Allied Occupied Germany Postal Rates 1945/1949-Illustrated

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OldDuffer1
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Allied Occupied Germany Postal Rates 1945/1949-Illustrated

Post by OldDuffer1 »

Allied Occupied Germany Postal Rates 1945/1949-Illustrated with Covers

I will outline the various postal rates which applied in Allied Occupied Germany, illustrating with covers and postcards from my collection. Wherever possible these will be with a single stamp applied of the correct rate for the period and use (“Einzelfrankatur”). I have also given (for the scarcest stamp where there are several) the catalogue value from Michel Brief-Katalog Deutschland 1994/95. (Note- values in DM; 2DM= 1€) These obviously do not represent either the cost or value of the covers but give an indication of their relative scarcity (at that time). Note that for postcards the same stamp on a postcard is sometimes scarcer, or much scarcer, than on a cover (where the same rate applied). I have not included postal stationery or covers above “1st Weight Step”.

PART 1
After the surrender of Germany at the end of WWII the postal services were naturally disrupted. Since Germany was split into 4 zones: American, British, French and Soviet (“SBZ”) the postal services developed somewhat differently in these zones (although the American and British (“Bizone”) operated essentially the same as each other, apart from in Mail Censorship matters).

Initially the existing postage rates continued to apply in all 4 zones. These had been in place since Dec.1st 1933.

The rates were, for the 1st weight step:

Printed Matter (“Drucksache”): 3Pf
Business Mail (“Geschäftlich”): 8Pf (Although this category seems to have only applied to Local Letters, and the rate was the same as a Local Letter, the first weight step limit was higher: 100g as opposed to 20g)
Postcard (“Karte”) (Local): 5Pf; (Regional): 6Pf
Letter (“Brief”) (Local): 8Pf; (Regional): 12Pf
Registered (“Einschreiben”) Fee: 30Pf
Express (“Eilboten”) Fee: 40Pf
Cash on Delivery (“Nachnahme”) Fee: 20Pf.


No mail was permitted to foreign destinations at this time.

All mail currently in the system was impounded and then gradually released after inspection (In the American and British Zones). This is known as “Überroller” mail.

Here is an example with American Zone censorship:

Regional Letter:
Date: 16.03.45
Image
Deutsches Reich Mi827?
Cat.?

Part 2 will illustrate the initial American and British Zone (Bizone) issues.

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Re: Allied Occupied Germany Postal Rates 1945/1949-Illustrat

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PART 2

American and British Zones (Bizone):

The first stamp issue, in 1945, was the “AM” (Allied Military) Series. There were 3 printings: American, British and German.
For more on these see:
https://www.stampboards.com/viewtopic.php?f=13&t=75589
These were valid until 31st October 1946.

Printed Matter:
Date: 03.11.45
Image
BIZONE Mi1 (American Printing)
Cat.8

Date: 22.12.45
Image
BIZONE Mi17 (German Printing)
Cat.4

Local Postcard:
Date: 27.09.45
Image
BIZONE Mi3
Cat.30

Regional Postcard:
Date: 23.07.45
Image
BIZONE Mi4
Cat.3

Business Mail:
Date: 05.02.46
Image
BIZONE Mi5 (American Printing) with American Zone Censor Mark
Cat.5

Local Letters:
Date: 06.02.46
Image
BIZONE Mi14 (British Printing)
Cat.15

Date:17.10.45
Image
BIZONE Mi21 (German Printing)
Cat.60

Note that the 8Pf German Printing (Mi21) is scarce on cover due to speculation in these stamps at the time of issue!

Part 3 continues with Bizone covers and introduces the French Zone issues:

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Re: Allied Occupied Germany Postal Rates 1945/1949-Illustrat

Post by OldDuffer1 »

Part 3

Regional Letters:
Date: 11.08.45
Image
BIZONE Mi7 (American Printing)
Cat.2

Date: 03.12.45
Image
BIZONE Mi15 (British Printing)
Cat.3

Date: 10.01.46
Image
BIZONE Mi23 (German Printing)
Cat.2

Registered Regional Letter:
Date: 01.11.45
Image
BIZONE Mi31
Cat.20

FRENCH ZONE
Initially a series for the whole zone was issued (also initially valid in the SAAR Region).
Valid until June 20th 1948. (Due to Currency Reform- see later)

Regional Letter:
Date: 14.10?45
Image
FR.Z. Mi6
Cat.1

In Part 4 I will show examples from the Soviet Zone.

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Re: Allied Occupied Germany Postal Rates 1945/1949-Illustrat

Post by gavin-h »

A great idea for a thread. Really looking forward to seeing this as it develops. :idea:

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Re: Allied Occupied Germany Postal Rates 1945/1949-Illustrat

Post by OldDuffer1 »

Thank you for kind words gavin-h. Another 30 Parts to go!

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Re: Allied Occupied Germany Postal Rates 1945/1949-Illustrat

Post by maptrekker »

Excellent thread. Looking forward to seeing more.

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Re: Allied Occupied Germany Postal Rates 1945/1949-Illustrat

Post by OldDuffer1 »

Thank you, maptrekker. A nice thing to do while stuck in the house. (Although you will realise has been quite a while in the preparing!)

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Re: Allied Occupied Germany Postal Rates 1945/1949-Illustrat

Post by Flyboxfan »

Really interesting.....thank you

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Re: Allied Occupied Germany Postal Rates 1945/1949-Illustrat

Post by johnrcrow »

Bravo OldDuffer1.

A great resource for the Stamp Collectors.

Enables a great deal of of tidying up one´s letters.

John

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Re: Allied Occupied Germany Postal Rates 1945/1949-Illustrat

Post by OldDuffer1 »

Thank you for your kind words, Flyboxfan and johnrcrow. The next part should hopefully appear later today.

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Re: Allied Occupied Germany Postal Rates 1945/1949-Illustrat

Post by OldDuffer1 »

Part 4
SOVIET ZONE


Stamps were issued for different Regions: Berlin and Brandenburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, State of Saxony (“Saxony Blackouts” of Nazi period stamps), East Saxony, Province of Saxony, Thuringia, West Saxony.

For more on these issues see:
https://www.stampboards.com/viewtopic.php?f=17&t=16899
and
https://www.stampboards.com/viewtopic.php?f=17&t=86850
Most were valid throughout the Zone until 31st October 1946 (apart from “Saxony Blackouts”- only to various dates in 1945).

There were also a number of local issues (“Lokalausgaben”). I will not show covers for these. See above refs. for more on these issues.

State of Saxony

Regional Letter:
Date: 02.08.45
Image
SBZ MiAP 827I
Cat.80

Berlin and Brandenburg

Local Postcards:
Date: 05.09.45
Image
SBZ Mi1AA (Perf.)
Cat.10

Date: 08.10.45
Image
SBZ Mi1AB (Rouletted)
Cat.10

Regional Postcard:
Date: 15.08.45
Image
SBZ Mi2A
Cat.2

Regional Letter:
Date: 19.01.46
Image
SBZ Mi5A
Cat.2

Part 5 continues with more Soviet Zone examples.

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Re: Allied Occupied Germany Postal Rates 1945/1949-Illustrat

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Part 5
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern

Regional Postcard:
Date: 02?12?45
Image
SBZ Mi8x
Cat.13

Local Letters:
Date: 28.10.45
Image
SBZ Mi11xa
Cat.50

Date: 18.02.46
Image
SBZ Mi14x
Cat.130

Regional Letters:
Date: 15.10.45
Image
SBZ Mi16
Cat.15

Date: 27.11.45
Image
SBZ Mi17
Cat.15

Date: 22.01.46
Image
SBZ Mi18
Cat.50

Registered Regional Letter (12+30Pf):
Date: 25.10.45
Image
SBZ Mi8x,11xa,12,16
Cat.100

Part 6 continues with Soviet Zone examples.

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Re: Allied Occupied Germany Postal Rates 1945/1949-Illustrat

Post by OldDuffer1 »

Part 6
East Saxony


Note that the 12Pf Mi41 (see above Refs. for more on this) has been discredited as an issued stamp. It is now designated MiBIb. Covers with this stamp are thought to have been manufactured with the connivance of P.O. employees, but still fetch high prices!

Local Postcard:
Date: 07.02.46
Image
SBZ Mi42A
Cat.50

Regional Postcard:
Date: 01?10.45
Image
SBZ Mi43A
Cat.30

Local Letter:
Date:21.09.45
Image
SBZ Mi44A
Cat.15

Regional Letters:
Date: 28.08.45
Image
SBZ Mi46A
Cat.3

Saxony Province

Regional Letters:
Date: 03.12.45
Image
SBZ Mi71
Cat.7

Date: 21.02.46
Image
SBZ Mi86
Cat.8

Thuringia

Regional Letter:
Date: 07?02?46
Image
SBZ Mi97
Cat.6

West Saxony

Regional Letter:
Date: 09.11.45
Image
SBZ Mi119
Cat.6

In Part 7 I will show examples after the first rate change.

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Re: Allied Occupied Germany Postal Rates 1945/1949-Illustrat

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PART 7
RATE INCREASE


On March 1st 1946 most rates doubled, due to the currency inflation taking place.

The new rates were:

Printed Matter: 6Pf
Business Mail: 16Pf
Postcard (Local): 10Pf; (Regional):12Pf
Letter (Local): 16Pf; (Regional): 24Pf
Registered Fee: 60Pf
Express Fee: 80Pf
Cash on Delivery Fee: 40Pf.


BIZONE

Printed Matter:
Date: 30.04.46
Image
BIZONE Mi4
Cat.3

Local Postcard:
Date: 12.04.46
Image
BIZONE Mi6
Cat.40

Regional Postcard:
Date: 02.05.46
Image
BIZONE Mi15
Cat.3

Regional Letter:
Date: 15.04.46
Image
BIZONE Mi27
Cat.50

Registered Local Letter: (16+60Pf)
Date: 02.03.46
Image
BIZONE Mi5,29
Cat.15

Regional Registered Letter: (24+60Pf)
Date: 11.03.46
Image
BIZONE Mi31 (Note- No 84Pf stamp available at this date)
Cat.>30 (Due to date)

Registered Regional C.O.D. Letter: (24+60+40Pf)
Date: 20.03.46
Image
BIZONE Mi10,2,3,15,32
Cat.50

Part 8 shows covers after foreign mail permitted.

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Re: Allied Occupied Germany Postal Rates 1945/1949-Illustrat

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Part 8

From April 1st 1946 surface mail to foreign destinations was permitted.
The initial rates were:

Printed Matter: 15Pf
Postcard: 45Pf
Letter: 75Pf


Foreign Postcard:
Date: 26.04.46
Image
BIZONE Mi17,31 with British Zone Censor Mark
Cat.>>15 (Due to usage)

Foreign Letters:
Date: 09.04.46
Image
BIZONE Mi9 (Note- No 75Pf stamp was available at this date)
Cat.>60 (Due to date)

Date: 02.04.46
Image
BIZONE Mi8,29; British Zone Censorship
Cat.>>15 (Due to Date)

Part 9 looks at the French Zone after the rate increase.

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Re: Allied Occupied Germany Postal Rates 1945/1949-Illustrat

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PART 9
FRENCH ZONE


Regional Letter:
Date: 26.06.46
Image
FR.Z. Mi9
Cat.1

Foreign Letter (From SAAR Region)
Date: 21.12.46
Image
Fr.Z. Mi7,10 (Note- No 75Pf stamp available)
Cat.7

SAAR
From the beginning of 1947 separate stamps were issued for the SAAR region (Saarland). Towards the end of 1947 the French Franc was adopted as the currency so that this region was unaffected by the later currency reforms in Germany.

Regional Letters:
Date: 30.09.47
Image
SAAR Mi215
Cat.4

Date: 24.11.47
Image
SAAR Mi233 (6F on 24Pf)
Cat.12

Part 10 continues with French Zone Regional Issues

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Re: Allied Occupied Germany Postal Rates 1945/1949-Illustrat

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Part 10

In the French Zone separate stamps for the different Regions: Baden, Rhine Palatinate (Rheinland-Pfalz) and Württemberg-Hohenzollern were issued in 1947. Note that these were only valid in the particular Region and were all valid until June 20th 1948.

Regional Postcard:
Date: 07.10.47
Image
RHEINELAND- PFALZ Mi4
Cat.3

Regional Letters:
Date: 21.06.48 (Note that validity extended to 1st post on this date)- “Last Day Cover”
Image
BADEN Mi8
Cat.>>2 (Due to date)

Date: 02.04.48
Image
RHEINELAND- PFALZ Mi8
Cat.2

Date: 04.04.48
Image
WÜRTTEMBERG Mi8
Cat.2

Foreign Postcard:
Date: 26.07.47
Image
BADEN Mi9
Cat.80

Foreign Letters:
Date: 14.07.47
Image
BADEN Mi11
Cat.60

Date: 13?08?47
Image
RHEINELAND- PFALZ Mi13
Cat.60

Date: 05?08.47
Image
WÜRTTEMBERG Mi11
Cat.70

Registered Letter:
Date: 13.11.47
Image
RHEINELAND- PFALZ Mi14
Cat.30

In Part 11 I show covers from the Soviet Zone.

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Re: Allied Occupied Germany Postal Rates 1945/1949-Illustrat

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PART 11
SOVIET ZONE

Most of the Regions (apart from Saxony Province) had not initially produced a 24Pf stamp, so that the postage for Regional Letters had to be made up with other values.

Berlin and Brandenburg

Regional Letter:
Date: 04.03.46
Image
SBZ Mi3A
Cat.7

East Saxony

Regional Letters:
Date: 02.03.46
Image
SBZ Mi60
Cat.7

Date: : 22.03.46
Image
SBZ Mi63
Cat.12

Saxony Province

Regional Letter
Date: 10.05.46
Image
SBZ Mi82
Cat.40

Part 12 introduces the Trizone issues.

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Re: Allied Occupied Germany Postal Rates 1945/1949-Illustrat

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PART 12
TRIZONE


In 1946 (Feb. to May) a series of stamps was produced which were valid in the American, British and Soviet Zones (“Trizone”). Known as the “Numerals” series, these were later followed by the “Worker” series and some other issues. Both series were valid (at full value) until June 21st 1948 in the Bizone and June 24th in the Soviet Zone. (Currency Reform).

See https://www.stampboards.com/viewtopic.php?f=17&t=74079 for more on these issues.

Numerals Series
Some of these were issued before the 1st March rate increase so that for a short period they were valid at the lower rate for postage. Covers of this usage are obviously quite scarce.

Regional Postcard:
Date: 9/11.02.46
Image
TRIZONE Mi916 (Issued 02.02.46)
Cat? (Due to usage)

Regional Letter:
Date: 25.02.46
Image
TRIZONE Mi919 (Issued 02.02.46)
Cat.? (Due to usage)

Covers after the rate increase:
Printed Matter:
Date: 10.02.47
Image
TRIZONE Mi916
Cat.1

Local Postcard:
Date: 16.10.46
Image
TRIZONE Mi918
Cat.12

Regional Postcards:
Date: 18.04.46
Image
TRIZONE Mi919
Cat.4

Date: 17.02.46-Date must be incorrect as stamp issued 14.04.46!
Image
TRIZONE Mi920
Cat.2

Business Mail:
Date: 27.07.47
Image
TRIZONE Mi923
Cat.3

Local Letter:
Date: 10.06.47
Image
TRIZONE Mi923
Cat.3

Part 13 continues the Trizone examples

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Re: Allied Occupied Germany Postal Rates 1945/1949-Illustrat

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Part 13

Regional Letter:
Date: 06.06.46
Image
TRIZONE Mi925
Cat.1

Registered Regional Letters: (24+60Pf)
Date: 25.03.46
Image
TRIZONE Mi930 (Note- 84Pf stamp not issued until 10.04.46)
Cat.120

Date: 18.12.47 (With Soviet Zone Censor Mark)
Image
TRIZONE Mi936
Reverse with Soviet Zone Censor Mark:
Image
Cat.? (Due to censor mark)

Regional Express Letter: (24+80Pf)
Date: 07.11.46
Image
TRIZONE Mi925,929
Cat.12

Regional Express Registered Letter: (24+60+80Pf)
Date: 05.05.47
Image
TRIZONE Mi935,936
Cat.<12 (Damaged stamp)- Possibly more due to usage

Foreign Postcard:
Date:26.03.47
Image
TRIZONE Mi931 with American Zone Censor Mark
Cat.60

Foreign Letters:
Date: 05.04.46
Image
TRIZONE Mi921,933 (Note 75Pf stamp not issued until April 25th) with American Zone Censor Mark and tape.
Cat.>>9 (Due to date)

Date: 06.11.46
Image
TRIZONE Mi934
Cat.20

Part 14 continues with Trizone examples

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Re: Allied Occupied Germany Postal Rates 1945/1949-Illustrat

Post by OldDuffer1 »

PART 14
Workers Series


These were issued between March ’47 and Feb. ’48.

Printed Matter:
Date: ?09?47
Image
TRIZONE Mi944
Cat.1

Local Postcard:
Date: 12.06.48
Image
TRIZONE Mi946
Cat.15

Regional Postcard:
Date: ??47
Image
TRIZONE Mi947
Cat.1

Local letter:
Date: 05.11.47
Image
TRIZONE Mi949
Cat.4

Regional Letters:
Date: 09.03.48 (Posted in American Zone)
Image
TRIZONE Mi951
Cat.1

Date: 14.02.48 (Posted in British Zone)
Image
TRIZONE Mi951
Cat.1

Date: 29.05.48 (Posted in Soviet Zone)
Image
TRIZONE Mi951
Cat.1

Registered Regional Letter:
Date: 20.03.48
Image
TRIZONE Mi958
Cat.5

Some further issues were produced including the Heinrich Stephan issue of 1947.

Regional Letter:
Date: 13.10.47
Image
TRIZONE Mi963
Cat.12

Foreign Letter:
Date: 28.06.47
Image
TRIZONE Mi964 with British Zone Censor Mark and tape
Cat.75

Part 15 continues the Trizone examples

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Re: Allied Occupied Germany Postal Rates 1945/1949-Illustrat

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Part 15

The rates for Foreign Surface Mail were decreased on Sep.15th 1947. The new rates were:

Printed Matter: 10Pf
Postcard : 30Pf
Letter : 50Pf
Registered Fee: 60Pf
Express Fee: 100Pf


Foreign Printed Matter:
Date:24.04.48
Image
TRIZONE Mi918
Cat.>>12 (Due to usage)

Foreign Postcard:
Date: 04.03.48
Image
TRIZONE Mi928
Cat.50

Foreign Letter:
Date: 12.12.47
Image
TRIZONE Mi932
Cat.20

Workers Series Examples:
Foreign Printed Matter:
Date: 24.04.48
Image
TRIZONE Mi946
Cat.>>15 (Due to usage)

Foreign Postcard:
Date: 16.06.48
Image
TRIZONE Mi953
Cat.80

Foreign Letter:
Date: 26.03.48
Image
TRIZONE Mi955
Cat.25

Registered Foreign Letter: (50+60Pf)
Date: 31.03.48
Image
TRIZONE Mi932,956
Cat>>5 (Due to usage)

Part 16 deals with the French Zone after the Foreign Mail rate drop.

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Re: Allied Occupied Germany Postal Rates 1945/1949-Illustrat

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Part 16
French Zone


Following the drop in Foreign mail rates on Sep.15th 1947 only the Rhineland-Palatinate Region produced new 30Pf and 50Pf stamps (Feb.’48).

Foreign Postcards: (Since the new 30Pf was not issued until Feb.'48 rate initially made up with other stamps)
Date: 31.10.47
Image
FRENCH ZONE Mi2; RHEINLAND-PFALZ Mi1,2,3,4
Cat.>>3 (Due to usage)

Date: 10.03.48
Image
RHEINLAND-PFALZ Mi9 (Note- Re-used 1947 “Souvenir” card)
Cat.60 (Probably more)

Foreign Letters:
Date: 23.04.48
Image
RHEINLAND-PFALZ Mi11
Cat.60

In the other Regions this rate had to be made up with other stamps:
Date: 06.01.48
Image
BADEN Mi3,6,8
Cat.8

Date: 28.05.48
Image
WÜRTTEMBERG Mi3
Cat.30

Part 17 deals with issues after the June 1948 currency reforms.

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Re: Allied Occupied Germany Postal Rates 1945/1949-Illustrat

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PART 17

Currency Reform: On June 21st 1948 the new Deutsche Mark was introduced in the American, British and French Zones.

AMERICAN AND BRITISH ZONES
Since no new stamps were available for the American and British zones, the “Worker” Bizone series and some of the “Numerals” series were overprinted with “Posthorn” patterns in 2 forms: “Ribbon” (Designated “I” with Michel numbers) and “Net”(Designated “II”). Issued June 21st.

Again see https://www.stampboards.com/viewtopic.php?f=13&t=75589 for more on these.

These were valid until Sept.19th 1948. (Note that this date is very significant in light of the later rate change).

For some reason, in most cases covers with one or other version are generally scarcer. (Shown by Catalogue value).

For a short period the previous Trizone stamps were valid at 1/10th face value. (“10-Fach”). I have not shown examples of these covers.

Initially postage rates remained the same.

Printed Matter:
Date: ??48
Image
BIZONE Mi37I
Cat.3

Date: ?07.48
Image
BIZONE Mi37II
Cat.25

Local Postcards:
Date: 07.08.48
Image
BIZONE Mi39I
Cat.12

Date: 29.06.48
Image
BIZONE Mi39II
Cat.10

Regional Postcards:
Date: 07.07.48
Image
BIZONE Mi40I
Cat.2

Date: 06.08.48
Image
BIZONE Mi40II
Cat.20

Local letters:
Date: 17.08.48
Image
BIZONE Mi42I
Cat.35

Date: 28?06.48
Image
BIZONE Mi42II
Cat.10

Part 18 continues with Bizone examples.

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Re: Allied Occupied Germany Postal Rates 1945/1949-Illustrat

Post by OldDuffer1 »

PART 18

BIZONE (cont.)

Regional Letters:
Date: 19.08.48
Image
BIZONE Mi44I
Cat.2

Date: 30.06.48
Image
BIZONE Mi44II
Cat.20

Date:25?.7.48
Image
BIZONE Mi44IK (Inverted overprint)
Cat.30

Registered Regional Covers: ( 24+60Pf)
Date: 28.07.48
Image
BIZONE Mi51I
Cat.70

Date: 19.07.48
Image
BIZONE Mi51II
Cat.40

Express Registered Regional Letter: (24+60+80Pf)
Date: 22?07.48
Image
BIZONE Mi47II,51II
Cat.35

C.O.D. Regional Letter: (24+40Pf)
Image
BIZONE Mi36II,43I
Cat.? (Due to “Han” Number)-Philatelic cover?

Part 19 continues with Bizone examples.

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Re: Allied Occupied Germany Postal Rates 1945/1949-Illustrat

Post by OldDuffer1 »

PART 19

BIZONE (cont.)

Foreign Postcard:
Date: 15.08.48
Image
BIZONE Mi46II
Cat.100

Foreign Letters:
Date: 04.08?48
Image
BIZONE Mi48I
Cat.100

Date: 20.08.48
Image
BIZONE Mi48II
Cat.45

Registered Foreign Letter: (50+60Pf)
Date: 03.08.48
Image
BIZONE Mi39II,48I
Cat.80

Foreign Express Letter: (50+100Pf)
Date: 15.07.48
Image
BIZONE Mi48II
Cat.80

With “Numerals” Series overprints:

Registered Regional Letter:
Date: 18.08.48
Image
BIZONE Mi68II
Cat.60

Express Regional Letter: (24+80Pf)
Date:28.07.48
Image
BIZONE Mi36I,45II,67II
Cat.275

These were followed by a series of semi-postals relating to the 500th Anniversary of the Cologne Cathedral. (Issued 15.08.48).

Registered Regional Letter:
Date:15.08.48
Image
BIZONE MiA49II,71
Cat.45 (Note- in this case F.D.C. does not increase value).

Part 20 looks at issues produced for West Berlin.

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Re: Allied Occupied Germany Postal Rates 1945/1949-Illustrat

Post by OldDuffer1 »

PART 20

BERLIN
Following the currency reform special overprints of the “Worker” series were produced for West Berlin. Note that although the Soviet Authorities wanted the same (“Ostmark”) currency for the whole of Berlin, the Western Powers also introduced the Deutsche Mark in West Berlin. The tensions caused helped lead to the Berlin Blockade and on to the “Cold War”!

Initially a Black “Berlin” overprint was used. (Issued Sep.1948).
These were valid until 31st March, 1949.

Printed Matter:
Date: ??48
Image
BERLIN Mi2 with “Luftbrücke” Cancel
Cat.50

Local postcard:
Date: 01.10.48
Image
BERLIN Mi4
Cat.10

Regional Postcard:
Date: 08.10.48
Image
BERLIN Mi5 with “Luftbrücke” Cancel
Cat.30

Local Letter:
Date: 21.10.48
Image
BERLIN Mi7
Cat.12

Regional Letter:
Date: 15.01.49
Image
BERLIN Mi9
Cat.10

Registered Local Letter: (16+60Pf)
Date: 27.09.48
Image
BERLIN Mi7,14
Cat.18

Registered Regional Letter: (24+60Pf)
Image
BERLIN Mi16
Cat.400

Foreign Postcard:
Date: 18.12.48
Image
BERLIN Mi11
Cat.350

Foreign Letter:
Date: 11.02.49
Image
BERLIN Mi13
Cat.125

Part 21 continues with Berlin examples.

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Re: Allied Occupied Germany Postal Rates 1945/1949-Illustrat

Post by OldDuffer1 »

Part 21

BERLIN (cont.)
These were followed by a more limited series of Red Overprints (Jan. to Mar. 1949). Valid until 31st Jan. 1950.

Printed Matter:
Date: 09.05.49
Image
BERLIN Mi22
Cat.40

Local Postcard:
Date: 04.05.49
Image
BERLIN Mi24
Cat.12

Regional Postcard: Note- no 12Pf Red Overprint issued
Date: 11.04.49
Image
BERLIN Mi21,24
Cat.25

Local Letter: Note- no 16Pf Red Overprint issued
Date: 02?.04.49
Image
BERLIN Mi22,24
Cat.35

Regional Letter: Note- no 24Pf Red Overprint issued
Date: 09.04?49
Image
BERLIN Mi21,26
Cat.25

Foreign Letter:
Date: 13.07.49 (Note- Slightly after rate drop on 07.07.49- see later)
Image
BERLIN Mi30
Cat.<110 (For above reason)

The first non-overprinted issue featured Heinrich Von Stephan (75 Years UPU).

Regional Letter:
Date: 25.04.49
Image
BERLIN Mi37
Cat.>>30 (Due to slogan cancel).

Foreign Letter:
Date: 30.05.49
Image
BERLIN Mi38
Cat.320

Part 22 I will show covers from the French Zone after the Currency Reform.

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Re: Allied Occupied Germany Postal Rates 1945/1949-Illustrat

Post by Chkpoint Charlie »

Hi,
All this great information, I finally purchased a Michel Specialized Germany Volume ll in English, so I can now start to understand this era.
I was surprised that this catalog does not cover West Berlin! What is the best Michel catalog that cover in depth West Berlin?
Also, can I post content here or will it mess everything up for your wonderful presentation that takes a lot of effort on your part?

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Re: Allied Occupied Germany Postal Rates 1945/1949-Illustrat

Post by OldDuffer1 »

Hi Chkpoint Charlie (love your moniker!). No problem- if you have other examples do feel free to add. As I said at the start I have restricted myself here to "First weight step" covers and, of course, to those with postage exactly meeting the current rate. If meeting the second requirement higher weight covers can also be interesting. Note that I will be covering Airmail in the last part.

I know what you mean re. Berlin which seems a bit of an omission- but then they went on issuing until the re-unification! I don't think the English Part 1 covers this either so otherwise you would have to go for one in German. Personally I just use the ordinary Deutschland Katalog for Berlin, but it is obviously not "specialized"!

Thanks for your interest.

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Re: Allied Occupied Germany Postal Rates 1945/1949-Illustrat

Post by OldDuffer1 »

PART 22

FRENCH ZONE
For the French Zone new values of similar designs but different colours were produced.

Regional Postcard:
Date: 29.09.48
Image
RHEINLAND-PFALZ Mi20
Cat.3

Regional Letters:
Date: 09.09.48
Image
BADEN Mi22
Cat.2

Date: 18.09.48
Image
RHEINLAND-PFALZ Mi24
Cat.2

Date: 24.08.48
Image
WÜRTTEMBERG Mi22
Cat.2

Registered Regional Letter:
Date: 20.09.48
Image
RHEINLAND-PFALZ Mi28
Cat.50

Foreign Postcard:
Date: 11.07.48
Image
WÜRTTEMBERG Mi23
Cat.>65 (Due to usage)

Foreign Letters:
Date: 27.08.48
Image
BADEN Mi24
Cat.45

Date: 13.08.48
Image
RHEINLAND-PFALZ Mi26
Cat.50

Date: 12.07.48
Image
WÜRTTEMBERG Mi24
Cat.60

In Part 23 I will illustrate Soviet Zone covers after their Currency Reform.

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Re: Allied Occupied Germany Postal Rates 1945/1949-Illustrat

Post by erich »

It seems as if someone here can tell me what is going on with this cover:

Image

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Re: Allied Occupied Germany Postal Rates 1945/1949-Illustrat

Post by OldDuffer1 »

This is a "last day of validity" (20.06.48)- indeed "last hour", of the Trizone issues at their full value. Obviously a philatelic cover (I think it adds up to 694Pf!). In fact this would have been enough also for the next 2 days at the permitted 1/10th value!* ("10 fach")- as the foreign letter rate was 50Pf- so rather defeating its purpose as a last day cover.

*Since sent from the British Zone.

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Re: Allied Occupied Germany Postal Rates 1945/1949-Illustrat

Post by OldDuffer1 »

PART 23

SOVIET ZONE
In the Soviet Zone, which introduced its own currency reform shortly afterwards, again no new stamps had been prepared so that the “Worker” Bizone issues were overprinted locally by Post Offices using hand-stamps which had been previously used for Money Orders etc. These marks consisted of the District ("Bezirk") Number and the local town name (“Bezirkshandstempel”). They were issued 24.06.48 and were only valid until July 10th 1948. Note that values depend very much on the District Number and Town Mark. Values given are for cheapest. Note that these were also valid in West Berlin.

Again see above Stampboards Ref. for more on these.
Until July 31st the previous Trizone stamps were also valid at 1/10th value. I have again not included example covers.

Printed Matter:
Date: 26.06.48
Image
SBZ Mi167X (Bez.41: Zwickau)
Cat.70

Regional Letters:
Date: 30.06.48
Image
SBZ Mi174IV (Bez.20: Dessau)
Cat.60

Date: 01.07.48 (Note- Posted in West Berlin)
Image
SBZ Mi174I (Bez.3: Berlin)
Cat.>60 (Due to above)

From July 3rd the “Worker” series and later the previous “Numerals” and the Berlin and Brandenburg series were issued with a machine overprint: “Sowjetische Besatzungs Zone” (“SBZ” overprint). These were valid until 28.02.50 and in West Berlin until 20.03.49.

Printed Matter:
Date: ?07.48
Image
SBZ Mi183
Cat.4

Regional Postcard:
Date: 20.08.48
Image
SBZ Mi186
Cat.3

Local Letter:
Date: 15.07.48
Image
SBZ Mi188
Cat.4

Regional Letter:
Date: 18.10.48
Image
SBZ Mi190
Cat.2

Part 24 continues the Soviet Zone examples.

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Re: Allied Occupied Germany Postal Rates 1945/1949-Illustrat

Post by OldDuffer1 »

Part 24

SOVIET ZONE (cont.)

Registered Regional Letter:
Date: 29.12.48
Image
SBZ Mi197
Cat.15

Foreign Postcard:
Date: 04.09.48
Image
SBZ Mi192
Cat.120

Foreign Letters:
Date: 10.07.48
Image
SBZ Mi194
Cat.40

Date: 17.10.48
Image
SBZ Mi203A,205A,207 (Note- No 50Pf “Numerals” overprinted)
Cat.20

Registered Regional Letter:
Date: 17.02?50
Image
SBZ Mi211
Cat.20

Further Issues
A number of further issues were produced, including the “Personalities” series.

Regional Letter:
Date: 04.11.49
Image
SBZ Mi220 with British Zone Censor Mark and tape
Cat.2 (Excluding value of censor mark).

Foreign Letter:
Date: 04.08.49
Image
SBZ Mi224
Cat.30

Regional Letter: (Note- Overpaid local letter-philatelic)
Date: 15.05.49
Image
SBZ Mi232
Cat.50 (Due to “Han” number)

In Part 25 I will show covers after the rate drop in the British and American Zones.

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Re: Allied Occupied Germany Postal Rates 1945/1949-Illustrat

Post by OldDuffer1 »

PART 25

On Sept. 1st 1948 most rates dropped in the British and American Zones. (Note that this occurred later for West Berlin and in the French Zone).
This coincided with the issue date of a new “Structures” (“Bauten”) series. (Note that the English Michel Specialized translates as “structures” even though the literal translation is “buildings”)
See https://www.stampboards.com/viewtopic.php?f=17&t=68950 for more on the ramifications of this event.

The new rates were:

Printed Matter: 4Pf
Business Mail: 20Pf
Postcard (Local): 8Pf; (Regional):10Pf
Letter (Local): 10Pf; (Regional): 20Pf
Registered Fee: 40Pf
Express Fee: 60Pf
Cash on Delivery: Fee: 30Pf.

Foreign Mail
Printed Matter: 10Pf
Postcard: 20Pf
Letter: 30Pf
Registered Fee: 40Pf
Express Fee: 60Pf


Band and Net Overprints
It should be noted that these were only valid at these rates from 1st to 19th September. This adds to the scarcity of these items.

Regional Postcard:
Date: 06.09.48
Image
BIZONE Mi39II
Cat.>10 (Due to date)

Local Letter:
Date: 08.09.48
Image
BIZONE Mi39II
Cat.>10 (Due to date)

Regional Letters:
Date: 11.09.48
Image
BIZONE Mi43I
Cat.35

Date: 03.09.48
Image
BIZONE Mi43II
Cat.25

Registered Regional Letter: (20+40Pf)
Image
BIZONE Mi49II
Cat.150

Foreign Postcard: No examples seen!
BIZONE Mi43I/II
Cat.?

Foreign Letter:
Date: 07.09.49
Image
BIZONE Mi46II
Cat.100

In Part 26 I will show examples from the Structures series.

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Re: Allied Occupied Germany Postal Rates 1945/1949-Illustrat

Post by OldDuffer1 »

PART 26

Structures Series
Note: Pf values valid until 31.03.53 and DM values until 31.12.54.

Regional Letters:
Date: 04.09.48
Image
BIZONE Mi84
Cat.25

Date: 29.10.48
Image
BIZONE Mi85
Cat.1

Mixed “Structures” and Overprints:
Express Registered Regional Letter: (20+40+60Pf)
Date: 18.09.48
Image
BIZONE Mi66I,74,77,80,85,89
Cat.60

From 1st December 1948 the Berlin Tax stamp was required for most items (excluding to and from Berlin and for foreign destinations).

Printed Matter:
Date: 10.04.49
Image
BIZONE Mi74+Tax Stamp Mi2
Cat.2

Local Postcards:
Date: 04.12.51
Image
BIZONE Mi78+Tax Stamp Mi2
Cat.60

Date: 22?11.51
Image
BIZONE Mi79+Tax Stamp Mi2
Cat.12

Regional Postcard:
Date: 27.08.51
Image
BIZONE Mi80+Tax Stamp Mi2
Cat.1

Regional Letter:
Date: 03.12.48
Image
BIZONE Mi85+Tax Stamp Mi1
Cat.2

Part 27 continues with Bizone issues.

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Re: Allied Occupied Germany Postal Rates 1945/1949-Illustrat

Post by OldDuffer1 »

PART 27

BIZONE “STRUCTURES” (cont.)

Cash on Delivery Local Letter: (10+30Pf)
Date: 29.12.50
Image
BIZONE Mi90 + Tax Stamp Mi2
Cat.8

Registered Local Letter: (10+40Pf)
Date: 24.01.50
Image
BIZONE Mi92+Tax Stamp Mi2
Cat.10

Registered Regional Letter: (20+40Pf)
Date: 10.02.49
Image
BIZONE Mi93+Tax Stamp Mi2
Cat.6

Express Regional Letter: (20+60Pf)
Date: 03.11.48
Image
BIZONE Mi94
Cat.25

Verifiable Delivery Letter: (45Pf Verifiable Delivery, 20Pf Letter, 20Pf Return Postage).
Date: 24.05.49
Image
BIZONE Mi75,85,93+Tax Stamp Mi2
Cat.>5 (Due to usage)

Registered Express Regional Letter: (40+60+20Pf)
Date: 15?12.48
Image
BIZONE Mi85,97II+Tax Stamp Mi1
Cat.35

Part 28 continues with Bizone issues.

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Re: Allied Occupied Germany Postal Rates 1945/1949-Illustrat

Post by OldDuffer1 »

PART 28

BIZONE “STRUCTURES” (cont.)

Foreign Printed Matter:
Date: 09.02.49
Image
BIZONE Mi80
Cat.>>1 (Due to usage)

Foreign Postcard:
Date: 03.10.49
Image
BIZONE Mi85
Cat.>>1 (Due to usage)

Foreign Letters:
Date: 06.09?48
Image
BIZONE Mi88
Cat.200

Date: 06.12.48
Image
BIZONE Mi89
Cat.15

Registered Foreign Letters: (30+40Pf)
Date: 18.12.48
Image
BIZONE Mi80,85
Cat.>>1 (Due to usage)

Date: 28??48
Image
BIZONE Mi85,91
Cat.55

Part 29 continues with Bizone issues.

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Re: Allied Occupied Germany Postal Rates 1945/1949-Illustrat

Post by OldDuffer1 »

PART 29

Further Bizone issues

Regional Letters:
Date: 02.01.49 (Note- No tax stamp, for some reason- charity surcharged stamp?)
Image
BIZONE Mi102
Cat.50

Date: 13?08.49
Image
BIZONE Mi104+Tax Stamp Mi2
Cat.18

Foreign Letters:
Date: 12.09.49
Image
BIZONE Mi101,102+ Berlin Tax Stamp Mi1* (Note- No 30Pf in this issue)
Cat.40
*Not strictly required

Date: ??49?
Image
BIZONE Mi105
Cat.85

Regional Letters:
Date: 08.08.49
Image
BIZONE Mi107+Tax Stamp Mi2
Cat.110

Date: 25.09.49
Image
BIZONE Mi109+Tax Stamp Mi2
Cat.40
Last Issue of Bizone.

In Part 30 I will show examples from the French Zone after the rate drop.

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Re: Allied Occupied Germany Postal Rates 1945/1949-Illustrat

Post by Wolfgang »

Chkpoint Charlie wrote:Hi,
All this great information, I finally purchased a Michel Specialized Germany Volume ll in English, so I can now start to understand this era.
I was surprised that this catalog does not cover West Berlin! What is the best Michel catalog that cover in depth West Berlin?
Also, can I post content here or will it mess everything up for your wonderful presentation that takes a lot of effort on your part?
Charlie,
there will be a catalogue of Michel especially for Berlin in English - it is anounced to be available end of 2020.
Papua New Guinea stamps and postal history: https://www.i-ng.org
I am always interested in buying commercial mail from PNG.

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Re: Allied Occupied Germany Postal Rates 1945/1949-Illustrat

Post by OldDuffer1 »

Thanks for info. Wolfgang- although it won't come cheap!

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Re: Allied Occupied Germany Postal Rates 1945/1949-Illustrat

Post by OldDuffer1 »

PART 30

As mentioned above the rate drops took place later in West Berlin and the French Zone.

FRENCH ZONE
Here the rate drop took place on Oct.4th 1948. Berlin Tax stamps were required from various dates in 1949. Württemberg produced its own versions to be used during certain periods.

Regional Postcard:
Date: 20.01.49
Image
RHEINLAND-PFALZ Mi19
Cat.5

Regional Letters:
Date: 21.11.48
Image
BADEN Mi21
Cat.15

Date: ??49?
Image
RHEINLAND-PFALZ Mi23+BERLIN TAX STAMP Mi2
Cat.15

Date: 13.10.48
Image
WÜRTTEMBERG Mi21
Cat.15

Registered Regional Letter:
Date: 10?01.49
Image
BADEN Mi25
Cat.45

Foreign Postcard:
Date: 20.06.49
Image
BADEN Mi21
Cat.>>15 (Due to usage)

Part 31 continues French Zone Examples

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Re: Allied Occupied Germany Postal Rates 1945/1949-Illustrat

Post by OldDuffer1 »

Part 31

FRENCH ZONE (cont.)
A new set of definitives were issued for each Region late ’48 to ’49 (but not a new 30Pf).

Regional Postcard:
Date: 28.01.49
Image
RHEINLAND-PFALZ Mi37
Cat.4

Regional Letters:
Date: 24.04.49
Image
BADEN Mi34
Cat.4

Date: 19.03.49
Image
RHEINLAND-PFALZ Mi38+BERLIN TAX STAMP Mi2
Cat.4

Date: 29.07?49
Image
WÜRTTEMBERG Mi34+ WÜRTTEMBERG TAX STAMP Mi2 (Overprinted “Wohnungsbau-abgabe”)
Cat.>3 (Due to Tax Stamp)

Date: 21.12.49
Image
WÜRTTEMBERG Mi34+ WÜRTTEMBERG TAX STAMP Mi3
Cat.>3 (Due to Tax Stamp)

Foreign Postcard:
Date: 06.10.49
Image
RHEINLAND-PFALZ Mi38
Cat.>>4 (Due to usage)

Foreign Letters:
Date: 11.10.48
Image
BADEN Mi23
Cat.55

Date: 25.02.49
Image
RHEINLAND-PFALZ Mi25 (Note- Surface Mail Rate- not "Airmail")
Cat.65

Date: 14.10.48
Image
WÜRTTEMBERG Mi23
Cat.65

Part 32 looks at Berlin issues after the rate drops.

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Re: Allied Occupied Germany Postal Rates 1945/1949-Illustrat

Post by OldDuffer1 »

Part 32

BERLIN
The rate drops as above took place for Domestic mail on June 1st 1949 and for Foreign mail on July 7th 1949.

Local Postcard:
Date: 29.10.49
Image
BER Mi23
Cat.65

Regional Postcard:
Date: 07.06.49
Image
BER Mi24
Cat.12

Local Letter:
Date: 18.07.49
Image
BER Mi24
Cat.>12 (Due to usage)

Regional Letter:
Date: 07.07.49
Image
BER Mi26
Cat.12

Foreign Letter:
Date: 11.08.49
Image
BER Mi28
Cat.<300 (Damaged stamp)

Part 33 looks at further Berlin issues

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Re: Allied Occupied Germany Postal Rates 1945/1949-Illustrat

Post by OldDuffer1 »

Part 33

Berlin Further Issues
An extensive “Berlin Buildings” (“Berliner Bauten”) series was issued in 1949.

Regional Letter:
Date: 15.12.49
Image
BER Mi49
Cat.1

Foreign Letter:
Date: 22.03.50
Image
BER Mi51
Cat.40

A further short series of overprints on the “Worker” series was issued in August 1949.

Regional Postcard:
Date: 01.12.49
Image
BER Mi65
Cat.15

Local Letter:
Date: 24.12.49
Image
BER Mi65
Cat.15

Regional Letter:
Date: 12.12.49
Image
BER Mi66
Cat.100

In the Soviet Zone rates did not drop until 1954 for Domestic Mail and 1952 for Foreign- well into the period after the formation of the DDR.

Parts 34 and 35 look at Airmail.

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Re: Allied Occupied Germany Postal Rates 1945/1949-Illustrat

Post by OldDuffer1 »

Part 34

AIRMAIL
This is a complex area with, in the American and British Zones, initial special arrangements being made for Overseas Business Mail.
Internal Airmail was permitted from July 15th 1948 in these Zones and the French Zone with an extra fee of 5Pf. This fee remained the same until 1990! Initially the routes were quite restricted.

Regional Letter: (24+5Pf)
Date: 31.07.48
Image
BIZONE Mi36I,45I
Cat.>>16 (Due to usage)

Postcard: (10+5Pf)
Date: 31.07.50
Image
BIZONE Mi82
Cat.240

Letter : (20+5Pf)
Date: 22.11.49
Image
BIZONE Mi87
Cat.45

Registered Regional Letter: (20+40+5Pf)
Date: 17.11.49
Image
BIZONE Mi87,90
Cat.>5 (Due to usage)

From Oct. 20th 1948 Foreign Airmail was permitted for the general public.
Rates were:Europe: 25Pf; Outside Europe: 50Pf Fee.

Europe Postcard: (20+25Pf)
Date: 22.12.49
Image
BIZONE Mi75,90
Cat.>>5 (Due to usage)

Europe Letter: (30+25Pf)
Date: 30.08.49
Image
BIZONE Mi87,89 (Note: No 55Pf stamp issued).
Cat.>5 (Due to usage)

Outside Europe Postcard: (50+20Pf)
Date: 20.07.50
Image
BIZONE Mi85,92
Cat.>5 (Due to usage)

Outside Europe Letter: (30+50Pf)
Date: 27.10.48
Image
BIZONE Mi94
Cat.25

Part 35 looks at Airmail from the French Zone and from W.Berlin

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OldDuffer1
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Re: Allied Occupied Germany Postal Rates 1945/1949-Illustrat

Post by OldDuffer1 »

Part 35
Airmail (cont.)

French Zone

Outside Europe Letters: (50+30Pf)
Date: 30.11.48
Image
RHEINLAND-PFALZ Mi23,27 (Note- No 80Pf stamp issued until Dec. ’48)
Cat.>30 (Due to date)

Date: 09.04.49
Image
RHEINLAND-PFALZ Mi40
Cat.140

Berlin
During the Blockade (24th June ’48 to 12 May ’49) all mail was, of course, flown in and out of Berlin. This practice apparently was continued for a number of years afterwards.

Regional Letters:
Date: 25.07.49
Image
BERLIN Mi27
Cat.200

Date: 27.04.50
Image
BERLIN Mi50
Cat.20

Date: 08.11.49
Image
BERLIN Mi64,65 (Note- No 25Pf stamp issued for this series)
Cat.15

Foreign (Europe) Letter:
Date: 18.08.50
Image
BERLIN Mi47,49,64
Cat.12

Foreign (Outside Europe) Letter:
Date: 05.02.52
Image
BERLIN Mi55
Cat.75

Foreign (Outside Europe) Insured? Letter: (30+50+30Pf)
Date: 11.12.50
Image
BERLIN Mi47,67
Cat.<650 (Damaged stamp)

Airmail from the Soviet Zone does not seem to have been developed to any extent until after the creation of the DDR.

Part 36 concludes the study.

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Re: Allied Occupied Germany Postal Rates 1945/1949-Illustrat

Post by OldDuffer1 »

PART 36

The last American and British Zone stamps were issued on 15th Aug.1949 and were followed by BRD (Bundesrepublik Deutschland- West Germany) issues.

The last French Zone stamps were issued on Oct.4th 1949, after which this zone was, of course, absorbed by the BRD.

The last Soviet Zone stamps were issued on Aug.30th 1949 and were followed by DDR (Deutsche Demokratische Republik- East Germany) issues.

The later Allied Occupation issues continued to be valid in the respective countries for a period, as this example shows:
Printed Matter C.O.D. Letter: (4+30Pf)
Date: 19.06.52
Image
BRD Mi124, BIZONE Mi89
Cat.5

The last stamps of Saarland were issued in 1956 and it was incorporated into West Germany in 1957.

Separate stamps continued to be issued for West Berlin, (although valid in the rest of West Germany from Jan. 1950), until the unification of Germany in 1990.

Refs.:Michel Germany Specialized Part 2, Schwaneberger 2009
Michel Deutschland-Katalog 2004/2005, Schwaneberger 2004
Michel Briefe-Katalog Deutschland 1994/95, Schwaneberger 1994
Postwar Years of Germany 1945-48: Postal History, Stich and Stich 1994
“Air Mail to and from Germany from the End of World War II until October 1948”: Walter Farber, Collectors Club of New York 2015. https://www.collectorsclub.org/air-mail-into-and-out-of-germ ... i-to-1948/
Richard L. Wagner, “The Allied Military Government Postal Service in Germany 1945-1949”, 1977, Emporia State University (PDF).
https://esirc.emporia.edu/bitstream/handle/123456789/2447/Wagner%201977.pdf?sequence=1
Europhil (R.I.P.): StampBoards and a number of other very helpful Members!

I hope that this has been of some interest and that other Members will add their own examples.

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Re: Allied Occupied Germany Postal Rates 1945/1949-Illustrat

Post by maptrekker »

Excellent collection and a most informative thread. Thank you.

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