I have several times toyed with the idea of learning this language, but quickly dismissed it. And the new regime in Tuva was quick to dump the vertical script in favour of something akin to a Latin alphabet that could be reproduced using modern typewriters.
The very first stamp issue from Tuva, ( ᠲᠤᠧᠠ ) back in 1926: Wheel of Dharma.
As few folks today understand the Mongolian vertical script or their numerals used on the stamps, I will show each value to help you identify them. Note that Mongolian is written vertically down the page (as shown on the first stamps), but modern computers don't allow for this, so we have to be content with writing them sideways to cope with the inadequacies of computers.
Tuva 1926 Wheel of Dharma, 1 kopeck.
Backman # 1. Mirr # 1.
Tuva 1926 Wheel of Dharma, 2 kopecks.
Backman # 2. Mirr # 2.
Tuva 1926 Wheel of Dharma, 5 kopecks.
Backman # 3. Mirr # 3.
Tuva 1926 Wheel of Dharma, 8 kopecks.
Backman # 4. Mirr # 4.
Tuva 1926 Wheel of Dharma, 10 kopecks.
Backman # 5. Mirr # 5.
The Tannu Tuva People's Republic (as it was named until in November 1926, the country name was changed to Tuvan People's Republic) was run by enthusiastic traditional Buddhist politicians at this early stage in their independence. The state's first ruler, Prime Minister Donduk Kuular, and the Tuvan People's Revolutionary Party, sought to strengthen ties with Mongolia and establish Lamaism as the state religion. Though the Bolsheviks had a strictly secular policy, they did not manage to convince the Tuvan party of this line until 1929. So the Buddhist emblem was considered to be the appropriate design for the country's first stamps. Note the cancellation on the 5k: this also used Mongol script at the sides, with English at the top and bottom. Since Mongolian script is vertical, it is very appropriate that the Mongol script is at the sides of the postmark so it can correctly read vertically.
Tuva's first leader, Prime Minister Donduk Kuular, enjoying a ciggie as he studies his notes.
Wikipedia wrote:The Dharma Chakra (Sanskrit: Dharma Chakra Pali: dhammacakka, "Wheel of Dharma") is a widespread symbol used in Indian religions such as Jainism and Buddhism.
Historically, the dharma chakra was often used as a decoration in Hindu and Buddhist temples, statues and inscriptions, beginning with the earliest period of Indian Buddhism to the present. It remains a major symbol of the Hindu and Buddhist religions today.
In Buddhism, the Dharma Chakra is widely used to represent the Buddha's Dharma (Buddha's teaching and the universal moral order), Gautama Buddha himself and the walking of the path to enlightenment, since the time of Early Buddhism. The symbol is also sometimes connected to the Four Noble Truths, the Noble Eightfold Path and Dependent Origination. The pre-Buddhist dharmachakra (Pali: dhammacakka) is considered one of the ashtamangala (auspicious signs) in Hinduism and Buddhism and often used as a symbol of both faiths. It is one of the oldest known Indian symbols found in Indian art, appearing with the first surviving post-Indus Valley Civilization Indian iconography in the time of the Buddhist king Ashoka.
For more information, visit the Tannu Tuva Collectors' Society website.Wikipedia wrote:The Tuvan People's Revolutionary Party (Mongolian: ᠲᠠᠩᠨᠦ ᠲᠤᠧᠠ ᠢᠢᠨ ᠠᠷᠠᠳ ᠤᠨ ᠬᠤᠪᠢᠰᠭᠠᠯ ᠳᠤ ᠨᠠᠮ = Tangnu Tuva-yin arad-un qubisγal-tu nam) was a political party in Tuva, founded in 1921. When the Tannu Tuva People's Republic was founded in the same year, the party held single-party control over its government as a vanguard party.