Czechoslovakia Postal Stationary ID Help / Rate Questions

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EricBismarck
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Czechoslovakia Postal Stationary ID Help / Rate Questions

Post by EricBismarck »

I have this Czechoslovakia preprinted postcard from 1953 featuring a total rate of 2.95K. Sent international to Texas.

A couple of questions:

1. Any help on ID'ing the card? - Looks like a similar design as the March 1953 Klement Gottwald memorial issue (President - died in 53)

2. Does the rate of 2.95k seem high? - Anyone have a reference on Czechoslovakia postal rates?

Image

The back of the card has no design - Just the writing of the sender.

It also features a Cinderella label inscribed: "Rokycany Celkovy Pohled" which seems to translate to "Rokycany General View"
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Re: Czechoslovakia Postal Stationary ID Help / Rate Question

Post by Florian »

EricBismarck - On Dec. 22, 1953, the 1.50 Kčs pre-printed postage stamp was no longer valid due to the currency reform starting on June 1, 1953.

The then external postcard rate was 45 h while the airmail supplementary charge was 80 h for each 5 grammes, so the total postage should have been 1.25 Kčs.

Possibly an error of the clerk behind the counter as the stamps of those denominations were among those readily available at postoffice counters then (30 h: internal postcard rate, 40 h: local letter rate, 60h: internal letter rate).

But note that the values of 30 h and 15 h had been put on before those of 40 h and 60 h. Perhaps the sender added he wanted it to go by air.
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Re: Czechoslovakia Postal Stationary ID Help / Rate Question

Post by EricBismarck »

This cover is more interesting than I thought then.
But note that the values of 30 h and 15 h had been put on before those of 40 h and 60 h. Perhaps the sender added he wanted it to go by air.
Wow - Good eye, I didn't even notice that. Here is a closeup:

Image
On Dec. 22, 1953, the 1.50 Kčs pre-printed postage stamp was no longer valid due to the currency reform starting on June 1, 1953.
So this means that the value of 1.5Kcs for the postcard was basically ignored and the postage had to cover the full rate - correct?

Further - Were ALL stamps issued prior to June 1 1953 invalid for postage? - Or, only if they were purchased prior to June 1st?
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Re: Czechoslovakia Postal Stationary ID Help / Rate Question

Post by Florian »

EricBismarck - You are right about the 1.50 Kčs pre-printed postage stamp being ignored: note that it bears no postmark. But still it was normal practice to cover it with a stamp in new denomination. Yet the values of 30 h and 15 h seem to have been put on (and cancelled immediately) by the clerk as the 30 h stamp looks to have been separated (and the 15 h value put on) rather carelessly.

Having been told the postcard should go by air, the clerk put on two more stamps. Now the question is whether (s)he had been asked to put on some decorative stamps regardless of the exact postage due for the card (note that the sender had glued on a decorative label with a view of his town) or (s)he got confused and put on stamps of the wrong value. Actually, there was no 80-heller stamp available by then, just two different 40-heller values and a 20-heller value (the latter for internal printed matter mail), so the clerk might as well have used two of the 40-h Sports stamps and if out of them, (s)he might have put on two 20-h Gottwald definitives.

Info on the message might help rule out the possibility of correspondence between stamp collectors.

Stamps still valid for postage prior to June 1, 1953 remained valid for the period of 18 days, from June 1 to June 18 at one fiftieth of there value (e.g. an internal letter that had required the postage of 3 Kčs had to be franked with stamps worth 30 Kčs which was the equivalent of 60 h in new currency for the majority of the general public who were thus deprived of most of their savings because as from June 1, 1953 prices and wages changed at the rate of 5 old crowns to 1 new crown. (See Third koruna on https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Czechoslovak_koruna )


See also:
http://www.exponet.info/exhibit.php?exhibit_ID=262&lng=EN
http://www.exponet.info/exhibit.php?exhibit_ID=507&lng=EN
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Re: Czechoslovakia Postal Stationary ID Help / Rate Question

Post by Florian »

EricBismarck - See also http://www.exponet.info/exhibit.php?exhibit_ID=307&lng=EN

In the summer of 1952, while sending a picture postcard to Monterrey, Mexico by airmail, I put on the 8 Kčs stamp of the Myslbek set (see http://www.filaso.cz/katalog-znamky/500/1952-josef-vaclav-myslbek ) to cover the external postcard rate of 3 Kčs plus the 5 Kčs supplementary airmail charge. If I had sent a card like this between June 1 and June 18, 1953, I would have to put on old stamps worth 80 Kčs, the equivalent of 1.60 Kčs in new currency, subsequently reduced to 1.25 Kčs.
Last edited by Florian on 01 Sep 2015 23:20, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Czechoslovakia Postal Stationary ID Help / Rate Question

Post by EricBismarck »

Florian - Great stuff. Sounds like the folks got a pretty raw deal in June of 1953. I found a few articles on the rate change, and I read that it was a big secret up until it was announced. Postal clerks didn't even know about the change until the day it happened.

Those covers in your links are really neat. Some of them are packed with stamps!

I was looking at my catalog - and the first stamps issued after the change were on June 19th. Looks like 8 different values were issued that day to cover all of the various new rates.
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