Collecting Censored Covers - A Discussion

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Joy Daschaudhuri
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Re: Morenweiser Type 6 Censor Mark of Kolkata (Inland) CS on 1945 Sittwe, Myanmar–Phaphamau Cover

Post by Joy Daschaudhuri »

Bennich wrote:
04 Jul 2020 18:31
ImageImage
Forces Censor Mark: The bisymmetric concave hexagonal R.A.F. CENSOR 49 rubber stamp in violet is Garrard & Colley/FPHS type R17 censor mark used by 9 Sector Operations Room RAF in Sittwe (20.1528°N 92.8677°E), Myanmar in 1945.

Postmark: The RAFPOST 221 postmark dt. Jun 28,1945 is Proud type D1/Smith/Garrard type 30 datestamp of RAF PO 221, used in Sittwe where it was located from Jan 20,1945 to Aug 5,1945, serving 67 Squadron RAF (later designated as 903 Wing RAF).

RAF PO 221 functioned under 6 Base Postal Unit RAFPOST (opened on Sep 3,1943 in Chattagram) from Apr 5,1945 to Jun 10,1945 and thereafter independently till Aug 5,1945.

6 BPU moved from Chattagram to Sittwe on Apr 2,1945 and started functioning there 3 days later.
When tents of 6 BPU were burnt in fire on Apr 8,1945, its work was managed by RAF PO 221 till Apr 16 when 6 BPU started functioning again.

Civilian Censor Marks: 1. The Morenweiser type 5A DHA/391 violet rubber stamp censor mark of Kolkata Censor Station (opened Sep 3,1939) with station code A, which is recorded with chop number range 1–451, used in violet ink from Mar 1942 to Nov 1945.

2. The octagonal Morenweiser type 6 PASSED DHZ/3 violet steel stamp censor mark is of Kolkata (Inland) Censor Station (opened Mar 1943), which is recorded used in Jan–Jul 1945.

Kolkata (Inland) Censor Station was opened in Mar 1943 following the imposition of Special Inland Operational Security Censorship in Asom and East Bangla, as the Censor Station HQ of the newly established 7 Sub-CSs in the effected area, viz., Dimapur, Guwahati, Shilchar and Chandpur, Chattagram, Dhaka and Maymansinha and later Tinchhukiya Sub CS in Nov 1944.

From Apr 1944, it was entrusted with the additional work of censorship of inland mail originating at or passing thru Kolkata.

Resealing Label: The Morenweiser type 13A P.C.90 OPENED BY EXAMINER resealing label of Kolkata (Inland) CS where it, among other CSs, is recorded used only in Jun–Jul 1945.

Postal Stationery: It is Br. India 1944 Army Form W.2078 Green/Honor Envelope (Daynes INH15d) printed in black on toned paper.

The destination of the cover is Phaphamau (25.5341°N 81.8538°E), now in Prayagraj district of Uttar Pradesh state.

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Re: 1945 Sittwe, Myanmar–Phaphamau RAFPOST Cover

Post by Joy Daschaudhuri »

Proud type D1 datestamp of RAF PO 221 used in Sittwe is scarce.

But the most striking feature of this cover is the Morenweiser type 6 PASSED DHZ/3 censor mark which is rare and commands $50 alone for that mark.

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Re: Morenweiser Types 5A & 6 Censor Marks of Chennai CS on 1945 Tiruvanantapuram–Clyde, USA Cover

Post by Joy Daschaudhuri »

Bennich wrote:
04 Jul 2020 18:31
ImageImage
Postmark: The datestamp dt. Jan 8,1945 is of Union Christian College Tiruvitamkur Branch PO (est. 1938), Tiruvanantapuram which and the sender's city Aluva were both located inside the territory of the Indian Feudatory State of Tituvitamkur.

Civilian Censor Marks: 1. The Morenweiser type 5A DHD/36 violet rubber stamp censor mark of Chennai Censor Station (opened Sep 1,1939) with station code D, is recorded with chop number range 1–133, used in violet ink from Mar 1942 to Nov 1945.

2. The octagonal Morenweiser type 6 PASSED DHD/7 violet steel stamp censor mark of Chennai Censor Station is recorded with chop numbers 3–17 & 66, used in Mar 1942–Dec 1945.

Resealing Label: The Morenweiser type 13A P.C.90 OPENED BY EXAMINER resealing label of Chennai CS where it, among other CSs, is recorded used in Sep 1944–Dec 1945.

Chennai CS handled mail all foreign mail from/to South India and during 1944–45, it did the inland security censorship in the area under Southern Command of Indian Army.

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Re: 1945 Tiruvanantapuram–Clyde, USA Censored Cover

Post by Joy Daschaudhuri »

Postal Rate: The basic surface postage from India to USA was 3½A for 1st 28.35gm (1oz) weight from Dec 3,1931 to Nov 30,1950, which was paid by Br. India 1940 2A SG 270 and 1942 1½A SG 269b.

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Re: Collecting Censored Covers - A Discussion

Post by Bennich »

Hello All,

I said I would take a break, but found another more personal WWII censored cover today - this time from Greece to the UK.

This cover was sent by my great-Uncle to his sister - from Ioannina, Greece to the UK in March 1941, the month before German forces invaded.

The CDS says ‘sent Ioannina’ and the left-hand seal (ELOGOKRITHI) literally means ‘was censored’. I have no knowledge of the violet ‘IOANNINON’ strike, or the boxed 20.

Post-examination, the letter arrived at Stalham PO, North Norfolk, on 9th August 1941, the nearest post office to Hickling village. It was then redirected to Cheyne Walk, London, arriving there 11th August. Both properties belonged to my great-Aunt.

It is odd that my Uncle wrote the sender’s address as Hotel Grande Bretagne, Jannina (sic). This is the name of the grandest hotel in Athens, not Ioannina in northern Greece. But there is a Hotel Brettania in Ioannina to this day, which looks to be pre-war (see photo).

My Uncle was hugely involved in the resistance movement and helped get hundreds of stranded allied personnel out of Greece following the invasion. It may be that he was already trying to be intentionally vague!

Any further information always welcome.

All best,

Ben
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censor45.jpg
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Re: Collecting Censored Covers - A Discussion

Post by alexiosp »

Hello, interesting cover.
The violet circular handstamp reads "LOGOKRISIA IOANNINON" (Ioannina censorship). The boxed 20 was also applied by the Ioannina censor.
I am sorry I can not help you with the hotel, but I think it was not impossible that there was a Hotel Grande Bretagne at Ioannina at that time.
Best regards, Alexios

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Re: Collecting Censored Covers - A Discussion

Post by Bennich »

Thank you very much, Alexios (efharistó polí!)

I wonder if the Ioannina Dimarxeio (Town Hall) would know? I've searched the net, but drawn a blank - and my Greek is not up to speed.

All best, Ben

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Re: Collecting Censored Covers - A Discussion

Post by OldDuffer1 »

Bennich wrote:
05 Jul 2020 07:10
Hello All,

Post-examination, the letter arrived at Stalham PO, North Norfolk, on 9th August 1941, the nearest post office to Hickling village. It was then redirected to Cheyne Walk, London, arriving there 11th August. Both properties belonged to my great-Aunt.
116 Cheyne Walk- a pretty swish address! Current estimated value 2.8-4.3 million!(£).

cheyne walk.png

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Re: Collecting Censored Covers - A Discussion

Post by Bennich »

Hello OldDuffer1

You're not wrong! And my Aunt almost gave it away back in the 60's. We've been grumbling ever since!!

Cheers, Ben

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Re: Collecting Censored Covers - A Discussion

Post by Bennich »

Dear All,

Here are a few more censored covers from WWII India.

I wasn't going to scan these, as I thought they weren't so 'attractive', or they appeared to be similar to others already shared. But then you don't always know what you are sitting on, and it might be something quite scarse (as I've already found out, thanks to Joy).

Anyway the Airmail Letters are always interesting as you get the text, instead of an empty envelope. Private Jack Simmonds is looking forward to the end of hostilities in Europe and hopes there will be a victory commemorative. Evidently he is a stamp collector! I can also say with complete certainty that George Fornby was in India on the 5th February 1945, entertaining the troops...

Interesting to note that the counter-signature of the Censor is both inside and outside the letter.

More to follow,

All best, Ben
Attachments
censor46.jpg
censor47.jpg
censor48.jpg
censor49.jpg
censor50.jpg
censor51.jpg
censor52.jpg
censor53.jpg
censor54.jpg
censor55.jpg
censor56.jpg

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Re: Indian WW2 Censored Mail

Post by Joy Daschaudhuri »

Bennich wrote:
15 Jul 2020 02:03
But then you don't always know what you are sitting on, and it might be something quite scarse (as I've already found out, thanks to Joy).
A simple "thank you" gives encouragement to scour thru the literatures, journals from my philatelic library and my database of philatelic materials to find and post information here, which take lot of time and attention. 🥴

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Re: 1945 Sittwe, Myanmar–Phaphamau RAFPOST Cover

Post by Joy Daschaudhuri »

Bennich wrote:
15 Jul 2020 02:03
Image
This is the most striking cover in the last lot.

Forces Censor Mark: The bisymmetric concave hexagonal R.A.F. CENSOR 650 rubber stamp in violet is Garrard & Colley/FPHS type R17 censor mark used in Sittwe, Myanmar.

Postmark: The RAFPOST 221 postmark dt. Aug 14,1945 is Proud type D1/Smith/Garrard type 30 datestamp of RAF PO 221, used in Sittwe where it was opened on Jan 20,1945.

This cover extends the date of functioning of RAF PO 221 in Sittwe from previously recorded date Aug 5,1945 to at least upto Aug 14,1945.

Civilian Censor Mark: The Morenweiser type 7A Z1 steel stamp censor mark in violet is of Kolkata (Inland) Censor Station (opened Mar 1943) with station code Z, which was applied to indicate that the cover was not opened or censored at Kolkata (Inland) CS.

This mark is recorded with chop number range 1–3, used for a short period in Apr–Aug 1945.

What stands out here is the color violet which has yet not been reported used to strike Morenweiser type 7A censor mark of Kolkata (Inland) CS.

Morenweiser type 7A censor mark of Kolkata (Inland) CS itself is rare in black, and violet ink would obviously add premium.

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Re: Collecting Censored Covers - A Discussion

Post by Bennich »

Dear Joy, and All,

Once more thank you for your detailed feedback; your time and efforts are indeed appreciated.

It's doubly pleasing if the item expands the existing knowledge base, or hasn't been encountered to date. If you are able to suggest a possible value in these cases, it would be most interesting.

Anyway, here's another five covers for today.

All best, Ben
Attachments
censor57.jpg
censor58.jpg
censor59.jpg
censor60.jpg
censor61.jpg
censor62.jpg
censor63.jpg
censor64.jpg
censor65.jpg
censor66.jpg
censor67.jpg

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Re: Collecting Censored Covers - A Discussion

Post by OldDuffer1 »

We like the Lady Provost's Comfort Fund!
(Presumably to supply parcels to the troops?)

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Re: Collecting Censored Covers - A Discussion

Post by Bennich »

Hello OldDuffer1,

According to 'The Story of Edinburgh' by John Peacock, the attached were donated to servicemen at home and abroad from the Lady Provost's Comfort Fund.

One wonders which item was received by Sanderson, in steaming India, that he describes as a 'pleasant surprise and a very useful gift'. Is this a polite thank you, I wonder, as one gives to the maiden aunt at Christmas upon receipt of another unwanted knitted jumper featuring teddy bears?

All very worthy, I'm sure!

All best, Ben
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Capture.JPG

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Re: Collecting Censored Covers - A Discussion

Post by Bennich »

Dear Joy, and All,

The penultimate day for posting my WWII censored covers. We now seem to be getting towards War's end. Japan surrendered on 2nd September 1945 (the date of posting of the 3rd item) and in Europe hostilities were already over. The topic of most of these letters is coming home.

All best, Ben
Attachments
censor68.jpg
censor69.jpg
censor70.jpg
censor71.jpg
censor72.jpg
censor73.jpg
censor74.jpg
censor75.jpg
censor76.jpg
censor77.jpg
censor78.jpg
censor79.jpg

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Re: Collecting Censored Covers - A Discussion

Post by Bennich »

Dear All,

The last of my WWII India (military) censored covers.

To be precise, it's three air letters from 1944 and one from December 1945, by which time it was unnecessary to have letters censored. As far as I can tell this requirement ended in early October, but I thought the cover rather attractive and optimistic after six years of war so thought I would include it!

All best, Ben
Attachments
censor80.jpg
censor81.jpg
censor82.jpg
censor83.jpg
censor84.jpg
censor85.jpg
censor86.jpg
censor87.jpg
censor88.jpg
censor89.jpg
censor90.jpg

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Re: 1945 Ramgarh–Cambridge, England Forces Air Letter Card

Post by Joy Daschaudhuri »

Bennich wrote:
18 Jul 2020 00:51
Image
Postmark: 1. The postmark dt. Dec 6,1945 is Virk type 1/Proud type D1 datestamp of Indian FPO 218, used in Ramgarh (23.6524°N 85.5612°E), now in Ramgarh district of Jharkhand state, where it was located from May 7,1945 to Jul 1946 (Proud incorrectly recorded this date as Jun 26,1946 ☹️), functioning under 10 Advance Base Post Office, Ranchi (May 20,1942–Oct 31,1946), under the administrative control of Deputy Assistant Directorate Army Postal Service 15 Corps.

FPO 218 was raised in Ambala on May 5,1944 and disbanded in Kamthi on Jun 1,1947.

Proud type D1 postmark of FPO 218 is recorded by Proud used from Jul 6,1943 to Jun 26,1944.

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Re: Br. India 1945 Lee Type IGC45 Sub-Type 7/Lang ALS15 (ex-FGLS7)/Hodson 147 Forces Air Letter Card

Post by Joy Daschaudhuri »

Air Letter Card: It is Br. India 1945 I.A.F. Form 1083 Forces Greetings Air Letter Card [Lee type IGC45 sub-type 7/Lang ALS15 (ex-FGLS7)/Hodson 147], printed in lithography by Eagle Lithographing Company (India) Private Limited, Kolkata.

Postal Rate: From Feb 7,1945 to Jun 10,1947, Indian forces personnels on active service in India were granted free postage for air letters sent to England.

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Re: 1944 Karachi–Hornsea, England Forces Air Letter Card

Post by Joy Daschaudhuri »

Bennich wrote:
18 Jul 2020 00:51
Image
Forces Censor Mark: The Garrard & Colley/FPHS type R17 bisymmetric concave hexagonal R.A.F. CENSOR 349 rubber stamp censor mark in violet was used in Korangi (24.8387°N 67.1209°E).

It may be mentioned that RAF Unit censorship stopped from Sep 10,1945 at the RAF units which were under the postal domain of 1 BPU, Karachi.

Postmark: The 1 RAFPOST 1 SOUTH EAST ASIA postmark dt. Sep 24,1944 is Proud type D5 datestamp of 1 Base Postal Unit RAF/RAF Base PO 1, used in Karachi where it was located from Sep 3,1943 to Nov 1,1946.

1 BPU was opened in Karachi on Sep 9,1943. After Nov 1,1946, it was relocated in Mauripur. It was closed down on May 28,1947.

Proud type D5 datestamp of 1 BPU is recorded used from Apr 16,1944 to Apr 25,1946.

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Re: Br. India 1944 Lee Type IE Sub-Type 4/Lang ALS7 (ex-FL4) Forces Air Letter Card

Post by Joy Daschaudhuri »

Air Letter Card: It is Br. India 1944 I.A.F. Form 1083 Forces Air Letter Card [Lee type IE sub-type 4/Lang ALS7 (ex-FL4)].

Description of the Printing Information
1. Initials of the Printer: S.S.P.LTD
(Shri Saraswati Press Limited, Kolkata)
2. Forces Print Order Reference: P.O. No.3289/2/G
3. Order No.: 454
4. Date of the Placement of the Order: 19–6–44
5. Quantity Ordered: 2500000

Postal Rate: From Oct 26,1942 when the India–England Air Letter Service was introduced, air letter postage from India to England was 4A if sent by Indian forces personnels on active service, the rate in effect till Feb 6,1945.

It may be mentioned that, from May 1944, air letters were supplied to the Indian forces members 6 per month on rationed basis, increased from previous rationing of 1 per week. From Feb 1945, there was no such restriction of numbers of air letters used by the forces.

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Re: Collecting Censored Covers - A Discussion

Post by Bennich »

Dear Joy, Dear All,

As always a big thank you Joy, for your comprehensive comments.

I spotted another censored cover in my box this morning which is early WWI Calcutta to Amsterdam. The stamp is an Edward VII 4 Anna, perfined presumably by HSB (Hong Kong & Shanghai Bank) the sender, but it's a bit difficult to see.

Censored WWI cover Calcutta to Amsterdam (front)
Censored WWI cover Calcutta to Amsterdam (front)
Censored WWI cover Calcutta to Amsterdam (back)
Censored WWI cover Calcutta to Amsterdam (back)

I'm also including another two WWII covers which I hadn't previously because they were not censored. The question is why not, given the send dates in early 1945?

The first is a postcard from Flight Lieutenant (later Flying Officer) Albert Dennis Yeardley DFC (161082 - who is mentioned in the London Gazette of August 1945, then in RAFVR 126 Squadron). He was credited with the first jet kill of WWII, when he shot down an ME262. In the 50's he went on to fly Hawker Hunters. Perhaps he was exempt from censorship?

Postcard from Albert Dennis Yeardley DFC India to Sheffield, UK Jan 1945 (front)
Postcard from Albert Dennis Yeardley DFC India to Sheffield, UK Jan 1945 (front)
Postcard from Albert Dennis Yeardley DFC India to Sheffield, UK Jan 1945 (back)
Postcard from Albert Dennis Yeardley DFC India to Sheffield, UK Jan 1945 (back)
A.D. Yeardley 118 Squadron 1952
A.D. Yeardley 118 Squadron 1952

The second is a Royal Navy cover sent January 1945 to Calcutta, India. I note it says 'Correspondence in this envelope need not be censored on board. The contents are liable to examination by the Chief Postal Censor.' Clearly not the case in this instance.

RN uncensored letter to Calcutta Jan 1945 (front).
RN uncensored letter to Calcutta Jan 1945 (front).
RN uncensored letter to Calcutta Jan 1945 (back).
RN uncensored letter to Calcutta Jan 1945 (back).

All or any comments always welcome.

All best, Ben

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Re: Collecting Censored Covers - A Discussion

Post by Bennich »

Dear All,

As a small sequel to yesterday's post, I've found a second postcard from F/Lt A. D. Yeardley DFC, but dated 4th May 1946, some 16 months later. He is clearly impatient to return to the UK and annoyed that places on ships are being taken up by 'foreign' troops. (The word he actually uses would be totally un-PC these days). He is annoyed that they will be participating in a victory parade, ahead of his return.

Postcard A.D. Yeardley DFC, Bombay - Sheffield, 04.05.1946 (back)
Postcard A.D. Yeardley DFC, Bombay - Sheffield, 04.05.1946 (back)
Postcard A.D. Yeardley DFC, Bombay - Sheffield, 04.05.1946 (front)
Postcard A.D. Yeardley DFC, Bombay - Sheffield, 04.05.1946 (front)

Cheers, Ben

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Re: 1946 Mumbai–Sheffield, England Postal Card

Post by Joy Daschaudhuri »

Bennich wrote:
23 Jul 2020 22:56
Image

Image


Cheers, Ben
Postmarks: The 2 RAFPOST 2 S.E. ASIA postmarks dt. May 5,1946 (2 strikes) and May 8,1946 are Proud type D16 datestamps of 2 Base Postal Unit RAF/RAF Base PO 2, Mumbai where it was located from Dec 8,1942 to Feb 14,1947.

The card was not closed in a mailbag on May 5,1946 perhaps because it was a Sunday.

Proud type D16 datestamp of 2 BPU is recorded used from Aug 13,1945 to Jun 6,1946.

2 BPU was responsible to process the RAF mail from areas in Mumbai Presidency as well as from RAFPOSTs 39 and 40 in Sikandarabad which was inside the territory of the Indian feudatory state of Haydarabad.

After the closure of 3 BPU in Bengaluru on Jun 15,1945, its work was taken over by Detachment 1 of 2 BPU in Bengaluru from Aug 31,1945.

Postal Rate: From Jun 1942 to April 30,1947, RAF personnels in India were allowed to send postal cards to England free.

Postal Card: Postal cards of private manufacture was permitted in Br. India only from April 1,1899 vide Department of Finance and Commerce, Government of India Notification No. 1429-S.R. dt. March 30,1899.

The illustrated edifice is Hamidiya Masjid, Paydhoni, established in 1880.

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Re: Post-WW2 Military Transit Camp Mail from Kalyan

Post by Joy Daschaudhuri »

Bennich wrote:
23 Jul 2020 22:56
I've found a second postcard from F/Lt A. D. Yeardley, but dated 4th May 1946, some 16 months later. He is clearly impatient to return to the UK and annoyed that places on ships are being taken up by 'foreign' troops. (The word he actually uses would be totally un-PC these days). He is annoyed that they will be participating in a victory parade, ahead of his return.
The language in the card is far more polite than what is found in the cards sent from the Military Transit Camp, Kalyan.

After the end of WW2, large number of homebound Br. soldiers who served in India and South East Asia, were impatiently waiting to get released from active service, were kept in a newly-constructed huge Military Transit Camp Complex in Kalyan, now in Thane district of Maharashtra state.

The complex included 5 separate camps, each designed to accomodate 8000 soldiers and to cater them, each camp was initially provided with a civil post office but in Aug 1945, the postal arrangement was taken over by the Army Postal Service when a Base Post Office, Kalyan APO was opened at the Group HQ Camp and 4 FPOs were opened for all 5 camps with 1 FPO kept as reserve.

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Re: Collecting Censored Covers - A Discussion

Post by Bennich »

Hello Joy,

Fascinating stuff, thank you. It seems our F/Lt. Yeardley was one of the luckier ones - swimming by day and cinema by night. I have read about the RAF 'mutiny' of January 1946 which affected several dozen bases in the Indian Subcontinent and further west, due to slow demobilisation.

Cheers, Ben

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Re: 1914 Kolkata–Amsterdam, Nederland Cover with Baker Type CH8 Censor Mark of Kolkata

Post by Joy Daschaudhuri »

Bennich wrote:
21 Jul 2020 21:56
Image

All or any comments always welcome.
All best, Ben
What I did not check before is this 1914 Kolkata–Amsterdam, Nederland cover which is the standout one among all the lots.

Civilian Censor Mark: The mulberry Passed by Censor handstamp is Baker type CH8 rubber stamp censor mark of Kolkata, which is an extremely rare mark.

Incidentally the other example of CH8 mark recorded by Baker, was also used on a cover to Nederland but to Rotterdam.

Also, this cover extends the earliest recorded date of the usage of CH8 mark by exactly a year.

This cover is thus easily a >$200 item. 🤑

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Re: 1914 Kolkata–Amsterdam, Nederland Cover

Post by Joy Daschaudhuri »

Postal Rate: From Oct 1,1907 to Dec 31,1920, the surface mail postage from India to Nederland was 2½A for 1st 28.35gm (1oz) and 1½A for every additional 28.35gm (1oz) or part thereof.

So, this cover was in 2nd weight slab i.e. it must have weighed between 28.35gm (1oz) and 56.7gm (2oz) to attract 4A postage which was paid by Br. India 1903 4A SG 128.

I cannot see the perfin in the stamp. If the HSB perfin is without stops after each letter, it is Werner H14, if with stops, then it is Werner H15 perfin.

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Re: Collecting Censored Covers - A Discussion

Post by Bennich »

Dear Joy,

That is excellent! Thank you so much.

I'm pleased it has also updated the records.

All best, Ben

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Re: 1945 Karachi–Sheffield, England RAFPOST Postal Card

Post by Joy Daschaudhuri »

Bennich wrote:
21 Jul 2020 21:56
Image

All or any comments always welcome.
All best, Ben
Postmark: The 12 RAFPOST 12 INDIA postmark dt. Jan 8,1945 is Proud type D1/Smith/Garrard type 33 datestamp of RAF PO 12, used in Karachi at Drigh Road Airfield where it was located from Jan 1945 to Mar 21,1947 (Garrard incorrectly recorded this date as Nov 7,1945 ☹️), functioning under 1 Base Postal Unit, Karachi.

What is special in this apparently dull card is that it extends the date of opening of RAF PO 12 back, at least to Jan 8,1945.

Since there is no official record of the date of opening of RAF PO 12, the date was previously derived from the datestamps recorded, Jul 13,1945 by Garrard and Jul 2,1945 by Proud.

Postal Rate: From Jun 1942 to April 30,1947, RAF personnels in India were allowed to send postal cards to England free.

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Re: Discontinuation of Unit Censorship in 1 Base Postal Unit RAF, Karachi in 1945

Post by Joy Daschaudhuri »

Bennich wrote:
21 Jul 2020 21:56
I'm also including another two WWII covers which I hadn't previously because they were not censored. The question is why not, given the send dates in early 1945?

The first is a postcard from Flight Lieutenant (later Flying Officer) Albert Dennis Yeardley DFC (161082 - who is mentioned in the London Gazette of August 1945, then in RAFVR 126 Squadron). He was credited with the first jet kill of WWII, when he shot down an ME262. In the 50's he went on to fly Hawker Hunters. Perhaps he was exempt from censorship?

Image
Though officially RAF Unit censorship stopped from Sep 10,1945 at the RAF units which were under the postal domain of 1 BPU, Karachi, practically no RAF unit censor mark is found on mail passing thru 1 BPU from early 1945 when the entire focus of RAF mail censorship got shifted to Eastern theater of war in Myanmar.

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Re: Publication of New Records in FPHS Journal and CCSG Bulletin

Post by Joy Daschaudhuri »

Ben, if you agree I can get the covers, cards and ALCs published in our Forces Postal History Society Journal and Civil Censorship Study Group Bulletin to record the new extended dates of RAF POs in India and other forces and civilian censor marks used in India, where appropriate, with due credits of ownership.

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Re: Collecting Censored Covers - A Discussion

Post by Bennich »

Thank you Joy. You are working overtime! Most appreciated.

Of course I would be delighted if you wish to publish any of the covers I have shared. This knowledge should always be out there in the philatelic domain for the benefit of others.

The lack of censorship in the Jan '45 Yeardley postcard is now well explained. Thanks.

I've been trying to make out the (HSB?) perfin on the WWI Calcutta - Amsterdam cover, with difficulty. Your trained eye may be much better than mine. I've tried to draw it also, but this may not be artistically accurate! Your thoughts?

Perfin on EDVII stamp, censored cover 1914 Kolkata–Amsterdam
Perfin on EDVII stamp, censored cover 1914 Kolkata–Amsterdam
Sketch: Perfin on EDVII stamp, censored cover 1914 Kolkata–Amsterdam
Sketch: Perfin on EDVII stamp, censored cover 1914 Kolkata–Amsterdam

Best wishes, Ben

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Re: Werner 17a Perfin of HSBC on Br. India 1903 4A SG 128

Post by Joy Daschaudhuri »

Bennich wrote:
25 Jul 2020 23:01
I've been trying to make out the (HSB?) perfin on the WWI Calcutta - Amsterdam cover, with difficulty. I've tried to draw it also, but this may not be artistically accurate! Your thoughts?


Image

Image


Best wishes, Ben
I am now quite certain the perfin is HS/BC in 2 lines which is Werner H17a perfin.

IMG_20200725_193147.jpg

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Re: 1945 Kolamba, Shri Lanka–Kolkata RAFPOST Cover

Post by Joy Daschaudhuri »

Bennich wrote:
21 Jul 2020 21:56
Image


All or any comments always welcome.

All best, Ben
Postmark: The 7 RAFPOST SOUTH EAST ASIA 7 REDIRECTION postmark dt. Jan 18,1945 is instructional datestamp of 7 Base Postal Unit/RAF Base PO 7, Kolamba, Shri Lanka, where it was located from Jun 1942 (though Proud recorded the date Oct 29,1942) to Feb 17,1947.

Redirection datestamps of RAF BPUs were used as transit mark on mail passing thru the RAF postal system to get the mail redirected.

Here the cover was posted on board of a ship at Indian Ocean near Shri Lanka. It got in RAF postal system in Shri Lanka because the cover was addressed to 1 Civil Maintenance Unit RAF, Kolkata (later redirected in Kolkata to 352 Maintenance Unit RAF) and hence the cover was handed over to 7 BPU RAF in Kolamba.

Generally, forces mail to India posted in or in transit thru Shri Lanka in WW2, was processed by Indian Advance Base PO 9 in Kolamba (May 14,1942–Aug 1946) which was the largest APS Mail Center in SL in WW2, handling most of the forces mail passing thru SL in WW2.

This specific datestamp of 7 BPU is unrecorded. Tentatively it can be assigned type I1 following Proud's classification.

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Re: Daynes Type RNB2 Honor Envelope

Post by Joy Daschaudhuri »

Bennich wrote:
21 Jul 2020 21:56
The second is a Royal Navy cover sent January 1945 to Calcutta, India. I note it says 'Correspondence in this envelope need not be censored on board. The contents are liable to examination by the Chief Postal Censor.' Clearly not the case in this instance.


Image
This type of stationery is called Honor Envelope which was exempted from opening and subsequent Field/Unit censorship, officially, but was often censored at Field/Unit level before 1945 in WW2.

Honor envelopes were issued to the forces personnels on rationed basis by the respective forces units and accounts of every Honor envelope issued and posted, were strictly kept by the APS inspite of the fact that none of the Honor envelopes could be sent registered.

Postal Stationery: It is Daynes type RNB2 Br. Royal Navy Honor envelope (Form No. S1324), officially meant for use of Navy personnels but is recorded used by members of other forces, when on board of navy ships.

Generally Indian/Br. forces mail posted on board of ships received Daynes type N100 semi-capsular naval censor mark in blue struck by the censor on board of ship (most of the time the Capt.) but since this was an Honor envelope, it was not censored by the naval censor.

Secondly, RAF mail in SL generally was struck with Garrard/FPHS type R18 or R34 RAF censor marks but that continued only till Apr 1944 and hence this cover in Jan 1945 did not receive any RAF censor marks.

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Re: Collecting Censored Covers - A Discussion

Post by Bennich »

Great information once again! Thank you so much, Joy.

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Re: Collecting Censored Covers - A Discussion

Post by Jamesong »

Dear Joy,

I would be very grateful if you could help me in some information on the followings as I do not have any RAF Censorship reference book.

All covers used in Burma in 1945.
RAF CENSOR # 3, 103 , 504 and 645.

Thank you very nuch,
James.

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Re: RAF Censor Marks Used in Myanmar in 1945

Post by Joy Daschaudhuri »

James, post the scans of the covers as dates and censor stamp types are important.

During 1945, only 2 RAF censor marks (both bisymmetric concave hexagonal in shape but different in size) were in use in Myanmar viz., Garrard & Colley/FPHS types R17 and R35.

Without seeing the covers, I can only confirm that type R17 mark with censor no. 3 was used at HQ RAF Myanmar, Mingalardon in 1945.

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Re: Collecting Censored Covers - A Discussion

Post by Jamesong »

Image
Last edited by CMJ on 29 Aug 2020 09:16, edited 1 time in total.
Reason: Unsecure image link(s) corrected

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Re: Collecting Censored Covers - A Discussion

Post by Jamesong »

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Re: Collecting Censored Covers - A Discussion

Post by Jamesong »

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Re: Collecting Censored Covers - A Discussion

Post by Jamesong »

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Re: Collecting Censored Covers - A Discussion

Post by Jamesong »

Dear Joy,

I have scanned No: 13, 103, 167 and the last cover 504 or 594?

Thank you very much.

James.

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Re: Collecting Censored Covers - A Discussion

Post by Jamesong »

Dear Joy, Another one No: 645

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Re: Garrard & Colley/FPHS Type R17 RAF Censor Marks Used in Myanmar in 1945

Post by Joy Daschaudhuri »

All the R.A.F. CENSOR stamps are Garrard & Colley/FPHS type R17 marks.
  • 13 was used by 194 Squadron RAF (Detachment) in Monywa (22.1216°N 95.1536°E) in 1–9/1945.
  • 103 was used by 60 Mobile Field Hospital RAF in Monywa.
  • 107 was used in Myingyan (21.4662°N 95.3887°E) but I don't have any information which RAF unit used it. ☹️
  • 584 was used by 181 Signals Wing RAF in Meiktila (20.8766°N 95.8602°E).
  • 645 was used by 19 Maintenance Unit (Motor Transport Repair Unit) RAF (Detachment) in Yanbye (19.0873°N 93.8713°E).

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Re: Collecting Censored Covers - A Discussion

Post by Jamesong »

Dear Joy,

Thank you so much for your help in sharing.

Very happy to have the information,

James.

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Re: Collecting Censored Covers - A Discussion

Post by ligneN »

Vict0riann wrote:
01 Jul 2020 04:49
(..)

My mother was permitted to send a letter to my father, still in camp, while we were in Goa, India, waiting to be exchanged, 1943 (I'm not sure if any of the markings are censor marks...)
Image

Image
(..)
The vertical mark says "Teia Maru", which was the exchange ship. Formerly the MM "Aramis".
The vertical style boxed mark says "furyoyubin" or POW-mail, which expressed the free-of-charge status.
There is a bilingual "PAQUEBOT/sennaiyubin" ("posted within ship"), standard mark of Yokohama, with the dater of Yokohama 15.11.43 alongside. The red/white standard japanese civlian censorship tape was also applied at Yokohama with the tie mark of Yokohama p.o. postal censorship dept. The circular "47" is probably the handling censor staff.
Then went to Shanghai (1944.2.24 dater) and has a blue censor mark of the camp "19.3.15" or March 15, 1944.

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Re: Collecting Censored Covers - A Discussion

Post by agondocz »

Hi,

A possible Iraqi cover that may have been censored after the first Gulf War:
ccsg01.jpg
ccsg01a.jpg
The cover was franked with 7 overprinted 5 fils Dome of the Rock issues. That is all I am sure about. Perhaps the double circle marking indicates that the cover passed censorship?

If I find anymore information, I will add it here.

I will also ask about this cover on the Arabic help thread.

Best wishes,
AndrewG

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Re: Collecting Censored Covers - A Discussion

Post by agondocz »

Hi,

My mistake.

This marking:
Image
seems to be a private marking added by the South Oil Company and means "Secret". The cover was addressed to the Al Rasheed Bank.

My thanks to Northstar for his help.

Best wishes,
AndrewG

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