprinted.
Greek Occupation of Dodecanese Islands: 1947: overprint on stamps of Greece.
Greek Occupation of Epirus (Albania): 1912-13: provisional government established, 1914: occupied by Greece, occupation issue, 1940-41: overprint on stamps of Greece.
Greek Occupation of North Epirus (Albania): 1940-41: overprint on stamps of Greece
Greek Occupation of Thrace: 1920: stamps of Greece overprinted, in Greek, Administration Western Thrace.
Greek Occupation of Turkey: Balkan Wars, 1912-13; 1912: "Greek Administration" overprint on stamps of Greece.
Greek offices in Turkey: 1834-81: Greece operated a number of post offices in Ottoman Empire, 1861,Oct. 13-April 25, 1881: used stamps of Greece, stamps used in both areas are known only by their cancellations (Toypkia) in brackets.
Greek Use in Dodecanese Islands: 1947: additional overprint on stamps of Greece.
Greeley Bros. Co.: package and baggage firm serviced the Cleveland, Ohio, area; used a label and a stamp; year unknown.
Greenbacks: U.S. paper money.
Green, G.G.: U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp.
Green goods: postal scam, see Official Notice.
Greenhood & Newbauer's Express: private mail delivery firm serviced Weaverville and Shasta, Calif., used a label; year unknown.
Green label: white oblong label printed in green use as identification on mail from Great Britain to Malta for service personnel during 1941-42 siege.
Greenland: Danish territory in the North Atlantic Ocean, world's largest island, official name of postal administration: Greenland Postal Service currency: 100 ore = 1 Danish krone 1875, July 1: joined the UPU, included with Denmark, 1905: parcel post issues of the Royal Greenland Trading Company were first stamps, 1935: Thule, a colony in north-west Greenland, issued its own stamps, 1938, Dec. 1: No.1, 1 ore olive/black, first government issued stamps, previously all letters from Greenland were carried free; WW II: U.S. protectorate when Denmark was under German occupation; 1945: issued overprint "Danmark Befriet 5 Maj 1945" for liberation of Denmark from German occupation, 1953, June 9: Greenland is considered as part of Danish kingdom, but issues its own stamps, 1958: inland letters were free up to this date, 1958, May 22: first semipostal issued, 1963: became part of the Kingdom of Denmark, 1979, May 1: achieved home rule.
Greenland: Royal Greenland Trading Company; local 1905-38.
Greenleaf & Co.: see Private die match proprietary stamps.
Green Mountain Principality: overprints on bogus State of Oman stamps.
Greenock Delivery: United Kingdom Strike local post, 1971.
Green paper air mail stamps: regular stamps dipped into a chemical producing green-toned paper, 16-cent Air Mail Special Delivery issue, 1938.
Green Post Express: United Kingdom Strike local post, 1971.
Greensboro, Ala. Paid 5, Paid 10: see Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Greensboro, N.C. Paid 10: see Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Greenslade's Delivery Co.: parcel firm serviced Los Angeles, Calif. area; used stamps, 1885-95.
Greenville: city in Liberia, registration inscription, 1893-1924.
Greenville, Ala. Paid Five, Paid Ten: see Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals. Greenville C. (Court) H. (House), S. C. Paid 5: see Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Greenwich-London Strike: United Kingdom Strike local post, 1971.
Greenwood Depot, Va. Paid: see Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Gregori: Louis Gregori painted Return of Columbus and Reception at Court, adopted for Ten cents Columbian stamp.
Gregory's California Express: pioneer express company handling mail to and from California.
Greifenstein, S.S.: steamship marking of the Danube Steam Navigation Company built around 1890s, for upper Danube lines.
Greig' City Despatch: New York City post started by Alex H. Greig and Henry L. Winsor, Feb. 15, 1842; used first adhesive stamp 3¬Ę black on gray.
Greiz: German locals 1: Express-Packet-Verkehrn Oskar Hopf; 1889-1904. 2: Courier, 1893.
Grekenland: (Nor.) Greece
Grekisk: (Nor., Swed.) Greek
Grekisk Post på Udlandsk: (Nor.) Greek Post Offices Abroad.
Grekisk Post på Utländsk: (Swed.) Greek Post Offices Abroad.
Grekland: (Swed.) Greece
Grenada: British colony, island in the Caribbean; currency: 12 pence = 1 shilling, 100 cents = 1 dollar (1949) 1858-60: British stamps used with 'A 15' cancel, 1861: No. 1, 1 penny green, first issue appeared, Chalon portrait design, 1892: first postage due issued, 1916: first War Tax stamp issued, 1967: associated statehood with Great Britain, 1972, Feb. 3: first air mail issued, 1974, Feb. 7: own stamps used, independence state overprint, 1978, Jan. 30: joined the UPU, 1981, Nov. 30: first semipostal issued.
Grenada: Roosevelt's Head & Disneyville inscription; unissued Great Britain cinderella by David Horry, 2001.
Grenada Carriacou & Petit Martinque: changed name from Grenada, 1999.
Grenada Grenadines: islands to the north of Grenada, islands of Carriacou and Ronde; 1973 - pre: used stamps of Grenada, 1973, Dec. 23: No.1, 25 cents multicolor, first own stamp (Grenadines overprint), 1982, June: first official stamps issued, 1986, Dec.1: first semipostal issued, see Grenada Carriacou & Petit Martinque.
Grenada Red Cross Society: inscription on label or sealing stamp authorized for use as a 1/2d stamp on one day only, Sept. 18, 1914.
Grenadines of St. Vincent: see Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.
Grenade: (Fr.) Grenada.
Grenat: (Fr.) claret (color).
Greseala: (Rom.) error.
Gressgr√ɬłnn: (Nor.) grass-green (color).
Grève: (Fr.) strike.
Gr., Gronland: Greenland.
G.R.I.: Georgius Rex Imperator (George, King & Emperor) 1: New Britain overprint on stamps of German New Guinea, Marshall Islands, 1914. 2: overprint on stamps of German Samoa, for Samoa under Britain, 1914.
Gri: (Rom.) grey (color).
Gri-albastrui: (Rom.) bluish-grey (color).
Griazovets: local post, Russian Zemstvo, 1878-1918.
Gridiron cancellation: a early U.S. cancel consisting of circles enclosing parallel lines; also known as grid markings.
Griechenland: (Ger.) Greece.
Griffin, Ga. Paid 5: see Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Griggs & Goodwill: see Private die match proprietary stamps.
Griggs & Scott: see Private die match proprietary stamps.
Grigio: (It.) gray.
Grill: an impression or embossing made on a stamp in order to break the paper fibers so that the ink from the cancel will soak into the stamp paper and make washing for reuse impossible.
Grilled gum: indentations in the adhesive caused by passing the gummed paper through a roller with a pattern to counteract paper curl.
Grilled Nationals: refers to the U.S. National Bank Note grilled issue of 1870-71.
Grill in relief: light engraving applied in dry relief on some U.S. and Peru stamps in order to prevent fading.
Grill Z: see Z Grill.
GRI Long Island: inscribed local issue for island of Long Island, Gulf of Smyrna.
Grimma: German courier local, 1893.
Grimstad: Norwegian seaport on the Skagerrak (also Skagerak) arm of the E central North Sea in Aust-Agder county ca. 140 miles SSW of Oslo. Local post established by N. Herlofson, with a set-of-5 "Grimstad Bypost" local stamps depicting a 3-masted ship being issued 15 January 1887. The stamps are cancelled with a single-ring "Grimstad-Bypost" circular datestamp having an 8-pointed star at the bottom, and the date and time in four lines at the center. The local post closed later in the year 1887.
Grimstad Bypost: Norway local post, 1887.
Gri-olv:: (Rom.) olive-grey (color).
GRI Postage: inscribed local issue for island of Long Island, Gulf of Smyrna.
Gripper cracks: formed over slots cut in the edges of the plates curved to fit rotary press cylinders; associated with introduction of the rotary press printer.
Griqualand West: district of Cape Province, South Africa; currency: 12 pence = 1 shilling 1871: annexed to Great Britain, used stamps of Cape of Good Hope, 1873: made a Crown Colony, 1874: No. 1, 1 penny blue, manuscript surcharge, 1877, March: overprinted 'G' on stamps of Cape of Good Hope, 1880: Cape stamps with "G"overprint withdrawn and reissued to post offices in Cape Colony; Griqualand West annexed to the Cape Colony.
Gris: (Sp.) gray.
Gri-verzui: (Rom.) greenish-grey (color).
G.R. Mafia, G.R. Post Mafia: British occupation Mafia Island; off German East Africa.
Grn: (Ger.) gr√ɬľn, catalogue abbreviation for green.
GRN: international postal code for Greenland.
Grodno District: overprint on stamps of Russia, Lithuania, 1919.
Grodzisk: city in German-occupied Russian Poland, local post overprint, 1918-20.
Groenekrus: (Green Cross) inscription on semi-postals, Surinam.
Groenlandia: (It.) Greenland.
Groß: (Ger.) large, big.
Großbritannien: (Ger.) Great Britain.
Grobe-Altdeutschland-Katalog: (Ger.) Grobe Old Germany Catalogue.
Grodno, District of: town and district in Russia, then became part of Poland; 1916-17: German occupation stamps issued, 1919: stamps of Russia with overprint "Lietuva," 1940: overprint "LTSR" on stamps of Russia, now part of Russia.
Groenekruis: Green Cross semi-postal of Surinam.
Groenland: (Fr.) Greenland.
Groenlandia: (Sp.) Greenland.
Grön: (Swed.) green (color).
Gr√ɬłn: (Dan.) green (color).
Grönakt blå: (Swed.) greenish-blue (color).
Grönakt brun: (Swed.) greenish-brown (color).
Grönakt grå: (Swed.) greenish-grey (color).
Grönakt gul: (Swed.) greenish-yellow (color).
Grönakt ljust gråblå (turkos): (Swed.) greenish - light grey- blue [turquoise] (color).
Grönakt ljust mattblå: (Swed.) greenish - light dull blue (color).
Grönakt mörkblå: (Swed.) greenish-dark blue (color).
Grönaktig: (Swed.) greenish (color).
Grönaktig blå: (Swed.) greenish-blue (color).
Grönblå: (Swed.) green-blue (color).
Gr√ɬłnbl√ɬ•: (Dan.) green-blue (color).
Gröngrå: (Swed.) green-grey (color).
Gr√ɬłngr√ɬ•: (Dan.) green-grey (color).
Gröngul: (Swed.) green-yellow (color).
Gr√ɬłngul: (Dan.) green-yellow (color).
Gr√ɬłnland: (Dan., Ger., Nor.) Greenland.
Grönland: (Swed.) Greenland.
Gr√ɬłnligbl√ɬ•: (Dan.) greenish-blue (color).
Gr√ɬłnligbrun: (Dan.) greenish-brown (color).
Gr√ɬłnliggr√ɬ•: (Dan.) greenish-grey (color).
Gr√ɬłnliggul: (Dan.) greenish-yellow (color).
Gr√ɬłnn: (Nor.) green (color).
Gr√ɬłnnaktig: (also Gr√ɬłnnlig) (Nor.) greenish (color).
Gr√ɬłnnaktig bl√ɬ• : (Nor.) greenish-blue, seeGr√ɬłnnligbl√ɬ• (color).
Gr√ɬłnnbl√ɬ•: (Nor.) green-blue (color).
Gr√ɬłnngr√ɬ•: (Nor.) green-grey (color).
Gr√ɬłnngul: (Nor.) green-yellow (color).
Gr√ɬłnnligbl√ɬ•: (Nor.) greenish-blue, seeGr√ɬłnnaktig bl√ɬ• (color).
Gr√ɬłnnligoliven: (Nor.) greenish-olive (color).
Gr√ɬłnnoliven: (Nor.) green-olive (color).
Grönolive: (Swed.) green-olive (color).
Gr√ɬłnoliven: (Dan.) green-olive (color).
Gr√ɬłnoskifer: (Dan.) green-slate (color).
Grönskiffer: (Swed.) green-slate (color).
Grónsko: Greenland.
Gr√ɬłnsort: (Dan.) green-black (color).
Grönsvart: (Swed.) green-black (color).
Gros: (Fr.) big, large.
Groschen: unit of currency used in the North German Confederation.
Grosion: Crete money unit.
Grossbritannien: (Ger.) Great Britain.
Grossdeutsches Reich: 1: semi-postals of Germany, 1943-45. 2: inscription on some issues of Germany and German-occupied Bohemia and Poland, 1943-45; see Bohemia and Moravia.
Grossdeutsches Reich Bohmen and Mahren: Czechoslovakia, Bohemia and Moravia.
Grossdeutsches Reich General Gouvernment: semi-postals of Poland, German occupation, 1943-44.
Grossecomoro: (Ger.) Grand Comoro.
Grossformat: (Ger.) very large size.
Grossion: currency unit in Albania.
Grossräschen: German Democratic Republic local, 1945-46.
Groszy: surcharge on stamps of Poland, revalidation after currency reform, 1950.
Grote: currency unit in Bremen
Grouch: (Ghurush) currency unit in Turkey.
Ground perforation: perforations are created by grinding up those areas of the paper that are pressed upward by passing the paper against a "pin tool."
Groundwood: paper pulp produced by mechanically grinding wood logs making a weak, acidic paper that discolors upon exposure to light.
Groundwork: background of a stamp design with the primary stamp subject shown.
Groupage: bulking or combining of cargo loads; French Colony revenue inscription.
Grove Hill, Ala. Paid 5 cents: see Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Grove Postal Service: United Kingdom Strike local post, 1971.
Grupe: (Ger.) pane.
Grupo: (Sp.) pane of stamps.
Gruppo: (It.) pane.
Gr√ɬľn: (Ger.) green.
Grunay Island: Scotland local post in Skeoris, Shetland Island, 1970?
Gr√ɬľne Karte: (Ger.) United Nations green card.
Gr√ɬľnlich: (Ger.) greenish, when used in combination with other colors.
G.R.V., Geo. V., G.V.: King George Fifth.
G.R.VI., Geo. VI., G.VI.: King George Sixth.
GS: 1: Ganzsache: (Ger.) postal stationery, entire. 2: South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands; country code as used by the UPU. 3. Gabriel Swart, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
G.S.: Government Storekeeper, South Australia official overprint, 1868-74.
Gscheidle stamp: (Ger.) the 1980 German 60 pfennig+30 semi-postal Olympic Flag semi-postal that was printed, but not issued during boycott of the Moscow Olympics, 1980.
GSM: Gibbons Stamp Monthly, Great Britain.
GSW: Gibbons Stamp Weekly, Great Britain.
GT: Guatemala; country code as used by the UPU.
GT: Goolwa Tramway, South Australia official overprint, 1868-74.
GT. Pre: Gouvernement Provisiore (Provisional Government) overprint on provisional stamps of Haiti, 1902.
GTT: George T. Tyser, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
Gtr: gutter.
GU: USPS abbreviation for Guam.
Guadalajara: No.1, 1/2 real black white, overprint used on lengthy series of provisional stamps of Mexico for this district, 1867.
Guadeloupe: French islands in the West Indies; currency: 100 centimes =1 franc 1851: used stamps of France, 1859: used French Colonies general issues, 1876, Nov. 20: locally printed postage dues, 1884: No.1, 20 centimes brown, first regular issue with overprint "G.P.E." on French Colonial stamps, 1889: Guadeloupe overprint on stamps of French Colonies, 1892: issued own stamps, 1915: first semipostal issued, 1940-44: used Free French stamps during war years, 1945: first air mail issued, 1946: became an overseas Department of France, 1947, Jan.1: became part of French Republic, used stamps of France.
Guadur: dependency of Muscat; 1868: used stamps of India, 1947: used stamps of Pakistan, 1958, Sept. 8: sold to Pakistan.
Guam: south portion of the Ladrine group in the Pacific Ocean; currency: 100 cents = 1 dollar used stamps of Spanish Philippines, postmarked "Marianas," 1898, June 20: ceded to the US by Spain, after Spanish-American War, considered a territory of the U.S., 1899, July 7: No.1, 1 cent deep green, first stamps were overprint "Guam" on US stamps, 1901: U.S. Post Office Department ran postal affairs with U.S. stamps used, 1930: local post to carry mail between small towns, see Guam Guard Mail, 1941-44: occupied by Japan, 1950: administered by US Department of Interior.
Guam Guard Mail: overprint on stamps of Philippines for local post of the army, 1930, April 8-April 8, 1931: local post; private local post exists with same name.
Guanacaste: province in northwest Costa Rica; 1885, Aug: overprint "Guanacaste" on stamps of Costa Rica, sold at a discount. 1889: used stamps of Costa Rica.
Guarani: Paraguay unit of currency.
Guarantee mark: marking applied to stamps by the issuing agency indicting that the stamp is genuine and valid for postal use.
Guardamar del Segura: local post, Spanish Civil War, Republican,1937.
Guaro: local post, Spanish Civil War, Nationalist,1937.
Guardia Nazionale Repubblica: see G. N. R.
Guatemala: see Aereo Exterior.
Guatemala: Central American Republic; currency: 100 centavos = 8 reales = 1 peso, 100 centavos de quetzal = 1 quetzal (1927) 1847, March: full independence declared, 1867: bogus stamp produced by S. Allan Taylor, 1871, March 1: No.1, 1 centavo ocher, first stamps, quetzal bird featured on many stamps, 1881, Aug. 1: joined the UPU, 1902, Dec. 18: first official issued, 1929, May 20: first air mail, surcharged, issued, 1937, Mar. 15: first semipostal, 1971: issued a stamp with map showing Belize within its borders.
Guatemala C.A.: Centro America (Central America) Guatemala.
Guayana: North-East district of Venezuela; 1903, March: typeset provisionals by revolutionaries issued during Civil War.
Guayas: province of Ecuador; 1899-1901: script overprint on stamps of Ecuador as control.
Gubulawayo Bechuanaland: cancel on stamps of British Bechuanaland used from British South Africa, 1888-92.
Guerche: Ethiopia, Nejd, Saudi Arabia unit of currency.
Guerga: Egypt, see Interpostal seals, 1884.
Guernavaca: handstamp for Cuernavaca.
Guernsey: islands in the English Channel, northwest of France; official name of postal administration: Guernsey Post, Ltd. currency: 100 pence = 1 pound sterling 1925: post office opened on Sark, used British stamps, 1940, June 30: invaded by Germany, issued local post "Guernsey Postage" during occupation, 1940, Dec.-Feb. 22, 1941: officially permitted bisected British stamps during stamp shortage, 1945, May 10: islands liberated, local issues valid for one year, 1948: pair of stamps for Channel islands and GB, commemorating third anniversary of liberation from Germany, 1958: GB regional series issued for Guernsey, 1964, Oct.1: No.1, 1 penny rose-red, 1969: first postage due issued.
Guernsey-Alderney: Commodore Shipping Co., local, 1962-68.
Guernsey-Bailiwick: includes islands of Alderney, Guernsey, Herm, Jethou, Lithou and Sark.
Guernsey-Sark: island in English Channel, local 1962?-1971.
Guerra Civil Espanola: (Sp.) Spanish civil war, 1936-39.
Guerre: (Fr.) war.
Guerrilla stamps: stamps issued by guerrilla forces such as those printed in 1895 when the underground fighters of Taiwan issued stamps for their Black Flag Republic to fight Japanese occupying forces.
Gugh Island: Great Britain local carriage label, 1972.
Guiana, British: see British Guiana.
Guiana, Dutch: see Surinam.
Guiana, French: see French Guiana.
Guichet d'Affranchissement Postal Automatique: (Fr.) automatic postage stamp window, used for vending machines.
Guide dots: dots placed on stamp plates to help in the alignment of rows of stamps.
Guide line: horizontal or vertical colored lines between the stamps used as a guide for operators of perforating machines or to indicate the point of separation of the sheet into panes; also known as guide mark.
Guide line pair: attached pair of coil stamps with printed line between.
Guide plate: an adjustable ruler used in the perforating process to make certain that the perforations were in the gutters.
Guilder: unit of currency in the Netherlands and associated areas.
Guilford Gravure Inc.: private printer of postage stamps, started in 1970.
Guilloche: (Fr.) delicate engraving formed by an engraved interlacing network.
Guillochis: (Fr.) selvedge.
Guillotine perforation: single-line perforation made by a machine resembling a guillotine.
Guinea: country located on coast of West Africa on the Atlantic Ocean; official name of postal administration: Office de la Post Guinéenne currency: 100 centimes = 1 franc, 100 caury = 1 syli (1973), 100 centimes = 1 franc (1986) 1880: was under French protection known as Rivieres du Sud, 1890: became colony named French Guinea, 1892: first stamps on French colonial issues inscribed "Guinee Francaise," 1944: became part of the French African Union, 1958, Oct. 2: Republique de Guinee established from French Guinea, 1959, July 13: first stamps overprinted "Republique de Guinee," air mail, postage due issued, 1959, May 6: joined the UPU, 1960: first semipostal issued; see Spanish Guinea.
Guinea-Bissau: republic of Guinea - Bissau - former Portuiguese Guinea, west coast of Africa; currency: 100 centavos = 1 escudo, 100 centimes = 1 peso 1881: first stamps were Portuguese colonial of Cape Verde overprinted "Guine," followed by "Guine Portugueza" and "Guine." 1974, May 30: joined the UPU, 1974, Sept. 10: gained independence from Portugal, first stamps issued, 1976, Oct. 4: first air mail stamp issued.
Guinea Contial Espanola, Guinea Espanola: inscription on stamps of Spanish Guinea, 1902-09.
Guinea Continental: overprint on stamps of Elobey, Annobon and Corsico for Spanish Guinea, 1906.
Guinea Correos: fake overprint on stamps of Spanish Guinea, 1914.
Guinea Ecuatorial: inscription used on stamps of Equatorial Guinea, 1968 to date; see Equatorial Guinea.
Guinea Espanola: inscription used on stamps of Spanish Guinea, 1902, 1949-59.
Guinea, New: see New Guinea.
Guinea, Portuguese: 1862-71: French Colonies General issues as Assinie, 1892, Nov.: stamps first issued, 1904: stamps inscribed "Afrique Occidentale Francaise, Cote D'Ivoire, 1906: first postage due stamp issued, 1915: first semipostal stamp issued, 1931: "Cote d' Ivoire" overprint, 1940: first air mail stamp issued, 1945-59: stamps of French West Africa used, 1958, Dec. 4: an autonomous republic, 1959, March 26: proclamation of independence, 1959, Oct. 1: Republique de Cote d'Ivoire, inscription used, 1961, May 23: joined the UPU, 1974, Jan. 1: first official stamp issued.
Guinea, Republic of: see French Guinea.
Guinea, Territorios Espanoles del Golfo: inscription used on stamps of Spanish Guinea, 1902-29.
Guinee: see French Guinea, 1906-42.
Guin√©e ‚Äįquatoriale: (Fr.) Equatorial Guinea.
Guinée Francais: (Fr.) see French Guinea.
Guinee, Republique de: see Guinea, 1959.
Guine Portueza: overprint on stamps of Cape Verde, Portuguese Guinea.
Guiné Portuguesa: inscription used on stamps of Portuguese Guinea, 1881-1973.
Guine Portuguese: inscription used on stamps of Portuguese Guinea, 1948-67.
Guine, Portugues(z)a: overprint on stamps of Cape Verde.
Guipuzcoa: Spanish Basque province; 1937: issued Carlist stamps during Spanish Civil War.
Guiza: Egypt, see Interpostal seals, 1884.
Gul: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) yellow (color).
Gulakt: (Swed.) yellowish (color).
Gulakt brun: (Swed.) yellowish-brown (color).
Gulakt grön: (Swed.) yellowish-green (color).
Gulakt ljusbrun: (Swed.) yellowish-light brown (color).
Gulaktig: (Nor.) yellowish (color).
Gulakt orangebrun: (Swed.) yellowish orange-brown (color).
Gulakt orange: (Swed.) yellowish-orange (color).
Gulbrun: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) yellow-brown (color).
Guld: (Swed.) gold (metallic color).
Gulden: currency unit in Netherlands and Dutch colonial area.
Guldfarve: (Dan.) gold (metallic color), see Gylden.
Guldgul: (Swed.) golden yellow.
Guldkusten: (Swed.) the Gold Coast
Guldkysten: (Dan., Nor.) the Gold Coast.
Gulf of Kotor: part of Dalmatian coast; 1943: occupied by Germany after Italy surrendered, 1944, Feb. 10: first stamps issued, 1945: part of Yugoslavia.
Gulgrön: (Swed.) yellow-green (color).
Gulgr√ɬłn: (Dan.) yellow-green (color).
Gulgr√ɬłnn: (Nor.) yellow-green (color).
Gull: (Nor.) gold (metallic color).
Gullig: (Dan., Nor.) yellowish (color).
Gulligbrun: (Dan.) yellowish-brown (color).
Gulligr√ɬłd: (Dan., Nor.) yellowish-red (color).
Gulliggr√ɬłn: (Dan.) yellowish-green (color).
Gulligorange: (Dan.) yellowish-orange (color).
Gulligr√ɬłd: (Dan.) yellowish-red (color).
Gulockra: (Swed.) yellow-ochre (color).
Gulokker: (Dan.) yellow-ochre (color).
Gulolive: (Swed.) yellow-olive (color).
Guloliven: (Dan.) yellow-olive (color).
Gulorange: (Dan., Swed.) yellow-orange (color).
Guloransje: (Nor.) yellow-orange (color).
Gulröd: (Swed.) yellow-red (color).
Gulr√ɬłd: (Dan.) yellow-red (color).
Gultig: (Ger.) valid.
Gultig 9. Armee: overprint on stamps of Germany, German Occupation of Romania, 1918.
Gum: the coating of an adhesive substance on the reverse of an unused or mint postage stamp; see never hinged, lightly hinged, original gum, partial original gum, ungummed, unused gum.
Guma: (Pol.) gum.
Gumaca, State of: bogus Philippine Island issue.
Gum bend: The gum has caused the paper to bend or crease.
Gum blister: happens when adhesive is dried by too much heat leaving patches of ungummed paper.
Gum breaker: colorless impressions across the backs of some stamps made during manufacture to prevent curling.
Gum crease: crack in the gum usually due to age and atmospheric conditions.
Gum damage: could be creasing, cracking, staining or chemical reaction.
Gum device: an imitation watermark on the gummed side of stamps; such as the wavy lines in the gum of German stamps of 1921.
Gum flaw: variety caused by paper covered unintentionally with gum and prohibits the printing ink to reach the surfaces of the paper.
Gummering: (Swed.) gum.
Gummi: (Dan., Ger., Nor.) gum.
Gummierung: (Ger.) gumming.
Gummifejl: (Dan.) gum disturbance.
Gum Ridges: vertical ridges of gum on the rotary sheet stamps, intended to make the stamps adhere better.
Gums: obtained from plants, animals, trees and shrubs, can also be synthesized chemically by altering starches found in rice, wheat, potatoes and cassava (tapioca), or synthesized in the laboratory using basic chemical building blocks; see Arabic gum, British gum, Chemical gum, Dextrine gum, Self adhesive gum, Water soluble gums.
Gum shine: term used by collectors to differentiate three categories, the degree of reflectivity of light on the gum; dull gum, low gloss gum and shiny gum.
Gum skip: area of a stamp where no gum has been applied; usually happens on selvedges.
Gum Soak: Stamp with stains from the gum getting damp and staining the stamp by soaking into the paper; most often seen on perf. tips. It also usually decreases the value of the stamp as being damaged.
Gum stain: a discoloring of the gum usually caused by tropical humidity, salt air, etc.
Gunn's Despatch: S. Allan Taylor label, 1864.
G US: Postage United States non-denominated postage stamp, value 32¬Ę, 1991.
Gut: (Ger.) good.
Gutegroschen: currency unit in Brunswick, Hanover.
Gutigua: British Colonial Royal Wedding frames from "Surreal and Unreal Stickers."
Gutter: the blank space between the panes of a sheet of stamps; gutters can be found on many of the "Farley's Follies" stamp issue of 1935.
Gutter ornaments: ornamentation in the colors of the stamps, printed in the pane gutters to use unprinted official paper.
Gutter pair: two stamps with the selvage or gutter remaining between the pair.
Gutter snipe: miscut of the pane leaving the entire gutter and occasionally a portion of the adjoining stamp.
Guyana: former crown colony of British Guiana, northeast coast of South America; currency: 100 cents = 1 dollar 1831:named British Guiana, 1856: issued famous 1-cent magenta, 1941: first official stamp, 1966, May 26: No.1, 2 cents dark green, became independent as Guyana, 1967: first postage due issued, 1967, March 22: joined the UPU, 1969: remainders of stamps sold as canceled-to-order, 1970, Feb. 23: Republic of Guyana formed, 1981, Nov. 14: first air mail stamps issued,
Guyana: overprint on stamps of British Guiana, Guyana, 1966-68.
Guyane: (Fr.) inscription used on stamps of French Guiana, 1892-1904.
Guyane Anglaise: (Fr.) British Guiana.
Guyane Francais(e): (Fr.) inscription used on stamps of French Colonies, French Guiana, 1912-47.
Guy. Franc.: (Fr.) overprint on stamps of French Colonies, French Guiana, 1886-92.
Guyland, Republic of: Artistamp.
Guy's City Despatch: U.S. local post, Philadelphia, Pa. 1879.
GW: Gus. Willie, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
G.W.: Guinea-Bissau; country code as used by the UPU.
G.W:.overprint on stamps of Cape of Good Hope for Griqualand West.
Gwalior: India Convention State; central province; 1885: No.1, 1/2 anna green, stamps of India with "Gwalior" overprint valid throughout Indian Empire, 1895: first official stamp issued, 1950, Apr.1: Republic of India stamps used, 1950, Dec. 31: convention states stamps no longer valid, 1951, Jan. 1: overprint on stamps of British India for use to any point in British India, replaced by stamps of the Republic of India.
GWB: George W. Barber, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
G. Wisen Local Post: see Malmö - G. Wisen Local Post.
G.W.R. Air Mail: Great Western Railway semiofficial air mail stamp for service between Cardiff, Wales and Plymouth, started May 15, 1933, discontinued Sept. 30, 1933.
G.W.S.T.: Great Western Station, Britain.
GY: 1: Marine Insurance; Scott catalog number prefix to identify stamps other than standard postage. 2: Guyana; country code as used by the UPU.
Gyarmatai: (Hung.)colonies.
Gylden: (Dan.) golden (metallic color), see Guldfarve.
Gyldengul: (Dan.) golden-yellow (color).

Gyllen: (Dan., Nor.) golden (metallic color).
Gy√ɬ∂ngsz√ɬľrke: (Hung.)pearl-grey (color).
Gy√ɬľjtem√©nyek: (Hung.)collections.


(Data Above sourced from "Ask Phil" and other sources. Last edit 5/Aug/2008 Amhazing)

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RED Shooting Star Posting MANIAC!
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H



H: 1: precedes the European postal code on addresses in Hungary, such as H-1031 Budapest. 2: Acknowledgment of Receipt; Scott catalog number prefix to identify stamps other than standard postage. 3: Flat plate imperf. coil; Scott Catalogue suffix to identify stamps other than standard postage; also called "V." 4: auction abbreviation for heavy (cancel). 5: auction abbreviation for hinged. 6: Colombia Scadta consular overprint for Netherlands and Curacao. 7: Hospital, South Australia official overprint, 1868-74. 8: German abbreviation for hell, pale, light color. 9: inscription, weather vane, US nondenominated stamp, valued 1¬Ę, placed on sale Nov. 9, 1998. 10: inscription, flag hat, US nondenominated stamp, valued 33¬Ę, placed on sale Nov. 9, 1998.
H.A.: 1: House of Assembly, South Australia official overprint, 1868-74. 2: overprint on stamps of Russia for Siberia.
Haag: (Den., Nor., Swed.) the Hague.
Habana: Havana, Cuba.
H & B Penny Post: Atlantic City, US, local mail service by Hackney & Bolte, 1886.
H & G: Higgins and Gage, worldwide postal stationery catalog.
H & K Packet: 1860 postmark for Holyhead and Kingstown Packet, for mail sorted on board.
Habilitado: (Sp.) 1: "Made good again" overprint confirming that a previous issue of the stamp has been re-authorized for current postal use. 2: overprint on stamps of Cuba for U.S. Administration, 1898-99.
Habilitado Aero, Aereo: (Sp.) overprint on stamps of Mexico for air mail.
Habilitado Correos: (Sp.) overprint on Philippines, Revenue and Telegraph stamps, Spanish
Dominion.
Habilitado para el Servicio Publico: (Sp.) 1: overprint on stamps of Honduras officials, making them valid for regular usage, 1941. 2: overprint on air mail officials of Honduras, making them valid for regular air mail usage, 1941.
Habilitado para Franqueo: (Sp.) made valid for postage.
Habilitado por la Junta Revolucionaria: (Sp.) overprint used only in Llanes (Oviedo) under the provisional government of 1868.
Habilitado por la Nation (H.P.N.): (Sp.) "Validated for the Nation"overprint on stamps of Cuba, Porto Rico and Spain, Sept. 29, 1868, to mark a change of government, late 1860s to early 1870s.
Habilitado Servicio Oficial Aereo: (Sp.) overprint on stamps of Mexico for air mail official.
Habsbrug, S.S.: steamship marking of the Danube Steam Navigation Company built around 1890s, for upper or middle Danube lines.
Hacienda: (Sp.) used on fiscal stamps to indicate The Treasury.
Hackett's City Post: label, possibly by Hugh W. Becket.
Hackney & Bolte (H & B): U.S. local post, Atlantic City, N. J.,1886-87.
Hadhramaut: southern Arabia, now part of Yemen; 1886: under British protection, as part of the crown colony of Aden; included Qu'aiti State in Hadhramaut, Qu'aiti State of Shihr and Mukalla, the Mahra Sultanate of Qishn and Socotra, and the Kathiri State of Seiyun, 1891: mails passed through forwarding agents in Aden, 1937, April 22: Post office opened at Mukalla, dependent on Aden, 1937-42: stamps of Aden used, 1939: postal union for protected states made any stamps valid in any of the countries, 1942, July: first stamps issued, Qu'aiti State of Shihr and Mukalla, 1955: inscription on the Aden protective state of Qu'Aiti, 1955; became Hadramaut.
Hadi Seg√©li √É‚Äďzvegyeknek √©s √ɬ°rv√ɬ°knak k√©t (2) fill√©r: (War subscription for the Widows and Orphans of Fallen Fighters) overprint on stamps of Hungary making it a semi-postal, 1914.
Hadifogoly Posta: (Hung.) prisoner-of-war mail.
Haditengerészeti Posta: (Hung.) marine fieldpost mail.
Hadlow-Tonbridge Area: United Kingdom postal strike, local post, 1971.
Hadra: Egypt, see Interpostal seals, 1879-82.
Hadtap Postahivatal: (Hung.) Hungarian Base Post Office.
H¦fte(r): (Dan.) unexploded booklet(s).
H¦ngsel: (Dan.) (stamp) hinge.
H¦ngselrest: (Dan.) hinge remnant.
H¦ngsel - Uden: (Dan.) without a (stamp) hinge.
Haerhpin: formerly Harbin, People's Republic of China.
Hafnia: Copenhagen, Denmark.
Häfte: (Swed.) unexploded booklet.
Häftessamlingar: (Swed.) unexploded booklet collections.
Haga Patria: inscription on stamps of Mexico for postal tax.
Hagen:Hagen Local Post: see Drammen - I. B. Hagen Local Post.
Hagert, Md: Hagerstown, Md pre-adhesive postmark.
Hague, The: now known as Gravenhage, The Netherlands.
Hahamas: British Colonial Royal Wedding frames from "Surreal and Unreal Stickers."
Haiderabad: (Fr., Ger.) Hyderabad.
Haik'ou: People's Republic of China, formerly Hoihow; see: China, Indo-China Post offices.
Hainan Island: island 15 miles off the southern coast of China, part of the South China Liberation Area, 1858: opened to foreign trade, 1939-45: occupied by Japan, 1950, April: came under Communist control.
Hair lines: fine colorless scratches found on the 4, 6, and 9 pence British stamps of 1862-64 to identify certain plates.
Hait Dahomey: postmark on stamps of Dahomey, 1899-1945.
Haiti: West Indies; western part of island of Santo Domingo (Hispaniola) currency: 100 centimes = 1 piaster (1906), 100 centimes = 1 gourde 1804: Republic of Haiti founded, 1808-09: public mail service started, 1844: Dominican Republic became independent, and Haiti separated, 1869-81: British stamps cancelled "C 59" at Jacmel and "E 53" at Port-au-Prince, 1870-81: French stamps cancelled "C 59" at Jacmel and "E 53" at Port-au-Prince, 1881, July 1: No.1, 1 centime vermilion, stamps first issued, 1881, July 1: joined the UPU, 1898, May: first postage due stamp, 1915, July 9 -July 15, 1934: occupied by US, Marine post offices used American stamps in Cap Haitien and Port-au-Prince, 1929: first air mail stamps, 1939, Oct. 3: first semipostal stamp.
Ha√ɬĮti: (Fr.) Haiti.
Haiti, Republique d': inscription, used on stamps of Haiti, 1881-
H.A.K.: (H. A. Killikelley) initials of postal official of Colonial post office at Georgetown, British Guinea, 1850-51 issue.
Hakasia: bogus Russian local overprint, cinderella, 1997.
Halb: (Ger.) half.
Halbamtich: (Ger.) semi-official.
Halberstadt: Brief-Beforderung Courier, German local, 1896-1900.
Halbiert: (Ger.) bisect; stamp cut in half which has been used to pay the postage at half the face value of the original stamp; the bisect is collected on the original cover with the postmark or cancellation covering the cut.
Halbmond: (Ger.) crescent.
Hale & Co:. U.S. local post, New York, N.Y. 1844, earliest mechanical separation of stamp by die cut adhesive in the U.S., first use of precanceled stamps
Haleb: see: Aleppo, Syria.
Hale, Charles S.: see: Private die match proprietary stamps. Halfpenny tax: hand-struck marking; 1813-1839, mail from England to or from Scotland indicating that an extra 1/2d postage was chargeable as a levy paid to the Scottish Turnpike Trusts.
Halfpenny: St. Christopher overprint.
Halftone block: a printing surface for relief printing made by etching a zinc or copper plate through a halftone screen to light reflected from an original; ends with a grid of opaque lines crossing at right angles with the effect of being produced in dots.
Halifax Detective Agency: United Kingdom postal strike, local post, 1971.
Halifax Stamp Shop: United Kingdom postal strike, local post, 1971.
Hall & Mills Despatch Post: 1: U.S. local post, New York, N.Y., 1847. 2: S. Allan Taylor label.
Hall & Ruckel: U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp.
Halle a.d. Saale: German local, post WW I.
Halle/Salle: 1: Privatstadtbriefbeförderung Courier, German local, 1891-1900. 2: Stadtbrief-Beförderung Express, German local 1896-1900.
Hallettsville, Tex Paid 10: see: Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Hall, J.V.: postmaster, Demopolis, Ala., issued Confederate Postmaster's Provisional envelope.
Hall, Reuben P. & Co.: U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp.
Halsingborg: 1. Swedish local, 1926-47. 2. (also Helsingborg) seaport in Malm√ɬ∂hus province in SW Sweden on the √Éňúresund Strait opposite of Helsing√ɬłr, Denmark, ca. 340 miles SSW of Stockholm. Several local posts established in the 1920s-1940s, to include Budcentralens Expresspost, H√ɬ§singborg Lokalposten, and Lokala Expressposte (q.v. individual G√ɬ∂teborg Local Post entries).
H√ɬ§lsingborg - A. Bergqvist Lokala Expressposten: Local post established by A. Bergqvist, with individual 3 √ɬłre scarlet, dark red, and red, and 6 √ɬ∂re blue "Lokala Expressposten H√ɬ§lsingborg" local stamps depicting the head of Mercury issued during 1937-1939, and additional stamps depicting a stylized Viking ship issued during 1946-1947.
H√ɬ§lsingborg - A. Thene Budcentralens Expresspost: Local post established by A. Thene, with lithographed (H√ɬ§lsingborg Lithographic Co,) 4 √ɬ∂re red-lilac "Budcentr. Expresspost - H√ɬ§lsingborg" local Stamp depicting a merchant ship at dock issued 21 June1926. The company was re-named, with a lithographed 4 √ɬłre dark blue "Budcentralens Expresspost H√ɬ§lsingborg" local stamp depicting Mercury running issued later in 1926.
H√ɬ§lsingborg - E. S. Wester Local Post: Local post established by E. S. Wester, with lithographed (Sydsvenska Biljettryckeriet Landskrona Co.) 4 √ɬ∂re brown "Lokalposten / H√ɬ§lsingborg" local stamp issued in 1929, an a modified design 4 √ɬ∂re deep purple issued in 1930. A second stamp series (Schmiths Boktryckeri Co., H√ɬ§lsingborg) depicting a stylized Viking ship was issued in various colors with different 2 √ɬłre, 4 √ɬłre and 6 √ɬłre values during 1935-1947. From 1935-onwards, the service was managed by the office of the A. Bergqvist Lokala Expressposten (q.v.).
Halvány: (Hung.) pale, light (color).
Halványbarna: (Hung.) light brown (color).
Halványibola: (Hung.) pale violet (color).
Halványkék: (Hung.) pale blue (color).
Halványnarancs: (Hung.) pale orange (color).
Halványrózsa: (Hung.) pale rose (color).
Halványsárga: (Hung.) pale yellow (color).
Halverat: (Swed.) bisected.
Halveret: (Dan.) bisected.
Halvering: (Dan., Swed) bisect.
Halvert: (Nor.) bisect, bisected.
Halvfems: (Dan.) ninety (number).
Halvfjerds: (Dan.) seventy (number).
Halvtreds: (Dan.) fifty (number).
Ham (W.A.) & Co.'s Express: baggage firm serviced Boston & Maine Railroad; used labels, year unknown.
Hamburg: German State, located in northern Germany; currency: 16 schillings = 1 mark 1615: had postal service via Thurn and Taxis, 1651-1806: several foreign post offices in Hamburg, 1806: foreign post offices closed during French occupation, 1811: France annexed Hamburg, gave it department number 128, 1859, Jan.1: No.1, 1/2 schilling black, first stamps; Free City, 1867, Aug. 8: stamps of Hamburg used in Bergedorf, 1868, Jan.1: stamps of the North German Confederation, 1870: became part of the German Empire, 1871: stamps of the German Empire.
Hamburg: German locals: 1: Hamburg,1945-48. 2: Boten-Marken, 1861-64. 3: Brief & Circulair-Beförderung Cito; 1896-1900. 4: Brief & Packetbeförderung H. Maack; 1872-74. 5: Brief, Packet & Guter-Expedition Charles van Diemen,186?. 6: Briefbeförderung Express; 1895-1900. 7: Circulairbeförderung von M. Laschick, 1889-1890. 8: Hamburg-Altonaer-Packetfahrt von Grell & Co., 1896-1925. 9: Hamburger Orts-Paket-Postgesellschaft, 1908-17. 10: Hamburger Packetfahrt F.W. Neukirch, 1912-17. 11: Hammonia/Stadtbriefbeförderung, 1886-89. 12: Privat-Beförderung Hammonia (II) 1888-1900.
Hamburg/A: Hamburg - Amsterdam railway stamp, 1848.
Hamburg American Packet Compay: Hamburg American Packet Company: Hapag, West Indies local postal issues, 1875-81, four reprints1897, 1938, 1955 and 1975.
Hamburg, Free City of: on Elbe River in Northern Germany; 1806-1815: under French rule, became a member of the North German Confederation, later the German Empire.
Hamburg Packet: marking on steamer mail from Hamburg to the U.S. that passed through the Hamburg Exchange Office, per postal convention effective July 1, 1857.
Hamburgh, S.C. Paid 5: see: Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Hamilton: Bermuda 1848-61.
Hamilton Bank Note Co.: a stamp engraving firm known for its connection with the Seebeck issues, 1890-98; see Seebeck.
Hamilton counterfeit: postal forgery of the US 2-cent 1894 Washington stamp offered at a discount by a Canadian firm who had bought them from a printer in Hamilton, Ontario without knowing their being counterfeit.
Hamilton Service: United Kingdom postal strike, local post, 1971.
Hamisitvány: (Hung.) forgery.
Hammarskjold invert: 1962 United Nations secretary U.S. stamp with the yellow color inverted, error reprinted by the USPS.
Hammerfest: City in Finnmark county, N Norway, located on Kval√ɬły Island ca. 740 miles NNE of Oslo. Local post established by W. B, Bogh (see Stenkj¬¶r), and facilitated by the local postmaster of the Norwegian post office, with first "Hammerdest / Bypost" local issue set-of-4 depicting the North Cape rock formation being issued on 3 Jul 1888, and with overpint surcharges on these stamps being issued in December 1888. The local post closed in June 1895.
Hammerfest Bypost: Norway local post, 1888-95.
Hammer price: auction term for 1: final bid acknowledged and accepted by the auctioneer as the winning high bid. 2: knockdown price.
Hammerstempel: (Ger.) hand cancel.
Hampton, T. A. City Despatch: U.S. local post, Philadelphia, Pa.1847.
Hanau: displaced persons camp, 1947-48.
Hanau: Privat-Brief-Verkehr, German Local, 1893-1900.
Hancock, John postal card: United States non-denominated postal card, value 10¬Ę, 1978
Hancock's Express: local freight serviced Boston and North Bridgewater, Mass.; used a label, 1846?
Handback service: a canceled cover or other item returned directly to the postal customer instead of being processed through the mail.
Handbat: USPS term for circle-date stamper (CDS), named that because handle is shaped like a baseball bat.
Hand cancel: cancellation applied by hand to stamps or covers.
Hand chop: overprint in Japanese characters applied to the stamps of nations occupied by Japan during WW II.
Hand colored: a hand drawn or printed cachet to which hand coloring or painting has been applied.
Hand drawn cachet: a cachet applied by hand by any media such as pen, pencil, brush, etc.
Handelswert: (Ger.) net price.
Hand engraving: printing plates produced entirely by handwork.
H&G: Higgins & Gage, worldwide postal stationery catalog.
Handgravyr: (Swed.) hand engraving.
Hand gummed: gum manually applied with brush or roller, used until about 1880.
H. & K. Pkt.: Holyhead & Kingston Packet, Britain.
Händler: (Ger.) dealer.
Hand made cachet: an original, individually made cachet.
Hand made cover: folding a sheet of paper to act as an envelope.
Handoverprint Study Group: Germany Philatelic Society focuses on one set of stamps issued in 1948 in East Germany.
Hand painted: any stamp where coloring has been applied by hand; Russian Zemstvo in Tikhvin, 1878 had centers hand painted.
Handschriftlich: (Ger.) manuscript.
Handsiegel, handstempel: (Ger.) hand cancel.
HÃ¥ndskrevet: (Nor.) manuscript (cancellation).
Handstamp: 1: a hand-held device for printing that is struck on an ink pad, and then applied to paper. 2: to print with that type of device. 3: name given to the impression or postmark imprinted. 3: postmarked or canceled by hand, usually by a rubber stamp, may also be a steel device.
Handstempel: (Dut., Ger.) handstamp.
HÃ¥ndstempel: (Dan.) handstamp, manual cancellation device.
Handstempel√ɬľberdruck: (Ger.) (HOP) hand stamped overprint.
Handstruck: 1: term for postal marking indicating postage had been prepaid or was due. 2: stamps printed by striking the printing base by hand upon paper. 3: term used in England referring to hand stamps for town and/or rate mark.
Hanford's Pony Express: inscription on local stamps for John Hanforth's Williamsburgh Express, operating between New York City and Brooklyn, N.Y.
Hang-Khong: Vietnam, airmail.
Hangö-Hyv.Jernyag: (Fin.) inscription on stamps of Finland, Hangö-Hyvinge railway stamp.
Hankow (L.P.O.): China, treaty port local, 1893-97; now known as Wuhan.
Hanley's City Express Post: S. Allan Taylor label.
Hannover: see: Hanover, German State.
Hannover: displaced persons camp local, 1949.
Hannover: 1: Hannoversche Verkehrsanstalt, German local, 1906. 2: Privat-Stadtbrief-Expedition Merkur, German local, 1886-1900. 3: German States, 1850-66.
Hanover: German State: located in northern Germany; 1814: became a kingdom, King of England was also King of Hanover, the Royal Great Britain Hanoverian Post Office was independent of any British involvement, 1850, Dec. 1: first stamps as a kingdom, 1866, Oct. 1: province of Prussia, Prussian stamps placed on sale, 1866, Oct. 31: Hanover stamps could no longer be used, 1868, Jan. 1: stamps of the North German Confederation.
Hansa Danziger Privat-Stadtpost und Verkehrs-Anstalt: local, Danzig, Germany, 1886-87.
Hansa Danziger Stadt-Brief Spedition: local, Danzig, Germany, 1890-97.
Hansa Spedition Strucken & Co.: local, Dusseldorf, Germany, 1898-1900.
Hanseatic League: operated municipal post in German cities about 12th century.
Hansson Privata Lokalposten Fern: see Göteborg - H. G. Hansson Privata Lokalposten Fern.
Hanukkah stamp: joint issue between the USPS and the Israeli Postal Administration featured the Jewish holiday of Hanukkah, the Festival of Lights.
Hapag: "Hanburg-Amerikanische Paketfahrt-Aktien-Gesellschaft" The Hamburg American Line local stamp used to prepay charges on mail carried by their ships, 1870s.
Harare: Zimbabwe; formerly Salisbury.
Hardening: process of taking a soft die such asa transfer roller plate, and making it hard through a metallurgical process.
Hardy's Express: private mail delivery firm serviced between Boston and Lawrence, Mass.; used a label, 1868?
Hareskov Demonstration Flight: see Denmark - Hareskov Demonstration Flight, 1912..
Harkara: Indian States (Hindi) term for postal runner
Harlem Express: baggage firm that serviced New York City, used a label, year unknown.
Harling Group: United Kingdom postal strike, local post, 1971.
Hármaslyukasztás: (Hung.) (stamp) with three holes.
Härmed ett pakete: (Swed.) phrase denoting "herewith a parcel" noted on letters and postcards attached packages in Sweden, see Adressbrev.
Harmer's Post: United Kingdom postal strike, local post, 1971.
Harminc: (Hung.) thirty (number).
Harnden Express Co.: private mail and parcel firm serviced eastern states; used corner cards and labels; 1839-54.
Három: (Hung.) three (number).
Harper: Harper, seaport in Liberia, registration inscription "R" and names of postal center, 1893-1924.
Harper, G.W.F.: postmaster, Lenoir, N.C., issued Confederate provisional adhesive and envelope.
Härpil: (Swed.) carved wooden sticks with messages, carried by relays, stuck in posts for next man to pick up, 9th century.
Harris Auto Parcel Delivery: parcel delivery firm, area unknown, used labels; year unknown.
Harrisburgh, Tex Paid 5: see: Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.Harris, George S. City Despatch Post: U.S. local post, Philadelphia, Pa. about 1847.
Harris (S.J.) Express: baggage firm serviced New York City, used a label; year unknown.
Harris' Globe Delivery: parcel delivery serviced unknown area; issued a label; year unknown.
Harris index: research index of British Commonwealth books and journals; available from APRL; see: APRL.
Harrison and Sons: British stamp printers since 1911. known for the George V issues.
Harrison & Sons Ltd.: watermark seen on Maldive Islands.
Harrowgate and District: United Kingdom postal strike, local post, 1971.
Harrow perforation: method by which the entire sheet or pane of stamps was perforated at one time.
Harter, Dr.: U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp.
Harter, Dr. & Co.: U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp. Hartford Mail Route: U.S. local post, Hartford, Conn. 1844.
Hartford Daily Mail: S. Allan Taylor label.
Hartford Manufacturing Co.: maker of early 20th century stamped envelopes.
Hartford Penny Post: U. S. local post handstamp, Hartford, Conn., 1852-61.
Hartford Steamboat Express: private baggage firm serviced New York City; used a label; year unknown.
H√ɬĘrtie: (Rom.) paper.
Hartman Parcel Delivery Co.: parcel delivery firm serviced Cincinnati, Ohio, area; used stamps; year unknown.
Hartman, S.B. (Dr.) & Co.: U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp.
Hart, Samuel & Co.: U.S. private die playing card stamp.
Harvesters: name used for reaper designs of Hungary, 1916.
Harvey's Express: parcel delivery firm serviced Boston and Gloucester, Mass., used a label, 1883.
Hashemite Kingdom: see: Jordan, 1949 to date.
Haskins' Express: parcel delivery firm serviced Boston, Pigeon Cove and Rockport, Mass.; used labels, 1870s?
Hassel: (Den., Nor.) hazel (color).
Hasseln√ɬłttbrun: (Den., Nor.) hazelnut-brown (color).
Haste, post Haste: written on envelopes in American Colonial period and England.
Használatlan: (Hung.) unused, no gum.
Használatlan Falcos: (Hung.) mint, hinged, see ragasztönyommal.
Használt (also bélyegzett): (Hung.) used, canceled.
Hat: (Hung.) six (number).
Hatay: territory of northern Syria, on Mediterranean Sea; currency: 100 santims = 1 kurush, 40 paras = 1 kurish (1939) 1918: used stamps of Syria, 1938, April 16: first separate stamps, named Hatay, 1939: transferred to Turkey, first postage due stamps, included surcharge / overprint on stamps of Turkey "Hatay Devleti," 1939: No. 1, 10 santims deep orange, Hatay formed; then annexed by Turkey from France; used stamps of Turkey; Turks renamed city Iskenderun; see Alexandretta.
Hatay-Devleti: overprint on stamps of Turkey for Hatay, 1939.
Hatayin Anavatana Kavuginasi: (Turk.) overprint for annexation of Hatay by Turkey.
Hat Cancel: obliteration, fancy cancel, 1865-70.
Hatch & Company's Express: parcel delivery firm serviced towns in Mass., used labels, year unknown.
Hatch, Gray & Co.'s Express: private mail firm serviced Boston and New Bedford, Mass., used labels, 1880s.
Hatching: close, fine lines for shading a stamp design.
Hatch's Express: parcel delivery firm serviced Boston, Brant Rock and Marshfield, Mass.; used a label, 1886.
Hattyu, S.S.: steamship marking of the Danube Steam Navigation Company built around 1880s, for middle Danube lines.
Hatvan: (Hung.)sixty (number).
Hauptfeldpostamt: (Ger.) Austrian Head Field Post Office.
Haut: (Fr.) upper, top, high.
Haute: (Fr.) top.
Haute Silesie: Upper Silesia, 1920-22.
Haute Silesie Commission de Gouvernment: inscription for plebiscite of Upper Silesia.
Haute-Volta, Republique de: overprint on stamps of Upper Senegal and Niger for Burkino Faso, 1920-84.
Haute Volte: (Fr.) Upper Volta.
Haut-Oubangui: African local, 1888.
Haut Sénégal-Niger: inscription for Upper Senegal and Niger, 1914-17.
Hatvan: (Hung.) sixty (number).
HAVAS: L'Agence Hava (Fr.) first French meter firm to produce a commercial postage meter machine, 1924.
Hawaii: group of islands in the Pacific; 1819, Dec.: first letter from Hawaii recorded, written by Lucy G. Thurston, 1850: postal system created, 1851, Oct. 1: No.1, 2 cents blue, "missionary" stamps used, Kingdom, 1855: U.S. stamps supplied by San Francisco post office to Honolulu P.O., could be used alone or in conjunction with the stamps of Hawaii, 1870: U.S. and Hawaii signed a postal treaty with basic rate, 1893: Hawaiian stamps picturing royalty overprinted "Provisional Govt. 1893," Kingdom ended, 1894: became a republic, 1896: first official stamp issued, 1898, Aug.12: formal transfer to the U.S., annexed by the U.S., 1899: provisional government ended, 1900, Apr. 30: became a territory, 1900, June 13: stamps no longer valid, 1900, June 14: admitted as a territory, began to use general stamps of USA, 1928: overprint on US stamps "Hawaii 1778-1928" marking the 150th anniversary of the discovery of the islands by Capt. James Cook, 1959, Aug. 21: became state, transferred to the United States; see Hawaiian Missionaries.
Hawaii: Pineapple Post, local, 1970s.
Hawaiian Is.: inscription used on stamps of Hawaii, 1853-68.
Hawaiian Missionaries: primitive early issues of Hawaii, 1851-52; name came from the fact that many were used by missionaries writing home, printed Oct. 1851 by Henry W. Whitney.
Hawaiian Postage: inscription on Missionary stamps of Hawaii, 1851-52.
Hawaiian remainders: Hawaiian postage stamps, postal cards, and stamped envelopes surcharged "Prov. Govt" destroyed March 28, 1896.
Hawaiian Steam Service: handstamp on mail from Hawaii carried by the California, Oregon and Mexico Steam Ship Co., COMSS, 1867.
Hawaii's Post: an express mail delivery firm on the island of Oahu that requires stamps to prepay postage.
Hawaii, Republic of: inscription used on stamps of Hawaii, 1894.
Hawid: manufacturer of Hawid Mounts, Hans Widmaier.
Hawker: overprint on stamps of Newfoundland "First Trans-Atlantic Air Post" to carry mail by H. G. Hawker on his ill-fated flight attempt in April 1919.
Hayti: Haiti.
Hazeltine, E.T.: U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp.
HB: auction abbreviation for hardbound
H.B.: (Ger.) "Herzogtum Braunschweig," Germany, pre-adhesive postmark.
H.B.A.: overprint on stamps of Russia for Siberia, 1921.
H-Blatt (Hbl.): (Ger.) booklet pane.
H.B. Sanitats Stempel: health sanitary pre-adhesive marking.
H C: auction abbreviation for hand cancel.
H C B P: Hamilton's Continental Balloon Post; Hamilton's Excursions, carried between 1870-75; between Marseilles and Paris, stamp printed on cover.
HCL: Herbert C. Leach, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
Head cancellations: name given to fancy cancels, 1860-80.
Head-out: USPS term for the starting point of a mail run or trip.
Head plate: plate that prints the stamp's central design; named for the monarch's head..
Heads of wheat: name given to pictorial overprints on 1919 stamps of Hungary.
Health: inscription for semi-postal, New Zealand.
Health stamp: stamps issued with a charity premium to raise funds for children health camps.
Healthy India: India charity label.
Heath, Charles: engraver commissioned in 1840 to engrave the original die for Great Britain's Penny Black.
Heaton stamps: the 50¬Ę stamp of the Columbian series and the 10¬Ę stamp of the Trans Mississippi series, named after paintings by A. G. Heaton.
Heat sensitive stamps: use of a thermochromic ink permits color to change when it is touched; first stamp using this process was the 27-pence British issue of March 13, 2001.
Heavy cancel: obliteration which spoils the appearance of the stamp by covering most its surface.
Hebe, S.S.: steamship marking of the Danube Steam Navigation Company built around 1850s, for middle Danube lines.
Hebraisk: (Nor.) Hebrew).
Hebré: (Swed.) Hebrew
Hebreer: (Nor.) Hebrew
Hebreisk: (Swed.) Hebrew
Hectograph: print made from a special ink held on a gelatine printing base which contains ink transferred from a drawing on special paper.
Hedjaz & Nedje, Hejaz & Nejd: Nejd (Saudi Arabia), 1929-33.
Heft: (Ger.) booklet (of stamps).
Heftchen: (Ger.) stamp booklet.
Heftchenblatt: (Ger.) booklet pane; uncut block of stamps especially printed and cut for use in a booklet.
Heftchenmarke: (Ger.) a stamp from a booklet.
Hefte: (Dan., Nor.) unexploded booklet
Héfto: (Hung.) Monday.
H.E.H. the Nizam's Government: inscription for India, Feudatory State of Hyderabad, 1927-37.
Hehza: Egypt, 1879-1880; see Interpostal seals.
Heidelberg: German locals; 1: Privatbriefbeförderungsanstalt Merkur, 1886-87. 2: Privat-Brief-Verkehr (Arnold), 1886-1900.
Heidelberg-Neunheim: Brief & Packetverkehr, German local, 1887.
Heijtz: specialized catalogue for Falkland Islands, dependencies and British Antarctic Territory.
Heilbronn: Privat-Stadt-Brief-Verkehr, German local, 1896-1900.
Heilungkiang: see Kirin and Heilungchange.
Heimatphilatelie: (Ger.) hometown philately; collecting philatelic materials only from your hometown and its environs.
Heimbold's: U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp.
Heimbold's, A.L.: U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp.
Heimreise Angetreten: (Ger.) return home has commenced, marking for German troops returning from China.
Hejaz-Nejd: see Saudi Arabia; c1865- Oct. 30, 1881: Egyptian post office operated at Jeddah, 1881: first stamps from Turkey, 1916, Aug. 20: became kingdom, first stamps issued, 1917: first postage due stamp, 1920, Aug. 10: Hejaz independence, 1923, Apr.: stamps of Hejaz overprinted, 1925, March 23: replaced stamps of Hejaz, 1926, Jan. 8: Nejd conquers Hejaz, 1926, Feb. 1926: became part of the Kingdom of Hejaz and Nejd, 1932, Sept. 22: name changed to Saudi Arabia.
Hela Peninsula: German local for military, 1945 inscribed "Deutsche durch Feldpost U-boot.".
Helark: (Dan., Swed) sheet (of stamps).
Hela Verden: (Dan.) all world.
Hela Världen-Samlinger: (Swed.) worldwide collections.
Helder: (Dut.) Bright color.
Held for Postage: marking on early 1900 postcards with a divided line sent from overseas to the US. assessed for additional postage.
Helena, Tex, 5 Postage: see: Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Helera: currency unit in Montenegro.
Helft den √É‚Äěrmsten der Armen Spendet der Mainzer Winterhilfe: (Ger.) "Help the poorest of the poor, Donate to the Mainz Winter relief," Germany machine cancel, 1933.
Helicopter mail: first flight with mail took place in July 1946 in Los Angeles, CA. operated by the Air Transport Command and Air Rescue Service.
Heligoland: island in the North Sea, near the northern coast of Germany; currency: 16 schillings = 1 mark, 100 pfennig = 1 mark = 1 schilling 1807: captured by Britain from Denmark, 1814-90: under British control, mails carried by steam vessels from Cuxhaven, 1859-June: stamps of the free city of Hamburg used, 1867, April 15: No. 1, 1/2 schilling blue-green and rose, stamps of Heligoland issued, 1868: joined the North German Confederation, 1879, July 1: joined the UPU, 1890, Aug. 9: ceded to Germany, became part of Schleswig-Holstein Province, stamps of German Empire used, 1945-52: British occupation, 1952: returned to Germany, stamps of Germany used.
Heligoland 8th June 1946: inscription; same scene for Aden, Gozo, Hong Kong, Malayan Union, Northern Ireland, Sarawak, Scotland, Singapore, Zanzibar; unissued Great Britain cinderellas by David Horry, 2001.
Heliograbado: (Sp.) an early type of photogravure printing of postage stamps.
Heliograv√ɬłr: (Dan.) heliogravure printing, see Tryk - Heliograv√ɬłr.
Héliogravure (Helio): (Fr.) an early type of photogravure printing of postage stamps.
Helipot Corp.: division of Beckman Instruments, Fullerton, Calif., 1950s fantasy issue using firm's products as subjects.
Hell: (Ger.) pale, light, thin (spot).
Hellas: Greece, 1966 to date.
Hellblau: (Ger.) light blue (color).
Heller: currency unit in Austria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Carinthia, German East Africa, Liechtenstein.
Hellin: local post, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937.
Hellouan: Egypt, 1879-1884; see Interpostal seals.
Helmstedt: Displaced camp local post, 1945.
Helpost: (Nor.) postal stationery.
Helsag: (Dan.) postal stationery.
Helsagbrevkort: (Dan.) postal card postal stationery.
Helsak: (Swed.) postal stationery.
Helsakssamlingar: (Swed.) postal stationery collections.
Helsingfors A.A.: Finland local post, 1866-91; now known as Helsinki.
Helsinki: capital of Finland; first Finnish stamp, 1917, is known as the Helsinki issue.
Helvetia: (Ger.) Switzerland; Latin name used since nation has four official languages.
Helyi Kiadások: (Hung.) local issues.
Helyi Kidás: (Hung.) local issue.
Helyi levél, Hl: (Hun.) local letter overprint on hyper inflated issues of Hungary in 1946 for use of postage prepayment.
Helyi lev.-lap, Hlp: (Hun.) local postcard overprint on hyper inflated issues of Hungary in 1946 for use of postage prepayment.
Henderson Island, Dependency of: bogus overprint of Pitcairn Island.
Henkelspur: (Ger.) hinge mark on gum.
Henning & Bonhack: see: Private die match proprietary stamps.
Henry, John F.: U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp.
Henry's Express: parcel delivery firm serviced upstate New York, used a label, year unknown.
Henry, W. E. & Co.: see: Private die match proprietary stamps.
Heraklion: Crete; British Post Offices, 1898-99; also known as Iraklion, Candia..
Herald & Weekly Times: local, Australia,1920.
Herausgeben: (Ger.) to issue (stamps, etc.).
Herbertshohe: now known as Rabaul, Papua New Guinea.
Herceg Bosnia: Lipa and Kuna inscription on early Bosnia and Herzegovina (Croatian Administration), 1993.
Herceg Bosnia: illegal labels, purporting to be stamps, as per Sept. 7, 1998 letter by Bosnia and Herzegovina to the UPU, not valid for postage; see Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croat Administration in Mostar.
Hercegovina: (Czech.) Herzegovina.
Hercock Simpson Post: United Kingdom postal strike, local post, 1971.
Herefordshire, etc.: United Kingdom postal strike, local post, 1971.
Herisau: Switzerland, local airmail, 1913.
Herm Island: island off the coast of Guernsey with local labels using its name; 1938: closed as a Guernsey sub-office,
1945: owner issued series of carriage labels for payment on letters carried from the island to Guernsey, 1949: pigeon post operated, 1949: Guernsey became postally independent, and sub-post office opened on island.


(Data Above sourced from "Ask Phil" and other sources. Last edit 5/Aug/2008 Amhazing)

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Hermes Head: Greek stamps, first issued in 1861, featuring Hermes, the messenger of the Greek gods; there are small Hermes and large Hermes portraits.
Hermosillo: (Sp.) district in Mexico applied as an overprint on revenue stamps as authentication.
Herrera Line: Cuban packet company carried closed British mails, 1860s.
Herrick's Pills: U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp.
Herrick's Pills & Plasters: U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp.
Herringbone cancellation: a cut, sometimes inked, in the repeating pattern of a herringbone that ties the stamp to the document to prevent illegal reuse of the stamp.
Herrmann, Dr. Emanuel: (1839-1902) credited with making a suggestion in 1869 that became known as the postal card.
Herrnhut: German Democratic Republic local post, 1945.
Hertugd√ɬłmme: (Nor.) duchy.
Herzegoliche Pose Fremarke: German States-Holstein.
Herzogth Holstein: German States, Schleswig-Holstein, 1856-66
Herzogth Schleswig: German States, Schleswig-Holstein, 1864-65.
Hesperio, Estado: bogus, State of Hesperio.
Hess'sche Stadt-Brief-Beforderung: local, Darmstadt, Germany, 1895-96.
Heston: island off the coast of Scotland with local labels using its name.
Hét: (Hung.) seven (number).
Hetherington, J. E.: U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp.
Hetven: (Hung.) seventy (number).
Heychelles: British Colonial Royal Wedding frames from "Surreal and Unreal Stickers."
H. G. Hansson Privata Lokalposten Fern: see Göteborg - H. G. Hansson Privata Lokalposten Fern.
H H: auction term for "Heavily Hinged."
H.H. Nawab Shah Jahanbegam: inscription, on Feudatory State of Bhopal. India, 1876-1901, name and title of native ruler.
H H R: auction term for heavily hinged with hinge remnant(s) affixed.
H.H.W. & Co. (H.H. Warner & Co.): U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp
HI: USPS abbreviation for Hawaii, 1875-91.
H.I. & U.S. Postage: inscription on 13-cent stamp of Hawaii, 1851.
Hi-bright paper: paper that is impregnated with brighteners, that glow under longwave ultraviolet light.
Hi-Brite: term used for papers that contain optical fluorescent material that causes the stamp to glow under longwave ultraviolet light.
Hibernia: (Latin) Ireland.
Hidalgos: early issues of Mexico featuring portrait of Miguel Hidalgo y Castilla, first leader of Mexican independence movement.
Hidden dates: the date of stamp manufacture hidden in the stamp design. Used in Canadian stamps since 1935.
Hidden imagery: name given to encoded imagery used on U. S. stamps; see Decoder, Encoded Designs; Stamp decoder.
Hidden reserve: auction term for 1: non-stated minimum price the seller of the lot will accept, bids received below this figure will be ignored. 2: non-stated reserve.
Hierspiel's Express Co.: parcel firm serviced Jersey City, Lafayette, N. J., and New York City; used a label, year unknown.
Higgins & Gage: catalog of global postal stationery.
High-etch offset: offset printing from letterpress or typography, used for centers of the U.S. 1943-44 flag stamps.
Highland Railway: Scotland local post.
Highly reactive: enclosure made with a vinyl compound will interact with the other material it contacts; this interaction will, over time, permanently damage material; from: Preservation and Storage Library of Victoria.
Highway Contract Route: (HCR) USPS term for postal contractor route to carry mail by highway between designated points.
Highway Post Office (HPO): motor vehicles used for collection, sorting and distribution of
mail operated by U.S. Post office between Washington, DC and Harrisburg, Va in 1941.
Hiiumaa: bogus issue, not valid for postage.
Hilbre: bogus, located in River Dee, British island local, 1961.
Hildasay: tiny island in the Shetlands.
Hildegarde, S.S.: steamship marking of the Danube Steam Navigation Company built around 1850s, for middle or upper Danube lines.
Hildreth's Express: parcel delivery firm serviced Brooklyn and New York City, N.Y.; used a label, year unknown.
Hilera: (Sp.) row of stamps.
Hill & Co's Express: private mail and parcel serviced Boston and Manchester, Mass.; used a corner card and labels; 1860s.
Hill, Clayton Courier: United Kingdom postal strike, local post, 1971.
Hill, Pearson: father of the cancelling machine produced in 1857; operated by steam or foot treadle to automatically apply a duplex cancellation.
Hillsboro, N.C.: see: Confederate States of America, 3¬Ę 1861 Postmasters' Provisionals.
Hillsboro, N. C. Paid: see: Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Hill, Sir Rowland: the man who instituted the penny postage system in England, 1840, and is considered the "Father of the Postage Stamp."
Hill's Manual of Social and Business Forms: written by Thomas E. Hill in 1873 to help teach students to properly address, frank and post a letter.
Hill's Post: Oliver B. Hill, U.S. local post, Boston, Mass.,1849.
Hilo de seda: (Sp.) silk thread.
Hilos de trapo: (Sp.) cloth or rag threads found in poor quality granite paper used by the Spanish Republican government for its numeral issue of 1938-39.
Hil's Postal Service: United Kingdom postal strike, local post, 1971.
Hilton & Sons' Express: freight firm serviced Boston and Lynn, Mass., used a label, year unknown.
Hilton's Express: railroad parcel firm serviced between Boston and Lynn, Mass.; used a label, 1858.
Himare: formerly Chimarra, Khimara, Chimara, Albania.
Himera: see: Chimarra.
Himmelblå: (Dan., Nor.) sky blue (color).
Himmelblau: (Ger.) blue.
Himriyya: stamps for a village in the Trucial State of Sharjah, 1965, repudiated by the government.
Hinckley & Co's. Express, Denver City: handstamp for independent mail route.
Hinckley and District: United Kingdom postal strike, local post, 1971.
Hinge: small piece of gummed glassine or parchment paper used by collectors for mounting stamps on album pages.
Hinged: an unused postage stamp to which a hinge or stamp mount has been applied; described as "lightly hinged" or "heavily hinged" depending on degree of gum disturbance.
Hinkley's Express Co.: Abraham M. Hinkley, U.S. local post, New York, N. Y., 1855.
Hintergrund: (Ger.) background.
Hinton: tourist mail, local post of Canada, 1978-81.
H.I. Postage: inscription on stamps of Hawaii Islands.
Hirlap Belyeg: inscription on stamps of Hungary as a newspaper tax, 1900-22.
Hirlapjegy: inscription on stamps of Hungary for newspaper stamps, 1900-22.
Hiscox & Co.: U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp.
His Majesty's Jubilee, 1910-1935: overprint on stamps of New Guinea, June 27, 1935.
Historical cover: postmarked and cacheted for a historical event, e.g., the inauguration of a president.
Hit: informal USPS term to postmark mail with a hand-stamped cancellation.
Hitler Skull: parody, designed by the U.S. Office of Strategic Services, of the basic letter rate German 12p Hitler Head definitive.
Hivastlos: inscription on stamps of Norway for official use.
Hjalp Oss Att Hjalpa!: (Swed.) Red Cross cinderella.
H.J.J. Godsfrimaerke: Danish railway parcel stamp.
Hj√ɬłrne: (Dan.) corner.
Hj√ɬłrnefold: (Dan.) corner crease.
Hj√ɬłrne: (Dan., Nor.) corner.
Hjornetakk: (Nor.) corner perforation.
H.J.Z.: overprint on stamps of Palestine for use on the Hedjaz Railway, 1919.
HK: Honk Kong; country code as used by UPU.
$HK: dollar, currency used in Hong Kong.
HKJ: international postal code for Jordan.
HLC: Harvey L. Cote, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
Hlp: Magyar, Helyi lev lap local postcard, overprint on stamps of Hungary, 1946.
Hlubotisk: (Czech.) photo engraving.
HMA Ship: His Majesty's Australian Ship, Australia hand stamp.
HMC: Harold M. Clarvoe, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
HM / OW: Her Majesty's Office of Works / Official.
H.M.S: Her/His Majesty's Ship, also used as a pre-adhesive postmark.
H.M.S. Graham: United Kingdom postal strike, local post, 1971.
HMW: 1: Herbert M. Williams 2: Harry W. Wolstenholme, BEP employees initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
HN: Honduras (Rep.); country code as used by the UPU.
Hnedá: (Czech.) brown (color).
Hnedy: (Czech.) brown (color).
Hnedavy: (Czech.) brownish (color).
Hnedocerná: (Czech.) brown-black (color).
Hnedocervená: (Czech.) brown-red (color).
Hnedofialová: (Czech.) brown-violet, brownish-purple (color).
Hnedokarminínová: (Czech.) brown-carmine (color).
Hnedoranzová: (Czech.) brown-orange (color).
Hnedosedá: (Czech.) brown-grey (color).
Hngr: USPS abbreviation in address for hanger.
Hobe & Bro.: Special Delivery firm serviced New York City; used a label, year unknown.
Hoby: Montenegro, 1874-96.
Hochdruck: (Ger.) engraving, leaving a raised impression.
Ho Chi Minh City: formerly Saigon, Vietnam.
Hochwasser 1920: (Ger.) (high water), overprint on stamps of Austria for semi-postal use, 1920.
Hockaday & Co.: transported mail from St. Joseph, Mo. to Salt Lake City, 1858.
Hodgman & Co's Express: private mail delivery firm serviced Boston, Mass, to Bangor, Maine; used a label, 1849.
Hod (N.) Company: United Kingdom postal strike, local post, 1971.
Hogar-Escuela de correos: (Sp.) Orphanage School of the Postal Authorities; on semi-postal.
Hogar Telegrafico: (Sp.) Orphanage School of the Telegraph Service; on semi-postal.
Högröd: (Swed.) "high red" (color), seeDjupt klarröd.
Högtryck: (Swed.) typography.
Hohensalza: Rote Radler, German local post, pre 1900.
Hohenstein-Ernstthal: Express-Packet-Verkehr; German local post, 1891.
Hohenzollern: Imperial Germany rulers, name of Yacht of Kaiser Wilhelm on stamps of German colonies, 1900, known as "Yacht" or "ship" issues.
Hohe-Rinne: Inscription found on local tourist stamps issued by the Kurhaus (Eng., Spa Hotel) built in 1894, and located at Hohe Rinne on the Meeresspiegel River on the Siebenburgen (Hung. Erdély, Rom. Transilvania) plateau. The territory orginally was in Hungary, but was ceded to Romania after WWI. The hotel proprietor issued various local stamps during 1895-1924 for prepayment of mail carried from the hotel to and from the post office at Keresztenysziget (Ger. Grossau), and later to and from the post office at Nagy Szeban (Ger. Hermannstadt).
Hoi Hao: Chinese treaty port, overprint on stamps of Indo-China for French Offices in Hoi Hai, China, 1902-22. Hoihow: (Chungking) 1902, Feb. 7-Dec. 31, 1922, overprint Tchongking; now known as
Hoihow: 1900, May 15- Dec. 31, 1922., first issue 1901 overprinted Hoi Hau, see: China, Indo-China Post offices.
Hoi Hau: China overprint on stamps of Indo-China, French Offices in China, 1901-22.
Hoja: (Sp.) sheet (of stamps).
Hoja a elegir: (Sp.) approval sheets or booklets.
Hoja bloque: (Sp.) sheet of a stamp or stamps, surrounded with a paper margin issued for a specific event or purpose; souvenir sheet.
Hojas de albumes: (Sp.) album pages.
Hoja de licitación: (Fr.) bid sheet.
Hoja de Muestra: (Sp.) specimen sheet with one stamp of each new issue affixed sent to all postmasters to acquaint them with the new issues.
Hoja de oferta: (Sp.) bid sheet.
Hoja entera: (Sp.) complete sheet (of stamps).
Hoja recuerdo: (Sp.) souvenir sheet.
Hojita: (Sp.) small sheet (of stamps) local semi-postal issues printed during the Civil War.
H√ɬłjre: (Dan.) right (side).
Holanda: (Sp. Port.) Holland, the Netherlands.
Holandské Antily: (Czech.) Netherlands Antilles, Dutch Antilles.
Holandsko: (Czech.) Dutch.
Holandsky: (Czech.) Holland (the Netherlands).
Holbaek: Seaport in Vestsj¦lland county, Denmark, ca. 33 miles W of Copenhagen. Local post established pre-1880 by Holbaek Steamship Company with "Dampbaaden Holb¦k" local stamps used both for postal packets and parcels issued the same year (possibly earlier).
Holbaek Steamship Co.: local, Denmark, 1880.
Hold-to-light card: postcard that creates a different image if held to the light.
Hole in stamp: may indicate a form of cancellation, or used on telegrams, or for official correspondence, etc.
Holkar: inscription Indore State, 1886-1904, India; 1904: first postage due stamp, now known as Indore, see: Indore.
Holland: see Netherlands.
Hollandais: (Fr.) Dutch.
Hollandale, Tex. 5: see: Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals. Hollandia: now known as Jayapura, Indonesia.
Hollandia: (Hung.) Holland.
Holland India: (Hung.) the Dutch Indies.
Holland's Express: baggage firm serviced New York City; used a label, year unknown.
"Hollandshjalp": "Help for Holland" overprint on stamps of Iceland semi-postal for flood victims, 1953.
Hollandsk: (Dan.) see Dutch
Hollandske Antiller: (Dan.) Netherlands Antilles, see Nederlandske Antiller.
Hollandsk Indien: (Dan.) Dutch (East) Indies, see Nederlandsk Indies.
Hollandsk Ny Guinea: (Dan.) Dutch New Guinea, see Nederlandsk Ny Guinea.
Hollandul: (Hung.) Dutch.
Hollows: irregularities in stamp paper that caused plate "hollows" which, in turn, caused white spots after printing.
Holloway's Pills and Ointment: U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp.
Holman Liver Pad Co.: U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp.
Holmestrand: Seaport city in Vestfold county in SW Norway ca. 30 miles SW of Oslo. Local Post established by M. Borrese, with first "Bypost / Holmestrand / Bypost" handstamped on horizonatally laid black on pale green (3 √ɬłre) or gold on cream (5 √ɬłre) papers local stamps issued 1 June 1888, with further local stamps issued through 1 December 1888.
Holmestrand Bypost: Norway local post, 1888.
Hologram: added to stamp to give illustration an added dimension.
Hologram Omitted: holograms are affiixed with an adehesive, which can be removed with a solvent; the absence of a hologram may not an error.
Holograph: a letter entirely in the handwriting of the person whose signature is on the document. Holstein: former duchy, south of Denmark; pre-1864: under Danish crown, 1864, March: occupied by Prussia and Austria, issued stamps, 1866: Prussia took over, defeating Austria, German States Schleswig-Holstein, 1868: North German Confederation.
Holsteinsborg: formerly Sisimiut, Greenland.
Holte: a small railroad center located in the area of Holte, Denmark. Local post established by a Mr. Jessen under lease from the government on 1 July 1866, being transferred to a Lt. Baumann in June 1869, with a first "Holte / Landpost" 2-Skilling red-brown local stamp being issued 2 March 1870, and with a second similar-design 2-skilling green local stamp being issued 15 September 1872 The Holte local post was the first Danish local post to issue stamps, The post delivered the mails from the railroad station to the surrounding villages, and used the regular government-issued "206" numerical obliterator to cancel the stamps. The service was taken over by the Danish Post Office on 25 May 1873.
Holte Land Post: Denmark local post, 1870-72.
Holub: (Czech.) carrier pigeon.
Holubice: (Czech.) carrier pigeons.
Holyhead and Kingstown Packet (H & K Packet): sorted mail on board ship, first trip, Oct. 1, 1860.
Holzhausen: German local post, 1945-48.
Holzstempel: (Ger.) wooden hand stamp.
Homan's Empire Express: U.S. local post, New York, N. Y., 1852.
Homan's Express: local parcel serviced Bangor and Bucksport, Maine; used labels, 1883.
Home Bitters Co.: U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp.
Homeland state: term used for South Africa territorial areas prior to their being granted autonomous authority.
Homenaje: (Sp.) homage.
Honah Lee: Puff the Magic Dragons kingdom.
Honan: province in east-central China; 1940s: regional overprints used, 1949: stamps issued for People's Post, Central China see scott 6L63-87.
Honan: Japanese occupation, 1941-45, also known as Che-Nan. China 3N.
Honda: Colombia provisional overprint, Tolima, 1896; known as the Honda issue.
Hondon de las Nievas: local post, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937.
Honduras: former Spanish colony in Central America; between Guatemala and Nicaragua; official name of postal administration: Honducor currency: 8 reales = 1 peso, 100 centavos = 1 peso (1878), 100 centavos = 1 lempira (1933) 1865, Dec.: first stamps issued "Correos de Honduras" before postal service organized, 1877, April-78: 2 reales stamps surcharged "Media Real" and re-issued 1878: new series of stamps issued inscribed "Republica de Honduras," 1879, April 1: joined the UPU, 1890: first official stamp, 1912: U.S. Marines land, 1925: first airmail stamp, 2000, April 7: first semipostal stamp, see British Honduras.
Honduras Britannique: (Fr.) British Honduras.
Hong Kong: British Crown Colony, a peninsula in southeast China; official name of postal administration: Hong Kong Post Office currency: 100 cents = 1 Hong Kong dollar 1841, Jan. 26: made a British colony, local handstamps used, 1860, May 1: service passed from London P.O. to the colony, 1862, Dec. 8: No.1, 2 cents pale brown, first stamp issued, but use not compulsory, 1864, Oct. 15: use made compulsory, 1905: stamps of Hong Kong overprinted "China" for British Offices in China, 1914, Mar. 1: joined the UPU included with China, People's Republic 1923, Dec.: first postage due stamp issued. 1945, April: surcharged stamps of Japan for occupation, 1945, Aug. 14: Japanese occupation ended. 1988, Nov. 30: first semipostal issued. 1997, July 1: reverted to Chinese rule, Special Administrative Region, stamps inscribed, "Hong Kong, China."
Hong Kong: The Hen House Kowloon inscription; unissued Great Britain cinderella by David Horry, 2001.
Hongrie: (Fr.) Hungary.
Honiton Post: United Kingdom postal strike, local post, 1971.
Honolulu Advertiser: collection of Hawaii items auctioned by the Robert A. Siegel firm on Nov. 7-11, 1995.
Honour's City Express: 1849-58, Charleston, S.C.; see: Carriers" Stamps.
Honour envelope: British manila envelope with a large cross and inscription in green meaning that the writer on active service , certified that on their honour that the contents did not discuss military matters.
Honvéd: (Hun.) Defender of the Country, i.e., soldier.
Hooded datestamp: circular datestamp with a concentric oval around the top in the shape of a hood with a description such as "registered."
Hooper's Emergency: United Kingdom postal strike, local post, 1971.
HOP: see Handoverprint Study Group.
Hop Bitters Co.: U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp.
Hopedale Penny Post: U.S. local post, Milford, Mass., 1849.
Hopeh-Shantung-Honan Border Area: northeast China; 1940s: regional overprints issued, 1946: stamps issued for the North China Liberation area.
Hopei: Japanese occupation, 1941-45. China 4N
Hope Express Co.: private mail and parcel serviced New Jersey and eastern Pa.; used corner cards and labels; year unknown.
Hopflug: overprint on Iceland's stamps to commemorate Italian Marshall Balbo's 1933 flight. Hopflug Itala: overprint on stamps of Iceland, Balbo airmail flight, 1933.
Hop Isles: 1924 European cinderella used on private postcards that did not go through the mail.
Hop-po: South Chinese local post in Kwangtung, 1949.
Horario: (Sp.) time-table (of mail departures).
Horisontal: (Swed.) horizontal, see Vågrätt.
Horizontal bars: USPS term for the uniform, wide bars parallel to the length of the mailpiece, printed immediately below the no postage necessary endorsement.
Horizontal coil: stamps that are perforated vertically and arranged in rolls.
Horizontal comb perforation: perforation where the lines appear horizontally and the legs vertically.
Horizontal gum: appearance of a pattern visible in the adhesive.
Hörntand: (Swed.) corner perforation.
Hörn: (Swed.) corner.
Hornchurch Post: United Kingdom postal strike, local post, 1971.
Horní: (Czech.) up (side).
Hörntand: (Swed.) corner perforation.
Hors d'usage: (Fr.) obsolete.
Horsens Bypost: Denmark local post, 1883-89.
Horsens - Horsens Local Post: Seaport in Vejle county, E Jutland, Denmark, ca. 110 miles WNW of Copenhagen. Local post established by a Mr. Bagger in 1883, with a first "Horsens Bypost / Brevm¦rke" local stamp being issued on 3 October, and with a second "Express / Express" handstamp on gummed paper local stamp being issued later in the year. The local post was disontinued in May 1884 through insolvency.
Horsens - Melgaard Local Post: The Horsens local post (q.v.) was reopened as the "Horsens Telefon og Bypost" by S. Melgaard on 16 September 1886 using the original company's remaining stamp stock, and overprinting nmerous varieties of same (when purchased, the original stock was stuck together, and was separated by soaking, so that the 1886 surcharged issues are always without gum). Other Melgaard-specific local stamps depicting a horse in front of a tree and inscribed "Horsens Telefon og Bypodst" were issued in April and August 1889. The local post ceased operations on 29 May 1890.
Horseshoe Route: British commercial air mail route flown to various destinations in a large arc, which gave the route its name, 1940.
Horta: Portuguese district in the Azores; 1892: stamps issued inscribed "Horta," 1905: replaced by stamps of Portugal.
Horten: Seaport in Vestfold county, SE Norway, on W side of Oslo Fjord ca. 24 miles SSW of Oslo. Local post established by L. K. Hiorth, with 5 √ɬłre "Hortens / Bypost" lithographed dark blue local stamps depicting an anchor issued 1 July 1882, with additional redrawn issues of the same design issued through 1885. Hiorth employed Norwegian government mail boxes, with his mails being delivered by government mail carriers. The government objected to the use of government mail boxes, and the local post was forced to close effective 31 December 1888.
Hortens: Norway, local bypost, 1882-85.
Horvát: (Hung.) Croatian.
Horvátország: (Hung.) Croatia.
Hospitalet de Llobregat: local post, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937.
Hostetter & Smith: U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp.
Hot case: USPS term for case used for last minute sorting of mail.
Hotchkiss, J. G. Match CO.: see: Private die match proprietary stamps.
Hotelpost: (Nor.) hotel mail.
Hotel Posts: issued by hotels in remote areas to carry guest's mail to the nearest post office, started since the Swiss post office did not provide pick up or delivery service in the late 1800s.
Hot stamp: USPS term for stamp ink that contains a substance that becomes luminescent when passed through a facer-canceler.
Houghton & Co's Express: parcel delivery firm serviced Boston and Hudson, Mass.; used a label, year unknown.
Hounslow Local post: United Kingdom postal strike, local post, 1971.
Householder: printed matter address and words "postage paid" with or without place of delivery.
Houston: NASA local post, 1970.
Houston, Txs. Paid 5: see: Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Hovedpart: (Nor.) the main part, mainly.
Hovedsag: (Dan.) mainly.
Hovedsakelig: (Nor.) mainly.
Hovercraft mail: first mail carried by hovercraft took place on July 20, 1962 between N. Wales and Merseyside.
Hovercraft Mail: United Kingdom postal strike, local post, 1971.
Howard & Co's Express: private mail and parcel delivery serviced eastern Pensylvania; used corner cards and labels; 1855-68.
Howard & Jones London: papermaker's watermark
Howard, B & H.D.: see: Private die match proprietary stamps.
Howe, S. D.: U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp.
Howell's Letter Express: U.S. local post, Rochester, N. Y., about 1840s.
Hoyle's Local Mail: United Kingdom postal strike, local post, 1971.
H√ɬłyre: (Nor.) right (side).
Hoyt, E.W. & Co.: U.S. private die perfumery proprietary stamp.
Hoyt's Letter Express: U.S. local post, Rochester, N. Y., 1844.
H.P.: 1: (Followed by Cyrillic letters) Bulgaria. 2: Hamburg, Germany, pre-adhesive postmark.
3: "Hagagan Post" (Armenia Post) Armenia. 4: inscription on Austrian stamp for use in Western Ukraine during WW I period.
H P O: Highway Post Office cancel used on portable mail handling equipment usually located on buses.
H.P.N.: (Sp.) "Habilitado por la Nación" Validated for the Nation; overprint on provisional (Teruel) issues of Spain in 1868.
Hr: Hryvnia; currency of Ukraine.
HR: 1: hinge remnant. 2: Croatia; country code as used by UPU.
H.R.: Helvetische Republik (Swiss) Swiss Republic.
Hrad: (Czech.) castle.
Hradcany: (Czech.) refers to the Czechoslovakia 1918-1920 definitive series depicting the "Hradcany" castle in Prague.
Hranice: (Czech.) border, boundary, frontier.
H rate US Stamp: United States non-denominated make-up rate, value 1¬Ę, 1999.
Hreben: (Czech.) refers to comb perforation.
Hrebenové Zoubkování: (Czech.) comb perforation.
H.R.R.: Housatonic Rail Road handstamp, 1847.
H.R.S.: Hudson River Steamer, pre-adhesive postmark.
Hrvatska: 1: inscription on stamps of the Republic of Croatia. 2: inscription on Croatian patriotic labels issued in Austria-Hungary, 1900-1914.
Hrvatska: lipa and kuna inscriptions on stamps of National government issues, Croat Administration. Croatia, Jugoslavia.
Hrvatska, Republika: Croatia 1992- .
Hrvatska SHS: (Hung.) overprint for "Serbs, Croats, Slovenes", 1929 when renamed Yugoslavia.
Hrzgl Post F.R.M. (Frmrk): German States, Schleswig Holstein, 1864.
H/S, Hndstmp: auction abbreviation for hand stamp.
Hsai-Men: China; see: Amoy.
HSB: Herman S. Batch, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
HT. Senegal & Niger: 1: Upper Senegal and Niger, 1906-14. 2: Haiti; country code as used by the UPU.
HU: Honduras (Republic); country code as used by the UPU.
Huacho: seaport on coast of Peru; 1884: provisional stamp issued due to stamp shortage caused by occupation of Lima and Callao by Chile during 1879-84 war. Hub: the circular portion of a postmark that indicates place, date, Zip code, etc.
Huck-Cottrell Press: single-color intaglio press, forerunner of Cottrell presses, operational in 1969, used to print coil stamps using curved plates.
Huck Multicolor Press: a nine-color, webfed, intaglio press used by the BEP from 1968-76.
Hudson Riv. Mail N.Y.: in a dated circular date stamp, with separate rate marking, route agent's stamp, used on mail carried by contract steamboats via the Hudson river, New York-Troy route, 1840s-1851.
Hudson Street Post Office: U.S. local post handstamp, New York, N.Y., 1850.
Huecograbado: (Sp.) photogravure, intaglio.
Huejutla: overprint used on stamps of Mexico for this district, 1856-1883.
Huella de charnela: (Sp.) hinge mark.
Huelva: local post, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1937.
Huerfanos de correos: (Sp.) Orphans of the Post; charity seals.
Huerfanos de telegrafos: (Sp.) Orphans of Employees of the Telegraph Service; found on semi-postal issues.
Huesca: local post, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1937.
Huetor Tajar: local post, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1937.
Huevar: local post, Spanish civil war, Nationalist and Republican, 1937.
Huger, Alfred: postmaster, Chapel Hill, N.C. issued Confederate postmaster's provisional adhesive and envelope.
Huile Lourde: heavy oils, petroleum distillates; French Colony revenue inscription
Huile Nocives: noxious oils; French Colony revenue inscription.
Hull & Barnsley Company: British local post.
Hull, C. E. & Co.: U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp.
Hull Post: United Kingdom postal strike, local post, 1971.
Hultschiner-Landchen: 1920s: mourning label for territory annexed by Czechoslovakia in 1919 issued by German stamp dealer Sigmund Hartig.
Humanity, Kingdom of: bogus South China Seas, located between Philippines and Indonesia, 1955.
Human Rights: common design on stamps of the French Community of Nations, 1958, 1963, 1968.
Humboldt Express: U.S. local post, Nevada, 1863, branch of Langton's Pioneer Express.
Humilladero: local post, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1937.
Hunan: province in south-central China; 1940s: regional overprints issued 1949: stamps issued for Central Chinese Liberation Area.
Hunan-Kiangsi Border Province: (Chinese Red Post),1929-30.
Hunan-West Hupeh: (Chinese Red Post), 1930.
Hund: (Ger.) dog (thematic).
Hundertiahrfeier: (Ger.) centenary.
Hundi: (Ind.) in India, stamp affixed to a commercial paper for payment of money to the bearer.
Hundre: (Nor.) one-hundred (number).
Hundrede: (Dan.) one-hundred (number).
Hundredeogti: (Dan.) one-hundred-ten (number).
Hungarian-American Messenger Service: bogus, 1919.
Hungary: Bistra, hotel, local post,1909-1912.
Hungary: central Europe; between Romania and Austria; Official name of postal administration: Hungarian Post Office Limited Currency: 100 kreuzer = 1 forint, 100 filer = 1 koruna (1900), 100 filer = 1 pengo (1926), 100 filler =1 forint (1946) 1850, June 1: used stamps of Austria, 1867, May 1: independent postal administration created, 1867, June 1: dual stamps issued for Hungary and Austria, Austrian-Hungarian Empire, 1868, April 1: Hungarian postal service took control of Croatia posts and Slovenia Prekomurje posts, 1868, June 20: first stamps for Hungary, 1871, May 1: No.1, 2 kreuzer orange, first stamps of the Monarchy in arrangement with Austria, 1875, July 1: joined the UPU, 1900, Jan. 25: joined UPU as Hungary, 1903: first postage due stamp, 1913, Nov. 20: first semipostal stamp, 1918, July 4: first air mail stamp, 1918, Nov. 16: People's Republic formed, 1918, Nov. 23: overprinted stamps issued, 1919. May: overprinted occupation stamps of Hungary for Arad region, Debrecen, Temesvar, Transylvania, 1919, June 14: stamps issued for regime of Bela Kun, Serbian occupation (Baranya, Temesvar, Banat), 1919, June 28: overprinted stamps issued for new republic, 1919, Nov. 16: overprinted stamps issued for Admiral Horthy regime, Szeged. 1921: first official stamp, 1945, May: republic proclaimed, 1949, Aug. 20: People's Republic of Hungary proclaimed, 1989: People's Republic abolished.
Hungary, Romanian Occupation: 1919: semi-postal, postage due on stamps of Hungary.
Hungary, Serbian Occupation: 1919: semi-postal, postage due on stamps of Hungary.
Hungerhilfe: (Ger.) in aid of starving people.
Hungria: (Sp.) Hungary.
Hunter's Post: United Kingdom postal strike, local post, 1971.
Hunting Permit stamp: also known as duck stamp; initiated 1934; see: Migratory Bird Hunting Stamp, State Hunting Permit Stamps.
Hungria: (Sp.) Hungary.
Hunt, L. G.: see: Private die match proprietary stamps.
Huntsville, Tex. Paid 5: see: Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Huo-shan: East Chinese local post, 1949, west south west of Hoi-fei.
Hupeh Province: east-central China; 1940s: regional overprints issued, 1941: overprinted "Domestic Ordinary Letter Surcharge Paid" 1949, May: stamps surcharged for Central Chinese Liberation Area, 1949, June 4: stamps surcharged for Hupeh Postal and Telegraph Administration.
Hunter & Co's Express: private mail firm serviced Amador, El Dorado and Placer Coubnties, Calif., used a corner card; year unknown.
Hunt's Despatch: local post.
Hurricane Hattie: overprint on stamps of British Honduras, semi-postal for hurricane of Oct. 31, 1961.
"Hurricane Relief": 1: 1987 Aitutaki surcharge.2: overprint of Bahamas semi-postals 1992.
Husband, J. T.: U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp.
Hussey's Post: U.S. local post, New York, N. Y., 1854-83.
Husty: (Czech.) thick.
H√ɬļsz: (Hung.) twenty (number).
Huszonegy: (Hung.) twenty-one (number).
Huszonketto: (Hung.) twenty-two (number).
Hutchings & Hillyer: U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp.
Hutchinson, D. F. Jr.: see: Private die match proprietary stamps.
Hutt River Province: Australia local stamps of secessionist state.
Ht. (Haute) Senegal Niger: Upper Senegal and Niger.
Hvar: island off Dalmatian coast; 1944, May: charity stamps printed when occupied by Germany.
Hvid: (Dan.) white (color).
Hviderusland: (Dan.) White Russia (Belarus).
Hvit: (Nor.) white (color).
Hviterussland: (Nor.) White Russia (Belarus).
Hwa-Chung Area: Anhwei Kiangsu; East China "Xuazhunbg" 1946-48.
Hwa-Chung, first sub.district: East China, 1949.
Hwai-Nan Area: (Anhwei, Kiangsu Border area, East China "Xuai-Nan" East China, 1942-44.
Hwa-Ting: Northwest Chinese local post; 1949. ESE of Lan-Chow.
HWW: Harry W. Wolstennholme, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
Hybrid mail: a presort mail service run by the Taiwan postal administration.
Hybrid proof: a large die proof made with various plate proofs cut close and mounted upon a card or proof paper, may be found die-sunk on the card..
Hyderabad: India Feudatory State; 1869: first local stamps, inscribed H.E.H. The Nizam's Government, 1873: first official stamp, 1937: first commemorative stamp, 1950, Apr.30: stamps of Republic of India.
Hydro-Aeroplane Mail Service: marking for mail carried via seaplane across the Mississippi River at St. Louis, 1911.
Hyhya: Egypt, 1880-1884; see Interpostal seals.
Hyphen hole perforation: Rectangular-shaped perforation such as used on some U.S. revenue stamps.


(Data Above sourced from "Ask Phil" and other sources. Last edit 5/Aug/2008 Amhazing)

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I: 1: precedes the European postal code on addresses in Italy, San Marino and Vatican City, such as I-39100 Bolzano, Italy. 2: with eagle and United States of America: New York Custom House revenue seal. 3: Peruvian monetary unit symbol, started in 1985. 4: Scott Catalogue prefix for Late Fee (Panama, Denmark, etc.). 5. Colombia-Scadta consular overprint for Italy.
IA: 1: USPS abbreviation for Iowa. 2: address written in ink.
Ia.: early territorial postmark refers to Indiana, not Iowa..
I. A.: Immigration Agent, South Australia official overprint, 1868-74.
Ianuarie: (Rom.) January.
Iasi: formerly Jassy, Romania.
I.B.: 1: West Irian, 1970; on stamps inscribed "Republik Indonesia.." 2: Republik Indonesia. 3: Inland Branch.
I. Balear: (Sp.) Islas Baleares, Balearic Islands pre-adhesive postmark, located in Mediterranean Sea.
I B B: postmark indicting Industrial Building Branch, New York City; used in late 1800s.
IBC: Irving B. Cohen, BEP employees initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
Iberia: Iberian Peninsula; Spain and Portugal.
Ibero-Amerika: (Ger.) Latin America.
Ibi: local post, Spanish Civil War, Republican, 1937.
IBIP: Information Based Indicia Program, printed designs indicating prepayment of postage, tested in the U.S. starting in1999; with the franking indicia containing information that is encrypted to make each imprint a unique postage frank that cannot be duplicated.
Ibiza: local post, Spanish Civil War, Nationalist, 1937.
Ibiza y Formentera: local post, Spanish Civil War, Nationalist, 1936-37.
Ibolya: (Hung.) violet (color).
Ibros: local post, Spanish Civil War, Republican, 1937.
I C: Iron Curtain.
ICAO: United Nations inscription for International Civil Aviation Organization.
Icaria (Ikaria, Nicaria): Aegean Island captured by Greece from Turkey; 1912, July: independent from Turkey and declared a free state, 1912, Oct. 8: provisional government issued stamps under a Greek military administration, 1912, Nov. 4: occupied and annexed by Greece, 1913: overprint on stamps of Greece, 1913, June: Greek stamps used.
ICC: Indo China, Laos, Vietnam overprint on stamps of India for International Control Commission; for Indian forces stationed in Laos and Vietnam beginning in 1965 until 1968.
ICCR: label; International Council of City Republics.
Iceland: island in the North Atlantic Ocean; official name of postal administration: √ɬćslandsp√ɬ≥stur hf currency: 96 skillings = 1 rigsdaler, 100 aurar = 1 krona (1876) 1776: postal system declared by royal decree, 1778: mail-boat service between Reykjavik and Copenhagen started, 1870, March: first stamps from Denmark, 1873, Jan. 1: No. 1, 2 skillings ultramarine, official stamp issued, 1875: joined UPU as a Danish possession, 1918, Nov. 30: independent constitutional monarchy under the Danish crown, 1919, Nov. 15: joined the UPU, 1928, May 31: first air mail stamp issued, 1933, April 28: first semipostal stamp issued, 1940, May: British forces used Field Post Offices, 1941, July 7: U.S. takes over military bases, 1944, June 17: declared a republic, independent from Denmark.
Ichang: China Treaty Port local stamp, 1895-97.
Ichkeria: bogus Russian Federation Republic; local overprint and stamps.
I-Chun: Central Chinese local post; 1949.
I.C.O.N.U.: United Kingdom postal strike, local post, 1971.
ICY: United Nations inscription for International Cooperation Year.
ID: USPS abbreviation for Idaho.
Idaho: U.S. Territory March 3, 1863; state July 3, 1890; cut from Dakota, Nebraska and Washington territories.
Idar: India Feudatory State; 1939, Feb. 21: first local stamps as booklet panes, called Idar State, 1948: local stamps discontinued, 1950, Apr.30: separate stamps discontinued, uses stamps of Republic of India.
IDC: Interrupted Die Cut
Ideal Stamp: British Post Office contest held in conjunction with the Jubilee International Stamp exhibition in 1912, but winning design was not accepted by post office.
I de Cuba: (Sp.) Isla de Cuba, pre-adhesive postmark.
I del Carmen: overprint used on stamps of Mexico for this district, 1856-1883.
Idem: This word, when printed on top of a stamp issue indicates that it has all the indications of the previous issue.
Identique: (Fr.) identical.
Ideogram: pictures or symbols used to represent a word or a concept in Chinese, but which are not pictures of the things in questions.
Idrovolante: (It.) (by Hydroplane) overprint on stamps of Italy for air mail, 1917.
I. E.: Intestate Estates, South Australia official overprint, 1868-74.
I.E.F.: 1: "Indian Expeditionary Forces" overprint on stamps of India for British occupation of German East Africa, 1914-22. 2: Troops in Iraq in WW I used stamps of India overprinted I.E.F.
I.E.F. 'D': overprint on stamps of Turkey during British occupation of Mosul (Iraq); 1919; used by Indian troops pf the Mesopotamia Force.
Ierusalem: 1909-10 overprint on stamps of Russia for Offices in Turkish Empire; commemorated the 50th anniversary of Russian post offices in the Turkish Empire.
I Fiera di Tripoli: overprint on stamps of Libya for 11th Sample Fair, April 24, 1937.
I. Filips: (Sp.) Islas Filipinas; pre-adhesive postmark used in the Philippines.
Ifni: located on southern coast of Morocco; currency: 100 centimos = 1 peseta 1860: ceded by Morocco, Spain obtained title to area but did not take possession until 1934, 1934: Spanish settlement established, 1941: No.1, 1 centimo green, first stamps were Spanish issue overprinted "Territorio de Ifni," 1943: first air mail (C 30), definitive issue, Note: C-1-29 were privately overprinted, 1950, Oct. 19: first semipostal issue, 1958, Jan. 12: became a maritime province of Spain, 1969, June 30: ceded to the Kingdom of Morocco.
Ifor-Bosnia: Ukraine Forces in Bosnia, unofficial.
IFSDA: International Federation of Stamp Dealers Association.
I.G.: inconnu, inspection garde (Fr.) unknown, on undelivered, retained letters, 1790.
I Gildi '02-'03: (Ice.) (Valid '02-'03) overprint on stamps of Iceland.
Iglesia: (It.) church.
IGPC: Inter-Governmental Philatelic Corporation
Igualada: local post, Spanish Civil War, Republican, 1937.
Igualeja: local post, Spanish Civil War, Nationalist, 1937.
1914 Iguirnne Aiséirge 1916: (Gaelic) in memory of the rebellion of 1916.
I.G.Y.: International Geophysical Year, July 1, 1957, to December 31, 1958.
I. J. P. O.: Imperial Japanese Post Office, Japanese Offices Abroad, postmark used in China and Manchuria mail.
Ikapiae: Greece-Icaria (Nicaria).
Ikaria: see Icaria.
Ikke Udgivet: (Dan.) unissued, not issued .
IL: 1: precedes the European postal code on addresses in Israel, such as IL-68021 Tel Aviv. 2: USPS abbreviation for Illinois.
Ilaka: Indian States term for a territory, a subdivision.
Ilavoamena: Madagascar local issue.
Ile: (Fr.) island, isle.
Ile Barbe: fantasy stamps of France by A. Bourdi.
Ile de la Reunion: (Fr.) Reunion, early issues.
Ile de Man: (Fr.) Isle of Man.
Ile Maurice: (Fr.) Mauritius.
Ile Prince Edouard: (Fr.) Prince Edward Island.
Ile Rouad: located off the coast of Syria, 1916, Jan. 12: first stamps issued as military post office, overprint on officials of France in the Levant for Rouad.
Ile Roy: French restaurant fantasy.
Iles Anglo-Normandes: (Fr.) Channel islands.
Iles Cook: (Fr.) Cook Islands.
Iles de Comoro: (Fr.) Comoro Islands.
Iles de la Manche: (Fr.) Channel Islands, mainly Jersey and Guernsey.
Iles de Manu'a et de Tutuila: (Fr.) Samoa.
Iles de la Mer Egee: (Fr.) Aegean Islands.
Iles des Sourds: (Islands of the Deaf) Donald Evans issue, tropical archipelago.
Iles Feroe: (Fr.) Faroes.
Iles Ioniennes: (Fr.) Ionian Islands.
Iles Salomon: (Fr.) British Solomon Islands.
Iles sous le Vent: (Fr.) Leeward Islands.
Iles Vier(t)ges: (Fr.) Virgin Islands.
Iles Wallis et Futuna: (Fr.) overprint / inscription on stamps of New Caledonia for Wallis and Futuna Islands, 1920-40.
Illetékbélyeg: (Hung.) revenue stamp.
Ilha de Trinidade: (Port.) inscription on stamp of Brazil for Trindade; see Trindade.
ILHAS: islands (Port.) applied to mail from the Azores at Lisbon,1845.
Ili Republic: located in Ili valley, north-west of Sinkiang, China; 1945: declared independence, issued stamps. 1949: rejoined China.
Ili-Taching-Altal Area: Northwest China (Sinkiang) local, 1949.
Ill.: abbreviation for Illinois prior to Zip Code usage.
Illegal stamp: according to the UPU, an illegal stamp is one that carries the name of a legitimate country or territory, but was not produced or printed by the postal administration of that country, and is not valid for postage anywhere in the world.
Illegal Use: an improper use of a postage stamp or other adhesive; may be intentional or unintentional.
Illetékbélyeg: (Hung.)revenue stamp.
Illinguellato: (It.) never hinged.
Illinois: U.S. territory March 2, 1809; state Dec. 3, 1818; cut from Indiana Territory.
Illinois Express Co.: parcel delivery firm serviced Illinois; used stamps; year unknown.
ILO: United Nations inscription for International Labor Organization.
Illustrated covers: a cachet with an illustration, not just words.
Illustrated Mail Division: APS term for exhibition classification to include advertising covers, patriotic covers, corner cards, first day covers (with focus on cachet) and maximum cards; note that post cards are not included.
Ilmaposti: (Finnish) air post.
IIoptp Ckpncopn: (looks like) first stamps of Moldavia, listed under Romania.
Ilustrata maxima: (Rom.) maximum card.
Illustrations de Timbre-Poste: (Fr.) first attempt to show illustrations of postage stamps, Belgian stamp dealer J.B. Moens, 1862.
I M: India Mail; used as a pre-adhesive postmark.
Imadi: currency unit of Yemen Arab Republic.
Image tagging: term used when only the design portion of a stamp is tagged.
I. Man: Isle of Man; used as a pre-adhesive postmark.
Imbros: fantasy military label sold during WW I.
IMCO: United Nations inscription for Intergovernmental Maritime Consultative Organization.
Im Fuerstentum Liechtenstein: inscription on stamps of Liechtenstein for Austrian administration.
Imitation perforation: simulated perforation; used on the first issue of Simoor, reprinted and copied with perforations from a dealer's catalog.
Imitation watermark: mark pressed or printed on finished paper to imitate a watermark.
Immediata: misspelling of Inmediata on special delivery stamps of Cuba under U.S. military occupation.
Imp., Imperf.: abbreviation for imperforate.
Imp: 1: (It.) impostazione, posting site. 2: (Fr.) imprimés, printed matter.
Impeccabile: (It.) perfect.
Imperfecto: (Sp.) defective, imperfect.
Imperforate: stamps without separating holes; they are usually separated by scissors and are collected in pairs or strips.
Imperforate between: refers to two attached stamps without perforations between the stamps, but with full perforations on all four sides.
Imperforate Horizontally: two stamps, on one top of the other, without perforations between two stamps, leaving horizontal straight edges at top and bottom.
Imperforate margin: edge without separation of a stamp from the outer margin, sometimes called "fantail."
Imperforate printings: French-area, and other countries produce limited-edition of commemorative issues for sale to collectors.
Imperforate Vertically: two stamps, side by side horizontally, without perforations between stamps and with vertical straight edges.
Imperial British East Africa Company: inscription on stamps of British East Africa during 1890-91.
Imperial Chinese Post: inscription used on stamps of China, 1897-1910.
Imperial crown watermark: used on stamps of Great Britain in 1880, wider and flatter in shape with a prominent circular orb under the cross.
Imperial Japanese Post: inscription used on stamps of Japan, 1876-1945.
Imperial Korean Post: inscription used on stamps of Korea, 1900-01.
Imperial reply coupons: see: International Reply Coupons.
Imperio Colonial Portugues: inscription for Portuguese India postage due labels, 1945.
Imperio do Brasil: inscription for Empire of Brazil, 1887-88.
Imperio Mexicano: The Mexican Empire, 1866.
Imperium proofs: special prints of the Q.V. and K.E. VII British colonial designs made by the printing firm of De La Rue from plates which were engraved "Imperium" at the head, exist in colors, imperforate and/or perforated and on paper with/without watermark.
Imper. reg posta austr: inscription for Austrian Offices in Turkey, 1883-86.
Imporeson en relieve: (Sp.) embossed.
Imposta sull'entrata: (It.) income tax; inscription on Italian revenue stamps.
Imp√ɬīt Compre: (Fr.) tax included; French Colony revenue inscription.
Imp√ɬīt de Capitation: (Fr.) poll or head tax; French Colony revenue inscription.
Imp√ɬīt du Timbre: (Fr.) general stamp duty; French Colony revenue inscription.
Imp√ɬīt Personnel: (Fr.) personal tax; French Colony revenue inscription.
Imp√ɬīt Sur le Revenue: (Fr.) income tax; French Colony revenue inscription.
Imprenta: (Sp.) imprint.
Imprentilla: (Sp.) handstamp.
Impresión doble: (Sp.) double impression.
Impresión en relieve: (Sp.) embossed.
Impresión offset: (Sp.) offset printing.
Impresión rotativa: (Sp.) rotary printing.
Impreso a mano: (Sp.) handstamped.
Impresos: (Sp.) inscription for printed matter on stamps of the Philippines and Cuba, 1886.
Impressed duty stamps: British term for revenue or fiscal stamps, evidence that a government fee has been paid; used in Great Britain as early as 1694.
Impressed printing flaw: a constant variety with color missing.
Impressed stamp: a stamp applied to any form of postal stationery by ordinary printing methods, usually excludes embossing.
Impressed watermark: applied by a die or roller after the paper is made.
Impression: 1: printing produced by one complete revolution of a rotary printing base; also known as the actual printed design of a stamp. 2: (Fr.) printing. 3: an imprint of stamp(s) taken from a die, plate or other printing base. 4: any stamped or embossed printing.
Impressione a rilievo: (It.) embossed.
Impression en offset: (Fr.) offset printing.
Impression en relief: (Fr.) embossed.
Impression par cylindre: (Fr.) rotary printing.
Imprimatur: (Latin) "let it be printed" term for the first pane of a stamp produced after a printing plate was approved.
Imprime:(Fr.) printed
Imprime: overprint on stamps of Iran, Turkey as newspaper stamps.
Imprime en relief: (Fr.) embossed
Imprimer: (Fr.) to print, stamp or impress.
Imprimerie des Timbres-Poste: (Fr.) printer's inscription on deluxe presentation sheets by French-area countries.
Imprimés: printed matter.
Imprimés: overprint on stamps of Iran for newspapers.
Imprimeur: (Fr.) printer.
Imprimatur printing: (Latin) produced in some countries after the printing plate is finished and may or may not differ from the final issued stamps; usually have an imprint on the back to designate them, as imprimatur tests.
Imprint: 1: any part of a stamp's design printed at the time of the original stamp's production; vs an overprint, which is added at a later time. 2: inscription with name, initials, etc., usually of the producers of the stamps; found in the margins of the sheets of the stamps.
Imprint-Authority: Australian printing on bottom left hand corner of the sheet selvage preceded by name of printing firm. For example "Ash Imprint-Authority (of the Government) "In Dienst R.D.M. O.V.S.": stamps issued to 1896 Orange Free State mounted police force for use in franking official correspondence.
Imprint block: a block of stamps taken from a portion of the sheet where the printer's name or imprint is located on the margin.
Imprinted envelope: an envelope that has a printed stamp applied to it; also known as postal stationery.
Imprints: U.S. stamps issued from 1851 until 1917 bore imprints in the margin of the panes to identify the manufacturer; the U.S. Bureau of Engraving and Printing stopped putting imprints on panes in 1911, but they have appeared in later years when old plates with imprints were used to produce additional stamps.
Impronta: (It.) imprint.
Improperly returned: USPS term for mail erroneously returned to the sender.
Improved perforations: where several perforations have been changed to enhance the appearance, such as punching out of previously unpunched perforations.
Impto. de Guerra: (Sp.) Puerto Rico, Spain (1874-98) war tax stamp.
Impuest de Encomiendas: parcel post stamps of Uruguay.
Impuesto: (Sp.) tax, Chile revenues used as postage.
Impuesto de la Deuda (de Cuba): (Sp.) tax on items relating to the Cuban debt.
Impuesto de Encomiendas: overprint / inscription on stamps of Uruguay for parcel post.
Impuesto de Guerra: (Sp.) 1: inscription/overprint on stamps of Spain to raise money to fight a war, 1874-98; known as war tax stamps. 2: Overprint on stamps of Puerto Rico for war tax, U. S. military administration.
Impuesto de Timbre: (Sp.) general revenue stamp.
Impuesto Patriotico: (Sp.) non-postage.
Impuesto Sardinero-Murcia 1900: (Sp.) sardine tax, Murcia, Spanish town.
Impuesto Sobre la Deuda del Estado: (Sp.) tax on the National Debt items.
Impuesto Sobre Naipes: (Sp.) tax on playing cards.
Impuesto Sobre Titulos de la Deuda de Ultramar: (Sp.) tax on bonds, certificates of the Overseas Debt.
Impuesto Sobre Titulos de la Deuda Exterior: (Sp.) tax on bonds, certificates of the External Debt.
Imputation: (Fr.) the identification of a philatelic item.
IMS / Hasler / LEO Hasler / ACSOM Hasler: U.S. postage meter firm, 1981-to date.
IN: USPS abbreviation for Indiana.
Inaugural flight: initial flight of airline, route or aircraft with airmail aboard.
Inauguration covers: covers postmarked on the day a new U.S. president is inaugurated and sworn into office; since 1957, the words "Inauguration Day" have been incorporated into the cancel.
√ÉŇĹnchis: (Rom.) dark (as referencing the color of a postage stamp).
√ÉŇĹnchisoare: (Rom.) prison.
Inchi ya Etat du Katanga: Katanga, rebellion against the Belgian Congo.
Incisione: (It.) steel engraving.
Inciso: (It.) engraved.
iN Ci Yil Donumyu: Turkey, postal tax.
Incl.: including, auction catalog abbreviation.
Inclinados: (Port.) oblique numeral issues of Brazil of 1844-50.
Inclus: (Fr.) included.
Inclusions: any substances incorporated in the paper web during the manufacturing process and normally different in color from the stamp.
Incollato: (It.) mounted.
Inconnu: (Fr.) unknown.
In corso: (It.) current.
Ind.: abbreviation for Indiana prior to Zip Code usage.
IND: international postal code for India.
Inde: (Fr.) French India; 1859-92: used French Colonies General issue.
Inde Fran'aise, Inde F'Çaise: (Fr.) inscription for French India, 1929.
Indelebile: (Fr.) indelible, non-fugitive (ink).
Indemnity claim: USPS term for request for reimbursement filed for loss or damage to an item mailed by insured mail, collect of delivery, registered or Express Mail.
Inde Néerlandaise: (Fr.) Dutch Indies.
Indenlandsk Brevporto: (Dan.) inland postage.
Independence, Tex. 10, Pd: see: Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Independence / 11th November /1965: overprint on stamps of Southern Rhodesia to commemorate its independence.
Independence / 3rd November /1978: overprint on stamps of Dominica to commemorate its independence.
Independent Express: local parcel firm serviced New York City; used stamps; year unknown.
Independent mail routes: private express companies in 1844-45 that initiated mail service along railroad and water routes between cities in the northeast and also to and from the Great Lakes region, in competition with the Post Office Department.
Independent Messenger and Delivery Service: parcel firm serviced an unknown area; used a stamp; year unknown.
Indes: (Fr.) India.
India: sub-continent of southern Asia; official name of postal administration: India Post currency: 12 pies = 1 anna, 16 annas = 1 rupee, 100 naye paise = 1 rupee (1957), 100 paise = 1 rupee (1984) 1688: Company Dawk, exchange of mail established at Bombay/Madras by the East India Company, 1774: system opened to the public, with meal tickets or tokens issued to pay postal charges, 1837, Oct. 1: Indian Post Office Act provided for uniform rates, routes and apparel; declared all private posts illegal, 1852, July 1: adhesive stamps introduced in Sind Province (Scinde Dawk), now Pakistan, 1854, Oct. 1: No. 1, 1/2 anna red, adhesive definitive stamps were introduced, 1854-67: stamps used in Malacca, Penang and Singapore, 1854-76: used bar in diamond as cancel, stamps of East India Company used, 1855: inscribed East India Postage, but valid throughout India, 1858, Nov. 1: became a Crown Colony, 1860: government issues, 1866, Aug.1: "Service" overprinted on ordinary stamps for official government mail, 1876, July 1: joined the UPU, 1877: stamp inscription changed from East India Postage to India when Queen became Empress of India, 1882: stamps inscribed "India Postage," 1888: mail passed through Suez Canal, 1900: stamps overprinted "C.E.F." China Expeditionary Force, for use in China, 1911: experimental air mail flights started, 1914: stamps overprinted "I.E.F." Indian Expeditionary Force, for use in Mesopotamia and German East Afrida, 1929: first air mail stamp issued, 1931, Feb. 9: commemorative stamp issued, 1947, Aug. 15: divided into India and Pakistan, 1950, Jan. 26: independent Republic of India within the British commonwealth, 1953: stamps overprinted "Indian / Korea Custodial Unit." for use in China and Korea, 1954: stamps overprinted "International Commission Cambodia / Laos / Viet Nam," 1965: stamps overprinted "UNEF." United Nations Emergency Force, or use in Gaza, 1965, Jan.15: stamps overprinted "ICC" International Control Commission for use in Laos and Viet Nam, 1971: semipostal stamp issued.
India: Jalopy inscription; unissued Great Britain cinderella by David Horry, 2001.
India 1931: inscription with "Comemorativo da Exposicao de S. Francisco Xavier" on stamps of Portuguese India issued in1931 for exhibition held in Goa.
India, British: British East India Company acquisition of territory; 1887: areas of India not under direct British rule, were protected states under native rulers; known as convention and feudatory states, which issued their own stamps.
India, Correio: inscription used on stamps of Portuguese India, 1898-1943.
India, Crown Colony of: stamps of India overprinted with crown; 1867, Sept. 1: first issue of the Straits Settlement.
India, East India Company: see India.
India, Estado da: inscription used on stamps of Portuguese India, 1946-60.
Indiai: (Hung.) Indian.
Indiai Óceáni: (Hung.) Indian Ocean.
India Letter: a ship letter handstamp applied to letters arriving in England from parts of Africa and India.
Indiana: U.S. territory July 5, 1800; state Dec. 11, 1816; cut from territory north-west of the Ohio River.
Indian Classics: made up of the Scinde Dawks, the East India Company, and the Crown Colony stamps.
Indian Convention States: Chamba, Faridkot, Gwalior, Jind, Nabha, Patiala; stamps valid to prepay postage to any part of India.
Indian Expeditionary Forces: stamps of India of the 1911-13 issue overprinted "I.E.F." in 1914 for use by Indian military forces during World War I.
Indian Feudatory States: Alwar, Bamra, Barwani, Bhopal, Bhor, Bijawar, Bundi, Bussahir, Charkhari, Cochin, Dhar, Duttia, Faridkot, Hyderabad, Idar, Indore, Jaipur, Jammu and Kashmir, Jasdan, Jhalawar, Jind, Kishangarh, Las Bela, Morvi, Nandgaon, Nowanuggur, Orchha, Poonch, Rajpipla, Sirmoor, Soruth, Travancore, Wadhwan; stamps valid for postage only within respective states. 1949, July 1: states of Travancore and Cochin formed a united state, 1950, April 1: all Feudatory States stamps replaced by issues of the Republic of India.
Indian Forces in Congo: 1962, Jan. 15: stamps of the Republic of India overprinted "U.N. Force (India) Congo" for use of Indian troops making up the United nations forces in the Congo.
Indian Forces in Gaza: India Children's Day stamp overprinted "UNEF" for use by the Indian forces with the United Nations in Gaza.
Indian Forces in Indo-China: 1: India stamps overprinted "ICC" (International Control Commission) for use by the Indian forces in Indo-China in1954. 2: Indian stamps overprinted with three different sets of Hindu characters for use by Indian forces in Indo-China, in 1954. 3: issued commemorative stamps.
Indian Forces in Korea: stamps of India overprinted for use by Indian forces in Korea, 1953.
Indian telegraph stamps: inscribed "Electric Telegraph and "Govt. of India Telegraph Department," issued in 1860.
Indian Territory: U.S., never formally recognized as a territory.
Indian U.N. Forces in Congo: 1962, Jan. 15: stamps of the Republic of India overprinted "U.N. Force (India) Congo" for use of Indian troops making up the United nations forces in the Congo.
Indian U.N. Forces in Gaza: India Children's Day stamp overprinted "UNEF" for use by the Indian forces with the United Nations in Gaza.
Indian Forces in Korea: stamps of India overprinted for use by Indian forces in Korea, 1953.
India paper: a strong paper that is soft, thin and silk-like usually used for proof impressions; formerly called China paper.
India, Port: inscription used on stamps of Portuguese India, 1871-83.
India, Porteado: inscription used on Postage Due stamps of Portuguese India, 1904-14.
India Portugueza: (Port.) inscription on stamps of Portuguese India, 1887-95.
India Route: Via Brindisi; UPU permitted a surcharge on mail traveling this route in 1881-2.
Indicia: stamped impression of the denomination indicating prepayment of postage.
Indicium: plural is indicia:1: imprinted postage stamp on postal stationery. 2: description of meter stamp impression.
Indicky: (Czech.) Indian.
Indie: 1. French India. 2. (Czech.) India.
Indien: (Dan., Ger.) India.
Indigo: (Rom.) indigo-blue (color).
Indigoblå: (Dan., Swed.) indigo blue (color).
Indigofarvet: (Dan.) indigo (color).
Indirekter Druck: (Ger.) offset printing.
Indirizzo: (It.) address; place to which mail can be sent.
Indisk: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) Indian.
Indiske Stater: (Dan., Nor.) Indian States.
Indkl¦bning: (Dan.) (stamp) mounting.
Inklippt: (Swed.) cut into.
Indleverer: (Dan.) consignor, owner, vendor.
Indo-China: see: A&T, A and T.
Indo-China: 1896, Oct. 1: joined the UPU with Cambodian and part of Indo-China, Laos and part of Indo-China, and Viet Nam, 1951, Oct. 20: UPU affiliation of Viet Nam changed to Republic of Viet Nam. 1951, Dec. 21: UPU affiliation of Cambodia changed to Khmere Republic, 1952, May 2: UPU affiliation of Laos changed to independent Laos. Iraq in Coalition Occupation: overprint / surcharge on stamps of Iraq; authenticity is unknown.
Indo-China, French: south-eastern Asia; made up of Annam, Cambodia, Cochin China, Laos, Tonkin, Vietnam, and area of China leased to France as Kwangchown; currency: 100 centimes = 1 franc, 100 cents = 1 piaster (1918) 1889: No.1, 5 centimes deep violet on orange-lilac, first stamps issued, issued of French Colonies overprinted and surcharged for use in Indo-China, 1904, June 26: first postage due stamp issued, 1914: first semipostal stamp issued, 1933: first air mail, official stamps issued, 1940: occupied by Japan, 1945-49: China, France, and Great Britain occupied most of area, 1949, June 14: Vietnam established from Cochin China, Annam and Tonkin, 1950: divided into Viet-Nam (North and South), Cambodia and Laos. 1954: stamps of India overprinted "International Commission Cambodia" for use in Indo-China.
Indo-Chine: overprint on French Colonies for Indo-China; with surtax on French semipostal, 1892-1946.
Indochinese peninsula: consists of Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand and Vietnam.
Indokina: (Dan., Hung., Swed.) Indochina.
Indomalaysia: Punch magazine cover parody.
Indonesia: East Indies, located between Australia, Singapore and Papua, formerly Netherlands Indies; official name of postal administration: PT Pos Indonesia currency: 100 sen = 1 rupiah 1864: first stamps were those of the Dutch East Indies, 1874: first postage due stamp issued, 1877, May 1: joined the UPU, 1911, Oct. 11: first official stamp issued, 1915, June10: first semipostal stamp issued,1928, Sept. 20.: first air mail stamp issued, 1943-44: Japanese occupation stamps issued for Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Islands, Malaya, Malucca Archipelago, South Borneo, and Sumatra, 1945: issued pictorial, semipostal stamps, 1945, Sept.: British troops accepted surrender from local republic, 1946: Dutch troops took over, 1947, March 27: Indonesian Republic established, 1947: issued air mail stamps, 1948-50: inscription used on stamps of Indonesia, 1949, Dec. 27: former Netherlands East Indies, except New Guinea, became independent, named "United States of Indonesia," 1950, Jan. 17: first stamp as Republik Indonesia Serikat, (overprint RIS-United States of Indonesia), 1950, Aug. 17: first stamps as Republic of Indonesia, 1950: issued postage due stamps, 1950: South Moluccas revolted, issued own stamps with overprint "Republik Maluku Selatan," cinderellas, 1950: first postage due stamps issued, 1950, Aug. 15-Aug. 10, 1954: Republic of Indonesia formed until dissolved in 1954, 1951, Jan. 2: first semipostal issued, 1954, Jan. 1: Riau-Lingga Archipelago stamps issued, Indonesia overprint, withdrawn Dec. 1965.
Indonesia: 1: preceded by "N.R." Indonesia, Sumatra local. 2: preceded by "Republik," Indonesia. 3: (not preceded by Republik) Netherlands Indies.
Indonesia: (with Republik)1950, Aug. 17: overprint on stamps of Dutch East Indies for Indonesia, 1954, Aug. 10: dissolved as part of Netherlands-Indonesia Union.
Indonesia: (without Republik) Netherlands Indies overprint on stamps of Dutch Indies.
Indonesie: (Fr.) Indonesia.
Indore: India Feudatory State, known as Holkar; 1886: first local stamps, 1950, Apr.30: separate stamps discontinued, now uses stamps of Republic of India.
Indore State: inscription used on stamps of Indore, India, 1904-47.
Indorsement: inscription on the back of a postage stamp.
Indstiksalbum: (Dan.) stockbook.
Ind. T: Indian Territory, when used in a postmark.
Industrielle Kriegswirtschaft: Switzerland overprint on 1918 issue as official stamps for War Board of Trade.
Infantes: local post, Spanish Civil War, Republican, 1937.
Inflation issue: stamps issued during periods of highfinancial instability.
Inflationsmarke: (Ger.) inflation stamp.
Inflation Study Group: Germany Philatelic Society group focused on inflation caused by reparations paid after World War I, caused mail rates to increase from 12 Mk. to 100,000,000,000 Mk. in one year.
Information-based Indicia: a postage imprint that features a two-dimensional bar code containing data necessary for revenue protection.
Information sheetlet: Documents Philatelique Oficiel Official Philatelic Document; issued by France, include a copy of the issued stamp cancelled on the first day, a monocolor engraving of the stamp, descriptive text and a larger topical engraving with an embossed control seal.
Inforum Private Post: United Kingdom postal strike, local post, 1971.
Ingermanland, North: Russian territory (Ingria) adjoining Finland declared its independence, 1920: issued stamps, part of Russia.
Ingham, H. A. & Co.: U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp.
Inglaterra: (Sp., Port.) England.
Ingles: (It.) English.
Ingleton Delivery Service: United Kingdom postal strike, local post, 1971.
Ingolf: overprints on U.S. stamps somewhere in the Atlantic, may be a ship marking.
Ingrie: (Fr.) North Ingermanland.
Ingushetia: 2002, Jan. 14: illegal labels, purporting to be stamps, Russian Federation report to the UPU; not valid for postage.
√ÉŇĹngust: (Rom.) narrow.
Inhanbane: Portuguese colonial unit in Mozambique; currency: 1,000 reis = 1 milreis, 100 centavos = 1 escudo (1913) 1895, July 1: No.1, 5 reis black, overprint on stamps of Mozambique, Portuguese colonial keytype, 1920: replaced by stamps of Mozambique.
Inini, Arrondissement of: region in interior of French Guiana; currency: 100 centimes = 1 franc 1930: separated from French Guiana, 1932, April 7: No.1,1 centime gray-lilac and green-blue, first postage due stamp issued, 1932: stamps of French Guiana overprinted "Territoire de L'Inini" 1939, July 5: first semipostal stamps issued, 1946: reunited with French Guiana as division of Overseas Department of France; French stamps used
Initials: used in sheet margins as identification of individuals working at the Bureau of Engraving and Printing who participated in the production of plates.
I.N.K.E.R.I., Inkeri: see Ingermanland, North.
Ink fountain: a trough which holds ink and then supplies it to the press.
Inkjet: postmark sprayed on envelopes during canceling process with postal code, date, time and various canceling symbols.
Inklippt: (Swed.) cut into.
Ink starvation: occurs when the printing press in underinked and parts of the stamp design may be printed faintly.
Inlämnare: (Swed.) consignor, owner, vendor.
Inland 3 Cents: inscription on Liberia 3-cent stamp, 1881.
Inländisch: (Ger.) domestic.
Inland Letter Service: United Kingdom postal strike, local post, 1971.
Inland mail stamps: stamps intended specifically for domestic use; used in Madagascar (1895) and Liberia (1897).
Inland Revenue: 1889; overprint and surcharge on stamps of British Guiana.
Inlandsbrief: (Ger.) domestic letter.
Innehåll: (Swed.) contents.
Inner Mongolia: (Meng Chiang) currently an autonomous region of the People's Republic of China; 1941, July 1-1945: issued own stamps.
In Punkten Durchstochen: (Ger.) pin perforation.
Inrikes Post: Sweden, discount postage.
Innskrift: (Nor.) inscription.
Inrikes försändelser: (Swed.) domestic covers, mail carried within the country.
Inschrift: (Ger.) inscription.
Inscriptie: (Rom.) inscription.
Inscription: any letters, words or numbers on a postage stamp.
Inscriptional pair: bi-lingual pair of stamps from the Union of South Africa with attached margin bearing printer's inscription or imprint.
Inscription block: a block of four or more stamps, with selvage attached, that carries an inscription.
Insel: (Ger.) island.
Inselngruppe: (Ger.) group of islands.
Inseln unter dem Winde: (Ger.) Leeward Islands.
Inselpost: (Ger.) "island post" overprint for mail by air or submarine, from the Hela peninsula, Crete, the Aegean Islands and Rhodes, March-May, 1945.
Inselzähnung: (Ger.) perforations around a single stamps; such as in a souvenir sheet.
Insert: an item placed in an envelope or mailpiece; usually used with a window envelope.
Inspection Service: USPS law enforcement agency that investigates criminal acts for misuse of the postal system in all aspects.
Inspector General: investigates and evaluates programs and operations of the USPS to ensure the efficiency and integrity of the postal system.
Inspector of Dead Letters: postal position created by Congress in 1777 for head of Dead Letter Office.
Instances Judiciares: court fees; French Colony revenue inscription.
Instanta: perforation gauge invented by C.P. Rang for Stanley Gibbons Ltd.


(Data Above sourced from "Ask Phil" and other sources. Last edit 5/Aug/2008 Amhazing)

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Institutos: (Sp.) fiscals for matriculation and degrees fees; 1878.
Instrucao D.L. No.7 de 3-2-1934: overprint on Portugal India for Timor war tax semi-postal, 1934-35.
Instrucción: (Sp.) (Education) Venezuela revenue inscription, 1879-82,1887, used for postage during shortage of regular stamps.
Instructional Markings: see Auxiliary Markings.
Insufficiently Prepaid: Zanzibar postage due, 1931-33.
Insula: (Rom.) island.
Insurance cancellations: cancelled revenue stamps by insurance firms, 1862-71.
Insurance Courier Services: local post, private by ICS Air, Canada, about 1980.
Insurance stamps: stamps issued for use by a government's life insurance department.
Insured letter stamps: stamps issued to pay the insurance fee on a letter.
Insured mail: any mail piece that has been inured against loss or damage (in some cases) upon payment of an extra fee by the sender.
Intaglio: any type of printing in which the inked image is below the surface of the plate, used for the "Penny Black.".
Intaglio printing: method by which a print is made from a design of recessed lines engraved in a die or plate; Italian for "in recess."
Intaille: (Fr.) intaglio, engraving.
Intangible Value: price that cannot be quoted due to sentimenral value or personal reasons.
Integrated Retail Terminals: post offices computers that weigh mailing pieces, calculate postage, print receipts and maintain records.
Intelligent Mail: USPS term for a barcode that captures data about the individual mailpiece.
Intelpost: electronic facsimile system for transmission of documents used between Toronto, Canada and Washington, D.C., postal administrations, 1980.
Interazionale: (It.) international.
Interessenten-Sonderpostamt: (Ger.) special post offices which only postmark stamps on request.
Interinsular postage: inscription on first stamps of Bahamas indicating internal use only since external mails were under control of Great Britain; in effect June 10, 1859-May 1860.
Interior: (Sp.) 1: inland mail, as opposed to foreign mail. 2: mail to be delivered to a city or local district in which it was posted.
Interior: (Sp.) inscription of parcel post stamps of Uruguay, mercury design.
Interior, Dep't. of: inscription on U. S. Officials.
Interior Service: stamps not valid for UPU service but may be the first stamps of several nations such as Cape of Good Hope, Reunion, Switzerland; also all the stamps of some other nations such as Shanghai and the small Indian states.
Interleaves: translucent tissue placed between the pages of an album to prevent stamps from rubbing against each other.
Intermediate flaw: lithographic flaw due to the transfer from the matrix stone to the intermediate stone or stones and therefore appears on the intermediate stone.
Internal Postage: revenue stamps used as postage; see: British Central Africa.
Internal Revenue: the revenue tax collected within the country.
Internasjonal: (Nor.) international.
International and Colonial Postage Association: formed in London in 1851, planted the concept of international postal reform.
International Business Reply Service (IBRS): a service that permits mail pieces to be distributed in certain nations for return without postage prepayment to the original sender.
International canceling Machine: can be identified on U.S. mail with the year date on the bottom of the circle.
International Colonial Exposition: common design on stamps of the French Community of Nations, 1931.
International Commission in Indo-China: 1954, Dec. 1: stamps of India overprinted for use by Indian forces serving with the commission, with separate overprints for Cambodia, Laos and Viet-Nam.
International Cooperation Year: common design of the British Commonwealth of Nations, 1965.
International Court of Justice: 1934; overprint on Dutch stamps; located in The Hague; officially only available as used copies, 1947: stamps re-introduced.
International Educational Office: 1944, overprint on stamps of Switzerland for League of Nations, 1958: special issues.
International Envelope Co.: manufacturer of U.S. stamped envelopes, started 1929.
Internationaler Antwortschein: (Ger.) International Rely Coupon (IRC).
Internationale Seepoststation: (Ger.) international sea (mail) station post.
Internationales Postzentrum: (Ger.) international postal center.
International Exchange Office: a mail facility authorized to exchange international mail with another country.
International Express: parcel delivery firm serviced New York City, New England and eastern Canada; used labels and stamps; late 1880s, bogus stamps exist.
International Fair Brussels: triangular label for non-philatelic trade fair, year unknown.
International Labour Office: Bureau International du Travail, 1923: overprint on stamps of Switzerland for League of Nations, 1932: first commemorative stamp issued, 1950, Feb.: special issues.
International (Letter) Express: bogus label, 1864.
International mail: mail originating in one country and addressed to another.
International Parcel Post: U.S. Post Office label for 5 cents fee, in addition to the postage, for the delivery of a parcel post item from a foreign country, 1913-31.
International Philatelic Exhibition: seal to promote a stamp exhibition, looks like a stamp, considered a cinderella.
International Postal Convention: 12 European nations met in Paris, 1863, to discuss the foreign mail confusion; became the Universal Postal Union in 1878.
International Postal Supply Co.: U.S. postage meter firm, 1922-59, acquired by Friden Inc.
International Postal Union: formerly the German-Austrian Postal Union which was formed in 1850; individual states were permitted to print their own stamps, with the fees being equal for all.
International Refugee Organization: 1950, Feb. 1: overprint on stamps of Switzerland for League of Nations.
International Reply Coupon (IRC): a coupon that can be purchased from a post office and may be exchanged in any member country of the Universal Postal Union for the minimum postage payable on international unregistered letters.
International Stamp Exhibition: see: Ideal Stamp.
International Telecommunications Union: 1958: overprint on stamps of Switzerland for League of Nations.
International Vending Machine Co.: Baltimore, Md. manufacturer of stamp vending machines, 1906-09. Internee mail: mail from persons interned during time of war.
Interneeringskampen: (Dutch) inscription on stamps of the Netherlands for use by foreign military personnel interned by the Dutch government during World War I.
Internet dealer: a dealer who buys material at stamp shows in the expectation of selling it via the Internet.
Internet-stamps: not stamps, but a postage paid indications with a bar-code.
Intero: (It.) see Entire.
Intero Postale: (It.) postal stationery.
Interpanel: (Sp.) gutter, space between stamps on full sheets.
Interpanneau: (Fr.) gutter.
Interphil '76: international stamp show held in Philadelphia, 1976.
Interplanetary Essays-Created and Designed in Great Britain: 8 of the 32 designs from Interplanetary Postage by H.E. MacIntosh, Springfield, Mass., 1958.
Interplanetary Postage: labels in 32 designs created by Lever Brothers. Soap Co. for subscribers to the British boy's magazine, Eagle.
Interplanetary Postal Essays-1962: labels made by Modern Publications, St. Catherine's, Ontario, Canada.
Interpostal seals: circular adhesive labels used in Egypt to seal bundles of mail destined for one destination, may be considered a cinderella or label, 1864-90; also used in German states, Austria and the Netherlands.
Inter-Provincials: stamps issued by provinces which later became federated; permitting the use of each territory's stamps in other territories of the federation.
Interrompu: (Fr.) broken
Interrotto: (It.) broken.
Interrupted Die Cut: a die cut in which the continuous series of small peaks and valleys is interrupted by a wide valley or straight edge. This usually occurs on the shorter side of a rectangular stamp. Interrupted flight: in-flight problem resulting in unplanned landing; flight continued later by same aircraft or another aircraft to destination.
Interrupted flight covers: crash covers.
Interrupted mail: any form of mail that was not delivered as planned.
Interrupted perforation: some of the perforated punched holes intentionally omitted; used on Dutch stamps and U.S. privately perforated coil stamps.
Intersol, Kingdom of: stamps created to advertise book "Musrum."
Interspazio: (It.) gutter.
Intervalle: (Fr.) space, gap between two stamps.
Intervalo: (Sp.) space, gap between two stamps.
Intervencion: (Sp.) censorship (of mail).
Intervencion-Reembolsos: (Sp.) postmark for supervision of C.O.D. mail.
Intl: abbreviation for international.
Intra-city posts: served the local community by taking mail to and from the post office and delivering letters between correspondents in the same area; same as local posts.
Introductory commission: British term for finders fee; a fee paid to an individual for referring philatelic material for direct sale to a philatelic dealer, or for consignment to a philatelic auctioneer.
Intruccion: Venezuela.
Intyg: (Swed.) certificate.
Inutilizado a Pluma: (Sp.) pen cancelled.
Inv.: auction catalog abbreviation for inverted.
Invalidated: no longer valid for postal use.
Invalidated stamps: stamp which is not longer valid for the prepayment of postage; in 1861 Congress declared all U.S. postage stamps obsolete to prevent them from being used by the Confederacy.
Inventaire restant: (Fr.) remainder.
Inverrgarry & Fort Augustus Railway: Scotland railway local post.
Inversé: (Fr.) inverted.
Invert: usually a multicolored stamp in which one of the colors or the design has been printed upside down; for example, the 24 cents air mail issue of 1918 in which the airplane, printed in blue, is upside down.
Inverted center: stamp in which the central design is upside down in relation to the frame of the stamp.
Inverted frame: a stamp in which the frame is upside down in relation to the rest of the design or the watermark.
Inverted Jenny: U.S. 1918 24-cent air mail error, Scott C3a.
Inverted overprint: an overprint that, when looking at a stamp in its normal position, the overprinted letters are upside down.
Inverted surcharge: a surcharge that, when looking at a stamp in its normal position, the overprinted letters are upside down.
Inverted Swan: Australia stamp with frame inverted issued in 1855.
Inverted watermark: since the watermark is the first marking the paper receives, the watermark can not be inverted, only the printing can be inverted or sideways.
Invertido: (Sp.) inverted.
Invertito: (It.) tete-beche pair.
Invio a scelta: (It.) on approval.
Invisible gum: colorless and tasteless gum on the reverse of a stamp.
Involute postmark: a flag cancel where the flag has three pronounced folds rather than the ordinary type.
Invtd: auction abbreviation for Inverted.
Ionian Islands: off the west coast of Greece, consists of Cephalonia, Corfu, Ithaca, Kythera, Lefkas, Paxos, and Zante; currency: 100 oboli - 1 penny, 12 pence = 1 shilling, 100 lepta = 1 drachma, 100 centesimi = 1 lira 1800: known as the Republic of Seven Islands, 1807-14: French control, French postal service used various handstamps, 1809: protection of Great Britain, 1815: became the United States of Ionia, under British control 1859, May 15: No.1, 1/2 penny orange, set of three stamps issued; orange for letters, blue for inter-island mail, and lake for mail to the mainland Greece, 1864, June 28: ceded to Greece, Greek stamps used, 1923: Italy occupied Corfu, issued Italian stamps overprinted Corfu, 1941: Italians occupied Cephalonia and Ithaca; had Greek stamps overprinted "Italia/Occupazione Militare/Intaliana isole Celfalonia e Itaca,," 1941: Greek stamps overprinted "Corfu," 1941-43: Italian stamps overprinted "Isole Jonie" for other islands, 1943: Germans took over islands and used Greek stamps except for handstamp overprint for island of Zante, 1945: islands restored to Greece.
Ioniennes (Iles): (Fr.) Ionian Islands.
Ionikon Kpatoe: 1859; inscription for Ionian Islands under British administration.
Ionische Inseln: (Ger.) Ionian Islands.
Ioniske √Éňúerne: (Dan.) the Ionian Islands.
Ion. Pie.: inspection postale (Fr.) applied to undelivered letter opened to find sender's name and address, 1790.
I.O.V.R.: inscription/overprint Romania postal tax, 1948.
Iowa: U.S. territory July 4, 1838, state Dec. 28, 1846; cut from Wisconsin Territory.
IPM: International Postcard Market; postcard catalogue
I.P.N.: Indian Postal Note, fiscal commission on due notes.
I.P.O.: Chinese post office security marking applied to the corner of foreign postage.
I Polska Wystawa Marek: overprint on stamps of Poland for White Cross Society, semipostal.
I P S A: Independent Postal System of America, founded on February 14, 1968, as an alternate to the USPS.
I.P.S. Special Delivery: United Kingdom postal strike, local post, 1971.
IPSJSIC: International Philatelic Society of Joint Stamp Issues Collectors.
IPX International: local, strike post, Canada, 1979-83.:
Iquique: Peru overprint on stamps of Chile, Chilean Occupation.
√ɬćr: (Hung.) Irish.
I.R.: 1: Inland Revenue, Great Britain, 1882-1904. 2: Imperiale Reales, Imperial Royal, pre-adhesive postmark. 3: U.S. for Internal Revenue, 1898.
I.R.A.: Irish Republican Army.
Irak: (Sp., Swed.) Iraq.
Irakisk: (Swed.) Iraqi.
Iraklion: formerly Candia, Crete.
Iran: western Asia on Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman, formerly called Persia, aka Islamic Republic; currency: 20 shahis = 1 kran, 10 krans = 1 toman, 100 centimes = 1 franc = 1 kran (1881), 100 dinars = 1 rial (1933), 100 rials = 1 pahlavi, 100 rials = 1 toman 1867-1923: Indian post offices in Iran used Indian stamps, 1868: No.1, 1 shahi dull violet, first stamps issued, 1877, Sept. 1: joined the UPU, 1902: first official stamp issued, 1909-18: Russian post offices operated in northern Persia, 1927: first air mail stamp issued, 1935, March 21: became known officially as Iran, 1948, Jan. 30: first semipostal stamp issued, 1980, April 18-Feb. 24, 1981: U. S. embargo on Iranian imports, including stamps of Iran.
Iraniennes: inscription used on stamps of Iran (Persia); 1935-37.
Iraq: western Asia, former Turkish provinces of Basra, Baghdad and Mosul, known as Mesopotamia; currency: 16 annas = 1 rupee, 1,000 fils = 1 dinar (1932) 8th and 9th centuries BC: Assyrian royal post operated, 1863: Turkish stamps used, 1868: British Indian post offices opened. 1917-18: stamps of India overprinted I.E.F. during British mandate, 1917: September 1, Stamps of Turkey overprinted "Baghdad / in British Occupation," 1918, Sept. 1: stamps of Turkey overprinted "Iraq / in British Occupation" replacing previous overprints, 1919, February, fiscal stamps of Turkey overprinted "Postage / I.E.F. 'D'" for joint British /Indian forces, 1920: mandated to Great Britain, mandate ended in 1932, first official stamp, 1921, August 23: became a kingdom under British mandate, but not fully independent, 1923: No.1, 1/2 anna olive-green, first official stamp under British mandate, 1929, April 22; joined the UPU with Kuwait, 1932: became independent from League of Nations mandate under British administration, named a kingdom, 1933: issued "Air Mail Letter Card," 1949, Feb.1: first air mail, and semipostal stamps issued. 1958, July 14: "Republic of Iraq" overprint, monarchy overthrown, 1993: postal savings bank stamps used as regular stamps, 1993: first local post stamps issued in Kurdistan, 1997, June: "We Say Yes Saddam" overprint for referendum, 2003, March 19: U.S. invasion of Iraq, 2004, June 28: named Republic of Iraq.
Iraq in British Occupation: 1918, overprint on stamps of Turkey, British occupation of Mesopotamia, Iraq issue.
Iraq Railway Stamps: Baghdad-Basra Railway opened Jan. 15, 1920and is known to have used inscriptions "Label" which was changed to "Stamp."
Irbit: local post, Russian Zemstvo,1874-1914.
IRC: International Reply Coupon.
Ir. du Nord: (Fr.) Northern Ireland.
Ireland: island in North Atlantic ocean, west of Great Britain; Official name of postal administration: AN Post Currency: 12 pence = 1 shilling, 100 pence= 1 pound (1971), 100 cents = 1 euro (2002) 1670: Dublin dated mark introduced, 1773-74: Dublin Penny Post started, 1784: Irish Post office separated from the British Post Office, 1831: combined with British Post office, 1840, 6 May: British first adhesive stamps used, 1921, 6 December: Irish Free State proclaimed, 1922-prior: used overprinted British stamps, 1922, 17 February: No. 1, 1/2 penny green, named Irish Free State (Eire), first stamps issues with "Rialtas Sealdac na H√©ireann 1922", (Gaelic) Provisional Government of Ireland, 1922, December: first definitives appeared inscribed Eire, and overprint "Saorstat ‚Äįireann 1922" (Free State of Ireland 1922), 1923, 6 September: joined the UPU, 1924, May: first air mail service to Great Britain began as an experiment, 1925: first postage due stamp issued, 1948: withdrew from British Commonwealth, first air mail stamp issued, 1949: became Republic of Ireland, 2002: stamps in Irish pounds valid through 31 December 2002, then reverted to Euro.
Ireland: see: Aer-Phost, Northern Ireland.
Ireland: (Sinn Fein) bogus propaganda label, 1907.
Ireland, Free: propaganda labels for a united Ireland produced by Price & Co. of Ireland.
Ireland, Northern: 1840: used British adhesive postage stamps, 1875, 1 July: joined the UPU as a Great Britain Overseas Territory, 1921: six counties known as Ulster remained part of the United Kingdom, rest of Ireland became a Republic, 1958, 18 August-1969: No. 1, 3 pence dark purple, Great Britain regional stamps inscribed "Postage Revenue" except for Machin issues, 1971: Machin regional issues.
Irian Barat: West Irian, Irian Barat, (West New Guinea); 1962, Oct. 1: former Netherlands New Guinea became a territory under UN Temporary Executive Authority, stamps of Netherlands New Guinea overprinted "UNTEA," 1963, May 1: overprint and inscription on stamps of Indonesia, 1973: used stamps of Indonesia.
Irian Jaya: also known as West New Guinea. see Netherlands East Indies.
Irlirsk: (Dan.) Irish.
I.R. Iran: Iran.
Irish Connection (Icon): United Kingdom postal strike, local post, 1971.
Irish Republican Army (I.R.A.): 1922, July: three values issued for use in Cork.
Irish Republic P.O.: United Kingdom postal strike, local post, 1971.
Iris, S.S.: steamship marking of the Danube Steam Navigation Company built around 1850s, for middle or upper Danube lines.
Irland: (Dan., Ger., Nor., Swed.) Ireland.
Irlanda: (It., Sp.) Ireland.
Irlande: (Fr.) Ireland.
Irländsk: (Swed.) Irish.
IranQ: supposed federation of Iran and Iraq, spoof issue.
I.R. Official: (Inland Revenue) 1882-1904; overprint on stamps of Great Britain for official use.
Iron Curtain countries: nations considered by the military, political, and ideological barrier established between the Soviet bloc and Western Europe between 1945-1990.
Iroquois Federation: parody or spoof from Punch magazine.
Irország: (Hung.) Ireland.
Irradiated: radiation process used in 2001 to sanitize mail due to possible contamination from anthrax spores.
Irregolar: (It.) irregular.
Irregular block: block, not square, but description must contain number of stamps in block.
Irregular perforations: perforations where the holes are not aligned, are different sizes, are misplaced or are in any manner, abnormal.
Irréprochable: (Fr.) perfect.
Irsk: (Dan., Nor.) Irish.
Irské more: (Czech.) Irish Sea.
Irsko, irsky: (Czech.) Ireland, Irish (adj.).
I.S.: 1: Inspector of Sheep, South Australia official overprint, 1868-74. 2: Inland Section. 3: precedes the country code such as IS-128, Iceland
Isabella, Geo. 5: see: Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Iscrizione: (It.) inscription.
Ishkeria, Republic of: 2002, Jan. 14: illegal labels, purporting to be stamps, Russian Federation report to the UPU; not valid for postage.
I.S.J.P.: International Society for Japanese Philately.
Iskenderun: also known as Alexandretta, Turkey.
Irské More: (Czech.) Irish Sea.
Irsko: (Czech.) Ireland.
Irsky: (Czech.) Irish.
Isla Cristina: local post, Spanish Civil War, Nationalist, 1937-38.
Isla de Cuba: Cuba under Spanish administration.
Isla de mas Afuera: (Sp.) Farther Away Island, Chile overprints for an island housing prisoners, 1909.
Isla de Pascua: Chile, Easter Island.
Islamique: (Fr.) Islamic.
Islamique de Mauretanie: Mauritania. 1960: issued commemorative, air mail stamps, 1961: issued official, postage due stamps, 1962: issued semi-postal stamps.
Islam Republic Chechnia: overprint on stamps of Russia for an unrecognized breakaway area.
Island: Iceland.
Islandia: (It., Sp.) Iceland
Islande: (Fr.) Iceland.
Islandsk: (Dan, Nor.) Icelandic.
Islas de Juan Fernandez: (Sp.) overprint on stamps of Chile for Juan Fernandez Islands, 1910.
Islas del Atlántico: (Sp.) Azores.
Islas Galapagos: (Sp.) Ecuador; Galapagos Islands.
Islas Malvinas: (Sp.) Argentine name for Falkland Islands.
Islas Virgenes: (Sp.) Virgin Islands.
Isle of Man: in Irish Sea, off Northwest coast of England; 1840, May 6: used stamps of Britain, 1958, Aug. 18: British Regional issues, 1973, July 5: Isle of Man (Bailiwick) Dependency issues, semi-autonomous, 1973: first commemorative, postage due issue.
Isle of Man: (Poste Manninagh) British local, 1971.
Isle of Man Authorized: United Kingdom postal strike, local post, 1971.
Isle of Wight: United Kingdom local for rocket mail, 1934.
Isle of Wight Central Railway: British local post.
Isle of Wight Railway: British local post.
Isles of Shoals: Atlantic Ocean, off Portsmouth, N.H.; had a summer post office operating 1914-1917.
Islington Emergency: United Kingdom postal strike, local post, 1971.
Ismailia: Egypt, see Interpostal Seals, 1867-84.
IS√É‚Äď: Sweden bogus local post for island in Baltic Sea, 1980?
ISO: International Standards Organization.
Isola di Man: (It.) Isle of Man.
Isola Italiana di Paxo Anno XIX: privately applied overprint on stamps of Greece, WW II.
Isolé: 1: (It.) island. 2: (Fr.) single..
Isole Italiane dell'Egeo: (It.) overprint on stamp of Italy for use in the Aegean Islands, 1930-40; see Aegean islands.
Isole Jonie: 1941-43; overprint on stamps of Italy, Italian Occupation for Ionian islands, 1943: occupied by Germany, used Italian overprints with additional marking "Ellas" (Greece).
I.S.P.P.: Italia Servizio Publico (It.) Italian Public Service.
Israel: see: Agorot.
Israel: western Asia, borders on Lebanon and Syria; official name of postal administration: Israel Postal Authority currency: 100 mils = 1 pound (1949), 1,000 prutot = 1 pound (1960), 100 agorot = 1 shekel (1980) 1948, May 14: nation established, 1948, May 16: No.1, 3 mils orange, first stamp issued, 1948, May 28: first postage due stamp issued, 1948, June 1-June 1967: stamps of Egypt overprinted Palestine, 1949, Dec. 24: joined the UPU, 1950, June 25: issued air mail stamps, 1951, Feb. 1: issued official stamps, 1965: Jan. 15: special stamp used by Indian contingent of UN forces in Gaza.
Isra√ɬęl: (Fr.) Israel.
Israele: (It.) Israel
Issue: 1: act of a new stamp, or series of stamps, being released by a postal authority. 2: (Fr.) commemorative (stamp). 3: term for a related group of stamps. 4: a released stamp. 5: the number of stamps in an "edition" may be called an issue of "x" amount.
Issued (Non): a catalog term for a prepared stamp that has not been issued for various reasons.
Istan: local post, Spanish Civil War, Nationalist, 1937.
Istanbul: formerly Constantinople, Turkey.
Isthmus of Panama: UPU permitted a surcharge on mail traveling this route in 1881-2.
Istra: Yugoslavia Croatia local overprint; c 1993.
Istra Slovensko Primorje (Slov.) and Istria Littorale Sloveno (It.): bilingual inscription of stamps for the Istria and the Slovene Coast (It. Venezia Giulia) Occupation Zone "B," 1945 - 47.
Istria: at head of the Adriatic Sea; 1813 - 1918: Austria, 1918 - 20: Italian occupation, 1921 - 43: annexed to Italy, 1943 - 45: R.S.I., Repubblica di San Marino (It.) Italian Social Republic, 1945, June: occupied by Yugoslavia, stamps of Italy (RSI) overprinted by "ISTRA," 1945, July 15: first stamps Ljubljana Printing, second Zagreb Printing, third Belgrade Printing, 1945 - 47: overprint on stamps of Italy "Vojna Uprava Jugoslavenske Armije" for the Slovene Coast and Istria, part of Zone B occupied by Yugoslavia, see Istra Slovensko Primorje, 1945: AMG stamps used in Poland only, other stamps withdrawn, stamps of Yugoslavia overprinted "Porto" for postage due, 1945: became part of Yugoslavia.
Istria Littorale Sloveno: Yugoslavia occupation, issues for Istria and the Slovene Coast, 1945-47.
Istrien: (Dan.) Istria.
Istriensk: (Dan.) Istrian.
ISWSC: International Society of Worldwide Stamp Collectors.
I.T.: Idaho, Indian, Indiana or Iowa territory.
Ita Karjala: "East Karelia Military Occupation" Eastern Karelia overprint on stamps of Finland, 1941-43.
Italia: (It., Nor., Sp.) Italy.
Italiana, Repubblica Sociale (RSI): inscription on stamps of the Italian Social Republic, 1944 - 45.inscription on stamps of the Italian Social Republic, 1944.
Italian Austria: part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire taken by Italy during WW I; included Trentino (Venezia Tridentina), city of Trieste, Slovene Coast, the Istrian Peninsula, and part of Dalmatia (Italian name: Venezia Giulia); 1918-19: occupation stamps issued by Italy, 1918: stamps of Austria overprinted "Regno d'Italia Venezia Giulia 3.XI.18" for use in Venezia Giulia (including Trieste), 1919: stamps of Italy overprinted "Venezia Giulia," 1919: stamps of Italy surcharged for general use.
Italian Colonies: currency: 100 centesimi - 1 lira 1932, July 11: No.1, 10 centesimi gray-black, issued regular, air mail, semipostal stamps for general use in their colonies, stamps of Italy, but in different colors and overprinted "Poste Coloniali Italiane" and "Coloniali Italiane." 1934: specialized stamps ceased.
Italian East Africa: eastern Africa on Red Sea and Indian Ocean, Italian occupied territories, 1936: colony formed; included Ethiopia, former colonies of Eritrea and Italian Somaliland, 1938-42: consisted of Eritrea, Ethiopia, and Italian Somaliland; replaced issues of three separate territories, 1938, Feb. 7: No.1, 2 centesimi red-orange, issued first stamps, air mail stamps,1940: issued semipostal stamps, 1941: issued postage due stamps, 1942; Ethiopia issued own stamps when British forces retook area; placed Eritrea and Italian Somaliland under military administration and restored Ethiopia, retook British protectorate of Somaliland; see Afars and Issas, Benadir, Djibouti, Obock, Oltre Giuba, Italian Somaliland
Italiane dell'Egeo: (It.) Italian Aegean Islands.
Italian lira: currency unit of San Marino and Vatican.
Italian Occupation of Aegean Islands (Dodecanese); 1912: stamps of Italy overprinted "Egeo," 1930: stamps of Italy overprinted "Isole Italiane Dell'Egeo."
Italian Occupation of Austria: 1918-19: stamps of Austria, issued in Trieste, overprinted for use in Trentino; Austrian and Italian stamps for use in Calchi, Calino, Coo, Lero, Lisso, Nisiro, Patmo, Miscopi, Rhodes, Scarpanto, Simi, Stampalia and Venezia Giulia, 1919, Jan. 1: first postage due stamp issued, 1919-20: stamps of Italy surcharged for use in all areas, 1921-22: stamps of Italy surcharged for use in the Zara region of Dalmatia, which became an Italian enclave in Yugoslavia.
Italian Occupation of Corfu: 1923, Sep. 30: stamps of Italy overprinted "Corfu," 1941, June 5: stamps of Greece overprinted "Corfu," also air mail, postage due.
Italian Occupation of Dalmatia: 1919, May 1: stamps of Italy surcharged for occupation; later Zara annexed to Italy.
Italian Occupation of Ethiopia: 1936: stamps issued inscribed "Etiopia," see Italian East Africa.
Italian Occupation of Fiume - Kupa Zone: 1944: stamps of Yugoslavia overprinted "Zona Occupata Fiumano Kupa" and "Zofk," surcharged "Memento Audere Semper."
Italian Occupation of Ionian Islands: 1941: stamps of Greece overprinted "Italia Occupazione Militare Italiana Isole Celefonia e Itaca" and "Isole Jonie."
Italian Occupation of Ljubljana (Lubiana, Laibach); 1941: stamps of Yugoslavia overprinted "CO.Ci" Commissariato Civile , Civil Commission, for western half of Slovenia.
Italian Occupation of Montenegro: 1941: stamps of Yugoslavia overprinted "Montenegro 17-IV-4-XIX."
Italian Occupation of Saseno: island off the coast of Albania; 1923: "Saseno" overprint on stamps of Italy.
Italian Occupation of Slovenia: 1941: stamps of Yugoslavia overprinted "R. Commissariato Civile Territori Sloveni Occupati Lubiana."
Italian Occupation of Trans-Jubaland: 1925, July 29: stamps of Italy overprinted "Oltre Giuba" (Italian Trans-Jubaland).
Italia/Occupazione Militare/Intaliana isole Celfalonia e Itaca: 1941: overprint on stamps of Greece by Italians who occupied lonian Islands of Cephalonia and Ithaca.
Italian Offices in Africa: currency: 40 paras = 1 piaster, 100 centesimi = 1 lira (1910) 1901-11: first stamps issued at Italian post office, Ottoman Empire, 1909: stamps of Italy overprinted "Tripoli di Barberia," 1910: stamps of Italy with surcharge "Bengasi" and 1 Piastra, 1912: Libyan issues used, now spelled Banghazi, Libya. 1912, Oct.: ceded by Turkey; known as Colony of Libia; later Libya.
Italian Offices in Albania: 1902: stamps of Italy overprinted / surcharged "Albania."
Italian Offices in China: currency: 100 cents = 1 dollar 1901: Italian stamps used by legation protection troops after the Boxer Rebellion, 1917, Sept. 1: "Pechino" overprint on stamps of Italy for Peking, postage due stamp, 1917, Sept.: "Tientsin" overprint on stamps of Italy for Tien-Tsin, first postage due stamp issued, 1920, March 11: post offices officially opened for civilians; stamps of Italy used, 1922, Dec. 31: post offices closed.
Italian Offices in Constantinople: 1909: stamps of Italy overprinted "Constantinopoli," 1922: stamps of Italy overprinted for postage due.
Italian Offices in Crete: currency: 40 paras = 1 piaster, 100 centesimi = 1 lira (1906) 1900: stamps of Italy with surcharge "La Canea."
Italian Offices in Durazzo: 1909: stamps of Italy overprinted "Durazzo."
Italian Offices in Janina: 1909: stamps of Italy overprinted "Janina."
Italian Offices in Jerusalem: 1909: stamps of Italy overprinted "Gerusalemme."
Italian Offices in Salonika: 1909: stamps of Italy overprinted "Salonicco."
Italian Offices in Scutan: 1909: stamps of Italy overprinted "Scutari di Albania."
Italian Offices in Smyrno: 1909: stamps of Italy overprinted "Smirne."
Italian Offices in Turkish Empire: (Italian Levant); currency: 40 paras = 1 piaster 1869: Tripoli post office opened 1874: first general issue stamps from Italy used in Tripoli, Estero overprints, 1901, March 15: Benghazi post office opened, 1901: July: first stamps for Benghazi issued, 1901-14, 1921-23: stamps of Italy overprinted for Ottoman Empire: Bengasi, Albania, Constantinopli (Constantinople), Durazzo, Janina, Gerusalemme (Jerusalem), Salonicco (Salonika), Scutari di Albania, Smirne (Smyrna), Valona. Tripoli de Barberia (Tripolitania), and Levant, 1902: stamps of Italy surcharged "Albania," 1908, June 1: used stamps of Italian Post at Constantinople with surcharge, 1909, Dec. first stamps issued for Tripoli, 1912, Dec.: first stamps issued for Italian colony of Libya, 1922: first postage due stamp issued, 1923: Treaty of Lausanne ended post offices in Turkish Empire, 1923, Oct. 27: foreign post offices closed, 1923, Oct. 24: first stamps issued for Cyrenaica and Tripolitania.
Italian Post Offices Abroad: currency: 100 centesimi = 1 lira 1874-89: Italian stamps overprinted "Estero" (Foreign) for use in Italian offices in Egypt, Eritrea, Tripolitania, Tunisia, Argentina, and Uruguay, 1924: Italian Offices in Crete, first postage due stamp issued.
Italian Offices in Valona: 1909: stamps of Italy overprinted "Valona."
Italian Social Republic: 1943, Sep.15: formed new government for Northern area of Italy occupied by Germans; 1944: No.1, 25 centesimi deep green, stamps of Italy overprinted "Repubblica Sociale Italiana," 1944: issued special delivery, postage due, and parcel post stamps.
Italian Somaliland (Somalia Democratic Republic): former Italian colony in eastern Africa; currency: 4 besas = 1 anna, 16 annas = 1 rupee, 100 besas = 1 rupee (1922), 100 centesimi = 1 lira (1905, 1922), 100 centesimi = 1 somalo (1950), 100 centesimi - 1 somali shilling (1961), 1903, Oct. 12: first stamps of Italian protectorate issued named 'Benadir', issued by Benadir Company; also stamps of Italy overprinted 'Somalia' and 'Somalia Italiana', 1915: first semipostal issued, 1922: Benadir became Italian Somalia, 1926: Oltre Giuba added to Italian Somalia, 1934: first air mail stamp issued, 1936, June 1-1941: Ethiopia and Eritrea added to form Italian East Africa, 1938: stamps of Italian East Africa used, 1941: British control, administered by British until Nov. 21, 1949, 1942: M.E.F. (Middle East Forces) overprint on stamps of Great Britain, 1943: E.A.F.: (East Africa Forces) overprint on stamps of Great Britain, 1944: taken by British forces, 1945: placed under Italian administration as a United Nations Trust Territory, 1948, May 27: B.M.A. Somalia (British Military Administration Somalia), 1950, Jan.2: B.M.A. changed to B.A. 1950, April 1: U.N. Trust territory administered by Italy as the Trust Territory of Somalia, 1960, June 26: full independence, created independent Republic of Somalia; later became Somali Democratic Republic. 1960, July 1: former Italian colony merged with Somaliland Protectorate to form Republic of Somalia, 1969: after army coup, became Somali Democratic Republic.
Italianske Kolonier: (Dan.) Italian Colonies.
Italienske skibspost: (Dan.) Italian ship mail (ship post).
Italian States: issued their own stamps prior to unification in 1861; see Modena, Parma, Romagna, Roman States (Papal States), Sardinia, Tuscany, and Two Sicilies (Naples and Sicily). Rome was originally part of the Roman States and was incorporated into Italy in 1870.
Italian States-Lombardy-Venetia: see: Austrian Italy.
Italia/Occupazione Militare/Intaliana isole Celfalonia e Itaca: 1941: overprint on stamps of Greece by Italians who occupied lonian Islands of Cephalonia and Ithaca.
Italia Repubblicana Fascista Base Atlantica: overprint on stamps of Italy for use in Bordeaux, France from June 1940 to 1944.
Italic type: sloping type.
Italie: (Czech., Fr.) Italy.
Italien: (Dan., Ger., Swed.) Italy.
Italienische Kolonien: (Ger.) Italian Colonies.
Italienische Somaliland: (Ger.) Italian Somaliland.
Italiensk: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) Italian.
Italienske Kolonier: (Dan.) Italian Colonies.
Italiensk Post i √ɂĆg¬¶ √Éňúerne: (Dan.) Italian Post Offices in the Aegean Islands.
Italiensk Post i Afrika: (Dan.) Italian Post Offices in Africa.
Italiensk Post i Kina: (Dan.) Italian Post Offices in China.
Italiensk Post i Tyrkiet: (Dan.) Italian Post Offices in the Turkish Empire ( Levant).
Italiensk Post i Udlandet: (Dan.) Italian Post Offices Abroad.
Italiensk Stater: (Dan.) Italian States.
Italii: with "Poczta Polakich", for use by Polish Corps and refugees in Italy, WW II.
Italskie: (Czech.) Italian.
Italy: southern Europe; official name of postal administration: Poste Italiane currency: 100 centesimi = 1 lira (plural lire) (1861), 100 cents = 1 euro (2002) 1st century AD: oldest postal guide engraved on four silver goblets with names of relay stations between Cadiz and Rome, 4th century AD: oldest postal map shows postal routes from the Indus Valley to Britain, earliest postal regulation of the Roman Imperial postal network, 1850, June 1: provinces issued own stamps on same day as Austrian Empire, two different currencies, 1851, Jan.1: first stamps from Sardinia and Tuscany, 1852, Jan. 1: first stamps from Papal States, 1852, June 1: first stamps by Modena, Papal States, and Parma, 1858, Jan. 1: first stamps issued by Naples, and Sicily 1859, June 1: first stamps from Romagna, 1860, March 6: Modena joined unified Italy, used stamps of Sardinia, 1860, March 18: Parma joined unified Italy, used stamps of Sardinia, 1860, March 22: Tuscany joined unified Italy, used stamps of Sardinia, 1860, March 25: Romagna joined unified Italy, used stamps of Sardinia, 1860, Sept. 7: stamps issued for Naples by the Garibaldi regime, 1861, Feb. 15: stamps issued for Neapolitan provinces of Naples and Sicily, 1862, Feb. 24: first stamps for all Italy, 1863: issued postage due stamp, 1875, July 1: joined the UPU, 1875: issued official stamp, 1915: issued semipostal stamp, 1917, May: issued air mail stamp. 1917: special delivery stamps overprinted for air mail flights on two air mail routes; Turin and Rome and between Naples and Palermo, 1918: stamps of Austria with surcharge as occupation issue, 1943, Sept. 17: stamps for Allied Military Government issued for Sicily, 1943, Sept. 23: stamps for Allied Military Government issued for Naples, 1943, Sept. 23: Mussolini proclaimed the Italian Social Republic at Salo on Lake Garda, 1943: "A.M.G." "Governo Militare Alleato" overprint on stamps of Italy for U.S. and G.B. military government, 1944-45: Italian Social Republic (Repubblica Sociale Italiana) stamps for German-occupied north Italy, issued stamps, special delivery, parcel post and postage due stamps, 1944-52: stamps for territory of Campione used, 1946: named a republic; see A.M.G. F.T.T, A.M.G., B.L.P.
Italy: (c. Nazionaldi Liberazione) liberation local post, c1944.
Italy: "Cor Allt" (Corrieri Alta Italia) local post, 1944-45.
Italy: "GNR" (Guardia Nazional Repubblicana) overprint, local post, 1943-44.
Italy-Greece-Turkey-Rhodes: (Aerospresso Co) Greek air semi-official, 1926.
Ithaca: Ionian island occupied by Italians; 1941: overprint on stamps of Greece, 1943: German occupation "Zante" stamp issue.
Itrabo: local post, Spanish Civil War Republican, 1937.
ITU: United Nations inscription for International Telecommunications Union; common design on stamps of Portugal and Colonies, 1965; common design of the British Commonwealth of Nations, 1965.
I-u-ka, Miss paid 5 cts: see: Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Iulie: (Rom.) July.
Iuni: (Rom.) Monday.
Iunie: (Rom.) June.
IUTS: local, Ontario, Canada, Inter-University Transit System, Canada, late 1970s.
Ivano Frankovsk: formerly Stanislav, USSR.
Ivan R. A. Engstrom "Enskilda" Local Post: see Göteborg - Göteborg - Ivan R. A. Engstrom "Enskilda" Local Post.
Iver Bucks: United Kingdom postal strike, local post, 1971.
Ives & Judd Match Co.: see: Private die match proprietary stamps.
Ives Matches: see: Private die match proprietary stamps.
Ives, P. T.: see: Private die match proprietary stamps.
Ivigtut: bogus local post from Greenland.
Ivory Coast: (C√ɬīte d'Ivoire); formerly part of French West Africa, west coast of Africa. currency: 100 centimes = 1 CFA franc 1862-71: French Colonies General issue as Assinie, 1892: No.1, 1 centime black on lilac-blue, 1904: stamps inscribed "Afrique Occidentale Francaise," 1906: first postage due stamp issued, 1915: first semipostal stamp issued, 1931: "Cote d'Ivoire" overprint, 1940: first air mail stamp, 1945-59: stamps of French West Africa used, 1958, Dec. 4: became an autonomous republic, 1959, Mar. 26: proclamation of independence, 1959, Oct. 1: inscription "Republique de Cote d'Ivoire," 1961, May 23: joined the UPU, 1974, Jan. 1: first official stamp issued. Many new issues supposedly issued by the republic's post office are illegal as reported by the UPU.
Ivory Head: term for the 2-pence blue British stamps of 1847-1857where chemical action blued the paper under lightly inked portions. see: Blued, Blue safety paper.
Ivory paper: glazed white paper.
IWOG: auction catalog abbreviation for issued without gum.
IWY: United Nations inscription for International Women's Year.
Ixtlahuaca: overprint used on stamps of Mexico for this district, 1856-1883.
Izbica: city in German-occupied Russian Poland, local post overprint, 1918-20.
Izmail: local overprint, Ukraine, 1993.
Izmir: formerly Smyrna, Turkey.
Izmir Enternasyonal Fuari: (Turk.) inscription for Izmir International Fair.
Izmir Himayei Etfal Cemiyeti: Turkey, tax stamps, 1933.
Ixnate: local post, Spanish Civil War Nationalist, 1937.


(Data Above sourced from "Ask Phil" and other sources. Last edit 5/Aug/2008 Amhazing)

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J


J: 1: Scott Catalogue prefix for Postage Due. 2: Peru-Yca overprint, 1884. 3. international postal code for Japan.
JAC: Joseph A. Clark, BEP employees initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
Jack & Enterprise Agt.: Florida marking in R.P.O. grouping, c 1883.
Jackass mail: 1: name given to mail carried by mules from San Antonio, Texas to San Diego, CA in 1857-58. 2: name given to mail carried by mules to the bottom of the Grand Canyon.
Jackn.T.: Jacksonville, Tenn. pre-adhesive postmark.
Jack Rabbit Courier: local, Vancouver, Canada, 1987.
Jackson & Co.'s Express: private mail and parcel delivery serviced Boston, Mass., Portsmouth and Dover, N.H.; used labels; 1865-95
Jackson, James A. & Co.: U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp.
Jackson, Miss.: see Confederate States of America; 3¬Ę 1861 Postmasters' Provisionals.
Jackson, Miss. Paid 5 cents: see Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Jackson's Express & Van Co.: private parcel delivery serviced unknown area; used stamp, year unknown.
Jacksonville, Ala., Paid 5 WTA: see Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Jacksonville, Fl. Paid 5: see Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Jaffa: 1: Egypt, see Interpostal Seals 1868. 2: now the Israel city of Yafo, near Tel Aviv.
Jaffa: overprint on stamps of Russia, commemorate 50th anniversary of Russian Offices in Turkish Empire, 1909.
Jaguar Express: United Kingdom postal strike, local post, 1971.
Jahanbecam: India, Bhopal State.
Jahre: (Ger.) year.
Jahrestag: (Ger.) anniversary.
Jahreszahl: (Ger.) date, year only.
Jahrgangswerttabelle: (Ger.) list of year sets.
Jahrhundertfeier: (Ger.) centenary.
Jahrlich: (Ger.) anniversary.
J.A. Jesurum & Zoom: local, private for Curacao.
Jail mail: term used by celebrities for mail received from prison inmates.
Jaipur: India Feudatory State; formerly Rajputana, British India; 1904: No.1, 1/2 anna ultramarine, first local stamps, 1929: first official stamp, 1931, Mar.14: first stamp, 1948: joined with other states to form Rajasthan, 1949: separate stamps discontinued, used stamps of Indian Union of Rajasthan, 1950, April: uses stamps of Republic of India.
Jakarta: formerly Batavia, Indonesia.
Jakobstad: formerly Pietarsaari, Finland.
Jalapa: overprint used on stamps of Mexico for this district, 1856-1883.
Jaliva: (Sp.) San Felipe de Jaliva, pre-adhesive postmark.
Jaluit Company: see Pacific mailboats.
Jamahiriya: (Arab) a state of the masses, used in official name of Libya.
Jamaica: island of British West Indies, Caribbean Sea; first British colony to establish a post office; official name of postal administration: Post and Telecommunications Department currency: 12 pence = 1 shilling, 20 shillings = 1 pound, 100 cents = 1 dollar (1969) 1655: postmaster of London placed in charge of postal affairs, after conquest from Spain, 1671: local men appointed postmasters, 1696: postmaster of New York made postmaster of the West Indies, 1755-1860: British Post Office controlled external mail, 1805: Jamaica with straight line marking appeared, 1858, May 8: postage prepayment made mandatory, British stamps cancelled "A O1," 'A 27' to 'A 78,' used to 1860, 1860, Aug. 1: No.1, 1 penny blue, colony took over operation from Colonial office, first stamps, 1890: first official stamp issued, 1916: first War Tax stamp issued, 1944: became self-governing, 1958: member Federation of the West Indies, 1962, Aug. 6: independent member of the British Commonwealth, 1963, Aug. 29: joined the UPU.
Jamaica: 1: marihuana inscription; unissued Great Britain cinderella by David Horry, 2001. 2: "no, she went of her own accord" inscription; unissued Great Britain cinderella by David Horry, 2001.
Jamaica used: Jamaican stamps used in the Cayman Islands.
Jamaique: (Fr.) Jamaica.
Jamajka: (Czech.) Jamaica.
Jamajsky: (Czech.) Jamaican.
James Cook Land: Antarctic fantasy.
Jamestown (N.Y.) School and Collegiate Institute: 1867, used training stamps for practice instruction on how to properly address, frank and post a letter.
Jamhuri: (Swahili) means Republic; 1963, Dec. 10: Zanzibar became independent, 1964, Feb. 28: overprint on stamps of Zanzibar, for formation of republic. Jammu, Jammu and Kashmir: India Feudatory State; 1866, Mar.: No.1, 1/2 anna gray-black, first local stamps for the two states, 1867-77: joint and separate stamps issues, 1878: first official stamp, 1894, Nov. 1: separate stamps discontinued, used stamps of India, 1947: partition of India incorporated into India, but claimed by Pakistan, 1960: Pakistan issued map stamps showing disputed territory.
Jammu, Jammu and Kashmir: India Feudatory State; 1866, Mar.: first local stamps for the two states, 1866-77: joint and separate stamps issues, 1878: first official stamp, 1894, Nov. 1: separate stamps discontinued, used stamps of Republic of India, 1947: partition of India incorporated into India, but claimed by Pakistan, 1960: Pakistan issued map stamps showing disputed territory.
Janina: located in northern Greece, Offices in Turkish Empire for Janina, Turkey, 1902: No.1, 10 paras green, surcharge on stamps of Italy, used at Italian post office at Janina, Turkey, 1913: occupied by Greece, now known as Ioannina, 1941: occupied by the Axis, 1944: liberated by allies.
Jantar: Donald Evans fantasy issue, Portuguese.
Január: (Hung.) January.
Januar: (Dan., Nor.) January.
Januari: (Swed.) January.
J. A. Nutter Boston: inscription for a stamp dealer, who worked with S. Allan Taylor.
Japan: Eastern Asia, North Pacific Ocean; official name of postal administration: Ministry of Posts & Telecommunications currency: 1,000 mon = 10 sen, 100 sen = 1 yen, 10 rin = 1 sen 1630, government posts, not open to the public, 1871, April 20: No.1, 48 mon brown, issued first stamp, imperforate and square, 1877, June 1: joined the UPU, 1914, Nov. 7:-Feb. 7, 1922: controls Shantung Peninsula, 1919, Oct. 3: first air mail stamp, 1937, June 1: first semipostal stamp, 1945: stamps of Japan overprinted for use in Taiwan (Formosa), 1946, Oct. 11 and May 8, 1947: stamps of Australia overprinted B.C.O.F. Japan 1946 (British Commonwealth Occupation Force), 1947: constitutional monarchy, 1989: prefecture issues started; see Prefecture, 2000, Nov. 15: first prefecture semipostal stamps.
Japan: local post for Sutherland and Co., 1870.
Japan: British Offices in Japan; 1859: opened at Yokohama, closed in Dec. 1879, 1860: opened at Nagasaki, closed in Dec. 1879, 1864: used stamps from Hong Kong, 1869: opened at Hyogo (Kobe), closed in Dec. 1879. Japanese "Chops": used as overprints and cancels on the stamps of occupied territories, 1942-45.
Japan, Airmail to: United Kingdom postal strike, local post, 1971.
Japanese "Chops": used as overprints and cancels on the stamps of occupied territories, 1942-45.
Japanese Dependencies: Mariannes, Marshall and Caroline Islands; 1922, Jan. 1: joined the UPU, 1947, Apr. 2: became part of the U.S. Trust Territories.
Japanese Fish Auction: a simultaneous auction, whereby each bidder for a specific lot states their bid at the same moment, with the highest bidder getting the lot.
Japanese Naval Control Area: see Netherlands Indies, 1942, July 15: all Netherlands Indies stamps under Japanese naval control were overprinted with "Dai Nippon," and an anchor.
Japanese Occupation of British Borneo: 1942, June: stamps of Brunei, Labuan, North Borneo and Sarawak were overprinted in Japanese.
Japanese Occupation of Brunei: see Brunei.
Japanese Occupation of Burma: see Burma.
Japanese Occupation of China: 1941, June 5-1945: North China, 1941, July 1-1945: Mengkiang (Inner Mongolia), 1945: Nanking, 1945: Shanghai, 1942, June 12- Sept. 1945: Kwangtung.
Japanese Occupation of Hong Kong: 1942, Jan. 22: post office reopened by Japanese, 1942, Jan. 22-April 1945: used stamps of Japan, 1945, Aug. 28: Japanese post offices closed, 1945, Sept. 5: British post office reopened, used Postage Paid handstamps, 1945, Sept. 28: stamps available.
Japanese Occupation of Java and Sumatra: 1943, March 9: first occupation stamps.
Japanese Occupation of Johore, Kedah, Kelatan, Perak, Trenggano; 1942: stamps of Johore, Kedah, Kelatan, Perak and Trenggano overprinted in Japanese.
Japanese Occupation of Malacca, Penang 1942: stamps of Straits Settlements overprinted.
Japanese Occupation of Malaya: 1942: stamps of Japan overprinted for postage due, 1943: stamps of all states, Straits Settlements overprinted; stamps, postage due stamps.
Japanese Occupation of Negri Sembilan: 1942: stamps of Negri Sembilan overprinted.
Japanese Occupation of Netherlands Indies: 1942: first postage due stamp, 1943: first commemorative, air mail stamps.
Japanese Occupation of North China: 1923: first stamps.
Japanese Occupation of the Philippines: 1942: first commemorative, semi-postal, postage due stamps.
Japanese Occupation of Selangor: 1942, Apr. 3: stamps of Selangor overprinted.
Japanese Occupation of Straits Settlements: 1947, Mar. 16: stamps of Straits Settlements handstamp reads, " Seal of Post Office of Malayan Military Department."
Japanese Occupation of Sumatra: 1943, Aug. 1: first stamps, previously administered from Malaya.
Japanese paper: native-made silky paper, used for Japanese early issues.
Japanese Offices in China: 1876, Apr. 15- 31 Dec.1899: overprint on stamps of Japan with Chinese characters, 1900, Jan.: stamps of Japan overprinted for Offices in China, 1910-24: military overprint on stamps of Japan, 1922, Nov. 30: Offices in China closed, 1945: stamp issue for Offices in Taiwan.
Japanese Offices in Korea: 1876-99: first stamps of Japan used in Pusan, 1876, Nov. 10: Wonsan 1880, April: Chemulpo 1883, Dec.: Seoul, 1888, July: Mokpo, 1900: stamps of Japan overprinted.
Japanese Offices is Taiwan (Formosa): 1945: three values issued; six additional values prepared but not issued, entire set of nine values overprinted by China after WW II and issued for use in Taiwan.
Japan, French post offices: 1865: opened in Yokohama, closed March 1880.
Japansk: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) Japanese.
Japan, United States post offices: 1867-Dec. 1874: Yokohama and Nagasaki, 1868-Dec. 1874: Hiogo, 1871-Dec. 1874: Hakodate.
Japón: (Fr., Sp.) Japan.
Japonez: (Rom) Japanese (adj.).
Japonsko: (Czech.) Japan.
Japonsky: (Czech.) Japanese.
Jasdan: India Feudatory State; 1942: first and only local stamp, 1948, Feb. 15: merged with Kathiawar as part of the United States of Saurashtra, 1948-50: used stamps of Sorouth, now uses stamps of Republic of India.
Jason Island: Falkland Islands nature preserve, label.
Jaun√ɬĘtre: (Fr.) yellowish.
Jaune: (Fr.) yellow (color).
Java: Malay Archipelago, East Indies; 1864: stamps issued as Netherlands Indies, 1908: overprint "Java" on stamps of the Netherlands Indies, used on islands of Java and Madura. 1943, Mar.3: overprints on stamps of Netherlands Indies and stamps of Japan used as
Java and Madura: anti-Dutch nationalists for Indonesia Republic, 1945-50, Oct.: first stamps.
Java and Sumatra: 1943, March 9: stamps of Japan for Japanese occupation.
Jayne, Dr. D. & Son: U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp.
Jay's Dispatch: unofficial carrier service; Jay's and Richwood's Dispatch stamp, LaHoyt, Iowa, 1887-88.
JBRS: James Brook Raja Sarawak, initials on the first stamp of Sarawak.
J. C. Bruun Local Post: see Christianssund - J. C. Bruun Local Post.
JCF: James C. Filgate, BEP employees initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
JCR: John C. Rout, BEP employees initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
J.D. Soomaaliya, Soomaaliveed: Somalia Democratic Republic Jeia-Marke: (Ger.) Joint Export and Import Agency; labels issued for firms licensed to export; used on airmail letters from Oct. 1,-19, 1948.
Jedda: Hejaz Railway Tax 1925 overprint; printed in anticipation of its fall to forces of Ibn Sa'ud of Nejd., not used.
Jednoduchá Frankatura: (Czech.) franking.
Jedraejow: city in former Austrian-occupied Russian Poland, local post overprint, 1918-20.
Jeend State: overprint on stamps of India for Jind, 1885-1913; see Jind.
Jefferson: territory created Oct. 24, 1859, never recognized and ceased to exist when Colorado Territory created Feb. 28, 1861.
Jefferson Market Co.: U.S. local post, New York, N. Y., 1850.
Jeffries balloon mail: Dr. John Jeffries and Pierre Blanchard dropped mail from a balloon after crossing the English Channel, Jan. 1, 1874.
Jeind: see Jind.
J.E.L.Co.: overprint on U.S. Proprietary revenue issue for J. Elwood Co. of Pennsylvania, 1898.
Jemen: (Ger.) Yemen.
Jemen (Dél): (Hung.) South Yemen.
Jemen (‚Äįszak): (Hung.) North Yemen.
Jemen (Királyság): (Hung.) Kingdom of Yemen.
Jenkins' Camden Dispatch: U.S. local post, Camden, N.J., 1853, reprinted in new colors.
Jenkins' Express: railroad parcel delivery firm service area between Boston and Lynn, Mass.; used a label, year unknown.
Jenk's Express: baggage delivery firm serviced Newport and Providence, R.I.; used a label, year unknown.
Jenny invert: U.S. 24¬Ę airmail stamp with its center inverted.
JEP: John E. Posey, BEP employees initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
J. Eriksen Local Post: see Drammen - J. Eriksen Local Post.
Jerkonia: Canada fantasy issue.
Jermend: Donald Evans fantasy issue.
Jernbane: (Dan., Nor.) railroad, railway; railroad line, railway line; see Jernbanelinie; Bane, Tog.
Jernbanefrim¦rke: (Dan.) see Jernbanem¦rke.
Jernbanefrimerke(r): (Nor.) railroad stamp(s), railway stamp(s).
Jernbanelinie: (Dan., Nor.) railroad line, railroad line, railway line.
Jernbanem¦rke: (also Jernbanefrim¦rke ) (Dan.) railroad stamps, railway stamps. The first Danish railway stamps were issued by the Jydsk-Fyenske Railways in 1865, with several other issues produced previous to the railroad being absorbed into the DSB-Danske Statsbaner (q.v.) in 1875. "Danske Statsbaner" local stamps appeared in 1875.
Jernbanemerke(r): (Nor.) railroad stamp(s), railway stamp(s).
Jernbanepakkem¦rke: (Dan.) railroad parcel post stamps, railway parcel post stamps.
Jernbanepakkemerke(r): (Nor.) railroad parcel post stamp(s), railway parcel post stamp(s).
Jernbanepost: (Dan., Nor.) railroad post (mail), railway post (mail).
Jernbanepoststempel: (Dan., Nor.) railroad post cancellation, railway post cancellation.
Jernbanepostvogn: (Dan., Nor.) railroad mail coach, railway mail coach.
Jernbanestasjon: (Dan. Nor.) railroad station, railway station.
Jernbanetill¦gsm¦rke(r): (Dan.) railroad postal surtax stamp(s), railway postal surtax stamp(s).
Jernbanetill¦gsm¦rke: (Dan.) railroad postal surtax stamp, railway postal surtax stamp.
Jernbanetill¦gsmerke(r): (Nor.) railroad postal surtax stamp(s), railway postal surtax stamp(s).
Jernbanetjenestem¦rke: (Dan.) railroad mail service stamp, railway mail service stamp.
Jernbanetjenestem¦rke(r): (Dan.) railroad mail service official stamp(s), railway mail service official stamp(s), ralway ar.
Jernbanetjenestemerke(r):(Nor.) railroad mail service official stamp(s), railway mail service official stamp(s).
Jernbanetog: (Nor.) railroad train, railway train.
Jernbanevogn: (Nor.) railroad coach, railway coach.
Jerome & Co's Express: private mail and parcel firm serviced Boston, Mass. and Bangor, Maine; used labels, 1844-48.
Jersey: English Channel Island, Jersey (Bailiwick) Dependency; official name of postal administration: Jersey Post currency: 100 pence = 1 pound sterling 1940, June 30: occupied by Germany, British stamps used, 1940, Dec. 27- Feb. 22, 1941: bisects of the 2d stamp allowed, 1941, April 1: German local issue "Jersey Postage," 1945, May 10: British reclaimed island, local issues valid for one year, 1958, Aug. 18: British regional issues for Jersey, 1964: No. 1, 2 1/2 pence rose-red, 1969, Oct.1: Jersey issued own stamps, 1969, Oct. 1: postage due stamps.
Jersey Postage: issued under German occupation, 1941-44.
Jerusalem: 1: overprint on stamps of Russia, Offices in Turkey, 1909-10. 2: French Consulate Post office, 1948. 3: overprint on stamps of Italy, Italian Post Office, Feb. 1909. 4: also called Gerusalemme and lerusalem.
JES: John E. Schaeffer, BEP employees initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
Jetersville, Va. 5 AHA: see Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Jethou: Great Britain local carriage label, Channel Island, 1960.
Jetons: small circular transparent cases containing stamps used as currency during American Civil war.
Jet press: term for offset printing of stamps; first used by the USPS for the 33¬Ę blue Lincoln envelope issued June 5, 1999.
Jet silhouette: the US 7-cents air mail issue showing the silhouette of a plane.
Jeu complete: (Fr.) complete set.
Jeugdzorg 1930: (youth care) inscription on semi-postal stamp of Netherlands Indies.
Jeweler's Parcel Delivery Co.: parcel delivery firm serviced Chicago area; used a stamp; year unknown.
Jewish Autonomous Region: 2002, Jan. 14: illegal labels, purporting to be stamps, Russian Federation report to the UPU; local post overprint and stamps, not valid for postage.
Jewish National Fund (J.N.F.): founded in1901, when British evacuated their Palestine Mandate in May 1948, the Jewish government overprinted J.N.F. receipt coupons and used these for postage.
Jewish Republic: Russian Republic; bogus overprint and stamps, not valid for postage.
JF: 1: John B. Fischer 2: Joseph F. Fitzgerald, Jr., BEP employees initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
JFH: John F. Hardy, BEP employees initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
Jhalawar: India Feudatory State; 1887: first local stamps, 1900, Nov. 1: post office taken over by the Imperial government; now uses stamps of Republic of India.
Jhind: see Jind.
JHK: James H. Kates, BEP employees initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
Jibuti: see Djibouti.
Jiddah: formerly Jedda, Saudi Arabia.
Jiffy bag: padded mailing envelope sold in various sizes.
JIG: Joseph I. Griffith, BEP employees initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
Jih: (Czech.) South.
Jihoafrická: (Czech.) South Africa.
Jihoafrická Republika: (Czech.) Republic of South Africa.
Jihovychod: (Czech.) Southeast.
Jihozapadni: (Czech.) Southwest.
Jiji: British Colonial Royal Wedding frames from "Surreal and Unreal Stickers."
Jil: (Czech.) clay.
Jim's Emergency Service: United Kingdom postal strike, local post, 1971.
Jind, Jhind: India Feudatory and Native State, North Punjab; 1874: first local stamps, 1885: became a Convention State, 1885: first official stamp, issued overprinted stamps of India, 1951, Jan.1: stamps invalidated, now uses stamps of Republic of India.
Jinian feng (FJ): (Chin.) commemorative cover.
Jiziya: Indian States term for a tax imposed on non-Muslems.
Jizni: (Czech.) South.
Jizni Amerika: (Czech.) South America.
Jizni Cinské More: (Czech.) South China Sea.
Jizni Korea: (Czech.) South Korea (the Republic of Korea).
Jizni Vietnam: (Czech.) South Vietnam.
JJM: James J. Murray, BEP employees initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
JJMcD (JJMacD): John J. McDonald, BEP employees initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
JKAL: The Jack Knight Air Log, USA.
JLH: Joseph L. Heffern, BEP employees initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
J. M.: Jerusalem municipality 1917: British overprint for Mid-East occupation forces.
JMB: James M. Butle, BEP employees initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
JMcF: Joseph McFate, BEP employees initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
JMH: John M. Hackley, BEP employees initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer
JMW: James M. Walsh, BEP employees initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
J.N.F.: see Jewish National Fund.
J√ɬłde: (Nor.) Jew.
J√ɬłdisk: (Nor.) Jewish.
Jog: to hit or shake a handful of mail pieces against a hard surface to align their edges.
Jogue: overprint on stamps of India to prevent employee theft, 1892.
Johan Lund Local Post: see Troms√ɬł - Johan Lund Local Post.
Joh Enschedé Security Printers: printers of stamps of South Africa; formerly Enschedé & Sons.
John Paul Jones: label for training school in Texas, about 1910.
Johnson & Co.'s City Despatch Post: U.S. local post, Baltimore, Md., 1848.
Johnson & Co's Express: private mail delivery firm serviced New York City and Albany, N.Y. via railroad; used a label, year unknown.
Johnson & Johnson: inscription on Medicine stamp; see Private die proprietary stamps.
Johnson & Keyes Express: private parcel delivery firm serviced Boston and Auburndale, Mass.; used a stamp, year unknown.
Johnson Chicago & Suburban Express Co.: private parcel firm serviced Chicago area; used a stamp, 1898.
Johnson Express Co.: private parcel firm serviced Chicago area; used a stamp, 1904?
Johnson Grover: United Kingdom postal strike, local post, 1971.
Johnson, I.S. & Co.: U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp.
Johnson, J.P.: postmaster, Pittsylvania Court House, Va., issued Confederate Postmaster's Provisional.
Johnson, M.F.: postmaster, Tellico Plains, Tenn., issued Confederate Postmaster's Provisional.
Johnson's Box: label to advertise private post office delivery.
Johnston Dienstag Company: 1906; inscription on adhesive stamp after San Francisco earthquake.
Johnston Holloway & Co.: U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp.
Johore: Malay Peninsula; 1876, July: stamps first issued, No. 1, 2 cents brown, Malaysian State; 1884-91: "Johore" overprint on stamps of Straits Settlements with crescent and star, 1916-pre: used stamps of Straits Settlements for overseas postage, 1938, Jan. 1: first postage due stamp, 1942-45: Japanese occupation, Johore postage due stamps and ordinary stamps overprinted by Japanese for revenue purposes only, 1957: stamps of Malayan Federation used along with those of Johore, 1963, Sept.: became part of Federation of Malaysia, 1965, Nov. 15: inscription "Malaysia Johor" on stamps of Malaysia.
Joi: (Rom.) Thursday.
Joined paper: two different paper sheets affixed together by overlapping after manufacture with stamps printed on the paper so that part of the stamp appears on both pieces of paper.
Joint issue: two or more countries issuing and releasing a stamp or set of stamps with a similar design on the same day, or within a few days of reach other.
Joint line: printed line between two coil stamps caused by inky deposited in the seam of adjoining curved plates on rotary presses.
Jointly addressed mail: mail addressed to more than one addressee (Mr. and Mrs. John Doe) neither of which can control mail delivery addressed to the other.
Jomfru√ɬłerne: (Dan.) the Virgin Islands.
Jones & Russell's Pikes Peak Express Co.: U.S. local post handstamp, Denver, Colo. 1859-60.
Jonesboro, Tenn Paid 5: see Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Jones' City Express: U.S. local post, Brooklyn, N. Y., 1845.
Jones, Eadie & Berrick: United Kingdom postal strike, local post, 1971.
Jones' paper: chalk-surfaced paper used for New Zealand stamp in 1924-25.
Jonische Inseln: (Ger.) Ionian Islands.
Joniska √É‚Äďarna: (Swed.) Ionian Islands.
Joniske √ɬłer: (Dan.) the Ionian Islands.
Jordan: kingdom of western Asia; formerly known as Transjordan in the Near East; official name of postal administration: Ministry of Post and Communications currency: 10 millienes = 1 piaster, 1,000 mils = 1 pound (1930, 100 fils, piasters = 1 dinar 1918, Feb. 10: first stamps, E.E.F. (Palestine), 1920-pre: stamps of Britain and Turkey used, 1920, April: mandated to the British as an autonomous emirate, 1920, Nov.: No. 1 1 millieme dark brown, stamps of Palestine overprinted "East of Jordan" in Arabic, considered first stamps, 1923-27: stamps of Hejaz overprinted "East of Jordan" in Arabic, 1923: first postage due stamp, 1923: became independent state with British advisers, 1924, Jan: first official stamp,1927-47: first specially designed stamps for Jordan, inscribed Transjordan, 1930, April 1: first semipostal stamp, 1946: became independent kingdom when British mandate ended, 1947, May 16: joined the UPU, 1948-49: issued stamps overprinted for use in Palestine during period when Israel gained its independence, 1950, Sept. 16: first air mail stamp.
Jordanian Occupation of Palestine: 1948, Dec. 2-April 24, 1950: first stamp overprinted Palestine in English and Arabic, 1948: first postage due stamp,
Jordania: (Sp.) Jordan.
Jordanie: (Fr.) Jordan.
Jordanien: (Ger., Swed.) Jordan
Jornaes: (Port.) inscription; journals, newspaper stamps, Portugal and colonies, Brazil.
Josef Karl, S.S.: steamship marking of the Danube Steam Navigation Company built around 1850-60s, for middle or upper Danube lines.
Joseph Kennedy and Family: Philippine cinderella label.
Joslyn's Express: parcel firm serviced Boston and North Bridgewater, Mass.; used a label, year unknown.
Jour d'Emission: (Fr.) day of issue. Journal stamps: stamps that have been issued for the express purpose of prepaying postage on journals, newspapers, magazines, etc.
Journaux: (Fr.) inscription on stamps of France, journals, newspapers, 1868.
Journaux Dagbladen: bilingual inscription, overprint on stamps of Belgium, Parcel Post issue for newspaper stamp, 1928-32.
Journée du Timbre: (Fr.) Day of the Stamp.
J P A: Junior Philatelists of America.
JPL: Joseph P. Lennon, BEP employees initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
J P S: 1: Junior Philatelic Society. 2: Japan Philatelic Society
JQ: Scott Catalogue prefix for Parcel Post Postage Due (US).
JR: John Reding, BEP employees initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
J.R.B.Pst.Exp.: Jerbane Post Expedition (Dan.) Railway Post Office.
J.R.G. Aereo Vale 1946: Junta Revolucionaria de Gobierno; overprint for air mail, Venezuela.
J. R. MacLean Trucking & Despatch: local, Vancouver, Canada, 1968.
J.S.D., J. St.D.: (Fr.) √ÉŇĹle Saint-Domingue (Island of Saint Domingo); pre-adhesive postmark.
J S D A: Japan Stamp Dealers Association.
JSS: Jake S. Seitz, BEP employees initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
JTF: John T. Ford, BEP employees initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
JU: auction abbreviation for topical Judaica.
Juan de Fuca: local, Victoria, Canada, carrier service operated between Victoria, B. C. to Port Angeles in Washington State, USA.
Juan Fernandez Islands: group of islands in the Pacific, part of Chile; 1910: Chile overprint "Islas de Juan Fernandez," used throughout Chile.
Jubaland: Oltre Giuba (It.), former Italian territory in East Africa, currently Somali; 1896: first stamps, British East Africa, used, 1925, June 29: first stamps issued, 1925: ceded to Italy from being part of British colony of Kenya, became part of Italian Somaliland, overprint on stamps of Italy, "Oltre Giuba," 1925, July: stamps overprinted "Oltre Giuba," first commemorative, postage due stamps, 1926: first postage due, semipostal stamp, 1926, July 1: incorporated in Italian Somaliland, now part of Somali Democratic Republic, 1942, April 13: used stamps of Britain overprinted M.E. F.
Jubile de L'Union Postale Universelle: Switzerland for the Universal Postal Union, 1900.
Jubilee: a special anniversary, usually divisible by 25; the Jubilee stamps refer to the 1935 Silver Jubilee issue of King George V.
Jubilee Exhibition: stamp/label issued by the Romanian postal authorities for use within the exhibition hall, October 1906.
Jubilee line: line around the sheet margins first used during Queen Victoria's Golden Jubilee in 1887, broken it is called the Co-Extensive line, unbroken the Continuous line.
Jude: (Swed.) Jew.
Judea, State of: Palestine proposed state by Rabbi Meir Kahane in the 1980's.
Judenpost: (Ger.) local stamps issued for the use of Jews interned in concentration camps, but known in Lodz (or Litzmannstadt) in 1944.
Judgements: court judgement fees; French Colony revenue inscription.
Judisk: (Swed.) Jewish.
Juego: (Sp.) complete set.
Juegos Olimpicos: inscription on stamps of Costa Rica for semipostal, Olympic Games.
Jugendmarken: (Ger.) youth stamps; usually semi-postals.
Jugoslavia: see Yugoslavia.
Jugoslávie: (Czech.) Jugoslavia (Yugoslavia).
Jugoslavien: (Dan., Ger., Nor., Swed.) Jugoslavia.
Jugoslaviensk: (Dan.) Jugoslavien (Yugoskavien).
Jugoslavija: Jugoslavia.
Jugoslavisk: (Den., Nor., Swed.) Jugoslavian (Yugoslavian).
Jugoslávsky: (Czech.) Jugoslavian (Yugoslavian).
Jugoslawien: (Ger.) Yugoslavia.
Jugoszláv: (Hung.) Jugoslavian, Yugoslavian.
Jugoszlávia: (Hung.) Jugoslovia, Yugoslavia.
Jul: (Dan.) Christmas.
Julen: term for Christmas on Scandinavian seals.
Juli: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) July.
Julio 1936: overprint on stamps of Spain marking the start of the Franco regime.
J√ɬļlius: (Hung.) July.
J√ɬļnius: (Hung.) June.
Julmarke: (Ger.) Christmas seal issued by private organizations.
Julm¦rke(r): (Dan.) Christmas stamp(s)
Julmärke: (Swed.) Christmas stamp.
Julmerke: (Nor.) Christmas stamp.
Jumbo pouch: name given to unlabeled pouches for miscellaneous matter on R.P.O. routes.
Jumbo stamps: stamps with wide margins; should have even margins on all sides; also referred to as Boardwalk Margins.
Jumelle press: web-fed press that combines two printing methods, photogravure and intaglio.
Jummo et Cachemire: (Fr.) Jammu and Kashmir.
Jump bidding: the principle that all participants at a public auction must engage in competitive bidding, even if they are represented by a common agent. If an auction agent receives two bids for the same lot, one at $500 and one at $1,000, and the bidding is in $50 increments, then if the bidding reaches $400, the auction agent calls out $550, the amount his $1,000 client would have needed to bid to win the bid if the $500 bid was entered.
Jump pair: two adjacent coil stamps where the design is not in alignment with each other.
Junagarh: see Sorouth.
Junagarh: India Feudatory State of Soruth.
Jungferninsein: (Ger.) Virgin Islands.
Jungfruöarna: (Swed.) the Virgin Islands.
Juni: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) June.
Junk box: 1: refers to a box of assorted low value stamps or covers being offered or sold as one lot. 2: Box of same priced material such as a box of 50¬Ę covers. 3: box of low-priced material being sold individually.
Junk mail: term used for third-class advertising mail.
Junta: (Sp.) council, governing body.
Junta de Defensa Nacional: (Sp.) National Defense Council; formed by Spanish Nationalists in 1936 to administer the regions they controlled.
Junta Provisional Revolucionaria: (Sp.) Provisional Revolutionary Council; formed during revolution of 1868; authorized "Habilitado por la Nacion" overprints.
Jury: judges of a stamp exhibition.
Jusqu'a: name of marking on air mail covers to discontinue conveyance by air at designated location.
Justice, Dep't. of: inscription, U.S. officials, all stock of remaining stamps were burned in February 1885.
Justice Fran'oise: tax on judicial court papers; French Colony revenue inscription.
Justice Indigene: local court fees; French Colony revenue inscription.
JWB: Joseph W. Butler, BEP employees initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
JWG: James W. Gessford, BEP employees initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
J.W. Scott & Co.'s Monthly price list: earliest Scott catalog, June 1867.
JX: 1: Scott Catalogue prefix for Porte de Mar (Mexico). 2: (Fr.) journaux (newspapers).
Jylland: (Dan, Nor.) Jutland


(Data Above sourced from "Ask Phil" and other sources. Last edit 8/Aug/2008 Amhazing)

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K to KE


K 60 K: Armenia overprint on stamps of Russia.
K-numeral-K: Far Eastern Republic surcharge, 1920.
K: 1: Scott Catalogue prefix for U.S. Offices in China. 2: (Without country name) Bosnia and Herzegovina money unit. 3: auction catalog abbreviation for Kuna (Croatia); Koruna (Czech Republic), Kroon (Estonia), Kwanza (Angola), Kina (Papua New Guinea), Kip (Laos)Kyat (Myanmar). 4: watermark on sheets of Bosnia and Herzegovina, 1890- 5: with eagle and United States of America: Connecticut Custom House revenue seal. 6: comb (perforation): if used as suffix to catalog number, it indicates tete-beche variation. 7: German abbreviation for carmine color overprint or surcharge. 8: Kissingen. 9: with crown Krakau. 10. international postal code for Cambodia.
Kaapstad (Cape Town): Republic of South Africa.
Kabard(ino)-Balkaria, Republic of: Jan.14, 2002: illegal labels, purporting to be stamps, Russian Federation report to the UPU; not valid for postage.
Kabinettbriefstuck: (Ger.) very fine item, choice copy.
Kabul, Kingdom of: see Afghanistan.
Kabwe: formerly Broken Hill, Zambia.
Kachet: (Ger.) cachet.
Kadnikof: local post, Russian Zemstvo, 1871-1914.
Kaffebrun: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) coffee-brown (color).
Kafr-Ammar: Egypt, 1879-1882; see Interpostal seals.
Kafr-Cheik: Egypt, 1879-1884; see Interpostal seals.
Kafr-Daouar: Egypt, 1865-1882; see Interpostal seals.
Kafr-Daoude: Egypt, 1879-1882; see Interpostal seals.
Kafr-el-Chuar: Egypt, 1872-1874; see Interpostal seals.
Kafr-Zayat: Egypt, 1864-1882; see Interpostal seals.
Kahului Railroad Company: Hawaii railway that printed stamps for mail carried on their trains to post offices.
Kais. Deutsche Marine-Schiffpost: (Ger.) Imperial German Naval ships post.
Kaiserlich Deutsche Postagentur Shanghai: German postal agency marking from Shanghai, China, 1886.
Kaiserliche Koniglich: (Ger.) Imperial / Royal. Kalkal: Egypt, 1879-1880; see Interpostal seals.
Kaiserliche Konigliche Osterreichische Post: inscription on stamps of Austria, Austrian Offices in Turkey.
Kais. Koenigl. Oesterreichpost: inscription on stamps of Austria, Austrian Offices in Turkey.
Kais. Kon. Zeitungs Stample (Stemple): inscription on stamps of Austria for newspaper tax, Lombardy-Venetia; 1853-90.
Kajman Szigetek: (Hung.) the Cayman Islands.
Kajoeagoeng: (Japanese occupation) 1942-45, Palembang district Sumatra local overprint.
Kakaobrun (Dan., Nor., Swed.) cocoa-brown (color).
Kalaalit Nunaat: (Greenland) Greenland.
Kalayaan Nang Pilipinas: inscription on stamps of Japan for Philippines, "Independence" Japanese Occupation, 1943.
Kalimantan, republik: bogus overprints for supposed independence movement in Indonesia.
Kaliningrad: formerly Konigsberg, USSR.
Kalisz: city in German-occupied Russian Poland, local post overprint, 1918-20.
Kalman-Inseln: (Ger.) Cayman Islands.
Kalmar-Oland Island and Return Experimental Flight: see Sweden - 1914 Kalmar-Oland Island and Return Experimental Flight
Kalmykia: c1996; illegal labels, purporting to be stamps, Russian Federation report to the UPU Jan. 14, 2002; not valid for postage.
Kalymnos: (Ger.) Calino.
Kamaran Island: 1915-pre: Turkish post office, 1915: captured by British, 1924: sub-post office of Aden, 1967: became part of Southern Yemen, 1972: Yemen Arab Republic.
Kambodscha: (Ger.) Cambodia
Kambodzsa: (Hung.) Cambodia.
Kamchatka: c 1996; illegal labels, purporting to be stamps, Russian Federation report to the UPU; Jan. 14, 2002, not valid for postage.
Kamdar: Indian States term for a princely state administrative officer Kamerun: (Ger.) Cameroun, 1900-18.
Kamenotisk: (Czech.) lithography.
Kamerun: 1. (Ger.) overprint on stamps of Germany, 1897-1915; see Cameroon. 2. (Dan., Nor., Swed.) Cameroum, Cameroons,
Kammzähnung: (Ger.) see Comb perforation.
Kampuchea: see Cambodia.
Kamtakking: (Nor.) comb perforation.
Kamtakning: (Dan.) comb perforation, see Perforering - Kam.
Kamtandning: (Swed.) comb perforation.
Kamtshatka: illegal labels, purporting to be stamps, Russian Federation report to the UPU, Jan. 14, 2002; not valid for postage.
Kamyishlof: local post, Russian Zemstvo, 1903-1917.
Kan.: abbreviation for Kansas prior to Zip Code usage.
Kanada: (Dan., Ger., Nor. Swed.) Canada.
Kanadisk: (Dan., Nor.) Canadian.
Kanadensisk: (Swed.) Canadian.
Kanalinseln: (Ger.) Channel Islands.
Kanalsone: (Nor.) the Canal Zone.
Kanalzone: (Ger.) Canal Zone.
Kanalzonen: (Dan., Swed.) the Canal Zone.
Kanal√ɬłerne: (Dan.) the Channel Islands.
Kanarieöarna: (Swed.) Canary Islands.
Kanarische Inseln: (Ger.) Canary Islands.
K & Co. (Kennedy & Co.): U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp.
Kanelbrun: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) cinnamon brown (color).
Kangaroo Island: Australian locals.
Kangaroos (Roos): name given to the 1913 map and kangaroo design of Australia.
Kanpur: also known as Cawnpore, India.
Kans.: United States protective overprint for use in Kansas to reduce post office robberies, 1920s.
Kansas: U.S. territory May 30, 1854, state Jan. 29, 1861; created from public domain areas.
Kansas and Nebraska overprints: an experiment to prevent resale of stolen stamps by overprinting current definitives "Kans." for sale in Kansas and "Nebr." for sale in Nebraska; the experiment failed since some postal employees refused to accept them and they were also extensively forged.
Kansas City roulettes: Dec. 1914; Kansas City, Mo. post office received imperforate 1¬Ę and 2¬Ę stamps in the Washington Head design; the Kansas City postmaster received permission to roulette the stamps and sell them.
Kansu-Ningsai-Tsinghai Area: 1949 People's Post, Northwest China; People's Republic of China.
Kansu Province: a single Chinese stamp was overprinted in Chinese characters for use in that province, Aug. 1949.
Kantara: Egypt, 1868-1882; see Interpostal seals.
Kanton: (Ger.) Canton.
Kanturk & Newmarket Railway Company: British railway local post.
Kap: currency unit of Latvia.
Kap der Guten Hoffnung: (Ger.) Cape of Good Hope.
Kap det Gode HÃ¥b: (Dan.) Cape of Good Hope.
Kapeikas: unit of currency in Latvia.
Kap Juby: (Ger.) Cape Juby.
Kapstaden: (Dan.) Cape Town (South Africa).
Kap Verdeöarna: (Swed.) Cape Verde Islands.
Kap Verdische Inseln: (Ger.) Cape Verde Islands.
Kap Verdiske √ɬłer: (Dan.) the Cape Verde Islands.
Kar: (Ger.) carmine (color).
Karabakh: bogus Russian issue, not valid for postage.
Karabino-Balkaria: bogus Russian issue.
Karachay-Cherkessia (Karachaevo-Cherksia): illegal labels, purporting to be stamps, Russian Federation report to the UPU, Jan. 14, 2002; not valid for postage.
Karácsony Szigetek: (Hung.) Christmas Island.
Karakalpakia: c1995, bogus Uzbekistan, USSR, not valid for postage.
Karakalpaston: bogus Russian issue.
Karbardino-Balkaria: bogus Russian issue.
Karbovanetz: unit of currency in the Ukraine; also called the ruble.
Kardinalr√ɬłd: (Dan., Nor.) cardinal red (color).
Kardinalröd: (Swed.) cardinal red (color), see Mörkröd.
Karelen: (Swed.) Karelia.
Karelia: northwestern Soviet Russia; currency: 100 pennia = 1 markka 1921, Nov. 21: independent state 1922: No. 1, 5 pennia dark gray, first stamp issue; rebellion of Karelians, 1941, Oct. 1: stamps of Finland overprinted for Russian territory of Eastern Karelia under Finnish administration, 1943: semipostal stamp issued for war victims in Eastern Karelia, 1945: Eastern Karelia regained by Russia; see Finland.
Karelia: c1997, illegal labels, purporting to be stamps, Russian Federation report to the UPU; Jan.14, 2002; not valid for postage.
Karelia, Eastern: see Karelia.
Karelien: (Dan.) Karelia,
Karema: unauthorized overprint on stamps of Belgian Congo for German East Africa.
Karen State: bogus issue.
Karjala: bogus Russian local overprint for Karelia, 1922.
Karki: overprint on stamps of Italy-Aegean islands, 1912-22; see Calchi.
Karlfonds: (Emperor Karl's Fund) military field post stamps with charity surcharge for Austria, 1918.
Karl Marx Stadt: formerly Chemnitz, German Democratic Republic.
Karlovy Vary: (German occupation) 1938, Sudentenland local post.
Karlsbad: (German occupation) 1938, Sudentenland local post.
Karlsruhe: Privat-Brief-Verkehr; German local: 1: Anselm / Kraut, 1886-1893. 2: Reichhardt, 1886-87. 3: Schmidt / Farrenkopf & Fritz, 1894-1900. 4: Herion.
Kármazinvörös: (Hung.) crimson red (color).
Karmesin: (Ger.) crimson (color).
Karmin: (Czech., Dan., Ger., Nor., Swed.) carmine (color).
Karminbrun: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) carmine-brown (color),
Karminfiolett (Dan.) carmine-violet (color).
Karminlilla: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) carmine-lilac (color),
Karminova: (Czech.) carmine (color).
Karminovocervená: (Czech.) carmine-red (color).
Karminovohnedá: (Czech.) carmine-brown (color).
Karminpurpur: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) carmine-purple (color),
Karminr√ɬłd: (Dan., Nor.) carmine-red (color),
Karminrosa: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) carmine-rose (color),
Karmint påtryck: (Swed.) carmine surcharge.
Karminviolet: (Dan.) carmine-violet (color),
Karminviolett: (Swed.) carmine-violet (color).
Kärnten: (Ger.) Carinthia.
Kärnten Abstimmung: (Ger.) overprint and surcharge on stamps of Austria for a plebiscite to determine after WW I, if residents of the Province of Carinthia (Kärnten) wanted to remain with Austria (plebiscite decision) or become part of Yugoslavia, June 6, 1919.
Karolinen: (Ger.) overprint on stamps of Germany for Caroline Islands, 1900.
Karolinerne: (Dan.) the Caroline Islands.
Karolinöarna: (Swed.) the Caroline Islands.
Karo Naslaiclams: Feb. 1924 overprint/surcharge on stamps of Lithuania semi-postal for War Invalids.
Karoris: Indian States term for collectors of revenue.
Karpaten Ukraine: (Ger.) Carpatho Ukraine.
Karpathen-Ukraine: (Dan.) Carpatho-Ukraine.
Karpát-Ukrajna: (Hung.) Carpatho-Ukraine, see Cárpátalja.
Karten-Carinthia: Austrian plebesite labels.
Kartoe Pos: (Malaya) post card
Kartografie: (Ger.) cartography.
Kartonpapier: (Ger.) thick paper.
Kasai, South Kasai: Congo non-recognized state, 1961, June 20: first stamps issued, 1961, Oct.: stamps withdrawn.
Kaschmir: (Ger.) Indian States, Jammu and Kashmir, 1866-70.
Kashira: local post, Russian Zemstvo, 1907.
Kashmir: (Ger.) Indian States, Jammu and Kashmir, 1866-70.
Kasos: (Ger.) Caso.
Kassala: Egypt, 1879-1882; see Interpostal seals.
Kassel: Courier post, German local, 1893-1900.
Kassimof: local post, Russian Zemstvo, 1869-1875.
Kastanhnedavy: (Czech.) chestnut brown (color).
Kastanjebrun: (Nor., Swed.) chestnut brown, maroon (color).
Kastanniebrun: em>(Dan.) chestnut brown, maroon (color).
Kastenzähnung: (Ger.) harrow perforation.
Katalog: (Ger.) catalog(ue), a list of certain philtelic items arranged in a certain order..
Katalognummer: (Ger.) catalog number; a designated number or set of numbers from a postage stamp or postal history reference universally identifying a philatelic item.
Katalogové Císlo: (Czech.) catalog number.
Katalogschlager: (Ger.) price list discounted from catalogue listing.
Katalogwert: (Ger.) catalog value.
Katanga: Central Africa, Congo nonrecognized state, currency: 100 centimes = 1 franc 1960-pre: used stamps of Belgian Congo, 1960, July 11: seceded from Congo Democratic Republic, 1960, Sept.12: No. 1, 50 centimes multicolor, first stamps, stamps of Belgian Congo with overprint "Katanga," 1960, Dec. 30: postage due stamps, Belgian Congo issue handstamped "Katanga," 1961, July 11: first semipostal, 1961, Sept.: UN declared secession ended, 1961, Dec.-March 1962: used stamps of Katanga overprinted Congo, 1963: Democratic Republic of Congo.
Katastrofepost: (Dan.) catastrophy mail, disaster mail, wreck mail, crash covers (interrupted flight covers).
Katapultpost: (Dan.) ship catapult mail.
Katar: (Hung.) Qatar.
Katastrophenpost: (Ger.) mail from a disaster, usually marked with a rubber stamped cachet.
Katchak Posta: (Turkish characters) "Smuggled Letter," Turkey, used for smuggled private letters into Greece that were caught, paid double postage and fine.
Kathiawar: see Jasden. Kathiri State of Seiyun: 1937-42: used stamps of Aden, post office opened May 25, 1937, 1942, Aug.: first stamps, 1964, July 1, 1964: last issue, replaced by Federation of South Arabia, currently Yemen; see Aden States.
Kathiri State of Seiyun: Eastern Aden Protectorate; 1937-42: used stamps of Aden, post office opened May 25, 1937, 1942, Aug.: No.1, 1/2 anna dark green, first stamps valid throughout Aden, 1964, July 1, 1964: last issue, replaced by Federation of South Arabia, currently Yemen; see Aden States.
Katibo: Donald Evans issue, Surinam.
Katie: one of the Sicmon Islands in the South Pacific created by Nick Bantock for his book, "Griffin & Sabine."
Katin: one of the Sicmon Islands in the South Pacific created by Nick Bantock for his book, "Griffin & Sabine."
Katona Posta: (Hung.) military posts.
Katonai Posta : (Hung.) military post.
Katze: (Ger.) cats (thematic).
Kaufen: (Ger.) to buy.
Kauft Wohlfahrtsbriefmarken: (Ger.) "Buy charity stamps for the Winter Relief," Germany machine cancel, 1931-37.
Kaulbach Island: Canada local post; island off the coast of Nova Scotia with local post stamp to frank mail to the nearest Canadian post office on the mainland; 1971-84.
Kaunas: formerly Kovno, city in Lithuania; 1923-25: known as Kaunas printing, Klaipeda: inscription, Memel, Lithuanian occupation.
Kavalla: see Cavalla.
Kavárna; (Czech.) coffee house.
Kawala: (Ger.) Cavalle.
Kawthulay: Burmese related fantasy.
Kazakhstan: independent republic in southern Russia; currency: 100 kopecks = 1 ruble, 100 tyyn = 1 tenge 1991, Dec.26: joined with other former Soviet states to form the Commonwealth of Independent States, 1992, March 23: No.1, 50 kopecks multicolor, first stamps, 1992, Aug. 27: joined the UPU, 1994, Nov. 3: first semipostal stamp.
Kazan: local post, Russian Zemstvo, 1895.
Kazovy: (Czech.) faulty, imperfect.
K B: Scott Catalogue prefix for exile government semi-postal.
K.C.-Nouita: resembles these letters; Princely Serbian Post, Serbia, 1866.
K. CPbCKA nOMTA: (Resembles these letters) Serbia.
Kcs: (Czech.) Czechoslovakian crown.
K.D.: Kaiserliche Deutsche (Ger.) Imperial Germany.
K.D.P.A.: Königlich Dansk Post Amt. (Dan.) Royal Danish Post Office.
"K" die: the 3rd die of the 3-cent stamp of the first series of U.S. stamped envelopes; named after the label ends which resemble the letter "K."
KE: abbreviation for King Edward VII issues.
Kedah: Malaya, Malaysia; upper west side of Malay Peninsula; 1909-pre: sultanate under Thai control, stamps of Siam, 1909: British took over area, stamps of Federated Malay States and Straits Settlements used, 1912, July 1: No.1, 1¬Ę green and black, first stamps, 1942, May 13: Japanese occupation, Kedah stamps overprinted "Dai Nippon," 1943, Oct. 19: ceded to Thailand by Japan, named Syburi, 1945, Sept.: restored to Malaya; B.M.A. Malaya issue used, 1950: Malaya-Kedah inscription, 1957: stamps of Malayan Federation used along with those of Kedah, 1963, Sept.: became part of Federation of Malaysia, 1965, Nov. 15: Kedah used designs of Johore inscribed Kedah on stamps of Malaysia.
Kedd: (Hung.) Tuesday.
Keeling Islands: see Cocos (Keeling) Islands.
Kegelmugel: bogus issue.
Kehrdruck: (Ger.) see Tête-bêche. Kekantan: Malaya, Malaysia.
Keine Postsendung: (Ger.) "Not for mailing" printed across area where address normally goes to signify that the postal item is a hand-back piece to be given to the collector and not valid for postal use.
Keizyo Tyosen: (Kor.) Seoul, Korea.
Kék: (Hung.) blue (color).
K√©kessz√ɬľrke: (Hung.) blue (bluish)-grey (color).
Kékeszöld: (Hung.) blue(ish)-green (color).
Kékeszöld: (Hung.) aquamarine (color).
Kékis: (Hung.) bluish (color).
Kelantan: state, Malaya; on east side of Malay Peninsula; (located in Scott Catalogue after Malaya); 1909-pre: stamps of Siam, 1909: Federated Malay States, ceded to British protection by Siam, 1911, Jan.: No.1, 1¬Ę gray-green, first stamps, 1942: Japanese occupation, stamps of Kelantan overprinted in Japanese, 1943, Oct. 19: ceded to Thailand by Japan, 1943, Nov. 15: Thailand issued occupation stamps, 1945, Sept.: restored to Malaya; B.M.A. Malaya issue used, 1948: Federation of Malaya established, first commemorative stamp, 1951, July 11: first definitive stamp, 1957: stamps of the Malayan Federation used along with those of Kelantan, 1965, Nov. 15: used designs of Johore, inscribed Kelatan, stamps of Malaysia.
Kelet: (Hung.) East.
Kellogg's Penny Post & City Despatch: 1853; U.S. local post, Cleveland, Ohio.
Kelly, J. B. & Co.: U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp.
Kelvin Penney Post: United Kingdom postal strike; local post 1971.
Kemahkotaan: overprint on stamps of Malaya - Johore for Coronation of new Sultan, 1896.
Kemp Land: Antarctic fantasy.
Kempten: displaced persons camp, local post, 1948.
Kendall, B.J. & Co.: U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp.
Kene: Egypt, see Interpostal seals,1872-84.
Keneta: cents, on stamps of Hawaii.
Kennebec & Boston Express: parcel delivery firm serviced Boston, Mass. and the Kennebec area of Maine; used a label, year unknown.
Kennebec Express: mail delivery firm serviced Boston, Mass. and the Kennebec area of Maine; used a label, year unknown.
Kennedy & Co.: U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp.
Kennedy, Dr.: U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp.
Kenner: (Ger.) expert.
Kenn-Nr.: (Ger.) identification number.
Kensett, T. & Co.: U.S. private die canned fruit proprietary stamp.
Kent Postal Service: United Kingdom postal strike; local post 1971.
Kenttäpostia: (Fin.) fieldpost, inscription for free mail for Finnish troops in 1941-44 as well as civilian mail addressed to the armed forces.
Kentucky: 1: U.S. state June 1, 1792; part of Virginia until statehood. 2: first federal issue revenue of US, July 1, 1798-Feb. 28, 1801.
Kenya: East Africa, on Indian Ocean; currency: 100 cents = 1 East African shilling. 1895: joined the UPU as a British colony as British East Africa, 1906: became a Crown Colony, 1935: Tanganyika grouped with Kenya and Uganda under the East African Postal and Telecommunications Administration, 1935-63: stamps inscribed "Kenya Uganda Tanganyika" valid in all three areas, 1961: became independent, 1963, Dec. 12: No.1, 5¬Ę blue, buff and dark brown, became independent as a republic, issued first stamp as Kenya, 1963: Uhuru (independence) issue first to use name of Kenya alone, 1964: merged with Zanzibar, and Zanzibar was added to the stamp inscriptions, 1964, Oct. 1: first official stamp, 1964, Oct. 27: joined the UPU, 1965: Tanzania added making it Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Zanzibar, 1967: first postage due stamp; 1968, Jan. 1: Zanzibar withdrew its stamps, leaving it as Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania in various arrangement in the order of the names; see British East Africa, East Africa, Kenya Uganda and Tanganyika Tanzania.
Kenya: Mau Mau and unofficial overprints; unissued Great Britain cinderellas by David Horry, 2001.
Kenya Tanganyika Uganda: hippos mating; unissued Great Britain cinderella by David Horry, 2001.
Kenya, Uganda, Tanganyika and Zanzibar: October 25, 1964, inscriptionon stamps issued by the East African Common Services Organization, not used in Zanzibar.
Kenya-Uganda-Tanzania: East Africa on the Indian Ocean; currency: 100 cents = 1 rupee, 100 cents = 1 shilling (1922), 20 shillings = 1 pound 1894: Uganda Protectorate declared a British protectorate, 1920, July 23: East Africa Protectorate renamed Kenya and became a colony, 1921: No.1, 1¬Ę black, inscription for East Africa and Uganda Protectorates, 1922, Nov. 1: first stamps inscribed Kenya and Uganda, 1928: first postage due; Kenya and Uganda, 1930: joint East African Postal Administration, 1935, May1: first stamps issued with joint inscription, 1935: Tanganyika grouped with Kenya and Uganda under the East African Postal and Telecommunications Administration, 1959: official overprint, 1961: Tanganyika became independent, 1962: Uganda became independent, 1964: Tanganyika merged with Zanzibar, and Zanzibar was added to the stamp inscriptions, 1964, Oct. 25: stamps inscribed Kenya Uganda Tanganyika Zanzibar, in various orders, 1965, April 15: first issue without Tanganyika, 1965: Tanzania added making it Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Zanzibar, 1968, Jan. 1: Zanzibar withdrew its stamps, leaving it as Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania in various arrangement in the order of the names. 1976: independent issues for three countries were valid; see Kenya.
Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania: see Tanganyika: trust territory;
Kenya Uganda Tanganyika: 1: see Tanganyika: trust territory. 2: the Oomagoolie legless bird; unissued Great Britain cinderella by David Horry, 2001.
Kenya Tanganyika Uganda: hippos mating; unissued Great Britain cinderella by David Horry, 2001.
Kenyon & Co.'s Express: parcel delivery firm serviced the New York City area; used a label, year unknown.
Kenyon's Letter Office: U.S. local post handstamp, New York, N.Y., 1846-60.
Képeslap: (Hung.) picture postcard.
Képes Levelezolap: (Hung.) postcard.
Kerassunde: 1909-10, name of city as overprint on stamps of Russia, Offices in Turkish Empire.
Keretfogazat: (Hung.) harrow perforation.
Kerguelen archipelago: see French Southern and Antarctic Territories.
Kerguelen Land: Antarctic, also known as Desolation Island, 1892.
Kerkira: formerly Corfu, Greece.
Kermadec Islands: local stamp of a New Zealand, Pacific Island, 1937.
Kernow: Great Britain Cornwall local post, 1978.
Kerr, Dr. Jas. C.: U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp.
Ker's City Post: local, bogus, Canada, in 1800s.
Kestrel Aviation: United Kingdom postal strike; local post 1971.
Kerttu: (Fin.) local post for use on steamships carrying mail, Finland, 1890s.
Ker√ɬľlet: (Hung.) (political) district.
Keswick & Penrith Railway: British railway local post.
Ketahkotaan: Johore.
K.E.VII: King Edward Seventh of Great Britain, who reigned from Jan. 22, 1901 to May 6, 1910.
K.E.VIII: King Edward Eighth of Great Britain, who reigned from Jan. 20, 1936 to Dec. 11, 1936.
Kewkiang: China treaty port local stamp, 1894-97.
Key: the design outline defining all areas of color.
Key plate: the printing plate that prints the stamp's design and used in conjunction with a duty plate.
Key stone: the stone where transfers of the key are arranged as needed.
Key type: issues of two or more postal administrations using the same stamp design.


(Data Above sourced from "Ask Phil" and other sources. Last edit 8/Aug/2008 Amhazing)

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K.G.C.A.: (Koruska Glasoona Cona A) Carinthian Plebescite Zone A; Karen Government Commission, Zone A,1920; see Carinthia.
Kgl: (Ger.) Königlich; under the powers of the King.
Kgl. Bayer. Staatseisenb.: Royal Bavarian State Railway stamp used to pay freight charges on parcels shipped via the railroad.
K.G.L. (with cents): Danish West Indies or (with skillings) Denmark.
Kgl. Baver Statseisenb: Bavaria Railway stamps.
Kgl. Post Frm: (Dan.) Kongeligt Post-Frimaerke (Royal Post Free Stamp) inscription on Danish stamps, 1853-68.
K.G.V.: King George Fifth of Great Britain, who reigned from May 6, 1910 to Jan. 20, 1936.
K.G.VI.: King George Sixth of Great Britain, who reigned from Dec. 11, 1936 to Feb. 6, 1952.
Khafji: disputed neutral zone in Arabia between Saudi Arabia and Kuwait.
Khakasia: Jan.14, 2002: illegal labels, purporting to be stamps, Russian Federation report to the UPU; not valid for postage.
Kharkof: local post, Russian Zemstvo, 1870-1902.
Kharkov: Russian local provisional, overprint on Ukraine, 1920-22.
Khartoum: Egypt, 1872-1882; see Interpostal seals (for overseas offices).
Khatatbe: Egypt, 1879-1884; see Interpostal seals.
Khemis Mil: formerly Affreville, Algeria.
Kherson: local post, Russian Zemstvo, 1867-1914.
Khios: occupied by Greece Nov. 11, 1912, overprinted Greek stamps issued May 1913; see Chios.
Khmere: Cambodia, 1971-75.
Khmer Republic: Cambodia; 1971: first commemorative stamp, 1972: first semi-postal stamp, 1973: first air mail stamp, 1974: first postage due stamp.
Kholm: local post, Russian Zemstvo, 1906-1911.
Khor Fakkan: Sharjah Dependency; now part of the United Arab Emirates; 1965-69: first commemorative stamps favor inscribed or overprinted, valid throughout Sharjah.
Khoresm: local post, capital at Khiva, 1922.
Khor Fakkan: Sharjah Dependency; now part of the United Arab Emirates; 1965: first commemorative stamps favor inscribed or overprinted, no postal usage.
KHTAH: (Cyrillic) Russian Post Offices in China; 1899: surcharge on stamps of Russia.
Khvalynsk: local post, Russian Zemstvo, 1901-1914.
Ki-An: (Kiangsi) central China local post, 1949.
Kiang-hwai: east China local post, 1949.
Kiangsu-Anhwei: border area, local post, east China, 1938.
Kiangsu Province: central China, People's Post; 1949: local post as surcharges on Chinese stamps, also used regional issues of China, local issues include air mail, special delivery and registration stamps.
Kiaochow (Kiautschou): see China, German Post Offices.
Kiao-Tcheou: Kiauchau.
Kiautschau (ou): (Ger.) German colony on Chinese mainland, south of Shantung Peninsula; currency: 100 pfennig = 1 mark, 100 cents = 1 dollar (1905) 1897: leased to Germany, 1900: No.1, 5 pfennigs carmine, stamps of Germany overprinted "China" for post offices in China, inscribed "Kiautschou," 1914, Sep.2: Japanese troops captured colony; stamps of Japan used, 1920s: mourning label issued by German stamp dealer Sigmund Hartig, 1922: Japanese left; returned to China; see China, German Post Offices.
Kibo: secessionist province of Tanzania marketed as matchbox labels.
Kibris Cumhuriyeti: (Turk.) Cyprus Rrepublic.
Kibris Turk Federe Devleti: (Turk.) Cyprus, Turkish occupation.
Ki-Chung: north Chinese local,1946.
Kicking Mule cancellation: fancy cancel depicting a mule kicking used in Port Townsend, Wash, (1877-86), and Goleta, Ca. (1884),
Kidder & Laird: U.S. private die perfumery proprietary stamp.
Kidder's City Express Post: U.S. local post, Brooklyn, N. Y., 1847.
Kidder's Express: parcel delivery firm serviced Boston and Rockport, Mass., used a label, year unknown.
Kiel: 1: German local post, 1945-48. 2: Courier local, 1895-1900. 3: Hammonia local, 1896. 4: Kieler Paketfahrt, German local 1909-13.
Kielce szkol na tysiac lecie: (Pol.) fund raising label to build schools.
Kiev: Ukraine local provisional issue, 1920-22.
Kigoma: unauthorized overprint on stamps of Belgian Congo for German East Africa.
Ki Kiang: (Kiren-Heilung Kiang) Northeast China, local, 1946.
Kilenc: (Hung.) nine (number).
Kilencven: (Hung.) ninety (number).
Kilis: town in Turkey; 1921: single stamp released, one piastre, native language inscription.
Killer: 1: any obliterating postmark that will render re-use of a stamp impossible. 2: a barred portion of a dual canceler.
Killer bars: horizontal lines which are typically used to cancel a stamp, typically to the right of the cancel.
Kilmer, Dr. & Co: Binghamton, N.Y. manufacturer of Proprietary Medicines converted 1¬Ę, 2¬Ę and 3¬Ę postage stamps of the 1895 issue into provisional revenue stamps.
Kilometro 83: Egypt, 1868-1871; see Interpostal seals.
Kiloware: term used by dealers or countries to sell mixtures of stamps on paper; a kilo is approximately 2 1/3 pounds.
Kina: 1. currency unit in Papua New Guinea. 2. (Dan., Hung., Nor., Swed.) China
Kinai: (Hung.) Chinese.
Kina (Császáság): (Hung.) Chinese Empire (existant until January 1912).
Kina (Köztársaság): (Hung.) Republic of China.
Kina, Folkerepbulik: (Dan.) see Folkerepbulik Kina.
Kina (Formosa): (Hung.) Republic of China (Taiwan).
Kina (Népköztársaság): (Hung.) People's Republic of China.
Kinai: (Hung.) Chinese.
Kinar√ɬłd: (Nor.) Chinese red (color).
Kinderpost; Kinderstempel: (Ger.) children's stamps; see Toy stamps.
Kinderzegels: children's charity semi-postal stamps used in Holland since 1924.
Kinderzeichnungen: children's contest moon post labels printed in Germany, year unknown.
Kinesisk: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) Chinese (adj.).
Kinesisk Post i Manchuriet: (Dan.) Chinese Post Offices in Manchuria.
Kinesisk Post i Tibet: (Dan.) Chinese Post Offices in Tibet.
King Bomba: Ferdinand II, ruler of the Kingdom of Two Sicilies, got the name of King Bomba because he shelled villages that he felt deserved punishment.
Kingdom of Libia: Feb. 10, 1966 United Kingdom of Libya special delivery inscription.
Kingdom of Two Sicilies: Italian State made up of the island of Sicily, and part of the Apennine Peninsula; 1815: union between Kingdom of Naples and Kingdom of Sicily, 1858, Jan 1: No.1, 1/2 grana pale lake, separate first stamps, issues for Naples, 1859, Jan 1: separate issue for Sicily, 1860, July 17: both issues replaced by provisional government stamps of Sardinia; annexed to Sardinia, 1861, March 17: Kingdom of Sardinia changed its name to Kingdom of Italy,stamps for Neapolitan Provinces 1862: replaced by stamps of Italy.
King Edward VII Land: overprint on stamps of New Zealand for Sir Ernest Shackleton's antarctic expedition, 1908; possibly created to prove territorial claims in the area; Shackleton appointed postmaster prior to departure, and supplied with stamps and a cancellation.
King George V Medallion stamps: Canada's set of six stamps was issued Dec. 1, 1932; they show a medallion portrait of King George V thought to have been taken from the obverse of British coins.
Kingman's City Post: about 1850s, Charleston, S. C.; see Carriers' Stamps.
King's Arm Hotel: United Kingdom postal strike; local post 1971.
King's Delivery: parcel delivery firm serviced Montreal, Canada, used labels; year unknown.
King's Express: parcel delivery firm serviced Montreal, Canada, used labels; year unknown.
King's Road: 13th century post road to and from Finland, Sweden, Russia and the Baltics.
King's Road SW3 Strike: United Kingdom postal strike; local post 1971.
Kingston, Ga. Paid 5 cents: see Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Kingston Relief Fund: overprint on Barbados for semipostal, Kingston, Jamaica earthquake relief fund, 1906.
Kingston Young Conserv.: United Kingdom postal strike; local post 1971.
Kingsway Stamps: United Kingdom postal strike; local post 1971.
Kinshasa: capital city, The Congo Democratic Republic.
Kinsley & Co's Express: mail and parcel delivery firm serviced Boston, Mass, New York City and Philadelphia, Pa.; used a corner card and labels; 1857.
Kinsley's Express: private mail delivery firm serviced Boston and Fall River, Mass and Newport, R.I.; used a label, year unknown.
Kionga: southeast Africa on Indian River; currency: 100 centavos = 1 escudo. 1916, May 29: No.1, 1/2 centavo blue, occupied by Portugal, overprint "Republica Kionga"on stamps of Lourenco Marques, WWI-post: incorporated into Mozambique.
Kip: currency unit in Laos.
Kir: (Hung.) abbreviation for királyi, royal.
Királykék: (Hung.) royal blue (color).
Kirby & Sons: see Private die match proprietary stamps.
Kirche: (Ger.) church.
Kirchenstaat: (Ger.) Vatican State in Rome
Kiribati: islands in the Pacific Ocean northeast of Australia; formerly British colony of Gilbert Islands; islands in the South Pacific; consists of Gilbert, Phoenix, Ocean and Line Islands, currency: 100 cents = 1 Australian dollar 1976: Ellice Islands divided into two parts, Tuvalu and Gilberts, 1979, July 11: Gilberts became Republic of Kiribati, 1979, July 12: No.1, 10¬Ę multicolor, 1981, May: first official stamp, 1981, Aug. 27: first postage due stamp, 1984, Aug. 14: joined the UPU.
Kirighizistan: (Fr.) Kyrgyzstan.
Kirillof: local post, Russian Zemstvo, 1871-1910.
Kirin and Heilungchange: province; part of Northeast China Liberation Area; known as Manchuria by Japan; 1927: China overprinted stamps for use in her postal agencies, see Manchuria. 1946: Ministry of Posts and Telegraphs established, 1947, June 1: Harbin General Post office in charge, extended to Manchuria.
Kirkestat(en): (Dan.) Roman State(s)
Kirobo: Madagascar local issue.
Kirschrot: (Ger.) cerise (color).
Kirshbaum Special Delivery: delivery firm serviced Philadelphia, Pa., used a label, year unknown.
Kisangani: formerly Stanleyville, Zaire.
Kishangarh: India Feudatory State; 1899: No.1, 1 anna green, first local stamps, 1918: first official stamps, 1948: joined Bundi and Jaipur to form Rajasthan, official stamps overprinted "ON/K S/D," 1949: separate stamps discontinued, 1950: uses stamps of Republic of India.
Kisív: (Hung.) miniature sheet.
Kiss printing: type of printing where the paper is lightly pressed on the printing plate causing it to come into contact a second time.
Kiss stamp: a blank rectangle in a sheet or book of stamps filled in with a large X or St. Andrews's Cross; see St. Andrew's Cross.
Kite messages: recorded usage in China, during a siege in AD 549.
Kitty Hawk: overprint on U.S. International Civil Aeronautics stamps, privately made by A.C. Roessler.
Kiung-Lai: southwest Chinese local, 1950.
Kivágás: (Hung.) postage stamp(s) on piece of paper or envelope, see levéldarab.
Kjobenhavns by og Hus Telegraf By Post: see Copenhagen - Lauritzen & Thaulow Local Post.
Kjobenhavn's Pakke Expedition: local, Copenhagen, Denmark, 1901.
Kjobenhavns Telefon-Kiosker: local, Copenhagen, Denmark.
K.K., K.u.K.: (Ger.) Kaiserlich und Königliches (Imperial and Royal) on stamps of Austria and possessions.
K.K. (Brief Marken): Imperial Royal Letter Stamp, Austria.
K.K.G.A.P.: Kaiserl. Königl. Grenz-Amts-Post (Dan.) Royal Danish Post Office.
K.K.H.M.: watermark for Kaiserlich Königliches Handels-Ministerium (Imperial and Royal Ministry of Commerce), watermark in script letters on first issue of Austria.
K K K: Kataas-taasan Kagalanggalang Katiopunan, inscription on Aguinaldo, Philippine stamps, a political secret society.
K K Post Stemple: 1: (Imperial Royal Postage Stamp) (Kreuzer denominations) Austria. 2: (cents denominations) Austria, Lombardy Venetia. 3: labels produced at international stamp exhibitions, 1881 and 1890, with date on bottom of label.
K K Post Stemple Zeitung: Austria newspaper stamps.
Klaallit Nunaat (Kaladlit Nunat): Greenland.
Klaipeda: inscription, Memel, Lithuanian occupation, 1923-25; formerly Memel, USSR.
Klar: 1. (Nor.) deep (as referencing the color of a postage stamp), 2. (Swed.) bright (as referencing the color of a postage stamp).
Klarblå: (Swed.) bright blue (color).
Klar karmin: (Swed.) bright carmine (color).
Klargul: (Swed.) bright yellow (color).
Klargulorange: (Swed.) bright yellow-orange (color).
Klar mörk karmin: (Swed.) bright dark carmine (color).
Klart tryck: (Swed.) clear print.
Klarultramarin: (Swed.) bright ultramarine (color).
Klassifizieren: (Ger.) to classify.
Klebefalz: (Ger.) gummed hinge.
Klebezettel, philatelistischer: (Ger.) philatelic label.
Klein: (Ger.) small.
Kleinbogen: (Ger.) sheet of a stamp or stamps, surrounded with a paper margin issued for a specific event or purpose, sheetlet, souvenir sheet.
Kleinbogensatz: (Ger.) set of sheetlets.
Kleinformat: (Ger.) small size or format.
Klemmbinder: (Ger.) spring-back binder.
Klipp: (Swed.) postage stamp(s) on paper clipping.
Klischee: (Ger.) printing block.
Klisjé: (Nor.) cliché.
Klondike Airways: local, Canada, 1928.
K.N.: (Resembles these letters) postal tax overprint of Greece.
Knapp: (Ger.) cut close.
Knappenålshull: (Nor.) pin-hole.
K N.C P N. n OnT A: (Resembles these letters) Serbia.
Knife: 1: the cutting edge of the machine which cuts the envelope blank. 2: the size and shape of the die-cut papers from which the envelopes are folded.
Knight's Express: private mail delivery firm serviced the Boston, Mass. area; used labels, year unknown.
Knihovna: (Czech.) library.
Knihtisk: (Czech.) typography, letterpress printing.
Knochen: (Ger.) stamps in very poor condition.
Knockdown price: see Hammer price.
Knott End Railway (G&KERy): British railway local post.
Knoxville, Tenn Paid 5: see Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
K.N.S.M.: Koninklijke Nederlandsche Stoomboot Mij. (Dutch) Royal Netherlands Steamship Company.
Kobalt: (Ger.) cobalt.
Koban: Japan's first typographed stamps, 1876.
Kobber: (Dan.) copper (metallic color).
Kobberr√ɬłd: (Dan.) copper-red (color).
Kobberstik: (Dan.) copper plate engraving.
Kobbertryk: (Dan.) copper plate.
Kobelaky: local post, Russian Zemstvo, 1903-1908.
K√ɬłbenhavn: (Dan.) Copenhagen.
Koblenz: 1: Eildienst des Coblenzer General-Anzeiger, German local post, 1924-25. 2: Stadt-Brief& Packet-Verkehr, German local, 1895-1900.
Kobo: unit of currency in Nigeria.
Koboltblå: (Dan., Nor.) cobalt blue (color),
Kocher stamps: A. Kocher et Fils, Switzerland, had impressions of the "Tell's Son" definitives in 1909 printed on the firm's adhesive labels; the stamps frames by advertising matter; the Swiss postal authorities withdrew the privilege.
Koeniglich Ungarish: (Ger.) Royal Hungarian.
K O H: Russia, South Russia, Far Eastern Republic, Finalnd, Latvia or Batum.
Kokos-Inseln: (Ger.) Cocos islands.
Kolchak Issues: 1918: Adm. Aleksandr Kolchak controlled Siberia from Lake Baikal to the River Volga; executed by the Bolsheviks in 1920.
Kolding: Seaport in Vejle county, SE Jutland, Denmark, on the inlet of the Little Belt River ca. 120 miles WSW of Copenhagen. Local post opened in October 1887, with "Kolding Bypost" local stamps being issued at the same time. The service closed 30 April 1900.
Kolding Bypost: local, Denmark railway parcel, 1887-1900.
Koletni pratki: inscription for parcel stamps of Bulgaria.
Kolguev Island: illegal labels, purporting to be stamps, Russian Federation report to the UPU; Jan. 14, 2002; not valid for postage.
Kolmy: (Czech.) vertical.
Koln / Rhein: local, Cologne / Rhine, Germany, 1945-48.
Kolo: city in German-occupied Russian Poland, local post overprint, 1918-20.
Kologrif: local post, Russian Zemstvo, 1888-1891.
Kolomna: local post, Russian Zemstvo, 1871-1916.
Kolomyya: Western Ukraine, Russian local post, 1918, 1922: stamps of Austria overprinted "Ykp. H.P" and a surcharge, 1919: registration stamp issued with same inscription.
K√ɬłloni: (Nor.) colony.
Kolonie(r): (Dan.) colony(ies).
Kolonie Curacao: (Colony of Curacao) Netherlands Antilles, 1903-08.
Kolonie Suriname: (Colony of Suriname) Suriname, 1903-08.
Kolumbien: (Ger.) Colombia.
Komb: (Ger.) combined.
Komi: illegal labels, purporting to be stamps, Russian Federation report to the UPU; Jan. 14, 2002; not valid for postage.
Komis: bogus issue, not valid for postage.
Komitetitte Qindreses: cinderella, Albania Government in Exile.
Kommune: (Nor.) municipality, used on litter disposal fee stamps.
Komoren: (Ger.) Comoro islands.
Komori Sziget: (Hung.) the Comoro Islands.
Komplett: (Ger., Swed.) complete.
Kompletter satz: (Ger.) complete set.
Komponisten: (Ger.) composers.
Komsomolsk: bogus Russian local overprint.
K.O.M.W., Groszy: 1915, Municipal Council of Warsaw, local stamps, used within 30 miles of the radius of the city of Warsaw.
Kon: Batum, Far Eastern Republic, Finland, Latvia, Russia, White Russia money unit.
Koncentracní Tabory: see Celistvosti - Koncentracní Tabory
Koncentrationsläger: (Swed.) concentration camp.
Koncentrationslägerpost: (Swed.) concentration camp mail.
Koncentrationslejr: (Dan.) concentration camp.
Koncentrationslejrpost: (Dan.) concentration camp mail.
Koneuwe, Rep.: bogus label.
Konfedererad Stater: (Swed.) Confederate States.
Konf√ɬłdererede Stater: (Dan.) Confederate States.
Konföderierte Staaten: (Ger.) Confederate States of America.
Konge: (Dan., Nor.) king.
Kongeblå: (Dan., Nor.) royal blue (color).
Konged√ɬłmme: (Nor.) kingdom.
Kongelict Post Frimaerke: (Royal Post Free Stamp) inscription on stamps of Denmark, 1851.
Kongelig: (Dan., Nor.) royal.
Kongelight: Danish West India or Denmark.
Kongerige: (Dan.) kingdom.
Kongerike: (Nor.) kingdom.
Kongeriket Storbritannia og Nordirland: (Nor.) the United Kingdom and Northern Ireland.
Kongo: (Ger.) Congo.
Kongó: (Hung.) the Congo.
Kongresi K.K.F.S.: with red cross, date and value; overprint for postal tax, semipostal, Albania.
König: (Ger.) king.
Königin: (Ger.) queen.
Koniglich: (Ger.) royal.
Königliche Cantzley Bote: (Swed.) royal official messenger service operated in1692 in Sweden.
Königliche Schwedisches & Norwegisches Post Comptiore (K.S.&N.P.C.): (Swed.) used Jan. 1, 1823 when Sweden was combined with Norway.
Konigreich: (Ger.) kingdom.
Konigsberg: Hansa, German local post, 1894-1900.
Konin: city in German-occupied Russian Poland, local post overprint, 1918-20.
Koninkrijk Der Nederlanden / Interneeringskampen: (Dut.) Kingdom of the Netherlands / Internment Camps, Dutch inscription for stamp labels for internees in Belgium, Feb. 1916.
Koninkrijk Nederlanden: (Dutch) inscription on stamps of the Netherlands for use by foreign military personnel interned by the Dutch government during WW 1.
Konsentrasjonsleir: (Nor.) concentration camp.
Konsentrasjonsleirpost: (Nor.) concentration camp mail.
Konstantinograd: local post, Russian Zemstvo, 1913.
Konstantinsbad (Konstantinovy): German occupation, Sudentenland local post, 1938.
Konstanz: formerly Constance, Germany.
Konstruktér: (Czech.) designer.
Kontoret for Behandling af Ubesorgede Postsager: inscription on official seals, Denmark.
Kontrollzeichen: (Ger.) control mark.
Könyomat: (Hung.) typography.
Kookaburra bird: 1913, 1932, bird known as the "laughing Jackass" on stamps of Australia. Kop: arms in oval, Finland.
Kopec (k): currency unit in Armenia, Azerbaijan, Batum, Belarus, Finland, Russia.
Köpenhamn: (Swed.) Copenhagen.
Kopfstehend: (Ger.) inverted.
Kopftype: (Ger.) head type.
Koppar: (Swed.) copper (metallic color).
Kopparröd: (Swed.) copper-red (metallic color).
Kopper: (Nor.) copper (metallic color).
Kopperr√ɬłd: (Nor.) copper-red (metallic color).
Koppartyck: (Swed.) copper plate recess printing.
Korachieh: Egypt, 1880-1882; see Interpostal seals.
Korca, Korce, Korces: inscription for Albania, 1914-18; formerly Koritsa.
Korcheva: local post, Russian Zemstvo, 1876-1911.


(Data Above sourced from "Ask Phil" and other sources. Last edit 8/Aug/2008 Amhazing)

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Amy :)


Last edited by amhazing on Fri Aug 08, 2008 16:31:32 pm, edited 1 time in total.

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PostPosted: Mon Aug 04, 2008 01:59:36 am 
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GOLD Star Super Posting Board Member
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Joined: Fri Apr 04, 2008 11:34:55 am
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Location: USA
For the "M" section:

Mint Un-Hinged (MUH): an unused stamp with original gum that shows no traces of having ever been hinged. Also called Mint Never Hinged (MNH).

MNH: see Mint Un-Hinged

MUH: see Mint Un-Hinged


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PostPosted: Mon Aug 04, 2008 10:41:41 am 
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RED Shooting Star Posting MANIAC!
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Joined: Mon Apr 14, 2008 22:39:55 pm
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Bibliography:

Phils: http://www.askphil.org/b25z.htm

SGBC 75: Stanley Gibbons British Commonwealth Stamp Catalogue 1975, Stanley Gibbons Publications LTD, Great Britian, 1974,ISBN 0 85259 690 1.

CGCS: Collins Gem Collecting Stamps, James Mackay, Harper Collins Publishers, Italy, 1999, ISBN 0 00 472345-7.

GTSC: Guide to Stamp Collecting, Fred J Melville, Coles publishing company, Canada, 1978, No ISBN.

LCS: Lets Collect Stamps, Ervin J Felix, Whitman, USA, 1976, ISBN 0-307-06720-3.

SFCD: Stamp Finder and Collectors Dictionary, No author given, Thomas Cliffe LTD, Great Britian, No Date, No ISBN.

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Amy :)


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PostPosted: Tue Aug 05, 2008 16:57:00 pm 
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I was online for Post Number 4 MILLION!
I was online for Post Number 4 MILLION!
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Terrific work Amy that clearly has taken a lot of time - great effort. 8)

We gained written permission from Les Winick to post these definitions here, and it really is superb having them all in one thread!

If anyone has alterations to add or suggest Amy might care to post her email address here so that even non members can contact her.

Who even would have thought the latter "A" had so many stamp terms!

Might I suggest in the few letters that occurs with, to assist with member navigation, that where we now have several times -

A Continued


It be fine tuned a touch to read:

"A" Continued - ("AG to AM")


etc, and that will make it easier to work around!
.


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KO to KZ


Korcula: island off Dalmatian coast; 1944, May: charity stamps overprinted when occupied by Germany, never issued.
Korea: (Ger.) peninsula between Yellow Sea and Sea of Japan, aka Corea, South Korea; official name of postal administration: Ministry of Information and Communication currency: 100 mon = 1 poon, 5 poon = 1 cheun, 1,000 re =100 cheun, 100 weun = 1 hwan (1953), 100 chun = 1 won 1962) 1877: Chinese stamps used, 1884, Nov. 18: stamps issued by the Japanese, 1897: declared an empire, 1900, Jan. 1: joined the UPU, 1905-46: Japan Administrative Control, used stamps of Japan, 1910: formerly annexed to Japan, stamps of Japan used, 1945, Aug.: divided at 38th parallel between Soviet and US administrations, Japan possession of Korea taken away, 1947: first air mail stamp, 1948: republic established in South Korea, 1953, Aug.1: first semipostal stamp.
Korea, Democratic People's Republic (North Korea): currency: 100 won = 100 hwan, chon 1875: Chinese and Japanese stamps used, 1884, Nov. 18: No.1, 5 mon rose, stamps issued by the Japanese, 1900, Jan. 1: joined the UPU, 1905-46: used stamps of Japan, 1910: formerly annexed to Japan, stamps of Japan used, 1945, Aug. 10: divided at 38th parallel between Soviet and US administrations, North Korea allocated to the USSR, Japan possessions taken away, 1946, March 12: first stamps, 1948, Sept. 9: formally named the People's Democratic Republic, (North Korea), 1950, June 25: North Korea conquered Seoul; stamps of South Korea overprinted in name of North Korea, 1950, Sept. 15: United Nations forces pushed North Korea forces back, 1958: first air mail stamp.Korea, Indian Custodial Force; 1953: 1953: stamps of the Republic of India overprinted "Indian Custodian Unit, Korea" in the Hindu language.
Korea (Dél): (Hung.) Republic of Korea (South Korea).
Korea (‚Äįszak): (Hung.) People's Democratic Republic of Korea (North Korea).
Korea, Indian Custodial Force: 1953: stamps of the Republic of India overprinted "Indian Custodian Unit, Korea" in teh Hindi language.
Korea, Japanese Post Offices; 1900: