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PostPosted: Sat Aug 02, 2008 13:21:20 pm 
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Joined: Mon Apr 14, 2008 22:39:55 pm
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Location: Australian Capital Territory
PHILATELIC TERMS


Philatelic Terms - An "A to Z" detailed compendium


In this thread the entries are sorted A to Z.

Several letters are split up into more than one post as the size was "choking" the server due to the vast amount of data.

If you are looking for NUMBERS look for them as they are spelled ie 3 would be under T for three.

Thanks to the owners of "Ask Phil" we have a large amount of data already here. But - it is far from complete.

I would like to request all members have a look at their favorite topics and check the entries.

If you have more terms you wish to add - or amendments to make please feel free to post them to end of the thread.

A to AF



1: precedes the European postal code on addresses in Austria.
2: anotacion, Colombia registration inscription, 1865-70.
3: architect, South Australia official overprint, 1868-74.
4: Aerovias Nacionales de Colombia S.A. Avianca airlines, overprint on Colombian air mail stamps of the 1950s.
5: a marginal marking used on flat plates indicating uniform vertical spacing between columns of stamps. This marking was intended to assist operators of perforating equipment.
6: air mail overprint on SCADTA air mail issues of Colombia, indicating a consular overprint sold in Germany, 1920.
7: Scott Catalogue prefixes for forerunners, such as India, used abroad.
8: watermark, with Imperial Crown, used in Australian stamps, 1913-26.
9: Amic, papermaker initial as a watermark, in the one lira issue of Modena.
10: in front of plate numbers, "A" indicates issues produced by American Bank Note Co. on rotary plates from Scott 1789 onward.
11: "A" inscription, U.S. non-denominated stamp, valued 15-cents, placed on sale May 22, 1978.
12: (Ger.) Auslandsbriefpriifstelle; Foreign Letter Censor Office, WW II, followed by letter indicating city.
13: auction abbreviation for autograph.
14. Anvers (Belg.) Antwerp.
15. architect, South Australia official overprint, 1868-74.
16: Armée (Fr.) army.
17: Auslandsstelle, Auslandsbriefpr√ɬľfstelle (Ger.) Foreign Letter Censor Office, WW II, followed by letter indicating city.
18: Australian stamps watermark, with Imperial Crown, 1913-26.
19: Ante Meridiem, morning, coded time handstamps of 1890s.
20: Gibraltar, Imperial Censorship Code, WW II.
21: time of departure for Zeppelin flights.

a: (Fr.) of, to, by, at
Ã…: one-letter post office name, Norway.
A$: Australian dollars.
A. 23: underlined watermark of Orange River Colony 2/6d King Edward V11 Revenue stamp.
A25: British Colonial Office cancel for Malta.
A thru X: Scott Catalogue suffix for Revenue Stamped Paper.
AA: 1: USPS abbreviation for Armed Forces Americas, except Canada, see: AE. 2: (Fr.) Armée Autrichienne" (Austrian Army) 1748 British Army handstamp, for Austrian Army, usually on mail from Germany; carried by Thurn and Taxis to Belgium; see: Thurn and Taxis.
A.A.A.: Australian Air Mail Association.
AAB: Aloysius A. Baldus, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
Aachen: 1: formerly Aix-la-Chapelle,, also transit marking; see: Aix-la-Chapelle. 2: Aachener Stadbriefbeförderung Merkur, German local, 1894-97.
AACMO: Army Sir Corps Mail Operation, 1934-35.
AADC: automated area distribution center, USPS term.
AAFPO: Australian Air Force Post Offices
AAI: Allied Armies, Italy.
A.A.L.: Adria Aero Lloyd, Italy
Aalborg Bypost: (Dan.) Denmark local post, 1884-89.
Aalborg Privatbaner: local, Denmark railway parcel.
Aalesund Bypost: (Nor.) Norway local post, 1880-84.
AAMC: 1: American Air Mail Catalog, USA. 2: Australian Air Mail Catalogue, Nelson Eustis.
AAMS: see: American Air Mail Society.
A&ESC: Aberdeen and Elgin Sorting Carriage, British.
A and T, A&T: Annam and Tonkin overprint, French Protectorate in Indo-China; Jan. 21, 1888-1892: stamps of French Colonies surcharged A & T, see: Annam and Tonkin.
Aanesneden: (Neth.) cut into.
Aangebragt: (Dutch) Netherlands Dutch East Indies labels; 1845-46: postage due inscription.
Aangetekend: (Neth.) registered.
Aantal: (Dutch) number.
AAPE: American Association of Philatelic Exhibitors, USA.
Aarau: Switzerland local airmail, 1913.
Aarhus Bypost: (Dan.) Denmark local post, 1884-1900.AAT: Australia Antarctic Territory.
A.A.Vantine: US cancel or revenue stamp overprint for face powder product, 1914.
Aayman Islands: bogus labels for Dayman, Layman, Nayman, Sayman, Yayman, etc.; British colonial royal wedding frames from book, Surreal Stamps and Unreal Stickers.
A.B.: 1: Archibald Brown manuscript surcharge, 1891-95 on British East Africa Protectorate issues. 2; (Fr.) "assez beau"; fair to good condition, or appearance. 3: (Fr.) "abonnement"; subscription (to catalogs). 4: (Fr.) "Armeé Britannique" 1748 British Army handstamp, for Austrian army, usually on mail from Germany; carried by Thurn and Taxis to Belgium; see: Thurn and Taxis. 4: Russia surcharge, Cyrillic for Vladivostok Issue, Far Eastern Republic, 1923.
AB: Andrew Black, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
Ab: standard Berlin censorship office mark, WW II.
A.B.A.: A.B. Aerotransport, Swedish airline.
Abaco and Cays: group of the Bahamas Islands.
Aba-el-Wakf: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1879-84.
Abajo: (Sp.) bottom.
A.B. & S. (A. Beecher & Son): U.S. match stamp inscription; see Private Die Proprietary Stamps.
Abart: (Ger.) variety.
Abattoirs: (Fr.) slaughter houses; French Colonies revenue inscription.
ABB: marking on British postage-paid envelope; "A" indicates mail originates in Britain and was shipped to the U.S. as freight; first "B" indicates entry into the U.S. postal system, second "B" indicates delivery in the U.S.
Abbey Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Abbildung: (Ger.) illustration.
Abbonamento: (It.) subscription.
Abbott's Express: U.S. private local post serviced Boston, Lawrence and North Andover, Mass., label; 1850.
Abbozzo: (It.) specimen.
Abbreviato: (It.) abbreviated.
ABC Warehouse: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
ABCF: Associa'ão Brasileira dos Comerciante Filatélicos; Brazilian Stamp Dealers Association.
ABDA: American, British and Dutch Administration, censor handstamp, WW II.
Abd al Kuri: bogus; island in Indian Ocean between Socotra and Horn of Africa.
Abdruck: (Ger.) print or impression.
Abeilles: (Fr.) bees, bee-like spots of French stamps issued 1863-71.
Abercorn: now Mbala, Zambia; see: Zambia.
Aberdeen: Aberdeen Circular Delivery Company, local, 1867.
Aberdeen 5 Mi (Miss.): see: Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
A. Bergqvist Lokala Expressposten: see Hälsingborg - A. Bergqvist Lokala Expressposten.
Abessinien: (Ger.) Abyssinia, Ethiopia.
A Betale-Portomerke: (Nor.) Norway postage due inscription, 1922-23.
Abganagsstempel: (Ger.) postmark of office or origin.
Abgeblasst: (Ger.) faded, discolored, rubbed-off color.
Abgefärbt: (Ger.) stained.
Abgenutzt: (Ger.) worn.
Abgerissen: (Ger.) torn off.
Abgeschliffen: (Ger.) ground off, such as German South West Africa altered cancelers.
Abgestempelt, Abgest.: (Ger.) cancelled.
Abgetrennt: (Ger.) separated.
Abhängige: (Ger.) dependency (in the geopolitical sense).
Abidjan: French West Africa; 1959: March 21: stamp issue when colony became independent.
Abidjan Games: common theme on stamps of the French Community of Nations, 1962.
Abierta por la censura militar: (Sp.) opened by the military censor.
Abime: (Fr.) damaged.
Abingdon, Va. Paid 2 cents: see: Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
ABK: Andrew B. Kennedy, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
Abkari: India States term for excise duties on liquors and drugs.
Abkhazia: part of the Republic of Georgia, formerly Russia; 1993-post: bogus, "stamps and souvenir sheets" printed by private individuals.
Abklatsch: (Ger.) offset, mirror image.
Abkommen: (Ger.) agreement, convention.
Abk√ɬľrzn:(Ger.) abbreviated.
Abk√ɬľrzungen:(Ger.) abbreviations.
Ablieferungbescheinigung: (Ger.) receipt for delivery.
Ablösen im wasser: (Ger.) soak off in water.
Ablösung: (Ger.) franking privilege for Prussian local officials.
ABNC, ABNCo.: American Bank Note Company.
Abnormal: nickname for stamps produced by De La Rue for Great Britain; 1862-80: one sheet for the archives, selected from sheets printed from a new plate, balance of sheets put into circulation.
Abnormal perforations: may be caused by a bent pin in the perforating machine.
Abn√ɬľtzung: (Ger.) wear.
Abo: now Turku, Finland.
Abominable Snowmania: bogus, Punch magazine cover parody.
Abonné: (Fr.) subscriber.
Abonnement: (Fr., Ger.) subscription
Abonnements-Poste: (Fr.) subscriptions for newspaper do not require postage stamps; Universal Postal Union regulation.
Abono(s): (Sp.) marking on early covers indicating that postage was prepaid to destination.
Abo Lans Kustångbåts: (Fin.) local post via steamship, Finland late 1890s.
Abou-Choukouk: Egypt, 1879-82, see: Interpostal seals.
Abou-el-Scekuk: Egypt, 1874-76, see: Interpostal seals.
Abou-Hamade: Egypt, 1879-84, see: Interpostal seals.
Abou-Homos: Egypt, 1865-84, see: Interpostal seals.
Abou-Kerkas: Egypt, 1879-84, see: Interpostal seals.
Abou-Kibir: Egypt, 1879-84, see: Interpostal seals.
Aboukir: Egypt, 1880, see: Interpostal seals.
Aboutigh: Egypt, 1879-82, see: Interpostal seals.
Above privilege number: handstamp applied to a letter disallowed under the franking system.
ABPO: Australian Base Post Office. 2: Advanced Base Post Office
Abrechnung: (Ger.) settling of account.
Abrége: (Fr.) abbreviated.
Abrevia'ãos: (Port.) abbreviations.
Abreviado: (Port., Sp.) abbreviated.
Abreviaturas: (Sp.) abbreviations.
Abreviere: (Rom.) abbreviation.
Abroad: U.S. postal agencies in another country.
Abr√ɬľcken: (Ger.) departure.
Abruka: bogus issue, not valid for postage.
Absatz: (Ger.) sale, paragraph.
Abschiedsserie: (Ger.) farewell series of a stamp issue, sentimental tribute; 1920: for example: Bavaria stamps overprinted "Deutsches Reich."
Absender, Abs.: (Ger.) sender.
Absenderfreistempel: (Ger.) meters used by private firms.
Absendermarke: (Ger.) return address label.
Absendervermerk: (Ger.) return address.
Absentee ballot materials: postcard applications, ballots, voting instructions, and envelopes sent through the mail without postage prepayment; permits U.S. citizens, and their spouses and dependents to apply for registration and to vote when absent from the place of voting residence.
Absentee bidder: bidder participating in a public auction, but personally not present at the auction; see: auction agent, book bid.
ABSN: Al Burn Stamp News, USA
Abstand, Abst.: (Ger.) spacing.
Abstempeln: (Ger.) to cancel.
Abstempelung: (Ger.) cancellation, a mark placed on a stamp by a postal authority to deface the stamp and prevent its misuse.
Abstimmung: (Ger.) plebiscite.
Abstimmung in Salzburg / 29 Mai 1921: (Ger.) bogus overprint on stamps of Austria.
ABSV: Arbeiter-Briefmarken-Sammler-Verein.
Abteilung: (Ger.) battalion, detachment, unit.
Abtönen: (Ger.) color shading.
Abu Dhabi: sheikdom in the Persian Gulf; part of United Arab Emirates; currency: 100 naye paise = 1 rupee (1964), 100 fils = 1 dinar (1966) 1833: Dubai sheik renounced allegiance to Abu Dhabi, 1862-1971: under British protection, 1892: became British protectorate, 1948, Apr.1-April 26, 1966: Muscat; stamps of British Postal Administration surcharged in Indian currency, 1948, Apr.1-Jan. 6, 1961: Dubai; stamps of British Postal Administration surcharged in Indian currency, 1950-1957: Qatar; stamps of British Postal Administration surcharged in Indian currency, 1951: 1951, 1953: BPA stamps used in Kuwait and Bahrain during stamp shortages, 1956-1963: Das Island oil workers mail sent through British Postal Superintendent at Bahrain, 1960, Dec.-Mar. 29, 1964: stamps of British Postal Administration in Eastern Arabia used, 1963, Mar. 30: used stamps of British Postal Administration, opened office in Eastern Arabia, 1964, Mar. 30: No. 1, 5 naye paise bright yellow-green, 1966, Jan. 6: Das Island post office remained in Bahrain, 1967, Jan. 1: post office taken over by Abu Dhabi, 1971, Dec. 2: joined the United Arab Emirates, 1972, Aug.: Abu Dhabi stamps overprinted United Arab Emirates, 1973, Jan. 1: UAE joint issues with Ajman, Dubai, Fujeira, Sharjah, Umm al Qiwain.
Abu Dhabi: stamps overprinted United Arab Emirates, 1972.
A buon mercato: (It.) a good buy, cheapest.
Abusive Issue: if a stamp is not issued in a transparent or open manner and is not sold by the issuing postal administration.
Abutshi: city in Southern Nigeria; 1895-Oct.1899: Royal Niger Company handstamp used on stamps of Great Britain.
Abwehr: (Ger.) defense, military security.
Abweichung: (Ger.) variety, error.
Abwertung: (Ger.) devaluation.
Abwicklung: (Ger.) settlement or liquidation.
Abwicklungsgeb√ɬľhr: (Ger.) official fee.
Abyssinia: Ethiopia, former name; see: Ethiopia.
Abyssinien: (Ger.) Abyssinia.
Abzug: (Ger.) copy, proof.
AC: actual count, USPS term.
Acacia gum: gum from the acacia plant, shrub or tree, named after the places or countries (arabic, senegal and syriac) in which the gum is collected.
Acambaro: bogus; Mexican District revolutionary provisional; 1914: simulating 1867 issue.
Acanalado: (Sp.) ribbed.
Acaponeta: (Sp.) Mexican District; 1914: revolutionary provisional issue.
Acapulco: overprint used on stamps of Mexico for this district during 1856-1883.
Accent: mark placed over a letter that modifies its pronunciation, appears on stamps.
Accept par la censure: (Fr.) passed by censor.
Accepted design: final stage in the stamp design being made ready
Accepté projet: (Fr.) adopted design.
Accessories: products used by the stamp collector in the aid of stamp identification and handling; also known as tools.
Accessory Transit Co. of Nicaragua: local handstamp; 1836-1860: mail of private firm.
Accidenté: (Fr.) salvaged, damaged.
Accountable mail: mail that requires the signature of the addressee upon receipt to provide proof of delivery.
Accountable materials: includes U.S. postal items such as aerogrammes, International Reply Coupons, postage stamps, philatelic products, postal cards, stamped envelopes and postal cards, blank postal money order forms, migratory-bird hunting and conservation stamps, or any unsold item, USPS term.
Account letter: letter forming part of a letter and number combination; 1887-1947: printed on British stamps.
A.C.C.P.: Azerbaijan, Cyrillic for Azerbaijani Soviet Socialist Republic.
ACCR: bogus, Antarctic Confederation of City Republics.
Accumulation: large collection of stamps that has not been arranged in any particular order.
Accumulator: one who collects stamps in show boxes, etc., not in any order or category.
Accurate: exact or correct; Sorgfaltig (Ger.), Soigne (Fr.), Acurata (It.), Esmerado (Sp.)
Acechador: (Sp.) scout topic, theme.
Aceituna: (Sp.) olive (color).
Acélmetszet: (Hung.) steel plate engraving.
A censurar en destino: (It.) to be censored at destination.
ACEP: (Fr.) Association du Collectionneurs des Entiers Postaux; (Postal Stationery Collectors Association).
A Certo: (Sp.) Ancachs, 1884 Peru manuscript overprint, provisional issue; term is former canceling device used for another purpose.
ACFT: bogus, Antarctic Confederation of Federal Territories.
Achalpur: formerly Ellichhput, India.
Achat: (Ger.) buy.
Acheminé: (Fr.) forwarded (letter).
Acheson's graphite: graphite lines, manufactured by Acheson Colloids, Ltd., Great Britain, used to activate an automatic letter facing machine, 1950s.
Achéte: (Fr.) bought.
Acheter: (Fr.) to buy.
Acheteur: (Fr.) buyer.
A cheval: (Fr.) offset, straddling.
Achin: Sumatra local overprint, Japanese occupation, 1942-45.
Achmant: Egypt, 1879-84, see: Interpostal seals.
Achrovure Division of Union Camp, Inc.: private printer of the 1968 U.S. Walt Disney stamp.
Achteckstempel: (Ger.) octagonal cancel.
Achterbock: (Ger.) block of eight.
Achterdijk: bogus, Donald Evans issue, Holland.
Achterkant: (Dut.) back.
Acid: chemical compound having a pH below 7.0. Paper with a pH below 7.0 is considered acidic and can, in time, affect stamps and covers attached to the acidic page.
Acid free paper: paper manufactured under neutral conditions with a pH greater than 7.0 containing no acidic additives.
Acinzentado: (Port.) greyish (color); see Cinza.
Acinzentado-amarello: (Port.) greyish-black (color).
Acinzentado-ardósua: (Port.) greyish-slate (color).
Acinzentado-azul: (Port.) greyish-blue (color).
Acinzentado-lilás: (Port.) greyish-lilac (color).
Acinzentado-oliva: (Port.) greyish-olive green (color).
Acinzentado-pardo: (Port.) greyish-brown (color).
Acinzentado-preto: (Port.) greyish-black (color).
Acinzentado-p√ɬļpura: (Port.) greyish-purple (color).
Acinzentado-verde: (Port.) greyish-green (color).
Acinzentado-violeta: (Port.) greyish-violet (color).
Acker Company: private advertisements mailed to customers; labels, 1882-1912.
Acknowledgement of Receipt (A.R.): notification by the post office that the mail piece has been delivered to the addressee; Ruckschein (Ger.), Accuser Reception (Fr.), Aviso di Ricevuta (It.), Aviso de Recibo (Sp.).
Acknowledgement of Receipt stamp: required to pay the additional fee for return-receipt service; paid with regular stamps in the United States; Ruckscheinmarke (Ger.), Timbre d'accuser de Reception (Fr.), Avviso di Ricevuta (It.), Sello de Aviso de Recibo (Sp.).
Acme City Parcel Delivery: private local post servicing Providence, R.I.; label, year unknown.
ACN: Arthur C. Noble, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
ACOFIL: Associa'√ɬĘo de Comerciantes Filatelicos de Portugal; Portuguese Stamp Dealers Association.
A Combination Press: BEP webfed, BEP eight color press, 1973-93, created floating plate numbers.
A condition: (Fr.) on approval.
Acorazado: (Sp.) battleship marking on 1936-37 Spanish civil war covers.
Acostado: (Sp.) horizontal.
ACP: Advanced Coated Paper; a new phosphor coated paper with a brighter glow than the earlier paper, 1983.
ACPS: see: American Ceremony Program Society.
Acre: now Akko, Israel.
Acre, Territory of: bogus, Brazil rebellious state that was purchased from Bolivia in 1902, Donald Evans issue.
Across-the-lines mails: U.S. Civil War term for mail carried by private express firms between the North and South.
ACRSN: A.C. Roessler's Stamp News.
ACSC: Australia Commonwealth Specialist Catalogue.
ACT: air contract transportation tag, USPS term.
AC Tagging: Added to color; phosphored ink.
Actes de Naissance: (Fr.) birth certificates; French Colony revenue inscription.
Action Staff Agency: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Acuartelamiento: (Sp.) barracks, Spanish civil war Foreign Legion cover marking.
AD: 1: auction abbreviation for topical advertising. 2: Andorra, country code as used by UPU.
A. D.: 1: Anno Domini, proceeds year date. 2: Andrew Dick, manuscript surcharge; 1891-95: British East Africa Protectorate issues. 3: abbreviation for Andrew Doherty, on Playing Card stamps..
Adadi: India States term for land settlement.
Adaluncatiff: bogus, no information available as to where distributed.
Adams & Co. Express: U.S. local post; Calif.; 1849, Sept.-54: operating in California and the Pacific Coast.
Adams & Co's Express: private local post servicing east coast, stamps, corner cards; 1841-55.
Adams & Co.'s Poker Chip Stamps: stamps printed in thin pink cardboard and sued as poker chips or currency, 1854.
Adams & Mason's Express: private local post serviced Boston, Medfield and Medway, Mass., labels; 1850.
Adams City Express Post: U.S. local post, New York, N.Y., 1850-51.
Adams Express Company: private local post; nationwide; stamps, corner cards, labels, year unknown.
Adams Express Company Knoxville, Tenn: carried mail "across the lines" during the American Civil War.
Adams Expres - Kj√ɬłbenhavn: see Copenhagen - Adam's Expres Local Post.
Adam's Expres Local Post (Denmark): see Copenhagen - Adam's Expres Local Post.
Adana: formerly Seyham, Turkey.
ADAPS: Assistant Director Army Postal Service.
Ad arco: (It.) "arch" or "leaf" issue, 1930-31 King George V, Canada; name given to differentiate set from previous series.
Adaref: Egypt, 1879-80, see: Interpostal seals.
Ad collar: printed advertising surrounding the stamp area.
Add., Addr.: auction term, indicates cover is addressed.
Ad Dawhah: formerly Doha, Qatar.
Added Art: addition of original art to the margins of a stamp, aka remarque.
Addendum: appendix or supplement to a book; some stamp catalogs have an addendum listing stamps after the catalog had been prepared but prior to printing.
Addicional: (Sp.) overprint on federal tax stamps of Mexico; to indicate an additional fee to be added to any other taxable transaction.
Additional: increased in any manner.
Additional halfpenny: hand-struck marking; 1813-1839: mail from England to or from Scotland indicating that an extra 1/2d postage was chargeable as a levy paid to the Scottish Turnpike Trusts.
Additional Medicine Duty Not Available for Postage: overprint on British postage stamps for revenue use in 1915, when rate of duty was increased and revenue stamps were not available.
Additional Printing: another printing of an already issued stamp that may be different or exactly the same ar the original issue. Afterprint: term for samples of every stamp issued in Finland as requested by the Russian postal authorities in 1891.
Additionnel: (Fr.) increased in any manner.
Additive stamp: non-denominated issue U.S. stamp, used for additional postage during rate changes.
Addizionale: (It.) increased in any manner.
Add-on cachet: design added to a cover which did not originally have a cachet.
Addr.: addressed.
Address: place to which mail can be sent; Addressieren (Ger.), Adresse (Fr.), Dirigere (It.), Direccion (Sp.).
Address. & Office Supply: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Addressee: one to whom anything is addressed; Empfanger (Ger.), Destinaire (Fr.), Destinatario (It., Sp.).
Addressieren: (Ger.) to write an address.
A découvert (Fr.): Universal Postal Union term for transit mail (mail that crosses borders while en route from one country to another) that is in sealed containers.
Adelaide: city in South Australia; 1836: handstamps introduced; Thomas Gilbert named first postmaster of colony, 1839: service expanded to Port Adelaide.
Adelgazado: (Sp.) thinned.
Adélie (Coast) Land: French possession in Antarctica; includes Iles Amsterdam, Crozet, Kerguelan and Saint Paul; 1840: Jules S.C. Dumont d'Urville discovered territory, 1948: "Terre Adélie-Dumont Durville 1840" overprint on airmail stamp of Malagasy Republic, 1955: French claim section of Antarctic Adélie Land, but US does not recognize claim; stamps issued as French Southern and Antarctic Territories, 1998: administered from Paris, see French Southern and Antarctic Territories.
Adelie Land; 1840: Jules S.C. Dumont d'Urville discovered territory, 1948: "Terre Adélie-Dumont Durville 1840" overprint on stamp of Malagasy Republic.
Aden: now Yemen, South Arabia; currency:12 pies = 1 anna (1937); 16 annas = 1 rupee; 100 cents = 1 shilling (1951) 1839, June 5,-1937: used stamps of India, when annexed as a British colony and protectorate to British India; original post offices at Crater called Aden Cantonment (Camp), 1854: stamps of India on sale in Aden when office was place under the Bombay administration, 1858: main post office moved to Steamer Point, 1935: formerly made a Crown Colony, 1937, April 1: No. 1, ¬Ĺ anna light green; Aden (British) Protectorate, 1963, Jan.: became part of Federation of South Arabia, 1965, April 1: first Federation of South Arabia stamps issued; see Yemen, Kingdom of.
Aden: Kalashnikov AK47; unissued Great Britain cinderella by David Horry, 2001.
Aden States: two sultanates of the Aden protectorate issued their own stamps in 1942 see: Kathiri State of Seiyun (Kathiri), Qu'Aiti State of Shihr and Mukalia (Qu'Aiti). Adhésif: (Fr.) adhesive.
ADH: Andrew D. Headley, employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
Adhesion Victimas San Juan y Pueblo Argentino: inscription on stamps of Paraguay semipostal for victims of an Argentine earthquake.
Adhesive: 1: paper postage stamp with gum on the back intended to be glued on letters, packages, etc. 2: the gum used to affix a postage stamp.
Adhesive collar: advertising collar that is affixed to an envelope over which the stamp is placed.
Adhesivo: (Sp.) adhesive (stamp).
Adicional: (Sp.) increased in any manner.
Adigey: bogus Russian Federation Republic; local post overprint and stamps, not valid for postage.
Adirondack Express Co.: private local parcel delivery; serviced New York, Vermont and Canada; labels, year unknown.
Adjaria: bogus Russian issue, 1996?.
Adjudani: bogus, Donald Evans issue; Persia.
Adjudication: (Fr.) sale (to a bidder).
Adlercreutz: (Fin.) local post, ship cancel Finland, 1880s.
Administrador de Correos: (Sp.) postmaster.
Administradorra de Correos: (Sp.) postmistress.
Administration of Western Thrace: in Greek, 1920 overprint on stamps of Greece, as a stopgap measure until the unoverprinted Greek postage is authorized.
Administracion de Cambio: (Sp.) Foreign Section Administrative department, exchange rate.
Administracion de Correos: (Sp.) administrative department, post office.
Administration des Postes: (Fr.) postal authorities.
Administration Reform: common design on stamps of Portugal and Colonies, 1969.
Administrative Cancel: applied by the postal administration to change value of postal item.
Admiralty Islands: see: New Guinea, Mandated Territory.
Admirals: 1: 1912-25 series of Canadian stamps showing King George V in the full dress uniform of an admiral of the Royal Navy. 2: 1926 New Zealand issue. 3: 1913-19, Rhodesia. 4: 1924-30, Southern Rhodesia.
Admiralty Official: Admiralty Dept., Great Britain 1903 overprint for official use.
Admon: (Sp.) administration.
Admon. Pral. De Correos en Campeche: (Sp.) "Principal Administration of Posts in Campeche" inscription on provisional stamps of Campeche, Mexico, 1876.
Admon. Pral. De Correos del Depto. De Apurímac Abancay: (Sp.) overprint on Arequipa provisional stamp in Abancay, Peru, a town on the Apurímac River area west of Cuzco: "Principal Administration of Posts of the Department of Apurímac-Abancay." 1885.
Ados: one half of Barbados bisected stamp; see Barb.
A. D. P. O.: (Fr.) "Administration Dette Publique Ottomane," inscription; Administration of the Ottoman Public Debt, 1917, French military occupation, revenue stamps.
A. D. P. O./Z. O.: (Fr.) Zone Ouest (Western Zone for Lebanon), inscription; see: A.D.P.O.
Adresní Záznamní Lístek: (Czech.) address registration card (coupon).
Adressaten Okänd: (Swed.) addressee unknown.
Adressbrev: (Swed.) address letters, introduced in 1873 by noting on letters or postcards "Härmed ett pakete" ("Herewith a parcel"); they were stamped with the fee for the parcel postage.
Adresse: (Fr., Ger.) address; place to which mail can be sent.
Adresse Insuffisante: (Fr.) insufficient address, return to sender.
Adressförändring eller återtagande: (Swed.) change of address or withdrawal.
Adresskort: (Swed.) address cards.
Adria-Alpenvorland: bogus, never issued 1945 German occupation locals printed in Vienna.
Adrianople: now Edirne, Turkey.
ADS/Postalia Corp./Tele-Norm Corp./Francotyp-Postalia: U.S. postage meter firm, started about 1960, now a division of ADS-Anker Data Systems of Germany.
Adsons: term used for New Zealand stamps with commercial advertising on the back, 1893.
Adstamps: US stamps affixed to an advertising collar to affix to an envelope, 1980s.
Adsubia: local, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937.
A due colori: (It.) bicolored.
Aduna: (Sp.) revenue stamp for custom duties on imported goods; first issued in 1885s.
Advance deposit account: debit account into which a mailer deposits funds that are maintained by the postal administration and from which postage is later deducted at the time of mailing; also called trust account in some nations.
Advent Bay: rubber stamp cancel for Spitsbergen.
Advertised covers: an undelivered cover advertised by post office to locate recipient.
Advertised letter: letters marked with a special marking "Advertised" or "ADV" by U.S. postmasters during the 19th century connoting an ad was placed in the newspaper that the letter was not collected after a certain period of time; 1¬Ę could be charged by the paper, which was passed on to the customer; some postmasters charged more than the 1¬Ę fee they paid.
Advertisement: first ad from a collector looking to buy and exchange stamps published in London's Family Herald, 1851.
Advertisement pane: booklet or sheet of stamps with one or more stamp spaces used for an advertisement.
Advertisements on postmarks: first used by Great Britain during WW1; 1963: Great Britain offered pictorial or slogan cancels for a fee.
Advertisements on stamps: Great Britain ads; 1881: first ad for "Pear's Soap" imprinted on the back over the gum, several nations currently issue stamps depicting a commercial product.
Advertising collar: ads, printed on the envelope, shaped like a horseshoe to fit around the stamp.
Advertising cover: cover front that has advertising of a commercial product, hotel, etc.
Advertising label: label used to make up a full booklet pane advertising a commodity or service.
Advertising mail: USPS term, called Standard Mail as of Jan. 7, 2001.
Advertising postmarks: started during World War I as a propaganda tool.
Advice of delivery: international postal term allowing the sender, on payment of a fee, to be notified of the delivery of the item.
Adviesprijs: (Dutch) suggested bid.
ADW: Alven D. Whittington, employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
Adygeia: bogus Russian Federation Republic; local overprint and stamps.
Adygea, Republic of: illegal labels, purporting to be stamps, as per Jan. 14, 2002, Russian Federation report to the UPU; not valid for postage.
Adzaneta de Albaida: local, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937
AE: 1: United Arab Emirates, country code as used by UPU. 2: USPS abbreviation for Armed Forces Africa, Canada, Europe, Middle East. 3: affairs étrangPres (Fr.) foreign affairs, French Colony revenue inscription. 4: aerophilately, a philatelic discipline recognized for FIP exhibitions.
A. E.: (Fr.) "affairs étrangcres" foreign affairs, French Colony Revenue inscription. 1912-1944: Italian issues overprinted "Egeo," "Isole Italiane Dell'Egeo" from various islands: Calchi, Calino, Caso, Coo, Fero, Nisiro, Patmo, Piscopi, Rhodes (Rodi), Scarpanto, Simi, and Stampalia, 1916: stamps of Italy without overprints used, 1920: Greece recognized Italian control of the islands, 1923: formerly ceded to Italy, 1944-45: German occupation issues, 1945-47: British Middle East Forces occupation overprint MEF (Middle East Forces), 1947: stamps of Greece overprinted SDD (Dodecanese Military Occupation), 1947: stamps of Greece.Egte: (Dan.) authentic.
A. E. A.: Atomic Energy Agency.
√ɂƬ¶giske √ɬłer: (Dan.) Aegean Islands.
√ɂĆblegr√ɬłn: (Dan.) apple-green (color).
Ægte: (Dan.) genuine.
Ægypten: (Dan.) Egypt, Egyptian (adj.).
Ægyptensk: (Dan.) Egypt, Egyptian (adj.).
Ælder: (Dan.) older.
A. E. D.: "affranchie a l'etranger jusqu'a destination"; 1827: usage for mail from Sardinia to France where postage had been prepaid.
AEF: Albert E. Fischer, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
A. E. F.: 1: French Equatorial Africa (Afrique Equatoriale Francaise). 2: American Expeditionary Forces established in World War I; AEF Mail, AEF post offices and AEF booklets.
A.E.F. booklets: books of 1¬Ę and 2¬Ę denomination made for the A.E.F. in France in panes of thirty stamps, 1918.
A.E.F. post offices: handled A.E.F. mail, July 1, 1918.
Aegaische Inseln: (Ger.) Aegean Islands.
Aegean Islands: odecanese island group in the Aegean, off the coast of Turkey; currency: 100 centesimi = 1 lira (plural lire) (1861), 100 cents = 1 euro (2002) 16th century-post: under Turkish rule, 1912-1932: Italian issues overprinted "Egeo", "Isole Italiane Dell'Egeo" from various islands; includes: Calchi, Calino, Caso, Coo, Lero, Lisso, Nisiro, Patmo, Piscopi, Rhodes (Rodi), Scarpanto, Simi, and Stampalia, 1912: stamps of Greece used in parts of Turkey occupied by Greece (New Greece), Macedonia, Epirus, some of the Aegean islands, 1912, Oct. 8: Icaria (Nicaria) stamps issued after independence from Turkey, overprinted "Greek Administration" stamps issued June 1913, 1912-13: Limnos (Lemnos) overprint on stamps of Greece during occupation, 1912: Nov: Mytilene (Lesbos) overprint on stamps of Greece and Turkey during occupation, 1912, Nov. 14: Samos Provisional Government issued own stamps, 1913, May 13: Samos, Provisional Government, stamps overprinted "Greece" in Greek letters, 1913, May: Khios (Chios) overprint on stamps of Greece during occupation, 1916: stamps of Italy without overprints used, 1920, June 19-Aug. 21, 1920: stamps overprinted by French administration, 1920: Greece recognized Italian control of the islands, 1922, July 11: Castelrosso, stamps of Italy overprinted for use; 1924: formerly ceded to Italy, 1930: first air mail stamp, 1934: first postage due stamp issued, 1944-45: German occupation issues, 1945-47: British Middle East Forces occupation overprint "MEF" (Middle East Forces), 1947, Sept.: stamps of Greece overprinted "SDD" (Dodecanese Military Occupation).
Aegna: bogus issue, not valid for postage.
Ægypten: (Dan.) Egypt
Ægyptensk: (Dan.) Egyptian
A. E. J. F.: (Fr.) "affranchie a l'étranger jusqu'a la frontiere"; prepaid to the border only, used in France during the 1830s.
Aeores: (Fr.) Azores overprint and inscription on stamps of Portugal.
A.E.P.: Académie Européenne de Philatélie; European Academy of Philately; founded in France in 1977, to develop the friendship of European prestigious philatelists and to publicize their work.
Aerea: (It.) airmail overprint.
Aereo: (Sp.) airmail overprint or inscription.
Aereo exterior: (Sp.) Guatemala overprint for airmail.
Aereo interior: (Sp.) Honduras overprint for official interior airmail.
Aereo Sedta: (Sp.) "Sociedad Ecuatoriano de Transportes Aereos" Ecuador airmail overprint, 1938-40.
Aero oy: Finland inscription for 20th anniversary of Finnair, 1944.
Aerial Post: early British term for air mail.
Aereotarg Poznan: (Pol.) Poland semi-official airmail stamps for Poznan, 1921.
Aérien (ne): (Fr.) air (mail).
Aero Club of Canada/Grand Army of Canada: semi-official airmail, Canada, 1918-20.
Aero correo: (Sp.) Honduras airmail overprint.
Aerofilatelia: (Sp.) aerophilately.
Aéroglisseur courrier part: (Fr.) hovercraft mail.
Aerogram: see: Aérogramme.
Aerograma: (Sp.) airmail postal stationery, air letter sheet.
Aerogramm: (Ger.) airmail postal stationery, air letter sheet.
Aérogramme: (Fr.) official U.P.U. name for air letter sheet; lightweight paper with gummed flaps, usually with an imprinted stamp indicium, transported by air to other countries, no enclosures are permitted.Aerogramme, inland: used for domestic service with no guarantee of air service.
Aerogramme, military: mostly used by British Forces during World War II.
Aerogramme, official: used by government officials and departments.
Aerogramme, regular issue: with imprinted postage or airmail stamps.
Aerogramme, reverse die cutting: printed sheet of an aerogram placed in an inverted position when sheets are being cut.
Aerogramme, semi-official: inscriptions added with implied or tacit approval of the government.
Aerogramme, tablet: inscription on the front panel, usually reading "Via Airmail" etc.
Aerogramme, unwatermarked sheets: majority of aerograms are printed on unwatermarked sheets, while others do not show the watermark due to mark's wide spacing.
Aerogrammo: (It.) airmail postal stationery, air letter sheet.
Aerogramy: (Czech.) airmail postal stationery, air letter sheet.
Aéronaute: (Fr.) balloon post crew members during the Siege of Paris, 1870-71.
Aérophilatélie: (Fr.,Ger.) aerophilately.
Aerophilately: branch of collecting that deals with airmail stamps and covers and their usage.
Aeroplane mail, first: the first flight took place from the United Provinces Exhibition Grounds at Allahabad, India to Naini Junction, five lies away on Feb. 18, 1911.
Aeroplane mail, first U.S.: mail was flown from Garden City, N. Y. to Mineola during the International Aviation Tournament, Sept. 23-30, 1911.
Aero Plane Special Safety Match: Swedish firm's label used on mail as sticker, year unknown.
Aeroplane Station: circular date stamp for the Third Annual Aviation Meet, Oakland, Ca. sponsored by the Pacific Aero Club.
Aeroport: (Rom.) Airport.
Aeroport International de Kandahar: Kandahar international airport, Afghanistan postmark.
Aeroporto: (It.) Airport.
Aeropuerto: (Sp.) airport, used on postmarks.
Aerostato: (It.) balloon mail.
Aerotarg Poznan 1921: Poznan, Poland semi-official airmail stamps.
Aerovias Nacionales: Puerto Rico semi-official airmail stamps.
Aerovias Nacionales de Colombia: (Sp.) airline in Colombia; 1950-51: airmail stamps overprinted "A" for mail carried by AVIANCA.
Aer-phost: (Ire.) air post.
AF: 1. Afghanistan, country code as used by UPU. 2. currency abbreviation for afghan (Afghanistan).
Afars and Issas: Eastern Africa, formerly French colony of Somali Coast; now Djibouti Republic; stamps of this country can be found in these catalogs: Albany Stamp Company, Michel, Scott, Stanley Gibbons, Yvert & Tellier;currency:100 centimes = 1 Djiboutian franc (1967); 1896: organized as a colony, names of two tribes that inhabited the area, 1944: peace accord ended Afars rebellion, 1946: became territory within the French Union, 1958: member in the French Community, 1967-pre: French Somali Coast, stamps of Obock and Djibouti, 1967-77, Aug. 21: stamps inscribed French Territory of Afars and Issas, 1967, Aug. 21: first stamps issued, 1969, Aug. 21: first airmail, 1969, Dec. 15: postage due stamps issued, 1977, June 27: renamed the Republic of Djibouti, see Benadir, Djibouti, Obock, Oltre Giuba, Italian East Africa, Italian Somaliland, Somalia, Somalia Coast, Somalia Coast-French, and Somalia Coast Protectorate.
Afars and Issas: two tribes that inhabited the area.
AFC: Advanced facer-canceler, USPS term.
AFDCS: American First Day Cover Society.
A Felkelo Makyarok Altal Megszallot Nyugat Magyarzag 1921 Aug.-Sept.: (Hung.) overprint on stamps of Hungary produced by armed forces ousting Austrian troops occupying portion of Western Hungary per terms of the Versailles Treay: "Western Hungary Occupied by Insurgent Hungarians 1921 Aug.-Sept."
Aff. Excep Faute Timb: (Fr.) abbreviation on handstamp used provisionally in Ethiopia in 1911 during shortage of postage stamps
Affiches: (Fr.) public signs and posters; French Colony revenue inscription.
Affiliates, APS: organized for the study of specific area of philately.
Affix: fasten, such as affix a postage stamp to an envelope.
Affixing machines: mechanical devices used to fasten stamps to correspondence.
Aff O: (Fr.) with Foreign Legion cross, overprint for Tunisia, may be private issue.
AFFP: Abyssinian Field Force Post Office; used 1869 on fieldpost envelopes
Affrancatura mista: (It.) mixed franking.
Affranch: official mail overprint used as precancellation in Andorra, France, Monaco, and Morocco; also overprint on some French stamps issued to officials for government mail.
Affranchi: (Fr.) stamped, prepaid.
Affranchi ainsi faute figurine: handstamp overprint on Madagascar and Diego Suarez during shortage of low values, may be private issue.
Affranchi a l'avance: (Fr.) pre-stamped.
Affranchi mécaniquement: (Fr.) metered (mail).
Affranchir: (Fr.) to stamp, to frank.
Affranchissemente: (Fr.) franking, postage.
Affranchissemente de fortune: (Fr.) make-shift franking.
Affranchissemente insuffusant: (Fr.) underfranked, insufficiently prepaid.
Affranchissemente mécanique: (Fr.) meter mark, meter postage.
Affranchissemente mixte: (Fr.) mixed franking.
Affranchts: (Fr.) affranchissements, exempted from payment, pre-cancel marking on French stamps used for official or bulk mailings of business mail.
Affreville: now Khemis Mil, Algeria; see: Algeria.
Afganistan: (Swed.) Afghanistan.
Afghan, Afghanes: Afghanistan.
Afghanistan: central Asia, north and west of Pakistan; currency:12 shahi = 6 sanar; 3 abasi = 1 rupee (1871); 60 paisa = 2 kran = 1 rupee (1920); 100 puls = 1 afghani (rupee) (1926) post-18th century: unified state, 1871: issued first stamps as Kingdom of Kabul, 1881-1919: British domination, 1891-pre: no cancellations were available and issuing clerk tore or cut out a piece of the stamp to prevent reuse, 1891: first registration stamps, 1891-July 1973: stamps for the Kingdom of Afghanistan, 1907: regained its autonomy, 1909: first official, parcel post stamp issued, 1919: became independent, 1927: used inscription Afghan Postage, 1928, April 1: joined Universal Postal Union, used inscription Afghanes Postes, 1938, Dec. 22: first postal tax stamp issued, 1939, Oct.: first air mail stamp issued, 1952, July 12: first semipostal stamp issued, 1973, July 29: first issue as republic, used inscription, Afghan Post, 1978: Soviet coup overthrew government, 1979, Dec.: Soviet Union invaded nation, 1989: government stopped issuing stamps, 1989-92: Russian troops withdrew and rebels fought among themselves, 1997: Taliban, Islamic regime, occupied most of nation, 2002: Taliban driven out of power by U.S., other nations.
Afgooye: inscription showing location of area depicted on 1980 stamp of Somalia.
A. F. I. S.: (It.) Amministrazione Fiduciaria Italiana della Somalia (Italian Trusteeship of Somalia); Italian Somaliland.
A.F.R.: see Asociatia Filatelistilor din Romania (A.F.R).
A Free Montenegro: 1920; label for Government in Exile issue prepared for King Nicholas return from exile, never issued since he died before taking office.
Africa: inscription on Portuguese territories 1898 issue.
Africa correios: Portuguese territories overprint on the 1898 issue.
Africa del Sur: (Sp.) South Africa.
African and Malagasy Union: common theme on stamps of the French Community of Nations, 1962.
Africa Occidental Espanola: (Sp.) Spanish West Africa inscription.
Africa Orientale Italiana: (It.) Italian East Africa inscription.
Africa, Portuguese: 1898: first commemorative stamp, 1919: first semi-postal stamp, 1945: first postage due stamp.
African Postal Union: common theme on stamps of the French Community of Nations, 1963, 1967, 1971, 1973.
Afrika: (Ger.) Africa.
Afrika Corps label: used to control number of packages mailed to Germany by members of the Africa Corps forces in World War II; each individual was allowed two labels a month.
Afrique: (Fr.) Africa.
Afrique Central Anglaise: (Fr.) British Central Africa.
Afrique del(du) Sud: (It., Fr.) South Africa.
Afrique Equatoriale Franeaise: (Fr.) inscription on French Equatorial Africa.
Afrique Equatoriale Franeaise: (Fr.) French Equatorial Africa overprint on stamps of Gabon, Middle Congo.
Afrique Equatoriale Gabon: (Fr.) Gabon Equatorial Africa.
Afrique Franeaise Combattante: (Fr.) French Equatorial Africa soldier surcharge; 1943: Red Cross semi-postals.
Afrique Franeais Libre: (Fr.) Free French Equatorial Africa overprint and inscription.
Afrique Occidental: (Fr.) Portuguese province, joined the UPU Jan. 1, 1922, left Nov. 11, 1975.
Afrique Occidental Espagnole: (Fr.) Spanish West Africa.
Afrique Occidental Espanola: (Sp.) Spanish West Africa.
Afrique Occidental Franeaise: (Fr.) French West Africa; overprint: see: A.O.F.
Afrique Occid le Fran'aise: (Fr.) inscription on postage due stamps of Senegal.
Afrique Orientale: 1. (Fr.) German East Africa overprint; 1918: Belgian Congo Charity issue stamps. 2. (Fr.) Portuguese province joined the UPU Jan.1, 1922, left Oct., 11, 1978.
Afrique Orientale Allemande: (Fr.) German East Africa.
Afrique Orientale Anglaise: (Fr.) British East Africa.
Afrique Orientale Italienne: (Fr.) Italian East Africa.
Afrique Sud-Ouest Allemande: (Fr.) German South-West Africa.
Afstempeling: (Dutch) canceled.
Afwijking(en): (Neth.) variet(ies).


Last edited by amhazing on Fri Aug 15, 2008 17:31:57 pm, edited 11 times in total.

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AG to AM


AG: Antigua and Barbuda, country code as used by UPU.
A. G.: Attorney General, South Australia official overprint, 1868-74.
Agäische Inseln: (Ger.) Aegean Islands.
Agata: (It., Sp.) type size in printing, agate (color).
Agate: printing size of a type, 5 ¬Ĺ point, called ruby in England.
AGD: Accountant General's Department; registry marking.
AGDP: (It.) General Administration of the Posts; pre-stamp cancel, Kingdom of Two Sicilies.
Agence postale: (Fr.) postal agency.
Agencia filatelica oficial (AFO): (Sp.) Barcelona (Spain) Republican Government official philatelic agency.
Agencia postal (AG.P.): (Sp.) sub-post office, postal agency.
Agencia postal auxiliar (Ag.p.aux.): (Sp.) auxiliary postal agency, usually found on monastery cancels.
Agencies consulaires: (Fr.) consular agencies; French Colony revenue inscription.
Agentes de Corona: (Sp.) Crown Agents (Great Britain).
Agenti della Corona: (It.) Crown Agents (Great Britain).
Agency: 1: a commercial firm that promotes and sells the postal products of the country or countries it represents, 2: a post office maintained in one country's territory by another country.
Agents: individuals, acting on behalf of a post office, collected incoming mail and departure mail, or en route of a boat or train; may have used postal markings and entered items into the mail stream.
Agentur: (Ger.) agency.
Agenzia dei piroscafi Ottomania: (It.) Ottoman Steamship agency, Turkish Steamship Company, 1840-62.
Agenzia dei vapori Ottomania: (It.) Ottoman Steamship agency, Turkish Steamship Company, 1840-62.
Agets de la Couronne: (Fr.) Crown Agents ( Great Britain).
Aggstein, S.S.: steamship of the Danube Steam Navigation Company; 1890s: built for the upper Danube lines.
Aging: an artificial test to determine the relative permanence of paper or other materials.
AGO: Adjutant General's Office, Canada.
Agosto: (Port., Sp.) August (month).
Agotado: (Sp.) sold out.
Agram: now Zagreb, Yugoslavia.
Agramunt: local, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937.
Agrandi: (Fr.) enlarged.
Agricoltura: (It., Sp..) agriculture, theme or topic.
Agriculture, Dept. of: US inscription, official use.
Agricultural: (Sp.) triangular stamps issued by Uruguay for farmers' parcels, 1929
"A" Grill: one of several types of grills used in the 19th century, which covers the entire stamp. Example: Scott 79.
Agrisado: (Sp.) grey (color).
Aguacaltes: overprint used on stamps of Mexico for this district during 1856-1883.
Aguascalientes: District of Mexico; 1914: issued revolutionary provisional overprint "Gobierno Constitucionalista."
Aguascaltes:used as a district overprint in Aguascalientes, 1856.
Ag√ɬľera, La: part of Spanish Sahara, Africa; 1920-1923: used Spanish Rio de Oro stamps overprinted "La Ag√ɬľera," 1924 stamps of Spanish Sahara.
√ɬĀguila: (Sp.) eagle.
Aguilas: local Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937.
Aguinaldo: Philippines, local revolutionary issue of 1898.
Aguja: (Sp.) pin hole.
Agujeritos: (Sp.) perfins.
√É‚Äěgypten: (Ger.) Egypt.Ah.-ausg. (Ger.) provisional issue.
Ahmnos: Greece, Lemnos Islands.
Ahnangsel: (Ger.) tab, attached.
√É‚Äěhnlich: (Ger.) similar, catalog usage.
AHO: (Fr.) Armée Hollondaise for Austrian army; 1748: British Army handstamp, usually on mail from Belgium or Germany; carried by Thurn and Taxis to Belgium; see: Thurn and Taxis.
A. H. PD: Angra, Horta, Ponta Delgado overprint on stamps of Azores, 1906.
Ahu'a: bogus, fantasy stamp from Burma.
Ahnängsel: (Ger.) tab (attached to a postage stamp).
Ahuesado: (Sp.) off-white (color).
AI: Anguilla, country code as used by UPU.
Aidez les Tuberculeux: (Fr.) Tunisia surtax overprint semi-postal for tuberculosis.
AIEP: "Association Internationale des Experts Philateliques" (International Association of Philatelic Experts).
A. I. F.: Australian Imperial Forces overprint.
A.I.F. Australia, locals: 1: Beaudesert Tramway, 1906-42. 2: Brisbane Parcel Delivery, 1900s 3: Burdell & Co's. Express, 1854. 4: Coolgardie Cycle Express,1894-96. 5: Herald & Weekly Times, 1920. 6: Murray Steam Navigation Co., 1872. 7: Pichi Richi railway, late 1980s. 8: Silverton Tramways, 1887-1960s. 9: Sydney Tramways. 10: Boxing Kangaroo, with boxing gloves; unissued Great Britain cinderella by David Horry, 2001.
Aigle: (Fr.) eagle..
Aigurande: local, provisional, French, 1944.
Aiguafreda: local, Spanish civil war, Republican, Republican, 1937
Aihefilatelisti: Finnish language philatelic periodical from Finland.
AIJP: Association Internationale des Journalistes Philateliques, International Association of Philatelic Journalists.
Air: Canada, inscription for airmail.
Air 6¬Ę Mail: overprint on the 2¬Ę regular and 2¬Ę Bi-Centennial envelopes of 1932 were revalued, in 1945 as a provisional air mail envelope due to shortage of embossed air mail envelopes.
Air accident cover: British term for crash cover.
Air card: card, of regulation size for postal use, carried by air.
Air cover: an envelope which has been carried by air; known as a flown cover.
Air Afrique: common design on stamps of the French Community of Nations, 1961-62, 1963, 1966.
Aims of Industry: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Air Charters G.I.S.: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Air envelope: an envelope with a blue and red series of markings printed around the edges.
Air Express: flown by the Air Express service operated by the Railway Express Agency (U.S. or Great Britain) for expedited delivery by air.
Air express stamp: stamp, issued especially for prepayment of air delivery.
Airgraph: microfilmed letter form used by British forces during WWII; established April 22, 1941 as a military service and later extended to civilian mail, discontinued in July 1945. Microfilm of original letter was flown, then enlarged and printed on a special form at its destination.
Air hole flaw: flaw caused by an air hole in cooling metal stamp plates.
Air label: labels inscribed "Par Avion" or equivalent that means by air; 1918, Aug. 17: France had the first example in black on red paper, 1922: U.P.U. adopted a standard blue color for these "etiquettes" for affixing to material carried by air.
Air leaflets: propaganda leaflets dropped from balloons or airplanes.
Air letter: see: Aerogramme.
Air letter form: special letter sheet with, or without, impressed stamp, to facilitate the handling of airmail letters.
Airlift: movement of mail by air taxi operators and air carriers.
Airlift flight: flight carrying mail and supplies to inaccessible location due to blockade or enemy occupation of normal routes.
Airlift for our Servicemen: inscription, see Airlift stamp.
Air Lift stamp: $1.00 U.S.1868 issue for shipping packages to service personnel overseas.
Airmail: 1: official: first official airmail flew on Feb. 11, 1911 between Allahabad and Naini, India. 2: inscription on stamps of many nations for mail carried by air. 3: any form of mail transported by air.
Air Mail Beacon: series of lights placed along air mail routes for safety and success of night flights; 1924.
Airmail border: colored bands on cover border indicating airmail service.
Air Mail covers: envelopes with imprinted or other postage stamps used for air mail service.
Air Mail/De Pinedo/1927: overprint on stamp of Newfoundland to frank letters carried by Francesco De Pinedo on May 23 transatlantic flight.
Air Mail Field: postal facility at an air mail field.
Airmail flight: first U.S. private contract with mail flew from Detroit, Mich. to Cleveland, Ohio and Chicago, Ill. in 1926.
Airmail flight cover: cover carried by air and postmarked at point of origin, departure or intermediate points on the route.
Air Mail Indicator: British stamps with red and blue diagonal stripe to indicate air mail.
Airmail labels: 1: Mozambique's label had space for insertion of air mail fee, 1932. 2: labels used to mark letters or packages for shipment by air; also known as etiquettes.
Air Mail Postal Card: a postal card intended for air mail usage.
Air Mail rotary set: refers to the 1995 series from Panama issued to mark the 50th anniversary of the founding of Rotary international.
Air Mail Semi-Official Stamp: privately printed stamps used for private flights in balloons or planes.
Air mail semi-postal stamps: air mail stamps used to raise money for charity.
Airmail stamp: stamp intended to prepay airmail postage; the first recorded is the 25c rose Italian express stamp, 200,000 of which were overprinted in 1917; Flugpostmarke (Ger.), Timbre pour la Poste Aerienne (Fr.), Francobollo di Posta Aerea (It.), Sello de Correo Aereo (Sp.).
Air Mail Stamped Envelope: a stamped envelope intended to be used for air mail service.
Air mail stamp, earliest U.S.: the 1918 Jenny series of three stamps.
Airmail stamp, first: Italy issued an adhesive air mail stamp for the Turin-Rome flight on May 19, 1917.
Airmail stamp, semi-official: issued privately, but accepted by the postal agency; the Canada Jack V. Elliot Air Services and others are examples.
Air parcel post: started in 1948, lower rates made it a less extensive alternative for sending packages by air.
Airplane: symbol overprint indicating airmail issues.
Airport dedication cover: cover commemorating the opening of an airport.
Airport International de Kabul: inscription on airmail stamp of Afghanistan.
Airpost: Newfoundland inscription for airmail.
Air Post: in Russian, used as an overprint for Imperial Russian consular tax stamps in 1922 applied to mail sentfrom Russia to Germany; see: Deruluft.
Airship mail: 1: lighter-than-air (LTA) craft characterized by a rigid, covered framework, interior of which holds containment cells for the lifting gas, such as a Zeppelin. 2: non-rigid LTA craft, the form of which holds the lifting gas, such as a blimp.
Airstream: British Post Office term for bulk mailings by air.
Airway letter: flown by a private air letter service operated by an air-line.
Airway Letter stamps: issued by British Airways for transporting letters between airports.
Aitutaki: one of the Cook Islands, South Pacific; currency:12 pence = 1 shilling; 100 cents = 1 dollar (1972) dollar 1888: British protectorate, 1892-1903: used Cook Islands stamps, 1903, Jan.20: No. 1,1/2 penny green; Aitutaki overprint on stamps of New Zealand, used until 1932, 1920: distinct Aitutaki inscribed stamp issued, 1927, Aug.: last stamps issued inscribed Aitutaki, 1932-72: used Cook Island stamps, 1972, Apr.1: Cook Islands stamps withdrawn, 1972, Aug.7: Aitutaki overprint on stamps of Cook Islands, 1973: Aitutaki inscription on stamps,1974, Sept.9: first air mail stamp issued, 1974, Dec. 2: first semipostal stamp issued,1978: first official stamp issued, O.H.M.S. overprint.
Aix-la-Chapelle: now Aachen, Germany; 1748: treaty ending the War of the Austrian Succession, signed giving Austria control of Belgium, Prince Anselme Franeois de Taxis made "General des Postes."
Ajakiri: (Est.) Newspaper.
Ajanlos, Ajl.1, Ajl.2, Alahlas: Hungary inscription for registered letters, 1946.
Ajánlott levél: (Hung.)registered mail, certified mail.
Ajans-Turk: printer of stamps of Turkey.
Ajaria: province of Georgia, borders on Turkey; aka Adscharia and Adjarija.
Ajedrez: (Sp.) chess thematic.
Ajman: Ajman: one of the United Arab Emirates, Oman Peninsula on the Persian Gulf; currency:100 naye paise = 1 rupee (1964); 100 dirhams = 1 riyal (1967) 1892-1971: sheikdom under British protection, 1964, June 20: No. 1, 1 naye paise multi; first stamp issued, 1964-71: proliferation of more than 6,000 stamps issued, 1965: first air mail, official stamps issued, 1971, Dec. 2: joined the United Arab Emirates (UAE), 1971-post: Ajman stamps, overprinted "Manama" are not recognized by the government, 1972: UAE issues; Ajman issues post 1972 are not recognized.
Ajman State: bogus issues for Ajman.
Ajore: Albania airmail stamps.
Ajouté: (Fr.) added.
AJP: American Journal of Philately, USA.
AK: 1: (Pol.) Armia Krajowa" 1944 Warsaw uprising set, local issue. 2: USPS abbreviation for Alaska.
Akassa: city in Southern Nigeria; 1888 to 1899: handstamp on stamps of Great Britain by the Royal Niger Company.
Akata: bogus, fantasy from the Philippines.
Akd-hrvatski Tiskarski Zavod: printer of stamps of Croatia.
Akhal: bogus issue, not valid for postage.
Akhmin: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1884.
Akhtyirka: Russian town in Kharkov Oblast (now Ukraine) ca. 65 miles WNW of Kharkiv. Issued local Rural Post stamps (1872), see Zemstvo Issues.
Akko: formerly Acre, Israel.
AKNA Barykadach: (Pol.) home army on the barricades, 1944, local issue.
Akron Match Co.: private die match proprietary stamps.
Aktiebolaget Produktion Service (APS): Swedish perforating machine that made pimples, which were then cut away in a lawn mower type action leaving perforated holes.
Aktiebolaget Stadsposten: see Stockholm - Aktiebolaget Stadsposten.
Akyab: now Sittwe, formerly Burma, now Myanmar; see: Myanmar.
AL: 1: Albania, country code as used by UPU. 2: USPS state abbreviation for Alabama.
ALA: American Lung Association, appears on some Christmas seals.
Ala.: abbreviation for Alabama prior to Zip Code usage.
ALALC: on air mail stamp of Uruguay for the Asocoacion Latinoamericana de Libre Comercio (Sp.) Latin American Association for Free Trade.
A la derecha: (Sp.) to the right.
Alameda: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist,1937.
Aland Islands: province of Finland; Gulf of Bothnia, between Finland and Sweden; official name of postal administration: Posten på Åland currency: 100 pennia = 1 Finnish marka (mk); 100 cents = 1 euro (2002) 1538: mail between Sweden and Finland went through Aland, 1901: Nicholas II of Russia decreed that all mail sent out of, including Alands, had to bear Russian stamps, 1918, Feb. 12: joined the UPU as part of Finland, 1921: awarded to Finland by the League of Nations, 1982, Feb. 5: nation had right to propose stamps to Finnish postal authorities, 1984, Mar.1: No.1, 10 pennia magenta; Aland stamps are not valid for postage in Finland. 1992: Aland assumed control of its own postage, 2001: stamps in Finnish markka valid through June 30, 2002, then changes to euros.
Alan George and Co.: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Alanis: local, Spanish Nationalist, 1937.
Alaouites, Alaquites: area part of Syria, Western Asia; currency:100 centimes = 1 piastre (1925) 1918-pre: Turkish territory, then occupied by French in 1918, 1920, Sept. 1: autonomous government, 1920-30: under French Mandate, 1925, Jan.1: No.1, 10 centimes violet-brown; air mail, postage due stamps; stamps of France surcharged Alaquites, 1925, Mar. 1: stamps of Syria overprinted Alaquites, 1925: first air mail and postage due stamps issued, 1930: renamed Latakia, 1931, July: first stamps as Latakia with "Lattaquie" overprint on stamps of Syria, 1936, Sept. 1: alloted to Syria, : 1937: stamps of Syria used, 1941: Latakia annexed by Syria; see Latakia, Syria.
Al Arabiyah as-Saudiyah: now Saudi Arabia; see: Saudi Arabia.
Al-Araish: City in Morocco decreed a Cherifien Post town (1892), see Larache.
Alaska: no postal service while in Russian hands; 1867: US bought territory from Russia; first P.O. in Sitka, 1884: district of Oregon, 1897: Dyea, Alaska and Dawson City, Canada established international exchange, 1900s: dog sleds carried mail on inland routes.
Alaska Carrier Pigeon Mail Service Company: pigeon service between the gold fields of Alaska, $1 and $2 values, 1896.
Alaska Pacific Express Co.: used imprinted 2¬Ę envelope, to forward mail to Alaska.
Alatyir: Russian town in Simbirsk Oblast (now Chuvash Rep., Russian Fed.) ca. 120 miles SW of Kazan. Issued local Rural Post stamps (1867, stamp usage discontinued in 1875), see Zemstvo Issues.
Alava: Basque province in Spain; issued its own stamps bearing the portrait of Don Carlos.
Alavit: (Dan.) Alaouites.
Alawiten: (Ger.) Alaquites.
Alayor: local, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937.
Alb: 1. catalog abbreviation for album. 2. (Rom.) White (color).
Albacete: local, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937.
Al Bahrayn: now Bahrain; see: Bahrain.
Albán: (Hung.) Albanian.
Albán: (Hung.)Albanian.
Albanez: (Rom.) Albanian (adj.).
Albania: southeastern Europe, bordering on Adriatic Sea and Ionian Sea; currency: 40 paras = 1 piastre = grosch (1913); 100 qintar = 1 franc (1913); 100 centimes = 1 franc (1917), 100 qintar = 1 lek )19470, 100 old lek = 1 new lek (1965) 1861-81: under control of Turkey, Greece, 1870: Turkish stamps used; seven post offices, each with own handstamp, 1902-16: Italian stamps, Offices in Turkey, overprinted "Albania" with Turkish currency, 1909: each town, Durazzo, Scutari and Valona, received its own overprint, 1912, Nov. 28: declared its independence, 1913, Oct.-Nov: overprints on Turkey issues, 1913, June: No.1, 1 penny multi; first permanent stamp series, provisional government, 1914: Greece issued stamps for Epirus and Northern Epirus; overrun by various countries' troops during WW I, Netherlands used stamps at Koritza (Korce, Korytsa) headquarters, Montenegro and Albania stamps postmarked for Scutari-Skador, Italy declared Albania an independent country, 1914, Feb. 23: first postage due stamp issued, 1914-18: Albania stamps used, 1915, Feb. 10: overprint in Arabic commemorating the day of capture of Dutch officers and cannons, 1919-28: became a republic, 1920: Albanian state established, 1922, March 1: joined the UPU, 1924, Nov.1: first semipostal stamp issued, 1925, Jan. 25: republic established by Ahmed Zogu, 1925, May 30: first air mail stamp issued, 1928, Sep.1: became a monarchy, 1939, March-1943: Italian occupation with stamps overprinted; "Constituent Assembly 12 IV 1939 XVII" for Albanian crown being offered to Italy, XVII is the 17th year of Fascist rule in Italy, 1940: special delivery stamp issued, 1940-42: Greece overprint for southern Albania (North Epirus), 1943-44: Italian stamps overprinted for German occupation, with some cities issuing their own stamps, 1944: provisional government established, 1945: Italian occupation stamps overprinted for new republic: see Qeverija Demokrat (ike) E Shqiperise 22-X-1944, 1946, Jan.: stamps issued as a People's Socialist Republic of Albania, 1991, April: Albanian People's Republic; see Mbledhja Kushtetu√ɬęse, Shtator.
Albania: "Komitetit te Qindreses" series of cinderellas usually with political leaders.
Albánia: (Hung.) Albania.
Albania centrale: Essad Pasha local stamps issued in central Albania, 1915.
Albania, Free: bogus, government in exile, 1945-60s.
Albania government in exile: bogus, freedom movement in exile, 1945-60s.
Albanie: (Fr.) Albania.
Albánie: (Czech.) Albanian.
Albanien: (Cech., Dan., Ger., Nor., Swed.) Albania.
Albany, Ga. 5 Paid: see: Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Albany Letter Express: fantasy label by S. Allan Taylor, 1865.
Albansk: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) Albanian.
Albanske skeppspost: (Swed.) Albanian ship mail (ship post).
Albanske skibspost: (Dan.) Albanian ship mail (ship post).
Albanske skipspost: (Nor.) Albanian ship mail (ship post).
Albánsky: (Czech.) Albania.
Albastra: (Rom.) Blue (color).
Albastru: (Rom.) blue (color).
Albastru-cobalt: (Rom.) cobalt blue (color).
Albastru-gri: (Rom.) blue-grey (color).
Albastrui: (Rom.) bluish (color), see Azurat.
Albastru-metalic: (Rom.) steel blue (color).
Albastru-negricios: (Rom.) blackish-blue (color).
Albastru-verzui: (Rom.) greenish-blue (color).
Albastru-violet: (Rom.) violet-blue, lilac-blue (color).
Albert Meyer Express Packet: (Ger.) private parcel carrier, Leipzig and 69 other cities, Germany, 1880s.
Albicios: (Rom.) Whitish.
Albino: without color, die impression on a stamp or stamped envelope where the ink has not been transferred to the paper.
Albino impression: occurs when two sheets of paper are fed into the printing press at the same time; the top sheet receives the full imprint and the lower sheet shows evidence of the indented impression, or when paper passes through while press is not inked or there is an obstruction.
Albo: (Sp.) album.
Ã…lborg: (or Aalborg, anc. Alburgum), commercial seaport and capital of Nordjylland county ca. 135 miles NW of Copenhagen, Denmark. Local post established by C. J. Als, with first "Aalborg Bypost" lithographed local stamps issued 23 February 1884, and with numerous others issued through 1889.
Albox: local, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937.
Albrecht, S.S.: steamship of the Danube Steam Navigation Company; 1850s: built for the lower Danube lines.
Album: book designed to hold stamps or covers.
Albumblatt: (Ger.) album page.
Album de Timbres-Poste: (Fr.) stamp album.
Albumen: (Ger.) light-sensitizing process of plate in printing process.
Album para Sellos: (Sp.) stamp album.
Album per Francobolli: (It.) stamp album.
Album Weeds: title of series of pamphlets on forged stamps, written in the 19th century, by Rev. R. Brisco Earee; name came from a weed that appears in the midst of a green lawn.
ALC: Adam L. Chapman, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
Alcala la Real: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1937.
Al Canaveral: (Sp.) (place of canes) inscription on postal stationery envelopes provided by the Cuban government for use by urban residents transported each year to work in the sugarcane harvest.
Alcance Y. U. H.: Uruguay inscription for late fee, 1936.
Alcaniz: local, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937.
Alcantarilla: local, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937.
Alcaucin: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1937.
Alcazar:(or Alcazarquiver, now Ksar el Kebir) City in Morocco on the Mekinez-Tangier railroad line ca. 105 miles NE of Rabat. Cherifien post town by Sultan's 1892 decree. Used distinctive octagonal handstamp for mails carried by runners, see Cherifien Posts.
Alcazar de Cervantes: local, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937.
Alcazar-Ouzzan: French local post in Morocco, 1896-97.
Alcazar-Wazan: Spanish local post in Morocco, 1897.
Alcira: local, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937.
Alcoholes: (Sp.) liquors; Spanish Morocco revenue inscription.
Alcools: (Fr.) alcohol, liquors; French Colony revenue inscription.
Alcover: local, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937.
Alcoy: local, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937.
Alcudia de Carlet: local, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937.
ALC: topical association abbreviation for air letter card.
Aldabra, Kingdom of: bogus, atoll north of Assumption Island.
Aldea de Ascaso: local, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937.
Alderney: English Channel Island, Guernsey Dependency; 1958: Guernsey regional issues for franking of packages carried between the island and Guernsey, 1969: issued stamps for Alderney, 1983: first stamps; usually at the rate of one set per year, many local post items exist.
Al dorso: (Sp.) back, as opposed to the front of a philatelic object.
Aledschen, Alsedziai: Lithuanian city; 1941: German military overprint on Russian stamps "Laisa/Alsedziai/24-VI-41."
Aleksandrów: (Pol.) City ca. 4 miles NE of Lodz. Produced 29 mm diameter postpaid "10 fen" local City Post (violet) handstamp inscribed "Poczta Miejska w Aleksandrowie" (1915/1918).
Alemania: (Sp.) Germany.
Alemania Oriental: (Sp.) East Germany.
Alende: Mexican district provisional, 1914.
Aleppo: also known as Haleb, Syria.
Alerta: Peruvan district with hand written surcharge, 1884.
Alessandria: Syria, Egypt, 1864-84, see: Interpostal seals.
√ɂĶlesund: (or Aalesund) seaport city in M√ɬłre og Romsdal county, W Norway, on an island between Bergen and Trodheim ca. 245 mile NNW of Oslo. Local post established by H. S. Oyen, with first "Bypost-Friem¬¶rke / Aalesund" lithographed on colored papers local stamps issued 6 December 1880, and with various others issued through 15 December 1884. Used examples are found with the cancellations of the Norwegian post Office Dept.
Alexander's Matches: private die match proprietary stamps.
Alexanderstadt: Ukranian city; 1941-42: Russian stamps overprinted/surcharged by the Germans "16.8.41/B.ALEX."
Alexander, W. and Sons: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Alexandretta: Northern Syria, bordering on Turkey; 1918-38: Versailles treaty mandates territory to France, 1938: stamps of Syria overprinted "Sandjak d'Alexandrette," 1938: name changed to Hatay, 1939: stamps of Turkey surcharged for Hatay, see: Hatay, 1939: territory returned to Turkey.
Alexadretta: now known as Skenderum, Turkey.
Alexandrette: city in the Province of Syria; French post office in Ottoman Empire opened October 1852, closed 1889; reopened 1893, closed Aug. 1914.
Alexandria: 1: Virginia, USA, local Postmaster Provisional used in 1846. 2: also known as El Skandariya, Egypt. 3: (now Alexandriya) Russian town in Kherson Oblast (now Ukraine) ca. 45 miles ENE of Kirovohrad. Issued numerous local Rural Post stamps (1872-1888, the local post being suppressed in 1906), see Zemstvo Issues. 4: bogus issue from 1860s featuring an elephant. 5: Egypt, local, 1888? 6: city in Egypt; 1830-1931, Mar. 31: French Post Office handled mail brought in by mail boats, 1899-pre: regular French issues used, 1899-1930: French stamps with "Alexandrie" overprint used.
Alexandria Blue Boy: Postmaster's Provisional, Scott 1X2, 5¬Ę black on blue paper, Alexandria, Va. Postmaster issue.
Alexandria Steamship Agency: local, Levant, 1886.
Alexandrie: (Fr.) 1899-1900 overprint used in French Offices in Egypt; see: Alexandria.
Alexandrien: (Ger.) Alexandria.
Alexandroupolis: city in Greece used French stamps; 1893-1903: Turkey named city Dedeagh, issued occupation stamps, 1913: Greece changed name to Dedeagatch, issued occupation stamps; see: Dedeagh.
ALF: see: Automatic letter facing machine.
Alfabetizacion: Ecuador overprint for Adult Education.
Alfarnate: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1937.
Alfarnatejo: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1937.
ALFSEA: Allied Land Forces South East Asia.
Alforja: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1937.
Algarinejo: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1937.
Algarismo: (Port.) figure, numeral.
Algarrobo: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1937.
Algatocin: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1937.
Algeciras: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1937.
Algerian red: cinderella used in movie "The Truth About Charlie" a remake of "Charade."
Algeriet: (Swed.) Algeria.
Algerisk: (Swed.) Algerian.
Alldex Agencies E.P.S.: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Allen National P.S.: Alan George and Co.: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Al-Saudia: overprint on stamps of Hejaz, territory located today in Saudi Arabia.
Argelia: (Sp.) Algeria.
Algemesi: local, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937.
Alger: also known as Algiers or El Djezair, Algeria.
Alger's Express: private local parcel, serviced Mass.; label, 1875.
Algeria: French colony in North Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea; currency: 100 centimes = 1 franc (1924-64); 100 centimes = 1 Algerian dinar (1964) 1749: postal mark used in Spanish-occupied Oran, 1830: military post offices opened, used military handstamps, 1835: post offices opened to public, 1839: town names and dates issued to post offices, 1849: stamps of France used, 1907, Oct. 1: joined the UPU, 1924: No.1, 1 centime dark grey; stamps of France overprinted Algérie, 1924: first newspaper stamp issued, 1926: Republique Francaise Algerie (RF) replaced Algerian stamps, 1926: first postage due stamp issued, 1927: first semipostal stamp issued, 1946: first air mail stamp issued, 1958, Sept.1: became part of France, 1958-62: stamps of France used, 1962, July 3: Algeria became independent as Democratic/Popular Republic of Algeria.
Algérie: (Fr.) overprint and inscription on stamps of France for Algeria.
Algérienne: (Fr.) Algerian.
Algeriet: (Swed.) Algeria
Algerisk: (Swed.) Algerian.
Algier: (Ger.) Algeria.
Algiers: also known as Alger or El Djezair, Algeria.
Algimia de Alfara: local, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937.
Alguna: (Sp.) couple (a pair).
Alhama: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist,1937.
Alhama de Murcia: local, Spanish civil war, Republican,, 1937.
Alhaurin de la Torre: local, Spanish Nationalist, , 1937.
Alhaurin el Grande: local, Spanish Nationalist, 1937.
Alhucema: (Sp.) lavender (color).
Alicante: local, Spanish civil war, Republican,, 1937.
Alice in Wonderland: labels made by Gerald M. King, 1965, 34 values and two varieties.
Alina: local, Spanish civil war, Republican,, 1937.
Al-Jadida: (or El Jadida) City in Morocco decreed a Cherifien Post town (1892), see Mazagan
Å.L.K.: Åbo Läns Kustångbåts Ab: (Fin.) local post for use on steamships carrying mail, Finland, 1890s.
Alkaline reserve: the presence of calcium carbonate or other alkaline material in paper capable of neutralizing acids as they are formed.
Alkalmi Bélyegzéssel: (Hung.) special cancellation.
Alkazar kebir: (Sp.) municipal tax stamps, revenue issue.
Al Khums: also known as Homs, Libya.
Al Kuwayt: also known as Kuwait.
Allan Line: had contract to carry mail between Canada and England, 1855, operated as Montreal Steamship Co.
Allao: caused by overinking of "Callao" on stamps of Peru.
Alleinflug: (Ger.) solo flight.
Allemagne: (Fr.) Germany.
Allemagne de l'Est: (Fr.) East Germany.
Allemagne de l'Ouest: (Fr.) West Germany.
Allemagne Duitschland: (Dut.) Germany occupation overprint on stamps of Belgium, 1919-21.
Allemagne Rep. Fed. de: (Fr.) Germany, Federal Republic of.
Allemand: (Fr.) German.
Allende: bogus, Mexican district issued a provisional in 1941 on the 50¬Ę 1910 issue.
Allen & Co.'s Express: local post, serviced Boston, Bradford and Haverhill, Mass., used a label, year unknown.
Allen's City Dispatch: U.S. local post, Chicago, Ill., 1882.
Allen's, J. J. Sons: private die match proprietary stamps.
Allen, Ralph: (1694-1794) received a G. B. contract in 1720 to carry all By Post and Cross Post letters with a regular service of three times a week at a speed of not less than five miles per hour; see: By Post, Cross Post.
Allenstein: area in East Prussia; currency: 100 pfennig = 1 mark post-WW II: administered by the Allies, 1920, April 3: Germany district used stamps of Germany overprinted "Plebiscite Olsztyn/Allenstein," 1920, July 11: No.1, 5 pfennigs green; became part of the German Republic, 1920, Aug. 20: stamps of Germany used, 1945: occupied by Soviet Union, then transferred to Poland, known as Olsztyn.
Allen, Thos.: private die match proprietary stamps.
Allewelt: (Ger.) whole world.
Allgemein-sammler: (Ger.) general collector.
Allied Military Government (AMG): system of civil administration established by Allies towards the end of WW II as enemy-occupied territory was occupied; various stamps and overprints in different languages indicate the occupation.
Allied Military Government Stamps: AMG stamps for use in Austria, France, Germany and Italy after WW II.
Allied Military Post: stamps used by British and American zones; 1946: three general issues, same design; America (Bureau of Engraving and Printing); Britain (Harrison & Sons Ltd.) and Germany (G. Westermann).
Allied Military Postage: inscription for Allied Military Government, 1945-46.
Alliert: (Ger.) allied.
Alliert Besetzung: (Ger.) allied occupation.
Alligator Match Company: private die match proprietary stamps.
Allonge: (Ger.) blank perforated area, attached to a stamp.
All-over cachet: design that covers the envelope face.
All-over watermark: one pattern that covers the entire sheet of stamps.
All purpose cachet: general design that is applicable to various events.
All-purpose dating stamp: red ink handstamping device for imprinting the date, name of city, and the post office branch or station on registered mail and nonmail items such as receipts, USPS term.
All Russian Disabled Soldiers Relief Committee: charity label to raise money for former Red Army soldiers, 1921-1930, inscription in English for stamps sold in America.
Allseitig: (Ger.) on all sides, catalog description.
All Souls College: Great Britain local post,1884.
Allumettes: (Fr.) matches; French Colony revenue inscription.
All-up service: 1937 British Empire plan to transport all first-class mail via air at no extra charge; discontinued due to World War II, blue airmail label was not required; South Africa pioneered the concept and sold special post cards at the Empire Exhibition in 1936 which could be flown to any part of the world for 1/2d.
Almachar: local, Spanish Nationalist, 1937.
Almaden de la Plata: local, Spanish Nationalist, 1937.
Al Madinah: also known as Medina, Saudi Arabia.
Almaguer: bogus, Colombia, fake Postmaster Provisional.
Almanac: British revenue stamps for use in America, 1765-66.
Al Manamah: also known as Manama, Bahrain.
Almansa: local, Spanish civil war, Republican,, 1937.
Almargen: local, Spanish Nationalist, 1937.
Almazora: local, Spanish civil war, Republican,, 1937.
Almeria: local, Spanish civil war, Republican,, 1937.
Almindelig post: (Dan.) surface mail.
Al Mittente: (It.) (return) to sender.
Almond Private P.S.: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Alternative Del.-Birm.: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Alternative Del.-Kent: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Al mittenti: (It.) (return) "to sender."
Almogia: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist,1937.
Almohadilla de Entintar: (Sp.) ink pad.
Almoradi: local, Spanish civil war, Republican,, 1937.
Al Mukha: also known as Mocha, Yemen Arab Republic.
Almunecar: local, Spanish Nationalist,, 1937.
Alofi Island: see: New Caledonia.
Alora: local, Spanish Nationalist,, 1937.
Alozaina: local, Spanish Nationalist, 1937.
Alpandeire: local, Spanish Nationalist, 1937.
Alpha: name given to flaws in the bicolored stamps of Denmark, 1870-85.
Alphabet letters: letters on issues of Great Britain starting in1858; letters were placed in all four corners, those in the upper portion of the stamp being the same as those in the upper corners, but in reverse order.
Alphabetizacion/Alphabetisation: (Sp., Fr.) Mexico and Haiti inscription to raise funds for the campaign against illiteracy.
Alsace: French province; 1940: stamps of Germany overprinted "Elsass" (German occupation for Alsace), 1941-44: German stamps used, 1944-45: French (Allied Military Government) stamps used.
Alsace and Lorraine: French border provinces; 1870-71: annexed by North Germany after Franco-Prussian War, 1870-72: provisional issue by Prussian army,1872-1918: regular German stamps used, 1918-39: French stamps reissued, 1920s: mourning label issued by German stamp dealer Sigmund Hartig, 1940-41: occupied by Germany, stamps of Germany overprinted "Lothringen" (German Occupation of Lorraine), 1942, Jan. 1: regular German stamps used, 1944-45, Jan.: reoccupied by France.
Alsacia-Lorena: (Sp.) Alsace-Lorraine.
Als Postsendung Nicht Befördert: (Ger.) "Not to be carried as mail" handstamps for handback service only.
Als Voren: (Neth.) similar lot.
Alt: (Ger.) old.
Alta Express Co.: private local post serviced west coast; used a label, 1857.
Alta Italia: local, Italian liberation, 1944.
Altai, Altaj, Altay: illegal labels, purporting to be stamps, as per Jan. 14, 2002 Russian Federation report to the UPU; local post overprint and stamps, 1993, not valid for postage.
Altar: city in Mexico, name used in oval marking indicates postage due.
Altbrief: (Ger.) pre-philatelic letter, stampless cover.
Altea: local, Spanish civil war, Republican,, 1937.
Altenburg: local, courier, German, 1893-1900.
Alterar: (Sp.) to alter or change.
Alterare: (It.) to alter or change.
Alteration: an attempt to change the identifying characteristics of a stamp by the addition or removal of design or perforation or by changing the characteristics of the paper.
Altération: (Fr.) fading (color); falsification (stamp).
Altére: (Fr.) faded, dimmed (color).
Altered relief: repair of design damage.
Alternate cancel: any First Day cancellation from the official First Day city, other than the official First Day USPS postmarks.
Alternate delivery services: deliveries that do not require a letter carrier, such as post office box service, general delivery, carrier service and firm holdout, USPS term.
Alternative addressing format: includes congressional franked mail, occupant address, simplified addresses and exceptional addresses, USPS term.
Alternative fuel vehicles (AFV): USPS term for vehicles that run on natural gas, electricity and grain-based fuels.
Alternative Perforating System (APS): perforating machine made by Swedish firm that caused pimples, which were then cut away in a lawnmower type action leaving perforated holes.
Alternative Philately: collateral material other than regular postage stamps; such as cinderellas, fantasies, etc.
Alerta: see: Ancachs.
Altai: bogus issue, not valid for postage.
Alto: (Sp., It.) high as in high values, top.
Alto: copper shell, when removed in the printing process, leaves a relief copy of the design.
Alto commissariato: (It.) top, head commission; 1940: Italian overprint on stamps of Yugoslavia for Lubiana.
Aluiten: (Ger.) Alaouites.
Altona: local, German, 1865, 1888-89, 1892, 1898-1900.
Alum: aluminum sulfate, an acid salt used to retain rosin sizing in paper. Alum is acidic when dissolved in water and is a primary source of acid in paper.
Aluminum foil: bonded to paper to form a laminate that bears the stamp design.
Aluminum plates: thin metal plates used for offset printing.
Alum solution: used as a wash in printing plate manufacture.
Al verse: (Fr.) back, as opposed to the front of a philatelic object.
Alvey, John Durham: postmaster to the Revolutionary Army, 1775-83; heirs had to sue for back salary.
Alwar: India (Native) Feudatory State; also known as Rajasthan or Rajputana; 1877: No.1, 1/4 anna ultra; issued its own local post stamps, now part of India, 1902: separate stamps discontinued, 1950, Apr. 1: replaced by stamps of the Republic of India.
AM: : 1: Axia Metallikior, value in coin Greece overprint 1900, inscription in 1902. 2: auction abbreviation for aviation topical. 3: Armenia, country code as used by UPU.
Amani: India States term for collection of revenue by government servants.
Amarelo: (Port.) yellow (color).
Amarillo: (Sp.) yellow (color).
Amarillo cromo: (Sp.) chrome yellow (color).
Amatongaland: see: Union of South Africa.
Amazonia: bogus, Brazil, connected with the bogus state of Counani, 1901.
Amb Asc.: (Sp.) "ambulante ascendente" postmark for trains going up the line.
Amb Desc.: (Sp.) "ambulante descendente" postmark for trains going down the line.
Ambon: local overprint, Japan Naval Control, 1942-45.
Ambulance bag: general term to describe a range of bags used to enclose damaged mail by the postal service.
Ambulance cover: envelope used to carry and deliver a severely damaged piece of mail such as a crash cover.
Ambulante: (Fr., Bel.) poste ambulante overprint on stamps of Belgium and France used for a mobile post office.
Ambulance laquintinie: surtax overprint for Free French Army ambulances; 1941: with value in francs, for Cameroun.
AMC: The Air Mail Collector.
AMC/F: airport mail center/facility, USPS term.
AMDO: Army Mail Distribution Office.
Ameca: local provisional, Mexico, 1870.
Ameixa: (Port.) plum (color)
Americana: theme collectors topic for American subjects commemorated on postal items.
American Air Mail Society (AAMS): formed in 1926 from the Aero Philatelic Society of America, USA.
American Bank Note Company: New York printers of postage stamps incorporated on May 1, 1858 by Mssrs. Rawdon, Wright, Hatch and Edson.
American Bank Note Holographics: produced hologram patches for US postage stamps.
American Ceremony Program Society (ACPS): members collect USPS first day, supplemental (second day or later), invitations, official souvenirs and presentation albums.
American Colonial post offices: established in Boston, Mass., 1639.
American Commemorative Cancellations: as of May 2002, USPS name for first-day souvenir page programs.
American Commemorative Collections: as of May 2002, USPS name for first-day ceremony programs.
American Delivery Co.: local post serviced Boston, Mass., used a label, 1910.
American Design Series: USPS definitive stamp series started in 2002 with the Toleware coil.
American District Package & Baggage Express: local post; used a label, year unknown.
American District Telegraph Co.: local post serviced New York City, used stamps; 1880s-1900s.
American European Express Co.: private parcel delivery firm that serviced eastern U.S. and European cities; used a label, year unknown.
American Expeditionary Forces:World War I American European forces had two different stamp booklets, each containing panes of 30 stamps.
American Express Company: U.S. local post, New York, N.Y., used stamps, corner cards and labels, 1850-1918.
American Express Co., Louisville, Ky: carried mail "across the lines" during the American Civil War.
American Fusee Company: private die match proprietary stamps.
American Guideline Society: forerunner of the United States Stamp Society.
American Letter Express Co.: carried mails from the North addressed to the South during the Civil War.
American Letter Mail Co.: U.S. local post, 1844, N.Y., Philadelphia and Boston, earliest adhesive stamp to pay postage between cities; earliest use of "fancy" cancels.
American Match Company: private die match proprietary stamps.
American Merchants Union Express Company: local post, used stamps and labels, 1868-73.
American Military Government Stamps: stamps issued by Allied Military Government after WW II for use in Austria, France, Germany and Italy.
American National Retail Jewelers Association: poster stamp promoting a convention in Providence, R.I.
American Packaging Corp.: subcontractor to Sennett Security Products for gravure printing.
American Philatelic Association: former name of the American Philatelic Society.
American Philatelic Center: new home in Bellefonte, PA, of the American Philatelic Society and the American Philatelic Research Library.
American Philatelic Expertizing Service: APS service that gives opinions on the genuineness of stamps and covers.
American Philatelic Research Library: library of the American Philatelic Society, APS, located in State College, Pa.
American Philatelic Society: largest stamp organization in the U.S.
American Pneumatic Service Co.: local post, serviced Boston, Mass., used labels; 1902-07.
American Postal Machine Co.: manufacturer of cancelling machines used from the 1880s to the 1940s.
American Postal Workers Union: union represents clerks and similar employees who work inside U.S. post offices; with headquarters in Washington, D. C.
American Red Cross: inscription on Christmas labels.
American Samoa: part of Gilbert and Ellice islands; 1900: America accepted control over the eastern islands, British and Germans over Western Samoa; mail from the islands can be recognized from the postmark.
American Shippers, Inc.: private parcel delivery firm, used stamps, area and years unknown.
American Treasures: series of U.S. stamps, stared in 2001 with the Amish Quilt series to illustrate existing art masterpieces.
American Zone: British, Russian and American occupying powers; 1946-48: one issue, overprinted with pattern of posthorns, for occupation of Germany, 1948-49: "Deutsche Post" inscription used.
Americká Samoa: (Czech.) American Samoa.
Americky: (Czech.) American.
Amerika: (Czech., Dan, Nor., Swed.) America.
Amerikai: (Hung.) American.
Amerikai Egyes√ɬľlt √ɬĀllamok: (Hung.) United States of America.
Amerikanischer druck: (Ger.) American printing, refers to the Allied Military Government stamps for Germany printed in Washington, D.C. by the Bureau of Engraving and Printing.
Amerikansk (Dan., Nor., Swed.) American
Amerikansk militärpost: (Swed.) United States field post office.
Amerikanske skeppspost: (Swed.) United States ship mail (ship post).
Amerikanske skibspost: (Dan.) United States ship mail (ship post).
Amerikanske skipspost: (Nor.) United States ship mail (ship post).
Amerikanske Sone: (Nor.) American Zone.
Amerikanske Zon: (Swed.) American Zone.
Amerikanske Zone: (Dan.) American Zone.
Amerik√ɬ°nsk Jomfru√ɬłerne: (Dan.) U. S. Virgin Islands (USVI).
Amerikansk Militärpost: em>(Swed.) United States field post office.
Amerika-Suomalainen Legiona (ASL): American-Finns Legion; inscription for free mail for American troops fighting with the Finnish forces.
Ameripex '86: once-per-decade stamp exhibition held in Chicago in 1986.
Amérique: (Fr.) America.
AMERN: American, used on South American packet boats.
AMET: The Air Mail Entire Truth.
Ametralladora: (Sp.) Spanish civil war machine gun military company.
A M F: Air Mail Field, used in airport postal facilities.
AMG: Allied Military Government,1945-46, for civilian use in areas under Allied occupation, first issues Mar. 19, 1945, used only in American and British zones, French and Russian issued their own occupation stamps.
A. M. G. F.T.T.: Allied Military Government Free Territory of Trieste; 1947-54:Zone A, Italy, Trieste overprint on stamps of Italy.
A.M.G. V.G.: Allied Military Government Venezia Guilia; (Trieste), 1945-47: overprint on stamps of Italy, Allied Occupation of Venezia Guilia, replaced only for Trieste after Paris Peace Treaty in 1947 by A.M.G. F.T.T., see A.M.G. F.T.T.
A.M.G.O.T.: Allied military Government Occupied Territories.
Amgraph Inc.: subcontractor to Westvaco Envelope Division for offset patches.
Amgraph Packaging Inc.: offset lithography printer for USPS.
AMG travel permit stamps: used as fee receipts on post-World War II documents for persons entering and leaving Allied-occupied Germany, 1945.
Amiel Sima: automatic stamp vending machine initiated by Finland in 2001, uses a M over K for mark.
Amiens: French city; 1909, May 13-19: issued local provisionals issued by the Chamber of Commerce during a strike by postal employees.
Amil: India States term for contract revenue collector.
Aminci: (Fr.) thinned.
Amincissement: (Fr.) thinning, thin spots.
Amir-i-sadak: India States term for officer with jurisdiction over a hundred revenue officials.
Amiraute: (Fr.) admiralty.
Amis and Amants: bogus, Donald Evans issue, South Pacific Islands about friendship and love.
AMM-M from FC: boxed marking on diplomatic pouch mail indicating Division of Administrative Services-Mail- from Foreign Country.
AMO: Admiralty Mail Office.
Amora: bogus, advertisement created to sell chocolates on Valentines Day.
Amorcé: (Fr.) encased (stamps).
Amoy:(now Xiamen or Hsia-men) Seaport in Fujian province in SE China on two islands in Taiwan Strait ca. 140 miles W of Taiwan. One of the five original Chinese Treaty Ports granted to Great Britain (1842). Hong Kong stamps used in Amoy are identified by the vertical "A1" (1859-1867) and horizontal "D.27" (1876-1884) numerical obliterator cacellations, or by the two different single-ring or one double-ring " AMOY" circular datestamps (1867-1922), see Chinese Treaty Ports.
Amplio: (Sp.) ample or full, as in full margins.
AM POST, M in oval: Allied Military Post inscription; 1945-46: first issue of stamps after World War II in Germany.
Amposta: local, Spanish civil war, Republican,, 1937.
AM Post/Deutschland: Allied military government issue, Germany 1945-46.
Am. (American) Rapid Tel. Co.: U.S. telegraph stamps issued for use on own firm's telegrams,1881.
AMSD: Air Mail Special Delivery.
Amstar Co. Inc.: stamp printer for Philippines.
Amsterdao: (Port.) Portugal overprint to raise funds for Olympic team to go to Amsterdam.
A M T: (Ger.) office.
Amtlich: (Ger.) official (post).
Amtliche ausgaben: (Ger.) official issues.
Amtlich eroffnet durch die k.w. postdirection: (Ger.) German States official stamps for returned letters; W√ɬľrttemberg inscription.
Amtlicher verkehr: (Ger.) inscription of the official (dienst) stamps; 1881-1919: W√ɬľrttemberg.
Amtlich geöffnet bei der Devisenkontrolle: (Ger.) opened by the office for the control of currency, label used to reseal mail after being opened to check enclosure for currency, 1939.
Amtlicher neudruck: (Ger.) official reprint.
Amtschreiben: (Ger.) official letter.
Amundsen Harbor: bogus, Antarctic fantasy.
Amure: Russian inscription; 1929, Feb.: for autonomous administration at Blagovestchansk, Amur province.
Amur, Amur Province: Siberia USSR province; 1921: People's Revolutionary Committee stamps; also bogus issues exist; ended when Far Eastern Republic founded in same year.
Amurskaya: illegal labels, purporting to be stamps, as per Jan. 14, 2002 Russian Federation report to the UPU; local post overprint and stamps, not valid for postage.


Last edited by amhazing on Tue Aug 05, 2008 17:04:38 pm, edited 2 times in total.

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AN: 1: 1900: duplex canceller inscription used at St. Kitts sub-post office in Anguilla. 2: auction abbreviation for topical animals. 3: Netherlands Antilles, country code as used by UPU. 4. Turkey overprint; Annas, currency unit.
Anachron, State of: bogus, Artistamps, dinosaur hunting stamps.
Anaglyptography: a process that produces an illusory 3-D effect such as hologram stamps.
Analogo: (It.) similar.
Analogue: (Fr.) similar.
Ananief: Russian town in Kherson Oblast (now Ukraine). Issued local Rural Post stamps (1875-1896), see Zemstvo Issues.
Anaranjado: (Sp.) orange (color).
ANARE: Australian National Antarctic Research Expeditions; 1947-65: mail antarctic expedition.
Anatolia: Turkey in Asia; 1920: Turkish revenue stamps overprinted by Nationalist Government revolutionaries, 1923: Turkish republic formed and stamps of Turkey used.
Anbefale, anbefalet: (Dan.) register, registered.
Anbefalelsesm¦rke: (Dan.) registration stamp.
Anbefalelsesseddel: (Dan.) registration label, registration etiquette.
Anbefalet brev, anbefalede breve: (Dan.) registered letter, registered letters.
Anbefalingsbebyr: (Dan.) registration.
Anbetalet Brev: (Den.) Registered Letter.
Anbieten: (Ger.) to offer.
Ancachs: Hairez, Peru postal district; overprint "Franca" used in 1884; see: A Certo.
Anchal: "Postage" used on Travancore-Cochin, Indian Feudatory State.
Ancho: (Sp.) broad, as in wide margins.
Anchor: watermark used in issues of Great Britain and Colonies.
Anchor: 1: rivets, nails and screws used to secure the subject of a stamp to its wooden or metal mount; usually at non-printing height. 2: colored flaw caused by the inking and printing of an anchor rivet, nail or screw.
Ancien: (Fr.) old, early, former.
Anciens Combattants: War Veterans, Tunisia overprint.
Ancillary label: labels attached for commemorative purposes, not valid for postage.
Anciliary service endorsement: marking used by a mailer to request the new address of an addressee and to provide USPS with instructions on how to handle mail that is undeliverable as addressed, USPS term.
Ancillary marking: marking applied to a cover to indicate additional assistance to allow its delivery.
Ancla: (Sp.) anchor, watermark used in issues of Great Britain and Colonies.
Ancora: (It.) anchor, watermark used in issues of Great Britain and Colonies.
Ancre: (Fr.) anchor, watermark and cancel used in issues of Great Britain and Colonies.
And.a alta: (Sp.) nineteenth century Spanish postmark.
Andalusia: eight provinces of Spain, issued stamp in 1868-70 by a provisional government.
Andaman & Nicobar Islands: part of India, twin island groups; when occupied by Japan in World War II, 1942-45, Indian stamps were overprinted by occupiers.
Andenkelblock: (Ger.) souvenir sheet.
√É‚Äěndern: (Ger.) to change, alter.
Anders: (Ger.) otherwise.
Anderson C.(Court) H.(House) S.C. Paid 5: see: Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Anderung: (Ger.) alteration.
Andorra: independent state between France and Spain, no postage charge for internal mail; currency: 100 centimos = 1 peseta, 100 centimes = 1 French franc = 1 Spanish peseta, 100 cents = 1 euro, 1928-pre: stamps of Spain or France used, 1928: No.1, 2 centimos olive-green; Spanish post service established, overprint "Correos Andorra,"1929, Nov. 25: first stamps issued, 1931, June 16: French post service established, postage due French stamps overprint "Andorre," both nations' stamps accepted as postage; see Affranch. 1931 June 16: No.1, 1 centime gray: first postage due stamp (French) issued, 1932-42: used inscription Andorra, Vallees d', 1950, Feb. 20: first air mail stamp (French) issued, 1951, June 27: first air mail stamp (Spanish) issued, 1964, July 25: first semipostal stamp (French) issued.
Andorra Francese: (It.) French Andorra.
Andorra Spagnola: (It.) Spanish Andorra.
Andorra, Spanish rule, forged issue: 1928 overprint on King Alfonso XIII, Sc. 2-12.
Andorre: (Fr.) 1931 overprint on postage due stamps of France for Andorra.
Andreotti Press: seven-color gravure press acquired by U.S. Bureau of Engraving and Printing 1970.
Andresen Local Post: see Christianssund - M. Andresen Local Post.
Andrews' Express: local post, serviced Boston, Mass to Portland, Maine, used a label, 1843-45.
Andruck: (Ger.) proof, trial printing.
Andujar: local, Spanish civil war, Republican,, 1937.
Aneinanderhängend: (Ger.) joined together.
A nemzeti hadsereg bevonulása 1919 XI/16: (Hung.) "Liberation of Budapest, Nov. 16, 1919" overprint on stamps of Hungary.
Anfänger: (Ger.) beginner.
Anfeuchten: (Ger.) to moisten.
Ã…ngare: (Swed.) see Ocean-Ã¥ngare.
Ångbåten: (Swed.) steamboat, steamer, steamship.
Ångbåts-Post: (Fin.) stamps used on mail carried on steamships, Helsingfors, Finland, 1870s.
Angebot: (Ger.) an offer.
Angebote: (Ger.) bid sheet.
Angefertigt: (Ger.) made to order.
Angeklebt, Angekl: (Ger.) pasted on, affixed.
Angesschitten, Angeschn: (Ger.) close borders, no margins, cut into.
ANGL. EST: postmark used on mail from Paris to London, 1815-49.
Angle: (Fr.) corner.
Anglet: bogus, France-supposed republic for dogs.
Angleterre: (Fr.) England.
Anglie: (Czech.) England.
Anglo American Drug Co.: U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp.
Anglo-Girl E.P.S.: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Angola: former Portuguese territory in southwest Africa; official name of postal administration: Empresa Nacional de Correios Telégrafos de Angola currency:100 reis = 1 milreis,100 centavos = 1 escudo (1913), 100 lweys = 1 kwanza (1977), 1870: No.1, 5 reis black, 1893: first newspaper stamp, 1904: first postage due stamp issued, 1925, May 8: first semipostal stamp issued, 1938, July 26: first air mail stamp issued, 1975, Nov. 11: became independent from Portugal, as People's Republic of Angola, 1977, March 3: joined the UPU, 1986: during a civil war, labels titled UNITA for rebel faction issued, 1991, Sept. 19: first semi-postal; see Cabinda.
Angola: many bogus topical issues exist; animals, flowers, millennium, trains, Papal visit, 2000, Sept. 25: reported to the UPU.
Angola government in exile: bogus, supposed freedom issues for Angola; a Henry Stull fantasy; once listed in Ohio telephone book under "Stamps for Collectors."
Angolo: (It.) corner.
Angolo di foglio: (It.) sheet corner.
Angora, Ankhara, Ankara: city in Turkey; 1921: Turkey overprint for city in 1921, 1922: special issues, 1923: Republic of Turkey established; used general issues for Turkey, 1930: named changed to Ankara.
Angra: Portuguese island group; 1892-1905: used colonial types, 1906-31: stamps of the Azores, 1931: stamps of Portugal; see: A. H. PD.
Angram: now known as Zagreb, Yugoslavia.
Anguilla: island in the Caribbean Sea, east of Puerto Rico, British territory; currency: 100 cents = 1 East Caribbean dollar 1904-1956: used stamps of St. Kitts-Nevis issue of the Leeward Islands Federation also valid in addition to stamps of St. Christopher-Nevis-Anguilla, 1967, Sept. 4.: No.1, 1/4 cent brown; independent Anguilla overprint on stamps of St.Kitts-Nevis, 1969: Anguilla stamps issued.
Angulo: (Sp.) corner, as in corner of a stamp.
Angweela, free: bogus, parody of Anguilla overprints.
Anhangsel: (Ger.) attached label.
Anhaufung: (Ger.) accumulation.
Anhwei: China province provisional stamps, 1949.
Anhyphenate: without hyphen, applied to early issues of the Union of South Africa.
Anil: (Sp.) indigo (color).
Anilinerood: (Neth.) aniline red (color).
Anilin: (Ger.) aniline.
Anilina: (Sp.) aniline.
Aniline ink: a water-soluble ink which fluoresces under ultraviolet light; such as used on Roosevelt Small Die Proofs.
Animaux prehistorique: (Fr.) prehistoric animals (topic).
Anirtida: (Sp.) antarctic.
Anjouan: one of the Comoro Islands, Mozambique Channel, French territory; currency: 100 centimes = 1 franc 1892: No.1, 1 centime blue; French colonial stamps inscribed Sultanat d'Anjouan, 1912-1950: stamps of Madagascar and Dependencies, 1950: stamps of Comoro Islands, 1958-74: stamps of Malagasy Republic, 1974: became part of the Islamic Federal Republic of Comoros, 1997, Aug. 3: became independent; see Comoro Islands.
ANK: Austria-Netto-Katalog
Ankara: formerly Angora, Turkey, see: Angora.
Ankara: bogus, Turkish capital with stamps issued after World War II by nationalist Revolutionists.
Ankauf: (Ger.) purchase.
Ankaufreis: (Ger.) purchase price.
Anker: (Ger.) anchor, watermark used in issues of Great Britain and Colonies.
Ankerstempel: (Ger.) French cancel showing anchor instead of numeral.
Anklben: (Ger.) to adhere.
Ankomststempel: (Dan.) arrival cancellation, receiving datestamp, receiving postmark.
Ankunft, Ank: (Ger.) arrival.
Ankunftsort: (Ger.) place of destination.
Ankunftspostamt: (Ger.) post office of arrival.
Ankunftsstempel: (Ger.) postmark of arrival, backstamp, distribution cancel.
Anlass: (Ger.) reason for holding (show).
Anmeldt: (Dan.) marking that recipient was notified that letter was being held at post office.
Annaba: formerly Bone, Algeria.
Annabon: see: Assobla.
Annahmestelle: (Ger.) receiving office.
Annam and Tonkin (Tongking): area in French Indo-China, China Sea, French Colonies; currency: 100 centimes = 1 franc1888, Jan. 21: French Colonies stamps handstamped / surcharged A & T, 1887: Annam became part of the Union of Indo-China, 1888, Jan. 21: No.1, 1 centime brown; first stamps issued, 1892: stamps of French Indo-China, 1936: Indo-China had one issue for Annam, WW II: occupied by Japan, 1945: north (Tonkin) used People's Republic of Vietnam, 1954-75: south (Annam) used Republic of Vietnam, now part of Viet Nam; see A and T, A&T.
Annan und Tongkong: (Ger.) Annam and Tonkin.
Annapolis: Maryland, U.S., Postmasters Provisionals envelope issued in 1846.
Annas: currency unit in Mesopotamia.
An, Année: (Fr.) year.
Annecy: local provisional, France,1944.
Anné d'emission: (Fr.) year of issue.
Année Mondiale du Réfugié: (Fr.) Year of the Refugee, overprint on stamps of Switzerland for United Nations.
Annemasse: local provisional, France, 1944.
Annexe: (Fr.) sub-office (bureau, post).
Anniversaire: (Fr.) anniversary.
Anniversary stamp or cachet: postage stamp or design on cover that commemorates an anniversary.
Annobon: Equatorial Guinea, formerly Spanish territory; 1903: joint issue for the islands of Annobon, Elobey and Corisco, 1909: replaced by stamps of Spanish Guinea.
Annonce: (Fr.) advertisement.
Annual: yearly.
Annual folder: formerly produced by non-US postal administrations for the press and other interested parties with details of stamps issued during course of one year.
Annulamento manuale: (It.) canceled, handstamp.
Annulare: (It.) to cancel.
Annulé: (Fr.) cancelled.
Annuel: (Fr.) yearly.
Annuler: (Fr.) to cancel.
Annullamento: (It.) term used to denote a cancellation marking.
Annullamento de compiacenza: (It.) canceled to order, stamps cancelled by postal authorities without having been used for postage.
Annullato: (It.) cancelled.
Annullato sbarrato: (It.) barred cancel with stripes.
Annullato verso: (It.) backstamp marking on the back of a philatelic object.
Annulleret: (Dan.) postmarked, cancelled.
Annullering: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) postmark, cancellation.
Annullierung: (Ger.) cancellation.
Annullo (dubbio): (It.) cancellation (suspicious)
Annullo a Mezzaluna: (It.) crescent cancel.
Annullo a Numero: (It.) numerical cancel.
Annullo a penna: (It.) pen cancellation.
Annullo Contraffato: (It.) forged cancel.
Annullo di Primo Giorno: (It.) first day cancel.
Annullo Fiscale: (It.) fiscal, revenue cancel.
Ano: (Sp.) year.
Anomalie: (Fr.) abnormality.
Anormal: (Fr.) abnormal.
Anotacion: (Sp.) Colombia registration issue design.
Anotado:handstamped overprint used on Mexico 1868 issue, (privately printed from government plates on government presses) of the 1868 issue. This handstamp legitimized these issues into valid stamps. They are scarce and forgeries abound.
Anping: Seaport ca. 180 miles SSW of Taipei (formerly Taihoku or Daihoku), close to Tainan. Chinese Treaty Port granted to Great Britain (1860). Transferred to Japanese control (1895), at which time the Treaty Port rights were cancelled. Hong Kong stamps used in Anping are identified by the single-ring "ANPING" circular datestamp (1889-1895), see Chinese Treaty Ports.
Anschlussbahnhof: (Ger.) connecting railway station.
Anschrift: (Ger.) address.
An-shun: local, Southwest China (Kwei-Yang), 1949.
Ansichtskarte: (Ger.) picture postcard.
Ansichtskarte, amtliche: (Ger.) official picture postcard.
Ansichtssendung: (Ger.) approval.
Anstreicher: (Ger.) painter, as a theme or topic.
Anstrich: (Ger.) serife, a fine line of a letter such as cross lines at top or bottom of I.
ANT: Assistencia Nacional Aos Tuberculosos, Portuguese Anti-Tuberculosis Society.
Antakya: formerly Antioch or Hatay, Turkey.
Antananarivo: British Madagascar hand stamp for mail inscribed "British Consular Mail Anatananarivo" now known as Tananarive, Madagascar.
Antarctica: philatelic material issued in connection with South Polar regions.
Antarctica 1954 Expedition: bogus Australia souvenir labels.
Antarctica, Russian, Ukranian: illegal labels, purporting to be stamps, as per Jan. 14, 2002 Russian Federation report to the UPU; local post overprint and stamps, c1998, not valid for postage.
Antarctic Expedition stamp: special stamp issued in connection with an expedition to the South Pole regions.
Antarctique Britannique: (Fr.) British Antarctic Territories (B.A.T.).
Antarktis: (Dan., Ger., Nor.) Antarctic. see Sydpolen (Nor.)
Antarktisz: (Hung.) Antarctic.
Ante (de): (Sp.) before.
Anteado: (Sp.) buff, brownish-yellow (color).
Antequera: local, Spanish Nationalist and Republican,1937.
Anthrax: contagious deadly powder found in U.S. mail during 2001.
Anticuado: (Sp.) obsolete.
Antidaté: (Fr.) predated, antedated.
Antigoa: (Fr.) Antigua.
Anti-Graham Wafers: small circular paper wafers used to seal envelopes, Great Britain, 1844.
Antikamnia Chemical Co.: inscription on Medicine stamps; see Private die proprietary stamps.
Antigua: island in the West Indies; currency: 12 pence = 1 shilling, 20 shillings = 1 pound, 100 cents = 1 West Indian dollar (1951), 1858-60: British stamps used, 1862: No.1, 6 pence blue-green; issued own stamps, 1890-1903: Leeward Islands stamps, 1903-56: Leeward Islands and Antigua stamps, 1916: first semipostal (War Tax) stamp issued, 1956: became a Crown Colony, 1967: became self-governing as an Associated State of the U.K., 1981, Nov. 1: became independent as Antigua and Barbuda, which includes islands of Antigua, Barbuda and Redonda; see Antigua and Barbuda.
Antigua: Pig Farming; unissued Great Britain cinderella by David Horry, 2001.
Antigua and Barbuda: islands between Caribbean Sea and North Atlantic Ocean; currency: 100 cents = 1 EC dollar 1981, Nov. 1: became independent as Antigua and Barbuda, which includes islands of Antigua, Barbuda and Redonda; 1994, Jan. 20: joined the UPU; see Antigua.
Antillas: (Sp.) Antilles, 1855-71, such as Puerto Rico and Cuba.
Antilles Danoises: (Fr.) Danish West Indies.
Antilles Neerlandaise: (Fr.) Netherlands Antilles.
Anti-malaria: slogan used in 1962 to commemorate the United Nations "World Against Malaria" campaign.
Antioch: now known as Antakya, formerly, Hatay, Turkey.
Antioquia: originally a state, now a department in Colombia; 1868-1904: issued a large range of its own stamps.
Antiqua: bogus Donald Evans issue, Maine.
Antique Dealer: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Antique type: a printer's type with short serifs of the same thickness as the body of the letter.
Anti-tuberculosis seal: a charity label sold to raise funds to combat T.B., resembles a stamp but is not valid for postage.
Anti-tuberculosis stamp: postage stamp with a surtax for fighting T.B.; earliest issued by New South Wales in 1897, inscribed "Consumptive Home" sold at twelve times face value.
Antwerp: also known as Anvers, Belgium.
Antwort, Antw: (Ger.) reply.
Antwortpostkarte: (Ger.) paid reply postal card.
Antwortpostkartenbrief: (Ger.) paid reply letter card.
Anulación: (Sp.) cancellation.
Anulado: (Sp.) cancelled.
Anulado con arana: (Sp.) cancelled with "spider" type canceller, 1850s.
Anulado con barras: (Sp.) cancelled with bars.
Anular: (Sp.) to cancel.
Anus: Finnish name for Olonets, town in Russia, 1917-18: overprint on stamps of Finland for Finnish occupation.
Anvers: also known as Antwerp, Belgium.
Anverso: (Sp.) obverse, front or face of a stamp.
Any: printed matter overprint on hyper inflated issues of Hungary in 1946 for use of postage prepayment.
Anzac commemoration: overprint for Australian-New Zealand Army Corps.
Anzahl: (Ger.) number.
Anzeigebrief: (Ger.) advertising letter.
ANZ UK FPO: Australia & New Zealand United Kingdom Forces Post Office.
AO: 1: associate (post) office, USPS term. 2: other articles, printed matter, newspapers, parcels. 3: Afrique Orientale; German East Africa, Belgium occupation. 4: Angola, country code as used by UPU. 5. 1918:overprint on stamps of Belgian Congo charity issue semi-postal. 6. Audit Office, South Australia official overprint, 1868-74.
AOD: Allen O. Dickey, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
A. O. F.: "Afrique Occidentale Franeaise" French West Africa overprint, 1945: on stamps of semi-postal issue of France.
A. O. I.: Italian East Africa Postage Due overprint, 1941: on stamps of Italy.
AOP: abbreviation indicating that the paper has a coating of phosphorescent material covering the entire surface.
AOPU: Asian-Oceanic Postal Union, on stamps of China for Formosa, 1963.
Ao√ɬĽt: (Fr.) august.
AP: 1: American Philatelist, publication of the American Philatelic Society, 2: Australia Post. 3: USPS abbreviation for Armed Forces Pacific.
Ap, Apax, Apaxmai: postal tax surcharge on stamps of Greece, 1942-56.
Apagado: (Sp.) dull or faded (color).
Apaisado: (Sp.) horizontal shaped.
APAL Travel: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Apam: overprint used on stamps of Mexico for this district during 1856-1883.
Apa Offset: printer of stamps of Turkey.
Aparecido en buzon: (Sp.) marking applied to items that should have been handed into the post office but were found in the mail box; such as a registered item.
Apartado de correos: (Sp.) post office box.
Apartado postal: (Sp.) post office box.
Apartados particulares: (Sp.) private post office box.
A payer: (Fr.) Luxembourg postage due.
A payer: (Fr.) Belgium, to pay, on postage due stamps.
A payer te betalen: (Dut.) Belgium, Belgium Colonies and Ruanda-Urundi Postage Due inscription.
APC: American Philatelic Congress book.
A. P. C.: Anglo-Palestine Co. perfin that has been reported being privately reproduced.
APDC: Army Postal Distribution Center.
Apeadero, A P: (Sp.) postmark indicating small railway station.
A percevoir: (Fr.) "to collect" inscription/overprint on postage dues of Belgium, Canada, Egypt, France, Haiti and Monaco.
"A" perforating machine: single-line perforation guillotine used by Perkins, Bacon & Co., for Trinidad, 1860, and on British stamps.
APEX: American Philatelic Society Expertising Service.
Apfelgr√ɬľn: (Ger.) apple green (color).
APHV: (Ger.) "Allgemeiner Postwertzeichen-Händler-Verband" Association of German Professional Dealers.
APJ: The Airpost Journal.
A plat: (Fr.) flat plate (printing).
APO: Army Post Office; postal system used by U.S. military personnel stationed overseas.
Apolda: local, "Apolda, Stadtpost" German 1945, Courier 1893-95, Express 1886-96.
Apollo Service: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Aportacion voluntaria: (Sp.) Spain charity labels.
A-Post: (Swed.) Priority Mail label.
Apparié: (Fr.) matched.
Appendice: (It.) label.
Appendice di propaganda bellica: (It.) war propaganda labels attached to Italian stamps.
Apple green: yellowish green (color).
√É‚Äěpplegr√ɬ∂n: (Swed.) apple-green (color).
Appleton, D. and Company: New York City, produced the first printed stamp album in 1863.
Appraisal: an estimate of value or price.
Approval proof: proof of a finished master engraving may be noted by inspectors giving approval to proceed in the printing process.
Approvals: selection of stamps or covers sent to a collector for examination; usually must be bought or returned to the sender within a specified period of time.
APPS: Automated Package Processing System; a USPS package sorting program replaces Small Parcel and Bundle Sorting machines, 2002.
APRA: Alianza Popular Revolucionara Americana (Sp.) political movement in Peru founded in the 1920s, fund raising local label.
Apres le depart: (Fr.) after departure, too late.
A Press: five-color gravure and three-color intaglio combination press used by the US Bureau of Engraving and Printing, purchased 1973.
April: (Dan., Ger., Neth., Nor.) April.
Aprile: (It., Rom.) April.
Aprilis: (Latv., Hung.) April.
√ɬĀprilis: (Hung.) April.
Aprill: (Est.) April.
Aprins: (Rom.) bright (as referencing the color of a postage stamp).
A: Prioritare: label applied to mail originating in Europe meaning next day domestic delivery.
Approved Capt. & Provost Marshal: censor marking on prisoners mail from Southern prison camps addressed to the North during the American Civil War.
APRL: American Philatelic Research Library, part of the American Philatelic Society.
APS: 1: American Philatelic Society, founded as American Philatelic Association,1886, New York. 2: Army Postal Service, postal system used by U.S. military personnel.
APSHD: Army Postal Service Home Defence.
APT: USPS abbreviation for apartment.
APTS: Army Postal Training School.
APU: Army Postal Unit.
Apuntes Filatelicos: Spanish language philatelic periodical from Argentina.
A Punti: (It.) dotted.
Apurimac: Arequipa, Peru provisional overprint, 1885; Chilean occupation of Peru.
AQ: abbreviation for Aqua used on prestamped taxed letter sheets during the 17th and 18th century to raise money to control Venice's floods.
√É‚Äěquatorial Afrika: (Ger.) Equatorial Africa.
√É‚Äěquatorial Guinea: (Ger.) Equatorial Guinea.
AR: 1: Scott Catalogue prefix for Postal Fiscal. 2: "Aviso de Recepcion" acknowledgment of receipt. 3: Acknowledgment of Receipt, Chile, Colombia, Montenegro and Panama. 4: Argentina, country code as used by UPU. 5: USPS abbreviation for Arkansas
ARA: American Revenue Association.
Arabesque: stamp design formed of inter woven plants, flowers or foliage.
Arab Government of the East: Arabic inscription, Jordan issues, 1920-25.
Arabia: 1: bogus, triangular stamp issue of Arabia from the 1920s. 2: also known as Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
Arabian (Persian) Gulf: see: Muscat and Oman.
Arabic gum: gum from the acacia plant, shrub or tree, collected in the arabic district.
Arabien: (Dan., Ger., Swed.) Arabia.
Arabia Saudita: (Sp.) Saudi Arabia.
Arabie Soudité: (Fr.) Saudi Arabia.
Arabie Soudité, Royaume de l': (Fr.) inscription used on stamps of Saudi Arabia,1934-66.
Arabien: (Dan., Swed..) Arabia.
Arabisk: (Nor., Dan., Swed.) Arabian.
Arab Union: political linking of Iraq and Jordan; issued stamp in 1958.
Aracena: local, Spanish Nationalist, 1937.
Arad: 1: county and city in W Romania on the Mures River ca. 245 mi WNW of Bucharest. A Turkish fortress outpost in the 1600s, belonging to Austria after 1685, and ceded by Austria to Romania in 1919 after WWII. Administered by French; issued postage stamps in 1919 by overprinting Hungarian stamps with "Occupation fran'aise". 2: steamship of the Danube Steam Navigation Company;1860s: for the middle Danube lines.
Aragon: local, Spanish civil war, Republican,, 1937.
Aramoana: bogus, independent state in New Zealand,1981?
Arana: (Sp.) first Spanish cancels which looked like a spider, started using March 1850..
Arancio: (It.) Orange (color).
Arancione: (It.) orange (color).
Arancione-Bruno: (It.) orange-brown (color).
Arancione-Bruno Oscuro: (It.) dull orange-brown (color).
Arancione-Bruno Scuro: (It.) dark orange-brown (color).
Arancione Chiarro: (It.) light orange (color).
Arancione di Cadmio: (It.) cadmium orange (color).
Arancione-Giallo: (It.) orange-yellow (color).
Arancione Lucente: (It.) bright orange (color).
Arancione Oscuro: (It.) dull orange (color).
Arancione Palido: (It.) pale orange (color).
Arancione Rossa: (It.) orange-red (color).
Arancione Rossa-Brillante: (It.) bright orange-red (color).
Arancione Scuro: (It.) dark orange (color).
Arancio: (It.) orange (color).
Aran, Republic of, Aran Islands: bogus, Ireland overprint made in 1967.
Aranybarna: (Hung.) auburn-brown (color).
Aranypart: (Hung.) the Gold Coast.
Arbah: bogus, one of the Sicmon Islands in the South Pacific created by Nick Bantock for his book, Griffin & Sabine.
Arbe: 1920, Nov.- Dec. 1920: Fiume overprint.
Arbeitsgemeinschaft, Arge: (Ger.) philatelic study group for a particular area of collecting.
Arbeitslager: (Ger.) labor camp.
Arbitrios: (Sp.) duties or taxes.
Arbrite Deliv. E.P.S.: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Arc: 1: (Fr.) Canadian set of King George V of 1930-31 to differentiate them from previous series. 2: form of rouletting where the slit is formed in a semi-circle; paper is cut, not removed in making an arc roulette.
Arch: (Czech.) Sheet of stamps.
Archäologie: (Ger.) archaelogy, theme or topic.
Archena: local, Spanish civil war, Republican,, 1937.
Archeologia: (It..) archaelogy, theme or topic.
Archeologie: (Fr.) archaelogy, theme or topic.
Archer and Daly: printer in Richmond, Va.; printed stamps for the Confederate government.
Archer perforation/roulette: method of separating stamps, devised by Henry Archer, by punching tiny circles of paper.
Arches: watermark seen on French-Area artist's die proofs.
Archez: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1937.
Archidona: local, Spanish Nationalist, 1937.
Archipel des Comores: (Sp.) see: Comores.
Archipielago de Colon: bogus, Ecuador.
Arch issue: The King George V Canadian stamp featuring an arch.
Architektur: (Ger.) architecture, theme or topic.
Architettura: (It.) architecture, theme or topic.
Archival: properties of any material in contact with covers or stamps that will not degrade with time.
Archival paper: paper manufactured to provide resistance to the effects of natural aging.
Arco: (Sp.) arc, as in arc perforated or rouletted.
A. R. Colón Colombia: Panama overprint on stamps of Colombia indicating acknowledgment of receipt.
Arcoudi: bogus, Greek island stamps repudiated by government in 1963.
Arc roulette: separation in which curved cuts appear as a semi-circle.
Arctic Air Emergency Flight: bogus, Alaska, local.
Arctische post: arctic post; 1897: Spitzbergen local post by Captain W. Bade.
Ardales: local, Spanish Nationalist, 1937.
Ardatof: Russian town in Nizhni-Novgorod Oblast (now Nizhegorod Oblast). Issued 40 different local Rural Post stamps (1878-1914), see Zemstvo Issues.
Ardatov: local, Russian Zemstvo, 1878-1814.
Ardesia: (It.) slate grey (color).
Ardesia-Azzurro: (It.) slate-blue (color).
Ardesia-Bruno: (It.) slate-brown (color).
Ardesia-Giallo: (It.) slate-yellow (color).
Ardesia-Lilla: (It.) slate-violet (color).
Ardesia-Oliva: (It.) slate olive-green (color).
Ardesia-Porpora: (It.) slate-purple (color).
Ardesia-Verde: (It.) slate-green (color).
Ardesia-Violetto: (It.) slate-violet (color).
Ardoise: (Fr.) slate-blue (color).
Ardoise-Bleu: (Fr.) slate-blue (color).
Ardoise-Brun: (Fr.) slate-brown (color).
Ardoise-Jaune: (Fr.) slate-yellow (color).
Ardoise-Lilas: (Fr.) slate-lilac (color).
Ardoise-Mauve: (Fr.) slate-blue (color).
Ardoise-Oliv: (Fr.) slate olive-green (color).
Ardoise-Vert: (Fr.) slate-green (color).
Ardoise-violet: (Fr.) slate-violet (color).
Ardósia: (Port.) slate grey (color).
Ardósia-Amarelo: (Port.) slate-yellow (color).
Ardósia-Azul: (Port.) slate-blue (color).
Ardósia-Lilás: (Port.) slate-lilac (color).
Ardósia-Oliva: (Port.) slate-olive green (color).
Ardósia-Pardo: (Port.) slate-brown (color).
Ard√ɬ≥sia-P√ɬļpura: (Port.) slate-purple (color).
Ardósia-Verde: (Port.) slate-green (color).
Ardósia-Violeta: (Port.) slate-violet (color).
Ardezie: (Rom.) slate grey (color).
Ardoyne Relief Comm.: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Area Distribution Center (ADC): mail processing facility that receives, processes and distributes mail destined for specific ZIP Code area, USPS term.
A Receber: Postage Due, Portugal, Portuguese Colonies inscription.
Arenas: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1937.
Arenas de San Pedro: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1937.
Arendal: Norwegian seaport on the Skagerrak (also Skagerak) arm of the E central North Sea and seat of Aust-Agder county ca. 125 miles SSW of Oslo. Local post established by G. O. Ulleberg, with first "Arendals-Bypost" bicolored lithographed local stamps issued 9 November 1885, and with others issued through 1888. An "Arendals / Bypost / Aviser" handstamped "GOU" newspaper local stamp was issued on 1 January 1886. The local post was continued by N. Herlofsen, who in 1890 reissued the original "Arendals-Bypost" local stamps, but with recognizable plate retouches.
Arendal Bypost: Arendal Bypost: Norway local post, 1885-91.
Arenys de Mar: local, Spanish civil war Republican, 1937.
Arequipa: city in Peru; 1881: overprint on stamps of Peru for Chilean occupation, 1884-85: issued stamps by forces opposing the government.
Arevalo: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1937.
Arf: (Fr.) marking applied to Austrian border mail before stamps.
ARG: Alfred R. Gould, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
Ar gaisa pastu: (Latv.) Airmail.
Argelia: (Sp.) Algeria.
Argent: (Fr.) silver, money, cash.
Argentin: (Hung.) Argentinian.
Argentina: southern South America; official name of postal administration: Correo Argentino; currency:100 centavos = 1 peso (1858), 100 old peso = 1 new Argentine peso (1970), 1,000 pesos = 1 austral (1985); stamps of this country can be found in these catalogs: Cat. De Sellos Postales Argentinos, Filatelia Argentina, Kneitschel, Michel, Scott, Stanley Gibbons, Yvert et Tellier; 1856, Aug. 21: stamp released by Corrientes Province, 1858-80: separate issues by several Argentine provinces, 1858, May 1: No.1, 5 centavos red; first stamps of Argentine Confederation; see A-U, 1862, Jan. 11: stamps of Argentine Republic, 1878, April 1: joined the UPU, 1884: first official stamp, 1928, March 1: first airmail stamp issued, 1944, Jan.5: first semipostal issued.
Argentina: (Hung.) Argentina.
Argentina, occupation of Falkland Islands: 1982: issued commemorative stamp.
Argentine: 1. (Fr.) Argentina. 2. Argentine: (Nor.) Argentinian
Argentine State Mint: printer of stamps of Argentina.
Argentinec: (Czech.) Argentinian.
Argentinien: (Dan., Ger., Swed.) Argentina.
Argentino: (It.) Silvery (color).
Argentinsk: (Dan, Nor., Swed..) Argentinian
Argentinsky: (Czech.) Argentina.
Argintiu: (Rom.) silver (metallic color).
Ã…rhus: (or Aarhus), seaport city and capital of Ã…rhus county located on Ã…rhus Bay ca. 95 miles NW of Copenhagen, Denmark. Local post established by a Mr. Paulsen, with first "Aarhus Telefon og Bypost" lithographed local stamps issued 1 November 1884, and with numerous others issued through 1900.
Argo, S.S.: steamship of the Danube Steam Navigation Company; 1834: for the lower Danube lines.
Argyrokastron: now Gjirokaster, Albania; had Turkish stamps surcharged when city was occupied by Greece, 1914.
Arino Polesine: local, Italian liberation, 1944.
Ariary: 1976 currency unit in Madagascar.
Ariche: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1884.
A Ride Along Enclosed: USPS term for enclosures included with magazines.
Ariz.: abbreviation for Arizona prior to Zip Code usage.
Arizona mail: regular mail service through Arizona to the Pacific Coast, August 1856-61
Arjona: local, Spanish Republican, 1937.
Ark: 1, (Dan., Nor.) sheet (of stamps). 2. abbreviation for Arkansas prior to Zip Code usage.
Arkrand: (Nor.) sheet margin.
Arktakning: (Dan.) harrow perforation, see Perforering - Ark
Arktandning: (Swed.) harrow perforation.
Arktisk: (Nor., Swed.) Arctic.
Arkusik(i): (Pol.) sheetlet.
Arkusz(e): (Pol.) sheets.
ARM: 1. accelerated reply mail, USPS term. 2. Armée; d'Angleterre; Napoleon's French Army ready to attack Great Britain, 1790s.
Arma: (It., Sp.) arms, weapons, as a theme or topic.
Armath: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1879-80.
Armavir: Russian city had two stamps surcharged by local authorities in 1920.
Arme; 1: (It.) coat of arms. 2: arms, weapons as a theme or topic.
Armed Guard: marking on mail from group of enlisted Navy men assigned to protect merchant and cargo vessels.
Armee: (Ger.) army.
Armée d'Orient: handstamp for mail in war against Russia in 1854.
Armeebriefstelle (ABSt.): (Ger.) army postal station.
Armeefeldpostmeister: (Ger.) army field postmaster.
Armeegruppe (Agr): (Ger.) army group (post).
Armeekorps, A.K.: (Ger.) army corps.
Armeepostamt: (Ger.) army post office.
Armenia: southwestern Asia, east of Turkey; currency: 100 kopecks = 1 rouble (1923), 100 lumas = 1 dram (1993) 1828: incorporated into Russia, 1918: Russian Armenia proclaimed Soviet Republic, 1918, May 26: independence proclaimed, 1919: No.1, 60 kopecks orange, stamps of Russia handstamp 1920: incorporated into the USSR, former member of Trans-Caucasian Federation of Soviet Republics with Azerbaijan and Georgia, 1921, Feb-Apr.: issued own stamps, 1920, Mar 12: joins Transcaucasion Federation, 1923, Oct.1: superceded by stamps of Soviet Union, 1991, Dec.26: Soviet Union breakup, joined the former Soviet Republics to form the Commonwealth of Independent States, 1992, Sept.14: joined the UPU.
Armenia, forged issues: 1: 1920 Chassepot, unissued. 2: 1922 Erevan, unissued without surcharge, Sc. 300. 3: 1922 Mount Ararat, unissued without surcharge, Sc. 301.
Armenie: (Fr.) Armenia.
Armenien: (Ger., Swed.) Armenia.
Armenisk: (Swed.) Armenian.
Armensteuermarke: (Ger.) fiscal stamp for the poor.
Armenwet: overprint of stamps of The Netherlands; 1913: for official use for Poor Law Administration.
Armistice cover: covers postmarked on Nov. 11, 1918, marking the end of World War I.
Armia Polska we Wloszech: (Pol.) Polish Army in Italy handstamp, 1943-1946.
Armoiries: (Fr.) coat of arms.
Armstrong's Express: local post connected with the Boston & Albany Railroad; used a label, 1867-1900.
Arms types: stamps bearing coats of arms or heraldic devices for a topical or thematic collection.
Army flights: 1: air mail flights flown by U.S. Army pilots from May 15 - August 11, 1918 when civilian pilots took over. 2: "emergency" period in 1934 when President F.D. Roosevelt cancelled CAM contracts and army air corps pilots carried the mail.
Army frank: U.S. privately produced label by an army officer during Spanish-American War, purported to be "official" 1898.
Army official: 1: Sudan overprint, officials, 1905. 2: Great Britain Foreign Offices overprint; 1896-1904: Paymasters and War Office.
Army of the North: became part of Army of the Northwest; 1919: fought against Soviet forces in Petrograd (St. Petersburg).
Army of the Northwest: 1919, June-Nov.: fought against Soviet forces in Petrograd (St. Petersburg).
Army of the West: formed by Germany to restore German landowners 1919, Nov.: attacked Riga, was defeated and dissolved.
Army post: British forces overprint used in Egypt in 1936.
Army post office: military postal facilities for serving men and women in the armed forces, staffed by military personnel.
Army service: Sudan overprint.
Armze de Grisons: French military post handstamp used in Switzerland, 1798-1806.
Armze de Suisse: French military post handstamp used in Switzerland, 1798-1806.
Armze d'Italie: French military post handstamp used in Switzerland, 1798-1806.
Arnold & Co.: private die match proprietary stamps.
Arnsberg: local, Germany, 1945-48.
Aroche: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1937.
Arohez: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1937.
Aromatherapy: collection of medicinal plants on stamps.
Aromatic stamp: stamp that gives off an aroma, most famous is the Switzerland chocolate issue of 2001, which, when scratched, had an aroma of chocolate.
Arona Libera: local, Italian liberation, Allied occupation, 1944.
Arosa: Switzerland hotel post, 1897-1993, Hotel Victoria.
Arpa: Romania Postal Tax stamps.
Arqueologia: (Sp..) archaelogy, as a theme or topic.
Arquitectura: (Sp.) architecture, as a theme or topic.
Arriate: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1937.
Arriba: (Sp.) top.
Arriba Espana: "Spain Above All" overprint in Guipuzcoa Province.
Arrival postmark: impression placed on mail by receiving office to show name of office and arrival date, usually applied on back of correspondence.
Arrivc: (Fr.) arrived.
Arrondi: (Fr) rounded.
Arrossire: (It.) redden (color).
Arrow: marking in a margin, as a guide for cutting sheets into smaller units for perforations.
Arrow block: block of four or more stamps with a printed thin arrow in the margin used as a guide for registering colors or perforating.
Arrow Marker: another term for Registry Markings; different shaped marks used to help in correctly registering the frame and vignette of bi-colored stamps.
Arrow messages: used during Siege of Potidaea in the 5th century BC.
Arrows: arrow-shaped markings used in margins of stamp sheets as guide to color registration or perforating.
Arruga: (Sp.) crease, fold.
Arsík: (Czech.) 1. Miniature sheet. 2. Souvenir sheet.
Ã…rssatser: (Swed.) year sets.
Ã…rssett: (Nor.) year set.
ART: article, Anglo-French Postal Convention, 1843.
Arte: (Sp., It.) art, as a theme or topic.
Arthur's City Post: fantasy label by S. Allan Taylor, 1865.
Article: (Fr.) item (of a listing).
Articles database: research citations are from 125,000 articles; available from APRL; see: American Philatelic Research Library.
Articles s'argent: (Fr.) money orders; French Colony revenue inscription.
Artigas: Uruguay overprint honoring Gen. Artigas.
Artistamps: labels designed by artists to simulate stamps.
Artist die proof: die proof signed by the artist.
Art Litho Co.: offset lithography printer for picture postal cards.
Art paper: superfine calendered paper with a china clay surface, or kaolin, giving it a enameled finish for the printing of half-tone blocks.
Artsaki: part of Azerbaijan, various local issues of dubious status, distributed.
Arsik: (Czech.) small sheet (of stamps).
Arts Festival of St. Kitts: St. Kitts-Nevis overprint, 1964.
Aruba: formerly part of Netherlands Antilles; 1986, Jan.1: started issuing own stamps.
Arviskarosultaknak Kulon: Hungary semi-postal inscription, food sufferers, 1913.
Arwad: Syrian island, also called Rouad; 1916: occupying French forces issued stamps.
Arzamas:: Russian town in Nizhni-Novgorod Oblast (now Nizhegorod Oblast) ca. 60 miles S of the city of Nizhniy-Novgorod. Issued numerous local Rural Post stamps (1874-1908), see Zemstvo Issues.
Arzte: (Fr.) ridge.
A. S.: Army Service, Sudan perforations in 1913.
AS: 1: Samoa, country code as used by UPU. 2: USPS abbreviation for American Samoa.
As always: auction catalog term used to denote a fault common to most or all known copies of a certain philatelic item.
ASBA: Australian Specialist Booklet Album.
ASC: Australian Stamp Catalogue; Seven Seas Stamps.
ASCAT: (Fr.) Association Internationale ‚Äįditors de Catalogues de Timbres-Poste; International Association of Stamp Catalogue Publishers.Ascedente: (Sp.) ascending, applied to homeward bound ships.
Ascension: island in the South Atlantic Ocean; official name of postal administration: Ascension Island Post Office currency: 12 pence = 1 shilling, 20 shillings = 1 pound, 100 pence = 1 pound (1971) 1815: occupied by British and used as a naval station, 1856: first issue, 1867-1922: stamps of Great Britain used, 1916: first semipostal stamp, 1922: No.1, ¬Ĺ penny green/black; annexed to British Crown Colony of St. Helena, overprint on stamps St. Helena, 1924: issued own stamps. 1986: issued postage due stamps.
Ascension: overprint on stamps St. Helena, starting in 1922.
Ascension: Modernisation; unissued Great Britain cinderella by David Horry, 2001.
Aschaffenburg: local, Germany, 1945-48.
Asch: local, Sudeten district in Czechoslovakia, had overprinted issues in 1938.
ASDA: American Stamp Dealers Association.
ASECNA: Agency for Security of Aerial Navigation; common design on stamps of the French Community of Nations, 1969-70.
Asegurada: (Sp.) inscription on insured mail labels used in Spanish speaking nations.
Asemanator: (Rom.) similar.
Aserbeidschan: (Ger.) Azerbaijan.
Aschgrau: (Ger.) ash gray (color).
Ashanti: a Gold Coast colony.
Ashbrook, Stanley B.: (1882-1958) philatelic scholar, wrote handbook on 1¬Ę U.S. stamp of 1851-57.
Ashton Potter: major printer of US postage stamps, plants in US and Canada.
Asia Minor Steamship Company: Asia Minor Screw Steamship Company, two local post stamps were issued in 1868-84 to carry mail from Smyrna to Cyprus and Constantinople.
Asian subcontinent: popular usage applies to Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sikkim and Sri Lanka.
Asie: (Dan.) Asia.
Asien: (Dan.) Asia
Asien: (Dan., Ger.) Asian.
As is: term meaning that the material is sold without a guarantee of any kind.
Asitencia: (Sp.) assistance or help.
Asistencia social: 1. (Sp.) social welfare; Spanish Morocco revenue. 2. (Rom.) Romania charity stamp inscription.
Askegrå: (Dan.) ash grey (color).
Askgrå: (Swed.) ash-grey (color).
ASM: Automatic Sorting Machine.
Asmara: now known as Asmera, Ethiopia/Eritrea.
Asmera: formerly Asmara, Ethiopia/Eritrea.
Asociacion Benefica de Correos: "Association to Benefit the Post" bogus local issue, Spain.
Asociatia Filatelistilor din Romania (A.F.R): (Rom.) Philatelic Association of Romania.
Aspe: local, Spanish civil war Republican, 1937.
Aspect: (Fr.) appearance.
Aspecto: (Sp.) appearance.
Aspect ratio: dimension of a mailpiece expressed as a ratio of length divided by height; a postcard 5 ¬Ĺ inches long by 3 ¬Ĺ inches high has an aspect ratio of 1.57, USPS term.
Asphaltum: asphalt, tarlike substance, used to spread over stone in the printing process.
Aspio-Elka Graphic Arts: printer of stamps for Greece and Cyprus.
ASPP: American Society of Polar Philatelists.
ASSA: Territory of Assiniboia, Alberta, Canada, when used in a postmark.
Assab: bogus overprint on Italian stamps 1880, possible Ethiopian city on the Red Sea.
ASSA East (West): Territory of Assiniboia, Alberta, Canada, when used in a postmark.
Assassination cover: the cachet and date in the cancel relates to an assassination.
Assbrev: (Swed.) insured letter., see Assurerade brev.
Assbrev med Uppräkning: (Swed.) insured letter with listed contents.
Assegno: (It.) check.
Assellijn: bogus, Donald Evans issue taken from name of an Amsterdam gallery.
Assicurato: (It.) Italian inscription on insured mail labels.
Assistencia: (Sp.) charity or assistance inscription for colonial stamps for funds to fight tuberculosis; Azores, Macao, Portugal.
Assistencia Nacional aos Tuberculoses-Porte Franco: (Port.) Portugal National Aid Society for Consumptives, inscription.
Assistencia-D.L. no. 72: (Sp.) Timor overprint for social welfare.
Assistencia Publica: Portuguese India and Mozambique inscription on postal tax stamps.
Assiout: Egypt, 1874-84, see: Interpostal seals.
Assobla: (Sp.) Spanish Guinea overprint for Elobey, Annabon and Corisco.
Association of British Philatelic Societies: established 1993, succeeded British Philatelic Federation as the umbrella philatelic organization of Great Britain and British member of FIP and FEPA.
Association for Stamp Exhibitions: organized 1913 for international exhibitions in New York, 1926, 1936 and 1947.
Assortiment: (Fr.) mixed bag, choice range.
Assottigliato: (It.) thin.
Assouan: Egypt, 1879-84, see: Interpostal seals.
ASSR: Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic.
Assurances sociales: (Fr.) social security; French Colony revenue inscription.
Assurerade Brev: (Swed.) insured letter, see Assbrev.
Assurerat: (Swed.) label for insured mail.
Assyria: ancient empire of West Asia; postal service organized about 3000 BC.
Asta: (It.) auction; a method of selling or buying stamps to the highest bidder.
A Stamp: US non-denominated stamp, valued 15¬Ę, placed on sale May 22, 1978.
Astipalaia: Greek island, also known as Stampalia; 1912: occupied by Italy, 1920: ceded to Turkey, 1947: became part of Greece.
Astrofilatelia: (Sp.) study and collection of stamps and documents related to space exploration.Astronautica: (Sp.) space thematic.
Astronomia: (Sp., It.) astronomy, as a theme or topic.
Astronomie: (Fr., Ger.) astronomy, as a theme or topic.
Astropogiaph: (It.) space philately, as a theme or topic.
Astrophilatelie: (Ger.) space philately, as a theme or topic.
Astrophilately: space philately.
Asturias: Spanish province; 1868-70: used handstamp "Habilitado por la Junta Revolucionaria," 1937: local Spanish civil war, Republican.
Asturias y Leon: local, Spanish Republican and Nationalist, 1937.
Astypalaia: see: Greece.
Asuncion: Paraguay 1886 official overprint for founding of city, Aug. 15, 1536.

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PostPosted: Sat Aug 02, 2008 13:25:46 pm 
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RED Shooting Star Posting MANIAC!
RED Shooting Star Posting MANIAC!
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Joined: Mon Apr 14, 2008 22:39:55 pm
Posts: 1275
Location: Australian Capital Territory
AT to AZ


AT: 1: (Fr.) Austria cancel for in transit. 2: Austria, country code as used by UPU.
A. T: Army Telegraph; Orange Free State overprint.
AT, A&T: French Colonies, Annam and Tonkin overprint.
ATA: American Topical Association.
Atafu: see: Western Samoa (British).
Atajate: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1937.
Atalaya: an international magazine devoted to cinderella, "dead" country stamps and other philatelic oddities; published by the Halmstad Philatelic Society, Halmstad, Sweden.
Ataman Semyonov regime: Transbaikal province, Siberia; 1918 Nov.: Ataman Semyonov became ruler of area, issued surcharges on stamps of Russia.
AT&Co Ltd: Alexander Thorn & Co. Ltd., printers of British post office stationery, late 1880s.
At betale-Portomerke: Norway postage due inscription, 1889-1914.
A T Co. (Atlantic Telegraph Company): U.S. telegraph stamps issued for use on own firm's telegrams, 1888.
ATF: Angleterre Transit Fran'ais, Aachen transit mark, mid 1800s.
Atfe: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals.
ATHA: territory of Athabaska, Alberta, Canada, when used in a postmark.
A. Thene Budcentralens Expresspost: see Hälsingborg - A. Thene Budcentralens Expresspost.
Athens: U.S. Georgia Confederate Postmasters stamp of 1861.
Athens: also know as Athinaii, Greece.
Athens, Ga. Paid 5 T.Crawford, P.M.: see: ConfederatePostmasters' Provisionals.
Athens prints: Greece first issues were printed in Paris and the later printings from Nov. 1861 were made in Athens; they vary in color and line shading differences.
Atherton shift: a double transfer on the U. S. 1861 2¬Ę Andrew Jackson stamp.
√É‚Äěthiopien: (Ger.) Ethiopia.
Atjeh: bogus, Sumatra: supposed vassal state issued in early 1880s, possibly 1892.
Atkarsk:: Russian town in Saratof (now Saratov) Oblast. Issued numerous local Rural Post stamps (1869-1885), see Zemstvo Issues.
Atlanta, Geo. Paid 5: I Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Atlanta trial color proofs: stamps, printed as proof sheets of all prior U.S. stamps, on a thin white card stock for the 1881 Atlanta Cotton Exposition in five colors; black, blue, brown, green and scarlet.
Atlantic/Air Mail/August/1932: private overprint on stamp of Ireland by James A. Mollison, who was the first person to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean from west to east, August. 18, 1932.
Atlantic Base: local ?, Italian submarine crews, Bordeaux, 1943-44.
Atlantic City: 1: local, U.S., Faunce's Penny Post, 1884-87. 2: local, U. S., Hackney & Bolte, 1886.
Atlantic Express Co.: local post serviced between Maine, Boston and New York City; used a circular label, 1913-20.
Atlantic Front: local, "Front Atlantique" German occupation, 1945.
Atlantic Oils: ship via Atlantic Oil Company for Italian branch.
Atlantis: bogus, U.S. Virgin Islands, anti-U.S., 1917.
Atlantis, Kingdom of: bogus, a Henry Stull fantasy.
Atlantis, new: bogus, raft moored off Jamaica, 1960s, made by Leicester Hemingway, brother of Ernest Hemingway.
Atlantis y Lemuria: bogus, overprints on Atlantis stamps.
Atlantis y Mu: bogus, Pacific equivalent of Atlantis stamps.
Atlantium, Empire of: bogus, unrecognized secessionist "state" in Australia.
Atlas: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
ATLC: Air Transport Label Catalog.
ATM: Automatic Teller Machine, when used in philately, one that also dispenses stamps.
√É‚Äětollpost: (Ger.) Marshall Islands mail.
Atome: (Fr.) astronomy, as a theme or topic.
Atomo: (It., Sp.) astronomy, as a theme or topic.
ATPOM: (Fr.) "Agence des Timbres-Poste d'Outre-Mer" overseas stamp agency.
Atrament: (Pol.) ink.
Atribución: (Sp.) identification of a philatelic item.
Ã…tskilliga: (Swed.) several.
Attached cachet: a separate piece that is attached to the cover in some fashion as a cachet.
At Tawal: bogus, disputed neutral zone in Arabia; overprint on Kuwait and Saudi Arabia.
Ã…tte: (Nor.) eight (number).
Attempted flight: flight which failed to achieve its goal, altitude, distance or destination.
Atten: (Dan., Nor.) eighteen (number).
Attenuc: (Fr.) thinned (of gum).
Attest: (Den., Ger., Nor.) certificate.
Ã…tti: (Nor.) eighty (number).
Attleboro Stamp Company: Attleborobr, Mass. firm used an affixing machine to stamp its newsletters during 1909.
Atviruka: (Lith.) Postcard..
√É‚Äětztiefdruck: (Ger.) recess print, photogravure.
√É‚Äětzung: (Ger.) etching.
AU: Australia, country code as used by UPU.
A-U: Colombia, Argentina, and Uruguay SCADTA consular overprint.
Auckland Islands: uninhabited islands 300 miles south of New Zealand; 1915: General Grant Expedition, two stamp issued, no postal validity.
Auction: a method of buying and selling stamps or covers to the highest bidder; first recorded stamp auction held in Paris, Dec. 29, 1865, first in U.S. held in New York in May 1870.
Auction abbreviations: terms frequently used in auctions: star/mint; circle with dot/used; box with X/cover: square/piece or part of cover; four small squares/block.
Auction agent: a representative designated by an absentee bidder or a bidder requesting anonymity during the auction, and authorized to represent the client during the bidding process.
Auctioneer: the person who conducts an auction sale and regulates the bidding
Au-dessous: (Fr.) below.
Au-dessus: (Fr.) above.
Audierne: local provisional, France, 1944.
Auditoria de Guerra: (Sp.) war tribunal.
Auerbach i. Vogtland: local, Germany, 1886-1907.
Auf, A: (Ger.) on.
Aufbrauchausgabe, Ab.A: (Ger.) issue to use up supply on hand.
Auf brief:: (Ger.) on cover.
Auf briefst√ɬľck: (Ger.) on piece (of a cover).
Aufdruck, Aufdr., A.: (Ger.) surcharge, overprint.
Aufdruckfalschung: (Ger.) overprint forgery.
Aufdruckfarbe: (Ger.) surcharge or overprint color.
Aufdruckfelhldruck: (Ger.) surcharge or overprint error.
Aufdruckmarke: (Ger.) overprinted stamp.
Aufdruckstellung:: (Ger.) overprint position.
Aufdruckunregelmässigkeit: (Ger.) overprint irregularity.
Auffindung: (Ger.) discovery.
Auffuhrung: (Ger.) listing.
Aufgabe Postamt: (Ger.) post office where mail is posted / mailed.
Aufgabeschein: (Ger.) posting receipt.
Aufgabestempel: (Ger.) postmark of office of origin.
Aufgabezettel: (Ger.) tags attached to letters confirming registration, special delivery, airmail.
Aufgaklebt: (Ger.) affixed.
Aufganzem brief: (Ger.) entire (cover).
Aufgegeben: (Ger.) to have mailed, sent telegram.
Aufgeklebt: (Ger.) affixed.
Aufgeld: (Ger.) percentage of bid price, auction house commission; in addition to bid price.
Aufgestellt: (Ger.) mounted.
Aufheben postamt: (Ger.) to close a post office.
Aufklebaar: (Ger.) adhesive.
Auflage: (Ger.) printing, edition, quantity issued.
Auflieferungsstempel: (Ger.) post office of origin cancel.
Aufrechnungzahlen: (Ger.) accounting numbers in margin of German stamps.
Auf see eingeliefert: (Ger.) mailed at sea.
Aufständischpost: (Ger.) insurgent post.
Auf Umschlag: (Ger.) on cover.
Auggabejahr: (Ger.) year of issue.
Augosto: (It.) August.
Augsburg: 1: local, displaced persons camp, 1946. 2: local, Germany, 1865-84, 1896-1900.
Augsburg-Hochfeld: local, displaced persons camp, 1948.
August: (Den., Est., Ger. Nor.) August.
Augusta, Ga. Paid 5: see: Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Augusti: (Swed.) August.
August Issues: nickname used for group of proposed stamps submitted about August 1861 to replace pre-Civil War issues that were to be demonitized; also known as "Premier Grauvres."
Augusts: (Latv.) August.
Augustus: (Neth.) August.
Augusztus: (Hung.) August.
Aukció: (Hung.) auction.
Auktion: (Ger.) auction; a method of selling or buying stamps to the highest bidder.
Auktionator: (Ger.) auctioneer.
Auktion per postweg: (Ger.) mail bid sale.
Auktionsbedingung: (Ger.) auction conditions of sale.
Aultionskatalog: (Ger.) auction catalog.
Auktionsverkauf: (Ger.) auction sale.
Auner's, A.W., Despatch Post: U.S. local post, Philadelphia, Pa., 1851.
Aunus: Russia overprint on stamps of Finland; 1919: Finnish occupation; Russian town of Olonetz.
Au plus haut cours: (Fr.) at highest market price.
Au plus offrant: (Fr.) to the highest offer.
Au profit de la croix rouge: Belgian East Africa Red Cross overprint for Ruanda Urundi.
Aurigny: (Fr.) Alderney.
Auriu: (Rom.) gold (metallic color).
Ausbleichen: (Ger.) fade.
AUS: international postal code for Australia.
Aus dem briefkasten: (Ger.) handstamp confirming letter retrieved from mail box instead of post office counter, sender to receive a receipt via mail to limit liability.
Ausgabe: (Ger.) issue, set or single.
Ausgabe ohne gummi: (Ger.) no gum as issued.
Ausgabejahr: (Ger.) year of issue.
Ausgabestelle: (Ger.) place of issue.
Ausgabetag: (Ger.) day of issue.
Ausgebessert: (Ger.) repaired and improved.
Ausgebot: (Ger.) first, or opening bid at an auction.
Ausgediente platte: (Ger.) worn out printing plate.
Ausgefallener druck: (Ger.) missing color, or embossing.
Ausgesschieden: (Ger.) discarded.
Ausgezeichnet: (Ger.) excellent.
Aushilfsausgaben: (Ger.) provisional issue.
Aushilfsmarke: (Ger.) provisional stamp postmark.
Aushilfsstempel: (Ger.) provisional cancel
Auslage: (Ger.) collect on delivery forerunners.
Ausland: (Ger.) foreign countries.
Ausländisch: (Ger.) foreign.
Auslandspostanstalten: (Ger.) post offices of one nation in another nation.
Auslandspostelle: (Ger.) post office foreign mail section.
Auslandsstelle: (Ger.) cancel inscription for examination of correct foreign postage.
Ausrufpreis: (Ger.) auction starting price.
Ausschnitt: (Ger.) cut square.
Ausserkurs: (Ger.) demonetized, period of validity expired and withdrawn from sale.
Ausserkurssetzung: (Ger.) invalidate; Switzerland overprint demonetisation on remaindered stamps.
Aussig: local, Sudentenland, German occupation, 1938.
Aussig Wir Sind Frei: "Aussif is free-Liberation demonstration," unauthorized overprint on stamps of Germany for use in German takeover of Czechoslovakia in 1938.
Ausstellungsmedaille: (Ger.) exhibition medal.
Austellen: (Ger.) to exhibit.
Austellung: (Ger.) exhibition.
Austellung Lokale: (Ger.) local exhibition, Range 3; see: Range.
Austellungkarte: (Ger.) exhibition souvenir card.
Austellung Nationale: (Ger.) national exhibition, Range 1; see: Range.
Austellung Regionale: (Ger.) regional exhibition, Range 2; see: Range.
Austellungskarte: (Ger.) card for exhibitors in German exhibitions.
Austellungsreif: (Ger.) collection ready for exhibition.
Austernengrau: (Ger.) oyster gray (color).
Austin, Miss Paid 5: see: Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Austin, Tex Paid 10: see: Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Australasia: term used to describe islands of Southwest Pacific Ocean including Australia, New Zealand, etc.
Australasian New Hebrides Company: local post for mail between New Hebrides and New South Wales, 1897.
Australia: Oceania, between Indian Ocean and the South Pacific Ocean; official name of postal administration: Australia Post currency: 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound, 100 cents = 1 Australian dollar (1966) 1901, Jan. 1: colonies formed Commonwealth of Australia, part of the British Empire, 1850-60: each colony, New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia, Northern Territory, issued its own stamps, 1902: first postage due stamp issued, 1907, Oct. 1: joined the UPU, includes Norfolk Island, 1913: No.1, ¬Ĺ penny yellow-green; first issue of Australia appeared; see A$, A.I.F. 1929, May 20: first air mail stamp issued, 1931, May 4: first official stamp issued, 1946: military stamps for "British Commonwealth Occupation Force," 1999: referendum to change status from a commonwealth to an independent republic was defeated.
Australian Antarctic Territory, A A T: Australian section of Antarctica; 1957, Mar. 27: issued its first stamps, also valid for use in Australia.
Australian customs duty: 1913, stamps used for prepayment of advertising material sent to Australia in bulk shipments.
Australian States: six colonies formed the Commonwealth of Australia in 1901; New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia.
Australia Occupation of Japan: "B.C.O.F. Japan 1946" overprint on stamps of Australia for British Commonwealth Occupation Force.
Australia Post Sprintpak: stamp printer for Australia and many other nations.
Australie: (Fr., Czech.) Australia.
Australie du Sud: (Fr.) South Australia.
Australien: (Dan., Ger., Swed.) Australia.
Australien Stater: (Dan.) Australian States.
Australisk: (Den., Nor., Swed.) Australian.
Australiske skeppspost: (Swed.) Australian ship mail (ship post).
Australiske skibspost: (Dan.) Australian ship mail (ship post).
Australiske skipspost: (Nor.) Australian ship mail (ship post).
Australiske Stater: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) Australian States.
Australsk: (Dan.) Australian
Australsky: (Czech.) Australia.
Austria: central Europe, north of Italy and Slovenia; official name of postal administration: Post & Telecom Austria AG currency: 60 kreuzer = 1 gulden, 100 new kreuzer =1 gulden (1858), 100 heller = 1 krone (1899), 100 groschen = 1 schilling (1945), 100 cents = 1 euro (2002); stamps of this country can be found in these
catalogs: Aelou, Austria Post, Borek, Ferchenbauer, Michel, Netto,
Philex, Scott, Stanley Gibbons, Yvert et Tellier; 1850: stamps of Austrian monarchy, includes Hungary, 1851: first newspaper stamp, 1867: No.1, 1 kreuzer yellow; stamps first issued as part of Austro-Hungarian Empire, 1867: stamps issued for use in the Austrian post offices in the Turkish Empire, 1875, July 1: joined the UPU, 1894: first postage due stamp issued, 1914, Oct. 4: first semipostal stamp issued, 1915: first military stamp, 1918: stamp under Italian occupation issued in Trieste, 1918, Dec.: Austrian Republic overprint "German Austria" (Deutschösterreich), 1919, July: first unoverprinted stamps issued, 1920: name changed to "Austria," 1918, March 30: first airmail stamp issued, 1938, Mar.-1945: occupied and annexed by Germany, German stamps were used, 1945: occupied by American and Soviet troops, 1945, Nov.: first stamps as independent republic, 1955, May 15: treaty recognized Austria's independence.
Austria, Allied Military Government: joint issue by U.S. and Britain for use in civilian areas under American, British and French occupation; Carinthia, Salzburg, Styria, Tyrol, Upper Austria, Vorarlberg.
Austriac: (Rom) Austria (adj.).
Austria, locals: 1: Katschberghohe, hotel 1933-38. 2: Kessel-Alpenhaus and Moserboden, 1927-38.
Austria, Lombardy-Venetia: currency: 100 centesimi = 1 lira, 100 soldi - 1 florin (1858) 1850, June 1: Austrian kingdom, first stamps for Lombardy-Venetia, required different stamps than Austria because their currency was based on silver while Austria based on paper currency. 1858: first newspaper tax stamp, 1859: Lombardy annexed to Sardinia, 1866: Venetia annexed to Kingdom of Italy,
Austria, S.S.: Steamship of the Danube Steam Navigation Company; 1840s: for the Express Mail of the lower Danube lines.
Austrian Government Printing Office: Vienna, printer of stamps for Austria, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, etc.
Austrian Italy: provinces of Lombardy and Venice administered by Austria; 1850: stamps first issued, 1859: Lombardy ceded to Sardinia, 1866: Venetia annexed to Italy.
Austrian Levant: Austrian post offices in the Ottoman Empire; 1867: stamps first issued, 1914-15: stamps withdrawn.
Austrian military post: Bosnia stamps with "K.U.K. Feldpost"; 1912-14: stamps inscribed or overprinted used by Austrian forces in occupation of parts of Italy, Montenegro, Romania and Serbia, 1912-18: issues for Bosnia and Herzegovina had inscription "K.U.K. Militarpost," see: K.U.K. Feldpost, K.U.K. Militarpost.
Austrian Offices in Crete: Austrian post offices in Crete and Turkish Empire; 1903-14: Austrian stamps valued in French currency, available throughout the Turkish Empire, 1913: island given to Greece and post offices closed.
Austrian Offices in Turkish Empire: Austrian post offices in the Turkish Empire; 1867-pre: used its issues for Lombardy-Venetia, 1867: used special stamps for its Turkish Empire Offices, 1903-14: Austrian stamps valued in French currency, available throughout the Turkish Empire, 1914, Dec. 15: offices closed.
Austrian State Printing Works: Vienna, printer of stamps of Austria.
Austro-Americana: operated ships from Trieste to New York and South America; Marianne and Martha Washington known to carry mail.
Austro-Hungarian Empire (Monarchy): located in central and eastern Europe, 1867-1918; 1850, June 1: stamps for use in Austrian Empire issued, 1867-1871: Austria and Hungary used the same stamps, 1871: Hungary had its own issues.
Austro-Hungarian Forces in World War I: 1914: Brief invasions of Serbia and Russian Poland in October and November - no new stamps issued but postmarks for a few occupied towns can be found used on Austrian and Bosnian stamps. 1915-1918: Stamps overprinted or inscribed "K.u.K. (Imperial & Royal) Feldpost" were issued to pay postage on military mail when required, i.e. for registration, special delivery, parcel post, etc. and on civilian mail in the occupied territories, 1916, Mar. 6: Bosnian stamps issued overprinted "Serbien" for occupation of Serbia, 1916: Occupation of Northern and Central Albania, no new stamps issued but cancels of Albanian towns used on Austrian fieldpost stamps, 1917, Mar.1: Fieldpost stamps overprinted "Montenegro" for occupation of Montenegro, 1917, Nov. 1: Fieldpost stamps surcharged "centesimi" and "lire" for occupation of (Northeast) Italy, 1918: Occupation of Ukraine, no new stamps issued but Austrian fieldpost stamps used.
Austrumi: (Latv.) East.
Auswahlheft: (Ger.) approval book.
Auswahlsendung: (Ger.) selection of stamps or covers sent on approval.
Auswärtiges Amt (AA): (Ger.) foreign office (post).
Ausztrália: (Hung.) Australia.
Ausztráliai: (Hung.) Australian.
Ausztria: (Hung.) Austria, see Osztrák.
Autaugaville, Ala. Paid 5: see: Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Autentica: (Rom.) authentic, genuine.
Auténtico: (It., Sp., Port.) genuine.
Autentisk: (Nor.) genuine.
AuthentiDate: software developed to digitally sign documents and seal them with an official U.S. electronic postmark.
Authorized delivery stamps: denotes the tax on mail permitted to be delivered by private services; see: Recapito autorizzato.
Authorized Service: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Authorized Service WC: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Authentication mark: mark placed on the back of a stamp to indicate that it has been examined by an expert.
Authenticity: expertising, genuineness.
Authentique: (Fr.) genuine.
Authentisch: (Ger.) genuine.
Auto-adesiva: (Port.) self-adhesive.
Autoadesivi: (It.) self-adhesive.
Autobuspaketmarke(n): (Ger.) mail bus parcel post stamp(s).
Autobuses de Boyaca: local post, Colombia, 1927.
Autobus postal: (Fr.) postbus.
Autocar Service Co.: local post, Philadelphia, Penn; used stamps.
Auto Delivery Co.: local post, used labels, year unknown.
Autógrafo: (Sp.) anything written by one's own hand, such as signatures.
Autogramm: (Ger.) autograph.
Autograph: anything written by one's own hand, such as signatures.
Autographe: (Fr.) anything written by one's own hand, such as signatures.
Autographed cover: cover personally signed by someone connected to the event commemorated by the cover; does not include the Free Franking signature.
Autogiro mail: 1930s experimental aircraft that carried mail over short, but congested routes.
Automated Postal Center: USPS vending machine that permits customers to use a debit or credit card to buy computer-generated stamps and mail them, 2002.
Automatenmarke: (Ger.) vending machine stamps, variable rate stamp (Frama labels).
Automath¦fte(r): (Dan.) automatic telling machine (ATM) booklet(s).
Automathäfte: (Swed.) automatic telling machine (ATM) booklet(s).
Automathefter: (Nor.) automatic telling machine (ATM) booklet(s).
Automatic Canceling Machines: replaced manual canceling machines in 1963 when phosphor tagging was used.
Automatic letter facing machine (ALF): rearranges letter in a stack with stamps facing the same way, and cancels the stamps.
Automatic Shipping Machines: a self-service, variable-denomination, credit card only operated postage franking machine tested in Winn-Dixie Supermarkets; withdrawn from use, Dec. 1992.
Automatic stamps: value applied directly to a mail piece or gummed label for affixing to the mail and dispensed by a coin-operated vending machine.
Automation discount: postage reduction offered to mailers who pre-barcode their mail pieces and meet addressing, readability, and other requirements for processing on automated equipment; discount relative to the single piece rate for the mail class, USPS term.
Automatm¦rke(r): (Dan.) automatic telling machine (ATM) stamp(s), meter stamps.
Automatmärke(r): (Swed.) automatic telling machine (ATM) stamp(s), meter stamps.
Automatm¦rker: (Nor.) booklets for use in vending machines.
Automatmerker: 1. (Nor.) meter postage. 2. (Dan.) Automatic telling machine (ATM) stamp(s).
Automatm¦rke: (Dan.) Automatic telling machine (ATM) stamp(s).
Automibile: (It.) automobile, as a theme or topic.
Automobilpostb√ɬľro: (Ger.) mobile post office.
Automóvil: (Sp.) automobile, as a theme or topic.
Autopaketti: Finland parcel post inscription.
Auto Parcel Delivery Co.: local post; used a label, year unknown.
Autopen: mechanical machine reproduction of an autograph.
Auto-PKW-LKW: (Ger.) automobile, as a theme or topic.
Autopost: experimental stamp vending machines used 1989-90 in Washington, DC area.
Autopost stamps: computer printed and sold via Autopost machines; stamps contain computer- generated USA, and a vertical orange bar at the left edge.
Auto Special Delivery: local post, used a stamp, year unknown.
Auto-Wound: term printed on the coil leader produced by a BEP machine, 1910.
Autrement: (Fr.) otherwise.
Autres objets: (Fr.) other articles; a category of international mail that is made up of various classes of printed matter, matter for the blind and small packets.
Autriche: (Fr.) Austria.
Au verso: (Fr.) back, as opposed to the front of a philatelic object.
Auxiliary markings: broad range of markings that require action on the part of the mailer, addressee or both; for example, a letter that must be forwarded to a new address or a notice on a cover asking for postage due; USPS term.
Auxilio: (Sp.) assistance, relief aid.
Auxilio de Invierno: (Sp.) winter relief.
AV2: cover marking distinctive of Hong Kong transit airmail.
Avalov-Bermondt: Latvia, area in West Russia, Western Army, 1918.
Avant: (Fr.) before.
Avarua: see: New Zealand.
AVE: (Fr.) Victims of Philatelic Investment Fraud, a group of accumulators who bought imperforate and non-denominated Monaco stamps as an investment.
Ave.: USPS address abbreviation for Avenue.
Avec: (Fr.) with.
Avec charnicre: (Fr.) hinged.
Avec Charnière: (Fr.) hinge remnant.
Avec Olusier Charnière: (Fr.) heavy hinge remnant.
Average: a stamp with poor margins or perforations cutting into design, not good; if used, may be heavily postmarked; Unterschiedliche Erhaltung (Ger.), (Condition) Moyenne (Fr.), Stato di Conservazione Vario (It.), Calidades Diversas (Sp.).
Avermelhado: (Port.) reddish color.
Avers: (Fr.) obverse.
Avers, Aversum: (Ger.) postage free based on contract between German States and administration.
Avery Dennison: Avery International, printer of U.S. postage stamps, became Avery Dennison in 1992 and produces mainly self-adhesive stamps.
Avery Int'l: produced the plastic self-adhesive for vending machine use, became Avery- Dennison in 1992.
Avery, Sir William B.: 1854-1908, collector who at one time owned the 1d and 2d "Post Office" Mauritius stamps.
Avg.: average, abbreviation, term used to denote condition of a stamp, generally the lowest collectible grade.
Avgående: (Swed.) outgoing.
Avgifts Merke: (Nor.) fee stamp for annual tax for use of a motorcycle.
Aviacon: (Sp.) Uruguay airmail inscription.
Avianca Airlines: Aerovias Nacionales de Colombia S.A.; private air firms under government contract had their owns stamps to show airmail fees, 1950-52: "A" overprint used on Spanish stamps.
Avico: Macao surcharge for airmail.
Avila: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist and Republican, 1936-37.
Aviles: local, Spanish Republican, 1937.
Avinyo: local, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937.
Avion: (Fr., Sp.) inscription for airmail, airplane, aviation, Alaouites, vertical overprint.
Avion Messre Tafari: "Royal Airmail" overprint on Ethiopia air stamps.
Avionska Posta: Jugoslavia airmail overprint.
Avis: (Fr.) notice.
Avis(er): (Dan., Nor.) newspapaper(s).
Avis de Recepcion: (Sp.) El Salvador, acknowledgment of receipt.
Avis de Reception: (Fr.) permits the sender, upon payment of a fee, to be notified of confirmation of delivery.
Avis de Recibo: (Sp.) advice of receipt.
Aviser: (Den.) Newspaper.
Avisporto: (Den.) Denmark newspaper issue.
Avisporto maerke: Denmark, prepaid information stamp, inscription on printed paper stamp.
Avorio: (It.) ivory (color).
Avos: Monetary unit of Macao and Timor.
AVR: see Avery Dennison.
Avril: (Fr.) April.
Avrupa Konseyi: (Turk.) overprint for Council of Europe, 10th anniversary.
AVSEC: USPS marking for Aviation Security, indicating the parcel has been screened for security purposes.
AW: Aruba, country code as used by UPU.
A. W. Auner's Despatch Post: United States local post, Philadelphia, Pa. 1851.
AWL: Albert W. Leger, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
AX: Scott Catalogue prefix for forerunners, such as CSA-Postmasters' Provisional.
Ayachucho: overprint on stamps of Peru, 1881, for one of the Arequipa issues.
Ayamn: Ajman.
Ayamonte: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1936-38.
Ayer, J.C. & Co.: U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp.
Ayer & Co.s Express: local freight express; serviced Boston and Haverhill, Mass., used a label, 1887.
Ayer's Express: local parcel company that serviced Boston, Haverhill and Bradford, Mass.; used labels; 1850-72.
Ayesbury & Buckingham Railway: local post, United Kingdom.
Ayshire & Wigtownshire Railway: local post, United Kingdom.
Ayuda: (Sp.) help.
Ayuda el Ecuador: Paraguay semi-postal overprint (earthquake victims).
Ayuntamiento de Barcelona: (Sp.) local tax stamp for the Corporation of Barcelona.
AZ: 1: Azerbaijan, country code as used by UPU. 2: USPS abbreviation for Arizona.
A. Z.: Albania 1927 overprint for President Ahmed Zogu.
Azad hind: bogus, "Free India" inscription printed in Germany in 1942.
Azemar machine: a cancelling machine named after J.G. Azemar for trials in Great Britain in 1869; discarded as unsatisfactory in 1873.
Azemour: local post handstamp frank used by Sultan of Morocco. 1892.
Azerbaidjan: (Fr.) Azerbaijan.
Azerbadjan: (Swed.) Azerbaijan.
Azserbadjisk: (Swed.) Azerbaijanian.
Azerbaijan: Southwestern Asia, on Caspian Sea, between Iran and Russia; currency: 100 kopecs = 1 ruble, 100 giapiki = 1 manat (1992) 1917: became independent after Russian Revolution, 1917: Russian stamps overprinted "Occupation Azirbaydejan" during Russian occupation; found to be bogus, 1918, May 26: independence proclaimed, 1919: No.1, 10 kopecks multi; first stamps issued, until replaced by the Federation issues, 1920, Apr. 20: Soviet Republic established, 1922: first semipostal stamp issued, 1922, Mar. 12: joins Transcaucasian Federated Republic, 1923: own stamps as part of the Transcaucasian Federated Republic, with Armenia and Georgia, 1924-91: Soviet stamps used, 1945, May-Mar.1946: occupied by Russia, set of 15 Iranian stamps overprinted "National Government of Azerbaijan, 11th May 1945," 1946, Mar.: became an autonomous government, 1945-46: Persian stamps overprinted "Occupation Azirbaydejan" during Russian occupation; found to be bogus, 1946, Dec.: Iranian administration restored in their part of nation, 1991, Dec. 26: became an independent nation, 1993: part of the Commonwealth of Independent States, 1993, April 1: joined the UPU, 1995, Oct. 26: first airmail.
Azerbaidschan: (Ger.) Azerbaidjan.
Azermarka: 2002, overprint for the trading name of the stamp division of the Ministry of Communications of Azerbaijan.
Azimur: (also Azemmour or Azamor) Atlantic coast seaport in NW Morocco, Cherifien post town by Sultan's 1892 decree. Used distinctive octagonal handstamp for mails carried by runners, see Cherifien Posts.
Azirbayedjan: Azerbaijan, 1919-22.
Azoren: (Ger.) Azores.
Azorerna: (Swed.) the Azores.
Azorerne: (Dan., Nor.) the Azores.
Azores: North Atlantic Ocean, Portuguese Atlantic islands; Scott Catalog, after Portugal currency: 1,000 reis = 1 milreis, 100 centavos = 1 escudo (1912), 100 cents = 1 euro 1868-pre: Portuguese stamps used, 1868: No.1, 5 reise black; first overprinted issues, 1876: first newspaper stamp, 1904: first postage due stamp issued, 1911: first semipostal stamp issued, 1931: stamps of Portugal used, 1976: self-governing region of Portugal, 1980, Jan.2: Azores stamps issued, used concurrently with stamps of Portugal, see A'ores, A.H.PD, Angra.
Azores, forged issue: 1912-31 overprint Ceres, Sc. 155-237.
Azserbadjisj: (Swed.) Azerbaijanian.
Azuaga: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1937.
Azul: (Sp., Port.) having the color of a clear sky, or the deep sea.
Azulado: (Sp.) bluish (color).
Azulado-gris: (Sp.) bluish-grey (color).
Azulado-negro: (Sp.) bluish-black (color).
Azulado-verde: (Sp.) bluish-green (color).
Azul-ardósia: (Sp.) blue-slate (color).
Azul Celeste: (Port., Sp.) sky blue (color).
Azul-cinza: (Port.) blue-gray (color).
Azul-cinza Escuro: (Port.) light blue-gray (color).
Azul Claro: (Sp.) dull blue (color).
Azul Cobalto: (Port., Sp.) cobalt blue (color).
Azul Cobalto Palido: (Port., Sp.) pale cobalt blue (color).
Azul de Aco; Azul de Acero: (Port., Sp.) steel blue (color).
Azul de Cer√ɬļleo: (Sp.) cerulean blue (color).
Azul de Cretoso: (Sp.) chalky blue (color).
Azul de Oriental: (Sp.) oriental blue (color).
Azul de Prusia, Azul Prusiano: (Sp.) Prussian blue (color).
Azul de Prussia: (Port.) Prussian bue (color).
Azul de Turquesa: (Port.) turquoise blue (color).
Azul espliego: (Sp.) lavender (color).
Azul-gris: (Sp.) blue-grey (color).
Azul-gris Oscuro: (Sp.) dark blue-grey (color).
Azul indigo: (Sp.) indigo (color).
Azul Lechoso: (Sp.) milky blue (color).
Azul Ligeruosa: (Sp.) slightly blue (color).
Azul Manganês: (Port.) Manganese blue (color).
Azul Manganeso: (Sp.) Manganese blue (color).
Azul Mar: (Sp.) sea blue (color).
Azul Marinho: (Port.) navy blue (color).
Azul Marino: (Sp.) navy blue (color).
Azul Mate: (Sp.) dull blue (color).
Azul-negro: (Sp.) blue-black (color).
Azul Oscuro: (Sp.) dark, deep blue (color).
Azul Pálido: (Sp.) pale blue (color).
Azul Pizzara: (Sp.) slate blue (color).
Azul-purp√ɬļreo: (Sp.) blue-slate (color).
Azul-preto: (Port.) blue-black (color).
Azul-p√ɬļrpura: (Port.) blue-purple (color).
Azul-purp√ɬļreo: (Sp.) blue-purple (color).
Azul-purp√ɬļreo Brillante: (Sp.) brilliant blue-purple (color).
Azul-p√ɬļrpura vivo: (Port.) bright blue-purple (color).
Azul Real: (Sp.) royal blue (color)
Azul Subido: (Sp.) bright blue (color).
Azul Turbio: (Sp.) chalky blue (color).
Azul turquesa: (Sp.) turquoise (color).
Azul Ultramarino: (Sp.) ultramarine (color).
Azul-verde: (Port., Sp.) blue-green (color).
Azul-verde Oscuro: (Sp.) dark blue-green (color).
Azul-verde Escuro: (Port.) dark blue-green (color).
Azul-verdoso: (Sp.) greenish-blue (color).
Azul-violeta: (Sp.) blue-violet (color).
Azul-vivo: (Sp.) bright blue (color).
Azulado: (Port., Sp.) bluish (color).
Azulado-cinza: (Port.) bluish-grey (color).
Azulado-preto: (Port.) bluish-black (color).
Azulado-verde: (Port.) bluish-green (color).
Azulado-verde (cian): (Port.) bluish-green (cyan).
Azulado-verde escuro: (Port.) dark bluish-green (color).
Azulado-verde Pálido: (Port.) pale bluish-green (color).
Azulado-verde Violeta: (Port.) bluish-violet (color).
Azur: (Fr.) pale bluish (color).
Azurat: (Rom.) bluish (color), see Albastrui.
Azuriu: (Rom.) sky blue (color).
Azzurrato: (It.) blueness (color).
Azzurro: (It.) blue.
Azzurro Acciaio: (It.) steel blue (color).
Azzurro Ardesia: (It.) slate blue (color).
Azzurro Brillante: (It.) brilliant blue (color).
Azzurro Carico: (It.) dark blue (color).
Azzurro Celeste: (It.) sky blue (color).
Azzurro Ceruleo: (It.) cerilean blue (color).
Azzurro Chiaro: (It.) cobalt blue (color).
Azzurro Cobalto: (It.) cobalt blue (color).
Azzurro Cobalto Pallido: (It.) cobalt blue (color).
Azzurro di Prussia: (It.) Prussian blue (color).
Azzurro Gessoso: (It.) chalky blue (color).
Azzurro-grigio: (It.) blue-grey (color).
Azzurro-grigio Scurro: (It.) dark blue-grey (color).
Azzurro Indaco: (It.) indigo blue (color).
Azzurro Latteo: (It.) milky grey (color).
Azzurro Leggermente: (It.) slightly blue (color).
Azzurro Lucente: (It.) bright blue (color).
Azzurro Maganese: (It.) manganese blue (color).
Azzurro Mare: (It.) sea blue (color).
Azzurro Marino: (It.) marine blue (color).
Azzurro-nero: (It.) blue-black (color).
Azzurro Oltremar: (It.) ultramarine (color).
Azzurro Orientale: (It.) oriental blue (color).
Azzurro Palido: (It.) pale blue (color).
Azzurro-porpora: (It.) blue-purple (color).
Azzurro-porpora Brillante: (It.) brilliant blue-purple (color).
Azzurro Reale: (It.) royal blue (color).
Azzurro Scuro: (It.) deep blue (color).
Azzurro Smorto: (It.) bright blue (color).
Azzurro Turchese: (It.) turquoise (color).
Azzurro Verdastro: (It.) greenish-blue (color).
Azzurro Verde: (It.) blue-green (color).
Azzurro-verde scuro: (It.) dark blue-green (color).
Azzurro-violetto: (It.) blue-violet (color).
Azzurro Vivo: (It.) bright blue (color).
Azzurrognolo: (It.) bluish (color).
Azzurrognolo-grigio: (It.) bluish-grey (color).
Azzurrognolo-nero: (It.) bluish-black (color).
Azzurrognolo-verde: (It.) bluish-green (color).

(Data Above sourced from "Ask Phil" and other sources. Last edit 5/Aug/2008 Amhazing)

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PostPosted: Sat Aug 02, 2008 13:26:05 pm 
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RED Shooting Star Posting MANIAC!
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Location: Australian Capital Territory
B to BE


B: 1: precedes the European postal code on addresses in Belgium, such as B-1000 Brussels. 2: semi-postal, Scott catalogue number prefix to identify stamps other than standard postage. 3: symbol for Banknote Corp. of America, which appears before the plate number on coil stamps printed by the firm. 4: abbreviation used as a postmark from Switzerland to the Kingdom of Sardinia. 5: B-blank; error appearing on GB imperforate penny-red stamps of 1841-54 in which the lower right check letter box received no letter (B-A, plate 77 of die I). 6: with eagle and United States of America: South Carolina Custom House revenue seal. 7: (Fr.) beau, good to very good, without apparent faults. 8: auction firm abbreviation for block. 9. overprint, British post office at Bangkok, 1882-85. 10. overprint; Colombia airmail sold in Belgium in early 1920s for mail from Belgium to Colombia via SCADTA air line; Belgian stamps were also required; also Colombia consular overprint; see: SCADTA. 11. overprint, 1904-1912, Nicaragua province of Zelaya; 12: Belgian stamp inscription, or "B" within an oval, with "Chemins de Fer Spoorwegen" Railway Parcel Post, 1940-44 (overprint), 1949- (inscription); 13: overprint; Belgian stamps to indicate railway parcel; 14: overprint on Straits Settlements stamps for Bangkok, 1882-85, see: Bangkok. 15: Antigua, British WW II censor mark for Antigua. 16: Bahia, Brazil; British Postal Agency insufficiently prepaid mark. 17: Berwick or Bristol, British postmark with month and day within the letter.
B (blank): Great Britain 1d red of 1858-64, variety where "B" is blank on bottom right corner.
B (in a box): auction abbreviation for booklet pane.
B4: auction term for block of four.
B 15: written on early 19th century ail means hat the item was carried by a canal packet boat outside of the U.S. Mails before being brought to a U.S. postal facility.
BA: Bosnia and Herzegovina, country code as used by UPU.
B. A.: 1: British Administration overprint on stamps of Great Britain, post World War II, British Offices Abroad, 1950, Jan. 2: Somalia, 1950, Feb. 6-Dec. 1951: Tripolitani, 1950, Feb. 14-Sept. 14, 1952: Eritrea. 3: Baena: occupation of city of Baena, Spain, province of Cordoba, not valid for postage, 1937, July: overprint on stamp by Nationalist and Republican revolutionary forces.
Babatoland: bogus; British Colonial Royal Wedding frames from book Surreal Stamps and Unreal Stickers.
Babenberg, S.S.: Danube Steam Navigation Co. ship; 1890s: service for the upper Danube lines.
BABN: British Bank Note Co., stamp printer for Canada.
Baby: nickname for Spanish King, 1886-1900: early issues of King Alfonso XIII.
Baby Zepp: 50¬Ę US airmail issue as opposed to higher values of regular US Zepp issues.
Baccarat: local provisional, France, 1944.
Bache, Richard: postmaster general of the Continental Post Office, 1776: during period when Benjamin Franklin traveled to France.
Back: as opposed to the front of a philatelic object; Ruckseite (Ger.), Dos (Fr.), Verso (It.), Dorso (Sp.).
Background, design: the lines, shading or other solid feature against which a design is placed.
Background, inverted: the background is inverted compared to the stamp design.
Backing: the process of filling the shell with molten metal to form a printing plate.
Backing paper: liner on self-adhesive coil stamps that stamps are affixed to.
Back inscription: printing on the back of a stamp; usually describing scene on the front of the stamp.
Back numbers: numbers appearing on the back of the liner release paper of U.S. coil stamps.
Back of an envelope: very important for possible philatelic markings.
Back-of-the-book (BOB): refers to a range of items usually listed in the back of specialized stamp catalogs; postage dues, revenues, postal saving stamps, etc.
Backprint: an "overprint" applied to the back of a stamp.
Backstamp: postmark applied on back of incoming mail to show date and time of receipt at the receiving post office; in Britain, a plain diamond shape backstamp for statistical purposes. Ruckseitigerstemple (Ger.), Cachet au Dos (Fr.), Annulato Verso (It.), Marca Postal al Dorso (Sp.).
Bacon, Joshua Butters: founder of Perkins Bacon and Co., printer of early postage stamps.
Bacon, Sir Edward Denny: curator of King George V's collection, 1913-38.
Bácska: (Hung.) see Megszállas, Bánát-Bácska a Szerb és a Román Helycsere Között.
Bactria Margiana Archaeology Complex (BMAC): an ancient civilization reported in 2001 that used a unique form of script around 2300 BC.
BÃ¥d: (Dan.) boat.
Badajoz: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist and Republican forces, 1936-38.
Badakhshan: local cinderella, Russian, 1998?
Badalona: local, Spanish civil war, Republican forces.
Bade: (Fr.) Baden.
BÃ¥de: (Nor.) both.
Baden: German State; located in southwestern Germany; currency: 60 kreuzer = 1 gulden; stamps of this country can be found in these catalogs: Michel, Scott, Stamps of the Grand Duchy of Baden, Stanley Gibbons, Yvert & Tellier; 1806: first postal markings known when created as a Grand Duchy by Napoleon, 1850, April: postal union formed between Prussia and Austria with Baden included, 1851, May 1: No.1, 1 kreuzer dark buff; first stamps with Baden inscription, 1851-67: used five concentric circles as cancel, 1862: rural delivery, postage due stamp with "Land-Post" inscription issued, 1870: joined the German Empire, 1872, Jan.1: stamps of the German Confederation without inscription, 1905: six official stamps released by Germany in for use in Baden, 1945-46: Zone Francaise inscription, French Occupation issue, 1947: first semipostal stamp issued, French occupation.
Baden, forged issue: 1862, postage due, Scott LJ1-LJ3.
Baden Republic 16: local official, Germany, 1905.
Bad Nauheim: local, Germany, 1945-48.
Bad. Oe. C: (Ger.) term signifying a reduced postal rate between Austria and Baden.
Badonviller: local provisional, French, 1944.
Bad Saarow: local, Germany, 1945-48.
Bad Suderode: local, Germany, 1918-23.
B.A.E.: British Army, Egypt, Aug. 1882-Oct. 1882.
B A E C: Bavarian Aero Club semi-official flight label used with regular postage; 1912-13: sold by state post office in Munich and Nuremberg.
B. A. Eritrea: overprint, British Africa Eritrea; Middle East Forces, British Offices Abroad for Offices in Africa, 1950, Feb. 6-Sept. 14, 1952: overprint on stamps of Great Britain.
Baeza: (Sp.) city in Spain, two-ringed postmark, 1842: named for Juan Baeza, administrator of the Post Office, 1937: local, Spanish civil war, Republican forces, 1937.
Bagages Reisgoed: (Fr./Flem.) overprint on stamps of Belgium, baggage parcel post revenue.
Bagdad: local transit label, 1935.
Bagel: printers of German stamps after WW II.
Baghdad, Bagdad: city of Iraq, part of Turkish Empire from 1638-1918; 1863- : Turkish post office operated, 1868-1914: Indian post offices operated, 1917, Sept.: "Baghdad in British Occupation" overprint on stamps of Turkey.
Bagley & Dunham: private die match proprietary stamps.
Bagside: (Dan.) reverse side.
Baha 1943: surcharge; 1943: on Philippine stamps, Japanese occupation.
Bahai: now Salvador, Brazil.
Bahama Inseln: (Ger.) Bahamas.
Bahama√ɬłerne: (Dan.) Bahama Islands.
Bahamas: island group of British West Indies, British Commonwealth Independent State; currency: 12 pence = 1 shilling; 20 shillings = 1 pound, 100 cents = 1 dollar (1966), 1760s: letters known, 1763: became a British colony, 1804: Bahamas straight line cancel used, 1841: "Crown Paid" handstamp initiated by Royal Mail Line, 1858-59, Apr.: stamps of Great Britain used, 1859, June 10: "Interinsular Postage" inter-island mail inscription for first stamps issued since external mails were under control of London until May 1860, 1860: No.1, 1 penny dull lake; first stamp, 1860, May: "Interinsular Postage" inscription removed from stamps, 1863: Bahamas inscription used, 1915-16: Bahamas stamps sold in Canada, 1916: first special delivery stamp, 1917, May 18: first semipostal stamp, 1918, Feb. 21: first War Tax stamp issued, 1964, Jan. 7: internal self-government, 1973, July 10: independence, 1974, April 24: joined UPU. 1983, Oct. 13: first air mail stamp issued.
Bahamas, forged issue: 1863-65, Queen Victoria, Sc 15, 19.
Bahawalpur: former Indian state, now part of Pakistan; 1945, Jan. 1: first official stamps issued, 1947, Dec. 1: declared independence from India, joined Pakistan, 1947, Dec. 1: No.1, ¬Ĺ anna bright carmine rose/black; first stamps valid within Bahawalpur, 1948-pre: State of India, stamps of India used only valid within Bahawalpur, 1948, Apr. 1-Oct. 10, 1949: stamps valid only for internal use, 1950: stamps of Pakistan used.
Bahamas: Long Island, world's longest stamp, 70mm; unissued Great Britain cinderella by David Horry, 2001.
Bahia: (Sp.) now Goliath, Texas.
Bahn: (Ger.) railway, train.
Bahnhof: railway station.
Bahnhofpostamt: railway station post office.
Bahnhofspostexpedition: (Ger.) former name for railway station post office.
Bahnhofsstempel: (Ger.) railway station cancel.
Bahnpost: (Ger.) railroad mail.
Bahnpostamt (BPA): (Ger.) railway post office postmark.
Bahnpoststempel: (Ger.) railroad post cancel.
Bahnpostwagon: (Ger.) mobile mail railcar.
Bahrain: independent sheikdom in the Persian Gulf; currency:12 pies = 1 anna; 16 annas= 1 rupee; 100 naye paise = 1 rupee (1957),1,000 fils = 1 dinar (1966) 1861-1971: British Protectorate, 1883, Aug. 1-1933: stamps of India used, distinguishable by named date stamps, 1933, Aug. 10: No.1, 3 pies gray; stamps of India overprinted "BAHRAIN," 1948, April 1: British postal agency opened, stamps of Great Britain overprinted "BAHRAIN," 1953: first stamps for internal use only, 1960: first stamps inscribed Bahrain, 1965, Dec. 31: British postal agency closed, 1966, Jan. 1: Bahrain stamps issued, 1971, Aug. 15: became independent, 1971, Oct. 2: State of Bahrain inscription, 1073, Oct.21: War Tax stamp issued, 1973, Dec. 21: joined the UPU.
Baijeri: (Fin.) Bavaria.
Baikal: local, Russian overprint, 1920.
Bailen: local, Spanish civil war, Republican forces, 1937.
Bailey & Cherington's Express: local parcel company serviced Ohio, used a label, year unknown.
Bailey Mail: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Bailiwick of Guernsey: Channel Islands, Guernsey, Great Britain.
Bairuth: Lebanon, Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, Overseas Offices, 1868-82.
Baja California: "Distrito sur de la Baja Cal" (Sp.) A district in Northern Mexico which issued its own set of four stamps during the revolution, 1914.
Bajar Porto: inscription on Indonesia stamps for Postage Due.
Baja, S.S.: Danube Steam Navigation Company steamship; 1850s for the upper Danube lines.
Bajo: (Sp.) under, below, low or lower.
Bajos: (Sp.) part of address indicting ground floor.
Baked, Alaska: joke precancel on U.S. stamps.
Baker & Penniman's Express: local parcel firm serviced Boston & New York Central Railroad, Norwich & Worchester Railroad; 1854-58.
Baker's City Express Post: U.S. local post, Cincinnati, Ohio, 1849.
Bakhmut: (now Artemovsk) Russian town in Yekaterinoslat Oblast (now Ukraine) ca. 45 miles N of Donetsk; issued local Rural Post stamps (1901); see Zemstvo.
Baksidan: (Swed.) reverse (side).
Bakker Express: local stamps by F. M. Bakker, South Africa; 1887: for mail to Mylstroom, Pretoria, Marabstad and part of Transvaal.
Bakshi: India States term for paymaster, treasurer.
Baku: overprint; 1922-24: on stamps of the Transcausasian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic, 1993: Azerbaijan, local overprint.
Baky: Azerbaijan, Province of Baku.
Balek, Balex: overprint on Russian stamp, German occupation; 1941-42: Great Alexandrovka.
Balashof: (now Balashov) Russian town in Saratof (now Saratov) Oblast ca. 110 miles W of the city of Saratov; issued local Rural Post stamps (1876-1880); see Zemstvo.
Balay: French colonial stamp issue of 1906-12 with portrait of Dr. N. Eugene Balay.
Balbo Issue: Gen. Italo Balbo; 1933, May 20: Italian issue commemorating mass transatlantic air flight; Rome, Italy to Chicago, USA., overprints exist, including colonies.
Balcony Falls, Va. Paid 10 C.S.: see: Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Baldonie: bogus.
Baldwin's Express: local private post, serviced Southern Louisiana, used a corner card; 1865.
Baldwin's Express-NJ: local private parcel post, serviced Newark, N.J. and New York City; used labels; 1848.
Baldwin's Railway Postage: bogus Canadian local post.
Bale: specialized Catalog of Israel Postage Stamps.
Baleares: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist forces, 1937-38.
Balickova posta: (Czech.) parcel post.
Balija: (Sp.) postman's bag.
Balík: (Czech.) parcel, package.
Balíková Pripousteci Známka: (Czech.) License stamp (coupon) for parcels.
Balkan: bogus issue, not valid for postage.
Balken: (Ger.) bar used to cancel stamps.
Balken-abstand: (Ger.) distance between cancel bars.
Balkenförmiger phosphor: (Ger.) phosphor bars.
Balkenlänge: (Ger.) length of bars.
Balkennummernstempel: bars and numeral cancel.
Balkenstempel: (Ger.): barred cancel (with stripes).
Balliana: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1879-1882.
Ballon Monté: 1870-71: inscription for letters via piloted balloon during the Siege of Paris.
Ballon Non-Monté: 1870-71: inscription for letters dispatched by non-piloted balloon.
Ballonpost: (Ger.) balloon mail.
Ballons (poste par): (Fr.) balloon post.
Balloon flight: flight made by a balloon.
Balloon mail: first recorded use of letters carried by balloon was in 1784 by Vincent Lunardi at Northaw Common, Hertfordshire, England.
Balloon mail, official: John Wise carried mail in the balloon Jupiter on Aug. 17, 1859 between Lafayette and Crawfordsville, Indiana.
Balloon Postage, buffalo: United States semi-official airmail stamp; 1877, June 18: Balloon flight from Nashville to Gallatin, Tenn., balloon named Buffalo.
Ballycastle Railway: Ireland, local post.
Balonova posta: (Czech.) balloon mail.
Balpex: Baltimore Philatelic Society.
Baltic States: Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.
Balticum: collector term for Baltic states of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.
Baltikum: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) the Baltic States ( Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania).
Baltisk: (Nor.) Baltic.
Baltiske Lande: (Dan., Nor. Swed.) the Baltic States ( Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania).
Baltimore: Maryland, James M. Buchanan, postmaster; 1845-46: postmaster's stamps and prepaid envelopes, 1850-57: semi-official local carriers' stamps.
Baltimore & Ohio Express Co.: railroad express company, serviced Baltimore & Ohio system; used stamp booklets; c1886.
Baltische staaten: (Ger.) Baltic states.
Bamber & Co.'s Express: local express serviced Contra Costa and Alameda Counties, Calif; used labels; late 1850s.
Bamberg: local, Germany, 1896-1900.
Bamra: India (Native) Feudatory State; 1888-1894: stamps for internal use only, 1894: stamps of India used.
Banana Republic: bogus advertising fantasy created by company of same name.
Banana, Republica de: bogus Donald Evans issue, central Europe.
Bánát: (Hung.) see Megszállas, Bánát-Bácska a Szerb és a Román Helycsere Között. Bancroft's City Express: bogus Canadian local post.
Bancroft's Express: local parcel express serviced Boston, North Cambridge and Somerville, Mass.; used a label; c1880s.
Band: 1. (Ger.) volume (book). 2. (Swed.) coil (stamp).
Banda: (Sp.) strip (of stamps).
Bandaufdruck: (Ger.) ribbon type overprint as used on Germany posthorn issue of 1948.
B and C: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
B & D: Blau & Deighton: Graf Zeppelin Orient Flight.
Bande: (Fr.) strip of two or more imperforate stamps.
Bande de roulette: (Fr.) coil strip.
Bandelette: (Fr.) "Do not Deliver on Sunday" label; 1893-1914: attached by perforation to Belgian stamps, when removed, sender indicates Sunday delivery desired, also known as Dominical label or tablet, Sunday delivery labels.
Bande pour journaux: (Fr.) wrapper.
Bandera:(Sp.) 1: national colors of the country on banner or flag; 2: flag, as a theme or topic.
Banderole: (Fr.) tab used as a wine tax paid label in Denmark, ended Oct. 1, 2001.
B & ETPO: Bristol & Exeter Traveling Post Office.
Bandiera: (It.) flag, as a theme or topic.
Bandjermasin: local overprint, Japanese occupation, Naval Control Area, 1942-45.
B & K: Berthold & Kummer: Handbook of Zeppelin Letters, Postal Cards, and Stamps.
B & L HR/West: Buffalo and Lake Huron Railway.
Bandmärke(n): (Swed.) coil stamp(s).
B & N (Brockert & Newton): private die match proprietary stamps.
Bando: 1: (Sp.) postal announcement proclamation or official notice placed on walls or bulletin boards; 2: (Ger.) German World War I prisoner of war camp in Japan, 1918.
B & O (Baltimore & Ohio Telegraph Companies): U.S. telegraph stamps issued for use on own firm's telegrams, 1885-87.
Band of Good Hope: bogus based on stationery of Cape of Good Hope.
Band Overprint: continuous overprint of coil and posthorn in center of stamp issue of Germany, 1948.
Band phosphorescente: (Fr.) phosphor band.
B & S Investigations: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Bandstempel: (Ger.) machine or hand rolled cancel.
Band tagging: continuous band of tagging that extends across a pane of stamps.
Bane: (Nor., slang) railroad, railway; railroad line, railway line; see Jernbane, jernbanelinie.
Baneres: local, Spanish civil war, Republican forces, 1937.
Banepost: (Nor., slang) railroad post (mail), railway post (mail); see Jernbanepost.
Banghazi: formerly Bengasi, Libya.
Bangka & Billiton: local overprint, Sumatra, Japanese occupation, 1942-45.
Bangkok: city in Siam, now capital of Thailand; currency:100 cents = 1 dollar 1855-July 1, 1885: stamps of Great Britain, 1882-July 1: No.1, 2 cent brown; stamps of Straits Settlements overprinted "B" for use at the British post office, 1885, July 1: Siam joined the UPU and only stamps of Siam used.
Bangladesh: southern, central Asia, India, then East Pakistan, now independent; currency: 100 paisas = 1 rupee, 100 poishas = 1 taka 1947: British India partition, Moslem portion made up East Pakistan, 1971, Mar. 26-Apr. 30, 1973: stamps of Pakistan handstamped for use in Bangladesh, 1971, July 29: No.1, 10 paisas red, dark purple and lt. blue; "Bangla Desh" inscription. 1973: first official stamp issued. 1973, Feb. 7: joined the UPU.
Bangsa Moro: bogus, Philippines, Muslim controlled area, handstamp used.
Bani: currency unit in Moldova.
Banja Luka: overprint on two Yugoslavian stamps by local partisans, northern Bosnia; WW II.
Banjul: formerly Bathurst, The Gambia.
Bank: mechanical meters have value characters called a bank, on the outer rim of wheels that are rotated to show the correct postage.
Bank & Insurance City Post: inscription on locals by Hussey's Post, New York.
Bank Holiday Monday Island: unissued Great Britain cinderella by David Horry, 2001.
Bank mixture: assortment of stamps, usually on paper, collected from the incoming mail of financial institutions.
Bank note: (Eng.) bill (money).
Bank Note cancels: postmarks on bank note issues began the system of standardization of cancellations, 1870-79.
Bank Note issues: stamps produced by three bank note firms; 1870, April: National Bank Note Company, 1873, May 1: Continental Bank Note Company, 1879, Feb. 4: American Bank Note Company.
Bank Note Stamps: Latvia used paper for stamps in 1919-21, originally designed for bank notes, bank notes were Bermondt (German) and Bolshevik (Russian) five ruble notes.
Bank notices: Importers and Traders National Bank, 1874-80, local stamps in the form of postal cards, no postmarks or cancellations were used.
Banner: aka scroll, contains the country of issue or identifies the subject of the vignette.
Bannockburn: local, Great Britain strike, Bannockburn Delivery, 1971.
Bannock City Pony Express: operated by Davis, Patterson & Co. to connect with Overland Mail Coach at Salt Lake City, 1863.
Banos de la Encina: local, Spanish civil war, Republican forces, 1937.
Banque (de France): (Fr.) Bank of France printings, proofs or reprints.
Bantams: nickname given to the miniature war-tax stamps of South Africa during World War II, term for SWA overprint: see: S W A.
Bantayan Islands: bogus, Philippine island northeast of Cebu.
Banyoltes: local, Spanish civil war, Republican forces, 1937.
B.A.O.R.: British Army on the Rhine.
B. A. P. O.: British Army Post Office.
Bar: 1: lines used for canceling stamp; 2: part of surcharge which obliterates original value.
BAR: letter-code within cds (q.v.) assigned to Barrouallie, St. Vincent, BWI (1873-1884), 1871 pop. 1,219.
Baranja: bogus, Jugoslavia stamps overprinted for Bosnian Republic.
Baranow: city in former Austrian-occupied Poland, local post overprint, 1918-20.
Baranya: county in S Hungary (cap. Pécs) occupied by Serbian forces in 1919; occupation stamps issued known as "1st" and "2nd-Barancy Issues."
Barawe: Somalia inscription.
Barb: Barbados bisected and surcharged stamp.
Barbabar: bogus; British Colonial Royal Wedding frames from book Surreal Stamps and unreal Stickers.
Barbade: (Fr.) Barbados.
Barbados: West Indies islands; official name of postal administration: Barbados Postal Service (BPS). currency: 4 farthings = 1 penny, 12 pence = 1 shilling, 20 shillings = 1 pound, 100 cents = 1 dollar (1950) 1628-1966: British colony, 1663: Great Britain Imperial Post Office established a postal agency, 1760s: first postal marking appeared, 1851: Island Post office authorized, 1852, April 17: No.1, ¬Ĺ penny deep green; first stamps issued, 1897: first commemorative stamp issued, 1907, Jan. 25: first semipostal stamp issued 1917: first War Tax stamp issued 1934: first postage due stamp, 1966, Nov. 30: became independent state within British Commonwealth, 1966, Dec. 2: first stamps after independence, 1967, Nov. 11: joined the UPU.
Barbados: inscription, Attack of the Giant Jellyfish; unissued Great Britain cinderella by David Horry, 2001.
Barbados: inscription, Stamford Raffles as Nelson unissued Great Britain cinderella by David Horry, 2001.
Barbar: Sudan, see: Interpostal Seals, 1872-1882.
Barbara: 1: Somaliland Protectorate, see: Interpostal seals, 1882; 2: local, Spanish civil war, Republican forces, 1937.
Barber & Peckham: private die match proprietary stamps.
Barberia: overprint on stamps of Italy for Italian post offices in Tripoli.
Barber, Geo. & O.C.: private die match proprietary stamps.
Barber Match Co.: private die match proprietary stamps.
Barbero covers: US official covers flown on a Regulus missile, launched from USS Barbero submarine June 8, 1959; first official US Missile Mail.
Barber pole: nickname for cover with border of red and blue parallelograms.
Barbuda: island in the West Indies; currency: 12 pence = 1 shilling, 100 cents = 1 EC dollar 1862: used stamps of Antigua, 1922, July 13: No.1, ¬Ĺ penny green; overprint on stamps of Antigua and Leeward Islands, 1968: first stamps, inscribed Barbuda, see Antigua, 1982, June 28: first semipostal stamp.
Barbuda mail: overprint on stamps of Antigua.
Barca: overprint used on stamps of Mexico for this district during 1856-1883.
Bar cancel: cancellation consisting of bars in various configurations.
Barcelona: 1:Spain,1929-53: local postal tax issue; 2: local, Spanish civil war, Republican,1937.
Barcelona Issue: stamp of Spain overprinted "Republica" in Barcelona, 1931.
Barcentrum: bogus, Donald Evans issue for Netherlands.
Barclay's Bank D.C.O.: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Bar code: pattern of straight lines of varying heights and thickness that permits electronic equipment to read the address.
Barcode sorter: computerized machine that sorts letter-size mail by using a barcode reader to interpret the imprinted barcode.
Barcode sticker: a gummed sticker applied to mail by the USPS indicting exact delivery address.
Bardsey: island off coast of Wales; Great Britain local carriage label.
Barefoot: British based catalog of British and European revenues.
Barfrankierung: (Ger.) pre-payment of postage in cash when stamps were unavailable.
Barfreimachungsstempel: (Ger.) printed matter franking per UPU 1920, to be in red color and include words "Franco" and "Geb√ɬľhr bezahlt."
Barfreimachung: (Ger.) printed matter cancel.
Barham Pile Cure Co.: inscription on Medicine stamp; see Private die proprietary stamps.
Barker's City Post: local handstamp, Boston, Mass., 1853.
Barna: (Hung.) brown (color).
Bármely címlet: (Hung.) any denomination (of postage stamp). Barna: (Hung.) brown (color). Barnard, Joseph O.: Mauritius engraver of the "Post Office" 1d and 2d stamp designs of 1847.
Barnard's Caribou Express: local post; British Columbia, 1858: inscribed "Paid" and "Collect."
Barnard's City Letter Express: U.S. local post, Boston, Mass., 1845.
Barnard's Pirate P.S.: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Barnás: (Hung.) brownish (color).
Barnásibolya: (Hung.) brown(ish)-violet (color).
Barnáslila: (Hung.) bown(ish)-lilac (color).
Barnássárga: (Hung.) brown(ish)-yellow, buff (color).
Barn√ɬ°ssz√ɬľrke: (Hung.) brown(ish)-grey, taupe (color).
Barnászöld: (Hung.) brown(ish)-olive green, olive-drab (color).
Bármely címlet: (Hung.)any denomination (of postage stamp).
Barna: (Hung.)brown (color).
Barnás: (Hung.)brownish (color).
Barnásibolya: (Hung.)brown(ish)-violet (color).
Barnáslila: (Hung.)bown(ish)-lilac (color).
Barnássárga: (Hung.)brown(ish)-yellow, buff (color).
Barn√ɬ°ssz√ɬľrke: (Hung.)brown(ish)-grey, taupe (color).
Barnászöld: (Hung.)brown(ish)-olive green, olive-drab (color).
Barnes, Demas: inscription on Medicine stamp; see Private die proprietary stamps.
Barnes, D. S.: inscription on Medicine stamp; see Private die proprietary stamps.
Barnesville: U.S. local, "F.B.S." Friend's Boarding School, 1877-84.
Barnwell C.(Court) H. (House) S.C. 5 Paid: see: Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Baroda: now Vadodara, India.
Baronial envelopes: large square shaped envelope, two sizes, introduced in post offices in 1884, discontinued 1920.
Bar precancels: earliest form of precancels, consisting of bars, lines, etc., any form that does not include a readable name.
Barques: (Fr.) boats; French colony revenue inscription.
Barquitos: (Sp.) term for the first issue of Argentina with design of small barks (ships).
Barrado: (Sp.) stamp remainders overprinted with black bars during 1854-82 to deface the design.
Barranquilla: with "Franqueo Particular" Colombia local post, 1882.
Barras: (Sp.) lines or bars used for canceling stamp remainders.
Barré: (Fr.) stamps overprinted with black bars or rules to deface the design.
Barred: stamps overprinted with black bars or rules to deface the design.
Barred cancel: striped cancel, used as a precancel device or an obliteration to void features of the stamp portrait, as when a king is overthrown.
Barre, Desire Albert: b.1818-73, French engraver of stamps, son of Jean Barre; 1863-pre: 1863: eagle design of the French colonial issue, 1863-70: French stamp issues, Greece Hermes design, Persia first issues.
Barred diamond: used in Toronto, 1858, complicated design to prevent washing of stamp for reuse.
Barred oval: a cancel or killer in which the bars increase and then decrease in size to form an oval pattern; British Commonwealth countries use this a lot.
Barre, Jean Jacques: b. 1793: engraver for the Paris Mint, 1849-60.
Barrel duplex: cancel with barrel-shaped portion in the center.
Barr's Penny Dispatch: U.S. local post, Lancaster, Pa., 1855.
Barrel mail: Galapagos Islands mail container for deposit of mail from passing ships.
Barrington's P.S.: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Barr's Penny Dispatch: Lancaster, Pa. local letter service by Elias Barr.
Barr, T. H. & Co.: U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp.
Barry Dock & Railways: Wales local post.
Barry Postal Supply Co.: manufacturer of cancelling machines used from the 1890s - 1910s.
Barry Railway: Wales local post.
Barry Rapid Canceling Machine: used on U.S. stamps, patented 1897 and 1904.
Barry's: inscription on Medicine stamp; see Private die proprietary stamps.
E. N. Barry's Despatch Post: local handstamp, New York, N.Y., 1852.
Bars: printed horizontal dashes used by electric eye machines to center perforations in the stamp manufacturing process.
Barsinghausen: local, Germany, 1945-48.
Bar tagging: phosphorescent tagging where a bar of taggant is applied to the stamps.
Barton Press: subcontractor to Banknote Corp. of America, printed the 1994 Wonders of the Sea U.S. stamps.
Barva: (Czech.) color.
Barwani: India Feudatory State; 1921, April: issued local use stamps, 1948, July 1: separate stamps discontinued, replaced by stamps of the Republic of India.
Barzahlung: (Ger.) cash payment.
Base Atlantica: overprint on Italian stamps; 1943-44: for use of military submarine personnel stationed in Bordeaux France.
Base Depot/ (date)/ Siberia: Canadian Forces in Siberia.
Basel: city, Switzerland Canton; 1845, July 1-Apr. 5, 1850: issued own stamp issues, 1850: replaced by Swiss federal issues, 1913: local airmail.
Basel dove: 1845: Swiss Canton's local issue.
Base plate: stamps put on these varying size plates ready for perforating.
Base sheet: heavy paper pulled from original or intermediate plate or stone.
Bashahr: India Feudatory State of Bussahir.
Bashkiria: local, cinderella, Russian, 1996?
Bashkortostan: illegal labels, purporting to be stamps, as per Jan. 14, 2002, Russian Federation report to the UPU; not valid for postage.
Basic presort: bulk mail presorted to first three digits of USA Zip code, bundled prior to mailing.
Basic stamp: stamp design before any overprint or surcharges have been added.
Basle: see Basel.
B. A. Somalia: overprint, British Africa Somalia; Middle East Forces, British Offices Abroad for Offices in Africa, 1950, Jan. 2-1952: overprint on stamps of Great Britain.
Bassa Vedasca: local, Italian liberation, Allied occupation, 1944.
Basso: 1: printing plate formed through baths for strengthening, 2: (It.) bottom, lowest side.
Basted mills paper: stamps of New Zealand used paper made by the Basted Paper Company, a thin hard paper, with a close weave, and watermarked with double-lined "NZ" and a star.
Basutoland: South Africa, British protectorate, overprint; currency: 12 pence = 1 shilling, 100 cents = 1 rand (1961) 1871: annexed to Cape Colony, 1871-1910: stamps of Cape of Good Hope, identified by date stamp or Cape numeral cancels, 1883: control transferred to British crown, 1910-1933: stamps of Union of South Africa, 1933, Dec. 1: No.1, ¬Ĺ penny emerald; first postage due stamp issued, 1933, Dec. 1: first inscribed stamps issued, 1934: official stamp issued, 1945, Dec.3: "Basutoland" overprint on stamps of South Africa, 1966, Oct. 4: became independent state of Lesotho, 1966, Oct. 31: all Basutoland stamps withdrawn.
Basutoland: N'Chacadinga Bridge which was never built, perfin 'specimen" unissued Great Britain cinderella by David Horry, 2001.
Basutuföld: (Hung.) Basutoland.
B.A.T.: (abbr.) British Antarctic Territories.
BÃ¥t: (Nor.) boat.
Bata: (Sp.) overprint of capital of Rio Muni (Spanish Guinea); 1901: on issue of Fernando Poo.
Bataan & Corregidor: overprint, Philippines, Japanese Occupation, 1942.
Bataan War Prisoners Relief: seal issued by private group to raise funds, 1944-45.
Batallon: (Sp.) battalion.
Batavia: Netherlands Indies, postage due; now Jakarta, Indonesia.
Batchelder's Express: local private baggage express co., serviced stations along Eastern Railroad and the Maine Central Railroad, c1880s, used a label.
Batchlor's Service: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Batea: local, Spanish civil war, Republican forces, 1937.
Bateke: bogus for Equatorial Africa, Portuguese territory.
Batekeland: bogus, 1896.
Batello Postale: (It.) mail boat.
Bates & Co.: local handstamp, New Bedford, Mass. 1845.
Bates Personal Service: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Bathtubbing: term formerly used by precancel collectors to wash gum off stamps.
Bathurst: now Banjul, The Gambia.
Bati Almanya: (Turk.) West Germany.
Batoeradja: local overprint, Sumatra, Japanese occupation, 1942-45.
Batonné: (Fr.) ruled, used in philately as having a watermark of parallel lines about a cm apart.
Batonne paper: lines, whether wove or laid, are spaced far apart.
Baton Rouge: Louisiana, a Confederate "Postmasters" issue of 1861.
Baton Rouge, La. P.O. Paid 2, 5: see: Confederate Postmaster's Provisionals.
Batoum: (Fr.) Batum.
B. A. Tripolitania: overprint, British Africa Tripolitania; Middle East Forces, British Offices Abroad for Offices in Africa, 1950, Feb. 6-Sept. 14, 1952: stamps of Great Britain overprint. 1950, Feb. 6-Dec. 1951: valid only in Tripolitania.
Batta: India States term for allowance for soldiers of public servants on active duty.
Battle of Maiwand: cinderella issued by the Baker Street Irregulars for 100 th anniversary of the battle; July 27, 1980.
Battleship revenue: name is from stamp design that illustrates the U.S. ship, Maine, 1898: series of documentary and proprietary stamps.
Battleship revenue plates: design of 1898 were printed on plates of 216 subjects, Internal Revenue objected because of the difficulty of fractional amounts, BEP returned to 200-plate subject.
Battleships: U.S. documentary and proprietary revenue stamps showing Maine, 1898.
Batum: Georgia, Russia port city on Black Sea; currency: 100 kopecks = 1 ruble 1863-64: used stamps of Russia, 1865-77: used stamps of Russian Levant, 1878: annexed by Russia from Turkey, 1878-1918: used stamps of Russia, WW I: occupied by Germans and Turks, 1918, Dec.16- July 7, 1920: "British Occupation" overprint on Russian stamps, 1919: No. 1, 5 kopecks green; used overprint types of Georgia, 1920, July 14: returned to Georgia, 1921: became autonomous republic of the Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic,1923: Russian stamps used, 1990: stamps of Georgia used, 1994: local post "stamps" issued for Azerbaijan, but have not seen postal use.
Batum, forged issues: 1919 Aloe Tree, (kopeck) Scott 1-3, Scott 4-6 (ruble).
Batumi Post: illegal issue and not valid for postage, UPU letter of Aug. 27, 1997.
Bau., Baux.: (Fr.) Bureaux, French offices (abroad).
Bauer & Beudel: private die match proprietary stamps.
Bautenserie: (Ger.) building series of German stamps; popular due to many varieties in issue.
B. a. V.: (Fr.) "Bateau a Vapeur" steamship postmark.
Bavaria: German State; located in southern Germany; currency: 60 kreuzer = 1 gulden, 100 pfenning = 1 mark (1874) 1849, Nov.1: No.1, 1 kreuzer black, stamps first issued, member German Confederation, 1850: used "mill wheel" as cancel, 1856: used concentric dashes as cancel, 1862: first postage due stamp issued,1870: became part of the German Empire, 1871-1918: continued use of its own stamps, issued first stamps in the world by the photogravure process depicting King Ludwig III, 1908: first official stamp issued, with "E" overprint for "Eisenbahn" railway official use, 1911: first air mail stamps issued, 1919: "Volksstaat" overprint on stamps of Bavaria, 1919, May 17: " Freistaat Bayern," Free State of Bavaria overprint on stamps of Bavaria, 1919: first semipostal stamp issued, 1920, Feb.14: unoverprinted issue released, 1920, March 31: postal rights transferred to Reichpost, 1920, April 1: "Deutsches Reich" overprint on Bavaria officials, 1920, April 6: "Deutsches Reich" overprint on stamps of Germany, valid in Germany, 1920, June 30: Bavarian stamps no longer valid.
Bavaria: local, displaced persons camp, 1946.
Bavaria Railway: German railway that printed stamps for mail carried on their trains to post offices.
Baviera: (Sp.) Bavaria.
Bavicre: (Fr.) Bavaria.
Bavure: (Fr.) rough or smudged edge (printing impression).
Bayay Porto: Indonesia, postage due.
Bayern: (Ger., Nor.) inscription used on stamps of Bavaria, 1849-1920.
Bayer. Post Taxe: (Ger.) Bavaria postage due.
Bayer. Staatseisenbahn: (Ger.) Bavaria railway issue.
Bayley, C.J.: Governor of Bahamas, made sketch of proposed design of 1859 1d stamp.
Bayonne City Dispatch: U.S. local post, Bayonne City, N.J., 1883.
Bayr: (Ger.) inscription used on stamps of Bavaria, 1849-1920.
Bayreuth-Leopoldkaserne: local, Displaced Persons Camp, 1948.
Bayrisch: (Ger.) Bavarian.
Baxa: (Sp.) early form of Baja.
Baza: local, Spanish civil war, Republican forces, 1937.
Bazen, X.: U.S. private die perfumery proprietary stamp.
BB: 1. Barbados, country code as used by UPU. 2. British censor marking for St Kitts Nevis.
B B M: USPS term for bulk business mail.
BC: British Consulate, Cadiz, 1830-1848.
B. C.: 1: Before Christ, used following year dates; see: A.D.; 2: British Columbia, or British Colonies, or British Commonwealth; 3: (Fr.) bien centré, well centered.
B. C. A. : 1: overprint on stamps of Rhodesia for British Central Africa; 1891-95:; see British Central Africa. 2: see Banknote Corporation of America.
BCC: British Civil Censorship; A/Austria; G/Germany; LO/Liaison Officer.
B. C. G.: Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (Anti-Tuberculosis League) inscription on postal tax issue of Dominican Republic.
B. C. M. : overprint for Madagascar; 1884-86: British Consular Mail.
B. C. O. F. JAPAN 1946: overprint on Australian stamps;British Commonwealth Occupation Forces,1946-1947 Australian forces stationed in Japan (post WW II).
B C P S G: British Caribbean Philatelic Study Group, USA.
B C S: Bermuda Collectors Society, USA.
BD: 1: auction abbreviation for bird topic; 2: Bangladesh, country code as used by UPU.
B. D.: Barracks Department, South Australia official overprint, 1868-74.
BDE HQPO: Australian Brigade Headquarters Post Office.
BDPh: (Ger.) see: Bund Deutscher Philatelisten.
B. Dpto. Zelaya: overprint to prevent currency manipulation; Nicaragua, Province of Zelaya.
Be., B: (Fr.) abbreviation for bande, strip, wrapper.
BE: Belgium, country code as used by UPU.
B. E. A.: British East Africa.
BEA Airway Letter Service: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Beacon stamp: the U.S. 5¬Ę Beacon airmail stamps of 1928.
Beaconsfield Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Beaded oval: term applied to group of stamps issued for Colony of Victoria, 1860-63.
Beamte(r): (Ger.) official.
Bear's Grease Republic: bogus, country,1977 "Fun and Fact Calendar" by Erbe Publications.
Bear stamps: refers to St. Louis Provisional, St. Louis Bears.
Beau: (Fr.) fine, a state of excellence.
Beaufort house essays: first stamp designs in British competition by Charles Whiting, 1840.
B. eau Fr. De Bale: (Fr.) postmark; French Post office, Basel, Switzerland.
Beaulieu Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Beaumont: Texas city, one of the Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals of 1861.
Beaumont, Texas Paid 10 cents: see: Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Beaux: (Fr.) bureau, post offices.
Beaver: first Canadian stamps issued in1851, first stamp to feature an animal, the beaver.
Bebeh: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1879-84.
Bechuanaland: aka British Bechuanaland, former British Crown Colony.
Bechuanaland, Bechuanaland Protectorate: Southern Africa; currency: 12 pence = 1 shilling, 20 shillings = 1 pound, 100 cents = 1 rand (1961) 1885, Sep. 30: Crown Colony of British Bechuanaland established, a larger area north of the Colony named British Protectorate named at the same time, stamps of Cape of Good Hope overprinted "British Bechuanaland," 1885-86: mail was carried by runner or border police, 1886: No.1, 4 pence blue, 1887, Nov. 1: stamp of Great Britain overprinted "British Bechuanaland," 1888, Aug. 7: overprint "Protectorate" on stamps of Bechuanaland, 1889: overprint on stamps of Cape of Good Hope (1886), 1890, June-1897: used stamps of British Bechuanaland, 1891-94: stamps of Great Britain overprinted "British Bechuanaland," 1893-97: stamps of Cape of Good Hope overprinted "British Bechuanaland," 1895, Nov. 16: Bechuanaland annexed by Cape of Good Hope, stamps continued in use in the Protectorate until 1897, 1886-97: Cape of Good Hope became a province in the Union of South Africa, 1890: Protectorate and British Bechuanaland used one postal administration, 1897-1926: "Bechuanaland Protectorate" overprint on stamps of Great Britain, 1899: Boer War, stamps of Colony and Protectorate overprinted for "Mafeking Siege," 1910: stamps of South Africa used in addition to stamps of Cape Colony, 1926: first postage due stamp issued, 1932-38: issued own stamps of Bechuanaland Protectorate, 1935: first pictorial stamp issued, 1937: stamps of Cape Colony no longer valid. 1945: "Bechuanaland" overprint on stamps of South Africa, 1947-66: Bechuanaland Protectorate stamps, 1966, Sept. 30: Bechuanaland Protectorate became Republic of Botswana; see Botswana.
Bechuanaland, British: stamps of Cape of Good Hope (1871-75) ovptd/surcharged "British Bechuanaland,"1887: stamp of Great Britain overprinted "British Bechuanaland,"1887-88: British Bechuanaland, inscription, 1891-94: stamps of Great Britain overprinted "British Bechuanaland," 1893-97: stamps of Cape of Good Hope overprinted "British Bechuanaland."
Bechuanaland Protectorate: South Africa, overprint; 1888, Aug. 7-90: overprint "Protectorate" on stamps of Bechuanaland, 1889: overprint on stamps of Cape of Good Hope(1886),1897-1926: overprint on stamps of Great Britain (1881-87), 1910: overprint on stamp of Transvaal (Sc.274), 1945: overprint on stamps of South Africa (Sc.100-102).
Bechuanaland Protectorate: Gastric Clinic; unissued Great Britain cinderella by David Horry, 2001.
Beckmann's City Post: Charleston, S.C., see: Carriers' Stamps.
B. Economique: label; used on mail originating in Europe; means second day domestic delivery. Bedarfsbrief: (Ger.) mail sent for non-philatelic purposes.
Becsuánaföld: (Hung.) Bechuanaland.
Becs√ɬľletes: (Hung.) white (color) (also f√©her).
Bedford & Co.'s Express: private post, serviced coast to coast, with connections to West Indies, Hawaii, some Central and South American ports; mid 1800s, mail, newspaper and package express; used corner cards, embossed envelopes, labels and stamps.
Bedienen: (Ger.) expedite.
Bed plate: contains bored holes into which perforating machine pins descend.
Bedrechein: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1879-84.
Beecher, A. & Son. (A.B.&S): private die match proprietary stamps.
Beekman's Post: semi-official carrier service, Charleston, S.C., 1860-65, associated with John H. Honour.
Bee hive: US fancy cancel used in 19th century.
Beer stamps: tax paid revenue stamps, denominated in barrels & fractions of barrels,1866-1951.
Beez: (Est.) beige (color).
B. E. F.: British Expeditionary Force overprint.
Befestigungsleiste: (Ger.) stamp hinge.
Befeuchten: (Ger.) to moisten, dampen.
BEFM: British Expeditionary Force Mediterranean.
Befördert: (Ger.) forwarded.
Befreit: (Ger.) free frank, postage free.
Befreiungsmarken: (Ger.) stamps of liberation.
Begagnat: (Swed.) used.
Behaehckar: Russia, Wenden (Livonia).
Behie: (Turk.) overprint for discount postage to encourage use of Turkish stamps, 1901
Behna: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1864-84.
Beige: (Eng., Fr., Ger., Sp.) grayish-tan color.
Beijing: also known as Peking, formerly Pei-ching, People's Republic of China.
Beilegen: (Ger.) enclose.
Beirut: formerly Beyrouth, Lebanon; 1840-1914: French post office, 1857-85: used stamps of France, can be identified by diamond or dots cancels, 1857-Sept. 30, 1914: Russian postal agency, ROPiT, (Russian Company of Trade and Navigation) operated, used stamps of Russia 1870: Egyptian post office opened, 1873-1914: stamps of Great Britain, British Levant, 1873-83: Italian postal administration operating, 1905, Jan.: Beyrouth, French overprint used, 1906, July: British overprint for provisional use, 1909-10: Russia, overprinted stamps for Beirut, Offices in Turkish Empire.
Beisteuermarke: (Ger.) postal tax stamps required on letters, but not valid for postage; also called Zwangszuschlagsmarke.
Bej: (Rom.) beige (color).
Bejuma: town near Valencia, Venezuela; 1854: postmaster issued local post stamps to deliver mail.
Bekjentj√ɬłre: (Nor.) publish or notify.
Beklippet: (Nor.) cut into.
BEL: international postal code for Belarus.
Belalp: Switzerland hotel post, 1873-83.
Belanglos: (Ger.) insignificant, meaningless, unimportant.
Belarus: aka Byelorussia, Eastern Europe (White Russia); official name of postal administration: Belpochta currency: 100 kopecks = 1 ruble 1920: 5 denominations of a "stamp" may be a propaganda label, WW II-Post: became Belyorussian Soviet Socialist republic, within Soviet Union, 1947, May 13: joined the UPU, 1991, Dec. 26: joined Commonwealth of Independent States of the Soviet Union, 1992, March 20: No. 1, 1 ruble multicolor, first stamp as Belarus. #+9!CIE[: (Cyrllic) Belarus.
Belastingzegel: (Dut.) fiscal stamp.
Belebey: Russian town in Ufa Oblast ca. 250 miles of the city of Samara; issued numerous local Rural Post stamps (1890-1908), see Zemstvo.
Belegst√ɬľck: (Ger.) specimen copy.
Belfast & County Down Railway: Ireland local post.
Belfast & Northern Counties Railway: Ireland local post.
Belg: (Fr.) Belgium postmark.
Belga: (Hung.) Belgian.
Belga-Kongó: (Hung.) Belgian Congo.
Belgia: (Nor., Pol.) Belgium.
Belgian Congo: former Belgian colony in Central Africa; currency: 100 centimes = 1 franc 1885: Congo Free State established, 1886: No.1, 5 centimes green, first stamps issued, 1887: first parcel post stamps, 1908: annexed to Belgium, renamed the Belgian Congo, 1918, May 18: first semipostal stamp issued, 1923: first postage due stamp issued, 1920, July 1: first air mail stamp issued, 1960: became independent as the Republic of the Congo, also known as Congo Free State; see A. O., Congo Democratic Republic, Zaire.
Belgian Congo, forged issues: 1: 1894 Port Matadi, Scott 16, 1895. 2: 1895 Stanley Falls, Scott 18. 3: 1894 Inkissi Falls, Scott 20. 4: 1894 M'pozo railroad bridge, Sc 22.
Belgian East Africa: see: Ruanda Urundi.
Belgian Occupation of German East Africa: Belgian Congo stamps overprint; 1916: "Est Africain Allemand Occupation Belge," 1924: became Belgian mandate and renamed Ruanda-Urundi. Belgian Occupation of Germany (part): Eupen, Malmedy stamps; 1919-20: "Allemagne/Duitschland"(Flemish) overprint, 1919-21: Poste Militaire postmark used for Belgian troops.
Belgica: (Port., Sp.) Belgium.
Belgicky: (Czech.) Belgian.
Belgie: 1. (Flem.) Belgium inscription. 2. (Czech.) Belgium.
Belgien: 1. (Ger.) Belgium, overprint; 1914-18: on stamps of Germany, German Occupation, World War II occupation stamps consisted of surcharge, but no country name. 2. (Dan., Swed) Belgium
Belgie posterijen: (Flemish) inscription, 1891-96, Belgium post.
Belgio: (It.) Belgium.
Belgique: (Fr.) Belgium.
Belgisch: (Ger.) Belgian.
Belgische besatzungspost in Deutschland: (Ger.) Belgian occupation of Rhineland.
Belgisch Congo: inscription 1910-60.
Belgisch Kongo: (Ger.) Belgian Congo.
Belgisk: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) Belgian (adj.).
Belgiska Kongo: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) Belgian Congo.
Belgisk Congo: (Dan.) Belgian Congo.


(Data Above sourced from "Ask Phil" and other sources. Last edit 5/Aug/2008 Amhazing)

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Belgium: Western Europe; name came from the Celtic, Belgae; official name of postal administration: La Poste currency: 1833:100 centimes = 1 franc 2002: 100 cents = 1 Euro; stamps of this country may be found in the Belgium Stamp Catalog; 1500s: postal service via Thurn and Taxis, 1701: French postal service replaced Thurn and Taxis, 1725: Thurn and Taxis returned, 1744: French postal service replaced Thurn and Taxis, 1748: Austrian postal service used, 1793-1814: French postal administration used, 1814: Prussian postal service used, 1849, July 1: No.1, 10 centimes brown; first stamps issued without name of country, 1850: used rectangle within lines in a circle as a cancel, 1869: Belgique (Fr.) appeared on stamps, 1870: first postage due stamp issued, 1875, July 1: joined the UPU, 1879: first railway stamp "chemins de fer" 1893: Belgie (Flemish) and Belgique (Fr.) appeared jointly on stamps, 1911, June 1: first semipostal stamp issued, 1914, Oct.1: Germany issued stamps for occupied Belgium, WW II: occupied by Germany, 1928: first newspaper stamp, 1929: first official stamp issued, 1930, April 30: first air mail stamp issued, 1939: first military parcel post stamp issued, 1967: July 17: first military stamp issued, 2002: stamps in Belgian francs change to euros July 1, 2002; see Allemagne-Duitschland (Flemish), Ambulant.
Belgium, Belga: (Hung.) Belgium, Belgian (adj.).
Belgium Congo: 1908: annexed to Belgium as a colony, admitted to the UPU, 1923, Aug. 31: Ruanda-Urundi became independent, affiliated with the UPU, 1960, July 1: became the independent Republic of the Congo, see Congo Democratic Republic.
Belgium, forged issues: 1: 1912-15 King Albert I, Scott 102. 2: 1914 Merode Monument, Scott B28-30. 3: 1882-94 parcel post, Scott Q7-Q15.
Belgium, German Occupation: 1914-18: surcharge/overprint on stamps of Belgium. Belgian Occupation of German East Africa: Belgian Congo stamps overprint; 1916: "Est Africain Allemand Occupation Belge", 1924: became Belgian mandate and renamed Ruanda-Urundi. Belgian Occupation of Germany (part): Eupen, Malmedy stamps; 1919-20: "Allemagne/Duitschland"(French/Flemish) overprint, 1919-21: Poste Militaire postmark used for Belgian troops, 1920: first postage due stamp issued.
Belgium, reduced rates: surcharge; 1946: -10% by individual post offices.
Belice es Nuestro: (Sp.) "Belize is Ours" inscription on stamp of Guatemala as propaganda for territory, 1959.
Beliebtes Sammelgebiet: (Ger.) favorite collecting field.
Belize: Central America; formerly British Honduras; currency: 100 cents = 1 dollar 1866: British colonial stamps issued as British Honduras, 1973, June 11: "Belize" overprint on British Honduras stamps, 1973, June 1: No.1, ¬Ĺ cent multicolor; 1974, Jan.1: first stamps as Belize, 1976, July 1: first postage due stamp issued, 1981, Sept. 21: became independent, 1982, Oct. 1:joined the UPU, 1982, Dec. 10: first semipostal.
Belize Relief Fund: overprint on British Honduras semi-postals; for Sept.1931 hurricane relief.
Belle: (Fr.) nice, fine, good.
Bellegarde: local provisional, French, 1944.
Bellerby Pirate Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Bellreguart: local, Spanish civil war, Republican forces, 1937.
Bell's Dispatch: bogus Canadian local post.
Bell's Express: local parcel express serviced Boston, Danvers, Danversport, and Danvers centre, Mass; used a label, year unknown.
Bell's Taxis, Lincoln: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Belmont via Bologne: local Great Britain strike, Osborne's Emergency Service, 1971.
Belorusko: (Czech.) Belarus (White Russia).
Belorusky: (Czech.), Belarusian (White Russia).
B√©lyegf√ɬľzet: (Hung.) booklet pane.
Bélyeg Postautalványon: (Hung.) postage stamp on a postal money order.
Bélyeg Szállítólevélen: (Hung.) postage stamp on a parcel post card.
Bélyeg Táviraton: (Hung.) postage stamp on a telegram.
Bélyegtekercs: (Hung.) stamp roll (coil stamps).
Bélyegzéssel: (Hung.) cancellation.
Bélyegzett: (Hung.) used, canceled, see használ.
Bemrose, William and Henry Howe: obtained perforating rotary patent in 1854, US stamps used this device since 1857.
Bemutatás: (Hung.) exhibition.
Benadalid: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist forces, 1937.
Benaders: overprint, Persian port; 1911-12: used stamps of Iran, 1921: used at Iranian Persian Gulf ports, 1922: overprint on stamps of Persia. Benadir: on Somali Coast; 1897: controlled by Italy, 1903, Oct. 12: inscription used on first stamps of Italian Somaliland, 1922, April: name changed to Italian Somalia, 1960, July 1: area combined with British Somaliland Protectorate to form Somalia; see Afars and Issas, Djibouti, Obock, Oltre Giuba, Italian East Africa, Somaliland, Italian.
Benadir: on Somali Coast; 1897: controlled by Italy, 1903, Oct. 12: inscription used on first stamps of Italian Somaliland, 1922, April: name changed to Italian Somalia, 1960: area combined with British Somaliland Protectorate to form Somalia.
Benagalbon: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist forces, 1937.
Benaguacil: local, Spanish civil war, Republican forces, 1937.
Benahavis: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist forces, 1937.
Benaholiz: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist forces, 1937.
Benalaurin: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist forces, 1937.
Benalmadena: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist forces, 1937.
Benamargosa: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist forces, 1937.
Benämningar: (Swed.) printing terms.
Benamocarra: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist forces, 1937.
Benaojan: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist forces, 1938.
Benasal: local, Spanish civil war, Republican forces, 1937.
Benarraba: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist forces, 1937.
Bendel, B. & Co.: private die match proprietary stamps.
Bendel, H.: private die match proprietary stamps.
Beneficencia: (Sp.) Spain charity labels with no franking value, but permitted for postal use from one postal employee to another, issued by a postal welfare organization.
Beneficienza (francobollo di): (It.) charity stamps: stamps sold at more than the inscribed face value, with the difference between the face value and the selling price used for charity work; these are often called semi-postal stamps.
Beneficos: (Sp.) charity stamps.
Benejana: local, Spanish civil war, Republican forces, 1937.
Ben Franklin Stamp Clubs: 1980s: USPS sponsored stamp clubs of school children.
Bengasi: overprint on stamps of Italy; July 1901-11: first stamps issued at Italian post office, Ottoman Empire, 1912: Libyan issues used, now spelled Banghazi, Libya, see Italian Offices in Turkish Empire.
Benicario: local, Spanish civil war, Republican forces, 1937.
Benifallin: local, Spanish civil war, Republican forces, 1937.
Benifayo: local, Spanish civil war, Republican forces, 1937.
Beni-Korrah: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1879-1882.
Beni-Mazar: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1879-1884.
Benin: West Coast of Africa, formerly Dahomey; currency: 100 centimes = 1 CFA franc 1888: first stamps French Colonies General issues at Porto Novo, 1892, Sept.: No.1, 1 centime bluish; overprint "Benin" on stamps of French Colonies, 1893: inscribed "Golfe De Benin" full name ‚Äįtablissements Fran'ais du Golfe de Benin, 1894: inscribed "Benin," 1894: first postage due stamp issued, "Benin" handstamp on stamps of French Colonies, 1895: French possessions incorporated into Dahomey, 1899: Dahomey used "Dahomey Et Dependances," 1944-60: Dahomey used stamps of French West Africa, 1961, April 27: joined the UPU, 1975, Nov.: became People's Republic of Benin, including Dahomey, with inscription "Republique Populaire Du Benin" 1976: first air mail stamps issued, 1976, April 30: first stamps as Republic, 1978: postage due stamp issued as Republic; see Dahomey, R√©publique Populaire Du B√©nin. 1989: first parcel post stamp issued.
Benipeixcar: local, Spanish civil war, Republican forces, 1937.
Benisouef: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1868-80.
Benjamin & Sarpy: Alfred Benjamin and Julian Sarpy were dealers in faked and forged stamps in late 1880s, careers ended in 1892 when sentenced to jail in London.
Ben Kulen: local overprint, Sumatra, Japanese occupation, 1942-45.
Bennett, D.M.: inscription on Medicine stamp; see Private die proprietary stamps.
Bent & Lee: private die match proprietary stamps.
Bentley's Dispatch: US local post, New York, N.Y., 1856(?).
Bentz, H & M: private die match proprietary stamps.
Benzine: used to identify watermarks, but highly volatile.
Benzyna(y): (Pol.) watermark detection fluid(s), e.g. benzine.
Beograd: also known as Belgrade, Yugoslavia.
BEP: see: Bureau of Engraving and Printing.
Bepaald: (Dut.) definitive.
Beppu: Japan (only English word inscription on stamp).
B.E.P.T.O.M.: (Fr.) Bureau d'etude des postes et telecommunications d'outre-mer; Department of Research for Overseas Posts and Telecommunications.
BEQ: letter-code within cds (q.v.) assigned to Bequia, St. Vincent, BWI (1894-1908), 1871 pop. 969.
Bequia Island: Grenadines of St. Vincent island, stamps first issued in 1976.
Berdyansk: (formerly Osipenko) Russian town in Tavric Oblast (now Ukraine) ca. 45 miles SW of Mariapol; issued over 80 different local Rural Post stamps (1870-1882), see Zemstvo.
Berford & Co.'s Express: U.S. local post, 1851 for mail from New York to Panama and then to west coast ports of North and South America.
Berg.: (Ger.) mountain, as a theme or topic.
Berga: local, Spanish civil war, 1937.
Bergbau.: (Ger.) mining, as a theme or topic.
Bergedorf: German State; 1861, Nov. 1: issued its own stamps, 1867: purchased by Hamburg, 1868: stamps of the North German Confederation.
Bergdorf: local, Germany, Brief-Beförderungs-Gesellschaft, 1887-88.
Bergen: Seaport city and seat of Hordaland county in SW Norway ca. 220 miles W of Oslo. Local post established, with first "Bergens / By-Post" lithographed 2 Skilling imperforate dark brown on wove paper local stamp issued in 1865, and a second samedesign 2 Skilling imperforate brown on greyish wove paper issued in 1866.
Bergen bypost: Norway local post, 1865-69.
Bergen - F. Schroeter Local Post: Local post re-organized by F. Schroeter as the successor company to the Norshuss & F. Schroeter Local Post (q.v.) company. Red (shades) "Bypost / 2 / Bergen // 2 Skilling" local stamp issued in 1869.
Berg. Gladbach: local, Germany, 1918-23.
Bergqvist Lokala Expressposten: see Hälsingborg - A. Bergqvist Lokala Expressposten.
Bergen - Norshuss & F. Schroeter Local Post: Local post established by Messrs. Norshuss and F. Schroeter, with a 2 Skilling imperforate black on lilac-rose paper "By-Post / 2 / Bergen" local stamp being issued 1 July 1868. Identical stamps in different colors are proofs.
Berlin: Germany: overprint in Russian Zone of Occupation, post WW II; 1945, June: Berlin-Brandenburg; OPD Berlin, Russian Zone post WW II, see O.P.D. 1946, Feb.: Soviet, American and British Zones used combined issue, 1946, June 24: Russia issued their own stamps with "O.P.D." overprint, 1948, July 1: Russians withdrew from four-power control of city, 1948, July 3: Sowjetische Besatzungs Zone; Soviet Zone overprint, 1948, Sept. 1: Allied occupation stamps "Berlin" overprinted diagonally in black for use in American, British and French occupation zone of Berlin, 1949, Jan.: overprint in red for revised currency, 1949, Oct. 9: new stamps for East and West Berlin, 1990, Sept. 27: last issue, stamps of West Berlin discontinued, 1991, Dec. 31: reunion of the two Germany's.
Berlin-Brandenberg: Soviet Occupation, 1945: Issued "Berlin Bear" stamp.
Berlinerblå: (Swed.) Prussian blue (color).
Berlin Germany: overprint in Russian Zone of Occupation, post WW II; 1945, June: Berlin-Brandenburg; OPD Berlin, Russian Zone post WW II, see: O.P.D. 1946, Feb.: Soviet, American and British Zones used combined issue, 1946, June 24: Russia issued their own stamps with "O.P.D." overprint, 1948, July 3: "Sowjetische Besatzungs Zone" Russian Zone overprint, 1948, Sept. 1: Allied occupation stamps overprinted in black for use in Western zone of Berlin, 1949, Jan.: overprint in red for revised currency, 1949, Oct. 9: new stamps for East and West Berlin, 1990: stamps of West Berlin discontinued, 1991, Dec. 31: reunion of the two Germanys.
Berliner Ausgabe: (Ger.) Berlin issue, stamps of German colonies and offices.
Berlinerbla: (Dan., Swed.) Prussian blue (color).
Berlinikék: (Hung.) Prussian blue (color).
Berlino: (It.) Berlin.
Bermellon: (Sp.) vermillion (color).
Bermuda: island in the Atlantic off the coast of the U.S.; official name of postal administration: Bermuda Post Office currency: 4 farthings = 1 penny, 12 pence = 1 shilling, 20 shillings = 1 pound, 100 cents = 1 dollar (1970) 1609: became British colony, 1784-1812: Bermuda Gazette operated a domestic postal service, 1820-1859: external mails handled by London packet agent, 1848-54: Hamilton Postmaster William B. Perot produced stamps, 1865, Sept. 13: No.1, 1 penny rose red, stamps of Bermuda issued, 1918: first War Tax stamp issued, 1936: postal-fiscal stamp issued, used for revenue and postage, 1968, July 1: first stamps as a self-government.
Bermuda: inscription, Six Shillings, unissued Great Britain cinderella by David Horry, 2001.
Bermuda: inscription, Devil's Triangle, unissued Great Britain cinderella by David Horry, 2001.
Bermuda, forged issue: 1865-89 Queen's head, Scott 1, 19.
Bermudák: (Hung.) the Bermuda Islands.
Bermudes: (Fr.) Bermuda.
Bernburg: local, Germany, 1897-1900.
Berne: local airmail, Switzerland, 1913.
Bernera: island off coast of Scotland, Great Britain local carriage label.
Berner ausgabe: (Ger.) Bern issue, some UPU stamps overprinted "Specimen."
Bernsteingelb: (Ger.) amber (color).
Ber√ɬłrt: (Dan.) touched.
Ber√ɬľhmte: (Ger.) famous men, as a theme or topic.
Ber√ɬľhrt: (Ger.) touched, adjoined, border on.
Besa: "Genuine" overprint, 1921-22: Albania validity control.
Bes¦ttelse: (Dan.) occupation.
Bes¦ttelse, Allieret: (Dan.) Allied Forces occupation.
Bes¦ttelse, Allieret - i Azerbaidjan: (Dan.) WWI Allied Forces occupation of Azerbaijan.
Bes¦ttelse, Allieret - i Trakien: (Dan.) WWI Allied Forces occupation of Thrace.
Bes¦ttelse, Albansk: (Dan.) Albanian occupation.
Bes¦ttelse, Amerikansk: (Dan.) American occupation, United States occupation
Bes¦ttelse, Amerikansk - i Tyskland: (Dan.) American occupation of Germany, United States occupation of Germany.
Bes¦ttelse, Australsk: (Dan.) Australian occupation.
Bes¦ttelse, Australsk - i Japan: (Dan.) Australian occupation of Japan.
Bes¦ttelse, Belgisk: (Dan.) Belgian occupation.
Bes¦ttelse, Belgisk - i Tyskland: (Dan.) Belgian occupation of Germany.
Bes¬¶ttelse, Belgisk - i Tysk √Éňúsrafrika: (Dan.) Belgian occupation of German East Afrika.
Bes¦ttelse, Bolivisk: (Dan.) Bolivian occupation.
Bes¦ttelse, Britisk: (Dan.) British occupation.
Bes¦ttelse, Britisk - i Batum: (Dan.) British occupation of Batum.
Bes¦ttelse, Britisk - i Bushire: (Dan.) British occupation of Bushire.
Bes¦ttelse, Britisk - i Irak: (Dan.) British occupation of Iraq.
Bes¦ttelse, Britisk - i Kamerun: (Dan.) British occupation of Cameroun.
Bes¦ttelse, Britisk - i Kreta: (Dan.) British occupation of Crete.
Bes¦ttelse, Britisk - i Mesopotamien: (Dan.) British occupation of Mesopotamia.
Bes¦ttelse, Britisk - i OrangeÃ¥en Kolonie: (Dan.) British occupation of Orange River Colony.
Bes¦ttelse, Britisk - i Palestinien: (Dan.) British occupation of Palestine.
Bes¦ttelse, Britisk - i Persien: (Dan.) British occupation of Persia.
Bes¦ttelse, Britisk - i Togo: (Dan.) British occupation of Togo.
Bes¬¶ttelse, Britisk - i Tysk √Éňústrafrika: (Dan.) British occupation of German East Africa.
Bes¦ttelse, Bulgarsk: (Dan.) Bulgarian occupation.
Bes¦ttelse, Bulgarsk - i Rum¦nien: (Dan.) Bulgarian occupation of Romania.
Bes¦ttelse, Dansk: (Dan.) Danish occupation.
Bes¦ttelse, Finsk: (Dan.) Finnish occupation.
Bes¦ttelse, Finsk - i Rusland: (Dan.) Finnish occupation of Russia.
Bes¦ttelse, Fransk: (Dan.) French occupation.
Bes¦ttelse, Fransk - i Cilicien: (Dan.) French occupation of Cilicia.
Bes¦ttelse, Fransk - i Kamerun: (Dan.) French occupation of Cameroun.
Bes¦ttelse, Fransk - i Kastellorizo: (Dan.) French occupation of Castellorizo.
Bes¦ttelse, Fransk - i Kreta: (Dan.) French occupation of Crete.
Bes¦ttelse, Fransk - i Rum¦nien: (Dan.) French occupation of Romania.
Bes¦ttelse, Fransk - i Syrien: (Dan.) French occupation of Syria.
Bes¦ttelse, Fransk - i Togo: (Dan.) French occupation of Togo.
Bes¦ttelse, Fransk - i Tyskland: (Dan.) French occupation of Germany.
Bes¦ttelse, Fransk - i Ungarn: (Dan.) French occupation of Hungary.
Bes¦ttelse, Graesk: (Dan.) Greek occupation.
Bes¬¶ttelse, Graesk - i √ɂƬ¶giske √ɬłer: (Dan.) Greek occupation of the Aegean Islands..
Bes¦ttelse, Graesk - i Epirus: (Dan.) Greek occupation of Epirus.
Bes¦ttelse, Graesk - i Trakien: (Dan.) Greek occupation of Thrace.
Bes¦ttelse, Graesk - i Tyrkiet: (Dan.) Greek occupation of Turkey.
Bes¦ttelse, Graesk - i Vesttrakien: (Dan.) Greek occupation of Western Thrace.
Bes¦ttelse, Hollandnsk: (Dan.) Dutch occupation.
Bes¦ttelse, Italiensk: (Dan.) Italian occupation.
Bes¬¶ttelse, Italiensk - i √ɂƬ¶giske √ɬłer: (Dan.) Italian occupation of the Aegean Islands.
Bes¦ttelse, Italiensk - i Abyssinia: (Dan.) Italian occupation of Abysinia ( Ethiopia).
Bes¦ttelse, Italiensk - i Dalmatien: (Dan.) Italian occupation of Dalmatia.
Bes¦ttelse, Italiensk - i Korfu: (Dan.) Italian occupation of Corfu.
Bes¦ttelse, Italiensk - i Kreta: (Dan.) Italian occupation of Crete.
Bes¬¶ttelse, Italiensk - i √Éňústrig: (Dan.) Italian occupation Austria.
Bes¦ttelse, Japansk - i Hollandsk Indies: (Dan.) Japanese occupation of the Dutch (East) Indies.
Bes¦ttelse, Litauensk - i MemelomrÃ¥det: (Dan.) Lithuanian occupation Memel.
Bes¦ttelse, Japansk: (Dan.) Japanese occupation.
Bes¦ttelse, Japansk - i Hollandsk Indies: (Dan.) Japanese occupation of the Dutch (East) Indies.
Bes¦ttelse, Japansk - i Kina: (Dan.) Japanese occupation of China.
Bes¦ttelse, Japansk - i Korea: (Dan.) Japanese occupation of Korea.
Bes¦ttelse, Japansk - i Malay: (Dan.) Japanese occupation of Malaya.
Bes¦ttelse, Japansk - i Manchuriet: (Dan.) Japanese occupation of Manchuria.
Bes¦ttelse, Japansk - i Philippinerne: (Dan.) Japanese occupation of the Philippines.
Bes¦ttelse, Kinesisk: (Dan.) Chinese occupation.
Bes¦ttelse, Kroatiensk: (Dan.) Croatian occupation.
Bes¬¶ttelse, √Éňústrigsk: (Dan.) Austrian occupation.
Bes¬¶ttelse, √Éňústrigsk - i Italien: (Dan.) Austrian occupation of Italy.
Bes¬¶ttelse, √Éňústrigsk - i Montenegro: (Dan.) Austrian occupation of Montenegro.
Bes¬¶ttelse, √Éňústrigsk - i Rum¬¶nien: (Dan.) Austrian occupation of Romania.
Bes¬¶ttelse, √Éňústrigsk - i Serbien: (Dan.) Austrian occupation of Serbia.
Bes¦ttelse, Portugisisk: (Dan.) Portuguese occupation.
Bes¦ttelse, Rum¦niensk: (Dan.) Romanian occupation.
Bes¦ttelse, Rum¦niensk - i Ungarn: (Dan.) Romanian occupation of Hungary.
Bes¦ttelse, Rum¦niensk - i Vestukraine: (Dan.) Romanian occupation of Western Ukraine.
Bes¦ttelse, Russisk: (Dan.) Russian occupation.
Bes¦ttelse, Russisk - i Kreta: (Dan.) Russian occupation of Crete.
Bes¦ttelse, Russisk - i Letland: (Dan.) Russian occupation of Latvia.
Bes¦ttelse, Russisk - i Litauen: (Dan.) Russian occupation of Lithuania.
Bes¦ttelse, Russisk - i Tyskland: (Dan.) Russian occupation of Germany.
Bes¦ttelse, Serbienisk - i Ungarn: (Dan.) Serbian occupation of Hungary.
Bes¦ttelse, Spansk: (Dan.) Spanish occupation.
Bes¦ttelse, Svensk: (Dan.) Swedish occupation.
Bes¦ttelse, Tyrkisk: (Dan.) Turkish occupation.
Bes¦ttelse, Tysk: (Dan.) German occupation.
Bes¦ttelse, Tysk - i Belgien: (Dan.) German occupation of Belgium.
Bes¦ttelse, Tysk - i Estland: (Dan.) German occupation of Estonia.
Bes¦ttelse, Tysk - i Frankrig: (Dan.) German occupation of France.
Bes¦ttelse, Tysk - i Letland: (Dan.) German occupation of Latvia.
Bes¦ttelse, Tysk - i Litauen: (Dan.) German occupation of Lithuania.
Bes¦ttelse, Tysk - i Luxemburg: (Dan.) German occupation of Luxembourg.
Bes¦ttelse, Tysk - i Polen: (Dan.) German occupation of Poland.
Bes¦ttelse, Tysk - i Rum¦nien: (Dan.) German occupation of Romania.
Bes¦ttelse, Tysk - i Rusland: (Dan.) German occupation of Russia.
Bes¦ttelse, Ungarnsk: (Dan.) Hungarian occupation.
Besatzungsausgabe: (Ger.) occupation issue.
Besatzungsfeldpost: (Ger.) occupation fieldpost.
Besatzung: (Ger.) occupation.
Besatzungausgabe: (Ger.) occupation issue.
Beschadigd: (Dut.) damaged.
Beschädigt: (Ger.) damaged.
Beschaffenheit: (Ger.) condition.
Bescheinigen: (Ger.) certify, authenticate.
Beschnitten: (Ger.) close cut (margins).
Beschreibung: (Ger.) description.
Beschriftung: (Ger.) inscription.
Besetztes gebiet NordFrankreich: (Ger.) overprint handstamp; 1940:on French definitives used by German troops after the British evacuation of Dunkerque.
Besetzung: (Ger.) occupation.
Besetzung, Albanische: (Ger.) Albanian occupation.
Besetzung, Albanische: (Ger.) Albanian occupation.
Besetzung, Alliierte: (Ger.) WWII Allied occupation.
Besetzung, Amerikanische: (Ger.) United States occupation.
Besetzung, Australische: (Ger.) Australian occupation.
Besetzung, Belgische: (Ger.) Belgian occupation.
Besetzung, Britische: (Ger.) British occupation.
Besetzung, Bulgarische: (Ger.) Bulgarian occupation.
Besetzung, Chinesische: (Ger.) Chinese occupation.
Besetzung, Dänische: (Ger.) Danish occupation.
Besetzung, Deutsche: (Ger.) German occupation.
Besetzung, Finnische: (Ger.) Finnish occupation.
Besetzung, Französisische: (Ger.) French occupation.
Besetzung, Griechische: (Ger.) Greek occupation.
Besetzung, Indische: (Ger.) Indian occupation.
Besetzung, Italianische: (Ger.) Italian occupation.
Besetzung, Japanische: (Ger.) Japanese occupation.
Besetzung, Jordannische: (Ger.) Jordanian occupation.
Besetzung, Litauische: (Ger.) Lithuanian occupation.
Besetzung, √É‚Äďsterreiche: (Ger.) Austrian occupation.
Besetzung, Peruanische: (Ger.) Peruvian occupation.
Besetzung, Polnische: (Ger.) Polish occupation.
Besetzung, Russische: (Ger.) Russian occupation.
Besetzung, Rumänische: (Ger.) Romanian occupation.
Besetzung, Serbische: (Ger.) Serbian occupation.
Besetzung, Sowjetische: (Ger.) Soviet (USSR) occupation.
Besetzung, Spanische: (Ger.) Spanish occupation.
Besetzung, Syrische: (Ger.) Syrian occupation.
Besetzung, Thailändische: (Ger.) Thai occupation.
Besetzung, Tschechoslowakische: V Czechoslovakian occupation.
Besetzung, T√ɬľrkische: V Turkish occupation.
Besetzung, Ungarische: V Hungarian occupation.
Beskadiget: (Dan., Nor.) damaged.
Beskåret: (Dan., Nor.) cut close to stamp design.
Besk√ɬ•ret h√ɬłyre side: (Nor.) cut close on right hand side of stamp design.
Besk√ɬ•ret h√ɬłyre og √ɬłvre side: (Nor.) cut close on right hand and top sides of stamp design.
Besk√ɬ•ret h√ɬłyre og nedre side: (Nor.) cut close on right hand and bottom sides of stamp design.
Beskåret nedre side: (Nor.) cut close at bottom side of stamp design.
Besk√ɬ•ret √ɬłvre side: (Nor.) cut close at top side of stamp design.
Beskåret venstre side: (Nor.) cut close on left hand side of stamp design.
Beskåret venstre og nedre side: (Nor.) cut close on left hand and bottom sides of stamp design.
Besk√ɬ•ret venstre og √ɬłvre side: (Nor.) cut close on left hand and top sides of stamp design.
Beskjeftigelse: (Nor.) occupation.
Beskjeftigelse, Allierad: (Nor.) Allied Forces occupation.
Beskjeftigelse, Allierad - på Azerbaidjan: (Nor.) WWI Allied Forces occupation of Azerbaijan.
Beskjeftigelse, Allierad - på Trakien: (Nor.) WWI Allied Forces occupation of Thrace.
Beskjeftigelse, Albansk: (Nor.) Albanian occupation.
Beskjeftigelse, Amerikansk: (Nor.) American occupation, United States occupation
Beskjeftigelse, Amerikansk - av Tyskland: (Nor.) American occupation of Germany, United States occupation of Germany.
Beskjeftigelse, Australisk: (Nor.) Australian occupation.
Beskjeftigelse, Australisk - av Japan: (Nor.) Australian occupation of Japan.
Beskjeftigelse, Belgisk: (Nor.) Belgian occupation.
Beskjeftigelse, Belgisk - i Tyskland: (Nor.) Belgian occupation of Germany.
Beskjeftigelse, Belgisk - i Tysk √Éňústafrika: (Nor.) Belgian occupation of German East Africa.
Beskjeftigelse, Bolivisk: (Nor.) Bolivian occupation.
Beskjeftigelse, Britisk: (Nor.) British occupation.
Beskjeftigelse, Britisk - av Batum: (Nor n.) British occupation of Batum.
Beskjeftigelse, Britisk - av Bushire: (Nor.) British occupation of Bushire.
Beskjeftigelse, Britisk - av Irak: (Nor.) British occupation of Iraq.
Beskjeftigelse, Britisk - av Kamerun: (Nor.) British occupation of Cameroun.
Beskjeftigelse, Britisk - av Kreta: (Nor.) British occupation of Crete.
Beskjeftigelse, Britisk - av Mesopotamien: (Nor.) British occupation of Mesopotamia.
Beskjeftigelse, Britisk - av Oransje Elv Kolonie: (Nor.) British occupation of Orange River Colony.
Beskjeftigelse, Britisk - av Palestinien: (Nor.) British occupation of Palestine.
Beskjeftigelse, Britisk - av Persien: (Nor.) British occupation of Persia.
Beskjeftigelse, Britisk - av Togo: (Nor.) British occupation of Togo.
Beskjeftigelse, Britisk - av Tysk √Éňústrafrika: (Dan.) British occupation of German East Africa.
Beskjeftigelse, Bulgarisk: (Nor.) Bulgarian occupation.
Beskjeftigelse, Bulgarisk - av Rumanien: (Nor.) Bulgarian occupation of Romania.
Beskjeftigelse, Dansk: (Nor.) Danish occupation.
Beskjeftigelse, Finsk: (Nor.) Finnish occupation.
Beskjeftigelse, Finsk - av Russland: (Nor.) Finnish occupation of Russia.
Beskjeftigelse, Fransk: (Nor.) French occupation.
Beskjeftigelse, Fransk - av Cilicien: (Nor.) French occupation of Cilicia.
Beskjeftigelse, Fransk - av Kamerun: (Nor.) French occupation of Cameroun.
Beskjeftigelse, Fransk - av Kastellorizo: (Nor.) French occupation of Castellorizo.
Beskjeftigelse, Fransk - av Kreta: (Nor.) French occupation of Crete.
Beskjeftigelse, Fransk - av Rumania: (Nor.) French occupation of Romania.
Beskjeftigelse, Fransk - av Syrien: (Nor.) French occupation of Syria.
Beskjeftigelse, Fransk - av Togo: (Nor.) French occupation of Togo.
Beskjeftigelse, Fransk - av Tyskland: (Nor.) French occupation of Germany.
Beskjeftigelse, Fransk - av Ungarn: (Nor.) French occupation of Hungary.
Beskjeftigelse, Grekisk: (Nor.) Greek occupation.
Beskjeftigelse, Grekisk - av √ɂƬ¶giske √ɬły : (Nor.) Greek occupation of the Aegean Islands..
Beskjeftigelse, Grekisk - av Epirus: (Nor.) Greek occupation of Epirus.
Beskjeftigelse, Grekisk - av Trakien: (Nor.) Greek occupation of Thrace.
Beskjeftigelse, Grekisk - av Tyrkia: (Nor.) Greek occupation of Turkey.
Beskjeftigelse, Grekisk - av Vesttrakien: (Nor.) Greek occupation of Western Thrace.
Beskjeftigelse, Hollandsk: (Nor.) Dutch occupation.
Beskjeftigelse, Italiensk: (Nor.) Italian occupation.
Beskjeftigelse, Italiensk - av √ɂƬ¶giske √ɬły: (Nor.) Italian occupation of the Aegean Islands.
Beskjeftigelse, Italiensk - av Abyssinia: (Nor.) Italian occupation of Abyssinia (Ethiopia).
Beskjeftigelse, Italiensk - av Dalmatia: (Nor.) Italian occupation of Dalmatia.
Beskjeftigelse, Italiensk - av Korfu: (Nor.) Italian occupation of Corfu.
Beskjeftigelse, Italiensk - av Kreta: (Nor.) Italian occupation of Crete.
Beskjeftigelse, Italiensk - av √Éňústerrike: (Nor.) Italian occupation Austria.
Beskjeftigelse, Japansk: (Nor.) Japanese occupation.
Beskjeftigelse, Japansk - av Filippinerna: (Nor.) Japanese occupation of the Philippines.
Beskjeftigelse, Japansk - av Hollandsk Indien: (Nor.) Japanese occupation of the Dutch (East) Indies.
Beskjeftigelse, Japansk - av Kina: (Nor.) Japanese occupation of China.
Beskjeftigelse, Japansk - av Korea: (Nor.) Japanese occupation of Korea.
Beskjeftigelse, Japansk - av Malaj: (Nor.) Japanese occupation of Malaya.
Beskjeftigelse, Japansk - av Manchuriet: (Nor.) Japanese occupation of Manchuria.
Beskjeftigelse, Kinesisk: (Nor.) Chinese occupation.
Beskjeftigelse, Kroatisk: (Nor.) Croatian occupation.
Beskjeftigelse, Litauisk - av Memelområdet: (Nor.) Lithuanian occupation Memel.
Beskjeftigelse, √Éňústerrikisk: (Nor.) Austrian occupation.
Beskjeftigelse, √Éňústerrikisk - av Italia: (Nor.) Austrian occupation of Italy.
Beskjeftigelse, √Éňústerrikisk - av Montenegro: (Nor.) Austrian occupation of Montenegro.
Beskjeftigelse, √Éňústerrikisk - av Rumania: (Nor.) Austrian occupation of Romania.
Beskjeftigelse, √Éňústerrikisk - av Serbien: (Nor.) Austrian occupation of Serbia.
Beskjeftigelse, Portugisisk: (Nor.) Portuguese occupation.
Beskjeftigelse, Rum¦nsk: (Nor.) Romanian occupation.
Beskjeftigelse, Rum¦nsk - av Ungarn: (Nor.) Romanian occupation of Hungary.
Beskjeftigelse, Rum¦nsk - av Vestukraine: (Nor.) Romanian occupation of Western Ukraine.
Beskjeftigelse, Russisk: (Nor.) Russian occupation.
Beskjeftigelse, Russisk - av Kreta: (Nor.) Russian occupation of Crete.
Beskjeftigelse, Russisk - av Lettland: (Nor.) Russian occupation of Latvia.
Beskjeftigelse, Russisk - av Litauen: (Nor.) Russian occupation of Lithuania.
Beskjeftigelse, Russisk - av Tyskland: (Nor.) Russian occupation of Germany.
Beskjeftigelse, Serbisk - av Ungarn: (Nor.) Serbian occupation of Hungary.
Beskjeftigelse, Spansk: (Nor.) Spanish occupation.
Beskjeftigelse, Svensk: (Nor.) Swedish occupation.
Beskjeftigelse, Tyrkisk: (Nor.) Turkish occupation.
Beskjeftigelse, Tysk: (Nor.) German occupation.
Beskjeftigelse, Tysk - av Belgia: (Nor.) German occupation of Belgium.
Beskjeftigelse, Tysk - av Estland: (Nor.) German occupation of Estonia.
Beskjeftigelse, Tysk - av Frankrike: (Nor.) German occupation of France.
Beskjeftigelse, Tysk - av Letland: (Nor.) German occupation of Latvia.
Beskjeftigelse, Tysk - av Litauen: (Nor.) German occupation of Lithuania.
Beskjeftigelse, Tysk - av Luxemburg: (Nor.) German occupation of Luxembourg.
Beskjeftigelse, Tysk - av Polen: (Nor.) German occupation of Poland.
Beskjeftigelse, Tysk - av Rumania: (Nor.) German occupation of Romania.
Beskjeftigelse, Tysk - av Russland: (Nor.) German occupation of Russia.
Beskjeftigelse, Ungersk: (Nor.) Hungarian occupation.
Besondere: (Ger.) special.
Bessarabia: bogus Russian overprint.
Besser: (Ger.) better grade.
Bestand: (Ger.) stock.
Bestätigungsstempel: (Ger.) cancel confirming mode of transportation and/or postal performance; such as per airmail, or flight delayed.
Bestemmende: (Nor.) definitive.
Bestruket Papper: (Swed.) coated paper.
Beta: Denmark; 1870-85: name given to flaws in bicolored stamps.
Betera: local, Spanish civil war, Republican forces, 1937.
Betrag: (Ger.) amount.
Betschuanaland: (Ger.) Bechuanaland.
Bewerten: (Ger.) to estimate, to price.
Bexar: (Sp.) now San Antonio, Texas.
Bexhill Delivery: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Beyrouth: overprint for Beirut, Offices in Turkey; 1873-1914: stamps of Great Britain postmarked, 1905: French Levant overprint stamp plus surcharge, 1909: overprint on stamps of Russia, Levant, Offices in the Turkish Empire, now Beirut, Lebanon.
Bez: (Pol.) without.
Béz: (Hung.) beige (color), see drapp.
Bezahlt: (Ger.) paid.
Bezeichnung: (Ger.) designation, name.
Bezirk: (Ger.) district.
Bezirksaufdruck: (Ger.) district, local overprint.
Bezirksgericht: (Ger.) Austrian court fee revenue stamp.
Bezirkshandstempel: (Ger.) local hand surcharge.
Bezirksmarke (HOPS): (Ger.) hand overprinted stamp cancelled for Russian occupation zone.
Bezirkspostamt: (Ger.) district post office.
Bez kleju: (Pol.) ungummed.
Bez lepu: (Czech.) 1. unused, no gum. 2. regummed.
Bézovy: (Czech.) beige (color).
Bez podlepki: (Pol.) never hinged.
BF: 1:Belgian franc, currency; 2: Burkina Faso, country code as used by UPU.
B. F.: (Fr.) French Post Office postmark.
BFAL Fireside Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
B.F.K. watermark seen on French-area artist's die proofs.
BFM: British Fleet Mail.
BFMO: British Fleet Mail Office.
B.F.P.O.: British Forces Post Office.
BFPS: British Forces Postal Service.
BG: Benjamin Goldsworthy, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
B.G.: 1: Botanical Garden, South Australia official overprint, 1868-74; 2: (It.) inscription, Bollo Gazzatte, newspaper tax stamps for Modena. 3. precedes the European postal code on addresses in Bulgaria, such as BG-1000 Sofia.
B-Gate: Bishopsgate Receiving House, London Penny Post.
B G D: (Bureau Grand Ducal) Duchy of Berg, Lubeck, postmark, 1806-Aug. 1808.
B Grill: grill used on US stamps in the 19th century.
B. Guiana: inscription on stamps for British Guiana.
BH: international postal code for Bosnia-Hercegovina.
Bhangies: Indian States term for parcel post service.
B. H. M. A. V. : Mongolia.
Bhopal: Feudatory State in India; 1876: No.1, 1/4 anna black; issued local use stamps, 1903-pre: inscription: H. H. Nawab Shah Jahan Begam, 1903: separate stamps discontinued, 1908, July 1: first official stamp issued, 1950, Apr. 1: official stamps replaced by stamps of the Republic of India.
Bhor: India Feudatory State, Bombay, British India; 1879: No.1, ¬Ĺ anna carmine; first stamps, 1895: state post offices closed, 1901: stamps supplied to collectors as mint or used, 1902: used stamps of India.
Bhoutan: (Fr.) Bhutan.
bHP: (Cyrillic) cinderella, Belarusian National Rada (council).
Bhutan: kingdom in the Eastern Himalayas; currency: 100 chetrum = 1 ngultrum 1910: became British protectorate, 1949: became independent, 1955, Jan. 1: first stamps were fiscals, but validated for internal postal use, stamps of India required for external mailings, 1962, May: first stamps, covers usually also bore stamps of India, Tibet or China for external use, 1962, Oct.10: No.1 2 chetrun red/gray; first stamp issued, Bhutan stamps valid for international mail, 1964, Mar.: first semipostal stamp issued, 1967, Jan. 10: first air mail stamp issued, 1969, March 7: joined the UPU, 1973: issued the famous phonograph record stamps, and stamps with a scent.
B. I.: British India.
BI: 1: auction abbreviation for bisect topic or theme; 2: Burundi, country code as used by UPU. 3. letter-code within cds (q.v.) assigned to Biabou, St. Vincent, BWI (1873-1883), 1871 pop.56.
B I A: Bureau Issues Association, USA, see: USSS.
Biafra: overprint, part of Nigeria; 1967, May 30: proclaimed independent Republic of Biafra during civil war, 1968, Feb. 5: first internal stamps of revolutionary forces, later on external mail via air from Libreville, 1968: first semipostal stamps issued, 1970, Jan. 9: Nigerian stamps used, revolution over.
Bialy(o), Bialawy(o): (Pol.) white, whitish (color).
Bialystok: province in northern Poland; 1916: German military commander issued local stamps.
Bianco: (It.) white (color).
Bible Cover: Iceland cover with 22 Official 8-skilling stamps (20 in one block) from 1873 found in a bible.
Bíbor: (Hung.) purple (color).
Bíboivsörö: (Hung.) magenta (color).
Bíbor: (Hung.) magenta (color).
Bicentenaire: (Fr.) bicentenary.
Bicentenaire de Port-au-Prince: (Fr.) Haiti bicentenary.
Bicentenario de Talco: (Sp.) Chile, Talco postal tax.
Bicentennial: two hundredth anniversary; 1976: America celebrated its 200th birthday.
Bicester Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Bicolor: a stamp printed or otherwise produced in two colors.
Bicolored envelope: Nesbitt envelopes printed in two colors for USPO requirements, 1861.
Bicolored postmarks: Millpoint, N.Y, inking pad was divided half red, half violet, with dividing line, 1885.
Bicycle mail: operated with local stamps by themselves or with stamp of the country; 1890s: Western Australia as the Coolgardie Cycle Express, 1909: Mafeking, Boer War, 1918: South Africa. 1945: Amiens, France: Vaduz, Liechtenstein and Switzerland, 1953: Northern Italy.
Bicycle Mail Route: U. S. local post; 1894, between Fresno and San Francisco, Calif.
Bicycle posts: postal service operated by means of bicycle delivery.
Bid (opening): first, or opening bid at an auction; Ausgebot, Angebot (Ger.), Enchere (Debut) (Fr.), Offerta (Iniziale) (It.), Oferta (inicial) (Sp.).
Bid book: auction house data book composed of bids submitted by absentee bidders on the lots offered at auction, with the bid book being maintained manually or by electronic means.
Bidding against the ceiling, curtains: practice designed to artificially create higher realization for an auction lot by "accepting" bids from non-existent bidders.
Bidding circle: a group composed of two or more participants agreeing either not to bid against each other during a public auction, or to keep bids below a certain pre-agreed amount; also known as crossing off.
Bidding increments: series of regular increasing currency intervals called by the auctioneer during the bidding process for a lot.
Bidding paddle: card or similar item with a number assigned specifically for the bidder registered with the auctioneer, and used during the auction to denote active participation in the bidding procedures during the sale; permits early recording by an auctioneer of winning bidder.
Bid rigging: collusion among two or more dealers to withhold bids and permit one of their group to big for group and obtain material at a lower price, then the material is resold among the group's members.
Bid sheet: mail order form with bids for a upcoming auction.
Bid shielding: a situation where two bidders collude where one buyer bids low, the other buyer bids very high to scare off other potential bidders; seconds before the Internet auction ends, the high bid is withdrawn, and the partner wins the lot by default.
B I E: vertical overprint; 1946: Bureau International d'Education, Switzerland.
Bieden: (Dut.) to bid (at an auction).
Biedformulier: (Dut.) bid sheet.
Bielefeld: local, Germany 1898-1900.
Biélorussie: (Fr.) Belarus.
Bielozersk: Russian town in Novgorod Oblast; issued numerous local Rural Post stamps (1868-1918), see Zemstvo.
Bien centré: (Fr.) well-centered.
Bienenkorbstempel: (Ger.) beehive cancel.
Bienfaisance (timbre de): (Fr.) charity stamps: stamps sold at more than the inscribed face value, with the difference between the face value and the selling price used for charity work; these are often called semi-postal stamps.
Bietempfehlung: (Ger.) suggested bid.
Bieten: (Ger.) to bid (at an auction).
Bieter: (Ger.) bidder.
Bigello: (It.) beige, grayish-tan color.
Bigelow's Express: private mail serviced Boston to Canada; used a corner card, and labels; 1846-53.
Biggin Hill Free Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Big Head: see current name: Black Jack.
Big Mail: until 1772, Austrian postal system term for incoming foreign mail.
Bijawar: India Feudatory State; 1935: issued local use stamps, 1939: separate stamps discontinued, replaced by stamps of India.
Bijzonderevluchten: (Dut.) inscription; 1933: airmail issue.
Bilateral Treaty: postal treaty between two nations on international mail.
Bilá, Bíly: (Czech.) white (color).
Bilbao: local overprint, Spanish civil war, Nationalist and Republican forces, 1937.
Bilbes: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1867-1880.
Bildfrei gestempelt: (Ger.) cancelled not to touch stamp design as requested by topicalists.
Bild: (Ger.) image (printed area of a stamp).
Bildgrösse: (Ger.) size of design.
Bildnis: (Ger.) portrait, illustration.
Bildpostkarte: (Ger.) picture postal card.
Bildpostkarte mit Eingedruckter Marke: (Ger.) picture postal card with imprinted stamp.
Bildseite: (Ger.) face or picture of stamp.
Bilhete: (Port.) postal card.
Billet de Banque: (Fr.) Bank note, paper money.
Bilingual: two languages on the same stamp.
Bilingual pairs: pair of stamps on which the inscription is in one language on one of the stamps, and in another language on the other stamp; common with stamps of South Africa.
Bilingue: (Fr., It.) bilingual, two languages on the same stamp.
Biling√ɬľe: (Sp.) bilingual, two languages on the same stamp.
Billets de port payé: (Fr.) slips (of paper) for postage paid, sold in monasteries, courthouses, colleges and prisons in Paris, France, 1653 by Renouard de Villayer, who used an adhesive postage stamp for prepaid postage, and had street corner posting-boxes service ended due to vandalism to the boxes.
Billigst: (Ger.) cheapest.
Billigung: (Ger.) approval.
Bill Nyans: (Swed.) cheapest shade (color).
Bilpostur: (Ice.) bus transport.
Binit Bicska: overprint on stamps of Hungary for Banat, district of Hungary; 1919: stamps of Hungary for Serbian Occupation, 1919, July: Serbian troops withdrew, area divided between Romania and Yugoslavia.
B. I. O. T. : British Indian Ocean Territory; 1968: overprint on stamps of Seychelles.
Bipaket: (Swed.) parcel post.
Bipartido: (Port.) bisected.
Bipartite stamps: stamps printed in two parts with one part meant to be used as postage and the other as a receipt of mailing.
Bird: Czechoslovakia newspaper stamps, spread wing bird design.
Birket-el-Sabh: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1864-1884.
Birlesik Kirallik: (Turk.) Great Britain.
Birks Circular Dist.: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Birmania: (Sp.) Burma.
Birmanie: (Fr.) Burma.
Birmingham City Centre: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Birmingham Private Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Birobidzhan: cinderella local, former Soviet-Jewish republic in Southern Siberia, 1993.
Birthday cover: covers or postcards postmarked on the date of a birthday.
"Birth Prince Henry": 1984 surcharge on stamps of Aitutaki.
Bis: (Sp.) used in addresses where two houses have the same address to alert mailman to check name of recipient.
Bisagra: (Sp.) stamp hinge or mount.
Bisbal del Panades: local, Spanish civil war, Republican forces, 1937.
Biscay: Spanish Basque province; 1873: Carlist stamps, with Don Carlos' portrait.
Biseccionado: (Sp.) bisected.
Bisect: stamp cut in half which has been used to pay the postage at half the face value of the original stamp; the bisect should becollected on the original cover with the postmark or cancellation covering the cut.
Bisectado, partido en dos: (Sp.) see: Bisect.
Bisecto: (Sp.) bisected stamp.
Bishop, Henry: appointed British postmaster general by Oliver Cromwell, 1660-63, and continued in that position during the Restoration and the accession of Charles II.
Bishop Mark: first dated postmark of Great Britain indicating day and month; 1661, about: Henry Bishop initiated form of a circle divided horizontally by a line with the month abbreviated to two letters in top half and day of the month in the lower half.
Bishop's City Post: U. S. local post, Cleveland, Ohio, 1848-51, see: Carriers' Stamps.
Bishop's Stortford: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Bisseto: (Port.) bisect.
Bisse'ão, Bissetor: (Port.) bisect, bisecting.
Bister: (Eng., Ger.) dark brown, yellow brown (color).
Bistra-Post: see Romania - Bistra Local Post.
Bistre: (Fr., Sp.) dark brown bister, yellow brown (color).
Bistro: (It.) dark brown (color).
Bistru: (Rom.) bistre, yellowish-brown (color), see Brun-galbui.
Bistru-oliv: (Rom.) bistre-olive, yellowish-brown olive (color).
Bit: name of part that is affixed to a roller impressing into the newly formed paper, making the watermark.
Bite: the impression of design lines into the paper.
B. I. T.-OCT. 1930: Bureau International du Travail overprint;1: 1930: Belgium, International Labor Bureau; 2: 1938: Switzerland.
Bitola: formerly Monastir, Yugoslavia.
Bixcaia: (Sp.) early form of "Vizcaya" one of the Basque Provinces.
Bizonals: stamps issued in the Anglo-American zones of occupied Germany, 1945-49.
Bizone, Bizonia: American and British Zones of Occupation.
BJ: Benin, country code as used by UPU.
Bj¦lkenummerstempel: (Dan.) numerical oblit cancellation with bars.
B. J. & Co., (Barber, Jones & Co.): private die match proprietary stamps.
BJ de F: (Bureau Imperial de France) Duchy of Berg, Lubeck, postmark, c1806-Aug. 180
Bjorneborg: now Pori, Finland.
Bjorn oya: bogus Bear Island local post.
Bjuda: (Swed.) to bid (at an auction).
BK: booklet, (U.S., G.B.), Scott Catalogue number prefix.
B K C: airmail booklets, Scott Catalogue number prefix.
Bklt: abbreviation for booklet.
BKM: auction term abbreviation for Brookman Catalog.
Bkstp(d): abbreviation for backstamp(ed); see: Backstamp.
Bl: (Ger.) catalog abbreviation for blue (blau) overprint or surcharge.
BL: abbreviation for Bolaffi, Italian catalogue firm.
Blå: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) blue (color).
Blaa: (Dan.) blue (color).
Blåakt Grå: (Swed.) bluish-grey (color).
Blåakt Grön: (Swed.) bluish-green (color).
Bl√ɬ•aktig gr√ɬłnngr√ɬ•: (Dan., Nor.) bluish green-grey (color).
Blåakt Lila: (Swed.) bluish-lilac (color).
Blåakt Mörkgrön-grön: (Swed.) bluish dark green-green (color).
Blåakt purpur: (Swed.) bluish-purple (color).
Blåakt violett: (Swed.) bluish-violet (color).
Black: the darkest color.
Bläck: (Swed.) ink.
Black bar: marking printed next to the arrows on sheets of British stamps with phosphor bands to help in checking supplies.
Black Blot: American Philatelic Society program; 1962-79: offered guidance on the world's new stamp issues as to what issues they considered as unnecessary.
Black border: on the King Alexander memorial issue of Yugoslavia, 1934.
Black Flag Republic: Formosa, Japanese seceding state, 1895.
Black Hardings: nickname for the mourning stamps issued in 1923 for the death of President William Harding.
Black Heritage: U.S. stamps honoring Black Americans, started in 1978.
Black Honduras: black overprint and surcharge for newly established airmail route; 1915-16: Honduras, only two copies known to exist.
Black Jack: nickname given to the US 2c issue of 1863 showing Andrew Jackson's head, printed in black.
Bläckmakulerad: (Swed.) pen canceled.
Black on color: used to describe an issue printed in black on colored paper with the actual color indicated being the color of the paper.
Black-out cancel: Canadian censored postmark used in port cities during WW II..
Black plates: plates originally used for the 1840 Penny Black, later used for the 1d red stamps.
Blackpool and Fylde: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Black print: 1: proofs of stamps pulled in black, not color of the issued stamp, from the actual printing plates: used for press releases. 2: Greenland: stamp-like labels, engraved by Slania and Rosing, sold by postal authorities to raise money for stamp shows.


(Data Above sourced from "Ask Phil" and other sources. Last edit 5/Aug/2008 Amhazing)

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BL to BR


Blackwell-Weilandy Book & Stationary Co.: private merchandise delivery serviced St.Louis, MO., used a label, year unknown.
Blad, Bledy: (Pol.) error, errors.
Blad (bledy) Pozorne: (Pol.) apparent color error(s) on a postage stamp that can be easily tampered with (e.g., missing silver color), to be purchased only with an expert's guarantee.
Bl¦k: (Dan.) ink.
Bl¦kannullering: (Dan.) pen cancellation.
Blåfiolett: (Nor.) blue-violet (color).
Blagoveshchensk: Far Eastern Republic; 1921: stamp issue.
Blågrå: (Dan., Nor.) blue-grey (color).
Blågrön: (Swed.) blue-green, emerald-green (color); seeSmaragdgrön.
Bl√ɬ•gr√ɬłn: (Dan.) blue-green (color).
Blå-grönakt Blå: (Swed.) blue-greenish blue (color).
Blagronn: (Nor.) cobalt (color).
Bl√ɬ•gr√ɬłnn: (Nor.) blue-green (color).
Blair, Montgomery: United States Postmaster General, 1862, Aug. 4: suggested a conference on international mail handling that led to the formation of the Universal Postal Union.
Blålig: (Dan., Nor.) bluish (color).
Bl√ɬ•liggr√ɬłn: (Dan.) bluish-green (color).
Blåliggrå: (Dan.) bluish-grey (color).
Blåliglilla: (Dan.) bluish-lilac (color).
Blåligpurpur: (Dan.) bluish-purple (color).
Blåligviolet: (Dan.) bluish-violet (color).
Blålila: (Swed.) blue-lilac (color).
Blå-ljusblå: (Swed.) blue-light blue (color).
Blanc: (Fr.) white (color).
Blanca: local, Spanish civil war, Republican forces, 1937.
Blanco: (Port., Sp.) white (color).
Blanco Karte: (Ger.) blank cover, with stamp affixed, to be postmarked for special occassions.
Blanc type: French stamp design in 1900, named after designer, Joseph Blanc.
Blandad: (Swed.) mixed.
Blandet: (Dan.) commercial cover.
Blanefield Strike Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Blanes: local, Spanish civil war, Republican forces, 1937.
Blånet: (Dan.) blued (color).
Blank (envelope): individual sheet of paper cut from the sheet by the knife in the envelope manufacturing stage; also known as shape.
Blanket: 1: papermaking term for the belt that carries newly formed paper; 2: rubber sheet used on offset presses to transfer the impression from the plate to paper.
Blase im Gummi: (Ger.) bubble in gum.
Blåskifer: (Dan.) blue-slate (color).
Blason: (Fr.) stamp with arms design.
Blåsort: (Dan.) blue-black (color).
Blass: (Ger.) pale (color).
Blattalbum: (Ger.) page for album.
Blattpapier: (Ger.) sheet.
Blått påtryck: (Swed.) blue surcharge.
Blau, bl.: (Ger.) blue (color).
Blaue Karte: (Ger.) blue card from United Nations-Geneva; UN-Vienna has a white card; UN-New York has a green card.
Blaugel: (Ger.) commercial product to prevent stamps from adhering to album pages due to moisture absorption.
Blå-ultramarin: (Swed.) blue-ultramarine (color).
Blauw: (Neth.) blue (color).
Blauwgroen: (Neth.) bluish-green (color).
Blåviolett: (Swed.) blue-violet (color).
Blazon: (Rom.) coat-of-arms..
B L C I: Urdu language inscription on corners of stamps; 1800s-1900s: Feudatory State of Bhopal, India.
B.L. Co.: Ben Levy, US cancel or revenue stamp overprint for face powder product, 1914-16.
BLDG: USPS abbreviation for building.
Bleached: use of a chemical agent to lighten or remove a discoloration or foreign substance from a stamp.
Bleacher: U.S. Navy code name during WW II for Tonga.
Blechdosepost: (Ger.) see Tin Can Mail.
Bledny: (Pol.) faulty.
Bledy: (Czech.) pale (stamp color).
Bleeding: color that runs when immersed in water: also printing of design that overlaps onto the margin or next attached stamp.
Bleg: (Dan.) pale (as referencing the color of a postage stamp).
Blegblå: (Dan.) pale blue, light blue (color).
Blegbrun: (Dan.) pale brown, light brown (color).
Bleggrå: (Dan.) light gray (color).
Bleggr√ɬłn: (Dan.) pale green, light green (color).
Bleggul: (Dan.) pale yellow, light yellow (color).
Bleglila: (Dan.) pale lilac, light lilac(color).
Blegorange: (Dan.) pale orange, light orange (color).
Blegpurpur: (Dan.) pale purple, light purple (color).
Blegr√ɬłd: (Dan.) pale red, light red (color).
Blegrosa: (Dan.) pale rose, light rose (color).
Blegrosar√ɬłd: (Dan.) pale rose-red, light rose-red (color).
Blegviolet: (Dan.) pale violet, light violet (color).
Blek: 1. (Dan.) ink. 2. (Nor., Swed.) pale (as referencing the color of a postage stamp).
Blekblå: (Nor., Swed.) pale blue (color).
Blek blåakt grön: (Swed.) pale bluish-green (color).
Blek bl√ɬ•liggr√ɬłnn: (Nor.) pale bluish-green, light bluish-green (color).
Blek blågrön: (Swed.) pale blue-green (color).
Blekbrun: (Nor., Swed.) pale brown, light brown (color).
Bleket: (Nor.) faded.
Blekfiolett: (Nor.) pale violet, light violet (color).
Blekgrå: (Nor., Swed.) pale grey, light grey (color).
Blekgr√ɬłnn: (Nor.) pale green, light bgreen (color).
Blekgrön: (Swed.) pale green (color).
Blekgul: (Nor., Swed.) pale yellow, light yellow (color).
Blekitney(o): (Pol.) sky blue (color).
Blekk: (Nor.) ink.
Blekkannullering: (Nor.) pen cancellation.
Bleklila: (Swed.) pale lilac (color).
Bleklilla: (Nor.) pale lilac, light lilac (color).
Blekmosegr√ɬłnn: (Nor.) pale moss-green (color).
Blekolivengr√ɬłnn: (Nor.) pale olive-green, light olive-green (color).
Blekorange: (Swed.) pale orange (color).
Blekröd: (Swed.) pale red (color).
Blekrosa: (Nor., Swed.) pale rose, light rose (color).
Blekorange: (Swed.) pale orange (color).
Blekorangeröd: (Swed.) pale orange-red (color).
Blekoransje: (Nor.) pale orange, light orange (color).
Blekpurpur (Nor., Swed.) pale purple, light purple (color).
Blekpurpurpurr√ɬłd (Nor., Swed.) pale purple-red (color).
Blekr√ɬłd: (Nor.) pale red, light red (color).
Blekröd: (Swed.) pale red (color).
Blekrosa: (Nor, Swed.) pale rose, light rose (color).
Blekrosar√ɬłd: (Nor.) pale rose-red, light rose-red (color).
Blekrosaröd: (Swed.) pale rose-red, light rose-red (color).
Blekviolett: (Swed.) pale violet (color).
Bleu: (Fr.) blue (color).
Bleues: (Fr.) "blues" stamps of classic France.
Bleu-foncé: (Fr.) dark blue.
Bleuté: (Fr.) paper that has unintentionally turned blue; found on early British issues..
Blinddruck: (Ger.) albino, print with no ink.
Blind perforation: perforation holes that have been lightly impressed into the stamps, leaving the paper intact, but considered as cut.
Blind stamp: a stamp with no mention of its country of origin; many revenue stamps fall into this category.
Blindtakking: (Nor.) blind perforations (perforator impressing but not penetrating paper)
Blindtakning: (Dan.) blind perforations.
Blindtryk: (Dan.) albino printing (printed without designated inking).
Blindtrykk: (Nor.) albino printing (printed without designated inking).
Blindzähnung: (Ger.) perforation that was not punched out completely.
Blister, gum: may be caused by excessive heat in gumming process, leaves areas of ungummed paper.
Blister, photographic: flaw from a defect in the photographic plate or film resulting in trapping of air or fluid.
Blitz perforation: perforations changed from De La Rue to Waterlows; 1936-43: New Zealand stamp series; due to the Blitzkrieg air raids on London.
Blizzard mail: U.S. local post, New York, N.Y., March 12-16, 1888, operated during blizzard.
Bljesak: bogus labels for Jugoslavia.
Blk: abbreviation for block of stamps, quantity in block should be quoted.
Bloating: an early philatelic term used for exhibitors who display several copies of the same stamp because it is rare.
Bloc: (Fr.) block, souvenir sheet (of stamps).
Bloc avec numero de planche: (Fr.) plate block.
Blocco: (It.) block, souvenir sheet (of stamps).
Blocco con numero di lastra: (It.) plate block.
Blocco di quattro: (It.) an unseparated group, or block, of four stamps.
Bloc commémoratif: (Fr.) souvenir sheet.
Bloc de patru marci: (Rom.) block-of-4 postage stamps.
Bloc de quatre: (Fr.) an unseparated group of four stamps.
Bloc-feuillet: (Fr.) sheet of a stamp or stamps, surrounded with a paper margin issued for a specific event or purpose, souvenir sheet..
Bloch, Herbert J.: (1907-87) received every top philatelic honor, best known for his ability as an expert.
Block: 1: (Ger.) block, souvenir sheet (of stamps); 2: an unseparated group of stamps; if the block is larger than four stamps, it is referred to as a block of six, block of eight, etc. 3: Michel 2001 catalogue considers blocks (souvenir sheets/miniature sheets) and sheetlets as items containing one, two or three stamps; four to six stamp are blocks, provided three of the stamps are different; items with the same four stamps are blocks when said stamp also appears at the same time in a sheet. 4. (Swed.) miniature sheet.
Blockade-run mail: US Civil War postal route between Europe and the Confederate States.
Block, arrow: block with attached margin with arrow; see: arrow block.
Blockausgabe: (Ger.) miniature sheet or sheetlet issue.
Blockbusting: breaking stamp multiples to yield singles that are well-centered or have full never-hinged gum.
Block, center gutter: block including two wide spaces separating the printed sheet into panes.
Block, center line: block with center lines and point of crossing.
Block, corner: one of four corners, usually with plate number where the margin is attached to the stamps, on rotary press, not flat plate in the U.S.
Blocked value: one value in each set of stamps issued by the German Democratic Republic; 1955-1982: the sale of which was restricted to control the philatelic traffic in these stamps, prevent speculation and and maintain a high sales value.
Blockform: (Ger.) miniature sheet format.
Block, irregular: block, not square, but description must contain number of stamps in block.
Block, line: contains either vertical or horizontal guide lines.
Bloco Comemorativo: (Port.) souvenir sheet.
Block of four, imperforate within: blocks that are perforated on all outside edges, but are missing perforations within the block, sometimes done intentionally.
Bloc report: (Fr.) block of stamp clichés from a small plate or stone, used to replicate a full plate (Bordeaux issue).
Block tagged: tagging applied on a stamp in a rectangle that does not touch the perforations.
Block, traffic lights: block with attached margin showing color checks.
Block type: a plain squared type without ornament.
Bloco: (Port.) block.
Bloco comemorativo: (Port.) souvenir sheet.
Bloco do quatro: (Port.) an unseparated group of four stamps.
Blocque con numero de plancha: (Sp.) plate block.
Bloc Report: (Fr.) block of clichés of stamps from a small plate or stone, used to replicate a full plate (Bordeaux issue).
Blodr√ɬłd: (Dan., Nor.) blood red (color).
Blog: a web site made up of a personal journal characterized by a conversational writing style.
Blok: (Dan., Dut., Pol.) block (of stamps).
Blokados Fondui: (Lith.) Blockade Fund semiofficial label issued by Lithuania post office.
Blokk: 1. (Nor.) block (of stamps). 2. (Hung.) souvenir sheet.
Blokken van 4(vier) Zegels: (Neth.) block-of-4 postage stamps.
Blomme: (Dan.) plum (color).
Blonie: city in German-occupied Russian Poland, local post overprint, 1918-20.
Blood's Penny Post: U. S. local post, Philadelphia Despatch Post, Philadelphia, Pa. 1843: operated by Robertson & Co., predecessor of D.O. Blood & Co.
Blood's Penny Post: U. S. local post, D.O. Blood & Co. Despatch Post, Phil., Pa., 1845-54; formed by Daniel Otis Blood and Walter H. Blood, successor to Philadelphia Despatch Post. Blood's Penny Post: U. S. local post, Philadelphia, Pa., 1855-60: acquired by Blood's Penny Post general manager, Charles Kochersperger, when Daniel O. Blood died.
B. L. P.: (It.) overprint semi-postal with advertisements sold to benefit invalids; 1901-22: Buste Lettere Postali, Italy.
Bloque: (Sp.) block, souvenir sheet (of stamps).
Bloque de cuatro: (Sp.) an unseparated group of four stamps.
Blow, W.T.: inscription on Medicine stamp; see Private die proprietary stamps
Blu: (Sp.) blue (color).
Blu-chiaro: (It.) light blue (color).
Blu di Prussia: (It.) Prussian blue (color).
Blu Savoia: (It.) royal blue (color).
Blu Scuro: (It.) dark blue (color).
Blue: having the color of a clear sky, or the deep sea.
Bluebell Railway: British railway that printed stamps for mail carried on their trains to post offices.
Blue Boy: Alexandria, Virginia, postmaster's provisional 5¬Ę black on blue paper; nickname taken from Thomas Gainsborough's portrait of Thomas Buttall, wearing a blue suit.
Blue Cross: drawn or preprinted across the entire front of an envelope indicates that piece of mail is registered; mainly used in the British Empire
Blued: British stamps printed by De Le Rue on paper showing usually faint blue color, caused by reaction between the ink and chemicals in the paper; pre 1884: see: Ivory Head;
Bluefields: Nicaragua issue, 1904-11.
Blue Helmets: term used for United Nations Peacekeeping Forces, color of their helmets.
Blue Mauritius: unissued German 1980 Olympic stamp all used by the family of the then Minister of Posts.
Bluenose: 1929 50¬Ę stamp considered the most beautiful Canadian stamp, depicting schooner Bluenose in full sail.
Blue Plaques: British term for stamp designs that relate to London plaques that recognize famous people and events.
Blue Post Horn: imprinted on back of Swedish stamp paper as a "control print," 1886.
Blueprint paper: paper made sensitive to light by treatment with a solution of yellow prussiate of potash and peroxide of iron.
Blue Rag Paper: used experimentally to produce U.S. stamps in 1909.
Blue Safety Paper: prussiate of potash added during paper manufacture to prevent the printing ink from penetrating deeply into the paper thus preventing the removal of the postmark by chemical means; created a blue appearance in British stamps of 1855-56; see: Ivory Head.
Blue savoia: (It.) royal blue (color).
Bluffton, So. Ca Paid 5: see: Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Bluish paper: a grayish blue colored paper used for the Washington-Franklin series of 1909; made on 35% rag paper stock, instead of the usual wood pulp paper, to see if excess paper shrinkage could be reduced; also known as Blue Paper..
Blukubade te Sarof: bogus label.
Blume: (Ger.) flower, as a theme or topic.
Blurred impression: if the printing plate strikes the paper in the printing process with a jarring motion, a blurred impression will be produced.
Blyszczacy(o): glossy (as referencing the color of a postage stamp).
B. M.: 1: Bench of Magistrates, South Australia official overprint, 1868-74; 2: see: Boite mobile, also British Administration.
BM: Bermuda, country code as used by UPU.
B. M.: Bench of Magistrates, South Australia official overprint, 1868-74.
B. M. A.: British Military Administration.
B. M. A. Burma: on stamps of Burma; 1945-51: British Military Administration.
B. M. A. Eritrea: overprint on stamps of Great Britain, Offices in Africa; 1948-49: British Military Administration.
B. M. A. Malaya: overprint on Straits Settlements;1945-51: British Military Administration.
B. M. A. North Borneo: overprint North Borneo; 1945-51: British Military Administration.
B. M. A. Sarawak: overprint Sarawak; 1945-51: British Military Administration.
B. M. A. Somalia: overprint Great Britain, Offices in Africa;1948-49: British Military Adm.
B. M. A. Tripolitania: overprint on stamps of Great Britain, Offices in Africa; 1948, July 1-49: British Military Administration, 1950, Feb. 6-Dec. 1951: used in Tripolitania only.
BMC: Bernard M. Connelly, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
BMEF: British Mediterranean Expeditionary Force.
BMM: British Military Mission, Indian Army, 1984.
BN: 1: auction abbreviation for topical or thematic subject balloons; 2: Brunei Darussalam, country code as used by UPU.
B N A: British North America (Canada, Newfoundland, etc.).
BNA: British North Africa, WWII.
BNAF: British North Africa Force.
BNAPS: British North America Philatelic Society.
B. N. F. Castellorizo: Base Navale Francaise overprint on stamps of French Levant; 1920: French occupation of Turkey, Offices in Turkey.
B.N.R.: cinderella, Belarusian National Rada, White Russia, 1920.
B O: 1: consular overprint, SCADTA stamps of Colombia, sold in Bolivia, 1920s; 2: Bolivia, country code as used by UPU.
BOAC: British Overseas Airways Corp.
Board of Education: overprint; 1902-04: Great Britain Official.
Board of Governors: governing body of the US Postal Service: includes nine governors who are appointed by the President with the advice and consent of the Senate. The nine then elect a Postmaster General, who becomes a member of the Board. Those ten elect a Deputy Postmaster General who also serves on the Board; review the policies and practices of the Postal Service.
Boardwalk margins: stamps with wide margins: also referred to as Jumbo Stamps.
Boating stamp: US revenue stamp; 1960: required on certificate applications for motorboats of more than 10 horsepower.
B O B: see: Back of the Book.
Bobcat: U.S. Navy code name during WW II for Bora, Bora.
Bobina: (It., Sp.) coil (of stamps).
Bobina de Sêlo: (Port.) Coil stamp.
Bobrof: Russian town in Voronezh Oblast; issued over 150 different local Rural Post stamps (1872-1896, the local post being suppressed at the end of the year 1896), see Zemstvo.
B. O. C.: (Ger.) Bayerische-Osterreichisch Correspondenz postmark; 1840s: Austrian-Bavarian postal treaty offered reduced rates.
Bocairente: local, Spanish civil war, 1937.
Bocas del Toro: Panama; 1903-04: overprint "R de Panama" used in City of Bocas del Toro.
Bochnia: city in former Austrian-occupied Poland, local post overprint, 1918-20.
Bochum: locals, Germany, 1: Express Packet Verkehr Brief, 1886-91; 2: Privat Stadtbrief & Packetbeförderungsanstalt, 1897.
Bockenheim: local, Germany 1890-1900.
Bock, Schneider & Co.: private die match proprietary stamps.
Bod: (Czech.) 1. Dot. 2. Stop. 3. Period. 4. (Dut.) auction (bid).
Bodensee Schiffspost: (Ger.) Lake Constance ship mail.
Body bags: USPS printed plastic envelope whose purpose is to explain why the enclosed mail piece was damaged or delayed.
Boekdruk: (Dut.) typography.
Boers: stamps for use in Pietersburg, South Africa, captured by the British April 9, 1901.
Bogen: (Ger.) sheet (of stamps).
Bogenabklatsch: (Ger.) sheet offset.
Bogenanordnung: (Ger.) plate arrangement.
Bogenecke: (Ger.) corner of sheet (pane).
Bogenfeld: (Ger.) position of a stamp in a sheet.
Bogenförmig: (Ger.) name given to Canadian set of King George V of 1930-31 to differentiate them from previous series; also arched.
Bogenlage: (Ger.) plate position.
Bogenlochung: (Ger.) harrow perforation, full sheet perforated in one operation.
Bogenmitte: (Ger.) center of sheet.
Bogenpack: (Ger.) pack of sheets.
Bogen rand: (Ger.) sheet margin.
Bogensammlung: (Ger.) collection of complete sheets.
Bogensignatur: (Ger.) number in sheet margin.
Bogenwasserzeichen: (Ger.) sheet watermark.
Bogenzähler: (Ger.) sheet serial number.
Bogenzähnung: (Ger.) sheet perforation.
Bogert & Durbin: stamp dealers, issued priced catalogues, New York, 1886.
Boghuchary: Russian town in Voronezh Oblast; issued several local Rural Post stamps (1872-1880, these local post sendings being free from 1873), see Zemstvo.
Bogorodsk: (now Noginsk) Russian town in Moscow Oblast ca. 35 miles E of the city ofMoscow; issued a large number of local Rural Post stamps (1871-1896, the local post being suppressed at the end of the year 1896), see Zemstvo.
Bogota, City of: local stamps, 1889-03, Colombia.
Bogtryk: (Dan.) see Tryk - Bog.
Bogus stamp: make-believe stamps from real places, usually made to defraud; Falschung (Ger.), Emission Faux (Fr.), Emissione Falso (It.), Emision Fantasi (Sp.); see Fantasy stamps, Cinderellas.
Bohemia and Moravia: Czechoslovakia; 1939: Czech provinces declared German protectorate, used overprinted Czech stamps, then stamps inscribed Böhmen and Mähren, 1942-1945: Deutsches Reich and Grossdeutsches Reich issues.
Bohcme et Moravie: (Fr.) Bohemia and Moravia.
Bohemia y Moravia: (Sp.) Bohemia and Moravia.
B√ɬłhmen og M¬¶hren: (Dan.) Bohemia and Moravia
Böhmen und Mähren: (Ger.) inscription for Czechoslovakia, Bohemia and Moravia.
B O I C: British Occupation of the Italian Colonies.
Boite aux Lettres: (Fr.) letter box.
Boite Mobile: (Fr.) movable mail box at dockside or aboard ship; mid-1800s-World War II: used by ships crossing the English Channel.
Boite Postale: (Fr.) post-office box.
B√ɬłjning: (Dan.) slight crease.
Boju ofu: bogus issue from Burma.
Boka Kotarska (Cataro): Yugoslav province, overprints in Italian and German currency, 1944.
Bokhara: bogus labels for vassal state in Russia, issued in 1886.
Boktryck: (Swed.) letterpress.
Boktrykk: (also Trykking) (Nor.) typography.
Boktrykker: (also Trykker) (Nor.) printer.
Boktrykkeri: (also Trykkeri) (Nor.) printery, printing plant.
Bolaffi (BOL): Bolaffi Specialized Postage Stamp Catalog, Italy and Colonies.
Boletin: (Sp.) magazine, bulletin.
Bolivar: former state of the United States of Colombia; 1863-1904: a department of Colombia.
Bolivar, Sucre Miranda-decreto: overprint of Escuelas Venezuela stamps as validation of non-postage school stamps.
Bolivia: Central South America; currency: 100 centavos = 1 peso boliviano (1963), 100 centavos = 1 boliviano (1987) 1825: became independent, 1863, Mar. 18-Apr. 29, 1863: Sr. Justiniano Garcia carried mails, 1867: No.1, 10 centavos green, first stamps issued, revenues, provisionals and postage dues used as postage, 1886, April 1: joined the UPU, 1924, Dec.: first air mail stamp issued, 1931: first postage due stamp issued, 1939: first semipostal stamp issued.
Bolivia, forged issues: 1: 1868-69 Coat of Arms, Scott 10-14. 2: 1897 Coat of Arms, Scott 54.
Bolivie: (Fr.) Bolivia.
Bolivien: (Dan., Ger.) Bolivia.
Bolivisk: (Dan.) Bolivian
Bolla Della Posta di Sicilia: (It.) stamp of the Post of Sicily; Kingdom of Two Sicilies, Italian States, first stamp, Jan. 1, 1859.
Bolladore: local, Italian liberation, "Co. Nazional di Liberazione," 1944.
Bollo Postale: (It.) San Marino.
Bolla Della Posta Napolitana: (It.) stamp of the Napolitan Post, Kingdom of Two Sicilies, Jan. 1,1858.
Bollawollabongo: bogus labels, no information on source available.
Bolletta: (It.) San Marino parcel post.
Bollo: (It.) postmark.
Bollo di Ferrovia: (It.) railway postmark.
Bollo di Franchigia: (It.) franchise stamp.
Bollo Straordinaria per le Poste: (It.) extraordinary stamp for the post; Italian State, Tuscany, newspaper tax stamp for foreign publications.
Bollullos del Condado: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist forces,1936-38.
Bologna Vallescura: (Esperanto) Red Cross cinderella.
Bolschaya Alexandrovka: local, Soviet, German occupation, 1941-42.
Bomba Heads: King Ferdinand II, known as "King Bomba"; 1859: stamps for Kingdom of Two Sicilies featuring King's portrait with instructions that his royal image could not be marred in any way; a frame-shaped cancel devised to grant his wish.
Bonn: 1: local, Germany, Express-Packet-Verkehr, 1887; 2: Private-Brief-Beförderung Rhenania, 1896-1900.
Bon(ne): (Fr.) good.
Bon(s): (Fr.) coupon(s), ticket(s).
B.O.N.C.: Barred Oval Numerical Canceller, the term for describing the numerical oblits on the postage stamps of the Cape of Good Hope
Bonde: (Fr.) wrapper.
Bond paper: a thin crisp high quality paper with a hard surface; 1862-71: used for early US revenue stamps, proofs and essays.
Bond, Wm. & Co.: private die match proprietary stamps.
Bone: now Annaba, Algeria.
Bonelli's: stamp of British private telegraph company.
Bongonga: bogus, spoof stamps created for 1936 stamp exhibition.
Bonito: (Sp.) used to describe a stamp in nice condition.
Bon marché: (Fr.) cheap.
Bonny River: Royal Niger Company rubber stamp cancel, on stamps of 1892 Great Britain. Booby head: first Plimpton die (1874) of 10¬Ę Washington head, which is extremely large.
Book bid: bids entrusted by an absentee bidder to an auctioneer; bids to be executed on behalf of an absentee bidder during the course of the public auction.
Bookgirl, Republic of: product of Artistamp, private label manufacturer.
Booklet: stamp book that contains one or more panes of unused stamps; Markenheftchen (Ger.), Carnet de Timbres (Fr.), Libretto di Francobolli (It.), Cuadernillo de Sellos (Sp.).
Booklet leaf: term for a booklet pane, a page from a booklet containing stamps.
Booklet number singles: booklets with plate numbers on the stamp itself, 1997.
Booklet pane: uncut block of stamps especially printed and cut for use in booklets; 1895: first booklets in Luxembourg.
Bookmark postcards: a narrow postcard, measuring 2 5/8 by 5 5/8, that can also be used as a bookmark.
Boonie Islands: bogus, remote nonexistent place.
Bootheel Postmark: Barbados oval marking, 1863-82, name derives from marks resembling metal studs on men's shoes.
Bootleg mail: letter carried outside of the normal mail stream; term may have originated when travelers carried letters illegally in their riding boots; carried from overseas, often for missionaries, then franked and deposited in local mail, avoiding the high international rates in the pre-UPU period..
Bophuthatswana: South Africa Homeland State; 1977, Dec. 6: first stamps issued after given autonomy, 1994, Apr. 27: Bophuthatswana ceased to exist.
Bord, an: (Ger.) (on) board.
Bordbriefkasten: (Ger.) paquebot.
Bord: (Fr.) margin, selvage, or border around stamps.
Bord cancel: (Fr.) cachet applied on board (spacecraft, ship, etc.)
Bord de Feuille, BdeF: (Fr.) sheet margin.
Borde: (Sp.) margin, selvage, or border around stamps.
Bordeaux: (Fr.) maroon (color).
Bordeaux issue: Third Republic of France; 1870: provisional government issue of provisional stamps used during Siege of Paris due to lack of supplies from Paris; local, liberation, 1944.
Bordein: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1879-1884.
Bordentown & New York Stage: handstamp used in 1786 on stage mail route between New York and Philadelphia.
Border: the frame or edge of a stamp design.
Border and G'way: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Bordo di foglio: (It.) selvage.
Bordo de hoja: (Sp.) selvage.
Bordpost: (Ger.) ship mail.
Bordpoststempel: (Ger.) cancel on board ship, Zeppelin, etc., pacquebot cancel.
Bordsiegel: (Ger.) cachet on board (spacecraft).
BordSt.: an on-board Zeppelin marking.
Bordure: (Fr.) margin, boder, selvage, gutter.
Boreas, S.S.: Danube Steam Navigation Co. steamship; 1850s: for the lower Danube lines.
Borgå: (Fin.) local post via steamship, Finland late 1890s.
Borge: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist forces, 1937.
Borisoglyebsk: (now Borisoglebsk) Russian town in Tambov Oblast ca. 260 miles SE of Moscow; issued numerous local Rural Post stamps (1871-1896, the local post being suppressed in 1882), see Zemstvo.
Borneo, North: northeast part of Borneo island, Malay Archipelago, Malaysia; currency: 100 cents = 1 dollar 1881: British North Borneo Company administered country, 1883, June: first stamps issued, 1892: stamps canceled with bars were remaindered in huge quantities, 1895: first postage due stamp, 1912: "British protectorate" overprint on stamps of North Borneo, 1916: first semipostal stamp, 1940: became a British colony along with Labuan, 1942, June: overprinted stamps issued as Japanese Occupation of British Borneo, 1943-44: stamps of Japan issued for use in Borneo, 1945, Dec. 17: first stamps of North Borneo overprinted B.M.A. 1963, Sept. 6: part of Federation of Malaysia, changed name to Sabah.
Borongós: (Hung.) grey (color).
Borovichy: (now Borovichi) Russian town in Novgorod Oblast ca. 160 miles SE of St. Petersburg; issued several local Rural Post stamps (1869-1912), see Zemstvo.
Borresen Local Post: see Drammen - Borresen Local Post.
Borroso: (Sp.) blurred, roughly printed.
Börse: (Ger.) bourse; such as a stamp show, where stamps are bought, sold or exchanged.
Boscawen: New Hampshire, Postmaster's issue, 1846.
Bosna: (Czech.) Bosnia.
Bosna-Hercegovina: (Czech.) Bosnia-Herzegovina.
Bosna i Hercegovina: Jugoslavia overprint on stamps of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Bosnia and Herzegovina: Ottoman Empire provinces; Dalmatia/Serbia, formerly Yugoslavia; currency: 100 novcica (neukreuzer) = 1 florin (gulder), 100 heller = 1 krone (1900) 1850s: postal service operated using Turkish stamps, 1878: military posts operated in area, Austrian protection, 1879, Jan.: civilian postal service started, with stamps of Austria and Hungary, 1879, July 1: No.1 ¬Ĺ novcica black; first stamps issued, 1892, July 1: joined the UPU, 1904: first postage due stamp issued, 1908: Austria-Hungary annexed Bosnia and Herzegovina, 1910, Oct. 18: first stamps under regime of Austria-Hungary issued, 1914, June 28: Austria-Hungary Archduke Ferdinand assassinated, 1914: first semipostal stamp issued, 1917: became part of Kingdom of Yugoslavia, 1918, Nov.: provincial stamps issued, 1941: stamps issued by occupying powers, Germany and Italy, 1992, Oct. 26: stamps of Yugoslavia surcharged, 1992: Proclamation of Independence, with Serb administration, currency: 100 paras = 1 dinar, 100 pfennig = 1 mark (1996) 1993-post: Croat and Serb administration, 1993, Jan. 26: rejoined the UPU, 1993-95: "Republika Bosna I Hercegovina" inscription for Muslim government in Sarajevo, 1995: Dayton Peace Accord divided nation between Croats, Muslims and the Serbs, 1997, Sep. 14: first postal tax stamp.
Bosnia and Herzegovina, forged issues: 1: 1900 Coat of Arms, Scott 11-21. 2: 1900 Coat of Arms, Scott 22-24. 3: 1906 Emperor Franz Josef, Scott 45. 4: 1912 Jaice, Scott 62. 5: 1912 Konjica, Scott 63. 6: 1912 Vishegrad, Scott 64. 7: 1913 girl, newspaper stamps, Scott P1-P4.
Bosnia and Herzegovina (Herceg Bosna): Croat Administration in Mostar: currency: 100 paras = 1 dinar (1993), 100 lipa = 1 kuna (1994), 100 pfennig = 1 mark (1998) 1993, May 12: first stamp, 1999, Nov. 22: last issue.
Bosnia and Herzegovina (Republika Srpska): Serb Administration in Banja Luca currency: 100 paras = 1 dinar, 100 pfenning = 1 mark (1998) 1992, Oct. 26: first stamps.
Bosnia Erzegovina: (It.) Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Bosnie et Herzégovine: (Fr.) Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Bosnien: (Dan.) Bosnia.
Bosnien-Hercegovina: overprint on stamps of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Yugoslavia, 1918.
Bosnien i Herzegowina: inscriptions on Bosnia and Herzegovina stamp, 1906-12.
Bosnien und Herzegowina: (Ger.) Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Bosniensk: (Dan.) Bosnian.
Bostgebiet: Lithuania overprint on stamps of Germany, German occupation, 1916-17.
Boston: Mass.: 1849-51: semi-official local carriers' stamps; see: Carriers' stamps.
Boston & Albany R.R. Co.: private parcel delivery serviced Boston & Albany Railroad Co., used stamps, 1880s.
Boston & Bangor Express Co.: private parcel firm serviced Boston, Mass and various towns in Maine; used labels; c1885.
Boston & Gardner Express: private parcel firm serviced Boston, Mass and Gardner, Mass, used a label, year unknown.
Boston & Providence Despatch Express Co.: private parcel firm serviced Mass., Conn., and Rhode Island.; used a label.
Boston counterfeit: the US 2¬Ę stamp of the 1922 series, look for a large and out-of-proportion "S" in Washington, plus variations in the perforations.
Boston Hartford & Erie R.R. Express: private express serviced stations on the Boston, Hartford & Erie Railroad, used a label; mid-1860.
Boston Hotels Coach Co's Baggage Express: local baggage firm serviced Boston, Mass.; used a label, year unknown
Boston Independent Express Cop.: serviced, Boston, Mass., used a label, year unknown.
Boston island: bogus label from American Journal of Philately.
Boston, Lowell & Nadhua Railroad Co.'s Express Department: railroad station package delivery serviced the railroad; used a label, year unknown.
Boston Parcel Delivery Co.: private parcel delivery firm serviced Boston, Mass.; used labels, year unknown.
Boston Parcel Post: parcel delivery firm serviced Boston, Mass., used a label; 1848.
Boston Shoe Fair: poster stamp promoting a show in 1939.
Boston Street Car R.P.O.: consisted of seven circuits, 1896.
Boston Tea Party Stamps: nickname for the 1765 Stamp Act stamps even though these stamps had nothing to do with the Boston Tea Party.
Boten: 1: local stamps of Hamburg, term taken from inscription Hamburger Boten, 1861; 2: (Ger.) messenger (postman).
Botenbrief: (Ger.) private courier letter.
Botenmeister: (Ger.) messenger (postmen) supervisor.
Botenordnung: (Ger.) regulations for messengers (postmen).
Botschaft: (Ger.) message.
Botswana: formerly British Bechuanaland Protectorate - Southern Africa; currency: 100 cents = 1 rand, 100 thebe = 1 pula (1976) 1888: overprint on Cape of Good Hope stamps, followed by overprints on British stamps, 1966, Sept. 30-67: "Republic of Botswana" overprint on stamps of Bechuanaland Protectorate; 1966, Sept. 30: No.1 2 ¬Ĺ cent multicolor; first stamp issued, 1967, Mar.1: first postage due stamp issued, 1968, Jan. 12: joined the UPU; see Bechuanaland Protectorate.
Bottle Mail: first tested by Theophrastus, Greek philosopher, about 300 BC who launched bottles with messages and determined that the Mediterranean Seas's water came from the Atlantic Ocean.
Bottom: lowest side of anything.
Bouah: Egypt: see: Interpostal seals, 1879-84.
Bou Armado: (Sp.) civil war naval marking for armed trawler.
Bouchir: (Fr.) Bushire.
Boughies: (Fr.) candles; French Colony revenue inscription.
Bought in: auction term for a lot where seller literally bought the lot back against the book and/or floor bidder; an unsold lot.
Boughton's Express: freight and baggage firm serviced Brooklyn and New York City; used a label, year unknown.
Bousfield & Poole: private die match proprietary stamps.
Boulak: see: Interpostal seals, 1879-84.
Boule de Moulins: sealed zinc balls to carry mail; 1870-71: French attempt to use the River Seine to carry mail in boules from Moulin to Paris when Paris was under siege.
Bounce back: commercial mailers term for undeliverable mail; see padding. commercial mailers term for undeliverable mail; see padding.
Bourg d'Orsans: local provisional, France, 1944.
Bourgueil: local provisional, France, 1944.
Bournemouth and District: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Bournemouth Life Guard: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Bourse: a market place, such as a stamp show, where stamps are bought, sold or exchanged.
Bourse aux Timbres: (Fr.) stamp market.
Boutell & Maynard: private die match proprietary stamps.
Bouton's Manhattan Express: S. Allan Taylor label.
Bouton's Manhattan Express: local post serviced Manhattan, N.Y.; used a stamp, year unknown.
Bouton's Post, Franklin City Despatch Post: U. S. local post, New York, N.Y., 1847.
Bouton's Post, Manhattan Express: U. S. local post, New York, N.Y., 1847
Bouton's Post, City Dispatch Post: U. S. local post, New York, N.Y., 1848.
Bouvenkant: (Dut.) top.
Bouvet-märkena (Norge): (Swed.) Bouvet stamps (Norway).
Bouvet √Éňúya: Norway handstamp, about 1970s, as overprint for Bouvet Island, commemorates the visit of British Vice-Admiral Evans to the island in 1934, repudiated by Norwegian government; in 1955 and 1960-70s, South Africa had a survey team land on the island; in 1958, Italian expedition landed on island; covers and cachets exists for all these expeditions.
Bowers & Dunham: private die match proprietary stamps.
Bowery Post-Office: S. Allan Taylor label.
Bowlsby Coupon Essay: stamp with a coupon attached that was to be detached by the postmaster when the stamp was sold; to prevent reuse of stamp; original patent called for tearing away part of the stamps; used on a variation of the 1¬Ę 1861 Franklin stamp; invented by G. W. Bowlsby.
Boxborough-Oxford: bogus local post, U.S.
Box Cancel: marking within a frame, usually contains a city and date of application.
Boxed marking: marking that is set within a frame, may be handstamp or printed marking in margin of sheet of postage stamps.
Boxer labels: 23 engraved privately printed labels, depicting heavyweight champions of the world; drawn by well-known stamp artist Czeslaw Slania; forgeries exist.
Boxers: a Chinese anti-foreign secret society.
Boxer Uprising, China: see China, Boxer Uprising.
Boxlink: New Zealand Post express delivery.
B√ɬły: (Nor.) fold.
Boyaca: department of Colombia; 1750-post: Spanish handstamps in use, 1834: forwarding agents cachets known, 1847:US Mail Despatch Agency used stamps of USA with red grid cancel, 1899: first provincial stamps, 1902-04: stamps of Colombia.
Boyce's City Express Post: U. S. local post, New York, N.Y., 1852.
Boycott British Goods: inscription on propaganda labels, India.
Boyd's City Express: U. S. local post, New York, N.Y., 1844-67.
Boyd's City Dispatch: U. S. local post, New York, N.Y. 1874-77, change in name.
Boyd's Dispatch: U. S. local post, New York, N.Y. 1878-82, change in name.
Boyd's City Post: U. S. local post, New York, N.Y. envelopes, 1864-78.
Boy Scout issue: Boy Scout Association national and international jamboree commemoration of event by host nation, also used to commemorate the boy scouts.
Boys in Blue: inscription on Hawaiian post cards; used for prestamped cards given to servicemen leaving for the Spanish- American War zone.
Bozze: (It.) proof.
Bozzetto: (It.) design, artwork printed portion of a stamp, as distinguished from the surrounding margin of blank paper.
B P: 1: booklet pane; 2: Bundespost (Germany Federal Post).
B P A: 1: British Philatelic Association; 2: Bahnpostamt (Ger.) railway post office.
B P C: Belgian military postmark, Bureau de Poste de Campagne.
BPCV.P.K.: (Fr./Flem.) Belgian military postmark, Bureau de Poste de Campagne, veld Post Kantoor.
"B" Perforator: purchased May 28, 1862, used for stamp sheets too narrow for the "A" perforator, used for small stamp sheets since the line of holes was only 12 inches long.
B P F: British Philatelic Federation, Great Britain.
"Bpitish": overprint variety on British East Africa overprints.
B P O: 1: British Post Office. 2: Base Army Post office, military postal facility to separate bulk mail.
B press: a three-color Intaglio Giori webfed combination press used by the BEP starting about 1976; officially called Press 701.
Br, br'n: (Ger.) catalog abbreviation for brown (braun) overprint or surcharge.
BR: Brazil, country code as used by UPU.
B R: overprint, indicating consular stamp sold in Brazil, 1920s: on SCADTA Colombia stamps.
B. R. A.: overprint, British Railway Administration late letter fee; 1901: on stamps of China during Boxer rebellion.
BRA: international postal code for Brazil.
Brac, Brac Franco: island in the Adriatic Sea; stamps of Jugoslavia overprint; 1943: stamps of Yugoslavia unauthorized overprint by Germany, 1944, May: charity stamps printed when occupied by Germany, never issued.
Bradbury, Wilkinson & Co. Ltd.: British stamp printing firm.
Bradbury Wilkinson Co.: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Bradford & Co.'s Express: local parcel firm serviced Boston and Plymouth, Mass., used labels; c 1880s.
Bradford Insurance Co.: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Bradway's Despatch: U.S. local post, Millville, N.J., between Philadelphia and Millville, 1857.
Brady & Co. : U.S. local post, New York, N.Y., 1857.
Brady & Co. Chicago Penny Post: U.S. local post, Chicago, Ill., about 1860.
Braekstad & Co.: private local post at Trondhejm (Drontheim), Norway, Nov. 1865.
Brainard & Co.: U.S. local post, New York, N.Y., 1844.
Brake Shoe: a variety found on the 11¬Ę Caboose stamp of the Transportation coil series; appears as a semi-circular line that follows the outside curve of the front wheel.
Branca Bros. (Fernet Branca): inscription on Medicine stamp; see Private die proprietary stamps.
Branch: name given to a post office that is a subsidiary of the main post office.
Branch Post Office: 1: local handstamp, New York, N.Y., 1847. 2: In U.S. a subsidiary postal station located outside corporate limits of the city to which attached.
Branco: (Port.) white (color).
Branded stamps: another term for perfins, stamps perforated with initials or designs.
Brandenburg: local, Germany, Stadtbrief-Beförderung Courier, 1896-1900.
Brandkastzegels: (Neth.) Marine Insurance stamps.
Brandreth, B.: inscription on Medicine stamp; see Private die proprietary stamps.
Branford Wool: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Brasil: (Nor., Port., Sp.) Brazil.
Brasile: (It.) Brazil.
Brasilien: (Ger., Swed.) Brazil.
Brasilsk: (Nor., Swed.) Brazilian.
Brasshat: U.S. Navy code name during WW II for Amphibious Training Group, SW Pacific.
Bratislava: formerly Pressburg, Czechoslovakia.
Brattleboro: Vermont, US postmaster's provisional stamps, 1846.
Braun: (Ger.) brown, coffee or chocolate (color).
Braunschweig: (Ger.) Brunswick, German State, also known as Brunswick.
Brazil: North and East Coast, South America; official name of postal administration: Empresa Brasileira de Correios e Telégrafos currency: 100 centavos = 1 cruzeiro (1942), 100 centavos = 1 cruzado (1986), 100 centavos = 1 cruzeiro (1990) 1798, Jan. 20: Royal postal service started between Portugal and Brazil, 1822: Empire of Brazil declared independence, 1843, Aug. 1: No.1, 30 reis black; first stamps, the "Bull's Eye" issue, 1851: British Royal Mail took over control, British and French markings used, 1860: stamps of France used with anchor cancel, 1866-74: stamps of Britain used at ports, 1877, July 1: joined the UPU, 1889: first postage due, newspaper stamp issued, 1890: issues of the Republic of Brazil, 1900: first commemorative stamp issued, 1906: first official stamp issued, 1927, Dec. 8: first air mail stamp, 1928: first air mail stamp issued, 1934, Sept. 16: first semipostal stamp issued.
Brazil: 1: local airmail, ETA, 1920s; 2: Colombian Airline Postal Service, SCADTA, 1921-23. 3: local airmail, Syndicato Condor, 1927; 4: local airmail, Varig, 1920s. 5: (Hung.) Brazil.
Brazil, forged issues: 1: 1894-97 Sugarloaf Mountain, Scott 112. 2: 1889 postage due, Scott J4.
Brazília: (Hung.) Brazilian.
Brazílie: (Czech.) Brazil.
Brazilien: (Dan.) Brazil.
Brazilik: (Dan.) Brazilian.
Brazil Mail Steamship Company: started service Jan. 1866, subsidized by the American government which required it to carry mail.
Brazilsk: (Dan.) Brazilian.
Brazilsky: (Czech.) Brazilian.
Brazowy(o), Brazowawy(o): (Pol.) bronze, bronzish (color).
Brazza: see: Brac.
Breakdown die proofs: see: Schernikow die proofs.
Breast cancer: US non-denominated semi-postal stamp, value 32, 33, 34¬Ę, July 29, 1998.
Brechou, Brecqhou: island off coast of Sark, Great Britain local carriage label, 1969.
Brecon & Merthyr Railway: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Breedgerand, Breedrandig: (Neth.) large margins.
Bree's Express: private mail and parcel firm serviced routes of the Morris and Essex Railroad and Sussex Railroad to northern N.J. and New York City; used a label; 1950s.
BréfhirÅ¡ing: (Ice.) general name for smallest Iceland post offices.
Breit: (Ger.) wide, large.
Brefmärke: (Fin.) "letter stamp" used on steamships, carrying mail, local post serving Finnish cities, late 1800s.
Breitemarke: (Ger.) oversized, wide stamp.
Breitenausdehnung: (Ger.) with wide (broad) margins.
Breitrandig: (Ger.) wide margins.
Breiz: bogus labels for French province.
Brekk: (Nor.) crease.
Breme: (Fr.) Bremen.
Bremen: German State; located in northwestern Germany; 1784: Thurn and Taxis had office in Bremen, 1810: Bremen annexed to French Empire, 1813: Bremen became a Free City again, 1855, Apr. 10: No.1, 3 grote blue; first stamps, 1868, Jan. 1: stamps of the German Confederation, 1870: became part of the German Empire, 1872, Jan.: German stamps issued.
Bremen: locals Germany, 1: Briefbeförderung Hammonia, 1886-87; 2: Packetfahrt Bremen, 1900; 3; Privat-Briefbeförderungs-Anstalt, 1896-1900.
Brésil: (Fr.) Brazil.
Bresil Calais: (Fr.) border entry date stamp from Brazil to Calais, France.
Bresilien: (Ger.) Brazil.
Breslau: now known as Wroclaw, Poland.
Breslau: locals, Germany; 1: Breslauer Packetfahrt Gesellschaft, 1896-1906; 2: Breslauer Stadtpost Courier, 1896-1900; 3; Breslauer Transport-Bureau, 1890-94; 4: Briefbeförderung Hammonia, 1886-87; 5: Dientsmanns-Institut, 1867; 6: Hansa-Zeitungsspedition und Incasso, 1900; 7: Neue Breslauer Expres-Packet-Brieförderung, 1886-87; 8: Privat-Stadtbrief-Brieförderung Hansa, 1893-1900; 9: Stadtbriefbeförderung-Neue Stadtpost, 1896-1900.
Bretagne: bogus issue.
Brett: (Nor.) crease, fold.
Brev: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) postage stamp on cover.
Brevbärare: (Swed.) mail man, mail carrier, post man.
Brevbudsauktion: (Dan.) mail bid sale.
Brevframsida: (Swed.) cover front (only).
Brevklip: (Dan.) postage stamp(s) on a piece of paper or envelope.
Brevklipp: (Swed.) postage stamp(s) on paper clipping.
Brevkort: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) postal card.
Brevkort, Dubbelt (med Betalt Svar): (Swed.) doubled Postal Card (with the "Reply Paid" portion).
Brevkort dubbla: (Dan. Nor., Swed.) doubled postcard.
Brevlåda: (Swed.) letter box, mail box, mail drop, post box; see Postbox.
Brev med innehål: (Swed.) cover with enclosure.
Brevsamlingar: (Swed.) cover collections.
Brevstykke: (Dan., Nor.) postage stamp(s) on a piece of paper or envelope.
Brevstycke: (Swed.) postage stamp(s) on a piece of paper or envelope.
Brev till Utlandet: (Swed.) covers addressed to foreign destinations..
Brewer & Co.'s Express: local parcel firm serviced Boston and Charlestown, Mass, used a label; 1800s
Brezen: (Czech.) March (month).
Brf: brief, envelope, cover.
Br. Fr.: (Fr.) Brigades Frontieres; inscription on Swiss soldier stamp from a French-speaking unit.
Brick's Express: local parcel firm serviced Boston, Mass. and part of Maine; used a label, year unknown.
Bridge: the tiny piece of paper that holds stamp together in a perforated multiple before they are torn apart.
Bridge perforation: the portion of paper between perforation holes that extends between adjoining stamps.
Bridge postmark: circular postmark with two lines across the center containing date, known as a "bridge."
Bridgeville, Al. Paid 5: see: Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Bridgeville: US Alabama, Confederate postmaster's provisional, 1861.
Brief: 1. (Dut., Ger.) letter, envelope, cover. 2. (Neth.) cover.
Briefbeförderung Deutscher Herold: local post, Frankfurt am Oder, Germany, 1886-1900.
Briefbestellung: local, Duisberg, Germany, 1896-1900.
Briefbestellung Kraus: local, Dusseldorf, Germany, 1895-1900
Briefbewertung: (Ger.) cover pricing.
Briefbogen: (Ger.) letter sheet.
Briefdatum: (Ger.) date of letter.
Briefgeb√ɬľhr: (Ger.) letter postage.
Briefh√ɬľlle: (Ger.) envelope.
Briefkaart: (Dut.) postcard.
Briefkarte: (Ger.) letter card.
Briefkasten: (Ger.) mail box.
Briefkuvert: (Ger.) envelope.
Briefmarke: (Ger.) postage stamp.
Briefmarken auf Briefm.: (Ger.) stamp on stamps thematic
Briefmarkenauktion: (Ger.) stamp auction.
Briefmarkenausstellung: (Ger.) postage stamp exhibition.
Briefmarkenbörse: (Ger.) postage stamp bourse.
Briefmarkengeld: (Ger.) encased postage stamp used by Austria in July 1923.
Briefmarkenhändler: (Ger.) stamp dealer.
Briefmarkenkunde: (Ger.) knowledge of stamps.
Briefmarkenk√ɬľnstler: (Ger.) designer or engraver of postage stamps.
Briefmarkenpaket: (Ger.) package of stamps.
Briefmarkenpr√ɬľfer: (Ger.) stamp expert.
Briefmarkensammler: (Ger.) stamp collector.
Briefmarkensammlung: (Ger.) collection lot; an auction lot comprising of a mounted or unmounted country, topical, etc. collection, which normally is viewed previous to bidding.
Briefomslag: (Dut.) envelope.
Briefpost: (Ger.) letter post.
Briefpreis: (Ger.) price of cover.
Briefr√ɬľckseite: (Ger.) back of cover.
Briefsammlung: (Ger.) collection of covers.
Briefst√ɬľck: (Ger.) cut square of cover or post card, on piece.
Briefstuk: (Neth.) postage stamp(s) on a piece of paper or envelope.
Brieftaubepost: (Ger.) pigeon mail.
Briefträger: (Ger.) letter carrier.
Briefumschlag: (Ger.) cover.
Briefumschlag: (Ger.) envelope or cover.
Briefvoorzijde: (Neth.) cover front.
Briefvorderseite: (Ger.) cover front.
Brigata Garibaldi: local, Italian liberation, 1944.
Brigg's Despatch: U.S. local post, Philadelphia, Pa., 1847-48.
Brighton Private P.S.: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Brillante: (Sp.) shiny, glossy, surfaced paper.
BRINDIV: British Indian Division, Indian Army, 1984.
Brink's Chicago City Express: local parcel express firm serviced Chicago area; used a corner card and stamps; 1859-1929.
Brinkerhoff: Brinkerhoff Vending Machine Co.: sold stamps in imperforate condition and also added private perforation to fit their machine.
Brinkerhoff Company: Brinkerhoff Company: Sedalia, Mo., Clinton, Iowa manufacturers of stamp vending machines, 1906-12, distinct perforation.
Brique: (Fr.) brick red (color).
Brisé: (Fr.) broken.
Bristol Emergency Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Bristol Omnibus Co.: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Brisure: (Fr.) break.
Brit: (Hung.) British.
Britanic: (Rom.) British (adj.).
Britain: see: Great Britain.
Britain Strike Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Brittania Letter Service: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Britannia type: name given to stamp design showing the full face of Britannia: used for early stamps of Barbados, Mauritius and Trinidad, 1851-83.
Britannien: (Ger.) Britain.
Britannique: (Fr.) British.
Brit ‚Äįszak-Borneo: (Hung.) British North Borneo.
Brit Guyana: (Hung.) British Guiana (Guyana).
Brit Honduras: (Hung.) British Honduras (Belize).
Brit Indiai √É‚Äúce√ɬ°ni Ter√ɬľletek: (Hung.) British Indian Ocean Territories.
Britisch Guiana: (Ger.) British Guiana.
Britisch Honduras: (Ger.) British Honduras.
Britisch Kolumbia undae Vancouverinsel: (Ger.) British Columbia and Vancouver Island.
Britische Marken im Ausland Verwendet: (Ger.) British stamps used abroad.
Britisch Ostafrika: (Ger.) British East Africa.
Britische Post auf den Bahamas: (Ger.) British post office in the Bahamas.
Britische Post auf den Insel Ionische: (Ger.) British post office in the Ionian Islands.
Britische Post auf den Seychellen: (Ger.) British post office in the Seychelles.
Britische Post in √É‚Äěgypten: (Ger.) British post office in Egypt.
Britische Post in Bermudainseln:/ (Ger.) British post office in Bermuda.
Britische Post in Hongkong: (Ger.) British post office in Hong Kong.
Britische Post in Japan: (Ger.) British post office in Japan.
Britische Post in Jamaika: (Ger.) British post office in the Jamaica.
Britische Post in Kanada: (Ger.) British post office in Canada.
Britische Post in Neufundland: (Ger.) British post office in Newfoundland.
Britische Post in Neuseeländ: (Ger.) British post office in New Zealand.
Britische Post in S√ɬľdafrika: (Ger.) British post office in South Africa.
Britische Post in Zypern: (Ger.) British post office in Cyprus.
Britische Salomoninseln: (Ger.) British Solomon Islands.
Britisches Weltreich: (Ger.) British Empire.


(Data Above sourced from "Ask Phil" and other sources. Last edit 5/Aug/2008 Amhazing)

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BR to BZ


British: overprint variety (should be British) on British East Africa overprints.
British Air Ferries: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
British American Bank Note Company: stamp printers of Canadian stamps 1868-97, 1930-34.
British and American Express Company: private mail and parcel firm serviced northeastern U.S. and Canadian border towns; used a label; 1850s.
British & Irish Magnetic Telegraph Co.: stamp of British private telegraph company.
British Antarctic Territory: formerly part of Falkland Island Dependency; 1962: became separate colony, 1963, Feb.1: first stamps as part of British Commonwealth omnibus issues.
British Australian Colonies: 1891, Oct.1: became affiliated with the UPU, 1907, Oct.1: changed UPU affiliation to British Colonies and Possessions.
British Bechuanaland: see Bechuanaland, British.
British Central Africa (B.C.A.): former British territory in Africa; 1891-95: stamps of Rhodesia overprinted "B.C.A," 1895-1907: inscription of British Central Africa Protectorate, 1908: name changed and stamps used of Nyasaland Protectorate, which became independent as the Republic of Malawi..
British Central Africa (B.C.A.): 1891-95: stamps of Rhodesia overprinted "B.C.A," 1895-1907: inscription of British Central Africa Protectorate.
British Central Africa Protectorate: see: British Central Africa.
British closed mail: prepaid mail for foreign countries sent through the British postal system, 1849.
British colonial (stamp): term used for issues of Great Britain, Dominions, Colonies, Protectorates and Mandated territories of Great Britain.
British Colonies and Possessions, Oriental Africa: 1895, Dec.1: joined the UPU, 1901, Apr.1: changed UPU affiliation to Oriental Africa and Uganda.
British Columbia: Pacific coast of Canada; 1860: first stamp as British crown colony, 1865, Nov.1: first separate stamps when united with Vancouver Island as British Columbia, 1866, Nov.19: some stamps surcharged as British Columbia, 1871, July 20: became a Canadian province, see: Canada.
British Columbia: local, Canada; Dietz and Nelson Express, 1862-71.
British Columbia and Vancouver Island: Canadian province; 1847: first post office at Victoria, 1860: external communications were via U.S. expresses, such as Wells Fargo, US stamps sold, 1865: superseded by separate issues, 1866; united as part of Canadian Confederation, 1871, July 20: became a Canadian province as part of British Columbia, see: Canada.
British Consular Mail: stamps issued 1884-87 for consular postal service; see: Madagascar, Great Britain Consulate.
British Durduras: bogus, British Colonial Royal Wedding frames from book Surreal Stamps and Unreal Stickers.
British East Africa: part of East Africa, currently Kenya; currency: 16 annas = 1 rupee 1888: firm received charter as Imperial British East Africa Company, 1890, May 23: No.1, ¬Ĺ anna lilac; "British East Africa Company" overprint on stamps of Britain, 1890, Oct.: stamps inscribed and handstamp of "British East Africa Company," 1895: under direct control of British administration, 1895-97: overprint on stamps of India, 1896-1903: stamps inscribed "British East Africa Protectorate," 1895-97: overprint "British East Africa" on stamps of Zanzibar, 1903: area changed and stamps inscribed "East Africa and Uganda Protectorate," 1903: East Africa and Uganda stamps used, 1963, Dec. 12: named Kenya.
British East Africa Company: 1890-94: overprint on stamps of Great Britain.
British East Africa, forged issue: 1890-94 light and liberty, Scott 29.
British East Africa Protectorate: 1896-1903: inscription on stamps of Great Britain.
British European Airways: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
British Flying Post Office: label from Argentina for Rowland Hill centenary.
British Forces, Egypt: effective 1932-1941; 1932, Nov.1-Feb. 29, 1936: seals valid as stamps issued to British forces and their families with a special postage rate for mail to Great Britain, applied to the back of mail, 1936-Apr.1943: Army Post inscription used.
British Guiagu: bogus, British Colonial Royal Wedding frames from book Surreal Stamps and Unreal Stickers.
British Guiana: Central America, on northeast coast of South America; currency: 100 cents = 1 dollar 1850, July 1: first stamps as British Crown Colony, called "cotton reels," 1851: No.1, 2 cents pale blue, 1856: crowned circle "PAID" mark used, 1858-60: stamps of Britain used on mail to Britain, 1875: first official stamp issued, 1918: first semipostal, War Tax stamps issued, 1940: first postage due stamp issued, 1966, May 26: became an independent republic and renamed Guyana.
British Guiana 1¬Ę magenta: term used for the unique 1856 1¬Ę magenta stamp, also known as The Penny Magenta.
British Honduras: now Belize - Central America; currency: 12 pence = 1 shilling, 100 cents = 1 dollar (1888) 1786: letters from Jamaica known, 1798: under British authority, 1800: "Belize" handstamp used on foreign mail, 1857: London branch Post office opened, 1858-60: stamps of Great Britain used, 1862: British colony administered from Jamaica, 1866, Jan.: No.1, 1 penny blue; first definitive issue, 1871: declared Crown Colony, 1884: became independent colony, 1866, Jan.: first stamps, 1923: first postage due stamp issued, 1932: first War Tax stamp issued, 1939: Guatemala claimed area in its map issue (Sc.296), 1960: became a Crown Colony, 1973: changed name to Belize, 1984, Jan. 1: became self-governing.
British Honduras: inscription, Deafforestation, unissued Great Britain cinderella by David Horry, 2001.
British Honduras: local; Caye Service, 1895.
British Indian Ocean Territory (BIOT): British-owned islands in the Indian Ocean; currency: 100 cents = 1 rupee, 100 pence = 1 pound (1990) 1965, Nov. 8: established as a Crown Colony, 1968-pre: stamps of Mauritius or Seychelles valid, 1968, Jan. 17: first stamps issued, 1968: No.1, 5 cent multicolor; stamps of Seychelles overprinted B.I.O.T, 1969: mails have been carried by m.v. Nordvaer, with a temporary post office, 1976: mail is entirely military, 1976, June 23: islands Aldabra, Farquhar and Des Roches islands transferred to Seychelles and Seychelles stamps used, 1980: name changed to Zil Eloigne Sesel then to Zil Elevagne Sesel.
British Inland Mail: stamps issued at Antananarivo (Madagascar); 1895, Jan.-Sept.: French fleet blockade; mail carried by runner to Vatomandry.
British Levant: British post offices in the Turkish Empire; 1832: British embassy mail started, 1854, Nov.: Constantinople opened an Army post office, 1854: British stamps used, 1885, Apr. 1: first British stamps issued with surcharge, 1905: stamps of Great Britain overprinted "Levant," 1914, Sept. 30: post offices closed, 1916: Levant stamps for Salonica, 1918-20: British Army post office in Constantinople opened, 1921: stamp issued British occupation of part of the old Ottoman Empire, 1920-23: overprinted stamps used.
British Military Administration of Malaya: 1945, Oct. 19: first stamps issued, 1945-48: Straits Settlements stamps overprinted BMA Malaya used, 1948-post: states issued their own stamps, but BMA overprint was used to 1951.
British Military Administration of North Borneo: 1945, Dec. 17: first stamps of North Borneo overprinted B.M.A.
British Monmon Islands: bogus, British Colonial Royal Wedding frames from book Surreal Stamps and Unreal Stickers.
British Naiana: bogus, British Colonial Royal Wedding frames from book Surreal Stamps and Unreal Stickers.
British New Guinea: former name for Papua; 1883, Apr. 4: annexed by Queensland, 1888, Sep. 4: post offices opened at Port Moresby and Samarai, 1888: cancels were barred ovals with letters NG or BNG, along with a dated stamp, 1901, July 1-05: first stamps issued, 1902: transferred to Australia, 1906, Sep. 1: name changed to Territory of Papua, 1907: definitive issue, 1949: Papua and New Guinea, 1972: Papua New Guinea, 1975: independence.
British Occupation: 1918, Dec. - July 1920: overprint on stamps of Russia, "Batum" overprint, occupied by British Forces.
British Occupation of Batum: overprint on stamps of Batum; see Batum
British Occupation of Italian East Africa: 1941, Jan.: British forces invaded former Italian colony, along with Eritrea, Somalia and most of Ethiopia; used regular British stamps, 1942, Mar. 2: British stamps overprinted "M.E.F." (Middle East Forces) used in Eritrea, 1942, Mar. 23: Ethiopian postal services resumed operations, 1942, Apr. 13: British stamps overprinted "E.A.F. (East African Forces) used in Somalia, 1948, May 27: British stamps overprinted "B.M.A. Eritrea and "B.M.A. Somalia" (British Military Administration), 1950, Jan-Feb.: Military administration ended; new stamps overprinted "B.A. Eritrea" and "B.A. Somalia" issued, 1950, Mar. 31: Somalia turned over to a United Nations Trusteeship, stamps demonetized, 1952, Sep. 15: Eritrea annexed to Ethiopia.
British Occupation of Libya: 1943: British forces occupied Cyrenaica and Tripolitania; stamps of Britain overprinted "M.E.F." (Middle East Forces), 1948, July 1: British stamps overprinted "B.M.A. Tripolitania" (British Military Administration), 1949, June 1: Cyrenaica established as an autonomous station, 1950, Jan. 16: New stamps depicting King Idris, 1950, Feb. 6: Military Administration ended; new stamps overprinted "B.A. Tripolitania," 1951, Dec. 24: Kingdom of Libya formed, included Cyrenaica, Tripolitania and Fezzan-Ghadames.
British Offices in Beirut: 1873-1914: stamps of Great Britain, British Levant, 1906, July 2: provisional issued.
British Offices in China; various cities; 1844: consular treaty port post offices opened, 1862-post: all mail canceled B62 in Hong Kong, 1862-1917: first stamps, Hong Kong, 1917: first overprinted stamps of Hong Kong, "China," 1922, Nov. 30: all offices were closed except for Wei-hai-wei, 1930, Oct. 1: stamps withdrawn, handed back to China. British Offices in Crete: British zone of joint administration includes France, Italy, Russia; 1898-1900: stamps issued until establishment of autonomous government.
British Offices in Eastern Arabia: 1963, Mar.30: first British agency post office opened, 1963, Mar.30-March 29, 1964: used stamps of British postal administration in Eastern Arabia, 1967, Jan.1: local service starts.
British Offices in Japan: 1859-Dec.1879: Yokohama, used stamps of Hong Kong from 1864, 1860-Dec.1879: Nagasaki, used stamps of Hong Kong from 1866, 1869-Dec.: (Hyogo), used stamps of Hong Kong from 1876.
British Offices in Morocco: 1857-86: used stamps of Great Britain, postmarked at Gibraltar, 1886-1907: placed under control of Gibraltar, 1898-1906: used stamps of Gibraltar, and Great Britain, 1907-56: used stamps of Great Britain, overprinted, currency surcharge in Spanish, plus separate issues used in Spanish Zone, French Zone and Tangier, 1917-Jan. 8, 1938: used stamps of Great Britain surcharged in French, 1927-pre: Tangier used stamps of Great Britain without overprints.
British Offices in the Turkish Empire: 1885-pre: British stamps used, 1885: British stamps overprinted "Levant" or surcharged in Turkish currency, 1914, Oct. 1: British post offices closed, 1919, Mar.: British post offices reopened, 1923, Sep. 27: British post offices closed. see: British Levant.
British Philatelic Federation: formed 1976 as umbrella federation for British philatelic societies, closed 1993; see Association of British Philatelic Societies
British postal administration in Eastern Arabia: stamps of Great Britain surcharged in Indian currency, 1948, Apr.1-Jan. 6, 1961: Dubai, 1948, Apr.1-April 29, 1966: Muscat, 1950-57: Qatar, 1960, Dec.-March 29, 1964: Abu Dhabi, 1951, 1953: Kuwait, Bahrain. British postal strike: started Jan. 20, 1971, ended March 8, 1971: involved 220,000 postal employees: it was legal for private firms to deliver mail and many made their own stamp labels for the occasion.
British Postal Strike: On Jan. 20, 1971, British postal workers started a seven-week strike; private delivery services created for local delivery to bringing mail to Europe for remailing, strike ended Mar. 8, 1971.
British Post Office: British government took over the American colonial postal system, 1707.
British Post Office Act of 1657: listed international towns of commercial importance.
British Post Offices in Morocco: currency: 40 paras = 1 piaster, 12 pence = 1 shilling (1905) 1857-86: used stamps of Great Britain, postmarked at Gibraltar, 1886-1907: placed under control of Gibraltar, 1898: No.1, 5 centimos green;(Spanish currency) used stamps of Gibraltar, and Great Britain, 1907: stamps of Great Britain in British currency, 1907-56: used stamps of Great Britain, overprinted, currency surcharge in Spanish, plus separate issues used in Spanish Zone, French Zone and Tangier, 1917-Jan. 8, 1938: used stamps of Great Britain surcharged in French, 1927-pre: Tangier used stamps of Great Britain without overprints.
British Post Offices in the Turkish Empire: currency: 40 paras = 1 piaster, 12 pence = 1 shilling (1905) 1854, Nov: British Army P.O. as sorting and forwarding office for forces in Crimea, 1885, April 1: No. 1, 40 paras lilac; British stamps overprinted "Levant" or surcharged in Turkish currency, 1919, Mar.-1922: Smyrna post office reopened with unoverprinted stamps, 1923, Sep. 27: British post offices closed. see British Levant.
British Protectorate Oil Rivers: Niger Coast Protectorate; 1892-93: overprint on stamps of Great Britain.
British Rail Parcels LS: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
British railway letter stamps: used from 1891-1941; in 1920, rate increased from 2d to 3d bringing causing surcharges on current inventory.
British Solomon Islands: British protectorate in the West Pacific Ocean; 1893: southern islands, British territory, 1896: New South Wales first stamps, postmarked Sydney, 1907, Feb. 14: first stamps as British Protectorate, postage to Australia and then stamps of New South Wales necessary, 1907, Sept. 3: joined the UPU, 1940, Sept.1: first postage due stamp issued, 1942: Japanese invasion, post offices closed, 1943, July: post office opened on Guadalcanal, 1946: Guadalcanal closed, replaced by Honiara, 1975: name changed from British Solomon Islands to Solomon Islands, 1978, July 7: became independent, 1982, May 3: first semipostal stamp issued,
British Somaliland: 1903: overprint on stamps of India; see: Somaliland Protectorate.
British South Africa Company: Rhodesia; currency: 12 pence = 1 shilling, 20 shillings = 1 pound 1841-53: Livingston sent mail to Great Britain, via casual caravans or ships, 1875-76: mail send from Transvaal, 1888-92: stamps of British Bechuanaland used, 1888, Aug.: mail sent from Tati in Bechuanaland Protectorate, 1890, Jan. 2: first stamps for British South Africa Company, 1890: horse post established, 1898: railway from Beira to Umtali, 1889: administered by the British South Africa Company, 1909, Apr. 15: first stamps overprinted with name "Rhodesia," 1923: area divided and portion became British Crown Colony of Rhodesia. 1924: remaining territory formed Protectorate of Northen Rhodesia, 1924: remainders of issues 1892-1910 sold to stamp dealers, 1953, Sep.3: Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, see Rhodesia, Rhodesia and Nyasaland.
British Telegraph Co.: stamp of British private telegraph company.
British Vice Consulate Antananarivo: 1884-86: Madagascar; see: British Consular Mail.
British Virgin Islands: islands in the West Indies, southeast of Puerto Rico; currency: 12 pence = 1 dollar, 20 shillings = 1 pound, 100 cents = 1 U.S. dollar (1951), 100 cents = 1 dollar (1962) 1666-pre: under Dutch control, then to Britain, 1858: British stamps used at Tortola on overseas mail, 1866: Virgin Islands stamps issued under British control, 1890-1956: Leeward Island stamps used with those of BVI, 1916: War Tax stamp issued, 1917-pre: western portion under Danish rule, then U.S. rule, 1917: first semipostal stamp issued, 1935: first pictorial stamp issued, 1956: became a separate Crown Colony, 1967: new constitution, became an Associated State under Britain, 1968, Jan. 2: first "British Virgin Islands" stamp issued to avoid confusion with US Virgin Islands.
British Zone: plus American and Russian occupying powers; 1946-48: one issue, overprinted with pattern of posthorns, for occupation of Germany, 1948-49: "Deutsche Post" inscription used.
Britisk: (Dan., Nor.) British, see Storbritannien
Britská Guyana: (Czech.) British Guiana (Guyana).
Britská Honduras: (Czech.) British Honduras (Belize).
Britská Kolumbia: (Czech.) British Columbia.
Britská Panenské Ostrovy: (Czech.) British Virgin Islands.
Britisk Centralafrika: (Dan.) British Central Africa.
Britiske Salomon√ɬłer: (Dan.) British Solomon Islands.
Britiske skibspost: (Dan.) British ship mail (ship post).
Britiske skipspost: (Nor.) British ship mail (ship post).
Britiske Sone: (Nor.) British Zone.
Britiske Zone: (Dan.) British Zone.
Britisk Guiana: (Dan.) British Guiana.
Britisk Honduras: (Dan.) British Honduras.
Britisk Jomfru√ɬłerne: (Dan.) British Virgin Islands.
Britisk Jomfru√ɬły : (Nor.) British Virgin Islands.
Britisk Nordborneo: (Dan.) British North borneo.
Britisk Nyassaland: (Dan.) British Nyassaland.
Britisk √Éňústafrika: (Dan.) British East Africa.
Britisk Post i Afrika: (Dan.) British Post Offices in Africa.
Britisk Post i Kina: (Dan.) British Post Offices in China.
Britisk Post i Marokko: (Dan.) British Post Offices in Morocco.
Britisk Post i √Éňúst Afrika: (Dan.) British Post Offices in East Africa.
Britisk Post i Tyrkiet: (Dan.) British Post Offices in the Turkish Empire ( Levant).
Britisk Post i Udlandet: (Dan.) British Post Offices Abroad.
Britisk Salomon√ɬłer: (Dan.) British Solomon Islands.
Britisk Somaliland: (Dan.) British Somaliland.
Britsky: (Czech.) British.
Brit Szomália: (Hung.) British Somaliland.
Brittin's Express: local parcel firm serviced Newark, N.J. and New York City; used labels; 1850s.
Brittisk: (Swed.) British (adj.), see Storbritannien.
Brittiska Burma: (Swed.) British Burma.
Brittiska Centralafrika: (Swed.) British Central Africa.
Brittiska Columbia: (Swed.) British Columbia.
Brittiska Guyana: (Swed.) British Guiana (Guyana).
Brittiska Honduras: (Swed.) British Honduras.
Brittiska Jungfruöarna: (Swed.) British Virgin Islands.
Brittiska Militära Flygpoststämplar (Island): (Swed.) WWII British military Royal Air Force cancellations (Iceland).
Brittiska Nordborneo: (Swed.) British North Borneo.
Brittiska Nyasaland: (Swed.) British Nyasaland.
Brittiska Salomonöarna: (Swed.) British Solomon Islands.
Brittiska Västindien:(Swed.) British West Indies.
Brittiske skeppspost: (Swed.) British ship mail (ship post).
Brittiske Zon: (Swed.) British Zone.
Brittisk militärpost: (Swed.) British field post offices.
Brittisk Militärpost (Island): (Swed.) WWII British military mail (Iceland).
Brittisk Post på Afrika: (Swed.) British Post Offices in Africa.
Brititsk Post på Kina: (Swed.) British Post Offices in China.
Brittisk Post på Marocko: (Swed.) British Post Offices in Morocco.
Brittisk Post p√ɬ• √Éňústafrika: (Swed.) British Post Offices in East Africa.
Brittisk Post på Tyrkiet: (Swed.) British Post Offices in the Turkish Empire (Levant).
Brittisk Post på Udlandet: (Swed.) British Post Offices Abroad.
Brittisk Salomonöer: (Swed.) British Solomon Islands.
B R M: USPS term for business reply mail.
Brno: formerly known as Brunn, Czechoslovakia.
Broadway Postal Service: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Broadway Post Office: U.S. local post, New York, NY, 1848.
Broken circle: printing variety in which a circle that appears on the stamp is defective.
Broken (fractured) gum: final appearance of gum caused by application while paper passes through the gum-fracturing machine, which is used to counteract paper curl.
Broken hat: variety seen on the 2¬Ę 1893 Columbian issue found in the hat of the knight standing to the left of Columbus. The lines in the hat brim are broken.
Broken Hill: now known as Kabwe, Zambia.
Broken letters: malformed letters in the stamp inscription caused by damage or deterioration in the printing plate or cylinder.
Broken set: an incomplete set of stamps that doesn't contain all the values.
Broken type: letter in an overprint or surcharge where the face is damaged so that there is no complete impression.
Bromberg: local, Germany, Stadtpost Hansa, 1896-1900; now known as Bydgoszcz, Poland.
Bromide: photo of the artwork reduced to the actual size of the stamp printed on bromide paper.
Bronce: (Sp.) bronze (color).
Bronnytzy: (now Bronnitsy) Russian town in Moscow Oblast ca. 32 miles SW of the city of Moscow; issued several local Rural Post stamps (1868-1905, the local post being suppressed in 1905), see Zemstvo.
Brons: (Swed.) bronze (metallic color).
Bronse: (Nor.) bronze (metallic color).
Bronsefarget: (Nor.) bronze (color).
Bronsgroen: (Neth.) bronze-green (metallic color).
Bronsgrön: (Swed.) bronze-green (metallic color).
Bronsegr√ɬłnn: (Nor.) bronze-green (metallic color).
Bronson & Forbes City Express Post: U.S. local post, Chicago, Ill. 1855.
Bronz: (Rom.) bronze (metallic color).
Bronzegr√ɬłn: (Dan.) bronze-green (metallic color).
Bronzen: (Ger.) bronze (color).
Bronzo: (It.) bronze (color).
Brooklyn City Express Post: U.S. local post, Brooklyn, N.Y., 1855-64.
Brooklyn Independent Carriers: local post of Brooklyn, N.Y., 1846-55.
Brookman: United States based stamp catalogs of U.S., U.N., and Canada.
Brook's Express: local parcel firm serviced Kingston, Mt. Auburn and Boston, Mass.; used a label; late 1800s
Brotkartenpapier: (Ger.) bread ration ticket paper, used for printing 1919 stamps of Lithuania.
Brown: coffee or chocolate (color).
Brown (E) & Co. : U.S. local post, Cincinnati, Ohio, 1852-65.
Brown & Durling: inscription on Match stamp; see Private die proprietary stamps.
Brown & McGill's U.S.P.O. Despatch: 1858, Louisville, Ky; see: Carriers' Stamps.
Brown, C.F.: inscription on Medicine stamp; see Private die proprietary stamps.
Browne's Easton Despatch Post: U.S. local post, Easton, Pa., 1876 established for philatelic purposes by stamp dealer William P. Browne.
Brownout-franking: 1845-March 1847; U.S. department term for signatures required on mail sent by employees of their department to use the franking privilege.
Brown, Fred Co.: inscription on Medicine stamp; see Private die proprietary stamps.
Brown, John I. & Son: inscription on Medicine stamp; see Private die proprietary stamps.
Brown's City Post: U.S. local post, New York, N.Y., 1876.
BRU: international postal code for Brunei Darussalam.
Bruch (Spur): (Ger.) crease.
Bruchdruck: (Ger.) surface printing, typography.
Br√ɬľcke: 1: (Ger.) gutter between two stamps; 2: (Ger.) bridges, as a theme or topic.
Bruges: also known as Brugge, Belgium.
Brugparen: (Neth.) interpanneaux pair.
Brugsbrev: (Dan.) commercial cover.
Brugsm¦rke(r): (Dan.) definitive issues.
Brugt: (Dan.) used.
Bruin: (Dut.) brown (color).
Bruingeel: (Neth.) brownish-yellow (color).
Bruinlila: (Neth.) brownish-lilac (color).
Bruinrood: (Neth.) brownish-red (color).
Bruksbrev: (Swed.) commercial cover.
Bruksmärken: (Swed.) definitive issues.
Brukt: (Nor.) used, canceled.
Brun: (Dan., Fr., Nor., Rom., Swed.) brown, coffee or chocolate (color).
Brunakt grå: (Swed.) brownish-grey (color).
Brunakt grå-lila grå: (Swed.) brownish - grey-lilac grey (color).
Brunakt lila: (Swed.) brownish-lilac (color).
Brunakt Mörklila: (Swed.) brownish dark violet (color).
Brunakt Olivgrå: (Swed.) brownish olive-grey (color).
Brunakt orange: (Swed.) brownish-orange (color).
Brunakt orangeröd: (Swed.) brownish orange-red (color).
Brunakt röd: (Swed.) brownish red (color).
Brunakt violett: (Swed.) brownish-violet (color).
Brunatny(o): (Pol.) brown (color).
Brun-carmine: (Rom.) carmine-brown (color).
Brun-cenusiu: (Rom.) grey-brown (color).
Brunei: Sultanate of North Borneo under British protection; official name of postal administration: Postal Services Department, Ministry of Communications currency: 100 cents (sen) = 1 Malayan dollar 1888: under British protection, 1895: local post stamps issued for mail to and from Labuan, 1906, Oct.11: No.1, 1 cent violet and black; first stamps were overprints on stamps of Labuan, 1907: Brunei stamps issued, 1942-44: stamps overprinted in Japanese characters during occupation, 1945: British occupation, stamps of North Borneo and Sarawak overprinted B.M.A., 1947: Brunei stamps reappeared, 1971: became a self-government, 1984: became fully independent, 1985, Jan.15: joined the UPU.
Brunei Darussalam: Brunei.
Brunei, Japanese Occupation: see Brunei.
Brunfiolett: (Nor.) brown-violet (color).
Brun-galbui: (Rom.) yellowish-brown (color), see Bistru.
Brungrå: (Nor.) brown-grey (color).
Brun gris: (Fr.) grey-brown (color).
Brungul: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) brownish-yellow (color).
Brunguk: (Nor.) buff (color).
Brun-√ɬģnchis: (Rom.) dark brown, chestnut brown, maroon (color).
Brunkarmin: (Dan., Nor.) brown-carmine (color).
Brunlig: (Dan., Nor.) brownish (color).
Brunligfiolett: (Nor.) brownish-purple (color).
Brunligkarminr√ɬłd: (Nor.) brownish carmine-red (color).
Brunliglilla: (Dan., Nor.) brownish-lilac (color).
Brunliglillar√ɬłd: (Dan., Nor.) brownish lilac-red (color).
Brunligoker: (Nor.) brownish-ochre (color).
Brunligokker: (Dan.) brownish-ochre (color).
Brunligoliven: (Dan., Nor.) brownish-olive (color).
Brunligorange: (Dan.) brownish-orange (color).
Brunligoransje: (Nor.) brownish orange (color).
Brunligpurpur: (Dan., Nor.) brownish-purple (color).
Brunligr√ɬłd: (Dan., Nor.) brownish-red (color).
Brunligviolet: (Dan.) brownish-violet (color).
Brun-lila: (Rom.) lilac-brown (color).
Brunlilla: (Nor.) brown-lilac (color).
Brunn: now known as Brno, Czechoslovakia.
Bruno: (It., Port., Sp.) brown, coffee or chocolate (color).
Brunoker: (Nor.) brown-ochre (color).
Brunokker: (Dan.) brown-ochre (color).
Brun-olive: (Rom.) olive-brown (color).
Brunoliven: (Dan., Nor.) brown-olive (color).
Brunorange: (Dan.) brown-orange (color).
Brunoransje: (Nor.) brown-orange (color).
Brun-portocaliu: (Rom.) orange-brown (color).
Brunpurper: (Dan., Nor.) brown-purple (color).
Brunr√ɬłd: (Dan., Nor.) brown-red (color).
Brun-roscat: (Rom.) red-brown (color).
Brun rouille: (Fr.) rust (color).
Brunsort: (Dan.) brown-black (color).
Brunsvart: (Nor., Swed.) brown-black (color).
Brunsvil: (Czech.) Brunswick.
Brunswick: German State, also known as Braunschweig; located in Northern Germany; currency: 12 pfennings = 1 gutesgroschen, 30 silber groschen = 24 gutesgroschen = 1 thaler 1852, Jan. 1: first stamps depicting a "Leaping Saxon" horse, 1856: used diamond shape as cancel, 1868, Jan. 1: stamps of the North German Confederation, 1870: became part of the German Empire, 1872, Jan.: German stamps issued.
Brunswick printing: AMG (AM Post) stamps of Germany printed by Westermann of Braunschweig, Germany.
Brunswick Star: name given to a duplex cancel used at Edinburgh, Scotland in 1863-73, name taken from the breast-star in the Hanoverian Order of Brunswick.
Brunviolet: (Dan.) brown-violet (color).
Brunviolett: (Swed.) brown-violet (color).
Brussels, Bruxelles: Belgium precancel; local Courier Provisoire, 1914.
Bruten hörntand: (Swed.) bent (stamp) corner.
Bruttokatalog: (Ger.) priced catalog, subject to discount.
Bruun Local Post: see Christianssund - J. C. Bruun Local Post.
Bruxelles: surcharge precancel, 1929; also known as Brussels, Belgium.
Bryant & Co.s Express: local package delivery firm serviced Boston, Mass and Bangor, Maine; used labels, 1849.
Bryant & Manning's Express: local post firm serviced Boston, Mass and Bangor, Maine; used a label, 1854.
Bryant & Spear's Express: local post firm serviced Boston, Mass and Bangor, Maine; used labels, 1850.
Bryant's Express: local post firm serviced Boston, Mass and Bangor, and Penobscot, Maine; used labels, 1850.
Bryssel: (Fin., Nor.) Brussels, Bruxelles.
Brzeg: (Pol.) selvedge.
Brzeziny: city in German-occupied Russian Poland, local post overprint, 1918-20.
BS: 1: auction abbreviation for boy/girl scout theme; 2: Bahamas, country code as used by UPU.
B/s: auction abbreviation term for Backstamp, see Backstamp.
BSA: British South Africa.
B.S. & Co.: bogus college stamp, S. Allan Taylor.
BSIP: British Solomon Islands Protectorate.
BSMT: USPS abbreviation for basement.
Bst.: Zeppelin confirmation marking that the mail piece was carried.
Bstmp: abbreviation for backstamp, see: Backstamp.
B. T.: Board of Trade, perfins, or punch perforated on stamps of Great Britain, with a crown.
BT: Bhutan, country code as used by UPU.
Btlln: (Sp.) abbreviation for military force, battalion.
Btonn: paper watermarked with straight parallel lines.
BU: letter-code within cds (q.v.) assigned to Buccament, St. Vincent, BWI (1874-1882), 1871 pop. 88).
Bubble pack: container used for the over-the-counter retail sale of coils of 100 stamps.
Buccleuch find: rare British 1840 stamps found in 1946 in a desk belonging to the Fifth Duke of Buccleuch.
Buchanan: city in Liberia, registration inscription, 1893-1924.
Bucharest: also known as Bucuresti, Romania.
Buchdruck: (Ger.) typography, letterpress.
Buchstabestempel: (Ger.) letter cancel.
Buck, L. W. & Co.: private die match proprietary stamps.
Buck's Express: local post serviced Newark, N.J and New York City, used labels, 1861
Buck's Richmond Express: fantasy stamps printed during Civil War period, large range of stamps.
Bucles: (Sp.) curls, used to describe the 1855 watermark instead of lazos.
Bucureste: also known as Bucharest, Romania.
Bud: (Dan., Nor.) bid (at an auction).
Budcentralens Expresspost Hälsingborg: see Hälsingborg - A. Thene Budcentralens Expresspost.
Budliste: (Dan.) bid sheet.
Budweis: now known as Ceske Budejovice, Czechoslovakia.
Buegig: (Ger.) creased.
Buenos Aires: province in Argentina; currency: 8 reales = 1 peso 1771: earliest known postmarks, 1814: independent posts established, 1858, Apr. 29: No.1,1 peso light brown; issued own stamps as part of Argentine Confederation, 1860-73: stamps of Great Britain used, 1860-78: stamps of France used, 1862, Oct. 4: last issue of own stamps, became a province of Argentina.
Buffalo Balloon: see: Balloon Postage, Buffalo.
Buffer: an alkaline reserve added to paper.
Bug: (Ger.) crease.
Buggy whip: plate crack that appears on the 4.9c Transportation coil series stamp.
Bugulma: Russian town in Samara Oblast ca. 160 miles SE of Kazan (now capital of Tatarstan); issued over 20 different local Rural Post stamps (1882-1915), see Zemstvo.
Buguruslan: Russian town in Samara Oblast (now Orenburg Oblast) ca. 95 miles NE of the city of Samara; issued numerous local Rural Post stamps (1879-1915), see Zemstvo.
Buildings Study Group: study of the postal history and stamps of the emergency German 1948 building sets, Germany Philatelic Society, USA.
Buiten Bezit: Dutch Indies overprint for Java and Madura, 1908: outer possessions, to check the use of mail.
Buitos postales: (Sp.) inscription for parcel stamps of Mexico.
Bukovina: local overprint, bogus, Ukrainain, 1993.
Bulgar: (Rom) Bulgarian (adj.).
Bulgár: (Hung.) Bulgarian.
Bulgaria: former Turkish republic in the Balkans, Southeastern Europe; official name of postal administration: Bulgarian Posts currency: 100 stotinki = 1 lev, 100 centimes = 1 franc 1850s: used stamps of Turkey, 1878: "Greater Bulgaria" established, 1879, May 1: No.1, 5 cent black/yellow; first stamps issued, 1879, July 1: joined the UPU, 1884: first postage due stamp issued, 1885: absorbed Eastern Rumelia under rule of the Sultan of Turkey, 1908: independence from Turkey formalized, 1920, June 20: first semipostal stamp issued, 1917: Macedonia issue, but not used until1921, 1918-39: King Boris III, royal issues, 1925: Sunday delivery stamps, first postal tax stamp issued, 1927: first air mail stamp issued, 1942: first official stamp issued, 1946, Sept. 15: stamps of People's Republic issued; see AEB, AEBA.
Bulgária: (Hung.) Bulgaria.
Bulgaria, forged issues: 1: 1901 War of Independence, Scott 53-54. 2: 1902, Battle of Shipka Pass, Scott 70-72.
Bulgarian Occupation of Romania: an ally of Austria and Germany, 1916: overprint on stamps of Bulgaria for use in occupation of Romania.
Bulgarie: (Bul.) Bulgaria.
Bulgarien: (Dan., Ger., Nor., Swed.) Bulgaria.
Bulgarisk: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) Bulgarian
Bulgarska carska pochta: bogus, Bulgarian Royal Posts, 1964.
Bulharsko: (Czech.) Bulgaria.
Bulharsky: (Czech.) Bulgarian.
Bulk mail: mail that is rated for postage partly by weight and partly by the number of pieces in the mailing; USPS term.
Bulk e-mail: direct mail advertising to large numbers of addresses via e-mail.
Bulk rate: low denomination stamps for use bulk mail.
Bulk rate USA: 1. eagle/shield design, US non-denominated postage stamp, value 10¬Ę, 1991. 2. auto design, US non-denominated stamp, value 10¬Ę, issued March 10, 1995.
Bulldog Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Bulle: (Fr.) manila (color).
Bulletin d'expedition: (Fr.) a parcel card that could be delivered to the addressee as a notice of a package's arrival, upon receipt of the parcel, the recipient signed the parcel card, which was kept by the post office.
Bull, John, Dr.: inscription on Medicine stamp; see Private die proprietary stamps.
Bullock Mail: bullock carts carried mail between Allahabad and Delhi, India, between 1846 and 1904.
Bull's eye: Aug. 1, 1843: first issue of Brazil consisting of an intricate circular design.
Bull's eye cancellation: postmark in which the city, state and dates have been placed directly on the center of a stamp or block of stamps; also known as socked on the nose (SON).
Bumbunga Province: bogus Australian secessionist state three hectares north of Adelaide.
Bumper: post office term for cancellation on second, third and fourth class matter.
Bund: (Ger.) federation, federal.
Bund Deutscher Philatelisten (BDPh): (Ger.) Association of German Philatelists.
Bundesmarke: (Ger.) German Federal Republic postage stamp.
Bundespost: (Ger.) German Post Office.
Bundespr√ɬľfer: (Ger.) a competent authority recognized as being qualified to certify the identification, authenticity or other status of philatelic materials; now just called Pr√ɬľfer.
Bundesdruckerei: (Ger.) Berlin, Germany security printer
Bundesrepublik Deutschland: (Ger.) Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany).
Bundi: India Feudatory State; 1894, May-1902: first stamps, 1902-15: stamps of India used, 1915-48: used own stamps, 1939: separate stamps discontinued, 1948-50: used stamps of Rajasthan, 1950, Apr. 1: replaced by stamps of the Republic of India.
Bundi service: India, Bundi officials, 1919.
Bundleware: old time stock of stamps that were bundled and tied together with string.
Bundt: (Dan.) bundle.
Bunt: (Swed.) bundle.
Buntfrankatur: (Ger.) a cover with at least three stamps of different colors.
Bunol: local, Spanish civil war, 1937.
Buque: (Sp.) ship, used in ship markings, thematic.
Buque Minador: (Sp.) civil war naval marking for minelayer.
Buque Prision: (Sp.) prison ship, may be seen in an address.
Bur.: abbreviation for bureau.
Burdo: (Sp.) coarse.
Burdsal, J.S. & Co.: inscription on Medicine stamp; see Private die proprietary stamps.
Bureau: (Fr.) office(s), postoffice(s).
Bureau a l'étranger: (Fr.) post office abroad.
Bureau aux Armées: (Fr.) field post office.
Bureau de Départ: (Fr.) post office of origin.
Bureau de Destination: (Fr.) post office of delivery.
Bureau de Poste: (Fr.) post office.
Bureau de Poste Central: (Fr.) main or head post office.
Bureau d'Ambulants: (Fr.) mobile post office.
Bureau Inexistant: (Fr.) postal term for "No Such Post Office" return to sender.
Bureau International d'Education: Switzerland overprint for International Board of Education.
Bureau International du Travail: Switzerland; 1923-1950: official overprint for International Labor Bureau.
Bureau issues: stamps produced by theUS Bureau of Engraving and Printing.
Bureau Issues Association (BIA): now called the United States Stamp Society.
Bureau Militaire: (Fr.) army post office.
Bureau of Engraving and Printing (BEP): official US printer of currency; 1862, Aug. 29: started by overprinting the Treasury Seal and Treasury Notes; 1894, July 1: started producing US postage stamps.
Bureau precancels: stamps that are precanceled at the B.E.P. in Washington, D.C.
Bureau postal maritime: (Fr.) packet-letter post office.
Bureau print: precancellation applied by the BEP during the production of the stamp for use by post offices that required a large number of precancel stamps.
Bureaux Allemands: (Fr.) German Offices (Abroad).
Bureaux Américain: (Fr.) United States Offices (Abroad).
Bureaux Autrichien: (Fr.) Austrian Offices (Abroad).
Bureaux Britannique: (Fr.) British Offices (Abroad).
Bureaux Chinois: (Fr.) Chinese Offices (Abroad).
Bureaux Espagnols: (Fr.) Spanish Offices (Abroad).
Bureaux étranger: (Fr.) overseas post offices.
Bureaux Fran'ais: (Fr.) French Offices (Abroad).
Bureaux Grec: (Fr.) Greek Offices (Abroad).
Bureaux Hongrois: (Fr.) Hungarian Offices (Abroad).
Bureaux Indien: (Fr.) Indian Offices (Abroad).
Bureaux Italiens: (Fr.) Italian Offices (Abroad).
Bureaux Japonais: (Fr.) Japanese Offices (Abroad).
Bureaux Polonais: (Fr.) Polish Offices (Abroad).
Bureaux Russes: (Fr.) Russian Offices (Abroad).
Burelado: (Sp.) see: Burelage.
Burelage, Burelé, Burlage: (Fr., Sp.) a fine overall network of dots or lines printed on the surface of stamps in addition to the stamps design; was usually done to discourage counterfeiting. Burg: (Ger.) castle, as a theme or topic.
Burelering: (Nor.) see: Burelage.
Burgdorf: local airmail, Switzerland, 1913.
Burgenland: 1945: German stamps overprinted diagonally "Osterreich" for use in Burgenland.
Burgos: Spanish province; local overprint, Nationalist and Republican forces, 1936-37.
Burhans, D. & Co.: private die match proprietary stamps.
Buriatia: bogus Russian Federation Republic; local overprint and stamps, 1996?
Burilagem: (Port.) see: Burelage.
Burin: tool used by stamp engravers to engrave in steel.
Burjasot: local, Spanish civil war, Republican forces, 1937.
Burkina Faso: formerly French colony of Upper Volta, Northwestern Africa; currency: 100 centimes = 1 franc 1919: French territory of Upper Volta made a separate colony, 1920: No.1, 1 centime brown-violet; first stamps were Upper Senegal and Niger overprinted Haute-Volta (Upper Volta); first postage due stamp issued, 1928: issued own stamps, 1933: divided among French Sudan, Ivory Coast, and Niger Territory, 1958, Dec.11: named Upper Volta, 1959: stamps issued as Republic of Haute-Volta, 1963, Feb.1: first official stamp, 1961, Mar. 4: first air mail stamp, 1961, Apr. 7: first semipostal stamp, 1963, March 29: joined the UPU, 1984, May 23: first air mail stamps with new name, 1984, Aug. 4: name changed to Burkino Faso, "country of incorruptible men", 1984, Nov. 21: first regular issue stamps issued as Burkino Faso.
Burma: southeast Asia, south of China, part of British Indian Empire; now named Myanmar; currency: 12 pies = 1 anna, 100 pyas = 1 kyat (1953), 16 annas = 1 rupee 1826-Apr.1, 1937: part of British India, 1854, Oct.: stamps of India used for first time, 1887: river steamer temporary post offices established, 1937, April 1: No.1, 3 pies slate; stamps of India (1926-36) overprinted "Burma" when it became part of the British Commonwealth, 1937: first official stamps issued, 1938: Burma stamps, British Administration, 1943-45: Japanese occupation overprints and issues, 1942, May: Burmese emblem, the peacock, used as overprint during Japanese occupation, 1941-45: Stamps of India used by Imperial troops, 1947, Oct.: interim government overprint, 1948, Jan. 4: became Union of Burma as an independent nation, 1989: name changed to Myanmar, 1990: first stamps issued as Myanmar.
Burma, Japanese Occupation: see Burma.
Burma, Japanese Occupation, forged issues: 1: 1943 farmer plowing, Scott 2N30-2N37. 2: 1943 water carrier, Scott 2N41-2N43. 3: 1943 Elephant with log, Scott 2N44-2N48. 4: 1943 Mandalay Watchtower, Scott 2N49-2N50.
Burnett, Joseph & Co.: inscription on Medicine stamp; see Private die proprietary stamps.
Burnishing: removal of portion of an engraved design from a die, plate, or transfer roll; usually done to remove imperfections or re-work a design.
Burnham Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Burnley Chamber of Commerce: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Burr: uneven raised edge of surplus metal from engraver's tool, prints as a flaw.
Burriana: local, Spanish civil war, Republican forces, 1937.
Burritt, Elihu: (1810-1879) proponent of Ocean Penny Postage as a drastic reduction in an established set of postal rates in use by many different nations.
Burrus, Maurice: stamp collector who is depicted on a set of Liechtenstein 1968 stamps.
Burse Express Co.: local parcel firm serviced Brooklyn, N. Y. and New York City.
Bursztynowy: (Pol.) amber (color).
Burundi: UN Trusteeship territory (Ruanda-Urundi) administered by Belgium, Central Africa; currency: 100 centimes = 1 franc 1899-1914: as Urundi, part of German East Africa, 1914-62: administered by Belgium under a United Nations mandate, 1953: overprint "Royaume du Burundi" on Ruanda-Urundi (1959-61), 1962, July 1: No.1, 25 centimes green/orange; became independent nation, 1962, Sep.27: Burundi stamps issued, 1963, Feb.15: first semipostal stamp issued, 1963, April 6: joined the UPU, 1964, July 2: first air mail stamp issued, 1966, Nov. 28: military coup overthrew monarchy, declared a republic, 1967: "Republique du Burundi" overprinted on Royaume du Burundi issues (Scott 111, 113, 116, 118-25, 141-52, 154-56), 1967: first stamp with inscription of Republique du Burundi.
Burutu: city in Southern Nigeria; 1896-1899: Royal Niger Company handstamp used on stamps of Great Britain.
Buryatia, Republic of: illegal labels, purporting to be stamps, as per Jan. 14, 2002, Russian Federation report to the UPU; not valid for postage.
Bury's City Post: U.S. local post, New York, N.Y., 1857.
Busch, Charles: private die match proprietary stamps.
Bushehr: formerly Bushire, Iran.
Bushire: Persian Gulf port; 1915, Aug. 8-Oct. 16: British occupation now known as Bushehr, Iran.
"Bushire under British Occupation": overprint on stamps of Iran (1911-13). 1914-15: "Bushire under British Occupation" Persian stamps overprint.
Bush's Brooklyn City Express: U.S. local post, Brooklyn, N.Y., 1848 (?).
Business Facilities: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Business Reply Mail (BRM): specially printed postcards, envelopes and labels that may be mailed without postage prepayment; postage and fees are collected when the mail is delivered back to the original sender; usually a license and deposit are required.
Business school stamps used by business colleges in their courses to demonstrate business practices.
Bus parcel stamps: private labels issued by bus firms to prepay freight charges on parcels carried on their routes.
Bussahir: India Feudatory State, Punjab; 1895, June 20: first local stamps, 1901, Mar.31: cancelled obsolete stamps (Rampur 19 MA 1900) sold to stamp trade, 1901, Mar.31: stamps of British India used. 1950, Apr. 1: replaced by stamps of the Republic of India.
Bussfraktmärken (Soumi): (Swed.) bus parcel stamps (Finland).
Busspaket: (Fin.) Finland parcel post.
Busta: (It.) cover, an envelope or a postally used envelope or one with a postal cancellation.
Busta primo giorno di emissione: (It.) first day of emission.
Bustees: India States term for hamlets.
Butler & Carpenter: engraver and printer of US revenue stamps.
Butlin's Holidays For a King: inscription, unissued Great Britain cinderella by David Horry, 2001.
Butterfield Overland Mail: service began Sept. 15, 1858, between St. Louis and San Francisco, taken over by Wells Fargo.
Butterflies of Victoria: butterfly-like cancel; 1850-52: used for the first issues of Victoria.
Button: U.S. Navy code name during WW II for Espritu Santo Island, New Hebrides Islands.
Buu-chinh, Buu-Chinn: Vietnam.
Buy bid: practice whereby a bidder instructs an auctioneer or auction agent to purchase a lot regardless of the ultimate hammer or final price; rarely accepted by auction houses since two "buy bids" on same lot would create chaos.
Buyer's premium: auction term for percentage premium added to the final price of a lot, and retained by the auctioneer as part of the commission for selling the lot; also known as buyer's fee or the tip.
Buy prices: price a buyer is willing to pay for certain stamps or other philatelic items.
B√ɬľy√ɬľk Britanya: (Turk.) Great Britain.
Buzon: (Sp.) posting or mail box.
Buzones columnas: (Sp.) pillar, or mailing boxes in streets, as opposed to those in post offices.
Buzones tranvias: (Sp.) posting boxes on Madrid, Barcelona and Bilbao tramcars.
Buzones vapores: (Sp.) posting boxes on ships in regular service between the Spanish mainland and the Balearic Islands of Ceuta, Melilla, and the Canary Islands.
Buzulul: Russian town in Samara Oblast (now Orenburg Oblast) ca. 90 miles ESE of the city of Samara; issued over 20 different local Rural Post stamps (1876-1915), see Zemstvo.
B V C C A R I: overprint; 1918: naval victory commemorated on Fiume stamps.
B. V. I.: British Virgin Islands.
BW: 1: abbreviation for "bankwissel" bank draft revenue overprint of Orange Free State; 2: Botswana, country code as used by UPU.
B.W.: Bahnoff Warschau (Ger.) Warsaw railway station.
B. W. & Co.: Bradbury, Wilkinson, stamp printers, Great Britain.
B. W. A.: British West Africa.
B W I: British West Indies.
B W I S C: British West Indies Study Circle, Great Britain.
B.X.Y. Express Co.: Brigham Young and Hiram Kimball received a mail contract with stations from Independence, Mo. to Salt Lake City, 1857; no notations are known from this mail service.
By: (Nor.) 1. to bid (at an auction). 2. town, city.
BY: Belarus, country code as used by UPU.
Byam, Carlton & Co.: private die match proprietary stamps.
Byde: (Dan.) to bid.
Bydgoszcz: formerly Bromberg, Poland.
Byezhetsk: Russian town in Twer (Russ. Tver) Oblast; issued over 30 different local Rural Post stamps (1872-1894, the local post being suppressed in 1896), see Zemstvo.
Byelorussia: see Belarus.
Bypass mail: mail that does not require postal preparation before outgoing distribution.
Bypost: (Dan., Nor.) local post
By Post letters: mail picked up by post riders on the London-Edinburgh post route in the 1630s; see:Allen, Ralph.
By Post stamps: local stamps issued by Danish and Norwegian towns in the 19th century.
Byrd: Richard E. Byrd Antarctic Exploration, 1933US stamp commemorates his flights over South Polar regions.
Bytown: now known as Ottawa, Canada.
Bz: (Ger.) catalogue abbreviation for bronze overprint or surcharge.
BZ: Belize, country code as used by UPU.


(Data Above sourced from "Ask Phil" and other sources. Last edit 5/Aug/2008 Amhazing)

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PostPosted: Sat Aug 02, 2008 13:27:20 pm 
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RED Shooting Star Posting MANIAC!
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Location: Australian Capital Territory
[center]C to CA[/center]

CA: 1: Crown Agents, watermark on stamps of the British Commonwealth. 2: overprint on stamps of Colombia, sold in Canada for SCADTA airline mail to Cuba. 3: Caisse d'Amortissement, (Fr.) overprint / surcharge on French semipostal, to reduce national debt. 4: auction firm abbreviation for Commonwealth of Australia. 5: USPS abbreviation for California. 6: Correspondance de l'Arrondissement (Fr.) official mail, 1836-38. 7: auction abbreviation for catapult mail.
C.A.B.: Condetta Antonio Bissoni, Venetian, 1732-33.
Cabecera de Hoja: (Sp.) heading or top marginal inscription of a stamp sheet.
Cabeza del Buey: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937.
Cabezones: (Sp.) "Big Heads" term for stamps of Spain, the "Franco Head" issues after 1955.
Cabinda: part of the People's Republic of Angola; 1894-1920: known as Portuguese Congo when it had its own stamps, 1920: used stamps of Angola; see Portuguese Congo.
Cabinet Noir: (Fr.) black closet, censorship of mail in 16th century France.
Cabinettst√ɬľck: (Ger.) very fine copy.
Cabo Blanco: see Rio de Oro.
Cabo de Buena Esperanza: (Sp.) Cape of Good Hope.
Cabo Delgado: bogus, Nyassa Company, Portuguese Mozambique province, 1890s.
Cabo Gracias a Dios: (Sp.) "Cape Thanks to God" overprint on province of Nicaragua, 1904-09; 1905: first stamps issued, "Cabo," "C," "Costa Atlantica" overprints to prevent currency manipulation, own stamps required because currency was based on silver, while rest of Nicaragua used paper money used to fill dealers' orders, never regularly issued or used, 1907: overprinted "Costa / Atlantica / C," first official stamps used overprint "Cabo," 1909: overprinted "C / Dpto.Zelaya," Zelaya, province of Nicaragua required separate stamps due to currency differences, see Nicaragua, Zelaya.
Cabo Jubi: surcharge on stamps of Rio de Oro, for Cape Juby, 1916; see Cape Juby.
Cabo Juby: overprint on stamps of Rio de Oro, Spain (1919-33), Spanish Morocco, (1934-48) for Cape Juby; see Cape Juby.
Cabo Verde: inscription on stamps of Spanish Administration, Portuguese Africa, Cape Verde Islands; see Cape Verde.
Cabra: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937.
Cabus Publicus: Roman postal service, app. 250 BC.
CAC: Chapter Activities Committee, American Philatelic Society.
Caceres: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937.
Cach, Cht: auction abbreviation for cachet(ed).
Caches: overprint on postage dues of France and French Colonies; for use in French India on postage dues.
Cachet: 1: a rubber stamp or printed impression on an envelope which describes the event for which the envelope was mailed; cachets are used for first days of issue, first flights, naval events, stamp exhibitions, etc. 2: rubber stamp or seal, not postal. 3: small marks made by dealers, experts on backs of stamps as marks of authenticity or identification. 4: can be privately applied or officially applied by a post office; also known as "Signum."
Cachet à Date: (Fr.) date stamp.
Cachet à Date Circulaire: (Fr.) circular date stamp.
Cachet à Main: (Fr.) handstamp, a hand-held device for printing that is struck on an ink pad, and then applied to paper.
Cachet au Dos: (Fr.) backstamp; postmark applied to back of incoming mail to show date and time of receipt at the receiving post office.
Cachet Circulaire: (Fr.) circular cancellation.
Cachet de Bord: (Fr.) on board cancel.
Cachet de C√ɬģre: (Fr.) seal (wax).
Cachet de Fantaisie: (Fr.) fancy cancellation.
Cachet de Fortune: (Fr.) improvised cachet.
Cachet de Garantie: (Fr.) French proprietary stamp guaranteeing that goods with stamp affixed are genuine.
Cachet de la Localite: (Fr.) town postmark.
Cacheted Cover: an envelope bearing a type of decoration, tied in to the design of the stamp or a special event.
Cacheté(e): (Fr.) sealed.
Cachet en Bois: (Fr.) wooden hand stamp.
Cachet en Caoutchouc: (Fr.) rubber handstamp.
Cacheter: (Fr.) to seal.
Cachet Faux: (Fr.) forged cancel.
Cachet Maker: someone who designs and produces cachets, either for sale or for personal use
Cachet Manuel: (Fr.) hand cancel.
Cachet Méchanique: (Fr.) machine cancel.
Cachet Muet: (Fr.) special cancellation, temporary.
Cachet Postale: (Fr.) postmark.
Cachet Rond: (Fr.) circular cancellation.
Cachet Spécial: (Fr.) special cancellation.
Cactées: (Fr.) cactus, thematic subject.
Cacto: (It., Sp.) cactus, thematic subject.
Cactus: US Navy code name during WW II for Guadalcanal Island, British Solomon Islands.
C.a.D.: (Fr.) cachet à date; dated postmark.
Cadaques: bogus issue for Spain, see Evans, Donald.
Cadastre: (Fr.) Registration of Deeds; French Colony revenue inscription.
Caderneta (de selos): (Port.) booklet (of postage stamps).
Cadiz viva Espa√ɬĪol: Cadiz, city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local semipostal surcharge, Nationalist, Republican forces, 1936-37.
Cadmus Express Co.: local freight firm, serviced Norwich and New York Line steamboats, operated in Boston and New York City, used a label, year unknown.
Cadre: (Fr.) frame, border, the outer decorative border of a stamp design.
Cadres Varies: (Fr.) different ornaments used on same type of stamp.
Cady, Charles L.: sip that carried mail between San Francisco and Fort Sacramento, 1847.
Cafeniu: (Rom.) coffee (color).
Cafeniu-brun: (Rom.) coffee-brown (color).
Cale ferata: (Rom.) railroad, railway.
Cage: a secure, enclosed area in a postal facility, where registered mail and other accountable mail is kept, USPS term.
C.A.H.: Charles A. Hall, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher Initials, Siderographer.
Caicos Islands: Caribbean island chain; part of the Turks and Caicos Islands; 1981, July 24: No.1,1 cent multicolor, Turks and Caicos Islands stamps overprinted "Caicos Islands," 1985, Dec. 5: last stamp issued, see Turks and Caicos Islands.
Caillie, Rene, explorer: common design on stamps of the French Community of Nations, 1939.
Caimanes: (Fr.) Cayman Islands.
Cairns Colonial Club Resort: cinderella stamp from Cairns, Australia.
Cairo: 1: city in Egypt, Interpostal Seals used 1864-84, see Interpostal Seals. 2: French post offices opened Nov. 1865-March 1875.
Caisse d'Amortissement: (Fr.) Sinking Fund inscription for reduction of national debt, semipostal issue; 1927-31, overprinted / surcharged "CA" 1927.
Caja Postal de Ahorros: (Sp.) Post Office Savings Bank, used as a cancel on letters.
Cala: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist forces, 1936-37.
Calanas: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist, 1936.
Calasparra: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist, 1937.
Calcado en el Reverso: (Sp.) offset design on the back of a stamp due to ink on stamp sheet underneath not being dry.
Calchi, Carchi: island in the Dodecanese Sea, Aegean Islands, between Greece and Turkey; 1912: No.1, 2 centesimi orange-brown, occupied by Italy, 1912-29: overprint, "Carchi," "Calchi" and " Karki" on stamps of Italy, 1930, 1932: two sets overprinted with island's name issued, now part of Greece. 1912-32: stamps of Italy overprinted with names of islands: Calchi , Calimno, Caso, Coo, Fero, Fisso, Nisiro, Patmo, Piscopi, Rhodes, Scarpanto, Simi and Stampalia, 1943-45: German occupation, 1945, June 11: British post offices opened, British Middle East Forces, 1947: British post offices closed, stamps of Greece stamps used since.
Calcio: (It.) football, thematic subject.
Calcograbado: (Sp.) printed by chalcography; a process of engraving on copper or brass, copper-plate engraving.
Caldas: Correos Departmentales (Sp.); local post, Department of Caldas, Colombia, 1931.
Calderillas de Carton, Calderillas de Cartulina: (Sp.) low value coin-like cardboard discs with a postage or fiscal stamp stuck on the front, Spanish coat of arms on the back; 1938-March 31,1939: issued in the civil war Republican Zone until the end of hostilities to help alleviate the shortage of small change.
Caldes de Malavella: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937.
Caldes de Montbui: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937.
Caldes d'Estrac: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937.
Caldey: local post, island off the coast of Wales bearing owner's name, issued labels, 1973.
Caledonian Courier: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971.
Caledonian Railway Company: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971.
Calendar Collector: one who saves a date cancel on a postage stamp for every day of the year.
Calender: paper maker term for passing paper through a series of chilled metal rollers when a smooth surface is desired.
Calf of Man: Great Britain local post carriage label, 400 different labels were printed, 1962-72.
Cali: district in Colombia, 1902.
Calidades Diversas: (Sp.) average, sound copy, not too heavily postmarked.
Calif.: abbreviation for California prior to Zip Code usage.
California: ceded from Mexico Feb. 2, 1848; became a state Sept. 9, 1895.
California City Letter Express Co.: US local post, San Francisco, CA., 1862-66
California Penny Post Co.: US local post, California and Nevada, 1855-59.
California State Telegraph Company: US telegraph stamps issued for use on firm's telegrams, 1870-75; originated booklets of telegraph stamps.
Calimno: see Calino.
Calino, Calimno: island in the Dodecanese Island, Aegean Sea, between Greece and Turkey; 16th century-post: under Turkish rule, 1912-pre: used stamps of Turkey, 1912: No.1, 2 centesimi orange-brown, overprint / surcharge "Calimno" on stamps of Italy, 1916: used Italian stamps without overprints, 1920: Turkey ceded group to Italy, 1929: Aegean islands' general issues, 1930,1932: sets overprinted with island's name, 1943, Sept.: became part of Greece, 1943: reoccupied by German forces, 1945: liberated by Allied forces, 1945, July 4: British Post offices opened as Calymnos, stamps of Britain overprinted "M.E.F." (Middle East Forces), when islands transferred to Greece, 1947, Mar. 31: British post offices closed; stamps of Greece overprinted "S.D.D." (Dodecanese Military Occupation), 1947, July: stamps of Greece used; name changed to Kalimnos; see M.E.F.; S.D.D.
Caliphate of Soma: bogus, Artistamp, private label producer.
Calla: caused by overinking of "Callao" on stamps of Peru.
Callao: Peru overprint on stamps of Chile for city of Callao, Chilean Occupation, 1879-82.
Callaway, Kingdom of: bogus, ads overprinted on US stamps for a homecoming celebration.
Callosa de Segura: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937.
Calosc Pocztowa: (Pol.) postage stamp on cover; (postal) entire.
Caluda, Territoires (Katibo): bogus South America issue, see Evans, Donald.
Calve Island: small island off the coast of Mull; Scotland bogus label, 1970s?
CAM: see Contract Air Mail.
Camaguey: see Puerto Principe.
Cambiamento: (It.) alteration.
Cambio: (Sp.) 1: alteration, pocket change, exchange rate. 2: cancels refer to Foreign Section Sorting Offices; see Estafeta de Cambio.
Cambio de Color: (Sp.) change of color, variation.
Cambodge: (Fr.) Cambodia.
Cambodia: southeastern Asia, between Thailand, Vietnam and Laos, aka Kampuchea, Khmer Republic; Official name of postal administration: Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications Currency: 100 cents = 1 piaster, 100 sen = 1 riel (1955) 1863, Aug.11: French protectorate, 1887: incorporated into Union of Indo-China, used stamps of Indo-China, 1936, Nov. 20: stamps of Indo-China inscribed "Cambodge," 1941: constitutional monarchy established, 1944, Mar.: king proclaimed independence, Kingdom of Cambodia, 1945: French rule restored, 1946, Jan.7: became autonomous kingdom within French Union, 1951, Nov.3: No.1, 10 cent dark blue-green, first stamps after independence, became a member of the French Union, stamps inscribed "Royaume du Cambodge," 1951, Dec. 21: joined the UPU, 1952, Oct. 20: first semipostal stamp issued, 1953, Apr. 16: first air mail stamp issued, 1953, Nov. 9: independence from France, 1954, Dec.1: overprint "International Commission Cambodia" on stamps of India, 1955, Sep. 25: left French Union to become fully independent, 1957: first postage due stamp issued, 1970, Oct. 9: Khmer Republic proclaimed, 1971, Mar.18: "Republique Khmere" inscribed on stamps, 1975, Apr.: Khmer Republic name changed to Democratic Kampuchea, 1979: name changed to People's Republic of (Democratic) Kampuchea (Republique Populaire du Kampuchea), 1989: inscription on stamps "Etat du Cambodge," State of Cambodia, 1993: Kingdom of Cambodia; UN sponsored elections, stamps inscribed "Royaume du Cambodge."
Cambogia: (It.) Cambodia.
Cambrian Railway: Wales local post.
Cambridge: local posts, United Kingdom; training stamps for practice instruction on how to properly address, frank and post a letter. 1: Queens' College, 1883. 2: Saint John's College, 1883-85. 3: Selwyn College, 1882;
Cambridge Emergency P.S.: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971.
Cambridgeport Express Co.: parcel firm serviced Cambridgeport and Boston, Mass.
Camden Emergency P.S.: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971.
Camden, S.C. Paid 5, 10: see Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Camel Postman: Sudan stamp design, 1897 to 1940.
Camels: 1: carried official dispatches between Army posts in US 1853-56, no markings known. 2: used to carry mail throughout North Africa, Middle East and Central Asia.
Cameo Head: 1: round or oval portrait used as part of a stamp's design. 2: resembles cameo jewelry; reverse of ivory head, latter is a whitish head on a blued paper background, former shows a bluish head on a more of less whitish paper background; cause of this reverse effect is unknown. 3: early watermark variety on some Great Britain and Colonies blue-paper issues.
Cameo Private P.S.: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971.
Cameos of The Gambia: June 1880; cameo art at its best; cameos featuring Queen Victoria.
Cameroons: western Africa, between Equatorial Guinea and Nigeria; Official name of Postal Administration: Ministère des Postes et Tèlècommunications Currency: 100 pfennig = 1 mark, 12 pence = 1 shilling, 100 centimes = 1 CFA franc 1882, Aug. 10: German Protectorate, Reichs Post office authorized "Postal Steamer;" used stamps of Germany, 1887, Feb. 1: used stamps of Germany at Duala with "Kamerun" cancel, 1897-pre: stamps of standard German designs overprinted "Kamerun," 1900: No.1, 3 pfennige yellow-brown, "Kamerun" inscription on standard German Colonial design stamps, called forerunner usage, 1900, Nov.: "Kaiser's" yacht S.M.S. Hohenzollern design series, 1914, Aug.14 -16: captured by Allied forces, 1915, July: Britain surcharge C.E.F. (Cameroons Expeditionary Force) on stamps of Germany, 1915, Nov.10: overprint, "Corps Expéditionnaire Franco-Anglais Cameroun," on stamps of Gabon whose inscriptions read "Congo Fran'ais" and "Afrique Equatoriale," 1916, May: overprint "Occupation Fran'aise du Cameroun" on stamps of French Congo and Middle Congo, 1916, May: overprint "Cameroun Occupation Fran'aise" on stamps of Moyen (Middle) Congo, 1920-pre: stamps of Nigeria used in British Cameroons, 1920s: mourning label, yacht and flag design, issued by German stamp dealer Sigmund Hartig, 1921: overprint "Cameroun" on stamps of Middle Congo, 1922: mandated to Britain and France by League of Nations, stamps of Nigeria used in British section, 1925: first definitive design without overprint, first postage due stamp issued, 1938: first semipostal stamp issued, 1940: stamps of Cameroun overprinted "Cameroun Fran'ais 27.8.40" to note Cameroon's affiliation with DeGaulle's "Free France" movement, 1941: stamps inscribed "Cameroun" issued by the Vichy government but not sold in Cameroun, 1942: first air mail stamp issued, 1945: British area divided into Northern and Southern Cameroons, 1946: French Cameroons became trust territory, 1960, Jan.1: French area became independent State of Cameroun, stamps inscribed "Etat du Cameroun," 1960, July 26: joined the UPU, 1960: Northern Cameroons, British area, became part of Nigeria, 1960, Oct. 1: Southern Cameroons overprint on stamps of Nigeria "Cameroons U.K.T.T" (United Kingdom Trust Territory), 1961, Oct. 1: UKTT area and former French Cameroons merged and joined the Cameroun Republic by plebiscite, bilingual inscription "Republique Uni du Cameroun / Republic of Cameroon," 1963, July 1: first military stamp issued, 1972, May 20: Republic Day, became United Republic of Cameroon, first stamps July 20, 1972.
Cameroons, Southern: see Cameroons.
Cameroun: (Fr.) overprint on stamps of French Congo (1921), Middle Congo (1916) or Gabon (1915); see Cameroons.
Camoscio: (It.) buff (color).
Campaign Cover: postal item mailed by military personnel on active service in wartime, normally marked with endorsements such as "On Active Service" etc.
Campamento M.U.: (Sp.) Milicias Universitarias, camps for national servicemen from universities.
Campa√ɬĪa: (Sp.) military campaign; see Estafeta de Campa√ɬĪa.
Campa√ɬĪa Contra el Cancer: (Sp.) surcharge on stamps of Ecuador for International Union for Control of Cancer, obligatory on all mail from Nov. 23-30, 1938.
Campa√ɬĪa Contra el Paludismo: (Sp.) campaign against malaria inscription on postal tax labels, Mexico; 1939.
Campanile San Marco: (It.) fund raising label for reconstruction of bell tower in Piazza San Marco, Venice, Italy.
Campbell, Duncan and John: organized first postal network in America, for mail to and from Boston to New York, 1693.
Campbell Island: New Zealand civil aviation meteorological station, has own post office, 1941.
Campbell Paterson Catalogue: principal New Zealand stamp catalog.
Campdevanol: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937.
Camp Dewey: label for Junior Naval Reserves, Camp Dewey, CT, about 1910.
Campeche: provisional issues; 1856-1883: overprint used on stamps of Mexico for this district, 1876: No.1, 5 centavos gray-blue and blue, 1876: issued stamps for expulsion of Emperor Maximilian.
Campillo(s): city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937.
Campionaria di Tripoli: with "Poste Italiane," Tripolitania, on stamps of Libya, 1934.
Campione d'Italia : local post, Italian enclave within borders of Switzerland; 1944, May 20: issued its own stamps for local post mail and mail to Switzerland, inscribed "R.R. Poste Italiane / Comune de Campione," 1944, May 31: stamps of Italy used, 1944, Sep.7: Swiss stamps issued, 1952: Swiss and Italian stamps used depending on what route the mail is to take.
Campion, J.W & Co.: inscription on US match stamp; see Private Die Proprietary Stamps.
Campo de Concentracion de Prisioneros de Guerra: (Sp.) prisoner of war camp.
Camprodon: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937.
Camvisdar: Indian States term for native revenue officer.
CAN: international postal code for Canada.
Canaa: labels issued in British island for a society project.
Canada: Northern North America, north of the United States; Official name of postal administration: Canada Post Corporation Currency: 12 pence = 1 shilling, 100 cents = 1 dollar (1859) 1763-pre: under French rule, transferred to Britain in 1763, 1763: British North American postal services used, 1784: Canada had its own postmaster general, 1792: Canada-US Postal Convention; postal agreement for transportation of mail from Canada to Great Britain via New York, 1851, Apr. 23: No.1, 3 pence red, first stamps as the Province of Canada, first cancellations were a numeral with four concentric rings; 1858: used two concentric rings as postmark, 1867, July 1: Dominion of Canada formed with provinces of Canada, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, 1871: British Columbia and Vancouver Island became a province of Dominion of Canada, 1873: Prince Edward Island became province of Dominion of Canada, 1875: first registration stamp, 1878, Mar.: first stamp valid throughout Canadian Confederation and new provinces, 1878, July 1: joined the UPU with New Territories, 1898: first special delivery stamp, 1906: first postage due stamp issued, 1915, Mar.15: first war tax stamp, 1928, Sep. 21: first air mail stamp issued, 1942: first air mail special delivery stamp, 1949, Apr.1: Newfoundland joined Canada, used Canadian stamps, 1949: first official, air mail official stamps issued, 1950: first special delivery official stamp issued, 1974, Apr.17: first semipostal stamp issued, 1979: postal code stamp issued; see Canadian Provinces of British Columbia, Vancouver Island, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island.
Canada: Upbeat Goose 7¬Ę; unissued Great Britain cinderella by David Horry, 2001.
Canada; American Revolutionary Army: occupied Montreal from Nov. 13, 1775 to June 1776, setting up an American Post 0ffice.
Canada Official: first day covers produced by the Canadian postal administration.
Canada Postal Strike Label: local post, spoof labels, 1978, 1981.
Canadiana: a postal item related to Canada, issued by a postage issuing authority other than Canada Post; Canada named on the stamp of another nation.
Canadian Airways Ltd.: semiofficial air mail local post, about 50 stamps were used by various private air services to frank mail, 1918-32.
Canadian Army Postal Corp: formed in 1911 to deliver mail to Canadian armed forces.
Canadian Bank Note Company: formed on Nov. 30, 1922, formerly the American Bank Note Company of Canada, produced most of the Canadian stamps.
Canadian Express Co.: regional private mail and parcel firm serviced eastern US and Canadian towns near the border; used corner card and labels; 1865-1921.
Canadian Forces Postal Unit (CFPU): established in 1971 in Belleville, Ontario as a regulating center for all military mail; receives all inbound and outbound mail addressed to CFPOs around the world; see Canadian Forces Post Office.
Canadian Forces Post Office (CFPO): receives mail in various armed forces operational theaters for sorting and forwarding to the troops.
Canadian Map Stamp: used three-color printing and map of the British Empire, issued Dec. 7, 1898.
Canadian National Express Co.: private parcel delivery firm serviced all of Canada, 1920s.
Canadian Republic: a provisional government formed by Louis Riel in Canada's Red River district; Riel's portrait appeared on a presumed essay, 1869.
Canadian Transfer Co. Limited: private parcel delivery firm that serviced Toronto, 1900s.
Canadisk: (Dan.) Canadian.
Canal Boat Mail: 1: initiated in 1691 on the Canal du Midi, France. 2: Act of Congress, permitted carrying mail on canals, 1836.
Canal Maritime de Suez: Suez Canal local post stamps, 1868.
Canal Zone: Central America, zone extends about five miles on either side of Panama Canal; Currency: 100 centavos = 1 peso, 100 centesimos = 1 balboa, 100 cents = 1 dollar 1904-79: name of Panama Canal when controlled by the US, 1904, June 24: No.1, 2 centavos rose, Canal Zone overprint on stamps of Panama, 1914, Mar.: first postage due stamp issued, 1924: stamps of US overprinted, 1928: Canal Zone stamps issued, 1929: first air mail stamp issued, 1941: first official, air mail official stamps issued, 1979, Sep. 30: US Canal Zone Postal Service stopped operation, 1979, Oct. 1: Panamanian Postal Service took over postal operations, 1999, Dec. 31: Canal transferred to Panama.
Canarias: Canary Islands, Spanish Civil War, local post overprint, Republican forces, 1936-37.
Canaro: overprint for Fiume, Italian occupation of Arbe and Veglia.
Canary Islands: off coast of Morocco; 1854: used stamps of Spain, 1936, Oct. 27: first stamps issued for use via Lufthansa, 1936, Oct. 27: air mail stamps overprinted for Lufthansa service to Brazil, see Spain.
Canc: abbreviation for canceled.
Canc?: auction term for suspicious cancel.
Cancel: 1: defacement of a stamp to prevent its reuse. 2: marks indicating date, rate, route, or place of mailing.
Cancelación: (Sp.) cancellation; mark placed on a stamp by a postal authority to deface the stamp and prevent its reuse; usually indicates location and date.
Cancelación Falsa: (Sp.) forged cancel.
Cancelado: (Port., Sp.) canceled.
Cancelado a la Orden: (Sp.) see Canceled to Order.
Cancelado a Pluma: (Sp.) pen-canceled.
Cancelamento: (Port.) cancellation; mark placed on a stamp by a postal authority to deface the stamp and prevent its reuse; usually indicates location and date.
Canceled: 1: mark placed on a stamp by a postal authority to deface the stamp and prevent its reuse; often indicates location and date. 2: hand-stamp in a barred oval on miscellaneous stamps cut from printer's waste and supplied to members of Rowland Hill's family in 1861 without authority of postal officials by Perkins Bacon & Co. 3: legitimate cancels supplied by Perkins Bacon to Chile, late 1850s. 4: overprint on stamps of Jamaica used as printer's samples. 5: cancellation applied by Greyhound Bus Co. for a privately carried letter that was to be placed in recipient's mail box, 1960. 6: British Colonial overprint for Specimen purposes.
Canceled Flight: marking on covers for a planned flight which was not made due to weather, aircraft problem or other reason; a canceled flight cover is a non-flown cover.
Canceled to Order (CTO): stamps canceled by postal authorities without having been used for postage; they are less desirable than stamps which have seen postal duty.
Cancellation: mark placed on a stamp by a postal authority to deface the stamp and prevent its reuse; often indicates location and date; can be a pen mark, perforations or manuscript, bars, or holes punched in stamps, and pieces torn out of Afghanistan stamps.
Cancellation, Advertisement: obliterations which incorporate an advertisement of some place or product.
Cancellation, Bar: 1: cancels that consist of a series of bars, or straight lines. 2: a precancel device in Canada and the US 3: remainders in some countries. 4: telegraph fee paid, Belgium.
Cancellation, Cartwheel: number in center, circular format, used in several nations.
Cancellation, Cut: device that makes a cut through revenue stamps to prevent reuse.
Cancellation, Cogwheel: resembles a gear or cogwheel; early issues of Bavaria, 1850-69.
Cancellation, Dated Manuscript: a hand written containing the date.
Cancellation, Dumb: obliteration device with series of dots, bars that contains no information, also known as mute cancellation.
Cancellation, Duplex: combination of a circular date stamp with an obliteration device.
Cancellation, Fancy: decorative and slogan commemorative cancels, usually refers to 19th century homemade US and Canadian obliterating devices.
Cancellation, Favor: occurs when a stamp is canceled in a specific manner as requested by the mailer, that may or not be in keeping with postal regulations.
Cancellation, Flag: circular date stamp postal marking with a stylized flag as the obliterator.
Cancellation, Hand: postal cancellation with a hand held device on a stamp or postal stationery indicium.
Cancellation, Hole: stamp cancel by a hole punch, indicates revenue or telegraphic usage.
Cancellation, Killer: cancel that shows no place, date or time of mailing.
Cancellation, Machine: cancel applied by mechanical means indicating date and location of the cancellation and prevents the stamp from being reused.
Cancellation, Maltese Cross: first adhesive postage stamp cancel illustrating this cross was a British device; 30 different examples are recorded during period of use;1840-1844.
Cancellation, Manuscript: a hand written, or pen cancellation.
Cancellation, Mechanised, Earliest: Pearson Hill, son of Rowland Hill, devised a machine operated by steam with a dated double impression inside sets of vertical lines, 1857.
Cancellation, Mute: obliteration device with series of dots or bars that contains no information, also known as a mute cancellation.
Cancellation, Naval: postmarks from military ships.
Cancellation, Numeral: a cancellation which includes a number identifying a specific post office, first used by the British Post Office in 1844.
Cancellation, Pen: postally used stamp canceled by pen marks.
Cancellation, Postmark: term for marks applied by postal authorities which indicate any or all of the following: date, rate, route, or place of mailing.
Cancellation, Precanceled: cancellation, as a convenience to customers, applied to stamps by the post office prior to sale,
Cancellation, Roller: cancel is applied by rolling a device across the stamp, usually used on oversize pieces of mail.
Cancellation, Slogan: a circular date stamp cancel combined with a brief message.
Cancellation, Socked-on-the-Nose (SON, SOTN): a good impression of a circular cancel that is applied dead center on the stamp.
Cancellation, Spoon: duplex cancel used in England and Wales; named from the oval shape of the duplex portion.
Cancellation, Squared Circle: circular date stamp with an arrangement of lines or bars outside the circle which makes the entire cancel square.
Cancellation, Straight Line: refers to crayon cancels applied to remaindered stamps taken off sale by a postal administration and sold at a discount.
Cancellation, Target: series of rings as depicted in a target.
Cancellation, Telegraph: obliteration or holes denoting use on a telegraph form.
Cancellation, Typographic: 1869, Jan.-May 31, 1908: French newspapers, to be mailed. had to have stamps affixed in top right-hand corner, canceled by being overprinted by at least four lines of type.
Cancelling Machine: mail processing machine that cancels a postage stamp and postmarks mail; first successful high-speed device made by Albert Hoster, Germany, 1882-83.
Cancel, Official: official USPS postmark at First Day of Issue site.
Cancol Ltd.: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971.
Candareen: unit of currency used in Shanghai.
Candarin: unit of currency used in China.
C.& CO.: Colgate & Co., US cancel or revenue stamp overprint for face powder product, 1914-15.
Candia: district of Heraklion, now part of Greece; see Crete.
Canea: (It.) overprint on stamps of Italy, Office in Crete; also known as La Canea.
CANEJ: Committee on the Accreditation of National Exhibitions and Judges, APS.
Canela: (Sp.) cinnamon (color).
Canet de Mar: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937.
Canet la Real: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937.
Cangas de Onis: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937.
Canillas: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937.
Canillas de Aceituno: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist forces, 1937.
Canillas de Albauda: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist forces, 1937.
Canjayar: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican, 1937.
Canna: bogus local post, an island off the west coast of Scotland; issued by island owner John Lorn Campbell as a charity label in 1958.
Cannelé: (Fr.) ribbed.
Cannella: (It.) cinnamon (color).
Cannelle: (Fr.) cinnamon (color).
Cannelles, Regie des: (Fr.) cinnamon monopoly; French Colony revenue inscription.
Canney & Co's Express: local post serviced Boston, Mass. and New Hampshire; label, 1850.
Cannon & Co.: US inscription on US match stamp; see Private Die Proprietary Stamps.
Cannon Match Co.: inscription on US match stamp; see Private Die Proprietary Stamps.
Ca√ɬĪonero: (Sp.) gunboat, found on naval markings, Spanish Civil War; 1936-37.
Canouan Island: see St. Vincent Grenadines.
Canterbury Courier Serv.: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971.
Cantidades Emitidas: (Sp.) number (of stamps) issued.
Cantinas: (Sp.) canteens, buffets, used on Spanish Civil War local post tax stamps, 1936-37.
Canton: Chinese treaty port; 1844-1922: British Post Office used stamps of Hong Kong, 1856: occupied by French and British forces, 1886-98: used stamps of Germany, 1900, Jan.1-1917, Mar.17: German post offices in China, 1901, June 15: "Canton" overprint on stamps of Indo-China, French Offices in China, 1949, Oct.: occupied by Communist armies.
Cantonal Stamps: Switzerland Canton issues of Zurich (1843), Geneva (1843), and Basel (1845), before the release of Swiss Confederation issues in 1845.
Cantonal Taxe: with numeral 6, inscription on Zurich issue, denoting rate within entire canton.
Canton Island: postmark originally created by collectors for island located halfway between Hawaii and New Caledonia in the central Pacific Ocean; American post office established July 15, 1940, British and American cancels exist, now part of Kiribati.
Cantonment: India States term for military station.
Canton, Miss. Paid 5: see Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Cap: slang for maximum commission an auction agent invoices a client for representation at a public auction.
CAP: Codice di Avviamento Postale (It.) postal code with five numbers, 1967.
Capacua: Bolivia, bogus stamp by Moens of Belgium, for a mythical state with the capital of Santa Teresa as an April Fool's prank, 1883.
Cap de Bonne Espérance: (Fr.) Cape of Good Hope.
Cape Breton Island: Sydney, Canadian province of Nova Scotia, post office opened, 1801.
Cape Canaveral, Fla.: formerly named Cape Kennedy.
Cape Cod Express Co.: local express firm serviced Boston to Cape Cod, Mass.; label, 1879.
Cape Jubi: overprint on stamps of Rio de Oro, see Cape Juby.
Cape Juby: Northwest coast of Africa in Spanish Sahara; Currency: 100 centimos = 1 peseta 1916: No.1, 5 centimos on 4 pesetas rose, stamps of Rio de Oro overprinted and surcharged for Spanish troops, 1916-19: stamps of Rio de Oro and Spanish Morocco used, 1919, Jan.-48: "Cabo Juby" overprints on stamps of Spain, first special delivery stamp, 1926: first semipostal, first semipostal special delivery stamps; semipostal stamps of Spain overprinted "Cabo-Juby," 1934: "Cabo Juby" overprint on stamps of Spanish Morocco, 1938, June 1: first air mail stamp, air mail stamps of Spanish Morocco overprinted "Cabo Juby," 1976: divided between Morocco and Mauritania, Mauritania turned its portion to Morocco, referred to as Western Sahara.
Cape Kennedy: private local post, now known as Cape Canaveral, 1960s.
Cape of Good Hope: southern part of South Africa; Currency: 12 pence = 1 shilling 1791, Sep. 28: Dutch postal system established in Cape Town, 1817: "Paid" handstamps introduced, 1853, Sep. 1: No.1, 1 penny red, first stamps issued in triangular shape, 1873: Griqualand West; formerly part of Cape of Good Hope, declared a British Crown Colony, 1880: West and Griqualand East annexed to Cape of Good Hope Colony, 1883: traveling post offices introduced, 1889, Nov.: provisionals issued during Boer occupation, stamps of Cape of Good Hope surcharged "Z.A.R." Zuid Afrikaansche Republiek, South African Republic, 1900, Mar. 24: stamps of Cape of Good Hope surcharged "Mafeking Beseiged," 1900: stamps of Transvaal handstamped "V.R. Special Post" under British occupation, 1910: Cape of Good Hope, Natal, Orange River Colony and Transvaal formed as Union of South Africa; see Griqualand West.
Cape Province: formerly Cape of Good Hope Colony.
Cape Triangles: first triangular shaped stamps of Cape of Good Hope, issued 1853, so that postal clerks, many of whom were illiterate, could tell the colony's outgoing mail from mail being delivered to the Cape.
Cape Verde: Western Africa, islands in the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Senegal; Official name of Postal Administration: Correios de Cabo Verde Currency: 1,000 reis = 1 micreis, 100 centavos = 1 escudo (1913) 15th century: colonized by the Portuguese, 1877, Jan. 1: No. 1, 5 reis black, first stamps of Portuguese colonial type, 1893: first newspaper stamp issued, 1904: first postage due stamp issued, 1925: first postal tax, postal tax due stamps issued, 1938, July 26: first air mail stamp issued, 1975, June 11: named a Portuguese overseas province, 1975, July 5: became independent, with ties to Guinea-Bissau, 1975, Dec. 19: issued own stamps as independent nation, 1976, Sept. 30: joined the UPU.
CAPEX: CAnadian Philatelic EXhibition, beginning in 1951 and continuing in 1978, 1987 and 1996.
Capicua: (Sp.) tête-bêche; pair of stamps where one is upside down compared to the other.
Capital: (Sp.) Spain considers this as the capital city or town of a province or region, not the capital of the nation.
Capital Case Type: large letters as distinct from lower case, or smaller letters.
Cap Juby: (Fr.) Cape Juby.
CAPO: Canadian Army Post Office.
Capo Juby: (Sp.) Cape Juby.
Capo Verde: (Sp.) Cape Verde.
Capovolto: (It.) inverted.
Cappadocia: ancient region of Asia Minor, now part of Turkey; cuneiform tablets found dating to 3000 BC, see Cuneiform.
Capped Liberty Card: U.S. penny postal card where Liberty figure is wearing a cap, 1875-81.
Capped Numerals: flaws looking like caps on top of the figure "2" on the US 2c Washington issue of 1890-3; also known as Cap Variety.
Captain's Cover: cachet created by the Commanding Officer of a spaceflight recovery ship.
Captions: all inscriptions featured on a stamp.
Cap Vert: (Fr.) Cape Verde Islands.
CAR: 1: Central African Republic. 2: Città aperta Roma (It.), Rome open city, overprint on Italian imperial series, may be bogus.
Caracas and Petare: local post, Venezuela, 1870s.
Caractchaevo: bogus Russian issue.
Caractères (d'Imprimerie): (Fr., Port.) types.
Caramiziu: (Rom.) brick-red (color).
Caratteri: (It.) types.
Caravaca: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937.
Carawak: bogus British Colonial royal wedding frames from book, Surreal Stamps and Unreal Stickers.
Carbon Tetrachloride: fluid marketed to stamp collectors as a watermark fluid; stopped in late 1960s after its use was connected to cancer.
Carbon Tissue: material used to transfer the design of a stamp to a printing cylinder.
Carcagente: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937.
Carchi: 1932 overprint on stamp of Italy, Aegean Islands; see Calchi.
Cardboard Paper: soft surface paper, known as "Bristol Board," used for proof impressions.
Cardboard Proof: printed on card from US plates in regular colors and distributed in sets to officials in late 1800s; also done in other countries.
Cardedeau: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937.
Cardiff Penny: imperforate sheet of British penny red, Plate No.116, mistakenly issued to Cardiff Post Office, Jan. 1870.
Cardinal Match Co.: inscription on US match stamp; see Private Die Proprietary Stamps.
Card Paper: a thick stiff paper made by pasting together a number of layers of paper.
Carecer (de): (Sp.) to be without, to lack.
Carelia: bogus, not valid for postage.
Care of Mr. Waghorn: handstamp on overland mail between Great Britain and India, 1836.
Caret Cancels: V-shaped cancellation used on US 1861-69 stamps and Bank Note issues.
Cargill Pritchard: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971.
Caribbean: term for West Indies islands; consists of the islands from the tip of Florida to South America, including Cuba, Dominican Republic, French Guiana, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, Suriname and the West Indies islands: 1702-11: monthly private packet service under government contract, 1755: British government packet service started, 1820: prepaid postage required and "Crowned Circle" cancels used 1840: Royal Mail Steam Packet Co. handled all mail, 1858: prepayment to British destinations from England made compulsory, 1860, May 1: colonial stamps adopted in each colony, 1865: French firm "Compagnie Général Transatlantique" established postal packets.
Caribisches Meer: (Ger.) Caribbean Sea.
Caridad: (Sp.) charity.
Carimbar: (Port.) to cancel.
Carimbar de Favor: (Port.) canceled to order.
Carimbo Especial: (Port.) special cancellation.
Carimbo Manual: (Port.) handstamp.
Carinthia: province of Austria; 1920, Sept. 16: stamps of Austria overprinted and surcharged "K√ɬ§rnten √É‚Äěbstimmung" for a plebiscite to determine whether people wanted to remain with Austria or become part of Yugoslavia; vote was in favor of Austria. 1920: stamps of Yugoslavia overprinted and surcharged "KGCA" (Carinthian Governmental Commission, Zone A) for same plebiscite.
Carinthie: (Fr.) Carinthia.
Caritas: (Latin) charity; overprint / surcharge for charity stamps in Belgium, Denmark and Luxembourg (1914).
Carka and Caictu Islands: bogus British Colonial royal wedding frames from book, Surreal Stamps and Unreal Stickers.
Carlist, Carlistas: (Sp.) stamps of Spain authorized by Don Carlos of Spain in 1873-87.
Carlist Kingdom: (Sp.) nickname for stamps authorized by Don Carlos of Spain during civil war, French stamps on mail from provinces under Don Carlos rule, 1873-75.
Carmesi: (Sp.) crimson (color).
Carmin: (Fr., Rom., Sp.) carmine (color).
Carmin-brun: (Rom.) carmine-brown (color).
Carmine Error: nickname for a US 5¬Ę stamp, normally printed in blue, mistakenly used on a plate of 2¬Ę stamps printed in carmine, creating a color error for the 5¬Ę stamp.
Carmin-liliachiu: (Rom.) lilac-brown (color).
Carmino: (It.) carmine (color).
Carmin Vinoso: (Sp.) wine-red (color).
Carmona: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist forces, 1936-38.
Carmona, Antonio Oscar Carmona de Fragosa: President of Portugal; common design on stamps of Portugal and Colonies, 1970.
Carn: labels issued in British island for a society project.
Carnaro: part of Fiume, between Italy and Yugoslavia; 1920, Nov. 20: nickname for overprint on stamps of Fiume during occupation by Legionnaires of d'Annunzio; full overprint is "Reggenza / Italiana / del / Carnaro".
Carne: (Sp.) flesh (color).
Carnes' City Letter Express: US local post, San Francisco, CA., used stamps, 1864.
Carnes' Express: phantom US local post, S. Allan Taylor, San Francisco, CA, 1865-66.
Carnet: (Fr.) booklet (of stamps).
Carnet à Choix: (Fr.) approvals, approval book.
Carnet de Timbres: (Fr.) stamp booklet that contains one or more panes of stamps.
Carn Iar: bogus, uninhabited summer island with British local post carriage labels, prior to1962.
Carnicino: (It.) flesh (color).
Carolina City, N.C. Paid 5: see Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Caroline Islands: 550 islands, west Pacific Ocean, east of Australia; Currency: 100 pfenning = 1 mark 1899-pre: under Spanish control since 1686, 1899: Germany bought islands from Spain, 1900: No.1, 3 pfennige dark brown, colonial stamps of Germany overprinted "Karolinen," 1901, Jan.: No.1, 3 pfennige brown, Karolinen inscription, 1905, 1910: stamps bisected due to stamp shortage, 1914, Oct. 7: Japanese stamps used during occupation, 1920s: mourning label issued by German stamp dealer Sigmund Hartig, 1947: administered by the US as part of the Pacific Islands Trusteeship, 1951: U.S. post offices established, U.S. stamps used.1981: western portion became Republic of Palau, 1983: Palau issued its own stamps, 1984: Micronesia issued its own stamps, 1986: balance of nation became the Federated States of Micronesia.
Carolinerna: (Swed.) the Caroline Islands.
Carolines: (Fr.) Caroline Islands.
Carolinske √ɬłerne: (Dan.) the Caroline Islands.
Cárpátalja: (Hung.) Carpatho-Ukraine, see Karpát-Ukrajna.
Carpathian Ruthenia: see Celistvosti - Podkarpatská Rus.
Carpatho-Ukraine: formerly province of Czechoslovakia, 1939, Mar.15: stamp issued for the Carpatho-Ukrainian Diet (governing body),1939, March 16: annexed by Hungary, 1945: reverted back to Czechoslovakia, 1949: annexed by the Soviet Union. see Celistvosti - Podkarpatská Rus.
Carpenter & Co's Express: local post serviced Boston, Mass. to Maine; used labels, 1848-53.
Carpenter, Jos. A.: printer of 19th century revenue stamps.
Carpenter's Express: local parcel firm serviced Boston and Sharon, Mass.; used labels.
Carpeta: (Sp.) folder, portfolio, special albums for covers.
Carratraca: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist forces, 1937.
Carriacou & Petite Martinique: inscription on stamps of Grenada, June 18, 1999.
Carriage Stamp: a stamp that pays for postage within a certain area only, includes privately produced issues as well as government issues; a regular postage stamp must be affixed to the cover if the letter is to be delivered outside the local area.
Carried Space Cover: a cover that has been flown on a space vehicle during equipment testing or an actual mission.
Carrier: an individual firm or private company that transports mail from one postal facility to another, USPS term.
Carrier Backstamp: US postal marking of 1870-90 used in some large post offices to backstamp mail handled by carriers.
Carrier Route: addresses served by a postal employee to deliver mail to customers, USPS term.
Carrier-Route Presort: bulk mail presorted and bundled by carrier delivery route for discount postage rates, USPS term.
Carriers: individuals or firms, hired by the post office, who charged a fee to take mail to the nearest post office, or to collect mail and deliver it to the addressee.
Carriers and Locals Society: devoted to the collection and study of US carriers, locals, and expresses.
Carrier Sequence Barcode Sorter: an automated machine that sorts mail for an individual carrier route, USPS term.
Carrier Service: delivery of mail from the post office to an addressee for a fee; fee eliminated June 30, 1863 when free city delivery went into effect; regular postage only paid for mail delivery between post offices.
Carriers, Motto: "Neither snow nor rain nor heat nor gloom of night stays these couriers from the swift completion of their appointed rounds." Herodotus.
Carriers One Cent Dispatch: Baltimore, Md., see Carriers' Stamps.
Carrier's Stamp: S. Allan Taylor label.
Carriers' Stamps: 1842-60: stamps used for delivery of mail by private carrier from a post office to the addressee; or to a post office or to another address in the same city; when the postal service was first organized, letters were carried from post office to post office since there was no delivery to addressee, 1850-55: semi-official issues, 1851, Sept.: official issues; see Carriers.
Carrion de los Cespedes: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist forces, 1937.
Carroll Postal Card: United States non-denominated postal card, value 14¬Ę, 1985.
Carr's Express: local post serviced Boston, Mass. to Bangor, Me; used circular labels;1851-52.
Carry by Favor: inscription indicating that the mail was carried by private ships' captains.
Carta: (Sp.) letter.
Carta Aérea: (Sp.) cover carried by air and postmarked at point of origin, departure or intermediate points on the route.
Carta a Foto: (Sp.) special letter form, microfilmed airgraph, used by British forces during WWII.
Carta Cecografica: (Sp.) letter for blind written in braille, can be sent post-free in Spain if an open envelope is used.
Carta con Dise√ɬĪo Filat√©lico: (Sp.) cachet, a rubber stamp or printed impression on an envelope which describes the event for which the envelope was mailed; cachets are used for first days of issue, first flights, naval events, stamp exhibitions, etc.
Carta con Fili di Seta: (It.) granite paper.
Carta Costolata: (It.) ribbed paper.
Carta del Primer Dia: (It.) first day cover.
Carta Desinfectada: (Sp.) disinfected letter.
Cartagena: 1: provisional during Civil War for city on Caribbean coast of Colombia, 1899. 2: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937.
Carta Gessata: (It.) chalky paper; stamp paper with coating of chalk or clay on the surface.
Cartajima: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist forces, 1937.
Carta Liscia: (It.) wove paper.
Cartama: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist forces, 1937.
Carta Maxi: (It.) maximum card.
Carta Patinata: (It.) glossy paper.
Carta Sigillata: (Latin) stamped stationery, applied to legal documents in Sweden, 1823.
Carta Sobreavion: (Sp.) air letter form.
Cartas Postales Recortadas: (Sp.) cut-outs from printed stationery, see Cut Square.
Cartas Prefilatelicas: (Sp.) pre-stamp letters.
Carta Tinto: (It.) tinted paper.
Carta Unita: (It.) wove paper.
Carta Vergata: (It.) laid paper.
Carte: (Fr.) map
Carte Maximum: (Fr.) maximum card.
Carte-maximum: (Hung.) maximum card.
Carte Postale: (Fr.) postal card.
Carte Postale Illustrée: (Fr.) picture postcard.
Cartera: (Sp.) postman's bag.
Carter & Co. Express: local express serviced Boston, Bradford and Haverhill, Mass.; label.
Carte-Réponse: (Fr.) postcard reply portion.
Carteria: (Sp.) 1: main post office letter sorting area. 2: postal agency in small village which receives and sends letters from nearest post office or railway station.
Carterias: (Sp.) postmark applied to mail at Carteria; see Carteria.
Cartero: (Sp.) postman.
Carter's, G. Despatch: US local post, Philadelphia, Pa., 1849-51.
Cartersville, Ga. Paid: see Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Cartes Maxi: (Fr.) abbreviation of French term for maximum cards.
Cartilla Postal de Espana: inscription on the first Spanish franchise stamp; see Franchise Stamps.
Cartolina: (It.) postcard.
Carton: thick, often soft type of paper; used in some copies of Chile 1878-99 issue, Denmark, 1884 issue, and some early Swiss issues.
Carton comemorativ: (Rom.) commemorative card.
Carto-Philately: study and collection of stamps depicting maps in their designs.
Cartor: stamp security printer for many countries, name found imprinted on gutter labels.
Cartouche: an oval or rectangular frame containing the name of the country or ruler.
Cartridge Paper: name of paper used for making ammunition, thick, rough surfaced, used for Trinidad on bluish tint paper, 1853.
Cartwheel Cancels: circular numeral types used by Spain 1858-64.
Car√ɬļpano, Port of: port near Trinidad, Venezuela; 1902, Nov.-1903: local post stamps printed when a blockade depleted the supply of stamps.
Cary, John: made a survey in 1798, "Distance of English and Welsh Towns" from London, along all the principal roads in the country resulting in mileage stamps in 1801.
Casabermeja: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist forces, 1937.
Casablanca: 1: British postal agency opened Jan. 1, 1887, closed Aug. 14, 1937. 2: also known as Dar el Beida, Morocco.
Casa da Moeda with Star: watermark on stamps of Brazil.
Casa de Correos: (Sp.) post office.
Casa de la Moneda: (Sp.) Spanish Mint, printer of all Spanish stamps.
Casarabonela: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist forces, 1937.
Casares: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist forces, 1937.
CASB: Crown Agents Stamp Bureau
CASC: Canadian Army Service Corps; see RCASC.
Case: 1: (Fr.) position in plate, sheet or setting. 2: equipment with separations into which clerks sort letters, parcels, USPS term.
Casement Plate: see Duty Plate.
Cash: unit of currency used in China.
Casilla: (Sp.) post office box.
Casket: used in Victorian times for a small box intended to hold things of value, such as postage stamps.
Caso: Dodecanese Sea, Aegean island, between Turkey and Greece; 1912-pre: used stamps of Turkey, 1912: No.1, 2 centesimi orange-brown, overprint "Caso" on stamps of Italy, 1916: first stamps without overprints, 1920: Turkey ceded group to Italy, 1929: general Aegean Islands issue, 1930, 1932: two sets overprinted for island issued, 1943, Sept.: became part of Greece, 1943: reoccupied by German forces, 1945: liberated by Allied forces, 1945, May 21: British post offices opened, stamps of Britain overprinted "M.E.F." (Middle East Forces), when islands transferred to Greece: see M.E.F., Middle East Forces, 1947: British post offices closed, stamps of Greece overprinted "S.D.D." (Dodecanese Military Occupation); see S.D.D., 1947, summer: stamps of Greece used.
Caspary, Alfred H.: (1878-1955) American collector who specialized in classic stamps of the world, auction catalogs with his material are used as reference works.
Caspe: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937.
Cassa de la Delva: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937.
Cassos: see Calchi.
Castagna: (It.) rust (color).
Castalla: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937.
Casta√ɬĪo: (Sp.) chestnut (color).
Casta√ɬĪo Oxidado: (Sp.) rust (color).
Castellar: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937.
Castellcir: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937.
Castellet de Lobreget: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937.
Castellorizo, Castelrosso: island in the Mediterranean Sea, east of Rhodes, near Greece; Currency: 20 centimes = 1 piaster, 100 centimes = 1 franc, 1915, Dec. 15: occupied by France, 1920, June 19: No.1, 1 centime gray, stamps of France overprinted "O.N.F. Castellorizo" (Occupation Navale Fran'ais), "B.N.F. Castellorizo" (Base Navale Fran'ais), "O.F. Castelrosso" (Occupation Fran'ais), 1920, Aug. 10: ceded to Italy, 1922, July 11: "Castelrosso" overprint on stamps of Italy, 1945: ceded to Greece, 1946, Aug. 21: British post offices opened, 1947, March 31: British post offices closed.
Castelltersol: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937.
Castelnau-Barnes Post: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971.
Castelon de la Plana: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937.
Castiglione d'Intelvi: (It.) city in Italy, local post, Italian Social Republic, 1945.
Castillo: (Sp.) castle, thematic subject.
Castle & Victoria Bridge Tramway Company: United Kingdom postal strike; locals, 1971.
Castlemore: bogus, fantasy stamp from Ireland.
Castuera: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937.
Casuta postala: (Rom.) post office box.
Cat: auction firm abbreviation for catalog value.
Catalanistas: (Sp.) propaganda labels issued by Catalan separatists promoting campaign for autonomy, 1899.
Catalog(ue): priced listing of philatelic material, or auction catalog, usually in country alphabetical order.
Catalog(ue) Number: number assigned by a catalog publisher to each individual stamp.
Catalog(ue) Value: the price established by a recognized postage stamp catalog for a stamp is known as the catalog value of the stamp; used as a guide for retail or wholesale prices.
Catálogo: (It., Port.) catalog.
Catalogo d'Asta: (It.) auction catalog.
Catálogo de Subasta: (Sp.) auction catalog.
Catalogo Unificado: (Sp.) stamp catalog produced by a consortium of Spanish stamp dealers.
Catalogue d'Encan: (Fr.) auction catalog.
Catalogue du Timbres-Poste: (Fr.) first stamp catalog, issued y Alfred Potiquet, December 21, 1861.
Catalogului: (Rom.) catalog.
Cataluna, Catalonia: province in Spain, used Spanish Carlist stamps in 1874.
Catapulte: (Fr.) see Catapult Mail.
Catapult Mail: "Ship to Shore" mail carried by light aircraft catapulted from the deck of ships about 600 miles from land to save hours of docking time, 1920s-30s, introduced by French postal authorities on Aug. 12, 1928.
Catcher Post Offices: mail catchers and cranes used for exchange of mail between trains and railway post offices where trains do not stop at the station, 1873-1974.
Caterson Brotz & Co.: playing card stamp inscription; see Private Die Proprietary Stamps.
Cat Island: fantasy stamp from American Journal of Philately, 1890s.
Cats: a mail service in Liege, Belgium in 1879, discontinued when cats refused to cooperate.
Cat's Eye: Brazilian stamps issued from 1854-61.
Cattaro: part of Dalmatia during Austrian Empire, now mart of Montenegro; 1941-43: occupied by Italy, 1943-45: occupied by Germany, 1944: stamps of Italy and Yugoslavia overprinted by German occupation forces; also known as Kotor.


(Data Above sourced from "Ask Phil" and other sources. Last edit 5/Aug/2008 Amhazing)

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Cauca: Department of Colombia; issued provincial post stamps 1879-90, inscribed "no hay estampillas" (No Stamp Available) and "Manuel e Jimenez" are considered receipt labels.
Caudete: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937.
Caury: unit of currency used in Republic of Guinea.
Cavalla(e): now port in Greece on Aegean Sea, known as Kavalla; 1874, Jan.: French post office opened; stamps used with "5156" cancel, 1893: No.1, 5 centimes green, overprint and inscription "Cavalle" on stamps of France, Offices in Turkish Empire, 1912: occupied by Bulgaria, from Turkey during First Balkan War, 1913: occupied by Greece, Greek overprint on stamps of Bulgaria, prior to stamps of Greece, 1914, Aug.: French post office closed.
Cavalla: city in the Ottoman Empire, Egypt, Interpostal Seals used 1868, see Interpostal Seals.
Cavallini: (It.) Little Horsemen; 1818, Nov. 17-1820: tax stamps impressed on letter sheets used in the Kingdom of Sardinia; sum paid did not cover postage for delivery, but delivered without additional postage as a courtesy to sender.
Cavan & Leitrim & Roscommon Light Railway: Ireland local post.
Cavan & Leitrim Railway: Ireland local post.
Cave: 1: Ceylon control overprint to prevent theft. 2: USPS postage stamp mail order center in Kansas City, Mo., located in former salt mines.
Caverly's Express: local baggage firm service parts of Brooklyn and New York City, used a label, year unknown.
Caxas: (Sp.) regional postal administrations established by Spain in Havana, Mexico City, Guatemala City, Buenos Aires and Lima for its colonies, 1764.
Cayes of Belize: Belize offshore islands; 1984, May 30; No.1, 1c multi, first stamp, very little postal usage since Belize stamps used.
Cayman Islands: islands in the Caribbean Sea, northwest of Jamaica; Currency: 12 pence = 1 shilling, 20 shillings = 1 pound, 100 cents = 1 dollar (1969) 18th century: British colony, 1863: administered by Jamaica, 1877, Apr.1: joined the UPU as an Overseas Territory of Great Britain, 1889, Apr.: used stamps of Jamaica, 1900, Nov.: No.1, 1/2 penny green, first stamps issued, 1917, Feb. 26: first war tax stamp issued, surcharged "War Stamp," 1962, Nov. 28: became a Crown Colony.
Cayman Islands: inscription, Rich People, David Horry unissued Great Britain cinderella, 2001.
Caymanöarna: (Swed.) Cayman Islands.
Cayman √ɬłerne: (Dan.) the Cayman Islands.
Cazalla de la Sierra: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist forces, 1936-37.
Cazinska Krajina: rebel state of Bihac, Bosnia, local post overprint, 1993-95.
Cazoria: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1936-37.
CB: 1: Scott Catalogue prefix to identify air post semipostal stamps. 2: Cape Breton, when used in a postmark. 3: Correspondence Baloise (Fr.) pre-adhesive postmark for mail from Basel, Switzerland. 4: USPS term for convertible book, pane of stamps having a peel off strip that can be removed so as to fold the pane into booklet form. 5: Central Bi'être (Fr.) Central Prison, 1792. 6: Cyons Brown, French cancel or revenue stamp overprint for face powder product, 1915-16.
C.B.N.: Canadian Bank Note Co., printer of Canada's Customs Duty stamps, etc.
CBO: Scott Catalogue prefix to identify air post semipostal official stamps.
C. Bravos: district overprint used on stamps of Mexico during 1856-1883 for Ciudad Bravos.
CBRS: Charles Brooke Raja Sarawak, letters in four corners on first stamps of Sarawak; Brooke made Rajah of Sarawak after he helped put down a rebellion in 1841.
CC: 1: cut cancel. 2: corner card. 3: Crown Colonies watermark. 4: corner crease. 5: crash cover. 6: Correspondance Cantonale (Fr.) canton mail, known used in Belgium, 1847. 7: "Cs" surmounted by crown, Post Office of the King, Charles X,1825-30.
C.C.B.: Charles C. Brumm, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher Initials, Siderographer.
CCC: Collectors Club of Chicago, founded 1928.
CCCP: now Russia, Cyrillic inscription on stamps of the USSR (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics), Aug. 19, 1933, first usage
C.C.D.: Civil Censorship Department.
C.Ch.: overprint on stamps of French Colonies for Cochin China.
C.C.N.: overprint on stamps of French Colonies for Cochin China.
CCNY: Collectors Club of New York.
C.C.P.: 1: Collectors Club Philatelist (Journal of the CCNY), 2: abbreviation for chèque-postal, (Fr.) payment through postal checking account.
CCPS: Christopher Columbus Philatelic Society.
C.C.T.A.: Commission for Technical Cooperation in Africa, south of the Sahara.
C.C.V.: Compagnia Corrieri Veneti (It.) Venetian Couriers Company, pre-adhesive postmark.
CD: 1: Convict Department, South Australia official overprint, 1868-74. 2: correspondence locale distribution (Fr.) local letters posted at smaller ofices,1833-58.
CDC: Continuous Die Cut
C. de B: Clyde V. DeBinder, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher Initials, Siderographer.
C.de E.: Correspondencia d'Espana (Sp.) Spanish correspondence.
C. De Pesos: Philippines money unit; centimos in 1864; centavos in 1876.
CDS, cds: see Circular Date Stamp.
CE: 1: Scott Catalogue prefix to identify air mail special delivery stamps. 2: Canada East, when used in a postmark.
CEA: European Confederation of Agriculture.
CECA: European Coal and Steel Community, seen on Europa stamps.
Cech: (Czech.) Czech.
Cechy: (Czech.) Bohemia.
Cechy a Morava: inscription on stamps of Czechoslovakia, Bohemia and Morävia, 1939-44.
Cecograma: (Sp.) letter for the blind written in Braille; see Carta Cecografica.
Cecoslovacchia: (It.) Czechoslovakia.
Cedex: pre-sorting facility in France, offered to large French firms, usually as part of the address.
Cedi: unit of currency used in Ghana.
CEEA: European Community for Atomic Energy, seen on Europa stamps.
C.E.F.: 1: Cameroons Expeditionary Force; Cameroon surcharge on stamps of German Cameroun, British Occupation, 1915. 2: overprint on stamps of India for China Expeditionary Force, first issue in Boxer Rebellion, 1900; see China Expeditionary Force.
Cefalonia: see Cephalonia and Ithaca.
C.E.F. Siberia: Canadian Expeditionary Forces, Siberia, 1918.
CEH: European Time Table Conference.
Ceh: (Rom.) Czech (adj.).
Cehoslovac: (Rom.) Czechoslovakian (adj.).
Celanova: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist forces, 1937.
Celebes: see Netherlands Indies.
Celebrate the Century: series of ten US sheets of 15 stamps each issued between 1998 and 2000 each for a different decade of American events.
Celebrity Covers: covers addressed to a famous person.
Celestia: bogus issue for United Nations of Outer Space.
Celina: (Czech.) postal card(s).
Celina √ÉŇ°stredn√ɬ≠ Soci√ɬ°ln√ɬ≠ Pojistovny: (Czech.) postcard for ordering into the central social security system.
Celiny: (Czech.) postal stationary entires.
Celistvost(i): (Czech.) cover(s) and / or other postal history items.
Celistvosti-Husita: (Czech.) refers to the covers and / or other postal history items from the Czechoslovakia 1920 "Hussite Priest" definitive issues.
Celistvosti-Hradcany: (Czech.) refers to the covers and / or other postal history items from the Czechoslovakia 1918-1920 definitive series depicting the "Hradcany" castle in Prague.
Celistvosti-Koncentracní Tabory: (Czech.) refers to the covers and / or other postal history items representing the WWII German concentration camps.
Celistvosti-Koncentracní Tabory / Auschwitz-Birkenau: (Czech.) refers to the covers and / or other postal history items representing the WWII concentration camps at Auschwitz in S Poland ca. 35 miles W of Kraków, and the nearby village of Birkenau.
Celistvosti-Koncentracní Tabory / Buchenwald: (Czech.) refers to the covers and/or other postal history items representing the WWII concentration camp at Buchenwald, Thuringia province, central Germany near Weimar.
Celistvosti-Koncentracn√ɬ≠ Tabory / Ravensbr√ɬľck: (Czech.) refers to the covers and/or other postal history items representing the WWII concentration camp at Ravensbr√ɬľck, Brandenburg province, in NE Germany N of Berlin.
Celistvosti-Koncentracní Tabory / Majdanek: (Czech.) refers to the covers and/or other postal history items representing the WWII Majdanek concentration camp near Lublin, ca 95 miles SE of Warsaw, Poland.
Celistvosti-Koncentracní Tabory / Stutthof: (Czech.) refers to the covers and / or other postal history items representing the WWII concentration camp at Stutthof, in the area of Danzig.
Celistvosti-Koncentracní Tabory / Terezín: (Czech.) refers to the covers and / or other postal history items representing the WWII concentration camp at Terezín Bohemia. Operated as a model camp, the inmates were issued special stamps for the free franking of parcels; the stamps were forwarded to internee family and / or friends for free-franking use on parcels; parcels not franked with these stamps were not delivered.
Celistvosti-Legionárské: (Czech.) refers to the covers and / or other postal history items from the Czechoslovakia 1919 regular semi-postal issues sold for the benefit of Legionnaires' orphans.
Celistvosti-Letecke: (Czech.) refers to airmail / flight covers, first flight covers, souvenir flight covers, and other aerophilatelic memorabilia.
Celistvosti-Podkarpatská Rus: (Czech.) refers to the pre-20th century pre-adhesive folded-letters, envelope-letters and / or other postal history items emanating from the Russian occupation of the Carpatho-Ukraine, the area having been given several names during the various occupations periods The area includes the extreme W administrative division of the Ukraine; reorganized in post-WWII from territory ceded to the USSR by Czechoslovakia (1945).
Celistvosti-Polní Posta: (Czech.) refers to the covers and / or other postal history items representing military field post usage
Celistvosti-Posta Ceskoslovenska 1919: (Czech.) refers to the covers and / or other postal history items from the "Posta / Ceskoslovenska / 1919" overprints on Austrian stamps semi-postal issues.
Celistvosti-Predznamkove Dopisy: (Czech.) refers to the pre-20th century pre- adhesive folded-letters, envelope-letters and / or other postal history items which may, or may not, include post office markings.
Celistvosti-Protektorát Cechy a Moravia: (Czech.) refers to the covers and / or other postal history originating with the postage stamp issues of 1939-1945 Bohemia and Moravia, see Protektorát Cechy a Moravia.
Celistvosti-Skautsé: (Czech.) refers to the covers and / or other postal history items From the 7 November 1918 10 H(eller) and 20 H local Czechoslovakian "Lion" stamps Issued with "Posta / Ceskych Skauta" and "ve Sluzbach / Narodny Vlady" inscriptions ("Czech Boy Scout Post / in National Government Service").
Celistvosti-SO 1920: (Czech.) refers to the covers and / or other postal history items of the "SO / 1920" overprints on the 1918-1920 Czechoslovakia stamps issued for occupied Eastern Silesia. The territory was later divided between Czechoslovakia and Poland through the city of Teschen; see Ceskoslovenska Polní Posta-Tesínko.
Celistvosti-Sudety: (Czech.) refers to the covers and / or other postal history items representing the 1938-1945 German occupation of the Sudetenland (q.v.).
Celistvosti-Zepelinová Posta: (Czech.) refers to Zeppelin mail covers.
Cement: early stamps of Great Britain advised, "In wetting the back be careful not to remove the cement"; known today as the gum.
CEN: Comite Européen de Normalisation (Fr.) European Standards Organization; has a committee on establishing postal standards (CEN TC 331) for all European nations; as of 2001, over 5,000 standar ds were available.
Cenrage: (Fr.) centering.
Censored by the I.R.A.: rubber stamp marking applied in Ireland, 1916-21.
Censored Mail (mark): a cover with a hand-stamp, manuscript or label indicating that the contents have been opened, read and censored, handstamped markings were used during the Boer War, 1899-1902; special censored labels date from World War 1, handstamped marks were used in subsequent wars.
Censorship: the examination of anything communicated to find and suppress language deemed to be objectionable on moral, political, military or other grounds.
Censorship Dept.: Egyptian censor's round stamp, WW II.
Censura: (Sp.) censorship.
Censurada: (Sp.) censored.
Censura Gubernativa: (Sp.) government censor.
vCensura Militar: (Sp.) military censor.
Censurar (en) Destino: (Sp.) to be censored at destination.
Censuré: (Fr.) censored, censorship, censor (mark).
Cenus: (Rom.) grey (color).
Census Marks: see Dumb Cancellation.
Cenusiu: (Rom.) ash-grey (color).
Cent: smallest unit of currency in many nations.
Centaur Co.: US medicine stamp inscription; see Private Die Proprietary Stamps.
Centenaire Algerie: (Fr.) inscription for centenary of Algeria.
Centenaire du Gabon: (Fr.) centenary of Gabon.
Centenario de Ciudad de Vi√ɬĪa del Mar: (Sp.) 100 years of the city of Vi√ɬĪa del Mar on semipostal stamp of Chile, 1974.
Centenary International Philatelic Exhibition: CIPEX; international stamp show held in New York City, N.Y., 1947.
Center: the stamp's most prominent feature, whether a portrait, bust, or a numeral.
Center Frame: the framework surrounding the center, usually forming a feature of the design.
Centering: stamp design location on the piece of paper it is printed on; if the margins outside the design are exactly equal, it is called a "perfectly centered stamp."
Center Inverted: a production error in which the center of the stamp is inverted with respect to the frame. In many cases, the error is actually the result of the frame bring printed incorrectly and the errors technically should be known as inverted frames.
Center Lines: printing guidelines which divide a sheet of US stamps into four panes.
Center Line Block: a block of stamps enclosing the crossing point of the vertical and horizontal guidelines; on early US issues, one of the most valuable blocks on a sheet of stamps, second only to the plate number blocks.
Center Misplaced: usually the result of faulty registration during multi-color printing.
Center Omitted: the error is so obvious that examples are considered as printer's waste, however, some non-US stamps were actually issued with missing centers.
Centerport: local post, US, New York.
Centesimi: Italy currency overprint on stamps of Austria.
Centesimi di Corona: surcharge on stamps of Italy, Italian Occupation of Austria (Dalmatia, Trentino and Venezia Giulia), 1921.
Centimes: 1: Austria currency overprint, offices in Crete. 2: overprint on stamps of Germany, currency unit, offices in Turkey. 3: currency unit in many countries.
Centimes à per'evoir: (Fr.) (plus numeral, no country name); Guadeloupe, France, French Colonies, postage due.
Centimo: unit of currency used in many Spanish-language countries.
Centimos: currency overprint on stamps of France and Germany, Offices in Morocco.
Centrado: (Sp.) centered.
Centrafricaine Republique: (Fr.) Central African Republic, Western Africa.
Centrafricaine: (Fr.) Central African. Centrage: (Fr.) centering.
Centraje: (Sp.) centered.
Central African Federation: Federation of Northern / Southern Rhodesia, Nyasaland, 1953-63.
Central African Republic: central Africa, north of the Democratic Republic of the Congo; Official name of Postal Administration: Office National des Postes et de l'épargne Currency: 100 centimes = 1 franc 1892: stamps of French Congo, 1907: stamps of Middle Congo, 1915: stamps of Middle Congo overprinted "Oubangui-Chari-Tchad" for Ubangi-Shari and Tchad, 1916: first semi-postal stamp, 1922, Nov.: overprint changed to "Oubangi-Chari" and Tchad, 1924: stamps of Chad, Gabon, Middle Congo and Ubangi-Shari overprinted "Afrique Equatorial Francaise," 1928: first postage due as Ubangi-Shari, 1931: first commemorative as Ubangi-Shari, 1936, March: first issue of stamps of "Afrique Equatorial Francaise," used on stamps of Gabon, 1958, Dec. 1: with independence, changed name to Central African Republic, 1959, Dec. 1: No.1, 15 francs multicolor, first stamps issued, 1960, Aug. 13: fully independent, 1960, Sept. 3: first air mail stamp issued, 1961, June 28: joined the UPU, 1962, Jan. 1: first military stamp issued, 1962, Apr. 7: first semipostal stamp issued, 1962, Oct. 15: first postage due stamp issued, 1964, Mar. 7: air mail semipostal stamp issued, 1965: first official stamp issued, 1976, Dec.4: changed name to Central African Empire, 1977: first official, air mail stamps issued as Empire, 1979, Sept. 20: became the Central African Republic again, 2003: new government established; see Chad, Gabonaise Republique.
Central Albania: 1914, Jan-1916: provisional regime, Austria took over in 1916; see Epirus.
Centrala Lithuaen: (Swed.) Central Lithuania
Central-litauen: (Dan., Nor.) Central Lithuania.
Central America: consists of the land between Mexico and Colombia; consists of Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and Panama.
Central American Steamship Co.: local post, West Indies, 1886.
Centralamerika: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) Central America.
Central Annam: Viet Minh government, North Vietnam, 1950-52.
Central China: 1949: central Chinese Liberation Area established; included the provinces of Honan (Aug. 1949), Hupeh (June 4, 1949), Hunan (1949), and Kiangsi (June 20, 1949); separate issues for the regions were issued.
Central Express: railroad package express firm operated by the Central Railroad Company of New Jersey; used corner cards and labels; 1869-87.
Central-litauen: (Dan., Nor.) Central Lithuania.
Centrala Lithuaen: (Swed.) Central Lithuania
Central Lithuania: area between Poland, Lithuania and Russia (Vilnius Republic) Currency: 100 fennigi = 1 markka 1915-pre: under Russian rule, 1915: stamps of Germany overprinted for Lithuania, 1918, Dec.: regular Lithuanian stamps used, 1919, Mar. 4: overprinted stamps of Russia, 1920, Oct. 9: occupied by Polish forces, issued own stamps, postage due stamp, 1921: No.1, 25 fennigi red, first semipostal stamp issued, 1922, Apr. 16: annexed to Poland, 1939, Oct.: occupied by Soviet forces, overprint on stamps of Lithuania "Vilnius 1939-X-10," 1940, July 21: stamps of Lithuania overprinted "LTSR 21 VII 1940" Lietuvos Tarbu Socialistine Respublika; Lithuanian Socialist Soviet Republic, 1940, Aug.3: incorporated into the Soviet Union, used stamps of Russia; see Russia, 1990: became independent.
Central London L.S.: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971.
Central Litauen: (Dan.) Central Lithuania.
Centralni Litva: (Czech.) Central Lithuania.
Central Overland California & Pike's Peak Express: private post firm operated between St. Joseph, Mo. and San Francisco, Calif., used labels, 1860
Central Post Office: US local post handstamp, New York, N.Y., 1856.
Central States of Somali: bogus, no postal value.
Central Taxis of Dover: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971.
Central Tranvias: (Sp.) postmark for mail received from trams at Madrid central post office.
Central Wales & Carmarthen Junction Railway: Wales local post.
Centrar: (Sp.) centering.
Centrato: (It.) centered.
Centratura: (It.) centering.
Centre(é): (British, Fr.) center.
Centrerat: (Swed.) centered.
Centro: (Sp., It.) center.
Cents: 1: (with crown) Straits Settlements currency overprint on stamps of India. 2: overprint on stamps of Russia, offices in China.
Centu: currency unit in Memel, 1923.
Century of Progress: US stamps issued for the 1933 Century of Progress Exposition in Chicago
Cenzurirano: (Slovenian) censored.
Cephalonia and Ithaca: Islands in the Ionian Sea off west coast of Greece; 1941: overprint on stamps of Greece by Italy with Italia / Occupazione Militare/Italiana isole / Cefalonia e Itaca, Italian Military Occupation of the Islands of Cephalonia and Ithaca, then general occupation issues, 1941: first postage due, air mail stamps issued, 1943: German occupation overprint used for eight days, 1943: stamps of Greece used; see Ionian Islands, Italy.
CEPT: Conference of European Postal and Telecommunications Administrations.
Cerdanyola: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937.
Cerde√ɬĪa: (Sp.) Sardinia.
Ceremony Program: card or folder detailing program at first day or stamp unveiling ceremony.
Ceres: goddess of the harvest; 1849: illustrated on first stamps of France, 1856-78: depicted on the Argentine province of Corrientes, 1912: design used by Portugal.
Ceres, S.S.: steamship of the Danube Steam Navigation Company built for the Upper Danube Lines; used ship's marking on mail, 1850s.
Cereza: (Sp.) cerise (color).
Cerigo / Occupazione Militare Italiana: (It.) Italian Military Occupation of Cerigo; private overprint on stamps of Greece, Ionian Islands.
CERN: (Fr.) Centra Européen pour la Recherche Nucléaire, European Center for Nuclear Research.
Cerná, Cerny: (Czech.) black (color) (adj.).
Cerna Hora: (Czech.) Montenegro.
Cernauti: overprint on semipostal stamps of Romania for the occupation of Cernauti, Bucovina, Aug. 1941.
Cerneala: (Rom.) ink.
Cernofialová: (Czech.) black-violet, black-purple (color).
Cernohnedá: (Czech.) black-brown (color).
Cernosedá: (Czech.) black-violet, blackish-grey (color).
Cerrado y Selado: (Sp.) closed and sealed, Mexican registration label.
Certificado: (Sp.) registered.
Certificado de Autenticidad: (Sp.) certificate from a recognized authority certifying the genuineness of a philatelic item.
Certificate: when issued by an acknowledged expert, or group of experts, it gives credence to the authenticity and condition of a stamp.
Certificate of Authenticity: certificate from a recognized authority certifying the genuineness of a philatelic item.
Certificate of Mailing: a receipt prepared by the mailer as proof of mailing, USPS term.
Certified Mail: 1: US 15¬Ę stamp, June 6, 1955, first use of Certified Mail in world, not valid for postage. 2: called Recorded Delivery in Britain. 3: mail for which a receipt is given to the sender at time of mailing.
Certifying Stamp: hand or rubber stamp applied to official mail to certify that it is on official business; used in Great Britain and some Commonwealth countries from the start of Penny Postage until 1983.
Cervantes: nickname for official stamp issue of Spain, Apr. 22, 1916.
Cerven: (Czech.) June.
Cervenec: (Czech.) July.
Cervená: (Czech.) red (color).
Cervenofialová: (Czech.) red-violet, red-purple (color).
Cervenohnedá: (Czech.) red-brown (color).
Cervenooranzová: (Czech.) red-orange (color).
Cerveny Kriz: (Czech.) Red Cross.
Cervera: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937.
Ceska Republika, Cesky: (Czech.) Czech Republic, Czech (adj.). Proclaimed in 1992, becoming effective in 1993.
Ceská Socialistická Republika: (Czech.) Czech Socialist Republic. Post WWII government, with federal constitution adopted in 1968. New government formed in 1989; divided effective 1 January 1993 into the two separate countries of the Czech Republic and Slovakia.
Ceskoslovenska: (Czech.) overprint on stamps of Austria for Czechoslovakia, semipostals.
Ceskoslovenska Interbrigády ve Spanelsku: (Czech.) refers to Czechoslovakian volunteer brigade postal history from the 1936-1939 Spanish Civil War.
Ceskoslovenska polní posta-Anglii: (Czech.) refers to the Czechoslovakian military forces in WWII-era Great Britain postal history.
Ceskoslovenska Polní Posta-Slovensko: (Czech.) refers to the Czechoslovakian Army in the WWI-era Slovakia fieldpost postal history.
Ceskoslovenska Polní Posta-Tesínko: (Czech.) (Ger. Teschen) refers to the Czechoslovakian Army in the WWI-era Tesínko (now Cesky Tesín) fieldpost postal history. Czechoslovakia and Poland disputed the territory, known as Eastern Silesia (q.v.), with portions being occupied in 1919 by the Czechs. The region was divided between the two nations by the 1920 Conference of Ambassadors, with the Czech section being ceded to Poland during the 1938 German-Czech crisis. After the 1920 division, the capital city of Teschen, divided by the Olsa River, was renamed, with the Czech city being Cesky Tesín, and the Polish city being Cieszyn; see Celistvosti - SO 1920.
Ceskoslovenska Republika: (Czech.) 1. Czechoslovakian Republic. 2. private overprint on stamps of Austria, Czechoslovakia.
Cesko Slovenska (Statni) Posta: (Czech.) unofficial issue on stamps of Austria or Hungary.
Ceskoslovenska Vojsko na Rusi: (Czech.) refers to the Czechoslovakian Army in the WWI-era Russia fieldpost postal history.
Ceskoslovenska vojsko ve Francii: (Czech.) refers to the Czechoslovakian Army in the WWI-era France fieldpost postal history.
Ceskoslovenska Vojsko v Itálii: (Czech.) refers to the Czechoslovakian Army in the WWI-era Italy fieldpost postal history.
Ceskoslovenske Armady Sibirske: (Czech.) Czech army post in Siberia.
Ceskoslovenske Vojsko na Rusi: (Czech.) Czechoslovak Legion in Siberia, Dec. 1919.
Ceskoslovensko, Ceskoslovensky: (Czech.) Czechoslovakia, Czechoslovakian (adj.). Republic formed in 1918 by Czechs and Slovaks from territories previously administered by the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
Cesko Slovensky Stat: (Czech.) private overprint on stamps of Austria.
Cesky: (Czech.) Czech.
Ceskych Skautu: (Czech.) Czech Scouts inscription on Czechoslovakia issue in Oct. 1918; Boy Scouts distributed mail.
C. est de N.: Cartas Estrangeiros de Navios (Port.) foreign ship letter,1835.
Cestoda: British fantasy label.
Ceuta: see Spain.
Ceylan: (Fr., Sp.) Ceylon.
Ceylon: island in Indian Ocean, south of India, now Sri Lanka; Currency: 100 cents = 1 rupee (1872), 12 pence = 1 shilling 1795-post: ruled by Great Britain, 1802: made a Crown Colony by Great Britain, 1813: first handstamps, 1845: mail routed through India, 1857: No.1, 1 pence, blue, first stamp issued, 1869: first official stamp issued, 1918: first War Tax stamp issued, 1948, Feb. 4: Ceylon became independent within British Commonwealth, 1949, July 13: rejoined the UPU, 1956, May 10: first semipostal stamp, 1972, May 22: independent, named Republic of Sri Lanka.
Ceylon: 1: inscription "the F-word" unissued Great Britain cinderella by David Horry, 2001. 2: inscription Tamil Tiger, unissued Great Britain cinderella by David Horry, 2001.
CF: 1: Scott Catalogue prefix to identify air mail registration stamps. 2: Communauté Fran'aise (Fr.) French community. 3: Canadian Flight covers. 4: Correspondance Fran'aise, Colonies Fran'aises (Fr.) French Correspondence; French Colonies.
C.F.A.: 1: overprint on stamps of France for Colonies Fran'aises d'Afrique, currency in French African francs, 1945. 2: overprint on French issues for Reunion. 3: overprint on stamps of France for Communauté Financière Africaine (Fr.) Community of French Africa, 1960.
C.F.A. Franc: (French African Community franc) unit of currency in Benin, Burkino Faso, Cameroun, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Mali, New Caledonia, Niger Republic, Senegal, Togo.
C.F.C.: Compagnia Fedelissima dei Corrieri (It.) Company of Most Reliable Couriers, private courier organization, Venice, 1771-92.
C.F.M.: Charles F. Malloy, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher Initials, Siderographer.
C.F.P. Franc: (French Pacific Community franc) unit of currency used in French Polynesia, New Caledonia, Wallis & Futuna.
C.F.P.O.(S): see Canadian Forces Post Office(s).
C.F.P.U.: see Canadian Forces Postal Unit.
C.F.R.N.A.: the French-owned Cie. Franco-Roumaine de Navigation Aérienne airline, which conducted several international pioneer first flights in the early 1920s.
C.G.H.: used in Cape of Good Hope, complicated parallel line design to prevent washing of stamp for reuse, 1853-63.
C.G.H.S: Commission de Gouvernment Haute Silésie (Government of Upper Silesia) overprint on official stamps of Germany, for Upper Silesia, 1920-21.
C.G.R.: Cape Government Railways; overprint on stamps for railway mail from Caledon, Cape Province, 1911-12.
C Grill: grill used on US stamps in the 19th century.
C.G.T.: "Compagnie Generale Transatlantique" General Transatlantic Company, a French packet company that brought mail to and from the Danish West Indies, etc.
CH: 1: (followed by Oriental characters) Korea. 2: Colombla-SCADTA consular overprint for Chile. 3: (Fr.) abbreviation for "charnière(s)" hinge(s), hinged. 4: Court House, found in some early US postmarks. 5: House of Commons. 6: Correspondance Hollandaise (Fr.) Dutch, 1809. 7: surcharge on stamps of Iran, 1928. 8: international postal code for Switzerland.
Chabacano, Repoblik de: bogus labels for fictional republic in the Philippines, 1966.
Chabas: city in Egypt, Interpostal Seals used 1880-82, see Interpostal Seals.
Chachapoyas: overprint on stamps of Peru during war with Chile, 1884.
Chad: Central Africa, south of Libya; Official name of Postal Administration: Soci√©t√© Tchadienne des Postes et de l'‚Äįpargne (STPE) Currency: 100 centimes = 1 franc 1897-1914: occupied by France, used stamps of French Congo and Middle Congo, 1905-pre: military (free) franchise in effect, 1910: territories of Ubangi-Shari, Chad, Middle Congo and Gabon federated, but postal services remained separate, 1915: stamps of Middle Congo overprinted for use in Oubangui-Chari and Tchad, 1920, Mar.17: became separate French colony, 1922, Nov: "Tchad" overprint on stamps of Middle Congo, No.1, 1 centime red-violet, "Afrique Equatoriale Fran'aise" overprint added with Tchad, 1928: first postage due stamp issued, 1934: colonies of Chad, Gabon, Middle Congo and Ubangi-Shari grouped as French Equatorial Africa, 1936-59: used stamps of French Equatorial Africa, 1958, Nov. 28: inscription "Republique du Tchad" as independent state in the French Union, 1959, Nov. 28: first stamps issued as Republic of Chad, 1960, Aug. 11: independence from France, 1960, Dec. 15: first air mail stamp issued, 1961, June 23: joined the UPU, 1962, Apr. 7: first semipostal stamp issued, 1964, Mar. 9: first air mail semipostal stamp issued, 1965: first military stamp issued, 1966: first official stamp issued.
Chad: little bit of paper punched out during perforating process.
Chad to Rhine: march during World War II; common design on stamps of the French Community of Nations, 1946.
Chaferinas Islands: see Spain.
Chahar: province in North China Liberation Area, 1937.
Chahi: unit of currency used in Persia (Iran).
Chain-Breakers: 1919 issues of Slovenia, man breaking chains in newfound freedom.
Chainmail: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971.
Chair: (Fr.) flesh (color).
Chakasia: bogus Russian local post overprint.
Chala: town on southern coast of Peru; overprint on stamps of Peru, provisional issue, 1884.
Chalco: overprint used on stamps of Mexico for this district during 1856-1883.
Chalcography: act of engraving a design on copper or brass for use as an intaglio printing plate.
Chalka: city in Egypt, Interpostal Seals used 1879-80, see Interpostal Seals.
Chalki: see Greece.
Chalk Paper: stamp paper which has a coating of chalk or clay on the surface, introduced by De La Rue to prevent reuse of stamps after washing off cancel, 1902.
Chalky Paper: whiter paper used on British stamps to improve their appearance, should not be soaked because design may deteriorate, April 1962.
Chalmers, James: (1782-1853) unsuccessful British claimant as inventor of the postage stamp.
Chalon Heads: Alfred Chalon's coronation bust portrait of Queen Victoria appears on many British Dominions and Colonies issues.
Chalons-sur-Marne: local post provisional, France, 1944.
Chaluf-el-Taraba: city in Egypt, Interpostal Seals used 1868, see Interpostal Seals.
Chamba: northern India Convention State; 1846: became independent of Kashmir, 1886: No.1, 1/2 anna green, first stamps with "Chamba State" overprint valid throughout India, 1886: first official stamp issued, 1950, Apr.1: Republic of India convention states stamps used, 1950, Dec. 31: convention states stamps no longer valid, 1951, Jan. 1: overprint on stamps of British India for use to any point in British India.
Chambery: local post provisional, France, 1944.
Chambon Press: web-fed press that uses continuous paper, with built-in perforating capability; used in Australia.
Chameleon Paper: security paper with a pigmentation that changes with attempts to remove the cancellation.
Chamois: (Fr.) buff (color).
Chamousset, Claude-Humbert Piarron de: established La Petite Poste, the small post, in Paris with 117 carriers and made deliveries three times a day, 1758.
Champion of Champions (C of C): Grand Award winners from APS World Series (national) stamp shows are eligible to compete in the annual C of C competition.
Championship Class: International Federation of Philately (FIP) exhibit category from any class of exhibiting, that received 95 or more points in any three separate years during previous ten years.
Champions of Liberty: series of US stamps honoring foreign nationals who sought freedom in their homelands, 1950s-60s.
Champion, Theodore: French dealer who specialized in rarities and had several monarchs as his client, 1873-1954.
Champlain Press: used by J.W. Fergusson & Sons, a subcontractor for Stamp Venturers, prints using a layout of 13 rows of 33 stamps
Chan: catalogue of stamps of China.
Chandawil: city in Egypt, Interpostal Seals used 1884, see Interpostal Seals.
Chandernagore: see India.
Changeling: an ink color change due to exposure to bright light, chemical fumes, heat or other causes; greens, reds, violets and yellows are especially prone to change.
Chankianshih (Kwangchowwan): see China.
Channel Islands: south of Great Britain, east of France, British crown dependency comprised of Alderney, Brechou, Guernsey, Herm, Jersey, Jethou and Sark; 1840, May 8: first stamps, those of Great Britain, Maltese Cross cancellations used, 1840s: handstamps in France also used during this period, 1850: captains of private ships were paid to carry mail between France and islands, mail to be deposited in movable boxes, 1940, June 30: occupied by Germany, 1940, Dec. 27-Feb. 22, 1941: Guernsey stamps bisected and used due to stamp shortage, 1941, Apr. 1: Jersey local post issue, 1941, Apr. 7: Guernsey local post issue, 1945, May 10: islands back to Britain, local post stamps valid for one year, 1945-1969: Herm island owner issued local post stamps, 1947: fiscal stamps issued, 1948, Aug. 18: Channel Islands two stamp issue, with no inscription except denomination, marking third anniversary of liberation from German occupation, 1969, Oct. 1: Jersey and Guernsey issued their own stamps, British stamps not valid, 1983, June 14: Alderney issued own stamps.
Channel Isles and Man: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971.
Channel Isles, Mail to the: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971.
Channel Mail Service: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971.
Chantada: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist forces, 1937.
Chapel Hill, N. C. Paid 5: see Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Chapman & Co. Express: local parcel firm serviced Boston and Marblehead, Mass., 1889.
Chapters, APS: local philatelic clubs, independent in their own right, which are also official chapters of the American Philatelic Society (APS); Chicago Philatelic Society has been a chapter since Oct. 10, 1887; see American Philatelic Society, APS.
Chargé (e) (Lettre, Colis): (Fr.) registered (letter, package).
Charge Marks / Labels: manuscript, stamped black figures, or labels were used for unpaid letters to indicate amount to be paid by recipient, red figures were used for paid letters, pre-1840,
Chargement: (Fr.) registration, insurance.
Charity Stamps / Stationery: non-postal validity labels resembling stamps sold by charity groups to raise funds, first used in 1860 for Garibaldi's Sicilian campaign, may be considered a cinderella. Sold at more than the inscribed face value, with the difference between the face value and the selling price used for charity work; called semipostal stamps; Great Britain sold postal stationery in 1890 for a shilling with only 1d postage, balance going to a charity for postal widows and orphans.
Charity Surcharge: overprint denoting an addition to the postage fee as a contribution to a charitable purpose.
Charkhari: Central India Feudatory State; 1894: No.1, 1 anna green, first local post stamps, 1950, Apr. 30: separate stamps discontinued, 1950, May 1: replaced by stamps of the Republic of India.
Charleroi-1911: overprint on stamps of Belgium for national anti-tuberculosis group.
Charleston: 1: city in West Virginia, home of Carriers' Stamp firms Honour's, Martin's, Steinmeyer's and Beckman posts. 2: city in South Carolina, occupied by the British from May 12, 1780 until Dec. 14, 1782.
Charleston, S.C. 5 cts, 10¬Ę: see Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Charlottesville, Va. Paid 5: see Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Charnela: (Sp.) hinge, small piece of gummed glassine or parchment paper used by collectors for mounting stamps on album pages.
Charnière: (Fr.) hinge, small piece of gummed glassine or parchment paper used by collectors for mounting stamps on album pages.
Chartered: (Eng.) licensed.
Chase & Co's Express: local post serviced New York City; used a label, year unknown.
Chase, A.W. Dr., Son & Co.: US medicine stamp inscription; see Private Die Proprietary Stamps.
Chasquis: (Sp.) runners, who carried memorized verbal messages from one relay station to the next, employed by the Spanish in Peru, 1532.
Chat: (Fr.) cat, thematic subject.
Ch√ɬĘtain: (Fr.) chestnut (color).
Chateau de Malmaison: (Fr.) label for Paris stamp exhibition, 1944.
Chateau-Renault: local post provisional, France, 1944.
Chatellerault: local post provisional, France, 1944.
Chatham Islands: islands 500 miles east of Christchurch, New Zealand; 1970, Dec.: two stamps with Chatham islands inscription valid throughout New Zealand.
Chatham Square Post Office: carrier service, independent of USPO, operated by Aaron Swarts, successor Benjamin Lockwood, 1847-56, 1856-59.
Chattanooga, Ten. Paid 5: see Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Chauchina: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist forces, 1936-37.
Chausey: Channel Island, has cachet, no postmark, no postal validity.
Cheap Postage Association: formed in 1843 calling for postal reforms, called Friends of Cheap Postage; brought lower rates in 1845.
Chechen Republic: autonomous territory within Russia; 1992: some local post stamps may have been used within area, 2002, Jan. 14: illegal labels purporting to be stamps, not valid for postage, UPU report.
Checiny: city in Poland issued local post stamps in 1919 authorized by municipal authorities.
Check Letters: letters found in the corners of the early British stamps, 1840-1902, as a precaution against forgery and re-use.
Checklist: list of stamps, usually compiled by a collector, of philatelic and thematic items that are needed.
Check Stamp: a revenue stamp usually applied to checks, used as postage in British Central Africa in 1898.
Checoslovaquia: (Sp.) Czechoslovakia.
Cheever & Towle: US local post, Boston, Mass., 1849(?).
Chefoo: local post, China treaty port, 1893-97.
Chekiang: province in the East China Liberation area, 1940.
Cheltex P.S.: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971.
Chelva: city in Spain, local post, Civil War, 1937.
Chelyabinsk: city in Siberia, Russia; 1920-22: stamps of Russian overprinted for local post use by municipal authorities.
Chembary: city in Russia, Zemstvo local post; 1874-88, see Zemstvo.
Chemically Synthetic Gum: originally used for wood glues, binders, etc., found its way into postage stamps in the 1970s; curl is controllable, but it does not stick to paper as quickly as arabic gum.
Chemical Reaction: change of color during printing process when a printing plate is wiped and chemically alters the color; result is considered printer's waste.
Chemin de Fer Electrique EB / Bruxelles á Tervueren: (Fr..) overprint for electric train between Brussels and Tervueren.
Chemin du Roi: (Fr.) (King's Way) relay stations for mail that offered lodging and changes of horse and carriage.
Chemins de Fer: (Fr.) inscription / handstamp, Belgium railway parcel post stamps, issued May 1, 1879.
Chemins de Fer de l'Etat Belge: (Fr.) Belgium state railway stamp.
Chemins de fer / Spoorwegen: (Fr./Flem.) inscription on Belgium railway parcel post stamps.
Chemnitz: local post, city in Germany, 1945-48.
Cheney & Co's Express: private mail and parcel firm serviced Boston, Mass.; New Hampshire, Vermont and Montreal, Canada; used embossed and printed corner cards, labels; 1842-66.
Cheney, Fiske & Co's Express: private mail and parcel firm serviced Boston, Mass.; New Hampshire, Vermont and Montreal, Canada; used labels, 1855-67.
Cheney, Hill & Co's Express: private mail firm serviced Boston, Mass. and New England towns; used a corner card; 1854.
Cheney, Rice & Co's Express: private mail firm serviced Boston, Mass. and New England towns into Canada; used a label, 1850s.
Cheng-chow: local post, city in Central China, 1948-49.
Cheng-yang-kwan: local post, city in East China, 1949.
Chen-Ning: local post, city in Southwest China, 1949.
Chen-Yuan: local post, city in Southwest China, 1949.
Cheque: (British) check.
Cheque Stamps: fiscal stamp inscription to confirm payable Stamp Duty; 1855-1971: used on checks, 1898: used as postage in Nyasaland, canceled by postal clerks when affixed to letters.
Cherbine: city in Egypt, Interpostal Seals used 1872-84, see Interpostal Seals.
Cherbourg: local post provisional, France, 1944.
Cherdyn: city in Russia, Zemstvo local post; 1889-1918, see Zemstvo.
Cherepovets: city in Russia, Zemstvo local post; 1869-1912, see Zemstvo.
Cherifian Local Post: semi-official local post of Morocco, 1912-13, see Morocco.
Cherkassy: city in Russia, Zemstvo local post; 1879, see Zemstvo.
Cherkes(s)ia: bogus Russian issue, not valid for postage.
Chern: city in Russia, Zemstvo local post; 1871-75, see Zemstvo.
Cherokee Nation: 1: original Cherokees lived in Ga., Ala., N. & S. Carolina, Tenn., Ky., and W. Va.; forcibly moved to Indian territory (now Oklahoma) in 1838-39. 2: bogus, island in the Rio Grande that was going to declare independence.
Cherry Blossom Stamps: Japanese issues depicting cherry blossoms as part of the design,1872.
Cherry Picking: art of buying a stamp or a cover at the seller's asking price even though you know it is worth a lot more.
Cherry Red Airline: local post, Canada,1929.
Cherry Tree P.S.: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971.
Cherubini: Italian Air Mail catalog.
Cheshire Lines Committee: British local railway post.
Cheste: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937.
Chesuncook Lake Tourists Despatch: US local post, Maine, 1886.
Chetrum: unit of currency used in Bhutan.
Cheun: unit of currency used in Bhutan.
Chewing Gum Booklet: nickname for small stamp booklets produced by Canada, 1943-53.
CHI: international postal code for Chile.
Chiapas: state in Mexico issued stamps during 1866 revolution; 1856-1883; overprint used on stamps of Mexico for this district, 1866: No.1, 1/2 real black, 1995: issued two local post stamps.
Chiaro: (It.) light (color).
Chibin-el-Anater: city in Egypt, Interpostal Seals used 1879-84, see Interpostal Seals.
Chibin-el-Com: city in Egypt, Interpostal Seals used 1868-84, see Interpostal Seals.
Chibriket: city in Egypt, Interpostal Seals used 1880-82, see Interpostal Seals.
Chicago Counterfeits: forged US 1894 2¬Ę stamps detected by Chicago Postal Inspectors from ad in paper.
Chicago Dime Express Co.: local parcel firm serviced Chicago; used a stamp, 1884-85.
Chicago Match Co.: inscription on US match stamp; see Private Die Proprietary Stamps.
Chicago Penny Post: US local post, Charles W. Mappa, formerly Floyd's Penny Post, Chicago, IL.,1862.
Chicago Perforations: imperforate stamps privately-perforated by Elijah W. Hadley, a Chicago dentist; first US stamps perforated by a true perforating machine, June 1855.
Chiclayo: "Franca" (Sp.) paid overprint on stamps of Peru for use in Chile, 1884.
Chiffre: 1: (with value in piastre) Turkey postage due. 2: (without country name) France (perforated) postage due. 3: (without country name) French Colonies (imperforate) postage due. 4: (Fr.) numeral.
Chiffre Taxe: (Fr.) inscription on postage due labels of France, French colonies and Turkey, post-1859.
Chiffre Taxe a Per'evoir: (Fr.) inscription on postage due labels of Egypt, post-1884
Chihuahua: state in Mexico; 1856-83: overprint used on stamps of Mexico, 1872: No.1, 12 centavos black, issued stamps during revolt to drive French ou of state, 1914: district in Mexico which issued revolutionary stamps.
Child & Co's Express: local post serviced Boston, Mass., and Portland, Maine into Canada; used labels, 1843-49.
Child & Kent Express: local parcel firm serviced Boston, and Lynn, Mass.; used a label.
Children's Charity Stamps: semipostals for children's charities; most popular are "Pro Juventute" (Switzerland since 1913) and "Kinderzegels" (Holland since 1924); also known as Child Welfare Stamp.
Children's Playtime Postage: see Children's Stamps, Toy Stamps.
Children's Stamps: stamps designed by children and issued by various countries since 1958.
Chile: southern South America between Argentina and Peru; Official name of postal administration: Correos de Chile Currency: 100 centavos = 1 peso, 100 milesimos = 100 centesimos = 1 escudo (1960), 100 centavos = 1 peso (1975) 1748: monthly mail service started between Santiago and Buenos Aires, 1810, Sep. 11: independence from Spain, 1817-18: became independent nation, 1840: regular coastal mail service started, expanded to packet mail, 1853, July 1: No.1, 5 centavos brown-red, first stamps with "Colon" inscription, 1865-81: stamps of Great Britain used at Valparaiso, 1881, Apr. 1: joined the UPU, 1891, Apr. 21: revenue stamps used for postage, 1891, July 10-Sep. 5, 1891: no charge for internal mail due to stamp shortage, 1894: first acknowledgment of receipt, postage due stamps, 1900, 1901, 1913: revenue stamps used for mail due to stamp shortage, 1907: first official stamp issued, 1927: first air mail stamp issued, 1940, Mar.1: first semipostal stamp issued, 1957, Apr. 8: first parcel post postal tax stamp, 1961, Apr. 29: first air mail semipostal stamp, 1970: first postal tax stamp, 1990: freely elected president installed.
Chile: (Czech.) Chile
Chilsky: (Czech.) Chilean.
Chilean Occupation of Peru: stamps of Peru overprinted with arms of Chile, 1881.
Chili: (Fr.) Chile.
Chill Roller Doubling: a double impression left on the printed stamp caused by a set-off from the chill roller.
Chill Rollers: rollers that help cool the web after stamps have been printed, in order to prepare the press for another step.
Chilsky: (Czech.) Chile, Chilean.
Chimarra (Himera): provisional issue of Epirus during Greek occupation, Feb.1914-19.
Chimborazo Riobamba: control overprint on stamps of Ecuador, 1902.
Chimeneas: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist forces, 1937-38.
China: Eastern Asia, between North Korea and Vietnam; Official name of postal administration: State Post Bureau Currency: 10 candareen = 1 mace, 10 mace = 1 tael, 100 cents = 1 dollar, yuan (1897), 100 fen = 1 yuan (1949) 4000 BC: oldest postal system in world, used by court officials, 2000 BC: paper first used as writing material, 1122-255 BC: Chou Dynasty had a postal system, 13th Century AD: Marco Polo claimed the I-Chan government had 10,000 post stages, called Min Hsin Chu, made up of letter guilds, carried unofficial mails, 1402: Chinese Ming Emperor Yung opened the Imperial Courier Service to private Chinese citizens to send private letters, 1727: Treaty of Kyakhta permitted mail exchanges between China and Russia, 1858: foreign diplomatic couriers permitted, 1878: No.1, 1 candareen green, China issued its own "large Dragons" stamps, Imperial Maritime Customs Post issue, many local post, sectional, inflation and occupation issues, 1878-82: all mail for foreign destinations routed through Shanghai, 1896: Imperial Postal Service put private carriers out of business, 1897: Imperial post started as nationwide postal system, 1912: first postage due stamp issued, 1914-pre: all mail to foreign destinations had to pass through foreign post offices, Imperial Chinese post offices handled foreign stamps which could be used in combination with Chinese stamps, or uaed a handstamp, 1914, March 1: joined the UPU, includes Hong Kong, Macao, 1917: Japan awarded the Shantung territory, Japan withdrew in 1922, 1922: foreign countries stopped using their own systems for mail sent abroad, 1927, Apr.18: Nationalist government under Chiang Kai-Shek, 1932: Japan occupied Manchuria and renamed it Manchukuo, 1932: first semipostal, air mail stamps issued, 1940: Japan invaded China proper controlling the coastal areas, 1940-43: stamp stock surcharged by provincial officials, 1940s: inflation issue included a $5 million stamp, WWII-post: Japan evacuated occupied Chinese territories, 1945-49: Nationalist and Communist areas issued inflation provisional stamps, 1949, Jan.-Oct.: Liberation Area issued its own regional issues, 1949, May 1: non-denominated stamps with face value determined by date of sale at post office, five numbers in lower margin indicate: 1. issue number. 2. total stamps in set. 3. position of stamp. 4. cumulative number of stamp. 5. year of issue, 1949, Oct. 1: People's Republic of China formed 1949, Oct. 8: No.1, 30 dollar, blue, first of own stamps for entire nation, 1950, June 30: regional issues ordered not to be sold with one-year cut-off, Northeast and Port Arthur-Darien exempted due to different currencies, 1950, Sep.1: first postage due stamp issued, 1950, Dec. 31: Northeast and Port Arthur-Darien ceased separate issues, 1951, May 1: first air mail stamp issued, 1951, May: separate issues discontinued in Northeast China, unified issues only, 1953, Aug. first military stamp, 1955, Mar.1: reprints put on sale to public, 1960-pre: all stamps were issued without gum, with few exceptions, 1963, Aug. 24: changed affiliation with the UPU, Mongolia became independent, 1970-pre: canceled-to-order stamps exist in quantity, 1984, Feb. 16: first semi-postal stamp, 1987: used stamps for philatelic market ceased, 1995, Mar. 1: reprints offered for sale by the Philatelic Agency, 1997, July 1: Hong Kong returned to China as administrative district; Hong Kong stamps continued; see China, Regional Issues; Taiwan.
China: 1: overprint on stamps of Germany, Offices in China. 2: China Post inscription for People's Republic of China. 3: overprint on stamps of Hong Kong, 1917-1927, British Offices abroad.
China, Boxer Uprising: 1900, June: Nationalist uprising against foreign influence in China resulted in a siege of the international legations in Peking and an attack of the international settlements in Tientsin, 1900, July: Troops from nine countries (American, Australian, Austro-Hungarian, British, French, German, Italian, Japanese and Russian) assembled to fight the Boxers, 1900, Aug.: International force lifts the siege of Peking; Boxers dispersed; Allied occupation of North China, 1900, Sept.-Aug. 15, 1901: Some mail was "Free," while others required domestic rate postage; Britain issued stamps of India overprinted "C.E.F."(China Expeditionary Force), 1901, Sep.: Peace Protocol of Peking signed by China, ending the intervention.
China, British Offices: 1844: consular treaty port post offices opened, 1862-post: all mail canceled "B62" in Hong Kong, 1862-1917: stamps of Hong Kong used, 1917: No.1, 1 cent brown; overprint "China" on stamps of Hong Kong, valid in Hong Kong, and treaty ports, 1922, Nov. 30: all offices were closed except for Wei-hai-wei, 1930, Oct. 1: stamps withdrawn, offices handed back to China.
China, Central: provinces of Honan, Hunan, Hupen, Kansu; 1949, May: No.1, 100 yuan dark carmine, No. 1, 1 cent on 20 yuan red-brown, 1949, Aug.: No.1, non-denominated orange.
China, Central Liberation Area: provinces of Honan, Hupen, Hunan and Kiangsi; 1949, Fall: postal service started with currency surcharges.
China Clay Paper: paper with a high mineral content used for the US Washington-Franklin stamps, 1908-09.
China, East: provinces of Anhwei, Chekiang, Fukien 1949: No.1, 1 cent on 500 yuan blue-green, Kiangsu 1949, No.1, 30,000 yuan chocolate, and Shantung,
China, East Liberation Area: provinces of Shantung, Kiangsu, Chekiang, Annwei and Fukien; 1941: postal service established, 1948, Mar.: first stamps, 1948, July: became East China Posts and Telegraph General Office, 1949, May 30: East China Liberation Area stamps issued.
China Expeditionary Force: stamps of India overprinted "C.E.F." 1900, Aug.-Nov. 25, 1923: used by Indian and British troops during Boxer rebellion, stamps continued being used after 1906.
China, Formosa: see Taiwan.
China, French Offices: Currency: 100 centimes = 1 franc, 100 cents = 1 piaster, 100 cents = 1 dollar 1862-94: used stamps of France overprinted "Chine," Shanghai (Nov. 1862); Tientsin (March, 1889); Chefoo (Nov. 1898); Hankow (agency Nov. 1898, PO Oct. 1902); Peking (Dec. 1900); Amoy (Jan. 1902); Foochow, (1902); Ningpo (1902). 1894: No.1, 5 centimes green, 1894-1922: "Chine" (Fr.) overprint / surcharge stamps of France, 1901-19: No.1, 1 centime lilac-blue, Canton, Hoi-Hao, Mongtseu (Mengtsz), Pakhoi, Tchong- King (Chungking), Yunnan Fou (Kunming) overprint / surcharge stamps of Indo-China, 1903-22: "A Percevoir" (Fr.) to collect, overprint / surcharge on postage due stamps of France, 1906, Oct.-1941: No.1, 1 centime olive-green, "Kwang-Chow," (Kouang Tcheou-Wan) overprint / surcharge stamps of Indo-China stamps used for French naval base, 1922, Dec. 31: all post offices closed.
China, German Offices: 1898, Jan. 26: No.1, 3 pfenning dark brown, overprint on stamps of Germany, overprint plus surcharge, "5pf" for use in Foochow and Tientsin, 1898, Mar. 6: Kiaochow (Kiautschou) leased to Germany, 1914, Nov. 7: Kiaochow (Kiautschou) surrendered to Japan, 1917, Mar. 17: all post offices closed.
China-handstempel: (Ger.) Tientsien provisional issue.
China, Hong Kong: administrative region, July 1, 1997: No. 1, $1.30 multi.
China, Indian Forces: 1900: overprinted "C.E.F." on stamps of India; see China Expeditionary Forces.
China, Indo-Chinese Offices: French post offices in China; see Canton, Chungking L.P.O., Hoihow, Mongtze (Mengtsze), Pakhoi, Yunnanfu (Kunming).
China, Italian Offices: Currency: 100 centesimi - 1 lira 1874: No.1 1 centesimi olive-green, 1917, Sep.-Dec. 31, 1922: used stamps of Italy, 1917, Sep.; No.1, 2¬Ę on 5¬Ę green, stamps of Italy overprinted "Pechino," for Peking. 1917, Sep.; No.1, 2¬Ę green, overprinted Tientsin.
China, Japanese Occupation: stamps of China overprinted plus occupation issues, 20th century in Chinese characters: Kwangtung Province including Canton; Inner Mongolia, including North Shansi, South Chara and Suiyuna; North China including Honan, Hopei, Meng Chiang, Shansi, Shantung and Supeh; Nanking and Shanghai including Anhwei, Chekiang, Fukien, Hunan, Hupe and Kiangsi. 1942: stamps of China overprinted.
China, Japanese Offices: 1876, Apr. 15- 31 Dec.1899: overprint on stamps of Japan with Chinese characters, 1900, Jan.: first stamps issued, 1922, Nov. 30: offices closed 1945: issued stamps for Taiwan (Formosa).
China, Liaoning: Port Arthur and Dairen, overprinted stamps of Japan and Manchukuo,1946.
China, Macao: 1999, Dec. 20: issued stamps as People's Republic of China region; see Macao.
China, North: provinces of Chahar, Hopeh, Shansi and Suiyuan.
China, Northeastern Provinces: Manchurian towns: 1946, Feb.: first stamps, No.1, 50¬Ę on 5 yuan violet-red, China, Northern Liberation Area: provinces of Lianoning, Kirin, Jehol and Heilungkiang (aka Manchuria under Japanese); No.1, 1 dollar violet, local post overprint on stamps of Manchukuo,
China, North Liberation Area: provinces of Hopen, Chahar, Shansi and Suiyuan; 1937, Dec.: postal service started, 1946, Mar.: first stamp, 1949, May: renamed North China Postal and Telegraph Administration.
China, Northwest: provinces of Ningsia, Sinkiang, Tsinghai, 1949, May: No.1, 1 cent on 100 yuan orange, Shensi (west portion) 1949, May: No.1, 500 yuan blue-green.
China, Northwest Liberation Area: provinces of Tsinghai, Ningsia and part of Shensi; 1936, Oct.: established territory, 1949: Sinkiang added to the group, 1945, Mar.: first stamps, 1949, June 13: "People's Post Shensi" overprint, 1949, Oct.: "People's Post Kansu" and "People's Post Sinkiang" overprint, 1949, Oct. 15: Northwest Peoples Post started.
China: North West People's Post: area in northwest China, now China People's Republic, 1949, Oct. 15. issued first and only stamps.
China, Offices in Manchuria: 1927: 1/2 centime black-brown, stamps of China overprinted.
China, Offices in Tibet: currency: 12 pies = 1 anna, 16 annas = 1 rupee 1911: No.1, 1 pie on 1c ocher.
China Paper: see India Paper.
China, Port Arthur and Darien: 1946, Apr.: Liaoning postal administration established with overprint on stamps of Manchukuo and Japan.
China, Regional Issues: considered post-World War II to 1949.
China, Republic of: see Taiwan.
China, Russian offices: Currency: 100 kopecks = 1 ruble, 100 cents = 1 dollar (1917) 1870: stamps of Russia used, 1876: post offices established by Chinese National Postal System in five major cities, 1899: No.1, 1 kopeck orange, stamps of Russia overprinted (KHTAH) in the Cyrillic alphabet, 1917-20: stamps of Russia surcharged, 1920: post offices closed.


(Data Above sourced from "Ask Phil" and other sources. Last edit 5/Aug/2008 Amhazing)

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China, South: provinces of Hainan Island, Kwangsi and Kwantung, 1949, Nov.: South China Postal and Telegraph Administration started, 1949, Nov. 1: first stamp.
China, Southwest: provinces of Kweichow, Sikang, Szechwan, Yunnan and Tibet; 1926, No. 1, 1/2 cent black brown. 1933: No. 1, 1 cent orange, Tibet and Yunnan, 1949, Nov. 15: Southwest Postal and Telegraph Administration started 1949, Dec.: first stamps as Southwest China.
China Treaty Ports: established in various Treaty ports: Amoy (1895), Chefoo (1893), Chunkiang (1894), Foochow (1895), Hankow (1893), Ichang (1895), Kewkiang (1894), Nanking (1896), Wuhu (1894) and Shanghai (1865), closed in 1897 with start of Imperial Post.
China, United States Offices: 1867, Aug. 3: US post office opened in the General Consulate in Shanghai, postage charged at international rates of 10¬Ę for letters, paid for with American stamps, 1887, Dec. 11: second post office opened in Tientsin, closed Sept. 3, 1889, 1903: postage rates reduced to domestic rates, 1919, July 1: overprint / surcharge "Shanghai / China" in Chinese dollar on US stamps for use in Shanghai mail to the US, 1922, Dec.31: overprinted stamps withdrawn, all foreign post offices closed in China. 1929-31: (USMC) Marine Corps patrol at Peiping, China.
Chin-Cha-Ki: local post, north Chinese, 1946.
Chinchilla: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937.
Chine: 1. (Fr.) 1904-22: overprint on stamps of France and Indo-China, for France, Offices in China, post offices located at Canton, Hoi Hao, Kouang-Tcheou, Mongtseu, Pakhoi, Tchongking and Yunnan Fou. 2. (Rom.) China.
Chinese Empire: inscription used on stamps of China, 1909.
Chinese Imperial Post: inscription on stamps of China, 1898-1912.
Chinese National Postal System: began with opening to the general public of special courier service between five major Chinese cities, 1876.
Chinese Skull and Crossbones: 5 stamps of China depicting a skull and crossbones, labels, were never issued.
Chinezesc: (Rom.) Chinese.
Chinkiang: treaty port local post, China.
Chin-Ki-Lu-Yu: local post, North China, 1940-46.
Chin-nan: local post, North China, 1949.
Chios (Khios): Aegean Island captured by Greece from Turkey in 1912, Balkan War; 1913, May: No.1, 25 lira ultramarine overprint on stamp of Greece for Chios;.
Chipre: (Sp.) Cyprus.
Chiriqui: province anniversary overprint on stamps of Panama, 1949.
Chisinau: overprint on semipostal stamps of Romania for occupation of Chisinau, Bessarabia, Aug. 1941.
Chistopol: city in Russia, Zemstvo local post; 1906-12, see Zemstvo.
Chita Issue: Siberia, name for Far Eastern Republic issues of 1921 and 1922.
Chiva: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937.
Chokin Kyoku: Indonesia savings stamp, Japanese occupation.
Choklad: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) chocolate (color).
Chokoladebrun: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) chocolate brown (color).
Cholerabrief: (Ger.) cholera letter (with disinfection markings, or slits).
Cholm: local provisional, German occupation, c1918.
Chop: Japanese characters typically used by officers to validate stamps of territories occupied by Japanese troops during WW I and WWII; used until official occupation stamps became available, also used in Ryuku Islands.
Chopped Cover: an envelope that has been used, cut down in size, removing initial address and postage, and reused.
Chorpenning, George and Woodward, Absalom: predecessor to Pony Express; 1851, Apr. 25: US contracted to have mail carried once each month between Salt Lake and Sacramento. Woodward killed by Indians in first year of service, route changed so mail went from Salt Lake to San Pedro and then on a steamer to San Francisco. In 1858, four-horse coaches were used.
Chorrillos Lima Callao: Peru.
Chorvatsko: (Czech.) Croatia.
Chorvatsky: (Czech.) Croatian.
Chosen: Japanese name once used for Korea, along with Corea, Tyosen, Tae Han.
Chouze-sur-Loire: local provisional, France, 1944.
CH Post, Hounslow: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971.
C.H.R.: Charles H. Roll, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher Initials, Siderographer.
Christiania: (or Kristiania, now Oslo [q.v.]) local post established by Adams's Express, a branch of the same company that operated in Copenhagen (q.v. Copenhagen -Adam's Expres Local Post), with lithographed 10 √ɬłre and 20 √ɬłre "Adams Expres / Kristiania" local stamps depicting a dog carrying a parcel in its mouth issued in 188(?).
Christian Commission: operated during the American Civil War, performed duties of chaplains.
Christiansburg, Va. Paid 5¬Ę: see Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Christianssund: (or Christiansund, or Kristiansund) seaport in M√ɬłre of Romsdal county in W Norway WSW of Trondheim, and ca. 265 miles NNW of Oslo. Site of 19th century local posts established by M. Andresen & Co., and J. C. Bruun (q.v. individual local post entries).
Christianssund - J. C. Bruun Local Post: Local post re-organized by J. C. Bruun as the successorr company to the M. Andresen Local Post (q.v.) company. Similar in design to those of the Andresen company, 5 √ɬłre "Christianssunds Bypost" local stamps in several colors issued 1 March 1887, followed by 1, 2, 3, and 10 √ɬłre carmine stamps issued in January 1889.
Christianssund - M. Andresen Local Post: Local post established by M. Andresen & Co., with first "Christianssunds Bypost / M. Andresen & Co." typographed local stamps issued 1 September 1878, and various others issued through 1879.
Christianssunds Bypost: Norway local post, 1878-89.
Christkindl: postmarks and labels used for mail and balloon mail from the Austrian post office of Christkindl at Christmas.
Christmas Charity Post Stamps: scout and church group stamps in Britain permitting charities to carry Christmas and New Year cards between Nov. 26 and Jan.1 each year, started 1981.
Christmas Day Delivery: special British cancel for mail to be deposited in advance for delivery Christmas Day, 1902-09.
Christmas Island: Southeastern Asia, south of Indonesia; Currency: 100 cents = 1 Australian dollar 1643: named for the day of its discovery, 1888: annexed by Great Britain, 1900-58: under British colony of Singapore, used stamps of Straits Settlements and Singapore, WW II: British and America troops used stamps of their respective nations, 1958: Australia took over Christmas island from Singapore, 1958: provisionals overprinted and surcharged in Malayan currency, 1958, Oct. 15: No.1, 2 cent yellow-orange, 1963, Aug. 28: sovereignty to UK transferred, first stamps with Christmas Island inscription. Note: there is also a Christmas Island that is part of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands.
Christmas Island Australia: bogus booklets that have no official status, not connected with Australia Post.
Christmas Island Mail Boat Service: local post, 1915?-1938.
Christmas Mail: British Post Office plan whereby mail could be deposited in advance for delivery on Christmas Day, 1902-09.
Christmas 1991 USA: United States non-denominated postage stamps, 29¬Ę, 1991 (6 designs); see Merry Christmas 1975.
Christmas Post Stamps: private labels authorized by the British government for various scouting organizations to print and sell as a fund raising project, 1981.
Christmas Seal: charity label used to raise funds, first placed on sale in Denmark, Norway and Sweden in 1904, US, 1907;
Christmas Stamp, Earliest US: issued Nov.1, 1962, Scott No.1205.
Christmas Stamps: special postage stamps issued for use on mail during the holiday season, first stamps for use on greeting cards were issued by Austria in 1937.
Christmas Stamps, Compulsory: Costa Rica concept for use on Christmas mail in1959.
Christmas USA 1981: United States non-denominated postage stamp, value 20¬Ę, 1981; see Season's Greetings USA 1981.
Christmas US Postage: United States non-denominated stamp, value 10¬Ę, 1975.
Chr. IX: (Dan.) King Christian IX.
Chr. X: (Dan.) King Christian X (1870-1947, reigned 1912-1947).
Chromed: after a printing sleeve is hardened, a coating of chrome is applied to help give the metal sleeve a longer life.
Chrome Era: derived from "Kodochrome," from 1939 to present, US version postcard.
Chromegelb: (Ger.) chrome yellow (color).
Chrome Plating: covering engraved steel plates with a thin layer of chromium in order to make them last longer.
Chrome Stain: printing variety caused by the chrome plating stripping off the printing plate.
Chromgul: (Dan.) chrome yellow (color).
Chromolithography: two or more colors printed at the same time via lithography; Switzerland Canton issue of 1843 is an example.
Chr. Sunds Bypost: Norway local post.
Chr. X: (Dan.) King Christian X (1870-1947, reigned 1912-1947).
Ch. Taxe O.M.F. Syrie: (Fr.) chiffre taxe, postage due overprint on stamps of France for offices in Turkey, Syria.
Chuashia: bogus Russian issue.
Chuckram: unit of currency used in the Indian state of Travancore.
Chungking: local post established by Archibald John Little, 1893-95.
Chungking L.P.O.: stamps of Indo-China overprinted for Tchongking, 1903-04, see China, Indo-Chinese Offices.
Churchill: common design on stamps of the British Commonwealth of Nations, 1966.
Church Mail: priests of the Icelandic State Church were permitted to use official stamps on their mail with the condition that they were for official use only, 1873.
Chuvashia, Republic of: illegal labels, purporting to be stamps, not valid for postage, UPU report on Jan. 14, 2002.
C.H.X.: Charing Cross, London; 1829-58.
Chybotisk: (Czech.) printing error).
Chypre: (Fr.) Cyprus.
CIA Invert: term applied to a US stamp featuring a candlestick holder that was found upside down by CIA employees when buying stamps at their local USPS post office, Sc.1610c.
C.I.C.I.: Congress of the International Colonial Institute, overprint on stamps of Portugal, 1933.
Ciecholinek: city in German-occupied Russian Poland, local post overprint, 1918-20.
Cie. Franco-Roumaine de Navigation Aérienne: see C.F.R.N.A..
Ciemny: (Pol.) dark (as referencing the color of a postage stamp).
Cierre Oficial (Postal): (Sp.) sealed by official (postal) authorities as damaged or censored.
Cierro Oficial: (Sp.) inscription, official seals for Chile, El Salvador.
Cieszyn: local post provisional, Poland, 1919.
Ciety or Niezabkowany: (Pol.) imperforate (stamp).
Cieza: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937.
C.I.F.: (Sp.) Congreso Internacional de Filatelia, International Philatelic Congress, 1960.
Cifra: (Sp.) numeral.
Cifras de Control: (Sp.) control numbers.
Cigarette Paper: thin paper used for rolling cigarettes, used by Latvia for a stamp issue in 1919.
Cigarette Tax: 1: stamps paying a government tax on cigarettes. 2: used as postage due labels in South Africa, 1922.
Cigarette Tube Stamps: tax receipt paid on hollow tubes of cigarette paper to which small mouthpieces were attached, for those who made their own cigarettes, 1919-33.
CIGTTE.: overprint abbreviation for cigarette on US Cigarette Tube revenue stamps.
Cihlove cervená: (Czech.) brick-red (color).
C.I.H.S.: Commission Interalliée Haute-Silésie (Ger.) InterAllied Commission for Upper Silesia, hand stamp / overprint on stamps of Germany, official use, Feb.1920.
Cijuela: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist forces, 1937.
Cile: (It.) Chile.
Cilicia: southeastern Asia Minor territory of Turkey; Currency: 40 paras = 1 piaster 1918-Oct. 20, 1921: occupied by French and British who overprinted stamps of France and Turkey; 1918, Feb. 10: British military occupation stamps used in parts of Cilicia, 1919: control transferred to France, 1919, Mar. 4: No. 1, 2 paras red-lilac, first stamps used, stamps of Turkey overprinted "Cilicie," 1919: first postage due stamps issued, French regime overprinted stamps of Turkey and France, 1920: France received territory as mandate from League of Nations, 1920, July 15: first air mail stamp, 1921, Oct. 20: Cilicia returned to Turkey, 1923: Turkey expelled the French; see T.E.O., O.M.F.
Cilicien: (Ger.) Cilicia.
Ciliegia: (It.) cerise (color).
Cina: (Czech., It.) China.
Cinabrio: (Sp.) vermilion (color).
Cinabru: (Rom.) vermilion (color).
Cinci: (Rom.) five (number).
Cincinnati City Delivery: U.S. local post, Cincinnati, Ohio, used stamps,1883.
Cincisprezece: (Rom) fifteen (number).
Cincizeci: (Rom) fifty (number).
Cinderella: a stamp-like label with no postal validity that may have perforations, gum and designs that imitate real postage stamps; see Bogus, Carriage, Charity, Dues, Fantasy, Etiquettes, Label, License, Local, Poster, Revenue, Royalty, Saving, Taxpaid (Revenue), Telegraph and Telephone, Toy Stamps and Seals, Stickers.
Cinderella Division: APS term for exhibition classification to include charity stamps, poster stamps, promotional stamps and other cinderellas.
Cinöbeivörös: (Hung.) vermilion (color).
Cinq-Mars-la-Pile: local provisional, France, 1944.
Cinquantenaire 24 Septembre: (Fr.) 50 years of occupation overprint on stamps of French Colonies postage dues for New Caledonia, 1903.
Cínsky: (Czech.) Chinese.
Cinzento: (Port.) gray (color).
Ciocolata: (Rom.) chocolate (color).
Ciocolata-brun: (Rom.) chocolate-brown (color).
Cioccolato: (It.) chocolate (color).
CIPEX: see Centenary International Philatelic Exhibition.
C.I.R.: Clarence I. Ronsaville, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher Initials, Siderographer.
Cipro: (It.) Cyprus.
Cir.: USPS address abbreviation for Circle.
Circuit Book: book with stamps or covers offered for sale to collectors, usually by stamp groups.
Circuito Delle Oasi / Tripoli / Maggio-1934-XII: overprint on stamps of airmail stamps of Libya for Tripolitania, for "Circuit of the Oases."
Circulacion: (Sp.) put into circulation, issued.
Circulado, Sobres: (Sp.) postally used covers.
Circular-Beförderung: local post, Cologne, Germany, 1888-89.
Circular Date Stamp (CDS, cds): postal marking with date, place and time of mailing in a circular marking, may be part of a machine cancel or a separate mark, started in the 1820s, machine usage since the 1880s; four types, rimless, single ring, double ring and square circle.
Circular Delivery Stamps: private firms in Great Britain usage for stamps issued in prepayment of delivery of circulars, samples, and printed matter, issued 1865-67.
Circular Design: used in Norway, 1855, complicated circular pattern of parallel lines to prevent washing of stamp for reuse.
Circulations: (Fr.) circuit books.
Circulo Filatelico Argentino: (Sp.) Argentine Philatelic Circle, inscription on issue of Argentina, UPU reported Aug. 18, 1997; not valid for postage.
Cirenaica: overprint on stamps of Italy, for Cyrenaica, Tripolitania, 1923; see Cyrenaica.
Ciruela: (Sp.) plum (color).
C.I.S.: 1: Commission Interalliée Slesvig (Ger.) Interallied Commission for Schleswig, 1920. 2: see Commonwealth of Independent States.
Ciskei: South Africa homeland state with territorial authority; 1981, Dec. 4: No.1, 5 cent multicolor, first stamps issued, 1994, Apr. 27: Ciskei dissolved as a separate administrative state; see South Africa.
Citizens Stamp Advisory Committee (CSAC): a group of citizens, non USPS employees, appointed by the USPS to review the more than 40,000 suggestions for stamp subjects that the USPS receives each year.
Cito, Citissime, Volantissime: (Latin) "quickly, very quickly, very fleetingly" inscription on early Italian and Central European mail, urging speed; from the 15th century on; the number of "Cito's" indicated the degree of urgency.
Citrongul: (Dan.) lemon-yellow (color).
Citromsarga: (Hung.) lemon-yellow (color).
Citron: (Fr.) lemon (color).
Citrongul: (Dan., Swed.) lemon-yellow (color).
Cittá del Vaticano: (It.) Vatican City.
City & Suburban Telegraph: issued telegraph stamps for firm's own telegrams, New York,1855?.
City Delivery Co.: local parcel firm; used a label, year unknown.
City Despatch & Express: US local post handstamp, Baltimore, Md., 1850.
City Despatch Post: 1: US local post, New York, N.Y.; 1842-50; see Carriers' Stamps. 2: US local post handstamp, New York, N.Y., 1848.
City Dispatch: 1: US local post, New York, N.Y., 1846. 2: US local post, Philadelphia, Pa., 1860. 3: US local post, St. Louis, Mo., 1861.
City Dispatch Post: US local post handstamp, Baltimore, Md., 1846-47.
City Dispatch Post Office: US local post, New Orleans, La., 1847.
City Express Post: US local post, Philadelphia, Pa., c. 1840s.
City Letter Express Mail: US local post, Newark, N.J., 1856.
City Mail Co.: US local post, New York, N.Y., 1845.
City of Glasgow Union Railway: Scotland local post.
City of London Delivery: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971.
City of London Mail: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971.
City of London P. Auct.: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971.
City One Cent Dispatch: US local post, Baltimore, Md., 1851.
City Parcel Clearing House: private parcel delivery firm served Toronto, Canada, used stamps.
City Penny Post: Great Britain, Ireland and North America 1765 Act permitted the establishment of ".a Penny Post Office." in any town for local mail as thought convenient.
City Postal Service: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971.
Ciudada√ɬĪo: (Sp.) citizen, refers to inscription on mail from the Mexican period of colonial postal history.
Ciudad del Vaticano: (Sp.) see Vatican City.
Ciudadela: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937.
Ciudad Juarez: provisional, revolutionary, district of Mexico issued its own overprints, 1914.
Ciudad Real: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937.
Ciudad Rodrigo: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist forces, 1937.
Cividini Mark: originally used by a French stamp dealer as a guarantee; upon his death, another dealer bought the mark and used it on faked letters and stamps.
Civil Censorship: includes opening, reading or marking of mail emanating from or sent to civilians primarily during wartime or periods of unrest.
Civil Service Stamps: used on civil service mail in some countries.
CKOS: Central Committee for Capital Rebuilding, Polish charity label.
CL: 1: Scott Catalogue prefix to identify air mail semi-official stamps. 2: Crown Lands, South Australia official overprint, 1868-74. 3: correspondence locale distribution (Fr.) local letters posted at smaller offices, 1833-58. 4: international postal code for Sri Lanka.
C.L. & M. (Colusa, Lake & Medocino Telegraph Company): issued telegraph stamps for firms' own telegrams, US, 1876.
Clair: (Fr.) light (color).
Clann Na l'Eireann: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971.
Clapp & Son, Inc. Express: local firm serviced Boston, Mass. and Providence, R.I.; used a label.
Clapper Post: started in Vienna, Austria. Postmen sounded a clapper to notify the public they were available to accept mail; which they marked and delivered to branch post offices, April 1772.
Clarior e Tenebris: "Light out of darkness;" inscription on the stamps of Grenada.
Clark & Co.: 1: US local post, New York, N.Y., 1857. 2: Great Britain local post, 1866.
Clark & Hall: US local post, St. Louis, MO.,1851.
Clark & Phillips' Express: local post serviced New York City area; used a label, year unknown.
Clark & Rushton's Express: local post serviced Mass. used a label, year unknown.
Clarke's Circular Express: US local post, New York, N.Y., printed matter, 1865-68(?).
Clarke, Wm. E.: US medicine stamp inscription; see Private Die Proprietary Stamps.
Clark, Frank E. (F.E.C.): inscription on US match stamp; see Private Die Proprietary Stamps.
Clark, Henry A.: inscription on US match stamp; see Private Die Proprietary Stamps.
Clark, Jas. A.: inscription on US match stamp; see Private Die Proprietary Stamps.
Clark Match Co.: inscription on US match stamp; see Private Die Proprietary Stamps.
Clark, R.C & C.S.: US medicine stamp inscription; see Private Die Proprietary Stamps.
Clark's Special Delivery System: local parcel service, Seattle, Wash.; used stamps, late 1800s.
Claro: (Sp.) light (color).
Classeur: (Fr.) stockbook.
Classic: the designation classic is applied to a stamp or cover, which because of its beauty of design, its age or rarity, is much sought after, generally only refers to stamps issued prior to 1900.
Classique: (Fr.) see Classic.
Clausland(ia): Christmas fantasy labels created by Maggie Kate.
Clavologique, Principality of: (Fr.) bogus labels of French origin.
Clay Banknote: the US 1870 12¬Ę National Bank Note stamp.
Clay Tablets: moist clay used to retain symbols and messages for transmission beginning around 3000 B.C. and continuing in some places to as late as the 1st century B.C.
Clayton's Post: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971.
C.L.D.: Crown Lands Department frank, Canadian.
Clean Cut Perforation: Perkins, Bacon and Co. perforating machine which cut holes cleanly, without bits of paper adhering.
Cleaned Plate: when a printing plate has been used for some time, it becomes clogged with ink resulting in a poor impression; after cleaning, the stamps printed from it are described as "from a cleaned plate."
Cleaning: removal of foreign substance from a stamp.
Clear Grill: scam for a grilled stamp; if it's a "clear" grill, it means that there is no grill.
Clearing House Parcel Delivery Company: parcel firm serviced Boston, Mass., used stamps.
Clear Zones: USPS term for area where barcodes can be placed on the front of mail pieces.
Cleator & Workington Junction Railway: British local post.
Clerk 51, 54, 55 and 56: identification of US railway mail clerks who canceled stamps on their routes, 1909-20.
Cleveland's Harrow L.P.: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971.
Cliché: end result of the process of applying a design into metal; individual identical units that are used to make up a printing plate, plate, image, block, photo, line cut, position.
Click-n-Ship: USPS service that allows individuals to print shipping labels and pay for postage online via a credit card.
Click Stamp: a postage imprint produced by Pitney Bowes.
Climatic: stamp paper that is liable to change color due to exposure to light, air or dampness.
Climax Dater: rubber date cancel used 1885-1935 in Great Britain at small postal facilities, original usage was in violet ink until 1911 when ink pads were changed to black ink.
Clinton's Penny Post: US local post, Philadelphia, Pa.(?).
Clipper: Pan-American Airways plane, flew many first flights on trans-oceanic routes.
Clipper Postmark: incorrectly applied to an ocean mail mark used outbound from New York; shows a small grid between the "New" and "York" in the town mark.
Clipperton Island: atoll in the North Pacific Ocean, southwest of Mexico; 18th century: named for John Clipperton, a pirate who headquartered on the island, 1855: annexed by France, 1876, Jan.1: joined the UPU with France, 1895, Apr. 4: inscription for Pacific Island local post, to frank mail between the island and the San Francisco, diagonal overprint on stamps of Mexico considered to be bogus. 1897: seized by Mexico, 1935: France took possession.
Clise: (Sp.) see Cliché.
Cliseele: (Rom.) illustrations.
C.L.N.: Comitati di Liberazione Nazionale (It.) National Liberation Committees, 1943-44: inscription / overprint on stamps of Italy for local use.
C.L.N. Italia Posta Partigiana: (It.) inscription for Parma, Italy, unissued, see C.L.N.
C.L.N. / Ossola Libera / 10.9.44: (It.) overprint for Domodossola, Italy, see C.L.N.
C.L.N. / Posta Italiane / Zona Aosta: (It.) inscription for Aosta, Italy, see C.L.N.
C.L.N. / Sondalo / Pro / Tubercolotici: (It.) overprint, see C.L.N.
Cloger Valley Railroad: Ireland local post.
Closed Mail: mail sent in a "closed" or sealed postal bag from one exchange office to another; rate differences ceased when prepaid international rate went into effect July 1, 1875.
Closed Transit Dispatches: sealed bags of international mail that travel through the USPS from one country to another country; bags are not opened for redistribution.
Closet Collector: a stamp collector unknown to other stamp collectors.
Closing of the Mail: time after which mail will not be accepted by a post office for dispatch on a specific train or ship.
Clothes-line Stamp: nickname for the US 1939 four state stamp, Scott No. 858, which looks as though the states are hanging from a clothes line.
Club Covers: covers produced by stamp clubs usually in connection with an exhibition.
Clube: (Port.) association, club.
Club Special Delivery: parcel firm; used a stamp.
Cluj: city in Transylvania, once part of Hungary, taken by Romania WWII, stamps issued in 1919 during Romanian occupation after WWI defeat of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, aka Kolozsvar.
Cluster Box: a centralized unit of individually locked compartments for the delivery of mail.
Clyde Post: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971.
CM: 1: Corrier Maggior (It.) pre-adhesive postmark for Venetian Postmaster General. 2: Censura Militar (Sp.) military censor. 3: carte maximum (Fr.), maximum card. 4: Commonwealth of the Marianas, when used in a postmark.
C.M.B.G.: Canadian Mechanized Brigade Group.
C.M.C. Courier Services: local post, Canada, 1987.
C.M.H.: Clinton M. Hisle, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher Initials, Siderographer.
C.M.S. Post: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971.
C.M. Stamps Exp.Del.: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971.
C.M.T.: surcharge found on the 1916-1918 regular and postage due issues of Austria for use during the 1919 Romanian occupation of Kolomyya (Ger. Kolomea, Pol. Kolomyja), Ukraine: "Comandamentul Militar Territorial" ("Territorial Military Headquarters"). Kolomyya is located in SW Ukraine on the Prut River ca. 30 miles SSE of Ivano-Frankivs'k, at the E end of the gateway through the E Carpathanian Mountains via the Jablonica Pass.
C.N.: can refer to either Cherokee Nation, Chickasaw Nation, Choctaw Nation; when used in a postmark, see Cherokee Nation.
C.N.C.: Chinese National Currency, 1948.
C.N.E.P.: Chambre syndicale francaise des Negociants En Philatelie (Fr.) French stamp dealers association.
CNI / Pirano: Compagnia Navale Istria/Pirano (It.) ship letter stamp, 1823.
CO: 1: Scott Catalogue prefix to identify air mail official stamps. 2: Commissariat Officer, South Australia official overprint,1868-74. 3: USPS abbreviation for Colorado. 4: Chief Office, Britain, 1794-96. 5: Compagnia Ottomana (It.) Constantinople, 1851.
Coach, Mail: the word "coach" was taken from Kocs, Hungary, where the first light coach was developed in the 15th century, first as a means of public transport, then used to carry mail.
Coamo: provisional issue inscription for Coamo, Puerto Rico, US administration, Aug.1898.
Coarse Perforation: perforation consisting of large holes and teeth far apart, irregularly spaced.
Coated Paper: paper with a slick enameled, or chalk surface.
Coating: a protective surface applied to a printing plate, also known as facing.
Cobalto: (It., Sp.) cobalt blue (color).
Cobrar: (Sp.) to collect (cash or a fee).
Cocentaina: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Republican forces, 1937.
Coche Correo: (Sp.) mail coach.
Cochin: India Feudatory State; Currency: 6 puttans = 5 annas, 2 pies = 1 anna, 16 annas = 1 rupee 1892, Apr. 1: No.1, 1/2 puttan yellow, first local stamps with umbrella watermark, 1896: watermark coat of arms, 1913: first official stamp issued, 1949, July 1: formed a United State of Travancore-Cochin, used surcharged stamps of Travancore, 1951, Apr. 1: stamps of Republic of India,
Cochin China: Cambodian Peninsula, state of French Indo-China; Currency: 100 centimes = 1 franc 1862, first stamps of France used in French colony, 1863-67: occupied by France, 1886-87: No. 1, 5c on 25c yellow, surcharge on French Colonies, obliteration, lozenges of dots, 1888: issue prepared but never issued, 1889: stamps of French Indo-China used.
Cochinchine: (Fr.) Cochin China.
Cochinkina: (Dan.) Cochin China.
Cochin, Travancore: see Travancore, Cochin.
Co. Ci: (It.) Commissariato Civile, Civil Commissioner, overprint on stamps of Yugoslavia for Ljubljana, Italian occupation, 1941.
Cockermouth, Keswick & Penrith Railway: British local post.
C.O. Constantinople: (It.) Ottoman Company, Constantinople; Turkish Steamship Co.,1840-62.
Cocos (Keeling) Islands: islands in the Indian Ocean, southwest of Indonesia; Currency: 12 pence = 1 shilling, 100 cents = 1 dollar (1969) 1609: discovered by Captain William Keeling, 19th century: first inhabitants, 1857: British possession under Ceylon administration, 1886: transferred to Straits Settlements, 1903: used stamps of Straits Settlements, incorporated with Singapore, 1933-37: first stamps of Straits Settlements, 1942, July-Apr. 3, 1946: placed under a military administration of Ceylon due to Japanese occupation of Singapore, 1952-55: used stamps of Singapore, 1955: transferred to Australia when Singapore became independent, 1963, June 11: No.1, 3 pence dark red-brown, own stamps issued, 1966, Feb. 14-July 8, 1969: used stamps of Australia due to decimal currency change, 1969, July 9: separate stamps issued, valid within Australia, 1979, Sep. 3: postal service was independent of Australia. 1991, Jan. 25: official stamp issued.
Cocula: overprint used on stamps of Mexico for this district during 1856-1883.
C.O.D.: see Collect on Delivery.
COD: Codfish Air Lines, nickname for Korean war planes that carried mail and supplied between shore stations and an aircraft carrier.
Co-Extensive line: British Jubilee line broken into short lengths, see Jubilee Line.
C of A: Commonwealth of Australia, watermark with crown, 1931.
Coffee House Post Office: letters arriving by ships were delivered to a coffee house near the wharf, where they were picked up by the addressee.
Cogswell & Co's Express: local post firm serviced Boston and Lawrence, Mass., used labels.
Cogwheel: see Cancellation, Cogwheel.
Coiling Machines: equipment capable of processing printed webs by slitting into individual rows, perforating, rolling and packaging coils of stamps into 50 coil "flats" with individual detachable transparent "bubble packs".
Coil Leader: long paper tag at the delivery end of a stamp coil, sometimes printed with number, denomination and coil price.
Coil Line Pair: pair of coil stamps showing a colored line caused by a gap where the curved printing plate is joined; there are flat plate coil line pairs, where the line was meant to be a pane dividing mark when sheet stamps were printed from the plate.
Coil Plate Numbers: numbers that are printed at regular intervals at the bottom of coil stamps.
Coils: stamps which are produced in roll form for use in vending, dispensing, stamp affixing machines; a coil usually contains 100, 500 or more stamps of a single denomination and design.
Coil Stamp: a single stamp from a coil of stamps; issued in a continuous roll, with parallel straight edges on two sides and perforations only between two stamps; some coil stamps were also issued in a long strip with perforations on all four sides.
Coil Trailers: a piece of brown or manila paper adhering to the edge of the last stamp on a roll and wrapped around the coil.
Coil Waste: short lengths of paper at end of coil runs, perforated in non-standard gauges and sold from 1919-1924 when the sale was stopped.
Coil Wrapper: label, seal or wrapper used to package or finish completed rolls of coil stamps.
Coin: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist forces, 1937.
Coin Prepayment: US 3¬Ę coin issued in 1852 was glued to cover when the 3¬Ę single prepaid letter rate went into effect in 1851.
Coins Datés: (Fr.) known as "dated corners" since 1922. Many French area stamps have the date of issue in the lower right margin of the stamp; these are collected as blocks of four stamps.
Col.: (Fr.) abbreviation for colonies.
Colaparchee, Ga Paid 5: see Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Colburn's Express: local post serviced Boston, Roxbury and South End, Mass., used a label.
Colchester Emergency Post: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971.
Colchester Post: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971.
Colding, Johann Peter: proposed a balloon route carrying letters over the heads of British ships blockading Denmark during the Napoleonic wars; four successful flights took place between June 2 and Dec, 1808, when the service was discontinued.
Colección: (Sp.) collection, a gathering together of philatelic material.
Colección de Sellos: (Sp.) term for an auction lot comprising of a mounted or unmounted country, topical, etc. collection, which normally is viewed prior to bidding.
Colección de Tarjeta Ilustrada: (Sp.) collection of picture postcards.
Colector: (Sp.) collector.
Colegio de Abogados: (Sp.) inscription on Spanish fiscal stamps used by lawyers.
Colegio de Huerfanos: (Sp.) inscription on Spanish semipostals issued by Postal, Telegraph and Customs services to collect funds for colleges used by children of employees.
Colegio de Notarios: (Sp.) inscription on fiscal stamps used by notaries.
Cole's City Despatch P.O.: local post handstamp, New York, N.Y., 1848-50.
Cole's Electric Express Co.: local parcel service operated via trolley cars in Bridgeport, Conn., used a stamp; 1901?
Colete: (Port.) to collect; to assemble or bring together.
Coleter: (Port.) collector.
Colima: 1: district overprint used on stamps of Mexico, 1856-1883. 2: local post provisional, Mexico, 1914.
Colis: (Fr.) package.
Colis Postal: (Fr.) parcel post.
Colis Postaux: (Fr.) international parcel post, overprint on stamps of Dahomey, 1967-69.
Collage Cachet: design made by gluing various items to form a cohesive cachet.
Collateral Material: 1: relevant illustrations exhibited in a stamp display to provide additional background information on the same subject as displayed. 2: non-philatelic material that is related to philatelic material, such as photographs, maps, etc.
Collecione di Cartoline: (It.) postcard collecting.
Collect: half of a telegraph stamp that was affixed to the telegram, delivered to the customer, the other half kept in sending office.
Collection: a gathering together of philatelic material.
Collection and Distribution Wagon Service: 1896, Oct.1: designed to handle mail started in New York City, 1897: pneumatic service started, they were transferred to Buffalo, N.Y. then to St. Louis, 1900s: service was discontinued, 1899-1905: another wagon service operated in Maryland.
Collection Box: blue-painted USPS street box for the public to deposit mail.
Collection Lot: term for an auction lot comprising of a mounted or unmounted country, topical, etc. collection, which normally is viewed prior to bidding.
Collectionneur: (Fr.) collector.
Collectionneur de Timbres-Poste: (Fr.) stamp collector.
Collection Timbres-Postes: (Fr.) term for an auction lot comprising of a mounted or unmounted country, topical, etc. collection, which normally is viewed prior to bidding.
Collect'n & Dist'n: handstamp for street car service.
Collect on Delivery (C.O.D.): mail where the cost of postage and the product enclosed will be collected from the recipient and forwarded to the mailer; sometimes called Cash on Delivery.
College Stamps: private stamps issued by some US business colleges for training purposes; classified as labels; used in late1800s and early 1900s.
College Stamps, University: the British universities of Oxford and
Cambridge were officially granted the right to issue their own stamps for internal messenger service in the mid-1600s; several other colleges used their own stamps between 1871 and 1886.
Collezione: (It.) collection, a gathering together of philatelic material.
Collezione di Cartoline: (It.) collection of picture postcards.
Collezione Francobolli: (It.) term for an auction lot comprising of a mounted or unmounted country, topical, etc. collection, which normally is viewed prior to bidding.
Collins Bros.: inscription on US match stamp; see Private Die Proprietary Stamps.
Colln a.E. Spaar Oberspaar: local post Germany, 1888-89.
Collodion Stains: stains in stamp paper caused by the chemical substance collodion which is used to rejoin perforations in multiples.
Collotype: uses gelatine images of photographs in the printing process; as the Poltava Zemstvo issue of 1912 and London International Stamp Exhibition souvenir sheet of 1950.
Colne Valley Railway: British local post.
Colo.: abbreviation for Colorado prior to Zip Code usage.
Colombia: Northern South America, between Panama and Venezuela; Official name of Postal Administration: Correos de Colombia Currency: 100 centavos = 1 peso 1700s, early: established by Spain as the Viceroyalty of New Granada, 1810, July 20: Spanish Viceroyalty of New Granada formed the State of Greater Colombia, 1819: Republic of Colombia proclaimed, 1824: Colombia, Venezuela and Ecuador made up the State of Greater Colombia, 1830: the three nations separated, 1832-58: split into Venezuela, Ecuador and the Republic of New Granada, 1858-61: named the Grenadine Confederation, 1859: No.1, 2 1/2 centavos green, first stamps as a member of the Granadine Confederation, 1861: stamps issued as the United States of New Grenada, 1862: stamps issued as the United States of Colombia, 1863-1902: Colombian states (departments) that issued their own stamps were Antioquia (1868), Bolivar (1863), Boyaca (1899), Cauca (1902), Cundinamarca (1870), Santander (1884) and Tolima (1870), 1865: first registration stamp issued, 1865-81: stamps of Britain used in Cartagena, Panama, Santa Martha, stamps of France used in Colon-Aspinwall, 1870-81: stamps of Britain used in Colon-Aspinwall, 1872-74: stamps of France used in Panama and Santa Martha, 1872-81: stamps of Britain and France used in Savanilla, 1878: stamps issued for Panama, Colombia Dominion, 1881, July 1: joined the UPU as the United States of Panama, 1886: first postage due, late fee stamps, 1887: Colombia issued stamps for use in Panama, 1893: first acknowledgment of receipt stamp issued, 1899-1902: provisional issues during civil war, Barranquilla, Cartagena, Cucuta, Medellin and Tumaco, 1903: Panama broke away from Colombia, 1909: first department stamp issued, 1917: first special delivery stamp issued, 1919: first air mail stamp issued, 1923: air mail registration stamp issued, 1937: first official stamp issued, 1958, May 19: air mail special delivery stamp issued, 1966, Apr. 26: first semipostal stamp issued; see Antioquia, Bolivar, Boyaca, Cundinamarca, Santander, Tolima.
Colombiana: air mail issue for Compania Colombiana de Navegacion Aerea.
Colombian Express Companies: local post, via cars and aircraft, 1920-30s.
Colombia, United States: see Colombia.
Colombie: (Fr.) Colombia.
Colombie Britannique: (Fr.) British Columbia.
Colon: 1: Columbus, inscription on first stamps of Chile. 2: currency unit in Chile, Costa Rica, El Salvador. 3: 1903: stamps of Colombia, Republica de Panama overprint for Colon; registration stamp issued in 1898.
Colon, Cristobal: (Sp.) Christopher Columbus.
Colonia: (It.) colony.
Colonia de Rio de Oro: inscription for Rio de Oro.
Colonia Eriteria: inscription / overprint for Eritrea colony of Italy.
Colonial: term used for stamps in the possession of the larger powers, issued for their colonies or territory, usually with different inscriptions for various locations; the Mauritius "Post Office" of 1847 is the earliest British colonial.
Coloniali Italiane: (It.) inscription on stamps of Italy for Italian Colonies, July 1, 1932; see Italian Colonies.
Colonial Printing: stamps printed in a British colony from impressions originally made in London from the original plates.
Colonial Post: grant made to Mary and William Neale, Feb. 17, 1692 for a 20-year period, for the American Colonies; Neale, Master of the Mint, never saw America.
Colonias: inscription for Portuguese Africa, 1919.
Colonies de l' Empire Francais: inscription for French Colonies that didn't have stamps of their own, 1859-1906, 1943-45.
Colonies Postes: inscription on the General Issue for French Colonies, 1881.
Color: may be a variable shade that may cause one stamp to look different from another stamp with technically the same color; different shades may have vastly different catalog values.
Colorado: became a US territory Feb. 28, 1861, state Aug. 1, 1876; cut from Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico and Utah Territories.
Colorant: (Fr.) die.
Color Changeling: see Changeling.
Color de Alhucema: (Sp.) lavender.
Colore: (It.) color.
Coloreado: (Sp.) tinted, colored.
Colored Cancellation: postmark applied to any stamp in any color but black.
Colored Line Roulette: perforations indicated by colored dashes printed over the top of the slits, used on stamps of Thurn and Taxis.
Colored Paper: color caused by dye added to the paper pulp; used by nations for stamps.
Color Error: a stamp printed in a color intended for a different stamp, printed in the wrong color, or color omitted.
Color Fast: stamp production inks that are not affected by contact with water, benzine, etc.
Color, Fugitive: stamp production inks that are affected by contact with water, benzine, etc.
Color Guide: printed set of colors used by collectors to match colors used to print stamps.
Color Misregistration: misalignment of multi-color printing plates, resulting in a color appearing out of position; see Color Missing, Color Shift.
Color Missing: error caused by an intended color not appearing on the finished stamp.
Color Omitted: see Color Missing.
Color, Process: printed reproduction of the three primary colors plus black.
Color Proof: stamp impression in approved color(s) before start of production to show how a given design would appear before start of production.
Color Range: variety, in shade or tint of color found on various examples of the same stamp.
Color Registration: marks of different sizes and shapes used as an aid in properly registering the different colors in the printing process.
Color Separation: the process of preparing a separate drawing, engraving, or negative for each color required in the printing of a stamp.
Color Shade: commonly used to denote a variation of the same color.
Color Shift: variety where one or more colors of a multicolored issue are misaligned.
Color Smear: any unintended color that appears on a stamp due to a printing error, aka a freak.
Colors, Universal Postal Union: the Washington, DC, 1897 Congress recommended that all member countries standardize colors for the three most-used values in international service; green for single printed matter rate; red for postal card rate, dark blue for single letter rate; there were no recommendations regarding domestic postal rate colors.
Color Trials: proof impressions in various colors to aid in color selection for the issued stamp.
Color Variations: frequently found on the Giori press on which up to three colors are printed.
Colosnah: city in Egypt, Interpostal Seals used 1879-82, see Interpostal Seals.
Columbian Exposition Registration Stamp: label for 1893 exposition possibly used for registering for drawing or another event.
Columbians: nickname applied to set of 16 stamps issued in 1893 to commemorate the 400th anniversary of Columbus's discovery of the New World; designs used again in 1998.
Columbia Postal Supply Co.: manufacturer of canceling machines in use from the 1900s-50s.
Columbia, S.C. Paid 5, Post Office 5: see Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Columbia, Ten. Paid 5: see Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Columbus Archipelago: Galapagos Island, stamps could be used throughout Ecuador.
Columbus, Ga. Paid 5: see Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Column: a single-stamp width multiple of stamps from a sheet, pane or booklet in a vertical format; horizontal strips are called "row."
Columnas: (Sp.) pillar boxes, or mail boxes.
Column Total: marginal inscription printed by the post office on stamps of Germany with the face value of the column of stamps.
Comandancia: (Sp.) military or naval command, Spanish language country markings.
Comares: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist forces, 1938.
Combatientes: (Sp.) combatants, fighting forces used as "Pro Combatientes" in Spanish postal markings.
Comayagua: May 1877, Medio Real surcharge for Honduras province.
Combi Mail: combination of an airplane and a submarine; mail brought to New York from Chicago, via Erie, Hammondsport and forwarded to Germany on a U-boat.
Combinacion: (Sp.) se-tenant.
Combination Block: a block of four or more stamps with different perforations on some of the stamps.
Combination Cover: 1: an envelope or card with stamps from two or more different countries. 2: cover transported by air and one (or more) other (non-air) primary means in transit to the original destination; such as flight plus surface; postal markings are necessary.
Combination Flight Cover: cover flown by two different means in transit to the original destination.
Combination Perforations: perforations made by more than one perforating head on the same sheet of stamps.
Combination Printing: combination of printing processes such as offset (surface printing) and intaglio (recess printing) to print a stamp; used, for example, on 76¬Ę 2001 Hattie Caraway issue.
Combination Separation: rouletting and perforation combination applied to the same stamp sheet; for example; South Australia 1868-70 2d stamp.
Combination Sheet: Michel Catalogue considers items with more than ten different stamp as combination sheets, see Block.
Combination Sheetlet: Michel Catalogue considers items with seven to ten different stamps as a combination sheetlet; see Block.
Combination Usage: use of stamps of more than one postal service.
Combo FDC: has one or more previously issued stamps added to the cover, with new issue.
Comb Perforations: perforations made in stamp sheets in which the holes have been punched three sides at one time, then the machine moves up the sheet to perforate the next row.
Comedores Beneficos, Municipales: (Sp.) dining room local tax stamps.
Comemorativo da Exposicao de S. Francisco Xavier: inscription with "India 1931" on stamps of Portuguese India to commemorate an exhibition held at Goa.
COMEX: Comisión de Expertos Filatélicos (de Barcelona) (Sp.) stamp expert committee.
Com-Hamadeh: city in Egypt, Interpostal Seals used 1880, see Interpostal Seals.
Comissão Portuguesa de Prisioneiros de Guerra: (Port.) overprint on stamps of Portugal as Franchise stamps used by the for prisoners of war commission.
Comité Fran'ais de la Liberation National: (Fr.) French Committee for National Liberation, inscription on French Colonies, used with stamps of their own country.
Comm: abbreviation for commemorative
Commando Brief: Orange Free State military label, Boer, second South African War, 1899.
Commatology: study of postmarks, also known as Marcophily (International usage), Marcophilately.
Commemoratif: (Fr.) commemorative.
Commemorative: see Commemorative Stamp.
Commemorative Documentary Stamps: last two US documentary revenue stamps issued 1962-63, to mark the centennial of the Internal Revenue Service.
Commemorative Flight: 1: flight tracing all or part of historically important flight. 2: flight or commemoration of an important aviation event.
Commemorative Labels: adhesive labels used to commemorate events, etc., some are used as cachets.
Commemorative Pane: a pane of stamps where the paper around the stamps (the selvage) has illustrations and text; usually with header across the top or other information about the stamps.
Commemorative Panel: USPS panel with each panel devoted to a single subject, includes example of the stamp(s), reproduction of engravings and background information on the issue; started Sept. 20, 1972.
Commemorative Postmark: postmark to honor some person, anniversary or historical event, first used by France in 1855.
Commemorative Stamp: stamp issued to honor a person, anniversary or historical event, first government adhesive issued was Peru, 1871, in honor of the 20th anniversary of the first railway in South America; first used by US as a stamped envelope of 1876 to celebrate the Centenary of Independence.
Commemorative Stamp, Earliest US: the 1893 Christopher Columbus series.
Commemorativo: (It., Sp.) commemorative.
Commerce: name given to the French colonial issues of May 1881.
Commercial Airways: local post, semiofficial air mail, Canada, 1929-30.
Commercial Controls Corp.: US postage meter firm, 1944-59, acquired by Friden, Inc.
Commercial Cover: a used business envelope, loosely means any cover not of philatelic origin; term used by collectors to indicate a nonphilatelic cover.
Commercial Express Co.: local post operated during civil war, New Orleans, La., label, 1865.
Commercial Express Line: freight service operated by the Erie Railroad, used a label; 1903.
Commercial Union Telegraph Company: issued stamps for firms own telegrams, US, 1876.
Commercial Overprints: used on stamps of Great Britain; serve the same purpose as perfins, applied by private firms for security reasons; may be four initials related to the firm, placed in the four corners of British postage stamps.
Commisair-Priseur: (Fr.) auctioneer.
Commission Consultative des Timbres: (Fr.) stamp advisory committee.
Commission d'Administration et de Plebéscite Olszytn Alenstein-Traite de Versailles: overprint on stamps of Germany for Allenstein plebiscite,1920.
Commission de Controle Provis√ɬīire Korca: inscription on stamps of Albania, 1914.
Commission de Gouvernment Haute Silsie: inscription for Upper Silesia plebiscite issue.
Commission de Gouvernement Provisoire: Albania.
Commission for Technical Cooperation: common design on stamps of the French Community of Nations, 1960.
Commissioner Provinciale Censura: (It.) Provincial Censor Commission, censor marking.
Commission f√ɬľr Retourbriefe (R√ɬľckbriefe): (Ger.) inscription for return letters stamps, Bavaria, Nuremberg and Wurttemberg.
Commission Interalliée Marienwerder: overprint on stamps of Germany for Marienwerder plebiscite,1920.
Committente: (It.) "consignor" inscription on Italian tax revenue stamps.
Commodore Shipping: stamps so inscribed were issued in 1961 by Commodore Shipping Co Ltd. to prepay parcel and passenger carried on firm's ships between Guernsey, Sark and Alderney in the Channel Islands.
Commonwealth: 1937 overprint on definitive stamps of the Philippines for new status as a commonwealth of the U.S.
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS): a loose federation of independent countries from the former Soviet Union, formed Dec. 8, 1991: includes Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgzstan, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine and Uzbekistan.
Commonwealths: Dominions of Great Britain renamed Commonwealths of the British Commonwealth of Nations, 1947; includes Antigua and Bermuda, Australia, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belize, Botswana, Brunei, Cameroon, Canada, Cyprus, Dominica, Fiji, Gambia, Ghana, Grenada, Guyana, India, Jamaica, Kenya, Kiribati, Lesotho, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Malta, Mauritius, Namibia, Nauru, New Zealand, Nigeria, Pakistan (up to 1999), Papua New Guinea, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Swaziland, Tanzania, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tuvalu, Uganda, United Kingdom, Vanuatu, Western Samoa, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Commonwealth Stamp Catalogues: British semi-specialized catalogs featuring King George VI and Queen Elizabeth issues.
Commun: (Fr.) common.
Communicaciones: (Sp.) communications, inscription used on stamps of Spain, Spanish Colonies, 1870-99.
Communist China: see China.
Community Service L.Sc.: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971.
Comores: (Fr.) Comoros.
Comoros: Southern Africa island between Northern Madagascar and Northern Mozambique; Official name of Postal Administration: Société Nationale des Postes et Télécommunications (SNDT) Currency:100 centimes = 1 franc 1864: first stamps were French Colonies General issues, 1887-1914: stamps of French Colonies issued for islands of Anjouan, Grand Comoro, Mayotte and Moheli, as part of Madagascar; 1892, Nov.: first stamps issued, 1892, Nov.: stamps for Anjouan issued, then stamps of Madagascar in 1914, 1896: stamps for Mohéli issued, then stamps of Madagascar in 1914, 1897, Nov.: stamps for Grande Comore, Great Comoro issued, then stamps of Madagascar in 1914, 1914-46: attached to Madagascar, then became a separate French Overseas Territory, 1914-50: stamps of Madagascar, 1950: No.1, 10 centimes blue, issued their own stamps, 1950: first postage due, air mail stamps issued, 1960: inscription "Archipel des Comores" used, 1962, Apr. 7: first semipostal stamp issued, 1975, July 6: inscription "Etat Comorien" State of Comoro, used, except for Mayotte, which chose to remain French, 1976, July 29: joined the UPU, 1977, Nov. 21: inscribed "Republique des Comores" 1979: first official, air mail semipostal stamps issued; now known as Union of Comores.
Compagnia Ottomania: (It.) Ottoman Company, Turkish Steamship Company, 1840-62.
Companhia de Mo'ambique: inscription used on stamps by the Mozambique Company, used for one of the territories in Portuguese East Africa.
Companhia do Nyassa: inscription used on stamps by the Nyassa Company, used for one of the territories in Portuguese East Africa, 1894.
Compania Colombiana de Navegacion Aerea: airline name used as an overprint on private Colombia air mails, internal usage, March 1920; government stamps must be affixed.
Compania de Transportes Terrestres Soc. Anon: local post, Colombia Express Companies, 1923-32.
Compania Urbana de Transportes: local post, Colombia Express Companies.
Company Cachet: cachet applied by a commercial firm in connection with the stamp or postmark on the cover.
Compartment Lines: printing variety caused when presses picks up ink during the printing process, appears as lines, dots or dashes in one or more margins of stamps.
Competa: city in Spain, Spanish Civil War local post, Nationalist forces, 1937.
Complaisance (Courrier de): (Fr.) favor mail.
Completare l'Insieme: (Port.) complete set.
Complete Matched Set: a set of plate blocks for every number and pane position possible for a certain stamp.
Complete Set (CPL): group of stamps that includes all the values from a series, or all the stamps from a issue.
Composite Proof: a single printer's working proof showing two or more different designs.
Composite Sheet: sheet of stamps made up of different values, types or designs.
Composite Stamps: different values, types or designs on two or more joined stamps.
Compound Card, Envelope: postal stationery that has been impressed with more than one indicium, such as the second US Nesbitt envelope "star die" series; both series made by George F. Nesbitt from 1853 to 1870.
Compound (Collective) Deluxe Sheets: multi-stamp deluxe presentation sheets from French-area countries.
Compound Perforations: two different perforation measurements on different sides; for example, a stamp of the US 1938 Presidential Series is perforated 10 2 on top and bottom and 11 on both sides. Such stamps are said to be perf. 10 2 x 11.
Compound Plates: a set of two plates each of which contain a part of the entire design.
Compre ud. Café de Costa Rica: (Sp.) overprint in 1923 on stamps of Costa Rica as plea to buy Cost Rican coffee.
Comptant: (Fr.) in cash.
Compulsory Postage Due Labels: labels affixed to mail when charity stamps were not used; Portugal, Romania and Yugoslavia.
Computer-Generated Postage: the use of Internet connections and laser printers to print postage on envelopes.
Computer Stamps: term originally used as synonym for automatic stamps from automatic vending machines, or Frama labels.
Computer Vended Postage: stamp denomination printed by a computer as the stamp is issued.
COMSS: California, Oregon and Mexico Steam Ship Co.,1867 handstamp on mail from Hawaii.
Comstock, W. H.: US medicine stamp inscription; see Private Die Proprietary Stamps.
Comté: (Fr.) country.
Com√ɬļn: (Sp.) common.
Comune: (It.) common.
Comune di Campione: (It.) local post issue of Italy for town on Lake Lugano, used 1944-52.
Comunicaciones: (Sp.) inscription on early revenue issues of Spain, which allows them to be used for reference purposes, postal use is implied and understood.
Conant's Express: local post serviced Boston, Mass. to Newbury, Maine, used a label; 1852
Con Avanzo di Linguella: (It.) hinge remnant.
Co. Nazionaldi Liberazione: local Italian liberation issue, c1944.
Concentration Camp Mail: mail from the concentration camps established by the Nazi regime in Germany and other countries during World War II.
Concentration Camp Stamps: issued by German government for inmates to send to relatives for mailing parcels to the camp; or by inmates to use as a local post.
Concessional Stamps: sold by Italian post office to private firms to deliver mail for a small fee per item, July 1928.
Con Charnela: (Sp.) hinged.
Conch Republic: propaganda labels for secession of the Florida Keys in 1982 to protest roadblocks by the US Border patrol to catch illegal immigrants.
Con-Con: CONcentration and CONvoy of registered mail, controlled conditions, USPS term.
Concord: common design on stamps of the French Community of Nations, 1969.
Concordance: term used by maximum card collectors to indicate the three elements, view card, stamp and cancel, necessary to qualify as a maximum card.
Concord Bicycle Co.: vignette used for franking parcels, USA.
Concord Coach: built for transportation of mail and passengers at Concord, N.H., 1851.
Concorde Emergency M.S.: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971.
Concours: (Fr.) competition, stamp show.
Concours des Devises Cooperative: (Fr.) label for customer cooperative retail stores in Europe during 1920s-30s.
Condicion: (Sp.) see Condition.
Condition: the quality of a stamp regarding color, centering, cancellation, and gum (if mint) go into making up the term "condition." Typical condition descriptions are Superb, Very Fine, Fine, Good, Average, or Poor. "Superb" means that stamp is perfect.
Condition of Sale: printed in an auction catalog, (or as "Terms of Sale") with the legal terms of contract binding the buyer purchasing at the auction; terms may be subject to amendment at the time of the auction.
Condizione: (It.) see Condition.
Condominium: 1: territory ruled by more than one power; stamps may be bilingual. 2: New Caledonia overprint to note joint government by France and England.
Condominium des Nouvelles Hebrides: (Fr.) New Hebrides.
Condor: Brazil, private air mail carrier.
Condorzusatz: (Ger.) additional postage for forwarding via Condor airlines.
Confederate Dead Letter Office: established by the Southern States, June 1, 1861.
Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals: stamps and envelopes issued by individual postmasters between June 1, 1861 and Oct. 16, 1861 when Confederate Government stamps became available.
Confederate States of America: United States Confederate States, 1861, June 1: use of US stamps stopped for the following states: Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, 1861, June 1-Oct. 16: Confederate provisional stamps and postmarks used, 1861, Oct. 16:1861: No. 1 5¬Ę green, first Confederate government stamps appeared, 3¬Ę Postmaster's Provisionals; issued stamps used by the seceding states prior to the control of the postal service by the Confederate States of America; see Hillsboro, N.C., Jackson, Miss., Madison Court House, Fl., Nashville, Tenn., Selma, Ala., and Tuscumbia, Ala.
Confederation Helvetica: Switzerland.
Confédérés (Etats): (Fr.) Confederate States (USA).
Confed. Granadina: inscription on Colombia, Granadine Confederation, 1859.
Confe'on Argentina: inscription first issue of Argentina, 1858-60.
Confirm: USPS mail tracking and reporting system for letter mail utilizing a new barcode called the Planet; see Planet.
Confoederatio Helvetica: inscription National Fete Day, semipostal, Switzerland, 1838-post.
Cong Hua Mien Nam: Vietnam.
Congo: International Association of the Upper Congo, local post,1884.
Congo Belge: overprint on stamps of the Belgian Congo, 1908-10, see Zaire.
Congo, Democratic Republic: Central Africa, Northeast of Angola, aka Congo; Official name of Postal Administration: Congolais des Postes et Télécommunications (OCPT) Currency: 100 centimes = 1 franc, 100 sengi = 1 li-kuta, 100 makuta = 1 zaira (1967) 1960, June 30: became independent republic, No. 1, 10 centimes deep plum and ocher; first issue, Congo overprint on stamps of Belgium, 1961, July 5: joined the UPU, 1963, Mar. 21: first semipostal stamp issued, 1963, June 29: Katanga reunited with the Congo, 19, Dec. 8: some stamps used Congo Democratic Republic, 1967: first air mail stamp issued, 1971, Oct. 28: name changed to Republic of Zaire, 1997: name changed to Congo Democratic Republic, see Belgian Congo, Zaire.
Congo. Fran'ais: overprint on stamps of French Colonies, 1891, see French Congo.
Congo Fran'ais Gabon: (Fr.) Gabon.
Congo, Indian Forces: 1962, Jan.15: "U. N. Force (India) Congo"overprint on stamps of India for use in Congo.
Congo (Kinshasa): 1964: "Republique Populaire" overprint on stamps of the Congo by rebels in Stanleyville.
Congo, People's Republic: see Congo, Republic of.
Congo, Portuguese: see Congo.
Congo, People's Republic: Western Africa, between Angola and Gabon; Official name of Postal Administration: Société des Postes et de l'Epargne du Congo Currency: 100 centimes = 1 franc 1886, Jan. 1: joined the UPU, 1910-pre: part of French Congo, 1910: declared a separate colony, joined with Gabon, Ubangi-Shari and Chad Territories, 1934: incorporated as French Equatorial Africa, 1958-pre: joined with other colonies to form French Equatorial Africa, 1958, Nov. 28: became member state of the French Community, 1959: No.1, 25 francs, brown-claret, first stamp issued, 1960, Aug. 15: independence within French Community as the Congo Republic, 1960: first air mail stamp issued, 1961, Dec. 4: first postage due stamp issued, 1962, Apr. 7: first semipostal stamp issued, 1968: first official stamp issued, 1970, Jan. 3: became the People's Republic of the Congo, 1970, July 20: No. 1, 15 francs green, ocher and red-brown, 1970, Nov. 28: stamps issued as People's Republic of the Congo, 1990: name changed back to Republic of the Congo.
Congratulations Fall of Bataan and Corregidor: overprint on stamps of Philippines, Japanese occupation, 1942.
Congreso de la Union Postal Panamericana: (Sp.) Pan-American Postal Union Congress, 1931.
Congreso de los Diputados: (Sp.) Spain's official free frank stamps for its parliament, 1895-98.
Congreso Internacional de Ferrocarriles: (Sp.) International Congress of Railways.
Congress Book: annual publication of the American Philatelic Congress, each issue contains five to ten original research articles.
Conio: (It.) die, a block of metal that has been hand or machine engraved from which plates are prepared to print stamps.
Conjoined: stamp design depicting two or more busts or heads facing in the same direction.
Conjunto: (Sp.) selection, or lot (of stamps).
Conn.: abbreviation for Connecticut prior to Zip Code usage.
Connecting (or Connection) Flight: cover on a flight dedicated to making connection for mail / passengers with another flight, prior to departure or at a specific mid-route point.
Connecticut: became a state Jan. 9, 1788.
Connell Stamp: 1860, postmaster Charles Connell, Woodstock, New Brunswick, Canada ordered stamps with his likeness in place of Queen Victoria; stamp not sold, Connell resigned.
Connolly Association: United Kingdom postal strike; local post, 1971.
Connu: (Fr.) known (quantity).
Con Numeración en el Reverso: (Sp.) with control numbering on the back.
Conseil de l'Europe: (Fr.) Council of Europe, France official issue inscription / overprint for mail from headquarters, Strasbourg, first issue Jan. 14, 1958.
Conseil Municipal de Vinebre: inscription for a postal tax from Vinebre, Catalonia, Spain issued during Spanish Civil War 1938-39.
Consider Grand Rapids: poster stamp issued to promote the Michigan city.
Consigner's Contract: the legal and binding signed document of agreement between the auctioneer and the owner of the philatelic properties being consigned to the auctioneer.
Consignment: material given to a stamp dealer by a collector (consignor), who also states price required; the dealer then proceeds to sell it for the collector, or consignor, pays the consignor, less a commission to the dealer for handling the material.
Consiliul Europei: (Rom.) label attached to a Romanian stamp commemorating the 50th anniversary of the Council of Europe.
Consnantinople: v

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Controlle 1922: overprint on stamps of Persia (Iran) as a pictorial postcard tax, 1922.
Controlled issue: stamps, although sanctioned by a postal authority, were controlled by someone else, such as the printer.
Controlled mail: mail from one source to another where the sender gets the stamps returned that are used on the mail.
Control letters or numbers: inscription on margin of stamp sheet to denote the printing plate or cylinder on which the sheet was printed.
Control marks: marks placed on the stamp or in the sheet margin by postal authorities for accounting purposes.
Control number: numbers printed on backs of stamp (Spain), or tabs (Tonga) for internal control.
Control overprint: when a large theft of stamps occurs, postal authorities overprinted remaining stamps and the use of any stamps which have not been overprinted was forbidden.
Convenience overpayment: 1: affixing overfranking as postage when exact amount is unavailable. 2: used for currency control post-World War II, Germany.
Control perfin: a perforation made by an affixing machine through the face of a Schermack coil.
Convention, Postal: Universal Postal Union agreement, signed by a postal official and ratified by the head of government.
Convention rate: a special postal rate negotiated between one country and another, aka Treaty Rate.
Convention States: convention status states in the Empire of India: Chamba, Faridot, Gwalior, Jind, Nabha and Patiala; each state had its own overprints on stamps of India, 1950: regular stamps of India replaced all the convention states' issue.
Convertible booklet: USPS technical specification for a pane of stamps that may be folded into a booklet after removal of the two narrow selvage strips.
Convertible mark: currency unit in Bosnia & Herzegovina.
Convon Natle: (Fr.) national convention.
Convoyeur(s): (Fr.) carrier (of mail on railroad), postmark of postal agent on train.
Coo: Dodecanese Sea, Aegean Islands; 16th century-post: Turkish rulers, 1912-pre: used stamps of Turkey, 1912: No.1, 2 centesimi orange-brown, overprint "CASO" on stamps of Italy, followed by name of island, 1916: first stamps without overprints, 1920: Turkey ceded group to Italy, 1929: general Aegean Islands issues, 1930, 1932: overprint "COO" used on two sets, 1943, Sept.: became part of Greece, 1943: reoccupied by German forces, 1945: liberated by Allied forces, see M.E.F., Middle East Forces, 1945, June 25: British post offices opened, stamps of Britain overprinted "M.E.F." (Middle East Forces), when islands transferred to Greece, 1947, Mar. 31: British post offices closed, stamps of Greece overprinted "S.D.D." (Dodecanese Military Occupation), see S.D.D. 1947-summer: stamps of Greece used.
Coo, Cos, Kos: see: Cos.
Cook & Bernheimer: U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp.
Cook-Inseln: (Ger.) Cook Islands.
Cook Islands: islands in the South Pacific Ocean, southeast of New Zealand; currency: 12 pence = 1 shilling, 20 shillings = 1 pound, 100 cents = 1 dollar (1967) 1892, May 7: No.1, 1 penny black, first stamps, 1901: became a dependency of New Zealand, 1903-32: separate stamp issues by Aitutaki and Penrhyn, 1919-32: stamps inscribed/overprinted "Rarotonga" name of main island, 1966, Apr. 22: first air mail stamp issued, 1968, Feb. 12: first semipostal stamp issued, 1975: first official stamp issued; see Aitutaki, Niue and Penrhyn.
Cook Islands: overprint 30 June 1948 Atomic Test Bikini Atoll, part of set of eleven overprints, unissued Great Britain cinderella by David Horry, 2001.
Cook Islands - United Kingdom S.M.S.: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Cook Land: bogus North Pole issue in early 1900s.
Cooköarna: (Swed.) the Cook Islands.
Cook √Éňúerne: (Dan.) the Cook Islands.
Cook's Dispatch: U.S. local post, Baltimore, Md, 1853.
Cooland: 1924 European cinderella used on private postcards that did not go through the mail.
Coolgardie Cycl Express: bicycle service operated in Western Australia in the 1890s, issued local stamps.
Coon's (J.G.) Carting Express: private freight firm serviced Buffalo, N.Y., used a label, year unknown.
Coop & Co's Express: local baggage firm serviced Brooklyn and New York City; used a label, year unknown
Cooperation: common design on stamps of the French Community of Nations, 1964.
Co-operative Delivery Service: local parcel firm serviced unknown area; used a stamp.
Cooper's Express: local post serviced Boston and Lawrence, Mass.; used a label; 1865?
Copa Mundial de F√ɬļtbol: (Sp.) World Soccer Cup, topic.
Copenhagen - Lauritzen & Thaulow Local Post: Copenhagen (Dan., K√ɬłbenhavn) is the largest city and capital of Denmark located on E coast of Sj¬¶lland Island and N portion of Amager Island. Local post established by S. Lauritzen and T. Thaulow, with first "Kjobenhavns by og Hus Telegraf / By Post" local stamps issued 1 September 1880, and with numerous others issued through August 1889. Several other local posts operated during this period, to include: Adam's Express , Expres-Compagni , Kjobenhavn's Pakke Expedition , Kjobemhavns Telefon-Kiosker , and Vester- Norre-Osterbroes Pakvogn (q.v. individual Copenhagen Local Post entries).
Copenhagen - Adam's Expres Local Post: Danish local post established by the Adam's Express Company, with first "Adams Expres / Kj√ɬłbenhavn" local stamps issued in 1888, and with a second different design set-of-5 issued in 1891.
Copenhagen - Expres-Compagni Local Post: Danish local post established in 1880, with first "Universal Expres / Pakke Frimk." local stamps issued on 1 September, and with several others issued through January 1882.
Copenhagen Foot Post: Founded by the General Postal Authorities in Copenhagen, Denmark, on March 1806. H. E. Riegels employed as postmaster until 1 April 1809, on which date he took over the operation on his own account. Privately operated under the general postal authorities until 14 May 1849, when the Danish Royal Post re-assumed control, continuing to operate the service until 1876. Mails carried by the service had various types of handstamps, primarily a version of "F.P." letters, similar devices except with added dating, or an identifying single-ring cds.
Copenhagen - Kjobenhavn' Pakke Expedition Local Post: Danish local post established in 1901 with set of different value local stamps depicting "weighing scales with the value on a parcel in the left pan" issued in the same year.
Copenhagen - Kjobenhavns Telefon-Kiosker: Danish local post established at an unknown turn-of-the-2oth century date, with a set-of-5 local stamps issued, the stamps having several printings distinguished by coarseness or fineness of the print, their shades, and the paper types.
Copenhagen - Lauritzen & Thaulow Local Post: Copenhagen (Dan., K√ɬłbenhavn) is the largest city and capital of Denmark located on E coast of Sj¬¶lland Island and N portion of Amager Island. Local post established by S. Lauritzen and T. Thaulow, with first "Kj√ɬłbenhavns by og Hus Telegraf / By Post" local stamps issued 1 September 1880, and with numerous others issued through August 1889. Several other local posts operated during this period, to include: Adam's Express, Expres-Compagni, Kjobenhavn's Pakke Expedition, Kjobemhavns Telefon-Kiosker, and Vester-Norre-Osterbroes Pakvogn (q.v. individual Copenhagen Local Post entries).
Copenhagen-Roskilde Flight: see Denmark - Copenhagen-Roskilde Flight, 1914.
Copenhagen - Vester-Norre-Osterbroes Pakvogn: Danish local post established in 1880, with a set-of-3 local stamps issued during the same year, and with a second set-of-2 local stamps being issued in December 1885. The stamps were used by the parcel delivery company conducting business in the western, northern, and eastern suburbs of Copenhagen. The service was taken over by the Lauritzen & Thaulow company in March 1887.
COPO: Council of Philatelic Organizations, USA.
Copper plate engraving: recessed design engraved upon or transferred to a copper plate, printed impressions show raised lines, now almost entirely superceded by engraving on steel plates; copper plate engraving persisted until recently in France.
Coppia: (It.) pair.
Coppia invertita: (It.) tete-beche pair.
Coppia orizzontale: (It.) horizontal pair.
Coppia verticale: (It.) vertical pair.
Copyright: standard inscription placed in the sheet margin legally protecting design from duplication by unauthorized persons or firms. Designs of U.S. stamps issued after Jan. 1, 1978 may not be reproduced for commercial purposes except under license granted by the USPS. Designs of U.S. stamps issued prior to 1978 are in the public domain.
Copyright block: a margin block of stamps with a copyright notice, started in 1978.
Coquille: (Fr.) misprint. - printing cylinder part.
Coralit: (It.) Corrièri Alta Italia, North Italian Couriers bicycle posts in Italy, 1944- 45: in Feb.1945, used mail franked with local stamps and Italian postage stamps.
CorAllt: Corrieri Alta Italia, Italian local issue, 1944-45.
Coral Sea Islands Territory: bogus, islands off the coast of Queensland.
Corbeil's Private Post: bogus, Canada, sometime in the 1800s.
Corbera: local, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937.
Cordial stamps: stamps used on bottles or cases of cordials to pay the US Internal Revenue Tax.
Cordillera: (Sp.) Spanish system in late 1700s where each government unit was responsible for forwarding or circulating official mail to the next unit.
Cordoba: 1): Argentine province; 1858, Oct. 28: first stamps issued, 1865: replaced by stamps of the central government; 2): local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist and Republican, 1936-37.
Cordova: district overprint used on stamps of Mexico, 1856-83.
Core: strip of brown paper attached to the last stamp on a roll of coil stamps.
Corea, (Sp.) Korea
Corean: (Rom) Korean (adj.).
Coree du Nord: (Fr.) North Korea.
Coree du Sud: (Fr.) South Korea.
Corfou: (Fr.) Corfu.
Corfu: island in Ionian Sea, opposite Greek-Albanian border; currency: 100 centesimi = 1 lira, 100 lepta = 1 drachma 1859: No. 1, 1/2 penny orange, 1864: ceded to Greece by Britain, 1916-18: stamps of France with control handstamp Postes Serbes used on Serbian military mail sent through French military postal system, 1917: Corfu issue, surcharge, 1917-18: stamps of Greece surcharged and overprinted, 1922: occupied by Italy (Kerkyra), 1923: overprinted stamps of Italy issued for use on island, 1941: overprinted stamps of Greece issued, 1941: Italian occupation issue had Greek stamps overprinted "Corfu," 1943: Germany took over occupation from Italy, used stamps of Greece, 1943: stamps of Greece re-introduced; see Ionian Islands.
Corisco: Spanish island colony off coast of Africa; 1868: used stamps of Fernando Poo, 1903 to 1909: issued their own stamps, 1909: Spanish Guinea, then stamps of Rio Muni; see: Eloby, Annobon and Corisco.
Cork & Macroom Direct Railway: Ireland local post.
Cork, Bandon & South Coast Railway: Ireland local post.
Cork, Blackrock & Passage Railway: Ireland local post.
Cork cancels: obliterators made from corks in fancy or plain designs.
Cornella de llobregat: local, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937.
Corner blocks: a block of stamps taken from the corner of a sheet or pane and identified by the paper margin on two adjacent sides of the block.
Corner card: imprinted name and address of the envelope user, usually placed in the upper left hand corner; an illustration may accompany the printed address.
Corner fold: a corner of a sheet of stamps becomes folded during printing process on a sheet- fed press.
Corner letters: letters in the bottom two corners on early stamps of Great Britain; intended as a security measure against forgery; also known as check letters.
Corner stamp: stamp from the corner of the sheet (1887 definition).
Cornice: (It.) frame.
Corning & Tappan: U.S. private die perfumery proprietary stamp.
Cornish National Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Cornwell's Madison Square Post office: U.S. local post, New York, N.Y., 1856.
Coro and la Vela: local, Venezuela, 1867-89.
Corocco: state near Chile used in 1913 book Clue of the Postage Stamp by Arthur Bray, bogus stamp affixed to book cover.
Corona: 1. (It., Sp.) crown; 2. Dalmatia overprint on stamps of Italy; also Austria, Italian Occupation.
Coronation: common design on stamps of the British Commonwealth of Nations, 1937, 1953.
Coronation issue: series of stamps issued to commemorate the coronation of a king or queen.
Coroncine: (It.) nickname of Italian stamps with a small crown overprint, 1934.
COROS: Collectors of Religion on Stamps, USA.
Corporate printing: commercial printing of actual stamp, printed in a different color from the final stamps, and overprinted with the company name and "specimen" or equivalent.
Cor postal: (Fr.) post-horn.
Corps Expeditionnaire/Franco-Anglais/Cameroun: overprint on stamps of Gabon whose inscriptions read "Congo Francais" and "Afrique Equatoriale," 1915.
Correio: Brazil and Portugual word for posts. - (With no country name and denominations in "Reis") Portugal.
Correio Aereo: Portuguese for air mail posts.
Correios e Telegraphos: (Port.) Post and Telegraph.
Correio India: inscription of stamps of Portuguese India.
Correo(s): (Sp.) mail, post, postage.
Correo(s) Aereo, Aéreo: (Sp.) airmail.
Correo Aereo Interior: Dominican Republic domestic airmail.
Correo Ambulante: (Sp.) traveling post office (T.P.O.).
Correo Certificado: (Sp.) registered mail.
Correo Chanadina: Colombia.
Correo de campa√ɬĪa: (Sp.) field post, field post office. - also stamps prepared in1939 but never issued.
Correo de Chile via Aeria B. Aires Agosto 5, 1919: handstamp on covers carried by Italian pilot Lt. Antonio Locatelli on a flight from Santiago to Buenos Aires.
Correo de Coro a la Vela y viceversa: label for town in Venezuela that had a private postal service operating by rail between Coro and La Vela about 1867.
Correo de la Corona: (Sp.) Spanish Royal Mail Service, 15th century.
Correo de paloma: (Sp.) pigeon post.
Correo di lata: (Sp.) tin can mail.
Correo Espanol Marruecos: Spain, Offices in Morocco.
Correo Espanol Tanger: Spanish Morocco for International City of Tangiers.
Correo Interior: (Sp.) local mail, posted and delivered in same city or town, Spain 1853 issue.
Correo Maritimo: (Sp.) ship post.
Correo Mayores: (Sp.) privately run colonial postal system established in the New World in 1767.
Correos de cohete: (Sp.) rocket mail.
Correos des Infectado: (Sp.) mail from possible infected areas.
Correos de la Chimba: local ship post, Bolivia.
Correos de los EE. UU. De Venuz: inscription on stamps of United States of Venezuela, 1865-70.
Correos fonopostal: (Sp.) recorded disks sent by mail; stamp, issued by Argentina, 1939.
Correos franco: (Sp.) post paid.
Correos 1854 Y 55: Philippines, Spanish Dominion.
Correos Maritimos de la Estado: (Sp.) maritime delivery established in1764 in Spain to provide mail delivery to the various Spanish colonies.
Correos Nacionales: (Sp.) Colombia.
Correos Oaxaca: Mexican State of Oaxaca.
Correo Submarino: (Sp.) submarine mail; 1938, one voyage took place; Barcelona to Mahón and back via Marseilles.
Correos y Telegrafos, Correos y Telegs: (Sp.) Argentina inscription for mail and telegraph, 19th century issues.
Correo Urbano: (Sp.) local post.
Correo Urbano de Bogota: Colombia (for City of Bogota).
Correspondencia a Debe: (Sp.) inscription on stamps of Panama for postage due.
Correspondencia Falta de Franqueo: (Sp.) unstamped letter.
Correspondencia Sibrante: (Sp.) undelivered mail, return to sender.
Correspondencia Urgente: (Sp.) special delivery inscription, found on Express Letter stamps of Spain.
Correos Urbanos Medellin: Colombia local issue for state of Medellin.
Correo Urgente: (Sp.) express delivery.
Correspondence art: labels designed to simulate stamps.
Correspondencias registradas: (Sp.) appears on seals to indicate registration.
Corriente: (Sp.) normal, or average, common as opposed to rare.
Corriere scatola di latta: (It.) tin can mail.
Corrosion stain: a printing variety caused by corrosion on a metal plate.
Cortado por mitad: (Sp.) bisect.
Corrientes: province in Argentina; 1856, Aug. 21-Sep. 11: first stamps issued. 1880, Aug. 21: replaced by stamps of Argentina.
Corsair Express: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Corse: (Fr.) Corsica.
Cortado: (Sp.) cut close.
Cortado a serpentina: (Sp.) serpentine roulette.
Corte: (Sp.) tear.
Corte de lineas: (Sp.) roulette.
Cortegana: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1936-37.
Cortes de la Frontera: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1936-37.
Corumbela: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1936-37.
Coruna: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist and Republican, 1936-37.
Cory and Smith Parcel Delivery: local parcel firm serviced an unknown area; used a stamp, year unknown.
Cos: Dodecanese Island, Aegean Sea; 16th century-post: Turkish rulers, 1912-pre: used stamps of Turkey, 1912: overprint "Egeo" on stamps of Italy, followed by name of island, 1916: first stamps without overprints, 1920: Turkey ceded group to Italy, 1929: general Aegean Islands issues, 1930, 1932: overprint "Coo" used on two sets, 1943, Sept.: became part of Greece, 1943: reoccupied by German forces, 1945: liberated by allied forces, 1945-47: stamps of Britain overprinted MEF (Middle East Forces), when islands transferred to Greece, 1947: stamps of Greece overprinted SDD (Dodecanese Military Occupation), 1947-summer: stamps of Greece used.
Cosme Colony: Paraguay bogus overprint for Australian settlement.
Cosmonaut: astronauts of the former Soviet Union.
Cosmos: (Fr.) space.
COSSU: Chess-on-Stamps Study Unit.
Costa Atlantica B: (Sp.) overprint on stamps of Nicaragua for use in province of Zelaya, 1907.
Costa Atlantica C: (Sp.) overprint on stamps of Nicaragua for use in province of Cabo Gracias A Dios, 1907.
Costa de Marfil: (Sp.) Ivory Coast.
Costa de Oro: (Sp.) Gold Coast.
Costa Rica: Central America; currency:8 reales = 100 centavos = 1 peso, 100 centimos = 1 colon (1900) 1821-pre: under Spanish rule, 1821: part of the United Provinces of Central America, 1838: became independent republic, 1863, Mar.: No.1, 1/2 reis blue, first stamps issued, 1883: first official stamp issued, 1883, Jan. 1: joined the UPU, 1885-89: stamps of Costa Rica overprinted with "Guanacaste" to celebrate sovereignty, 1903: first postage due stamp issued, 1919, June 4: U.S. Marines land during revolution, 1922: first semipostal stamp issued, 1926, June 4: first air mail stamp issued.
Cote: (Fr.) price, valuation, quotation.
C√ɬīte de Somalis: (Fr.) inscription used on stamps of Somali Coast, 1894-1902.
C√ɬīte d'Ivoire: (Fr.) Ivory Coast.
C√ɬīte d'Or.: (Fr.) Gold Coast.
C√ɬīte Francais des Somalis: (Fr.) French Somali Coast.
C√ɬītele: (Fr.) paper that resembles laid paper but the variation is obtained by mechanical means and is not in the paper paste.
C√ɬīte vue (carte postale): (Fr.) picture side of post card.
Cottbus: local, German Democratic Republic, 1945-46.
Cotton fiber: a strong and stable fiber that provides archival qualities to paper.
Cotton Order Stamps: stamps produced by the BEP for a subsidy program that permitted low income families to buy goods made with cotton.
Cotton reels: first circular issues of British Guiana named due their similarity to the labels on reels of sewing cotton, 1850-51.
Cottrell Press: single-color webfed intaglio press used at the BEP starting in 1956; officially known as Presses 801, 802, 803, 804 and 805.
Couché (papier): (Fr.) chalky (paper), coated.
Coudekerque: city in northern France; 1940: German overprint on French stamps used.
Couleur: (Fr.) color.
Counani, Free State of: bogus labels in 1886, 1893 and 1904 for all the land north of the Amazon River.
Counter auction: material on display in showroom of stamp dealer with a specified closing date, starting bid; customer sees previous bid and can enter his/her registered number (given by stamp dealer), and enter a higher bid before closing date and time.
Counterfeit: an imitation or forgery of a genuine postage stamp or postal marking that has been created to defraud the collector or government.
Counterfeit money: post office handstamp "Official Notice" warning recipient that envelope may contain counterfeit money and letter with contents should be returned to the local post office; contents known as "green goods" to postal officials; prevalent in late 1800s.
Counterfeit, postal: forgery of a stamp produced to defraud a postal administration of the postage used for mailing.
Counterfoil: receipt half of a two-part stamp, usually parcel post issues, one half affixed to the mail pieces, other half kept by sender as receipt.
Counting numbers: Cottrell Press used them when printing coil stamps. - numbers jet-sprayed on backs of coil stamps at regular intervals.
Country: collections specializing in the postal issues of one nation.
Country code: the address abbreviation to designate the destination country for international mail; while there has been no officially mandated code, the UPU has established a set of abbreviations which are generally accepted, such as A = Austria, D = Germany, CH = Switzerland, etc.
Country name: Universal Postal Union regulations of 1874 decreed that all stamps destined for international use must have the country name inscribed; only exception being that of Great Britain which could use the effigy of the reigning monarch.
Coupé (en deux): (Fr.) cut (bisected).
Coupe's Express: local post serviced Washington State, used a label; 1864-74.
Coupon: term for a non-postal label attached to a postage stamp, first used in Czechoslovakia in 1930.
Coupon Réponse International (CRI): (Fr.) international reply coupon.
Coupure: (Fr.) cut-square.
Courant: (Fr.) common.
Courant (timbre d'usage): (Fr.) current, regular use, definitive.
Courcelles de Tour: local provisional, France, 1944.
Courier: local, Chemnitz, Germany, 1907.
Courier 1971 Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Courier services: delivery services operated by governments for official mail; labels, cachets and stationery have been utilized for this purpose.
Courland: 1945, Apr.: four German stamps overprinted; see: Kurland.
Couronne: (Fr.) crown.
Cour Permanente de Justice Internationale: overprint on stamps of Netherlands for mail from International Court of Justice, 1934, amended to "Cour Internationale de Justice."
Courrier: (Fr.) the mail, post, mail boat, mail system.
Courrier-convoyeur(s): (Fr.) postal agent(s) on a train.
Courrier d'bidon: (Fr.) tin can mail.
Courrier de la Societé des Nations: (Fr.) overprint on stamps of Switzerland for League of Nations.
Courrier du Bureau International d'Education: (Fr.) overprint on stamps of Switzerland for International Bureau of Education.
Courrier du Bureau International du Travail: (Fr.) 1: overprint on stamps of Switzerland for International Labor Bureau. 2: Commissioner of Police, South Australia official overprint, 1868-74. 3: overprint on stamps of Ivory Coast for parcel post. 4: overprint on stamps of Colombia, sold in Costa Rica to frank mail carried by SCADTA airlines.
Courrier Maritime: (Fr.) ship mail.
Courseur (pour Pneumatique): (Fr.) bullet (for pneumatic post).
Court Bureau: local printed in London, 1890, to prepay services for collection of mail on Sundays and delivered to railroad stations for delivery on Mondays, 1890-91.
Court de marge: (Fr.) cut close.
Courte (series): (Fr.) incomplete set with high values missing.
Courtesy air mail: foreign origin mail accepted for airmail service without an international postal treaty or agreement to accept it.
Courtesy reply mail (CRM): preaddressed return envelope or postcard that mailers supply to a customer for reply; the customer pays the postage, USPS term.
Courtland, Al. Paid 5: see: Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Courvoisier, Helio SA: printing firm in Switzerland, formed in 1880, that has printed stamps for more than 70 postal administrations, closed April 30, 2001.
Coutinho, Carlos Viegas Gago: common design on stamps of Portugal and Colonies, 1967.
Couvert: (Ger.) envelope, cover.
Couverture(s): (Fr.) cover(s) (of booklets).
Cov.: abbreviation for cover.
Covel coils: privately perforated second Bureau issue coil stamps made by the Covel Mfg. Co. using a Rossback perforator.
Cover: 1. any postally used envelope, folded letter sheet, postal card or other piece of postal stationery. 2. an envelope or item of postal stationery that has been canceled as a souvenir. 3: Brief (Ger.), Lettre, Entier (Fr.), Lettera,
Busa (It.), Carta, Sobre (Sp.).
Cover census: a long-term study to determine relative scarcity of certain stamps on cover or piece, with details regarding dates, postmarks, addresses, etc.
Covered Wagon Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Cover face: an envelope's front portion that has been cut away from rest of envelope.
Cowan paper: a thin, hard, wove paper without watermark; made by A. Cowan and Sons, Ltd, London for 1902 New Zealand stamps.
Cow Post: Kuhpost, mail service operated between Rothenuffeln and Hille in Germany in 1878.
Cox: local, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937.
Coyanza: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1937.
C. P.: 1. Campbell Paterson Catalog of New Zealand. 2. commemorative panel; Scott Catalogue number suffix to identify stamps other than standard postage.
CPASC: Canadian Permanent Army Service Corps; see: RCASC.
Cpl: see: Complete set.
CPNY: Censorship Passed New York, military mail marking.
CPO: USPS term for Community post office, operated by persons who are not postal employees.
C Press: a three-color intaglio Giori webfed combination press used by the BEP starting about 1982; officially called Press 901.
CPU: USPS term for contract postal unit, operated under contract by persons who are not postal employees.
CPV: see: Constant plate variety.
CQ: airmail parcel post; Scott Catalogue number prefix to identify stamps other than standard postage.
C Press: three-color Goebel intaglio press used by the BEP.
CR: 1. Caledonian Railway. 2. Cacabau Rex, native king of Fiji, 1871-74 issues. 3. Costa Rica, country code as used by UPU.
Craciun: (Rom.) Christmas.
Cracked gum: small particles in the gum caused by hand-rolling the sheets, or by age and atmosphere conditions.
Cracked plate: stamps that show evidence that the plate from which they were printed was cracked.
Crack out: opening of the plastic case containing an encapsulated stamp.
Cramoisi: (Fr.) crimson (color).
Crane & Co's Express: local post serviced Boston, Mass., Bangor and Portland, Maine, used a label, 1859-60?
Cranes Express: phantom post, Pine St., N.Y.; used a stamp.
Crane's Express: local parcel firm serviced Boston and Middleton, Mass., used a label, 1869.
Crane's Express-NJ: local parcel firm serviced Rahway, N.J. and New York City; used a label, year unknown.
Crash cover: a cover saved from the wreck of a plane, train or other vehicle with a postal marking explaining the damaged condition, first recorded example was rescued from the crash of the Grand Trunk railway in Canada in 1873.
Crazy perfs: irregular perforations caused by operator error or a malfunction of the feeding mechanism.
Crease: a fold mark remaining on a postal piece.
Creased paper: caused by a crease in the paper before or during the printing process.
Creased stamp: crease happened after the printing.
Crediton Postal Service: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Crefeld: see Krefeld.
Crem: (Rom.) cream-colored.
Crema: (It., Sp.) cream (color).
Creme: (Fr.) cream (color).
Cremisi: (It.) crimson (color).
Crescent: printer's samples of John Waddington, Kirkstall Ltd., England.
Crescent, S.S.: steamship of the Danube Steam Navigation Company; 1834: built for the Levant, then to the Austrian Lloyd.
Cressman & Co.'s Penny Post: U.S. local post, Philadelphia, Pa., 1856.
Creta: (It., Sp.) Crete.
Crete: Mediterranean island, south of Greece; currency: 40 paras = 1 piaster, 4 metalik = 1 grosion (1899), 100 lepta = 1 drachma (1900) 15th century-post: province of Turkey, 1898: British district of Heraklion (Candia) and Russian district of Rethymnon occupation forces issued stamps inscribed in Greek, 1898: No.1, 20 paras violet, stamps of France and Italy overprinted with name of the island, 1898-Dec. 15, 1914: stamps of Austria overprinted, 1899-pre: stamps of Turkey used, then stamps of joint occupying powers; Britain (1898-99), Russia (1899), Austria (1903-14), France (1903-13) and Italy (1900-12), 1899: declared autonomous republic, 1900, Mar.1: first stamps of Crete, 1901: first postage due stamp issued, 1908, Jan. 14: first official stamp issued, 1908: union with Greece declared, Cretan stamps overprinted "Hellas" (Crete) 1913, May 13: island became part of Greece, Greek stamps used, WW II: German military stamps overprinted "Inselpost" for German troops, see Crete, British offices.
Crete, Austrian offices: 1900s: operated in Canea, Candia and Rethymnon, 1903: stamps of Austria surcharged in francs and centimes, 1914, Dec.: offices closed.
Crete-British Administration, forged issues: 1898-99 20 papa, Sc. 3, 5.
Crete, British offices: 1898: special stamps issued for use from British post offices, 1899: post offices closed; British zone of joint administration includes France, Italy, Russia, 1898-1900: stamps issued until establishment of autonomous government.
Crete, forged issue: 1905 Therison revolution, unissued.
Crete, French Offices: 1902-03: No.1, 1 centime gray, "Crete" inscription/surcharge in Blanc, Mouchon and Merson key types, 1914: post offices closed.
Crete, Italian offices: 1900: No.1, 1 piaster blue, stamps of Italy overprinted "La Canea" surcharged in Turkish currency, 1912: last issue appeared.
Crete, Revolutionary Assembly of: 1905: stamps issued by rebels who tried to obtain unification of Crete with Greece.
Crete, Russian offices: 1899, May 13-July 29: handstamped with Russian coat of arms for city of Rethymnon administration.
Crevichon: Great Britain local carriage label, Jethou.
Crevillente: local, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937
Crimea: South Russia; 1854-57: stamps of Britain used during Crimean campaign, 1918, Nov.-20: overprint on stamps of Russia by revolutionary Kuban (Tatar) government, 1918-post: occupied by French, Bolsheviks, Gen. Denikin, 1921: stamps of Ukraine surcharged for use in Crimea, WW II: occupied by Germans and made part of the Ukraine district, 1992-post: many bogus local post issues exist.
Crimea Regional Government: 1918-19, issued two Russian surcharged stamps, one for currency; see Russia, South.
Crimée: (Fr.) Crimea.
Criss-crossed: a term used to describe how the booklets are packaged in bulk for eventual distribution through certain vending machines; it doesn't change the stamp or stamp format in any way.
Cristal (papier): (Fr.) glassine.
Crittenton, Charles N.: U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp.
Croacia: (Sp.) Croatia.
Croat, Administration of Bosnia: see Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Croatia: Southeastern Europe, Yugoslavia; official name of postal administration: Croatian Post Inc. currency: 100 paras = 1 dinar (1991), 100 bavida = 1 kuna, 100 lipas = 1 kuna (1994) 1918-pre: province of Hungary, 1918: overprint on stamps of Hungary, listed under Yugoslavia, 1921, Dec. 24: joined the UPU, 1941, April 12: No. 1, 50 paras orange, first semipostal, postage due stamps issued, 1941, Apr. 16: first postage due stamp issued, 1941, May 10: first semipostal stamp issued, 1942: first official stamp issued, 1943: stamp show held at Zagreb while occupied, 1945: became part of the Yugoslav Federation, 1951: bogus stamps by Croatia Government in Exile, 1991, Nov. 21: first stamps independent fromYugoslavia, declared independence, civil war between Croats and Serbs, 1991: first air mail stamps, 1992, July 20: rejoined the UPU, 1995: Croatian government regained control.
Croatian Government in Exile: see N. D. Hrvatska.
Croatie: (Fr.) Croatia.
Croazia: (It.) Croatia.
Croce Rossa: (It.) Red Cross.
Crociera Italiana 1924: overprint on stamps of Italy for propaganda tour, 1924.
Croissant Rouge Turc: (Fr.) Turkey Red Cross semi-postals.
Croix de Lorraine: (Fr.) Cross of Lorraine, Gaullist cross.
Croix Rouge: (Fr.) inscription for Red Cross on semi-postals.
Cromalin: photographer's proof that prints exactly what is seen on the transparency, ¬ģDuPont.
Crooked Lake Steamer: steamer ran between Penn Yan and Hammondsport, N.Y. 1868, shield type handstamp.
Crook, Oliver & Co.: U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp.
Crosby's City Post: U.S. local post, New York, N.Y., 1870.
Cross Border: cover collection of mail as it crossed the border between Canada and its provinces and the US from April 1851, when a combined rate between the two countries was established.
Cross gutter block: a block of stamps with the intersection of the vertical and horizontal gutters.
Crosshatching: a combination of various lines used to provide a background for a design.
Crossing off: see: Bidding circle.
Cross of Lorraine: (Fr.) double-barred cross symbol used as an anti-tuberculosis emblem on stamps and Christmas seals.
Cross of Malta: a cross of eight points, formed of four triangles with their top points meeting in the center with their bases indented.
Cross Pattée: Heraldic cross where the arms widen towards the outer extremities; which are formed of straight lines.
Cross Post: British term for "cross road letters" that could go from one part of the country to another without having to go to London for rerouting; established in 1720.
Cross Writing: In 1840 letters were partially charged by the number of pages in the letter; sender rotated the sheet of paper rotated one-quarter turn and wrote additionally across the lines already written.
Crown Agents: originally a British official government body to act as "agents for the colonies" on Jan. 1, 1980, changed to providing arrange of philatelic services to various postal administrations throughout the world.
Crown and Posthorn: newspaper stamps of Hungary.
Crowned circle: circle with crown on top with word "Free" or "Paid" along with city, indicates that the postage has been prepaid or is not payable; used in British areas prior to introduction of adhesive stamps.
Crown colony: a British colony directly under the control of the home government.
Croydon - Gatwick Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Crozet Islands: 1876, Jan. 1: joined the UPU as a French Territory.
C.R.p.P: correspondance Russe par Prusse (Fr.) mail from Russia via Prussia, 1866.
Cruz Roja: (Sp.) Red Cross.
Cruz Vermelha: (Port.) Red Cross Portugal semi-postal.
Crveni Krst: stamps of Yugoslavia, Offices Abroad.
CS: 1. precedes the European postal code on addresses in Czechoslovakia, such as CS-15000, Prague. 2. (It.) Correspondenza Sarda, pre-adhesive postmark on mail from Kingdom of Sardinia.
Cs: overprint on stamps of Hungary to indicate validity, 1946.
C. S.: Chief Secretary, South Australia official overprint,1868-74.
CSA: Confederate States of America. CSA issues refer to the general and provisional stamp issues produced by the Confederacy.
CSAC: Citizens Stamp Advisory Committee.
Csád: (Hung.) Chad, Tschad.
C. S. A. R.: Central South African Railways, Transvaal Railway stamps.
Csatorna Szigetek: (Hung.) the Channel Islands.
CSDA: Canadian Stamp Dealers Association
Cseh: (Hung.) Czech.
Csehország: (Hung.) Czech Republic.
Csehszlovák: (Hung.) Czechoslovakian.
Csehszlovákia: (Hung.) Czechoslovakia.
C.S.F.P.: (Fr.) "Chambre Syndicale Fran'aise de la Philatelie" French Philatelic Traders Society.
CSG: Charles S. Gay, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
C. Sgn.: Colonial Surgeon, South Australia official overprint, 1868-74.
C.S.1.R.: (Fr.) Correspondance Sarde 1 Rayon, Kingdom of Sardinia Mail, First Radius; mail to nearby nations.
C.S.I.R/VINCEREMO: (It.) bogus, Italian Expeditionary Force in Russia/We Will Win, overprint on stamps of Italy.
C.S.N.E.T.P: (Fr.) "Chambre Syndicale des Negociants et Experts en Timbres-Poste" Philatelic Traders and Experts Society.
Csomag: (Hung.) overprint on Hungarian inflation issues for parcel, 1946.
Csomog: (Hung.) package, parcel.
Csomagposta: (Hung.) parcel post.
Cso Posta: (Hung.) pneumatic mail.
C Stamp: US non-denominated stamp issued in 1981 with a value of 20¬Ę.
Cs√ɬľt√ɬ∂rt√ɬ∂k: (Hung.) Thursday.
CT: (It.) "Corrispondenza Ticinese" prepayment hand stamp from Ticino Canton of Switzerland. 2: USPS abbreviation for Connecticut.
Ct: (Fr.) abbreviation for carnet, booklet.
C. T.: Commissioner of Titles, South Australia official overprint, 1868-74.
CTA: (Sp.) abbreviation of "completa" used in auction catalogs, a complete set or series.
C-T-C: Celebrate the Century, a term used by the USPS for the various sheets of postage stamps issued for the 1900s.
CTO: see: Canceled-to-Order.
CTOT: unit of currency on stamps of Bulgaria.
Ctvrtek: (Czech.) Thursday.
Ctyrblok: (Czech.) block-of-4.
Ctyrblok s Deskovou Znackou: (Czech.) plate block-of-4; block-of-4 with plate marking(s).
CU: Cuba, country code as used by UPU.
Cuadernillo: (Sp.) (stamp) booklet.
Cuadriculado: (Sp.) quadrille.
Cuautla: district in Mexico; 1856-83: overprint used on stamps of Mexico, 1867: No.1, 2 reales black, provisional stamp during revolt to oust French from Mexico.
Cuba: Largest island in the Caribbean, south of Florida; currency: 8 reales plata = 1 peso, 100 centesimos = 1 escudo = 1 pesata (1867), 1,000 milesimas = 100 centavos = 1 peso 1511-1898: under Spanish rule, 1855, Apr.: No.1, 1/2 reales plata blue-green, Spanish administration issued first stamps jointly valid with Puerto Rico, 1868-pre: no country name inscription, denominated in currency, 1868: stamps of Cuba handstamped Habilitado por la Nacion (Sp.) for use in the Philippines, 1873: Cuba had own stamps, inscribed "Ultramar" (overseas), 1877: first stamps inscribed "Cuba," 1898, Dec. 19-1899: surcharge on stamps of Puerto Principe, Cuba with habilitado and new value; issued under administration of the U.S., 1899: postage due stamp issued, 1899, Sept. 30: five general use stamps issued under U.S. military rule, plus special delivery; printed by the U.S. Bureau of Printing and Engraving, 1902, May 20: Cuban republic established, 1902, Oct. 4: joined the UPU, 1909: became an independent republic, with a U.S. military base at Guantanamo, 1914: first postage due stamps issued under U.S. administration, 1917, Mar. 8: U.S. Marines land at Santiago, 1927, Nov.1: first air mail stamp issued, 1938, Nov. 23: first semipostal stamp issued, 1938, Dec. 1: first postal tax stamp issued.
Cuba: overprint on U.S. Special delivery stamps for when territory was ceded to the U.S. following Spanish-American war in 1899.
Cuba-American Postal Services: mail agencies in Cuba used U.S. stamps and special postmarks during Spanish-American War.
Cuba impresos: inscription for newspaper stamps of Cuba under Spanish administration.
Cubierta: (Sp.) government-issued label attached to insured mail in Colombia, 1865 to 1909.
C√ɬļcuta: city in Colombia, issued its own provisional stamps, 1900-06
Cuenca: local, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937.
Cuernavaca: stamp issued for Mexican city during fighting to oust French from Mexico, 1867.
Cuervo Gold, Republic of: liquor firm fantasy for Caribbean island.
Cuevas Bajas: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1937.
Cuevas de Almanzora: local, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937.
Cuevas de San Marcos: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1937.
Cuevas de Vinroma: local, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937.
Cuevas del Becerro: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1937.
Cullar-Baza: local, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937.
Cullera: local, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937.
Culoare, culorile: (Rom.) color, colors.
Culture Carriers: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Culverston Local Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Cumbres Mayores: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1937.
Cumhuriyetin 15 inc yil donumu hatirasi: (Turk.) 15th anniversary of the Turkish Republic.
Cumming's City Post: U.S. local post, New York, N.Y., 1844.
Cundinamarca: department in Colombia; 1870-1904: retained right to operate their own postal service and issue stamps, 1904: stamps of Colombia used.
Cuneiform: ancient script on clay tablets, then baked and hardened, transmitted usually by the royal court.
Cu√ɬĪo: (Sp.) die.
C.U.P.A.E.: (Sp.) Congreso de la Uni√ɬ≥n Postal de las Am√©ricas y Espa√ɬĪa, 1946.
Cura'ao: Dutch island colony off coast of Venezuela; currency: 100 cents = 1 gulden 1873, May 23: inscription of "Cura'ao" on their own stamps, 1889: first postage due stamp issued, 1929: first air mail stamp issued, 1941: first official stamp issued, 1948: renamed Netherlands Antilles, 1949: inscription on stamps, "Ned. Antillen" and "Nederlandse Antillen" stamps used in other Netherlands Antilles islands; Aruba, Bonaire, Saba, Eustatius and part of St. Maartin. 1954: became part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, 1986, Jan. 1: Aruba achieved a separate status and issued its own stamps; see Aruba
Curie, Pierre and Marie: common design on stamps of the French Community of Nations, 1938.
Curiosi: postal inspectors, Roman imperial postal system, about 250 BC.
Curly head: nickname for Spanish stamps depicting curly hair of 12-year old King Alfonso XIII, 1898.
Currency: the monetary value expressed on the postage stamps.
Currency stamp: - British and French post office term for handstamps stating a specific amount of currency. - postage or fiscal stamps used as units of currency during coinage shortage.
Current: term used to describe postal items that are presently available at the post office.
Current number: numbers inserted in the margins of the plates of British and British Colonial stamps, indicating order in which printed, irrespective of the face value of the stamps, or the countries.
Currier & Atkinson's Express: local post serviced Boston and Gloucester, Mass., used labels, 1850?
Currier & Co.'s Express: local parcel firm serviced Boston and Gloucester, Mass., used labels, 1850?
Currier Express: local post serviced Boston and Gloucester, Mass., used labels, 1850?
Cursive: (Rom.) italics.
Curtis & Brown: U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp.
Curtis & Brown Mfg. Co.: U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp.
Curtis, Jeremiah & Son: U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp.
Curtis's Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Curved plate: on rotary presses are used for most modern stamps; also known as cylindrical plate.
Cuvertology: term for picture (illustrated) postcards in Germany, late 1800's.
Curzay: local provisional, France, 1944.
Cusbah: Indian States term for village or township. Customs labels/markings: indicating that packages from another country have been examined for dutiable articles.
Cushing Pony Express: local post operated between Houston, Texas, Louisiana and Mississippi during Civil War, used labels; 1862-64.
Customs stamp: fiscal stamp to collect small sums payable as import duty.
Cutar: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1937.
Cut cancellations: some canceling devices make cuts through revenue stamps and documents to prevent reuse; may also be hand cut.
Cutcherry: Indian States term for court house, office.
Cut close: imperforate stamps, if when separated by cutting, are cut too close to the design.
Cut corner: part of the upper right corner of an envelope or card that has been removed.
Cutie postala: (Rom.) mail box, letter box.
Cut-outs: embossed stamps from postal stationery that are cut out and used as postage.
Cut square: imperforate stamps cut from postal stationery with the corners of the original paper left intact.
Cutter & Co. Express: private mail delivery firm serviced southeastern Canada, used labels, year unknown.
Cutting and Co's Express: local parcel delivery firm, serviced Boston, Mass., and parts of Maine; used labels; 1850?
Cuttings Despatch Post: U.S. local post, Buffalo, N.Y., 1847.
Cut to register: watermarked paper cut so that the watermark design falls into correct position in each sheet of stamps.
Cut to shape: 1: an essay or proof cut close to the edges of the design, following the shape of the frame; creating hybrid proofs. 2: Many British octagonal stamps were cut to the frame line of the design.
Cuzco: town in Peru, provisional issues of Arequipa overprinted "Cuzco"; 1881-85: during war with Chile, "Franco/10/Cuzco" overprint on Peru postage due labels.
CV: 1. catalog value. 2. Cape Verde, country code as used by UPU. 3. Charles Vermeule, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
CVDeB: Clyde V. DeBinder, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
CVP: computer vended postage.
CV da Trieste: (It.) Col Vapore da Trieste from Trieste by steamship, pre-adhesive postmark.
CV da Venezia: (It.) Col Vapore da Venezia from Venice by steamship, pre-adhesive postmark
C.V.I.: Col Vapore Italiano (It.) by Italian steamer.
C.VL.: (Fr.) Correspondence Valaisanne; pre-adhesive postmark used on Wallis region of Switzerland, 1935.
Cvr: abbreviation for cover or postal stationery entire.
C. W.: Canada West, when used in a postmark.
Cwladfa Patagonia: bogus for Colony of Patagonia, Aegentina.
CWO: cash with order.
C. X. C.: Cyrillic overprint on stamps of Bosnia and Herzegovina for Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (later Yugoslavia)
CY: Cyprus, country code as used by UPU.
Cyanblå: (Dan., Swed.) cyano-blue (color).
Cycle Express Company, Limited: private delivery firm for letters, telegrams and messages; located in Coolgardie, Western Australia, late 1800s.
Cylinder: used to print photogravure stamps, may be numbered.
Cylinder number: in British and Commonwealth stamp sheets, if the number has a period, it is from the right side of the cylinder, if there is no period, it is from the left side; in more than one color is used, the numbers will be in the color applied by that particular cylinder. - plate number of an Andreotti or "A" Press printing cylinder.
Cylinder paper watermark: By attaching pieces to the wire cloth covering the cylinder, fewer fibers were collected during the settling process, producing a watermark.
Cylinderpressen: (Swed.) cylinder press.
Cylinder seal stamps: earliest seal carvings were cylindrical symbols distributed around the curve of a small cylinder, 3500-2300 B.C., originated in Mesopotania; this was rolled on moist clay tablets.
Cymru: Welsh propaganda label.
Cypern: (Dan., Swed.) Cyprus
Cypher stamps: printed adhesives showing Great Britain's monarch initials, used to cover the staple with which revenue documents were affixed to the documents, preventing their removal and reuse, 1701.
Cyprus: Mediterranean island, off the coast of Turkey; official name of postal administration: Cyprus Postal Services currency: 12 pence = 1 shilling, 40 paras = 1 piaster, 9 piasters = 1 shilling, 20 shillings = 1 pound, 1,000 milliemes = 1 pound (1955), 100 cents = 1 pound (1983) currency (Turkish Rep. of North Cyprus) 1,000 milliemes = 1 pound, 100 kurus = 1 lira (1978) 1517-1878: Turkish possession, 1864-post: stamps of Austrian Levant used at Austrian post office at Larnaca, 1878, July 28: British occupation, stamps of Britain used, 1880, Apr. 1: No.1, 1/2 penny rose, first stamps issued, British stamps overprinted "CYPRUS," 1881, July 1: Cyprus definitives issued, 1878-81: British stamps used without overprint in some towns, 1881: replaced by British colonial first definitives, 1914: Britain annexed country, 1924: became a Crown Colony, 1939-45: British troop base, field post offices used, 1960, Aug. 16: became a republic within the British Commonwealth, 1961, Nov. 23: joined the UPU, 1974, Dec. 2: first postal tax stamp issued,1974, July 20: Turkey invaded Cyprus dividing the country, 1975, Feb. 13: Turkish Cypriot federated state declared, Turkish Cyprus stamps not recognized by the UPU, 1983, Nov. 15: Turkish area named Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, Cyprus stamps show name of country in Greek, Turkish and English.
Cyprus: overprint, Cyprus crossed out, replaced with Greek characters for Cyprus; unissued Great Britain cinderella by David Horry, 2001.
Cyprus Kypros Kibris: inscription on stamps of Cyprus with the country name in English, Greek and Turkish, 1962.
Cyprus, Turkish Republic of Northern: northern 40% of the island of Cyprus; currency: 1,000 milliemes = 1 pound, 100 kurus = 1 Turkish lira (1978) 1974, July 27: No. 1, 3 m multicolor, 1983, Nov. 15: Turkey declared North Cyprus independent, 1995, July 24: first postal tax stamp; see Cyprus.
C. X. C.: Cyrillic overprint on stamps of Bosnia and Herzegovina for Jugoslavia.
Cyrenaica: Northern Africa on Mediterranean Sea; Province of Libya; 1901: Italian post office opened in Benghazi, 1911-pre: Turkish stamps used, 1912: ceded to Italy, incorporated with Tripolitania to form Libia, 1923, Oct. 24: No. 1, 20 centesimi olive-green/ brown-orange, first stamps were stamps of Italy overprinted "Cirenaica," 1923-29: own stamps used at same time as stamps of Libya, 1925, June 1: first semipostal stamp issued, 1932, Jan.1: first air mail stamp issued, 1942-48: British stamps overprinted "M.E.F." (Middle East Forces), see M.E.F., Middle East Forces, 1948, July 1-Dec. 1951: stamps of Britain overprinted "B.M.A. Tripolitania," 1950, Feb. 6-Dec. 1951: stamps of Britain overprinted "B.A. Tripolitania," 1950, July 1: first postage due stamp issued, 1951, Jan.16: stamps issued during period of autonomy, 1951, Dec. 24: overprinted "Libya," stamps of Cyrenaica overprinted Libya for use in Cyrenaica.
Cyrenaica: see Italian Offices in Turkish Empire.
Cyr√©na√ɬĮque: (Fr.) Cyrenaica.
CZ: precedes the European postal code on addresses in the Czech Republic, such as CZ- 15021, Prague. - Czech (Rep.), country code as used by UPU.
Czechoslovakia: formerly part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, central Europe; official name of postal administration: Ceská Posta currency: 100 haleru = 1 koruna 1526-post: under Austrian Hapsburg rule, and Slovakia, part of the Kingdom of Hungary, 1918-pre: used stamps of Austria, 1918: local post operated by scouts in Prague, 1918, Oct.28: No. 1, 3 haleru red-violet, independence declared, Slovakia joins the Republic; first stamp issued in Hradcany Castle designs, 1918, Nov. 14: republic officially established, first postage due stamps issued, 1919: service began to return to normal, 1919: Austrian stamps overprinted as semipostals, 1920: first air mail stamp issued, 1920, May 18: joined the UPU, 1938: stamps of Czechoslovakia overprinted "Wir Sind Frei (Ger.) We Are Free; with a swastika, 1939, July 15: Czech stamps overprinted Böhmen u. Mahren as German protectorate, 1939-44: Böhmen u. Mahren inscription used, 1944-45: territory regained by Russian forces, issued its own stamps again, 1945: Czech stamps reissued, 1945: first official stamp issued, 1948: Peoples Republic established, 1969, Jan. 2: became a federal state, 1989: democratic government established, 1990: renamed the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic, 1990. July: Slovakia declared sovereignty and union dissolved, 1993, Jan. 1: separated into Slovakia and the Czech Republic; 1993, March 18: rejoined the UPU; see Bohemia and Moravia and Slovakia.
Czechoslovakia, Siberian Legion (Legion Post): 1919-20: military stamps issued to raise money for Czech troops fighting in Russia.
Czeladz: (Pol.) city produced 37x30 mm framed postpaid local City Post (violet) 1915-1918: local handstamp inscribed "Poczta / Czeladz / date between 2 lines / 5 fen."
Czermin: city in former Austrian-occupied Poland, local post overprint, 1918-20.
Czworoblok Znaczków: (Pol.) block-of-4 stamps.
Czyl's Penny Post: United States local post.


(Data Above sourced from "Ask Phil" and other sources. Last edit 5/Aug/2008 Amhazing)

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D


D: 1: Pneumatic Post, (Italy) Scott catalogue prefixes to identify stamps other than standard postage. 2: (With no country name, with value and Queen's cameo) Great Britain pence, monetary unit. 3: Colombia-Scadta consular overprint for Denmark,1921-23. 4: Netherlands East Indies overprint. 5: US nondenominated stamp, valued 22¬Ę, placed on sale Feb.1, 1985. 6: embossed with eagle and United States of America: Virginia Custom House revenue seal, 1813-16. 7: abbreviation of devuelvase (Sp.), to return, written on front of envelopes to be returned to sender. 8: overprint of a white "D" in a black circle on 19th century Netherlands stamps indicates it as an official stamp. 9: in three corners of triangular 50th personal delivery; postage due of Czechoslovakia. 10: precedes the country code in addresses. 11: d√©cime (Fr.) 10% tax, 1830. 12: (Irish), used with "Post Paid" and "free" Dublin 1762 onwards. 13: disinfetto (It.) disinfected. 14: surmounted by crown (Pol.) Dubno, city in Belorussia (Belarus), 1788-90. 15: 1D, in circle, one d√©cime (Fr.) additional 10% tax on rural letters, 1834. 16: prefix used by Dittler Bros. located in front of the plate number on its stamp production. 17: destinatario (It.) payed by receiver. 18: auction abbreviation for document.
D: currency abbreviation for 1: Drachma (Greece). 2: Dinar (Algeria, Bahrain, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Libya, Montenegro, Sudan, Tunisia, Yugoslavia). 3: Dalasi (Gambia). 4: Denar (Macedonia). 5: Dirham (Morocco, United Arab Emirates). 6: Dong (Viet Nam). 7: Dibra (St. Thomas and Prince). 8: Dram (Armenia).
d', dkl': (Ger.) "dunkel" catalogue abbreviation for dark/deep.
Dabber: cloth pad, sometimes with an ink roller, which is used by the printer to apply ink to a printing surface.
Dacca: now Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Dachau Allach: local post, German displaced persons camp, 1945, former concentration camp.
Daffodil Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Dag: registered trademark of Acheson Colloids Ltd. for their graphite, Naphthadag.
Dagestan: bogus Russian Federation Republic; local overprint and stamps.
Dag Hamarsjöld: 1962 overprint on stamps of Afghanistan, in memory of U.N. Secretary General.
Dahlak Islands: labels produced for scientific expedition to explore Ethiopian coastal islands.
Dahomey: formerly part of French West Africa - New People's Republic of Benin - located on west coast of Africa; currency: 100 centimes = 1 franc 1889, Aug. 1: decree created ‚Äįtablissements fran'aise du golfe de Benin, French area of the Gulf of Benin, 1894, June 22: kingdom, annexed by France, incorporated into colony of Dahomey; 1895: part of French West Africa, 1899: No.1, 1 centime lilac-blue, stamps replacing Benin issues, postmarked 'Hait Dahomey,' 1904: became part of the Federation of French West Africa, using its own stamps,1906: first postage due stamp issued, 1915: first semipostal stamp issued, 1940: first air mail stamp issued, 1945: stamps of French West Africa replaced Dahomey, 1946: made an Overseas Territory of France, 1958, Dec. 4: became Republic of Dahomey within French Community, issued own stamps, 1975, Nov. 30: name changed to People's Republic of Benin, 1990: named changed to Republic of Benin; see Benin.
Daimiel: local post, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937.
Dai Nippon: (Jap.) Land of the Rising Sun.
Dai Nippon 2602: Japanese Year equivalent to 1942, overprint on Malaya and States for Japanese Occupation.
Dairen: now known as Ta-lien, China, 1946: overprinted stamps of Japan and Manchukuo; see: China, Regional Issues.
DAK: 1: Dakota Territory, when used in a postmark. 2: Indian States term for mails, post. 3: Deutsch Afrika Korps.
Dakar-Abidjan: 1959, Mar. 21, inscription for former country of French West Africa, used in Ivory Coast and Senegal.
Dakooa: Indian State term for man who attended to horses and the couriers, as well as receive and exchange mails at post stops in India.
Dakota: U.S. territory March 2, 1861; cut from Minnesota and Nebraska territories.
Daley's Express: local baggage firm serviced Newton, N.Y. and New York City; used labels; 1850s.
Dalley's Galvanic Horse Salve: U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp.
Dalley's Magical Pain Extractor: U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp.
Dalmacija: bogus, Jugoslavia.
Dalmanacia: (Sp.) Dalmatia.
Dalmatia: former Italian enclave in Yugoslavia, northwestern part of Balkan Peninsula; currency: 100 centesimi = 1 corona 1919, May 1: No. 1, 1 corona brown/green, stamps of Italy surcharged, issued during occupation, 1921, Feb.: stamps of Italy overprinted in local currency for Zaro, 1922: stamps of Italy used, 1945: became part of Yugoslavia, 1991: bogus overprint from Yugoslavia, Croatia.
Dalmatia, Austrian Limited Company of Steamship Navigation: lines included Trieste-Metcovich, Trieste-Curzola, and 30 additional shuttle service lines; started in 1908.
Dalmatien: (Ger.) Dalmatia.
Dalmazia: (It.) Dalmatia.
Dalton, Ga. Paid 5: see: Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Dalziel, Commonwealth of: bogus, non-existent entity.
Damaged: flaw, resulting from external factors or defect printing materials, such as where the stamp design has been cut into, rubbed or seared, or paper is creased, thinned or torn.
Damaged label: USPS "Received in Damaged Condition" self-adhesive label initiated Fall, 2000, can also be used to seal torn mail.
Damaged mail: mail damaged in transit; may have received a special marking applied by the postal administration.
Damanhour: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1864-84.
Dam Batai: bogus issue from Burma.
Damiette: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1864-84.
Dampferpost: (Ger.) mail steamer.
Damp PostSkip: (Ice.) steam postal ship or mail steamer.
Dampskib: (Dan.) steamship, steamer.
Dampskip: (Nor.) steamboat, steamer, steamship.
Damus Patimus Que Vicissim: (Latin) we give and expect in return, inscription on British Guiana one cent magenta.
Dán: (Hung.) Danish.
Da√ɬĪado: (Sp.) damaged.
Da Nang: formerly Tourane, Vietnam.
Dan Chu Kong Hoa: inscription on stamps of independent republic of South Vietnam; 1955, June 6.
D & B S. L. S.: see Constantinople & Danube Line of Steamers.
DANCON: Danish Contingent; see UNTAG.
Dandy roll: wire roller which bears down on the paper pulp as it comes from the vats and gives the finished paper its watermark.
Dänemark: (Ger.) Denmark, field post of the Danish Legion, German occupation, 1944. Danimarco: (It.) Denmark.
Danez: (Rom) Danish (adj.).
Dánia: (Hung.) Denmark.
Dänisch Westindien: (Ger.) Danish West Indies.
Danish Antilles: 1887: joined the UPU, 1916, Aug. 4 -Mar. 31, 1917: changed UPU affiliation to Islands with the USA.
Danish Colonies: 1877, Sep. 1: affiliated with the UPU, Danish Antilles added later in 1887.
Danish Railway Stamps: first stamps in 1865 were issued by the Jydsk-Fysenske Railways; used for parcels.
Danish West Indies: islands of St. Thomas, St. Croix, St. John, former Danish territories; currency: 100 bit = 1 franc (1905), 100 cents = 1 dollar (1917) 1840: Danish king issued Royal Grant to Royal Mail Steam Packet Company to provide mail service to and from St. Thomas. 1856, Nov. 1: Danish West Indies post office opened, No.1, 3¬Ę dark carmine, own stamps issued; 1865-79: British Post Office used British stamps on packet letters, postmarked C51, 1877, Sept. 1: joined the UPU, 1902: first postage due stamp issued, 1917, April 1: U.S. purchased the islands, now known as the U.S. Virgin Islands, 1917, Sept. 30: Danish West Indies stamps valid until this date.
Danish West Indies, forged issues: 1: 1874 crown and post horn, Sc. 5-7, 9, 12. 2: 1902 postage dues, Sc. J1-J4. 3: 1905 postage due numeral, Sc. J5.
Dankof: local post, Russian Zemstvo, 1873-1016.
Danmark: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) Denmark.
Danmark Befriet 5 Maj 1945: overprint on stamps of Greenland for Liberation of Denmark.
Danmörku: (Ice.) arrived cancel for uncanceled mail.
Danneggiato: (It.) damaged.
DANOR: troops from Denmark and Norway serving as United Nations peacekeeping forces in Egypt area.
Dampskib: (Dan.) steamship, steamer.
Dansk: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) Danish.
Danska Västindien: (Swed.) Danish West Indies.
Danske skeppspost: (Swed.) Danish ship mail (ship post).
Danske skibspost: (Dan.) Danish ship mail (ship post).
Danske skipspost: (Nor.) Danish ship mail (ship post).
Danske statsbaner: (Dan.) (abbr. DSB) Danish State Railways.
Dánsko: (Czech.) Denmark.
Dansk Vestindien: 1. (Dan.) inscription on early stamps of Danish West Indies. 2. (Dan., Nor.) Danish West Indies.
Dansk Vestindiske Oer: (Dan.) inscription on stamps of Danish West Indies, 1874-1901.
Dánsky: (Czech.) Danish.
Dans l'Inde: inscription on stamps of French India; became part of India during 1949 to 1954.
Dantelat: (Rom.) perforated.
Dantelura, dantelurile: (Rom.) perforation, perforations.
Dantelura in linie: (Rom.) line perforation.
Dantelura in pieptene: (Rom.) comb perforation.
Dantelura in casete: (Rom.) box perforation.
Dantelurile mixte: (Rom.) mixed perforations, compound perforations.
Dantzig: (Fr.) Danzig. Danube Steam Navigation (Packet) Company: founded in Vienna; 1829: secured contracts to carry Austrian Consular Post to all countries on the Danube River, 1866: issued Levant local post stamps, valid until 1880.
Danube Steam Navigation Company: the "Donau-Dampfschiffahrt-Gesellschaft" ("D.D.S.G.") was organized in Vienna in 1830, with ships sailing from Linz. Since the Vienna-Constantinople railroad was not completed until some 40 years later, the shipping line provided valuable services not only in the countries through which the Danube River flowed, but also for trade with the Turkish Empire, as well as for the Austrian public, military and consular post offices, as the Turkish authorities made no provisions for efficient communications. The D.D.S.G. was appointed an official carrier for the Austrian Post Office in 1846, but were allowed to carry private mail from the Austrian frontier eastwards from Orsova, Romania. In 1866, the Consular Post Office at Galatz (Rom. Galata) closed, becoming the D.D.S.G.'s agency. Several 10 and 17 Kreuzer local stamps were issued during 1866-1879 for use at that agency, but their use was extended to many of the D.D.S.G. offices in cities in various countries sharing the Danube River waterway. The D.D.S.G. postal services ceased in 1879 because the various countries sharing the Danube organized their own national postal services.
Danubian Principalities: Moldavia and Wallachia; 1850-post: Turkish post offices handled mail, 1859: declared independence and united, 1861: became principality of Romania.
Danville, Va. 5 cents, Paid 10: see: Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals
Danzica: (It.) Danzig.
Danzig: Baltic seaport in northern Europe; currency: 100 pfenning = 1 gulden (1923), 100 pfennig = 1 mark 1657: included in British Post Office Act of commercial important towns, 1854-55: base of British Baltic Fleet during Crimean War, operated a postal service, 1872: incorporated into the German Empire, 1920: Free City created with German stamps initially used, 1920, June 15: No. 1, 5 pfennigs green, overprints for Free City and State of Danzig used, 1920, Sep. 29: first air mail stamp issued, 1920s: mourning label issued by German stamp dealer Sigmund Hartig, 1921: first official, semipostal, postage due stamps issued, 1939, Sep.18: occupied by Germany, 1945: Danzig awarded to Poland and renamed Gdansk; see Port Gdansk, Poland.
Danziger Verkehrsbureau: Danzig Travel Office.
Danzig, Exilregierunbg der Freien Stadt: bogus, Danzig for Free State, exile group.
Danzig, Polish Offices: 1938: first commemorative stamp.
Danzig Study Group: Germany Philatelic Society section dealing with stamps of Danzig.
Daphso Island: bogus issue for island in South China Sea.
Dara: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1879-80.
Dardanelles: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1871.
Dardanelles: overprint on stamps of Russia, Offices in Turkey, 1910.
Dar el Beida: also known as Casablanca, Morocco.
Darius-Girenas/New York-1933-Kaunas: overprint on air mail stamps of Lithuania 1932 issue.
Darmstadtbrief: (Ger.) experimental cover of the postal technical bureau of Darrmstadt.
Darmstadt label: proof of South Africa's Riebeeck's ship stamp made on floral design watermarked paper as a demonstration of a new process to the South African government.
Darnah: formerly Derna, Libya.
Darrah overprints: John Darrah, U.S. postmaster in Shanghai, used a rubber stamp to "Shanghai, China" overprints on U.S. stamps.
Dashes, electric-eye: marks on sheet margins that activate machines that perforates the stamps after they have been printed.
Dashkhovuz: bogus, not valid for postage.
Das Island: British post office in use Dec. 1960-Mar. 29, 1964, used stamps of the British Postal Agencies of Eastern Arabia; see: Abu Dhabi.
Data d'emissione: (It.) date of issue.
Datapost: British Post Office term for express mail service introduced in 1971 with next-day delivery in any part of the United Kingdom.
Date cut: see Date marks.
Dated precancel: a U.S. precanceled stamp that includes a date in the cancel.
Dated corners: several sheets of French area stamps have the date printed in the margin, 1922.
Dated stamps: stamps that include the date of manufacture in their design.
Date marks: cuts in the Jubilee Line of some of the King Edward VII British stamps show the year of printing; if under the last stamp in the bottom row, it indicates stamp printed in 1912.
Date stamp: postmark that shows the date and sometimes the hour of the cancellation.
Date stamp, earliest: devised by Henry Bishop, postmaster general of Great Britain, who made it in reply to criticism of letters delayed in the post. http://www.philatelicexporter.com
Datia: overprint on stamps of India for Duttia, 1897; see: Duttia.
Datum: (Ger.) date.
Datum Vydání: (Czech.) date of issue.
Dauerausgabe: (Ger.) definitive issue.
Dauermarke: (Ger.) definitive series.
D.A.V.: Disabled American Veterans, major user of U.S. coil stamps affixed to donation appeals.
Davaar: local post, Great Britain carriage label for island off coast of Scotland, 1964-1973.
Davaar Authorized M.S.: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Davenport, Mason & Co.'s Express: local parcel firm serviced Mass. towns and New York City; used labels, year unknown.
David Maxbrayne, Ltd.: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Davies, Turner & Co., Foreign Express: private delivery firm that serviced all foreign points; used a corner card and labels; 1870-1900s.
Davis & Co.'s Express: local parcel express firm serviced Boston, Providence and Pawtucket, Maine; used a label, year unknown.
Davis' Express-MA: local parcel firm serviced Boston and Waltham, Mass.; used labels, year unknown.
Davis' Express-NJ: local parcel firm serviced Philadelphia, Pa. and Camden, N.J., used a label, year unknown.
Davis, G.W.H.: see: U. S. Private die match proprietary stamps.
Davis's Penny Post: U.S. local post, Baltimore, Md., 1856.
Davis, Perry & Son: U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp.
Dawk: (Hindu) post; see Scinde Hawk.
Dayan Night Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Dayan's Delivery Service: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Day Dream Island: publicity label produced by Queensland hotel.
Day of the Stamp: started in 1936 by the International Federation of Philately (FIP) for nations to celebrate "The Day of the Stamp" on one Sunday each year.
Day's folly: the intentionally produced inverted issue of the Dag Hammarskjold memorial stamp, refers to Postmaster General Day, who authorized the invert reprint.
Dayton's Dies: envelopes manufactured by Mercantile Corp., Dayton, Ohio from dies prepared by manufacturers instead of the government.
Dazio: (It.) tax or duty on letters and packages, used by Venetian government, 1667-88.
D.B.: Destitute Board, South Australia official overprint, 1868-74.
D.B.L.: 1: overprint on stamps of Russia for Far Eastern Republic, 1920. 2: overprint with three additional bars on stamps of Russia for Siberia.
D B P: 1. (Ger.) abbreviation for Deutsche Bundespost, Federal post office; 2. script monogram overprint on stamps of Russia for Far Eastern Republic, 1919-20.
D.B.S.R.: Danube and Black Sea Railway, local post.
D.B.S.R. Local Railroad Post: see Romania - D.B.S.R. Local Railroad Post.
DBZ: Deutsche Briefmarken-Zeitung, German language philatelic publication.
DC: USPS abbreviation for District of Columbia.
D.C.: District of Columbia, Washington, D.C.
DCDS: Double Circular Date Stamp.
DC/M from FC: boxed handstamps for diplomatic pouch mail indicating Division of Central Services/Mail from Foreign Country.
D-Day: June 6, 1944, the day the Allies invaded Europe in World War II.
D.de A.: inscription for Department of Antioquia, Colombia, 1868-1904.
D.D.F.A.D.B.RHIN: Dusseldorf, Armée du Bas-Rhin (Fr.) 1760.
D.D.G.S.: Donau-Dampfschiff-fahrts Gesellschaft (Aust.) Danube Steam Navigation Co.
D.D.P.O.: Dum Dum Post Office, India, 1843-46.
DDR: Deutsche Demokratische Republik, German Democratic Republic (East Germany).
D.D.S.G.: Donau-Dampfschiff-fahrts Gesellschaft (Aust.) Danube Steam Navigation Co.
DE: 1: Germany, country code as used by UPU. 2: USPS abbreviation for Delaware. 3. overprint on stamps of Ecuador for Tunguraugua.
Dé: (Fr.) die.
Deacidification: a chemical treatment that neutralizes the acid in paper.
Dead: term used when the stamp paper in nonreactive to longwave Ultraviolet light.
Dead country: a country that has ceased existence as a political entity, and no longer issues stamps.
Dead horse: U.S. Trans-Mississippi issue of 1898, showing a family with wagon and a dead horse.
Dead letter: an item of mail that is undeliverable due to poor address or addressee is deceased or untraceable.
Dead Letter Clerks: postal employees in Dead Letter Office; only federal officials authorized to open and read mail without a court order.
Dead Letter Office (DLO): a post office branch that opens undeliverable mail to ascertain the name and address of the sender, if possible.
Dead mail: mail that is undeliverable as addressed and cannot be returned to sender, may be nonmailable, sender unknown, or the mail class paid for does not provide return service.
Dear Doctor: a series of postcards, sponsored by Abbott Laboratories in the 1950s, mailed to doctors in the US from various countries, touting an anesthetic.
Deasupra: (Rom.) above.
Death mask: term given to Serbian commemorative series of 1904; when stamp is inverted, the features of the previous assassinated monarch, King Alexander, is revealed.
DEBRA: (Ger.) DEutsche BRiefmarken Austellung; German stamp Exhibition.
Debrecen: city (capital) in Hajd√ɬļ-Bihar county in East Hungary occupied by Romanian forces in 1919; occupation stamps issued during 1919-1920 are known as the "1st"and "2nd-Debrecen Issues."
Debreczin, S.S.: steamship of the Danube Steam Navigation Company; 1850s: built for Lower Danube lines, express mail service..
Deb's Colony Postage: fantasy from American Journal of Philately.
Début: (Fr.) beginning selling price of the lot; can represent one bid over the second highest book bid, the highest book bid or the reserve price for the lot.
Decal: design or text affixed to a cover to act as a cachet.
Decalco: (It.) offset.
Décalé(e): (Fr.) shifted, displaced.
Décaler: (Fr.) offset.
Decalomania: the study of labels and posters.
Decazeville: local provisional, France, 1944.
Décédé: (Fr.) deceased, dead.
Decembrie: (Rom.) June.
Décentré(e): (Fr.) off center.
Déchirure: (Fr.) tear.
Dechna: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1879-82.
Dechromed: softened state of a printing sleeve, after the removal of the chrome coating, so that the surface can be repaired and then rechromed.
Decimal denomination: a stamp whose value includes hundreth's of a pound (e.g., £1.50) vs £/shilling/pence.
Decimal provisionals: provisional surcharges on the stamps of Basutoland, Bechuanaland and Swaziland for the introduction of decimal currency in 1961.
Decja Posta: children's stamps; see Toy stamps.
Deckel: (Ger.) cover (booklet).
Deckle straps: papermaking term for straps on machine to keep the pulp from flowing over the sides to maintain width of sheet.
Decoder: a clear acrylic lens sold by the USPS, that can be used to find hidden messages as part of the design on recent U. S. stamps; see: Encoded designs, Scrambled indicia.
Decorative banner: name given to the margin on top of some commemorative panes; with no postal value.
Decorative watermark: usually a coat-of-arms or various ornaments.
Découpage: (Fr.) the cutout or built up "overlay" of the printer to produce a better impression of the printed stamps; parts of the printed sheet were "cut away" or scraped out, or pieces added to change the pressure of parts of the printing plate to give a lighter or deeper impression.
Découverte: (Fr.) discovery, find.
Decreto de 27 Juni'o 1870: decree overprint on Escuelas stamps, Venezuela, 1879.
Dedeagh: city in Greece; 1874, Jan.1: French post office opened, seaport named Dedeagatch, 1874-93: French stamps used canceled 5155, 1893: No.1, 5 centimes green, stamps of France overprinted Dedeagh, Offices in Turkey for city in Greece, 1912: overprints on stamps of Greece and Bulgaria during Balkan Wars, 1913: occupied by Greece, 1915, April 16: French Post office closed, 1919: ceded to Greece, called Alexandroupolis; see Alexandroupolis.
Dedesubt: (Rom.) below.
Deep edge: variety with excessive color along one, or more edges of the design.
Def: abbreviation for definitive; see: Definitive.
Defaced plate: printing plates after end of usage are sometimes marked or scratched as defacement to prevent misuse.
Defaced stamp: stamp marked with written, printed or stamped characters; private perforations of a company is not considered defacement.
Défaut: (Fr.) defect, fault.
Defective stamp: a stamp with one or more major faults such as a piece of the stamp is missing or a tear.
Defecto: (Sp.) defect, fault.
Défectueux: (Fr.) defective.
Defectuoso: (Sp.) defective.
Defekt: (Ger.) defect, imperfection.
Defensa Nacional: (Sp.) National Defense, postal tax stamps of Ecuador.
Deferential cancel: cancellation designed so that the effigy of the ruler is not defaced when canceled.
Deficiencia de Franqueo: overprint and inscription on postage dues of Ecuador.
Deficiency: marking that indicates shortage of postage on item and post due should be collected.
Deficiente: (Sp.) inscription on stamps of Ecuador, Nicaragua postage due.
Deficit: (Sp.) inscription and overprint on postage dues stamps of Peru, 1874.
Deficit o Franqueo: inscription of first postage dues of Peru.
Defin.: abbreviation for definitive.
Définitif: (Fr.) definitive.
Definitive: a term used to distinguish a normal, everyday issue of stamps; term developed after World War I to indicate the new stamps made to replace the many temporary issues of new countries.
Definitivo: (It., Sp.) definitive.
Deflocculated: separation of ink pigment into very fine particles; when inks dry, the particles join or flocculate.
Dega: (Sp.) Degovia, Spain, pre-adhesive postmark.
De Gaulle: common design on stamps of the French Community of Nations, 1971-72.
Degerö: (Fin.) local post, steamship carrying mail, serving Finnish cities, late 1800s.
Degrain: painting by Munoz Degrain, known as "Isabella Pledging Her Jewels: is depicted on the $1 Columbian stamps.
D Grill: grill used on US stamps in the 19th century.
Deh Sedang: cinderella for an imaginary postal state in Indo-China.
D.E.I.: abbreviation for Dutch East Indies.
Dekernes: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1884.
Del: inscription on French Colonial stamps, Latin word for "drew" followed by the name of the artist.
Del.: abbreviation for Delaware prior to Zip Code usage.
Dél: (Hung.) South.
Delacryl: secret printing process developed by de La Rue printing firm that is supposed to combine four different printing methods, such as the 1969 Great Britain post office set.
Dél-Afrika: (Hung.) South Africa.
Dél-Afrika Köztársaság, (Hung.) Republic of South Africa.
De la Rue paper: a famous British stamp printing firm; paper used by New Zealand post together with dies and plates for printing their 1874 stamps.
Délavé: (Fr.) washed out (color).
Delayed mail: mail held up in delivery and marked by means of a label or cachet applied by a postal authority.
Delaware: 1: State Revenue issue, Oct. 1, 1793-Feb. 7, 1794. 2: Federal Revenue issue, July 1, 1798-Feb. 28, 1801.
Delaware & Hudson Canal Co's Express: regional parcel firm that serviced towns on the Delaware and Hudson Canal R.R., New York State, issued labels, year unknown.
Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Express: regional parcel firm serviced stations on the Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad; issued labels, 1876-86?
Del Canaveral: (Sp.) (place of canes) inscription on postal stationery envelopes provided by the Cuban government for use by urban residents transported each year to work in the sugarcane harvest.
Delegacoes: (Port.) Red Cross franchise stamps of Portugal, issued 1926 in Lisbon, elsewhere in 1936.
De leon: (Sp.) control overprint for Ecuador to prevent unauthorized use, 1902.
Delgado: (Sp.) thin.
Del Golfo de Guinea: (Sp.) inscription on stamps of Spanish Guinea.
Deliberate error: mistake repeated by a postal administration; such as the reprinting of the U.S. Dag Hammarskjold stamps with the background color inverted.
DeliverAbility: Pitney Bowes name for their software that permits customers to purchase and print postage from their computer.
Delivery confirmation: provides date and time of delivery for Priority Mail and Standard Mail for small fee; USPS term; see: Electronic option, Retail option.
Delivery grippers: mechanism that grips the paper between descent of the perforation pins.
Delivery tax stamps: Spanish postage due labels issued in 1931, but later used as ordinary postage stamps.
Delivery zone number: two-digit number included in mail addresses immediately following the name of the city.
Delle: local provisional, France, 1944.
Deltiology: 1: study of post card collecting. 2: Ansichtskarte-sammler (Ger.), Collection de Cartes Postales Illustrée (Fr.), Collecione di Cartoline (It.), Colleción de Tarjeta Ilustrada (Sp.).
Délnyugatafrika: (Hung.) South-West Africa.
Deluxe sheets: usually ungummed and feature a single stamp; produced mainly by French-area countries as a presentation piece.
Demandé: (Fr.) wanted, required.
Demarcacion postal: (Sp.) postal district.
Démenage: (Fr.) postal term for "gone away" return to sender.
Demerara: province of Guyana, inscription on 1931 British Guiana issue.
Demiansk: local post, Russian Zemstvo, 1868-78.
Deming's Penny Post: United States local post, Frankford, Pa., 1854.
Demnat Marrakech: local post, Morocco, 1906.
Demnin (Vorpommern): (Ger.) local post, Germany post WWII.
Democratic People's Republic of Korea: see Korea
Democratic Republic of the Congo: see Congo
Démonétisé: (Fr.) see: demonitized.
Demonetization: the Washington Star advertisement, Sept. 12,1861, read, "Notice is hereby given that all persons having in their possession Postage Stamps of the old issue can exchange same for stamps of the new issue for six days from the date, and not after that time." On Sept. 28, 1861, the Star carried an ad staying that the new stamps were ready.
Demonitized: term given stamps that are no longer valid for postage; usually done by a government proclamation.
Demopolis, Al. Paid 5: see: Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Denaro: (It.) money.
Denia: local post, Spanish civil war, 1937.
Denikin, General, Government of: 1919, Jan.: issued imperf. stamps inscribed "United Russia," 1919, April: stamps issued by General Denikan, 1920, April 4: General Denikan resigned his command to General Wrangel, 1921, July 1-pre: stamps of Russian and Russian Levant surcharged; inscription reads "United Russia."
Denis Hire Cars: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Denmark: on peninsula separating North and Baltic Seas; official name of postal administration: Danmark Post currency: 96 skilling = 1 rigsbank daler, 100 ore = 1 krone (1875) 1624: royal mail service established, 1851, Apr. 1: No.1, 2 rigsbank daler blue, first stamps issued, numeral in three concentric circles used to indicate town of origin, 1871: first official stamp issued, 1875, July 1: joined the UPU; includes Faroe Islands, Greenland. 1905: wavy line and figure denomination first used, still current, 1921, May 1: postage due stamps issued, 1921, June 17: first semipostal stamps issued, 1925: first air mail stamp issued, 1940-45: Danish stamps surcharged for Faroe Islands while occupied by Germany.
Denmark - 1911 Middlefart-Fredericia Flight: On 2 September 1911, pioneer aviator Robert Svendson flew a distance of ca. 8 miles from Middlefart (q.v.) to Fredericia (q,v.) by crossing the Little Belt, a strait between Fyn Island and the Danish mainland. The mail carried incl 200 photo postcards depicting the biplane, and signed by "Rob. Svendson", with a further hand-written "Beltflyvingen 1911" inscription. The return flight to Middelfart carried 80 of these cards. The flight is credited as being the first postal flight in Denmark, and in Northern Europe.
Denmark - 1912 Hareskov Demonstration Flight: On 29 July 1912 during the High Summer Festival in Harestov, pioneer aviator Ulrich Birch demonstrated airplane flying. Postal cards exist with the framed rectangular "Hojsomerfesten / i Hareskov 1912" handstamp and Hareskov cancel, and also with an additional oval "FLYVEPOST / No. 1 / * ULRICH BIRCH * " cachet. Contemporary sources do not document that these items were flown, but the oval cachet indicates that an airpost transportation had been scheduled; they are considered the second Danish airpost despatches.
Denmark - 1912 German Zeppelin "Hansa" Visit: The "Hansa" 19 Setember 1912 Copenhagen-Hamburg return trip was authorized to carry the Danish mails. These mails are considered the third Danish airpost despatches.
Denmark - 1912 International Balloon Despatches: On 22 September 1912 at the Ã…rhus International Balloon Competition, three balloons (representing Denmark, Germany, and the United States) each carried souvenir cards depicting a view of Ã…rhus from the air. The cards entered the regukar mails after the balloons landed.
Denmark - 1914 Copenhagen-Roskilde Flight: On 12 May 1914, Lt. Ussing, flying a "Henry Farman" biplane, carried a special airmail from Copenhagen to Roskilde, a city ca. 27 miles W of Copenhagen. Approximately 4,500 cards were carried.
Denning's Express: local baggage firm serviced the Erie Railway depot in New York City; issued a label, year unknown.
Denominated Postal Cards: US postal cards printed by vending machines, early 1900s.
Denomination: the face value appearing on a stamp.
Dent(s): (Fr.) perf(s).
Dentado: (Sp.) perforated.
Dentado de peine: (Sp.) see: Comb perforation.
Dentélé: (Fr.) perforated.
(non) Dentelé: (Fr.) (im)perforate
Dentellato: (It.) perforated.
Dentellatura a pettine: (It.) see: Comb perforation.
Dentelure en peigne: (Fr.) see: Comb perforation.
Denticulated, Dentilated: stamps with a series of small teeth, or commonly called, perforated.
Dents: suggested term, 1800s, for perforations.
Denver & Rio Grande Express: private mail and parcel firm serviced the Denver & Rio Grande Railway; issued free franks, labels and stamps, year unknown.
Denver Eagles: nickname for Mexico issue of 1914, printed in Denver, during Mexican civil war.
Den Waisen Sirotam: overprint on stamps of Italy, Ljubljana, Yugoslavia for German occupation, 1944.
De Oficio: (Sp.) overprint of stamps of Peru or El Salvador, inscription on El Salvador for official usage.
Deok Sensor Oopgemaak: (Afrikaan) South African censor tape.
D.E.P.: Députés (Fr.) Chamber of Deputies Post Office, 1826.
Departmentals: official stamps intended for use in certain government departments; official stamps used by all departments are known as "Service Stamps" (e.g., War Dep't. in U.S.)
Departmento de Rezagos: (Sp.) Dead Letter Office.
Departmento del Tolima: inscription for Tolima, Colombia.
Department of Foreign Affairs: officials for Hawaii.
Department stamps: official stamps valid only on official mail of a government agency, or their agents; when inscribed or overprinted for specific departments, they are known as department stamps.
Dependency: area administered from a different location.
De Pinedo: Newfoundland's 1927 issue honoring Marchese de Pinedo, Italian aviator.
DEP. Limit: Départements Limitrophes (Fr.) common frontier, 1845-56.
Deporte: (Sp.) sport topic or theme.
Depositado Despues de Salir el Expreso: (Sp.) Too Late marking; item received after train departure.
Dépouillé(e): (Fr.) well-contrasted engraving.
Déprécier: (Fr.) to lose value.
Depredation: USPS Inspection Service term for robbery or pilfering of funds from the mail.
Deprisa: private delivery firm labels, Colombia, S.A., started 2001, for delivery in Colombia and worldwide through FedEx.
Dept: USPS abbreviation in address for department.
Dept. of Agriculture, Interior, Justice, State: inscriptions on U.S. officials.
Dept. of Foreign Affairs: inscription on official stamps, Hawaii.
Depto Zelaya: Nicaragua, Department of Zelaya.
Dept. of Agriculture, Interior, Justice, State: inscriptions on U.S. officials.
Dept. of Foreign Affairs: inscription on official stamps, Hawaii.
Der Berliner Philharmonie: inscription, semi postal, Germany.
Derecho de Entrega: (Sp.) delivery fee in addition to normal postage, collected by postman, except for mail from abroad.
Derechos de Firma: (Sp.) documents fee, revenue issue of the Philippines, re-overprinted as provisionals, 1880-90.
Derecho Judicial: Judicatory Fee; revenue stamps of Philippines, re-overprinted as provisionals, 1880-90.
Dereham Pirate Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Derna: now known as Darnah, Libya.
Derry, Free: fantasy from National Lampoon.
Deruluft: airline formed by Lufthansa and the Russian government in 1922 to carry mail and passengers from Berlin to Moscow via Konigsberg and Smolensk.
Des.: abbreviation for 'designed by.'
Descentrado: (Sp.) off center.
Deschis: (Rom.) light (as referencing the color of a postage stamp).
Descolorido: (Sp.) faded (color).
Desconocido: (Sp.) unknown at address indicated.
Descriptive filler: term for an insert placed inside the envelope that may have additional information about the event being commemorated; also known as a stuffer; may be illustrated.
Desde el Canaveral: see Del Canaveral.
Desember: (Nor.) December.
Deseret: a Mormon "state" created March 5, 1849; never recognized by the U.S.; ceased to exist when Utah Territory created on Sept. 9, 1850.
Desert Island: unissued Great Britain cinderella by David Horry, 2001.
De service: (Fr.) official (philatelic).
Design: artwork, printed portion of a stamp, that which is not blank paper.
Design and Development Inc.: U.S. postage meter machine manufacturer, 1973 to current.
Designer: the person who creates the artwork that is eventually used for a stamp.
Design error: errors in the printed design, such as wrong number of stars on a flag, or misspelling of a name.
Desinfekteradt: (Swed.) disinfected handstamps by the Infectious Disease Hospital, Stockholm, after 1900.
Desinfectado: (Sp.) disinfected (letter).
Desinfiziert: (Ger.) disinfected.
Deska: (Czech.) (printing) plate.
Desková Cislo: (Czech.) plate number.
Desková Vada: (Czech.) plate flaw, plate fault.
Desková Znacka Hvezdicka: (Czech.) "star" plate marking.
Desková Znacka Krízek: (Czech.) "cross" plate marking.
Deskovou Znackou: (Czech.) plate marking.
Desmit Rbl: desmit rubli, ten rubles overprint on stamps of Latvia.
Desmit Rub., Rubli: 1920-21; two rubles surcharge, stamps of Latvia.
Despatch Post: several U. S. locals are inscribed with this term.
Dessau: overprint on a surtax Province of Saxony stamp is a fake.
Dessouk: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1868-82.
Despacho: (Sp.) office.
Despues de la salida: (Sp.) too late markings, applied to mail which was received after mail dispatch.
Dessin: (Fr.) drawing, see: Design.
Dessinateur: (Fr.) designer.
De status: (Fr.) rule.
Destinaire: (Fr.) one to whom anything is addressed.
Destinatario: (It.) "Carrier" inscription on Italian tax revenue stamps.
Détaché(e): (Fr.) (stamp) off cover.
Detachment U.S.A.: bogus, overprint on stamps of Belgian Congo.
Détaillé(e): (Fr.) lot broken up for sale individually.
Det danske Kommando I Tyskland: (Dan.) the Danish Command in Germany, post WWII.
Detmold: local post, German displaced persons camp, 1946.
Detroit River Service: established so that crews of lake vessels could receive their mail without paying forwarding charges, Jule 17, 1895-June 30, 1948.
Dette Publique: public debt; French Colony revenue inscription.
Deuda p√ɬļblica: (Sp.) public debt, overprint on fiscal stamps.
Deuil: (Fr.) mourning (letter), black bordered cover.
Deutlich Schreiben: (Ger.) "Write clearly" hand stamp.
Deutsche Abstimmungsgebiet: (Ger.) plebiscite area.
Deutsche Auslandpostämter: (Ger.) German post offices abroad.
Deutsche Besetzung Zara: (Ger.) overprint for German occupation of Zara.
Deutsche Bundepost: (Ger.) postal administration of German Federal Republic, from 1951-89.
Deutsche Demokratische Republik: (Ger.) inscription German Democratic Republic (East Germany), Soviet occupation zone, 1949.
Deutsche Demokratische Republik Luftpost: (Ger.) imperforate label for German Democratic Republic essay in various colors.
Deutsche feldpost: (Ger.) military field post, Germany.
Deutsche feldpost durch U-boot: inscription to frank soldier's mail to be sent by German submarine from base on Hela Peninsula, 1945.
Deutsche Lufthansa (DLH): (Ger.) German airline
Deutsche Militaer-Verwaltung Montenegro: (Ger.) overprint on stamps of Yugoslavia for Montenegro, German Occupation, 1943.
Deutsche National Versammlung: (Ger.) National Assembly, inscription on the 1919 issue of Germany, called the Weimar Issue.
Deutsche Neu-Guinea: (Ger.) German New Guinea.
Deutsche Osterreich: (Ger.) Austria overprint for German Austria, 1918.
Deutsche Oestr. Postverein: (Ger.) German-Austrian Postal Union.
Deutsche Ostafrika: (Ger.) German East Africa.
Deutsche Post: (Ger.) inscription Allied sectors, Berlin, Germany, 1948, Sept.-Sept.1949.
Deutsche Post Berlin: (Ger.) "Berlin" overprint for use in American, British and Frenchoccupied sectors of Berlin, Sepbemter 1, 1948.
Deutsche Post Osten: (Ger.) overprint on stamps of Germany for Poland, German Occupation, 1939.
Deutsche Privat-Post Lloyd: (Ger.) local post, Berlin, Germany, 1906.
Deutsche Reich: (Ger.) 1920 overprint on Bavaria officials and stamps of Germany.
Deurscher Raketenflug 1934: (Ger.) inscription, first German rocket flight to benefit the "Winter Relief," January 28, 1934.


(Data Above sourced from "Ask Phil" and other sources. Last edit 5/Aug/2008 Amhazing)

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Deutscher Schulhausbar: (Ger.) series of labels to raise funds to build schools; value 2 heller.
Deutscher Schulverein: (Ger.) series of labels to raise funds for a school organization.
Deutscher Wehrschatz Sudmark: inscription on a German label, early 1900s.
Deutscher Wert gleich 140 Pfg. Wählt Deutsch!: (Ger.) "German Value equals 140 Pfennig / Vote German" overprint on Polish stamp (actually a label) printed as propaganda for plebiscite on future of Upper Silesia, 1921.
Deutsche Seepost / Linie / Hamburg / Westafrika: (Ger.) 1. German Sea Post, Hamburg West Africa Line; staring operating in early 1880s. 2. Overprint on stamps of Bavaria, 1920; see Bohemia and Moravia. 3. Overprint on stamps of Danzig for Danzig.
Deutsches Reich: (Ger.) inscription for Germany Empire; see: Bohemia and Moravia.
Deutsches Reich General Gouvernment: (Ger.) inscription on stamps of Germany for use in Poland, WW II occupation.
Deutsches Reich Post: (Ger.) 1: inscription for German Imperial Post, 1872-89.
Deutsches Reich: (Ger.) 1: inscription on stamps of Germany, 1902-44. 2: overprint on stamps of Bavaria, 1920.
Deutsches Reich General Gouvernement: (Ger.) Poland, German Occupation, 1941-44.
Deutsche Versicherungs Bank Berlin Wertbrief Beförderung Deurschland-America: (Ger.) on stamps of Germany for insured mail sent via U-Boat prior to World War II.
Deutschland: (Ger.) German World War I commercial submarine that carried mail to the U.S.
Deutschland Amerkanische Zone: (Ger.) Germany, American Zone.
Deutschland Britische Zone: (Ger.) Germany, British Zone.
Deutschland Franzosische Zone: (Ger.) Germany, French Zone.
Deutschland Sowjetische Zone: (Ger.) Germany, Soviet Zone.
Deutsche Mark: (Ger.) (DM) German currency.
Deutsch-Neu-Guinea: (Ger.) overprint on stamps of Germany, inscription for German New Guinea.
Deutsch Oestr. Postverein: (Ger.) German-Austrian Postal union inscription on Thurn and Taxis, early Baden and W√ɬľrttemberg.
Deutsch Ostafrika: (Ger.) overprint on stamps of Germany and inscription for German East Africa.
Deutsch √É‚Äďsterreich: (Ger.) overprint, German Austria on stamps of Austria, 1918-1921.
Deutsch Sudwest Afrika: (Ger.) overprint on stamps of Germany, inscription for German South West Africa, also Deutsch S√ɬľdwest-Afrika.
De valor: (Sp.) valuable.
Devanagari: alphabet that appears on some stamps of India, Nepal and Bhutan as an inscription.
Devant: (Fr.) front (of a cover).
Devastacion de la Ciudad de Santo Domingo: inscription, postal tax on stamps of Dominican Republic, for destruction of city.
Development Bank: common design on stamps of the French Community of Nations, 1969.
De Villayer, Jean-Jacques: may have operated a mail service in Paris in mid-1600s, installed first mail boxes.
Devolucion: (Sp.) mail marking not accepted by addressee and returned to sender.
Dewey's South Yuba Express: local private mail firm serviced the Omega, Nevada County, Calif. area; issued a label, 1863.
DeWitt's Express: local baggage firm serviced Brooklyn, N.Y. and New York City; issued a label, year unknown.
Dextrine gum: form of starch, when used in gum for stamps, is heated in a solution alone, or with other chemicals, gets any color from the heating temperature of the solution.
Dezentriert: (Ger.) off-center.
DF: 1. currency abbreviation for Franc (Djibouti). 2. David Finkelstein, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
DFB: "Dansk Frivillig Bataillon (Danish Volunteer Battalion) Danish armed forces serving with Finnish forces fighting Russia.
DG: 1: catalog abbreviation for disturbed gum. 2: (Latin) By the Grace of God.
DGK: (Ger.) Deutschland-Ganzachen-Katalog, Michel German Postal Stationery catalog.
D'Haiti: Republic of Haiti.
Dhaka: formerly Dacca, Bangladesh.
Dhar: India Feudatory State; 1897-1901: first local post stamps, 1901, Mar. 31: separate stamps discontinued, used stamps of British India, then stamps of India.
Dhufar: bogus, anti-Omani, Arabia; in exile, propaganda labels sold as stamps.
Dia de la Hispanidad: (Sp.) Spanish National Day, Oct. 12th.
Dia del sello: (Sp.) day of the stamp.
Diadem: circlet of gold and jewels forming Queen Victoria's headdress on the earlier issues.
Diagonally laid paper: where wires, used in the papermaking process, are laid diagonally across the paper.
Dial: circular portion of a postmark, usually containing the city, date and time
Diamond Parcel Delivery Company: local package delivery firm; issued a label, year unknown.
Diamond roulette: cuts that are X shaped, giving appearance of diamond shaped perforations.
Diamante: (It., Sp.) diamond topical or thematic specialty.
Diamond Jubilee Label: name given to British charity labels made in 1897-98 for the 50th anniversary of Queen Victoria accession to the throne.
Dia Mundial del Sello: (Sp.) World Stamp Day, May 6th.
Diana, Princess of Wales: common design of the British Commonwealth of Nations, 1998.
Diapositive: thick photographic plate used for multiple repetitions of the design, made from the master negative; also known as multipositive.
Dicitura: (It.) inscription.
Dick: (Ger.) thick.
Dickinson paper: continuous silk thread paper containing one or more silk threads to make counterfeiting difficult.
Didactic: "educational, once used as the generic term for topicals or thematics.
Die: 1: a block of metal that has been hand or machine engraved from which plates are prepared to print stamps. 2: terms Die I, Die II, etc. denote first and later states of the same die. 3: terms Die I, Die II, etc. are also used to designate stamps printed from these dies.
Die crack: damage done to the original engraved die, before printing plates are created.
Die cut: a mechanical process that cuts through the stamp paper but not the backing paper that keeps the stamps together, is used to separate most self-adhesive stamps; accomplished by crushing the stamp paper fibers.
Die cut missing: error on self-adhesive stamps where the die cut is absent between the stamps.
Die cut size: the number of peaks of either side of a die cut stamp, usually written as L10/R10; indicates 10 peaks on both the left and right sides of the stamp.
Die Cut Gauge: tool that measures the total of peaks or valleys within 20mm on die cut stamps.
Die essay: print made from a die engraved with an incomplete or unadopted design.
Die flaw: blemish or unusual mark on a die and shows on every stamps reproduced from that die.
Diego Suarez: French naval base, northern part of Madagascar; currency: 100 centimes = 1 franc, 100centimes = 1 ariary (1976) 1885-pre: overprint on stamps of French Colonies General Issues, 1890: No.1, 15 centimes blue, first stamps issued as a naval base, 1891: first postage due stamp issued, 1892: stamps of French Colonies overprinted Diego-Suarez, 1896, May 30: replaced by issues of Madagascar.
Diehard: nickname for a stamp dealer who has the knowledge to buy and sell anything of a philatelic nature.
Die imprint: any item printed directly from a die.
Dienst: (Ger.) official.
Dienstbotenpost: (Ger.) official courier mail.
Dienstmarke: 1: inscription for officials of Bavaria, French Protectorate of the Saar, Germany. 2: overprint for official use in Saar, Danzig, Liechenstein. 3: with numeral 21, Prussia. 4: overprint on stamps of Danzig, 1924-25, for official use.
Dienstsache: Liechtenstein official overprint.
Dienstzegel: (Dut.) Netherlands official stamps.
Dientes: (Sp.) perforations.
Die plain: embossing without the use of color.
Die proof: a die made print or impression, usually in black ink on a smooth white card or fine-calendered or coated paper, inspected in great detail, to show what a stamp design will look like.
Die-Reducing machine: makes a relief steel die in a smaller size.
Die sinkage: the impression of a die block which appears as a depression in the cardboard of a die proof.
Die sinker: an engraver of dies used for stamping and embossing.
Diessbach C.G.: Diessbach Canton Glarus (Swiss).
Die stamping: raising of colored reliefs on an uncolored ground using a recessed die in the stamping press.
Dietz & Nelson's Express: private mail delivery firm serviced British Columbia, used labels, 1862-67.
Die Welt: (Ger.) The World, Germany overprint produced for "War Stamp Exhibition in London in 1915 as a jocular allusion to the much vaunted German aspirations to rule the earth."
Die wheel: a wheel drilled with holes that accept the pins of the rotary perforator.
Die Winterhilfe O/S ruft dich! Wir wollen helfen: (Ger.) "The Winter relief calls you. We want to help." Germany cancel, 1932-34.
Di favore: (It.) (It.) by favor (cancellation).
Difetto: (It.) defect, fault.
DIFF: auction abbreviation for different.
Digital postage: postage applied by a mechanical device such as a printer attached to a computer.
Di gran valore: (It.) valuable.
Dijbouti: formerly Afars and Issas - East Africa; see Afars and Issas.
Dilar: local post, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1937.
Diligence d'eau: (Fr.) water coach, carried mail on canals in France; see: Canal Boat Mail.
Diligencia: (Sp.) stagecoach carrier issue of Uruguay, 1856-57.
Dimension: tax based on size of the document; French Colony revenue inscription.
Diminué(e): (Fr.) partly removed or thinned (gum), cut down, trimmed.
Din: dinar, Yugslavia currency.
Dinamarca: (It., Port.) Denmark.
Dindings: 1874-1935, Feb.: used stamps of Straits Settlements.
Diner: U.S. presorted First-Class mail with nondenominated postage, used by mass mailers, issued June 5, 1998, value 25¬Ę.
Dinero: inscription on arms design, stamps of Peru.
Dinsin: (Ire.) Ireland postage due inscription.
Dios Patria Libertado: (Sp.) God, Fatherland, Liberty, inscription on stamps of Dominican Republic.
Dios Patria Rey: (Sp.) God, Fatherland, King, inscription on stamps of Spain, Carlist issue.
Dios, Union y Libertad: (Sp.) God, Union and Liberty, Honduras, 1865.
Diplomatic mail: correspondence transported by diplomatic pouch or indicated diplomatic mail.
Dippoldiswalde: Bavaria, Germany post office burned, emergency handwritten labels were created and used to cover the shortage of postage stamps, 1923.
Diptique: (Fr.) a pair of stamps of which the illustration covers both stamps together.
Direcció Geral dos Trabalmos Geodesicos e Topograpnicos: (Port.) advertising mapmakers of Portugal.
Dirección: (Sp.) the place to which mail can be sent.
Direct mail: 1: industry term for advertising mail sent to targeted markets. 2: mail of the pre-Universal Postal union era that went direct between countries; rate differences ceased when prepaid international rate went into effect July 1, 1875.
Directory markings: postal markings that indicate delivery attempts, stating reasons.
Direct printing: any form of printing where the printing plate is in direct contact with the paper.
Dirigere: (It.) the place to which mail can be sent.
Diriginte de posta: (Rom.) postmaster.
D'Irlande du Nord: (Fr.) Ulster, Northern Ireland.
Disaster mail: mail being transported that was damaged in transit; the post office usually puts special marking on the item to explain the damage; also known as wreck mail.
Discontinued Post Office: a post office that is no longer in operation.
Discount postage: stamps sold by stamp dealers at a discount from face value; usually denominations that are no longer current but valid for postage.
Discovery copy: first known.
Disegno: (It.) design.
Dise√ɬĪo: (Sp.) design.
Disinfected mail: mail that has been fumigated so that the letter will not be a carrier of disease.
Disinfection seal: see: Seal, disinfection.
Disney stamp: stamps issued by several nations with a Walt Disney movie theme.
Dispensé d'affranchissement (de timbrage): (Fr.) free of postage.
Display Division: American Philatelic Society term for exhibition classification to include display exhibits and social philately.
"Disp prohibited by Order 19687": dispatch handstamp prohibiting certain oversize or overweight parcels addressed to overseas personnel, effective Jan. 7, 1943.
Diss Pirate Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
DIST: auction abbreviation for disturbed.
Distilled Spirits Excise Tax: inscription on U. S. Internal Revenue Service tax stamps, 1950-59; usually found with staple holes or punch cancels, indicating payment of excise taxes on distilled spirits.
Distinguished Americans: series of stamps issued by the U.S., renamed Great Americans on July 20, 2000.
Distretto: (It.) district.
Distributeur automatique (de timbres): (Fr.) stamp vending machine.
Districto: overprint on stamps of for Arequipaco, Peru, Cuzco provisionals, 1881-85.
District Overprints: during the classical period, stamps were sent from the main post office in Mexico City without district overprints. These stamps were not valid for postage. This was done to prevent the theft of stamps as they were shipped to the outlying districts. Once received in the districts, they were overprinted with the name of the district and thus validated into postage stamps, into as many as sixty districts.
Distriktsovertryk: (Dan.) district overprint, district surcharge, see Lokalovertryk, Lokaloverstempel.
Distrito: (Sp.) district.
Distrito sur de la Baja Cal: (Sp.) inscription on 1915 stamps of Mexico; see Baja, Calif. (State in Mexico).
Disturbed gum: original gum on an unused stamp which has been altered, usually by application of a hinge.
Dittler Bros.: private printer of U.S. postage stamps.
Divided back: postcard, allowing the message and address to appear on the same side.
Dividing marks: circular floral ornaments on plates produced by Perkins, Bacon on 1851; placed between rows J and K, helps placement to cut sheets in half, replaced by an arrow.
Divi Rub: 1920-21; surcharge, stamps of Latvia.
Diwan: Indian States term for chief revenue officer of province.
Diwi Rubli: two rubles, overprint to change value, stamps of Latvia.
DJ: overprint on stamps of Obock for Djibouti, 1894-1902.
Djambi: local post overprint, Sumatra, Japanese occupation, 1942-45.
DJI, DJF: Djibouti.
Djibouti (Djibuti): Eastern Africa, formerly French colony of Somali Coast and Afars and Issas; currency: 100 centimes = 1 franc 1888: French constructed port on the Somali Coast at Djibouti, 1894-1902: French Somali Coast overprint "DJ" or "Djibouti" on stamps of Obock for Djibouti, 1902: French replaced this with stamps of Somali Coast as a Protectorate, 1940, Aug. 6: Italy invades British and French Somaliland, 1941: Italy driven out, 1967, Mar.19: name changed to the French territory of Afars and Issas, 1977: Afars and Issas stamps overprinted and surcharged "Republique de Djibouti," 1977, June 27: Afars and Issas became the independent republic of Djibouti, Republique de Djibouti stamps, 1977: first air mail stamps issued, 1978, June 6: joined the UPU; see Afars and Issas, Benadir, Obock, Oltre Giuba, Italian East Africa, Italian Somaliland.
Djubaland, Republic of: cinderella, "Worldwide Fund for Nature" uses WWF logo illegally.
Djup: (Swed.) deep (as referencing the color of a postage stamp).
Djupt lila: (Swed.) deep lilac (color).
Djupt klarröd: (Swed.) deep bright red, "high red" (color).
Djupt ultramarinfärget påtryck: (Swed.) deep ultramarine surcharge.
Djupt violett: (Swed.) deep violett (color).
DK: 1: Germany volume of the Michel catalogue, Deutschland-Katalog. 2: precedes the European postal code on addresses in Denmark, such as DK-2770.
DL: auction abbreviation for double line (cancellation).
DLDC: double line, double circle postmark.
DLH: see: Deutsche Lufthansa.
D.L.H.: (Ger.) Deutsche Luft Hansa Aktiengesellschaft; renamed Lufthansa, 1933.
D.L.O.: see: Dead Letter Office.
DLR: De La Rue; stamp printers, Great Britain.
D M: 1: Dienst Marke overprint on stamps of Danzig, 1921-23, for official use. 2: Deutsche Mark, German currency June 21, 1948-Dec. 31, 2001. 3: Dominica, country code as used by UPU.
DMC: Daniel M. Clancy, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
Dmitrief: local post, Russian Zemstvo, 1871-74.
Dmitrof: local post, Russian Zemstvo, 1874.
DMM: USPS term for domestic mail manual.
Dnieprovsk: local post, Russian Zemstvo, 1866-95.
DNK: Deutschland Netto Katalog.
DNVP: letters on German stamps stands for Deutschnationale Volkspartei (German National People's Party); looks like DNBB.
DO: Dominican Republic, country code as used by UPU.
Doane cancels: Doane cancels have a number in the killer bars to the right of the circular date stamps; introduced in 1904.
Doar Ivri: (Heb.) Hebrew Post inscription on Israel's first stamps.
Dobbelt: (Dan., Nor.) double.
Dobbelt påtryk: (Dan.) double overprint, double surcharge.
Dobbeltsidig: (Dan.) double sided (front and back sides).
Dobbeltsidigt tryk: (Dan.) printed on both sides.
Dobbelttakning: (Dan.) double perforation.
Dobbelttryk: (Dan.) 1. double impression 2. re-entry.
Dobeln: local post, Germany, 1945.
Dobírka: (Czech.) payment upon delivery
Doble: (Sp.) double.
Doboj: local post, republic Serbska occupation issue for Bosnia, 1995.
Dobrudja: overprint in Cyrillic with dates "1916-1917" on stamps of Bulgaria for use in this occupied territory of Romania.
Doc: abbreviation for document; physician.
Docket[ing]: a brief statement of when received and maybe when answered, usually found on the outside of covers, legal or commercial documents.
Dockwra's Post: private postal service covering London and its suburbs established by William Dockwra; introduced his own distinctive postmark in 1680; used from 1680-82.
Doctor blade: device used to wipe excess ink from a printing press cylinder.
Documentary stamps: U.S. Inter. Rev. inscription; revenue stamps that are applied to documents such as bills of lading, mortgages, wills, etc., 1871-1958.
Documents Philatelique Oficiel: (Fr.) Official Philatelic Document; issued by France, include a copy of the issued stamp cancelled on the first day, a monocolor engraving of the stamp, descriptive text and a larger topical engraving with an embossed control seal.
Dodds Express: local baggage firm serviced Brooklyn, N.Y., New York City, N.Y and Long branch, N.J.; issued labels, year unknown.
Dodecanese Islands, Greece: islands in the Aegean Sea off the coast of Turkey; currency: 100 centesimi = 1 lira 1912-pre: used stamps of Turkey, 1912-43: stamps of Italy overprinted "Egeo," 1924: Turkey ceded islands to Italy, stamps of Italy overprinted with name of island, 1943: stamps and postage due stamps of Great Britain overprinted "M.E.F." (Middle East Forces), 1943, Sept.: Italy surrendered and islands proclaimed union with Greece, 1943-45: Germany reoccupied islands, 1947-summer: stamps of Greece used; see Aegean Islands, MEF, SDD.
Dodge & Co. Express: nationwide express firm that serviced California, Boston and New York City; used a label, 1849-51.
Dogra: alphabet in the Indian language that appears on some stamps of India as an inscription.
Dogs: hauled mail carts in Sussex, England, late 19th century.
Dog team mail: used to carry mail in Alaska and Quebec province, Canada.
Doha, Qatar: British postal service established in 1950 using stamps of the British Postal Agencies of Eastern Arabia; now known as Ad Dawhah.
Doi: (Rom.) two (number).
Doisprezece: (Rom) twelve (number).
Doland: Donald Evans bogus issue, 1960-70.
Dollfus Issue: Austrian Dollfuss stamp, issued on July 25, 1936.
Dollar Error: wine revenue stamp for the $1.60 4/5 cents where dollar is spelled "dolllar," 1951-54.
Dolní: (Czech.) down (side).
Dolores: local post, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937.
Domain name: a name that identifies a computer or computers on the internet. These names appear as a component of a Web site http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Web_site's URL http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/URL, e.g. wikipedia.org.
Domestic mail: USPS term for mail transmitted, among, and between the U. S., its territories and possessions, army and fleet post offices and United Nations, N.Y.
Domestic Mail Manual (DMM): directive that contains basic USPS standards for domestic mail services.
Domestic stamp: also known as nondenominated stamp used for rate increase period, not valid for international mail.
Domestogramme: Canadian version of the aerogramme, introduced Oct. 13, 1973.
Domfil: Spanish publisher of thematic catalogues and albums.
Dominica: an island in the British Leeward islands group, became part of the Windward islands; currency: 12 pence = 1 shilling, 20 shillings = 1 pound, 100 cents = 1 Dollar (1949) 1858-60: British stamps used at Roseau, with 'A 07' cancel, 1860: Dominica handstamp used, 1874, May 4: No.1, 1 penny violet, own stamps with design similar to Tobago, 1890, Oct. 31-1903: stamps of Leeward Islands used, 1903-40: Dominica used own stamps again along with those of Leeward Islands, 1916: first War Tax stamp issued, 1940, Jan. 1: Dominica became separate island, no stamp issued, 1958, Apr. 22: joined the West Indies Federation,1968: became an Associated State of Great Britain, 1978, Nov. 1: became independent as the Commonwealth of Dominica with overprint "Independence / 3rd November / 1978," 1980, Jan. 31: joined the UPU.
Dominica: essay, engraved and recess printed on white card, made public in 1870 with no information as to its origin.
Dominicaine: (Fr.) Dominican Republic.
Dominical label (tablet): a small label attached by perforation to the bottom of some Belgium stamps stating "Do not deliver on Sunday".
Dominican Republic: part of Hispaniola island in West Indies official name of postal administration: Instituto Postal Dominicano currency: 100 centavos = 1 peso 1861-65: Spain used stamps of Cuba/Puerto Rico, 1865, Oct. 18: No. 1, 1/2 reales rose, first stamps, 1868-71: British stamps used in Puerto Plata with 'C 86' cancel, 1876-80: British stamps used at Santa Domingo with 'C 87' cancel, 1880, Oct. 1: joined the UPU, 1901: first postage due stamp issued, 1902, Feb. 25: first official stamp issued, 1916, May 5 - July 24, 1924: occupied by American forces, used Army post offices, 1925, 1927: special delivery stamps copied from those of the U.S., 1928, May 31: first air mail stamp issued, 1957, Feb. 8: first semipostal stamp issued.
Dominican Republic, forged issues: 1: 1879 coat of arms, Sc. 34, 34a, 35. 2: 1900 map, Sc. 111-19. 3: 1931-33 Solar, Sc. C10-C17.
Dominika: (Hung.) Dominica (West Indies).
Dominikai Köztársaság: (Hung.) Dominican Republic.
Dominikanska Republiken: (Swed.) Dominican Republic.
Dominikanske Republik: (Dan., Nor.) Dominican Republic.
Dominido: British Colonial Royal Wedding frames from "Surreal Stamps and Unreal Stickers".
Dominikanische Republik: (Ger.) Dominican Republic.
Dominion Express Co.: private parcel firm operated over Dominion Express Lines throughout Canada, used labels and stamps, 1882-1926.
Dominique: (Fr.) Dominica.
Dommagé: (Fr.) damaged.
Dom Pedros: Brazil's 1866-79 issue featuring portraits of Emperor Dom Pedro.
Donaldson's Despatch: S. Allan Taylor label, 1865.
Donaldson's Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Donau: (Ger.) Danube.
Donau Dampschiffahrt Gesellschaft: Danube Steamship Co. issued stamps, 1866-74, for mail carried on the Danube River.
Don Cossack Government: republic in Southern Russia; 1917, Oct.: leader was Hetman Aleksei Kaledin; formed republic proclaimed Russia "arms" types surcharged at Novocherkask, Rostov and Taganrog, plus the "Ermak" currency stamp which was valid for postage until Soviets reclaimed area in Feb.1920.
Donegal Railway Company: Ireland local post.
Donetsk: local post provisional, USSR 1990s.
Donez: local post, Russian Zemstvo, 1879-90.
Dongola: Sudan, Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1872-82.
Don River Railway Society: Tasmania fantasy sheet.
Don Territory Government: 1918-19: stamps included used surcharged Russian stamps; see Russia, South.
Doolittle, W.E.: see: Private die match proprietary stamps.
Dopis: (Czech.) letter (mail).
Dopisnice: (Czech.) postal cards.
Doplata: (Pol.) inscription on stamps of Central Lithuania and Poland, postage due.
Doplatit, Doplatne: overprint/inscription labels on stamps of Czechoslovakia, postage due.
Dopis: (Czech.) letter (mail).
Doplatné: (Czech.) postage due.
Doplatni známky: (Czech.) postage due stamps.
Doporucené: (Czech.) registered, registered mail.
Doppeldruck: double struck.
Doppia stampa: (It.) double impression, re-entry.
Doppia Incisione: (It.) re-entry.
Doremus Machine Co.: manufacture of canceling machines used from the 1890s-1930s.
Doreset Village Mail: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Dorpat: also known as Tartu, now part of the USSR, WW I: surcharge on stamps of Russia by occupying German forces, WWII: Germans issued specially designed stamps.
Dorso: (It.) back, as opposed to the front of a philatelic object.
Dorucní Známka: (Czech.) personal delivery stamp.
Dos: (Fr.) back.
Dospisnice: (Czech.) postcard.
Dospinice: (Czech.) postal card.
Dotisk: (Czech.) reprint.
Dotted paper: paper with small dots forming a greyish-appearing pattern.
Dot in S: variety in the 5-cent U.S. Franklin stamp caused by a small bit of metal adhering to the transfer roll during the "rocking in" process.
Douane(s): (Fr.) customs; French Colony revenue inscription; overprint on stamps of South Africa.
Douazeci: (Rom) twenty (number).
Double cancels: covers with two separate postmarks.
Double centre: (Fr.) having the middle part of the design printed twice on the same side of the paper.
Double comb perforator: perforates, in one operation, a single row or column of stamps on all sides and perfs (the legs) between the next row or column.
Double Deficiency: marking on mail that postage due is owed at double the amount of short postage.
Double embossing: two impressions of embossed stamps on the same piece of paper, one impression may be colorless.
Double flown: cover flown once, then readdressed and flown again.
Double frappe: (Fr.) re-entry.
Double Geneva: 1843 issue by the Swiss Canton of Geneva of a 10¬Ę stamp printed in a double design of two 5¬Ę stamps, each half being usable as a 5¬Ę stamp.
Double grill: stamp showing two or more separate grill impressions.
Double gum: a second layer of gum was applied to the Egyptian issue of 1887 when the Egyptian government complained that the original layer was not adhering to envelopes.
Double heads: nickname for Rhodesia commemorative issue of 1910 depicting Queen Mary and King George V.
Double impression: two impressions of the design of a stamp; see: Double print.
Double joint line: a joint line that seems to be two parallel lines on rotary press stamps; caused when the gap between two rotary plates is wider than normal.
Double line watermark: term for the USPS watermark when it is made up of double lines.
Double overprint: clear double impression of the entire overprint due to the sheet having been passed twice through the printing press.
Double paper: a stamp printed on the overlapping portion of a paper joint.
Double perforations: two sets of perforations caused by the sheet being cut off center; found on early U.S. revenue stamps.
Double plate: two printing bases that are used to print a monochrome or bi-colored stamp.
Double postal cards: postal cards with a paid reply portion.
Double print: two impressions of the same stamp done intentionally; such as the 20 öre 1876 Sweden issue.
Double ring c.d.s.: circular date stamp contained within two concentric circles.
Double roulette: rouletting applied twice to the same part or entire sheet.
Double security paper: safety paper made up of two layers bonded together to discourage stamp cleaning and reuse.
Double strike: die molds where the registration varies slightly, causing doubling of lines in the design.
Double surcharge: an error when a new denomination overprint is mistakenly applied to a stamp twice.
Double transfer: this term is used for a stamp printed from a design which in error was impressed, either wholly or partially, twice by the master die in preparing the plate; can be identified by its "out of focus" appearance.
Dougerthy & Hesperies islands: bogus Pacific island group, 1966.
Dougherty, A.: U.S. private die playing card stamp.
Douglas City Dispatch: U.S. local post, New York, N.Y., 1879.
Douglas double paper: patented paper used 1881-82 in the U.S. to prevent cleaning and re-use of used stamps.
Douanes: (Fr.) customs.
Dounane: customs duty.
Dove: add-on rate U.S. nondenominated stamp, valued 3¬Ę, placed on sale Dec. 13, 1994.
Down: any non-printing area within a design.
Downey heads: British stamps designed by W & D Downey showing a three-quarter view of King George V.
Down's Dispatch: S. Allan Taylor label.
Down Under: refers to Australia, New Zealand and environs.
DO-X: international registration number of the German Dornier multi-engine plane; 1932: first to fly the Atlantic from West to East.
D.P.: 1: (Fr.) "Dette publique" public debt overprint; 1925-26: revenues of Syria and Lebanon for French occupation. 2: private overprint by Daily Press newspaper to prevent misuse in Hong Kong.
DPO: discontinued, or dead post office.
D.P.O.: (It.) "debito pubblico Ottomana" Ottoman public debt, see: A.D.P.O.D press: six-color offset and three-color intaglio Goebel combination press used by the B.E.P.DPRK: abbreviation for North Korea, 1977 to present.
D Press: a six-color offset and three-color Intaglio Goebel webfed combination press used by the BEP starting about 1984; officially called Press 902.
D.P.T.: Diligenze Postali Trasporti (It.) Diligence Postal Transport, 1794.
D.R.: Deeds and Registration, South Australia official overprint, 1868-74.
Dragonera: Greek island "stamps" repudiated by government in 1963.
Drake & Co's "Express": local firm that serviced Providence, R.I, Taunton and New Bedford, Mass.; issued a label, year unknown.
Drake, P.H. & Co.: U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp.
Drake's Island: Great Britain local carriage label, off Devon coast.
Drammen: Seaport and seat of Buskerud county, S Norway, at mouth of the Dramselva River on a branch of the Oslo Fjord ca.40 miles SW of Oslo. Site of 19th century local posts established by Borresen, Eckholdt, G. O. Ulleberg, I. B. Hagen, and J. Eriksen (q.v. individual local post entries).
Drammen - Borresen Local Post: Local post established by a Mr. Borresen, with the first 5 √ɬłre "Berresens / Bypost / Drammen" typeset red on blue paper local stamp issued 15 June 1888, and with several other handstamped or typographed "Bypost Drammen" or "Drammens post" local stamps depicting a posthorn issued through 1888.
Drammen bypost: Norway local bypost, 1869-88.
Drammen - Eckholdt Local Post: Local post established by a Mr. Eckholdt, with first 2 Skilling "By / Drammen / Post" handstamped blue and dull blue local stamps issued in 1875.
Drammen - G. O. Ulleberg Local Post: Local post established by G. O. Ulleberg, with first "Bypost / Drammens / Bypost" lithographed 2 Skilling pale green local stamp issued 4 May 1869, and with two different designs 1 skilling blue stamps issued later in the month of May. The local post was taken over by I. B. Hagen (q.v.) later in 1869.
Drammen - I. B. Hagen Local Post: Local post established by I. B. Hagen, with first 1 and 2 Skilling "Brevm¦rke / fra / I. B. Hagen / Bybudkontor" typeset on colored papers local stamps issued in 1868, and numerous other designs typeset, handstamped, and lithographed stamps issued through 1887.
Drammen - J. Eriksen Local Post: Local post established by J. Eriksen, with the first elaborate design "Drammens / By & / Pakkepost // Joh. Eriksen" local stamps depicting a pigeon in flight with a letter issued 15 June 1887, and a later similar-design stamp set issued 1 October 1887.
Drapp: (Hung.) beige (color), see béz.
Drau, S. S.: steamship of the Danube Steam Navigation Company; 1870s; built for the middle Danube lines.
Draw out: printer's term for a piece of type "drawn" out of the form by the printing roller, leaving a word with one letter.
Drazba: (Czech.) auction.
DR CDS: auction abbreviation for double-ring circular date stamp.
DRC: Democratic Republic of Congo.
Dr.D.J. & S.: overprint on U.S. Proprietary revenue stamps for Dr. D. Jayne & Son, Philadelphia, first issued July 1, 1898.
Dreierstreifen: (Ger.) auction term for strip of three (connected stamps).
Dresden: city in Germany; inscription on local post stamps, Germany post WW II.
Dresdener Transport und Lagerhaus A.G.: (Ger.) local post, Dresden, Germany 1898-1905.
Drift cards: specially printed Business Reply Card encased in plastic envelopes sent adrift by the National Institute of Oceanography in Jan. 1954 to test Indian Ocean currents.
Drijvende Brandkast: (Dut.) inscription on Marine Insurance stamps, Netherlands and the Netherlands Indies.
Drina, S.S.: steamship of the Danube Steam Navigation Company; 1870s: built for the Middle Danube lines.
D.R.L.S.: despatch rider letter service.
DRMcL: Donald R. McLeod, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
Drobná: (Czech.) minor.
Drobny: (Czech.) very small, tiny.
Drobná Vada Lepu: (Czech.) minor gum fault.
Droits de l'Homme: (Fr.) human rights.
Droits des Pauvres: (Fr.) tax for the poor; French Colony revenue inscription.
Droit fiscal: (Fr.) fiscal tax; French Colony revenue inscription
Droit judiciaires: (Fr.) judicial fees; French Colony revenue inscription.
Droit notarial: (Fr.) notary tax; French Colony revenue inscription.
Dronning: (Nor.) queen.
Dronning Elisabet den annen: (Nor.) Queen Elizabeth II (England), QEII.
Drop: USPS term for lobby slot or opening where customers deposit mail.
Drop addresses: scheme used to circumvent restrictions on mail between countries at war whereby mail from one country to another was routed through a neutral country; address was crossed out and resent to the true destination; also known as undercover addresses.
Drop letter: letter delivered from the same post office where originally posted.
Dropped letter: 1: a missing letter in typesetting caused by letter being lost of broken off during printing. 2: a letter which is out of alignment with rest of letters; usually found in typeset overprints.
Dropped mail: mail dropped from the air for forwarding to destination.
Dropped transfer: an impression on an engraved printing plate occurs when a transfer roll touches the blank plate before being positioned correctly.
Druck: (Ger.) printing.
Druckauflage: (Ger.) printing quantity.
Druckfehler: (Ger.) printing error.
Druckprobe: (Ger.) essay, proof.
Drucksache: (Ger.) printed matter.
Drucksachen & Circularbeförderung: Frankfurt, Germany local, 1886-91.
Druckvermerk: (Ger.) imprint.
Druk-Pu: bogus Bhutan overprint on stamps of India.
Drumso: (Fin.) local post, steamship mail, Finland, 1914-36.
Dryden Brothers: London manufacturer of an embossing press used for cameo stamping.
Dry dock: Bermuda 1902 stamp design given that name because design looks like a dry dock.
Dry print: stamp image or overprint deficient in ink.
Dry printing: printing method which allows the use of heavier, stiffer paper creating a whiter, high-sheen printing surface.
Drying book: after a stamp is soaked from an envelope, the stamp must be dried and pressed flat; the stamp drying book, made of blotting paper, is used for this purpose.
Drzava, Drzavna: Yugoslavia overprint on stamps of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Drzava S.H.S.: Serbs, Hrvats (croats) and Slovenes; inscription on stamps of Yugoslavia for Bosnia and Herzegovina, 1918.
DS: date stamp.
DSB: (Dan.) Danske Statsbaner (Danish State Railways).
Dschibuti: (Ger.) Djibouti.
D.S.I.L.: Diritto Sardo Italiane Lire, Italian accountancy mark on mail going to an Austrian territory to indicate amount owed to the Sardinian Post office, result of 1853 treaty between Austria and the Kingdom of Sardinia.
DSK: (Ger.) Deutschland-Spezial-Katalog, Michel Germany Specialized catalog.
DT: abbreviation for double transfer.
DTP: Distinguished Topical Philatelist award from the American Topical Association
Dual cancel: two related or unrelated cancellations on a cover, each cancelling a stamp.
Dubai: Persian Gulf Sheikdom, member of United Arab Emirates; currency: 100 naye paise = 1 rupee, 100 dirhams = 1 riyal (1966) 1909, Aug. 19: stamps of India used at Indian post office, 1909-47: stamps of India canceled "Dubai Persian Gulf," 1947, Oct.-Mar.31, 1948: used stamps of Pakistan, 1948, Apr. 1-Jan. 6, 1961: used stamps of British Postal Agency, 1961, Jan. 7-71: used own stamps inscribed "Trucial States," 1963, June: British postal agency withdrawn, 1963, June 15: No.1, 1 naye paise blue/carmine rose, first pictorial, air mail, postage due stamps 1964, March: first stamps inscribed "Abu Dhabi," 1971, Dec. 2: became part of the United Arab Emirates.
Dubbel: (Swed.) double.
Dubbellinjer: (Swed.) double lines.
Dubbelprägling: (Swed.) re-entry.
Dubbeltryck: (Swed.) 1. double print. 2. re-entry.
Duben: (Czech.) April.
Dublin, Wicklow & Wexford Railway: Ireland local post.
Dublu: (Rom.) double.
Dubrovnik: formerly Ragusa, Yugoslavia.
Duc.di.Parma: inscription for Duchy of Parma, Italian States.
Ducie Island, Dependency of: Pitcairn Islands bogus overprint.
Due: (It.) catalogue name given by Stanley Gibbons to Portuguese keytype used for colonial postage dues.
Dues: postage due stamps.
Duckstad: bogus, Donald Duck's own country; from the Netherlands.
Duck stamps: U.S. Bird Hunting Permit stamps.
Due Grana: (It.) Italian States, Two Sicilies.
Dues stamp: 1: adhesive label to record postage due on delivery because of insufficient payment. 2: stamp that indicates membership dues or fees; may be considered a cinderella.
Duitschoost Afrika Belgische Bezetting: (Ger.) German East Africa overprint on stamps of Belgian Congo, Belgian occupation, 1916-22.
Dukhovstschina: local post, Russian Zemstvo, 1873-82.
Dulac, Edmund: 1882-1953, designer of British stamps including the 1973 Coronation issue.
Dull gum: water activated stamp gum having no light reflective quality, incorrectly referred to as dry gum.
Dulwich mark: double arc dated postmark started in Britain in 1894, used for many years.
Dumbarton & Balloch Railway: Scotland local post.
Dumb cancellation: postmark that shows neither the date nor place of cancellation.
Dumfries Pony Express: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Duminica: (Rom.) Sunday.
Dummy: term usually used for booklets with stamp and cover layout in blank printed outline.
Dummy Stamps: stamp-like labels used for training and test purposes; have no postal validity.
Dunblane Delivery: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Dundee Circular Delivery Co.: local post, Dundee, Great Britain, 1867.
Dunaburg: now known as Daugavpils.
Dundalk, Newry & Greenore Railway: Ireland local post.
Dundee & Arbroadth Joint Railway: Scotland local post.
Dundee Service: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Dune countries: Trucial States or South Arabian issues, most not listed by Scott.
Dungarpur: Indian State, 1933-47.
Dunham, E. P.: see: Private die match proprietary stamps.
Dunhams Post Office: local post handstamp, New York, N.Y., 1850-52.
Dunkelgrau: (Ger.) dark/deep grey (color).
Dungarpur: India Feudatory State.
Dunhams Union-Square Post Office: U.S. local handstamp, New York, N.Y., 1850-52.
Dunham, E.P.: matches, private die proprietary stamps.
Dunkelblau: (Ger.) dark blue (color).
Dunlop & Co.'s Express: package delivery service; used a corner card.
D√ɬľnn: (Ger.) thin.
DUPL: auction abbreviation for duplication.
Duplex cancel: a two-part cancel, one part containing the postmark, and the other part with the cancellation, first recorded use was in the London District Post, 1853 for stamping "too late" mail.
Duplex paper: two-ply paper; see: Safety paper.
Duplicates: extra copies of stamps that are already in the collection; they should be examined carefully for varieties and variations of color, watermark and perforation.
Dupuy & Schueck: U.S. local post, New York, N.Y.,1846-48.
Durability: paper's ability to withstand wear and tear; storage and other factors affect durability.
Durando's Express: local baggage express firm serviced New York City, used a label, year unknown.
Durango: 1. local post, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937. 2. overprint used on stamps of Mexico for this district, 1856-1883.
Durazzo: (It.) overprint on stamps of Italy, Offices in Turkey postage due, 1909-16, now Durres.
Durcal: local post, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1936-37.
Durch Eilboten: (Ger.) by means of Special Delivery.
Durch Finnische Feldpost: (Finn.) via Finnish fieldpost.
Durchschnitt: (Ger.) cut.
Durchstich: (Ger.) roulette.
Durfee's Express: local private firm; unknown area; used a label, year unknown.
Durland Catalog: lists all known plate numbers on U.S. stamps.
Duryea's Express: local baggage firm serviced New York City and Flushing, Long Island, used a label, year unknown.
Dutch Auction: the item being sold is called out a maximum starting price, and descends by increments until the winning buyer places his bid.
Dutch Flat Express: S. Allan Taylor local fantasy.
Duttia (Datia): India Feudatory State; 1893-21: first local post stamps, 1921: separate stamps discontinued, now uses stamps of Republic of India.
Duty die: back up die made from the master die, with no country name, figures or other symbols of denomination.
Duty plate: plate used to print the value, or the name and value on stamps; used in conjunction with the head or key plate.
Dvojité, Dvojity: (Czech.) double.
Dvojity Tisk: (Czech.) double print.
Dvoupáska: (Czech.) pair.
D.V.R.: Far Eastern Republic overprint on stamps of Russia.
D.W.I.: Danish West Indies.
DX Mail: division of New Zealand Document Exchange, a private postal service that produces its own stamps for various mailing services.
D.Y.: (Turk.) Demir Yol Railroad.
Dyeaskagway: U.S. local post.
Dyp: (Nor.) deep (as referencing the color of a postage stamp).
Dyp bl√ɬ•gr√ɬłnn: (Nor.) deep blue-green (color).
Dyp fiolett: (Nor.) deep violet (color).
Dyp cr√ɬłnnligbl√ɬ•: (Nor.) deep greenish-blue (color).
Dyp gulgr√ɬłnn: (Nor.) deep yellow-green (color).
Dyp m√ɬłrkebl√ɬ•: (Nor.) deep dark blue (color).
Dyp olivengr√ɬłnn: (Nor.) deep olive-green (color).
Dyp rosa: (Nor.) deep rose (color).
Dyptrykk: (Nor.) see Trykk - Dyp.
Dyr: (Dan., Swed) expensive.
DZ: Algeria, country code as used by UPU.
Dziedzice: city in former Austrian-occupied Poland, local post overprint, 1918-20.


(Data Above sourced from "Ask Phil" and other sources. Last edit 5/Aug/2008 Amhazing)

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E


E: 1: Special Delivery; Scott catalog number prefix to identify stamps other than standard postage. 2: (Sp.) abbreviation of "Entrada" in censor marks. 3: auction abbreviation for essay. 4: uction abbreviation for Euro; European Economic Community/EEC. 5: abbreviation for escudo, currency unit of Portugal, etc. 6. Europe: British stamp introduced in 1999, as a non-value-indicated stamp to prepay the letter rate to any of the European countries. 7: Engineer, South Australia official overprint, 1868-74. 8: Bavaria overprint (Eisenbahn railroad), 1908. 9: Colombia-Scadta consular overprint for Spain. 10: "E" inscription, US nondenominated stamp, valued 25¬Ę, placed on sale Mar.22, 1988. 11. international postal code for Spain.
e: (It.) and
£E: auction abbreviation for pound (Egypt).
EA: 1: overprint on stamps of France for Algeria. 2: Greece overprint for Chios; Aegean Islands.
E.A.F.: East Africa Forces; overprint on stamps of Great Britain, Italian Somaliland, 1943-48.
Eagle: originated as a post office symbol in 1970, also used for name change for Post Office Department to United States Postal Service; see: Mercury, Post rider.
Eagle Card Co.: U.S. private die playing card stamp.
Eagle City Post: U.S. local post, Philadelphia, Pa., 1848-50.
EAK: international postal code for Kenya.
Eamoy: (Resembles these letters) Provisional government of Samos-Greece.
Earee, Rev. Robert: (1846-1928) author of the two-volume work Album Weeds, which described every known forged stamp of that period.
Earle & Prew's Express: parcel firm serviced Boston, and towns in Mass., R.I., and Conn. issued labels; 1872-1909.
Earle Express Co.: private mail and parcel firm serviced Boston, and towns in Mass., R.I., and Conn. issued labels; 1839-73.
Earliest documented use (EDU): the date when the stamp was first used in the U.S. mails.
Earliest known use (EKU): term applied to earliest date on which a stamp is recorded to have been used.
Earliest surviving letters: clay tablets in a cuneiform script, that was baked and hardened, then placed in clay envelope type containers.
Earl of Crawford: James Lindsey, 1847-1914, enthusiastic stamp collector, The Catalogue of the Philatelic Library of the Earl of Crawford was 923 pages.
Early Empire Study Group: Germany Philatelic Society section that studies the postal history of the first 30 years of the German Empire: 19870-1899.
Early impression: a stamp that has been printed from a plate which has just begun to run on the press; distinguished from later printings taken from the same plate that will not be as sharp as the "early impressions."
Earth stamp: undenominated U. S. stamp of 1988 showing the planet Earth.
EAS: Eugene A. Smith, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
Eas, Easa: overprint variety in British East Africa overprints.
Easdale Island: local Scottish island, 1996.
East Africa and Uganda: central East Africa, on the Indian Ocean; 1903: first stamps replaced separate issues for British East Africa and for Uganda, 1922: inscription Kenya and Uganda, 1933, July 1: East African Posts and Telecommunications Union formed, 1935: first commemorative, air mail and postage due stamps, 1959: stamps overprinted "Official" used in Tanganyika at first, then permitted in all areas, 1959: first official stamp, 1964: issued stamps inscribed Kenya, Uganda, Tanganyika and Zanzibar for the East Africa Common Service Organization (Community), 1964: first commemorative stamp, 1976: stamps of Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania bear only one country name, stamps only valid to prepay postage in the specific country, 1977, June 30: individual country's postal services took over that function.
East Africa & Uganda Protectorates: central East Africa; currency: 16 annas = 1 rupee, 100 cents = 1 shilling (1922), 20 shillings = 1 pound 1894: Uganda Protectorate declared British Protectorate, 1903: No.1, 1/2 anna gray-green, first stamps replaced separate issues for British East Africa and for Uganda, 1906: first stamps as East Africa and Uganda Protectorates, 1922: inscription Kenya and Uganda, 1933, July 1: East African Posts and Telecommunications Union formed, 1935: first air mail and postage due stamps, 1959: stamps overprinted "Official" used in Tanganyika at first, then permitted in all areas, 1962: Uganda became independent, 1963: colony became independent as Kenya, 1964: issued stamps inscribed Kenya, Uganda, Tanganyika and Zanzibar for the East Africa Common Service Organization (Community), 1976: stamps of Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania bear only one country name, stamps only valid to prepay postage in the specific country, 1977, June 30: individual countries postal services took over that function.
East Africa, British: see: British East Africa.
East Africa Forces: see: E.A.F.
East Africa, German: see: German East Africa.
East Africa, Italian: 1936, June 1: Italy declared its East African possessions to be an "Empire," consisting of Ethiopia, Eritrea, and Italian Somaliland, 1941: Italy occupied British Somaliland Protectorate, Italian forces driven from East Africa, Ethiopia liberated, 1938: Italy issued stamps for this territory inscribed "Africa Orientale Italiana."
East & West Junction Railway: British local post.
East Anglian Valentine: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
East Boston Express Co.: local parcel firm serviced Boston and East Boston, Mass.; issued a label, year unknown.
East China People's Post: regional issue; includes Anhwei, Chekiang, Fukien, Kiangsu and Shantung provinces; 1941: postal services started in Shantung, 1948, Mar.: first issue of stamps, 1948, July: became East China Posts and Telegraph General Office, 1949, May 30: became East China Liberation Area; see China, People's Republic, 1949.
East Coast: local overprint on Sumatra, Japanese occupation, 1942-45.
East Elloe Post Lutton: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
East End Package Delivery and Express: local package firm serviced the Pittsburgh, Pa., area; issued a label, year unknown.
Easter Island: inscription on stamps of Chile, 1992, Sc. 1010-11.
Easter Island: bogus with frame used on St. Vincent stamps.
Eastern & Midlands Railway: British local post.
Eastern Arabia, British Offices: 1948, Apr.1-Jan. 6, 1961: Dubai open, 1948, Apr.1-April 29, 1966: Muscat open, 1950-57: Qatar open, 1960, Dec.-March 29, 1964: Abu Dhabi open, 1951, 1953: Kuwait, Bahrain open, 1963, Mar.30: first British agency post office opened, 1963, Mar.30-March 29, 1964: used stamps of British postal administration in Eastern Arabia, 1967, Jan.1: local post service starts; replaced by stamps of the Trucial States or nation's own stamps.
Eastern Express Co.: parcel firm serviced Boston, towns in Maine and the British Provinces; issued labels, 1857-79.
Eastern Karelia: "Ita-Karjala/sot hallinto" East Karelia Military Occupation, overprint on stamps of Finland, Karelia, 1941-43, see Karelia
Eastern postal areas: "Postgebiet Ober-Ost ," Lithuania, German occupation, 1916-18.
Eastern Rumelia (Roumelia): in southern Bulgaria; currency: 40 paras = 1 piaster 1880: No.1, 1/2 paras yellow-green, "R.O." (Roumelie Orientale) overprint on stamps of Turkey, 1881: vertical overprint "Roumelie Orientale" on stamps of Turkey, 1885: broke Turkish rule, replaced by stamps of South Bulgaria; "Roumelie Orientale" inscription on stamps of Turkey, 1886: replaced by stamps of Bulgaria after Serbia-Bulgaria war.
Eastern Samoa: also known as American Samoa, 1900: U.S. issues without overprint used, can only be recognized by cancel.
Eastern Saxony: "Bundesland Sachsen" on stamps of Germany, Russian occupation, 1945-46.
Eastern Scottish Bus: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Eastern Siberia: 1: bogus Russian local overprint. 2: surcharged stamps used, Jan. 1923.
Eastern Silesia: former duchy in northern Austro-Hungarian Empire between Prussian Silesia and Moravia. After the Polish-Czech 1920 military confrontation, the western two-thirds became the Czech province of Silesia (Czech., Slezsko), and the eastern portion was given to Poland. see Ceskoslovenska polní posta - Tesínko , Celistvosti - SO 1920.
Eastern Szechwan: stamps of China overprinted for use in the 1940s.
East Germany: common name for German Democratic Republic, Deutsche Demokratische Republik, DDR and GDR.
East India: 1855: inscription for use throughout India; called that because territory was administered by the Honourable East India Company up to 1858, 1882: name stopped being used when Queen Victoria took the title of Empress of India in 1877.
East India Postage: 1: overprint with a crown and new values, Straits Settlement. 2: inscription, see: Bangkok. 3: Inscription East India Company, Sc. 19-35, Government issue, 1860-77.
East Indies: see: Netherland East Indies.
East Kent Circular Deliv.: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
East Liao-ning area: regional issue, Northeast China, 1945-48.
East London Railway: British local post.
Eastman College: Poughkeepsie, N.Y.; Poughkeepsie, N.Y.; 1859 used training stamps for practice instruction on how to properly address, frank and post a letter.
Eastman's Express: parcel firm serviced Boston, Lynn and Salem, Mass.; issued a label, year unknown.
East of Jordan: Jordan issues, 1920-25; see: Arab Government of the East.
East River Post Office: U.S. local post, New York, N.Y., 1852-55.
East Silesia: former Austrian crownland, 1920: League of Nations plebiscite, issues of Czechoslovakia and of Poland overprinted "S.O. 1920" during this period.
East Sussex County: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
East Szechuen People's Post: Southwest China, regional issue; see: China, People's Republic, 1949.
East Timor: territory seeking independence from Indonesia; United Nations Transitional Administration (UNTAET), 2000; 1973, Dec.16: last stamps issued under a Portuguese administration, 1975, Dec.: Indonesian forces invaded East Timor, 2000, April 29: issued two nondenominated stamps, one for internal mail, one for international mail under the auspices of the United Nations Transitional Administration in East Timor (UNTAET); 2002, May 20: issued first stamps as new country; also known as Timor Lorosae.
Eaton, Jas.: see: Private die match proprietary stamps. Eatonton, Geo. 5: see: Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
E.B.: 1. semipostal Special Delivery, Scott catalog number prefix to identify stamps other than standard postage. 2. Education Board, South Australia official overprint, 1868-74.
E.B.C. Postage: see Eastman College.
Eboue, Felix: common design on stamps of the French Community of Nations, 1945.
EC: 1: European Community, now known as European Union, EC. 2: Ecuador; country code as used by UPU. 3. "Ejercito Constitucional" local overprint on stamps of Mexico, 1914 for Constitutionalist forces.
£EC: auction abbreviation for dollar, Eastern Caribbean Community.
E.C.A.F.E.: Economic Commission for Asia and the Far East.
Eca-Gard Postage and Mailing Center: manufacturer of vending machine that prints computer vended postage.
‚Äįcarlate: (Fr.) scarlet (color).
E.C. de M.: "Ejercito Constitucional of Mexico" local overprint on stamps of Mexico, 1914 for Constitutionalist forces.
E.C.D.S. Strike Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Echar al correo: (Sp.) to mail.
Echecs: (Fr.) chess (topical).
Echo cards: Japanese postal stationery, with an imprinted stamp, and paid ads on front.
Echt: (Ger.) genuine.
Echt gelaufen: (Ger.) postally used.
Ecija: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1936-37.
Eckartsberga: local, Germany, 1945-48.
Eckholdt Local Post: see Drammen - Eckholdt Local Post.
Eckrand: (Ger.) sheet corner.
Eckrandst√ɬľck: (Ger.) corner stamp with sheet margins attached.
E-COM: Electronic Computer Originated Mail, began in Jan., 1982 by the USPS for large mailers to transmit computer-generated messages to 25 post offices throughout the nation.
Economat: inscription on Interpostal Seals for the post office bursary or office; used 1871-74, see: Interpostal seals, 1871-84.
Economy gum: gum applied in patterns or blocks immediately after WWII.
Economy label: used throughout British Empire during war period, to be applied to covers that were refolded and reused.
Ecosse: (Fr.) Scotland.
ECU: 1. European Community Currency unit. 2. international postal code for Ecuador.
Ecuador: South America, on the Pacific Ocean; currency: 8 reales = 1 peso, 100 centavos = 1 sucre (1881) 1779: handstamps used, beaded oval type (1819-30), 1830, May 11: Republic of Ecuador formed, 1849-80: British Post Office at Guayaquil for external mail using handstamps, 1865, Jan. 1: stamps first issued, 1865-80: stamps of Great Britain used on overseas mail, with C 41 cancel, 1868-75: stamps of France used at Guayaquil, in connection with Pacific Ligne, 1872: No.1, 1 reales yellow, 1880, July 1: joined the UPU, 1886: first official stamp 1896: first postage due stamps, 1928, Aug. 28: first air mail stamp, 1929: first postage due stamp. 1944, May 9: first semipostal stamp.
Ecuador: overprint on stamps of Colombia air mails, 1928-29.
ECV: auction abbreviation for estimated cash value.
ECW: Edward C. Wildt, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
ED: 1. auction abbreviation for edition. 2. Edward Doe, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
EDC: Earliest documented cover or the earliest known cover for a stamp when verified.
EDD: Greece overprint for Dodecanese Islands.
Eddy, E. B.: see: Private die match proprietary stamps.
Edelweiss, Kingdom of: label, imperial residence in Winston-Salem, NC, Artistamp.
Eden Island: parady of possible Swiss origin.
Edey "Express": private mail firm serviced area east of the Mississippi River; used labels affixed to envelopes, 1862.
Edfou: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1879-82.
EDG: Everett D. Green, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
Edge stamp: stamp not perforated on one side and end; 1887 definition.
Edgware post: Great Britain, local strike post, 1971.
Edicto: (Sp.) official notice with details of various matters including the mail arrival.
Edificios postales: overprint on stamps of El Salvador, postal tax.
Edifil: Spain and Spanish Offices & Colonies Specialized Postage Stamp Catalog.
Edinburgh and Leith Circular Delivery Company: Great Britain local, 1865-66.
Edinburgh Strike Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Edirne: formerly Adrianople, Turkey.
Edizione principe: (It.) first printing.
Edkou: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1880-84.
Edona: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1880.
E. D. Prince Letter Despatch: S. Allan Taylor label.
E.D.U.: earliest documented use.
Educacion Nacional: (Sp.) inscription for postal tax, El Salvador.
E.D.W.: (E.D. Wight) Initials of postal official of Colonial post office at Georgetown, 1850-51 issue, British Guina.
Edwa: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1880-84.
Edwardian: refers to stamps of Great Britain's King Edward VII.
Edwards & Co.'s Express: private mail firm serviced Boston, and Bangor and Portland, Maine; issued a label, 1855?
Edwards, Sanford & Co. Transatlantic Express: letter delivery firm that forwarded letters into the U.S. mails, used a corner card, c1849.
EE: precedes the European postal code on addresses in Estonia, such as EE 2000 Narva. 2: Estonia; country code as used by UPU.
EE Bars: electric eye bars.
EEC: European Economic Community.
E.E.F.: 1: Egyptian Expeditionary Forces; Palestine Inscription, British Occupation, 1918-27. 2: (with Arabic overprint) Trans-Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Cilicia.
EEN 1 GLD: Netherlands overprint.
Een Penny: currency surcharge, Transvaal, 1882.
Eendragt maakt Magt.: "Union makes strength" South African Republic.
Eesti: stamps of Estonia inscription 1928-35, 1991-current.
Eesti post: overprint on stamps of Russia, Estonia, 1918-40.
Eesti Post Virumma: bogus, Estonia inscription, Bolshevist occupation, Virumma, 1918-19.
Eesti Vabriil: Estonian Republic, stamps of Estonia inscription, 1918-1940.
Eesti Varbarik: Inscription, Estonia, 1919-25.
EE.UU.: (Sp.) Estados Unidos, abbreviation for United States.
EE.UU. de C.: (Sp.) Colombia, Department Tolma, 1870.
EE.UU. de Colombia: (Sp.) inscription, Colombia, 1886.
EE.UU. de Venezuela: (Sp.) inscription, Venezuela, special delivery.
EF: international postal code for Estonia.
E.F.: auction term for extremely fine, exceptionally large margins with near perfect centering; usually command premium of catalog value.
E.F.: with year 1899 overprint on stamps of Bolivia.
Efectos de Comercio: (Sp.) commercial drafts; bills of exchange; found on fiscal stamps for duty payable on such items.
Effets de Commerce: commercial bills of lading; French Colony Revenue inscription
Effets Negociables: negotiable bills of exchange; French Colony Revenue inscription
Efigie: (Sp.) portrait, likeness.
EFO: errors, freaks and oddities.
EFO: "Etablissments de l'Oceanie" (French Oceanic Settlements) overprint on stamps of French Polynesia, 1915.
EFOCC: Errors, Freaks and Oddities Collectors Club.
Eftergravering: (Dan.) re-engraved.
Eftergummiering: (Dan.) regummed.
Eftertakning: (Dan.) reperforated.
Eftertryck: (Swed.) reprint.
Eftertryk: (Dan.) reprint, see Nytryk .
Efterporto: (Dan.) "postage to pay" Danish West Indies, postage due inscription.
Eftertaxering: (Swed.) card mailed to sender advising of postage due; postage could be affixed to the card and mailed back to the sending office.
EG: Egypt; country code as used by UPU.
Egée iles de la mer: (Fr.) Aegean islands.
‚Äįgei-Tengeri: (Hung.) Aegean Sea.
‚Äįgei-Tengeri Szigetek: (Hung.) Aegean (Sea) Islands.
Egeo: Aegean. 1: overprint on stamps of Italy for use in Aegean Islands occupied by Italy in 1912. 2: Aegean Islands, General Issue; see Calino.
Egipto: (Sp.) Egypt.
Egitto: (It.) Egypt.
EGK: (Ger.) Michel catalog; Europa-Ganzachen-Katalog.
Eglise: (Fr.) church (thematic).
E Grill: grill used on US stamps during the 19th century.
‚Äįgszink√©k: (Hung.) cerulean-blue, sky-blue (color).
Egy: (Hung.) one (number).
Egyenlitói Guinea: (Hung.) Equatorial Guinea.
‚Äįgyiptom: (Hung.) Egypt.
Egykrajczar: one Kruezer, inscription, Hungary.
Egypt: Northern Africa, on the Mediterranean and Red Seas; currency:40 paras = 1 piaster, 1,00 milliemes = 100 piasters = 1 pound (1888) 3000 BC: postal service started, used papyrus; see Papyrus, 1146: pigeon posts used, 1821: "Posta Europea", (It.) private posts to Europe by an Italian firm, 1835: "Overland Route" of Lt. Waghorn delivered mail between Britain and India through Egypt, 1843: inland posts operated by a private firm, 1857: Posta Europa operated inland mail, 1860-85: stamps of Great Britain used at British post office in Alexandria (B 01 cancel) and Suez (B 02 cancel), and by the British Army Post office in Egypt, French stamps overprinted for use at French post offices in Alexandria and Port Said, Suez Canal Company also issued its own stamps, 1865: private Italian firm bought by Egyptian government used Italian cancellers "Poste Vice-Realiegiziane," 1866, Jan. 1: No.1, 5 paras slate-green, stamps first issued, Egyptian stamps with values in paras used in Northern Sudan, 1869-85: Egyptian stamps with values in paras used in Eritrea (Massawa), 1875, July 1: joined the UPU, 1881-84: Egyptian stamps with values in paras used in Ethiopia (Harar), 1881-84: Egyptian stamps with values in paras used on the Somali coast, stamps also used Italian, Poste Khedivie Egiziane for territories occupied by Italy, 1884, Jan.1: first postage due stamp, 1893, Jan.1: first official stamp, 1914-pre: considered part of Turkey, 1914, Dec.18 - Feb. 28, 1922: British protectorate declared, 1922-53: kingdom after British protectorate ended, 1926, Mar.10: first air mail stamp, 1932, Nov. 1: "British Forces in Egypt" military stamp, 1940, May 17: first semipostal stamp, 1953, June 18: republic established, 1958: joined with Syria to form United Arab Republic (U.A.R.), 1961: Syria left U.A.R., 1971: Egypt named Arab Republic of Egypt.
Egypt, British Forces in: 1932, Nov.1-Feb. 29, 1936: seals issued to British forces and their families with a special postage rate for mail to Great Britain, applied to the back of mail, 1936-Apr.1943: Army Post inscription used; also used by British forces in Sudan.
Egypt, British offices: Alexandria, 1839; Suez 1847; Cairo 1859, 1860-79 stamps of Britain used at Alexandria, cancel B 01, Suez cancel B 02.
Egypte: (Fr.) Egypt, 1926-56.
Egypten: (Dan., Swed.) Egypt.
Egypt, French Offices: Alexandria, Port Said; 1857-59: stamps of France, 1830-1931, Mar 1: stamps of France, 1857-76 issues, cancel 3704, 5080, 1830-March 31, 1931: Alexandria, used stamps of France 1857-76, 1867, June-March 31, 1931: Port Said, used stamps of France, 1867-99 issues, 1899: No.1, 1 centime lilac-blue, 1899-1928: "Alexandria" (Alexandrie) overprint/surcharge stamps of France, 1899-1928: "Port Said" overprint/surcharge on stamps of France, 1922: postage due stamp issued, 1928-30: Alexandria and Post Said, joint issue of postage due.
Egyptian occupation of Palestine: 1948-67: stamps issued for use in Gaza area; see Palestine.
Egyptisk: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) Egyptian.
Egypt, Italian Post Offices: 1863-84: used cancel 234.
Egypt Postage Prepaid: handstamp applied to front of envelope bearing special rate stamps,
Egyptiennes postes: Egypt, 1879-1906.
Egypt postage: Egypt, 1914-22. stamps of Egypt, established at Constantinople in(1866, other cities in 1870.
EH: Edward Hein, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
E.H. (Edward Heston): U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp.
EHH: Edward H. Helmuth, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
E.H.Lake: bogus Confederate provisional stamp.
E.I.: (Heb.) Eretz Israel (Land of Israel).
Eichele & Co.: see: Private die match proprietary stamps.
Eichele, Aug.: see: Private die match proprietary stamps.
Eichele, P. & Co.: see: Private die match proprietary stamps.
Eighth Avenue Post Office: U.S. local post, New York, N.Y., 1852.
Eilauftrag: (Ger.) rapid inquiry hand stamp, German post office card to verify address.
Eilbert & Celice islands: British colonial royal wedding frames from book, "Surreal Stamps and Unreal Stickers."
Eilbot: (Ger.) express.
Eilmarke: Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Eilpost: (Ger.) express mail, expedited delivery.
Einband: (Ger.) binder.
Einfaches papier: (Ger.) wove paper.
Einfarbig: (Ger.) monochrome color.
Einfassung: (Ger.) frame.
Eingepresst: (Ger.) embossed.
Einkauf: (Ger.) purchase.
Einlieferungsschein: (Ger.) receipt for registered letter.
Einringstempel: (Ger.) single circle cancel.
Einschreibebrief: (Ger.) registered letter.
Einseltig: (Ger.) imperf on one side.
Einsteckbuch: (Ger.) stock book.
Einwandfrei: (Ger.) perfect, faultless.
Einzig dastehend: (Ger.) unique.
Einzelmarke: (Ger.) single (stamp).
Einzuziehen: Danzig, postage due.
Eire: see: Ireland.
Eireann: overprint on stamps of Great Britain for Ireland, 1922-23.
Eisenbahn: (Ger.) train (thematic).
Eisenbahnmarke: (Ger.) railway postage stamp.
Eisenhart's J.W., Matches: see: Private die match proprietary stamps.
Ejdern: (Fin.) local post for use on steamships carrying mail, Finland, 1915.
Ejemplar: (Sp.) example, specimen (of a stamp).
Ejercito: (Sp.) army.
Ejercito constitucionalista: (Sp.) "Constitutional Army" inscription, Mexico, Sonora revenues provisionally used as postage, 1923.
Ejercito Espa√ɬĪol en Africa: (Sp.) 1860 postmarks from Morocco for Spanish army in Africa.
Ejercito renovador: (Sp.) inscription on Mexico-Sinaloa revenue, 1923, may not have been placed on sale.
EK: (Ger.) Michel catalogs; Europe-katalog.
Ekaterinodar: now Krasnodar, USSR.
Ekko: private cinderellas produced by Ekko Co. of Chicago in 1924 to verify reception by various radio stations.
Ekoecic: (resembles these letters) Greece-Salonika, postal tax stamps.
Ekspresm¦rke: (Dan.) special delivery stamp, express mail stamp.
Ekspresporto: (Dan.) special delivery postage, express mail postage.
Ekspress: (Dan.) express.
Ekte: (Nor.) genuine.
Ekvador: (Hung.) Ecuador.
EKU: see: Earliest known use.
EL: 1: auction abbreviation for envelope letter (folded letter). 2: entire letter.
El-Abiad: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1879-80.
Elass-Lotherin: (Ger.) revenue stamp for German occupation of Alsace-Lorraine.
El-Ayat: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1880-82.
Elbow and eyeball: USPS informal term to open and examine supposedly empty mail sacks to make certain that it does not contain any mail.
El-Boulak-Dakcrour: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1879-84.
El Burgo: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1938.
El Campillo: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1937-38.
El Cerro de Andevalo: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1936.
Elche: local, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937.
El Che de la Sierra: local, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937.
Elda: local, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937
El Djezair, Algeria: also known as Algiers.
El Dorado, federated state of: fantasy from the American Philatelist.
Eldridge Brothers' Express: private mail firm serviced Kansas; issued a label, year unknown.
Electric Express & Storage Company: parcel firm operated via electric trolleys, issued a stamp, area unrecorded, year unknown.
Electric Express Company: parcel firm operated via electric trolleys, Portland, Ore. area; issued a stamp, year unknown.
Electric Eye Dashes: vertical dashes in the vertical gutter used by the electric eye during the perforating process, 1933.
Electric Eye Frame Bars: horizontal lines in the left sheet margin used by the electric eye during the perforating process, 1939.
Electric eye mark: mark, or bars used in positioning stamp sheets during printing process.
Electric eye perforating: machines that are equipped with electric eyes that guide the perforating pins up the center of the stamp margin with the aid of distinctive marks, thus creating well-centered stamps.
Electric Telegraph: inscription on Indian telegraph stamps, issued 1860.
Electric Telegraph Co.: stamp of British private telegraph company.
Electronic Commerce Services (ECS): includes a time and date stamp, return receipt, registered, certified, verification of sender and recipient and archival services, all via electronic means.
Electronic Communications: developed computerized post office meters in 1974.
Electronic mail: method of sending written material from one location to another without physically carrying the material from point of mailing to point of delivery.
Electronic option: an electronic file that includes details about the pieces in the mailing, delivery information is retrieved electronically, ether by electronic file transfer of Internet inquiry; USPS term
Electronic postage: a postage imprint that features a two-dimensional bar code containing data necessary for revenue protection.
Electronic postmark: an electronic time and date stamp on electronic mail that will authenticate a document's existence at a particular point in time.
Electronic return: U.S. Postal Service term for return of undeliverable mail by electronic means with incorrect address, rather than physical return of the mailing piece, started in 2002.
Electroplate: a printing plate made by duplicating the original plate which is available for additional duplication in very large press runs.
Electrotype (Electro): an obsolete method for reproducing dies by applying a costing of copper to a mold from the original die.
Elefántcsontpart: (Hung.) Ivory Coast.
‚Äįl√©nk: (Hung.) bright (color).
‚Äįl√©nk√©k: (Hung.) bright blue (color).
‚Äįl√©nkpiros: (Hung.) bright red (color).
‚Äįl√©nksarga: (Hung.) bright yellow (color).
‚Äįl√©nkv√ɬ∂r√ɬ∂s: (Hung.) scarlet-red (color).
‚Äįl√©nkz√ɬ∂ld: (Hung.) bright green (color).
El espacio: (Sp.) space (thematic).
Elevator stamp: inspection stamp issued by Connecticut from 1846 through 1957, nondenominated.
El-Facher: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1879-80.
Elfenbeinkopf: (Ger.) Ivory Head silhouette on Queen Ivory.
Elfenbeink√ɬľste: (Ger.) Ivory Coast.
Elfland: Christmas fantasy labels created by Maggie Kate.
El-Gisr: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1868.
Elisabeth, S.S.: steamship of the Danube Steam Navigation Company built about 1850's for the middle or upper Danube lines.
Elizbeth: error on 40p June 25, 2004, stamp of Jersey, should be Elizabeth.
El Iskandariya: also known as Alexandria, Egypt.
Elizabeth II Coronation: common design of the British Commonwealth of Nations, 1978.
El-Kalabat: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1879-80.
Ellas (Greek letters) and 2-x-43: used in Zante, Ionian Islands to Italy under German occupation.
Elleore: labels used to support children's holiday trips.
Elfenbenskusten: (Swed.) Ivory Coast.
Elfenbenskysten: (Dan., Nor.) Ivory Coast.
Elleve: (Dan., Nor.) eleven (number).
Ellichhpur, India: now Achalpur.
Ellington-Zwisler Catalog (E-Z): rocket mail flight information, 2 volume set.
Elliot-Fairchild: local, Canada, 1925-26.
Elliptical perforations: odd-size perforation, usually two per stamp to make it difficult to counterfeit stamps.
El Masnou: local, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937.
El-Meslemieh: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1879-80.
Elobey, Annobon and Corisco: islands near coast of Guinea, western Africa; currency: 100 centimos = 1 peseta 1868: used stamps of Fernando Poo, 1903: No.1, 1/4 centime carmine, issued their own stamps, 1909: stamps of Spanish Guinea used, Elobey and Corisco use stamps of Rio Muni, Annobon uses stamps of Fernando Poo.
El parlamento a Cervantes: (Sp.) Spain, overprint, official stamps, Cervantes death anniversary, 1916.
El Qahira: also known as Cairo, Egypt.
ELS: 1: auction abbreviation for entire letter sheet, with contents. 2: Express Letter Service. 3: Edwin L. Shankle, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
El Salvador: see: Salvador.
Elsass: (Ger.) overprint on stamps of Germany, occupation of Alsace, WWI, 1940.
Elsass-Lothringen: (Ger.) Alsace-Lorraine.
Elsie: nickname for Electronic Letter Sorter.
El Skandariya, Egypt: also known as Alexandria.
Elsonapi Boriték: (Hung.) first day cover, FDC.
ELT: Edward L. Tucker, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
El-Tarieh: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1880.
Elua Keneta: Hawaii, 1861-93.
Elusive: a stamp that is hard to find, but is not rare or scarce.
Elwa: city in Estonia; 1941: stamps of Russia provisionally overprinted "Eesti post" by Germans for use in city.
El-Wastah: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1880.
E L Z N: inscription on illegal issue of Mexico, reported to the UPU March 25, 1996.
E-mail: letters sent electronically via the World Wide Web (WWW).
Embabe: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1868.
Embajadas: (Sp.) embassies.
Embarkation Army post offices: During WW II, when a wounded man was evacuated to the U.S., his name, rank, APO and serial number were sent ahead by air to this office to hold mail for arrival of the wounded serviceman.
Embedded phosphor paper (EP): stamp printing paper with taggant that penetrates the surface of the paper, applied prior to printing; has a highly mottled appearance under short wave ultraviolet light.
Embedded Silk Threads: threads embedded in stamp paper as a security measure.
Embedded taggant: a term used for taggant applied to the surface of uncoated paper, with a tendency to be absorbed unevenly into the fibers, giving a mottled appearance under shortwave UV light.
Emerson Drug Co.: inscription on Medicine stamp; see Private die proprietary stamps.
Emblems: Great Britain watermarks, 1856 roses for England and thistle for Scotland.
Embo: label, Scotland seceded from Great Britain for one day in 1985.
Emborronado: (Sp.) blurred, smudged.
Embossed: stamps, usually envelope stamps, that are raised in low relief in relationship to the surface of the paper on which they are printed.
Embossed revenues: revenue stamps that are raised in low relief in relationship to the surface of the paper on which they are printed; applied to 18th and 19th century documents by New York and Massachusetts, to pay taxes.
Embossing: 1: the process of impressing a design in relief into the paper of an envelope or sheet of paper. 2: a form of printing in relief.
Em circulac√ɬĘo: (Port.) current.
EME: Edwin M. Earle, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
Emergency Air Mail Service: United Kingdom, Australia, strike local post, 1971.
Emergency flight: flight taken in response to an emergency such as floods, breakdown of rail transportation, strikes, etc.
Emergency Mail (Ajax): United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Emergency Mail (AZIM): United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Emergency Mail (CHF): United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Emergency Mail France: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Emergency Mail Service: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Emergency Manx Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Emergency Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Emergency Post Falkiner: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Emergency postmark: used by First Division, Railway Mail Service, St. Albans & Boston R.P.O. when the regular handstamp was misplaced.
Emergency Post Serv.: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Emergency service stamps: usually refers to stamps portraying emergency equipment, such as ambulances, fire trucks, etc.
Emergency Strike Export: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Emergency Strike Grant: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Emfänger: (Ger.) addressee.
Emg√ɬľltig: (Ger.) definitive.
Emiprinte: (Fr.) reprint.
‚Äįmirats Arabes Unis: (Fr.) United Arab Emirates. English and Irish Magnetic Telegraph Co.: British telegraph stamp may be the world's first, 1853.
Emirdites: Albania, unauthorized issue.
‚Äįmis: (Fr.) issued.
‚Äįmis (non): (Fr.) stamp prepared but not issued due to various reasons.
Emisión: (Sp.) issue.
Emisión cenicienta: (Sp.) cinderella issue.
Emisiunile de Eliberare: (Rom.) liberation issues.
Emissione locale: (It.) local issue, post.
Emisión falso: (Sp.) bogus: labels or postal markings made to defraud collectors.
‚Äįmission: (Fr.) issue.
Emission cendrillon: (Fr.) cinderella issue.
Emission commemorative: (Fr.) commemorative issue.
Emissione: see: Issue (stamp).
Emission falso: (It.) bogus: labels or postal markings made to defraud collectors.
‚Äįmission faux: (Fr.) bogus: labels or postal markings made to defraud collectors.
‚Äįmission premier jour d': (Fr.) first day of issue.
‚Äįmission provisoire: (Fr.) provisional issue.
Emitido: (Sp.) issued.
Emlékiv Postai Bérmentesitésre Nem Alkalmas: (Hung.) a commemorative sheet having no postal validity.
Emory, Va. Paid 5, Paid 10: see: Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Empalne: (Sp.) 1: coil joint. 2: postmark for railway junction.
Empastado: (Sp.) blurred, blotchy.
Emp. Cubat: (Sp.) Empresa Cubatéchica, part of a canceling device used by Cuban technical troops in Angola starting in Jan. 1985.
Emperor of the world: label, India produced in 1892.
Empfänger verstarben: (Ger.) "recipient deceased" hand stamp, WW II.
Empire: France, 1853-70 issues, released during reign of Emperor Napoleon III.
Empire Air Mail Scheme: see: All-up service.
Empire Centrafricain: Central Africa.
Empire City Dispatch: U.S. local post, New York, N. Y., 1881.
Empire d'Ethiopie: Ethiopia, formerly Abyssinia.
Empire Express and Parcel Delivery: parcel delivery firm service New York State?; issued a label; 1906.
Empire Franc, Francais: inscription 1853, August-1872, France, French Colonies in 1871-72.
Emp. Ottoman: 1: with R.O. or Roumelie Orientale overprint, Turkey. 2: with crescent and Turkish inscription on stamps of Turkey, Eastern Rumelia, Turkish Empire 1876-92.
Empreinte: (Fr.) imprint.
EMS: U.S. Express Mail Service.
EMU: early matching usages; collection of earliest usages as documented by previous announcement of early date.
En: (Nor.) one (number).
E.N.A.: Empresa Norte America (Sp.) a shipping line mark, 1790-1856.
Enamelled paper: highly glazed paper producing a glossy, brittle surface.
Enapiomon: inscription on stamps of Greece, postage dues.
Encart: (Fr.) presentation pack.
Encased postage stamp: a stamp within a protective covering that was used as a coin, invented by John Gault, started in 1862 when there was a shortage of change due to the Civil War.
Enchasse: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1879-84.
Enchère: (Fr.) beginning selling price of the lot; can represent one bid over the second highest book bid, the highest book bid or the reserve price for the lot.
Enchèrisseur: (Fr.) bidder.
Encima (de): (Sp.) above, over.
Encinasola: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1937.
Encomendes postais: (Port.) parcel post for Portuguese language countries.
Encomienda: (Sp.) parcel post.
En creux: (Fr.) line engraving.
End delivery: coil in which postage stamps are arranged "one above the other" and sold through vending machines.
Endere'o: (Port.) address, the place to where mail is sent.
Endg√ɬľltig: (Ger.) definitive.
Endommagé: (Fr.) damaged.
Endorsement: marking on a mail piece that indicates handling instructions, a special service, or another request.
Endwise: another term for vertical coil.
Ene: (Sp.) "enero" abbreviation in postmarks for January.
E.N.E.: Empresa Norte Europa (Sp.) a shipping line mark, 1790-1856.
"Enemy Action Delayed by": (picture of bomb) marking applied to mail during WW II by British Post Office for mail delayed by enemy bombings.
En ‚Äįpargne: (Fr.) "in relief" type of printing plate used in letterpress process.
Enfant: (Fr.) children (thematic).
Enfantine: children's stamps; see Toy stamps.
En forma de arco: (Sp.) Canadian set of King George V of 1930-31 to differentiate them from previous series Eng: 1: auction abbreviation for engraved. 2: England. 3: German for narrow.
En franchaise: (Fr.) post free.
Engelberg: Switzerland hotel post, 1880, Hotel Pension Sonnenberg.
Engelsk: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) English (adj.).
Engelska kolonier: (Swed.) British colonies.
Engelske Kolonier: (Dan.) British Colonies.
Engelt bezahlt: (Ger.) postage paid.
Engine turning: use of a geometric lathe to produce intricate engravings, also known as lathework.
England: a regional issue solely for England; not sold in Wales, Scotland, Northern Ireland, etc.
England Winners/World War II 1939-45: inscription, unissued Great Britain cinderella by David Horry, 2001.
English School of Philately: classified stamps by the difference in design; see French School of Philately.
English's Intern. Mail: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Engomado: (Sp.) gummed.
Engr.: abbreviation for engraved.
Engraved cachet: a printed cachet on which the design is slightly raised above the surface of the paper or envelope.
Engraved stamps: 1: stamps printed from plates into which a design is cut or chemically etched; the plate is applied under heavy pressure to the paper being printed, leaving the ink raised above the surface of the paper. 2: implies that the stamp is printed by the recess or line-engraved process.
Engraver: the person who engraves a die.
Engraver's initials (mark): the initials of the engraver which may appear in the sheet margin or in smaller letters below the bottom frame line of a stamp design.
Engraver's proofs: proofs taken from an engraving to give an idea of how a stamp design will look when completed.
Engraving: 1: art of cutting (stamp) designs on metal, wood, etc. 2: Gravieren (Ger.), Gravure (Fr.), Incisione (It.), Gravadura (Sp.).
Engstrom "Enskilda" Local Post: see Göteborg - Göteborg - Ivan R. A. Engstrom "Enskilda" Local Post.
Enguera: local, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937.
Enkelte: (Dan.) few.
Enniskillen Civil Mail: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Enos: French post office in Ottoman Empire opened Jan. 1874, closed April 1875.
En. Numbre: En numéraire (Fr.) payment for mail from abroad is to be made in coin, 1796.
Enpfänger: (Ger.) addressee.
En primeur cards: postcard-style announcement of new issues from Canada Post
Enrigistrationment: (Fr.) registration fee; French Colony revenue inscription.
Ensayo: (Sp.) see: Essay.
Enroulement: (Fr.) coil (of stamps).
Enschede, Joh.: printer of stamps for postal administrations, located in Haarlem, the Netherlands, founded 1703, produced its first postage stamps in 1862.
Ensemble: (Fr.) complete set.
Ensfarget: (Nor.) single color, monocolor.
Enskilda lokalpost: (Swed.) private local post.
Ensk. Lokalpost: see Göteborg - Göteborg - Ivan R. A. Engstrom "Enskilda" Local Post.
Entero: (Sp.) see: Entire.
Entero postal: (Sp.) postal stationery.
Enteros: (Sp.) postal stationery with impressed stamps.
Entier: (Fr.) see: Entire.
Entier postal: (Fr.) postal stationery.
Entire: 1: a complete envelope or postal card with stamp, postmark, address, etc. as originally received. 2: before the advent of envelopes, refers to part bearing the address of a multi-page letter.
Entrada: (Sp.) entry, arrival; used on Spanish civil war covers to indicate arrival of letter in censorship department.
Entraga immediata: (Sp.) U.S. military occupation of Cuba, error in spelling.
Entrega: (Sp.) delivery.
Entrega especial: (Sp.) special delivery.
Entraga immediata: (Sp.) U.S. military occupation of Cuba, error in spelling.
Entraga inmediata: (Sp.) immediate delivery, Cuba, Mexico, Panama, 1910-14.
Entresuelo: (Sp.) mezzanine floor, found in addresses.
Entry: subject made by rocking a transfer roll on to a printing base, used for intaglio or relief printing.
Entwerten: see: Demonitize.
Entwertet: (Ger.) see: Canceled.
Entwertung: (Ger.) see: Cancellation.
Entwurf: (Ger.) essays of proposed design for a stamp, used by Austria.
En uso: (Sp.) see: Current.


(Data Above sourced from "Ask Phil" and other sources. Last edit 5/Aug/2008 Amhazing)

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ENV: 1: estimated net value. 2: see: Envelope.
Envasado: (Sp.) wrapped or bottled, found on Cadiz local tax stamps.
Envelope: 1: form of wrapper or cover for letters. 2: machine made envelopes first made in France about 1790, but were not popular since they added to the weight. 3: first used by Egyptians and Assyrians to enclosed clay tablets in 3000 BC.
Envelope cut square: the stamp portion of a stamped envelope that has been cut from the envelope in a square or rectangular shape.
Envelope seal: usually circular paper seal used to seal envelopes; many also announced who sent the letter.
Envelope stamp: stamp printed or embossed directly on the paper of the envelope, distinguishing it from an adhesive stamp.
Enveloppe: (Fr.) cover, an envelope or a postally used envelope or one with a postal cancellation cover.
Enveloppe premier jour(vol): (Fr.) first day cover (flight).
Envers: (Fr.) reversed, upside down.
Envio: (Sp.) consignment.
Envois Insuffisament: (Fr.) short paid or postage due handstamp.
Envio no Normalizado: (Sp.) marking for irregular cover which does not conform to postal regulations.
Envoyer: (Fr.) to send.
EO: Special Delivery Official; Scott catalog number prefix to identify stamps other than standard postage.
Eonikh: (Gr.) Greece postal tax stamps, 1914.
Eo. So.: "Estado Soberano" sovereign state, Colombia.
EP: see: Embedded phosphor paper.
EP: 1. characters that look like this are parcel post or revenue issue in China, Japan or Korea. 2. occurs where an extra piece of paper falls across the plate blocking the printed ink from reaching the actual stamp paper.
‚Äįpargne: term en epargne, "in relief" engraving to produce a die in relief printing where the non-printing surface is cut away.
‚Äįpargne: (Fr.) savings plan; French Colony Revenue inscription.
Epaulettes: term used for Belgium's first issue of 1849 due to the epaulettes shown on the uniform of King Leopold. Epila: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1937.
Epire: (Fr.) Epirus.
Epirus: part of Albania and Greece; currency: 100 lepta = 1 drachma 1912-pre belonged to Turkey, 1912-13: assigned to Albania after Balkan wars, issued postage stamps, 1914, Mar.2: proclaimed independent state, 1914, Feb.: No.1, 1 lepta black/blue, provisional stamps issued for Epirus as Chimarra, Koritsa and Greek occupation issues, 1916: occupied by Italians and French, 1940-41: Greece issued occupation stamps, see Republika Korce.
Epirus- "Hneipoe": bogus, 1914-15, supposedly occupation stamps, never issued.
EPJ: The Essay Proof Journal.
Eplegr√ɬłnn: (Nor.) apple-green (color).
EPM: Electronic Postmark, proof of who signed what documents, at what time and for what reasons.
Epmakb: South Russia, Don issues.
Epmpkb: South Russia, 1919.
EPMM: auction abbreviation for erased pencil mark(s) in margin(s) on stamp sheets.
‚Äįpreuve: 1. French Colony Revenue inscription. 2. (Fr.) proof, triail, essay.
‚Äįpreuve d'artiste: (Fr.) artist's or engraver's proof.
‚Äįpreuve d'couleur: (Fr.) color proof or color trial.
‚Äįpreuve de luxe: (Fr.) presentation die proof
EPS: 1: encased postage stamp. 2: Emergency Postal Service, used at Shanghai, China. 3: Epsom's Pirate P.S.: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
‚Äįpuis√©(e): (Fr.) out of print, out of stock, sold out.
Equateur: (Fr.) Ecuador.
Equatorial Africa, French: see: Chad, Gabon, Congo People's Republic, Ubangi-Shari-Tchad.
Equatorial Guinea, Republic of: Gulf of Guinea, West Africa; formerly Spanish colonies of Fernando Po and Rio Muni, currency:100 centimos = 1 peseta, 100 centimes = 1 ekuele (1973),100 centimes = 1 franc (1985) 1902: first stamp as Spanish Guinea, 1941: first air mail stamp, 1951: first semipostal stamp. 1968, Oct. 12: became independent, first stamps, 1968, Oct. 12: No.1, 1 peseta multicolor, 1970, July 24: joined the UPU.
Equipaje: (Sp.) cancellation from railway baggage office.
E.R.: 1: Great Britain (Without country name), 1952-67. 2: Eritrea; country code as used by UPU. 3: Delivery Tax, Spain. 3. Scott catalog number prefix to identify stamps other than standard postage.
E.R.: "Edward Rex Imperator" overprint Transvaal.
Eräffnung: (Ger.) inauguration.
Erb: (Czech.) coat of arms.
Erediti Gumizással: (Hung.) mint, never hinged.
Erehwon, principality of: fantasy for Nowhere spelled backwards, by George Fabian.
Erganzungsmarke: (Ger.) makeup-rate stamp without a value indicated.
Erhalt: (Ger.) receipt.
Erhaltung: (Ger.) condition; the quality of a stamp regarding color, centering, cancellation, and gum if mint all go into making up the term "condition." Typical condition descriptions are Superb, Very Fine, Fine, Good, Average, or Poor. "Superb" means that everything about the stamp is perfect.
E.R.I.: Edward Rex Imperator, overprint on stamps of South Africa for Transvaal.
Erie & New England Express Company: parcel delivery firm serviced New England cities and towns; issued frank labels, and labels, year unknown.
Erie Express: parcel delivery firm serviced the New York, Lake Erie and Western Railroad; issued frank stamps and labels; 1886-88.
Eriksen Local Post: see Drammen - J. Eriksen Local Post.
Erinnerung: (Ger.) collection of commemorative labels.
Erinnerungskarte: (Ger.) non-postal vignettes, reprints, etc.
Erinnophilie: (Fr.) collection of labels, Cinderella collection.
Erith City and Thanet: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Eritrea: former Italian colony in Northeast Africa, on Red Sea; currency: 100 centesimi = 1 liro, 100 cents = 1 birr (1991), 100 cents = 1 nakfa (1997) 1869-85: stamps of Egypt used, 1883-pre: Italian post offices used, 1885: Italian post offices, using stamps of Italian post offices abroad, 1890: united by Italy as colony called Eritrea, 1892: No. 1, 1 centesimi bronze/green, 1892-1930: stamps of Italy overprinted "Colonia Eritrea," 1903: first postage due stamp, stamps of Italy overprinted, 1910: specially printed stamps released, 1910-30s: stamps inscribed "Eritrea Poste Italiane," 1915: first semipostal stamp, stamps of Italy overprinted, 1934: first air mail stamp, 1934: stamps inscribed "Colonie Italiane Eritrea," 1936, May: Italy took control of area, 1936-41: part of Italian East Africa, stamps also used in Ethiopia and Italian Somaliland, 1941, Jan.: Britain occupies area, 1941-52: British occupation, stamps of Great Britain overprinted "M.E.F," (Middle East Force), 1948-50: No.1, 5 cent green; "B.M.A.Eritrea," (British Military Administration Eritrea), overprint on stamps of Great Britain, offices in Eritrea, 1950, Feb. 6-Sept. 52: stamps of Britain overprinted "B.A.Eritrea" (British Administration Eritrea) when troops withdrew, 1952: annexed by Ethiopia, 1978: local provisional issues, EPLF (Eritrean people's Liberation Front), 1991: Eritrean rebels issued own stamps, 1993, May 24: people voted for independence as Eritrea, 1993, Aug. 19: joined the UPU.
Eritrea, British Administration of: 1950-52: stamps of Great Britain overprinted/surcharged "B.A. Eritrea."
Eritrea, British Military Administration of: 1948-50: stamps of Great Britain overprinted /surcharged "B.M. A. Eritrea."
Eritrea, British Offices Abroad: 1948-50: stamps of Great Britain overprinted/surcharged "B.M. A. Eritrea". 1950-52: stamps of Great Britain overprinted/surcharged "B.A. Eritrea".
Eritrea liberta: "Free Eritrea" bogus, by anti-Ethiopian groups, 1978, mostly in Switzerland.
Erläuterungsblatt: (Ger.) black prints on publicity pages.
Eroare: (Rom.) error.
Eros Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Erreur: (Fr.) see: Error.
Erreur d'couleur: (Fr.) color error.
Error: 1: a philatelic item that has something wrong in the design or in its production that makes it different from the stated design; this can be in the perforations, color or printing, not to be confused with flaw. 2: a consistent abnormal variety created by a mistake in stamp production or in a postmark. 3: USPS term for a missorted piece of mail that must be rehandled within the post office before dispatch.
Error de color: (Sp.) color error.
Error de impresion: (Sp.) printing error.
Error de reporte: (Sp.) error in the transfer of design from the master die to the transfer roller.
Errore di colore: (It.) color error.
Error of value: two different face values printed on one stamp; Sweden 1876-78.
Errors, freaks and oddities (EFO): all postal items that are not made in the form or condition intended.
Error stamp: the 1916 2¬Ę carmine printed with a 5 for a 2, reported by a P.O. circular May 2, 1917.
Erseka: city in Albania, occupied by Greece in 1914, issued local stamps.
Erstdruck: (Ger.) first printing.
Erste k.k. pr. Donau Dampfschiffahrt Gesellschaft: inscription on stamps of Danube Steam Navigation Company, 1866-71.
Ersten Weltkreiges: (Ger.) first World War (WW 1) (1914 / 1918).
Erstflug: (Ger.) first flight.
Erstflugbrief: (Ger.) first flight cover.
Ersttag: (Ger.) first day.
Ersttag-Langstempel: (Ger.) first day special cancel of a non-circular date stamp.
Ersttagsblatt: (Ger.) first day stamp on a commemorative page.
Ersttagsbrief: (Ger.) first day cover.
Ersttagstempel: (Ger.) first day cancellation.
Ersttags-Zusatzstempel: (Ger.) first day supplemental postmark.
E.R.T. (E.R. Tyler): see: Private die match proprietary stamps.
‚Äįrt√©k: (Hung.) value.
Ervenyes: (Hung.) overprint for "Valid" on obsolete stamps of Hungary.
Erweiterer aufdruck: (Ger.) overprint.
Erythräa: (Ger.) Eritrea.
Erythrée: (Fr.) Eritrea.
ES: 1: precedes the European postal code on addresses in Spain, such as ES 28013, Madrid. 2: Spain; country code as used by UPU. 3: auction abbreviation for Escudo (Portugal, Cape Verde). 4. overprint on stamps of Mexico for Sonora, 1914-15.
ESA: European Space Agency, a consortium of 14 European nations to deal with space activities.
ESC: "escudos" currency in Spain.
Escarlata: (Sp.) scarlet (color).
Eschede, Joh.: stamp printer located in the Netherlands, founded in 1793, prints stamps for more than 60 countries.
Escocia: (Sp.) Scotland.
Escompte: (Fr.) discount.
Escudo: currency unit used in Azores, Cape Verde, Madeira and Portugal.
Escudo de armas: (Sp.) coat of arms.
Escudo del Departamento de Managua: (Sp.) "Shield of the Department of Managua" Nicaragua, officials, 1905.
Escuelas: (Sp.) "schools" Venezuela revenue inscription, when overprinted, for three patriots, stamps used for postage during shortage of regular stamps, March 1871-Aug. 1873 and in 1879-80.
Escuelas de Tiro Naval: (Sp.) Naval gunnery schools, used on civil war postmarks.
E.S. de Antioquia: (Sp.) "Estado Soberano," inscription, sovereign state, Colombia-Antioquia.
E.S.del T.: Colombia, Tolima Department.
E.S. de Panama: (Sp.) "Estado Soberano" sovereign state, Panama, when state of Colombia.
Esemplare: (It.) specimen.
Eseu: (Rom.) essay.
Esmeraldas: (Sp.) Ecuador with a control mark overprint, 1902.
Esmerado: (Sp.) exact or correct, accurate.
Esne: Egypt, see: Interpostal seals, 1872-84.
ESOC: European Space Operation center; ESA control center for tracking satellites.
Esoterica: any item, besides a cover, postcard or envelope, that has been cancelled on the First Day and doesn't fit any of the regular collecting categories.
Espace: (Fr.) space (topical).
Espacio: (Sp.) space, used for gutter.
Espagne: (Fr.) Spain.
Espa√ɬĪa: (Sp.) inscription for Spain and Spanish, 1863 and 1929, tilde may not appear in some inscriptions.
Espana Franqueo: (Sp.) inscription for Carlist issues, Spain,1874-75, portrait of Carlos VII.
Espa√ɬĪa Sahara: (Sp.) Spanish Sahara.
Espa√ɬĪa Valencia: (Sp.) Spain Carlist issue of Valencia, 1874-75.
Espa√ɬĪola, Republica: (Sp.) Spain, 1931-38.
Esparraguera: (Sp.) local, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937.
Esparto paper: made in Europe from esparto grass, smooth dense appearance similar to writing paper; used for stamps of New Zealand
Especial movil: (Sp.) adhesive fiscal stamps.
Esperanat respubliko insulo rosoj: Republic of Isle of Roses; a 400 square meter platform constructed in the Adriatic Sea off the coast of Rimini, Italy.
Esperimento Posta Aerea Maggio 1917 Torino-Roma-Roma-Torino: world's first air mail stamp overprint for experimental air mail flight between Rome and Turin, May 22, 1917.
Espinardo: (Sp.) local, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937.
Esplorazione Polare 1928/Ricerche Dirigible Italia: (It.) unofficial overprint on the 1.20 Lire stamp of Italy supposedly to honor Nobile's polar flight.
Espluga de Francoli: (Sp.) local, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937.
Espluges de Llobregat: (Sp.) local, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937.
Espot: (Sp.) local, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937.
ESSt., Ersttag-Langstempel: (Ger.) first day special cancel of a non-circular date stamp.
E-Stamp Corp.: commercial firm selling computer-generated postage via the Internet.
Esqiumeux postage: fantasy from the American Journal of Philately.
Essai: (Fr.) see: Essay.
Essay: 1: a trial design for a proposed postage stamp. 2: rejected and unused stamp design.
Essequibo is Ours: overprint on stamps of Guyana as propaganda for possession of Essequibo river area from Venezuela, 1896.
Essex Letter Express: U.S. local post, New York, N.Y., 1856.
Essex, S.S.: steamship of the Danube Steam Navigation Company built about 1850's for Levant lines.
Est.: 1. auction abbreviation estimated net value of an item. 2. (Rom.) east.
Estacion: (Sp.) railway station, found in postmarks.
Estacion de Invierno: (Sp.) winter resort, used in postmarks of Málaga.
Estado(s): "state(e)," Spanish language countries.
Estado da India: (Port.) inscription, Portuguese India, 1946-62.
Estado de jipijapa: (Sp.) bogus Mexican state.
Estado de Nicaragua: (Sp.) inscription, Nicaragua.
Estado Espa√ɬĪol: (Sp.) Spanish state, used by Nationalists during the Civil War.
Estado Guyana: (Sp.) inscription on locals, ships or arms design, Venezuela-Guayana.
Estado S. del Tolima: (Sp.) inscription, Colombia-Tolima.
Estado soberano de Bolivar: (Sp.) "sovereign state of Bolivar" Colombia-Bolivar.
Estado Soberano de Santander: (Sp.) "sovereign state of Santander," Colombia-Santander.
Estados Pontificios: (Sp.) Papal States.
Estados Unida de Nueva Granada: (Sp.) Colombia-New Granada, 1861.
Estados Unidos: (Sp.) United States.
Estados Unidos de Nueva Granada: (Sp.) Colombia (United States of New Granada).
Estados Unidos do Brasil: (Sp.) "United States of Brazil," Brazil.
Estafeta (de correos): (Sp.) post office.
Estafeta de cambio: (Sp.) cancels refer to Foreign Section Sorting Offices.
Estafeta de campa√ɬĪa: (Sp.) field post office.
Estafetero: (Sp.) postmaster.
Est African Allemand Occupation Belge: (Ger.) 1: overprint on stamps of Congo, Belgian East Africa overprint with new value; Belgian occupation, 1916-22. 2: without value for German East Africa.
Estampado a mano: (Sp.) handstamped.
Estampilla(e): (Sp.) handstamp (South America).
Estampillas de Correo-Contrasena: (Sp.) overprint on Escuelas stamps of Venezuela for provisional issues.
Estampille à main: (Fr.) handstamp.
Estanco: (Sp.) store licensed to sell postage and fiscal stamps
Estensi post: Italy, Modena, 1852..
Estepona: local, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1936-38.
Estero: (It.) overprint on stamps of Italy, Offices Abroad, 1874-90.
Estevan-Winnipeg: local, Canada, 1924.
Estimated value: the valuation of a lot based on the auctioneer's or consignor's experiences, and not taken form any catalog or other pricing reference.
Estland: 1. (Ger.) Estonia, German occupation, 1918, 1941-42. 2. (Dan., Nor., Swed.) Estonia
Estnisk: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) Estonian.
Eston: (Rom) Estonian (adj.).
Estonia: Baltic province of Russia, 1916-18: German Eastern Military Command and Russia overprint using Eesti Post, 1917: became independent from Russia, 1918: issued its own stamps and German occupation issues as surcharge on stamps of Russia, 1919, May 7: stamps of Russia handstamped Eesti Post, 1920: first semi-postal and air mail stamps, 1928: first commemorative stamp, 1939: Soviet forces occupied country due to Russo-German non-aggression pact, 1940: admitted into USSR, 1941, Sept. 29-April 30, 1944: German occupation stamps inscribed Estland and Ostland, 1944: re-occupied by Soviet Union, Russian stamps used 1991, Aug. 20: declared independence.
Estonia: northern Europe, on the Baltic Sea; official name of postal administration: Eesti Post currency: 100 kopecks = 1 ruble (1918, 1991), 100 penni = 1 mark (1919), 100 sents =1 kroon (1928,1992) 1916-18: German Eastern Military Command and stamps of Russia overprint using Eesti Post, 1918: became independent from Russia, occupied by Germany, 1918, Feb. 24: issued its own stamps as well as German occupation issues as surcharge on stamps of Russia, 1918, Nov. 22: No.1, 5 kopecks pale red, Russian invasion, 1919, May 7: stamps of Russia handstamped Eesti Post, 1919, June 15: republic established, 1920, Mar. 13: first air mail stamp, 1920: first semipostal stamps, 1922, July 7: joined the UPU, 1940: Soviet forces occupied country based on Russo-German non-aggression pact, 1940: admitted into USSR, 1941, Sept. 29-April 30, 1942: German occupation stamps inscribed Estland and Ostland, 1944: re-occupied by Soviet Union, Russian stamps used 1991, Aug. 20: declared independence from USSR, 1992, April 30: rejoined the UPU.
Estonie: (Fr.) Estonia.
Estonsko: (Czech.) Estonia
Estonsky: (Czech.) Estonian.
Estopost: local strike post, Canada, 1978.
Estrella: (Sp.) star, Carlist overprint of 1872-73.
Estucado: (Sp.) chalky (paper).
E. S. Wester Local Post: see Hälsingborg - E. S. Wester Local Post.
‚Äįszak: (Hung.) north.
‚Äįszak-Borneo: (Hung.) North Borneo.
‚Äįszt: (Hung.) Estonian.
ET: 1: Ethiopia; country code as used by UPU. 2: "state,: French language countries.
Et: (Dan.) one (number).
ETA: Brazil, private airmail carrier.
Etablissements dans (de) l'Inde: (Fr.) French India, 1892-1907.
Etablissements de l'Océanie: (Fr.) French Oceania, 1892-1955.
Etablissements des Détroits: (Fr.) Straits Settlements.
‚Äįtablissements Fran'ais dans l'Inde: (Fr.) "French Indian Settlements ," French Empire in India, 1859-92: French Colonies general issues, 1892, Nov.-1907: first stamps issued.
Etappenpostamt: (Ger.) Austrian Base Post Office.
‚Äįtat: (Fr.) 1: state, condition (of stamps or covers). 2: "state, French language countries."
Etat Autonome du Sud-kasai: South Kasai overprint on stamps of Congo, not recognized as a state.
‚Äįtat civil: local registry office; French Colony Revenue inscription.
Etat Comorien: see: Comoro Islands.
Etat domino: Donald Evans issue.
Etat du Cameroun: Cameroun.
Etats du Golfe Persique: (Fr.) Trucial States.
Etat du Inchi ya Katanga: province of Katanga.
Etat Francais: (Fr.) inscription, France, German occupation, 1940-44.
Etat Ind. du Congo: (Fr.) Congo Free State, 1886-1908.
Etats de l'Eglise: (Fr.) Roman States.
Etats Feudataires de l'Inde: (Fr.) Feudatory States of India.
Etats Indiens: (Fr.) Indian States.
Etats Malais Federes: (Fr.) Federated Malay States.
Etats Unis d'Amerique: (Fr.) United States of America.
ETB: (Ger.) abbreviation for first day.
Etching: the eating away of metal to produce a design drawn by hand.
E.T.E.D.: (E.T.E. Dalton) initials of postal official of Colonial post office at Georgetown, British Guina, 1850-51 issue.
ETF: (Fr.) Espagne Transit Francaise, used as a pre-adhesive postmark on Spanish mail in transit from France.
Ethics, Philatelic Code of: American Philatelic Society, American Topical Association and Society of Philatelic Americans jointly adopted a code in 1979.
Ethiopia: formerly known as Abyssinia, Northeastern Africa; currency: 16 guerche = 1 menelik dollar = 1 maria theresa dollar, 100 centimes = 1 franc (1905), 40 paras = 1 piaster (1908), 16 mehalek = 1 thaler = 1 talari (1928), 100 centimes = 1 thaler (1936), 100 cents = 1 dollar (1946), 100 cents = 1 birr = 1 dollar (1978) 1895, Jan.: No.1, 1/4 guerche green, stamps first issued, first postage due stamp, 1908, Nov. 1: joined the UPU, 1929, Aug.7: first air mail stamp, 1935-36: occupied by Italy, 1936, May 22: Italian Colonial stamps inscribed Ethiopia, 1936, Feb. 24: first semipostal stamp, 1938: incorporated into Italian East Africa, 1941: liberated by British force, British and Kenya stamps used at Addis Ababa, 1942, March 23: first stamps on restoration of independence, 1945, Aug. 7: "V" overprint for liberation from Italy, 1952, Sep.11: Ethiopia included former Italian colony of Eritrea.
Ethiopia, free: charity labels made to look like postage stamps.
Ethiopia, French Offices: 1906-08: first stamps inscribed Levant, with values in French instead of Turkish currency, 1908: offices closed when Ethiopia joined the UPU.
Ethiopie: (Fr.) handstamp overprint, Ethiopia.1901.
Ethiopiennes: Ethiopia, 1909-17.
Ethopia: Ethiopia, 1950-, see: Abyssinia.
Ethiopie: Ethiopia, 1901-49.
Etiketter: (Nor.) see Portoetiketter.
Etiopia: (It., Sp.) inscription, Ethiopia, Italian Occupation, 1936.
Etiopien: (Swed.) Ethiopia.
Etiopisk: (Swed.) Ethiopian.
Etiqueta: (Sp.) etiquette, label, sticker.
Etiquettes: any sticker or label prepared by a government, airline and private firms to denote a type of service such as air mail, registration, certified, etc.
ETO: European Theater of Operations, also used as a military postal abbreviation.
‚Äįtoile: (Fr.) star (cancel).
‚Äįtranger: (Fr.) foreign, abroad.
Ets. Francs. de l'Oceanie: French Oceania, Polynesia.
Etsning: (Swed.) etching.
Ettlingen: local, displaced persons camp, 1946.
EU: 1: auction abbreviation for topical Europa. 2: Eustice: The Australian Air Mail Catalog Europa: stamps issued since 1956, in the PostEurop nations, with a common generic design.
EU: Colombia-Scadta consular overprints, sold in the United States.
E.U. de Colombia: (Sp.) Colombia air mail overprint.
E.U. do Brasil: (Port.) "Estados Unidos ," United States of Brazil, inscription on newspaper stamps, 1890-93.
EUM: Estados Unidos Mexicanos (Sp.) watermark on stamps of Mexico.
Eupen, Eupen and Malmédy: eastern part of Belgium; 1850: used stamps of Prussia, 1867: stamp dealer J. B. Moens issued own cinderellas, 1868-71: used stamps of the North German Confederation, 1871: used stamps of Germany, 1920, Jan. 15: ceded by Germany to Belgium by Treaty of Versailles, 1920-21: Eupen and Malmédy overprints on stamps of Belgium, Belgian Occupation of Germany, 1920s: mourning label issued by German stamp dealer Sigmund Hartig, 1925: Belgium stamps used, 1940, May: incorporated into the Third Reich, 1940, July 25: German semipostal issued for reunion of area with Germany, 1945: now part of the eastern cantons of Belgium, includes Moresnet.
Europa: (Nor.) Europe.
Europa Courier M.S.: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Europafrica: common design on stamps of the French Community of Nations, 1963-64.
Europa Mail Delivery: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Europarådet: (Dan.) Council of Europe.
Europarat: (Ger.) Council of Europa.
Europasamlinger: (Swed.) European collections.
European Union (EU): a union of independent states took effect Nov. 1, 1993, to enhance political, economic and social cooperation; formerly known as European Community (EC) or European Economic Community (EEC); members are Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom.
European Year of Languages: celebrated in 2001 to celebrate linguistic diversity among Europeans.
Européisk: (Nor.) European.
Euskeria: propaganda label with Basques name for their own country in Spain, 1900s.
E US postage: United States non-denominated postage stamp, value 25¬Ę, 1988.
Eustis: Australia Airmail Catalogue Numbers.
Euzkadi: (Sp.) local, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937, Basque republic.
Evaluation: (Fr.) see: Estimated value.
‚Äįvalu√©(e): (Fr.) estimated.
Evans, Donald: 1945-76, artist who painted stamp art as nations, did over 4,000 stamps, see: World of Donald Evans by Willy Eisenhart.
Evenkia: 2002, Jan. 14: illegal labels, purporting to be stamps, Russian Federation report to the UPU; not valid for postage.
Event cover: cacheted cover made as a souvenir of an event or an anniversary of an event.
Event program: list of speakers or events in a stamp release program.
Everywhere Mail Delivery: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Evesham Stamp Club: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Evreiesc: (Rom.) Jewish.
Evreu: (Rom.) Hebrew.
Evridoor Emergency Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Evropa: (Czech.) Europe.
Evropsky: (Czech.) Europeean.
EX: 1: Personal Delivery (Czechoslovakia, Scott catalog number prefix to identify stamps other than standard postage. 2: auction abbreviation for topical exposition.
Ex-(Ferrari): Ex- followed by name of famous collector indicates that the philatelic item was once in that philatelist's collection.
Exaccion: (Sp.) tax, fee, levy, found on fiscal locals.
Examiner's mark (Examined): postmark applied to denote examination by censors.
Excelsior Match: see: Private die match proprietary stamps.
Excelsior Match Co.: see: Private die match proprietary stamps.
Excess ink on stamps: caused by ink splatters, smears, wiping flaws or undried ink from previous stamps.
Exchange: send mail to, or receive mail from, another country.
Exchange: on U.S. registration label; used for registered mail that originated in another country and went through the U.S. to ultimate destination.
Exchange club: stamp club where members circulate material by mail, usually individually priced.
Exchange labels: term for registered mail labels in postal facilities authorized to handle inbound and outgoing foreign registered mail.
Exchange offices: post office designated for dispatch and receipt of mails from foreign countries, can receive and send closed sacks of mail.
Exchange ship mail: WW II ships met in neutral ports to exchange civilians that were stranded overseas due to the ear's outbreak, and also exchanged mail at the same time.
Executive: inscription on U.S. officials.
Exelgram: technique used by Australia Post to cover a printed image with embossed plastic foil to scatter the light reflecting two different colors depending on how it is viewed.
Exemplaire: (Fr.) example, unit (of a stamp, book, etc.).
Exenta de censura: (Sp.) exempt from censorship.
Exercito/en operacoes/contra/o Paraguay: (Port.) "Army on Operations against Paraguay" inscription on stamps of Brazil in war with Paraguay, 1865-70.
Exeter Emergency Delivery Service: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Exhibice: (Czech.) exhibition.
Exhibition cover: envelope or post card issued in connection with an exhibition, as determined by stamp, cachet or postmark; Italy may have issued the first in1894.
Exhibition labels, postmarks: poster stamps to advertise an exhibition; first commemorative labels, 1845; first commemorative cancels, 1855.
Exhibition sheets: souvenir sheets issued at an exhibition, containing a stamp(s) with postal value.
Exile stamps: issued by governments operating in exile when invaded.
Exiled government posts: postal services forces into exile and operated by governments in time of war, Belgian government exile post established at le Havre, France in 1914 due to German occupation.
EXP. I: (Ger.) first delivery of the post.
EXP. II: (Ger.) second delivery of the post, 1847.
Expatriated post: country overrun by enemy transferred their governments and continued to issue stamps; frequently issued by ships at sea.
Expédier: (Fr.) forward.
Expediteur: (Fr.) sender.
Expédition: (Fr.) dispatch fee; French Colony revenue inscription.
Expedition stamps: stamps made for use of scientific or exploratory expeditions, first Indian stamps overprinted for China Expeditionary Force in1900.
Exped. Scient: (with Oriental characters); China.
Exemplair: (Fr.) specimen.
Expendido: (Sp.) issued and placed on sale.
Experimento del Cohete Postal: (Sp.) experimental postal rocket flight; first official stamp issued.
Experimento posta aero: overprint on special delivery stamps of Italy, air mail, 1917, world's first air mail stamp, Torino-Rome and back.
Expert committee: a recognized body who, for a fee, will examine and render an opinion relating to stamps or covers, judged by their acknowledged experts to be genuine or false.
Expertisé: (Fr.) see: Expertized.
Expertizacion: (Sp.) expertization.
Expertizado: (Sp.) see: Expertized.
Expertized: a postage stamp or postal history item which has been examined by an authority as being genuine, accompanied by the expertizer's signature on the item, or by a signed photo certificate.
Expertizer / Expertizing committee: mutually agreed upon competent authority recognized as being qualified to certify the identification, authenticity, quality attributes and/or status of philatelic materials.
Expertizing: the process of conducting an examination of a philatelic item.
Expertizing certificate: document stating the opinions arrived at by one or more experts in the course of examining a philatelic item.
Exploded booklet: disassembled booklet including stamp panes, interleaves, covers, and staple.
Exploded cover: cover opened on three sides to display front and back.
Expo: abbreviation for exposition.
Exponat: (Ger.) stamp exhibit
Exponát: (Czech.) exhibit.
Exp on de Industrias de Madrid: (Sp.) Madrid Industrial Exhibition, 1907, although stamps marked "Correos" they were only valid for postal use within the exposition grounds; considered a cinderella or local post.
Exporta issue: Mexican definitive stamp series featuring export products.
Export Letter Service: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Exporters Letter Service: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Exposant: (Fr.) exhibitor.
Exposicion conmemorativa (centenario) del sello espa√ɬĪol: (Sp.) Stamp exhibition for centenary of first Spanish stamps, held in Madrid, Oct. 12-22, 1950.
Exposicion de Barcelona: Spain exhibition, 1929-30.
Exposicion General Espanola: Spain general exhibition.
Exposicion Gral Sevilla Barcelona: Spanish exhibition in Barcelona.
Exposition 1949: overprint Ethiopia.
Exposition Coloniale Internationale Paris 1931: (without colony name) France colonial exhibition.
Exposition Industrielle Damas 1929: Syria.
Expozitie: (Rom.) exhibition.
Expozytura Zan. Polowek w Kowel: (Pol.) field military police office in Kowel handstamp, 1919, local issue.
Expres: (Czech.) express, express mail.
Exprès: (timbres) (Fr.) express, stamps indicating that the mail piece should be delivered as soon as possible.
Expres-Compagni: local, Copenhagen, Denmark, 1880-82.
Expreso: (Sp.) 1: inscription/overprint for special delivery. 2: night express train, found in postmarks.
Expreso Caribe: local post, Colombia.
Expreso Colombiano: produced by private firm, Ribin e Hijo (Ribon and Sons) who were granted the right to carry mail in 1923; issued express stamps, including pigeon-design labels that were never used.
Expreso Tobon: local express stamp, Colombia, 1928.
Express: stamps indicating that the mail piece should be delivered as soon as possible.
Express air mail: 1: stamps expressly made for air express services. 2: priority air mail service at a higher rate than regular air mail.
Expressbrev: (Swed.) express letters
Express-Compagnie: local, Dresden, Germany 1861-67.
Express company labels: labels used for mail handled by private U.S. carriers, with a new label being added when the parcel was passed to another carrier.
Express Courier Service: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Express delivery: (Sp.) 1: overprint for special delivery, Mauritius. 2: inscription for special delivery, New Zealand.
Express Delivery Service: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Express delivery stamps: used by private firms to indicate prepayment of charges on mail transmitted by their services.
Express d'Orient: (Fr.) Orient Express, local post, Levant, 1883.
Expresses: firms that delivered mail between cities; some issued their own adhesives.
Express labels: adhesive labels made to denote express and special delivery services.
Express Mail (Perron): United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Express mail: USPS premium delivery service with guaranteed overnight delivery service Espresso: (It.) "express," Italy, domestic express mail.
Express Shipping Service: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Expresso: special delivery, Spanish and Portuguese languages.
Express-Packet-Beforderung Schumann: local, Chemnitz, Germany, about 1890.
Express-Packet-Verkehr: 1: local, Cologne, Germany, about 1886-1900. 2: local, Dresden, Germany, 1885-1916.
Express Parcels Delivery Co Ltd.: London, Great Britain parcels local post, 1864-66.
Express Post One Cent: label of unknown origin.
Express stamps: postage stamps stating fee paid for accelerated mail, first government issue was the U.S. in 1885.
Extension: the time period allowed by the auctioneer for certification of lots purchased at auction by an Expertizer/Expertising Committee.
Extension perf hole: perforation pattern where row of perforations is extended by one hole into either or both margins.
Exterior: with Mercury design, inscription on stamps of Uruguay, parcel post.
Extensive cleaning: covers which have had a considerable portion cleaned by either chemical or mechanical methods.
Exterior: (with Mercury design) Uruguay, parcel post.
Extra fine (XF): stamp condition
Extraneous paper (EP): paper, that doesn't belong in that spot, when removed, may show an unprinted portion of stamp paper with partially or totally missing colors.
Extranjero: (Sp.) foreign, from abroad.
Extraordinary surcharge: General Postal Union regulations permitted extra fee on two routes due to long distances; mail within India and mail which traveled the continental USA between San Francisco and New York; see: G.P.U.
Extremely Fine: almost perfectly centered, imperforate stamps will have margins slightly larger than normal, perforated issues will have the design clear on all sides; ref.: Scott Catalogue.
EXUP XI 1978: overprint on Canadian stamp applied privately for an exhibition in Montreal.
EY: Authorized Delivery, Italy; Scott catalog number prefix to identify stamps other than standard postage.
Eynhallow: Holy Island, Scotland local carriage label,1974-84.
EZ, E-Z: Ellington-Zwisler: Rocket Mail Catalog
EzGrader: computer program used to grade stamps.
‚Äįztorsz√ɬ°g: (Hung.) Estonia.
Ezer: (Hung.) one-thousand (number).


(Data Above sourced from "Ask Phil" and other sources. Last edit 5/Aug/2008 Amhazing)

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RED Shooting Star Posting MANIAC!
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[center]F[/center]

4-Sidig perforeing: (Nor.) perforations on 4 sides.
4 Skilling VÃ¥pen 1855: (Nor.) refers to the 1855 4 Skilling blue Norwegian Coat-of-Arms issue.
"40th Anniversary of the Royal Wedding 1947-1987": 1987 Aitutaki overprint.
5-Dollar Prexie: nickname for the U.S. 1938 Calvin Coolidge issue.
F: 1: precedes the European postal code on addresses in France, such as F-75009 Paris. 2: Auction term meaning "Fine" quality. 3: Scott catalog number prefix for Registration. 4: "F" add-on rate., US nondenominated stamp, valued 4¬Ę, placed on sale Jan. 22, 1991. 5: used to indicate that the plate was hardened and ready for use. 6: add-on rate., US nondenominated stamp, valued 4¬Ę, placed on sale Jan. 22, 1991. 7: used to indicate that the plate was hardened and ready for use. 8: overprint on a French 1932-39 Peace with Olive Branch design to be used by soldiers and refugees escaping the Spanish Civil War to France. 9: Finland, applied in Helsinki between Dec. 1941 and July 1942. 10: Colombia-Scadta consular overprint for France. 11: "F" inscription, with flower, U.S. nondenominated stamp, valued 29¬Ę, placed on sale Jan. 22, 1991. 12: overprint on a French 1932-39 Peace with Olive Branch design to be used by soldiers and refugees escaping the Spanish Civil War to France.
$F: catalog abbreviation for currency in Fiji (Dollar).
FA: Scott catalog number prefix for Certified Mail.
FÃ¥: (Nor.) few.
Fabian's Phantom Post: United States local post, cinderella by George Fabian, Illinois, established Nov. 22, 1975.
Fabrica de Timbre: printer of postage stamps for Romania.
Fabrica Nacional de Moneda y Timbre: (Sp.) Spanish Mint and Printing Works; prints all Spanish stamps.
Fabrikwasserzeichen: (Ger.) papermaker's watermark.
F A C: auction abbreviation for Forwarding Agent Cachet.
Face: Face: 1: see Face value. 2: side of mail piece with the delivery address. 3: lettering of a certain style (i.e. Times Roman face, Helvetica bold face, etc.).
Facer canceler: postal equipment that "faces" the envelope to be read easily and then cancels the item.
Face value: the monetary value of a postage stamp as printed, or surcharged in its design.
Fach: (Ger.) specialty.
Fachausstellung: (Ger.) commercial exhibit (stamp show).
Fachn: Egypt, see Interpostal seals, 1884.
Fachouda: Egypt, see Interpostal seals, 1879-80.
Faciale valeur: (Fr.) face value.
Facing: USPS placing of envelopes for sorting and mail processing operations.
Facing identification mark (FIM): series of vertical bars used by automated postal equipment that identifies, orients and separates various classes of mail.
Facing slip: U.S. post office term for slip placed on top of individual bundles of mail to indicate their destination.
Facit: specialized Scandinavian postage stamp catalog.
Facous: Egypt, see Interpostal seals, 1879-84.
Facsimile: a reproduction of a genuine postage stamp, intended for souvenir value and not meant to defraud.
Facsimile Mail Service: USPS service that permitted customers to send fax messages and have them delivered by the post office, 1971.
Factaj: (Rom.) Romania parcel post overprint, 1928.
Facteur: (Fr.) postman.
Facturas: (Sp.) inscription found on Spanish fiscal stamps used on invoices.
Fading: a lightening of ink or paper due to natural or non-natural (i.e. bleaching) physical causes.
F¦rge: (Dan.) ferry.
FaerOer: (It.) Faroe Islands.
F¬¶r√ɬłerne: (Dan.) the Faroe Islands, Faroes.
Faeroerne Franco Betalt: (Dan.) handstamp on stamps of Denmark for Faroe Islands.
Fabriksvandm¦rke: (Dan.) paper manufacturer's watermark.
F.A.F.L.: Syria military overprint, Free French Administration.
FAG: Frank A. Green, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
Fahl: (Ger.) faded.
Fahnenstempel: (Ger.) any cancel with dater dial and obliterator.
Fahnestock, B. A.: U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp.
Fahrbares postamt: (Ger.) mobile post office.
Faidherbe: (Fr.) French colonial issued in 1906, depicting portrait of Gen. Faidherbe.
Fairbanks, Richard: postmaster of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, approved the receipt of all foreign letters to the American colonies, appointed Nov. 5, 1639.
Faire offre: (Fr.) make an offer.
Faire suivre: (Fr.) to be forwarded.
Fair warning: auction phrase to denote that a lot will be hammered down soon to alert bidders who may miss a lot of possible interest.
Fairy Tales: slang for false entries included in published or verbal Prices Realized.
Faja postal: (Sp.) wrapper, used in South America for mailing newspapers and magazines.
Fake: a genuine stamp altered as to color, design, value, etc. to increase its monetary value for sale to collectors; these can include imperforate singles, blind perforations, omitted colors and inverts.
Fälachung: (Ger.) cinderella.
Falkensee: "Falkensee, Gemeinde"(Falkensee Township) area in former Soviet-occupied East Germany, local post, 1945.
Falkenstein: German local post, 1887-1900.
Falkland Islands: British island group south of South America; currency: 12 pence = 1 shilling, 20 shillings = 1 pound, 100 pence = 1 pound (1971) 1878, June 19: No.1, 1 penny claret, first stamps issued, 1880-90: mail contracted to German steamships of Kosmos Line, 1900-14: mail contracted to Pacific Steam Navigation Co., 1918: first War Tax stamp issued, 1936: Argentina issued a stamp with map design showing Falklands as part of Argentina, 1982, Sep. 13: first semipostal stamp issued, 1985: dependencies of South Georgia and South Sandwich became a separate colony, 1991, Jan. 7: first postage due stamp issued.
Falkland Islands: 1: inscription White Out; unissued Great Britain cinderella by David Horry, 2001. 2: King Smoking Pipe, unissued Great Britain cinderella by David Horry, 2001.
Falkland Island Dependencies: Islands of South Atlantic and Antarctic Oceans and British portion of Antarctica, all formed dependencies of the Falkland Islands; 1918: first War Tax stamp issued, 1944: first stamp issue, overprints on Falkland Island issue, 1944, Feb. 12: first stamp for Graham Land, 1944, April 3: first stamps for South Georgia, 1944, Feb. 21: first stamps for South Orkneys, 1944: first stamps for South Shetlands, 1946, Feb. 1: first stamps issued for four territories, 1963, July 16: reconstituted as the British Antarctic Territory, 1963, July 17: stamps resumed for South Georgia, see South Georgia, 1985, Oct.: South Georgia and Sandwich Islands issued their own stamps.
Falklandsöarna: (Swed.) the Falkland Islands.
Falklands√ɬłerne: (Dan.) the Falkland Islands.
F√ɬ§llige postgeb√ɬľhr: (Ger.) postage due.
Fals: (Rom.) counterfeit, fake, forgery; see Falsuri.
Falsch: (Ger.) forged, counterfeit.
Falschstempel: (Ger.) forged postmark.
Fälschung: (Ger.) bogus, counterfeit; labels or postal markings made to defraud collectors. False franking: postage on a mail piece from a mass mailing where the face value of the stamp underpays the actual rate; the difference is paid directly to the USPS when the item enters the mail stream.
False perforations: printed perforations on self-adhesive stamps, also known as "serpentine die cuts" and phony perforations.
False watermark: made by applying the gum using a patterned roller.
Falsificación: (Sp.) bogus, counterfeit; labels or postal markings made to defraud collectors.
Falsificazione: (It.) bogus, counterfeit; labels or postal markings made to defraud collectors.
Falsifié(e): (Fr.) falsified, forged, faked, counterfeited.
Falsk stempel: (Dan.) forged cancellation, forged postmark.counterfeit cancel.
Falso: (Sp.) false, bogus.
Falso per posta: (It.) postal forgery.
Falsuri: (Rom.) forgery.
Falta de Porte: 1892, unofficial inscription on stamps of Mexico.
Fältpost: (Swed.) fieldpost, inscription for free mail for Swedish troops in World War II as well as civilian mail addressed to the armed forces.
Fältpostmärken: (Swed.) field post stamps.
Fältpostpaket: (Swed.) field post parcels.
Falz: (Ger.) stamp hinge.
Falzlos: (Ger.) hingeless.
Falzpur: (Ger.) hinged.
Falzrest: (Ger.) hinge remnant.
FAM: Frank A. Martie, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
F A M: see Foreign air mail.
FAMcG: Felix McGuire, BEP employees initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
Famous Americans: series of postage stamps honoring authors, poets, educators, scientists, composers and artists, 1940.
Famracia belgrand: (Sp.) advertising label from Argentina.
Fancy cancel: postmark with a pictorial design.
Fancy cancel, oddest: the Ste. Genevieve de Batiscan province in Quebec, 1895, commemorated the Nicaraguan coat of arms in detail.
Fancy registry cancels: the Post Office ruled, prior to Nov. 15, 1928, that the name and date of town not appear on registered mail so several local postmasters made or used a "fancy" cancel such as Fairfield, Iowa-Ear of Corn.
Fancy type: ornamental type overprint.
FÃ¥nge: (Swed.) prisoner, see Krigsfange.
Fangelejr: (Dan.) prisoner of war (P.O.W.) camp, Krigsfange.
Fangelejrpost: (Dan.) prisoner of war (P.O.W.) camp mail, see Krigsfangepost.
FÃ¥ngepost: (Swed.) prisoner mail, see Krigsfange.
Fanning Island: bogus issue using frame of St. Vincent stamp.
Fanon: currency used in French Colonies.
Fantail margin: missing marginal perforations from edge of the stamp to the end of the sheet.
Fantan: U.S. Navy code name during WW II for Fiji Islands.
Fantan-1: U.S. Navy code name during WW II for Suva, Fiji Islands. 2: U.S. Navy code name during WW II for Nandi, Fiji Islands.
Fantasias: (Sp.) bogus issues, cinderella, fantasy.
Fantasimerke: (Nor.) fantasy stamp
Fantasifrimärke: (Swed.) fantasy stamp
Fantasim¦rke: (Dan.) fantasy stamp
Fantasy stamps: make-believe stamps from make-believe entities, usually made to delight or defraud; see Bogus stamps, Cinderellas.
Fantippo: stamp-like label used in Dr. Doolittle books.
F A O: United Nations inscription for Food and Agriculture Organization.
F A R: (Sp.) Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias, Cuba telecommunications corps that established a postal system for personnel in Angola, 1985.
Farajan: local post, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1937.
Farbabart: (Ger.) color variety.
Farbampeln: (Ger.) traffic lights.
Farbänderung: (Ger.) change of color.
Farbe: (Ger.) see Color.
Farbeprobe: (Ger.) trial color.
Farbwechsel: (Ger.) change of color.
Farchout: Egypt, see Interpostal seals, 1882.
Fardos Postales: (Sp.) 1: inscription for parcel post, El Salvador. 2: overprint on stamps of Italy, Italian Socialist republic, parcel posts.
Far Eastern Republic: currently part of Russia, formerly part of Siberia, east of Lake Baikal; currency: 100 kopecks = 1 ruble 1918, July 10: provisional government established, 1920, Sept.: first issues were overprints and surcharges on stamps of Russia, 1921: stamps called the Blagoveshchensk Issue, 1921: stamps called the Chita Issue, 1922-23: stamps called the Vladivostok Issue, 1922, Nov.19: first stamp issued as part of Soviet Russia, 1923: final issue overprint on stamps of Russia with surcharge; see Siberia.
Fare un'offerta: (It.) to bid (at an auction).
Farfalla: (It.) butterfly (thematic).
Färg: (Swed.) color.
Farge: (Nor.) color.
Faridkot: India Feudatory State located in the central Punjab: currency:4 folus = 4 paisas = 1 anna 1879: No.1, 1 folus ultramarine, first local post stamps, 1886: first official stamps issued, 1887-93: first official stamp issued, 1887, Jan.1: signed as Convention State, stamps of British India overprinted "Faridkot State," 1901, Mar.31: separate stamps discontinued, used stamps of Republic of India.
Färja: (Swed.) ferry.
Farley's Follies: U.S. printing made on order of Postmaster General James A. Farley for the imperforate stamps of 1934-37.
Färm: (Swed.) see Ferm.
Färöarna: (Swed.) Faroes
Faroe Islands: autonomous postal authority, North Atlantic Ocean, part of Denmark. official name of postal administration: Postverk F√ɬłroya currency: 100 ore = 1 Danish krone 1870: Danish stamps used, 1875, July 1: joined the UPU, included with Denmark, 1914-18: bisected stamps authorized, 1919, Jan. 3-23: No. 1, 2 ore green, surcharge on stamp of Denmark, 1940: British occupation values surcharged on stamps of Denmark, 1945: Danish stamps used again, 1948: islands were given self-government, 1975, Jan. 30: own stamps issued.
Färöer Inseln: (Ger.) Faroe Islands.
Farr, G. & Co.: see Private die match proprietary stamps.
Farrie Strike PS.: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Farthings: currency unit in Malta.
Farve: (Dan.) color.
Farveafart: (Dan.) color error, see Farvefejltryk, Tryk - Farvefejl.
Farvefejltryk: (Dan.) color error, see Farveafart, Tryk - Farvefejl.
Farvepr√ɬłve: (Dan.) trial color proof.
Farvefoto: (Dan.) color photo.
Farwell Company: Chicago, Ill. manufacturer of stamp vending machines, 1910-12, distinct perforation.
Faserpapier: (Ger.) granite paper; containing tiny, visible fibers to deter forgery.
Fast color: stamp ink that can be soaked in various liquids without the color running.
Fast, F: postmarks applied on mail carried on fast mail trains.
Fast mail: authorized in 1874 for rail service between New York and Chicago via Central R.R.; started Sept. 16, 1875 and discontinued July 22, 1876, other railroads also had a similar service.
Fast mail trains: trains that consisted almost entirely of mail cars, introduced in Sept. 1875.
Fast Pony Express Service: package firm service the Chicago, Ill. area; used stamps, year unknown.
Fastsättare: (Swed.) (stamp) hinge.
Fastway Post New Zealand Ltd.: private post operator in New Zealand who uses own postage stamps.
FÃ¥tal: (Swed.) few.
Father Mathew Temperance & Manufacturing Co.: U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp.
Fauconniere: Great Britain local post carriage label for Jethou, 1960.
Fault: missing piece, tear, clipped perforation, hole, scuff, thin spot, crease, toning, oxidation, stain, short perforation, etc. on a stamp; can decrease the value of the item.
Fauna & Flora: Donald Evans bogus issue, 1960-70.
Faunce's Penny Post: U.S. local post, Atlantic City, N.J., 1885.
Faune: (Fr.) fauna (thematic).
Faute: (Fr.) fault, defect.
Faux de toute piece: (Fr.) completely faked.
Faux, Fausse: (Fr.) a forgery, counterfeit.
Faux perforations: simulated perforations, used on Pitney-Bowes meter stamps,1932.
Faux pour servir: (Fr.) forgeries which have been accepted by the post, or have been made with intent to defraud the postal system.
Favola: (It.) fairy tales (thematic).
Favor cancel: a hand cancel that is applied in a special manner as a favor to the mailer.
Favor's Eastport & Boston Express: Boston to various cities in Maine via steamer Admiral, 1853-57, applied marking to mail.
Fayence: French local post parachute mail, (L'Aero-club Populaire de Nice et de la Riviera), 1946.
Fayoum: Egypt, see Interpostal seals, 1872-84.
Fazoglu: Egypt, see Interpostal seals, 1879-80.
FB: Franklin Butler, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
FBB: Frank Brahler, BEP employees initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
F.B.O.: Foreign Branch Office.
F.B.S.: Friend's Boarding School, U.S. local post for mail carried to the post office, Barnesville, Ohio, 1877-84. F/C: auction abbreviation for fiscal cancel
F C: auction abbreviation for fancy cancel.
Fco: (It.) abbreviation for Franco, a pre-adhesive postmark.
F C F A: see Reunion.
FCM: first class mail.
F C P: see Fluorescent coated paper.
F D: "fausse direction" (Fr.) misdirected.
FDAY: First Days; journal of the American First Day Cover Society.
F D C: see First Day Cover. F D I: see First Day of Issue.
Fdo. Poo: Fernando Poo.
F D O I: see First day of issue.
Fearey, Jabez & Co.'s Mustang Express: U.S. local post, Newark, N.J., 1870.
Fears & Bray's Express: private mail serviced Boston, Pigeon Cove and Rockport, Mass., used a label; c1880.
Feary & Co.'s Mustang Express: private mail firm serviced Newark, N.J. area; used labels, 1887.
Február: (Hung.) February.
Februar: (Dan., Nor.) February.
Februari: (Swed.) February.
Februarie: (Rom.) February.
F.E.C. (Frank E. Clark): see Private die match proprietary stamps.
Fecha: (Sp.) date; statement on a stamp of when made.
Fecha de llegada: (Sp.) date of arrival or receipt.
Fecha de salida: (Sp.) date of departure or dispatch.
Fechador: (Sp.) dated postmark, canceller.
Fechne: Egypt, see Interpostal seals, 1868-82.
Fecske, S.S.: steamship marking of the Danube Steam Navigation Company built about 1880's for middle Danube lines.
Federacion Espa√ɬĪola de Sociedades Filatelicas: (Sp.) Spanish Federation of Philatelic Societies.
Federacion Venezolana: (Sp.) Venezuela.
Federal Boating Stamp: inscription on U.S. Internal Revenue Service tax stamps, 1960.
Federal eagle envelopes: stamped envelope picturing the eagle in blue and gray design.
Federal Register: publication in which rules and proposed rules issued by the USPS and other federal agencies are published.
Federal Use Tax on Motor Vehicles: inscription on U. S. Internal Revenue Service tax stamps, 1942-48.
Federated Malay States: see Malaya. Federation of Malaya: see Malaya.
Federated Republic of Soviets in Russia: in Russian, used as an overprint for Imperial Russian consular tax stamps in 1922 applied to mail sent from Russia to Germany; see Deruluft.
Federation of Malaysia: see Malaysia, Federation of.
Federation of South Arabia: see South Arabian Federation.
Fédération Internationale de Philatélie (FIP): (Fr.) International Federation of Philately.
Fédération Internationale des Sociétés Aérophilatéliques (FISA): International Federation of Aerophilatelic Societies.
Federation of Ethnic Minorities: located in Burma, labels used to draw attention to human rights violations.
Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland: see Rhodesia.
Federation of South Arabia: see South Arabia.
Federation of the West Indies: formed of ten British West Indies territories in 1958, dissolved in May 1962.
Federstrichentweetung: (Ger.) pen cancellation.
Feeder flight: an airmail connection flight at a specified mid-route point.
Feed Lines: name given to lines on flat plates to help in the correct placement of paper on the plate.
F√©her: (Hung.) white (color), also becs√ɬľletes.
Fehldruck: (Ger.) printing error.
Fehlend: (Ger.) missing or omitted.
Fehler: (Ger.) see Error, Fault.
Fehlerhaft: (Ger.) defective
Fehlfarbe: (Ger.) color error.
Fehlliste: (Ger.) want list.
Feil: (Nor.) error, flaw.
Feiltakking: (Nor.) perforation error.
Feiltrykk: (Nor.) printing error.
Fein: (Ger.) fine, a state of excellence.
Fejl: (Dan.) fault, faulty.
Fejlagtig: (Dan.) fault, faulty
Fejltryk: 1. (Dan.) see Tryk - Fejl . 2. (Nor.) printing error.

Fejlperforeret: (Dan.) misplaced perforartions.
Fejltakning: (Dan.) perforation error.
Feltpost: (Dan.) fieldpost.
Feltpostm¦rke: (Dan.) fieldpost stamp.
Feltpoststempel: (Dan.) fieldpost cancel, fieldpost postmark.
Fekete: (Hung.) black (color).
Feketésbarna: (Hung.) blackish-brown (color).
Fel: (Swed.) error.
Feldpost: (Ger.) 1: field or army post. 2: Austria, Germany overprint for field or Army post.
Feldpost 2kg: (Ger.) overprint on stamps of Germany, military parcel post (maximum 2 kg in weight).
Feldpostamt: (Ger.) Austrian Field Post Office.
Feldpostbrief: (Ger.) field mail letter.
Feldpostm¦rker: (Ger.) military mail.
Feldpostmarke: (Ger.) field post stamp.
Felso Szenegál és Niger: (Hung.) Upper-Senegal and Niger.
Felso-Volta: (Hung.) Upper Volta.
Feltpost: (Dan., Nor.) fieldpost.
Feltpostm¦rke: (Dan.) fieldpost stamp.
Feltpostmerke: (Nor.) fieldpost stamp.
Feltpoststempel: (Dan., Nor.) fieldpost cancel, fieldpost postmark.
Feltryck: (Swed.) printing error.
Fel√ɬľlnyomat: (Hung.) overprint.
Fem: (Dan., Nor.) five (number).
Femfärgstryck: (Swed.) see Tryck - Femfärgs.
Femstripe: (Nor.) strip-of-5.
Femten: (Dan., Nor.) fifteen (number).
Femti: (Nor.) fifty (number).
Fen: "Fenigy" Poland currency overprint with Poctzta Polska, 1918.
Fendu(e): (Fr.) split, cracked, slashed.
Feng (F.): (Chin.) cover.
Fengselpost: (Nor.) prison mail.
Feng-tai: East China local post, SW of Pengpu, 1949.
Fennig: currency unit in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Fenster: (Ger.) (window) thin spot on a stamp.
Fente: (Fr.) slit, cut, small tear.
F E P A: Federation of European Philatelic Associations.
Ferdinand I, S.S.: steamship marking of the Danube Steam Navigation Company built at Trieste in 1839 for Levant lines.
Ferdinand Maximilian, S.S.: steamship marking of the Danube Steam Navigation Company built in1850's.
Fergusson & Sons (J.W.): Stamp venturers subcontractor for printing US stamps.
Feria Muestrario: (Sp.) fair, found in handstamps, cancels.
Feribot: (Rom.) ferry boat.
Ferie-maerke: (Dan.) non-postal holiday stamp, savings to pay for annual holidays.
Ferien: (Ger.) vacation.
Ferje: (Nor.) ferry.
Ferjebåt: (Nor.) ferry boat.
Ferjebåtmerke: (Nor.) ferry boat stamp.
Ferjebåtpost: (Nor.) ferry boat mail.
Ferjebåtstempel: (Nor.) ferry boat cancellation.
Ferm: (Swed.) (also Färm) prompt.
Fermé(e): (Fr.) closed.
Fermented Fruit Juice: tax paid revenue stamp denominated in barrels and fractions of barrels, 1933.
Fermented Liquor: overprint on U.S. Internal Revenue stamps, 1933.
Fernando Po: Spanish colony, island off Gulf of Guinea, west African coast; currency: 100 centimos = 1 escudo = 2.50 pesetas, 100 centimos = 1 peseta, 1,000 milesimas = 100 centavos = 1 peso (1882) 1858-77: stamps of Britain used, 1868, July 1: No.1, 20 centimos brown, first stamp issued as Spanish colony, 1867-79: stamps of Spanish Cuba used inscribed Ultramar, 1879-1909: own stamps used, 1909-60: stamps of Spanish Guinea used, 1960: first semipostal stamp issued, 1968, Oct. 12: united with Rio Muni to form Republic of Equatorial Guinea, 1972: renamed Bioko.
Fernigow: currency unit in North Poland, 1919-1923
Fern-Ost-Republik: (Ger.) Far Eastern Republic.
Ferrarities: someone who owns a number of fakes; named after Baron Philipp La Renotiere Von Ferrary, a great collector who also owned a number of fakes and forgeries.
Ferrary, Philip L.R. von, Count: (1850-1917) considered one the world's greatest collectors, who by the 1880s, was considered to have the world's greatest stamp collection known, died of a heart attack while trying to buy a Swiss stamp; his collection was confiscated by France and sold to pay the German War Reparations Account.
Ferrocarriles: (Sp.) railways.
Ferrocarriles Andaluces: (Sp.) Andalusian Railways, inscription on railway's own stamps.
Ferrol del Caudillo: local post, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1937.
Ferrovia: (It.) train
Fervente: (Port.) bright color.
Festad de Ciudade Lisboa: (Port.) Lisbon City Festival, Portugal and Azores postal tax stamps.
Festiniog Railway: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Festoon-edged: edges of stamps, usually labels, with rows of semicircular cuts.
Festpostkarte: (Ger.) commemorative post card.
Fésusfogazat: (Hung.) comb perforation.
F.E.T. (Falange Espa√ɬĪola Tradicionalista): (Sp.) found on civil war tax and charity stamps, Spanish right wing political party in 1933-34.
Fetejh: city in Russia, local post aka Koursk.
Fetridge & Co.: U.S. private die perfumery proprietary stamp.
Feuchtwanger Strip: Civil War era encased postage stamps, but may be a fantasy item created in the 1890's.
Feudatory States: states in India established their own postal systems which carried mail within the state; see individual states for additional information; Alwar, Bamra, Barwani, Bhopal, Bhor Bijawar, Bundi, Bussahir, Charkhari, Cochin, Dhar, Duttia (Datia), Faridkot, Hyderabad, Idar, Indore (Holkar), Jaipur, Jammu and Kashmir, Jasden, Jhalawar, Jind, Kishangarh, Las bela, Morvi, Morvi, Nandgaon, Nawanagar, Orchha, Poonch, Rajasthan, Rajpipla, Sirmoor, Sorouth, Travancore, Travancore-Cochin, Wadhwan.
Feuille: (Fr.) sheet, page (album).
Feuille de timbres: (Fr.) sheet (of stamps).
Feuille-témoin: (Fr.) imprimatur sheet.
Fez Mequinez: Morocco local post, 1897.
Fez Sefrou: Morocco local post, 1894.
Fezzan-Ghadmes: see Libya.
Fezzan Occupation Francaise: (Fr.) overprint on stamps of Italy and Libya for French occupation, 1943, see Libya.
Fezzan, Territoire du: see Libya.
FF: abbreviation for foreign flights.
F F, F fr: catalog abbreviation for currency in Andorra, France and Monaco, (Franc).
F F C: see First Flight Cover.
FFUS: abbreviation for first flights by US airlines.
F G: auction abbreviation for flag cancel.
F.G.N: Nigeria unissued official overprint.
F Grill: grill design used on US stamps in the 19th century.
F I: Finland, including the Ã…land Islands, country code as used by UPU.
FI: fiscals; a philatelic discipline recognized for FIP exhibitions.
F I A F: (Sp.) "Federación Interamericana de Filatelia," InterAmerican Federation of Philately.
Fialovocerná: (Czech.) violet-black, purple-black (color)
Fialovocervená: (Czech.) violet-red, purple-red (color)
Fialovohnedá: (Czech.) violet-brown, purple-brown (color)
Fialovomodrá: (Czech.) violet-blue, purple-blue (color)
Fialovosedá: (Czech.) violet-grey, purple-grey (color).
Fialovy: (Czech.) violet, purple (color).
FIAP: Far East Philatelic Federation.
FICC: First Issues Collectors Club.
Ficha: (Sp.) small stock cards for mounting stamps.
FIDES: Economic and Development Fund; common theme on stamps of the French Community of Nations, 1956.
Fidji: (Fr., Swed.) the Fiji Islands.
Fidschi-Inseln: (Ger.) Fiji Islands.
Fidzsi Szigetek: (Hung.) the Fiji Islands.
Fieldmail Supplies: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Field Post Office: a post office established for servicemen on active service.
Fiera di Trieste: (It.) overprint on stamps of Italy, Trieste, 1950-53.
Fiesta de la Hispanidad: (Sp.) national holiday celebrated on Oct. 12 to commemorate explorers of America.
Fifi: British Colonial Royal Wedding frames from book "Surreal Stamps and Unreal Stickers."
Fifth Clause Post: British handstamp pertaining to the 5th Clause of an Act of Parliament regarding village posts.
Fifth International Philatelic Exhibition: international stamps show held in New York City, 1956.
Figaro: local post, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937.
Figure: 1: name given to 1914 French colonies postage dues with value in bold panel in center. 2: Name given to 1894 King Carlos portrait on Portuguese colonials.
Fijasellos: (Sp.) stamp mounts.
Fiji: member of British Commonwealth; group of 844 Pacific islands; currency: 12 pence = 1 shilling, 20 shillings = 1 pound, 100 cents = 1 dollar (1872, 1969) 1870, Nov. 1: No.1, 1 penny pink, first stamps were locally typeset, by Fiji Times newspaper, paper ran a letter and parcel service, 1871: stamps with cipher of native king, CR (Cakobau Rex), Fiji started own mail service, 1872, May 8: Fiji Times closed its mail service, 1874: overprinted V.R., "Victoria Regina" to mark change by King Cakobau to Crown Colony, 1916: first War Tax stamp issued, 1917: first postage due stamp issued, 1951, Sep. 17: first semipostal, 1970, Oct. 10: first stamps issued as independent territory, 1971, June 18: joined the UPU.
Fiji: 1: hurricane relief inscription, unissued Great Britain cinderella by David Horry, 2001. 2: empty boat, unissued Great Britain cinderella by David Horry, 2001. 3: coxed fours, or four men in a boat; unissued Great Britain cinderella by David Horry, 2001. 4: man overboard; unissued Great Britain cinderella by David Horry, 2001. 5: two men in a boat; unissued Great Britain cinderella by David Horry, 2001.
Fiji √ɬłerne: (Dan.) the Fiji Islands.
Fila: (Sp.) row of stamps.
Filamentos de seda: (Sp.) silk threads found in stamp paper.
Filateli: (Nor.) philately.
Filatelia: (It., Sp.) philately, also a stamp shop.
Filatelica: (It.) philatelic; pertaining to stamp collecting.
Filalistisk frankering!: "Philatelic handling label" for careful canceling and handling of mail, supplied by postal authority, Austria.
Filatelista: (Sp.) philatelist.
Filatelistamplat Brev: (Swed.) philatelically canceled cover.
Fil de soie: (Fr.) silk thread.
File crease, file: postal item that has been kept folded over for a long period of time.
File proof: proofs taken from the finished master die to be kept in archival files of the printing firm.
Filet: (Fr.) frame line.
Filigrana: (Sp., It.) watermark.
Filigrana acostada: (Sp.) sideways watermark.
Filigrana de panales: (Sp.) honeycomb watermark.
Filigrana lazos: (Sp.) horizontal watermark, used in 1855 issue of Spain.
Filigrane: (Fr.) watermark.
Filigrane de fabricant de papier: (Fr.) paper maker's watermark.
Filigranoscopio: (Sp.) watermark detector.
Filigranul, filigrane (filigranele): (Rom.) watermark, watermarks.
Filing crease: creases folded on a postal piece by recipient so that the mail item will fit into a folder.
Filing holes: holes punched by the recipient so that the postal piece can be filed.
Filipas Impresos: (Sp.) newspaper stamps of Philippines.
Filipperne: (also Philippinerne) (Dan.) Philippines.
Filipinas, Filip'as: (Sp.) Philippines.
Filippine: (It.) Philippines.
Filippinerna: (also Philippinerna, Philippinernsk) (Nor., Swed.) the Philippines, Philippine (adj.).
Filippinerne: (also Philippinerne, Philippinernsk) (Dan.) the Philippines.
Filippinernsk: (also Philippinerna, Philippinernsk) (Dan., Nor., Swed.) Philippine (adj.).
Filler: stiff piece of paper or cardboard used inside a cover to provided stiffness for a clear cancellation and provide protection against bending of the cover while in the mail stream.
Filo di seta: (It.) silk thread.
Fils: Abu Dhabi, Bahrain currency unit.
Final bid price: see Hammer price.
Fina marginaler: (Swed.) full margins, cmplete margins.
Final master proof: combination of all separations to produce the complete design in photogravure or offset printing.
Finanzstempel: (Ger.) revenue cancel. Fincastle, Va. Paid 10: see Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Finbatt-UNDOF: Finnish Battalion, United Nations Disengagement Force serving in the Golan Heights, 1979-93.
Finchley Local delivery: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Finder's fee: a fee paid to a broker or agent referring philatelic material for direct sale to a philatelic dealer, or for consignment to a philatelic auctioneer. The "Finder's Fee" for this third party normally is a standard 5% of the purchase price or, in the case of the material being sold at public auction, 5% of the total "hammer price."
Fine: design may be off center but will not touch any edge, imperforates may have small margins, very early perforated issues may have the perforations cutting into the design, used stamps wil have heavier than usual cancellations; ref.: Scott Catalogue.
Fine perforation: perforation with small holes and teeth close together.
Fine-Very Fine: stamps may be slightly off center on two sides, perfs are noticeably off center, imperforate stamp design will not touch any edge, some non-US stamps may be printed so that the design is naturally very close to the edges, used stamps will not have a cancellation that detracts fom the design; ref.: Scott Catalogue.
Fingerb√ɬłlstempel: (Dan.) thimble-type cancellation, small diameter circular datestamp.
Fingerb√ɬłllstempel: (Nor.) thimble-type cancellation., small diameter circular datestamp.
Finger Lakes Steamboating: organized Dec. 15, 1819, stopped 1870, had a monopoly in carrying the mail on Cayuga Lake, N.Y.


(Data Above sourced from "Ask Phil" and other sources. Last edit 5/Aug/2008 Amhazing)

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Fingerb√ɬłlstempel: (Dan.) thimble-type cancellation.
Finland: northern Europe on Gulfs of Bothia and Finland, official name of postal administration: Suomen Posti Oy currency: 100 kopecks = 1 ruble, 100 pennis = 1 markka, 100 cents = 1 euro (2002) 1809- Dec. 1917: former grand duchy of Imperial Russia, 1856, March 3: No.1, 5 kopecks blue, first stamps issued under Russian Empire, 1889: name on stamps in Russian instead of Finnish, 1891: Russian czar Alexander III decreed that all mail from Finland had to be franked with the dot-in-circle issue, (in four corners of the stamps), 1901: Nicholas II, of Russia, son of Alexander III decreed that all mail out of Finland had to bear Russian stamps, 1917, Mar. 21:independent state within Russian federation, 1917, Dec. 6: Finland declared independence from Russia, first stamps for independent country, 1918, Feb. 12: joined the UPU, 1922, May 15: first semipostal issued, 1930, Sep 24: first airmail stamp issued, 1941, Nov. 1: military stamps issued, 1941-45: occupied Russian territory of Eastern Karelia, "Karjala" overprint on stamps of Finland, 2002: stamps in markka denominations issued in 1963 or afterwards valid through end of 2011, then change to euros; see Aereo O/Y, √É‚Äěland Islands, Aunus, Autopaketti, Ingermanland, North; Karelia, Eastern, Kentt√ɬ§postia.
Finlande: (Fr.) Finland.
Finlandez: (Rom) Finnish (adj.).
Finlandia: (It., Sp.) Finland
Finn: (Hung.) Finn
Finnland: (Ger., Ice.) Finland.
Finnorszag: (Hung.) Finland
Finn Valley & West Donegal Railway: Ireland local post.
Finn Valley Railway Company: Ireland local post.
Fino: (It., Sp.) fine quality, a state of excellence.
Finsk: (Dan, Nor., Swed.) Finnish (adj.).
Finska Jernvägens Post Kupéexped: (Swed.) "Finnish Railway Postoffice coach" postmark
Finske skeppspost: (Swed.) Finnish ship mail (ship post).
Finske skibspost: (Dan.) Finnish ship mail (ship post).
Finske skipspost: (Nor.) Finnish ship mail (ship post).
Finsko: (Czech.) Finland.
Finsky: (Czech.) Finnish.
Finsterwalde: (Ger.) Germany 1945-46 local post, town or area in former Soviet-occupied East Germany.
Finwell Despatch Service: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Fiolavá: (Czech.) violet, purple (color).
Fioletowy: (Pol.) violet (color).
Fiolett: (Nor.) violet (color).
Fiolettblå: (Nor.) violet-blue (color).
Fiolettbrun: (Nor.) violet-brown (color).
Fiore: (It.) flower (thematic).
F I P: Federation Internationale de Philatelie; International Federation of Philately, the group that sets rules and standards for international exhibitions, founded in Paris, 1926.
FIPCO: Federation Internationale de la Philatelie Constructive as a topical group, founded in 1950, merged with the FIP in 1964.
F I P E X: Fifth International Philatelic Exhibition, held in New York City, April 28-May 6, 1956.
F I P O: Federation of Olympic Philately.
Fire: (Dan.) four (number).
Firearms Transfer Tax: inscription and overprint on U. S. Internal Revenue Service tax stamps for special classes of firearms, such as machine guns; 1917 to date.
Fireblokk: (Dan.) block-of-4
Fire Hundre: (Nor.) four-hundred (number).
Firenze: Florence, Italy, allied occupation, local post, 1944.
Firestripe: (Nor.) strip-of-4.
Firma: (Sp.) signature, marks of genuineness on backs of stamps.
Firmato: (It.) see Expertise.
Firmenfreistempel: (Ger.) company meter marking.
Firs: (Dan.) eighty (number).
First acceptance: first airmail dispatch from a specified origin on an existing route ro service.
First aerial Post/1911/U.P. Exhibition Allhabad: see Aeroplane mail, first.
First Bureau Issue: first set of definitive stamps to be printed by the BEP, 1894.
First cachet: the very first cachet commercially produced by a cachetmaker.
First Class Card, Presorted: US nondenominated stamp, valued 15¬Ę, placed on sale Mar. 17, 1995.
First Class Mail: a class of mail including letters, postcards and postal cards with all matter sealed or otherwise closed against inspection.
First-class USA: 1: flower; U. S. non-denominated postage stamp, value 34¬Ę, issued Dec. 15, 2000. 2: flag and farm; U. S. non-denominated postage stamp, value 34¬Ę, issued Dec. 15, 2000.
First day: the day on which a stamp is first officially sold by the Post Office.
First day ceremony program: special items created for distribution to guests at first-day ceremonies
First day cover: a newly issued stamp affixed to an envelope and postmarked on the first day of sale at a city designated by the Postal Service.
First Day Objects (FDO): various non-philatelic objects to which a stamp and first day cancel was applied.
First day of issue (FDOI): the day on which a stamp is initially placed on sale by postal authorities.
First day of issue office: a post office authorized to sell a new postage item on the first day of sale.
First day of rate: postmark denoting the first day of usage of a new postal rate.
First direct flight: first flight without an intermediate landing.
First flight: initial flight of airline, route, or aircraft carrying official mail for the first time.
First flight cover (FFC): an envelope bearing a cancellation and usually having a special descriptive cachet affixed which has been at the point of origin and carried on a first flight opening a new air mail route.
First Foreign Trade Week: overprint on stamps of Philippines.
First international rocket flight USA-Mexico: triangular label to commemorate the 1936 event.
First issued: date when a philatelic item was first released to the public.
First Issue of Revenue Stamps: US issues 1862-1871 to help pay for the Civil War.
First Trans-Atlantic Air Post April, 1919: overprint on stamps of Newfoundland for transport on H.G. Hawker's unsuccessful attempt to be the first crew to fly across the Atlantic Ocean; the crew and mail were rescued.
F I S A: Fédération International des Sociétés Aérophilateliques (International Federation of Aerophilatelic Societies).
Fiscal: non-postal revenue or tax stamp.
Fiscal cancellation: a cancellation applied to a stamp by pen, indelible pencil or rubber stamp, and used for revenue, rather than postal purposes. This usually reduces the market value of the stamp considerably.
Fiscally cancelled: a stamp available for both postal and revenue purposes which has been used in connection with the fiscal charge, is known as fiscally used or cancelled, to distinguish it from similar stamps being postally used.
Fiscal-postal stamp: a stamp valid for prepayment of postage and for revenue purposes.
Fiscal stamps: stamps intended to collect taxes, fees and duties for the revenue as opposed to prepay postage; see Revenue stamps.
Fiscal year: U.S. 12-month period uses for bookkeeping purposes; starts three months ahead of the calendar year.
Fiscaux-postaux: (Fr.) "fiscal post" stamps intended to collect taxes, fees and duties for the revenue as opposed to prepay postage.
Fisch: (Ger.) fish (thematic).
Fisher's Express: private parcel firm serviced Boston and Stoughton, Mass., used a label; year unknown.
Fishing stamps: state revenue stamps that show prepayment of fees for fishing; may be all inclusive or limited only to certain types of fish.
Fiskal annullering: (Dan.) fiscal cancellation, revenue cancellation.
Fiskalmarke: (Ger.) revenue stamp.
Fiske & Co's Express: private mail firm serviced eastern U.S. and Canadian towns; used a corner card; 1854?
Fiske & Rice's Express: U.S. local express label,1851-54.
Fitch's Express: private parcel firm serviced Chicago, Ill area; used a label, 1896-99?
Fitz & Choate's Express: private mail firm serviced Boston and Ipswich, Mass., used a label, year unknown.
Fitz's Express: private mail firm serviced Boston and Ipswich, Mass., used labels, year unknown.
Fiume: city and area on the Adriatic Sea; now called Rijeka; currency: 100 filler = 1 korona, 100 centesimi = 1 corona (1919), 100 centesimi = 1 lira 1870: stamps of Hungary used, 1871: Austrian stamps used, then stamps of Hungary used again 1915: stamps of Hungary overprinted Fiume for Italian annexation, 1918-19: Allied occupation, 1918, Dec.2: No.1, 10 filler rose, stamps of Hungary overprinted Fiume; first postage due stamp, 1919: first semipostal stamp issued, issued by Italian Free Corps, 1919-24: part of Austro-Hungarian Empire, 1920, Nov. 12: independent state, 1921: first overprinted stamp as a free state, separate overprints for the Carnero, Arbe and Veglia islands, 1924, Jan. 27 - 45: Fiume annexed to Italy, Italian stamps used, 1941, May: Fiume -Kupa, stamps of Yugoslavia overprinted "Zofk-Zona Occupata Fiumano Kupa" Fiume Kupa Occupied Zone, then Italian stamps used, 1943, Sept. 8: Repubblica Sociale Italiana, Italian Social Republic stamps of Italy used, 1945, May: Yugoslav occupation "Fiume/Rijeka," 1945-46, July: provisional overprint on stamps of Italy for Fiume, 1947: annexed to Yugoslavia.
Fiume: now known as Rijeka, Yugoslavia.
Five and ten: referred to the 1847 five and ten cent U.S. stamps.
Five Cent Parcel Delivery Co.: private parcel firm serviced Boston, Mass., area; used stamps, 1890-91?
Five Cent Parcel Despatch Co.: private parcel firm serviced Boston, Mass., area; used stamps, 1893?
Five-digit presort: bulk mail presorted to five Zip Code digits and bundled.
F J: Fiji, country code as used by UPU.
Fjorten: (Dan.) fourteen (number).
FJV: Ferdinand J. Voight, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
F K: Falkland Islands (Malvinas), country code as used by the UPU.
F.K.S. Emergency P.S.: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
F L: 1: precedes the European postal code on addresses in Liechtenstein, such as FL-9490 Vaduz. 2: auction abbreviation for topical flowers. 3: USPS abbreviation for Florida. 4: USPS abbreviation in address for number of floor in building.
FLA: Frank L. Adrian, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
Fla.: abbreviation for Florida prior to Zip Code usage.
Flachdruck: (Ger.) flat plate printing.
Fläck: (Swed.) blemish, blot, spot.
Fladtryk: (Dan.) see Tryk - Flad
Flag cancel: cancellation with a flag as the obliterator.
Flaggenstempel: (Ger.) flag cancel.
Flag of Truce mail: postal route between the North and South during the American Civil War in operation from Sept. 1861 to Feb. 1862.
Flags: refers to the series of 13 U.S. stamps issued in 1943-44 picturing the flags of the overrun countries.
Flamme(s): (Fr.) duplex cancel, slogan cancel.
Flanders, A. H M.D.: U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp.
Flap seal: the design on the flap of an envelope, usually an embossed design.
Flashline Postal Service: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Flat: 1: USPS term for large size mail that is sorted without bending. 2: format in which finished coil stamps of 100 are shipped to the Post Office.
Flat-bed printing: printing process done be pressure applied to the paper on a plate held flat on the bed of a press.
Flat plate: a stamp printed on a flat-plate or flat-bed press; this process is slower than the rotary press method of printing from curved plates.
Flat plate imperforate coil stamps: U.S. stamps issued in coils of 500 or 1,000, made for imperforate sheets of the regular issues, saved in strips of four or longer to authenticate.
Flat Plate Press: a printing press that prints from a flat plate vs a curved plate; used up to 1915 to print stamps.
Flavell's Express: private parcel firm serviced firms in Mass., used a label; year unknown.
Flaw: a blemish in the stamp design that occurred during manufacture and may also be considered a variety.
Flèche: (Fr.) arrow, point, dash.
Fleck: (Ger.) spot, stain.
Fleet Mail Office (FMO): Canadian office in either Halifax or Victoria that handles mail for Canadian naval personnel.
Fleet post office: military postal facilities for serving men and women in the naval forces, staffed by military personnel.
Fleet ship letter: British term for letters posted on board ships and bearing a censor cancellation; may be stamped "Received from H.M. Ships."
Fleet Street Strike: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Flekk: (Nor.) (a) blemish, blot, spot.
Fleming Bros.: U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp.
Flemish and Walloon Legions: Belgium, German occupation 1941-42. (Scott not listed).
Flensburg: German local post, 1945-48.
Flera: (Swed.) several.
Flere: (Dan., Nor.) several.
Flerfarget: (Nor.) multicolored.
Flerfärgstryck: (Swed.) see Tryck - Flerfärgs
Fleur: (Fr.) flower (thematic).
Fleuron: (Fr.) a circular date handstamp with a floral design element.
Flexography: a type off letter press or relief printing that utilizes rubber or plastic plates that are molded around a printing cylinder; used mainly for stamped envelopes and precancels.
Flier: US canceling machine by International Postal Supply Company, introduced in 1888, since in service during 2000.
Flight cover: an envelope actually flown in the vehicle being commemorated.
Flight leg: a point-to-point dispatch or segment of a longer route.
Flix: local post, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937.
Floating off: term used when stamps are placed on top of water, face up, to remove any dirt, old hinges, etc, on back side.
Floating plate numbers: plate block numbers whose positions vary from pane to pane creating a large number of combinations.
Floating safe stamp: special stamp issued by the Netherlands and Colonies in connection with specially constructed safes, installed on deck, which were designed to slide to slide into the sea and float in the event of the ship sinking, 1921.
Flocculate: particles of pigment flocculate, or join together when inks dry.
Flocked: powdered cloth adhered to the cachet on an envelope in the desired design.
Fl√ɬłdefarvet: (Dan.) cream (color).
Flood relief: surcharge on stamps of Bhutan, 1964, 1968.
Flor: (Sp.) flower (thematic).
Flora and Fauna stamps: series of stamps started in 1990.
Flor de Lis: (Sp.) fleur-de-lis, used as an overprint on French stamps in 1872.
Florence: also known as Firenze, Italy.
Florida: 1: Uruguay air mail issue for flights between Montevideo and Florida, Aug. 25, 1925. 2: U.S. territory March 30, 1822; state March 3, 1845; ceded by Spain, Feb. 22, 1819. 3: see Republic of West Florida, Territory of East Florida.
Florida Express: 1: possible local post or express company label. 2: S. Allan Taylor label.
Florin: currency unit in Austria offices in Lombardy-Venetia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Hungary, Montenegro.
Flota Argentina de Navegacion de Ultramar: (Sp.) Argentine Overseas Fleet, handstamp used on ship covers.
Fl√ɬłtefarget: (Nor.) cream (color).
Flower: common theme on stamps of the French Community of Nations, 1958-9.
Flown: carried on air flight and bearing evidence of being flown.
Flown cover: cover that has been carried by air, also known as flight cover.
Flown cover, official: cover that has been carried by air with postal authorization, bearing governmental agency markings or official overprinted/issued stamps.
Floyd's Penny Post: U.S. local post, Chicago, Ill. 1860.
FLS: auction abbreviation for Folded Letter Sheet (with no contents).
Flt: auction abbreviation for fault.
Fluchtlingshilfe Montenegro: (Ger.) overprint on stamps of Jugoslavia for Montenegro, German occupation semipostal; 1944.
Fl√ɬľechtlines hiles-aktion: (Ger.) label for donations to refugee aid station.
Flugblatt: (Ger.) propaganda leaflet
Flugfrimerki: (Ice.) Iceland, airmail.
Flugpost: (Ger.) airmails.
Flugpost Ausgabe: (Ger.) airmail issue.
Flugpostbrief: (Ger.) cover carried by air and postmarked at point of origin, departure or intermediate points on the route.
Flugpostmarke: (Ger.) stamp issued primarily for airmail use.
Fluorescent: an optical brightener that emits a distinctive, intense glow when viewed with either a long or short wave ultra-violet light; fluorescent tubes in fixtures can emit damaging quantities of UV light that can discolor stamps and covers.
Fluorescent coated paper (FCP): paper with material that causes the paper to fluoresce when exposed to ultraviolet light.
Fluorescent ink: ink that glows brightly when its luminescent ingredients are activated by ultraviolet light, and which ceases to glow when the light is extinguished.
Fluorescerende: (Nor.) (with) fluorescence.
Fluoreszierend: (Ger.) see Fluorescent.
Flushing & North Side Railroad Express Co.: express mail and parcel service on the Flushing and North Side Railroad in New York City; issued labels, 1870-74?
Flygbolag: (Swed.) airline.
Flygpaketmärken: (Swed.) air mail parcel post stamps
Flygplat: (Swed.) airport.
Flygpost: (Swed.) air mail.
Flygpostkuvert: (Swed.) airmail envelope.
Flying mail car: Fairchild plane designed to carry mail from New York to San Francisco, made first trip Oct. 1, 1946, sorting mail while in flight.
Flyktingläger: (Swed.) refugee camp..
Flyktinglägerpost: (Swed.) refugee camp mail
Flyktningpost: (Nor.) refugee camp.
Flyktningleirpost: (Nor.) refugee camp mail.
Flynn's Penny Post: unknown origin label.
Flypost: (Nor.) airmail, see Luftpost.
Flyselskap: (Nor.) airline.
Flyspeck philately: term used for the microscopic study of stamps such as extra dots in the design, or a slight break in the frame line, etc.
Flyttebrev: (Swed.) Swedish term for redirected or forwarded mail to a new address.
Flyveselskab: (Dan.) airline.
Flyvemaskine: (Dan.) airplane.
F M: 1: USPS abbreviation for Federated States of Micronesia. 2: Micronesia (Federated States of); country code as used by the UPU.
F.M: (Fr.) see "Franchise Militaire." France military overprint/inscription, permits free franking, 1901.
F M O: see Fleet Mail Office.
F.N.: watermark, Federation of Nigeria on Nigerian issues after independence.
FNC: Fairfax N. Coackley, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
F.N.F.L: (Fr.) "Forces Navales Francaises Libres," Free French Naval Forces, French colonies overprint.
F.N.M.T. -B: (Sp.) Fabrica Nacional de Moneda y Timbre, "National Printer of Money and Stamps,"inscription on stamps commemorating the Barcelona Philatelic Exhibition in 1960.
FO: Scott Catalogue listing for foldover, where a foldover of the stamp sheet during printing may block ink from appearing on the
F O: 1: precedes the European postal code on addresses in Faröe Islands, such as FO-159, Torshavn. 2: Faröe Islands, country code as used by the UPU. 3: catalog abbreviation for currency in Hungary (Forint).
Fogazatt: (Hung.) perforated, perforation.
Fogg's Express: parcel firm serviced Boston and Newburyport, Mass.; issued a label; 1888.
Foglietto: (It.) sheet of a stamp or stamps, surrounded with a paper margin issued for a specific event or purpose, souvenir sheet.
Foglio: (It.) sheet (of stamps).
Foil stamps: stamps printed on paper with a facing of metal foil.
Fold: 1. printing variety caused by the paper being folded when the ink was applied during the printing process. 2. em>(Dan.) crease (in a stamp or cover).
Folded business postcard: aka Commercial Correspondence Postcard and / or Self-Sticking Postcards (Ger.); Hygienic Postcards (UK); the desired address is typed above a fold mark, then the message is entered permitting the sender to seal the one to three strips of adhesive on the back of the card, fold it to show the address on the front and mail it; used mainly in Europe, Africa and the Middle East. Approved for international use at the UPU 1910 meeting in Spain and officially discontinued in 1984, although known to have been manufactured as late as 2002 in Germany. Folded letter: one piece of paper with the message written on both sides, folded with a blank space to the outside, which is used for the address.
Folded transfer: in lithography, when a transfer, used in building up the design on the printing base, becomes folded and part of the stamp's design show signs of the fold.
Foldover: accidental folds made at some point in the production of the material.
Foldvar, SS: steamship marking of the Danube Steam Navigation Company built about 1850's for Middle Danube lines, also served on lower Danube in the 1860s.
Folkerepbulik Kina: (Dan.) Peoples Republic of China.
Folkstone Letter Deliv.: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Folus: India Faridkot currency unit.
Fomento-Aero-Comunicaciones: (Sp.) surcharge on air post postal tax stamps of Ecuador.
Foncé(e): (Fr.) deep, dark (color).
Fond: (Fr.) background.
Fonden's Letter Delivery: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Fondo: (Sp.) bottom margin.
Fondon: local post, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937.
Fondo unido: (Sp.) background same color as design;1854 issue.
Fondul Aviatei: (Rom.) Aviation Fund, Romania semi-postal inscription.
Fonopost: recording of a voice transmitted by mail; shown at UPU Congress at Buenos Aires April 1, 1937, sender had voice recorded on an unbreakable record which was mailed in a sealed envelope.
Font: a certain style and size of type.
Foochow, German: China diagonally overprinted on a stamp of Germany, surcharged "5 pf" for use in the German post office at Foochow, June 1, 1900.
Food Orders: stamps issued by U.S. Department of Agriculture, for welfare recipients.
Food stamp: U.S. Dep't. of Agriculture certificate used for purchase of food items; also known as food coupon.
Forato: (It.) rouletted.
Förband: (Swed.) joined.
Forbin: Catalogue de Timbres-Fiscaux, 1915 (worldwide revenue stamp catalog).
Forbundet: (Dan.) joined.
Forbundsrepublik: (Dan., Nor.) federal republic.
Forbundsrepublik Tyskland: (Dan.) Federal Republic of Germany.
Forbundsrepublikken Tyskland: (Nor.) Federal Republic of Germany.
Forcados River: rubber stamp cancel on stamp of Great Britain for Royal Niger Company, 1894.
Force majeure: (Fr.) causes beyond control.
Forces Francaise Libres / Levant: (Fr.) overprint on stamps of Syria, Free French Forces, 1942-43.
Forces' Postal Service: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Foreign: term used by collectors to describe stamps of all nations except their own.
Foreign Affairs, Dept. of: inscription on officials of Hawaii.
Foreign air mail (FAM): international contract airmail route flown by a U. S. airline under contract with the US Post Office to carry mail from a point in the USA to a foreign country and vice versa.
Foreign entry: when original transfers are erased incompletely from a plate, they can appear with new transfers of a different design which are then entered on the plate.
Foreign mail marking: designs used to indicate mail sent from New York City to foreign countries during 1871-77; about 200 different handstamps were used during that period.
Foreign mail stamps: stamps issued by some countries especially for use on mail addressed to other nations.
Foreign stamp: when used by an American, a description of stamp issued by a postal administration other than that of the U. S.
Foreign transfer: plate variety where bits of the design elements are visible on the finished stamp are those of a different stamp design.
Forente Nasjoner: (Nor.) United Nations.
Forente Stater: (Nor.) United States.
Forerunner: a stamp from one nation used in another area before the new nation had stamps of its own.
Fores: (Sp.) local post, Spanish civil war, Republican, 1937.
Forfalskning: (Dan., Nor.) forgery, counterfeit, see U¦gte.
Förfalskning: (Swed.) counterfeit, fake, forgery.
F√ɬłrfilateli: (Nor.) pre-philatelic.
Förfilateli: (Swed.) pre-philatelic.
Forgalmi Idotartam: (Hung.) period of time of postal validity.
Forgery: reproduction of a genuine postage stamp made to defraud the stamp collector and/or the postal administration.
Forgery, autograph: someone other than the person signing that person's name; in stamp collecting, it does not matter if it was done with or without permission, since it is not the original of the signer's name.
Forgery busting: term applied to the ability to spot and identify the forger's "signature" or trade mark.
Forgery, propaganda: made for air-dropped leaflets during a war, hopefully to be considered as normal mail in the country where mail was dropped.
Forgery signature: identification of the work of a forger as detected from certain characteristics of his previous forgeries.
Forgottonia: overprinted U.S. stamps for proposed republic in Western Illinois.
Forjadores de America: (Sp.) "Explorers of America," on stamps issued Oct. 12, Spain's National Day.
Förkortningar: (Swed.) abbreviations.
F√ɬłrkrigspost: (Nor.) pre-war post, pre-war mails.
Formalities, Administrative: public services; French Colony revenue inscription.
Format: general physical characteristics of a stamp such as size, shape, dimensions, etc.
Formato: (It.) size.
Formosa: see China, Republic of, Taiwan, Nationalist China. Formosa, China: Formosa local post, 1887-88.
Formosa: Japanese occupation, 1945 (Scott- Japan Taiwan).
Formose: (Fr.) Formosa.
Fornede Arabiske Republic: (Dan.) United Arab Republic.
Forneden: (Dan.) below.
Fornede Nationer: (Dan.) United Nations.
Fornede Stater: (Dan.) United States.
Foro di Spillo: (It.) pin-hole.
F√ɬłroyar: (Dan.) Faroe Islands.
Foroven: (Dan.) above.
F√ɬłrr: (Nor.) forty (number).
F√ɬłrstedagsbrev: (Dan., Nor.) first day cover, FDC.
Förstadagsbrev: (Swed.) first day cover, FDC.
F√ɬłrstedagsstempeletebrev: (Dan., Nor.) first day of issue cancellation cover.
Forsyth, Ga. Paid 10: see Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Fort cancellations: markings originating in Army forts.
For Testing Purposes Only: inscription on self-adhesive dummy stamp used in Automated Teller Machines.
Fondul Aviatei: (Rom.) Aviation Fund, Romania semi-postal inscription.
Foochow, German: China diagonally overprinted on a stamp of Germany, surcharged "5 pf" for use in the German post office at Foochow, June 1, 1900.
Formula Cards: postal cards issued by the Post offices of several countries before the issuance of regular postal cards and without an imprinted stamp.
Forside: (Dan.) front (side).
F√ɬłrstedagsbrev: (Dan.) first day cover.
F√ɬłrstedagsstempel: (Nor.) first day of issue cancel.
F√ɬłrsteflyvning: (Dan.) first flight.
F√ɬłrstetryk: (Dan.) see Tryk - F√ɬłrste.
Forte valeur: (Fr.) high denomination.
Fort Jameson: now known as Chipata, Zambia.
Fort Lamy: now known as N'Djamene, Chad.
Fort Meyers: bogus, Florida, U.S. local post, mid-1990s.
Forty-sevens: the U.S. 5-cent and 10-cent stamps issued in 1847.
Forward: redirection of mail to recipient's new address.
Forwarder's handstamp: a postal marking indicating passage to and from one country to another, used in the Venetian Republic by Austria in1797, may be first usage.
Forwarding: the sending of a mail piece to an address other than the one on the cover.
Forwarding agents: collecting and routing agents for international mails; many added their own markings to mail they handled.
Forwarding markings: handstamps with words "Forwarded by" and name of firm, indicating forwarding to or from a post office or ship, usually found on covers prior to international mail agreements.
Fosforescente: (Sp.) phosphorescent.
Fósforos: (Sp.) matches, revenue inscription.
Fotocalcografia: (It.) photogravure.
Foua: Egypt, see Interpostal seals, 1880-82.
Four Bar Cancel: handstamp made up of a circular postmark and four bars.
Four pence: surcharge on Bahamas 1883 issue.
Four State Bar Code: each bar in the 31-digit code cane be in one of the four different shapes or sizes.
Fourth Bureau Issue: series of stamps issued in 1922, includes sheets, coils and booklets.
Fourth Class Mail: includes U.S. domestic parcel post, including bound printed matter and films.
Fowle, Seth W. & Son, J.P. Dinsmore: U.S. private die medicine proprietary stamp.
Foxing: type of mildew damage which appears as tan or brown spots on surface of old paper; often insect or bacteria waste.
F P: 1: auction abbreviation for topical famous people. 2: Fiscal Philatelist (Great Britain).
"F.P." handstamp: see Copenhagen Foot Post.
FPA: Filatelia Pan-American.
F P O: 1: Fleet Post Office postmark used for America's servicemen attached to the U.S. Navy. 2: on a British origin cover, it indicates Field Post Office.
F Press: BEP webfed offset-intaglio press that produces four color offset, three color intaglio, 1991.
FR: international postal code for Faeroe Islands.
F R: French West Africa overprint on stamps of Mauritania and Senegal, 1943-44.
F.R.: France, country code as used by the UPU.
Fra: (Ice., Swed. ) "from" postal marking indicates country of mail origin.
Frachtstempelmarke: (Ger.) bill of lading tax stamp.
Fractional control: key letter separated by a rule or bar from the year numerals, found on stamps of Great Britain.
Fractional currency: paper money issued by the U. S. Treasury during the Civil War, due to shortage of currency, reproducing postage stamps; see Postage currency.
Fractional rates: early U.S. stampless covers had rates of 6 1/4, 18 3/4, which is old Spanish and Mexican reales, etc., which were considered as legal tender due to shortage of U.S. fractional currency.
Fractional stamps: stamps cut into halves, thirds, quarters, etc to mark a corresponding fraction of the original face value.
Fractured FDC: covers with additional markings that proved they passed through the mail.
Fragment d'enveloppe: (Fr.) cut square.
Fragmento: (Sp.) cut square, fragment, piece.
Fragtbrev: (Dan.) baggage tag for use on Postf¦rge "Postal ferry"; see Postf¦rge.
Frama: 1: adhesive postage label dispensed by an electric coin-operated machine producing postally valid labels of any denomination. 2: name of machine manufactured by Frama firm of Switzerland.
Frame: the outer printed border of a stamp design.
Frame bars: the tall bars at the beginning and end of the bar code that alert the bar code machine that a bar code is passing through and ending.
Framed mark: box or octagonal frame around "Ship Letter" or other instructional marking on mail.
Frame-only essay: a print of the frame portion of the stamp, without the design or vignette section; classified as an essay because it is not complete or approved.
Frammento: (It.) cut square, piece, fragment.
Framsida: (Swed.) front (side).
Från: (Dan.) "from" postal marking indicates country of mail origin.
Franc: Austria overprint, offices in Crete.
Franca: (Sp.) 1: overprint on stamps of Peru, used in postal district of Hairez, Peru in 1884. 2: marking on internal mail in Brazil and Mexico to indicate prepaid postage. 3: used in Ecuador, 1866, complicated diamond pattern to prevent washing of stamp for reuse, see Ancachs.
Franca Alta: (Sp.) now Monterey, California.
Francaise: (Fr.) France.
Franchaise stamps: : issued to nongovernmental organizations and some private citizens to permit their mail to be delivered without paying postage.
Franc de droits: (Fr.) "free of dues" label used on overseas packages meaning that customs duties have been prepaid.
France d'Outre-Mer: 1943; French Colonies semi-postal issue.
France: western Europe; official name of postal administration: La Poste currency: 100 centimes = 1 franc , 100 cents = 1 euro (2002) 1627: Cardinal Richelieu established postal service between Paris, Dijon, Toulouse, Lyons and Bordeaux, 1849, Jan. 1: No.1, 10 centimes bister, first stamp issued, features Ceres, goddess of the harvest, 1850-71: cancels in diamonds or circles, 1850-76: cancels in dots containing a number for office of dispatch, 1859: first postage due stamp issued, 1870: occupation stamps for Alsace and Lorraine occupation by Germany, replaced by stamps of the German Empire on Jan. 1, 1872, 1876, Jan. 1: joined the UPU, French Overseas Departments included: French Guinea, Guadeloupe, Martinque, Reunion, Mayotte, St. Barthelemy, St. Martin, St. Pierre and Miquelon, Territories included: Bassas da India, Clipperton Island, Crozet Islands, Europa, French Polynesia, French Southern and Antarctic Territories, Glorieuses, Juan de Nova, Kerguelen Islands, New Caledonia, St. Paul and Amsterdam Islands, Terre Adelie, Tromelin, Wallis and Futuna Islands, 1901: military stamps issued, 1914: first semipostal issued, 1916: German stamps surcharged for their Western Military Command, 1916, 1927, June 25: first airmail stamp issued, 1940: occupation stamps for Alsace occupation by Germany, overprint on stamps of Germany, 1940: occupation stamps for Lorraine occupation by Germany, overprinted Lothringen on stamps of Germany, 1944: Allied Military Government of the U.S. and G.B. for civilian use, 1958, Jan.14: official stamps for European Council issued.
France: see: Affranch, Alsace, Alsace and Lorraine, Ambulante, Andorre, Anna, Benin.
France and Algeria: 1888: joined the UPU, 1907, Oct. 1: changed UPU affiliation to France.
France d'Outre-Mer: (Fr.) French overseas colonies, semi-postals, 1943.
France libre: (Fr.) "Free France" French Colonies overprint. France Libre
France, Offices in Palestine-Consular Post office in Jerusalem: 1948, Apr. 25: Due to the disruptions caused by the first Arab-Israeli War, the Mandate postal service ceased to function in Jerusalem, 1948, May 5: The French Consulate created a courier service to carry mail to Paris for the benefit of French civilians and businesses; overprints on consular revenues. 1948: Followed by overprints on french definitive stamps, 1949, Jan. 1: service ceased operations.
France, Offices in the Turkish Empire: 1885: first stamps for offices in the Levant, Cavalle, Dedeagh, Port Lagos and Vathy.
Franchise de Corps ‚Äįpeditionnaire: (Fr.) label for fund raising for French Volunteer Legion against Bolshevism; sold to raise funds for volunteers to fight with the Germans on the Eastern Front.
Franchise militaire (FM): (Fr.) France military overprint/inscription, permits free franking, 1901.
Franchise stamps: issued by some governments for private charitable groups entitled to send mail free of postage; see Control number.
Francia: 1. (It., Sp.) France, stamped on mail from France, about 1870. 2. (Hung.) French.
Francia Antarktisz: (Hung.) French Southern and Antarctic Territories.
Francia Egyenlitoi Afrika: (Hung.) French Equatorial Africa.
Francia Guyana: (Hung.) French Guiana.
Francia India : (Hung.) French India.
Francia Indokina: (Hung.) French Indochina.
Francia Nyugat-Africa: (Hung.) French West Africa.
Francia Oceána: (Hung.) French Oceana.
Franciaország: (Hung.) France.
Francia Polinézia: (Hung.) French Polynesia.
Francia Posta: (Hung.) French post.
Francia Szomálipart: (Hung.) French Somali Coast.


(Data Above sourced from "Ask Phil" and other sources. Last edit 5/Aug/2008 Amhazing)

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Franciaország Gyarmatai: (Hung.) French colonies.
Franciaorsz√ɬ°g Ter√ɬľletei: (Hung.) French territories.
Francia Posta: (Hung.) French post.
Francie: (Czech.) France.
Francisco Bertrand: Honduras.
Franco: (Sp.) free frank, postpaid.
Franco: overprint on stamps of Hungary postage dues for regular use.
Franco betalt-stämplar: (Swed.) postage paid cancellations.
Francobollo: (It.) postage stamp, free frank.
Franco bollo: (Without country name) perforated stamps of Italy, imperforated stamps of Sardinia.
Francobollo au francobollo: (It.) stamps on stamps (thematic).
Francobollo di stato: (It.) inscription for official stamps.
Francobollo per expresso: (It.) special delivery stamp.
Francobolli loo anno: (It.) jubilee (century).
Francobollo commemorativo: (It.) commemorative stamp.
Francobollo d'Cenno di Ricevuta: (It.) stamp issued as a prepayment fee as an acknowledgment of receipt of a registered package.
Francobollo de governo in esilio: (It.) government in exile.
Francobollo di admissione: (It.) admission stamp.
Francobollo di franco bollo postale: (It.) (on stamps with crossed keys) Roman States.
Francobollo di guerra: (It.) war stamp, stamp issued during war conditions.
Francobollo di Posta Aerea: (It.) stamp issued primarily for airmail use.
Francobollo di Posta Aerea, semi-officiale: (It.) air mail stamp issued privately, but accepted by the postal agency; the U.S. "Buffalo Balloon" stamp is an example.
Francobollo di Posta Militare: (It.) field post stamp.
Francobollo di recapito autorizzato per pacco posali: (It.) authorized delivery stamp for parcel post, Italy.
Franco Bollo di Stato: (It.) Italy, official.
Francobollo di Toscano: (It.) Tuscany.
Franco Bollo Giornali Stampe: (It.) newspaper stamps of Italy and Sardinia.
Francobollo per lettere in ritardo: (It.) too late stamp.
Franco bollo postale: inscription on stamps of Roman States.
Franco Bollo Postale per Giornali: (It.) newspaper stamps, Fiume.
Franco Bollo Postale Romagne: (It.) Italian States-Romagne.
Franco Bollo Postale Toscano: (It.) Italian States-Tuscany.
Franco Bollo Provincie Modones: (It.) Italian States-Modena.
Francobollo recapito autorizzato per lettera: (It.) authorized delivery stamp for correspondence, Italy.
Francobollo ricordo: (It.) commemorative stamp.
Franco de Porte: (Sp.) free of charge.
Franco Marke: (Ger.) German States-Bremen 1856-60, official free frank.
Franco Poste Bollo: (It.) Italian States-Naples, Two Sicilies.
Franco Scrisorei: (Rom.) Romania-Moldovia-Walachia, 1862-63, free frank for letter.
Franco marke: Bremen, German States.
Francophonie: group of nations in which French is a first, official or culturally significant language.
Francouzská Guyana: (Czech.) French Guiana.
Francouzská Polynézie: (Czech.) French Polynesia.
Francouzsky: (Czech.) French (adj.).
Francouzsky Maroko: (Czech.) French Morocco.
Franco vignettes: Switzerland, used by postal authorities for official notification and forms, 1911-1970.
Frandia: Donald Evans bogus issue, 1960-70.
Frank: 1: a stamp, mark or signature that indicates payment of postage on a piece of mail. 2: mark on a cover which is authorized to be carried without postage charge due to position of sender; see Free frank. 3. currency unit of Albania.
Frankatura: 1. (Pol.) machine cancel. 2. (Czech.) franking (of postage stamp[s]).
Frankaturg√ɬľltig: (Ger.) valid for postage.
Franked mail: 1: mail sent without postage prepayment by various officials. 2: a type of prepayment as in "folded letter franked with pair of 5¬Ę Franklin 1847."
Frankeer Zegel Cent: 1: currency overprint on marine insurance stamps of Netherlands, Curacao, postally valid. 2: currency overprint on fiscal issue, Surinam, postally valid.
Frankenau: German local post, World War II.
Frankenberg: German Democratic Republic local post, 1946.
Franking: any postal payment with or without stamps.
Franking privilege: right of government officials to send letters and packages free of postage.
Frank, L.: see Private die match proprietary stamps.
Frankfurter Packetfahrt-Gesellschaft: Frankfurt, Germany local post, 1890-96.
Frankierung: (Ger.) franking.
Franklin; also known as Frankland: a "state" formed in August 1784 in the northwest corner of what is currently Tennessee; stopped its existence in 1788; never officially recognized.
Franklin, Benjamin: 1737: British crown appointed him Postmaster of Philadelphia, 1753: Franklin and William Hunter became co-Postmasters General for the American Colonies, 1774: British Crown dismissed Franklin due to his revolutionary activities, 1775: named Postmaster General of the United Colonies by the Continental Congress.
Franklin City Despatch Post: see Bouton's Manhattan Express.
Franklin, N.C. Paid 5: see Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Frankreich: (Ger.) France.
Frankeerzegel: Netherlands Antilles, Surinam overprint.
Frankokuvert: (Swed.) stamped envelope (postal stationery).
Frankovany: (Czech.) franked (with).
Frankreich: (Ger.) France.
Frankrig: (Dan.) France (adj.).
Frankrike: (Nor., Swed.) France
Franquedo S. Buenava: receiving handstamp authenticated delivery of a registered letter used by missions in California and Mexico City.
Franqueo: Arequipa provisional issue of Peru.
Franqueo deficiente: Ecuador, Nicaragua, Paraguay, and Salvador postage due inscription.
Franqueo oficial: Ecuador, Guatemala official postage.
Franqueo pagado: (Sp.) postage paid, used by Ministry of Communications.
Franquicia: (Sp.) Spanish franchise stamps.
Franquicia Postal, Espana Correos Ejercito Expeditionary Melilla 1893: (Sp.) "Postal Franchise, Spanish Posts Expeditionary Army Melilla 1893" labels, produced for each regiment and fleet.
Fraser & Co.: 1848-49; see Carriers' Stamps.
Franqueo: (Sp.) postage, franking of a letter.
Franqueo Deficiente: (Sp.) postage dues.
Franqueo insuficiente: (Sp.) insufficient postage.
Franqueo Espana: (Sp.) Carlist issues of Spain, 1874-50.
Franqueo impresos: (Sp.) Spain, newspaper stamps.
Franqueo mecanico: (Sp.) meter frank.
Franqueo mixto: (Sp.) mixed franking.
Franqueo Oficial: (Sp.) official postage.
Franquicia Postal: (Sp.) mark, label or stamp indicating exempt from postage, 1881.
Fransk: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) French (adj.).
Fransk Ækvatorial Afrika: (Dan.) French Equatorial Africa.
Franska Ekvatorialafrika: (Swed.) French Equatorial Africa.
Franska Guiana: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) French Guiana.
Franska Guinea: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) French Guinea.
Franska Indien: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) French India.
Franska Indokina: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) French Indochina.
Franska Kongo: (Swed.) French Congo.
Franska Nigerområde: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) French Niger Territory.
Fransk Antarktis: (Dan.) French Southern and Antarctic Territiories.
Franska Oceanien: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) French Oceana.
Franska Polynesien: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) French Polynesia.
Franska Sudan: (Swed.) French Sudan.
Fransk Congo: (Dan.) French Congo.
Franske kolonier: (Dan.) French Colonies.
Franske zone: (Dan.) French Zone.
Franske skeppspost: (Swed.) French ship mail (ship post).
Franske skibspost: (Dan.) French ship mail (ship post).
Franske skipspost: (Nor.) French ship mail (ship post).
Franske Sone: (Nor.) French Zone.
Franske Zon: (Swed.) French Zone
Franske Zone: (Dan.) French Zone.
Fransk Guiana: (Dan.) French Guiana.
Fransk Indien: (Dan.) French India.
Fransk Indokina: (Dan.) French Indochina.
Fransk Nigerområde: (Dan.) French Niger Territory.
Fransk Oceanien: (Dan.) French Oceana.
Fransk Polynesien: (Dan.) French Polynesia.
Fransk Post av Egypten: (Nor., Swed.) French Post Offices in Egypt.
Fransk Post av Kina: (Nor., Swed.) French Post Offices in China.
Fransk Post av Kreta: (Nor., Swed.) French Post Offices in Crete.
Fransk Post av Tyrkiet: (Nor., Swed.) French Post Offices in the Turkish Empire (Levant).
Fransk Post av Utländsk: (Swed.) French Post Offices Abroad.
Fransk Post av Udlandsk: (Nor.) French Post Offices Abroad.
Fransk Post av Zanzibar: (Swed.) French PostOffices in Zanzibar.
Fransk Post i Egypten: (Dan.) French Post Offices in Egypt.
Fransk Post i Kina: (Dan.) French Post Offices in China.
Fransk Post i Kreta: (Dan.) French Post Offices in Crete.
Fransk Post i Tyrkiet: (Dan.) French Post Offices in the Turkish Empire ( Levant).
Fransk Post i Udlandet: (Dan.) French Post Offices Abroad.
Fransk Post i Zanzibar: (Dan.) French Post Offices in Zanzibar.
Fransk Somalikust: (Swed.) French Somali Coast..
Fransk Somalikyst: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) French Somali Coast.
Fransk Sudan: (Dan.) French Sudan.
Fransk Västafrika: (Swed.) French West Africa.
Fransk Västindien: (Swed.) French West Indies.
Fransk Vestafrika: (Dan., Nor.) French West Africa.
Fransk Vestindien: (Dan., Nor.) French West Indies.
Frantuzesc: (Rom) French (adj.).
Från utlandet: (Swed.) Swedish registration lab; used until the 1970s.
Franz Ferdinand, S.S.: steamship marking of the Danube Steam Navigation Company built in the 1840s for middle and upper Danube lines.
Franz Joseph Land: bogus Russian area Republic; local post overprint and stamps; 1872: labels for a North Pole Expedition.
Franz Josef, S.S.: steamship marking of the Danube Steam Navigation Company built about 1850's for Levant lines.
Französisch Aquatorial Afrika: (Ger.) French Equatorial Africa.
Französisch-Geblete in der Antarktis: (Ger.) French Southern and Antarctic Territories.
Französisch Guiana: (Ger.) French Guiana.
Französisch Guinea: (Ger.) French Guinea.
Französisch Kongo: (Ger.) French Congo.
Französisch-Polynesien: (Ger.) French Polynesia.
Franz√ɬ∂sisch Somalik√ɬľste: (Ger.) French Somali Coast.
Französisch Sudan: (Ger.) French Sudan.
Frappé (e): (Fr.) strike, struck.
Fraudulent: rubber stamp on covers for mail returned to sender because the receiving address was involved in illegal operation, such as a lottery.
Frazer & Co.: U.S. local post, Cincinnati, Ohio, 1845-51.
Frazionato: (It.) bisected parcel post stamp that is cut in half; postage half goes on the package, the other half is the receipt and shows the amount of postage paid.
Franz-Joseph Land: 1: North Pole bogus issue for Fiala-Ziegler Polar Expedition, 1903-05. 2: 2002, Jan. 14: illegal labels, purporting to be stamps, Russian Federation report to the UPU; not valid for postage.
Französisch Aquatorial Afrika: (Ger.) French Equatorial Africa.
Französische Besetzungsgebiet: (Ger.) French occupation.
Französisch Hinterindien: (Ger.) Indo-China.
Französische Kolonien: (Ger.) French Colonies.
Französisch Kongo: (Ger.) French Congo.
Frazer & Co. City Despatch: local mail service, Cincinnati, Ohio, 1845-51.
Fraziersville, S.C. Paid 5: see Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Frazionato: (It.) bisected stamp.Frank: an indication on the front of an envelope that it is to be carried free of postage; In the U.S., usually limited to official correspondence such as Members of Congress or the President; also applies to servicemen's mail while serving in war zones.
Freak: partial while error is total; an irregularity in a stamp that makes it different from a normal stamp such as albino, color shift, color smear, double print, foldover, inking smear, miscut, misperforation, paper crease, partial perforation, partial ink, streak, under and overinked stamp, etc.
Fredag: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) Friday.
Frederica bypost: Denmark local post, 1888-91.
Fredericia: Seaport, in Vejle county, Denmark, ca. 110 WSW of Copenhagen. Local post established August 1886, with first "Fredericia Bypost og Pakke Expedition" local stamps issued August 1888, and with several others issued through 1890. More than 80 different proofs and trial color proofs exist for the issues. The local post service closed 14 May 1891. See Denmark: Middlefart-Fredericia Flight, 1911 .
Fredericksb'g, Va. 10: see Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Frederikshab: formerly known as Pamiut, Greenland.
Fredersdorf: town in former Soviet-occupied East Germany, local post, 1945.
Free: 1: permitted members of our armed forces to endorse the word "free" and their first-class mail would be accepted for delivery, Public Law 507, March 27, 1942. 2: inscription on World War II era labels , supposedly used by military personnel to indicate that their mail was being sent free of postage; postal regulations prohibited the use of such labels.
Free Derry: 1. fantasy from magazine, National Lampoon. 2. United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Freedman's Bureau: envelope imprint denotes society organized after the Civil War to help liberated slaves in the war zone.
Freedom From Hunger: 1: common theme on stamps of the French Community of Nations, 1963, 2: common design of the British Commonwealth of Nations, 1963.
Freedom Island: fantasy labels.
Free Ethiopia: charity labels made to look like postage stamps.
Free form: a stamp with an irregular shape.
Free frank: mail permitted to be used without payment of postage; by government officials as authorized; used by armed forces; also known as Soldiers Mail.
Free franking, earliest: The British Council of State, in 1652, permitted letters to pass free between Members of Parliament of some government officials; a wax seal was used to designate this class of mail.
Free franking, U.S.: mail sent free of charge as authorized by Congress in 1755 for its members, high ranking government officials and military commanders.
Free French Forces, Levant: see Levant; Free French Forces.
Free Ireland: triangular label issued in 1956 to protest the British presence in Northern Ireland.
Free mail: mail transmitted free of charge due to natural disasters, franking privilege, and troops on active service; granted to soldiers in the Continental Army, providing that mail was initialed by an officer, 1776.
Free matter: USPS term for mail sent to or by the blind and other disabled persons; must be marked "Free Matter for the Blind or Handicapped.
"Freeman & Co.'s Express: U.S. local post, New York, N.Y., about 1855.
Freepost: British term for envelopes, postcards and labels permitting recipients to reply without paying postage; also known as Reply Paid
Free postage: 1: envelopes sent by military personnel where no postage is required. 2:internal mail of Andorra is free; internal and mail from Greenland to Denmark was free before Dec. 1938, except for parcels.
Free Postal Service: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Free State of Obsession Stampalia: label, known as mail art.
Free Vinland: independent West Vinland.
Frei Durch Ablosung Nr. 16 (21): (Ger.) "Free Through Redemption" Prussia official use stamps, 1903, Baden,1905, (Prussia).
Freie Stadt Danzig: (Ger.) free town or city, Danzig.
Freimachung im Fenster: (Ger.) postage in window, vending machine labels.
Freim.-Ah.-Ausg.: (Ger.) provisional issue.
Freiman: (Ger.) German displaced persons camp local post, near Munich, 1945.
Freimarke: (Without country name) (Ger.) position where postage is to be placed (when indicated on stamp).
Freimarke: (Ger.) definitive stamp.
Freistaat Bayern: (Ger.) 'Free State of Bavaria" Bavaria, Germany overprint.
Frei Stadt Danzig: (Ger.) Free State of Danzig.
Freistempel: (Ger.) printed meter marking.
Frejus: France semipostal overprint.
Fremdarbeiter Lager: (Ger.) Immigrant Worker Camps.
Fremont, Republic of: label for house boat on the left bank of the ship canal in Oregon.
French Colonies: currency: 100 centimes = 1 franc 1859-1906, 1943-44: stamps issued for French colonies which did not have their own stamps, inscribed "Colonies Empire Fran'aise," "Repub Franc" or "Republique Fran'aise," note that similar French stamps were perforated, stamps of French Colonies were imperforated, 1862: No.1, 1 centime pale blue, 1884: first postage due stamp issued in an imperforated version, 1885: stamps of French Colonies surcharged for St.Pierre & Miquelon, 1886: Cochin, China surcharge on stamps of French Colonies, also overprinted for use in Martinque, 1887: surcharged for Senegal, 1889: overprinted for use in Madagascar, Nossi-Be, 1890: surcharged for Diego Suarez, 1894: stamp issued for use in Ste.-Marie de Madagascar, 1943: first semipostal stamp issued, 1944; first airmail stamp issued. .
French Congo: central Africa; currency: 100 centimes = 1 franc 1881: used French Colonies general issues, 1888, Dec. 11: made a colony incorporating Gabon, Ubangi-Shari and Chad, 1888, Dec. 11-Apr. 20, 1891: name changed to Gabon-Congo, 1891, Mar. 24: No.1, 5 centimes lilac blue, first provisional issues, Congo Fran'ais, overprint on stamps of French Colonies, 1894: Ubangi military bases attached to French Congo, 1900: Chad military bases attached to French Congo, 1904, July 1: colony redefined; central portion renamed Moyen (Middle) Congo and administered together with Ubangi, Shari and Chad, 1906: Gabon separated, French Congo did not exist, Chad and Ubangi stayed with Middle Congo and was renamed Ubangi-Chari-Chad, 1907: first stamps inscribed "Moyen (Middle) Congo," 1910, Jan. 15: renamed French Equatorial Africa, but component colonies had its own postal administration, 1915: Ubangi-Chari-Chad made an autonomous civilian colony, 1920: Chad made a civil colony, 1937-59: used stamps of French Equatorial Africa, 1958, Nov. 28: became the Congo Republic.
French Equatorial Africa: north of Belgian Congo, south of Libya; currency: 100 centimes = 1 franc 1862-88: first Gabon regime, 1889-91: Gabon-Congo regime, 1891-1904: first French Congo regime, administered Gabon, Middle Congo, Ubangi-Shari and Chad, 1904-10: second French Congo regime, administered Middle Congo, Ubangi-Shari and Chad all together, 1907: Middle Congo governed separately, 1910: Gabon and Middle Congo united as French Equatorial Africa, 1910-36: first A.E.F. Regime; Afrique Equatoriale Fran'aise, umbrella regime administered four colonies: Ubangi-Shari, Chad (from 1920), Middle Congo and Gabon; Chad was a military territory until civilian status was achieved in 1920, 1924: all current stamp issues were given A.E.F. overprints to indicate overall governing regime, Gabon governed separately until 1910, 1936, March 16-1940: No.1, 1 centime brown-violet, second A.E.F. Regime: name made first appearance on stamps as overprint "Afrique Equatoriale Fran'aise" on stamps of former colonies of Gabon and Middle Congo, postal services unified, 1937: first airmail, postage due stamps issued, 1938, Oct. 24: first semipostal stamp issued, 1940-59: third A.E.F. regime; return of administrative responsibilities to the various territories after 1947 in preparation for their autonomy in 1959, 1959: four territories became autonomous republics within the French community; two took new names; Middle Congo became People's Republic of Congo, Ubangi-Shari became Central African Republic.
French Guiana: north-east coast of South America; currently Guinea Republic; home of Devil's Island; currency: 100 centimes = 1 franc 1860: French Colonies general issues used, 1886, Dec.: No.1, 5 centimes green, own stamps, French Colonial General issue overprinted "Guy. Franc" and surcharged 1915: first semipostal stamp issued, 1921: local stamps of Compagnie des Transports Aeriens Guyanais used to prepay internal airmail fee, 1925: first postage due stamp issued, 1940: first airmail stamp issued, 1946: became an overseas Department of France, stamps of France.
French Guinea: coast of west Africa; currency: 100 centimes = 1 franc 1881: French Colonies general issues used, 1887-92: stamps of Senegal used, 1892: No.1, 1 centime lilac-blue, own stamps issued, 1905: first postage due stamp, 1915: first semipostal stamps, 1940: first air mail stamp, 1944-59: Guinea incorporated into French West Africa, stamps of French West Africa used, 1958, Oct. 2: became Republic of Guinea, 1959: issued own stamps.
French India: five former French settlements on coast of India; Karikal, Mahé, Pondichéry, Chandernagor and Yanaon; currency: 100 centimes =1 franc, 24 caches = 1 fanon (1923), 8 fanons = 1 rupie 1849: possibly used stamps of France, 1854-1947: stamps of India used in some settlements, 1859-92: used French Colonies general issues, 1892, Nov.: No.1, 1 centime lilac-blue, own stamps issued, 1916: first semipostal issued, 1923: first postage due stamp issued, 1942: first airmail stamp issued, 1949-54: absorbed into Republic of India.
French Levant: 1857-85: used stamps of France, 1885, Aug. 5: first stamps issued, 1812: French post office opened in Constantinople, suspended 1827-35, 1914, Oct. 13: post offices closed, 1921, Aug. - July 1923: Constantinople reopened, 1942: overprint of stamps of Syria for Free French Administration in Syria.
French Mailboats: see Mailboats.
French Mandate in Lebanon: stamps of France overprinted "Grand Liban" for use in Lebanon, 1924.
French Mandate of Alaouites: see Alaouties.
French Morocco: northwest coast of Africa; currency: 100 centimos = 1 peseta, 100 centimes = 1 franc (1917) 1862, Nov.: used stamps of France, 1863: first French post office opened, 1891: offices opened in Arzila, Casablanca, El Ksar el Kebir, Fez, Larache, Mazagan, Mogador, Rabat and Safi. 1891, Jan. 1: No.1, 5 centimes red, first stamps, 1896: first semipostal stamp issued, 1912: French protectorate established, 1915: first postage due stamp issued, 1922: first airmail stamp issued, 1942, March: amalgamated with Spanish post office, 1956, Mar. 2: Morocco became an independent kingdom with Spanish and Tangier Zones of Morocco, French Morocco stamps withdrawn, 1956-58: used French denominated stamps in the former French Protectorate, 1956-58: used Spanish denominated stamps in the former Spanish Protectorate, 1958: Spanish language stamps discontinued; see Morocco.
French Occupation of Germany: stamps inscribed "Zone Fran'ais" 1945.
French Occupation of Hungary: stamps of Hungary overprinted "Occupation Fran'ais" 1919.
French Occupation of Libya: stamps of Italy and Libya overprinted "Fezzan Occupation" and "R.F. Fezzan Fran'ais.'
French Oceania: see French Polynesia.
French Offices in Beirut: see Beirut.
French Offices in Cavalle: see Cavalla(e).
French Offices in China: see China, French offices.
French Offices in Crete: see Crete, French offices.
French Offices in Dedeagh: see Dedeagh, French offices.
French Offices in Egypt: see Egypt, French offices.
French Offices in Ethiopia: see Ethiopia, French offices.
French Offices in Japan: see Japan, French offices.
French Offices in Levant: see Levant.
French Offices in Madagascar: see Madagascar, French offices.
French Offices in Morocco: see French Morocco; Morocco.
French Offices in Port Lagos: see Turkey, French offices.
French Offices in Port Said: see Egypt, French offices.
French Offices in Saar: see Saar, French offices.
French Offices in Tangier: see Tangier, French offices.
French Offices in Turkey: see Ethiopia, French offices.
French Offices in Vathy (Samos): see Vathy, offices in Turkish Empire.
French Offices in Zanzibar: see Zanzibar, French offices.
French overseas departments: uses the stamps of France; includes former colonies of French Guiana, Guadaloupe, Martinique, Mayotte, Reunion and St.Pierre and Miquelon.
French Polynesia: French islands in the South Pacific Ocean; aka French Oceania; currency: 100 centimes = 1 franc previously known as French Oceanic Settlements and Oceanic Settlements, includes Tahiti; 1880: French Colonial general issues, 1882: locally overprinted, 1892: No.1, 1 centime lilac-blue, first stamps issued, 1903: formed as French colony, including Tahiti, 1915: first semipostal issue, 1926: first postage due issue, 1934, Nov. 5: first airmail stamp issued, 1956: became French Polynesia, 1958: stamps inscribed Polynésie Fran'aise issued, 1977, June 10: first official stamp issued.
French Revolution: common design on stamps of the French Community of Nations, 1939-45.
French School of Philately: French philatelists were the first to try to classify stamps by the number of teeth or indentations that appeared along the length and width of individual stamps.
French Somali Coast: see Dijibouti Republic.
French Southern and Antarctic Territories: "Terres Australes et Antarctiques Fran'aise" currency: 100 centimes = 1 franc, 100 cents = 1 euro (2002) 1906-26: Kerguelen used stamps of France, 1928: used stamps of Madagascar, 1955, Oct. 28: No.1, 15 francs green/ultramarine, first stamps issued includes Adelie Land in Antarctica, islands of Nouvelle Amsterdam and St. Paul, and Crozet and Kerguelen archipelagos, 1956, Apr. 25: first air mail stamp issued, see Adelie Land.
French Sudan: northwest Africa, currently Mali Republic; currency: 100 centimes = 1 franc 1890: French Colonies general issues,1894, April 12: No.1, 15 carmine/rose, issued its own stamps, 1899: broken into Dahomey, French Guinea, Ivory Coast, Senegal and Senegambia and Niger (Upper Senegal and Niger), 1921-45: Upper Senegal and Niger named French Sudan, stamps inscribed Soudan Fran'ais, 1921: French Sudan issues resumed; first postage due stamp issued, 1938, Oct.24: first semipostal stamp issued, 1940, Feb. 8: first air mail stamp issued, 1945: French Sudan incorporated into French West Africa, 1959: autonomous republic within French community, French Sudan joined Senegal to form Mali Federation, 1960: Senegal seceded from the Federation and former French Soudan had its own stamps as Mali Republic.
French Voluntary Legion: French volunteers who fought with German Army in the Soviet Union, 1941-45.
French West Africa: northwestern Africa; joint administration of former Dahomey, French Guinea, French Soudan, Ivory Coast, Mauritania, Niger, Senegal, and Upper Volta; 1943: No.1, 1 1/2 francs dark violet, surcharges on stamps of Senegal and Mauritania, 1944, Dec: first semipostal stamp issued as Federation of French colonies in West Africa, 1945: first definitive superceded separate issues, first airmail stamps issued, stamps inscribed "Afrique Occidentale Francaise" issued, 1947: first postage due stamp issued, 1958, June 2: official stamps issued, 1958: Guinea became a separate republic, others stayed within French community with their own stamps, 1959, March 21: inscribed Dakar-Abidjan, 1962: last usage of French West Africa issues; see Abidjan, A.O.F., French Guinea.
French West Africa: label used as promotion for Tarzan movie (in English).
French Zone of Germany: part of post-WW II occupation of Germany by Allies; includes Baden, Rhineland-Palatinate, Saar and W√ɬľrttemberg; 1945-46: general issue for the whole zone, 1947-49: separate issues for three areas without Saar who issued its own stamps, 1949: became part of West Germany.
Frentes y hospitales: (Sp.) charity stamps issued by Nationalists during the Spanish civil war to raise funds for hospitals.
Fresh: postal item in fine, original color.
Fresh entry: new entry on an engraved printing plate for one that was erased.
Freshwater Yarmouth, Newport Railway: British local post.
Fresno and San Francisco Bicycle Mail Route: United States local post.
Frestonia: area in London that seceded for publicity purposes.
Freudenstadt: German local post, World War II.
Frey's Valentine Express: serviced San Francisco, Calif, possibly used a corner card; year unknown.
Friden Inc./Singer Business Machines/FME Inc./Friden Alcatel Corp./Friden Neopost: U.S. Postage meter machines from 1963 to current; acquired by Singer Co. in 1963, became Singer Business Machines Division in 1972.
Friederich, S.S.: steamship marking of the Danube Steam Navigation Company built about 1850's for lower Danube lines.
Friedrich Wilhelmshafen: now known as Madang, Papua New Guinea.
Friendly Islands: see Tonga. Friend's Boarding School: U.S. local post, Barnesville, Ohio 1877.
Frigiliana: local post, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1937.
Frim¦rke(r): (Dan.) postage stamp(s).
Frimärke: (Swed.) postage stamp.
Frim¦rkealbum: (Dan.) postage stamp album.
Frim¦rkeudstilling: (Dan.) stamp exhibition, stamp show, philatelic exhibition.
Frim¦rkeekspert: (Dan.) stamp expertizer.
Fri marke Kgl.Post: Denmark, 1851.
Frimarke lokalbref: (Swed.) "Free Stamp for Local Letters" Stockholm, Sweden free city postage, 1856.
Frimärken på försändelser: (Swed.) stamps on covers.
Frimärksdosor: (Swed.) stamp boxes.
Frimerke: (Nor.) postage stamp.
Frimerkehefte(r): (Nor.) unexploded stamp booklet(s).
Frimerkesamler: (Nor.) philatelist, stamp collector.
Frimerkeutstilling: (Nor.) philatelic exhibition.
Frímerki: (Ice.) stamp exhibition, Iceland.
Fr. Josip Earth: bogus label for Franz Joseph Land.
F R P S L: Fellow of the Royal Philatelic Society, London.
Frnt: USPS abbreviation in address for front.
Froissé (e): (Fr.) crease, creased.
Fromage Colonaise Francaise: bogus French cheese colony stamps.
From the Franklin D. Roosevelt Collection Authenticated by H. R. Harmer Inc.: handstamp applied to back of tens of thousands of philatelic items from the president's collection, 1946.
Front: the address side of a cover completely detached from the rest of the envelope; much less desirable than the entire cover; the exception being Mexico, South and Central America where the front of registered letters were returned to the sender as proof of delivery; entire registered letters from these countries are not found, only fronts which are highly sought after.
Frontales: (Sp.) see Front.
Front Atlantique: Atlantic Front, local post, German occupation, 1945.
Frontier letters: mail within 30 km of an European border country received special concessionary rates; 1880s.
Frontowa Poczta Polowa No 15: (Pol.) front field post office handstamp, 1919, Polish-Ukrainian War.
Fr√ɬľhststempel: (Ger.) earliest postmark or marking of a given type.
FRY: Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
Frye & Co.s Express: parcel firm serviced Boston, Mass. to Portsmouth, N.H.; used labels; 1876-82.
F S A T: auction abbreviation for French and Southern Antarctica Territories
F. Schroeter Local Post: see Bergen - F. Schroeter Local Post.
F Stamp Rate: United States non-denominated postage stamps, value 4¬Ę, 1991.
F T B: Forced to Buy, as when a dealer prices covers at 3 for $10 and you can not purchase only one.
F.T.T. Trieste, Zone A: overprint on stamps of Italy.
F U: auction abbreviation for Fine Used.
Fu-chou: formerly Foochow, People's Republic of China.
Fuengirola: (Sp.) local post, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1937.
Fuente del Maestre: (Sp.) local post, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1937.
Fuente de Piedra: (Sp.) local post, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1937.
Fuente Obejuna: (Sp.) local post, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1937.
Fuentes de Andalucia: (Sp.) local post, Spanish civil war, Nationalist, 1936.
Fuera de curso: (Sp.) obsolete, no longer available.
Fuerstentum Liechtenstein: Principality of Liechtenstein.
Fuerzas de bloqueo del Mediterraneo: (Sp.) Mediterranean Blockade Forces, used during the Spanish civil war.
Fu-Feng: Shensi, Northwest China local post, 1949.
Fugitive color: color that is liable to fade, wash out or change, used to prevent tampering with the stamp.
Fugitive inks: an ink that dissolves or disintegrates in water; used in the production of some stamps to prevent forgery and make it impossible for re-use; some stamps or Netherlands Indies are printed entirely with water soluble fugitive inks.
Fujeira: Oman Peninsula, Persian Gulf Sheikdom, part of United Arab Emirates; currency: 100 naye paise = 1 rupee 1952: became independent from Trucial States, 1964, Sept. 22: No.1, 1 naye paise multicolor, first stamps issued, 1965, Aug. 16: first airmail stamps issued, 1965, Oct. 14: first official stamps issued, 1971, Dec. 2: voted to join the United Arab Emirates.
Fukien-Chekiang-Kiangsi: 1931: Chinese Red Post, 1948: East China Liberation area, 1949: parcel post stamp issued.
Fulcrum: U.S. Navy code name during WW II for Auckland, New Zealand.
Full face McKinley card: widow of President McKinley did not like the portrait, cards ordered destroyed except for one box of 500.
Full Face Queens: nickname for full face portrait on stamps of Queen Victoria
Fulling effect: a light print of the stamp design seen on the back of the stamp, usually on letterpress printed stamps.
Full Length Victorias: nickname for stamps of Victoria, Australia, depicting Queen Victoria in a full-length pose, 1852-56.
Fully Imperforate: a stamp without perforations on all sides. See Imperforate, Semi-imperforate.
F√ɬľl√ɬ∂p Szigetek: (Hung.) the Philippine Islands, Philippines.
Fumigated mail: see disinfected mail.
Funafuti: One of the Tuvalu islands.
Funchal: capital of Madeira; Portuguese island off west coast of Africa; currency: 1,000 reis = 1 milreis 1868-80; Madeira had its own stamps, 1892-pre: used stamps of Portugal, 1892: No.1, 5 reis yellow, had its own stamps, 1905-31: stamps of Azores used, 1931: stamps of Portugal used. 1980, Jan. 2: stamps for Madeira reintroduced.
Fun Collectibles: nickname given to stamps issued by Third World countries that have no perceived financial growth potential
Functional watermark: parallel lines to act as a guide for the writer.
Fundo: (Port.) bottom margin.
Funfkirchen: now known as Pecs, Hungary.
Fungo: (It.) mushrooms (thematic).
F√ɬľr die soldaten im felde: (Ger.) label from Austrian war welfare office, 1914-16.
F√ɬľr Kriegs-besch√ɬ§digte: overprint on stamps of Germany for semi-postal.
Furnace Cover: nickname for a 2¬Ę Hawaiian Missionary cover found in a furnace in a abandoned building in the early 1900s.
Furness Railway, The: British local post.
Fur's fliegerheim: inscription for the airmen's home; on German air labels, pre-WW I, portraits of early German airmen and the royal family; privately printed for forces personnel to apply to their mail, which was post free.
Furstentum: Principality of Liechtenstein.
Furusato: (Perfectural): stamps of Japan.
Fusée: (Fr.) rocket.
F US Postage: United States non-denominated postage stamp, value 29¬Ę cents, 1990.
Fussball: (Ger.) football (thematic).
Fussbotenpost: (Ger.) Berliner messengers established by Berlin merchants 1800-06.
Futbol: (Sp.) football (thematic).
Futschau: (Ger.) China diagonally overprinted on a stamp of Germany, surcharged "5 pf" for use in the German post office at Foochow, June 1, 1900.
Futsches Reich: Germany colloquialism for Ruined Empire from a British WWII propaganda forgery of a standard Hitler-head stamp.
Futuna: see Wallis and Futuna Islands.
Future delivery: overprint on U.S. revenue stamps for tax collection with goods to be delivered at a later date.
F/W: Franked With.
F V: Face Value.
Fyrblock: (Swed.) block-of-4.
Fyrfärgtryck: (Swed.) see Tryck - Fyrfärgs.
Fyrre: (Dan.) forty (number).
Fyrst: (Dan.) prince.
Fyrsted√ɬłmme: (Dan.) principality.
FYRUM: Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.

(Data Above sourced from "Ask Phil" and other sources. Last edit 5/Aug/2008 Amhazing)

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RED Shooting Star Posting MANIAC!
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G


G: 1: Auction term for "good" condition. 2: Insured Letter; Scott catalog number prefix to identify stamps other than standard postage. 3: Symbol for Guilford Gravure, which appears before the plate number on coil stamps. 4: Auction term for "good" condition. 5: German catalogue abbreviation for gold overprint or surcharge. 6: with eagle and United States of America; Pennsylvania Custom House revenue seal. 7: Gourde, currency unit of Haiti. 8: Guarani, currency unit of Paraguay. 9: Gum Disturbance. 10: Grenada; country code as used by the UPU. 11: overprint on stamps of Cape of Good Hope for Griqualand West, 1877-80. 12: "Gouvernement"; overprint on official stamps of Canada, replaced the previous "official" overprint O.H.M.S. as the result of complaints from French Canadians. 13: inscription, yellow background, US non-denominated stamp, valued 20¬Ę, placed on sale Dec. 13, 1994. 14: inscription, white background, US non-denominated stamp, valued 32¬Ę, placed on sale Dec. 13, 1994. 15: blue background, US non-denominated stamp, valued 25¬Ę, placed on sale Dec. 13,1994. 16: inscription, green background, US non-denominated stamp, valued 5¬Ę, placed on sale Dec.13,1994.
GA: 1: USPS abbreviation for Georgia. 2: abbreviation for Ganzsache: (Ger.) postal stationery. 3: Gabon, country code as used by the UPU.
Ga.: (Sp.) pre-adhesive postmark from Galacia, Spain.
GAB, Gabon: handstamp overprint on stamps of French Colonies for Gabon, 1886-89; see Afrique Equatoriale Francaise.
Gabon: inscription on stamps of Gabon, 1904-07
Gabon Afrique Equatoriale: inscription used on stamps of Gabon, 1910-22.
Gabon, Congo Francaise: inscription used on stamps of Gabon, 1910.
Gabon A.E.F.: postage due stamps, 1928, "Afrique Equatorial Francais."
Gabon Timbre: (Fr.) handstamps on postage due stamps of French Colonies.
Gabonaise Republique: Republic of Gabon; former French Equatorial Africa -west coast of Africa; currency: 100 centimes = 1 CFA franc 1862: earliest office in Libreville, routed mail via British PO at Fernando Po, used French Colonies General issues, 1886, July 31: No.1, 5 centimes red on green, stamps of French Colonies handstamped "GAB" and surcharged, 1889-1904: combined with, and used stamps of French Congo, then became part of French Equatorial Africa, 1904, Oct. 15: stamps of Navigation and Commerce inscribed "Gabon," 1910: "Congo Fran'aise Gabon" inscription, followed by "Afrique Equatorial Gabon," 1915: first semipostal issued, 1928: first postage due issued, P.D. stamps of France overprinted "Gabon," 1936-59: used stamps of French Equatorial Africa, 1946: became an Overseas Territory of France, 1958: became autonomous within French community, 1959: inscription used on stamps of Gabon, 1960: full independence with "Republique Gabonaise" inscription, 1960: first air mail, depicting Dr. Schweitzer, issued, 1961, July 17: joined the UPU, 1968: first official with map of Gabon, issued; see Chad, French Congo, French Equatorial Africa.
Gabun: (Ger.) Gabon.
Gadiach: local post, Russian Zemstvo, 1884-1913; also known as Gadyach.
Gagauzia: bogus issue from Moldova, not valid for postage.
Gaguzia: Moldova, cinderella local, mid 1960s.
Gahagan & Howe (G & H): U.S. local post, San Francisco, Ca.. 1849-70.
Gainsville, Al. Paid 5, Paid 10: see Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Gairsay: Scottish local post in Orkney Islands, 1970's.
Gaither's City & Suburban Express Company: parcel firm serviced an unknown area; used a stamp; year unknown.
Galama: advertisement of German origin.
Galapagos Islands: Pacific Ocean, 500 miles west of Ecuador; 1957, July 15: Ecuador issued set inscribed "Islas Galapagos," 1959: triangular stamp issued by Ecuador, 1959: first commemorative issued, 1973: a province of Ecuador; see Barrel mail.
Galaroza: local post, Spanish Civil War, Nationalist, 1937.
Galata: city in Turkey, overprint on stamps of Russia, Offices in Turkish Empire, 1909-10.
Galathea, S.S.: steamship marking of the Danube Steam Navigation Company built around 1850s, for lower Danube lines.
Galati: formerly Galatz, Romania.
Galben: (Rom.) yellow (color).
Galben-lam√ɬģie: (Rom.) lemon-yellow (color).
Galben-oliv: (Rom.) olive-yellow (color).
Galbui: (Rom.) yellowish (color).
Gal Courier Mail Service: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Galdames: (Sp.) overprint on Republican stamps issued in Burgos in 1937 for air mail; never used, city and stamps captured by Nationalists.
Gales: (Sp.) Wales.
Galicia, Eastern: part of Austro-Hungarian Empire; 1918: stamps of Austria overprinted "Ykp. H.P," 1919: various stamps issued for short-lived independent state, 1920: came under control of Poland.
Galioub: Egypt, see Interpostal seals, 1864-84.
Galipoli: Ottoman Empire, Egyptian seals for overseas offices, see Interpostal seals, 1868.
Gallaway, M. C.: postmaster, Memphis, Tenn., issued Confederate Postmaster's Provincial stamp and envelope.
Gallin: Egypt, see Interpostal seals, 1880.
Galvano: (Fr.) electrotyped plate.
Galveston, Tex. Paid 5, Paid 10: see Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Galvinisk fälling: (Swed.) electroplating.
Gambia: polar bear; unissued Great Britain cinderella by David Horry, 2001.
Gambia: former British colony, west coast of Africa; currency: 12 pence = 1 shilling, 100 bututs = 1 dalasy (1971) 1821: part of Sierra Leone, 1843: separate colony, 1869, Jan: No.1, 4 pence pale brown, first stamps, picturing Queen Victoria, 1888: British Crown Colony, 1963: became self-governing, 1965, Feb. 18: independent within the Commonwealth, name changed to The Gambia, 1970, April 24: named a republic, 1974, Oct. 9: joined the UPU, 1981, Dec.: agreed to merge with Republic of Senegal, 1982, Feb. 1: new name is Senegambia.
Gambie: (Fr.) Gambia.
Gambiers: ocean island group, bogus overprints, 1877.
Gambilla: French bicycle fantasy.
G&D: overprint on stamps of French Colonies, Guadeloupe, 1903-04.
Gandershe: inscription on stamps of Somalia.
Gandia: local post, Spanish Civil War, Republican, 1937.
G and R: mark on prisoner of war mail sent by Americans captured during the War of 1812-14, while imprisoned in England.
Ganzbrief: (Ger.) entire cover..
Ganzsache (GA, GS): (Ger.) postal stationery, entire.
Ganzachenalbum: (Ger.) cover album.
Ganzsachen, postamtliche: (Ger.) official postal stationery.
Ganzsachen, private: (Ger.) private postal stationery.
Ganzst√ɬľck: (Ger.) entire piece.
GAOR: British Army on the Rhine, WWII.
Gap: unprinted space between the ends of two printed precanceling lines, indicating the seam between the mat; if the gap falls on the joint line, it is known as a 'line gap.' plates.
GAPA: Guichets d'Affranchissement Postal Automatique (Fr.) French all-digital postage meter machine, 1993.
GAPO: Base Army Post Depot, British military cancel for Indian Army.
Garage Hudson: local post, Barranquilla, Colombia, 1924.
Garanti: (Dan., Fr.) guaranteed.
Garantie: (Ger.) guarantee.
Garantieschein: (Ger.) marking applied to stamps by the issuing agency indicting that the stamp is genuine and valid for postal use; also "expert's mark."
Garantistempel: (Dan.) guarantee mark.
Garbage card: nickname given to the full-face portrait of the McKinley postal card (1902) that was supposedly destroyed; one box of 500 was sold by post office imprinted with name of a garbage firm.
Garch: Nejd, currency unit of Saudi Arabia.
Garder: (Fr.) to keep, to save.
Gardiner, Charles K.: postmaster, Washington, D. C. 1845-49, issued provisional stamped envelopes in 5 and 10 cent values.
Gardner, Beer & Co.: see Private die match proprietary stamps.
Gare: (Fr.) station (railway).
Gargoyle Motor Express: parcel delivery firm serviced Detroit, Mich area; used stamps, booklets; year unknown.
Garrucha: local post, Spanish Civil War, Nationalist, Republican, 1937.
Garstang & Knot End Railway: British local post.
Garzon: Tolima, Colombia provisional label,1894.
Gastado: (Sp.) worn.
Gaston, N. C. Paid 5: see Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Gates', William Sons: see Private die match proprietary stamps.
Gates, Wm.: see Private die match proprietary stamps.
Gata, Gato: (Sp.) cat (thematic).
Gatto: (It.) cat (thematic).
Gauche: (Fr.) left.
Gaucin: local post, Spanish Civil War, Nationalist,1937.
Gaufré (papier): (Fr.) embossed paper.
Gauge: number of perforation holes in a length of 20 mm.
Gauthier Freres & Cie.: (Fr.) Trans-Atlantic local, 1857.
Gaveradiobrev (GOL): (Dan.) radio letter combined with a gift, started in Denmark in 1932.
Gayalonga: local post, Spanish Civil War, Nationalist,1937.
Gay & Co's Express: private mail and parcel firm that serviced eastern cities; used labels, 1847-48.
Gay, Kinsley & Co.: U. S. local post handstamp, serviced Boston, Mass., and other major eastern cities; used labels, 1848.
Gay's Express: private mail firm serviced Boston and New York City, used labels, 1845-46.
Gaza, Territory of: located on shore of Mediterranean Sea around town of Gaza, in Gaza Strip; 1917-48: Great Britain's Palestine Mandate from the League of Nations, 1948, May 15: controlled by Egypt, 1948: first postage due, air mail issued, 1948, June 1-June 1967: "Palestine"overprint on stamps of Egypt, 1956, Oct. 29-March 7, 1957: occupied by Israel, used stamps of Israel, 1965, Jan. 15: UNEF, United Nations Emergency Force, 1967, June-Jan. 1980: occupied by Israel, used stamps of Israel.
Gazeta: (Rom.) newspaper.
Gazetei: Romania.
Gazette Moldov: cinderella used in movie "The Truth About Charlie" a remake of "Charade."
GB: 1: universal abbreviation for Great Britain. 2: international postal code for the United Kingdom..
GB: Colombia Scadta consular overprint for Great Britain.
Gb: German catalogue abbreviation for yellow overprint or surcharge.
G.B. Delivery: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971
G.B.S.: (G. B. Smith) initials of postal official of Colonial post office at Georgetown, British Guinea, 1850-51 issue.
GB used: stamps of Great Britain used abroad (mainly Jamaica).
G.C.: Gobierno Constitutionalista (Constitutional Government); overprint on Mexican revolutionary provisionals, 1913-15.
G.C.M.: 1: Gobierno Constitucionalista Mexico, Constitutional Government overprint on federal stamps of Mexico during the 1913-16 civil war, and also used on many of the local provisional overprints. 2: overprint for Oaxaca and Sonora revenue issues, Mexico.
G D: "Grand Duchy" inscription on stamps of Luxembourg 1859-82.
Gdansk: (Pol.) Polish name for Danzig; see Danzig.
GD Liban: overprint on stamps of France, Lebanon, during French Mandate.
Gdof: local post, Russian Zemstvo, 1874-1912.
GD-OT: (Ger., Czech.) overprint on the Bohemia and Moravia newspaper stamp in German and Czech language for commercial printed matter, 1939.
GDR: German Democratic Republic, East Germany
GE: Georgia; country code as used by the UPU.
G.E.A.: 1: overprint on stamps of East Africa and Uganda Protectorates for German East Africa, 1917-1922.
Gebet: (Dan.) territory, see Område.
Gebiet: (Ger.) district.
Gebot: (Ger.) bid, bid sheet.
Gebraucht: (Ger.) used.
Gebrochen: (Ger.) broken.
Gebr√ɬľenfreiheitsmarke: (Ger.) free frank handstamp, or label.
Gebt fur die Winterhilfe der freienWohlfahrtspflege Wir Wollen helfen: (Ger.) "Give for Winter Relief Welfare Care. We want to help," Germany cancel, 1932.
Geb√ɬľhr: (Ger.) tax, a compulsory payment, such as a postage due tax..
Geb√ɬľhr bezahlt: (Ger.) postage paid.
Geb√ɬľhrenfrei : (Ger.) free of charge.
Geb√ɬľrhrenmarke: (Ger.) fiscal stamp.
Geb√ɬľrhrenmarke f√ɬľr briefzutellung: (Ger.) authorized delivery stamp, correspondence.
Geb√ɬľrhrenmarke f√ɬľr paketzustellung: (Ger.) authorized delivery stamp, parcel post.
Gebyr: (Dan.) late fee.
Gebyrm¦rke: (Dan.) Late fee stamp.
Gebyrmärken: (Swed.) late fee postage stamp, special services postage stamp.
Gebyrm¦rke: (Dan.) late fee stamp.
Gedda: Hejaz, Egyptian seals for overseas office; see Interpostal seals, 1867.
Gedenkausgabe: (Ger.) commemorative.
Gedenkblatt: (Ger.) souvenir page.
Gedenkbogen: (Ger.) souvenir sheet.
Gedenkmarke: (Ger.) commemorative stamp.
Gedruckt: (Ger.) printed.
Gefälligkeits-gestempelt: (Ger.) cancelled to order.
Gefälscht: (Ger.) forged, counterfeit.
Gefalzt: (Ger.) hinged.
Geffälligkeitsstempelung: (Ger.) canceled to order, stamps canceled by postal authorities without having been used for postage.
Gegittert: (Ger.) quadrille.
Gehalveers: (Dut.) bisected stamp.
Geislingen: German, displaced persons camp local post, 1947.
GEJ: George E. Jacobs, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
Geknickt: (Ger.) folded, creased.
Gelatin: a varnish coating on a postcard that produces a glossy surface.
Gel./A: gelesen Abwehr (Ger.) read by military security, appears as a boxed square on outgoing military mail.
Gelb: (Ger.) yellow (color).
Gelblich: (Ger.) yellowish when used in combination with other colors.
Gelegenheits-ausgabe: (Ger.) special or commemorative issue.
Gelibolu: formerly Gallipoli, Turkey.
Gelida: local post, Spanish Civil War, Republican,1937.
Gelochte marke: (Ger.) perfin.
Gelsenkirchen: German local post, 1897-98.
Gemeinnutziger Verein Stadtbrefbeforderung: local, Dresden, Germany about 1908.
Gemini News Service: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971
Genalguacil: local post, Spanish Civil War, Nationalist,1937.
General collection: a collection of the entire world rather than a specialized collection of one or more countries or topics.
General delivery: USPS term that allows customers with identification to pick up mail at post offices.
General Government of Poland: area of Poland occupied by Germany in both World Wars; 1915, May 12: occupied by Germany, 1939, Dec.1: overprint "Deutsche Post Osten" on stamps of Germany, then special stamps for area. 1940: overprint "General Gouvernment" on stamps of Germany.
General Gouvernement: overprint on stamps of Poland for German Occupation, 1940-44.
General Gouvernement Deutsches Reich/Grossdeutsches Reich: inscription on stamps of Germany for German Occupation of Poland.
Gen Gouv. Warschau: overprint on stamps of Germany, Warsaw, Poland, German occupation 1916-17.
General Grant Expedition: inscription on local/phantom post of Auckland Islands; used to raise money to retrieve gold from sunken ship General Grant, 1866.
General issue: 1: stamps that are issued for ordinary postage use, rather than for air mail, postage due, etc. 2: British revenue stamps for use in America, 1765-66
General Postal Union (GPU): forerunner of the Universal Postal Union; 1863: U.S. Postmaster General Montgomery Blair organized the Paris Postal Conference, 1873: Heinrich von Stephan renewed concept, 1874: convened in Switzerland, 1878: renamed Universal Postal Union.
Generalsammler: (Ger.) general collector.
Geneva: in southwestern part of Switzerland, 1843-48: Switzerland local canton inscription, 1850: Swiss federal stamps issued.
Geneva: United Nations Post Office(s) 1950-63, 1969-
Gennemsnit: (Dan.) average quality.
Gennemstiking, gennemstukket: (Dan.) roulette perforation, rouletted perforation.
Gennemstukken i kors: (Dan.) rouletted perforation in the shape of diamonds.
Gennemstukken i linier: (Dan.) rouletted perforation in the shape of lines.
Gennemstukken i punkter: (Dan.) rouletted perforation in the shape of pin holes.
Gennemstukken i rombisk: (Dan.) rouletted perforation in the shape of lozenges.
Gennemstukken i savtakket: (Dan.) rouletted perforation in saw tooth shape.
Genoa: also known as Genova, Italy.
Genomstick: (Swed.) roulette perforation.
Geöffnet: (Ger.) censor mark from German language countries.
George's Post (Lutton): United Kingdom strike local post, 1971
Georgetown, S.C. Paid 5: see Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Georg Butow: stamp dealer's overprint on stamps of Germany.
Georgia: south of Russia on the Black Sea;. currency: 100 kopecks = 1 ruble, 100 kopecks = 1 coupon (1993), 100 tetri = 1 lari (1995) 1918, May 22: declared independence, formerly province of the Russian Empire, 1919-1920: British occupation forces issued stamps for city of Batum, 1921, Feb. 27: occupied by the Red Army, proclaimed Soviet Republic, 1922: stamps of the Soviet Socialist Republic, 1922: first semipostal stamp issued, 1922, Mar. 12: joined Transcaucasion Federation of Soviet Republics 1924: stamps of Georgia replaced by stamps of the Transcaucasion Federation of Soviet Republics, 1993, April 1: joined the UPU, 1993, July 31: first stamp as Republic of Georgia, 1994, Mar.1: joined with other former Soviet states to form the Commonwealth of Independent States.
Georgia: first federal issue revenue of US, July 1, 1798-Feb. 28, 1801.
Georgia e Sandwich del Sud: (It.) Georgia and South Sandwich Islands.
Georgian: stamp pertaining to King George V, VI of Great Britain.
Géorgie: (Fr.) Georgia.
Géorgie, La: inscription used on stamps of Georgia, 1919.
Georgien: (Ger., Swed.) Georgia.
Georgienne, Republique: inscription used on stamps of Georgia, 1919.
Georgisk: (Swed.) Georgian.
Gepr.: (Ger.) expertized.
Gepr√ɬľft: (Ger.) see Expertize.
Gepr√ɬľft Abwh: (Ger.) checked by military security marking.
Gera: 1: Germany local, courier mail, 1893. 2: German private courier local, 1897-1900. 3: Dick & Stutz local courier service, 1890-91. 4: Hausler Express package, local,1886-92.
Gerard's Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971
Gerauchert: (Ger.) disinfected (mail).
Gereiniget: (Ger.) disinfected (mail).
Gerichtskostenmarke: (Ger.) Austrian court fee revenue stamp.
Geriffelt: (Ger.) ribbed.
German Administration of Albania: 1943; see Albania
German Administration of Danzig: 1939, see Danzig
German Administration of Marianas: May 1900; see Mariana Islands.
German Administration of Marhsall Islands: 1899; see Marshall Islands.
German Administration of Samoa: 1900; see Samoa.
German air labels: pre-WW I, portraits of early German airmen and the royal family; privately printed for forces personnel to apply to their mail, which was post free.
German-American Seapost: international sea post on North German Lloyd ships, 1890.
German-Austrian Postal Union: Wurttemberg joined in 1851.
German Cameroons (Kamerun): see Cameroon.
German Colonies Study Group: collectors of postal history and stamps of the former German Colonies and Post Offices Abroad,1870 to 1917, and WWI occupations thereof.
German Democratic Republic: aka East Germany, former Soviet occupied zone; currency: 100 pfennigs = 1 deutschemark, 100 pfennigs = 1 mark of the Deutsche Notenbank (MDN) (1965), 100 pfennigs = 1 mark of the National Bank (1969), 100 pfennigs = 1 Deutsche mark (West) (1990) 1946: Allied Occupation issues, but Soviet Zone stamp issued inscribed"Deutsche Post," 1948, July 3: Soviets had stamps handstamped with district names and numbers, followed by provisional overprint "Sowjetische / Besatzubnngs / Zone," 1948, Aug. 29: German semipostal used in Russian Zone, 1949, Oct. 1: established inscription "Deutsche Demokratische Republic," first used Mar. 2, 1950, 1949, Oct. 30: first semipostal "Deutsche Post" issued, 1954: first official issued, originally sold used only, 1957, Dec. 13: first airmail issued, 1990, Oct. 3: reunited with (West) Germany.
German East Africa: German colony in East Africa bordering on the Indian Ocean; currency: 64 pesa = 1 rupee, 100 heller = 1 rupee (1905), 100 centimes = 1 franc (1916), 12 pence = 1 shilling (1919), 100 cents = 1 rupee (1917), 12 pence = 1 shilling = 100 cents = 1 rupee (1917) 1858: Arabian caravan route carried letters, 1876: Church and London missionary Societies had regular runners, 1887: German East Africa Co. received charter to the area, 1890, Oct. 4-Oct. 20, 1917: German stamps used, 1891: named German East Africa by Germany, 1893, July 1: No. 1, 2 pesa brown, first stamps issued by Germans, with surcharge "Deutsche Ostafrika," 1900: inscription "Deutsche Ostafrika" used, 1914, Oct. 1-July 31, 1915: German East Africa stamps used for FPO's, 1914-18: Allied occupation stamps of India used with overprint "I.E.F" .(Indian Expeditionary Forces); East Africa and Uganda issues overprinted "G.E.A." 1916: stamps of Germany salvaged from cruiser Königsberg, 1916: British ceded to Belgium provinces of Ruanda and Urundi (Belgian East Africa); stamps of Belgian Congo handstamped "Ruanda," and "Est Africain Allemand Occupation Belge," and Kionga area to Portugal which became part of the Mozambique Colony, 1916: stamps of Nyasaland Protectorate overprinted "N.F.," 1917: stamps of East Africa and Uganda overprint for British mandate, "G.E.A." 1918: stamps of Belgian Congo overprinted "A.O." Afrique Orientale (East Africa) as semipostals, 1920s: mourning label issued by German stamp dealer Sigmund Hartig, 1920: mandated to Great Britain as Mandated Territory of Tanganyika, now part of the Republic of Tanzania.
German Empire: 1. Australasia (Bismarck Archipelago, Caroline Islands, Mariana Islands, Marhsall Islands, Palau, Samoa); Cameroon, German East Africa, German New Guinea, German South West Africa (Namibia), Kiauchau, Mariana Islands, Marhsall Islands, Togo. 2. just south of Denmark, on Baltic Sea; 1871: German Empire formed, 1872: first German Empire issue, 1903: first semipostal issued, 1919: first air mail stamps issued, 1919: Empire ceased to exist, then became an Empire again with the proclamation of the Third Reich in 1933. (The 1st Reigh was the Holy Roman Empire, the 2nd was in 1871.)
German Empire States that issued stamps: Baden, Bavaria, Bergedorf, Bremen, Brunswick, Hamburg, Hanover, Lubeck, Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Oldenburg, Prussia, Saxony, Schleswig-Holstein, and W√ɬľrttemburg.
German Federal Republic: see Germany.
Germania: 1: symbolic figure of the German Empire from a portrait of Anna von Stratz-Fuhring, a Wagnerian opera star. 2: (It.) Germany.
Germania Occidentale: (It.) Germany
Germania Orientale: (It.) German Democratic Republic.
Germania, S.S.: steamship marking of the Danube Steam Navigation Company built around 1840s, for lower Danube lines.
German Inflation Period: after World War I; due to the Versailles Treaty reparations, inflation and economic depression, value of the currency fell sharply, stamps were produced and surcharged but were obsolete by the time they reached the post offices with the peak a 50-billion-mark stamp late in 1923.
German Kamerun: see Kamerun.
German Mailboats: see Mailboats.
German New Guinea: eastern portion of the island of New Guinea; former German protectorate made up of part of New Guinea and Bismarck Archipelago, currency: 100 pfennigs = 1 mark 1884: Germany annexed northern area of island of New Guinea, used German stamps, 1897: German colonial stamps, boundaries of Dutch, German and British spheres settled, 1897: No.1, 3 pfennigs brown, German colonial stamps used, overprinted or inscribed "Deutsch Neu-Guinea," 1900: first stamps issued, 1906, Nov. 8: British New Guinea stamps overprinted, 1914: occupied by Allied Forces, placed under Australian administration, renamed New Britain 1914, Oct: overprint "GRI" with value, on German colonial stamps, 1914, Dec.: overprinted stamps of Marshall Islands used, 1915: first official stamps with surcharge G.R.I. and O.S., 1915, Mar.: stamps of Australia overprinted "N.W. Pacific Islands" for use in Nauru and German New Guinea, 1920s: mourning label issued by German stamp dealer Sigmund Hartig, 1920: mandated to Australia by League of Nations, issued stamps as territory of New Guinea, currently part of Papua New Guinea. 1925: first stamps, first official stamps, inscribed "Territory of New Guinea," 1931, June: first air mail stamp, 1942: Japanese invasion, Australia and New Zealand forces post offices used in New Guinea, 1945, Oct. 30: civil administration restored; trust territory combined Papua and New Guinea; see New Guinea, British; New Guinea, West; and Papua and New Guinea.
German Occupation of Belgium: 1914: stamps of Germany overprinted Belgien, WW II: Belgium used own stamps, see Belgium.
German Occupation of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania: 1916-18: stamps of Germany overprinted "Postgebiet Ob.Ost," 1918: stamps of Russia surcharged for use in Tartu (Dorpat), 1941, Sept. 29- April 30, 1942: Germans stamps inscribed "Eastland Eesti" with swastika, for use in Tartu district of Estonia, 1941, Sep. 29: first semipostal issued inscribed "Eastland Eesti," 1941-43: stamps of Germany overprinted "Ostland," then stamps of USSR used.
German Occupation of France: (Alsace and Lorraine); 1870: stamps inscribed "Postes Centime," 1916: stamps of Germany surcharged, 1940: stamps of Germany overprinted "Elsas" and "Lothringen" (Lorraine).
German Occupation of Guernsey: "Guernsey Postage" stamps issued, 1941.
German Occupation of the Ionian Islands: 1943: used stamps of Greece except for the handstamp overprint "Isole Joine" for island of Zante.
German Occupation of Latvia: 1919: stamps of Germany overprinted "Libau."
German Occupation of Lithuania: 1916-17: overprint on stamps of Germany.
German Occupation of Ljubljana: 1944: stamps of Italy overprinted / surcharged "Provinz Ljublianska Laibach"
German Occupation of Luxembourg: 1940: stamps of Germany overprinted and surcharged in German currency, 1942-44: German stamps used.
German Occupation of Montenegro: 1943: stamps of Yugoslavia overprinted / surcharged "Deutsche Miltaer Verwaltung Montenegro" 1944: stamps of Yugoslavia and Montenegro overprinted for semipostal use.
German Occupation of Poland: 1915, May 12: stamps of Germany overprinted "Russisch Polen" or "Gen.-Gouv. Warschau" 1939, Dec.: stamps of Germany overprinted "Deutsche Post Osten," 1940-44: "General Gouvernement" issues, 1940, April: first official stamps, 1940, Aug.17: first semipostal issued.
German Occupation of Romania: 1917-18: stamps of Germany overprinted "M.V.i.R., (Military Administration of Romania) or "Rumanien," 1918: first postage due issued.
German Occupation of Russia: 1941: stamps of Germany overprinted "Ostland."
German Occupation of Serbia: 1941: stamps of Yugoslavia overprinted "Serbien."
German Occupation of Ukraine: 1919: stamps of Germany overprinted "Ukraine," 1941-43: stamps of Germany overprinted "Ukraine."
German Occupation of Zante: an Ionian Island; 1943: overprint on stamps of Italy, used 8 days, then used stamps of Greece.
German Offices in China: currency: 100 pfennings = 1 mark, 100 cents - 1 dollar (1905) 1886, Aug.16: Shanghai postal agency opened, German stamps used, 1898: stamps of Germany overprinted "China" used, 1900: issues for Foochow and Tientsin, 1917, March 17: all offices closed because China broke relations with Germany.
German Post offices in Morocco: currency: 100 centimos = 1 peseta 1899, Dec.: stamps of Germany overprinted / surcharged "Marocco" or "Marokko" 1911: last German stamps issued, 1914, Aug. 3: French zone office closed, 1919, June 16: Spanish zone office closed, stamps became obsolete, see Morocco.
German Post Offices in Turkish Empire: 1870, March 1-1872: Pera office opened, used stamps of North German Confederation 1872-84: used stamps of Germany, 1884: German issues surcharged in Turkish currency 1914, Sept. 30: all offices closed.
German Post Office in Zanzibar: 1890, Aug. 27: opened with arrival of German mail boat, used stamps of Germany, 1891, July 31: post office closed.
German Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia: 1939, July 15: stamps of Czechoslovakia overprinted / inscribed "Böhmen u Mãhren, Cechy a Morava," 1939: postage due stamps issued, 1940, June 29: semipostal stamps issued, 1941, Jan, 1: official stamps issued.
German Protectorates: 1887, June 1: joined the UPU, 1902, feb. 24: changed UPU affiliation to include Africa, Asia and Australia.
German Samoa: islands northeast of New Zealand, eastern half of island group; 1899, pre: administered jointly by Britain, Germany and the U.S., 1899: Britain withdrew, used overprinted stamps of Germany, 1900: first stamps without overprints issued, followed by German colonial stamps 1914, Aug. 29: occupied by New Zealand, German stamps overprinted with value in sterling, overprint "Samoa" on stamps of New Zealand, 1920: mandated to New Zealand by the League of Nations; currently Samoa; see Samoa.
German SouthWest Africa: north of South Africa on south Atlantic; currency: 100 pfennig = 1 mark 1884, April 24: proclaimed a German protectorate, 1888, July 8: used stamps of Germany, 1897, March: No.1, 3 pfennigs dark brown, German colonial stamps used overprinted "Deutsch Sudwest Afrika," 1914-15: occupied by South Africa and their stamps used, 1920: country mandated to Union of South Africa by the United Nations, 1920s: mourning label issued by German stamp dealer Sigmund Hartig, 1923: named South West Africa with own stamps, currently Namibia.
German States: Germany consisted of large number of states prior to the formation of the German Empire; each issued their own stamps; Baden, Bavaria, Bergedorf, Bremen, Brunswick, Hamburg, Hanover, L√ɬľbeck, Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Oldenburg, Prussia, Saxony, Schleswig-Holstein and W√ɬľrttemberg; other states used stamps of Thurn and Taxis postal administration. 1868: North German Confederation formed, 1871: German Empire formed, all states except Bavaria and W√ɬľrttemberg stopped issuing stamps, 1918: Bavaria and W√ɬľrttemberg stopped issuing their own stamps, 1945: Baden and W√ɬľrttemberg issued their own stamps as part of the French zone of occupation.
German Togo: 1897: stamps of Germany overprinted "Togo."
German type: a form of printer's type seen with elaborate lettering used mainly on German stamp overprints; also called Gothic.
Germany: German Federal Republic; located in north-central Europe; official name of postal administration: Deutsche Post AG currency: 30 silbergroschen = 1 thaler, 60 kreuzer = 1 gulden, 100 pfennigs = 1 deutschemark (1948), 100 cents = 1 Euro (2002) 1867: North German Confederation formed, 1871: German Empire formed, 1872: No.1, 1/4 groschen violet, first German Empire issue, 1875, July 1: joined the UPU, 1903: first local official stamp issued for Prussia, 1918, Nov. 8: Emperor Wilhelm II abdicates, became Republic, renamed Deutsches Reich, 1919, June 1: Empire ceased to exist, Republic National Assembly issues, 1919, May 1: first semipostal issued, 1919, Nov. 10: first air mail stamp issued, 1919-21: Belgian occupation of Eupen & Malmedy portion, overprint "Allemagne Duitschland, Eupen, Malmedy"on Belgian stamps, 1920: first official stamp issued, 1923: inflation issues, 1931, Jan. 12: Allied Control Commission dissolved, 1939, Nov. 1: first newspaper stamps issued, 1942: military stamps issued for Allied occupation, 1945-46: French occupation, 1945-46: A.M.G. occupation issues for civilian use in American, British and Russian zones, 1945-46: "Zone Francaise" issues for civilian use in French zone of occupation, 1948: separate stamps for Berlin issued, see Berlin Germany, 1949: Russian occupation, first commemorative, semipostal stamps, 1949: Russian occupied areas became separate country, German Democratic Republic, 1949, Sept. 7: first stamps of Bundes Republic; semipostal issued, 1949, Sept. 21: country formally divided into West Germany (German Federal Republic) and East Germany (German Democratic Republic). 1949: Republic of West Germany with Allied zones of occupation, 1950: Deutsche Bundespost inscription first seen on stamps of West Germany. 1990, Oct. 3: German Democratic Republic (East Germany) reunited with Germany (West Germany); see Baden, Berlin, Rhine Palatinate, W√ɬľrttemberg.
Germany: Zeitungs-Bucher-Spedition (Z.B.S.), local, 1896-97.
Germany, Eastern Command: comprised of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania; 1916: overprint on stamps of Germany "Postebit Ob Ost."
Germany, French Zone of: 1945: general stamps valid throughout zone, then stamps for Baden, Rhineland Palatinate, Saar and Wurttemberg.1949: replaced by Federal Republic of Germany.
Germany, Postal Code Districts: see Postal Codes, Germany.
Germany Scadta: Colombian airline postal service, 1921-23.
Germany, Soviet Zone: eastern portion of occupied Germany; 1945: see Berlin-Brandenberg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, 1946-48: occupation issues for American, British and Russian zones, 1948: separate stamps for Berlin issued, 1949: country divided into West Germany (German Federal Republic) and East Germany (German Democratic Republic) former Soviet Zone, each with own stamps.
Germany, West Berlin: WW II end - Sept. 19, 1948: stamps of Anglo-American Zones of Germany valid, 1948: occupation issue of 1947 overprinted "Berlin" for Anglo-American areas, 1950, Jan. 20: stamps of West Berlin valid in Federal Republic of Germany.
Gerusalemme: (It.) overprint on stamps of Italy, Offices in Turkey, Jerusalem, 1909, Feb.-1911.
Gescheidle stamps: (Ger.) see Blue Mauritius.
Geschenk-päckchen: (Ger.) presentation pack.
Geschnitten: (Ger.) imperforate.
Gesellschaftsstempel: (Ger.) company postmark.
Gesenk: (Ger.) die.
Gessata carta: (It.) chalky paper.
Gestempelt: (Ger.) canceled, postmarked.
Gestörengummi: (Ger.) disturbed gum.
Gestrich: (Ger.) coated.
Gestrichenes papier: (Ger.) laid paper.
Gesundheitshelfer: (Ger.) East Germany Red Cross label.
G et D: Guadeloupe et Dépendencies) overprint on stamps of French Colonies, Guadeloupe, 1903-04.
Geteilt, Halbiert: (Ger.) bisected stamp cut in half, which has been used to pay the postage at half the face value of the original stamp; the bisect is collected on the original cover with the postmark or cancellation covering the cut.
Getönt: (Ger.) toned.
Gewerkschafts Bewegung 60 Jahre: Austria overprint.
Gewöhnlich: (Ger.) common.
GEX: French local, 1944
Gezähnt (Gez.): (Ger.) perforated.
GF: 1: Gold Fields, South Australia official overprint, 1868-74. 2: French Guiana; country code as used by the UPU.
G.F.B.: Gaue Faka Buleaga (On Government Service), overprint on stamps of Tonga officials.
GFH: George F. Henlock, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
Gfr: Franc, currency of Guinea-Conarky.
G First-Class: Presorts United States non-denominated postage stamp, value 25¬Ę, October 13, 1994.
GH: Ghana; country code as used by the UPU.
Ghadames: town in Libya; 1946: stamps of Italy and Libya overprinted "Fezzan Occupation Fran'ais," 1949, April 12: occupied by Free French forces, stamps issued under French administration, 1951, Dec. 24: became part of independent Libya; see Fezzan-Ghadames, Libya. Ghadames Territoires Militaire: inscription on stamps of Libya, French Occupation, 1949.
Ghadames Territoires Militaire: inscription on stamps of Libya, French Occupation, 1949.
Ghana: west Africa between Benin and the Ivory Coast; former British West Africa colony of Gold Coast; official name of postal administration: Ghana Postal Services Corporation currency: 12 pence = 1 shillling, 20 shillings = 1 pouni, 100 pesewas = 1 cedi (1965, 1972), 100 new pesewas = 1 new cedi (1967) 1875-1928: first stamps issued in British colonial keytype, 1957, March 6: No.1, 2 pence rose/red, renamed Ghana as independent dominion, includes British Togoland, 1957, Oct. 10: joined the UPU, 1959, Oct. 5: first air mail issued, 1958, June 25: first postage due issued, 1960, July 1: named republic within British Commonwealth. 1961: postal authorities sold remainders of their stamps canceled-to-order, 1997, Aug. 12: first semipostal.
Ghana Independence: overprint on stamps of Gold Coast, Ghana, 1961.
GHD: George H. Davis, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
Ghent: also known as Gand, Gent; Belgium
Ghetou: (Rom.) ghetto.
Ghirga: Egypt, see Interpostal seals, 1872-80.
Ghirlandaio Christmas 1975: U. S. non-denominated postage stamp, value 10¬Ę, 1975.
Ghiseh: Egypt, see Interpostal seals, 1872-80.
Ghorush: Turkey currency unit.
Ghost: a light double printing apart from the normal inked stamp impression caused by mis-registration and incorrect printing procedures, may also be caused by phosphor inking picking up a design.
Ghost bidder: auction term for bidding against a ghost.
Ghost stamps: a portrait or scene shown in some detail of original design.
Ghost towns: towns that were formerly post offices.
Ghudamis: formerly Ghadames, Libya.
Ghurush: unit of currency in Turkey from 1926.
GI: Gibraltar; country code as used by the UPU.
Giallo: (It.) yellow (color).
Giamaica: (It.) Jamaica
Giapiks: currency unit in Azerbaijan.
Giappone: (It.) Japan.
Gibbons Catalogue Number: number assigned to a philatelic item by British Stanley Gibbons editors according to that publisher's criteria for such assignment.
Gibbons (Stanley) Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971
Gibilterra: (It.) Gibraltar.
Gibraleon: local post, Spanish Civil War, Nationalist,1936-38.
Gibraltar: located on southern tip of Spain, as British colony; currency: 12 pence = 1 shilling, 20 shillings = 1 pound, 100 centimos = 1 peseta (1889), 100 pence = 1 pound (1971) 1857: British stamps used with 'G' and 'A 26' cancels, 1886, Jan.1: No.1, 1/2 penny green, overprint on stamps of Bermuda for Gibraltar, 1886, Dec.: first own definitives, 1886-98: stamps used by the British post offices in Morocco, overprinted "Morocco Agencies," 1907: British stamps used in Morocco, 1918, April: first War Tax stamp issued, 1956, Dec. 1: first postage due issued.
Gibraltar: rock of Gibraltar, four rocks, unissued Great Britain cinderella by David Horry, 2001.
Gibuti: (It.) Djibouti
Gjennomstukken: (Nor.) rouletted perforation.
Giessen: German local post, 1887-1900, 1923.
Gilbber & Glico Islands: British Colonial Royal Wedding frames from "Surreal and Unreal Stickers."
Gilbert and Elise Islands: see Christmas island, Tuvalu.
Gilbert and Ellice Islands: British protectorate in the Pacific Ocean, northeast of Australia; currency: 12 pence = 1 shilling, 20 shillings = 1 pound, 100 cents = 1 dollar (1966) 1892: annexed as British Protectorate, 1901: used stamps of New South Wales, 1911, Jan.1: No.1, 1/2 penny green, overprint on stamps of Fiji "Gilbert & Ellice Protectorate"as first issue, 1912: stamps of the British Colonial keytype inscribed "Gilbert & Ellice Islands" issued, 1915: became Gilbert and Ellice Islands Colony, 1916: Fanning and Washington Islands added to group, 1918: first War Tax stamp issued, 1919: Christmas Island added to group, 1940, Aug.: first postage due issued, 1976, Jan. 1: the two groups separated; Gilbert stayed with the original name, Ellice became Tuvalu, 1979, July 11: Gilbert became Kiribati.
Gilbert & Elliceöarna: (Swed.) Gilbert & Ellice Islands.
Gilbert and Ellice Protectorate: overprint on stamps of Fiji for Gilbert and Ellice Islands, Jan. 1, 1911.
Gilbert & Sullivan Islands: North Mikado Island inscription, eight designs; unissued Great Britain cinderella by David Horry, 2001.
Gilbert és Ellice Szigetek: (Hung.)Gilbert and Ellice Islands.
Gilbert et Ellice: (Fr.) Gilbert and Ellice Islands.
Gilbert Islands: broke away from Gilbert and Ellice Islands; 1976, Jan. 2: issued commemorative stamps and became a Crown Colony, 1979: stamps replaced by stamps of Kiribati.
Gilchrist's Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971
Gillett & Co's Express: private mail firm, serviced Boston and Newburyport, Mass., used labels, 1861-67.
Gilligans Island: issued for supposed uncharted isle in Pacific created for popular television program.
Gillpatrick's Express: private mail firm serviced San Francisco and Antioch, Calif. via the steamboat Parthenius; used labels, 1874-78.
Gill's Postal Service: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971
Gilman's Express: private mail delivery firm serviced Boston, Mass., and Bangor, Maine; used labels; 1844-48.
Gilpin: name in oval handstamps "Forwarded Through Gilpin's Exchange Reading Room and Foreign letter Office N. York" 1839-41, Gilpin received outgoing foreign mail for delivery to the post office.
Gingin Islands: British Colonial Royal Wedding frames from "Surreal and Unreal Stickers."
Giordania: (It.) Jordan
Giori: ink delivery system allowing a single plate to print up to three colors.
Giori Press: sheetfed, multiolor, intaglio rotary presses used at the BEP to print in three colors.
Giornali Stampe: inscription on newspaper stamps of Sardinia and Italy, Italian States, 1861.
Giresun: also known as Kerassunde or Kerason, Turkey.
Girl with cap: full face, numerals in lower corners; imperforate are newspaper stamps of B & H under Austria; perforated issues are regular postage for B & H in Jugoslavia.
Giro: 1: national banking group operated through post offices in several European countries. 2: on stamps of Spain; money order, fiscal use.
Girona: local post, Spanish Civil War, Republican,1937.
Giro postal: (Sp.) used on fiscal stamps.
Gisela, S.S.: steamship marking of the Danube Steam Navigation Company built around 1870s.
Giumulzina: in province of Thrace in Turkish Empire, now Greek town of Komotini; 1913: stamps issued by Greece after occupation.
Giurgevo, S.S.: steamship marking of the Danube Steam Navigation Company built around 1860/70s, for lower Danube lines or delta of the river.
Gjennomstukken: (Nor.) rouletted perforation.
Gjirokaster: formerly known as Argyrokkastron, Albania.
Glacé: (Fr.) glossy, glazed, enameled (paper).
Glaceton: Antarctic fantasy issue.
Gladstone: form of roulette separation, containing approximately 4 "waves" along the length of the stamp; tested in 1852-54, devised anonymously, named after Gladstone, then Chancellor of the Exchequer."
Glanzpapier: (Ger.) glossy paper.
Glascow & South Western Railway: Scotland local post.
Glascow, Barrhead & Kilmarnock Railway: Scotland local post.
Glasgow: 1: local for United Kingdom strike post, 1971. 2: Circular delivery Co., local, 1867.
Glasgow City Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971
Glasgow Parks P.S.: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971
Glassine: a semi-transparent paper used to make envelopes for stamp and cover storage, also used for album interleaving.
Glass, James B.: postmaster, Columbia, S.C., issued Confederate Postmaster's Provisional.
Glass, R.H.: postmaster, Lynchburg, Va., issued Confederate Provisional stamp and envelope.
Glatt: (Ger.) smooth, shiny.
Glauchau: German local, 1945.
Glazed gum: result when stamps are stored under too much heat or pressure, melting the gum into a smooth, shiny condition that may reduce the value.
Glazed paper: paper that has been given a glossy finish by glazing with friction of applied heat, instead of by coating.
Glazof: local post, Russian Zemstvo, 1868-1914.
Glb: (Ger.) abbreviation for yellow (color).
G.L.C. Courier: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971
GLD: 1. Guilder, currency of Netherlands. 2. George L. Dant, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
Gleiwitz: Stadtbrief-Beforderung- Flora; German local, 1896-97.
Glen Ellen Star: star cancel on stamps, used at Glen Allen, Va., 1870-80.
Glen Haven Daily Mail: U.S. local post, Glen Haven. N. Y., 1854-58.
Glenveagh: Donald Evans issue, Ireland.
Glest bottentryck: (Swed.) thin background.
GLH: George L. Huber, BEP employee initials, 1906-1928; see Plate Finisher, Siderographer.
Glider flight: flight by unpowered aircraft; a glider or sailplane.
Glider mail: mail carried by glider; first carried Aug. 1923 in Rhineland, Germany using overprints on obsolete stamps of the 1919 series.
Glion-Sur-Montreux: Switzerland hotel post, 1897, Hotel Bellevue.
GL. O.A. 7 Fev. 1914: overprint on stamps of Haiti, General Oreste Zamor, future president, 1914.
Global Priority Mail: an international USPS service that features a 4-business-day delivery to selected countries in Europe, the Pacific Rim and Canada.
Globo de correos: (Sp.) balloon mail.
Glossy gum: adhesive with a hard, shiny surface.
Gloucester Emergency: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971
Gloucester Philatelic Society, 1934: triangular label to promote their local show.
Glow-Bar tagging: vertical bar of tagging on some postal stationery issues.
"GLOWING $5": U. S. $5 Hamilton stamp variation printed on experimental luminescent paper.
GL O.Z.: Haiti provisional overprint.
Glutinous wash: term used by Roland Hill for the sticky liquid to be applied to the back of his adhesive postage so that it would affix to the envelope.
Glyphography: 1842 patented process to produce printing surfaces in relief or recess.
GM: Gambia; country code as used by the UPU.
GMAI: Greg Manning Auctions, Inc. (USA).
GMF: general mail facility, a USPS mail processing hub.
GN: Guinea; country code as used by the UPU.
G.N.: (Sp.) Gobierno National, National (Official Government), perforation on stamps of Venezuela, since 1915.
Gnadeloupe: spelling error of Guadeloupe overprint.
Gnostis: mystical symbols, Donald Evans issue.
G.N.R.: (It.) Guardia Nazionale Repubblicana, (Republican National Guard), 1943, Dec. 20: overprint on local stamps of North Italy, printing stopped Dec. 23; authorities ordered more printed in 1944 due to speculation in original stamps, 1944, Aug. 30: overprints became invalid.
G NSW: perforated initials in stamps of Australia for the Government of New South Wales.
G.O.: Philippines official overprint.
Goat Island: Irish bogus stamps printed on water soluble paper.
Goat's eye: Brazil general issue of 1850 because they resemble eyes of a goat.
Gob. Cons(t.): Gobierno Constitucionalista (Sp.) overprint on stamps of Mexico, Cuanajuanta-Neuva Leon, 1914.
Gobierno: (Sp.) (government), overprint on stamps of Peru, making them "official" for departmental use.
Gobierno Constitucionalista: overprint, see Aguascalientes.
Gobierno Constitucionalista Aguascalientes: Mexican overprint on five stamps and one postage due label by revolutionary forces, 1914.
Gobierno Constitucionalista Mexico: 1: 1914 overprint on stamps of Mexico, Oaxaca revenue issue. 2: inscription for Mexico, Sonora revenue issue.


(Data Above sourced from "Ask Phil" and other sources. Last edit 5/Aug/2008 Amhazing)

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Gobierno Revolucionario: overprint on stamps of Mexico for Yucatan revenue issues.
God eks: (Dan.) good example, fine copy.
Godahoppsudden: (Swed.) Cape of Good Hope.
Goddaba: Egypt, see Interpostal seals, 1872-82.
Goddard, Robert H.: U. S. rocket scientist who pioneered liquid-filled rocket; launched first international mail flight, carrying 1,072 covers from McAllen, Texas to Reynosa, Mexico where they were stamped and postmarked, 1926.
Goddess of Liberty: first U.S. postal cards depicted a bust of the Goddess of Liberty.
God eks: (Dan.) good example, fine copy.
Godella: local post, Spanish Civil War, Republican,1937.
Godfrey & Munros' Express: private parcel firm serviced New Bedford, Mass., and New York City; used a label, year unknown.
G Official mail: USA United States non-denominated postage stamp, value 32¬Ę, 1992.
Goffratura: (It.) embossing.
Goffrea: bogus issue, on information available.
Gogo Island: stamp designs from Editions Pen, Swiss origin.
Golaleey: inscription on stamps of Somalia.
Gold, G: (Ger.) used as overprint or surcharge.
Goldback, A.: see Private die match proprietary stamps.
Goldback, A & Co.: see Private die match proprietary stamps.
Goldbeater's paper (skin): a thin, fragile transparent "onionskin" security paper, made by rubbing it with resin, used on the 1866 Prussian parcel stamps; not sold to the public, affixed to heavy packages only.
Gold Coast: west Africa between Dahomey and Ivory Coast; British colony and protectorate in West Africa; currency: 12 pence = 1 shilling, 20 shillings = 1 pound 1875-pre: mail handled by Sierra Leone, 1875, July 1: No.1, 1 penny blue, issued stamps, 1880: overprinted post cards, 1888: overprinted "Gold Coast Colony" registered letters, 1899: Gold Coast envelope stationery, 1918, June: first War Tax stamp issued, 1923: first postage due issued, 1957: became independent, 1957, March: renamed Ghana as independent dominion, issued first stamps, 1960: named republic within British Commonwealth.
Golden Casket: inscription on Queensland Railways stamps promoted the "Golden Casket," a state lottery, to frank letters and packages shipped via the railroad.
Golden Eagle National Park Service: issued stamp-like labels to be affixed to Golden Eagle passes, 1988.
Gold foil: 1: artificial gold foil bonded to paper. 2: actual gold leaf, or very thin, fine gold bonded to paper.
Goldk√ɬľste: (Ger.) Gold Coast.
Golfe de Benin: (Fr.) inscription, see Benin.
Golfing Bears: nickname for 1922 issue of Karelia Coat of Arms stamps depicting a bear holding a long slender weapon in what appears to be a golfing stance.
Golfo de Guinea: (Sp.) Spanish Guinea, 1907-49.
Goliad, Tex. Postage 10: see Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Goma: (Port., Sp.) gum.
Goma Molestarada: (Sp.) disturbed gum.
GOMAP: Good Offices Mission to Afghanistan and Pakistan.
Gomma: (It.) gum.
Gomma Disturbita: (It.) original gum on an unused stamp which has been altered, usually by application of a hinge.
Gomme: (Fr.) gum, the coating of glue on the reverse of an unused or mint postage stamp; see never hinged, lightly hinged, original gum, partial original gum, ungummed, unused gum.
Gonzales, Tex., Colman & Law: see Confederate Postmasters' Provisionals.
Good: a standard of grade.
Goodall proofs: proofs ordered printed by A. G. Goodall, president of the American Bank Note Co. in 1847 and 1879 of official and newspaper stamps.
Goodwin & Co's Express: private mail firm serviced Boston and South Berwick, Mass.; used a label, year unknown.
Goodyear Cycle: Mar. 24, 1900; Cadet Sgt. Major Goodyear on the bicycle he used as a messenger during the Mafeking siege Oct. 12, 1899 to May 17, 1900; see Mafeking.
Goodall (London, New York): U.S. private die playing card stamp.
Goosewell Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971
Gopshe: Donald Evans issue, a friend's dog.
Gordonia: possible Jewish colony labels.
Gordon stamps: commemoratives issued by the Sudan, Jan. 1, 1935, 50th anniversary of death of General Gordon.
Gordon's City Express: U.S. local post, New York, N. Y., 1848-52.
Gorkiy: formerly known as Novgorod, Russia.
Görlitz: 1: Briefbeforderung Courier, German local, 1895-1900. 2: Express-Packet-Verkehr, 1886-1916. 3: German local, 1945.
Gorman, T. & Bro.: see Private die match proprietary stamps.
Gorman, Thomas: see Private die match proprietary stamps.
Gorno-Badakhshan: Tajikstan, cinderella, 1997.
Gorny Slask: (Pol.) inscription on Upper Silesia private labels issued by Polish plebiscite official in 1920, some found used on mail in Poland.
Gorochow: German Hilfpost, Ukraine local, 1944.
Gorodskaya Uprava: (in Cyrillic) St. Petersburg City Office, fiscal, no postal validity, 1865.
Görögoszág: (Hung.)Greece.
Gösnitz: 1: Dick & Stutz Express-Packet, German local, 1891. 2: German local courier, 1893.
Gosport Strike Mail: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971
Goteborg: formerly known as Gothenburg, Sweden.
Göteborg: (also Gothenburg) seaport and seat of Göteborg and Bohus province in SW Sweden, at mouth of Göta River on the Kattegat arm of the North Sea ca. 290 miles WSW of Stockholm. First local post (Göteborgs Stadpost) established by Maria Ellen Wilbergin in 1888. Several other local posts operated through the 1920s, to include Göteborg Privata Lokalpost, Göteberg Enskilda Local Post, and Privata Lokalpostem Ferm (q.v. individual Göteborg Local Post entries).
G√ɬ∂teborg - G√ɬ∂teborg Privata Local Post: Local post established by a merchant, R. W. Lindhe, who formed it into a limited compant in 1889. A lithographed triangular 5 √ɬłre blue "Lokal / Post / G√ɬ∂teborg" local stamp depicting a heroic figure was issued in 1888, with a similar design 3 √ɬłre dark ultramarine being issued 29 December 1889, and a similar design (no value indication) yellow being issued 22 February 1889. The yellow issues were surcharged 1 √ɬłre, 2 √ɬłre, and 10 √ɬłre in violet or blue on 17 February 1889. Remainders were overprinted "Stockholm" for the Stockholms Privata Lokalpost (q.v.).
G√ɬ∂teborg - G√ɬ∂teborg Stadspost Local Post: Local post established by Maria Ellen Willberg, with 1 √ɬłre blue, 2 √ɬłre green, and 3 √ɬłre red "G√ɬ∂teborgs / Stadspost" lithographed local stamps depicting King Gustav II issued on 24 April 1868. The rates were 3 √ɬłre for letters, postcards, or wrappers, and 10 √ɬłre for packages, but the rates were reduced dut to competition from G√ɬ∂teborgs Privata Lokalpost (q.v.). One type of local cancellation was used, usually in black, and rarely in blue; government post office cancellations are recorded, but are rare. The local post ceased operations on 23 March 1889.
G√ɬ∂teborg - H. G. Hansson Privata Lokalposten Fern: Local post established by H.G. Hanson, with lithographed 3 √ɬ∂re violet and 5 √ɬłre blue "Privata Lokalposten Ferm" (Ferm = F√ɬ§rm = "prompt") issued on 5 March 1926
G√ɬ∂teborg - Ivan R. A. Engstrom "Enskilda" Local Post: Local post established by Ivan R. A. Engstrom, with typographed 3 √ɬłre red and 5 √ɬłre yellow "Ensk. Lokalpost" ("Ensk." = Enskilda ["private"]) local stamps depicting a castle being issued in 1926.
Goteborgs Stadspost: Sweden local post.
Gothenburg: Swedish locals 1: Goteborgs Stadspost, 1888. 2: Goteborgs Privata,1888-90 3: Goteborgs Enskilda, 1926. 4: Privata Lokalposten Ferm, 1926.
Gothic type: an angular letter type used as old English or German.
Gotour: Egypt, see Interpostal seals, 1879-82.
Gott ex: (Swed.) good example, fine copy.
Gottleuba: German local, post WW II.
Gott's Park School: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971
Gott strafe England-Er strafe es: "God punish England-may he punish it" inscription on German propaganda labels.
Gouda P.: Gouda Post, pre-adhesive postmark used 1757-93.
G. O. Ulleberg Local Post: see Drammen - G. O. Ulleberg Local Post.
Gourde: unit of currency in Haiti.
Gourieh: Egypt, see Interpostal seals, 1879-84.
Gouss: Egypt, see Interpostal seals, 1879-82.
Gouyave manuscript: post office in Granada where the postmaster wrote "Postage" (unauthorized action) on revenue stamps due to definitive stamp shortage.
Governatorato del Montenegro: overprint on stamps of Jugoslavia, Italian Administration, Montenegro, 1941.
Government City Dispatch: 1857, Baltimore, Md.; see Carriers' stamps.
Government coil: coil stamps produced by a post service contractor.
Government flight: air mail flight on which the pilot was a federal employee.
Government imitation: official imitations when original plates were no longer available; such as U.S. reproductions of the 1847 stamps.
Government imprinted envelope: postal stationery issued by a government postal administration whereby the postage stamp is printed directly on the envelope.
Government in exile: officials that are driven in exile issue postage stamps to show their legitimacy; some stamps have postal validity, sometimes issued to raise money.
Government issue: stamps issued by an established government or its agency.
Government of South Russia: General Wrangel, 1918-19 issued surcharged Russian stamps; see Russia, South.
Government Printing Office: federal agency that has printed postal cards and aerograms since 1910.
Governo Militare Alleato: (It.) overprint on stamps of Italy, Allied Military Government, 1943.
Govie's Post: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971
Govt Parcels: overprint on stamps of Great Britain for official use, 1883-1902.
Goya: famous nude stamp of Spain, 1930.
GP: Government Printer, South Australia official overprint, 1868-74.
G.P.: Guadeloupe; country code as used by the UPU.
GPCI: Grand Prix Club International.
G.P. de M.: (Sp.) Gobierno Provisional de Mexico (Provisional Government of Mexico) overprint on stamps of Mexico, 1916-18.
G.P.E.: overprint on stamps of French Colonies, Guadeloupe, 1884-91.
G.P.M.: overprint on stamps of Mexico, for Oaxaca revenue issues.
GPO: General Post Office.
G.P.O. Authorized Service: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971
G Postcard Rate: United States non-denominated yellow postage stamp, value 20¬Ę, October 13, 1994.
G.P.P.: General Post Paid, Britain, 1799-1829.
G P S: Germany Philatelic Society.
GPU: see General Postal Union.
GQ: Equatorial Guinea; country code as used by the UPU.
G. R.: precedes the European postal code on addresses in Greece, such as GR-1172 Athens.
GR: Greece; country code as used by the UPU.
Gr: (Ger.) catalog abbreviation for green overprint or surcharge.
Gr.: Grenze, pre-adhesive postmark.
gr.: (Ger.) catalog abbreviation for gray, grau (color).
Gra: 1. (Ger.) catalogue abbreviation for gray overprint or surcharge. 2. (Dan., Nor., Swed.) grey (color).
Gråakt: (Swed.) greyish (color).
Gråakt blå: (Swed.) greyish-blue [dull blue] (color).
Gråakt brun: (Swed.) greyish brown (color).
Gråakt gul: (Swed.) greyish yellow (color).
Gråakt gulbrun: (Swed.) greyish yellow-brown (color).
Gråaktig: (also Grålig) (Nor.) greyish (color).
Gråaktig blå: (Nor.) greyish-blue (color).
Gr√ɬ•aktig m√ɬłrkbl√ɬ•: (Nor.) greyish-dark blue (color).
Gråakt orangebrun: (Swed.) greyish orange-brown (color).
Grabado: (Sp.) see Engraved.
Gråblå: (Dan., Nor.) grey-blue (color).
Gråbrun: (Dan.) grey-brown (color).
Gråblå: (Dan.) grey-blue (color).
Gråbrun: (Dan., Nor., Swed.) grey-brown (color).
Gradazione de colore: (It.) shade (color).
Grade: an expression that indicates whether a stamp is perfect or imperfect and the range of imperfections; catalogues usually address only centering and degree of cancellations on used stamps.
Grado de conservación: (Fr.) grade, condition.
Graduación: (Sp.) grade, condition.
Gr¦kenland: (Dan.) Greece.
Gr¬¶sgr√ɬłn: (Dan.) grass-green (color).
Gr¦sk: (Dan.) Greek (adj.).
Gr¦sk Post I Udlandet: (Dan.) Greek Post Offices Abroad.
Graffin's Baltimore Despatch: U.S. local post, Baltimore, Md., 1856.
Gråfiolett: (Nor.) grey-violet (color).
Grafting: adding of margins to an imperforate stamp; paper added to a stamp.
Graf Zeppelins (Zepps): three US stamps picturing the Zeppelins issued in 1930.
Gr√ɬ•gr√ɬłn: (Dan., Swed.) grey-green (color).
Gr√ɬ•gr√ɬłnn: (Nor.) grey-green (color).
Graham Land: overprint on stamps of Falkland Islands for Graham Land, Falkland Islands dependency in the Antarctic, 1944, Feb. 12-46; now part of British Antarctic Territory.
Graham Memorial City: Antarctic fantasy issue.
Grain direction: direction in which most of the paper fibers are aligned; paper tears more readily with the grain than against it; cutting a small rectangle piece from a page and wetting it will cause the paper to curl in the grain direction.
Grålig: (also Gråaktig) (Nor.) greyish (color).
Grålilla: (Dan., Nor.) grey-lilac (color).
Gråoliven: (Dan., Nor.) grey-olive (color).
Grå-olivgrå: (Dan., Nor.) grey - olive-grey (color).
Gramenet del Besos: local post, Spanish Civil War, Republican,1937.
Grana: 1: Two Sicilies, Italian States unit of currency, 1861. 2: Granada, pre-adhesive postmark.
Granada: Colombia-Granada, 1861.
Granada: local post, Spanish Civil War, Nationalist and Republican,1936-38.
Granadina: Colombia-Granadina, 1859-60.
Granadine Confederation: original name for South American republic of Colombia, 1859-60: 'Confed. Granadina" was on first issues, 1861: renamed United States of New Granada, 1862: renamed United States of Colombia.
Gran Bretagna: (It.) Great Britain.
Gran Breta√ɬĪa: (Sp.) Great Britain.
Grand Comoro: Comoro islands, off Madagascar; currency: 100 centimes = 1 franc 1897: No.1, 1 centime lilac/blue, stamps of French colonial period inscribed "Grand Comoro," 1850: stamps of Comoro Archipelago; see Comoro Islands. 1912: first issue surcharged with new denomination, also used in Madagascar, 1914: stamps of Madagascar used. 1923: became part of the Republic of Comoros, 1950: stamps of Comoro Islands issued, now Republic of Comoros.
Grand Consommation: (Fr.) newsprint stock paper used to print stamps, 1917-20, called "papier de Grande Consommation" or paper of extraordinary emergency; printing plates were marked "GC". during World War I
Grande Bretagne: (Fr.) Great Britain.
Grande margenes: (Sp.) wide margins.
Grand Fenwick, Duchy of: advertising fantasies produced for the movie, "The Mouse That Roared."
Grand format: (Fr.) large size.
Grand Liban: overprint/inscription used on stamps of France for Syria and Lebanon.
Granite paper: paper containing tiny, visible colored fibers to deter forgery.
Granö Ångslups Aktiebolag: (Fin.) steamship line serving Granö islands, Finland local, 1895.
Grant's Post Office: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971.
Gråoliven: (Dan.) grey-olive (color).
Graphite-lined: contains printed lines of graphite which acts as an electrical conductor to signal scanning equipment.
Gråpurpur: (Dan., Swed.) grey-purple (color).
Gråskifer: (Dan.) grey-slate (color).
Gråskiffer: (Swed.) grey-slate (color).
Gräsgrön: (Swed.) grass-green (color).
Gråsort: (Dan.) grey-black (color).
Gråsvart: (Nor., Swed.) grey-black (color).
G Rate Make-up: United States non-denominated postage stamp, value 3¬Ę, 1992.
Gratis: free label used in Jan. 1871, provided by Switzerland for correspondence by French prisoners of war..
Gratis Frimärke: (Nor.) free stamp.
Gratuit: (Fr.) free.
Grau: (Ger.) gray.
Gråultramarin: (Dan., Swed.) grey-blue (color).
Gravé: (Fr.) engraved.
Graver: a tool with a sharp hardened point used by an engraver to cut lines into a steel block.
Gravering: (Nor.) engraving.
Graves & Co., Express: private mail firm serviced Boston, Mass., and Portland, Maine; used a label, 1857.
Gravesend Postal Strike: United Kingdom strike local post, 1971
Graviert: (Ger.) engraved.
Gråviolet: (Dan.) grey-violet (color).
Gråviolett: (Swed.) grey-violet (color).
Grav.na: pre-adhesive postmark form Gravedona, Lombardy, 1835-40.
Gravor: (Rom.) engraver.
Grav√ɬłrdybtryk: (Dan.) seeTryk - Grav√ɬłrdyk.
Gravura: (Rom.) engraving.
Gravure: multicolor printing process with the design below the surface; formerly called photogravure.
Gravure en creux: (Fr.) intaglio.
Gravure sur acier: (Fr.) steel engraving.
Gravyrtryck: (Swed.) recess printing.
Gray & Co. "Express": private mail firm serviced Boston, Mass. area; used a label, 1848.
Graz: formerly known as Gratz, Austria.
Great Americans: US series of stamps, formerly know as the Distinguished Americans; began in 1980, ended in 1999.
Great Barrier Island: located north-east of Auckland, NewZealand; 1898-99, 1948: known for the New Zealand Pigeongram Service/Agency; local stamps.
Great Bitter Lake Association (GBLA): stamps issued by ships trapped in Suez Canal after the seven days war, June 1967.
Great Britain: northwest of Europe, includes England, Guernsey, Isle of Man, Jersey, Scotland, Wales; official name of postal administration: Royal Mail currency: 12 pence = 1 shilling, 20 shillings = 1 pound, 100 pence = 1 pound 1652: Council of S