Deutscher Schulhausbar: (Ger.) series of labels to raise funds to build schools; value 2 heller.
Deutscher Schulverein: (Ger.) series of labels to raise funds for a school organization.
Deutscher Wehrschatz Sudmark: inscription on a German label, early 1900s.
Deutscher Wert gleich 140 Pfg. W√É¬§hlt Deutsch!: (Ger.) "German Value equals 140 Pfennig / Vote German" overprint on Polish stamp (actually a label) printed as propaganda for plebiscite on future of Upper Silesia, 1921.
Deutsche Seepost / Linie / Hamburg / Westafrika: (Ger.) 1. German Sea Post, Hamburg West Africa Line; staring operating in early 1880s. 2. Overprint on stamps of Bavaria, 1920; see Bohemia and Moravia. 3. Overprint on stamps of Danzig for Danzig.
Deutsches Reich: (Ger.) inscription for Germany Empire; see: Bohemia and Moravia.
Deutsches Reich General Gouvernment: (Ger.) inscription on stamps of Germany for use in Poland, WW II occupation.
Deutsches Reich Post: (Ger.) 1: inscription for German Imperial Post, 1872-89.
Deutsches Reich: (Ger.) 1: inscription on stamps of Germany, 1902-44. 2: overprint on stamps of Bavaria, 1920.
Deutsches Reich General Gouvernement: (Ger.) Poland, German Occupation, 1941-44.
Deutsche Versicherungs Bank Berlin Wertbrief Bef√É¬∂rderung Deurschland-America: (Ger.) on stamps of Germany for insured mail sent via U-Boat prior to World War II.
Deutschland: (Ger.) German World War I commercial submarine that carried mail to the U.S.
Deutschland Amerkanische Zone: (Ger.) Germany, American Zone.
Deutschland Britische Zone: (Ger.) Germany, British Zone.
Deutschland Franzosische Zone: (Ger.) Germany, French Zone.
Deutschland Sowjetische Zone: (Ger.) Germany, Soviet Zone.
Deutsche Mark: (Ger.) (DM) German currency.
Deutsch-Neu-Guinea: (Ger.) overprint on stamps of Germany, inscription for German New Guinea.
Deutsch Oestr. Postverein: (Ger.) German-Austrian Postal union inscription on Thurn and Taxis, early Baden and W√É¬ľrttemberg.
Deutsch Ostafrika: (Ger.) overprint on stamps of Germany and inscription for German East Africa.
Deutsch √É‚Äďsterreich: (Ger.) overprint, German Austria on stamps of Austria, 1918-1921.
Deutsch Sudwest Afrika: (Ger.) overprint on stamps of Germany, inscription for German South West Africa, also Deutsch S√É¬ľdwest-Afrika.
De valor: (Sp.) valuable.
Devanagari: alphabet that appears on some stamps of India, Nepal and Bhutan as an inscription.
Devant: (Fr.) front (of a cover).
Devastacion de la Ciudad de Santo Domingo: inscription, postal tax on stamps of Dominican Republic, for destruction of city.
Development Bank: common design on stamps of the French Community of Nations, 1969.
De Villayer, Jean-Jacques: may have operated a mail service in Paris in mid-1600s, installed first mail boxes.
Devolucion: (Sp.) mail marking not accepted by addressee and returned to sender.
Dewey's South Yuba Express: local private mail firm serviced the Omega, Nevada County, Calif. area; issued a label, 1863.
DeWitt's Express: local baggage firm serviced Brooklyn, N.Y. and New York City; issued a label, year unknown.
Dextrine gum: form of starch, when used in gum for stamps, is heated in a solution alone, or with other chemicals, gets any color from the heating temperature of the solution.
Dezentriert: (Ger.) off-center.
DF: 1. currency abbreviation for Franc (Djibouti). 2. David Finkelstein, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
DFB: "Dansk Frivillig Bataillon (Danish Volunteer Battalion) Danish armed forces serving with Finnish forces fighting Russia.
DG: 1: catalog abbreviation for disturbed gum. 2: (Latin) By the Grace of God.
DGK: (Ger.) Deutschland-Ganzachen-Katalog, Michel German Postal Stationery catalog.
D'Haiti: Republic of Haiti.
Dhaka: formerly Dacca, Bangladesh.
Dhar: India Feudatory State; 1897-1901: first local post stamps, 1901, Mar. 31: separate stamps discontinued, used stamps of British India, then stamps of India.
Dhufar: bogus, anti-Omani, Arabia; in exile, propaganda labels sold as stamps.
Dia de la Hispanidad: (Sp.) Spanish National Day, Oct. 12th.
Dia del sello: (Sp.) day of the stamp.
Diadem: circlet of gold and jewels forming Queen Victoria's headdress on the earlier issues.
Diagonally laid paper: where wires, used in the papermaking process, are laid diagonally across the paper.
Dial: circular portion of a postmark, usually containing the city, date and time
Diamond Parcel Delivery Company: local package delivery firm; issued a label, year unknown.
Diamond roulette: cuts that are X shaped, giving appearance of diamond shaped perforations.
Diamante: (It., Sp.) diamond topical or thematic specialty.
Diamond Jubilee Label: name given to British charity labels made in 1897-98 for the 50th anniversary of Queen Victoria accession to the throne.
Dia Mundial del Sello: (Sp.) World Stamp Day, May 6th.
Diana, Princess of Wales: common design of the British Commonwealth of Nations, 1998.
Diapositive: thick photographic plate used for multiple repetitions of the design, made from the master negative; also known as multipositive.
Dicitura: (It.) inscription.
Dick: (Ger.) thick.
Dickinson paper: continuous silk thread paper containing one or more silk threads to make counterfeiting difficult.
Didactic: "educational, once used as the generic term for topicals or thematics.
Die: 1: a block of metal that has been hand or machine engraved from which plates are prepared to print stamps. 2: terms Die I, Die II, etc. denote first and later states of the same die. 3: terms Die I, Die II, etc. are also used to designate stamps printed from these dies.
Die crack: damage done to the original engraved die, before printing plates are created.
Die cut: a mechanical process that cuts through the stamp paper but not the backing paper that keeps the stamps together, is used to separate most self-adhesive stamps; accomplished by crushing the stamp paper fibers.
Die cut missing: error on self-adhesive stamps where the die cut is absent between the stamps.
Die cut size: the number of peaks of either side of a die cut stamp, usually written as L10/R10; indicates 10 peaks on both the left and right sides of the stamp.
Die Cut Gauge: tool that measures the total of peaks or valleys within 20mm on die cut stamps.
Die essay: print made from a die engraved with an incomplete or unadopted design.
Die flaw: blemish or unusual mark on a die and shows on every stamps reproduced from that die.
Diego Suarez: French naval base, northern part of Madagascar; currency: 100 centimes = 1 franc, 100centimes = 1 ariary (1976) 1885-pre: overprint on stamps of French Colonies General Issues, 1890: No.1, 15 centimes blue, first stamps issued as a naval base, 1891: first postage due stamp issued, 1892: stamps of French Colonies overprinted Diego-Suarez, 1896, May 30: replaced by issues of Madagascar.
Diehard: nickname for a stamp dealer who has the knowledge to buy and sell anything of a philatelic nature.
Die imprint: any item printed directly from a die.
Dienst: (Ger.) official.
Dienstbotenpost: (Ger.) official courier mail.
Dienstmarke: 1: inscription for officials of Bavaria, French Protectorate of the Saar, Germany. 2: overprint for official use in Saar, Danzig, Liechenstein. 3: with numeral 21, Prussia. 4: overprint on stamps of Danzig, 1924-25, for official use.
Dienstsache: Liechtenstein official overprint.
Dienstzegel: (Dut.) Netherlands official stamps.
Dientes: (Sp.) perforations.
Die plain: embossing without the use of color.
Die proof: a die made print or impression, usually in black ink on a smooth white card or fine-calendered or coated paper, inspected in great detail, to show what a stamp design will look like.
Die-Reducing machine: makes a relief steel die in a smaller size.
Die sinkage: the impression of a die block which appears as a depression in the cardboard of a die proof.
Die sinker: an engraver of dies used for stamping and embossing.
Diessbach C.G.: Diessbach Canton Glarus (Swiss).
Die stamping: raising of colored reliefs on an uncolored ground using a recessed die in the stamping press.
Dietz & Nelson's Express: private mail delivery firm serviced British Columbia, used labels, 1862-67.
Die Welt: (Ger.) The World, Germany overprint produced for "War Stamp Exhibition in London in 1915 as a jocular allusion to the much vaunted German aspirations to rule the earth."
Die wheel: a wheel drilled with holes that accept the pins of the rotary perforator.
Die Winterhilfe O/S ruft dich! Wir wollen helfen: (Ger.) "The Winter relief calls you. We want to help." Germany cancel, 1932-34.
Di favore: (It.) (It.) by favor (cancellation).
Difetto: (It.) defect, fault.
DIFF: auction abbreviation for different.
Digital postage: postage applied by a mechanical device such as a printer attached to a computer.
Di gran valore: (It.) valuable.
Dijbouti: formerly Afars and Issas - East Africa; see Afars and Issas.
Dilar: local post, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1937.
Diligence d'eau: (Fr.) water coach, carried mail on canals in France; see: Canal Boat Mail.
Diligencia: (Sp.) stagecoach carrier issue of Uruguay, 1856-57.
Dimension: tax based on size of the document; French Colony revenue inscription.
Diminu√©(e): (Fr.) partly removed or thinned (gum), cut down, trimmed.
Din: dinar, Yugslavia currency.
Dinamarca: (It., Port.) Denmark.
Dindings: 1874-1935, Feb.: used stamps of Straits Settlements.
Diner: U.S. presorted First-Class mail with nondenominated postage, used by mass mailers, issued June 5, 1998, value 25¬Ę.
Dinero: inscription on arms design, stamps of Peru.
Dinsin: (Ire.) Ireland postage due inscription.
Dios Patria Libertado: (Sp.) God, Fatherland, Liberty, inscription on stamps of Dominican Republic.
Dios Patria Rey: (Sp.) God, Fatherland, King, inscription on stamps of Spain, Carlist issue.
Dios, Union y Libertad: (Sp.) God, Union and Liberty, Honduras, 1865.
Diplomatic mail: correspondence transported by diplomatic pouch or indicated diplomatic mail.
Dippoldiswalde: Bavaria, Germany post office burned, emergency handwritten labels were created and used to cover the shortage of postage stamps, 1923.
Diptique: (Fr.) a pair of stamps of which the illustration covers both stamps together.
Direcci√É¬≥ Geral dos Trabalmos Geodesicos e Topograpnicos: (Port.) advertising mapmakers of Portugal.
Direcci√É¬≥n: (Sp.) the place to which mail can be sent.
Direct mail: 1: industry term for advertising mail sent to targeted markets. 2: mail of the pre-Universal Postal union era that went direct between countries; rate differences ceased when prepaid international rate went into effect July 1, 1875.
Directory markings: postal markings that indicate delivery attempts, stating reasons.
Direct printing: any form of printing where the printing plate is in direct contact with the paper.
Dirigere: (It.) the place to which mail can be sent.
Diriginte de posta: (Rom.) postmaster.
D'Irlande du Nord: (Fr.) Ulster, Northern Ireland.
Disaster mail: mail being transported that was damaged in transit; the post office usually puts special marking on the item to explain the damage; also known as wreck mail.
Discontinued Post Office: a post office that is no longer in operation.
Discount postage: stamps sold by stamp dealers at a discount from face value; usually denominations that are no longer current but valid for postage.
Discovery copy: first known.
Disegno: (It.) design.
Dise√É¬Īo: (Sp.) design.
Disinfected mail: mail that has been fumigated so that the letter will not be a carrier of disease.
Disinfection seal: see: Seal, disinfection.
Disney stamp: stamps issued by several nations with a Walt Disney movie theme.
Dispens√© d'affranchissement (de timbrage): (Fr.) free of postage.
Display Division: American Philatelic Society term for exhibition classification to include display exhibits and social philately.
"Disp prohibited by Order 19687": dispatch handstamp prohibiting certain oversize or overweight parcels addressed to overseas personnel, effective Jan. 7, 1943.
Diss Pirate Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
DIST: auction abbreviation for disturbed.
Distilled Spirits Excise Tax: inscription on U. S. Internal Revenue Service tax stamps, 1950-59; usually found with staple holes or punch cancels, indicating payment of excise taxes on distilled spirits.
Distinguished Americans: series of stamps issued by the U.S., renamed Great Americans on July 20, 2000.
Distretto: (It.) district.
Distributeur automatique (de timbres): (Fr.) stamp vending machine.
Districto: overprint on stamps of for Arequipaco, Peru, Cuzco provisionals, 1881-85.
District Overprints: during the classical period, stamps were sent from the main post office in Mexico City without district overprints. These stamps were not valid for postage. This was done to prevent the theft of stamps as they were shipped to the outlying districts. Once received in the districts, they were overprinted with the name of the district and thus validated into postage stamps, into as many as sixty districts.
Distriktsovertryk: (Dan.) district overprint, district surcharge, see Lokalovertryk, Lokaloverstempel.
Distrito: (Sp.) district.
Distrito sur de la Baja Cal: (Sp.) inscription on 1915 stamps of Mexico; see Baja, Calif. (State in Mexico).
Disturbed gum: original gum on an unused stamp which has been altered, usually by application of a hinge.
Dittler Bros.: private printer of U.S. postage stamps.
Divided back: postcard, allowing the message and address to appear on the same side.
Dividing marks: circular floral ornaments on plates produced by Perkins, Bacon on 1851; placed between rows J and K, helps placement to cut sheets in half, replaced by an arrow.
Divi Rub: 1920-21; surcharge, stamps of Latvia.
Diwan: Indian States term for chief revenue officer of province.
Diwi Rubli: two rubles, overprint to change value, stamps of Latvia.
DJ: overprint on stamps of Obock for Djibouti, 1894-1902.
Djambi: local post overprint, Sumatra, Japanese occupation, 1942-45.
DJI, DJF: Djibouti.
Djibouti (Djibuti): Eastern Africa, formerly French colony of Somali Coast and Afars and Issas; currency: 100 centimes = 1 franc 1888: French constructed port on the Somali Coast at Djibouti, 1894-1902: French Somali Coast overprint "DJ" or "Djibouti" on stamps of Obock for Djibouti, 1902: French replaced this with stamps of Somali Coast as a Protectorate, 1940, Aug. 6: Italy invades British and French Somaliland, 1941: Italy driven out, 1967, Mar.19: name changed to the French territory of Afars and Issas, 1977: Afars and Issas stamps overprinted and surcharged "Republique de Djibouti," 1977, June 27: Afars and Issas became the independent republic of Djibouti, Republique de Djibouti stamps, 1977: first air mail stamps issued, 1978, June 6: joined the UPU; see Afars and Issas, Benadir, Obock, Oltre Giuba, Italian East Africa, Italian Somaliland.
Djubaland, Republic of: cinderella, "Worldwide Fund for Nature" uses WWF logo illegally.
Djup: (Swed.) deep (as referencing the color of a postage stamp).
Djupt lila: (Swed.) deep lilac (color).
Djupt klarr√É¬∂d: (Swed.) deep bright red, "high red" (color).
Djupt ultramarinf√É¬§rget p√É¬•tryck: (Swed.) deep ultramarine surcharge.
Djupt violett: (Swed.) deep violett (color).
DK: 1: Germany volume of the Michel catalogue, Deutschland-Katalog. 2: precedes the European postal code on addresses in Denmark, such as DK-2770.
DL: auction abbreviation for double line (cancellation).
DLDC: double line, double circle postmark.
DLH: see: Deutsche Lufthansa.
D.L.H.: (Ger.) Deutsche Luft Hansa Aktiengesellschaft; renamed Lufthansa, 1933.
D.L.O.: see: Dead Letter Office.
DLR: De La Rue; stamp printers, Great Britain.
D M: 1: Dienst Marke overprint on stamps of Danzig, 1921-23, for official use. 2: Deutsche Mark, German currency June 21, 1948-Dec. 31, 2001. 3: Dominica, country code as used by UPU.
DMC: Daniel M. Clancy, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
Dmitrief: local post, Russian Zemstvo, 1871-74.
Dmitrof: local post, Russian Zemstvo, 1874.
DMM: USPS term for domestic mail manual.
Dnieprovsk: local post, Russian Zemstvo, 1866-95.
DNK: Deutschland Netto Katalog.
DNVP: letters on German stamps stands for Deutschnationale Volkspartei (German National People's Party); looks like DNBB.
DO: Dominican Republic, country code as used by UPU.
Doane cancels: Doane cancels have a number in the killer bars to the right of the circular date stamps; introduced in 1904.
Doar Ivri: (Heb.) Hebrew Post inscription on Israel's first stamps.
Dobbelt: (Dan., Nor.) double.
Dobbelt p√É¬•tryk: (Dan.) double overprint, double surcharge.
Dobbeltsidig: (Dan.) double sided (front and back sides).
Dobbeltsidigt tryk: (Dan.) printed on both sides.
Dobbelttakning: (Dan.) double perforation.
Dobbelttryk: (Dan.) 1. double impression 2. re-entry.
Dobeln: local post, Germany, 1945.
Dob√É¬≠rka: (Czech.) payment upon delivery
Doble: (Sp.) double.
Doboj: local post, republic Serbska occupation issue for Bosnia, 1995.
Dobrudja: overprint in Cyrillic with dates "1916-1917" on stamps of Bulgaria for use in this occupied territory of Romania.
Doc: abbreviation for document; physician.
Docket[ing]: a brief statement of when received and maybe when answered, usually found on the outside of covers, legal or commercial documents.
Dockwra's Post: private postal service covering London and its suburbs established by William Dockwra; introduced his own distinctive postmark in 1680; used from 1680-82.
Doctor blade: device used to wipe excess ink from a printing press cylinder.
Documentary stamps: U.S. Inter. Rev. inscription; revenue stamps that are applied to documents such as bills of lading, mortgages, wills, etc., 1871-1958.
Documents Philatelique Oficiel: (Fr.) Official Philatelic Document; issued by France, include a copy of the issued stamp cancelled on the first day, a monocolor engraving of the stamp, descriptive text and a larger topical engraving with an embossed control seal.
Dodds Express: local baggage firm serviced Brooklyn, N.Y., New York City, N.Y and Long branch, N.J.; issued labels, year unknown.
Dodecanese Islands, Greece: islands in the Aegean Sea off the coast of Turkey; currency: 100 centesimi = 1 lira 1912-pre: used stamps of Turkey, 1912-43: stamps of Italy overprinted "Egeo," 1924: Turkey ceded islands to Italy, stamps of Italy overprinted with name of island, 1943: stamps and postage due stamps of Great Britain overprinted "M.E.F." (Middle East Forces), 1943, Sept.: Italy surrendered and islands proclaimed union with Greece, 1943-45: Germany reoccupied islands, 1947-summer: stamps of Greece used; see Aegean Islands, MEF, SDD.
Dodge & Co. Express: nationwide express firm that serviced California, Boston and New York City; used a label, 1849-51.
Dogra: alphabet in the Indian language that appears on some stamps of India as an inscription.
Dogs: hauled mail carts in Sussex, England, late 19th century.
Dog team mail: used to carry mail in Alaska and Quebec province, Canada.
Doha, Qatar: British postal service established in 1950 using stamps of the British Postal Agencies of Eastern Arabia; now known as Ad Dawhah.
Doi: (Rom.) two (number).
Doisprezece: (Rom) twelve (number).
Doland: Donald Evans bogus issue, 1960-70.
Dollfus Issue: Austrian Dollfuss stamp, issued on July 25, 1936.
Dollar Error: wine revenue stamp for the $1.60 4/5 cents where dollar is spelled "dolllar," 1951-54.
Doln√É¬≠: (Czech.) down (side).
Dolores: local post, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937.
Domain name: a name that identifies a computer or computers on the internet. These names appear as a component of a Web site http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Web_site's
, e.g. wikipedia.org.
Domestic mail: USPS term for mail transmitted, among, and between the U. S., its territories and possessions, army and fleet post offices and United Nations, N.Y.
Domestic Mail Manual (DMM): directive that contains basic USPS standards for domestic mail services.
Domestic stamp: also known as nondenominated stamp used for rate increase period, not valid for international mail.
Domestogramme: Canadian version of the aerogramme, introduced Oct. 13, 1973.
Domfil: Spanish publisher of thematic catalogues and albums.
Dominica: an island in the British Leeward islands group, became part of the Windward islands; currency: 12 pence = 1 shilling, 20 shillings = 1 pound, 100 cents = 1 Dollar (1949) 1858-60: British stamps used at Roseau, with 'A 07' cancel, 1860: Dominica handstamp used, 1874, May 4: No.1, 1 penny violet, own stamps with design similar to Tobago, 1890, Oct. 31-1903: stamps of Leeward Islands used, 1903-40: Dominica used own stamps again along with those of Leeward Islands, 1916: first War Tax stamp issued, 1940, Jan. 1: Dominica became separate island, no stamp issued, 1958, Apr. 22: joined the West Indies Federation,1968: became an Associated State of Great Britain, 1978, Nov. 1: became independent as the Commonwealth of Dominica with overprint "Independence / 3rd November / 1978," 1980, Jan. 31: joined the UPU.
Dominica: essay, engraved and recess printed on white card, made public in 1870 with no information as to its origin.
Dominicaine: (Fr.) Dominican Republic.
Dominical label (tablet): a small label attached by perforation to the bottom of some Belgium stamps stating "Do not deliver on Sunday".
Dominican Republic: part of Hispaniola island in West Indies official name of postal administration: Instituto Postal Dominicano currency: 100 centavos = 1 peso 1861-65: Spain used stamps of Cuba/Puerto Rico, 1865, Oct. 18: No. 1, 1/2 reales rose, first stamps, 1868-71: British stamps used in Puerto Plata with 'C 86' cancel, 1876-80: British stamps used at Santa Domingo with 'C 87' cancel, 1880, Oct. 1: joined the UPU, 1901: first postage due stamp issued, 1902, Feb. 25: first official stamp issued, 1916, May 5 - July 24, 1924: occupied by American forces, used Army post offices, 1925, 1927: special delivery stamps copied from those of the U.S., 1928, May 31: first air mail stamp issued, 1957, Feb. 8: first semipostal stamp issued.
Dominican Republic, forged issues: 1: 1879 coat of arms, Sc. 34, 34a, 35. 2: 1900 map, Sc. 111-19. 3: 1931-33 Solar, Sc. C10-C17.
Dominika: (Hung.) Dominica (West Indies).
Dominikai K√É¬∂zt√É¬°rsas√É¬°g: (Hung.) Dominican Republic.
Dominikanska Republiken: (Swed.) Dominican Republic.
Dominikanske Republik: (Dan., Nor.) Dominican Republic.
Dominido: British Colonial Royal Wedding frames from "Surreal Stamps and Unreal Stickers".
Dominikanische Republik: (Ger.) Dominican Republic.
Dominion Express Co.: private parcel firm operated over Dominion Express Lines throughout Canada, used labels and stamps, 1882-1926.
Dominique: (Fr.) Dominica.
Dommag√©: (Fr.) damaged.
Dom Pedros: Brazil's 1866-79 issue featuring portraits of Emperor Dom Pedro.
Donaldson's Despatch: S. Allan Taylor label, 1865.
Donaldson's Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Donau: (Ger.) Danube.
Donau Dampschiffahrt Gesellschaft: Danube Steamship Co. issued stamps, 1866-74, for mail carried on the Danube River.
Don Cossack Government: republic in Southern Russia; 1917, Oct.: leader was Hetman Aleksei Kaledin; formed republic proclaimed Russia "arms" types surcharged at Novocherkask, Rostov and Taganrog, plus the "Ermak" currency stamp which was valid for postage until Soviets reclaimed area in Feb.1920.
Donegal Railway Company: Ireland local post.
Donetsk: local post provisional, USSR 1990s.
Donez: local post, Russian Zemstvo, 1879-90.
Dongola: Sudan, Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1872-82.
Don River Railway Society: Tasmania fantasy sheet.
Don Territory Government: 1918-19: stamps included used surcharged Russian stamps; see Russia, South.
Doolittle, W.E.: see: Private die match proprietary stamps.
Dopis: (Czech.) letter (mail).
Dopisnice: (Czech.) postal cards.
Doplata: (Pol.) inscription on stamps of Central Lithuania and Poland, postage due.
Doplatit, Doplatne: overprint/inscription labels on stamps of Czechoslovakia, postage due.
Dopis: (Czech.) letter (mail).
Doplatn√©: (Czech.) postage due.
Doplatni zn√É¬°mky: (Czech.) postage due stamps.
Doporucen√©: (Czech.) registered, registered mail.
Doppeldruck: double struck.
Doppia stampa: (It.) double impression, re-entry.
Doppia Incisione: (It.) re-entry.
Doremus Machine Co.: manufacture of canceling machines used from the 1890s-1930s.
Doreset Village Mail: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Dorpat: also known as Tartu, now part of the USSR, WW I: surcharge on stamps of Russia by occupying German forces, WWII: Germans issued specially designed stamps.
Dorso: (It.) back, as opposed to the front of a philatelic object.
Dorucn√É¬≠ Zn√É¬°mka: (Czech.) personal delivery stamp.
Dos: (Fr.) back.
Dospisnice: (Czech.) postcard.
Dospinice: (Czech.) postal card.
Dotisk: (Czech.) reprint.
Dotted paper: paper with small dots forming a greyish-appearing pattern.
Dot in S: variety in the 5-cent U.S. Franklin stamp caused by a small bit of metal adhering to the transfer roll during the "rocking in" process.
Douane(s): (Fr.) customs; French Colony revenue inscription; overprint on stamps of South Africa.
Douazeci: (Rom) twenty (number).
Double cancels: covers with two separate postmarks.
Double centre: (Fr.) having the middle part of the design printed twice on the same side of the paper.
Double comb perforator: perforates, in one operation, a single row or column of stamps on all sides and perfs (the legs) between the next row or column.
Double Deficiency: marking on mail that postage due is owed at double the amount of short postage.
Double embossing: two impressions of embossed stamps on the same piece of paper, one impression may be colorless.
Double flown: cover flown once, then readdressed and flown again.
Double frappe: (Fr.) re-entry.
Double Geneva: 1843 issue by the Swiss Canton of Geneva of a 10¬Ę stamp printed in a double design of two 5¬Ę stamps, each half being usable as a 5¬Ę stamp.
Double grill: stamp showing two or more separate grill impressions.
Double gum: a second layer of gum was applied to the Egyptian issue of 1887 when the Egyptian government complained that the original layer was not adhering to envelopes.
Double heads: nickname for Rhodesia commemorative issue of 1910 depicting Queen Mary and King George V.
Double impression: two impressions of the design of a stamp; see: Double print.
Double joint line: a joint line that seems to be two parallel lines on rotary press stamps; caused when the gap between two rotary plates is wider than normal.
Double line watermark: term for the USPS watermark when it is made up of double lines.
Double overprint: clear double impression of the entire overprint due to the sheet having been passed twice through the printing press.
Double paper: a stamp printed on the overlapping portion of a paper joint.
Double perforations: two sets of perforations caused by the sheet being cut off center; found on early U.S. revenue stamps.
Double plate: two printing bases that are used to print a monochrome or bi-colored stamp.
Double postal cards: postal cards with a paid reply portion.
Double print: two impressions of the same stamp done intentionally; such as the 20 √É¬∂re 1876 Sweden issue.
Double ring c.d.s.: circular date stamp contained within two concentric circles.
Double roulette: rouletting applied twice to the same part or entire sheet.
Double security paper: safety paper made up of two layers bonded together to discourage stamp cleaning and reuse.
Double strike: die molds where the registration varies slightly, causing doubling of lines in the design.
Double surcharge: an error when a new denomination overprint is mistakenly applied to a stamp twice.
Double transfer: this term is used for a stamp printed from a design which in error was impressed, either wholly or partially, twice by the master die in preparing the plate; can be identified by its "out of focus" appearance.
Dougerthy & Hesperies islands: bogus Pacific island group, 1966.
Dougherty, A.: U.S. private die playing card stamp.
Douglas City Dispatch: U.S. local post, New York, N.Y., 1879.
Douglas double paper: patented paper used 1881-82 in the U.S. to prevent cleaning and re-use of used stamps.
Douanes: (Fr.) customs.
Dounane: customs duty.
Dove: add-on rate U.S. nondenominated stamp, valued 3¬Ę, placed on sale Dec. 13, 1994.
Down: any non-printing area within a design.
Downey heads: British stamps designed by W & D Downey showing a three-quarter view of King George V.
Down's Dispatch: S. Allan Taylor label.
Down Under: refers to Australia, New Zealand and environs.
DO-X: international registration number of the German Dornier multi-engine plane; 1932: first to fly the Atlantic from West to East.
D.P.: 1: (Fr.) "Dette publique" public debt overprint; 1925-26: revenues of Syria and Lebanon for French occupation. 2: private overprint by Daily Press newspaper to prevent misuse in Hong Kong.
DPO: discontinued, or dead post office.
D.P.O.: (It.) "debito pubblico Ottomana" Ottoman public debt, see: A.D.P.O.D press: six-color offset and three-color intaglio Goebel combination press used by the B.E.P.DPRK: abbreviation for North Korea, 1977 to present.
D Press: a six-color offset and three-color Intaglio Goebel webfed combination press used by the BEP starting about 1984; officially called Press 902.
D.P.T.: Diligenze Postali Trasporti (It.) Diligence Postal Transport, 1794.
D.R.: Deeds and Registration, South Australia official overprint, 1868-74.
Dragonera: Greek island "stamps" repudiated by government in 1963.
Drake & Co's "Express": local firm that serviced Providence, R.I, Taunton and New Bedford, Mass.; issued a label, year unknown.
Drake, P.H. & Co.: U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp.
Drake's Island: Great Britain local carriage label, off Devon coast.
Drammen: Seaport and seat of Buskerud county, S Norway, at mouth of the Dramselva River on a branch of the Oslo Fjord ca.40 miles SW of Oslo. Site of 19th century local posts established by Borresen, Eckholdt, G. O. Ulleberg, I. B. Hagen, and J. Eriksen (q.v. individual local post entries).
Drammen - Borresen Local Post: Local post established by a Mr. Borresen, with the first 5 √É¬łre "Berresens / Bypost / Drammen" typeset red on blue paper local stamp issued 15 June 1888, and with several other handstamped or typographed "Bypost Drammen" or "Drammens post" local stamps depicting a posthorn issued through 1888.
Drammen bypost: Norway local bypost, 1869-88.
Drammen - Eckholdt Local Post: Local post established by a Mr. Eckholdt, with first 2 Skilling "By / Drammen / Post" handstamped blue and dull blue local stamps issued in 1875.
Drammen - G. O. Ulleberg Local Post: Local post established by G. O. Ulleberg, with first "Bypost / Drammens / Bypost" lithographed 2 Skilling pale green local stamp issued 4 May 1869, and with two different designs 1 skilling blue stamps issued later in the month of May. The local post was taken over by I. B. Hagen (q.v.) later in 1869.
Drammen - I. B. Hagen Local Post: Local post established by I. B. Hagen, with first 1 and 2 Skilling "Brevm¬¶rke / fra / I. B. Hagen / Bybudkontor" typeset on colored papers local stamps issued in 1868, and numerous other designs typeset, handstamped, and lithographed stamps issued through 1887.
Drammen - J. Eriksen Local Post: Local post established by J. Eriksen, with the first elaborate design "Drammens / By & / Pakkepost // Joh. Eriksen" local stamps depicting a pigeon in flight with a letter issued 15 June 1887, and a later similar-design stamp set issued 1 October 1887.
Drapp: (Hung.) beige (color), see b√©z.
Drau, S. S.: steamship of the Danube Steam Navigation Company; 1870s; built for the middle Danube lines.
Draw out: printer's term for a piece of type "drawn" out of the form by the printing roller, leaving a word with one letter.
Drazba: (Czech.) auction.
DR CDS: auction abbreviation for double-ring circular date stamp.
DRC: Democratic Republic of Congo.
Dr.D.J. & S.: overprint on U.S. Proprietary revenue stamps for Dr. D. Jayne & Son, Philadelphia, first issued July 1, 1898.
Dreierstreifen: (Ger.) auction term for strip of three (connected stamps).
Dresden: city in Germany; inscription on local post stamps, Germany post WW II.
Dresdener Transport und Lagerhaus A.G.: (Ger.) local post, Dresden, Germany 1898-1905.
Drift cards: specially printed Business Reply Card encased in plastic envelopes sent adrift by the National Institute of Oceanography in Jan. 1954 to test Indian Ocean currents.
Drijvende Brandkast: (Dut.) inscription on Marine Insurance stamps, Netherlands and the Netherlands Indies.
Drina, S.S.: steamship of the Danube Steam Navigation Company; 1870s: built for the Middle Danube lines.
D.R.L.S.: despatch rider letter service.
DRMcL: Donald R. McLeod, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
Drobn√É¬°: (Czech.) minor.
Drobny: (Czech.) very small, tiny.
Drobn√É¬° Vada Lepu: (Czech.) minor gum fault.
Droits de l'Homme: (Fr.) human rights.
Droits des Pauvres: (Fr.) tax for the poor; French Colony revenue inscription.
Droit fiscal: (Fr.) fiscal tax; French Colony revenue inscription
Droit judiciaires: (Fr.) judicial fees; French Colony revenue inscription.
Droit notarial: (Fr.) notary tax; French Colony revenue inscription.
Dronning: (Nor.) queen.
Dronning Elisabet den annen: (Nor.) Queen Elizabeth II (England), QEII.
Drop: USPS term for lobby slot or opening where customers deposit mail.
Drop addresses: scheme used to circumvent restrictions on mail between countries at war whereby mail from one country to another was routed through a neutral country; address was crossed out and resent to the true destination; also known as undercover addresses.
Drop letter: letter delivered from the same post office where originally posted.
Dropped letter: 1: a missing letter in typesetting caused by letter being lost of broken off during printing. 2: a letter which is out of alignment with rest of letters; usually found in typeset overprints.
Dropped mail: mail dropped from the air for forwarding to destination.
Dropped transfer: an impression on an engraved printing plate occurs when a transfer roll touches the blank plate before being positioned correctly.
Druck: (Ger.) printing.
Druckauflage: (Ger.) printing quantity.
Druckfehler: (Ger.) printing error.
Druckprobe: (Ger.) essay, proof.
Drucksache: (Ger.) printed matter.
Drucksachen & Circularbef√É¬∂rderung: Frankfurt, Germany local, 1886-91.
Druckvermerk: (Ger.) imprint.
Druk-Pu: bogus Bhutan overprint on stamps of India.
Drumso: (Fin.) local post, steamship mail, Finland, 1914-36.
Dryden Brothers: London manufacturer of an embossing press used for cameo stamping.
Dry dock: Bermuda 1902 stamp design given that name because design looks like a dry dock.
Dry print: stamp image or overprint deficient in ink.
Dry printing: printing method which allows the use of heavier, stiffer paper creating a whiter, high-sheen printing surface.
Drying book: after a stamp is soaked from an envelope, the stamp must be dried and pressed flat; the stamp drying book, made of blotting paper, is used for this purpose.
Drzava, Drzavna: Yugoslavia overprint on stamps of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Drzava S.H.S.: Serbs, Hrvats (croats) and Slovenes; inscription on stamps of Yugoslavia for Bosnia and Herzegovina, 1918.
DS: date stamp.
DSB: (Dan.) Danske Statsbaner (Danish State Railways).
Dschibuti: (Ger.) Djibouti.
D.S.I.L.: Diritto Sardo Italiane Lire, Italian accountancy mark on mail going to an Austrian territory to indicate amount owed to the Sardinian Post office, result of 1853 treaty between Austria and the Kingdom of Sardinia.
DSK: (Ger.) Deutschland-Spezial-Katalog, Michel Germany Specialized catalog.
DT: abbreviation for double transfer.
DTP: Distinguished Topical Philatelist award from the American Topical Association
Dual cancel: two related or unrelated cancellations on a cover, each cancelling a stamp.
Dubai: Persian Gulf Sheikdom, member of United Arab Emirates; currency: 100 naye paise = 1 rupee, 100 dirhams = 1 riyal (1966) 1909, Aug. 19: stamps of India used at Indian post office, 1909-47: stamps of India canceled "Dubai Persian Gulf," 1947, Oct.-Mar.31, 1948: used stamps of Pakistan, 1948, Apr. 1-Jan. 6, 1961: used stamps of British Postal Agency, 1961, Jan. 7-71: used own stamps inscribed "Trucial States," 1963, June: British postal agency withdrawn, 1963, June 15: No.1, 1 naye paise blue/carmine rose, first pictorial, air mail, postage due stamps 1964, March: first stamps inscribed "Abu Dhabi," 1971, Dec. 2: became part of the United Arab Emirates.
Dubbel: (Swed.) double.
Dubbellinjer: (Swed.) double lines.
Dubbelpr√É¬§gling: (Swed.) re-entry.
Dubbeltryck: (Swed.) 1. double print. 2. re-entry.
Duben: (Czech.) April.
Dublin, Wicklow & Wexford Railway: Ireland local post.
Dublu: (Rom.) double.
Dubrovnik: formerly Ragusa, Yugoslavia.
Duc.di.Parma: inscription for Duchy of Parma, Italian States.
Ducie Island, Dependency of: Pitcairn Islands bogus overprint.
Due: (It.) catalogue name given by Stanley Gibbons to Portuguese keytype used for colonial postage dues.
Dues: postage due stamps.
Duckstad: bogus, Donald Duck's own country; from the Netherlands.
Duck stamps: U.S. Bird Hunting Permit stamps.
Due Grana: (It.) Italian States, Two Sicilies.
Dues stamp: 1: adhesive label to record postage due on delivery because of insufficient payment. 2: stamp that indicates membership dues or fees; may be considered a cinderella.
Duitschoost Afrika Belgische Bezetting: (Ger.) German East Africa overprint on stamps of Belgian Congo, Belgian occupation, 1916-22.
Dukhovstschina: local post, Russian Zemstvo, 1873-82.
Dulac, Edmund: 1882-1953, designer of British stamps including the 1973 Coronation issue.
Dull gum: water activated stamp gum having no light reflective quality, incorrectly referred to as dry gum.
Dulwich mark: double arc dated postmark started in Britain in 1894, used for many years.
Dumbarton & Balloch Railway: Scotland local post.
Dumb cancellation: postmark that shows neither the date nor place of cancellation.
Dumfries Pony Express: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Duminica: (Rom.) Sunday.
Dummy: term usually used for booklets with stamp and cover layout in blank printed outline.
Dummy Stamps: stamp-like labels used for training and test purposes; have no postal validity.
Dunblane Delivery: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Dundee Circular Delivery Co.: local post, Dundee, Great Britain, 1867.
Dunaburg: now known as Daugavpils.
Dundalk, Newry & Greenore Railway: Ireland local post.
Dundee & Arbroadth Joint Railway: Scotland local post.
Dundee Service: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Dune countries: Trucial States or South Arabian issues, most not listed by Scott.
Dungarpur: Indian State, 1933-47.
Dunham, E. P.: see: Private die match proprietary stamps.
Dunhams Post Office: local post handstamp, New York, N.Y., 1850-52.
Dunkelgrau: (Ger.) dark/deep grey (color).
Dungarpur: India Feudatory State.
Dunhams Union-Square Post Office: U.S. local handstamp, New York, N.Y., 1850-52.
Dunham, E.P.: matches, private die proprietary stamps.
Dunkelblau: (Ger.) dark blue (color).
Dunlop & Co.'s Express: package delivery service; used a corner card.
D√É¬ľnn: (Ger.) thin.
DUPL: auction abbreviation for duplication.
Duplex cancel: a two-part cancel, one part containing the postmark, and the other part with the cancellation, first recorded use was in the London District Post, 1853 for stamping "too late" mail.
Duplex paper: two-ply paper; see: Safety paper.
Duplicates: extra copies of stamps that are already in the collection; they should be examined carefully for varieties and variations of color, watermark and perforation.
Dupuy & Schueck: U.S. local post, New York, N.Y.,1846-48.
Durability: paper's ability to withstand wear and tear; storage and other factors affect durability.
Durando's Express: local baggage express firm serviced New York City, used a label, year unknown.
Durango: 1. local post, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937. 2. overprint used on stamps of Mexico for this district, 1856-1883.
Durazzo: (It.) overprint on stamps of Italy, Offices in Turkey postage due, 1909-16, now Durres.
Durcal: local post, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1936-37.
Durch Eilboten: (Ger.) by means of Special Delivery.
Durch Finnische Feldpost: (Finn.) via Finnish fieldpost.
Durchschnitt: (Ger.) cut.
Durchstich: (Ger.) roulette.
Durfee's Express: local private firm; unknown area; used a label, year unknown.
Durland Catalog: lists all known plate numbers on U.S. stamps.
Duryea's Express: local baggage firm serviced New York City and Flushing, Long Island, used a label, year unknown.
Dutch Auction: the item being sold is called out a maximum starting price, and descends by increments until the winning buyer places his bid.
Dutch Flat Express: S. Allan Taylor local fantasy.
Duttia (Datia): India Feudatory State; 1893-21: first local post stamps, 1921: separate stamps discontinued, now uses stamps of Republic of India.
Duty die: back up die made from the master die, with no country name, figures or other symbols of denomination.
Duty plate: plate used to print the value, or the name and value on stamps; used in conjunction with the head or key plate.
Dvojit√©, Dvojity: (Czech.) double.
Dvojity Tisk: (Czech.) double print.
Dvoup√É¬°ska: (Czech.) pair.
D.V.R.: Far Eastern Republic overprint on stamps of Russia.
D.W.I.: Danish West Indies.
DX Mail: division of New Zealand Document Exchange, a private postal service that produces its own stamps for various mailing services.
D.Y.: (Turk.) Demir Yol Railroad.
Dyeaskagway: U.S. local post.
Dyp: (Nor.) deep (as referencing the color of a postage stamp).
Dyp bl√É¬•gr√É¬łnn: (Nor.) deep blue-green (color).
Dyp fiolett: (Nor.) deep violet (color).
Dyp cr√É¬łnnligbl√É¬•: (Nor.) deep greenish-blue (color).
Dyp gulgr√É¬łnn: (Nor.) deep yellow-green (color).
Dyp m√É¬łrkebl√É¬•: (Nor.) deep dark blue (color).
Dyp olivengr√É¬łnn: (Nor.) deep olive-green (color).
Dyp rosa: (Nor.) deep rose (color).
Dyptrykk: (Nor.) see Trykk - Dyp.
Dyr: (Dan., Swed) expensive.
DZ: Algeria, country code as used by UPU.
Dziedzice: city in former Austrian-occupied Poland, local post overprint, 1918-20. (Data Above sourced from "Ask Phil" and other sources. Last edit 5/Aug/2008 Amhazing)