A philatelic photo trip along the Princes Highway

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BigSaint
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Re: A philatelic photo trip along the Princes Highway

Post by BigSaint »

I also missed this one from the Terang Harness Racing, also found today when looking for something else:

Unbranded Alpha Souvenir cover by Havilah Enterprises for World Record winning drive by Kerryn Manning after driving her 2,133rd win at Terang on 3rd October 2005.<br />Cover is also signed by Kerryn Manning.
Unbranded Alpha Souvenir cover by Havilah Enterprises for World Record winning drive by Kerryn Manning after driving her 2,133rd win at Terang on 3rd October 2005.
Cover is also signed by Kerryn Manning.

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Re: A philatelic photo trip along the Princes Highway

Post by BigSaint »

A nice one from Colac I missed that I found today when looking for something else:

Registered Geelong Philatelic Society fdc for 1948 1/3d Bull stamp postmarked Money Order Office Colac
Registered Geelong Philatelic Society fdc for 1948 1/3d Bull stamp postmarked Money Order Office Colac

Reverse
Reverse


This postmark has always made me laugh, M.O.O. on a Bull stamp :lol: :lol: :lol:
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Re: A philatelic trip along the Princes Highway

Post by Ubobo.R.O. »

The philatelic bus has arrived in the CITY OF GEELONG.

gee14a.jpg
.
g1.jpg
g2.jpg
g3.jpg
g5.jpg
g6.jpg
g8.jpg

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Re: A philatelic photo trip along the Princes Highway

Post by Ubobo.R.O. »

Cunningham Pier Geelong.
Cunningham Pier Geelong.
.
Geelong Railway Station.
Geelong Railway Station.
.
Bright and Hitchcocks Hotel. Geelong.
Bright and Hitchcocks Hotel. Geelong.
.
Geelong Library.
Geelong Library.
.
Federal Woollen Mills Geelong.
Federal Woollen Mills Geelong.
.
Some of the friendly locals. Geelong Victoria.
Some of the friendly locals. Geelong Victoria.
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Re: A philatelic photo trip along the Princes Highway

Post by Ubobo.R.O. »

POSTCARDS/FOLDOUTS.

g18.jpg
.
g19.jpg
.
g20.jpg
.
g21.jpg
.
g22.jpg
.
g23.jpg
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Re: A philatelic photo trip along the Princes Highway

Post by Ubobo.R.O. »

THE POST OFFICES.

Geelong Post Office.
Geelong Post Office.
.
Geelong Post Shop.
Geelong Post Shop.
.
Geelong West Post Office.
Geelong West Post Office.
.
Belmont Post Office.
Belmont Post Office.
.
Rippleside Post Office.
Rippleside Post Office.
.
North Geelong Business Hub Post Office.
North Geelong Business Hub Post Office.
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Re: A philatelic photo trip along the Princes Highway

Post by Ubobo.R.O. »

PHILATELIC ITEMS. GEELONG.

Historical Australian Railway Cover. 1987.
Historical Australian Railway Cover. 1987.
.
Lions Multiple District 201 commemmorative cover. 2019.
Lions Multiple District 201 commemmorative cover. 2019.
.
Geelong Cats Premiers PNC. 2011.
Geelong Cats Premiers PNC. 2011.
.
Telegraph Office Geelong postmark on KGV 2d red pair.
Telegraph Office Geelong postmark on KGV 2d red pair.
.
Paquebot Geelong commercial cover.
Paquebot Geelong commercial cover.
.
Centenary of Geelong Cinderella.
Centenary of Geelong Cinderella.
.
Frama Stamp from the Geelong Post Office machine.
Frama Stamp from the Geelong Post Office machine.
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Re: A philatelic photo trip along the Princes Highway

Post by BigSaint »

Some interesting items there. The postcard of Moorabool Street is most interesting. Firstly because it shows the tram track running down the centre of it. There is a discussion on the Geelong trams in this thread:

https://www.stampboards.com/viewtopic.php?f=17&t=74764

Secondly, one of the buildings on the left side was where the GLW lived as a child above her parents restaurant.

She later moved to Newtown & lived in place behind the Bareena Post Office:

Bareena Post Office
Bareena Post Office

1960 Melbourne Cup 5d stamp postmarked Bareena cds 12th October 1960.
1960 Melbourne Cup 5d stamp postmarked Bareena cds 12th October 1960.

It was a short walk to the Chilwell Primary School where she started school:

1960 Melbourne Cup 5d stamp postmarked Chilwell cds 12th October 1960.
1960 Melbourne Cup 5d stamp postmarked Chilwell cds 12th October 1960.

Nearby was Sladen House on the Barwon River at Chilwell:

1960 Melbourne Cup 5d stamp postmarked Sladen cds 12th October 1960.
1960 Melbourne Cup 5d stamp postmarked Sladen cds 12th October 1960.

Also nearby was the suburb you mentioned of Manifold Heights, however the Post Office was simply known as Manifold:

1960 Melbourne Cup 5d stamp postmarked Manifold cds 12th October 1960.
1960 Melbourne Cup 5d stamp postmarked Manifold cds 12th October 1960.

Apologies for that small diversion.
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Re: A philatelic photo trip along the Princes Highway

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The GLW's parents later owned a restaurant in Belmont, an older & southern suburb of Geelong. The name means "beautiful hill". Belmont is geographically separated from the Geelong central business district by the Barwon River.

125th Anniversary of Rail 20c pse postmarked Belmont fdi 12th September 1979.
125th Anniversary of Rail 20c pse postmarked Belmont fdi 12th September 1979.

150th Anniversary of Charles Sturt's Explorations 22c pse postmarked Belmont fdi 12th November 1980 (redesigned fdi)
150th Anniversary of Charles Sturt's Explorations 22c pse postmarked Belmont fdi 12th November 1980 (redesigned fdi)

Australian Sporting Personalities fdc, including 22c Darby Munro stamp postmarked Belmont fdi 18th February 1981.
Australian Sporting Personalities fdc, including 22c Darby Munro stamp postmarked Belmont fdi 18th February 1981.

Centenary of the Ashes 24c pse postmarked Belmont fdi 24th February 1982.
Centenary of the Ashes 24c pse postmarked Belmont fdi 24th February 1982.

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Re: A philatelic photo trip along the Princes Highway

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Uncacheted fdc for the Opening of the Submarine Telephone Communication to Tasmania 3d Blue stamp postmarked with Geelong 'Say It By  Telephone' machine slogan cancel, 1st April 1936.
Uncacheted fdc for the Opening of the Submarine Telephone Communication to Tasmania 3d Blue stamp postmarked with Geelong 'Say It By Telephone' machine slogan cancel, 1st April 1936.

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Re: A philatelic photo trip along the Princes Highway

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Registered Miller Bros, of Carlton fdc for new Hermes design 1/6d stamp postmarked E.T.O. Geelong cds 1st September 1949 to Marley's Geelong
Registered Miller Bros, of Carlton fdc for new Hermes design 1/6d stamp postmarked E.T.O. Geelong cds 1st September 1949 to Marley's Geelong

Reverse postmarked E.T.O. (Electronic Telegraph Office) Geelong - 1st September 1949
Reverse postmarked E.T.O. (Electronic Telegraph Office) Geelong - 1st September 1949

Homemade fdc for new Hermes design 1/6d stamp postmarked by prolific collector E.N. Boys of East Geelong, postmarked East Geelong cds - 1st September 1949 to West Geelong.
Homemade fdc for new Hermes design 1/6d stamp postmarked by prolific collector E.N. Boys of East Geelong, postmarked East Geelong cds - 1st September 1949 to West Geelong.

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Re: A philatelic photo trip along the Princes Highway

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150th Anniversary of Victoria 30c stamp se-tenant pair fdc with City of Geelong Coat of Arms pictorial postmark (APM #15551).
150th Anniversary of Victoria 30c stamp se-tenant pair fdc with City of Geelong Coat of Arms pictorial postmark (APM #15551).

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Re: A philatelic photo trip along the Princes Highway

Post by BigSaint »

Geelong has a nice racecourse too but none of my horses have managed to win there:

Wesley fdc for 1960 Melbourne Cup stamp cancelled Geelong fdi 12th October 1960 to Holland (Netherlands)
Wesley fdc for 1960 Melbourne Cup stamp cancelled Geelong fdi 12th October 1960 to Holland (Netherlands)

Royal fdc for 1960 Melbourne Cup stamp cancelled Geelong fdi 12th October 1960 to Geelong
Royal fdc for 1960 Melbourne Cup stamp cancelled Geelong fdi 12th October 1960 to Geelong

Uncacheted fdc for 1960 Melbourne Cup stamp cancelled East Geelong cds 12th October 1960 to Geelong West
Uncacheted fdc for 1960 Melbourne Cup stamp cancelled East Geelong cds 12th October 1960 to Geelong West

The Geelong first day of issue cancel was introduced on 1st October 1960 but usage of this cancel in 1959 & 1960 seems to have been low.
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Re: A philatelic photo trip along the Princes Highway

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1978 Australian Racehorses Tulloch 20c, Bernborough 35c, Phar Lap 50c &amp; Peter Pan 55c stamps fdc postmarked redesigned Geelong fdi cancel - 18th October 1978
1978 Australian Racehorses Tulloch 20c, Bernborough 35c, Phar Lap 50c & Peter Pan 55c stamps fdc postmarked redesigned Geelong fdi cancel - 18th October 1978

Australian Sporting Personalities fdc, including 22c Darby Munro stamp postmarked Geelong fdi 18th February 1981.
Australian Sporting Personalities fdc, including 22c Darby Munro stamp postmarked Geelong fdi 18th February 1981.

Sydpex 80 20c pse postmarked with Geelong West fdi 29th September 1980
Sydpex 80 20c pse postmarked with Geelong West fdi 29th September 1980

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Re: A philatelic photo trip along the Princes Highway

Post by BigSaint »

Geelong has it's own team the Australian Football League (AFL previously the VFL):

Centenary of the VFL fdc cancelled on fdi with Geelong Cats pictorial postmark on it's fdu 23rd April 1996
Centenary of the VFL fdc cancelled on fdi with Geelong Cats pictorial postmark on it's fdu 23rd April 1996

Cats &amp; Dogs fdc cancelled on fdi with Geelong Cats pictorial postmark on fdi 21st September 2004
Cats & Dogs fdc cancelled on fdi with Geelong Cats pictorial postmark on fdi 21st September 2004

Souvenir cover with redesigned Geelong Cats pictorial postmark on it's fdu 17th October 2008. It was thought the cat needed to look more ferocious.
Souvenir cover with redesigned Geelong Cats pictorial postmark on it's fdu 17th October 2008. It was thought the cat needed to look more ferocious.

Postcard with redesigned Geelong Cats pictorial postmark on it's fdu 17th October 2008.
Postcard with redesigned Geelong Cats pictorial postmark on it's fdu 17th October 2008.

Ford employees leaving the Geelong factory via the Melbourne Road.
Ford employees leaving the Geelong factory via the Melbourne Road.

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Re: A philatelic photo trip along the Princes Highway

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When heading towards Melbourne on the Melbourne Road you pass Beckley Park Harness Racing & Greyhound Racing Tracks:

Unbranded Alpha Souvenir cover for the 2000 Geelong Greyhounds Cup postmarked with the Geelong City by the Bay pictorial postmark on 20th October 2000.
Unbranded Alpha Souvenir cover for the 2000 Geelong Greyhounds Cup postmarked with the Geelong City by the Bay pictorial postmark on 20th October 2000.

Unbranded Alpha Souvenir cover for the 2002 Geelong Greyhounds Cup postmarked with the Geelong Wool Museum pictorial postmark on 11th October 2002.
Unbranded Alpha Souvenir cover for the 2002 Geelong Greyhounds Cup postmarked with the Geelong Wool Museum pictorial postmark on 11th October 2002.

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Re: A philatelic photo trip along the Princes Highway

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Australian International Air Show &amp; Aerospace Expo, Lara pictorial postmark (APM #24971) - 21st October 1992.
Australian International Air Show & Aerospace Expo, Lara pictorial postmark (APM #24971) - 21st October 1992.


Australian International Air Show &amp; Aerospace Expo, new Lara permanent pictorial postmark - 20th March 2007 (fdu), 21st &amp; 22nd March 2007
Australian International Air Show & Aerospace Expo, new Lara permanent pictorial postmark - 20th March 2007 (fdu), 21st & 22nd March 2007

Australian International Air Show &amp; Aerospace Expo, new Lara permanent pictorial postmark - 23rd, 24th &amp; 25th March 2007 (last day of 2007 event)
Australian International Air Show & Aerospace Expo, new Lara permanent pictorial postmark - 23rd, 24th & 25th March 2007 (last day of 2007 event)

The Australian International Airshow, also called the Avalon Airshow, is a large air show held biennially at Avalon Airport, near Geelong.

It has been said by air show organisers to be the largest air show in the southern hemisphere. The first air display at Avalon was in 1957 when the head of the Port Melbourne Government Aircraft Factories Geoff J. Churcher OAM decided to put on a display for the employees. As the employees at the factory only ever saw individual parts of aircraft it was decided to mount a flying display at Avalon so the employees could see the final result of their work.

In 1992, the Australian International Airshow was permanently moved to Avalon Airport near Geelong.

Cachet produced by Barry(?) Harding of Lara (Max Harding's nephew) for 150th Annniversary of Railways in Australia postmarked Lara cds on fdi - 7th September 2004.
Cachet produced by Barry(?) Harding of Lara (Max Harding's nephew) for 150th Annniversary of Railways in Australia postmarked Lara cds on fdi - 7th September 2004.

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Re: A philatelic trip along the Princes Highway

Post by Ubobo.R.O. »

The philatelic bus has travelled up the road to WERRIBEE.

Werribee River.
Werribee River.
w1a.jpg
w1b.jpg
Google street map of Werribee.
Google street map of Werribee.

Further reading.
https://www.aussietowns.com.au/

https://www.victorianplaces.com.au/

Wikipedia. Bing Images, Ebay, Google Maps .
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Re: A philatelic photo trip along the Princes Highway

Post by Ubobo.R.O. »

Werribee Mercy Hospital.
Werribee Mercy Hospital.
.
Werribee Mansion Hotel.
Werribee Mansion Hotel.
.
Aerial view of Werribee.
Aerial view of Werribee.
.
Hippo enclosure at Werribee Zoo.
Hippo enclosure at Werribee Zoo.
.
Street art in Werribee Victoria.
Street art in Werribee Victoria.
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Re: A philatelic photo trip along the Princes Highway

Post by Ubobo.R.O. »

POSTCARDS/FOLDOUTS.

w3.jpg
w3a.jpg
w3b.jpg
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Re: A philatelic photo trip along the Princes Highway

Post by Ubobo.R.O. »

POST OFFICE/POST BOX.

Werribee Post Office. c1930.
Werribee Post Office. c1930.
.
Werribee Post Shop. 2017.
Werribee Post Shop. 2017.
.
Street post box. Werribee Victoria.
Street post box. Werribee Victoria.
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Re: A philatelic photo trip along the Princes Highway

Post by Ubobo.R.O. »

PHILATELIC ITEMS. WERRIBEE.

Equestrian Events FDC. Werribee 2014.
Equestrian Events FDC. Werribee 2014.
.
Native Bees PNC. Werribee 2019.
Native Bees PNC. Werribee 2019.
.
Unclaimed Werribee. Commercial cover 1913.
Unclaimed Werribee. Commercial cover 1913.
.
RAAF Re-enactment Pictorial Postmark. Werribee 2001.
RAAF Re-enactment Pictorial Postmark. Werribee 2001.
.
Registration labels from Werribee.
Registration labels from Werribee.
.
Werribee Vic postmark on KGV 2d red OS.
Werribee Vic postmark on KGV 2d red OS.
.
Railway Parcel Stamp Werribee Victoria.
Railway Parcel Stamp Werribee Victoria.
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Re: A philatelic photo trip along the Princes Highway

Post by BigSaint »

Mr Puffin, an important omission:

Melbourne Water Western Treatment Plant

Meet the Western Treatment Plant, a place of historic and cultural significance. It sustainably treats half of Melbourne’s sewage, and doubles as a thriving ecosystem with an internationally recognised bird habitat. Discover more about this world-class ecosystem in Melbourne's western suburbs.

Aerial View of the Western Treatment Plant
Aerial View of the Western Treatment Plant

Roughly the size of Phillip Island, the Western Treatment Plant has evolved as Melbourne has grown to become a world leader in environmentally friendly sewage treatment.

It's located in Werribee, half an hour from the city, just off the Princes Freeway.

The Western Treatment Plant
The Western Treatment Plant

Much more than a 'poo farm'. The sewage treatment facilities make up a small portion of the vast site? The Western Treatment Plant is home to some of the most rare frog species in the world, and was declared an internationally significant wetland for waterfowl in 1983 under the Ramsar Convention.

Werribee Ducks
Werribee Ducks

Now you know the origin of the saying to be in more poo than a Werribee Duck. :D

https://www.melbournewater.com.au/water-data-and-education/l ... -treatment

It is said the level of water rises one metre during half time at the AFL Grand Final, I wonder if Brisbane have factored that in this year :?: :lol:

South winds have certain air about them too.
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Re: A philatelic photo trip along the Princes Highway

Post by BigSaint »

Back to the Philatelic material:

Werribee Park 39c Prestamped envelope issued 24th September 1988
Werribee Park 39c Prestamped envelope issued 24th September 1988

The Werribee Park Mansion
The Werribee Park Mansion

Reverse
Reverse

Owned by the pastoralists the Chirnside Family
Owned by the pastoralists the Chirnside Family

I am not sure how I missed having this postmarked at Werribee. :roll:
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Re: A philatelic photo trip along the Princes Highway

Post by BigSaint »

Mr Puffin, already mentioned the Victorian State Rose Garden.

The international acclaimed Victoria State Rose Garden is a must see on your Werribee Park visit. From October to May, delight in the colour and fragrance of over 5,000 roses in bloom.

Australia Post Roses fdc issued 19th May 1982
Australia Post Roses fdc issued 19th May 1982

Marjorie Atherton 27c Rose stamp postmarked Werribee fdi
Marjorie Atherton 27c Rose stamp postmarked Werribee fdi

Uncacheted Roses fdc issued 19th May 1982
Uncacheted Roses fdc issued 19th May 1982

Marjorie Atherton 27c Rose stamp postmarked Werribee fdi
Marjorie Atherton 27c Rose stamp postmarked Werribee fdi


https://www.parks.vic.gov.au/places-to-see/sites/victoria-state-rose-garden[AddSpace][/AddSpace]
Whoever did these covers did a magnificent job in driving & postmarking. :D
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Re: A philatelic photo trip along the Princes Highway

Post by BigSaint »

The status of the Werribee Racecourse has fallen in recent times. Few will remember the Jim Wattie owned Even Stevens who flew in to Melbourne in 1962, to win the Caulfield & Melbourne Cups double & taking out the Werribee Cup in between:

1978 Australian Racehorses Tulloch 20c, Bernborough 35c, Phar Lap 50c &amp; Peter Pan 55c stamps fdc postmarked redesigned Werribee fdi cancel - 18th October 1978
1978 Australian Racehorses Tulloch 20c, Bernborough 35c, Phar Lap 50c & Peter Pan 55c stamps fdc postmarked redesigned Werribee fdi cancel - 18th October 1978

Australian Sporting Personalities fdc, including 22c Darby Munro stamp postmarked Werribee fdi 18th February 1981.
Australian Sporting Personalities fdc, including 22c Darby Munro stamp postmarked Werribee fdi 18th February 1981.

I have taken a couple of horses to Werribee for a couple of placings. St.Kilda Beach ran 3rd in the Werribee Cup Day hurdle & Sportsline, who was a full brother to the 1973 Golden Slipper winner Tontonan. Sportsline had such bad legs, trainer Ian Saunders patched him up for his one & only run. Whilst he was pretty slick you never know what someone else has & he was beaten in the last stride by something that ran in Cox Plate a few years later. :)
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Re: A philatelic photo trip along the Princes Highway

Post by BigSaint »

Werribee is home the Werribee Park National Equestrian Centre.

It is the largest facility of its kind in Victoria, with two large indoor arenas, multiple outdoor arenas, general purpose and polo fields, 180 stables, 370 day yards, 250 campsites, amenities, administration buildings and an international level cross country course.

Werribee Park National Equestrian Centre
Werribee Park National Equestrian Centre


Australia Post fdc for the 5 x 70c gummed stamps featuring Equestrian Events with the Werribee Saddle pictorial National fdi postmark - 15th July 2014
Australia Post fdc for the 5 x 70c gummed stamps featuring Equestrian Events with the Werribee Saddle pictorial National fdi postmark - 15th July 2014

Australia Post fdc for the 5 x 70c peel &amp; stick self-adhesive stamps featuring Equestrian Events with the Werribee Saddle pictorial National fdi postmark - 15th July 2014
Australia Post fdc for the 5 x 70c peel & stick self-adhesive stamps featuring Equestrian Events with the Werribee Saddle pictorial National fdi postmark - 15th July 2014

The stamps depict dressage, cross-country, show jumping, polocrosse & pony club.

http://wpnec.com.au/
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Re: A philatelic photo trip along the Princes Highway

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WCS  fdc for the 5 x 70c gummed stamps featuring Equestrian Events with the Werribee Saddle pictorial National fdi postmark - 15th July 2014
WCS fdc for the 5 x 70c gummed stamps featuring Equestrian Events with the Werribee Saddle pictorial National fdi postmark - 15th July 2014

WCS fdc for the 5 x 70c peel &amp; stick self-adhesive stamps featuring Equestrian Events with the Werribee Saddle pictorial National fdi postmark - 15th July 2014
WCS fdc for the 5 x 70c peel & stick self-adhesive stamps featuring Equestrian Events with the Werribee Saddle pictorial National fdi postmark - 15th July 2014

WCS fdc for the 10 x 70c peel &amp; stick self-adhesive booklet pane stamps featuring Show Jumping with the Werribee Saddle pictorial National fdi postmark - 15th July 2014
WCS fdc for the 10 x 70c peel & stick self-adhesive booklet pane stamps featuring Show Jumping with the Werribee Saddle pictorial National fdi postmark - 15th July 2014

WCS fdc for the 10 x 70c peel &amp; stick self-adhesive booklet pane stamps featuring Cross Country with the Werribee Saddle pictorial National fdi postmark - 15th July 2014
WCS fdc for the 10 x 70c peel & stick self-adhesive booklet pane stamps featuring Cross Country with the Werribee Saddle pictorial National fdi postmark - 15th July 2014

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Re: A philatelic photo trip along the Princes Highway

Post by Ubobo.R.O. »

As BigSaint is a born and bred and still living there Melbournian, he will '' Host " the thread for the next five days.
I will take the day off and spend it yelling at slow horses at Ballarat. See why:

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Re: A philatelic photo trip along the Princes Highway

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The Philatelic Bus takes off today with me at the helm, destination Spotswood at the western end of the Westgate Bridge.


Spotswood Name.png


Spotswood from the Yarra River
Spotswood from the Yarra River


Spotswood is a residential and industrial suburb 7 km south-west of central Melbourne, separated by Stony Creek from Footscray to its north.


The suburb is bounded generally by the Geelong railway line in the west, the West Gate Freeway in the north, the Yarra River in the east and by the boundaries of the properties below Burleigh Street in the south.

Spotswood Map
Spotswood Map

Its name came from John Stewart Spottiswoode, a resident, who purchased land there in 1841. (His daughter married Richard Seddon who became Prime Minister of New Zealand, and the locality of Seddon in Footscray is named after him). Apart from pastoral activity, industry in Spotswood was the quarrying of basalt, used for building, road surfacing and for ballast in ships leaving the port at Williamstown.

Spotswood’s flat land ultimately attracted industry needing larger areas than were available in the older industrial spaces east of the Yarra River. In 1891-92 the Robinson and Company agricultural implement factory was built in Hall Street. Until the H.V. McKay harvester works at Sunshine, Robinson was one of the largest implement makers in Australia. At about the same time the recently formed Melbourne and Metropolitan Board of Works was designing a metropolitan sewerage system, connected to treatment lagoons at Metropolitan Farm, Werribee. The sewerage main had to cross the Yarra River and traverse the low lying land on its western shore. The design called for a rising main, supported by a pump.

Spotswood was chosen for the pumping station. It was close to the river for the unloading of coal to fire the pump machinery, and the basalt ground provided a stable foundation. The engine houses’ elaborate polychrome brickwork marked them as a high point of industrial architecture. The pumping station complex (1897) and the Robinson factory are on the Victorian Heritage Register.

The remaining shoreline was later filled by the Australian Glass Manufacturers factory (1890) and an array of oil tank farms, the first being Shell oil and kerosene (1916). Spotswood did not attract as many residents as neighbouring Newport, although there were sufficient to require a primary school to be opened in 1890. (In 1911 its census population was 771, one third of Newport’s). There was undeveloped land for housing to be built in the 1950s. In 2014 Spotswood primary school had 176 pupils.

Spotswood has a small shopping centre near the railway station. To the west the Spotswood Railway Workshops were opened in 1926-29. Further west is South Kingsville, a residential area which has been subsumed by Spotswood in some street directories. On its north, the West Gate Freeway skirts Spotswood, subtracting from the open space beside the Stony Creek. As one passes along the freeway, golfers can be seen below on the Westgate golf course, and a reserve and oval on the other side of the freeway. A memorial park for those killed in the West Gate bridge collapse in 1970 is at the end of Simcock Avenue, under the bridge.

Spotswood’s median house price between 1987 and 1996 was about 80% of the median price for metropolitan Melbourne. In 1998 its median price equalled metropolitan Melbourne’s. Spotswood’s census populations have been:

Spotswood Population
Spotswood Population

In 2006 residents’ median income was 13.5% above the Australian median and at the 2011 census it was 23.7%.

Spottiswoode Post Office opened on 1 February 1882 and was renamed Spottiswood around 1903 and Spotswood around 1906.

Spotswood is known for the Victorian Science Museum, known as Scienceworks. Scienceworks is near the old sewage pumping station of Spotswood, constructed in 1897. This location was also used as the police headquarters in Mad Max and for the Academy award-winning short film Harvie Krumpet. The suburb is served by the Spotswood railway station.

Spotswood was the setting of the eponymous Australian film, Spotswood, made in 1990-1991, released in 1992, starring Anthony Hopkins, Toni Collette, Bruno Lawrence and Russell Crowe, as a minor character. Most of the scenes in Spotswood were shot in the suburb, but the Moccasin factory is fictional and doesn't exist in Spotswood; the factory scenes in the movie were shot in the old sewage pumping station.

Spotswood Movie
Spotswood Movie

Spotswood railway station is on the Werribee/Williamstown railway lines.

The suburb has an Australian Rules football team competing in the Western Region Football League. The Spotswood Cricket Club also plays at McLean Reserve and competes in the Victorian Turf Cricket Association.

Golfers play at the course of the Westgate Golf Club on Creek Street.

https://www.victorianplaces.com.au/spotswood

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spotswood,_Victoria
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Re: A philatelic photo trip along the Princes Highway

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Spotswood former Pumping Station 2000
Spotswood former Pumping Station 2000

Spotswood Railway Station 1910
Spotswood Railway Station 1910

Spotswood Nobel's Fuse Factory
Spotswood Nobel's Fuse Factory

Spotswood State School 1934
Spotswood State School 1934

Shopping in Spotwood
Shopping in Spotwood

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Re: A philatelic photo trip along the Princes Highway

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Spotswood Post Office

PPA tells us Spotswood started out as Spottiswoode when the Post Office opened on 1st February 1882. It was renamed Spottiswood Post Office circa 1903. It was renamed Spotswood Post Office circa 1906 & became an LPO on 25th January 1994.

Spotswood Post Office Circa 1968
Spotswood Post Office Circa 1968

Spotswood LPO.
Spotswood LPO.

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Re: A philatelic photo trip along the Princes Highway

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Spotswood Philatelic Items

Spotswood Registration Label
Spotswood Registration Label

Spotswood 2/- Roo
Spotswood 2/- Roo


Registered QEII 1/7d to Melbourne GPO 20th March 1959
Registered QEII 1/7d to Melbourne GPO 20th March 1959

Reverse
Reverse

Royal 1960 Melbourne Cup 5d stamp fdc to New Zealand
Royal 1960 Melbourne Cup 5d stamp fdc to New Zealand

Spotswood cds 12th October 1960
Spotswood cds 12th October 1960

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Re: A philatelic photo trip along the Princes Highway

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The Philatelic Bus now heads over the:

WEST GATE BRIDGE

West Gate Bridge from the air heading towards the city from Spotswood.
West Gate Bridge from the air heading towards the city from Spotswood.

The West Gate Bridge is a steel box girder cable-stayed bridge in Melbourne, Victoria, spanning the Yarra River just north of its mouth into Port Phillip Bay. It is a vital link between the inner city (CBD) and Melbourne's western suburbs, with the industrial suburbs in the west, and with the city of Geelong 80 kilometres to the south-west. It is part of one of the busiest road corridors in Australia.

The main river span is 336 metres in length, and the height above the water is 58 metres. The total length of the bridge is 2,582.6 metres. It is the fifth-longest in Australia, the longest being Melbourne's Bolte Bridge at 5 kilometres. The West Gate Bridge is twice as long as the Sydney Harbour Bridge and is one of the highest road decks in Australia, clearing the water at 58 metres, with the Sydney Harbour Bridge clearing the water at 49 metres.

The bridge passes over Westgate Park, a large environmental and recreational reserve created during the bridge's construction, and carries up to 200,000 vehicles per day.

The West Gate Bridge is a 10-lane dual-carriageway freeway bridge, carrying five lanes of motor vehicle traffic in each direction. The freeway corridor (including the bridge itself) carries a very high volume and occupancy of traffic: a total of between 180,000–200,000 cars, trucks, and motorcycles use it per day, according to VicRoads. This makes the West Gate Bridge and West Gate Freeway one of the busiest road corridors in Australia.

Ten lanes of traffic on the West Gate Bridge.
Ten lanes of traffic on the West Gate Bridge.

However, being the only main direct link between Melbourne's CBD and the West, it is frequently congested during the morning and afternoon peaks (despite having five lanes in each direction) and is constantly busy 24/7 due to the number and type of vehicles coming in and out of Melbourne (i.e.) Port of Melbourne. The bridge was originally tolled. Tolls were abolished in 1985, because drivers were using other routes to avoid the toll.

The Westgate Bridge Collapse - 2010 ABC report on the collapse.

Two years into construction of the bridge, at 11:50 am on 15 October 1970, the 112-metre span between piers 10 and 11 collapsed and fell 50 metres to the ground and water below. Thirty-five construction workers were killed and 18 injured, and it remains Australia's worst industrial accident to this day. Many of those who perished were on lunch break beneath the structure in workers' huts, which were crushed by the falling span. Others were working on and inside the span when it fell. The whole 2,000-tonne (4,400,000 lb) mass plummeted into the Yarra River mud with an explosion of gas, dust and mangled metal that shook buildings hundreds of metres away. Nearby houses were spattered with flying mud. The roar of the impact, the explosion, and the fire that followed, could be clearly heard over 20 kilometres away. On the following morning, 16 October, Sir Henry Bolte (Premier of Victoria) announced that a Royal Commission would be set up immediately to look into the cause of the disaster. The Prime Minister, John Gorton, said: "I am sure the whole of Australia is shocked and saddened by the serious accident at West Gate Bridge. Please extend my deepest sympathy to all those families to whom this tragic event has brought such grief."

A Royal Commission into the collapse was established, which concluded on 14 July 1971. It attributed the failure of the bridge to two causes: the structural design by designers Freeman Fox & Partners, and an unusual method of construction by World Services and Construction, the original contractors of the project.

On the day of the collapse, there was a difference in camber of 11.4 centimetres between two half-girders at the west end of the span which needed to be joined. It was proposed that the higher one be weighted down with 10 concrete blocks, each weighing 8 tons, which were located on-site. The weight of these blocks caused the span to buckle, which was a sign of structural failure. The longitudinal joining of the half-girders was partially complete when orders came through to remove the buckle. As the bolts were removed, the bridge snapped back and the span collapsed.

West Gate Bridge collapse
West Gate Bridge collapse

Six twisted fragments of the collapsed bridge can be found adorning the gardens in the engineering faculty of Monash University, Clayton campus. It is said by students that they are to remind engineers of the consequences of their errors. Monash University acquired these when asked to participate in the investigation of the collapse.

Commemorations have been held on 15 October every year since the collapse. A West Gate Bridge Memorial Park to workers who lost their lives is located near the bridge. It opened on the 34th anniversary of the collapse, 15 October 2004. It includes the existing West Gate Bridge Memorial and Sculpture, and the memorial for six who died in the Spotswood Yarra Sewer Tunnel collapse of 12 April 1895 (Good Friday).

Construction resumed in 1972, but with World Services and Construction continuing to fabricate the boxes and to carry out their sub-assembly, but with John Holland Group completing the construction of the steel portion of the bridge. The bridge was completed in 1978. After 10 years of construction, the bridge, a part of the larger West Gate Freeway, cost $202 million.


The West Gate Bridge at sunset, with Docklands Stadium in the foreground
The West Gate Bridge at sunset, with Docklands Stadium in the foreground


https://www.victorianplaces.com.au/node/72153

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/West_Gate_Bridge
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Re: A philatelic photo trip along the Princes Highway

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Images of the West Gate Bridge:

West Gate Bridge opening day with city of Melbourne in the background.
West Gate Bridge opening day with city of Melbourne in the background.

West Gate Bridge opening day at night
West Gate Bridge opening day at night

West Gate Bridge aerial view
West Gate Bridge aerial view

Westgate Bridge over the Yarra River
Westgate Bridge over the Yarra River

A ferry on the Yarra River under the West Gate Bridge
A ferry on the Yarra River under the West Gate Bridge

West Gate Bridge heading toward the city.
West Gate Bridge heading toward the city.

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Re: A philatelic photo trip along the Princes Highway

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Philately for the 'Official Opening of the West Gate Bridge, West Gate Vic 3207':

Australia Post Official Opening of the West Gate Bridge Souvenir Cover with special pictorial postmark &amp; mail run cachet for 'Opening of the West Gate Bridge'.
Australia Post Official Opening of the West Gate Bridge Souvenir Cover with special pictorial postmark & mail run cachet for 'Opening of the West Gate Bridge'.

Special  cachet  &amp; special postmark (APM #7040) on 20c Little Grebe stamp.
Special cachet & special postmark (APM #7040) on 20c Little Grebe stamp.

Special pictorial postmark stylising the West Gate Bridge over the Yarra River - 15th November 1978
Special pictorial postmark stylising the West Gate Bridge over the Yarra River - 15th November 1978

Special cachet for 'First Official Mail Across West Gate'
Special cachet for 'First Official Mail Across West Gate'

Australia Post Generic Kookaburra Souvenir Cover with special pictorial postmark &amp; mail run cachet for 'Opening of the West Gate Bridge'.
Australia Post Generic Kookaburra Souvenir Cover with special pictorial postmark & mail run cachet for 'Opening of the West Gate Bridge'.

Colleen Woolley of OZ Pictormarks records 4109 ordinary & 4 registered cancels (APM #7040) & an unknown quantity were carried on a special 'Mail Run' & endorsed with a special mail van cachet.

While PPA does record a post office called West Gate with the Port Melbourne postcode 3207 on opening day, nothing is said about a temporary post office at the event held in West Gate Park near Todd Road.

Post Code 3207 Port Melbourne, Garden City, Fishermens Bend &amp; <br />West Gate Park, the large green area on the left of the map.
Post Code 3207 Port Melbourne, Garden City, Fishermens Bend &
West Gate Park, the large green area on the left of the map.

The Australian Philatelic Bureau records the details of the mail run & that Australia Post issued a souvenir cover for the occasion costing 32c. Souvenir covers carried on the mail run, were endorsed with the cachet also costing 32c.

Collectors were able to submit their own covers which needed to be lodged with the Philatelic Bureau in Melbourne by September 11, 1978 due to the uncertainty of the opening date of the Bridge. There is no mention where collectors could go to obtain cancels in person.

Australia post was later to issue a postage prepaid envelope of the West Gate Bridge:

West Gate Bridge postage paid envelope issued 8th June 1995.
West Gate Bridge postage paid envelope issued 8th June 1995.

Postmarked GPO Melbourne cds on fdi - 8th June 1995.
Postmarked GPO Melbourne cds on fdi - 8th June 1995.

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Re: A philatelic photo trip along the Princes Highway

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The City Skyline from the South (APM #25350)
The City Skyline from the South (APM #25350)

Cancelled with Melbourne pictorial capital city fdi postmark - 7th April 1993
Cancelled with Melbourne pictorial capital city fdi postmark - 7th April 1993

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Re: A philatelic photo trip along the Princes Highway

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The Philatelic Bus has crossed the West Gate Bridge & stopped at:

Garden City .png

Garden City, a residential area in the west of Port Melbourne, is 5 km south-west of central Melbourne.

Central Avenue, Garden City, 2000 - Photo John Young
Central Avenue, Garden City, 2000 - Photo John Young

The land on which Garden City is laid out was known as Sandridge Flat, and subsequently as Fishermans Bend. When the Coode Canal was constructed in 1884-86, to both improve cargo ship access to the docks and to increase the stream velocity for upstream flood mitigation, the excavated silt was used for land reclamation. Much of the surrounding land was marshy river delta.

The canal and the Yarra's mouth needed regular dredging, and the silt was used for the filling of holes excavated for sand extraction at the site of the future Garden City.

In 1912 the Port Melbourne Council lobbied the State Government for housing sites to be allowed on reclaimed land, but the Harbour Trust asserted its claim over the land which was in Trust territory. Prevarication on the Government's part continued until the State Savings Bank took up proposals by the Council and the Metropolitan Town Planning Commission and purchased 18 hectares of land in the area south and west of Williamstown Road and Graham Street (1926). The Bank's estate consisted of houses which were two-storey, semi-detached, cement rendered and apparently inspired by English designs. They were the beginning of Garden City.

Map of Garden City bounded by Williamstown at the top, Home Parade at the bottom<br />&amp; Graham Street to the right.
Map of Garden City bounded by Williamstown at the top, Home Parade at the bottom
& Graham Street to the right.

In 1936 the Housing Commission assumed the Bank's home-construction role, and acquired 22 hectares further west along Williamstown Road. Its street layout is noticeably ‘garden city’. The Commission's estate re-housed large families who had been in deprived circumstances. Relationships were unfortunately strained between the owners in the Bank's estate (‘Nobs Hill’), and the Commission's tenants (‘Little Baghdad’). The Commission's last estate was row housing along Beacon and Barak Roads (1981).

The Bank's estate provided for a small shopping centre in Graham Street. The Commission's estate, whilst having five neighbourhood parks, was not so well provided for with other facilities. The community's centre was the Ada Mary A'Beckett kindergarten (1942), supported by the philanthropic Free Kindergarten Union.

In 1979 the Port Melbourne council commissioned a conservation study for its municipality. The study concluded that Garden City provided a unique example of residential town planning, with a substantial part remaining intact.

The estate includes semi-attached single and double-storey houses in red brick and cement render, including 322 cindercrete semi-detached double-storey "Bank Houses" in six variations which all looked very British, arranged around a series of public open spaces, in a Beaux-Arts layout. Contrary to popular belief, the "Bank Houses" were never public housing and have always been in private hands. The Bank Houses area later became known as "nobs hill", a reference to relative wealth of their occupants compared to the residents of the clinker brick public housing that was added later. The Housing Commission area was known as 'Little Baghdad'.

The Garden City post office in Centre Avenue, & PPA tells us that is opened on 17th September 1945 & became an LPO 30th April 1993.

East of Garden City, however, is the Sandridge/Bayside redevelopment site, adjacent to the foreshore between Princes and Station Piers. It ushered in housing styles radically different from workers' cottages, time-worn factories and English semi-detached dwellings, although its name, Beacon Cove, acknowledges the area’s maritime heritage.

https://www.victorianplaces.com.au/garden-city

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Garden_City,_Victoria

As a kid I remember trips down to see the ships at Station & Princes Piers. We would travel down Normandy Road, into Williamstown Road & then to Beaconsfield Parade to the Piers where we had treats of hot chips & hot jam doughnuts. My recollections of the roads were that they were wide & concrete rather than bitumen. Another recollection was a time a ship had broken it's moorings & swung around to be parallel with the road way. Sadly you can't do that anymore as Princes Pier is closed & the area around the piers is the Beacon Cove Housing Estate.
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Re: A philatelic photo trip along the Princes Highway

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Images of Garden City:

Garden City Bank Houses aerial view 1929
Garden City Bank Houses aerial view 1929

Garden City Bank House
Garden City Bank House

Garden City Public Housing circa 1945
Garden City Public Housing circa 1945

Garden City Reserve Lighthouse
Garden City Reserve Lighthouse

Garden City Newsagency
Garden City Newsagency

Garden City Post Office
Garden City Post Office
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Re: A philatelic photo trip along the Princes Highway

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Philately of Garden City:

XII International Botanic Congress pse postmarked on fdi with Garden City cds 24th August 1981.
XII International Botanic Congress pse postmarked on fdi with Garden City cds 24th August 1981.

Garden City cds type 10C (WWW)
Garden City cds type 10C (WWW)

Interesting to note in 'The Post Offices & Hand-Held Date Stamps of Victoria' (published 1992) that this is pretty much the original postmark. In 1968 'S.C.8' from 10A to become 10B & later in 1968, the large dateline was changed to small to become 10c which is shown above. Up to 1992 no other postmarks had been used for this post office.
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Re: A philatelic photo trip along the Princes Highway

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Garden City National First Day of Issue postmark 23rd April 2013:

Australian Botanical Gardens WCS fdc setenant strip of 5 postmarked with National fdi Garden City pictorial cancel on 23rd April 2013.
Australian Botanical Gardens WCS fdc setenant strip of 5 postmarked with National fdi Garden City pictorial cancel on 23rd April 2013.

National fdi Garden City pictorial cancel on 23rd April 2013.
National fdi Garden City pictorial cancel on 23rd April 2013.

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Re: A philatelic photo trip along the Princes Highway

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Garden City National First Day of Issue postmark 23rd April 2013:

Australian Botanical Gardens WCS fdc with gutter pair setenant strip of 5 postmarked with National fdi Garden City pictorial cancel on 23rd April 2013.
Australian Botanical Gardens WCS fdc with gutter pair setenant strip of 5 postmarked with National fdi Garden City pictorial cancel on 23rd April 2013.

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Re: A philatelic photo trip along the Princes Highway

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Garden City National First Day of Issue postmark 23rd April 2013:

Australian Botanical Gardens WCS fdc with Prestige Booklet pane for Royal Tasmanian Botanical Gardens postmarked with National fdi Garden City pictorial cancel on 23rd April 2013.
Australian Botanical Gardens WCS fdc with Prestige Booklet pane for Royal Tasmanian Botanical Gardens postmarked with National fdi Garden City pictorial cancel on 23rd April 2013.

Australian Botanical Gardens WCS fdc with Prestige Booklet pane for Australian National Botanical Gardens Canberra ACT postmarked with National fdi Garden City pictorial cancel on 23rd April 2013.
Australian Botanical Gardens WCS fdc with Prestige Booklet pane for Australian National Botanical Gardens Canberra ACT postmarked with National fdi Garden City pictorial cancel on 23rd April 2013.

Australian Botanical Gardens WCS fdc with Prestige Booklet pane for Mt Tomah NSW Botanical Gardens postmarked with National fdi Garden City pictorial cancel on 23rd April 2013.
Australian Botanical Gardens WCS fdc with Prestige Booklet pane for Mt Tomah NSW Botanical Gardens postmarked with National fdi Garden City pictorial cancel on 23rd April 2013.

Australian Botanical Gardens WCS fdc with Prestige Booklet pane for Darwin NT Botanical Gardens  postmarked with National fdi Garden City pictorial cancel on 23rd April 2013.
Australian Botanical Gardens WCS fdc with Prestige Booklet pane for Darwin NT Botanical Gardens postmarked with National fdi Garden City pictorial cancel on 23rd April 2013.

Australian Botanical Gardens WCS fdc with Prestige Booklet pane for  Cranbourne Vic Royal  Botanical Gardens postmarked with National fdi Garden City pictorial cancel on 23rd April 2013.
Australian Botanical Gardens WCS fdc with Prestige Booklet pane for Cranbourne Vic Royal Botanical Gardens postmarked with National fdi Garden City pictorial cancel on 23rd April 2013.

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Re: A philatelic photo trip along the Princes Highway

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After a our stay in Garden City & a Sunday brunch, the Philatelic Bus heads to:

Melbourne.png

&

Bourke & GPO Melbourne.png

Melbourne is the capital and most-populous city of Victoria, and the second-most populous city in Australia and Oceania. Its name refers to an urban agglomeration of 9,993 km2 comprising a metropolitan area with 31 municipalities, and is also a common name for its city centre. The city occupies much of the coastline of Port Phillip Bay and spreads into the Hinterland towards the Dandenong and Macedon ranges, Mornington Peninsula and Yarra Valley. It has a population of 5 million (19% of the population of Australia), and its inhabitants are referred to as "Melburnians".

Melbourne is home to many of Australia's best-known landmarks, such as the Melbourne Cricket Ground, the National Gallery of Victoria and the World Heritage-listed Royal Exhibition Building. Noted for its cultural heritage, the city gave rise to Australian rules football, Australian impressionism and Australian cinema, and has more recently been recognised as a UNESCO City of Literature and a global centre for street art, live music and theatre. It hosts major annual international events, such as the Australian Grand Prix and the Australian Open, and also hosted the 1956 Summer Olympics and the 2006 Commonwealth Games. Melbourne consistently ranked as the world's most liveable city for much of the 2010s

Map of Melbourne CBD
Map of Melbourne CBD

Melbourne, the capital of the colony, and then the state of Victoria, developed rapidly after the discovery of gold in and about Ballarat and Bendigo, and quickly became Australia’s largest city, overtaking Sydney in the 1880s. A port city, built around Port Philip Bay, it became the national financial centre for banking and insurance. While Sydney overtook Melbourne in population in the 1890s, when Melbourne suffered a severe real estate recession, it continued to dominate many aspects of the new federation. The federal parliament met in Victoria’s parliament house from 1901 till 1927, when a provisional parliament house finally opened in Canberra. The New South Wales parliament house, incorporating a former ‘Rum hospital’ of convict origins, simply couldn’t fit the two houses of the new federal parliament. All the major federal government departments were headquartered in Melbourne. Many did not move to Canberra until the 1950s. Melbourne’s successful bid to host the Olympic Games in 1956, not least because with the MCG it had Australia’s largest sports stadium, further added to its national and international status.

The land boom of the 1880s saw central Melbourne boast Australia’s most substantial and most elegant office buildings. Its wide and stately streets were in marked contrast to Sydney, which still reflected its rough convict origins, despite Governor Macquarie’s early efforts to clean up a fledgling city blessed with a magnificent harbour. What Melbourne lacked in its maritime setting, it made up for in grandeur and gravitas.

Melbourne became the headquarters for a host of national and international companies in the twentieth century, including BHP, Coles, Myer, General Motors Holden and Ford. Melbourne dominated manufacturing in textiles, clothing, footwear and cars. It never got a steelworks, with Newcastle and Wollongong being set up close to black coal supplies which Victoria lacked, depending for its electricity on inferior brown coal from the Yallourn Valley in Gippsland.

Suburban Melbourne developed along tram and railway lines. The tramway system, first based on cables, later electricity, serviced the city and the inner suburbs, with its longest routes to the eastern and more middle class parts of suburbia. The railway system grew in all directions; some of the early lines were the subject of corruption allegations as they suited developers, some of whom were also members of parliament.

This entry deals with the Melbourne municipality. The Melbourne central city area and the Melbourne metropolitan area are described separately.

Melbourne East, North, South and West are described under East Melbourne, North Melbourne, South Melbourne and West Melbourne.

Origins
The Melbourne municipality (Town of Melbourne), was created by Act 6 Victoria No 7 of the Legislative Council of New South Wales on 12 August 1842. Four wards were created for the election of councillors, the boundaries intersecting at Bourke and Elizabeth Streets. (The wards were the same as those chosen for the election of Market Commissioners in 1841.)

When the Anglican Bishop Charles Perry came to Melbourne in 1848 his Letters Patent referred to Melbourne as an ecclesiastical city. This is usually taken as the year when Melbourne town became a city, but the better view is that it happened in 1849, when an Act was passed in New South Wales to style Melbourne as a city.

Melbourne's municipal territory extended to the limits of settlement, in time including Collingwood and Fitzroy (Newtown), South Melbourne (Emerald Hill), Port Melbourne (Sandridge), North Melbourne (Hotham), Richmond and St Kilda. On 22 April 1855, four municipal districts were severed from Melbourne, they being East Collingwood, Prahran, Richmond and St Kilda. Within a month the same was done with South Melbourne. Fitzroy, North Melbourne and Port Melbourne were severed between 1858 and 1860. After that the Melbourne municipality consisted of Melbourne Central City, Carlton, South Yarra (west of Punt Road), East Melbourne and West Melbourne.

Boundaries
On 30 October 1905, Flemington and Kensington borough and North Melbourne town were united with Melbourne city, adding a population of about 28,750 persons.

Business and Residents
Melbourne city's municipal boundaries were mostly north of the Yarra River, except for Docklands (defined somewhat eratically by the old course of the Yarra River) and a long tongue of South Yarra between St Kilda and Punt Roads, stopping at High Street. The boundaries north of the Yarra River were the Maribyrnong River and the adjoining municipalities of Essendon, Brunswick, Fitzroy, Collingwood and Richmond.

The city's council was governed on a ward system, each ward having three councillors elected by voters and an alderman elected by the councillors. At the turn of the century there were 32 council members. When aldermen were abolished in 1939 the municipality's wards were increased from eight to eleven, returning 33 councillors. Inner-city wards had as few as one quarter the number of voters as residential wards. The Council was protected from ward-boundary changes, however, by section 16 in the Melbourne and Geelong Corporations Act 1938 which reserved to it the initiative to change the boundaries.

The central city area was the capital's business heart, but it also contained factories and cottages. The adjoining western suburbs had residential and industrial areas, including some notable noxious industries. East Melbourne and South Yarra were residentially well-to-do.

The change from inner city manufacturing and warehousing to retailing and office use during the 1920s-60s is described in the entry on Melbourne Central City. The business sector expanded beyond the central city boundaries during the 1970s, but there was a substantial residential hinterland between there and the external boundaries.

Important Features
To the north of the central city area there are substantial educational and medical institutions: the Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology and the University of Melbourne; and the Royal Melbourne, Royal Women's and Royal Children's Hospitals. The Prince Henry's and the Queen Victoria Hospitals were closed in the early 1990s, but the private Freemasons and Mercy Hospitals, East Melbourne, continue.

Tram and train lines converge on Melbourne and since the 1970s the Eastern and South Eastern Freeways concluded at the municipality's borders. The City Link tunnel beneath parklands and the Yarra River joined Melbourne's first (South Eastern) freeway to the Westgate Freeway. A bypass Western City Link route runs along the Moonee Ponds Creek Valley, extending from the Westgate Freeway to the Tullamarine Freeway. The nearest equivalent to an Eastern bypass route was the widening of Punt Road/Hoddle Street.

In central Melbourne the lanes and 'Little Streets' became havens of cafe culture. The cafe culture was patronised by workers and high-rise apartment dwellers. Apartments also proliferated in the 2000s in Docklands and Southbank.

Melbourne city's census populations have been:

melbourne popukation.png

Sports

Melbourne has long been regarded as Australia's sporting capital due to the role it has played in the development of Australian sport, the range and quality of its sporting events and venues, and its high rates of spectatorship and participation. The city is also home to 27 professional sports teams competing at the national level, the most of any Australian city. Melbourne's sporting reputation was recognised in 2016 when, after being ranked as the world's top sports city three times biennially, the Ultimate Sports City Awards in Switzerland named it 'Sports City of the Decade'.

The city has hosted a number of major international sporting events, most notably the 1956 Summer Olympic Games, the first Olympic Games held outside Europe and the United States. Melbourne also hosted the 2006 Commonwealth Games, and is home to several major annual international events, including the Australian Open, the first of the four Grand Slam tennis tournaments. First held in 1861 and declared a public holiday for all Melburnians in 1873, the Melbourne Cup is the world's richest handicap horse race, and is known as "the race that stops a nation". The Formula One Australian Grand Prix has been held at the Albert Park Circuit since 1996.

Cricket was one of the first sports to become organised in Melbourne with the Melbourne Cricket Club forming within three years of settlement. The club manages the 100,000 capacity Melbourne Cricket Ground (MCG). Established in 1853, the MCG is notable for hosting the first Test match and the first One Day International, played between Australia and England in 1877 and 1971, respectively. It is also the home of the National Sports Museum, and serves as the home ground of the Victoria cricket team. At Twenty20 level, the Melbourne Stars and Melbourne Renegades compete in the Big Bash League.

Australian rules football, Australia's most popular spectator sport, traces its origins to matches played in parklands next to the MCG in 1858. Its first laws were codified the following year by the Melbourne Football Club, also a founding member, in 1896, of the Australian Football League (AFL), the sport's elite professional competition. Headquartered at Docklands Stadium, the AFL fields a further eight Melbourne-based clubs: Carlton, Collingwood, Essendon, Hawthorn, North Melbourne, Richmond, St Kilda, and the Western Bulldogs. The city hosts up to five AFL matches per round during the home and away season, attracting an average of 40,000 spectators per game. The AFL Grand Final, traditionally held at the MCG, is the highest attended club championship event in the world.

In soccer, Melbourne is represented in the A-League by Melbourne Victory and Melbourne City FC. The rugby league team Melbourne Storm plays in the National Rugby League, and in rugby union, the Melbourne Rebels and Melbourne Rising compete in the Super Rugby and National Rugby Championship competitions, respectively. North American sports have also gained popularity in Melbourne: basketball sides South East Melbourne Phoenix and Melbourne United play in the NBL; Melbourne Ice and Melbourne Mustangs play in the Australian Ice Hockey League; and Melbourne Aces plays in the Australian Baseball League. Rowing also forms part of Melbourne's sporting identity, with a number of clubs located on the Yarra River, out of which many Australian Olympians trained.

Bourke Street and GPO Melbourne
Bourke Street and GPO Melbourne

The General Post Office, situated on the corner of Elizabeth and Bourke Streets in Melbourne, is the former General Post Office for Victoria.

Still owned by the Federal Government, the building appears on all major heritage lists: the National Trust of Victoria (Australia), the Commonwealth Heritage List, and the state of Victoria where it is noted for its fine and impressive architecture and historical significance. The location of the post office is still used as a point of reference for the measure of distances from the centre of Melbourne.

Significance
The General Post Office is historically significant as one of the foremost public buildings in Victoria, both architecturally and as the centre of postal communications for the Colony of Victoria, being the conduit of communication with other colonies, and the United Kingdom, the birthplace of most 19th century Victorians. It retained this central postal role for much of the 20th century, adding telegraphic and telegram functions. The surrounding steps and clock tower are city landmarks and have prominently featured in meetings, protests, and Armistice Day and New Years Day celebrations.

The building occupies the north-eastern corner of the Elizabeth and Bourke Street intersection. The design is a fine and elaborate example of Renaissance Revival, with its use of arcading, pedimented windows, and layers of attached and overlaid columns, piers and pilasters, employing the characteristic order of Tuscan columns in the first level,[1][3] Ionic columns in the second and Corinthian columns in the third. The use of Mansard roofs on central and end sections set slightly forward of the main walls add a French Second Empire flavour.

History

A post office was first established in Melbourne on 13th April 1837, but it would not be until 1841 that a permanent post office building would be erected on the site of the present GPO.

Design competition (1858)
In 1858 a design competition was held for a new General Post Office building, with the winners announced on Friday 7 May 1858. The competition was in two parts, Crouch and Wilson won first prize for their exterior design, while A. E. Johnson won second place for exterior, and also won second place for the interior arrangement. Johnson was then employed by the Public Works Department, and eventually construction started in 1861 on what was said to be Johnson's design, rather than the Crouch and Wilson design, which proceeded slowly and at great expense. In 1861 however, Johnson himself claimed that it was an entirely new design prepared by the Public Works Department.

Initial construction (1860-1867)
The 1861 design consisted of two storeys, taking up the full site, with a main floor fronted by arcades raised up on a stepped plinth (possibly due to the frequent flooding of Elizabeth Street), mansard roofed end and central pavilions, and a corner clocktower. Construction of this design ceased in 1867, without the northern half of the Elizabeth Street wing, the central mansarded portion or the mansarded roof to the tower. The grand hall, lit by a skylit roof, was designed as the mail sorting room; the public transacted all business outside, at window-counters opening into the arcade, with various counters designated for different purposes.

Additions (1887)
After 20 years, with the rapid growth of Victoria, the General Post Office became overcrowded, and A. E. Johnson designed a third level, an attic level, and a taller and more ornate clock tower (rather than extending the building to the Little Bourke Street as originally intended). This work was supervised by Peter Kerr of the Public Works Department and was completed in 1887. The Mansard roof originally intended for the central section of the Elizabeth Street facade was also constructed, as well as similar curved roofs as part of the tower, which, along with the increased height, gave the building much of its Second French Empire grandeur.

20th century
In 1906-7 the GPO was extended to the north by five bays, but only two storeys (and a basement), with the Elizabeth Street facade extending the original design.

In 1913, it was decided to remodel the building, turning the sorting hall into a public 'postal hall', with entrances from Bourke and Elizabeth Streets. Architect Walter Burley Griffin was hired to design the works, his design later modified by architect John Smith Murdoch of the Commonwealth Department of Works and Railways, finally completed in 1919.

The hall of 'the GPO' served as one of Melbourne's major grand 19th century public spaces for the rest of the 20th century, and the steps as a meeting place. For a period, there was a tradition of celebrating the New Year on the steps of the GPO as the clock struck midnight.

Closure and redevelopment
In the 1990s, Australia Post began a program of closing and selling or leasing out many of the large and historic post office buildings across Australia, moving post office functions into smaller shopfronts. In 1993, the closure of the Melbourne GPO was first announced and various commercial schemes proposed amid some controversy, but none proceeded until 2001, when it was leased to developers for conversion into a shopping centre, with contemporary extensions to the still incomplete north end. Shortly after postal functions were moved into a smaller building on Little Bourke Street a fire severely damaged the interior of the building, especially the postal hall, on 10 September 2001. The redevelopment proceeded as planned, including the restoration of the postal hall, and a contemporary styled extension, reopening in late 2004 as a high-end fashion retail precinct.

The redevelopment opened up a new link through the building to Little Bourke Street, and escalators in the new addition made the first and second floors easily accessible, and open to the public for the first time, with the old offices occupied by boutiques. Cafes occupied the delivery laneway on the east side, and part of the outer colonnade, while the hall itself was subdivided with glass walls into retail tenancies. This work was designed by Williams Boag architects, and won two Architect's Institute awards in 2005. A lift was added into the postal hall in 2010, but the development was not a commercial success.


H&M became the GPO's major tenant in 2014
The GPO was redeveloped again, reopening on 5 April 2014 occupied almost entirely by Australia's first branch of Swedish retail giant H&M, with crowds forming hours in advance. The cafes in the former delivery lane and the arcades remained in place, and the top (second) floor is occupied by offices.

https://www.victorianplaces.com.au/melbourne
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Melbourne
https://www.victorianplaces.com.au/node/72035

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/General_Post_Office,_Melbourne
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Re: A philatelic photo trip along the Princes Highway

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Images in & around the Melbourne CBD:

Melbourne at night
Melbourne at night

Aerial view of Melbourne
Aerial view of Melbourne

Melbourne from the Yarra
Melbourne from the Yarra

Victorian Arts Centre
Victorian Arts Centre

Bourke Street Mall
Bourke Street Mall

Paris End of Collins Street
Paris End of Collins Street

The Rialto, Collins Street
The Rialto, Collins Street

Melbourne Docklands Stadium
Melbourne Docklands Stadium

Federation Square
Federation Square

Flinders Street Station
Flinders Street Station

Captain Cook's Cottage - Fitzroy Gardens
Captain Cook's Cottage - Fitzroy Gardens

Melbourne Cricket Ground (MCG)
Melbourne Cricket Ground (MCG)

Royal Exhibition Building
Royal Exhibition Building

Shrine Of Rembrance
Shrine Of Rembrance

Melbourne Town Hall
Melbourne Town Hall

ICI House - Melbourne's First Skyscraper
ICI House - Melbourne's First Skyscraper
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Re: A philatelic photo trip along the Princes Highway

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Images of the Melbourne GPO:

English Mail Day with GPO under construction in the background.
English Mail Day with GPO under construction in the background.

Melbourne's First Post Office
Melbourne's First Post Office

The Old Post Office Melbourne 1853
The Old Post Office Melbourne 1853

Melbourne GPO 1868
Melbourne GPO 1868

Old Melbourne GPO 2010 from Elizabeth Street
Old Melbourne GPO 2010 from Elizabeth Street

Old Melbourne GPO 2013 from Bourke Street
Old Melbourne GPO 2013 from Bourke Street

Old Melbourne GPO at night
Old Melbourne GPO at night
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Re: A philatelic photo trip along the Princes Highway

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Now for some Philatelic items. :)

Centenary of Melbourne GPO (1867 - 1967) Elizabeth Street Melbourne - 3rd to 22nd July 1967:

Australia Post Shield generic first day cover postmarked on fdu with the GPO Centenary pictorial postmark (APM #2390) 3rd July 1967 to Cheltenham
Australia Post Shield generic first day cover postmarked on fdu with the GPO Centenary pictorial postmark (APM #2390) 3rd July 1967 to Cheltenham

Australia Post GPO Souvenir cover postmarked on 8th July 1967  with the GPO Centenary pictorial postmark (APM #2390) 3rd July 1967  to Melbourne.
Australia Post GPO Souvenir cover postmarked on 8th July 1967 with the GPO Centenary pictorial postmark (APM #2390) 3rd July 1967 to Melbourne.

Australia Post GPO Souvenir cover postmarked on 12th July 1967  with the GPO Centenary pictorial postmark (APM #2390).
Australia Post GPO Souvenir cover postmarked on 12th July 1967 with the GPO Centenary pictorial postmark (APM #2390).

Australia Post GPO Souvenir cover postmarked on 14th July 1967  with the GPO Centenary pictorial postmark (APM #2390)  to Melbourne.
Australia Post GPO Souvenir cover postmarked on 14th July 1967 with the GPO Centenary pictorial postmark (APM #2390) to Melbourne.

Centenary of the GPO Melbourne 3rd July to 22nd July 1967 pictorial cancel. 5551 cancels recorded
Centenary of the GPO Melbourne 3rd July to 22nd July 1967 pictorial cancel. 5551 cancels recorded

Centenary of the GPO Melbourne 3rd July to 22nd July 1967 machine cancel. Only 640 of these are recorded.
Centenary of the GPO Melbourne 3rd July to 22nd July 1967 machine cancel. Only 640 of these are recorded.

Colleen Woolley of Oz Pictormarks writes the pictorial hand postmaker (APM #2390) was originally advertised for 3rd July to 15th July 1967 & was used on philatelic items posted in an old style letter receiver located in the Post Hall at the GPO & the date was extended to 22nd July.

A postal exhibition was held to commemorate the centenary & a special slogan postmarker was also used at the Melbourne Mail Exchange.

The pictorial commemorative postmark features the GPO clock tower but does not include 'Vic' or 'Victoria'.

I am not clear on the difference in last day recorded 22nd July on Oz Pictormarks while a collector has recorded 21st July.
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Re: A philatelic photo trip along the Princes Highway

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Centenary of Victoria & City of Melbourne 1934 - 1935:

S Mitchell of Perth WA cachet fdc for the Centenary of Victoria.
S Mitchell of Perth WA cachet fdc for the Centenary of Victoria.

Postmarked registered Melbourne cds on fdi 2nd July 1934
Postmarked registered Melbourne cds on fdi 2nd July 1934

Aborigine on bank of the Yarra River with City of Melbourne in the background 1/- stamp.
Aborigine on bank of the Yarra River with City of Melbourne in the background 1/- stamp.

Uncacheted registered cover for the Centenary of Victoria to Glasgow Scotland
Uncacheted registered cover for the Centenary of Victoria to Glasgow Scotland

Postmarked registered Elizabeth Street Melbourne cds on 5th July 1934
Postmarked registered Elizabeth Street Melbourne cds on 5th July 1934

Registration label Elizabeth Street Melbourne
Registration label Elizabeth Street Melbourne

Kookaburra cinderella for the Centenary of Victoria &amp; Melbourne
Kookaburra cinderella for the Centenary of Victoria & Melbourne

OHMS card to the State Electricity Commission with Melbourne slogan cancel dated 20th June 1934.
OHMS card to the State Electricity Commission with Melbourne slogan cancel dated 20th June 1934.

Centenary of Victoria &amp; City of Melbourne 1934 - 1935 machine slogan cancel
Centenary of Victoria & City of Melbourne 1934 - 1935 machine slogan cancel

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Re: A philatelic photo trip along the Princes Highway

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Victoria - 150th Anniversary 1984:

Victorian 150th Anniversary fdc with setenant pair of 30c stamps cancelled with Melbourne Philatelic Bureau fdi postmark on 19th Anniversary 1984.
Victorian 150th Anniversary fdc with setenant pair of 30c stamps cancelled with Melbourne Philatelic Bureau fdi postmark on 19th Anniversary 1984.

Victoria 150th Anniversary fdc with gutter pair of 30 stamps, Sugar Glider &amp; Helmeted Honeyeater, cancelled with Philatelic Sales Centre - Botanical Gardens pictorial postmark (APM #10660) &amp; Victoria's 150th Anniversary Melbourne Coat of Arms pictorial postmark (APM #15550) dated 19th November 1984 the fdi.
Victoria 150th Anniversary fdc with gutter pair of 30 stamps, Sugar Glider & Helmeted Honeyeater, cancelled with Philatelic Sales Centre - Botanical Gardens pictorial postmark (APM #10660) & Victoria's 150th Anniversary Melbourne Coat of Arms pictorial postmark (APM #15550) dated 19th November 1984 the fdi.
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Re: A philatelic photo trip along the Princes Highway

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150th Anniversary of the City Of Melbourne:

150th Anniversary of the City Of Melbourne pse postmarked with 150th Anniversary of City of Melbourne Souvenir pictorial postmark on 12th August 1992, the actual date of the 150th Anniversary (APM #24740)
150th Anniversary of the City Of Melbourne pse postmarked with 150th Anniversary of City of Melbourne Souvenir pictorial postmark on 12th August 1992, the actual date of the 150th Anniversary (APM #24740)

150th Anniversary of the City Of Melbourne pse postmarked with 150th Anniversary of City of Melbourne fdi pictorial postmark on 10th August 1992. (APM #24730)
150th Anniversary of the City Of Melbourne pse postmarked with 150th Anniversary of City of Melbourne fdi pictorial postmark on 10th August 1992. (APM #24730)

150th Anniversary of the City Of Melbourne pse with GPO Melbourne fdi postmark on 10th August 1992
150th Anniversary of the City Of Melbourne pse with GPO Melbourne fdi postmark on 10th August 1992

150th Anniversary of the City Of Melbourne pse with the Royal Exhibition Building, Melbourne pictorial postmark on fdi the 10th August 1992 (APM #16320)
150th Anniversary of the City Of Melbourne pse with the Royal Exhibition Building, Melbourne pictorial postmark on fdi the 10th August 1992 (APM #16320)

150th Anniversary of the City Of Melbourne pse with the Philatelic Sales Centre Melbourne - Royal Botanic Gardens pictorial postmark on fdi the 10th August 1992 (APM #10662)
150th Anniversary of the City Of Melbourne pse with the Philatelic Sales Centre Melbourne - Royal Botanic Gardens pictorial postmark on fdi the 10th August 1992 (APM #10662)

150th Anniversary of the City Of Melbourne pse with the National Tennis Centre Flinders Park pictorial postmark on fdi the 10th August 1992 (APM #23590)
150th Anniversary of the City Of Melbourne pse with the National Tennis Centre Flinders Park pictorial postmark on fdi the 10th August 1992 (APM #23590)

150th Anniversary of the City Of Melbourne pse with the Melbourne Cricket Ground pictorial postmark on fdi the 10th August 1992 (APM #23600)
150th Anniversary of the City Of Melbourne pse with the Melbourne Cricket Ground pictorial postmark on fdi the 10th August 1992 (APM #23600)

150th Anniversary of the City Of Melbourne pse with the Polly Woodside Maritime Park World Trade Centre pictorial postmark on fdi the 10th August 1992 (APM #24120)
150th Anniversary of the City Of Melbourne pse with the Polly Woodside Maritime Park World Trade Centre pictorial postmark on fdi the 10th August 1992 (APM #24120)

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