My Austrian Revenues 1854-1918

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My Austrian Revenues 1854-1918

Post by johnrcrow »

Austrian Revenues 1854-1918

This is a large area study and good area to collect as it has some good facets to deal with as well as the market prices not being too ridiculous.

Some counties used their general issues for postage as well as revenue needs but Austria postage stamps were not valid for payment of other taxes, so that specific revenue stamps were produced. Newspaper stamps are an exception and there is an overlap between postal and fiscal functions.

This thread is limited to looking at the 1854-1918 revenues and not dealing with the myriad of other tax stamps for Austria.

The obvious source for information is the J. Barefoot Ltd AUSTRIA REVENUES and serious collectors have to obtain this Handbook.

I am only using stamps that I own to illustrate some of the features of the revenues.

I am struck with the rather beautiful printings of the revenues, indeed works of art. This is in contrast to some of the very crude printings of earlier Austrian postal stamps.

The era is complex in terms of watermarks, perforations, shades, cancels and specimen overprints. Also there are many values for the revenues in each issue.

I originally placed a few of these stamps in another thread but, having already made the scans, thought it might be of greater interest to arrange them in a separate thread.

I welcome inputs from others showing all kinds of Austrian and related area tax stamps so the title maybe should be Austrian Revenues 1854-1918 and other tax stamps.


Scan 1. Simplified timeline for Austrian Revenues 1854-1918.

Simplified timeline for Austrian Revenues 1854-1918.
Simplified timeline for Austrian Revenues 1854-1918.









Scan 2. Detailed timeline for Austrian Revenues 1854-1918.

Detailed timeline for Austrian Revenues 1854-1918.
Detailed timeline for Austrian Revenues 1854-1918.

I think this can be read and it shows the many values issued for the different years. The years mark differences in styles, sizes and shades.







I am using a few examples to illustrate the stamps. I have added information from Barefoot.


Scan 3. 1854. (Pre 1958 Austrian Revenues).



1854 Examples of Austrian revenue stamps. (Pre 1958 Revenues).
1854 Examples of Austrian revenue stamps. (Pre 1958 Revenues).










Scan 4. 1858 Austrian Revenue examples.

1858 Example of Austrian revenue stamps.
1858 Example of Austrian revenue stamps.
Last edited by TheRoyalCounty on 30 Oct 2020 01:03, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: [b]My Austrian Revenues 1854-1918[/b]

Post by HalfpennyYellow »

Great idea for a thread johnrcrow!

At the moment I don't have many Austrian revenues in my collection and the ones I have were only acquired through mixed lots, but I like their designs and I find some of them particularly unusual and interesting - especially the stamps printed on transparent paper (which are reminiscent of some revenues of Brazil and the 1970s-90s revenues of South Africa).

I look forward to learn more about what seems to be a fascinating area of revenue philately through this thread. :D
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Re: [b]My Austrian Revenues 1854-1918[/b]

Post by johnrcrow »

Thanks HalfpennyYellow.

I will show the extent of my examples in the thread.

Feel free to post your examples to extend the ´study`.

I can ´look them up!`


John
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Re: My Austrian Revenues 1854-1918

Post by johnrcrow »

Currencies

Kreuzer. 60 Kreuzer (kr) equals 1 Gulden (fl).



Notes in 1854 issues.

I should have mentioned what C.M stands for on the 1854 stamps. C.M. = Conventions Münze.

Papers are differentiated as a. white and b. yellow to light brown.
Thin and very thick white papers command a premium as does brownish paper.
Listed in Barefoot 1 to 21, with variants, according to paper a. or b.


Notes on 1858 issues.

These are listed in Barefoot from 22 to 54.

22-29 have the value in typo. Kr values of ½, 2, 4, 5, 7, 12, 24 and 60 respectively.
30-54 Value engraved. Kr values of 2, 4, 5, 6, 10, 12, 15 , 25, 30, 50, 60, 75, 1fl, 2fl, 3fl. 4fl. 5fl, 6fl, 8fl, 10fl, 12fl, 14fl, 16fl, 18fl, and 20fl.

There are variations in the engraved values for Kr values of 6, 10, 15 and 50.

6 Kr has Type I ´6`open at base (33a) , and Type II ´6` open at top of loop.
10Kr (34a) has numeral ´0`in ´10`open at base.
15Kr (35a) has numeral `5`in ´15`open base.
50Kr (38a) has a break in the bar under the value.

Must look for these.



Of course things can get a little complicated and are so, from now on. The 1860 and 1864 Revenues need to be separated and indeed I have too go back to find possible examples.

Things get more even complicated from 1866 to 1869 but the design change (including value in words on stamps) at least separates them from the earlier issues (more detailed effort needed).


Notes on 1860 issues.

From August 1859, bluish paper was introduced. This was initially thin with variation in colours. Thicker and more consistent colours were introduced a little later and by Jan 1st 1860 all stamps of the 1858 issue were printed as such.

Barefoot listed.
55-57. Typo values.
58-80. Engraved values.
81-85. 1863 Dark blue paper , no watermark.



Notes in 1864 issues

These stamps are printed thick, blue, porous paper with watermark III (I will deal with watermarks soon). Later the paper changed to grey with a bluish tinge.

Barefoot
86-113 to 20fl.
New values were added, 1,3, 36 and 90Kr, 2½, 7 and 15fl.


Off to elucidate scans to see if can show examples of the 1860/1864 issues.
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Re: My Austrian Revenues 1854-1918

Post by johnrcrow »

Here are the few 1858-1863 candidates I have.

Have to assess papers, whether there is a watermark and perforations!

Scan help?



Scan 5. Normal scan of 1858-1863 Revenues.

rev1 copy.png








Scan 6. Enhanced scan of 1858-1863 Revenues.

rev1 copy enh.png






Scan 7. Enhanced scan of backs of 1858-1863 Revenues (1870 stamp taken out).

rev 1  backs.png

Conclusions.

1. Some bluer examples.
2. Separating white from yellow to yellowish paper is not too positive so that by eye is to be performed, hoping for a sunny day.
3. Watermarks needed.
4. Need to measure perforations.

Back to the drawing board.

More later, hopefully with some better conclusions.

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Re: My Austrian Revenues 1854-1918

Post by johnrcrow »

Back from drawing board.

Here are two diagrams showing the development of the Revenue issues.

I am trying to get a simple way of sorting the 1858 to 1864.


Scan 8. Diagram showing Revenue issue developments from 1858-1864.
Austrian Revenue stamps. Diagram showing Revenue issue developments from 1866-1870.
Austrian Revenue stamps. Diagram showing Revenue issue developments from 1866-1870.





Scan 9. Diagram showing Revenue issue developments from 1866-1870.
Austrian Revenue stamps. Diagram showing Revenue issue developments from 1858-1864
Austrian Revenue stamps. Diagram showing Revenue issue developments from 1858-1864

Useful to me at least.

I have highlighted the perforations on the 1858 Revenues (13½ to 17) in salmon pink, or is it pinkish salmon?) as these are the first indicators of identities since all the perforations in other stamps are between 9 and 12½.

The perfs 9 to 11 are also useful at separating the issues.

Identifying the papers (colour, shade, thickness) is then the next hurdle.


Things do get easier on the next issues (1875 onwards) as they have the dates on them!
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Re: My Austrian Revenues 1854-1918

Post by johnrcrow »

Here are the Revenue stamps from Scan 5 sorted as to perforations



Scan 10. Scan 5 stamps with perforation range 13½ to 16.

Scan 5 stamps with perforation range 13½ to 16.
Scan 5 stamps with perforation range 13½ to 16.

The should be 1858 Revenue stamps with range of 13 to 17





Scan 11. Scan 5 stamps with perforations around 12

smallperf lot.png


Revenue stamps with range of 9 to12½, so should be 1864 to 1866 Revenues.


Paper colours now important for further differentiation.





Handy program to measure perforations on scans of stamps.



Maybe mentioned before in SB, but here is a link for the free program that allows measurement of perforations in scanned images.

I find it very useful now I am used to it.

https://thestampforum.boards.net/thread/3939/scbs-digital-perforation-gauge-utility
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Re: My Austrian Revenues 1854-1918

Post by johnrcrow »

To get an designs on the Revenue stamps I will now go through most of the stamps from Scan 5.

I will give my assessments as to identifying the examples.

Scan 12. 1kr Perf 12. Austrian Revenue stamp. Black on brown.

1kr Perf 12. Austrian Revenue stamp. Black on brown.
1kr Perf 12. Austrian Revenue stamp. Black on brown.
Notes with reference to preceding tables of Revenue stamp properties.

1. The 1854 1kr was issued on thin, blue porous paper. 1886
2. The 1Kr had no words of value and is exception to all other 1886 issues.
3. If this is a 1886 perf 12 1kr issue, it is on either paper A (white) or B (sulphur yellow).
4. There is no listed 1kr as being produced on the remaining stock paper from 1864 (blue or grey blue).

Conclusion
I am favouring an 1864 issue on blue paper (Barefoot 87). The paper colour on this one is certainly not a yellow shade but has a tinge of blue and the paper looks to be porous as seen in scan. Assessing what thin means in Barefoot and will get back on this.





Scan 13a. 3kr Perf 12. Austrian Revenue stamp. Black on brown. White paper.

new 3kr q white p12.png






Scan 13b. 3kr Perf 12. Austrian Revenue stamp. Black on brown. Blue- grey paper(?).

new 3kr blue p12.png






Scab 13c. Side by side 3Kr from Scans 13a and 13b. Enhancement shows deference's in shade. Enlarged sections from inside circle, above value.

hhhh.png
Conclusions next.
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Re: My Austrian Revenues 1854-1918

Post by johnrcrow »

I will complete the assessment of the Scan 5 stamps and then make overall conclusions.


Scan 14. 4 kr revenue stamp. Perf. 15.25. Yellowish paper. 1858 issue.

Example of  4kr revenue stamp. Perf 15.25. Yellowish paper. 1858 issue.
Example of 4kr revenue stamp. Perf 15.25. Yellowish paper. 1858 issue.
The perforations at 15.25 make this an 1858 issue.







Scan 15. 5 kr revenue stamp Perf.15, white to yellowish paper. 1858 issue.

5 kr revenue stamp. Perf. 15.25. Yellowish paper. 1858 issue.
5 kr revenue stamp. Perf. 15.25. Yellowish paper. 1858 issue.

Unused example, shows top leaf underprint well. Note that looking at paper colour inside the circle where there is no underprint, is useful.






Scan 16. 5 kr revenue stamp Perf.12¼, grey paper (bluish tinge??. 1864 later issue??.

5 kr revenue stamp Perf.12¼, grey paper
5 kr revenue stamp Perf.12¼, grey paper

Not an easy one. The date on stamp (64) is a clue maybe as to later 1860 issues on grey-blue paper.






Scan 17. 5 kr revenue stamp Perf.12, bluish paper, later 1864 issue.

5 kr revenue stamp Perf.12, blue paper, later 1864 issue.
5 kr revenue stamp Perf.12, blue paper, later 1864 issue.

Distinctly grey-blue paper.
Last edited by johnrcrow on 01 Nov 2020 21:48, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: My Austrian Revenues 1854-1918

Post by johnrcrow »

Scan 18. Three 6 kr Revenues. Compound perforations hence 1858-60 issues.

Three 6 kr Austria Revenue stamps. Compound perforations, hence 1858-60 issues.
Three 6 kr Austria Revenue stamps. Compound perforations, hence 1858-60 issues.

Centre stamp on yellowish paper (1858)
Right stamp Grey blue paper (1860-)
Left stamp indeterminate but probably 1860- (scan labelled 1858?).
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Re: My Austrian Revenues 1854-1918

Post by johnrcrow »

Scan 19. Two 7kr examples of Austrian Revenue stamps, perf. 15.

Two 7kr examples of Austrian Revenue stamps. Perf. 15. 1854 and 1860
Two 7kr examples of Austrian Revenue stamps. Perf. 15. 1854 and 1860

Perfs. indicate 1854-1860 issues. Left stamp grey-blue (1860- issue) , right stamp yellowish paper (1854 issue).








Scan 20. 12 kr example of Austrian Revenue stamp 1854, perf. 14½.

12 kr example of Austrian Revenue stamp 1854, perf. 14½.
12 kr example of Austrian Revenue stamp 1854, perf. 14½.
Whitish paper. 1854.







Scan 21. 15 kr example of Austrian Revenue stamp 1854-1860, perf. 14½.


15 kr example of Austrian Revenue stamp 1854-1860, perf. 14½
15 kr example of Austrian Revenue stamp 1854-1860, perf. 14½

Whitish paper. 1854.







Scan 22. 25 kr example of Austrian Revenue stamp 1854-1860, perf. 15¼.



25 kr example of Austrian Revenue stamp 1854-1860, perf. 15¼.[/b]
25 kr example of Austrian Revenue stamp 1854-1860, perf. 15¼.[/b]


Whitish paper. 1854.
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Re: My Austrian Revenues 1854-1918

Post by johnrcrow »

Scan 23. 30 kr example of Austrian revenue stamp perf 14 from 1860.

30 kr example of Austrian revenue stamp perf 14 from 1860.
30 kr example of Austrian revenue stamp perf 14 from 1860.

Distinct blue paper.













Scan 24. 30 kr example of Austrian revenue stamp perf 12 from 1864 change of paper shade

30 kr example of Austrian revenue stamp perf 12 from 1864.
30 kr example of Austrian revenue stamp perf 12 from 1864.

Not easy this one but perf 12 so not an 1954, not thick and with blue porous paper, leaving the 1864 used grey with blue tinge paper!















Scan 25. Second example of 30 kr example of Austrian revenue stamp perf 12 from 1864 change of paper shade[/b

Second example of 30 kr example of Austrian revenue stamp perf 12 from 1864 change of paper shade
Second example of 30 kr example of Austrian revenue stamp perf 12 from 1864 change of paper shade


As for Scan 24 example. P 12, so not an 1954, not thick and with blue porous paper, leaving the 1864 used grey with blue tinge paper.
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Re: My Austrian Revenues 1854-1918

Post by johnrcrow »

Scan 26. 50 kr example of Austrian revenue stamp perf 15 from 1854.

50 kr example of Austrian revenue stamp perf 15 from 1854.
50 kr example of Austrian revenue stamp perf 15 from 1854.











Scan 27. 60 kr example of Austrian revenue stamp perf 15½ from 1860.

60 kr example of Austrian revenue stamp perf 15½ from 1860.
60 kr example of Austrian revenue stamp perf 15½ from 1860.







Scan 28. 75 kr example of Austrian revenue stamp perf 15 from 1854.

75 kr example of Austrian revenue stamp perf 15 from 1854.
75 kr example of Austrian revenue stamp perf 15 from 1854.







Scan 29. 1 fl example of Austrian revenue stamp perf 12 from 1860.

1 fl example of Austrian revenue stamp perf 12 from 1860
1 fl example of Austrian revenue stamp perf 12 from 1860

Blue grey paper






Scan 30. 5 fl example of Austrian revenue stamp compound perfs 13½ x 14½ x13½ x 15, 1860.


5 fl example of Austrian revenue stamp compound perfs 13½ x 14½ x13½ x 15, 1860.
5 fl example of Austrian revenue stamp compound perfs 13½ x 14½ x13½ x 15, 1860.
Bluish paper.

I love the variation on this stamps perforations.
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Re: My Austrian Revenues 1854-1918

Post by johnrcrow »

Now into easier stamps to solve.

1875.
In 1875 there was a complete change in design.

The Bust of Emperor Franz Joseph was place on stamos in black.
The date was put at the foot.
The same design was used for kr and the larger format fl values.
White paper.
Perfs 10½ x12 (sometimes 9 x 9½) and from Dec 1885 12½ x 13 both scarcer.
Barefoot lists as 181 to 208.


1877
The same design was used.

The date at foot was changed to 1877 (clever stuff).
Perfs 10 to 13 and a 9 x 9½ scarcer.
Barefoot lists as 209 to 236.


One can get a good number of these issues cheaply and they are attractive.

Here is a simplified scan of the designs.



Scan 31. 1875 and 1877 Austrian Revenue stamps with Franz Joseph bust. Colour possibilities indicated.

1875 and 1877 Austrian Revenue stamps with Franz Joseph bust. Colour possibilities indicated.
1875 and 1877 Austrian Revenue stamps with Franz Joseph bust. Colour possibilities indicated.








Scan 32. SIngle example of 1875 Franz Joseph Austrian Revenue stamp.

SIngle example of 1875 Franz Joseph Austrian Revenue stamp.
SIngle example of 1875 Franz Joseph Austrian Revenue stamp.









Scan 33. SIngle example of 1877 Franz Joseph Austrian Revenue stamp.

Ingle example of 1877 Franz Joseph Austrian Revenue stamp.
Ingle example of 1877 Franz Joseph Austrian Revenue stamp.



Just showing two full pages to give a flavour.



Scan 34. Page of 1875 Franz Joseph Austrian Revenue stamps.
Page of 1875 Franz Joseph Austrian Revenue stamps.
Page of 1875 Franz Joseph Austrian Revenue stamps.







Scan 35. Page of 1877 Franz Joseph Austrian Revenue stamps.
Page of 1877 Franz Joseph Austrian Revenue stamps.
Page of 1877 Franz Joseph Austrian Revenue stamps.

Plenty of combinations of perfs and these issues to form a collection interest?
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Re: My Austrian Revenues 1854-1918

Post by johnrcrow »

1879 to 1893

The issues from 1879 to 1893 are easier to identify.

Below is a diagram relating the issues.


Scan 36. Diagram relating Austria Revenue issues from 1879 to 1889.

Diagram relating Austria Revenue issues from 1879 to 1889.
Diagram relating Austria Revenue issues from 1879 to 1889.
Notes.

1. The designs as re all the same of the issues.
2. There are variations on perfs.
3. Colour is introduced in 1883.

I added 1898 to 1919 issues as they have new completely different designs as will be seen.


Scan 37. Selected Revenue stamps from 1879 issue, kr.
Selected Revenue stamps from 1879 issue, kr.
Selected Revenue stamps from 1879 issue, kr.







Scan 37. Selected Revenue stamps from 1879 issue, fl.

Selected Revenue stamps from 1879 issue, fl.
Selected Revenue stamps from 1879 issue, fl.








Scan 38. Selected Revenue stamps from 1881 issue.

Selected Revenue stamps from 1881 issue.
Selected Revenue stamps from 1881 issue.





Scan 39. Selected Revenue stamps from 1883 issue.

Selected Revenue stamps from 1883 issue.
Selected Revenue stamps from 1883 issue.
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Re: My Austrian Revenues 1854-1918

Post by johnrcrow »

Scan 40. Selected Revenue stamps from 1885.

Selected Revenue stamps from 1885.
Selected Revenue stamps from 1885.







Scan 41. Selected Revenue stamps from 1888.

Selected Revenue stamps from 1888.
Selected Revenue stamps from 1888.
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Re: My Austrian Revenues 1854-1918

Post by johnrcrow »

Scan 42. Three Austrian Revenue stamps from 1893.

Three Austrian Revenue stamps from 1893
Three Austrian Revenue stamps from 1893

I have only these three.




1898 Revenues


These involved a currency change where 1 Krone (kr) equalled 100 Heller ((h) and a new design using bust of Franz Joseph with a date panel at the foot.

The security print on reverse remains on the paper when the stamp is removed so that these stamps should be kept on paper (explains why most of my examples are on paper). I am not sure that the security print design changed.

The stamps are printed on pelure paper.

Perfs vary 10 (very rare,) 12½, 13 and 13½.

Heller values 27 x 36mm, Kr values 31 x 41 mm.

Compared to earlier stamps these are rather crude.




Scan 43. Single 1898 Austrian Revenue 3Kr stamp showing design features.

Single 1898 Austrian Revenue 3Kr stamp showing design features.
Single 1898 Austrian Revenue 3Kr stamp showing design features.
Blue (bust colour) on grey-green (edge border colour).





Scan 44. Range of 1898 Austrian Revenue stamps.

Range of 1898 Austrian Revenue stamps.
Range of 1898 Austrian Revenue stamps.





1910 Austrian Revenue Stamps

These have same design and security prints as 1898 issues.
Heller issues have blue border with blue bust
The Kr values show carmine.
The under print has a star pattern in various shades depending on values.
Pelure paper was used until 1916, declared invalid 31st August 1919.



Scan 45. Close up of four 1910 Austrian Revenue stamps.


Close up of four 1910 Austrian Revenue stamps.
Close up of four 1910 Austrian Revenue stamps.

Note

Top right stamp has been removed from paper.

Lower left stamp is in fact an Austrian Republic General Duty stamp of 1919 with the overprint reading ´Deutschoessosterreich`.

The 10 h can be on pelure (high CV Barefoot 477) or thick paper paper (very low CV Barefoot 495) so must go back and check this.


On re-reading this I am slightly confused as to security prints and underprints.

I will ponder on this.
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Re: My Austrian Revenues 1854-1918

Post by johnrcrow »

Here is my favourite engraved Revenue.

Scan 46. 90 kr Austrian revenue stamp 1888.

90 kr Austrian revenue stamp 1888.
90 kr Austrian revenue stamp 1888.






Scan 47. Some details from 90Kr Austrian revenue stamp 1888.



Detail from 90 Kr Austrian revenue stamp 1888.
Detail from 90 Kr Austrian revenue stamp 1888.





Detail from 90 kr Austrian revenue stamp 1888.
Detail from 90 kr Austrian revenue stamp 1888.






Detail from 90 kr Austrian revenue stamp 1888.
Detail from 90 kr Austrian revenue stamp 1888.






Detail from 90 kr Austrian revenue stamp 1888.
Detail from 90 kr Austrian revenue stamp 1888.
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Re: My Austrian Revenues 1854-1918

Post by johnrcrow »

This has been a brief look through 1854-1918 highlighting main differences.

Of course there were many other areas for Revenue ´collection` on stamps including bt by noe mans completing the list, Republic General Duty, Chemist taxes, Federal Administration taxes, Stock Transfer taxes, Sparkling wine taxes, Fruit wine taxes, School tuition taxes, Calendar Taxes, Playing card taxes, Tobacco monopoly taxes, Share registration taxes, Newspaper taxes, Customs clearance taxes, Sugar tax control stamps, Match taxes, and than many other areas brought in, post the 1920´s. Some Private Revenue stamps were also issued.

Not forgetting a large area of Revenue stamps for Austrian occupied areas

So many tremendous areas to collect.

Here are two that I have in passing.

Scan 48. 1893 Austria Effecten-Umsaltzsteuer (Stock Transfer Tax) stamp.
Austria Effecten-Umsaltzsteuer (Stock Transfer Tax) stamp.
Austria Effecten-Umsaltzsteuer (Stock Transfer Tax) stamp.







Scan 49. 1919 Austria Wertpapier (Share Registration stamp.


can 49. 1919 Austria Wertpapier (Share Registration stamp.
can 49. 1919 Austria Wertpapier (Share Registration stamp.
Note no value given on stamp.

Two in ´set`
Barefoot 1 green
Barefoot 2 red.


I will now try and see what the market offers in Revenues for Austria. In particular the very varied types of tax stamps to the 1920´s.


One last scan of a piece cut form a document finishing with a mystery?

I add question mark to show I do not know what document this is.


Scan 50. Piece ripped from a document with 1888 Austria Revenue stamps

Piece ripped from a document with 1888 Austria Revenue stamps
Piece ripped from a document with 1888 Austria Revenue stamps

Cancel appears to contain K.K CENTRAL STEMPEL (ANT) ? WIEN
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Re: My Austrian Revenues 1854-1918

Post by maptrekker »

I always love a mystery. It is from an Italian Red Cross bond.

https://scripofilia.it/en/military-and-related/4502-1885-cro ... -roma.html
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Re: My Austrian Revenues 1854-1918

Post by johnrcrow »

The Stampboards resources strike again.

Many thanks map for solving the mystery. I did see some Italian but that was all.

Great to have all these minds available.

John
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Re: My Austrian Revenues 1854-1918

Post by ladydoe »

Can anyone tell me about these at all please as don’t seem to be able to find much on these values or the swastika cancel. Thank you 😊
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