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Re: WTB Australia 1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup FDCs

Post by BigSaint »

BigSaint wrote: 05 Dec 2023 09:52
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Phoenix says Cooma PO 1/1/1847.

Cooma is a town in the south of New South Wales, Australia. It is located 114 kilometres (71 mi) south of the national capital, Canberra, via the Monaro Highway. It is also on the Snowy Mountains Highway, connecting Bega with the Riverina.

At the 2016 census, Cooma had a population of 6,742. Cooma is the main town of the Monaro region. It is 800 metres (2,620 ft) above sea level. The name could have derived from an Aboriginal word Coombah, meaning 'big lake' or 'open country'.

Cooma is 5 kilometres (3 mi) south of the banks of the Murrumbidgee River, a main tributary of the Murray–Darling basin. Cooma sources its water from the river.

Cooma was explored by Captain J. M. Currie in 1823. It was first surveyed in 1840, and was gazetted in 1849. Cooma was proclaimed a municipality in 1879.

The railway from Sydney was extended from Royalla to Cooma in 1889 under the supervision of John Whitton. The line was closed to rail passenger traffic in 1989. The estimated population of Cooma was 47 in 1851 and it grew to 2330 (1911), 1969 (1933), 2249 (1947), 9103 (1966), 7353 (1976) and 7978 (1981).

In 1949, the town became the headquarters of the Snowy Mountains Scheme and grew rapidly. Those working on the Snowy Scheme depended on the railway and during construction of the scheme, the railways were one of the largest employers in the region. In 1959 the tenth anniversary of the scheme was celebrated with the erection of an avenue of flags representing the 27 nationalities of people working on the scheme.

NSW TrainLink operate road coach services from Canberra to Bombala and Eden.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coom

1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Cooma East NSW Aust cds - ???? October 1960
1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Cooma East NSW Aust cds - ???? October 1960
Phoenix says:

Cooma PO 1/1/1847.
Cooma East PO 1/11/1956; closed 12/9/1969.
Cooma North PO 5/9/1952.
Cooma R.S. TO 30/11/1891; closed 18/10/1969.

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Re: WTB Australia 1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup FDCs

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1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Appin NSW cds - 26th October 1960
1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Appin NSW cds - 26th October 1960
Phoenix says:

Appin (1) PO 1/2/1835; closed 6/8/1835.
Appin (2) PO 1/2/1841; closed c.1992.

Appin is a town on the south-west fringe of Sydney in the Macarthur Region in Tharawal country near its boundary with Gandangara country, New South Wales, Australia in Wollondilly Shire. It is situated about 16 kilometres (9.9 mi) south of Campbelltown and 35 kilometres (22 mi) northwest of Wollongong.

European settlement in the Appin district was prohibited for some years; Appin was part of the 'Cowpastures' where a small herd of cattle had established themselves, having escaped from the Sydney Cove settlement. To protect these and help feed the colony, Governor Macquarie ordered 'No person to hunt or travel into the Cowpastures without licence under penalty of death'.

Appin is the birthplace of John Fuller, better known as the bushranger Dan 'Mad Dog' Morgan.

A town plan was completed in 1834. Several of the proposed street names are in use today, including Toggerai, the Dharawal name for the Upper reaches of the Georges River. A track from Campbelltown was in use from 1815; as settlement advanced along coastal Illawarra, routes to Sydney found their way up the escarpment, and through Appin; the resulting traffic increased the town's prosperity.

Appin had a permanent Post Office by 1841, and a telephone line was connected to it in 1888. Appin had to wait until 1945 for an electricity supply. Despite its proximity to several large dams, Appin did not receive a reticulated water supply until 1961. As of 2010, a town sewerage scheme is in its planning stages.

North of town lies the Appin Greyhound Track which played it's part in the Fine Cotton affair.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Appin,_New_South_Wales
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Re: WTB Australia 1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup FDCs

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1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with South Graton NSW Aust cds - 31st October 1960
1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with South Graton NSW Aust cds - 31st October 1960
Phoenix says:

Grafton Renamed from Clarence River PO c.1849.
Grafton North TO 12/8/1946; PO 1/7/1948; closed 27/2/1987.
Grafton West PO 13/5/1946.
South Grafton PO 1/9/1866.

South Grafton is a suburb of Grafton, New South Wales, taking in most of the area of the city south of the Clarence River. At the time of the 2016 Australian census, South Grafton had a population of 6,068 people, about one-third of Grafton's total population.

South Grafton was first settled around the same time as the main Grafton townsite. However, it was not until the opening of the Grafton Bridge in 1932 that a direct road connection was established between the two settlements – previously residents had relied upon a ferry service to cross the Clarence River. In 1896, South Grafton was given its own municipal government under the Municipalities Act 1867. It was known as the South Grafton Municipal District until 1906 and thereafter as the South Grafton Municipality. In 1956, the South Grafton Municipality was merged into the Grafton City Council. This was in turn merged with other local government areas in 2004 to form the current Clarence Valley Council.

The Grafton railway station is located in South Grafton. It was known as the South Grafton station until 1976, when the old Grafton station north of the river closed.

Earle Page, Prime Minister of Australia from 7 April 1939 to 26 April 1939, lived in South Grafton from 1904 to 1920, where he ran a private hospital. He was elected to the municipal council in 1914, and was twice elected as mayor, in 1918 and 1919.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/South_Grafton,_New_South_Wales
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Re: WTB Australia 1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup FDCs

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1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Mittagong NSW Aust cds - 1st November 1960
1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Mittagong NSW Aust cds - 1st November 1960
Phoenix says:

Nattai PO 1/4/1862; renamed Mittagong PO 1/8/1875.
Mittagong Renamed from Nattai PO 1/8/1875.

Mittagong is a town located in the Southern Highlands of New South Wales, in Wingecarribee Shire. The town acts as the gateway to the Southern Highlands when coming from Sydney. Mittagong is situated at an elevation of 635 metres (2,083 ft). The town is close to Bowral, Berrima, Moss Vale and the Northern Villages such as Yerrinbool and Colo Vale. Moreover, Mittagong is home to many wineries of the Southern Highlands which has been a recent growing wine and cellar door region.

The town lies between three small mountain reserves, Mount Alexandra 780 metres (2,560 ft) above sea level, Mount Gibraltar 888 metres (2,913 ft) above sea level and Ninety Acre Hill 800 metres (2,600 ft) above sea level.

Popular among locals and visitors is a small man made lake, Lake Alexandra, that feeds into the nearby Nattai River.

The name "Mittagong" is said to come from an Aboriginal word meaning "little mountain". Other suggested meanings are "a companion" and "plenty of native dogs", as the Mittagong range was home to many dingos at one time.

According to the 2021 census, the town of Mittagong had a population of 6,090.

Mittagong is on the Old Hume Highway, which linked Sydney, Canberra and Melbourne, but the highway was diverted in 1992. The opening of the bypass was expected by some to negatively affect business in towns bypassed like Mittagong, but instead the location has become a rest stop for drivers and a daytripper destination from Sydney, only around one hour away. Moreover, Mittagong can be accessed from the Hume Highway in the north via the Aylmerton/Braemar ramp and in the south via the Welby ramp.

Mittagong railway station is served by the Southern Highlands Line with regular services to and from Sydney and Moss Vale, with some services extending Goulburn. Long-distance services to Canberra and Melbourne also stop at the station.

The first European permanent settler in the Mittagong district was William Chalker (1775–1823) (also known as Charker), a former convict transported from England, who arrived in the area on 10 May 1821. He became the Principal Overseer of Government Stock, Chief Constable and Poundkeeper in the Cowpastures. A memorial plaque to Chalker was unveiled in May 1988 as a Bicentennial project; the plaque overlooks an area once known as Chalker's Flat and later known as Lower Mittagong.


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Re: WTB Australia 1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup FDCs

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1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Iluka NSW Aust cds - 7th November 1960
1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Iluka NSW Aust cds - 7th November 1960
Phoenix says Iluka PO 1/12/1876.

Iluka is a small village at the mouth of the Clarence River in north-eastern New South Wales, Australia. It is situated directly across the river from the resort town of Yamba. At the 2016 census, Iluka had a population of 1,718 people. The town's name is derived from an Aboriginal word meaning "near the sea".

It has long beaches on the ocean side of the river. It is reached by turning off the Pacific Highway approximately 20 kilometres (12 mi) north of Maclean. As Iluka is a popular tourist destination its population increases slightly in the holiday season with many Gold Coasters in the summer and Victorians in the winter.

The area hosts a World Heritage-listed littoral rainforest, one of the last remaining littoral rainforests in the Southern Hemisphere, containing many different plant species ranging from coastal dune species to tropical rainforest species. The Iluka rainforest has a vast range of native animal species ranging from wallabies and kangaroos to wombats and echidnas.

A birthing colony features the Grey-headed Flying Fox (Pteropus poliocephalus) and the Black Flying-fox (Pteropus alecto), both species listed as vulnerable to extinction.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iluka,_New_South_Wales
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Re: WTB Australia 1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup FDCs

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1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Wee Jasper NSW cds - 3rd November 1960
1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Wee Jasper NSW cds - 3rd November 1960
Phoenix says:

Wee Jasper (1) PO 1/1/1886; closed 31/3/1892.
Wee Jasper (2) PO 15/6/1895; closed 10/3/1994.

Wee Jasper is a hamlet in the Yass Valley Shire in New South Wales, about 90 km north-west of Canberra and 60 km south-west of Yass. It is in the Goodradigbee valley at the western foot of the Brindabella Ranges, near Burrinjuck Dam. At the 2021 census, Wee Jasper and the surrounding area had a population of 127.

The origin of the name Wee Jasper is unknown. It has been in use since at latest 1848, when it appeared as a single-word name "Weejasper". Although both "Weejasper" and "Wee Jasper" were used subsequently, it was not until 1970 that the name of the village was changed officially from Weejasper to Wee Jasper. The name is possibly of Aboriginal origin.

The Hume and Hovell expedition passed through the area in October 1824.

Colonial settlement in the area dates from 1831, when a land grant was made at "Cooradigbee" to William Hampden Dutton. It was one of the last free land grants in the colony of New South Wales, and it was only given because it already had been promised by Governor Darling, in October 1830. On 9 January 1831, Viscount Goderich instructed that no more free grants, except those already promised, be given. All land thereafter was to be sold at public auction. The land grant extinguished what would later—in 1992—become known as native title over the land, effectively dispossessing the traditional owners.

A site for a village, to be known as "Goodradigbee", was proclaimed in 1866, but its design was cancelled in 1900. A cluster of settlement developed further upstream on the river, nearer to the eventual site of the bridge, at what is now the village of Wee Jasper.

"Coodra Vale", a property of 40,000 acres (16,188 ha) close to Wee Jasper, was the home of pastoralist, Stewart Ryrie, Junior, from 1871 until his death in 1882. From 1908 to 1912, "Coodra Vale" was the home of renowned Australian bush-poet, A.B. "Banjo" Paterson, and his poem, A Mountain Station, was informed by the time he spent there as an agriculturalist.

South of the village is the confluence of the Goodradigbee and its tributary, Wee Jasper Creek. Gold was mined along the creek in the 1890s, when it was known as 'The Wee Jasper'. The Goodradigbee Goldfield, which included the area, was proclaimed in 1882, but was revoked in 1897. Although mining took place, the area was not a significant goldfield.

The bridge across the Goodradigbee River at Wee Jasper opened in September 1896, providing a better connection from the area to Yass and Tumut.The filling of the Burrinjuck Dam during the 1920s resulted in the inundation of part of the valley downstream from the village. More land was inundated later, when the dam wall was raised.

Wee Jasper had a police station by 1887. Wee Jasper Post Office was first opened in January 1886 and closed in March 1892. Three years later, it was reopened again and remained in service until 1994.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wee_Jasper,_New_South_Wales
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Re: WTB Australia 1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup FDCs

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1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Upper Rollans Plains NSW cds - 31st October 1960
1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Upper Rollans Plains NSW cds - 31st October 1960
Phoenix says

Rolland's Plains PO 1/1/1856; closed 31/10/1967.
Upper Rolland's Plains PO 1/11/1890; closed 25/11/1969.

Rollands Plains is a village and bounded rural locality in Mid North Coast of New South Wales, Australia.

Located 320 km north of Sydney and 20 km west of Port Macquarie, New South Wales, between the town of Telegraph Point and Willi Willi National Park it is roughly equivalent with Tinebank parish of Macquarie county. It is within Port Macquarie-Hastings Council area, and is divided into Rollands Plains and Upper Rollands Plains.

The economy is primarily agricultural although timber getting was dominant in the past, with parts of the locality being cleared as soldier settlements following World War I. Rollands Plains has a school of arts hall, cemetery, oval, a Rural Fire Service, and the Upper Rollands Plains Public School. The smaller Rollands Plains Public School closed in the 1960s.

The natural geography is dominated by the Wilson River, a tributary of the Hastings River. The head waters of the Wilson River is near Mount Banda Banda 20 km to the west in the Willi Willi National Park.

The name Rollands Plains derives from Captain John Rolland, the Commandant of nearby Port Macquarie. Taken ill at sea in 1824, he sailed to Port Macquarie seeking medical attention. Medical attention of the day was not able to save him and he was interred at the Church of St Thomas Port Macquarie, under construction at the time.


[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rollands_Plains
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Re: WTB Australia 1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup FDCs

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1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Ben Lomond NSW cds - 7th November 1960
1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Ben Lomond NSW cds - 7th November 1960
Phoenix says:

Ben Lomond (1) PO 4/11/1879; closed 28/2/1883.
Ben Lomond (2) PO 19/8/1884; RO 4/10/1887; closed 13/6/1896.
Ben Lomond (3) Renamed from Ben Lomond R.S. PO 1/12/1914; closed 31/8/1979.
Ben Lomond R.S. RO 1/8/1885; PO 1/1/1886; renamed Ben Lomond PO 1/12/1914.

Ben Lomond is a village on the Northern Tablelands in the New England region of New South Wales. The village is situated 6 km off the New England Highway between Armidale and Glen Innes. It was located in the Guyra Shire local government area until that council was amalgamated into the Armidale Regional Council on 12 May 2016, with parts of the surrounding district in Glen Innes Severn Shire and Inverell Shire. It is primarily a farming area, with most of the residents involved in sheep, cattle and grain farming.

Ben Lomond Village is at 1,370 m elevation, making it the highest village in northern New South Wales. As such, even though it is located only a few hours' drive from the Queensland border, it receives occasional falls of snow in Winter. Overlooking the village are mountains known as "The Two Brothers", which have a peak elevation of 1,508 metres.

The name Ben Lomond originated from Ben Lomond in Scotland.

In 1848, the Manooan (Marowan) run of 17,000 acres (69 km2) had the Ben Lomond Range as its southern boundary. In the 1860s there was a station named Ben Lomond which had been robbed by Captain Thunderbolt, who frequented the region. The slow climb and timber on the Ben Lomond Range proved an ideal place for the robbery of coaches and travellers.

The Dumaresq to Glen Innes section of the Main North railway Line, which included Ben Lomond, opened on 19 August 1884. At 1,363 metres (4,472 ft), Ben Lomond railway station was the highest railway station in New South Wales until the Skitube opened in 1987. Ben Lomond railway station closed on 10 December 1985, followed by the Dumaresq-Glen Innes section on 3 October 1993.

Ben Lomond Post Office opened on 4 November 1879 and closed in 1979. Ben Lomond was serviced by a general store providing the majority of day-to-day needs as well as farming supplies until it closed in November 2007.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ben_Lomond,_New_South_Wales
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Re: WTB Australia 1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup FDCs

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1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Yass North NSW Aust cds - 28th October 1960
1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Yass North NSW Aust cds - 28th October 1960
Phoenix says:

Yass PO 1/4/1835.
Yass Junction Renamed from Yass R.S. PO 1/3/1892; closed 30/4/1953.
Yass North PO 1/11/1947; closed 30/9/1971.
Yass R.S. PO 16/7/1889; renamed Yass Junction PO 1/3/1892.

Yass is a town on the periphery of the Southern Tablelands and South West Slopes of New South Wales, Australia. The name appears to have been derived from an Aboriginal word, "Yarrh" (or "Yharr"), said to mean 'running water'.

Yass is located 280 km south-west of Sydney, on the Hume Highway. The Yass River, which is a tributary of the Murrumbidgee River, flows through the town. Yass is 59 km from Canberra; lying at an elevation of 505 metres.

The Yass area was first seen by Europeans in 1821, during an expedition led by Hamilton Hume. By 1830, settlement had begun where the nascent Sydney to Melbourne road crossed the Yass River. The site for the town was gazetted in 1837. Yass was incorporated as a District Council in 1843, and boasted a population of 274 by 1848. On 13 March 1873, the Municipal District of Yass was created, and James Cottrell was subsequently elected as the first Mayor of Yass.

One of Australia's best-known poets, A.B. 'Banjo' Paterson arrived in the district in 1871, aged seven, passed his childhood there, and later bought a property in the Wee Jasper area so that his children could experience country life. Poet and priest Patrick Hartigan (pen name: John O'Brien) was born near Yass in 1878, and studied at the local convent school as a youth.

Yass was one of the sites proposed for the Federal Capital after 1901. The site of the new capital city would have been slightly west of the township of Yass, which would have been included in the surrounding federal territory. The Hume Highway passed through the town until a bypass opened in July 1994.

Yass was a battleground between the town and the Sydney to Melbourne railway; because of the topography, the New South Wales Government Railways wanted to bypass the town by a few kilometres. Naturally, the people of the town wished the railway to pass closer or through it. In 1892 a light railway or tram was built to connect Yass Junction on the main line and Yass Town. The railway bridge across the Yass River was the first lightweight, steel Pratt-truss bridge in the NSW railway network.

The last trains operated on the line on 29 October 1988 when steam locomotives 1210 and 3112 operated three final journeys on the line.

The Yass Railway Heritage Centre uses the Yass Town station precinct as a museum. Yass had the nearest railway station on the Sydney Melbourne railway to serve the national capital at Canberra.

When the uniform gauge railway between Sydney and Melbourne opened in 1961, the parliamentarian deserving most of the credit - William Charles Wentworth - was unable to leave parliament since his vote was needed in an almost hung parliament. Instead of catching the inaugural train at Sydney, he had to catch it at Yass Junction, where it made a special stop.

Ian Craig, Australian Test cricket captain & horse race trainer Lee Freedman and his brothers Anthony, Michael and Richard grew up in Yass.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yass,_New_South_Wales
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Re: WTB Australia 1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup FDCs

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1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Wongawilli NSW Aust cds - 29th October 1960
1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Wongawilli NSW Aust cds - 29th October 1960
Phoenix says Wongawilli PO 1/10/1952; closed 28/4/1978.

Wongawilli is a southern suburb of Wollongong, NSW at the foot hills of the Illawarra escarpment. The word 'Wonga' is a native aboriginal word meaning native pigeon.

The community has had a long history with coal mining, with the Wongawilli colliery opening in 1916 by the Hoskins Brothers, and later being taken over by BHP. Since this time the mine has expanded and has had multiple owners, and is currently owned and operated by the Indian company Jindal Steel & Power.


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Re: WTB Australia 1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup FDCs

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1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Wamoon NSW cds - 27th October 1960
1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Wamoon NSW cds - 27th October 1960
Phoenix says Wamoon PO c.-/7/1920; closed 20/12/1983.

Wamoon is a village in Leeton Shire in the Riverina region of New South Wales. Wamoon is located 8.8 kilometres (5.5 mi) from Leeton along the Irrigation Way to the Leeton CBD and Henry Lawson Drive to the Leeton suburb of Wattle Hill. Wamoon provides a village of homes to the farmers of northern Leeton and there is a small primary school known as Wamoon Public School.

Wamoon Post Office opened in July 1920 and closed in 1983.

In 1993 Geographical Names Board of New South Wales deleted Wamoon when the village was removed from official government publication of locality names. In May 2006 the Geographical Names Board of New South Wales approved the reinstatement of Wamoon as a village.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wamoon
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Re: WTB Australia 1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup FDCs

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1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Stockinbingal NSW cds - 31st October 1960
1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Stockinbingal NSW cds - 31st October 1960
Phoenix says Stockinbingal PO 16/5/1891.

Stockinbingal is a town in the South West Slopes and Riverina regions of New South Wales situated on the Burley Griffin Way, 410 Kilometres South of Sydney. The town is in the Cootamundra–Gundagai Regional Council local government area. At the 2016 census, Stockinbingal had a population of 374.

Stockinbingal Post Office opened on 16 May 1891.

It is the location of a railway junction connecting the Cootamundra to Lake Cargelligo railway line (completed to Stockinbingal in 1893) to Parkes, which provides an alternative route from Sydney to Parkes to the route over the Blue Mountains, avoiding that route's steep grades and is now as a result the major route for freight between Sydney and Perth. The route from Cootamundra to Stockinbingal and Parkes is also part of a rail bypass of Sydney for traffic between Melbourne and Brisbane via Dubbo, Werris Creek and Maitland.

Stockinbingal is the closest town to the Yeo Yeo district, where the Bradman family had a farm and Don Bradman lived as a child.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stockinbingal

Like most Australian towns with Aboriginal names no one knows exactly what the word 'Stockinbingal' meant. Local mythology says it means 'full belly' but equally it is believed that the local water supply, now known as Bland Creek, was known to the Aborigines at Tocumbidgie or Tocumbimbil with 'tocum' meaning deep hole and either 'bingara' meaning creek or 'bimbil' meaning white leafed box tree. Somewhere in the past someone added an 'S' and changed a letter or two so that the result is a word no Aborigine would recognise.


https://www.smh.com.au/traveller/inspiration/stockinbingal-c ... -6dmc.html
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Re: WTB Australia 1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup FDCs

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1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Yallah NSW cds - 26th October 1960
1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Yallah NSW cds - 26th October 1960
Phoenix says Yallah RO 1/1/1909; PO 1/7/1927; TO 15/11/1931; PO 1/10/1946; closed 31/12/1971.

Yallah is a western suburb in the City of Wollongong, New South Wales, located on the western shore of Lake Illawarra. It contains a mixture of rural, commercial and light industrial areas.

Yallah is an Australian Aboriginal word for which a number of meanings are given; native apple tree; a nearby lagoon; and "go away at once".

The Tallawarra Power Station on the shores of Lake Illawarra and adjacent to Yallah was commissioned in 1952 and commenced operations in 1954 as a thermal power station. The station closed in 1989 and was reconditioned as a 435-megawatt (583,000 hp) combined cycle natural gas power station.

The Yallah railway station opened in 1887, and closed in 1974.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yallah,_New_South_Wales
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Re: WTB Australia 1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup FDCs

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1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with South West Rocks NSW cds - 26th October 1960
1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with South West Rocks NSW cds - 26th October 1960
Phoenix says South West Rocks PO 24/9/1903.

South West Rocks is a town located on the Mid North Coast of New South Wales, Australia, near the mouth of the Macleay River. It is approximately 40 km (25 mi) from Kempsey. Jerseyville is located nearby.

The population of South West Rocks is 5,313. The tourist population of South West Rocks increases markedly during the holiday season. The area's beaches as well as man-made attractions such as Trial Bay Gaol and Smoky Cape Lighthouse are local tourist attractions.

Arakoon was originally established as the township on Trial Bay in 1866. However, by 1889, South West Rocks had established itself as a popular bathing resort with people of the Macleay Valley. South West Rocks got its name most likely from the captains of passing ships, who claimed it was safest to moor vessels near the rocks, south west of Laggers Point (the point on which Trial Bay Gaol is built). Another theory is that their moorings would be safe if they kept the rocks to their south west. Trial Bay was named after a brig, The Trial, which was stolen and wrecked by convicts in 1816 in the bay that now bears its name.

On 13 May 1770, Captain James Cook observed smoke from a fire on a mountain which he named Smoky Cape. The headland in front of the mountain is now the location of Smoky Cape Lighthouse.

In 1972, a Sydney Harbour showboat, Sydney Queen, and the former Newcastle car carriers Lurgurena and Koondooloo, were wrecked on the Main Beach after breaking free from their moorings in heavy storms. Elements of all three vessels were salvaged, but the hull of Sydney Queen filled with sand and could not be removed. It was eventually burned to the waterline to remove the obstruction from the beach.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/South_West_Rocks,_New_South_Wales
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Re: WTB Australia 1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup FDCs

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1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with South Gundagai NSW cds - 18th October 1960
1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with South Gundagai NSW cds - 18th October 1960
Phoenix says:

Gundagai PO 1/4/1843.
Gundagai Railway Station TO 13/8/1904; closed 30/6/1948.
Gundagai South ; closed 30/12/1988.
South Gundagai PO 1/4/1859; closed 20/2/1989.

Gundagai is a town in New South Wales. Although a small town, Gundagai is a popular topic for writers and has become a representative icon of a typical Australian country town. Located along the Murrumbidgee River and Muniong, Honeysuckle, Kimo, Mooney Mooney, Murrumbidgee and Tumut mountain ranges, Gundagai is 390 kilometres (240 mi) south-west of Sydney. Until 2016, Gundagai was the administrative centre of Gundagai Shire local government area. In the 2021 census, the population of Gundagai was 2,057.

The first move to establish Gundagai as a township was in 1838, when plans for the new settlement of "Gundagae on the Murrumbidgee, about 54 miles beyond Yass ..." were advertised for viewing at the office of the Surveyor-General in Sydney.

The name "Gundagai" may derive from "Gundagair", an 1838 pastoral run in the name of William Hutchinson to the immediate north of current day Gundagai. The Aboriginal word "gair" was recorded at Yass in 1836 by the naturalist George Bennett and means "bird", as in budgerigar or "good bird". In that context "Gundagai" means place of birds but that place name may refer to the area to the north of Gundagai not to Gundagai town. The word "gundagai" is also said to mean "cut with a hand-axe behind the knee".

In November 1824, Australian-born Hamilton Hume and British immigrant William Hovell passed close to the spot where Gundagai now stands, near the future site of Tumut. Hovell recorded seeing trees already marked by steel "tommyhawks".

A local settler named Warby is recorded as having "followed Hume and Hovell's tracks to the junction of the Murrumbidgee and Tumut Rivers" and having taken "up a pastoral lease of 19,200 acres ... at a rent of thirty-three pounds per annum. ... He called the property 'Minghee' later called 'Mingay'."

Charles Sturt travelled through the area in 1829 at the start of his voyage in search of an inland sea, then believed to exist in outback Australia. Sturt again passed through Gundagai in 1830, on the return leg of his journey, and returned in 1838 in company with the Hawdon and Bonney overlanding parties. At the time of Sturt's 1829–1830 journey, he found several squatters in the district, all beyond the "limits of location": Henry O'Brien at Jugiong, William Warby at Mingay and the Stuckey brothers, Peter and Henry at Willie Ploma and Tumblong.

Gundagai Post Office opened on 1 April 1843 as the township, gazetted in 1838, developed.

The railway reached Gundagai in 1886 as a branch line from Cootamundra on the Main Southern railway line. The branch line was later extended, reaching Tumut in 1903 and Batlow and Kunama, at the end of the Tumut and Kunama railway lines, in 1923. The line was closed after flood damage in 1984.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gundagai
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Re: WTB Australia 1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup FDCs

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1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Haberfield NSW Aust cds - 25th October 1960
1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Haberfield NSW Aust cds - 25th October 1960
Phoenix says Haberfield PO 1/10/1903.

Haberfield is a suburb in the Inner West of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales. Haberfield is located 6.5 kilometres west of the Sydney central business district in the local government area of the Inner West Council.

Haberfield sits south of Iron Cove, which is part of Sydney Harbour. It is bounded to the east by the Hawthorne Canal, to the northwest by the Iron Cove Creek canal and to the southwest by Parramatta Road. Its main road is Ramsay Street and the point of land that faces Iron Cove, Dobroyd Point, is a historical locality of Sydney. Haberfield was dubbed "the garden suburb" in the early 20th century and retains its well-kept parks, tree-lined streets and fine Federation-era houses with immaculate gardens. The entire suburb is heritage-listed. It is also known for its Italian culture.

Haberfield was named by early landholder Richard Stanton, after the financial benefactor of his wife's family; Lord Haberfield. Stantons wife's maiden name was Nichols.

Nicholas Bayly, a soldier, received the first land grant in the area in 1803 but sold it two years later to Simeon Lord who called it Dobroyde Estate. Lord gave the land to his daughter Sarah Ann and her new husband David Ramsay as a wedding present in 1825 and it stayed in the hands of the Ramsay family until the end of the century. The Ramsays developed orchards in the area and built a number of fine houses for various members of the family including Yasmar (Ramsay spelt backwards) and St David's Presbyterian church. They also created four of the suburb's current streets: Ramsay Street, Dalhousie Street (named after the Ramsay's historic home in Scotland), Boomerang Street and Waratah Street.

In 1901, landholder Richard Stanton bought 50 acres (200,000 m2) from two Ramsay children and subdivided the area to create a garden suburb. Sydney had recently suffered outbreaks of the bubonic plague in overcrowded parts of the inner city and the garden suburb movement was a response to that, encouraging fresh air.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haberfield,_New_South_Wales
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Re: WTB Australia 1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup FDCs

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1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Shoalhaven Heads NSW Aust cds - 18th November 1960
1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Shoalhaven Heads NSW Aust cds - 18th November 1960
Phoenix says:

Jerry Bailey Renamed from Shoalhaven Heads PO 1/6/1937; renamed Shoalhaven Heads PO 1/9/1953.
Shoalhaven Heads Renamed from Jerry Bailey PO 1/9/1953.

Phoenix does show post office details prior to 1st June 1937.

Shoalhaven Heads is a town in Shoalhaven, New South Wales. At the 2016 census, Shoalhaven Heads had a population of 3,059. It has a surfing beach, access to the Shoalhaven River and is surrounded by wineries.

Shoalhaven Heads is a small rural holiday town. The town sits at the foot of Mount Coolangatta and is situated on both Seven Mile Beach and the mouth of the Shoalhaven River. It is served by the main Bolong Road, which runs from Gerroa to the north, to Bomaderry and Nowra to the south.

It is bounded by national park to the north, the Shoalhaven River to the south and farm land to the west. The town comprises family homes, weekenders and retirement homes.

Shoalhaven Heads is near Coolangatta Estate, which was once the home of the pioneer Alexander Berry.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shoalhaven_Heads
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Re: WTB Australia 1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup FDCs

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1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Heron's Creek NSW cds - 31st October 1960
1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Heron's Creek NSW cds - 31st October 1960
Phoenix says Heron's Creek RO 5/8/1907; PO 1/7/1908; closed 11/11/1988.

Herons Creek is a small township on the North Coast of New South Wales. The population of Herons Creek is 247 (2016). The township is about 291 kilometres (181 miles) north of Sydney. The North Coast railway line passes through, and a station existed at the site between 1917 and 1974. Film director Baz Luhrmann was raised in the town.

The largest employer in Herons Creek is the timber mill owned and operated by Boral. The mill in its current form was opened by Alf Noone in 1915. It was sold to Zinc Co. of Broken Hill in 1947, later passing to Duncans Holdings and then Boral. The train station was closed 30 June 1974 causing the local economy to decline.

In the 1800s there was a tramway known as "The Turpentine Line" that ran from Herons Creek to Kew (Federal mill) where there was also a factory extracting eucalyptus oil.

There are no public transport services to Herons Creek itself, but school buses service the school. The nearest access points via public transport are Kew (bus) and Kendall (XPT train).


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herons_Creek,_New_South_Wales
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Re: WTB Australia 1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup FDCs

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1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Bemboka NSW cds - 7th November 1960
1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Bemboka NSW cds - 7th November 1960
Phoenix says:

Brown Mountain PO 1/9/1871; renamed Lyttleton PO 1/3/1887.
Lyttleton Renamed from Brown Mountain PO 1/3/1887; renamed Bemboka PO 16/8/1894.
Bemboka Renamed from Lyttleton PO 16/8/1894.

Bemboka is a town in the South Coast region of New South Wales. The town is located on the Snowy Mountains Highway, in the Bega Valley Shire local government area, 474 kilometres (295 miles) south of the state capital, Sydney. At the 2016 census, the Bemboka gazetted locality had a population of 577.

The Aboriginal meaning of the name Bemboka (originally Benbooka) is thought to be "High Peak". Positioned at the eastern head of the Bega Valley, 25 kilometres (15 miles) from the base of Brown Mountain (1241m), a spur of the Great Dividing Range, the locality is bordered by the mountains and ridges of the South East Forests National Park. Prominent features in the Bemboka section to the north include Indian Head, Pigeon Box, Bemboka Peak and Numbugga Walls.

The first European settlers were squatters grazing sheep and cattle on crown land beyond the limits of location set by the NSW Government in 1829. The first purchases of land by selectors occurred in 1862 and the first school was established on Brown Mountain in 1871. Settlement occurred in two adjacent villages – Colombo and the private subdivision of Lyttleton. The two towns remained relatively isolated until the bridle trail on Brown Mountain used to carry post was upgraded in 1889 to take vehicles, providing an effective means of descent from the Monaro to the coastal plain. Colombo was regazetted as Bemboka in 1894, and Lyttleton was incorporated into the village in 1923. From 1904 to 1911, the town had its own weekly newspaper, the Bemboka Advocate. It was also the location of the former Mumbulla Shire administration offices from 1906 until the Bega Valley Shire was formed in 1981.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bemboka
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Re: WTB Australia 1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup FDCs

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1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Huskisson NSW cds - 31st October 1960
1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Huskisson NSW cds - 31st October 1960
Phoenix says:

Huskisson (1) PO 1/1/1843; closed 31/12/1851.
Huskisson (2) PO 1/11/1875; closed 30/9/1884.
Huskisson (3) PO 22/3/1886.

Huskisson is a village in New South Wales in the City of Shoalhaven, on the shores of Jervis Bay. It is 24 km south-east of Nowra.

Huskisson was named by Governor Sir George Gipps, after the British statesman William Huskisson.

Huskisson sits on the banks of the Currambene Creek which also serves as an anchorage and fishing port. Huskisson is a prime tourist destination owing to its white sands and emerald waters (although Hyams Beach to the south is known to have finer white sands).

The town is bounded by Currambene Creek in the north, Moona Moona Creek in the south, the Jervis Bay shoreline and its beaches in the east, and Jervis Bay National Park in the west.

The origin of Huskisson dates to the early 1840s. The land south of Moona Moona Creek—now Vincentia—was the site of the settlement of South Huskisson, founded in 1841 as a seaport and terminus of The Wool Road. South Huskisson lay on land originally owned by Edward Deas Thompson and was a ‘private town’.

The land to the north of Moona Moona Creek was a ‘government reserve”. When South Huskisson was planned, it was envisaged that the land north of Moona Moona Creek would become a ‘government township’. Allotments were sold both in South Huskisson (in 1841) and in the new 'government township' of Huskisson (in Feb.1843).

South Huskisson was not a success and was in rapid decline by 1850. Consequently, the 'government township' of Huskisson failed to develop. By the mid-1850s, town allotments in both Huskisson and South Huskisson were essentially worthless.

Huskisson only began to grow, when it became the site of shipbuilding in the early 1860s. In its early years, Huskisson was often referred to as ‘North Huskisson’ reverting to Huskisson, once the ruins of its privately-owned southern twin town—by then referred to as ‘the Old Township’—had all but disappeared.

From 1864 to 1977, at least 131 registered wooden-hulled vessels were built in Huskisson, in shipyards along Currumbene Creek. That number does not include the many unregistered wooden-hulled vessels—such as small boats, punts, barges, and timber lighters—that were also built there during that period.

The shipyards built sailing vessels and steamships, including schooners, tug-boats, island-trading ships—for the firm of W.R. Carpenter & Co., during the 1930s and 1940s—and two passenger ferries for Sydney (Lady Denman in 1911 and Lady Scott in 1914).

Up to the late 1940s, vessels were built using the ‘work frame’ method in which frames were created using timber from natural crooks in trees (not bent using steam as is more common now). Until 1940, the town had no electricity; all vessels were built without power tools, other than a steam-operated saw-mill used to make planks. Timber was locally sourced, generally from within a few miles of the town.

During the Second World War, the Huskisson shipyard built four wooden-hulled vessels for the American Army, for use in the New Guinea campaign. After the war, the old shipbuilding techniques gave way to more modern methods and in later years most vessels built were wooden-hulled fishing trawlers.

During the early days of the settlement, a post office operated at 'Huskisson', from January 1843 up to the end of December 1855. A post office opened 'North Huskisson' in November 1875, and its first post master was Andrew Mackenzie, eldest son of John Mackenzie. By 1875, the ‘North Huskisson’ school was in operation. A telephone exchange opened in November 1912. In 1940, the town was connected to electricity.

There was a ‘Government Wharf used by the Illawarra Steam Navigation Company.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Huskisson,_New_South_Wales
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Re: WTB Australia 1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup FDCs

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1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Catherine Hill Bay NSW cds - 7th November 1960
1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Catherine Hill Bay NSW cds - 7th November 1960
Catherine Hill Bay is a coastal bay and village on the southern peninsula forming Lake Macquarie, south of the Pacific Ocean entrance channel at Swansea in New South Wales. It is part of the City of Lake Macquarie local government area. The village is the oldest continuous settlement in the City of Lake Macquarie.

The settlement was first made after land was purchased on 1 April 1865. The town of Cowper was created, to serve as a base for coal mining by the New Wallsend Company in 1873 with the first shipment on 17 December of that year. The name Catherine Hill was adopted to commemorate the schooner Catherine Hill that had run aground in 1867.

Later, the Wallarah Coal Company mined and shipped coal from the area including its nearby Crangan Bay mine. This was taken over by the Coal and Allied Group. A railway originally was used to transport the coal to the wharf; later, trucks and automated loading belt systems were used. Rutile was mined from the beach sands during the 1960s.

In the 2016 Census, there were 162 people in Catherine Hill Bay.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Catherine_Hill_Bay,_New_South_Wales

Catherine Hill Bay was home to Bill Hornadge of Seven Seas Stamps fame.
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Re: WTB Australia 1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup FDCs

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1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Brewarrina NSW Aust cds - 11th November 1960
1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Brewarrina NSW Aust cds - 11th November 1960
Phoenix says Brewarrina PO 1/5/1866.

Brewarrina (locally known as "Bre") is a town in north-west New South Wales, on the banks of the Barwon River in Brewarrina Shire. The name Brewarrina is derived from 'burru waranha', a Weilwan name for a species of Acacia, Cassia tree, "Acacia clumps", "a native standing" or "place where wild gooseberry grows". It is 96 kilometres (60 mi) east of Bourke and west of Walgett on the Kamilaroi Highway, and 787km from Sydney. The population of Brewarrina in 2016 was 1,143. Other towns and villages in the Brewarrina district include: Goodooga, Gongolgon, Weilmoringle and Angledool.

The first British colonists arrived in the district in the early 1840s, with the brothers William and Nelson Lawson (sons of Lieutenant William Lawson) establishing two holdings - one called Walcha and another called Mohanna. Henry Cox (son of William Cox) formed Quantambone, while George Joseph Druitt (son of Major George Druitt) established Brewareena West. These pastoralists were the colonial elite with extensive other landholdings and employed managers to run their properties. For instance, William Lewis and then Cornelius "Con" Bride were the first managers for Quantambone.

The town was first known as "Walcha Hut" but this later changed to "Brewarrina".

In 1859 a riverboat called Gemini, skippered by William Randell, reached the town. This opened the possibility of developing the town as a port, and by the early 1860s Brewarrina was recognised as the furthest navigable point on the Darling River. Brewarrina became a port for shipping wool to Adelaide via the Darling and Murray rivers. The town was formally surveyed and laid out in 1861 and proclaimed on 28 April 1863.

The 1870s were something of a boom time for Brewarrina. The courthouse was built in 1871. The Telegraph reached town in 1873. The Mechanics Institute formed in 1873. The following year two hotels, two stores and the Commercial Bank all opened, and in 1875 The Parish of Brewarrina was formed and public school was opened. All this development was largely due to Cobb and Co, which had a number of coach services passing through the town. There was a service from Byrock, one from Dubbo via Warren and, in 1874, a direct service from Brewarrina to Enngonia, north of Bourke. The number of people moving through the town at this time would have been considerable and would have given rise to the increase in stores and hotels.

The Barwon Bridge opened in 1888, the previous method of crossing the Barwon River was by punt and pontoon. The impetus for Brewarrina bridge, was to capture the New South Wales wool trade from the river paddle steamers and direct it away from Melbourne and Adelaide to Sydney. It is a rare bridge because it, and the lift bridge at North Bourke, are the only surviving examples of the first series of lift bridges in New South Wales. The bridge has been assessed as being of state significance and is listed on the NSW State Heritage Register.

In 1901 the Brewarrina railway line opened to Brewarrina from Byrock, on the Nyngan to Bourke line. The Brewarrina Line closed in 1974, and the wood-framed Brewarrina Station burned to the ground in 1980. The local telephone exchange was established in 1913. The town was surveyed in 1920. Brewarrina was used as a location for the Australian silent film Moora Neya, or The Message of the Spear (1911).

The Brewarrina Ngemba Billabong has a strong cultural history. From 1876 to 1967 the Ngemba Billabong was the Brewarrina Aboriginal Mission for local Aboriginal people, whose land had been taken for grazing. The entire 261 hectare property is listed on the NSW State Heritage Register. The Brewarrina Aboriginal Mission was the oldest institutional-type community in the state, it ran until 1965. Brewarrina Mission was the first institution formally established by the Aborigines Protection Board as part of its policy to segregate Aboriginal people.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brewarrina
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Re: WTB Australia 1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup FDCs

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1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Coomamble NSW Aust cds - 28th October 1960
1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Coomamble NSW Aust cds - 28th October 1960
Phoenix says Coonamble PO 1/4/1859.

Coonamble is a town on the central-western plains of New South Wales. It lies on the Castlereagh Highway north-west of Gilgandra. At the 2016 census, Coonamble had a population of 2,750. It is the regional hub for wheat growing and sheep and wool. The name for the town is taken from the Gamilaraay word guna (faeces) and -bil (having much). :shock: :lol:

Brigidine nuns from Ireland established a school in 1883. Their architecturally distinguished convent was dismantled in 1990 and transported 600 km (373 mi) to Pokolbin, where it now houses The Convent resort.

Although Coonamble had been a major sheep industry region in the 1980s to 2000, there has recently been an increasing interest in cattle rearing. The summers can have temperatures reaching up to 40 °C (104 °F) and in winter, there are nights as cold as 0 °C (32 °F).

Coonamble has its own local radio station, 2MTM 91.9FM, which has a wide variety of music from country to modern. Outback Radio 2WEB broadcasts to the area on 91.1FM.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coonamble
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Re: WTB Australia 1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup FDCs

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1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Morisset NSW  cds - 3rd November 1960
1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Morisset NSW cds - 3rd November 1960
Phoenix says Morisset RO 16/6/1888; PO 16/11/1898.

Morisset is a commercial centre and suburb of the City of Lake Macquarie local government area in the Hunter region in New South Wales. Morisset is a part of the Greater Newcastle area, it is located west of the lake of Lake Macquarie just off the M1 Pacific Motorway. It is also located approximately halfway between Gosford and the Newcastle CBD. The count at the 2016 Census was 3,213 for the gazetted suburb of Morisset. The estimated urban population of the Morisset area, including Cooranbong, was 25,662 as at June 2019. The area has experienced moderate growth over the five years to 2019 with an average year-on-year rate of 1.79 percent.

The town is named for Major James Thomas Morisset, who camped there in 1823 while making the overland journey from Sydney to Newcastle. Morisset went on to become Commandant at Norfolk Island prison between 1829–1833, where his brutal regime led to a rebellion. Historically there has been considerable confusion over the spelling of the suburb: Morissett, Morriset, Morrissett and Morrisset have been used.

Some sources state that the town was named after Edric Norfolk Vaux Morisset, the son of James Morisset. However, a letter from Victor Sellheim, grandson of James Morisset, published in 1914, rejects this theory.

The earliest settlement in the area was at Cooranbong in 1826, about 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) west of the current town and near the foot of the Watagan Mountains. Initially, various kinds of agriculture were conducted, and before long forestry became an important industry. Most of the transport to the area at the time was by river boat on Dora Creek meaning that Cooranbong was the most accessible part of town. The town of Morisset itself was essentially non-existent until 1887, when the Sydney-Newcastle railway was built. Morisset sprang up as a sawmill town clustered around the train station, and the township was proclaimed on 3 December.

Morisset railway station, located on Dora Street, is linked to Sydney and Newcastle by NSW TrainLink services on the Central Coast & Newcastle Line, and to Maitland and towns further north by long-distance services.

The train station serves as a terminus for bus services 278 and 279 covering the Morisset Peninsula towns and 280 to Cooranbong. These services are operated by Hunter Valley Buses, which acquired the previous provider Toronto Bus. In July 2009, Rover Coaches commenced a new weekday service, Route 163, to Cessnock and Kurri Kurri.

Christian radio may be heard on 87.8 FM around the town broadcasting 3ABN Australia Radio Network. 3ABN Australia Production Centre is also located in Morisset.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Morisset,_New_South_Wales
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Re: WTB Australia 1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup FDCs

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1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Upper Lansdowne NSW cds - 2nd November 1960
1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Upper Lansdowne NSW cds - 2nd November 1960
Upper Lansdowne - Not in Phoenix.
Lansdowne PO 6/6/1961; closed 16/9/1988.

Upper Lansdowne is in the local government area of 'Greater Taree' with a population of 565. The nearest village to Upper Lansdowne is Lansdowne about 10.7 km to the south east.

Lansdowne is a rural village on the Mid North Coast near Taree in New South Wales with a population of 433 & should not be confused with Lansdowne, a suburb in south-western Sydney, in the state of New South Wales.

The village lies in the Lansdowne River valley, adjacent to the Coorabakh National Park and the village of Langley Vale, which was served by the Langley Vale Timber Tramway from 1897 to 1933, as well as Coopernook and the Lansdowne State Forests. It is the gateway to the Manning River Valley's northern hinterland Jo.

The first settler of Lansdowne was Benjamin Saville (1814-1896). In 1848 Benjamin purchased 50 acres on the northern bank of the Lansdowne river. The Saville property became the main crossing point for travellers going to and from Port Macquarie for nearly 40 years.

The village and surrounding areas are serviced by a post office and general store. The Lansdowne rail station on the North Coast Line was closed in 1975.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lansdowne,_New_South_Wales_(Mid-Coast_Council)
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Re: WTB Australia 1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup FDCs

Post by Ubobo.R.O. »

UPPER LANSDOWNE. As written up in Hopson & Tobin.

(15k Comboyne.) PO CN fr UPPER LANSDOWN 1.3.1896 TS 25.9.1911 TX 7.12.1914 MOO 1.8.1938 SCAX 25.5.1971
PO CL 30.6.1980 ( Subs to Central Landsdowne)
NC 1672 1D(i) 1904-13 2B 1932-79.

PS You've got mail.
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You gottem birds, lighthouses, butterflies, shells, maps, flags and heads on stamps ? Me wantem !
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Re: WTB Australia 1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup FDCs

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Thank you Mr Puffin. :D
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Re: WTB Australia 1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup FDCs

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1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Borenore NSW cds - 26th October 1960
1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Borenore NSW cds - 26th October 1960
Phoenix says;

Borenore (1) PO 16/7/1877; closed 16/5/1879.
Borenore (2) PO 16/7/1880; closed 16/7/1991.

Borenore is a small rural community located 14 kilometres (8.7 miles) west of Orange, in the central western region of New South Wales. Borenore is situated in the Cabonne Shire local government area.

The first settler homes in the Borenore district were built in the early 1860s. Borenore soon became a large settlement. The first European settlers adopted the aboriginal name of the area "Bora-Nora". A Bora is the name given both to an initiation ceremony of Indigenous Australians, and to the site on which the initiation is performed. At such a site, boys achieve the status of men. "Nora" refers to the overhanging rock near where such ceremonies were held, probably around the area of the Borenore Caves. The original spelling and pronunciation of Bora-Nora is said to have been altered on maps made in Sydney and became Borenore.

The first recorded settler in the area of what is now known as Borenore was William Charles Wentworth. After his conquest of the Blue Mountains, Wentworth pushed further into the Central Western region. In 1820s Wentworth squatted at Boree. At that time what is now the County of Wellington was considered to be outside the bounds of civilised settlement. Wentworth held an area that extended from Boree to Mt Canobolas to Toogong to Borenore.

The first train to reach the Borenore Railway Station on the Broken Hill railway line arrived on 21 December 1885. The station is now closed. The station buildings were used by the local tennis club but this has since become defunct.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Borenore,_New_South_Wales
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Re: WTB Australia 1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup FDCs

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1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Brooklyn NSW Aust cds - 23rd October 1960
1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Brooklyn NSW Aust cds - 23rd October 1960
Phoenix says:

Peats Ferry PO 1/1/1874; renamed Brooklyn PO 16/6/1888.
Brooklyn Renamed from Peats Ferry PO 16/6/1888.

Brooklyn is a suburb and the northern most town on the Pacific Highway in Sydney, New South Wales. Brooklyn is located on the northern outskirts of Sydney and is located in the local government area of the Hornsby Shire with a population of 722 as of the 2016 census. Brooklyn is surrounded by the Muogamarra Nature Reserve and occupies a strip of waterfront along the southern bank of the Hawkesbury River.

Hawkesbury River railway station on the Main Northern railway line is served by NSW TrainLink services to the city and the Central Coast and Hunter. The Pacific Highway and the M1 Motorway are both nearby and provide easy access to the town. Ku-ring-gai Chase National Park borders the suburb to the south. Long Island runs parallel with the suburb on the opposite side of Sandbrook Inlet and is joined to Brooklyn by the railway causeway. Dangar Island is sited to the northeast.

The general area was known as Peat's Ferry crossing for a long time until January 1884 when a plan of survey for the subdivision of land owned by Peter and William Fagan was registered with the suburb name of Brooklyn. A hotel of the same name followed later in the year. The town owes its existence and location to the main northern railway line with the railway arriving in Brooklyn in 1887 when the single track section north from Hornsby was completed.

In January 1886, the Union Bridge Company from New York was awarded the contract to build a railway bridge across the Hawkesbury River. The American roots of the bridge are reflected in the name given to the construction camp, which was named after the 1883 Brooklyn Bridge. The Hawkesbury River Railway Bridge was the final link in the Eastern seaboard rail network and was a major engineering feat at the time of its construction. "Hawkesbury River" was the original platform name when the station opened in 1887 but the nomenclature varied over the following twenty years with the names "Flat Rock", "Brooklyn" and "Hawkesbury" all being used until the final change in 1906 to Hawkesbury River.

Peat's Ferry Post Office opened on 1 January 1874 and was renamed Brooklyn in 1888.

Brooklyn is the base for Hawkesbury Cruises running The Riverboat Postman each weekday at 10:00 am, and by Brooklyn Ferry Service running the Dangar Island ferry from 6:00 am every day.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brooklyn,_New_South_Wales
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Re: WTB Australia 1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup FDCs

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1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Woy Woy NSW Aust cds - 23rd October 1960
1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Woy Woy NSW Aust cds - 23rd October 1960
Phoenix says:

Woy Woy (1) PO 15/9/1884; closed 22/12/1887.
Woy Woy (2) RO 10/9/1892; PO 1/7/1895.
Woy Woy Bay RO 1/4/1914; PO 20/8/1917; closed 30/4/1974.

Woy Woy is a coastal town in the Central Coast region of the New South Wales.. The town is located on the southern reaches of Brisbane Water and near the mouth of Brisbane Water at the Pacific Ocean, it is a popular holiday destination. Woy Woy is located 84 km (52 mi) north of the state capital Sydney. It is a population centre within the Central Coast Council local government area. According to the 2021 census of Population, there were 11,072 people in Woy Woy.

Woy Woy is located in the northern half of the Woy Woy Peninsula, a densely populated estuarine peninsula that also includes the districts of Umina Beach, Ettalong Beach, Booker Bay and Blackwall, in addition to several small sub-districts.[2] The Woy Woy Peninsula is the most populous area of the Central Coast. The historical and commercial core of Woy Woy is located around the railway station at the northern tip of the peninsula while its residential districts merge imperceptibly southwards with Umina and Ettalong.

The double name is a corruption of the indigenous term apparently taken from the local Darkinjung Aboriginal people, and reputedly means 'big lagoon' or 'much water', referring to the deep tidal channel adjacent to the town centre. It was originally known as Webb's Flat, named for James Webb, the first European settler of the Brisbane Water region in 1823, and was first explored by a party led by Governor Arthur Phillip in 1789.

In 1889, after the construction of the Hawkesbury River railway bridge, holidaymakers began to arrive in Woy Woy.
Electrification of the Main Northern railway line running through Woy Woy to Gosford in 1960 prompted rapid residential development in and around Woy Woy in the 1960s and 1970s as its relatively low-priced properties with rail journey times of just over an hour and a half to reach Sydney or Newcastle.

After their emigration to Australia, Woy Woy became the hometown of the parents of comedian Spike Milligan, who in turn became a frequent visitor to the town and at one point described it as the "world's only above-ground cemetery".

Woy Woy railway station is on the NSW TrainLink network. It is a major commuter hub which moves significant numbers of local workers into Sydney and Newcastle each day. The station is also a major bus interchange with Busways services connecting Woy Woy with other Peninsula centres.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Woy_Woy
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Re: WTB Australia 1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup FDCs

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1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Trangie NSW Aust cds - 28th October 1960
1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Trangie NSW Aust cds - 28th October 1960
Phoenix says Trangie PO 16/3/1883.

Trangie is a town in the Orana region of New South Wales. The town is on the Mitchell Highway 485 kilometres (301 mi) north west of the state capital Sydney & about 74 kms north west of Dubbo. It is part of Narromine Shire local government area. At the 2016 census, Trangie had a population of 1,188. Trangie is on the Main Western railway line, New South Wales

The Trangie Research Centre is "one of the largest broadacre agricultural research centres in Australia".
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trangie
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Re: WTB Australia 1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup FDCs

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1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Willow Tree NSW Aust cds - 22nd October 1960
1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Willow Tree NSW Aust cds - 22nd October 1960
Phoenix says:

Willow Tree (1) PO 1/8/1872; closed 30/6/1873.
Willow Tree (2) PO 1/8/1875; renamed Warrah PO 3/12/1877.
Willow Tree (3) Renamed from Warrah PO 1/1/1878; closed 30/6/2014.

Willow Tree is a village composed of about 308 people, located in New South Wales. It is situated in the Liverpool Plains, 14 kilometres south of Quirindi near the junction of the Kamilaroi and New England Highways. The town itself is small but the farms extend southwest out to the township of Warrah. It is a service centre to the rural areas of Warrah and Mount Parry.

Willow Tree is located at the north-eastern corner of the enormous Warrah grant which was made out to the Australian Agricultural Company in 1833. An inn was established on the future town site, at the junction of the roads north to Quirindi and north-east to Wallabadah in the mid-19th century. It was, however, the arrival of the railway in the 1870s that led to settlement. Willow Tree Post Office opened on 1 August 1872 (though known as Warrah for a few weeks in 1877).

The village was surveyed when part of the Warrah grant was subdivided and sold in 1908.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Willow_Tree,_New_South_Wales
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Re: WTB Australia 1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup FDCs

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1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Lightning Ridge NSW Aust cds - 5th November 1960
1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Lightning Ridge NSW Aust cds - 5th November 1960
Phoenix says Lightning Ridge PO 17/8/1906. [^iOpal mining^i]

Lightning Ridge is a small outback town in north-western New South Wales. Part of Walgett Shire, Lightning Ridge is situated near the southern border of Queensland, about 6 km (4 mi) east of the Castlereagh Highway. The Lightning Ridge area is a centre of the mining of black opal and other opal gemstones. At the 2001 census, the town had a population of 1,826, of whom 344 (18.8%) were Indigenous Australians.

By the mid 1800s, British colonialists settled in the area, initially using the land for pastoral activities.

The name Lightning Ridge is said to have originated when in the 1870s, some passers-by found the bodies of a farmer, his dog, and 200 sheep, which had been struck by lightning.

Europeans did not discover the potential for opal mining in Lightning Ridge until the late 1800s. In 1905, the first shafts were dug, with the unique Black Opal soon attracting attention of fossickers in established mining towns such as White Cliffs. Charlie Nettleton, an early pioneer in the area, walked 700 km (430 mi) from White Cliffs to see the Black Opal, walking back to White Cliffs the following year to develop a market and selling black opals to Ted Murphy, who later became the first resident opal buyer in Lightning Ridge. Nettleton, now regarded as the founder of the black opal industry, is commemorated with a life-sized bronze statue, the "Spirit of Lightning Ridge"; it is located in the town at 7 Morilla Street.


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Re: WTB Australia 1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup FDCs

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Re: WTB Australia 1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup FDCs

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1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Murringo NSW Aust cds - 24th October 1960
1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Murringo NSW Aust cds - 24th October 1960
Phoenix says:

Marengo PO 1/1/1857; renamed Murringo PO 24/5/1926.
Murringo Renamed from Marengo PO 24/5/1926.

Murringo is a small village in the southwestern slopes of New South Wales, Australia in Hilltops Council. It was once better known as Marengo. The name is also applied to the surrounding area, for postal and statistical purposes. At the 2021 census, Murringo and the surrounding area had a population of 390, up from 365 in 2016 and 322 in 2011

Although the area was outside the Nineteen Counties, within which settler colonisation was allowed, it was settled relatively early, with the Marengo Station run taken up in 1827. There were 43 settlers on three properties in the area by 1840, 21 of whom lived at the Marengo Station.

The village was known originally as Marengo. Taking its name from nearby Marengo Station, itself possibly named after the site of the Battle of Marengo, or more likely from a word of Aboriginal origin with its spelling applied by colonial settlers to resemble it. Naming a colonial-era landholding after a decisive victory of Napoleon Bonaparte—an enemy of Britain—seems improbable.

The village was surveyed by colonial surveyor James Larmer in 1849, and he seems to have used the name Murringo. It was first proclaimed a village, under that name, in 1850. In 1851, Larmer surveyed a road from the new village to Burrangong Station, near modern-day Young. The village became an early centre for flour milling and a resting place for teams.

It seems that the village still was most commonly known as Marengo, until around 1926. However, according to the Lands Department, the place name was Murringo, and it was proclaimed a village, for a second time under that name, in March 1885, as a consequence of the Crown Lands Act 1884. There is another locality, in the New England region of New South Wales, still known today as Marengo.

Marengo Post Office opened on 1 January 1857 and was renamed Murringo in 1926. The village's public school opened in 1860; it too used the name Marengo, until 1926, when it became Murringo Public School.

The village ceased to grow much further in population, after the discovery of gold in 1860 at Lambing Flat, now known as Young, Young was on the route of the Blayney-Demondrille railway line, from 1885, and grew to become the regional town.

During the 1860s, the area around Murringo was the scene of criminal acts by the bushrangers, Frank Gardiner, Ben Hall, John Gilbert, John Dunn, John O'Meally, and others. Gilbert had previously worked as a stock keeper on a property near Murringo and was well known in the area. The rough country near the Murringo Gap on the Murringo to Cowra road and the more distant Weddin Mountains were suitable hideouts for bushrangers. In 1862, a police search in the district led to a farcical arrest of two Murringo women, dressed in their brothers' clothes, who had been tracked by the police who were pursuing Gardiner.

Murringo was one of the childhood homes of Bill O'Reilly, from 1908 to 1917, while his father, Ernest O'Reilly, was a teacher at the public school. O'Reilly became an Australian Test cricketer and renowned as a leg spin bowler. Murringo was where he first played the game of cricket, and he later remembered his time there as one of the happiest of his life.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Murringo
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Re: WTB Australia 1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup FDCs

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1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Yarra NSW cds - 27th November 1960
1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Yarra NSW cds - 27th November 1960
Phoenix says Yarra PO 1/1/1885; closed 30/9/1970.

Yarra is a locality in the Goulburn Mulwaree Council, New South Wales. It is located about 18 km southwest of Goulburn, 84 km northeast of Canberra and 213 km southwest of Sydney. It lies at the intersection of the Federal Highway and the Hume Highway. At the 2016 census, it had a population of 173.

Yarra railway station was a station on the Main Southern railway line from 1875 to the 1970s. A small settlement grew up around the railway station and the Hume Highway, parts of which were demolished during road widening in the 1970s. It had a public school from 1869 to 1970, operating as a "half-time" school until 1873.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yarra,_New_South_Wales
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Re: WTB Australia 1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup FDCs

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1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Bellbird NSW cds - 31st October 1960
1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Bellbird NSW cds - 31st October 1960
Phoenix says Bellbird RO 1/7/1909; PO 1/2/1911; closed c.1992.

Bellbird is a town, established in 1908, and locality in the City of Cessnock in the Hunter Region of New South Wales,with a populaton at the 2016 Census of 2032. It is 7.6 kms southwest of Cessnock, 55.8 km WNW of Newcastle & 159 kms north of Sydney

A memorial was built there in 1990 to remember the 21 deaths from the 1923 Bellbird Mining Disaster.

The 1923 Bellbird Mining Disaster took place on 1 September 1923 when there was a fire at Hetton-Bellbird coal mine, known locally as the Bellbird Colliery or mine. The coal mine was located near the village of Bellbird, which is itself three miles southwest of Cessnock in the Northern coalfields of New South Wales. The accident occurred in the No. 1 Workings of the mine and resulted in the deaths of 21 miners and their horses. At the time of the disaster the mine employed 538 people including 369 who worked underground.


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Re: WTB Australia 1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup FDCs

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1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Bellingen NSW cds - 23rd October 1960
1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Bellingen NSW cds - 23rd October 1960
Phoenix says:

Boat Harbour PO 15/5/1871; renamed Bellingen PO 1/12/1890.
Bellingen Renamed from Boat Harbour PO 1/12/1890.

Bellingen is a small town in the Mid North Coast of New South Wales. It is located on Waterfall Way on the Bellinger River, approximately halfway between the major Australian cities of Sydney and Brisbane. In 2021, the population of Bellingen township was 3,923 and Bellingen shire was 13,253, and it is the council seat of Bellingen Shire. It is 547 km north of Sydney & 35 km south west of Coffs Harbour

The first European to come across the Bellinger Valley was the stockman William Myles who arrived in 1840 looking for new valleys north of Kempsey and the Macleay River. The following year, Myles returned accompanied by government surveyor Clement Hodgkinson. Hodgkinson decided to name the area after the word that the Gumbaynggir people in the area used for the river, "Billingen", pronounced like "Billing-en". When it came time to write the word, the Aboriginal voice and the European ear combined to give the spelling of "Bellingen", and over time usage has altered the pronunciation to the current "Bell-in-jen".

At some point, a draughtsman who was compiling the Colony map from original documents misread Hodgkinson's final handwritten "n" as an "r"; meaning that the Bellingen River officially became, and is still the "Bellinger", while the town retained the name of "Bellingen".

Hodgkinson had spoken up about how the area contained a great deal of fine cedar and rosewood, and by 1842 there were cedar cutters at the mouth of the Bellinger River and sheep grazing in the valley. In July 1843 the first cargo of red cedar from the Bellinger Valley was transported to Sydney.

The growth of cedar cutting throughout the 1840s was dramatic, with 20 pit sawers operating along the river by 1843. By 1849, the first timber vessel, the 'Minerva', being built by a shipwright named William Darbyshire. So rich was the area in cedar that it was estimated that over 2 million feet of cedar were being extracted each year.

The Bellinger Valley was progressively settled throughout the 1850s. In 1864, a site was set apart and reserved for the village of Bellingen. In 1869, the Police Station and Court House were built in Bellingen, and the town allotments were surveyed in 1869 and were sold by public auction at West Kempsey Court House on 14 September 1870.

By the early 1900s, red cedar supplies in the Bellinger Valley were virtually depleted. The cleared areas were turned into prime farming land and the valley became a dairying centre. The dairy industry crashed in the 1960s with the rise of the European Common Market, when export prices fell (with Britain no longer relying on Australian dairy products) and the margarine industry finally overcame laws restricting its production levels.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bellingen,_New_South_Wales
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Re: WTB Australia 1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup FDCs

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1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Berkeley NSW cds - 27th October 1960
1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Berkeley NSW cds - 27th October 1960
Phoenix says Berkeley PO 15/4/1957.

Berkeley is a suburb of Wollongong, New South Wales. The suburb is located in Wollongong's southern suburbs, on the northern shore of Lake Illawarra, and is one of the city's most populous suburbs. At the 2016 census, it had a population of 7,605.

It is 92 kms south of Sydney, 10 kms south of Wollongong & 30 kms north of Kiama.

Historically a farming community situated between the hills and Lake Illawarra, Berkeley became one of the Illawarra's solutions to a public housing shortage in the early years. Subsequently, several public housing developments were established and most of these are still in existence today in certain parts of the suburb. To date approximately close to one in four dwellings consist of public housing owned by Housing NSW.


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Re: WTB Australia 1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup FDCs

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1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Berowra NSW cds - 22nd October 1960
1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Berowra NSW cds - 22nd October 1960
Phoenix says:

Berowra RO 1/4/1897; PO 20/8/1900.
Berowra Heights PO 2/9/1968.
Berowra Waters PO 1/9/1947; closed 30/6/1974.

Berowra is an outer suburb of Northern Sydney located in the state of New South Wales, 36 kilometres north of the Sydney central business district, in the local government area of Hornsby Shire. Berowra is south-east of the suburbs of Berowra Heights and east of Berowra Waters. Surrounded by bushland, it borders the national parks of both the Berowra Valley and Ku-ring-gai Chase. The name Berowra means place of many shells, referring to the many shell middens on Berowra Creek.

Berowra is largely residential with a small retail precinct lining the Pacific Highway near the railway station. In May 2007 a new shopping complex opened on Turner Road in Berowra Heights; this was a landmark development for the future prospects of the area. Berowra railway station is located on the Main Northern line. It is served by Sydney Trains North Shore & Western Line and NSW TrainLink Central Coast & Newcastle Line services to Sydney, Hornsby, and Newcastle.

One of the early land grants in the Berowra area was to John Crumpton in 1867. George Collingridge was granted 88 acres (360,000 m2) in 1880 and played a part in having the Main Northern railway line extended, so that a station was opened at Berowra in 1887. He also supported the building of a post office in 1900 and a road to Berowra Waters which opened in 1902. Berowra Post Office opened on 1 April 1897.


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Re: WTB Australia 1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup FDCs

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1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Binalong NSW cds - 31st October 1960
1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Binalong NSW cds - 31st October 1960
Phoenix says Binalong PO 1/1/1849.

Binalong is a village in the Southern Tablelands of New South Wales, 37 km north-west of Yass in Yass Valley Shire. At the 2016 census, Binalong and the surrounding area had a population of 543.

The first Europeans recorded as visiting the area were the exploratory party of Hamilton Hume in 1821. The name of the town is believed to derive either from an Aboriginal word meaning "under the hills, surrounded by hills, or towards a high place" or from Bennelong, the name of a noted Aboriginal Man.

Binalong lay beyond the border of the Nineteen Counties which was the formal legal extent of European settlement in New South Wales. However, squatters settled in the district prior to the formal establishment of squatting districts in 1839.

From 1847 there was a court of petty sessions. The same year a local entrepreneur applied successfully to the Commissioner of Police for a grant to build an inn to provide accommodation and victuals for the visiting magistrate and police witnesses, and the Swan Inn was established close to the courthouse. The town was gazetted in 1850.

In 1853, Cobb and Co was established in Melbourne as a coaching company, and upon eventually expanding their operations into New South Wales, entered into an agreement with the Swan Inn to provide staging services for coaches, drivers and passengers travelling along the adjacent road to the goldfields at Lambing Flat or Young. The town flourished as a coaching stop. The Swan Inn became known as "The Cobb and Co".

The original railway station opened in 1875 and was replaced by the current structure on an island platform when the railway was deviated and duplicated in 1916. The 1916 signal box is now closed. The original station remains as a private house on the road to Yass.

The Swan Inn closed following the building of the railway and the establishment of other hostelries closer to the railway station. It reopened in the mid-1980s as a restaurant and continues under the name The Black Swan.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Binalong
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Re: WTB Australia 1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup FDCs

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1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Bingara NSW Aust cds - 29th October 1960
1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Bingara NSW Aust cds - 29th October 1960
Phoenix says:

Bingera (1) PO 1/1/1853; renamed Upper Bingera PO 9/7/1862.
Upper Bingera (1) Renamed from Bingera PO 9/7/1862; closed 30/9/1868.
Upper Bingera (2) PO 1/5/1881; closed 31/3/1885.
Bingera (2) PO 9/7/1862; renamed Bingara PO 21/4/1890.
Bingara Renamed from Bingera PO 21/4/1890.

Bingara (Aboriginal for 'creek') is a small town on the Gwydir River in Murchison County in the New England region of New South Wales. Bingara is currently the administrative centre for the Gwydir Shire that was created in 2003. The Gwydir River being a main highlight of the town is a main catchment of the Murray-Darling System.

Bingara is located 141 km north of Tamworth, 54 km west of Inverell, 449 km north of Sydney and 358 km south west of Brisbane. According to the 2016 census of Population, there were 1,428 people in Bingara.

In 1827, British explorer Allan Cunningham crossed the Gwydir River near Bingara. At the time he mistook the river to be the Peel River, but realised his mistake on his return journey.

British colonisation at Bingara began in 1836 with the arrival of the pastoralist squatter Thomas Simpson Hall. Hall established the Bingara leasehold as a sheep and cattle station. The creek running through Bingara is named Hall's Creek after Thomas Simpson Hall.

The discovery of gold in 1852 brought prospectors to the area. In the 1880s, copper and diamonds were discovered also, causing a rapid development of the town. Bingara is one of the few places in Australia where diamonds have been found. In fact, Bingara was the largest producer of diamonds in Australia at that time. Bingara changed the spelling of its name from Bingera to Bingara in 1890. The first Bingera Post Office opened on 1 January 1853 and was renamed Upper Bingera in 1862 and closed in 1868. The second Bingera office opened in 1862 and was renamed Bingara in 1890.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bingara,_New_South_Wales
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Re: WTB Australia 1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup FDCs

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1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Binya NSW cds - 29th November 1960
1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Binya NSW cds - 29th November 1960
Phoenix says Binya RO 19/6/1916; PO 1/8/1917.

Binya, New South Wales · 543 km (337 mi) from Sydney · 30 km (19 mi) from Griffith · 23 km (14 mi) from Barellan · 14 km (9 mi) from Yenda.

The gateway to Binya State Forest and Cocoparra National Park, Binya is a friendly farming community, located northwest of Narrandera on the Burley Griffin Way.

John Oxely first explored the district in 1817 and a few kilometres west of Binya is a memorial for him.

The Binya State Forest is on both sides of the Burley Griffin Way west of Binya and there are many tracks to explore through the forest.

The Temora–Roto railway line opened in 1916. Passenger services ceased in 1983 and the railway station closed in 1985. However the line remains open for goods trains.

The Binya post office was opened on 19 June 1916.


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Re: WTB Australia 1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup FDCs

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1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Bonalbo NSW Aust cds - 27th October 1960
1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Bonalbo NSW Aust cds - 27th October 1960
Bonalbo, a rural village in the Northern Rivers region of New South Wales, Australia, is located 815 kilometres (506 mi) north of Sydney, 190 km (118 mi) SW of Brisbane, 69 km (43 mi) NW of Casino & 98 km (61 mi) ENE of Tenterfield. In the 2011 census, Bonalbo and the surrounding area had a population of 371. The town's name derives from the Gidabal word bunawalbu meaning "bloodwood trees".

John Donald McLean was the first European to settle in the area. He was a Scotsman who moved his sheep up from the Hunter Valley when the depression hit in 1841. He settled on the 'Bunalbo' or Duck Creek run. Later he became a major landholder and the Queensland treasurer. He sold to the Robertson family in 1853. The Robertson Land Acts of 1861 opened the territories up to free selectors (small landowners) but it was not until 1887 that the first, Donald McIntyre, took up a section of the old station, although the Robertson family had selected various sections themselves, possibly prior to 1880. It was at this time that cedar-getters first moved into the area.

Bonalbo township later developed on a part of McIntyre's holding which fronted on to Peacock Creek. However, the depression of the 1890s drove a number of selectors away, including McIntyre who sold his land to Paddy McNamee. New selectors appeared in the 1900s when McNamee proved the land was arable and when sawmills opened up west of the range. By 1910 there were about 100 selectors in the area living on densely timbered land and with no roads to facilitate access to the wider world. Land was purchased from McNamee and the township was established in 1911 with McNamee building and owning the butcher's shop, hotel and billiard room. He may also have built the post office and hall.

In the 1920s, a railway branch line was intended to connect Casino with Bonalbo but construction was abandoned due to the advent of the Second World War. Historically the town's economy was supported by dairy farming and the timber industry. However, both the sawmill and milk factory have been closed for several decades.

A bronze statue of a working dog was unveiled in April 2017. The statue marks Bonalbo as the birthplace of working dog trials, using cattle, at the 1950 Bonalbo Show. It also pays tribute to the role played by working dogs in rural life – both as workers and mates. The statue was funded by community contributions and donations from business and government.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bonalbo
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Re: WTB Australia 1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup FDCs

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1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Botany NSW Aust cds - 28th October 1960
1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Botany NSW Aust cds - 28th October 1960
Phoenix says:

Botany (1) PO 1/10/1861; closed 30/6/1899.
Waraba PO 16/6/1882; renamed Lower Botany PO 11/9/1882.
Lower Botany Renamed from Waraba PO 11/9/1882; renamed Botany PO 16/4/1918.
Botany (2) Renamed from Lower Botany PO 1/7/1899.
Botany Road (1) PO 1/5/1856; renamed Waterloo PO 1/10/1861.
Botany Road (2) RO 1/12/1875; PO 15/8/1885; replaced by North Botany PO 10/8/1890.
North Botany Replaced Botany Road PO 11/8/1890; renamed Mascot PO 7/12/1911.
Mascot Renamed from North Botany PO 7/12/1911.

Botany is a suburb in the Eastern Suburbs of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales. Botany is located 11 kilometres south of the Sydney central business district and is part of the Bayside Council.

Botany sits on the northern shore of Botany Bay, east of Sydney Airport, adjacent to the suburbs of Mascot, Banksmeadow, Pagewood and Port Botany.

Botany Bay, to the south, is where Captain James Cook first landed on 29 April 1770, when navigating his way around Australia on his ship, the Endeavour. The ship's English botanist Joseph Banks and Swedish assistant botanist Daniel Solander, spent several days on shore collecting vast numbers of specimens, that were previously unknown in Europe. Cook's journals first referred to the bay as Sting Rays' Harbour, then later Botanist Bay and finally both these names were crossed out and replaced with Botany Bay. The suburb name comes from the bay it stands on.

Botany was originally planned as an agricultural district, in the same way the surrounding suburbs were used for market gardens. However, it became an industrial area with fellmongers yards and slaughter works. In 1809, Mr E Redmond was one of the first to settle here and Simeon Lord (1771–1840) was an important developer in the area who built a fulling mill in 1815. In 1823 he was granted 600 acres (2.4 km2) and more grants followed. Part of his estate was subdivided in 1859 to create the Booralee Township and the rest was subdivided in 1887. The Sydney Waterworks were established in Botany in 1858.

The Sir Joseph Banks Hotel was a popular hotel on the shores of Botany Bay. By 1850, a private zoo had been established there and visitors could go horse riding, play cricket and football. International athletes challenged the locals in the Sir Joseph Banks Handicap on the racetrack. In 1988, the Sir Joseph Banks Pleasure Gardens were refurbished with local industry contributions. The racing track was restored and an annual event called the Botany Bay Gift attracted international athletes again. The hotel, which was built in stages from 1840, is now listed on the Register of the National Estate.

The city tram line to Botany opened in 1882 as a steam tramway, with electric services commencing in 1903. The service from Circular Quay initially via Elizabeth, Chalmers and Redfern Streets (from 1902), then in 1933 via Pitt and Castlereagh Streets, and Eddy Avenue, Lee and Regents Streets, to Botany Street in Waterloo. A single-track connection along Bourke and O'Dea Streets joined at the present day Green Square, allowing access to the Dowling Street Depot. The line then passed down the entire length of Botany Road to Botany.

In Mascot, a branch led to the former Ascot Racecourse at the site of Sydney Airport. Points were provided at Bay Street on Botany Road in Botany, for short working. The line was double track throughout. From Botany, a single-track line crossed the Botany Goods railway at Beauchamp Road, then passed along Perry Street and Bunnerong Road, past the former Bunnerong Power Station to join the La Perouse line at Yarra Junction. Generally a shuttle service operated on this single track section between Botany and La Perouse. This single-track line was cut back to Military Road in 1935. The line from the junctions at Cleveland Street to Botany closed in 1960. Transdev John Holland bus route 309 generally follows the route.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Botany,_New_South_Wales
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Re: WTB Australia 1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup FDCs

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1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Bowral NSW cds - 25th October 1960
1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Bowral NSW cds - 25th October 1960
Phoenix says:

Bowrall PO 1/8/1864; renamed Bowral PO 1/2/1888.
Bowral Renamed from Bowrall PO 1/2/1888.
Bowral Delivery Centre DC 16/10/1996.

Bowral is the largest town in the Southern Highlands of New South Wales, about ninety minutes southwest of Sydney. It is the main business and entertainment precinct of the Wingecarribee Shire and Highlands.

Bowral once served as a rural summer retreat for the gentry of Sydney, resulting in the establishment of a number of estates and manor houses in the district. Today, it is considered a "dormitory suburb" for commuter Sydneysiders, though it is 132 km away from the city centre. Bowral is often associated with the cricketer Sir Donald Bradman.

Bowral is close to several other historic towns, being 5 kilometres (3 mi) from Mittagong, 9 kilometres (6 mi) from both Moss Vale and Berrima. The suburb of East Bowral and the village of Burradoo are nearby.

Bowral's colonial history extends back for approximately 200 years. The first European arrival was ex-convict John Wilson, who was commissioned by Governor Hunter to explore south of the new colony of Sydney. Other people to traverse the area include John Warby and botanist George Caley (an associate of Joseph Banks), the Hume brothers and later famous pioneer explorers John Oxley and Charles Throsby. Governor Lachlan Macquarie of the New South Wales colony had appointed 2,400 acres (9.7 km2) to John Oxley in a land grant, which was later incorporated as Bowral.

The town grew rapidly between the 1860s and the 1890s, mainly due to the building of the railway line from Sydney to Melbourne. In 1863, a permanent stone building was built for the church. However, the building would be replaced by the first Anglican church of St Simon and St Jude. The church was designed by Edmund Blacket and was built on the glebe in 1874. The church was expanded in 1887 to cater for a growing number of worshippers. Today, only Blackett's belltower remains.

Gardens and European plants flourished from 1887, when citizens of Bowral started planting deciduous trees to make the area look more reminiscent of Europe and the British. This legacy still lives on throughout Bowral. Notably, the oaks at the start of Bong Bong St are a characteristic that makes Bowral distinct from other rural towns, giving it strong autumn colour. The town became somewhat affluent, as many wealthy Sydney-siders purchased property or land in the town and built grand Victorian weatherboard homes.

The 2021 census recorded Bowral's population as 10,764.

Bowral is about 5 kilometres (3 mi) from the Hume Highway, which goes north to Sydney and south to Canberra, the Snowy Mountains and Melbourne. In the past, Bowral served as an overnight stop-over for travellers.

Bowral railway station is served by the Southern Highlands Line with services between Sydney and Moss Vale or Goulburn. Long distance services operate to Canberra and Griffith.

It has public bus routes to Nowra, Albion Park and Wollongong. A private operator provides a service six days a week from Bowral to Greater Sydney (Campbelltown, Liverpool and Parramatta) and to the Shoalhaven and south coast of New South Wales.

The Bradman Oval, Bradman Museum and International Cricket Hall of Fame are dedicated to the achievements of cricketer Sir Donald Bradman and to the game of cricket.

The town has a Vietnam War Memorial and Cherry Tree Walk, constructed along the Mittagong Rivulet that flows through the town. Along a walking/cycle track beside the stream are planted 526 cherry trees, each dedicated to a soldier who died in the service of his country.

The Bong Bong Picnic Races, commenced in 1886, attracted crowds of up to 35,000 but were suspended in 1985 and resumed in 1992 as a members-only event. The event attracts around 5,000 people and is held annually in November..

Bowral is overshadowed by Mount Gibraltar, which rises to 863 metres (2,831 ft) above sea level and has lookouts over Bowral, Mittagong, Moss Vale and the ranges near Bundanoon.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bowral
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Re: WTB Australia 1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup FDCs

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1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Arcadia Vale NSW Aust cds - 5th November 1960
1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Arcadia Vale NSW Aust cds - 5th November 1960
Phoenix says:

Kirkdale RO 16/12/1897; PO 16/7/1898; closed 31/8/1938.
Arcadia Vale Renamed from Kirkdale TO 1/1/1948; PO 2/5/1949; closed 31/1/1975.

Something doesn't quite align here.

Arcadia Vale is a suburb of the City of Lake Macquarie in New South Wales, between the town centres of Toronto and Morisset on the western shore of Lake Macquarie. It had a population of 1,381 down from 1,518 in 2006.

Arcadia Vale was subdivided in 1922. During the Great Depression, many out-of-work miners and their families moved into boatsheds on the waterfront. The first school opened in 1958.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arcadia_Vale,_New_South_Wales
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Re: WTB Australia 1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup FDCs

Post by Ubobo.R.O. »

That's because Phoenix quotes the wrong Kirkdale. It quotes Kirkdale (I) which was near Yass.

Kirkdale (II) 36km Newcastle. TO 2.6.1947 CN to Arcadia Vale 1.1.1948
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Re: WTB Australia 1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup FDCs

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Thank you Mr Puffin. :D

I will pass on to Mr Woody.
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Re: WTB Australia 1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup FDCs

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1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Attunga NSW cds - 31st October 1960
1960 Centenary Melbourne Cup 5d stamp on piece postmarked with Attunga NSW cds - 31st October 1960
Phoenix says:

Attunga (1) PO 1/10/1870; closed 31/7/1871.
Attunga (2) PO 1/5/1874.
Attunga Springs PO 1/5/1881; closed 10/6/1911.

Attunga is a small farming community in the New England region of New South Wales Australia.

The name is an Aboriginal word for "a high place", and was originally the name for a nearby farm operated by pastoralist John Brown in the 1840s. The land had previously been part of a 313,000-acre (1,270 km2) grant to the Australian Agricultural Company in 1834 and had been used to graze 6,000 sheep.

The village of Attunga was gazetted in 1847 but early settlement appears to have been slow. The first recorded burials at the Attunga Cemetery date from 1872 with the earliest inscriptions dated 1881. BHP opened a limestone quarry there in 1919. Population growth remained slow until the mid-twentieth century.

The town was served by the Barraba branch railway line until the local station was closed in 1985.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Attunga,_New_South_Wales
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