GB 1840 Mulready Envelopes & Lettersheets Wide Ranging Discussion

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GB 1840 Mulready Envelopes & Lettersheets Wide Ranging Discussion

Post by DaveR »

A thread for Mulready envelopes and lettersheets. :mrgreen:

Pre-paid postage stamps first came into use on the 6th May 1840.

The first ‘postage stamps’ were 1d and 2d envelopes and covers designed by William Mulready, R.A. What we now know as “postage stamps” were, at that time, called “labels”.


GB 1840 1d Mulready Envelope
Image
Image
An unused GB 1840 Mulready envelope
Stereo A157 from Forme 1
GB 1840 2d Mulready Lettersheet
Image
Image
Stereo a103 - Only one Forme was used
Mulready 1840 GB, Posted in Dublin (‘186’ Irish diamond cancellation) to Stillorgan, formerly a village, now a suburb of Dublin.

A very late use of a Mulready as they were withdrawn in April 1844 and the Dublin numeral cancellation only came into use on the 22nd June 1844.

[With thanks to Chris (CMJ) on this thread -

https://www.stampboards.com/viewtopic.php?f=17&t=16323&p=3032960#p3029067]

The romantic design consists of:

Mr Mulready's design for a stamped cover represents Britannia in the act of dispatching four winged messengers. The figures on each side of her are groups emblematical of British commerce, and communication with all parts of the world.

On the right are East Indians on elephants directing the embarkation of merchandise; next Arabs with camels laden; next Chinese; on the left, American Indians concluding a treaty, and negroes packing casks of sugar. The whole design occupies rather more than an inch in width along the face of an ordinary envelope.

In what may be called the foreground on the one side, a young man is reading a letter to his mother, whose clasped hands express her emotion at its contents; on the other side is a group of three figures, each one eagerly pressing around to read, or at least to catch a sight of the welcome letter.


[The Gentleman’s Magazine, January-June 1840. – I’ll transcribe the full article in another post.]

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Re: Mulready Envelopes & Covers

Post by DaveR »

An interesting article I found in 'The Gentleman's Magazine', January-June 1840 - found on google books.

"The New Postage:

The Lords of the Treasury have fixed the 6th May for the day when the postage stamps are to come into use. The issue of the stamps will, in the first instance, begin in London, and be extended as speedily as practicable throughout the whole of the kingdom; but letters, properly stamped, posted in any part of the kingdom will pass free.

The stamps will be purchaseable at every post-office in London, and of all licensed vendors of stamps. Stamps of two prices will be issued - penny and twopenny. The penny stamps will be issued in black, the twopenny in blue ink. At each side of the covers directions respecting the rates of postage, the prices of stamps, &c. are given. The prices of stamps are as follows:-

At a post-office, Labels 1d. and 2d. each. Covers 1 1/2d. and 2 1/2d. each.

At a Stamp-distributor's, as above, or as follows:-
Half-ream, or 240 penny covers, 1l. 2s. 4d., penny envelopes 1l. 1s. 9d.
Quarter-ream, or 120 twopenny covers, 1l. 1s. 4d., twopenny envelopes 1l. 1s. 1d.

At the Stamp-offices in London, Dublin, and Edinburgh, as above, or as follows:-
Two reams, or 960 penny covers, 4l. 7s., penny envelopes, 4l. 5s.
One ream, or 480 twopenny covers, 4l. 3s. 6d., twopenny envelopes, 4l. 2s. 6d.

Covers may be had at these prices, either in sheets or cut ready for use. Envelopes in sheets only, and consequently not made up. No one, unless duly licensed, is authorised to sell postage stamps.

The penny stamp carries half an ounce (inland), the twopenny stamp one ounce. For weights exceeding one ounce use the proper number of labels, either alone or in combination with the stamps of the covers or envelopes.

Thus, it appears, that between the purchase of a single cover and of 960, there will be an allowance of about 14 per cent. The price for a dozen or more covers purchased of a licensed vendor will be left for competition.

The covers and envelopes are printed on paper manufactured by Mr. John Dickinson, having coloured lines inserted in the woof of the paper, differently disposed on the covers and envelopes. The labels, or adhesive stamps, are printed on water-marked paper, each having the water-mark of a crown; and the sheet of labels, holding 240, has the word "postage" in each of the four borders. Certain combinations of letters of the alphabet are inserted in the two corners; and as they are varied, in every one of the 240 labels, the probabilities nearly amount to a certainty that no one having a less stock than 240 will have two stamps with the same lettering in his possession. There can be no doubt that these peculiarities afford a very ample guarantee against forgery.

The adhesive stamp has the advantage of portability and lightness. They may also be sent as payment for pence or trifling sums.

The artists employed are Mulready, Wyon, Thompson, and Heath; and the Penny Post will spread models of beauty over the whole face of the country and amongst all classes of the people.

Mr. Wyon's die, and Mr. Heath's plate is a head of the Queen.

Mr Mulready's design for a stamped cover represents Britannia in the act of dispatching four winged messengers. The figures on each side of her are groups emblematical of British commerce, and communication with all parts of the world. On the right are East Indians on elephants directing the embarkation of merchandise; next Arabs with camels laden; next Chinese; on the left, American Indians concluding a treaty, and negroes packing casks of sugar. The whole design occupies rather more than an inch in width along the face of an ordinary envelope. In what may be called the foreground on the one side, a young man is reading a letter to his mother, whose clasped hands express her emotion at its contents; on the other side is a group of three figures, each one eagerly pressing around to read, or at least to catch a sight of the welcome letter.

The whole conception forcibly tells its story, and suggests emotions of gratitude at the universal blessings that flow from unfettering correspondence, which is but speech by means of written characters."

I guess the author was a supporter of the uniform penny post :!:

Dave.
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Re: Mulready Envelopes & Covers

Post by DaveR »

However ...

The Mulready envelopes and covers were universally disliked, ridiculed and lampooned.

Only 6 days after issue Rowland Hill was writing “I fear we shall be obliged to substitute some other stamp for that designed by Mulready, which is abused and ridiculed on all sides. In departing so widely from the established 'lion and unicorn' nonsense, I fear that we have run counter to settled opinions and prejudices somewhat hastily [rashly]. I now think it would have been wiser to have followed established custom in all [the] details of the measure where practicable.”

It was apparently decided on the 15th July to withdraw the Mulreadys as soon as possible.

The Mulready envelope was withdrawn at the end of January 1841, and replaced by the first of a series of envelopes with embossed stamps. The penny envelope (the ‘Penny Pink’) was issued on the 29th January 1841, with a 2d envelope following in April.

The plates were destroyed shortly thereafter.

The Mulready cover was withdrawn in April 1844. The covers found more favour – The covers were chiefly employed by bankers and by insurance and other public companies, the latter frequently printing their prospectuses on the inside, thus converting them into a medium of publicity. Not a few were used by enterprising stationers as advertising sheets, and sold by them at or under their face value.

[My 1963 GB Specialised, Volume 1, lists 116 organisations to do this.]

In 1862 the large remaining stocks were destroyed using a machine specially designed to cut them up, attempts to burn them having failed.

[Ref: The R M Phillips Collection, Volume II – The British Postal Museum & Archive.]

[The “established 'lion and unicorn' nonsense” referred to by Rowland Hill is presumably the British (or Royal) coat of arms!]


Below are a couple of caricatures published by J W Southgate:
Southgate No.3 – “Peg Leg Sailor”
Image
Image
Designed by G E Madeley
Printed by ET, Litho
Published by J W Southgate, Library, 164 Strand, London. June 6th 1840
Southgate No. 5 – “Pickwick”
Image
Image
Designed by Frederick Froome
Printed by G E Madeley, Litho
Published by J W Southgate, Library, 164 Strand, London. June 12 1840
I have a couple of examples of the ‘Penny Pink’ envelope – but can’t find anything on the 2d (blue?) embossed envelope referred to above. Does anyone have an example they can show :?:

Any more examples of Mulreadys out there :?: :?:

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Re: GB 1840 Mulready Envelopes & Covers

Post by Wolfgang »

There is one in my elephant collection:
Image
Papua New Guinea stamps and postal history: www.i-ng.org/en
I am interested in commercial mail from PNG. What are you looking for? Drop me a line - maybe we can help each other!
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Re: GB 1840 Mulready Envelopes & Covers

Post by DaveR »

Hi Wolfgang.

A nice used cover, with a nice red Maltese Cross obliteration. Thanks.

I've also been doing some searching through newspapers of the time regarding the introduction of these new stamps, and found some interesting snippets that I'll add below.

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Re: GB 1840 Mulready Envelopes & Covers

Post by DaveR »

Remittances By Post.

I'd read that these new stamps could also be used in place of small amounts of money - here's a newspaper article that does indeed describe this:

The Blackburn Standard, Wednesday, April 1st, 1840.

Remittances By Post. - The Poor-law Commissioners request the Guardians to make known to the servants or labourers in their employment, and to the members of friendly societies of which they may be patrons, and to the contributors to savings’ banks of which they may be trustees, the facilities now afforded for the transmission of small amounts of money as deposits, subscriptions, or otherwise. By the new regulations of the Lords Commissioners of her Majesty’s Treasury, parties may send in a small sheet of paper, coin of the following amounts:-
In silver, 2s or ½ oz for 1 penny.
In silver, 4s 6d or 1 oz for 2 pence.
In silver, 9s 6d or 2 oz for 4 pence.
In gold, ½ sovereign and 1s in silver (11s) or ½ oz for one penny.
In gold, 1 ½ sovereigns, 30s or ½ oz for 1 penny.
In gold, 3 sovereigns or ½ oz for 2 pence.
In gold, 6 ½ sovereigns or ½ oz for 4 pence.
A £5 note, or Bank of England note of any amount might be added to the above sum, or to a sum less in each case, the smallest coin, as 4d. The Commissioners are informed that where it is necessary for the labouring classes to transmit pence or odd amounts of money for which there is no silver coinage, such as 1d, 2d, 3d, when the postage stamps are prepared, it will be a convenient arrangement available to the public to transmit stamps instead of coin. – Poor Law Commissioners’ Official Circular.

I love the terminology - the class distinctions wouldn't be acceptable today :!:

I presume copper coins couldn't be sent by post, as they would be rather heavy, and obvious - and I wonder how many sovereigns would have made it :lol:

I believe, as well, that there was no registered post at that time :?:

[PS. s = shilling, d = penny.]

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Re: GB 1840 Mulready Envelopes & Covers

Post by phrag99 »

This is one I recently acquired:

Image

Image

It is stereo A26 - I know that cos it says so on the back!!

However, I don't seem able to find out what forme it is. I'm guessing it's 1! There's surely a list somewhere with all these details of stereo/forme so could someone please point me to it. I've been on Google for an hour (so far)without finding it.

I bought this for the Birkenhead straight line cancel, just to right of centre. It's not a common postmark.

I was under the impression that the Maltese cross should be placed centrally over Britannia, so is the placing of this cross contrary to regulations - or am I dreaming again?
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Re: GB 1840 Mulready Envelopes & Covers

Post by DaveR »

Hi.

Thank you for reviving this thread.

Your stereo, A26, is from Forme 2.

Info from the SG GB Specialised catalogue, Volume 1.

I don't know about the position of the cancel, but hopefully somebody will.

Cheers - Dave.
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Re: GB 1840 Mulready Envelopes & Covers

Post by CMJ »

DaveR wrote:I don't know about the position of the cancel, but hopefully somebody will.
A Post Office notice dated April 1840 which I thought I had an image of - but cannot now find - stated:
You will carefully Stamp with the Cancelling Stamp that has been forwarded to you, the stamped Covers and Envelopes, as well as the adhesive Stamps, the two former must be struck on the figure of Britannia, and in the case of more than one adhesive Stamp being attached to a Letter, each Stamp must be separately obliterated. The use of the Cancelling Stamp, however, will not dispense with that of the ordinary dated Stamp, which will be struck on the Letter as usual.
Too many uses of the word "stamp" in different contexts, but the "Cancelling Stamp" is the Maltese Cross obliterator.

So, yes the positioning of the Maltese Cross on the above is "Contrary to Regulations".

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Re: GB 1840 Mulready Envelopes & Covers

Post by phrag99 »

Thank you.
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Re: GB 1840 Mulready Envelopes & Covers

Post by DaveR »

Hi.

I've been doing some googling for Sir William Chatterton ...

I think Miss Orpen may be Rebecca Dulcibella Orpen - more here - http://reshistorica.historyboard.net/t339-lady-chatterton-s- ... ut-ear-wax

Sounds like real scandal :!: :)

I think more searching may find you a good story to go with that cover. I don't suppose there was a letter to go with it :?: :?:

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Re: GB 1840 Mulready Envelopes & Covers

Post by phrag99 »

DaveR wrote:Hi.

I've been doing some googling for Sir William Chatterton ...

I think Miss Orpen may be Rebecca Dulcibella Orpen

I think more searching may find you a good story to go with that cover. I don't suppose there was a letter to go with it :?: :?:

Dave.
Yes!!

The letter was written in 1841 and Rebecca was born in 1833, so she was 8-years old. The contents of the letter are quite chatty, concerning cleaning the house, the slatternly Charlotte [servant] and other matters - not what I would expect to send to a young child! It is signed off at the bottom "Give my affectionate love to your aunt and uncle, and believe me my darling child, your truly attached Mamma/ M. Orpen"

Now, I've just discovered from Google that Rebecca's mother was Martha Orpen, born in Cork in or about 1891 and Martha's father was Sir James Chatterton, father to Sir William. Rebecca had a brother but no sisters. Her father had died in 1836 so she was a ward of her mother's brother and sister-in-law.

Rebecca was quite a good artist and at least 8 of her pictures are on the web. See

http://www.wikigallery.org/wiki/artist56787/Rebecca-Dulcibella-Orpen/page-1

Thanks DaveR for turning what I thought was an interesting cover into a quite fascinating piece of history. I shall be delving further into this family in due course.
Last edited by phrag99 on 15 Dec 2013 02:20, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: GB 1840 Mulready Envelopes & Covers

Post by DaveR »

You're very welcome :)

A home for what you find is here -

Share here your covers with an interesting story to tell!

http://stampboards.com/viewtopic.php?f=13&t=37454

Have fun - Dave.
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Re: GB 1840 Mulready Envelopes & Covers

Post by asmodeus »

My only one in my collection:
Image
Image
Truth is the daughter of time
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Re: GB 1840 Mulready Envelopes & Covers

Post by goof »

Yesterday I took delivery of a Mulready Forme 3 A67 I recently bought to add to my collection, and as I consider it my best addition to date thought I should share:

Ex: RC Alcock, Ex Lady Mairi Bury Collection

Front

Image



Reverse

Image



Date stamp

Image



Experimental Maltese Cross

Image



Letter

Image


Image

Sent locally 28th September 1840

Handstamped "TP Hampton" with experimental black Maltese Cross

The red Maltese Cross continued in use until February 1841, but the Black Maltese Cross was used experimentally in the London District from 31st August 1840 to the end of November 1840.

This stereo is in excellent condition and contains the original letter.

I suspect the letter was written from one brother at Hampton School to the other at Harrow School.

The letter reads as follows:

Sunday Evening
Sept 28 1840 Hampton
My dearest Charly
You cannot think how much I am obliged to you for writing to me so often pray continue doing so. I am very glad that there is so little fagging this half and that you do not dislike football fagging, it is a game I am always very fond of, we do not play it here but I had some capital game at Brighton. I heard from Mamma on Friday who I am happy to say is perfectly well as also are Charlotte and Georgy. I and another boy are going to make a Frigate of two feet long with three masts and some little cannon for show and we shall sail it on the rivers.
Mr Watson comes in for Prayers believe me
(in Haste.)
Your truly affect. Brother
J.R.Eaton
p.s. Pray write again soon to me I will write to you every Sunday if I can.




The addressee was:


Mr Charles O Eaton
The Revd.W Oxenham
Harrow
London



Reverend William Oxenham was a Master at Harrow (the Chapel spire at Harrow was erected in his memory)


Eatons were a Stamford Banking Family

Charles Ormston Eaton of Tolethrope Hall, Co. Rutland; born at Ketton Hall, Feb. 11, 1827; educated at Harrow and Trinity College, Cambridge, B. A. 1849, M. A. 1852;

J. P. for counties of Rutland, Northampton and Liberty of Peterborough, High Sheriff for Co. Rutland, 1864, formerly Capt. Royal North Lincolnshire militia;

Married Elizabeth Jane, 2d dau of Robert Hedley of Ledbrook, Co. Somerset, and of Long Benton, Co. North- Cumberland, by Jane Elizabeth his wife, daughter of John Graham-Clarke of NewCastle-on- Tyne, and of Sutton, Co. York; born at Florence, Italy, Sept. 24, 1834, and baptised there; married at West Monckton, Co. Somerset, Sept. 9, 1858.


Daniel Eaton (d. 1742) was the steward to the Earls of Cardigan at Deene and his letters to the 3rd Earl survive in the Brudenell archive. His youngest son the Rev. Stephen Eaton (d.1806) became Archdeacon of Middlesex and his eldest son Daniel (d. 1789) succeeded him as steward. Daniel’s only son Stephen (d.1834) established a bank in Stamford (Lincolnshire) and later lived at Tixover Hall and Ketton Hall (both Rutland). His son Charles Ormston Eaton (d. 1907) continued in the banking business and lived at Tolethorpe Hall (Rutland). Mainly late 18th/19thC. family correspondence.
(Records for the Eaton and Cayley bank of Stamford, with 19thC family papers are deposited in the NRO as the Eaton and Cayley collection, ref. E & C.)



The writer his brother:

Name John Richard Eaton
Born 7 Jul 1828 Ketton Hall, Ketton, Rutland, England
Christened 17 Aug 1828
Died 5 Apr 1892 Carlsbad, Bohemia, Czechoslovakia
Buried Carlsbad, Bohemia, Czechoslovakia
PROBATE: Will dated 31 May 1878; will proved (Prin. Reg. 428, 92), 30 Apr 1892.

Became a Barrister at Law
Residence Highfields, Bletchingley, Surrey 1881 census


I cannot find what he was doing in Carlsbad at the time, but Bohemia was in a state of flux around the end of the 19th Century.



Portrait of Charlotte, Charles, John and Georgina Eaton Ketton Hall Rutland British School
Image

I would be grateful for any more information that can be provided, I managed to grab all this information in the last 24 hours so there must be more out there :D

regards
Mick
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Re: GB 1840 Mulready Envelopes & Covers

Post by DaveR »

Hi goof

John Richard Eaton:

1881 Census - Wife Maria J.H. Eaton, born 1841.

FreeBMD - Married Sep qtr 1857
Kennaird Maria Isabella Henrietta St Giles 1b 537
(I not J)

Both converted to the Roman Catholic Church in 1862:
https://archive.org/stream/a583403600gorduoft/a583403600gorduoft_djvu.txt
Eaton, John Richard, of Harrow School; M.A., Trinity College,
Cambridge; barrister; brother of Charles Ormston Eaton, (1827-1907),
M.A., Cantab. (1862)
Eaton, Mrs, wife of John Richard Eaton, M.A., Cantab. (1862)

London Gazette:
https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/26551/page/5282/data.pdf
... John Richard Eaton, late of. Falkenau Eger, Bohemia ...

In the 1861 Census both were in lodgings in Bonchurch, Isle of Wight.

The Legal Observer, and Solicitors' Journal
https://archive.org/stream/legalobserveran01unkngoog#page/n100/mode/2up
Called to the bar - Easter term 1855. Lincoln's Inn, Inner Temple, April 30.
John Richard Eaton, Esq. BA.

Some random googling for you.

Dave.
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Re: GB 1840 Mulready Envelopes & Covers

Post by Global Admin »

Image
A lovely looking Mulready I wrote about when it was sold, worth adding here for drool value! -

Glen

https://www.glenstephens.com/snaugust07.html

Bill Gross estimates he has spent between $50 million and $100 million buying stamps. "It's beyond my expectations'' Gross said of the GB Auction result to Bloomberg's. "It' is four times profit. It is better than the stock market.''

Coming from the founder of one of the world's largest Bond Funds managing over $US700 BILLION in assets, that is praise indeed for the stamp market!

As Gross purchased the GB stamps for about $2.5 million they sold for well over 4 times what he paid in recent years.

Some of the material sold for about 10 times what Gross had paid less than a decade before. One such example was the "Lady Louis" cover shown nearby bought at a Spink auction in 1998 as part of the Louis Grunin Mulready envelope collection.

Charles Shreve, the auctioneer, said many of the prices set records for the individual stamp issues. Shreve said the figure for the "Lady Louis" Mulready Envelope was "beyond belief'' - confirming it fetched around 10 times what Gross paid for it.

The Mulready cover to Malta was invoiced for $US747,500 on an estimate of just $75,000-$100,000. Two of the stamps were repaired and the cover was a little toned, but it has enormous "eye appeal" in my view.
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Re: GB 1840 Mulready Envelopes & Covers

Post by goof »

Thanks for the information Dave

Glen

That is an amazing Mulready, one of a kind, and to my mind more eye appeal than many other high priced items.

The one I bought above was previously sold at Sotherby's in the £3.2 million Lady Mairi Bury Collection and ended up costing me the grand sum of £95 :D A happy bunny :!: :!:

regards
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Re: GB 1840 Mulready Envelopes & Covers

Post by gavin-h »

Global Administrator wrote:
Image
A lovely looking Mulready I wrote about when it was sold, worth adding here for drool value! -
It's no good. There's a G-I on it, but no G-H.

If there had been, I'd've bid a bit higher than that paltry final figure. :lol: :lol: :lol:
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Re: GB 1840 Mulready Envelopes & Covers

Post by chipg »

Gavin:
Keep looking - you might turn up one with your initials eventually.

(mine)
Image

(see some of you all at Stampex in London next week, I hope. I'm exhibiting my CG collection in the frames there)
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Re: GB 1840 Mulready Envelopes & Covers

Post by Global Admin »

Image

Image
A somewhat weary GB 1d Mulready Envelope to Liverpool I bought today. Forme 1, Stereo A138. (Stock 826KW)

The main redeeming feature was a superb Vermillion backstamp of "MY 27 - 1840". :mrgreen:

My old (2013 - maybe still current?) SG Specialised says any later May dates are cat "From £1,200" when the basic price of used Mulready's was 15% lower than today. :lol: :lol:

No idea what to price it at, but I thought about $A250 (~10% of SG) was pretty fair? Any thoughts?

Glen
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Re: GB 1840 Mulready Envelopes & Lettersheets Discussion

Post by GBCC »

Dear All,

Looking to pick the some brains please

I have been contacted by a collector who sent me the below images and has posed the following questions which are beyond my particular field.

The collector is happy for me to post the images on this forum and all responses gratefully received so I can pass them on.

Thank you all for your time and assistance.

Geoff (GBCC) https://www.gbcovercollector.co.uk

Dear Geoff, would you please be able to assist me with knowing where the letter was being posted from, I don't know what 10 Fn 10 means on the back stamp, Also on the front there is a TP Blackheath S?? In red, is this he street name.

Sorry for the dumb questions but I'm a new collector trying to learn and it's a bit difficult for me. The cover is in fare to good condition I think and would love to get your opinion on its rarity and value if you can, if you don't give opinions I'll understand.


Image

Image
Last edited by Global Admin on 07 Sep 2019 17:38, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: GB 1840 Mulready Envelopes & Lettersheets Discussion

Post by Global Admin »

The ''10Fn10'' in shield cancel is pretty common -

https://www.google.com/search?client=firefox-b-d&q=10fn10+mulready

My guess it is a hour time slug - probably ''10 ForeNoon'' (10am) or similar.
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Re: GB 1840 Mulready Envelopes & Lettersheets Discussion

Post by CMJ »

Glen is absolutely correct.

The datestamp on the reverse is the normal one applied by the London Twopenny Post (later the London District Post) and 10 Fn means 10 forenoon, i.e. 10 a.m.

The handstamp on the front is most likely T P | Blackheath S-E
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So the origin of this Mulready would have been in (or around) Blackheath with its destination being Keston, Near Bromley both within the bounds of the Twopenny Post.

Chris.
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Re: GB 1840 Mulready Envelopes & Lettersheets Discussion

Post by GBCC »

CMJ wrote:Glen is absolutely correct.

The datestamp on the reverse is the normal one applied by the London Twopenny Post (later the London District Post) and 10 Fn means 10 forenoon, i.e. 10 a.m.

The handstamp on the front is most likely T P | Blackheath S-E
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So the origin of this Mulready would have been in (or around) Blackheath with its destination being Keston, Near Bromley both within the bounds of the Twopenny Post.

Chris.
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Re: GB 1840 Mulready Envelopes & Lettersheets Discussion

Post by Wayne1951 »

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Great Britain 1840 1d Mulready envelope with red Maltese cross. Reverse has circular No 24, 1840 cancel with a "Z" at the top.

What is the significance of the "Z" in the circular cancel?

It appears that when the red Maltese cross was struck there was another envelope/paper resting on top of this cover, that received the bottom of the cancel.
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Re: GB 1840 Mulready Envelopes & Lettersheets Discussion

Post by chipg »

What is the significance of the "Z" in the circular cancel?
That's a London Chief Office evening duty datestamp.
Three codes were used each day, except for Sunday.
For example, if you find a May 6th cover with that style postmark, it better have an A, B, or C.
Likewise, a May 22 cover should have a Q, E, or S.

There is no other significance to the letter that I know of.
See Alcock and Holland "The Postmarks of Great Britain and Ireland" (1940) or Jackson's "May Dates" (1999) p. 12.
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Re: GB 1840 Mulready Envelopes & Lettersheets Discussion

Post by asmodeus »

What a pity....... Today I received this Mulready 2d envelope- a May date cover! Used on the 28. May 1840..... but it looks worse... Still it is a May dated cover!
Not many are recorded- Jackson in his book on May 1840 usages, lists only 50 examples of the 2d Mulready used in May 1840 and this total figure includes both Letter Sheets and Envelopes



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Re: GB 1840 Mulready Envelopes & Lettersheets Discussion

Post by asmodeus »

1d Mulready wrapper from Furfar to Glasgow.

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Re: GB 1840 Mulready Envelopes & Lettersheets Discussion

Post by CMJ »

A couple of recent additions to my hoarding (sorry collection :lol: )
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1d Mulready sent from Ormskirk to London, dated 10 October 1840
cancelled with a pinkish Maltese cross of Ormskirk
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Re: GB 1840 Mulready Envelopes & Lettersheets Discussion

Post by CMJ »

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2d Mulready sent locally with London, dated 10 November 1840
cancelled with a red Maltese cross
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Re: GB 1840 Mulready Envelopes & Lettersheets Discussion

Post by Rod Perry »

CMJ wrote:
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2d Mulready sent locally with London, dated 10 November 1840
cancelled with a red Maltese cross
CMJ, that example makes an average 2d blue adhesive look, well, pretty average.

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Re: GB 1840 Mulready Envelopes & Lettersheets Discussion

Post by Cullen »

I acquired this cover because of the local use between Banff and Cullen.

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Its dated November 1859. When were these covers officially withdrawn?

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Re: GB 1840 Mulready Envelopes & Lettersheets Discussion

Post by gavin-h »

asmodeus wrote:1d Mulready wrapper from Furfar to Glasgow.

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Just a small point - it's Forfar not Furfar.

There's an old joke where someone pretends to be reading the football results from Scotland: "Scottish League Division Three. Forfar four, East Fife five". :lol:

Possibly funnier when spoken with a Scottish accent. :idea:

Possibly funnier still about 50 years ago. :mrgreen:
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Re: GB 1840 Mulready Envelopes & Lettersheets Discussion

Post by DaveR »

Cullen wrote:When were these covers officially withdrawn?
See third post on this thread - https://www.stampboards.com/viewtopic.php?f=17&t=40288&p=6176308#p3079084

That's withdrawn from sale. I would suspect they were never demonetised (not until decimalisation that is).

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Re: GB 1840 Mulready Envelopes & Lettersheets Discussion

Post by Cullen »

Many thanks, Dave.
Regards
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Re: GB 1840 Mulready Envelopes & Lettersheets Discussion

Post by CMJ »

A couple more "late uses"
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Peterborough to Bury St Edmunds dated 29 March 1854
1d Mulready cancelled with a numeral (612 Peterborough)
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Re: GB 1840 Mulready Envelopes & Lettersheets Discussion

Post by CMJ »

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Maidstone to London dated 18 August 1844
2d Mulready cancelled with a numeral (493 Maidstone)
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Re: GB 1840 Mulready Envelopes & Lettersheets Discussion

Post by Global Admin »

Mailed this today to a UK client but added here for the record. :)
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GB 1840 2d Blue Mulready Letter Sheet USED, at under 15% of SG!: 2d Mulready Lettersheet, Stereo A98. Late use in London, in 1846. Neatly rebacked, addressed to “Mr. Emery, 46 High Streey, Notting Hill”. Cancelled on face with fine strike of London District “68” numeral. On reverse, a clear bold strike in RED of London Shield of “DE 18 - 1846”.

In my 40 years experience, Mulreadys are 50 times less common than 1840 2d Blue stamps, and are wildly under-priced by SG. And USED 2d Letter Sheets are MANY times scarcer than the Mint. Now 180 years old, and a couple usual minor blemishes, and with no usual foxing, and nice appearance as you can see.

Pencil note on reverse: “Weiss Chicago Collection - Nov 1944”. SG Cat £2,400. USED are cat over 5 times more than mint, and are very seldom offered here in used. (Stock 783TA)
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Re: GB 1840 Mulready Envelopes & Lettersheets Discussion

Post by CMJ »

Just finished writing up a few pages with early Mulreadys on them.
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1d Mulready used locally within London on 6 May 1840
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Re: GB 1840 Mulready Envelopes & Lettersheets Discussion

Post by CMJ »

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1d Mulready sent from Haslebury to Oxford dated 12 June 1840, and
1d Mulready sent from Uttoxeter to Broadway dated 25 June 1840
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Re: GB 1840 Mulready Envelopes & Lettersheets Discussion

Post by goof »

Some lovely examples there love the bright red cancel from Uttoxeter, I just took receipt of this a couple of days ago.

From Hull to Newcastle under Lyme dated 20th May 1840, 2nd week of usage Mulready envelope.
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Re: GB 1840 Mulready Envelopes & Lettersheets Discussion

Post by CMJ »

A couple of recent additions, all with distinctive Maltese crosses ...
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1d Mulready, sent from Coventry to Stratford on Avon, dated 12 July 1843
cancelled with the distinctive Maltese cross of Coventry

Maltese cross placed in the top right corner (where a stamp would be), Contrary to Regulations
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Re: GB 1840 Mulready Envelopes & Lettersheets Discussion

Post by CMJ »

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1d Mulready, sent locally within Greenock, dated 17 March 1842
cancelled with the distinctive Maltese cross of Greenock
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Re: GB 1840 Mulready Envelopes & Lettersheets Discussion

Post by CMJ »

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1d Mulready, sent from Norwich to Stratton, dated 18 May 1843
cancelled with the distinctive Maltese cross of Norwich

Also has script "Too Late" handstamp
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Re: GB 1840 Mulready Envelopes & Lettersheets Discussion

Post by Global Admin »

Condition of that Norwich Mulready looks to be just pristine for ~180 years old. :)
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Re: GB 1840 Mulready Envelopes & Lettersheets Discussion

Post by Badu »

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1d Mulready, used Dublin to Ballymartin, dated 4 June 1840 and cancelled by an orange shade Dublin Maltese Cross.
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Re: GB 1840 Mulready Envelopes & Lettersheets Discussion

Post by Badu »

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1d Mulready, used Basingstoke to London and readdressed to Grantham, dated 7 July 1840 and cancelled by both a red and orange-red Maltese Cross.
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Re: GB 1840 Mulready Envelopes & Lettersheets Discussion

Post by sk8boarding_1080 »

Having trouble uploading an image. Anyone with the same issue?
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Re: GB 1840 Mulready Envelopes & Lettersheets Discussion

Post by CMJ »

Assuming you are trying to use Imgur, you should read this thread which has been posted as a sticky on all the forums

Tech issue with IMGUR images April 22, please do NOT use it
http://www.stampboards.com/viewtopic.php?f=1&t=90352

If you wish to test adding images, please do so on this thread

Want to add a photo/image? Practice posting a picture HERE!
http://www.stampboards.com/viewtopic.php?f=1&t=284

Thank you,

Chris (for the volunteer mod team)
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